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Routing

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Slamet Joko Prasetiono

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 1


Routing Information Protocol
 Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a distance vector
routing protocol that is used in thousands of networks
throughout the world.
 Initially specified in RFC 1058
 Is a distance vector routing protocol
 Uses hop count as the metric for path selection
 Defines a hop count greater than 15 as an unreachable
route
 Sends routing table contents every 30 seconds, by
default

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 2


Routing Information Protocol

 When a router receives a routing update that includes a


new or changed route, the router updates its routing
table to reflect this new route.
 At each router, the hop count value is increased by
one.
 The router uses the local network address of the
directly connected router which sent the update as the
next hop address.

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 3


Routing Information Protocol

 After updating its routing table, the router immediately


begins transmitting routing updates in order to inform
other network routers of the change.
 These updates, called triggered updates, are sent
independently of the regularly scheduled updates that
RIP routers forward.

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 4


Routing Information Protocol

 The RIP protocol is simple, easy to implement, and is


available free of cost with most routers.
 These advantages make RIP a widely used and
popular routing protocol.

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 5


RIP has several disadvantages:

 Allows a maximum of 15 hops, so it can only be used


for networks that connect no more than 16 routers in
series.
 Periodically sends complete copies of the entire routing
table to directly connected neighbors. In a large
network, this can cause a significant amount of network
traffic each time there is an update.
 Converges slowly on larger networks, when the
network changes.

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Latihan RIP

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Local Academy Cisco
STMIK Widya Pratama Pekalongan

© 2007 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 11