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SOAL NO.

1 Horner Method

PRESSURE DRAW DOWN


3650
Diketahui :
3600
qg 6148 Mscf/d rw 0.4271 ft
μg 0.02458 cp ct 2E-04 1/psi
Bg 0.00437 cu/scf Ø 31% 3550
h 41 ft Pi 3965 psia

3500
Ditanyakan :

1. Permeabilitas rata-rata 3450


2. Skin factor
3. Δpskin
4. Efisiensi Aliran 3400
0.01
Solusi

t pwf Δp
hr psi
t, hr pwf, psi
0.01 3,621.30 7,242.60
0.03 3,614.90 6.40 7,229.80
0.07 3,597.90 23.40 7,195.80
0.1 3,572.70 48.60 7,145.40
0.13 3,562.90 58.40 7,125.80
0.17 3,551.50 69.80 7,103.00 1
0.25 3,536.10 85.20 7,072.20
0.33 3,529.50 91.80 7,059.00
0.5 3,515.70 105.60 7,031.40
0.75 3,514.90 106.40 7,029.80
1 3,510.90 110.40 7,021.80
1.5 3,509.30 112.00 7,018.60
2 3,509.30 112.00 7,018.60
2.5 3,509.00 112.30 7,018.00 2
3 3,502.70 118.60 7,005.40
3.5 3,497.90 123.40 6,995.80
4 3,494.70 126.60 6,989.40
5 3,490.50 130.80 6,981.00
5.5 3,484.10 137.20 6,968.20
6 3,480.90 140.40 6,961.80
6.5 3,478.50 142.80 6,957.00
7 3,476.70 144.60 6,953.40
7.5 3,476.70 144.60 6,953.40
8 3,475.90 145.40 6,951.80
8.5 3,475.10 146.20 6,950.20
9 3,474.30 147.00 6,948.60
9.5 3,474.30 147.00 6,948.60
10 3,471.10 150.20 6,942.20
11 3,471.10 150.20 6,942.20
12 3,468.70 152.60 6,937.40
13 3,467.10 154.20 6,934.20
14 3,467.10 154.20 6,934.20
15 3,465.50 155.80 6,931.00
16 3,462.10 159.20 6,924.20
17 3,461.30 160.00 6,922.60
18 3,460.50 160.80 6,921.00
19 3,458.90 162.40 6,917.80
20 3,449.10 172.20 6,898.20
21 3,443.50 177.80 6,887.00
22 3,441.90 179.40 6,883.80
23 3,441.90 179.40 6,883.80
24 3,441.02 180.28 6,882.04
30 3,440.42 180.88 6,880.84
40 3,440.30 181.00 6,880.60
50 3,440.00 181.30 6,880.00
60 3,440.00 181.30 6,880.00
70 3,439.60 181.70 6,879.20
80 3,439.50 181.80 6,879.00
90 3,438.60 182.70 6,877.20
100 3,438.00 183.30 6,876.00
110 3,437.60 183.70 6,875.20
120 3,436.20 185.10 6,872.40
150 3,436.20 185.10 6,872.40
180 3,435.60 185.70 6,871.20
200 3,435.00 186.30 6,870.00
Horner Method 3

3650

3600

4
3550

3500

3450

f(x) = − 17.152029585906 ln(x) + 3511.85696446043


3400 R² = 0.906350215727096
0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000

Mencari harga m
1 3,511.86
10 3,472.36
m= 39.49 psi/cylce

Mencari p(1hr)
p1hr 3,511.86
pwf 3,435.00

Permeabilitas (k)
162.6 q o Bo
kh 
m
kh= 162,6*qg*mg*Bg/m
kh= 2.72
k= 0.07 md

Skin factor (s)

 P  P1 hr k 
S  1 . 151  i  log  3 . 23 
 C t rw
2
 m 
s= 1,151*((pi-p1hr)/m-LOG10(k/(por*mg*ct*rw^2))+3,23)

s= 10.80
Δpskin
141.2qB
 ps  s
kh

Δps= 141,2*qg*Bg*mg*s/kh
Δps = 370.54 psia
371.23
Efisiensi Aliran

J actual p  pwf  ps


Ef  
J ideal p  pwf

Ef= (pi-pwf-Dps)/(pi-pwf)*100%
Ef = 18.23%
SOAL NO.2

PRESSURE BUILD-UP

Diketahui :

rw 0.21 ft pwf 3519 psia


h 64 ft qo 110 bopd
Ø 19% tp 400 jam
μo 0.65 cp ct 1.50E-06 psi-1
Bo 1.224 bbl/STB

Ditanyakan :

1. Permeabilitas rata-rata
2. Skin factor
3. Δpskin
4. Efisiensi Aliran

Solusi :

