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2 011

ACE BOOK
ACCOUNTABILITY FOR A COMPETITIVE ECONOMY

KEY INDICATORS OF OKLAHOMA’S


BUSINESS CLIMATE
Board of Directors
OFFICERS
Chairman
Dan Gilliam – ConocoPhillips
Vice Chairman
Tina Majors – Majors Investments
Executive Director / Secretary
Fred Morgan – The State Chamber
MEMBERS
Roger Beverage – Oklahoma Bankers Association
David Boren – The University of Oklahoma
Bill Burgess – Vortex, Inc.
Debra Cook – KPMG LLP
C. Kendric Fergeson – NBC Oklahoma –Altus
Gilbert C. Gibson – IBC Bank – Lawton
Bryan Gonterman – AT&T – Oklahoma
Burns Hargis – Oklahoma State University
Daniel G. Keating – Summit Consolidated Group, Inc.
Phil Kennedy – Comanche Home Center
Larry Mocha – APSCO, Inc.
Dr. Donald A. Murry – C.H. Guernsey & Co.
J. Larry Nichols – Devon Energy Corporation
David Rainbolt – BancFirst Corporation
Tom Seth Smith – Rural Enterprises of Oklahoma, Inc.
Steve Turnbo – Schnake Turnbo Frank|PR
OF COUNSEL
Larry Ball – Hall, Estill, Attorneys at Law

Administrative Manager, Regina Manning


2 011
ACE BOOK
ACCOUNTABILITY FOR A COMPETITIVE ECONOMY

Oklahoma 21st Century, Inc. is a nonprofit research


foundation focused on improving the state’s economy
and business climate.

It was founded in 1980 as Oklahoma 2000 by The State


Chamber of Oklahoma (then known as the Oklahoma
State Chamber of Commerce) and its first report was
released in 1982.

Additional copies of this report 2011 ACE Book – Key


Indicators of Oklahoma’s Business Climate may be or-
dered by contacting Oklahoma 21st Century, Inc.,
330 N.E. 10th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104 or
(405) 235-3691

Oklahoma 21st Century, Inc.


330 N.E. 10th Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
(405) 235-3691
www.ok21stcentury.com
Introduction

T he 2011 ACE Book provides a snapshot of


Oklahoma’s business climate compared to
that of other states. Unemployment and workers’
compensation costs, educational progress, taxes, cost
of doing business, investment levels and other critical
issues are reviewed in this book. In this simple, easy-
to-use reference you’ll find statistics on all these, and
other, subjects. While the data reflected herein may
appear to be dated in some circumstances, realize that
it is the most recent data available. We have highlighted
not just Oklahoma, but the other seven states in our
region and have presented graphic representation
where appropriate.

Many key indicators exhibit a better economic


performance than other states in the region or the
nation. Oklahoma’s Cost of Doing Business placed 3rd
lowest in the country (Table 11), and our absolute job
growth ranked 11th in the nation in the 10-year period
from 2000-2010 (Table 5).

There are still many challenges to Oklahoma’s


competitiveness. We rank 7th highest in the nation
in the average cost of our workers’ compensation
benefits (Table 21) and pay the 4th highest workers’
compensation premium (Table 22). With a ranking of
43rd in students over 25 obtaining a bachelor’s degree
and with only 85.5 percent of our citizens graduating
from high school (Table 27), employers have a difficult
task finding skilled and educated workers. The
National Assessment of Educational Progress shows
Oklahoma’s fourth graders ranked 37th in Reading
and 36th in Math, while our eighth graders rank 34th
in Reading and 40th in Math (Table 30).

While state and local health and hospital spending


per capita is ranked 37th in the nation (Table 38), an
increasing percentage of people have employment-
based health insurance compared to 1990 (Table 37).

The 2011 ACE Book provides a valuable set of


indicators that track and evaluate the competitiveness
of Oklahoma’s business climate. We believe this data
will help guide the focus of business leaders and public
officials as they work together to further improve
Oklahoma’s business climate.
CONTENTS

Table

State Populations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Age Group by Percentage of Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Net Migration by States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Non-Agricultural Employment Growth (1 yr.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Non-Agricultural Employment Growth (10 yr.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Per Capita Personal Income By State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Exports Per Capita . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

U.S. Census Estimates of State and Local Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Business Taxes as a Share of all Taxes and GSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Gas Tax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Top States for Business . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

State and Local Government Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Public Employee Salaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

State Pension Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

High-Tech Employment and Wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Wages & Productivity of Workers in Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . 16

Annual Average Investment Per Employee in Manufacturing . . 17

Union Members as a Share of Employment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

Unemployment Insurance Taxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Unemployment Insurance Payments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Workers’ Compensation Benefit Cost Per Employee . . . . . . . . 21

Workers’ Compensation Premium Rate Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22


State Liability Systems Ranking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Venture Capital Investment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

R&D Spending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Science and Engineering Doctorates Awarded by State . . . . . . 26

Educational Attainment of Population 25 and Older . . . . . . . . 27

FTE Higher Education Enrollment Public vs. Private . . . . . . . . . 28

Total Fall Enrollment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

National Assessment of Educational Progress . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

Estimated Public School Spending Per Pupil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Percent of Roads in Poor Condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

Price Per KwH for Industrial Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Price Per KwH for Commercial Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

Price Per KwH for Residential Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Home Ownership Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

Employment-Based Insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Government Health and Hospital Spending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

Percentage Without Health Insurance by State . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

County Population Estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40


State Populations
(July 2009)

TABLE 1
Change (July 1, 2000 - July 1, 2009)
Population Numeric Rank % Rank
1 California 36,961,664 3,090,016 2 9.1% 19
2 Texas 24,782,302 3,930,482 1 18.8% 6
3 New York 19,541,453 564,996 12 3.0% 41
4 Florida 18,537,969 2,555,591 3 16.0% 9
5 Illinois 12,910,409 491,116 15 4.0% 35
6 Pennsylvania 12,604,767 323,713 21 2.6% 43
7 Ohio 11,542,645 189,505 31 1.7% 45
8 Michigan 9,969,727 31,283 45 0.3% 50
9 Georgia 9,829,211 1,642,758 4 20.1% 4
10 North Carolina 9,380,884 1,331,571 6 16.5% 8
11 New Jersey 8,707,739 293,389 22 3.5% 38
12 Virginia 7,882,590 804,075 7 11.4% 15
13 Washington 6,664,195 770,074 8 13.1% 11
14 Arizona 6,595,778 1,465,146 1 28.6% 1
15 Massachusetts 6,593,587 244,490 27 3.9% 36
16 Indiana 6,423,113 342,628 20 5.6% 31
17 Tennessee 6,296,254 606,971 11 10.7% 16
18 Missouri 5,987,580 392,369 18 7.0% 26
19 Maryland 5,699,478 402,992 17 7.6% 23
20 Wisconsin 5,654,774 291,099 23 5.4% 32
21 Minnesota 5,266,214 346,735 19 7.0% 25
22 Colorado 5,024,748 723,487 9 16.8% 7
23 Alabama 4,708,708 261,608 25 5.9% 30
24 South Carolina 4,561,242 549,230 14 13.7% 10
25 Louisiana 4,492,076 23,100 46 0.5% 48
26 Kentucky 4,314,113 272,344 24 6.7% 29
27 Oregon 3,825,657 404,258 16 11.8% 13
28 Oklahoma 3,687,050 236,396 28 6.9% 28
29 Connecticut 3,518,288 112,723 33 3.3% 40
30 Iowa 3,007,856 81,532 39 2.8% 42
31 Mississippi 2,951,996 107,338 34 3.8% 37
32 Arkansas 2,889,450 216,050 29 8.1% 20
33 Kansas 2,818,747 130,329 32 4.8% 34
34 Utah 2,784,572 551,403 13 24.7% 3
35 Nevada 2,643,085 644,828 10 32.3% 1
36 New Mexico 2,009,671 190,625 30 10.5% 17
37 West Virginia 1,819,777 11,433 48 0.6% 47
38 Nebraska 1,796,619 85,356 37 5.0% 33
39 Idaho 1,545,801 251,848 26 19.5% 5
40 New Hampshire 1,324,575 88,789 36 7.2% 24
41 Maine 1,318,301 43,378 44 3.4% 39
42 Hawaii 1,295,178 83,641 38 6.9% 27
43 Rhode Island 1,053,209 4,890 49 0.5% 49
44 Montana 974,989 72,794 40 8.1% 21
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 Delaware 885,122 101,522 35 13.0% 12


46 South Dakota 812,383 57,539 42 7.6% 22
47 Alaska 698,473 71,541 41 11.4% 14
48 North Dakota 646,844 4,644 50 0.7% 46
49 Vermont 621,760 12,933 47 2.1% 44
50 Wyoming 544,270 50,488 43 10.2% 18
Dist. of Columbia 599,657 27,598 4.8%
United States 307,006,550 25,584,644 9.1%

Oklahoma’s population increased by 236,396 between July 2000 and


July 2009.
Age Group by Percentage of Population
(2009)

