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DEUTSCHE NORM Entwurf Februar 2021

DIN EN ISO 19363


D
ICS 43.120 Einsprüche bis 2021-03-22

Entwurf

Elektrisch angetriebene Straßenfahrzeuge –


Magnetische Energieübertragung –
Sicherheit und Interoperabilitätsanforderungen (ISO 19363:2020);
Englische Fassung prEN ISO 19363:2020
Electrically propelled road vehicles –
Magnetic field wireless power transfer –
Safety and interoperability requirements (ISO 19363:2020);
English version prEN ISO 19363:2020
Véhicules routiers électriques –
Transmission d’énergie sans fil par champ magnétique –
Exigences de sécurité et d’interopérabilité (ISO 19363:2020);
Version anglaise prEN ISO 19363:2020

Anwendungswarnvermerk
Dieser Norm-Entwurf mit Erscheinungsdatum 2021-01-22 wird der Öffentlichkeit zur Prüfung und
Stellungnahme vorgelegt.

Weil die beabsichtigte Norm von der vorliegenden Fassung abweichen kann, ist die Anwendung dieses Entwurfs
besonders zu vereinbaren.

Stellungnahmen werden erbeten

– vorzugsweise online im Norm-Entwurfs-Portal von DIN unter www.din.de/go/entwuerfe bzw. für Norm-
Entwürfe der DKE auch im Norm-Entwurfs-Portal der DKE unter www.entwuerfe.normenbibliothek.de,
sofern dort wiedergegeben;

– oder als Datei per E-Mail an naautomobil@din.de möglichst in Form einer Tabelle. Die Vorlage dieser Tabelle
kann im Internet unter www.din.de/go/stellungnahmen-norm-entwuerfe oder für Stellungnahmen zu Norm-
Entwürfen der DKE unter www.dke.de/stellungnahme abgerufen werden;
– oder in Papierform an den DIN-Normenausschuss Automobiltechnik (NAAutomobil), 10004 Berlin,
Postfach 8 04 62 oder Behrenstr. 35, 10117 Berlin.

Die Empfänger dieses Norm-Entwurfs werden gebeten, mit ihren Kommentaren jegliche relevanten
Patentrechte, die sie kennen, mitzuteilen und unterstützende Dokumentationen zur Verfügung zu stellen.

Gesamtumfang 49 Seiten

DIN-Normenausschuss Automobiltechnik (NAAutomobil)


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Nationales Vorwort
Dieses Dokument (prEN ISO 19363:2020) wurde vom Technischen Komitee ISO/TC 22 „Straßenfahrzeuge“
in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Technischen Komitee CEN/TC 301 „Straßenfahrzeuge“, dessen Sekretariat von
AFNOR (Frankreich) gehalten wird, erarbeitet.

Das zuständige deutsche Normungsgremium ist der Arbeitsausschuss NA 052-00-37 AA „Elektrisch ange-
triebene Straßenfahrzeuge“ im DIN-Normenausschuss Automobiltechnik (NAAutomobil).

Der Entwurf ist derzeit zur parallelen Abstimmung vorgelegt.

Dieses Dokument enthält unter Berücksichtigung des DIN-Präsidialbeschlusses 1/2004 nur die englische
Fassung von prEN 19363:2020.

Dieses Dokument definiert die Anforderungen und den Betrieb der fahrzeugseitigen Komponenten zur mag-
netischen Energieübertragung (MF-WPT) für das Laden von Antriebsbatterien von elektrisch angetriebenen
Fahrzeugen. Es ist zur Anwendung für Personenkraftfahrzeuge und leichte Nutzfahrzeuge vorgesehen.

Die fahrzeugseitigen Komponenten, die diese Anforderungen erfüllen, sind vorgesehen für den Betrieb mit
den infrastrukturseitigen Komponenten, welche die Anforderungen für die magnetische Energieübertragung
aus der IEC 61980-Reihe erfüllen.

Für die in diesem Dokument zitierten Dokumente wird im Folgenden auf die entsprechenden deutschen
Dokumente hingewiesen:

IEC/TS 61980-2 siehe DIN IEC/TS 61980-2 (VDE V 0122-10-2)

IEC/TS 61980-3 siehe DIN IEC/TS 61980-3 (VDE V 0122-10-3)

IEC 60664 (all parts) siehe DIN EN 60664 (VDE 0110) (alle Teile)

Aktuelle Informationen zu diesem Dokument können über die Internetseiten von DIN (www.din.de) durch
eine Suche nach der Dokumentennummer aufgerufen werden.

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Nationaler Anhang NA
(informativ)

Begriffe

Die Benummerung der folgenden Begriffe und Abkürzungen ist identisch mit der Benummerung in der eng-
lischen Fassung.

Für die Anwendung dieses Dokuments gelten die folgenden Begriffe.

ISO und IEC stellen terminologische Datenbanken für die Verwendung in der Normung unter den folgenden
Adressen bereit:

— IEC Electropedia: verfügbar unter http://www.electropedia.org/

— ISO Online Browsing Platform: verfügbar unter http://www.iso.org/obp

3.1
Ausrichtung
relative Position in x- und y-Richtung des Sekundärgerätes (3.15) zum Primärgerät (3.9) für einen gegebenen
Sekundärgerätefreiraum zum Grund (3.16)

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Das Koordinatensystem in Übereinstimmung mit ISO 4130.

3.2
Toleranzfläche der Ausrichtung
beabsichtigte WPT (3.22) Betriebsfläche in x- und y-Richtung für einen gegebenen Sekundärgerätefreiraum
zum Grund (3.16)

3.3
zentraler Ausrichtpunkt
geometrisches Zentrum für die Toleranzfläche der Ausrichtung (3.2)

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Die Position des zentralen Ausrichtungspunktes eines MF-WPT Systems (3.8) hängt von
den spezifischen zentralen Ausrichtungspunkten des Primärgerätes (3.9) und des Sekundärgerätes (3.15) ab.

3.4
Elektrisch angetriebenes Fahrzeug
EV
Fahrzeug mit einem oder mehreren elektrischen Antrieb(n) für die Fahrzeugfortbewegung

[QUELLE: ISO 6469-3:2018, 3.15, modifiziert — Die Abkürzung „EV“ wurde hinzugefügt.]

3.5
EV Gerät
im Fahrzeug befindlicher Bausatz eines WPT Systems (3.23)

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild 1.

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3.6
EV Hauptstromkreis
EVPC
das Sekundärgerät (3.15) und die EV Leistungselektronik (3.7), sowie die elektrischen und mechanischen
Verbindungen umfassender, im Fahrzeug befindlicher Bausatz

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild 1.

3.7
EV Leistungselektronik
im Fahrzeug befindliche Komponenten zur Umwandlung von Leistung und Frequenz des Sekundärgerätes
(3.15) in Gleichstrom zur Einspeisung in das EVPC (3.6)

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild1.

3.8
Magnetfeld WPT System
MF-WPT System
magnetisches Feld nutzendes WPT System (3.23)

3.9
Primärgerät
nicht im Fahrzeug befindliches Gerät, welches das Magnetfeld für WPT (3.22) erzeugt und formt

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild 1.

3.10
Schutzbereich
Volumen in und um ein Fahrzeug, welches einheitliche Anforderungen hinsichtlich der Auswirkungen der
Gefahren von elektromagnetischen Feldern stellt

3.11
bewertete Ausgangsleistung
maximale Leistung für deren konsistente Bereitstellung während eines Ladezyklus das EVPC (3.6) ausgelegt
ist

3.12
wiederaufladbares Energiespeichersystem
RESS
wiederaufladbares System zur Energiespeicherung zum Zwecke der Bereitstellung elektrischer Energie für
den elektrischen Antrieb

BEISPIELE Batterie, Kondensator, Schwungrad.

