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Guten Morgen.

Grüß Gott.
Danke, es geht.
Guten Morgen. Wie geht es Ihnen?
Guten Morgen.
Grüß dich.
Wie geht es dir?
Danke, gut.
Grüß Gott.

Hallo, schön dass

Grüß euch.
Servus! Hallo!
du wieder da bist!
Grüß Gott.
Grüß Gott. Servus!

Wie geht es euch?

Tschüss, bis morgen!
Tschüß, bis dann!

Auf Wiedersehen!

Auf Wiedersehen,
Frau Lehrerin!

Guten Morgen! Auf Wiedersehen!

Grüß Gott! Tschüß!

Grüß dich! Servus!

Auf Wiedersehen! Grüß euch! Bis morgen!

Hallo! Bis bald!
Servus! Bis dann!
Auf Wiedersehen!

Bis bald. Wie geht es dir? Danke, gut.

Wie geht es euch? Danke, nicht so gut.

Wie geht es Ihnen? Danke, es geht.

Grüße und Nettigkeiten
German Greetings and Courtesies
Deutsch English
Everyday Pleasantries
Guten Tag! - Tag! Hello! - Hi!
Grüß Gott! Hello! (southern Germany & Austria)
Grüß dich! Hello! (familiar, informal)
Guten Morgen! - Morgen! Good morning! - Morning!
Guten Abend! Good evening!
Gute Nacht! Good night!
Wie geht es Ihnen? How are you?
Wie geht's? How are you? (familiar, informal)
Danke, gut. Fine, thanks.
Sehr gut. Great.
Es geht. Okay. So-so.
Nicht so gut. Not so well.
Auf Wiedersehen. Good-bye.
Tschüs! Bye! See you later. (casual)
Yes/No - Thanks - You're Welcome
Bitte! - Ja, bitte! Please! - Yes, please!
Thanks! - No thanks!
Note: "Danke!" in response to
an offer usually means "No
thanks!" If you want to indicate
a positive response to an offer,
say "Bitte!"
Danke schön! Thank you!
Vielen Dank! Thanks a lot! - Many thanks!
You're welcome! (in response
Bitte schön!
to "Danke schön!")
Nein, danke! No thanks!
Chandrashekhar Vijayanraje



German Diphthongs

A diphthong (Greek di, two + phthongos, sound, voice) is a

combination of two vowels that blend and are sounded
together. Instead of being pronounced separately, the two
letters have one sound or pronunciation.
An example would be the au combination. The
diphthong au in German always has the sound OW, as in
English “ouch." The au is also part of the German
word autsch, which is pronounced almost the same as
“ouch” in English.
Grouped or Paired Consonants in German

While diphthongs are always vowel pairs, German also has

many common grouped or paired consonants that have a
consistent pronunciation as well. An example of this would
be st, a very common combination of the consonants s and t,
found in many German words.

In standard German, the st combination at the beginning of

a word is always pronounced like scht and not like the st
found in English “stay” or “stone.” So a German word such as
Stein (stone, rock) is pronounced schtine, with an initial sch-
sound, as in “show.”
Diphthong Aussprache Beispiele /
Double Pronunciation Examples

ai / ei eye bei (at, near), das

Ei (egg), der
Mai (May)

Au ow auch (also), das

Auge (eye), aus
(out of)

eu / äu oy Häuser (houses),
Europa (Europe),
neu (new)

Ie eeh bieten (offer), nie

(never), Sie (you)
Grouped Consonants
Buchstabe Aussprache Beispiele / Examples
Consonant Pronunciation

ck k dick (fat, thick), der Schock (shock)

ch >> After a, o, u and au, pronounced like the guttural ch in Scottish "loch" - das
Buch(book), auch (also). Otherwise it is a palatal sound as
in: mich (me), welche (which),wirklich (really). TIP: If no air is passing over
your tongue when you say a ch-sound, you aren't saying it correctly. No
true equivalent in English. - Although ch doesn't usually have a hard k
sound, there are exceptions: Chor,Christoph, Chaos, Orchester, Wachs (wax)

pf pf Both letters are (quickly) pronounced as a combined puff-sound: das Pferd

(horse), derPfennig. If this is difficult for you, an f sound will work, but try
to do it!
ph f das Alphabet, phonetisch - Some words formerly spelled with ph are now
spelled with f:das Telefon, das Foto

qu kv die Qual (anguish, torture), die Quittung(receipt)

sch sh schön (pretty), die Schule (school) - The German sch combination is never
split, whereas sh usually is (Grashalme, Gras/Halme; but die Show, a
foreign word).

sp / st shp / sht At the start of a word, the s in sp/st has a sch sound as in English "show,
she." sprechen(speak), stehen (stand)

th t das Theater (tay-AHTER), das Thema (TAY-muh), topic - Always sounds like
a t (TAY). NEVER has the English th sound!