TABLE 2
Prime Working Age
%<18 %18-24 %25-44 %45-64 %>65
1 Colorado 24.4% 10.0% 28.8% 26.2% 10.6%
2 Maine 20.6% 9.0% 24.5% 30.4% 15.6%
3 New Hampshire 21.8% 9.8% 25.2% 29.6% 13.5%
4 Alaska 26.3% 11.4% 28.2% 26.5% 7.6%
5 Washington 23.6% 9.7% 27.8% 26.8% 12.1%
6 Massachusetts 21.7% 10.1% 27.1% 27.5% 13.6%
7 Maryland 23.7% 9.6% 27.3% 27.2% 12.2%
8 New Jersey 23.5% 8.7% 27.1% 27.2% 13.5%
9 Vermont 20.3% 11.1% 23.9% 30.3% 14.5%
10 Oregon 22.8% 9.5% 26.9% 27.3% 13.5%
11 New York 22.6% 9.8% 27.4% 26.7% 13.4%
12 Virginia 23.4% 10.3% 27.8% 26.2% 12.2%
13 Nevada 25.8% 8.7% 29.1% 24.8% 11.6%
14 West Virginia 21.2% 9.3% 25.3% 28.4% 15.8%
15 Tennessee 23.7% 9.3% 27.2% 26.5% 13.4%
16 Kentucky 23.5% 9.7% 26.9% 26.7% 13.2%
17 Rhode Island 21.5% 10.6% 26.1% 27.4% 14.3%
18 Connecticut 23.0% 9.7% 25.6% 27.9% 13.9%
19 Georgia 26.3% 10.0% 28.8% 24.6% 10.3%
20 Hawaii 22.4% 9.6% 27.8% 25.6% 14.5%
21 Minnesota 23.9% 10.0% 26.5% 26.8% 12.7%
22 Ohio 23.5% 9.4% 26.0% 27.2% 13.9%
23 California 25.5% 10.1% 28.7% 24.4% 11.2%
24 Michigan 23.6% 10.0% 25.4% 27.6% 13.4%
25 Illinois 24.6% 10.1% 27.5% 25.5% 12.4%
26 North Carolina 24.3% 10.0% 27.2% 25.7% 12.7%
27 Wisconsin 23.2% 10.4% 25.6% 27.3% 13.5%
28 Pennsylvania 22.0% 9.7% 25.3% 27.6% 15.4%
29 Delaware 23.4% 9.4% 26.3% 26.6% 14.3%
30 South Carolina 23.7% 9.9% 26.3% 26.4% 13.7%
31 Wyoming 24.3% 11.0% 25.5% 27.0% 12.3%
32 Missouri 23.9% 9.9% 26.0% 26.5% 13.7%
33 Indiana 24.7% 10.0% 26.3% 26.0% 12.9%
34 Alabama 24.0% 9.9% 26.2% 26.1% 13.8%
35 Montana 22.5% 10.7% 23.8% 28.4% 14.6%
36 Louisiana 25.0% 10.6% 26.4% 25.6% 12.3%
37 Florida 21.9% 9.0% 25.8% 26.0% 17.2%
38 Texas 27.8% 10.2% 28.5% 23.2% 10.2%
39 Arkansas 24.6% 9.5% 26.2% 25.5% 14.3%
40 New Mexico 25.4% 10.1% 26.0% 25.5% 13.0%
41 Arizona 26.3% 9.3% 27.7% 23.6% 13.1%
42 Oklahoma 24.9% 10.5% 26.0% 25.2% 13.5%
43 Kansas 25.0% 10.9% 25.5% 25.6% 13.0%
44 Iowa 23.7% 10.7% 24.4% 26.4% 14.8%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 Mississippi 26.0% 10.6% 25.8% 24.8% 12.8%


46 Nebraska 25.1% 11.0% 25.1% 25.4% 13.4%
47 Idaho 27.1% 10.4% 25.9% 24.4% 12.1%
48 South Dakota 24.6% 10.8% 24.1% 26.0% 14.5%
49 North Dakota 22.3% 13.7% 23.7% 25.6% 14.7%
50 Utah 31.2% 12.3% 27.8% 19.7% 9.0%
Dist. of Columbia 19.0% 12.1% 33.0% 24.2% 11.7%
United States 24.3% 9.9% 27.1% 25.9% 12.9%

Ranked by percentage of residents who are working age (18 to 65),


Oklahoma’s population is slightly older than the U.S. average.
Net Migration by States
(July 1, 2008 - July 1, 2009)

TABLE 3
Net Domestic Migration Net International Migration
Number Number Rank
1 Texas 143,423 88,116 2
2 North Carolina 59,108 21,211 10
3 Washington 38,201 19,956 12
4 Colorado 35,591 13,078 16
5 South Carolina 31,480 7,265 24
6 Georgia 26,604 27,346 7
7 Tennessee 20,605 9,474 21
8 Oklahoma 18,345 5,340 28
9 Virginia 18,238 20,928 11
10 Oregon 16,173 8,599 23
11 Arizona 15,111 26,997 8
12 Louisiana 14,647 3,476 35
13 Alabama 11,044 5,319 29
14 Utah 8,623 5,957 27
15 Wyoming 7,192 361 49
16 Kentucky 6,268 4,598 32
17 Arkansas 5,298 3,662 34
18 West Virginia 4,510 558 46
19 Massachusetts 3,614 24,518 9
20 New Mexico 3,366 4,828 31
21 Delaware 2,580 2,016 40
22 Montana 2,410 344 50
23 South Dakota 1,619 688 45
24 Idaho 1,555 2,179 39
25 North Dakota 1,375 521 47
26 Pennsylvania 1,346 18,480 14
27 Alaska 979 1,022 43
28 Missouri -124 6,133 26
29 Nebraska -956 3,069 38
30 Vermont -975 421 48
31 Kansas -1,242 5,003 30
32 Iowa -2,135 3,189 36
33 New Hampshire -2,602 1,787 42
34 Maine -2,937 828 44
35 Nevada -3,801 10,969 19
36 Hawaii -5,298 4,033 33
37 Mississippi -5,529 1,939 41
38 Wisconsin -5,672 6,798 25
39 Rhode Island -6,172 3,096 37
40 Indiana -6,805 9,194 22
41 Connecticut -7,824 11,322 18
42 Minnesota -8,813 10,066 20
43 Maryland -11,163 19,565 13
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

44 Florida -31,179 87,381 3


45 New Jersey -31,690 37,360 5
46 Ohio -36,278 11,835 17
47 Illinois -48,249 35,839 6
48 Michigan -87,339 15,446 15
49 New York -98,178 75,099 4
50 California -98,798 165,600 1
Dist. of Columbia 4,454 2,096

Oklahoma’s net domestic migration grew by 18,345 individuals between


July 2008-09 and its net international migration grew by 5,340 individuals.
Oklahoma moved up from 16th to 8th in the national ranking during this
time period.
Non-Agricultural Employment Growth
(May 2009 - May 2010)

TABLE 4
Jobs Added (Lost) % Growth Rank

1 Texas 24,000 0.2% 7


2 Indiana 22,100 0.8% 3
3 Kentucky 9,800 0.6% 4
4 South Carolina 9,100 0.5% 5
5 North Dakota 5,000 1.3% 1
6 Alaska 3,400 1.1% 2
7 New Hampshire 1,800 0.3% 6
8 North Carolina 1,700 0.0% 10
9 Hawaii 900 0.2% 8
9 Massachusetts 900 0.0% 11
11 Utah 600 0.1% 9
12 Tennessee 200 0.0% 12
13 Pennsylvania (300) 0.0% 13
14 Delaware (1,200) -0.3% 18
15 South Dakota (2,300) -0.6% 27
16 Maryland (2,400) -0.1% 15
17 Virginia (3,300) -0.1% 14
18 West Virginia (3,800) -0.5% 24
19 Montana (3,900) -0.9% 33
20 Nebraska (4,100) -0.4% 21
21 Vermont (4,300) -1.4% 42
22 Wyoming (5,200) -1.8% 47
23 Arkansas (5,300) -0.5% 22
24 Minnesota (5,600) -0.2% 16
25 Idaho (5,700) -0.9% 36
26 Iowa (5,700) -0.4% 19
Source: Bureau of Labor and Statistics State Employment Data (Monthly News Release)

27 Connecticut (7,700) -0.5% 23


28 Mississippi (9,500) -0.9% 30
29 Louisiana (9,900) -0.5% 25
30 Maine (10,100) -1.7% 44
31 Rhode Island (10,400) -2.2% 49
32 New Mexico (12,300) -1.5% 43
33 Oklahoma (14,300) -0.9% 35
34 Kansas (14,300) -1.1% 39
35 Missouri (14,800) -0.5% 26
36 Michigan (16,000) -0.4% 20
37 Arizona (16,600) -0.7% 28
38 Alabama (16,700) -0.9% 31
39 Oregon (20,100) -1.2% 41
40 New York (22,700) -0.3% 17
41 Washington (29,000) -1.0% 38
42 Wisconsin (30,900) -1.1% 40
43 Nevada (31,900) -2.8% 50
44 New Jersey (36,600) -0.9% 37
45 Ohio (37,400) -0.7% 29
46 Colorado (46,700) -2.1% 48
47 Illinois (52,300) -0.9% 34
48 Florida (65,100) -0.9% 32
49 Georgia (68,000) -1.7% 45
50 California (247,200) -1.7% 46
Dist. of Columbia (2,300) -0.3%

Oklahoma’s non-agricultural employment decreased by .9 percent between


May 2009 and May 2010. This is an improvement from the 2.5 percent
decrease last year.
Non-Agricultural Employment Growth
(May 2000 - May 2010)