[QUELLE: ISO 6469-1:2019, 3.22]

3.13
Referenz-EVPC
für Prüfzwecke bereitgestelltes EVPC (3.6)

3.14
Referenz-Versorgungsstromkreis
für Prüfzwecke bereitgestellter Versorgungsstromkreis (3.19)

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3.15
Sekundärgerät
im Fahrzeug befindliche Komponente welche das magnetische Feld aufnimmt

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild 1.

3.16
Sekundärgerätefreiraum zum Grund
vertikaler Abstand zwischen der Bodenfläche und dem niedrigsten Punkt des Sekundärgerätes (3.15) ein-
schließlich des Gehäuses

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Die untere Oberfläche muss nicht plan oder parallel zum Boden sein.

3.17
Stationärer Zustand
Zustand des Systems bei dem alle Zustands--und Ausgabevariablen zeitlich konstant bleiben, während alle
Eingabevariablen konstant sind

[QUELLE: IEC 60050-351:2006, 351-24-09]

3.18
Versorgungsgerät
nicht im Fahrzeug befindlicher Komponentenbausatz eines WPT Systems (3.23)

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild 1.

3.19
Versorgungsstromkreis
nicht im Fahrzeug befindlicher Komponentenbausatz, bestehend aus dem Primärgerät (3.9) und der Versor-
gungsleistungselektronik (3.20), sowie den elektrischen und mechanischen Verbindungen

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild 1.

3.20
Versorgungsleistungselektronik
nicht im Fahrzeug befindlicher Komponentenbausatz zur Umwandlung von Leistung und Frequenz des Ver-
sorgungsstromnetzes in die vom Primärgerät (3.9) benötigte Leistung und Frequenz

Anmerkung 1 zum Begriff: Siehe Bild1.

3.21
Spannungsklasse B
Klassifikation einer elektrischen Komponente oder eines Stromkreises mit einer maximalen Arbeitsspan-
nung von (>30 und 1 000) V AC (rms) oder (>60 und 1 500) V DC, respektive

3.22
Drahtlose Leistungsübertragung
WPT
Übertragung elektrischer Energie von einer Stromquelle zu einer elektrischen Ladung ohne galvanische Ver-
bindung

3.23
WPT System
System, das alle nötigen Komponenten für WPT (3.22) und Steuerung enthält

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— Leerseite —

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ISO 19363:2020(E)

Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v
Introduction................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ vi
1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1
2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1
3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
4 System structure ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4
5 Requirements regarding environmental conditions ...................................................................................................... 5
6 Classification ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5
7 MF-WPT power trans er requirements ......................................................................................................................................... 6
7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6
7.2 Frequency .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6
7.3 Geometrical operating space ...................................................................................................................................................... 6
7.4 Requirements for output power .............................................................................................................................................. 7
7.5 Requirements for power transfer ef iciency ................................................................................................................. 8
7.6 Requirements for output voltage ............................................................................................................................................ 8
7.6.1 Performance requirements at different output voltage levels ................................................. 8
7.6.2 Voltage ripple and voltage overshoot ............................................................................................................ 8
7.7 MF-WPT power transfer test procedure ........................................................................................................................... 8
7.7.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 8
7.7.2 Test setup ............................................................................................................................................................................... 8
7.7.3 Test procedure ................................................................................................................................................................ 10
8 Requirements for communication and MF-WPT activities....................................................................................13
9 EMC requirements ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
10 Safety requirements ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
10.1 Protection in case of unintended power transfer .................................................................................................. 14
10.2 Protection against electric shock ......................................................................................................................................... 14
10.2.1 General................................................................................................................................................................................... 14
10.2.2 Insulation coordination .......................................................................................................................................... 14
10.3 Protection against thermal incidents ............................................................................................................................... 15
10.3.1 General................................................................................................................................................................................... 15
10.3.2 Overload protection and short-circuit protection............................................................................ 15
10.4 Protection of persons against electromagnetic effects ..................................................................................... 15
10.4.1 General................................................................................................................................................................................... 15
10.4.2 Protection areas............................................................................................................................................................. 15
10.4.3 Requirements for protection of persons against exposure to hazardous
electromagnetic ields .............................................................................................................................................. 16
10.4.4 Requirements to protect the functionality of AIMDs .................................................................... 16
10.5 Protection against overheating .............................................................................................................................................. 17
11 Owner’s manual and marking ............................................................................................................................................................. 17
11.1 Owner's manual .................................................................................................................................................................................. 17
11.2 Marking ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 17
Annex A (normative) Re erence supply power circuit or EVPCs with a rated output power
3,7 kW........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 18
Annex B (normative) Re erence supply power circuit or EVPCs with a rated output power
11,1 kW .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 23
Annex C (informative) Example or a di erent implementation o a supply power circuit .....................27
Annex D (informative) Conformance demonstration for protection of persons against
electromagnetic effects............................................................................................................................................................................... 31

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Bibliography ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 39

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ISO 19363:2020(E)

Foreword
ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards
bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out
through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical
committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International
organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.
ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of
electrotechnical standardization.
The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are
described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the
different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the
editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of
any patent rights identi ied during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or
on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).
Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not
constitute an endorsement.
For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO speci ic terms and
expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the
World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www.iso.org/
iso/foreword.html.
This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, SC 37, Electrically
propelled vehicles.
This irst edition cancels and replaces ISO/PAS 19363:2017, which has been technically revised. The
main changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— MF-WPT classes and z- classes eliminated;
— compatibility classes introduced;
— reference devices changed to off-board devices and description updated;
— communication and functional requirements deleted.
Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A
complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.

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Introduction
This document prescribes the usage of the wireless power transfer technology to charge electrically
propelled road vehicles and has been developed based on ISO/PAS 19363.
Status of technological development:
This document speci ies requirements for on-board components of a wireless power transfer systems.
It gives guidance in terms of safety and performance and additionally addresses interoperability to
off-board components from different manufacturers to, for example support the development of public
wireless charging infrastructure. Even if the technology itself is well known, the implementation in a
vehicle is new and demands to meet the very speci ic requirements of the automotive industry. This
document is based on limited experience with series development and production. Current and future
product developments will continuously prove (and disprove) the applicability of this document to
further improve the contents, especially regarding the interoperability between systems from different
manufacturers.
Cooperation during document development:
This document has been developed in intense cooperation with IEC/TC 69 WG7, which is establishing
the IEC 61980 series. The IEC 61980 series covers the requirements for the off-board components in
correspondence to the application of on-board components according to this document. Furthermore,
SAE J2954 is standardising wireless power transfer systems in the United States of America. An
exchange between the groups was continuously sustained during the document development. Even
though there is no complete harmonization at this stage, several contents are comparable.

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19363:2020(E)

Electrically propelled road vehicles — Magnetic field


wireless power trans er — Sa ety and interoperability
requirements

1 Scope
This document de ines the requirements and operation of the on-board vehicle equipment that enables
magnetic ield wireless power transfer (MF-WPT) for traction battery charging of electric vehicles. It is
intended to be used for passenger cars and light duty vehicles.
This document addresses the following aspects for an EV device:
— safety requirements;
— transferred power and power transfer ef iciency;
— ground clearance of the EV device;
— functionality with associated off-board systems under various conditions and independent of
manufacturer;
— test procedures.
EV devices that ful il the requirements in this document are intended to operate with supply devices
that ful il the MF-WPT related requirements in the IEC 61980 series.
NOTE 1 Charging of a vehicle in motion is not considered in this edition.

NOTE 2 Bi-directional power transfer is not considered in this edition.