Δ t, jam pws (psia) ∆p (psia) (tp+Δt)/Δt ∆te Two Point Three Three Slope
Method Consecutive Smoothed
(dDp/ Point Method Point
dln (Dte) Method

- 3,519
0.15 3,680 161 2,667.67 0.15
0.20 3,723 204 2,001.00 0.20 173.22 166.34 166.23 860.75
0.30 3,800 281 1,334.33 0.30 206.45 213.19 209.99 770.96
0.40 3,866 347 1,001.00 0.40 235.14 236.74 236.66 661.16
0.50 3,920 401 801.00 0.50 259.07 247.68 241.77 541.22
1 4,103 584 401.00 1.00 238.69 238.64 228.70 367.37
2 4,250 731 201.00 1.99 157.38 157.18 162.31 148.10
4 4,320 801 101.00 3.96 82.67 68.98 69.40 35.53
6 4,340 821 67.67 5.91 43.46 32.84 44.53 10.25
7 4,344 825 58.14 6.88 35.37 28.96 27.90 4.13
12 4,364 845 34.33 11.65 36.03 34.30 34.49 4.19
16 4,373 854 26.00 15.38 30.10 30.74 32.76 2.41
24 4,384 865 17.67 22.64 33.58 37.93 28.95 1.52
30 4,393 874 14.33 27.91 29.55 32.38 1.71
40 4,398 879 11.00 36.36 0.59
Horner Method

4500

4400

4300 f(x) = − 34.7661878886427 ln(x) + 4484.5258883864


R² = 0.992289211375793
4200

4100

4000

3900

3800

3700

3600
10 100 1000 10000

Mencari harga m
1 4,484.50
10 4,404.44
m= 80.06

Mencari p(1hr)
p1hr 4,484.50

1 Permeabilitas (k)
162.6 q o Bo
kh 
m
kh= 162,6*qo*mo*Bo/m
kh= 177.74
k= 2.78 md

2 Skin factor (s)

 P jam  Pwf k 
S  1.151 1  log  3 . 23 

 m C t rw 2

s= 1,151*((p1hr-pwf)/m-LOG10(k/(por*mo*ct*rw^2))+3,23)
s= 7.78
3 Δpskin

Δpskin = 0,87ms

Δps= 0,87*m*s
Δps = 541.81 psia

4 Efisiensi Aliran

Mencari harga p*
P* dicapai pada Pws saat (t+Δt)/Δt =1
y= -34,77*LN(x)+4484,5
pada x =1 maka y atau P* bisa dihitung
P* = 4484.50
karena tidak ada keterangan luasan A, maka p rata-rata diasumsikan sebesar P*

J actual p  pwf  ps


Ef  
J ideal p  pwf

Ef= (p*-pwf-Dps)/(p*-pwf)*100%
Ef = 43.88%
Two Point Method

1,000

100

10

1
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00

∆P 55
pD 1
∆t 0.3
td/cd 10
CDe2s 1E+10

1 Permeabilitas (k) 3 Δpskin

141.2qB  pD  141.2qB
k   ps  s
h  p  M .P . kh
Δps= 141,2*qo*Bo*mo*s/kh
k= 3.51 md Δps = 409.60 psia

2 Skin factor (s) 4 Efisiensi Aliran

0.0002637 k  teq  J actual p  pwf  ps


CD    Ef  
 ct rw2  t D C D  M .P . J ideal p  pwf

1  C D e 2 s  Ef= (p*-pwf-Dps)/(p*-pwf)*100%
s ln
2  C D  Ef = 57.58%
CD= 3,399
S= 7.45
Three Concecutive Point Method

1,000

100

10
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00

∆P 60
pD 1
∆t 0.4
td/cd 10
CDe2s 1E+10

1 Permeabilitas (k) 3 Δpskin

141.2qB  pD  141.2qB
k    ps  s
h   p  M .P . kh
Δps= 141,2*qo*Bo*mo*s/kh
k= 3.22 md Δps = 440.81 psia

2 Skin factor (s) 4 Efisiensi Aliran

0.0002637 k  teq  J actual p  pwf  ps


CD    Ef  
 ct rw2  t D C D  M .P . J ideal p  pwf

1  C D e 2 s  Ef= (p*-pwf-Dps)/(p*-pwf)*100%
s ln
2  C D  Ef = 54.34%
CD= 4,155
S= 7.35
Three Smoothed Point Method

1,000

100

10
0.10 1.00 10.00 100.00

∆P 58
pD 1
∆t 0.4
td/cd 10
CDe2s 1E+10

1 Permeabilitas (k) 3 Δpskin

141.2qB  pD  141.2qB
k    ps  s
h  p  M .P . kh
Δps= 141,2*qo*Bo*mo*s/kh
k= 3.33 md Δps = 425.14 psia