TABLE 5
Jobs Added (Lost) % Growth Rank
1 Texas 960,600 10.2% 5
2 Florida 178,500 2.5% 18
3 Arizona 173,900 7.7% 11
4 Virginia 136,500 3.9% 13
5 Utah 123,200 11.5% 4
6 Washington 98,500 3.6% 14
7 Nevada 94,700 9.2% 6
8 Maryland 85,600 3.5% 16
9 New Mexico 61,600 8.2% 8
10 Idaho 49,400 8.8% 7
11 Oklahoma 47,400 3.2% 17
12 Hawaii 44,300 8.0% 9
13 Wyoming 43,700 18.1% 1
14 North Dakota 42,500 12.8% 2
15 Alaska 36,700 12.7% 3
16 Nebraska 32,800 3.6% 15
17 Montana 31,500 8.0% 10
18 South Dakota 24,400 6.4% 12
19 North Carolina 14,800 0.4% 20
20 New Hampshire 8,600 1.4% 19
21 Colorado 800 0.0% 22
22 Iowa 700 0.0% 21
23 Arkansas (1,500) -0.1% 23 Source: Bureau of Labor and Statistics State Employment Data (Archived Monthly News Releases)
24 Delaware (2,500) -0.6% 25
25 West Virginia (4,000) -0.5% 24
26 Vermont (4,700) -1.6% 31
27 Kansas (13,600) -1.0% 27
28 Maine (15,000) -2.5% 34
29 Oregon (18,500) -1.1% 29
30 Minnesota (21,500) -0.8% 26
31 Rhode Island (26,900) -5.6% 45
32 Louisiana (33,900) -1.7% 32
33 South Carolina (39,800) -2.1% 33
34 Kentucky (51,100) -2.8% 35
35 Alabama (61,500) -3.2% 39
36 Connecticut (70,900) -4.2% 44
37 Pennsylvania (70,900) -1.2% 30
38 Mississippi (73,300) -6.3% 46
39 Missouri (77,300) -2.8% 36
40 New York (93,100) -1.1% 28
41 Wisconsin (101,200) -3.6% 40
42 Tennessee (109,000) -4.0% 42
43 Georgia (120,000) -3.0% 38
44 New Jersey (121,300) -3.0% 37
45 Massachusetts (134,400) -4.0% 43
46 Indiana (212,100) -7.0% 47
47 Illinois (436,900) -7.2% 48
48 California (554,900) -3.8% 41
49 Ohio (588,200) -10.4% 49
50 Michigan (834,000) -17.6% 50
Dist. of Columbia 64,400 10.0%

Oklahoma ranks 11th in absolute job growth (moving up from 15th) and
17th in percent growth (moving up from 20th). This is an increase during
the last two years when we ranked 21st and 23rd respectively.
Per Capita Personal Income By State
(2009)

TABLE 6
2009 % Change Rank
1 Connecticut $54,397 -3.29% 39
2 New Jersey $50,313 -2.25% 27
3 Massachusetts $49,875 -2.01% 23
4 Maryland $48,285 0.25% 3
5 New York $46,957 -3.79% 44
6 Wyoming $45,705 -5.92% 50
7 Virginia $43,874 -0.46% 6
8 New Hampshire $42,831 -1.36% 14
9 Alaska $42,603 -3.00% 36
10 California $42,325 -3.48% 41
11 Hawaii $42,009 -0.16% 4
12 Washington $41,751 -2.33% 29
13 Minnesota $41,552 -3.26% 38
14 Illinois $41,411 -2.65% 33
15 Colorado $41,344 -3.90% 45
16 Rhode Island $41,003 -0.63% 9
17 Delaware $39,817 -1.38% 15
18 Pennsylvania $39,578 -0.46% 7
19 North Dakota $39,530 -0.86% 10
20 Nevada $38,578 -5.76% 49
21 Vermont $38,503 -0.51% 8
22 Nebraska $38,081 -2.81% 35
23 Kansas $37,916 -2.49% 31
24 Florida $37,780 -3.29% 40
25 South Dakota $36,935 -4.42% 48
26 Wisconsin $36,822 -2.51% 32
27 Iowa $36,751 -2.02% 24
28 Maine $36,745 1.04% 2
29 Texas $36,484 -3.50% 42
30 Missouri $35,676 -1.87% 20
31 Oregon $35,667 -1.92% 21
32 Louisiana $35,507 -1.62% 17
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis

33 Ohio $35,381 -1.42% 16


34 Oklahoma $35,268 -1.95% 22
35 North Carolina $34,453 -2.26% 28
36 Tennessee $34,089 -2.14% 25
37 Michigan $34,025 -2.65% 34
38 Montana $34,004 -1.78% 19
39 Georgia $33,786 -3.05% 37
40 Indiana $33,725 -2.37% 30
41 Alabama $33,096 -1.66% 18
42 New Mexico $32,992 -1.19% 13
43 Arizona $32,935 -4.09% 46
44 West Virginia $32,219 1.85% 1
45 Arkansas $31,946 -0.96% 12
46 Kentucky $31,883 -0.17% 5
47 South Carolina $31,799 -2.14% 26
48 Idaho $31,632 -4.13% 47
49 Utah $30,875 -3.67% 43
50 Mississippi $30,103 -0.92% 11
Dist. of Columbia $66,000 -0.48%
United States $39,138 -2.56%

Per capita personal income (PCPI) is a good comparative measure of the general
prosperity of a state. In 2009, the PCPI went down for every state except three
(Maryland, Maine and West Virgina).
Exports Per Capita
(2009)

TABLE 7
Population Total
Per Capita 2009 (Census) (Millions) Rank
1 Washington $7,764 6,664,195 $51,739 4
2 Louisiana $7,283 4,492,076 $32,715 8
3 Texas $6,579 24,782,302 $163,046 1
4 Vermont $5,100 621,760 $3,171 41
5 Delaware $4,870 885,122 $4,311 38
6 Alaska $4,660 698,473 $3,255 40
7 Kentucky $4,082 4,314,113 $17,609 17
8 Connecticut $3,985 3,518,288 $14,022 24
9 Oregon $3,899 3,825,657 $14,917 22
10 Utah $3,712 2,784,572 $10,337 26
11 South Carolina $3,621 4,561,242 $16,516 19
12 Massachusetts $3,575 6,593,587 $23,575 13
13 Indiana $3,564 6,423,113 $22,890 14
14 North Dakota $3,367 646,844 $2,178 44
15 Michigan $3,265 9,969,727 $32,554 9
16 California $3,250 36,961,664 $120,142 2
17 Tennessee $3,250 6,296,254 $20,461 16
18 Illinois $3,216 12,910,409 $41,514 6
19 Kansas $3,155 2,818,747 $8,892 30
20 New Jersey $3,130 8,707,739 $27,259 11
21 Iowa $3,006 3,007,856 $9,041 29
22 Wisconsin $2,958 5,654,774 $16,729 18
23 Ohio $2,953 11,542,645 $34,084 7
24 Minnesota $2,944 5,266,214 $15,506 20
25 New York $2,933 19,541,453 $57,321 3
26 Nebraska $2,710 1,796,619 $4,869 35
Source: Massachusetts Institute for Social and Economic Research, U.S. Census Bureau

27 West Virginia $2,650 1,819,777 $4,822 36


28 Alabama $2,623 4,708,708 $12,352 25
29 Florida $2,531 18,537,969 $46,920 5
30 Idaho $2,510 1,545,801 $3,880 39
31 Georgia $2,428 9,829,211 $23,868 12
32 North Carolina $2,323 9,380,884 $21,789 15
33 New Hampshire $2,311 1,324,575 $3,062 42
34 Pennsylvania $2,241 12,604,767 $28,253 10
35 Nevada $2,146 2,643,085 $5,673 33
36 Mississippi $2,137 2,951,996 $6,308 31
37 Arizona $2,126 6,595,778 $14,024 23
38 Virginia $1,909 7,882,590 $15,045 21
39 Arkansas $1,823 2,889,450 $5,267 34
40 Maine $1,727 1,318,301 $2,276 43
41 Wyoming $1,702 544,270 $926 49
42 Maryland $1,619 5,699,478 $9,229 28
43 Missouri $1,588 5,987,580 $9,508 27
44 Rhode Island $1,420 1,053,209 $1,495 45
45 South Dakota $1,245 812,383 $1,012 48
46 Oklahoma $1,197 3,687,050 $4,415 37
47 Colorado $1,150 5,024,748 $5,780 32
48 Montana $1,057 974,989 $1,030 47
49 New Mexico $632 2,009,671 $1,269 46
50 Hawaii $434 1,295,178 $562 50
Dist. of Columbia $1,829 599,657 $1,097
United States $3,443 307,006,550 $1,056,932

Oklahoma’s exports rank low at $1,197 per capita (46th in the nation). Our
exports of $3.7 billion are about $1.5 billion less than last year.
U.S. Census Estimates of State and Local Taxes
(2007-2008)

TABLE 8
Per Capita Burden per
Burden $1000 PI Rank
1 Alaska $14,147 $347.31 1
2 New York $7,103 $149.49 3
3 Wyoming $6,930 $151.03 2
4 Connecticut $6,599 $119.11 10
5 New Jersey $6,209 $123.67 8
6 Hawaii $5,233 $128.93 5
7 Massachusetts $5,196 $105.37 31
8 California $5,085 $118.31 11
9 North Dakota $4,948 $135.60 4
10 Maryland $4,887 $104.59 35
11 Vermont $4,727 $125.38 7
12 Minnesota $4,727 $114.23 18
13 Rhode Island $4,626 $115.07 16
14 Illinois $4,503 $108.47 23
15 Maine $4,496 $128.58 6
16 Washington $4,354 $105.49 30
17 Wisconsin $4,331 $117.63 13
18 Pennsylvania $4,306 $111.54 20
19 Kansas $4,246 $114.38 17
20 Delaware $4,237 $107.49 25
21 Nebraska $4,213 $111.93 19
22 Virginia $4,196 $98.17 42
23 Nevada $4,048 $100.74 38
24 Ohio $4,048 $115.14 15
25 Louisiana $4,032 $116.07 14
26 Florida $3,981 $102.81 36
27 Colorado $3,979 $95.53 44
28 New Mexico $3,899 $122.61 9
29 Iowa $3,855 $108.36 24
30 Michigan $3,764 $109.58 22
31 New Hampshire $3,754 $88.30 49
32 Indiana $3,593 $107.33 26
33 North Carolina $3,591 $105.08 33
34 Montana $3,562 $106.17 29
35 Texas $3,554 $98.37 41
36 West Virginia $3,542 $117.83 12
37 Arizona $3,538 $105.16 32
38 Georgia $3,468 $101.92 37
39 Utah $3,436 $110.63 21
40 Oklahoma $3,379 $99.40 40
41 Missouri $3,336 $95.75 43
42 Oregon $3,313 $93.94 45
43 Kentucky $3,302 $107.09 27
44 Arkansas $3,280 $105.00 34
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 Idaho $3,234 $100.34 39