2 Normative references
The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content
constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 6469-3:2018, Electrically propelled road vehicles — Safety speci ications — Part 3: Electrical safety
ISO 20653, Road vehicles — Degrees of protection (IP code) — Protection of electrical equipment against
foreign objects, water and access
IEC 61980-2, Electric vehicle wireless power transfer (WPT) Systems — Part 2: speci ic requirements
for communication between electric road vehicle (EV) and infrastructure with respect to wireless power
transfer (WPT) systems
IEC 61980-3, Electric vehicle wireless power transfer (WPT) systems — Part 3: Speci ic requirements for
the magnetic ield power transfer systems
ICNIRP 2010, Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric and magnetic ields (1 Hz – 100 kHz)
CISPR 11, Industrial, scienti ic and medical equipment — Radio-frequency disturbance characteristics —
Limits and methods of measurement
IEC 60664 (all parts), Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems

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3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this document, the following terms and de initions apply.
ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https://www.iso.org/obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
3.1
alignment
relative position in x- and y-direction of the secondary device (3.15) to the primary device (3.9) for a
given secondary device ground clearance (3.16)
Note 1 to entry: The coordinate system conforms with ISO 4130.

3.2
alignment tolerance area
intended WPT (3.22) operating area in x- and y-direction for a given secondary device ground
clearance (3.16)
3.3
centre alignment point
geometrical centre of the alignment tolerance area (3.2)
Note 1 to entry: The position of the centre alignment point of an MF-WPT system (3.8) depends on the speci ic
centre alignment points of the primary device (3.9) and secondary device (3.15).

3.4
electrically propelled vehicle
EV
vehicle with one or more electric drive(s) for vehicle propulsion
[SOURCE: ISO 6469-3:2018, 3.15, modi ied — The abbreviation "EV" has been added.]
3.5
EV device
on-board component assembly of WPT system (3.23)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.6
EV power circuit
EVPC
on-board component assembly, comprising the secondary device (3.15) and EV power electronics (3.7),
as well as the electrical and mechanical connections
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.7
EV power electronics
on-board component that converts the power and frequency from the secondary device (3.15) to the DC
power output of the EVPC (3.6)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.8
magnetic field WPT system
MF-WPT system
WPT system (3.23) using magnetic ield

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ISO 19363:2020(E)

3.9
primary device
off-board component that generates and shapes the magnetic ield for WPT (3.22)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.10
protection area
volume in and around the vehicle that has uniform requirements with regard to effects of exposure to
electromagnetic ields
3.11
rated output power
maximum power the EVPC (3.6) is designed to deliver consistently during a charging cycle
3.12
rechargeable energy storage system
RESS
rechargeable system that stores energy for delivery of electric energy for the electric drive
EXAMPLE Battery, capacitor, lywheel.

[SOURCE: ISO 6469-1:2019, 3.22]


3.13
re erence EVPC
EVPC (3.6) that serves for testing purposes
3.14
re erence supply power circuit
supply power circuit (3.19) that serves for testing purposes
3.15
secondary device
on-board component that captures the magnetic ield
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.16
secondary device ground clearance
vertical distance between the ground surface and the lowest point of the secondary device (3.15)
including the housing
Note 1 to entry: Note to entry: The lower surface does not need to be planar or parallel to the ground surface

3.17
steady state
state of a system at which all state and output variables remain constant in time while all input variables
are constant
[SOURCE: IEC 60050-351:2006, 351-24-09]
3.18
supply device
off-board component assembly of WPT system (3.23)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

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3.19
supply power circuit
off-board component assembly, comprising the primary device (3.9) and supply power electronics (3.20),
as well as the electrical and mechanical connections
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.20
supply power electronics
off-board component that converts the power and frequency from the supply network to the power and
frequency needed by the primary device (3.9)
Note 1 to entry: See Figure 1.

3.21
voltage class B
classi ication of an electric component or circuit with a maximum working voltage of (>30 and 1 000)
V AC (rms) or (>60 and 1 500) V DC, respectively
3.22
wireless power trans er
WPT
transfer of electrical energy from a power source to an electrical load without galvanic connection
3.23
WPT system
system comprising all necessary components for WPT (3.22) and control

4 System structure
To establish a general baseline for the requirements de ined in this document, in IEC 61980-2 and in
IEC 61980-3, the MF-WPT system is structured into functional entities. Figure 1 shows this structure of
functional entities in an exemplary architecture.
NOTE Figure 1 is not meant to give an indication on hardware packaging.

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Key
1 MF-WPT system
11 primary device 21 secondary device
12 supply power electronics 22 EV power electronics
13 supply power circuit 23 EV power circuit
14 supply equipment communication controller (SECC) 24 EV communication controller (EVCC)
15 supply device P2PS controller 25 EV device P2PS controller
16 supply device 26 EV device
100 supply network 200 RESS
NOTE The functional elements 14, 15, 24, and 25 are addressed in IEC 61980-2.
a Wireless power low.
b Wireless P2PS interface.
c Wireless communication interface.

Figure 1 — Example of system structure

5 Requirements regarding environmental conditions


Components of the EV device installed at the underbody of the EV shall have IP degree IP6K7 and
IP6K9K according to ISO 20653.
The environmental requirements applicable to a particular EV device shall be identi ied and agreed
between the vehicle manufacturer and the supplier. The EV device shall withstand and retain its
degree of protection under the typical mechanical loads and stresses the EV device is subjected to in its
intended mounting position.
NOTE ISO 16750 (all parts) and ISO 21498 (all parts) contain information for guidance.

6 Classification
This document speci ies requirements that address the following aspects of MF-WPT systems:
— system safety (Clause 10),
— system performance (Clause 7), and
— interoperability.

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Requirements regarding system safety and system performance are relevant and applicable for safe
operation of any MF-WPT system (including dedicated single-supplier solutions) while still assuring
some base level of performance.
The interoperability requirements supplement the safety and performance requirements in order to
allow for interoperability of a supply device and an EV device provided by independent suppliers.
Two compatibility classes have been speci ied to accommodate these design considerations:
— Compatibility class A: EV devices of this class are intended for interoperable application and are
required to meet a set of safety and performance requirements. Cross-supplier interoperability is
tested with the normative reference supply power circuits as speci ied in this document.
— Compatibility class B: EV devices of this class are not intended for interoperable application but still
are required to meet the set of safety requirements; performance requirements may be different
than those of compatibility class A. EV devices of this class are tested with supplier-speci ied supply
power circuits.

7 MF-WPT power trans er requirements

7.1 General
Unless otherwise speci ied the requirements in Clause 7 refer to EVPCs of both compatibility classes.
Conformance to the requirements in 7.2 to 7.6 is tested according to 7.7, whereas EVPCs of compatibility
class A are tested with the normative reference supply power circuits described in Annexes A and B,
and EVPCs of compatibility class B are tested with supplier speci ic supply power circuits.
The supplier shall specify the rated conditions of an EVPC according to Table 1.

Table 1 — EPVC rated conditions


Specifications o EVPC Compatibility class A Compatibility class B
Frequency range Operation within 79 – 90 kHz
Secondary device ground EVPC speci ic within
EVPC speci ic
clearance range 100 mm – 250 mm
Alignment x-direction ±75 mm EVPC speci ic
tolerance area y-direction ±100 mm EVPC speci ic
Centre alignment point(s) EVPC speci ic
EVPC speci ic within voltage classes A and B according
Output voltage range
to ISO 6469-3.
Rated output power EVPC speci ic up to 11,1 kW EVPC speci ic

NOTE 1 Typically, the output voltage range of the EVPC is aligned with the voltage range of the RESS.

NOTE 2 7.3 gives additional information for the determination of centre alignment point(s).

7.2 Frequency
MF-WPT for EVs is allowed to operate in the frequency range of 79 - 90 kHz. The operating frequency
during power transfer is set by the supply device based on negotiations with the EV device.

7.3 Geometrical operating space


An EVPC shall meet the requirements of 7.4 and 7.5 within its geometrical operating space de ined by
its secondary device ground clearance range and the alignment tolerance area according to Table 2.

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EVPCs of compatibility class B may have a speci ic alignment tolerance area that deviates from the
values in Table 2.