2 Skin factor (s) 4 Efisiensi Aliran

0.0002637 k  teq  J actual p  pwf  ps


CD    Ef  
 ct rw2  t D C D  M .P . J ideal p  pwf

1  C D e 2 s  Ef= (p*-pwf-Dps)/(p*-pwf)*100%
s ln
2  C D  Ef = 55.97%
CD= 4,298
S= 7.33
Berikut disajikan perbandingan hasil perhitungannya :

Nilai Horner Two Point Three Three


Method Consecutive Smoothed
Point Method Point Method
k (mD) 2.78 3.51 3.22 3.33
S 7.78 7.45 7.35 7.33
Δpskin (psia) 541.81 409.60 440.81 425.14
Ef 43.88% 57.58% 54.34% 55.97%
SOAL NO.3
GAS WELL TEST

Diketahui :

Waktu dan tekanan suatu multi rate gas well test

Ditanyakan :

1. Permeabilitas tiap laju produksi


2. Skin factor tiap laju produksi
3. The true skin dengan mempertimbangkan non Darcy effect

Solusi :

Asumsi : tp 111 jam Ø 19%


μg 0.4 cp rw 0.21 ft
Y (pwf) 3,368.57 psi ct 1.50E-06 psi-1
Tsc 520 R h 1111

Asumsi lain:
BEGGS & BRILL PVT DATA, diketahui p, μ, dan Z :

2p/(μZ) Mean Δp m(p) m(p)/


2p/(μZ) 1000000
p (psia) Z m (cp) 2 p/( μZ)
(psia/cp) (psi) × Δp psia2/cp
Interval
0 - 0 0 0
400 0.95 0.0117 71,975 35,987 400 14394962 14394962 14.39
800 0.90 0.0125 142,222 107,099 400 42839406 57234368 57.23
1200 0.86 0.0132 211,416 176,819 400 70727743 127962111 127.96
1600 0.81 0.0146 270,590 241,003 400 96401343 224363454 224.36
2000 0.80 0.0163 306,748 288,669 400 1.15E+08 339831192 339.83
2400 0.81 0.0180 329,218 317,983 400 1.27E+08 467024506 467.02