46 Mississippi $3,133 $106.74 28
47 South Dakota $3,107 $86.10 50
48 Tennessee $3,045 $90.11 48
49 Alabama $3,002 $92.29 47
50 South Carolina $2,923 $93.19 46
Dist. of Columbia $9,148 $143.74
United States $4,371 $111.99

Oklahoma ranks 40th in per capita state and local taxes and 40th in taxes
per $1,000 of personal income.
Business Taxes as a Share of all Taxes and GSP
(FY 2009)

TABLE 9
State and Local % of
Business Taxes % of all Private
(Billions) Taxes Rank Sector GSP Rank
1 California $77.2 44.6% 28 4.7% 27
2 New York $56.9 43.0% 33 5.5% 11
3 Texas $53.7 60.7% 6 4.9% 22
4 Florida $34.5 49.7% 19 5.3% 13
5 Illinois $26.4 43.3% 32 4.6% 30
6 Pennsylvania $22.8 41.6% 36 4.6% 30
7 Ohio $21.2 44.0% 30 5.1% 16
8 New Jersey $20.0 37.9% 45 4.7% 27
9 Michigan $16.9 42.4% 34 5.0% 19
10 Washington $14.7 51.2% 15 5.3% 13
11 Georgia $13.9 43.6% 31 4.1% 40
12 Massachusetts $13.3 39.8% 44 4.0% 42
13 North Carolina $12.0 37.7% 46 3.5% 48
14 Virginia $11.7 37.1% 47 3.6% 47
15 Arizona $10.3 51.8% 13 4.8% 25
16 Louisiana $10.1 61.2% 5 5.1% 16
16 Minnesota $10.1 41.6% 37 4.3% 36
18 Wisconsin $9.7 41.1% 39 4.6% 30
19 Tennessee $9.5 51.6% 14 4.2% 37
20 Indiana $9.3 40.8% 40 4.1% 40
20 Maryland $9.3 32.1% 50 4.2% 37
22 Colorado $8.6 45.5% 26 3.9% 44
23 Missouri $8.4 42.2% 35 4.0% 42
24 Connecticut $7.2 33.6% 49 3.7% 45
25 Alabama $6.5 47.1% 24 4.6% 30
26 Kentucky $6.3 44.1% 29 4.8% 25
27 Oklahoma $6.2 50.8% 16 5.0% 19
Source: Council on State Taxation (COST): State and Local Business Taxes report

28 South Carolina $6.0 45.5% 27 4.7% 27


29 Nevada $5.8 54.2% 10 4.9% 22
30 Iowa $5.6 47.9% 23 4.6% 30
30 Kansas $5.6 48.3% 22 5.4% 12
32 Alaska $5.4 83.1% 1 13.8% 1
33 Oregon $4.9 36.6% 48 3.5% 48
34 Mississippi $4.4 48.9% 21 5.8% 9
35 Arkansas $3.9 40.6% 41 4.6% 30
35 New Mexico $3.9 57.4% 7 5.9% 8
37 Nebraska $3.7 50.0% 17 5.1% 16
38 Utah $3.5 40.2% 43 3.7% 45
38 West Virginia $3.5 53.0% 12 6.9% 4
40 Wyoming $3.0 76.9% 2 9.7% 2
41 Maine $2.8 49.1% 20 6.5% 5
42 New Hampshire $2.7 55.1% 8 5.0% 19
43 Hawaii $2.6 40.6% 41 5.3% 13
44 Rhode Island $2.3 46.0% 25 5.7% 10
45 North Dakota $2.2 64.7% 3 8.2% 3
46 Delaware $2.0 54.1% 11 3.5% 48
47 Idaho $1.9 41.3% 38 4.2% 37
47 Montana $1.9 54.3% 9 6.3% 6
49 South Dakota $1.6 61.5% 4 4.9% 22
50 Vermont $1.4 50.0% 17 6.3% 6
Dist. of Columbia $2.8 52.8% 4.2%
United States $590.0 45.4% 4.7%

State and local business taxes totaled $6.2 billion in Oklahoma in FY 2009,
and are almost 51 percent of all taxes collected. At 5 percent, we are above
the U.S. average of 4.7 percent. Oklahoma state collected the 19th highest
percentage of private sector GSP in taxes.
Gas Tax
(April 2010)

TABLE 10
Tax (cpg)
1 Illinois 55.4
2 New York 43.3
3 California 42.7
4 Hawaii 42.0
5 Connecticut 41.7
6 Washington 37.6
7 Wisconsin 34.3
8 Nevada 33.4
9 Florida 33.0
10 Michigan 32.3
11 West Virginia 32.2
12 Rhode Island 32.0
13 Pennsylvania 31.7
14 Maine 31.6
15 Indiana 30.8
16 North Carolina 30.6
17 Ohio 28.0
18 Montana 27.8
19 Nebraska 27.7
20 Minnesota 27.3
21 Oregon 27.0
21 Georgia 26.3
21 Idaho 26.0
24 Kansas 25.0
25 Utah 24.5
26 Kentucky 24.1
26 South Dakota 24.0
28 Virginia 23.6
29 Maryland 23.5
29 Massachusetts 23.5
31 North Dakota 23.0
32 Delaware 23.0
32 Colorado 22.0
34 Iowa 22.0
35 Arkansas 21.8
Source: Washington State Department of Transportation

36 Mississippi 21.4
37 Tennessee 21.4
37 Louisiana 20.1
39 Texas 20.0
40 Vermont 20.0
41 New Hampshire 19.5
42 Alabama 19.5
42 Arizona 19.0
44 New Mexico 18.9
45 Missouri 17.8
46 Oklahoma 17.0
47 South Carolina 16.8
48 New Jersey 14.5
49 Wyoming 14.0
50 Alaska 8.0
Dist. of Columbia 23.5

Oklahoma’s gas tax is 17 cents per gallon, ranked 46th in the nation.
Top States for Business
(2010)

TABLE 11
Quality of

Access to
Economy

Education
Business

Tech. &
Cost of

Capital

Cost of
Innov.

Living
Life
1 Texas 30 29 1 4 30 7 8
2 Virginia 26 18 11 10 13 9 27
3 Colorado 25 2 8 12 29 15 35
4 North Carolina 15 32 37 11 26 10 23
5 Massachusetts 39 6 17 3 1 2 41
6 Iowa 1 17 10 29 16 36 17
7 South Dakota 4 11 4 49 21 40 5
8 Minnesota 31 12 5 16 9 19 15
8 Utah 7 5 23 25 48 39 17
10 Georgia 20 35 37 17 28 13 9
11 Kansas 22 27 7 31 11 33 5
12 North Dakota 15 13 3 47 18 40 17
13 Nebraska 18 21 14 37 22 40 5
14 Wyoming 13 10 9 50 22 27 27
15 Washington 33 8 18 5 22 5 35
16 Tennessee 10 49 36 23 41 35 1
17 Missouri 5 39 29 24 15 20 9
18 Arizona 23 29 41 19 45 25 34
19 New Hampshire 34 4 12 27 6 16 39
20 Pennsylvania 40 25 15 6 4 11 30
21 Indiana 9 44 41 22 16 26 13
22 New Jersey 44 14 28 9 2 4 47
23 Oregon 19 22 33 20 38 14 37
24 New York 50 18 2 2 2 3 43
25 Oklahoma 3 41 6 36 40 32 1
26 Idaho 8 18 39 39 47 28 11
27 Maryland 43 28 18 8 10 12 45
28 Florida 41 31 48 13 35 17 30
29 Wisconsin 24 23 31 21 12 30 17
30 Illinois 35 24 29 14 26 6 17
31 South Carolina 6 45 46 26 43 34 24
32 Arkansas 2 43 27 44 33 40 3
32 California 48 15 18 1 31 1 49
34 Ohio 29 38 34 15 18 24 15
35 Connecticut 47 9 32 17 8 8 45
36 Montana 26 15 15 44 18 36 32
37 Vermont 42 3 12 40 4 40 43
38 New Mexico 26 34 21 31 44 28 29
39 Maine 38 6 25 41 7 40 39
40 Kentucky 12 46 44 35 37 38 3
41 Michigan 32 36 47 7 35 18 24
42 Delaware 36 47 45 33 25 20 32
43 Alabama 14 48 40 30 42 40 11
44 Louisiana 21 50 25 34 32 22 24
45 Mississippi 11 42 35 46 49 40 13
46 West Virginia 15 40 24 48 34 40 17
47 Nevada 37 37 49 37 50 40 37
Source: CNBC

48 Hawaii 49 1 22 43 38 31 49
49 Rhode Island 45 33 49 28 14 23 41
50 Alaska 46 26 41 41 45 40 47

While Oklahoma is ranked 3rd best in “Cost of Doing Business” in 2010, we


were ranked 25th overall in the competition for “Top States for Business”
by CNBC.
State and Local Government Employment
(March 2008)

TABLE 12
FTEs/1,000 2008 Annual
Residents Payroll/FTE Rank
1 Wyoming 92.7 $43,296 28
2 Alaska 77.8 $53,761 9
3 Kansas 69.8 $39,347 43
4 Nebraska 65.7 $42,248 30
5 Mississippi 65.2 $35,701 50
6 New Mexico 65.1 $39,791 40
7 North Dakota 64.3 $41,130 33
8 Vermont 64.2 $44,747 27
9 New York 63.5 $57,246 4
10 Louisiana 63.4 $39,769 41
11 Alabama 61.7 $40,064 38
12 North Carolina 61.3 $42,135 31
13 Iowa 60.9 $45,006 24
14 Oklahoma 59.3 $37,316 47
15 Maine 59.2 $40,337 36
16 New Jersey 58.5 $61,298 2
17 Hawaii 58.0 $49,895 14
18 South Carolina 58.0 $40,227 37
19 Arkansas 57.9 $36,343 49
20 Virginia 57.9 $45,456 23
21 Delaware 57.8 $49,675 15
22 Kentucky 57.4 $38,560 45
23 Montana 57.0 $39,353 42
24 Texas 56.4 $42,290 29
25 West Virginia 56.0 $36,477 48
26 Georgia 55.6 $40,943 34
27 Indiana 55.4 $41,311 32
28 Missouri 55.1 $38,583 44
29 Connecticut 54.7 $58,153 3
30 New Hampshire 54.6 $44,820 26
31 South Dakota 54.0 $37,848 46
32 Ohio 53.8 $46,372 22
33 Colorado 53.6 $49,164 17
34 Minnesota 53.6 $50,821 11
35 Washington 53.3 $55,439 7
36 Idaho 53.2 $40,338 35
37 Maryland 53.0 $55,623 6
38 Tennessee 52.6 $40,040 39
39 Massachusetts 52.4 $53,535 10
40 Oregon 50.5 $49,604 16
41 California 50.5 $65,100 1
42 Illinois 50.4 $50,098 13
43 Wisconsin 50.4 $47,514 19
44 Arizona 49.9 $48,271 18
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 Utah 49.5 $44,967 25


46 Florida 49.4 $46,384 21
47 Rhode Island 49.4 $54,769 8
48 Michigan 47.5 $50,531 12
49 Pennsylvania 47.4 $46,998 20
50 Nevada 43.7 $55,657 5
Dist. of Columbia 80.1 $63,700
United States 54.8

While Oklahoma’s ranking of the number of FTEs/1,000 residents places us


14th in the nation, the annual payroll per FTE ranks 47th.
Public Employee Salaries
(March 2008)

TABLE 13
State Avg FT Local Avg FT
Salary Salary Rank
1 California $70,950 $67,818 1
2 New Jersey $66,962 $61,901 2
3 Connecticut $65,763 $58,112 7
4 Iowa $61,980 $42,134 30
5 Minnesota $60,843 $51,180 15
6 New York $60,619 $58,298 6
7 Illinois $58,968 $51,267 14
8 Colorado $58,813 $48,803 18
9 Rhode Island $58,232 $55,567 10
10 Massachusetts $57,871 $54,219 11
11 Wisconsin $57,364 $47,499 21
12 Nevada $57,029 $59,304 4
13 Michigan $56,955 $53,002 13
14 Alaska $55,913 $55,819 9
15 Ohio $55,617 $46,761 22
16 Washington $54,978 $60,604 3
17 Maryland $53,907 $58,924 5
18 Oregon $53,551 $50,520 16
19 New Hampshire $52,409 $45,317 26
20 Vermont $51,996 $42,305 29
21 Arizona $51,088 $49,934 17
22 Pennsylvania $50,252 $48,250 19
23 Delaware $50,124 $53,924 12
24 Virginia $49,952 $45,948 25
25 Utah $49,823 $46,284 24
26 Idaho $49,277 $39,092 40
27 Indiana $48,871 $41,078 33
28 Hawaii $48,774 $57,487 8
29 Texas $48,678 $41,579 32
30 Louisiana $48,087 $37,252 44
31 Alabama $47,882 $37,855 43
32 Maine $47,602 $39,355 37
33 North Carolina $47,173 $41,956 31
34 Kansas $46,736 $38,909 41
35 Kentucky $46,537 $35,952 46
36 Montana $45,861 $39,134 39
37 Florida $45,700 $48,124 20
38 Tennessee $45,528 $39,313 38
39 New Mexico $45,208 $38,290 42
40 Wyoming $44,721 $46,301 23
41 Georgia $44,691 $40,691 34
42 Oklahoma $44,387 $35,092 48
43 Nebraska $44,345 $44,029 27
44 North Dakota $43,674 $43,947 28
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 South Dakota $43,090 $36,334 45


46 South Carolina $42,358 $40,489 35
47 Arkansas $41,510 $34,388 49
48 Mississippi $40,376 $34,376 50
49 West Virginia $40,163 $35,300 47
50 Missouri $39,494 $39,679 36
Dist. of Columbia N/A $64,841
United States $53,344 $49,487

Oklahoma’s average state employee wage of $44,387 is almost 26 percent


higher than the statewide personal per capita income (PCPI) of $35,267.
Local public employee wages ($35,092) are almost identical to the state-
wide PCPI.
State Pension Plans:
Funded Ratios and Unfunded Liabilities (2006)

TABLE 14
Unfunded
Funded Ratio Liabilities State Debt
State (Percent) ($ Billions) ($ Billions)
Alabama 88.1 3.4 2.2
Alaska 61.0 8.4 1.3
Arizona 83.5 5.0 3.4
Arkansas 81.3 3.3 1.1
California 87.4 48.1 54.6
Colorado 74.1 12.8 0.5
Connecticut 56.4 14.8 13.3
Delaware 101.7 -0.1 2.0
Florida 105.6 -6.2 17.9
Georgia 96.1 2.6 7.5
Hawaii 65.0 5.1 4.6

Source: Standard and Poor’s, “Market Volatility Could Shake Up State Pension Funding Stability,” Ratings Direct, February 20, 2008
Idaho 95.2 0.5 0.2
Illinois 59.5 32.4 25.8
Indiana 64.3 10.1 1.3
Iowa 88.4 2.5 0.3
Kansas 69.4 5.4 3.2
Kentucky 71.9 10.7 4.1
Louisiana 66.3 10.4 3.6
Maine 71.3 3.0 0.7
Maryland 83.3 7.1 6.3
Massachusetts 72.1 14.1 26.1
Michigan 80.7 11.9 5.2
Minnesota 84.3 5.9 3.5
Mississippi 73.5 6.6 3.4
Missouri 83.0 7.0 2.6
Montana 81.1 1.4 0.2
Nebraska 88.7 0.8 0
Nevada 74.8 6.6 2.1
New Hampshire 61.4 2.5 0.6
New Jersey 77.4 24.3 28.5
New Mexico 80.4 4.6 2.2
New York 100.9 -2.0 40.6
North Carolina 106.1 -3.0 6.5
North Dakota 81.0 0.7 0.1
Ohio 82.5 27.3 9.7
Oklahoma 59.5 9.9 1.5
Oregon 110.5 -5.4 5.7
Pennsylvania 84.9 14.4 8.8
Rhode Island 53.4 4.9 1.5
South Carolina 71.6 8.6 2.9
South Dakota 96.7 0.2 0.2
Tennessee 95.3 1.5 1.2
Texas 88.7 14.8 7.2
Utah 96.4 0.5 1.7
Vermont 90.8 0.3 0.5
Virginia 80.8 10.2 6.4
Washington 76.6 5.4 11.2
West Virginia 52.7 5.3 1.5
Wisonsin 99.5 0.4 8.7
Wyoming 94.4 0.3 0
Total 359.1 214.4
Average 81.0 7.2 6.9

There are only three states (West Virginia, Rhode Island and Connecticut)
which have a lower Funded Ratio on its state pension funds than
Oklahoma.
High-Tech Employment and Wages
(2008)

TABLE 15
Per 1,000 Average
Employment Workers Rank Wage $ Rank
1 California 993,308 76.2 7 $105,538 1
2 Texas 492,407 56.5 15 $84,842 11
3 New York 312,311 43.6 29 $87,525 7
4 Florida 292,257 44.4 25 $68,159 32
5 Virginia 283,406 94.8 1 $92,120 5
6 Massachusetts 256,169 90.5 2 $102,257 2
7 Illinois 219,637 43.7 27 $79,352 15
8 Pennsylvania 215,948 43.7 27 $77,516 18
9 New Jersey 210,766 63.4 10 $95,779 4
10 Washington 186,824 76.9 6 $97,910 3
11 Georgia 171,374 51.3 19 $79,117 16
12 Michigan 171,186 49.4 21 $80,301 14
13 Maryland 170,479 82.5 4 $87,134 8
14 Ohio 170,437 38.0 33 $69,854 28
15 Colorado 166,258 85.6 3 $89,538 6
16 North Carolina 155,219 46.2 24 $76,846 20
17 Minnesota 131,221 56.9 14 $77,491 19
18 Arizona 116,397 53.5 16 $77,837 17
19 Missouri 96,545 42.2 30 $74,111 21
20 Wisconsin 86,885 36.4 34 $64,345 35
21 Oregon 85,941 59.8 12 $82,564 13
22 Alabama 76,383 48.6 22 $68,603 31
23 Indiana 73,715 29.9 43 $61,709 38
24 Connecticut 72,772 50.6 20 $85,312 9
25 Tennessee 67,267 29.2 44 $66,750 33
[Note: Obtained from Lewis A. McMurran, Washington Technology Industry Association]

26 Utah 60,462 59.2 13 $66,187 34


Source: American Electronics Association: Cyberstates Report (Appendix C.1 and C.4)

27 Kansas 58,587 52.4 17 $72,457 23


28 South Carolina 50,925 33.1 37 $62,892 36
29 New Mexico 50,338 78.9 5 $73,664 22
30 Kentucky 46,452 31.2 40 $57,090 43
31 Louisiana 44,005 28.5 45 $61,508 39
32 Iowa 43,826 34.9 35 $59,160 42
33 Oklahoma 41,145 33.2 36 $55,468 44
34 New Hampshire 39,981 73.8 8 $84,375 12
35 Idaho 35,912 66.6 9 $68,707 30
36 Nebraska 31,162 40.6 31 $62,302 37
37 Nevada 29,799 27.2 47 $71,491 24
38 Arkansas 26,854 27.6 46 $60,365 40
39 Mississippi 21,196 23.8 49 $52,052 49
40 Rhode Island 19,528 47.9 23 $69,911 27
41 Delaware 18,966 52.2 18 $84,885 10
42 Maine 15,718 31.3 39 $59,586 41
43 Vermont 15,110 60.4 11 $69,691 29
44 Hawaii 15,078 30.3 42 $71,355 25
45 West Virginia 14,466 25.3 48 $54,635 47
46 North Dakota 11,487 40.2 32 $54,034 48
47 Montana 11,242 31.5 38 $55,029 45
48 Alaska 10,413 43.8 26 $70,160 26
49 South Dakota 10,026 30.7 41 $48,993 50
50 Wyoming 5,079 22.7 50 $54,974 46
Dist. of Columbia 32,647 72.1 $92,602
United States 6,060,777 51.3 $84,436

There are 41,145 high-tech employees in Oklahoma, which ranks as 33rd


in the nation. This is an increase of 3 percent over 2007.
Wages & Productivity of Workers
in Manufacturing (2008)

TABLE 16
Wages per Hour Value Added per
Dollars Hour Dollars Rank
1 Wyoming $23.33 $248.63 1
2 Louisiana $22.54 $217.84 2
3 Michigan $22.18 $108.75 34
4 Connecticut $22.18 $155.18 7
5 Washington $20.61 $138.80 13
6 New Mexico $20.44 $158.25 6
7 Ohio $20.43 $117.17 27
8 Indiana $20.31 $136.27 15
9 West Virginia $20.29 $113.56 31
10 Massachusetts $20.28 $144.84 11
11 Delaware $20.18 $170.89 3
12 Missouri $20.15 $102.43 43
13 Montana $20.03 $114.93 30
14 Kansas $19.94 $110.26 32
15 Maine $19.93 $105.42 41
16 Arizona $19.88 $161.34 4
17 Kentucky $19.78 $107.99 36
18 Texas $19.72 $160.88 5
19 Pennsylvania $19.70 $122.60 25
20 New Jersey $19.65 $146.29 10
21 Colorado $19.37 $126.01 21
22 Utah $19.35 $128.72 20
23 Illinois $19.33 $116.41 29
24 Maryland $19.29 $134.97 16
25 California $19.28 $148.96 9
26 Idaho $19.21 $105.67 39
27 New York $19.17 $131.88 18
28 Vermont $19.13 $109.28 33
29 Minnesota $19.06 $116.50 28
30 Oregon $19.00 $149.77 8
31 Wisconsin $18.98 $105.50 40
32 Rhode Island $18.87 $108.27 35
33 New Hampshire $18.84 $99.17 46
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturers

34 Iowa $18.77 $132.28 17


35 Alabama $18.73 $106.05 38
36 Virginia $18.72 $129.06 19
37 South Carolina $18.54 $106.88 37
38 Tennessee $18.22 $119.05 26
39 Oklahoma $18.16 $123.23 23
40 Nevada $17.98 $137.22 14
41 North Dakota $17.64 $123.77 22
42 Florida $17.56 $122.76 24
43 North Carolina $17.07 $144.59 12
44 Georgia $16.74 $100.77 45
45 Nebraska $16.61 $101.20 44
46 Hawaii $16.51 $104.92 42
47 Mississippi $16.36 $98.20 47
48 South Dakota $16.32 $92.92 48
49 Arkansas $16.32 $85.68 49
50 Alaska $14.58 $70.53 50
Dist. of Columbia $22.17 $89.06
United States $19.29 $127.79

Average hourly manufacturing wages in Oklahoma have slipped to 39th in the


nation at $18.16/hour, while value added (a proxy indicator of productivity)
has risen to 23rd in the nation.
Annual Average Investment Per Employee
in Manufacturing (2008)

TABLE 17
Machinery & Equip-
$/Employee Employees ment (thousands)
1 Louisiana $37,186 144,113 $5,359,015
2 Montana $31,234 18,519 $578,415
3 New Mexico $30,605 32,966 $1,008,939
4 Idaho $22,621 59,696 $1,350,358
5 Oregon $19,848 175,315 $3,479,662
6 Utah $18,833 116,974 $2,202,997
7 Texas $18,173 853,577 $15,512,185
8 Delaware $15,779 32,684 $515,729
9 West Virginia $15,016 57,617 $865,187
10 Mississippi $14,603 156,617 $2,287,002
11 Maryland $12,726 121,548 $1,546,809
12 Colorado $12,304 136,607 $1,680,846
13 Tennessee $12,089 347,207 $4,197,227
14 Alabama $11,838 266,116 $3,150,185
15 Michigan $11,697 544,495 $6,369,024
16 Indiana $11,651 493,036 $5,744,419
17 Kentucky $11,626 234,030 $2,720,812
18 Maine $11,531 58,322 $672,530
19 South Carolina $11,245 230,906 $2,596,467
20 California $11,176 1,366,205 $15,268,483
21 Illinois $10,780 640,497 $6,904,551
22 South Dakota $10,364 41,195 $426,962
23 Nebraska $10,153 96,725 $982,090
24 Ohio $9,872 732,336 $7,229,615
25 Kansas $9,842 182,409 $1,795,360
26 Missouri $9,708 274,051 $2,660,580
27 Iowa $9,647 220,085 $2,123,092
28 Virginia $9,509 265,508 $2,524,820
29 North Dakota $9,431 25,751 $242,849
30 Nevada $9,410 49,639 $467,116
31 Pennsylvania $9,335 628,461 $5,866,962
32 Oklahoma $9,323 143,940 $1,341,902
33 Massachusetts $9,275 274,003 $2,541,509
34 New Jersey $8,986 290,995 $2,614,981
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturers

35 Arkansas $8,977 173,602 $1,558,364


36 Hawaii $8,751 13,300 $116,383
37 Florida $8,674 318,160 $2,759,849
38 Arizona $8,644 163,769 $1,415,696
39 North Carolina $8,530 470,712 $4,015,052
40 Wisconsin $8,451 475,571 $4,019,227
41 Washington $8,412 265,485 $2,233,321
42 Georgia $8,319 385,190 $3,204,516
43 New York $8,070 506,582 $4,088,042
44 Vermont $8,033 34,045 $273,476
45 Minnesota $7,870 332,360 $2,615,822
46 Alaska $6,868 13,098 $89,957
47 Connecticut $6,635 177,313 $1,176,407
48 New Hampshire $6,546 79,144 $518,069
49 Rhode Island $6,459 47,505 $306,839
Wyoming - 11,148 N/A
Dist. of Columbia - 2,038 N/A
United States $11,225 12,781,169 $143,471,085

Oklahoma’s investment per employee in manufacturing ranks at 32nd in


the country (down from 20th last year).
Union Members as a Share of Employment
(2009)

TABLE 18
2009 Percent 2008 Percent Rank
1 New York 25.2% 24.9% 1
2 Hawaii 23.5% 24.3% 2
3 Alaska 22.3% 23.5% 3
4 Washington 20.2% 19.8% 4
5 New Jersey 19.3% 18.3% 7
6 Michigan 18.8% 18.8% 5
7 Rhode Island 17.9% 16.5% 12
8 Illinois 17.5% 16.6% 10
9 Connecticut 17.3% 16.9% 8
10 California 17.2% 18.4% 6
11 Oregon 17.0% 16.6% 10
12 Massachusetts 16.6% 15.7% 14
13 Nevada 15.7% 16.7% 9
14 Wisconsin 15.2% 15.0% 16
15 Minnesota 15.1% 16.1% 13
16 Pennsylvania 15.0% 15.4% 15
17 Ohio 14.2% 14.2% 17
18 Montana 13.9% 12.2% 23
18 West Virginia 13.9% 13.8% 18
20 Maryland 12.6% 12.6% 20
21 Vermont 12.3% 10.4% 27
22 Delaware 11.9% 13.4% 19
23 Maine 11.7% 12.3% 22
24 Iowa 11.1% 10.6% 25
25 Alabama 10.9% 9.8% 28
26 New Hampshire 10.8% 10.6% 25
27 Indiana 10.6% 12.4% 21
28 Missouri 9.4% 11.2% 24
29 Nebraska 9.2% 8.3% 31
30 Kentucky 8.6% 8.6% 30
31 Wyoming 7.7% 7.7% 33
32 Colorado 7.0% 8.0% 32
33 Utah 6.9% 5.8% 41
34 North Dakota 6.8% 6.1% 39
35 New Mexico 6.7% 7.2% 34
36 Arizona 6.5% 8.8% 29
37 Idaho 6.3% 7.1% 35
38 Kansas 6.2% 7.0% 36
39 Florida 5.8% 6.4% 38
39 Louisiana 5.8% 4.6% 45
41 Oklahoma 5.7% 6.6% 37
42 South Dakota 5.5% 5.0% 44
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

43 Tennessee 5.1% 5.5% 42


43 Texas 5.1% 4.5% 46
45 Mississippi 4.8% 5.3% 43
46 Virginia 4.7% 4.1% 47
47 Georgia 4.6% 3.7% 49
48 South Carolina 4.5% 3.9% 48
49 Arkansas 4.2% 5.9% 40
50 North Carolina 3.1% 3.5% 50
Dist. of Columbia 10.4% 12.2%