Table 2 — Alignment tolerance area


Axis Alignment tolerance area
[mm]
x ±75
y ±100

In case of MF-WPT between a primary device and a secondary device of different topologies, several
centre alignment points can exist. Examples are shown in Figure 2.

Key
1 centre alignment point of the EVPC
2 alignment tolerance area
3 direction of travel

Figure 2 — Example or centre alignment points between di erent coil topologies

The centre alignment points of supply power circuits are determined according to IEC 61980-3.
The centre alignment point(s) of the EVPC shall be speci ied with respect to the centre alignment points
provided by the supply power circuit.
The requirements in this document apply to all centre alignment points speci ied for an EVPC.
The vehicle manufacturer may specify only one centre alignment point for alignment with a primary
device of a different topology.
NOTE The selection of a single point can be due to a variety of reasons, for example the in luence of the EV
on the distribution of the magnetic ield or the position of the EV within a parking spot.

7.4 Requirements or output power


An EVPC shall be able to deliver power up to its rated output power when operated with a supply power
circuit.
An EVPC shall support the maximum ramp up rate of the supply power circuit. The maximum ramp up
rate of supply circuits for EVPCs of compatibility class A is speci ied in IEC 61980-3.

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7.5 Requirements or power trans er e ficiency


Power transfer ef iciency is the ratio of the output power of the EVPC (output of block #23 in Figure 1)
divided by the input power of the supply power circuit (input to block #13 in Figure 1).
An EVPC shall support the minimum power transfer ef iciency according to Table 3 when operated at
rated output power with a supply power circuit.
An EVPC should support the minimum power transfer ef iciency according to Table 3 when operated
at power levels below the rated output power. Typical local supply network connections should be
considered.

Table 3 — Minimum power trans er e ficiency


Alignment Minimum power trans er e ficiency
Centre alignment point 85 %
Within alignment tolerance area 80 %

7.6 Requirements for output voltage

7.6.1 Performance requirements at different output voltage levels

An EVPC shall meet the requirements of 7.4 and 7.5 within its geometrical operating space according to
7.3 throughout its speci ic voltage range when operated with a supply power circuit.

7.6.2 Voltage ripple and voltage overshoot

The DC output voltage overshoot, the peak voltage and the voltage ripple amplitude of an EVPC shall be
agreed between the vehicle manufacturer and supplier, taking into account the implication on the RESS
and other on-board components.
NOTE A typical value for DC output voltage overshoot is ±1 %/ms, a typical value for the peak voltage is
10 % of the nominal DC output voltage and a typical value of the DC output voltage ripple amplitude is ±8 V.

7.7 MF-WPT power trans er test procedure

7.7.1 General

This subclause describes the test setup and procedure to be applied for conformance testing of the
requirements speci ied in 7.2 to 7.6.

7.7.2 Test setup

7.7.2.1 Apparatus

7.7.2.1.1 General

MF-WPT is in luenced by the materials in the close surroundings, especially by the material structure
of the EV. Reliable testing results can only be achieved, when in luencing materials of the EV are
adequately represented in the test setup. This can either be accomplished by testing on vehicle level or
by including relevant parts of the vehicle when testing is done at component level according to 7.7.2.1.3.

7.7.2.1.2 Vehicle level testing

Figure 3 exhibits an exemplary test setup for vehicle level testing.

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Key
1 connection to supply network
2 supply power circuit
3 EVPC under test
4 RESS or representative simulated load
5 ground

Figure 3 — Exemplary test setup for vehicle level testing

The EVPC shall be ixed to the EV at its intended mounting position.


NOTE This includes the positions of all components of the EVPC, in case they are not within one housing.

The load shall either be a RESS or a representative simulated DC load.


The supply power circuits to be used for testing the EVPC are described in 7.7.2.2.
The alignment shall be changeable in x-, y-, and z-direction to enable measurements at the alignment
points according to Table 4. Alignment adjustment may be realised by either moving the EV, moving the
supply power circuit or moving both.
The components of the test bench and the ground shall not signi icantly in luence the MF-WPT. The
entire test setup may also be lifted to a height that avoids potential in luences of the ground.

7.7.2.1.3 Component level testing

As an alternative for vehicle level, the testing may also be done on component level.
Figure 4 exhibits the components required for MF-WPT testing in an exemplary test setup for
component level testing.

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Key
1 connection to supply network
2 supply power circuit
3 EVPC under test
4 load
5 ground
6 vehicle mimic

Figure 4 — Exemplary test setup for component level testing

Compared to vehicle level testing, a vehicle mimic shall be used instead of an EV.
The vehicle mimic shall include all components of the EV the EVPC is intended to be mounted to, that
signi icantly in luence MF-WPT. This includes, for example shielding components or metallic beams
exposed to the magnetic ield.
All other requirements described in the test setup for vehicle level testing in 7.7.2.1.2 shall apply to
component level testing as well.

7.7.2.2 Supply power circuits to test against

An EVPC of compatibility class A shall be tested with the normative reference supply power circuits
described in Annexes A and B.
An EVPC of compatibility class B shall be tested with a supply power circuit speci ied and provided by
the supplier.
NOTE 1 A supply power circuit speci ied and provided by the supplier can also be a normative reference device.

NOTE 2 For information purposes, Annex C describes an example for a different implementation of a supply
power circuit.

NOTE 3 Approaches to de ine interoperability by additional requirements beyond testing against normative
reference supply power circuits are under development (see Annexes of IEC 61980-3).

7.7.2.3 Test conditions

Testing is carried out in the following conditions:


— the ambient temperature of (20 ± 5) °C; and
— the MF-WPT system is in steady state.

7.7.3 Test procedure

7.7.3.1 General

The measurements described in 7.7.3.2 to 7.7.3.4 are conducted within the rated conditions speci ied by
the supplier according to Table 1.

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7.7.3.2 Alignment points

The alignments points for conformance testing are depicted in Figure 5 and Table 4. In one of the points
at maximum misalignment in x- and y-direction, additional testing or appropriate simulations shall be
performed with +3° yaw and –3° yaw. The positive direction of the yaw angle is counter-clockwise and
the negative direction is clockwise around the centre alignment point, looking from above (towards the
negative z-direction).

Key
1 centre alignment point of the EVPC

Figure 5 — Alignment points

NOTE The coordinate system conforms with ISO 4130, where the EV driving direction is in the negative
x-direction.

The coordinates of the alignment points in Figure 5 are given in Table 4, where:
— “max” is the maximum secondary device ground clearance;
— “min” is the minimum secondary device ground clearance; and
— “mid” is the mean value of the maximum and minimum secondary device ground clearance range.

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Table 4 — Alignment points

Alignment point X Y Secondary device ground


as per Figure 5 [mm] [mm] clearance range
PPP max
+100
PPN min
P0P max
+75 0
P0N min
PNP max
100
PNN min
0PP max
+100
0PN min
00P max
000 0 0 mid
00N min
0NP max
100
0NN min
NPP max
+100
NPN min
N0P max
-75 0
N0N min
NNP max
100
NNN min

For EVPCs of compatibility class B, the values for x and y shall be in accordance with the speci ic
alignment tolerance area of the EVPC (see 7.3).

7.7.3.3 Output power and power trans er e ficiency

At each alignment point described in 7.7.3.2 the supply power circuits according to 7.7.2.2 shall be
operated with the MF-WPT input power that is needed by the EVPC to provide its rated output power.
These measurements shall be performed at the following voltage levels:
— minimum voltage of output voltage range +50 % of output voltage range, and
— maximum voltage of output voltage range -10 % of output voltage range.
EXAMPLE For an output voltage range of 200 V to 400 V the corresponding voltage levels are 300 V and 380 V.