4000

3500 f(x) = 7.28036179810757E-05 x² + 0.023403019096726 x − 3.68506372244076


R² = 0.999390061877225

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000

Waktu Tekanan qg Tekanan


Y (tp+Dt)/Dt
(Jam) (psig) (scf) (psi)
0.001000 6,632.499 40,000,000 6,647.199 3,368.57
0.001184 6,630.618 40,000,000 6,645.318 3,366.70 93,751.00
0.001403 6,628.607 40,000,000 6,643.307 3,364.71 79,117.18
0.001660 6,626.485 40,000,000 6,641.185 3,362.61 66,868.47
0.001970 6,624.291 40,000,000 6,638.991 3,360.43 56,346.18
0.002330 6,622.067 40,000,000 6,636.767 3,358.23 47,640.48
0.002760 6,619.867 40,000,000 6,634.567 3,356.06 40,218.39
0.003270 6,617.746 40,000,000 6,632.446 3,353.96 33,945.95
0.003870 6,615.764 40,000,000 6,630.464 3,352.00 28,683.17
0.004590 6,613.973 40,000,000 6,628.673 3,350.23 24,184.01
0.005430 6,612.416 40,000,000 6,627.116 3,348.69 20,442.99
0.006440 6,611.121 40,000,000 6,625.821 3,347.41 17,237.02
0.007620 6,610.092 40,000,000 6,624.792 3,346.39 14,567.93
0.009030 6,609.329 40,000,000 6,624.029 3,345.64 12,293.36
0.010690 6,608.779 40,000,000 6,623.479 3,345.09 10,384.54
0.012670 6,608.405 40,000,000 6,623.105 3,344.73 8,761.85
0.015000 6,608.174 40,000,000 6,622.874 3,344.50 7,401.00
0.017770 6,608.019 40,000,000 6,622.719 3,344.34 6,247.48
0.021050 6,607.932 40,000,000 6,622.632 3,344.26 5,274.16
0.024930 6,607.862 40,000,000 6,622.562 3,344.19 4,453.47
0.029530 6,607.817 40,000,000 6,622.517 3,344.14 3,759.89
0.034970 6,607.782 40,000,000 6,622.482 3,344.11 3,175.15
0.041420 6,607.756 40,000,000 6,622.456 3,344.08 2,680.86
0.049060 6,607.734 40,000,000 6,622.434 3,344.06 2,263.54
0.058110 6,607.717 40,000,000 6,622.417 3,344.05 1,911.17
0.068830 6,607.702 40,000,000 6,622.402 3,344.03 1,613.67
0.081530 6,607.689 40,000,000 6,622.389 3,344.02 1,362.46
0.096560 6,607.678 40,000,000 6,622.378 3,344.01 1,150.54
0.114370 6,607.668 40,000,000 6,622.368 3,344.00 971.53
0.135470 6,607.658 40,000,000 6,622.358 3,343.99 820.37
0.160450 6,607.648 40,000,000 6,622.348 3,343.98 692.80
0.190040 6,607.638 40,000,000 6,622.338 3,343.97 585.09
0.225100 6,607.626 40,000,000 6,622.326 3,343.96 494.11
0.266610 6,607.612 40,000,000 6,622.312 3,343.94 417.34
0.315780 6,607.597 40,000,000 6,622.297 3,343.93 352.51
0.374020 6,607.578 40,000,000 6,622.278 3,343.91 297.78
0.443010 6,607.558 40,000,000 6,622.258 3,343.89 251.56
0.524710 6,607.534 40,000,000 6,622.234 3,343.87 212.55
0.621490 6,607.507 40,000,000 6,622.207 3,343.84 179.60
0.736120 6,607.476 40,000,000 6,622.176 3,343.81 151.79
0.871880 6,607.441 40,000,000 6,622.141 3,343.77 128.31
1.032690 6,607.402 40,000,000 6,622.102 3,343.73 108.49
1.223150 6,607.358 40,000,000 6,622.058 3,343.69 91.75
1.448740 6,607.310 40,000,000 6,622.010 3,343.64 77.62
1.715940 6,607.257 40,000,000 6,621.957 3,343.59 65.69
2.032420 6,607.200 40,000,000 6,621.900 3,343.54 55.61
2.407280 6,607.137 40,000,000 6,621.837 3,343.47 47.11
2.851260 6,607.071 40,000,000 6,621.771 3,343.41 39.93
3.377140 6,606.999 40,000,000 6,621.699 3,343.34 33.87
4.000000 6,606.924 40,000,000 6,621.624 3,343.26 28.75
4.001000 6,661.518 30,000,000 6,676.218 3,397.39 28.74
4.001184 6,659.886 30,000,000 6,674.586 3,395.77 28.74
4.001403 6,658.191 30,000,000 6,672.891 3,394.08 28.74
4.001662 6,656.463 30,000,000 6,671.163 3,392.36 28.74
4.001968 6,654.739 30,000,000 6,669.439 3,390.65 28.74
4.002331 6,653.060 30,000,000 6,667.760 3,388.98 28.73
4.002761 6,651.469 30,000,000 6,666.169 3,387.40 28.73
4.003270 6,650.009 30,000,000 6,664.709 3,385.94 28.73
4.003873 6,648.716 30,000,000 6,663.416 3,384.66 28.72
4.004588 6,647.615 30,000,000 6,662.315 3,383.57 28.72
4.005434 6,646.717 30,000,000 6,661.417 3,382.67 28.71
4.006436 6,646.020 30,000,000 6,660.720 3,381.98 28.71
4.007623 6,645.512 30,000,000 6,660.212 3,381.48 28.70
4.009029 6,645.152 30,000,000 6,659.852 3,381.12 28.69
4.010694 6,644.908 30,000,000 6,659.608 3,380.88 28.68
4.012667 6,644.756 30,000,000 6,659.456 3,380.73 28.66
4.015003 6,644.661 30,000,000 6,659.361 3,380.63 28.65
4.017770 6,644.587 30,000,000 6,659.287 3,380.56 28.63
4.021048 6,644.535 30,000,000 6,659.235 3,380.51 28.60
4.024930 6,644.495 30,000,000 6,659.195 3,380.47 28.58
4.029528 6,644.463 30,000,000 6,659.163 3,380.44 28.55
4.034974 6,644.437 30,000,000 6,659.137 3,380.41 28.51
4.041424 6,644.414 30,000,000 6,659.114 3,380.39 28.47
4.049064 6,644.396 30,000,000 6,659.096 3,380.37 28.41
4.058113 6,644.379 30,000,000 6,659.079 3,380.35 28.35
4.068831 6,644.366 30,000,000 6,659.066 3,380.34 28.28
4.081526 6,644.354 30,000,000 6,659.054 3,380.33 28.20
4.096563 6,644.343 30,000,000 6,659.043 3,380.32 28.10
4.114372 6,644.333 30,000,000 6,659.033 3,380.31 27.98
4.135466 6,644.324 30,000,000 6,659.024 3,380.30 27.84
4.160451 6,644.315 30,000,000 6,659.015 3,380.29 27.68
4.190044 6,644.305 30,000,000 6,659.005 3,380.28 27.49
4.225095 6,644.294 30,000,000 6,658.994 3,380.27 27.27
4.266610 6,644.281 30,000,000 6,658.981 3,380.25 27.02
4.315783 6,644.266 30,000,000 6,658.966 3,380.24 26.72
4.374024 6,644.249 30,000,000 6,658.949 3,380.22 26.38
4.443008 6,644.230 30,000,000 6,658.930 3,380.20 25.98
4.524714 6,644.207 30,000,000 6,658.907 3,380.18 25.53
4.621490 6,644.182 30,000,000 6,658.882 3,380.16 25.02
4.736115 6,644.153 30,000,000 6,658.853 3,380.13 24.44
4.871881 6,644.120 30,000,000 6,658.820 3,380.09 23.78
5.032687 6,644.084 30,000,000 6,658.784 3,380.06 23.06
5.223151 6,644.044 30,000,000 6,658.744 3,380.02 22.25
5.448743 6,643.999 30,000,000 6,658.699 3,379.97 21.37
5.715943 6,643.951 30,000,000 6,658.651 3,379.93 20.42
6.032424 6,643.898 30,000,000 6,658.598 3,379.87 19.40
6.407275 6,643.842 30,000,000 6,658.542 3,379.82 18.32
6.851262 6,643.782 30,000,000 6,658.482 3,379.76 17.20
7.377136 6,643.718 30,000,000 6,658.418 3,379.70 16.05
8.000000 6,643.651 30,000,000 6,658.351 3,379.63 14.88
8.001000 6,682.166 20,000,000 6,696.866 3,417.98 14.87
8.002184 6,680.899 20,000,000 6,695.599 3,416.71 14.87
8.003587 6,679.646 20,000,000 6,694.346 3,415.46 14.87
8.005249 6,678.437 20,000,000 6,693.137 3,414.25 14.87
8.007217 6,677.298 20,000,000 6,691.998 3,413.12 14.86
8.009548 6,676.258 20,000,000 6,690.958 3,412.08 14.86
8.012309 6,675.338 20,000,000 6,690.038 3,411.16 14.85
8.015579 6,674.555 20,000,000 6,689.255 3,410.38 14.85
8.019452 6,673.915 20,000,000 6,688.615 3,409.74 14.84
8.024040 6,673.415 20,000,000 6,688.115 3,409.25 14.83
8.029474 6,673.046 20,000,000 6,687.746 3,408.88 14.82
8.035910 6,672.780 20,000,000 6,687.480 3,408.61 14.81
8.043533 6,672.595 20,000,000 6,687.295 3,408.43 14.80
8.052562 6,672.473 20,000,000 6,687.173 3,408.31 14.78
8.063256 6,672.392 20,000,000 6,687.092 3,408.23 14.77
8.075923 6,672.326 20,000,000 6,687.026 3,408.16 14.74
8.090926 6,672.277 20,000,000 6,686.977 3,408.11 14.72
8.108696 6,672.236 20,000,000 6,686.936 3,408.07 14.69
8.129744 6,672.202 20,000,000 6,686.902 3,408.04 14.65
8.154674 6,672.173 20,000,000 6,686.873 3,408.01 14.61
8.184202 6,672.147 20,000,000 6,686.847 3,407.98 14.56
8.219176 6,672.124 20,000,000 6,686.824 3,407.96 14.51
8.260600 6,672.104 20,000,000 6,686.804 3,407.94 14.44
8.309664 6,672.086 20,000,000 6,686.786 3,407.92 14.36
8.368888 6,672.071 20,000,000 6,686.771 3,407.91 14.26
8.436608 6,672.058 20,000,000 6,686.758 3,407.89 14.16
8.518134 6,672.047 20,000,000 6,686.747 3,407.88 14.03
8.614697 6,672.037 20,000,000 6,686.737 3,407.87 13.88
8.729069 6,672.028 20,000,000 6,686.728 3,407.86 13.72
8.864535 6,672.020 20,000,000 6,686.720 3,407.85 13.52
9.024986 6,672.011 20,000,000 6,686.711 3,407.85 13.30
9.215030 6,672.002 20,000,000 6,686.702 3,407.84 13.05
9.440125 6,671.992 20,000,000 6,686.692 3,407.83 12.76
9.706735 6,671.980 20,000,000 6,686.680 3,407.81 12.44
10.022520 6,671.967 20,000,000 6,686.667 3,407.80 12.08
10.396540 6,671.951 20,000,000 6,686.651 3,407.79 11.68
10.839550 6,671.934 20,000,000 6,686.634 3,407.77 11.24
11.364260 6,671.914 20,000,000 6,686.614 3,407.75 10.77
11.985750 6,671.891 20,000,000 6,686.591 3,407.73 10.26
12.721870 6,671.865 20,000,000 6,686.565 3,407.70 9.73
13.593750 6,671.835 20,000,000 6,686.535 3,407.67 9.17
14.626440 6,671.803 20,000,000 6,686.503 3,407.64 8.59
15.849590 6,671.767 20,000,000 6,686.467 3,407.60 8.00
17.298330 6,671.728 20,000,000 6,686.428 3,407.56 7.42
19.014270 6,671.686 20,000,000 6,686.386 3,407.52 6.84
21.046700 6,671.641 20,000,000 6,686.341 3,407.48 6.27
23.453970 6,671.593 20,000,000 6,686.293 3,407.43 5.73
26.305240 6,671.542 20,000,000 6,686.242 3,407.38 5.22
29.682370 6,671.489 20,000,000 6,686.189 3,407.32 4.74
33.682370 6,671.434 20,000,000 6,686.134 3,407.27 4.30
33.683370 6,694.917 10,000,000 6,709.617 3,430.72 4.30
33.683560 6,694.192 10,000,000 6,708.892 3,430.00 4.30
33.683770 6,693.542 10,000,000 6,708.242 3,429.35 4.30
33.684030 6,692.978 10,000,000 6,707.678 3,428.78 4.30
33.684340 6,692.500 10,000,000 6,707.200 3,428.30 4.30
33.684700 6,692.109 10,000,000 6,706.809 3,427.91 4.30
33.685130 6,691.801 10,000,000 6,706.501 3,427.60 4.30
33.685640 6,691.569 10,000,000 6,706.269 3,427.37 4.30
33.686240 6,691.397 10,000,000 6,706.097 3,427.20 4.30
33.686960 6,691.271 10,000,000 6,705.971 3,427.07 4.30
33.687810 6,691.181 10,000,000 6,705.881 3,426.98 4.29
33.688810 6,691.114 10,000,000 6,705.814 3,426.92 4.29
33.689990 6,691.058 10,000,000 6,705.758 3,426.86 4.29
33.691400 6,691.011 10,000,000 6,705.711 3,426.81 4.29
33.693070 6,690.970 10,000,000 6,705.670 3,426.77 4.29
33.695040 6,690.934 10,000,000 6,705.634 3,426.74 4.29
33.697370 6,690.900 10,000,000 6,705.600 3,426.70 4.29
33.700140 6,690.870 10,000,000 6,705.570 3,426.67 4.29
33.703420 6,690.842 10,000,000 6,705.542 3,426.65 4.29
33.707300 6,690.816 10,000,000 6,705.516 3,426.62 4.29
33.711900 6,690.793 10,000,000 6,705.493 3,426.60 4.29
33.717350 6,690.772 10,000,000 6,705.472 3,426.58 4.29
33.723800 6,690.754 10,000,000 6,705.454 3,426.56 4.29
33.731440 6,690.738 10,000,000 6,705.438 3,426.54 4.29
33.740480 6,690.724 10,000,000 6,705.424 3,426.53 4.29
33.751200 6,690.712 10,000,000 6,705.412 3,426.52 4.29
33.763900 6,690.702 10,000,000 6,705.402 3,426.51 4.29
33.778930 6,690.693 10,000,000 6,705.393 3,426.50 4.29
33.796740 6,690.685 10,000,000 6,705.385 3,426.49 4.28
33.817840 6,690.678 10,000,000 6,705.378 3,426.48 4.28
33.842820 6,690.671 10,000,000 6,705.371 3,426.47 4.28
33.872420 6,690.663 10,000,000 6,705.363 3,426.47 4.28
33.907470 6,690.655 10,000,000 6,705.355 3,426.46 4.27
33.948980 6,690.645 10,000,000 6,705.345 3,426.45 4.27
33.998150 6,690.634 10,000,000 6,705.334 3,426.44 4.26
34.056400 6,690.622 10,000,000 6,705.322 3,426.43 4.26
34.125380 6,690.608 10,000,000 6,705.308 3,426.41 4.25
34.207090 6,690.591 10,000,000 6,705.291 3,426.39 4.24
34.303860 6,690.573 10,000,000 6,705.273 3,426.38 4.24
34.418490 6,690.553 10,000,000 6,705.253 3,426.36 4.23
34.554250 6,690.530 10,000,000 6,705.230 3,426.33 4.21
34.715060 6,690.505 10,000,000 6,705.205 3,426.31 4.20
34.905520 6,690.477 10,000,000 6,705.177 3,426.28 4.18
35.131110 6,690.448 10,000,000 6,705.148 3,426.25 4.16
35.398310 6,690.416 10,000,000 6,705.116 3,426.22 4.14
35.714800 6,690.383 10,000,000 6,705.083 3,426.19 4.11
36.089650 6,690.348 10,000,000 6,705.048 3,426.15 4.08
36.533630 6,690.312 10,000,000 6,705.012 3,426.12 4.04
37.059510 6,690.275 10,000,000 6,704.975 3,426.08 4.00
37.682370 6,690.238 10,000,000 6,704.938 3,426.04 3.95

Selanjutnnyya di plot antara Pressure vs waktu untuk mengetahui polanya :

Pressure (psi) VS Time at different Rate (hour)


6,720

6,700 q = 10 mmscf

6,680 q = 20 mmscf

6,660
q = 30 mmscf
6,640

6,620

6,600 q = 40 mmscf

6,580

6,560
0E+00 5E+00 1E+01 2E+01 2E+01 3E+01 3E+01 4E+01 4E+01

Y P Vs (tp+Dt)/Dt
3,440

3,420 q = 10 mmscf

3,400
q = 20 mmscf
3,380
q = 30 mmscf
3,360

3,340

3,320 q = 40 mmscf

3,300

3,280
1 10 100 1000 10000 100000

Terdapat perbedaan pola PvT untuk tiap laju aliran, selanjutnya akan dibuat Horner yang berbeda
untuk tiap laju aliran sehingga diketahui K (permeabilitas) dan S' (skin) untuk masing-masing
Horner Method Untuk q = 40.000.000 scf

3,370

3,365

3,360

3,355

3,350

P = 3.344,34
3,345
f(x) = 0.3273597813529 ln(x) + 3342.19816942724
R² = 0.985899870683603
3,340

3,335

3,330
10 100 1000 10000 100000

y = 0,3274ln(x) + 3342,4 Buku 'Well Testing : Interpretation Methods" oleh Gilles Bourdarot (1998)
Mencari harga m halaman 262, disebutkan sbb
1 3,342.40
10 3,343.15
m= (0.75)

Mencari p(1hr)
p1hr 3,342.40

1 Permeabilitas (k)

q= 40 mmscf
T 11 R
Tsc 520 R
kh= 128,54*q*t/m
kh= 75,023
k= 67.53 md

2 Skin factor (s)

s= 1,151*((p1hr-pwf)/m-LOG10(k/(por*mg*ct*rw^2))+3,23)

s= -47.89
Horner Method Untuk q = 30.000.000 scf

3,400

3,395

3,390

3,385

3,380
f(x) = 0.967729927120461 ln(x) + 3377.00976404059
R² = 0.998679117816819

3,375

3,370
10 100

y = 0,9677ln(x) + 3377
Mencari harga m
1 3,377.00
10 3,379.23
m= (2.23)

Mencari p(1hr)
p1hr 3,342.40

1 Permeabilitas (k)

q= 30 mmscf
T 11 R
Tsc 520 R
kh= 128,54*q*t/m
kh= 19,037
k= 17.13 md

2 Skin factor (s)

s= 1,151*((p1hr-pwf)/m-LOG10(k/(por*mg*ct*rw^2))+3,23)

s= -20.77

Horner Method Untuk q = 20.000.000 scf


3,420

3,418

3,416

3,414

3,412

3,410

3,408
f(x) = 0.524587172277233 ln(x) + 3406.5099306109
R² = 0.999659597472585
3,406

3,404

3,402

3,400
1 10 100

y = 0,5246ln(x) + 3406,5
Mencari harga m
1 3,406.50
10 3,407.71
m= (1.21)

Mencari p(1hr)
p1hr 3,342.40

1 Permeabilitas (k)

q= 30 mmscf
T 11 R
Tsc 520 R
kh= 128,54*q*t/m
kh= 35,116
k= 31.61 md

2 Skin factor (s)

s= 1,151*((p1hr-pwf)/m-LOG10(k/(por*mg*ct*rw^2))+3,23)

s= -32.49

Horner Method Untuk q = 10.000.000 scf

3,432

3,431
3,432

3,431

3,430

3,429

3,428

3,427

3,426 f(x) = 4.62609998560812 ln(x) + 3419.66716068576


R² = 0.979325459562894

3,425

3,424

3,423
3 30

y=4,6261ln(x) + 3419,7
Mencari harga m
1 3,419.70
10 3,430.35
m= (10.65)

Mencari p(1hr)
p1hr 3,342.40

1 Permeabilitas (k)

q= 30 mmscf
T 11 R
Tsc 520 R
kh= 128,54*q*t/m
kh= 3,982
k= 3.58 md

2 Skin factor (s)

s= 1,151*((p1hr-pwf)/m-LOG10(k/(por*mg*ct*rw^2))+3,23)

s= -9.30
Perhitungan True Skin

Teori menyebutkan bahwa :

Sehingga dari data flow rate dan skin dapat ditentukan True Skin (S)

Flow Rate
Skin (s')
(Mscf/D)
40 (47.89)
30 (20.77)
20 (32.49)
10 (9.30)

-
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45

(10.00) f(x) = − 1.0404816238459 x − 1.60106307836119


R² = 0.662415450016188

(20.00)

