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T ER

AP

10 Circles
CH

1. By using the letters given in the diagram, complete the given table.

Part of circle Example(s)


D
(a) Radius
C

(b) Diameter
O (c) Chord

A B
(d) Semicircle
(e) Minor arc
E
(f) Major arc
(g) Minor sector
(h) Major sector
(i) Segment

2. By using a pair of compasses and a ruler, draw the following parts of a circle.
(a) A circle with centre P and a radius of 1.5 cm.

P
  

(b) (i) A circle with TU as its radius and T as the centre.


(ii) A chord UR of 2 cm.
U

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3. By construction, show the centre O of the circle below. Hence, measure the length of the
radius.

22
4. Calculate the circumference of a circle with diameter 2.1 m. 1Use � = —72
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5. Calculate the circumference of a circle with radius 2.8 m. 1Use � = —72
6. Find the diameter of circle with circumference 37.5 m. (Use � = 3.14)

7. Find the radius of a circle with circumference 63.5 mm. (Use � = 3.14)

8. Solve each of the following problems.


(a) A round-shape cake has a circumference of 54 cm. What is the radius of the cake?
(Use � = 3.142)
(b)

A ball fits exactly into a square box as shown in the diagram. If the length of the box
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is 21 cm, find the circumference of the circle. 1Use � = — 72
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9. Calculate the arc length of the following sector. 1Use � = —72

O 75°
4.2
cm

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10. Find the angle subtended at the centre of the following sector. 1Use � = —72
P
Arc length
= 29.33 cm
21 cm
θ
O Q

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22
11. Calculate the radius of the following sector. 1Use � = —72
28 cm
P Q

56°

12.
A
4 cm
37°
E
8 cm
D

B 6 cm C

In the diagram, ABC is a right-angled triangle with AB = 8 cm and BC = 6 cm. ADE is a


sector with centre A and ∠DAE = 37°. Find the perimeter of the shaded region.
(Use � = 3.142)

13. Calculate the area of the circle below. (Use � = 3.14)

O
Diameter
= 15 cm

14. Calculate the radius and the diameter of a circle with area 202.25 cm2.
(Use � = 3.142)

15. Calculate the radius and the area of a circle with circumference 24.43 cm.
(Use � = 3.142)

16. Calculate the radius and the circumference of a circle with area 3160 cm2.
22
1Use � = — 72

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17.

A C
B

The diagram shows two semicircles with diameter AB and BC respectively. Given that
5  � cm2, calculate the
AB = 2r cm and BC = 3r cm. If the area of the shaded region is 40 —
8
value of r.

18. Calculate the area of the sector below. (Use � = 3.142)

165°
O
4.5 cm

19. Calculate the angle subtended at the centre of a sector with area 13.86 m2 and radius
5.4 m. (Use � = 3.14)

20. Calculate the radius of a sector with area 1.9625 cm2 and angle subtended at the centre
is 36°. (Use � = 3.14)

21.
2r cm
A B

O r cm C

The diagram above shows a trapezium OABC and a quadrant OAC. Given that OC = r cm
and AB = 2r cm and the area of the shaded region is 5.6 cm2, calculate the value of r.
22
1Use � = —72

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