Union membership in Oklahoma continues to decrease (7.1 percent - 2007;


6.6 percent - 2008; and 5.7 percent - 2009).
Unemployment Insurance Taxes
(2009)

TABLE 19
Tax on Average Full-Time Employee
1 Rhode Island $628
2 Massachusetts $616
3 Oregon $598
4 New Jersey $569
5 Washington $491
6 Illinois $459
7 Michigan $454
8 Minnesota $451
9 Idaho $421
10 Connecticut $392
11 Pennsylvania $387
12 Iowa $378
13 Alaska $376
14 Wisconsin $324
15 Nevada $324
16 New York $320
17 California $300
18 North Carolina $295
19 Montana $286
20 Vermont $278
21 Wyoming $267
22 Ohio $266
23 Delaware $263 Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, UI Data Summary
24 Arkansas $256
25 Kentucky $254
26 Missouri $252
27 North Dakota $238
28 New Mexico $232
29 West Virginia $216
30 Maryland $212
31 Maine $195
32 Indiana $189
33 Kansas $170
34 Colorado $160
35 Utah $148
36 South Carolina $145
37 Georgia $144
38 Mississippi $129
39 Tennessee $122
40 Nebraska $122
41 Alabama $121
42 Texas $111
43 Florida $108
44 Hawaii $107
45 Oklahoma $105
46 New Hampshire $101
47 Louisiana $97
48 Virginia $91
49 Arizona $91
50 South Dakota $79
Dist. of Columbia $184
United States $159

Oklahoma is ranked 45th in UI tax payments with per employee tax payments
of $105. Rhode Island is ranked 1st with UI tax payments per employee
of $628.
Unemployment Insurance Payments
(1st Quarter 2010)

TABLE 20
Average Weekly Benefit Amount Average Duration
Dollars Weeks Rank
1 Hawaii $419.27 19.9 20
2 Washington $401.95 20.4 16
3 Massachusetts $400.57 21.4 11
4 New Jersey $400.55 21.8 6
5 Rhode Island $390.53 19.5 23
6 Minnesota $360.55 21.2 12
7 Colorado $352.70 17.4 42
8 Pennsylvania $344.40 21.1 13
9 Ohio $344.05 22.5 3
10 Wyoming $343.90 18.4 34
11 Kansas $337.56 19.3 25
12 Connecticut $335.65 20.3 18
13 Iowa $327.97 16.5 46
14 Illinois $325.36 22.3 4
15 Nevada $325.17 20.7 14
16 Texas $320.47 18.9 29
17 New Mexico $320.18 21.5 8
18 Utah $319.80 17.2 43
19 North Dakota $318.46 13.9 50
20 Maryland $315.03 19.6 22
21 New York $309.52 21.7 7
22 Vermont $307.97 19.2 27
23 California $305.60 21.5 8
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, UI Data Summary

24 Indiana $303.42 18.6 33


25 Michigan $301.24 21.5 8
26 North Carolina $300.86 18.3 35
27 Kentucky $292.37 20.4 16
28 Virginia $290.04 17.0 45
29 Oregon $289.23 20.5 15
30 Wisconsin $284.25 18.2 36
31 Arkansas $282.62 17.9 37
32 Montana $280.45 21.9 5
33 Oklahoma $278.17 19.3 25
34 Georgia $277.84 16.0 47
35 Maine $275.03 17.7 41
36 New Hampshire $274.95 17.9 37
37 Idaho $265.38 17.1 44
38 South Dakota $259.32 15.1 48
39 West Virginia $257.00 17.9 37
40 Nebraska $253.98 15.1 48
41 Delaware $253.17 22.6 2
42 Missouri $250.60 19.5 23
43 Alaska $246.29 23.8 1
44 South Carolina $238.02 18.9 29
45 Florida $233.45 20.3 18
46 Louisiana $226.55 18.8 32
47 Tennessee $219.49 19.0 28
48 Arizona $217.46 19.8 21
49 Alabama $208.82 17.9 37
50 Mississippi $194.52 18.9 29
Dist. of Columbia $298.99 22.0
United States $307.06 20.1

Oklahoma ranks 33rd in the nation in the average weekly UI benefit pay-
ment, while we rank 25th in the average number of weeks such payment
is made.
Average Workers’ Compensation Benefit
Cost Per Covered Employee

TABLE 21
2008 2007 2006
1 Dist. of Columbia 165 172 185
2 Arkansas 193 184 177
3 Texas 198 185 185
4 Indiana 221 209 197
5 Utah 255 239 227
6 Arizona 257 249 237
7 Massachusetts 264 278 288
8 South Dakota 297 313 291
9 Kansas 311 297 302
10 North Dakota 313 290 251
11 Nevada 318 299 314
12 Tennessee 321 298 342
13 Virginia 336 311 237
14 Mississippi 343 311 324
15 Rhode Island 344 324 317
16 New Mexico 354 318 318
17 Oregon 357 345 339
18 Alabama 359 321 313
19 Michigan 360 374 360
20 Missouri 369 349 329
21 Wisconsin 379 406 389
22 Minnesota 383 359 355
23 Nebraska 384 323 311
24 New Hampshire 385 328 355
25 Florida 388 362 356
26 Maryland 389 348 345
27 Colorado 390 373 395
28 Iowa 394 338 336
29 North Carolina 395 345 346
30 Louisiana 396 334 344
31 Kentucky 398 363 360
32 Georgia 418 381 357
32 Hawaii 418 416 414
32 New York 418 372 392
35 Vermont 432 401 418
36 Idaho 438 412 403
37 Maine 447 464 487
38 Connecticut 468 435 429
39 Ohio 483 474 455
40 Wyoming 492 470 452
40 New Jersey 495 474 449
42 Delaware 502 470 500
43 South Carolina 514 493 562
44 Illinois 522 473 426
44 Oklahoma 522 472 462
46 Pennsylvania 524 505 501
47 Montana 596 574 568
48 California 618 618 650
Source: CNBC

49 Alaska 688 640 641


50 Washington 778 698 693
51 West Virginia 902 927 705

Oklahoma ranks 7th highest in the nation in the average benefit cost of
workers’ compensation per employee. The seven-state average surrounding
Oklahoma is $316 vs. the $522 found in Oklahoma.
Workers’ Compensation Premium Rate Index

TABLE 22
2010 2008 Index
Ranking Ranking Rate
1 Montana 2 3.33
2 Alaska 1 3.10
3 Illinois 10 3.05
4 Oklahoma 9 2.87
5 California 13 2.68
6 Connecticut 20 2.55
7 New Jersey 16 2.53
8 Maine 5 2.52
10 New Hampshire 14 2.45
10 Alabama 8 2.45
12 Texas 17 2.38
12 South Carolina 12 2.38
13 New York 19 2.34
14 Pennsylvania 15 2.32
15 Kentucky 7 2.29
16 Minnesota 24 2.27
17 Ohio 3 2.24
18 Vermont 4 2.22
19 Wisconsin 34 2.21
20 Tennessee 21 2.19
21 Nevada 18 2.13
23 Michigan 32 2.12
23 North Carolina 22 2.12
24 Georgia 25 2.08
25 Louisiana 11 2.06
26 Washington 38 2.04
28 South Dakota 36 2.02
28 Rhode Island 26 2.02
29 Idaho 34 1.98
30 Nebraska 32 1.97
31 Mississippi 24 1.96
32 New Mexico 32 1.91
33 Missouri 28 1.90
34 Delaware 7 1.85
35 West Virginia 41 1.84
36 Iowa 41 1.82
37 Wyoming 37 1.79
38 Arizona 45 1.71
40 Hawaii 36 1.70
40 Florida 28 1.70
41 Oregon 39 1.69
42 Maryland 44 1.63
43 Kansas 42 1.55
44 Massachusetts 49 1.54
45 Utah 46 1.54
47 Colorado 43 1.39
47 Virginia 48 1.39
48 Dist. of Columbia 29 1.32
Source: CNBC

49 Arkansas 47 1.18
50 Indiana 50 1.16
51 North Dakota 51 1.02

Oklahoma employers in the voluntary workers’ compensation market pay,


on average, the 4th highest workers’ compensation premiums in the nation.
Our premium rate index is $2.87 per $100 of payroll, or 141 percent of
the national median.
State Liability Systems Ranking
(2009)

TABLE 23
Institute for Legal Reform Pacific Research Institute
Score Score Rank
1 Delaware 77.2 20.8 20
2 North Dakota 71.1 12.0 5
3 Nebraska 69.7 25.8 33
4 Indiana 69.6 24.3 29
5 Iowa 69.4 17.7 10
6 Virginia 68.1 16.4 8
7 Utah 67.8 19.4 13
8 Colorado 65.8 25.7 32
9 Massachusetts 65.6 20.2 17
10 South Dakota 65.6 12.0 4
11 Minnesota 65.3 23.3 26
12 Maine 65.2 15.5 6
13 Arizona 65.0 20.2 16
14 Kansas 64.6 19.0 12
15 Wyoming 64.5 20.7 19
16 New Hampshire 64.2 22.2 23
17 North Carolina 64.0 9.8 3
18 Idaho 63.9 15.8 7
19 Tennessee 63.7 21.4 22
20 Maryland 63.2 23.2 24
21 Oregon 63.0 26.0 34
22 Wisconsin 62.8 16.9 9 Source: Institute for Legal Reform, Pacific Research Institute: U.S. Tort Liability Index: 2006 Report
23 New York 62.5 38.1 49
24 Connecticut 62.1 28.5 42
25 Vermont 61.6 26.8 37
26 Washington 61.6 24.7 31
27 Georgia 60.9 24.3 28
28 Nevada 59.8 27.6 40
29 Ohio 59.7 20.1 15
30 Michigan 59.5 29.7 43
31 Oklahoma 59.0 26.3 35
32 New Jersey 57.8 40.1 50
33 Alaska 56.6 8.9 1
34 Pennsylvania 56.6 34.0 46
35 Hawaii 56.4 9.2 2
36 Texas 56.3 20.3 18
37 Missouri 56.1 30.0 45
38 Rhode Island 55.2 27.3 39
39 South Carolina 55.1 19.8 14
40 Kentucky 54.4 26.8 36
41 New Mexico 53.9 27.3 38
42 Florida 53.9 35.1 48
43 Montana 52.4 29.7 44
44 Arkansas 48.7 24.3 30
45 Illinois 47.9 34.3 47
46 California 47.2 28.4 41
47 Alabama 45.5 23.2 25
48 Mississippi 40.0 21.1 21
49 Louisiana 39.6 17.9 11
50 West Virginia 35.1 24.1 27