(30.00)

(40.00)

(50.00)

(60.00)

3 True skin (S) adalah ketika x = 0, yaitu :


S= -1,0405*(0) - 1,6011
S= -1.60
5.79E+07 14.7 1.6374E+06
520

t, hr pwf, psi d t, hr pwf, psi t, hr pwf, psi t, hr


0 1810.65 221.41 0.01 3621.3 6.5 3478.5 23
0.03 1807.45 220.68 0.03 3614.9 7 3476.7 24
0.07 1798.95 218.74 0.07 3597.9 7.5 3476.7 30
0.1 1786.35 215.87 0.1 3572.7 8 3475.9 40
0.13 1781.45 214.76 0.13 3562.9 8.5 3475.1 50
0.17 1775.75 213.47 0.17 3551.5 9 3474.3 60
0.25 1768.05 211.74 0.25 3536.1 9.5 3474.3 70
0.33 1764.75 211 0.33 3529.5 10 3471.1 80
0.5 1757.85 209.45 0.5 3515.7 11 3471.1 90
0.75 1757.45 209.36 0.75 3514.9 12 3468.7 100
1 1755.45 208.91 1 3510.9 13 3467.1 110
1.5 1754.65 208.73 1.5 3509.3 14 3467.1 120
2 1754.65 208.73 2 3509.3 15 3465.5 150
2.5 1754.65 208.73 2.5 3509 16 3462.1 180
3 1751.35 208 3 3502.7 17 3461.3 200
3.5 1748.95 207.46 3.5 3497.9 18 3460.5
4 1747.35 207.1 4 3494.7 19 3458.9
5 1745.25 206.64 5 3490.5 20 3449.1
5.5 1742.05 205.92 5.5 3484.1 21 3443.5
6 1740.45 205.57 6 3480.9 22 3441.9
6.5 1739.25 205.3
7 1738.35 205.1
7.5 1738.35 205.1
8 1737.95 205.01
8.5 1737.55 204.92
9 1737.15 204.83
9.5 1737.15 204.83
10 1735.55 204.48
11 1735.55 204.48
12 1734.35 204.21
13 1733.55 204.04
14 1733.55 204.04
15 1732.75 203.86
16 1731.05 203.48
17 1730.65 203.39
18 1730.25 203.31
19 1729.45 203.13
20 1724.55 202.05
21 1721.75 201.43
22 1720.95 201.25
23 1720.95 201.25
24 1720.51 199.12
30 1720.21 197.92
40 1720.15 196.42
50 1720 195.62
60 1720 195.12
70 1719.8 193.72
80 1719.75 200.99
90 1719.3 192.62
100 1719 191.92
110 1718.8 191.62
120 1718.1 191.12
150 1718.1 189.62
180 1717.8 188.32
200 1717.5 188.12

t, hr pwf, psi
0.01 0.001
0.03 6.4 6.4
0.07 23.4 23.4 pwf, psi
0.1 48.6 48.6 1000
0.13 58.4 58.4
0.17 69.8 69.8
0.25 85.2 85.2
0.33 91.8 91.8
100
0.5 105.6 105.6
0.75 106.4 106.4
1 110.4 110.4
1.5 112 112
10
2 112 112
2.5 112.3 112.3
3 118.6 118.6
3.5 123.4 123.4
4 126.6 126.6 1
0.01 0.1 1 10 100
5 130.8 130.8
5.5 137.2 137.2
6 140.4 140.4
6.5 142.8 142.8
7 144.6 144.6
7.5 144.6 144.6
8 145.4 145.4
8.5 146.2 146.2
9 147 147
9.5 147 147
10 150.2 150.2
11 150.2 150.2
12 152.6 152.6 pwf, psi
13 154.2 154.2 200
14 154.2 154.2
180
15 155.8 155.8
16 159.2 159.2 160
17 160 160 140
18 160.8 160.8 120
19 162.4 162.4
100
20 172.2 172.2
21 177.8 177.8 80
22 179.4 179.4 60
23 179.4 179.4 40
20
0
0 50 100 150 200
100
80
60
40
24 180.28 180.28
20
30 180.88 180.88
40 181 181 0
0 50 100 150 200
50 181.3 181.3
60 181.3 181.3
70 181.7 181.7
80 181.8 181.8
90 182.7 182.7
100 183.3 183.3
110 183.7 183.7
120 185.1 185.1
150 185.1 185.1
180 185.7 185.7
200 186.3 186.3
pwf, psi
3441.9
3441.02
3440.42
3440.3
3440
3440
3439.6
3439.5
3438.6
3438
3437.6
3436.2
3436.2
3435.6
3435
wf, psi

10 100 1000

wf, psi

150 200 250


150 200 250