For EVPCs of compatibility class A, the normative reference supply power circuits shall be operated at
85 kHz. In case the performance requirements are not met, the frequency may be adjusted within the
range according to 7.2.
For EVPCs of compatibility class B, the supply power circuit shall be operated at the frequency according
to the speci ications of the supplier within the range according to 7.2.
NOTE The MF-WPT input power of the normative supply power circuits is limited according to the
speci ications in Annexes A and B, or, in case of compatibility class B testing, by the speci ications of the supplier,
respectively.

The test is passed when the EVPC provides 90 % of its rated output power at all measurements and
ful ils the power transfer ef iciency requirements according to 7.5 at all measurements. Examples are
given in Table 5.

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When testing an EVPC of compatibility class A with the normative reference supply power circuit in
Annex A, exceptions apply for the following cases, where the rated output power of the EVPC cannot be
reached due to the limited MF-WPT input power of the normative reference supply power circuit:
1) The rated output power of the EVPC is higher than 3,7 kW.
2) The rated output power of the EVPC is equal or less than 3,7 kW.
For case 1), the test is deemed to have passed when the MF-WPT input power of the normative reference
supply power circuit reaches 3,33 kW (90 % of 3,7 kW) and the EVPC provides any output power.
For case 2), the test is passed when the MF-WPT input power of the normative reference supply power
circuit reaches 90 % of the rated output power of the EVPC and the EVPC ful ils the power transfer
ef iciency requirements according to 7.5 at all measurements.

Table 5 — Examples or power trans er testing pass criteria o EVPCs o compatibility class A
Minimum measured Minimum MF-WPT
Rated output
Supply power output power to ulfil input power o the sup- Maximum MF-WPT input
power o
circuit tested the output power ply power circuit power to ulfil e ficiency
EVPC
with requirements [kW] requirements
[kW]
[kW]
Annex A — yesa
2,8 kW 2,52
Annex B — yesa
Annex A — 3,33 yesa
3,7 kW
Annex B 3,33 — yesa
Annex A — 3,33 —
7 kW
Annex B 6,3 — yesa
Annex A — 3,33 —
11,1 kW
Annex B — 9,99 yesa
a At alignment points 00P, 000, and 00N: measured output power > 85% of MF-WPT input power. At all other alignment
points: measured output power >80 % of MF-WPT input power.

7.7.3.4 Output voltage

In order to verify the requirements for the DC output voltage (as per 7.6.2), the following test shall be
applied:
It is recommended to connect the EVPC to an RESS, as used in the EV the EVPC is designed for.
The EVPC shall be placed in one of the alignment points with maximum misalignment. The power shall
be ramped up from zero to the rated output power of the EVPC with the maximum rate of supply power
circuits according to 7.4. The test is passed, when the DC output voltage is within the requirements of
7.6.2 during the entire test procedure.

8 Requirements for communication and MF-WPT activities


According to IEC 61980-2 the operation process for MF-WPT is modelled as a WPT session, which is
organized by a sequence of activities.
These activities are executed respectively supported by communication between the EV device and the
supply device, but also imply additional hardware requirements for components of an EV device beyond
the speci ications in this document. The requirements for an EV device related to the execution of the
activities are described in IEC 61980-2. An EV device shall ful il the applicable requirements given in
IEC 61980-2.

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9 EMC requirements
An EVPC shall conform to the limits described in CISPR 11, when operated with a supply device.
The measurement shall be done at worst-case operating conditions of the EVPC. D.2 gives guidance on
how to determine these worst-case operating conditions.
NOTE CISPR 11 is currently developing speci ic requirements for MF-WPT systems.

10 Safety requirements

10.1 Protection in case o unintended power trans er


The MF-WPT system shall be treated as an electric power source, that can be de-energized.
Unintended power transfer is either:
— power supply from an uncoordinated or unknown supply device; or
— power supply from a supply device in excess of the request of the EV device.
Whenever the EVPC is required to be de-energized, the EV or EV device shall activate means to prevent
the supply device from transferring power.
Examples for such means are:
— protection measures against overcharge of the RESS (e.g. disconnection relay);
— protection measures against overcurrent of the EVPC and RESS (e.g. disconnection relay); or
— protection measures against overvoltage of the EVPC (e.g. emergency short circuit device).
Conformance is checked by inspection.
NOTE The speci ication for detection and reaction timing of the EV device is at the discretion of the supplier.
Requirements for reaction times of the supply device are speci ied in IEC 61980-3.

10.2 Protection against electric shock

10.2.1 General

This clause applies only to voltage class B electric circuits of an EV device.


Design and testing for protection against electric shock shall be in accordance with ISO 6469-3, unless
otherwise speci ied in 10.2.
The EV device shall ful il the requirements for non-maintained isolation resistance according to
ISO 6469-3:2018, 6.3.2.2.
Protection against electric shock shall be implemented as speci ied by the vehicle manufacturer.
NOTE Requirements on post-crash electrical safety are speci ied in ISO 6469-4.

10.2.2 Insulation coordination

Insulation coordination shall consider the maximum internal operational and over voltages inside the
EV device. Either of the following shall be implemented:
— robust design with the capability to physically withstand possible operational and over voltages; or
— means to limit the voltages to values the insulation coordination of the components is based on.

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The frequency of the alternating current in the EVPC, which is considerably higher than 50 Hz or 60 Hz,
shall be considered for the insulation coordination, temperature-resistance of the materials used and
dimensioning of active parts and insulation.
Clearance, creepage distance and solid insulation of voltage class B components and wiring shall be
designed according to the applicable sections of IEC 60664.

10.3 Protection against thermal incidents

10.3.1 General

Thermal loads to the insulation and active parts of the EV device shall be considered under
— all operational situations;
— shut off situations of the vehicle; and
— unintended power transfer situations.

10.3.2 Overload protection and short-circuit protection

The overload protection and short circuit protection shall be according to ISO 6469-3.

10.4 Protection of persons against electromagnetic effects

10.4.1 General

This subclause speci ies requirements to protect persons against the effects resulting from exposure to
electromagnetic ields. This covers the protection against harmful effects of exposure to electromagnetic
ields and the protection of the functionality of active implantable medical devices (AIMDs). Annex D
provides guidance on how ful ilment of the speci ied requirements can be demonstrated.

10.4.2 Protection areas

The space inside, under and around the vehicle is divided into three protection areas according to
Figure 6.

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Key
1 protection area 1: area underneath the vehicle
2 protection area 2: area surrounding the vehicle; public area to the side, front, rear and top of the vehicle
3 protection area 3: vehicle interior

Figure 6 — Protection areas

10.4.3 Requirements for protection of persons against exposure to hazardous


electromagnetic fields

In protection area 2 and 3, persons shall not be exposed to electromagnetic ields above the applicable
limits from the ICNIRP Guidelines.
NOTE In protection area 1, protection against exposure to hazardous electromagnetic ields is the
responsibility of the supply device.

The basic restrictions of ICNIRP Guidelines 2010, Table 2 or the reference levels of ICNIRP Guidelines
2010, Table 4 shall be met.

10.4.4 Requirements to protect the functionality of AIMDs

Pacemakers and implanted cardiac de ibrillators are required to remain fully functional and operational
when magnetically induced voltages in pacemaker leads, in the range of 3 kHz to 150 kHz are less than
3 2
VMAX_INDUCED_RMS = mV × Frequency (kHz), (e.g. 180,31 mV RMS at 85 kHz). This formula is based
2
on the assumption that the voltage is induced into a 225 cm2 lead loop and determines the limits that
need to be met by MF-WPT systems.
NOTE ISO 14117 contains requirements for pacemakers and implants.

To enable simpli ied and repeatable measurements, these induced voltage levels have been transferred
to a conservative averaged magnetic lux of 15,0 µT or a magnetic ield strength of 11,9 A/m (for 79 kHz
to 90 kHz) within a 225 cm2 plane.
In protection areas 2 and 3, an EVPC shall comply with these limits when operated with a supply power
circuit at worst-case operating conditions. Annex D gives guidance for conformance demonstration and
for how to determine the worst-case operating conditions.

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10.5 Protection against overheating


Means to prevent the overheating of components of the EV due to the magnetic ield generated by the
supply device shall be provided, if necessary. Examples of protection means are shielding, thermal
sensing or cooling.
Conformance shall be declared by the vehicle manufacturer.

11 Owner’s manual and marking

11.1 Owner's manual


The following information shall be included in the owner’s manual:
a) description of the MF-WPT system operation and location of the secondary device on the vehicle;
b) functional operations to be performed by the user; and
c) any special precautions required by operators wearing AIMDs;
d) the rated conditions as speci ied in Table 1.

11.2 Marking
Marking of voltage class B components and wiring shall be in accordance with ISO 6469-3.

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Annex A
(normative)

Re erence supply power circuit or EVPCs with a rated output


power 3,7 kW

A.1 General
This annex describes the reference supply power circuit for an EVPC with a rated output power of
3,7 kW. It is designed for on-ground mounting and operates over the system frequency range of 79 kHz
to 90 kHz.

A.2 Mechanical design of the primary device


Figure A.1 shows the mechanical dimensions of the primary device.

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Dimensions in millimetres

Key
1 ferrite
2 coil (15 turns)
3 outer case (for reference)
a Outer case dimension.
b Shielding dimension.
c Outer core dimension.
d Coil dimension.
e Inner core dimension.

Figure A.1 — Mechanical dimensions

The centre of this primary device (0/0 point of coordinate system) is at the midpoint of the “d”
dimensions in Figure A.1 and corresponds to the centre of the coil.
The coil dimension of the primary device shown in Figure A.1 above is 420 mm in x-direction (direction
of travel of the vehicle) and 580 mm in y-direction.
The litz wire is 4 200 mm × 0,05 mm with an overall diameter of approximately 5 mm.
The ferrite tiles are made of N96 material. The dimensions and the layout of the tiles are shown in
Figure A.2.

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Dimensions in millimetres

Figure A.2 — Ferrite tile dimensions and layout

A.3 Electrical design o the re erence supply power circuit


Figure A.3 shows the electrical schematic of the reference supply power circuit.

Key
0 connection to supply network
1 PFC
2 inverter
L1 primary device inductance
Lt1 and Lt2 tuning inductances
C1 – C3 tuning capacitors

Figure A.3 — Electrical schematic o re erence supply power circuit

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Table A.1 shows the values of components, currents and voltages in Figure A.3.

Table A.1 — Values o components, currents and voltages


Component/ parameter Value
primary device inductance (L1) See Table A.2
tuning inductance (Lt1) 23,5 µH
tuning inductance (Lt2) 23,5 µH
tuning capacitor (C1) 40,4 nF
tuning capacitor (C2) 40,4 nF
tuning capacitor (C3) 120 nF
maximum PFC output current 9 A DC
maximum primary device current 30 A rms
PFC output voltage 450 V DC

An example of an inverter suitable to the reference supply power circuit of Figure A.3 is shown in
Figure A.4. A typical value for a maximum inverter output current is 30 A rms.

Figure A.4 — Example of electrical schematic of an inverter suitable to the coil design given in A.1

A.4 Coupling and inductance information


This subclause gives information on the coupling and inductance behaviour of the reference supply
power circuit when operated with circular reference EVPCs for MF-WPT1 speci ied in IEC 61980-3.
The values in Table A.2 and A.3 were determined with an aluminium shield (700 mm in x-direction,
900 mm in y-direction) and a vehicle mimic plate (1 500 mm in x-direction, 1 500 mm in y-direction)
attached to the reference EVPCs.
NOTE The given values can deviate in a real vehicle environment.

The lead cable length assumed for the inductance values given in Table A.2 is 1 m.

Table A.2 — Primary device inductance with MF-WPT1 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC L1 (min) L1 (max)
[µH] [µH]
Z1 185 217
Z2 212 223

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Table A.2 (continued)


Z class o re erence EVPC L1 (min) L1 (max)
[µH] [µH]
Z3 224 227

Table A.3 — Coupling with MF-WPT1 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC k (min) k (max)
Z1 0,100 0,249
Z2 0,085 0,221
Z3 0,084 0,243

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Annex B
(normative)

Re erence supply power circuit or EVPCs with a rated output


power 11,1 kW

B.1 General
This annex describes the reference supply power circuit for an EVPC with a rated output power of
11,1 kW. It is designed for on-ground mounting and is intended to operate at the nominal frequency of
85 kHz but performs over the system frequency range as speci ied in 7.2.

B.2 Mechanical design of the primary device


Figure B.1 shows the mechanical dimensions of the primary device.
Dimensions in millimetres

Key
1 top cover
2 litz tray
3 litz wire
4 ferrite tiles
5 aluminium plate

Figure B.1 — Mechanical dimensions

The centre of this primary device (0/0 point of coordinate system) is at the midpoint of the coil in
Figure B.1.

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The coil dimension of the primary device shown in Figure B.1 above is 500 mm in x-direction (direction
of vehicle travel) and 650 mm in y-direction.
The litz wire is 4 200 mm/0,05 mm with an overall diameter of approximately 5 mm. The coil consists
of eight turns bi ilar.
The ferrite layers in the GA are made of ferrite tiles of N95 material with the dimensions
(100 × 150 × 5) mm and (100 × 100 × 5) mm.

B.3 Electrical design o the re erence supply power circuit


Figure B.2 shows the electrical schematic of the reference supply power circuit.

Key
0 connection to supply network
1 PFC
2 inverter
3 compensation network
L1 primary device inductance
C1 - C3 tuning capacitors

Figure B.2 — Electrical schematic o re erence supply power circuit

Table B.1 shows the values of components, currents and voltages in Figure B.2.

Table B.1 — Values o components, currents and voltages


Component/ parameter Value
primary device inductance (L1) See Table B.4 and B.5
tuning capacitor (C1) 320 nF
tuning capacitor (C2) 320 nF
tuning capacitor (C3) 270 nF
maximum primary device current 75 A rms

Table B.2 shows typical values for the characteristics of the PFC

Table B.2 — PFC characteristics


Component/ parameter Value
maximum PFC output current 29 A DC
PFC output voltage range 380 – 500 V DC

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An example of an inverter suitable to the reference coil system is shown in Figure B.3.

Figure B.3 — Example of electrical schematic of an inverter suitable to the coil design given in B.1

Table B.3 shows typical values for the inverter characteristics

Table B.3 — Inverter characteristics


Component/ parameter Value
maximum inverter output current 40 A rms

Figure B.4 shows an example of a compensation network suitable for the coil design given in B.1 Typical
range for the variable reactances ( jX/2) is (4 – 16) johms.

Figure B.4 — Example o electrical schematic o a compensation network suitable to the coil
design given in B.1

B.4 Coupling and inductance information


This subclause gives information on the coupling and inductance behaviour of the reference supply
power circuit when operated with circular reference EVPCs for MF-WPT2 and MF-WPT3 speci ied in
IEC 61980-3.

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The values in Tables B.4 to B.7 were determined with an aluminium shield (800 mm in x-direction,
800 mm in y-direction) and a vehicle mimic plate (1 500 mm in x-direction, 1 500 mm in y-direction)
attached to the reference EVPCs.
NOTE 1 The given values can deviate in a real vehicle environment.

The lead cable length assumed for the inductance values given in Tables B.4 and B.5 is 0,3 m.
NOTE 2 The reference supply power circuit can also be operated at 3,7 kW with these reference EVPCs for
MF-WPT2 or MF-WPT3. The inductance and coupling values are consistent (independent from the transferred
power) and are therefore not speci ically indicated for MF-WPT1.

Table B.4 — Primary device inductance with MF-WPT2 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC L1 (min) L1 (max)
[µH] [µH]
Z1 29,6 35,8
Z2 35,1 38,1
Z3 37,4 38,7

Table B.5 — Primary device inductance with MF-WPT3 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC L1 (min) L1 (max)
[µH] [µH]
Z1 30,0 36,2
Z2 35,1 38,1
Z3 37,4 38,7

Table B.6 — Coupling with MF-WPT2 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC k (min) k (max)
Z1 0,109 0,238
Z2 0,090 0,221
Z3 0,087 0,229

Table B.7 — Coupling with MF-WPT3 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC k (min) k (max)
Z1 0,119 0,246
Z2 0,090 0,221
Z3 0,087 0,229

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Annex C
(informative)

Example or a di erent implementation o a supply power circuit

C.1 General
For information purposes, this annex describes an example for a different implementation of a supply
power circuit, compared to Annexes A and B. It is designed for on-ground mounting and is intended to
operate at the nominal frequency of 85 kHz.
NOTE Frequency tuning to compensate, for example, for height and alignment variation is not applied.

C.2 Mechanical design of the primary device


Figures C.1 and C.2 show the mechanical dimensions of the primary device.
Dimensions in millimetres

Figure C.1 — Mechanical dimensions

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Dimensions in millimetres

Key
1 top cover
2 litz tray
3 litz wire
4 ferrite tiles
5 aluminium plate
6 bottom cover

Figure C.2 — Details for mechanical dimensions

C.3 Electrical design o the supply power circuit


Figure C.3 shows the electrical schematic of the supply power circuit.

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Key
0 connection to supply network
1 PFC
2 inverter
3 impedance matching network
4 HF transformer
L1 primary device inductance
Lleak HF transformer leakage inductance
C1 and C2 tuning capacitors
C3 DC blocking capacitor

Figure C.3 — Electrical schematic o supply power circuit

Table C.1 shows the values of components, currents and voltages in Figure C.3.

Table C.1 — Values o components, currents and voltages


Component/ parameter Value
primary device inductance (L1) See Tables C.2 and C.3
HF transformer leakage inductance (Lleak) 22 µH
primary / secondary inductance of HF transformer 1,7 / 11,9 mH
turn ratio of HF transformer 1:2,7 (N1:N2 = 9:24)
tuning capacitor (C1) 98,4 nF
tuning capacitor (C2) 98,4 nF
DC blocking capacitors (C3) 360 nF

C.4 Coupling and inductance information


This subclause gives information on the coupling and inductance behaviour of the supply power circuit
when operated with DD reference EVPCs for MF-WPT2 and MF-WPT3 speci ied in IEC 61980-3.
The values were determined with an aluminium shield (1 100 mm in x-direction, 1 100 mm in
y-direction) and a vehicle mimic plate (1 500 mm in x-direction, 1 500 mm in y-direction) attached to
the reference EVPCs.
NOTE 1 The given values can deviate in a real vehicle environment.

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The lead cable length assumed for the inductance values given in Table C.2 and Table C.3 is 3 m.
NOTE 2 The supply power circuit can also be operated at 3,7 kW with these reference EVPCs for MF-WPT2 or
MF-WPT3. The inductance and coupling values are consistent (independent from the transferred power) and are
therefore not speci ically indicated for MF-WPT1.

Table C.2 — Primary device inductance with MF-WPT2 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC L1 (min) L1 (max)
[µH] [µH]
Z1 54,9 62,5
Z2 62,5 65,8
Z3 65,6 68,5

Table C.3 — Primary device inductance with MF-WPT3 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC L1 (min) L1 (max)
[µH] [µH]
Z1 56,9 64,3
Z2 68,3 72,3
Z3 67,9 71,7

Table C.4 — Coupling with MF-WPT2 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC k (min) k (max)
Z1 0,162 0,344
Z2 0,134 0,318
Z3 0,126 0,314

Table C.5 — Coupling with MF-WPT3 re erence EVPCs


Z class o re erence EVPC k (min) k (max)
Z1 0,170 0,388
Z2 0,160 0,385
Z3 0,140 0,344

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Annex D
(informative)

Conformance demonstration for protection of persons against


electromagnetic effects

D.1 General
This annex describes the procedures for conformance demonstration to the requirements of 10.4. For
both protection areas 2 and 3, this annex addresses the protection of persons against exposure to
hazardous electromagnetic ields and the protection of the functionality of AIMDs.
D.3 describes different options for conformance demonstration in accordance with the different limits
described in 10.4.3. Figure D.1 gives an overview of these options.

Figure D.1 — Overview o options or con ormance demonstration

For protection area 2, different limits and conformance demonstration methods can be applied than for
protection area 3. For example, protection of persons against exposure to hazardous electromagnetic
ields, can be demonstrated in protection area 2 with respect to ICNIRP basic restrictions and in
protection area 3 with respect to ICNIRP reference levels.
When operating an EVPC, the distribution of the electromagnetic ield and thus, the ield strength
measured at a certain point, varies depending on several in luencing factors. To cover this variety,
conformance to the respective limits is demonstrated at worst-case operating conditions. This applies
to all options shown in Figure D.1. D.2 gives guidance for how to determine these worst-case operating
conditions.

D.2 Worst-case operating conditions


Worst-case operating conditions are considered to be:
— maximum misalignment;
— maximum secondary device ground clearance;
— rated output power; and
— minimum output voltage.

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Besides the listed operating conditions, the EV, the supply device and the ground below the supply
device in luence the measured value. Therefore, the worst-case operating condition is determined on
vehicle level with the setup described in 7.7.2.1.2. In case of EMF testing, the ground should be non-
metallic and non-ferromagnetic. In case of EMC testing, the ground should be metallic.
The in luencing factors might not be limited to those described in this subclause.

D.3 Conformance demonstration to the requirements for protection of persons


against exposure to hazardous electromagnetic fields
D.3.1 Conformance demonstration to ICNIRP basic restriction

D.3.1.1 Protection area 2

Conformance is demonstrated when the simulations according to D.3.1.1.1 show conformance to the
ICNIRP basic restrictions under worst-case operating conditions according to D.2.
NOTE Currently, there is no practical measurement known that can be used to appropriately demonstrate
conformance to ICNIRP basic restrictions.

D.3.1.1.1 Simulation baselines

Numerical simulation methods like Method of Moments (MoM), Finite-Element Method (FEM), Finite
Difference Time Difference (FDTD) or Integral Equation (IE) can be used to make exposure assessments
in typical usage scenarios with respect to applicable limits.
Since humans can be in many different postures inside the electric vehicle as well as outside, it becomes
impractical and time-consuming to show compliance in all possible postures (sitting, standing,
lying down, etc.) and anatomical structures (male vs. female, adult vs. child, etc.). Therefore, it is
recommended to use homogeneous tissue phantoms that represent the worst-case exposure in humans
for conformance demonstration with respect to the ICNIRP basic restrictions. ITIS foundation has
developed a homogeneous body phantom to represent the 95th percentile SAR absorption from base
station antennas in the human population using the statistical data of weight, height and body-mass
index of the human population. It was developed for the exposure assessment in the near ield of base
stations operating between 300 MHz and 5 GHz. This body phantom has dimensions of 1 540 mm in
height, 340 mm in width and 90 mm in depth. At low frequencies, it represents bulk coupling of the
electromagnetic exposure observed in the trunk part of the human body. Additionally, limb phantoms
are described to represent wrists and thighs of the 95th percentile of the human population: an arm
phantom with a length of 810 mm having a square cross-section of 48 mm width and a leg phantom with
a length of 910 mm having a square cross-section of 170 mm width. All three phantoms are depicted in
Figure D.2.

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Key
1 body phantom
2 arm phantom
3 leg phantom

Figure D.2 — Homogeneous phantoms used to represent the human body for compliance
assessment: body phantom, arm phantom, leg phantom

The dielectric properties of the homogeneous phantom should be chosen such that they are
representative of human tissue and that they do not underestimate the exposure levels in humans.
Using these homogeneous body and limb phantoms, exposure should be evaluated for various
orientations and separation distances, including the worst-case exposure expected. Figure D.3 shows an
example of performing such an assessment with the homogeneous body phantom. The body phantom is
positioned in the hot spot identi ied for worst-case magnetic ields and then the exposure is evaluated
for various orientations (standing, lying down and lying down sideways).

Figure D.3 — Examples for orientations of the body phantom

D.3.1.1.2 Scaling of exposure results

When performing an exposure assessment using the homogeneous phantoms as described in D.3.1.1.1, it
should be ensured that the exposure in the homogeneous phantoms is conservative relative to the (more
complex) anatomical models they have been derived from. Therefore, exposure in the homogenous
phantoms is veri ied for conservativeness against different anatomical models' structures, various
orientations of the anatomical models relative to the source and at different separation distances.

D.3.1.1.3 Determination of minimum separation distance

Minimum separation distance between the MF-WPT system and the homogeneous models where
conformance with the induced ield limits is achieved is referred to as the “conformance distance”. If
humans in typical usage conditions stay away from the MF-WPT system by more than this distance,
then the MF-WPT system is deemed to be compliant with the exposure limits. For MF-WPT applications,

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if the conformance distance is less than the dimensions of the EV, then the MF-WPT system is deemed to
be conformant as bystanders adjacent to the EV will be inherently at a distance larger than conformance
distance.

D.3.1.1.4 Experimental validation o the ree-space field distribution

In order to validate the simulation results and in particular, to verify if the numerical model of the MF-
WPT system used in the simulations is an accurate representation of the physical device, simulated
free-space magnetic ields emitted by the MF-WPT system should be compared with measured
ields. Additionally, an uncertainty budget analysis should be performed for both simulations and
measurements to determine the overall combined uncertainty. If the deviation between the simulated
and the measured free-space magnetic ields is within the combined uncertainty, then the simulation
model chosen is determined to be a good representation of the MF-WPT system. Otherwise, the accuracy
of the MF-WPT simulation model needs to be improved before performing the exposure assessment
using the numerical simulations as described in D.3.1.1.1.

D.3.1.2 Protection area 3

To demonstrate conformance, the simulation procedure described in D.3.1.1 can be applied for protection
area 3. As the body phantoms described in D.3.1.1.1 are not applicable for a person sitting inside the EV, it
is recommended to use anatomic models that appropriately represent an entire human body.
Conformance is demonstrated when the simulations show conformance to the ICNIRP basic restrictions
under worst-case conditions according to D.2.

D.3.2 Conformance demonstration to ICNIRP reference levels

D.3.2.1 Protection area 2

Conformance is demonstrated when the ield strength does not exceed the ICNIRP reference levels
under worst-case operating conditions according to D.2 at any of the four virtual vertical planes
depicted in Figure D.4.

Key
1 ield probe

Figure D.4 — Protection area 2 measurement points

The four virtual vertical planes 20 cm outside and parallel to each of the four sides of the vehicle shown
in Figure D.4, are measured from the most outstanding point of each side, excluding the rear-view
mirrors.

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Conformance demonstration can either be done by appropriate simulations or by measurements with a


100 cm2 ield probe according to IEC 61786-1.
NOTE Extrapolation techniques to determine the ield strength at the exact borderline of protection area 1
and 2 are under discussion.

D.3.2.2 Protection area 3

Conformance is demonstrated when the ield strength does not exceed the ICNIRP reference levels
under worst-case conditions according to D.2 at the measurement positions (a) to (c) in Figure D.5.
These measurement positions should be applied for the driver seat and the seat which is closest to the
EVPC, in case this is not the driver seat.
If seats are adjustable in their position, they should be centre positioned for testing; see Figure D.6.
Conformance demonstration can either be done appropriate simulations or by measurements with a
100 cm2 ield probe according to IEC 61786-1.

Figure D.5 — Protection area 3 measurement points

Figure D.6 — Seat position adjustment

NOTE Depending on the EV, there can be other areas inside the EV that can be accessed by ordinary persons.

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D.4 Conformance demonstration to the requirements to protect the functionality


of AIMDs
D.4.1 Protection area 2
Conformance is demonstrated when the ield strength does not exceed the limits of 10.4.4 (15 T) under
worst-case operating conditions according to D.2 at any of the four virtual vertical planes depicted in
Figure D.4.
The measurements are done with a 100 cm2 ield probe according to IEC 61786-1 as follows:
1) Apply a measurement points coarse resolution of 7,5 cm or less throughout the four vertical planes
(see Figure D.7). At each measurement point, the magnitude (root sum square;
BFIELD = B2X + BY2 + BZ2 ) is recorded. Conformance is demonstrated when all measurement points
result in values less than 15 µT. If the value of 15 µT is exceeded, conformance to the limits of 10.4.4
is checked by averaging four designated measurement points according to steps 2 and 3. In case the
15 µT are exceeded at several measurement points, steps 2 and 3 are applied for each of them.

Key
1 measurement grid with 7,5 cm coarse resolution
2 exemplary measurement point with reading >15 µT

Figure D.7 — Example or measurement point with reading >15 µT

2) A maximum coarse resolution of 3,75 cm is applied around the measurement point(s) determined
in step 1 to identify the location of the highest reading (see Figure D.8).

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Key
1 measurement grid with 3,75 cm coarse resolution
2 exemplary measurement point with highest reading

Figure D.8 — Example or measurement point with highest reading

3) After having identi ied the point of highest reading, an equally spaced 2 × 2 grid of four measurement
points is designated centered around that measurement point. The resolution of the grid should be
exactly 7,5 cm (see Figure D.9). The plane of the grid should be chosen to maximize the average
reading of the four measurement points.

Key
1 four measurement points in 2 × 2 grid
2 approximated averaging area

Figure D.9 — Example or measurement point with highest reading

The ield values (magnitudes) of the four measurements are averaged (simple averaging).
Conformance is demonstrated when the average is below the limits of 10.4.4.
NOTE If the ield probe interferes with the ground (due to the peak occurring at or near the ground) then the
2 × 2 grid of four measurements can be moved up so that the ield probe is touching the ground for the lower two
measurements.

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D.4.2 Protection area 3


Conformance is demonstrated when the ield strength does not exceed the limits of 10.4.4 under worst-
case conditions according to D.2 at the measurement positions (a) to (c) in Figure D.5.
The measurements are done with a 100 cm2 ield probe according to IEC 61786-1. At each measurement
point, the magnitude (root sum square; BFIELD = B2X + BY2 + BZ2 ) is recorded. When the limits of 10.4.4
are exceeded at a measurement point, the averaging method described in D.4.1 can be applied.

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Bibliography

[1] ISO 4130, Road vehicles — Three-dimensional reference system and iducial marks — De initions
[2] ISO 6469-4, Electrically propelled road vehicles — Safety speci ications — Part 4: Post crash
electrical safety
[3] ISO 14117, Active implantable medical devices — Electromagnetic compatibility — EMC test
protocols for implantable cardiac pacemakers, implantable cardioverter de ibrillators and cardiac
resynchronization devices
[4] ISO 16750 (all parts), Road vehicles — Environmental conditions and testing for electrical and
electronic equipment
[5] ISO 21498 (all parts)1), Electrically propelled road vehicles — Electrical tests for voltage class B
components
[6] IEC 61786-1, Measurement of DC magnetic, AC magnetic and AC electric ields from 1 Hz to 100 Hz
with regard to exposure of human beings — Part 1: Requirements for measuring instruments
[7] IEC 62311, Assessment of electronic and electrical equipment related to human exposure restrictions
for electromagnetic ields (0 Hz - 300 GHz)

1) Under preparation. Stage at the time of publication: ISO/DIS 21498-1:2020 and ISO/DIS 21498-2:2020.

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