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Klassenarbeit Biologie

I. Ernährung

Aufgabe 1 Erkläre die folgenden Begriffe:

 Nahrungsmittel:
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 Grundnahrungsmittel:

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 Lebensmittel:

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Aufgabe 2 Beschreibe den Bau von Proteinen, Fetten und verschiedenen Kohlenhydraten und
zeichne sie als Symbole!

Proteine Fette Kohlenhydrate

Besch-

rei-

bung

Symbo
l

Aufgabe 3 Beschreibe die Aufgaben von Kohlenhydraten, Proteine und Fette im Körper der
Menschen!
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Aufgabe 4 Beschreibe die Funktion von Vitaminen, Mineralstoffen und Ballaststoffen!

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Aufgabe 5 Erläutere, wie man eine ausgewogene Ernährung erreichen kann!

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Aufgabe 6 Erläutere die Begriffe:

 Grundumsatz

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 Leistungsumsatz:

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Aufgabe 7 Schreibe die 3 einzelnen Nähr- und Wirkstoffe und ihre Aufgaben auf, sowie die
Inhaltsstoffe, die dazu gehören!

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Aufgabe 8 Vervollständige die Tabelle!

Aus Einfachzucker Disaccharide (=__________________)


=Traubenzucker Sukrose - __________
- &
- __________

=Fruchtzucker Laktose - __________


&
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Galaktose Maltose - __________


&
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Cellobiose - __________
&
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(Anders
verbunden!!!)

Aufgabe 9

Nährstoff Zeichnung Baustein Beispiele Bedeutung

Fette

Kohlenhydrate

Proteine
Vitamine

Mineralstoffe

Balaststoffe

Aufgabe 10 Beschreibe, welche Auswirkungen bei einer Nährstoffunterversorgung auftreten!

Fette:_________________________________________________________

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Kohlenhydrate:____________________________________________________________

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Eiweiße: ______________________________________________________

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Vitamine: ____________________________________________________________

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Mineralstoffe: __________________________________________________________

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Ballaststoffe: ______________________________________________________

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Aufgabe 11
Aufgabe 12 Erkläre die folgenden Begriffe:

 Autotroph:

 Heterotroph: