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Introduction

• The role of ICAO in aviation safety


ICAO Regulations of ATS Safety • Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP)
Management • Universal Safety Oversight Audit
Programme (USOAP)
• ATS Safety Management
• States responsibilities

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The Role of ICAO in Aviation


Promulgation of requirements
Safety
The responsibilities of ICAO and its objectives are in the Chicago
Convention
•ICAO promulgate requirements for
Article 44 requires ICAO to: international civil aviation, such as Standards
Ensure the safe and orderly growth of civil and Recommended Practices (SARPs), published
aviation throughout the world in the International Civil Aviation Annexes.
Meet the needs of the people of the world for
safe, regular, efficient and economical air •The Annexes are the basis of the ICAO
transport regulations, including those related with Safety
Promote safety of flight in international Management.
aviation
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Origin of ICAO Safety Objetives of GASP


Requirements
• Reduce the number of accidents and deaths
• The Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP)
irrespective of air traffic volume.
was initialy proposed by the Air
Navigation Commission in April 1997.
• Achieve a significant decrease in worldwide
accident rates, placing emphasis on regions
• GASP was supported by the ICAO 32nd where these remain high.
Assembly in 1998.

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How USOAP works
ICAO
UNIVERSAL
SAFETY
ICAO OVERSIGHT
Universal Safety AUDIT
PROGRAMME
Oversight Audit National Regulator
State
Programme (USOAP Safety
Oversight
Service Provider
Internal Verification
(Safety supervisions/Audits/Revisions)

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USOAP Expansion
• ICAO 33rd Assembly (2001) and the
ICAO Council (2002) approved USOAP
expansion to include Annexes 11, 14 and
Requirements for ATS Safety 13.
Management • Expanded audits should start in 2004.
• Safety Management Programmes will be
a part of the audits.

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ATS Safety Management ATS (cont.)


ATS Safety Management

States shall implement systematic


“Material extracted from Amendment 40 to and appropriate ATS safety
Annex 11 and Amendment 4 to PANS- management programmes to
ATM, Doc. 4444” ensure that safety is maintained in
the provision of ATS within
airspaces and at aerodromes
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ATS Safety Management (cont.)  
      

    
      
 
  

   
 
 
   
 
  
       
 
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       ATS Safety Management (cont.)

# 

    $  
 
 
   Objectives:

%  
     
    
 
• Ensure that ATS safety level establishished within an
 
 
$  
airspace or aerodrome is satisfied.
 
 & 

$  




     

   
 
• Implementation of safety-related improvements.




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$
 $
      
 

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       Supervision of Safety Levels

Activities
Periodically compile and
     
 
    
 review data safety-related
  

    

   
   dats to evaluate the level of

  

    
  safety in the ATS and detect
( 


)
 any adverse tendency
(        
*
 
     
 

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Safety Tests at ATS Units vs. Regulatory Matters
ATS Quality Assurance
Programmes • Operational manuals
• ATS route structure planning
Including: • Separation minima provisions
• Runway incursion avoidance provisions
• Regulatory matters • Traffic volume and ATCOs workload
• Contingency plans
• Operational and technical matters • ATS incident reporting and investigating

• License granting and personnel training


matters 19 20

Technical and operational License Granting and Personnel Training


matters Matters

• Satisfactory environmental working conditions • Qualified ATCOs, with license and ratings
• Personnel competence is kept
• Appropriate and ergonomic automated systems • Team work training
• Implementation of new procedures preceded
• C, N and S systems and equipment satisfying by appropriate training
required levels of reliability and availability • English qualification
• Standardized phraseology use
• Periodical review of system service condition
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Identify need
Description
of
Describe current
system acceptable
separation
Airspace Safety Evaluations Determine proposed
system minima
determin-
Identify evaluation
method ation
process
Evaluate risk

YES
Are safety criteria Implement and
satisfied? supervise system
NO
Determine
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Airspace Safety Evaluations Comparison with a reference
system
Methods: • Relevant characteristics of proposed system are
compared with those corresponding to a
reference system whose safety has already been
• Comparison with a reference system established.

• If it is demonstrated that the safety of the


• Evaluation of system risks with regard proposed system is similar or better than the
to a threshold reference system, it can be assumed that it is a
safety system.
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Evaluation of system risks with Evaluation for RVSM implementation


regard to a threshold TLS 5 X 10-9 is the global safety risk and is divided
into:
The quantitative risk estimate of a proposed
system is not superior to a previously determined 2.5 X 10-9 -TECHNICAL risk related with aircraft
acceptable risk level altitude maintenance performance; and

2.5 X 10-9 - Risk due to ALL OTHER POSSIBLE


RAN CAR/SAM/3 determined for the Region the CAUSES:
target level of safety (TLS) of: *operacional errors
5 X 10-9 fatal accidents per flight hour per *in-flight contingencies
dimension arising from collisions *emergency/turbulence, altitude deviations

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SELECTION OF METHOD TO EVALUATE SAFETY

Is a suitable
The ATS Safety
reference system
available?
NO Evaluate risk against it with
threshold
Management Manual
YES NO
The new ATS Safety Management
NO
Is it similar to
system proposed?
Is a trade-off between
system performance
Manual will provide a more detailed
parameters possible?
guideline on the implementation of
YES YES
Annex 11 and Doc 4444 PANS-ATM
regulations
Proposed system is Evaluate system safety on
safe the basis of the trade-off

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Topics to be covered in the
Manual
• Safety management
• Factors affecting the system’s safety  
    
 
• Determination of the acceptable level of
safety
  
• Safety assesment and risk management
techniques
• Ensuring the on-going safety of
operational systems
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The State will always be responsible for:

W The establishment of a regulatory framework to


Where a State provides ATS
serve as a basis for safety management services, it will be, in addition,
requirements
responsible for the implementation
W The surveillance of procedures and the of safety management programmes
monitoring of achieved safety levels of ATS
providers and AD operators at its ATS units and aerodromes

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Independent ATS Providers and


Independent ATS Providers and AD Operators (cont.)
AD Operators
Safety requirements applied to those services
State regulations and oversight and responsabilities of each party should be
programmes must ensure that specified in contractual requirements, or
independent ATS providers and AD formal documents, such as letters of
operators implement appropriate agreement
safety management programmes

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Conclusion
ATS safety management requires that all
involved equally understand all related
concepts.

A culture in safety is obtained from an


organization’s high management
commitment and by reinforcing the
application of safety policies at all levels.
FIN GRACIAS
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