This table compares state liability system rankings from the Institute for Legal
Reform and the Pacific Research Institute. The ILR index ranks Oklahoma
31st in 2009, while the PRI index ranks Oklahoma 35th.
Venture Capital Investment
(Quarter 2, 2009 - Quarter 1, 2010)

TABLE 24
Amount
Amount per Capita Rank
1 California $9,504,496,700 $257.14 2
2 Massachusetts $2,318,467,000 $351.62 1
3 New York $849,264,100 $43.46 12
4 New Jersey $683,875,600 $78.54 5
5 Washington $645,073,800 $96.80 3
6 Texas $599,472,500 $24.19 21
7 Pennsylvania $448,433,300 $35.58 16
8 Colorado $439,491,900 $87.47 4
9 North Carolina $337,618,100 $35.99 15
10 Georgia $331,087,200 $33.68 18
11 Virginia $303,292,100 $38.48 14
12 Maryland $301,738,400 $52.94 8
13 Illinois $288,418,900 $22.34 23
14 Florida $262,359,500 $14.15 27
15 Minnesota $235,035,700 $44.63 11
16 Connecticut $209,349,700 $59.50 6
17 Indiana $157,809,200 $24.57 20
18 Utah $152,382,900 $54.72 7
19 Oregon $130,133,900 $34.02 17
20 Michigan $123,931,100 $12.43 29
21 Arizona $109,904,200 $16.66 25
22 Ohio $99,082,900 $8.58 32
23 Iowa $83,597,100 $27.79 19
24 New Hampshire $67,574,000 $51.02 10
25 Rhode Island $55,091,100 $52.31 9
26 Tennessee $47,500,300 $7.54 33
27 Alabama $43,105,000 $9.15 31
28 Delaware $34,809,000 $39.33 13
29 Wisconsin $26,059,000 $4.61 36
30 Missouri $25,240,200 $4.22 38
31 Louisiana $20,321,000 $4.52 37
32 Montana $16,030,000 $16.44 26
33 Nevada $15,400,000 $5.83 34
34 Idaho $14,681,000 $9.50 30
35 Vermont $14,150,000 $22.76 22
36 South Carolina $10,720,000 $2.35 42
37 Kansas $10,445,000 $3.71 39
Source: PricewaterhouseCoopers MoneyTree Survey

38 New Mexico $10,372,900 $5.16 35


39 Wyoming $10,000,000 $18.37 24
40 North Dakota $8,786,000 $13.58 28
41 Kentucky $7,120,000 $1.65 44
42 Oklahoma $6,500,000 $1.76 43
43 Hawaii $4,200,000 $3.24 40
44 Maine $3,263,800 $2.48 41
45 West Virginia $3,000,000 $1.65 45
46 South Dakota $750,000 $0.92 46
47 Alaska - - 47
47 Arkansas - - 47
47 Mississippi - - 47
47 Nebraska - - 47
Dist. of Columbia $72,587,300 $121.05
United States $19,144,985,400 $62.36

Venture capital provides important seed money for start-up businesses,


particularly in the technology sector. Oklahoma ranks 42nd in total venture
capital investment and 43rd in per capita VC investment.
R&D Spending
(2006)

TABLE 25
Millions Dollars
of Dollars per Capita Rank
1 California 71,335 $1,983 6
2 Massachusetts 20,577 $3,182 1
3 Michigan 18,189 $1,804 10
4 Texas 17,059 $730 27
5 New Jersey 16,259 $1,885 8
6 Maryland 14,493 $2,582 4
7 New York 14,366 $742 25
8 Illinois 13,609 $1,070 16
9 Washington 13,585 $2,132 5
10 Pennsylvania 12,929 $1,037 17
11 Virginia 9,867 $1,290 14
12 Ohio 9,431 $821 21
13 Connecticut 9,049 $2,596 3
14 North Carolina 7,710 $870 20
15 Minnesota 7,149 $1,389 12
16 Florida 6,339 $350 39
17 Colorado 6,153 $1,295 13
18 New Mexico 5,789 $2,980 2
19 Indiana 5,784 $918 18
20 Arizona 4,760 $769 23
21 Georgia 4,440 $476 36
22 Wisconsin 4,132 $742 26
23 Oregon 4,104 $1,116 15
24 Missouri 3,650 $623 30
25 Alabama 3,300 $718 28
26 Tennessee 3,263 $536 32
27 Kansas 2,441 $886 19
28 South Carolina 2,164 $499 33
29 New Hampshire 2,121 $1,617 11
30 Rhode Island 2,000 $1,886 7
31 Utah 1,945 $753 24
32 Iowa 1,715 $579 31
33 Delaware 1,588 $1,862 9
34 Kentucky 1,342 $318 42
35 Louisiana 972 $229 49
36 Idaho 927 $633 29
37 Oklahoma 888 $248 47
38 Nebraska 840 $477 35
39 Nevada 792 $318 43
40 Mississippi 758 $262 45
41 Arkansas 572 $203 50
42 West Virginia 534 $295 44
43 Hawaii 518 $406 38
44 Vermont 493 $795 22
45 Maine 450 $342 40
46 North Dakota 316 $496 34
47 Montana 307 $324 41
48 Alaska 291 $430 37
49 South Dakota 191 $242 48
50 Wyoming 129 $252 46
Dist. of Columbia 3,762 $6,442
United States 335,377 $1,123

Oklahoma’s R&D expenditures, set at $888 million, ranked 37th in the nation
in 2006, and our per capita R&D expenditures ranked us 47th.
Science and Engineering Doctorates
Awarded by State (2007)

TABLE 26
Total Number Number Per
Awarded Million Residents Rank
1 California 4,283 118.2 13
2 New York 2,560 131.8 7
3 Texas 2,101 88.1 29
4 Massachusetts 1,903 292.8 1
5 Illinois 1,519 118.9 12
6 Pennsylvania 1,499 119.7 11
7 Florida 1,231 67.3 40
8 Michigan 1,163 115.7 15
9 Ohio 1,144 99.3 20
10 North Carolina 940 103.7 19
11 Georgia 898 94.2 24
12 Maryland 858 152.3 4
13 Indiana 807 127.2 8
14 Virginia 750 97.2 23
15 New Jersey 686 79.4 32
16 Wisconsin 650 116.0 14
17 Washington 594 91.9 27
18 Colorado 591 122.1 10
19 Minnesota 571 110.0 18
20 Arizona 564 88.6 28
21 Connecticut 512 146.8 5
22 Missouri 496 83.9 30
23 Tennessee 441 71.4 37
24 Iowa 427 143.4 6
25 Alabama 352 75.9 35
Source: National Science Foundation’s “Science and Engineering Doctorate Awards: 2003”

26 Louisiana 347 79.3 33


27 Oregon 309 82.8 31
28 Utah 296 111.1 16
29 South Carolina 282 63.7 41
30 Kentucky 267 62.7 42
30 Kansas 259 93.3 26
32 Oklahoma 257 71.1 38
33 New Mexico 193 98.0 22
34 Rhode Island 192 182.0 2
35 Nebraska 175 98.9 21
36 Mississippi 174 59.6 43
37 Delaware 147 170.0 3
38 New Hampshire 124 94.1 25
39 West Virginia 103 56.9 44
40 Hawaii 98 76.8 34
41 Arkansas 91 32.0 48
42 Nevada 81 31.5 49
43 North Dakota 79 123.8 9
44 Idaho 78 52.0 45
45 Montana 68 71.0 39
46 Wyoming 58 110.8 17
47 Vermont 45 72.5 36
48 South Dakota 41 51.4 46
49 Maine 39 29.6 50
50 Alaska 29 42.5 47
Dist. of Columbia 331 564.5
United States 31,801 105.4

Oklahoma ranks 32nd in the nation in total science and engineering doctor-
ates granted and 38th in the number per million residents.
Educational Attainment of Population 25 and Older
(2009)

TABLE 27
Completed High
School (or EQ) Bachelor’s Degree Adv. Degree
Percent Percent Rank Percent Rank
1 Wyoming 91.7 23.6 40 7.9 38
2 Alaska 91.6 27.3 21 9.7 21
2 Minnesota 91.6 31.5 10 10.0 18
4 Montana 90.9 27.1 22 8.4 34
4 New Hampshire 90.9 33.3 7 12.0 9
6 Vermont 90.6 32.1 8 12.2 8
7 Utah 90.4 29.1 16 9.4 23
8 Hawaii 90.3 29.1 16 9.9 20
8 Iowa 90.3 24.3 36 7.3 42
8 South Dakota 90.3 25.1 31 7.3 42
11 Nebraska 90.1 27.1 22 8.6 30
12 Maine 89.7 25.4 29 8.9 28
13 North Dakota 89.6 26.9 24 6.6 48
13 Washington 89.6 30.7 11 10.9 12
13 Wisconsin 89.6 25.7 28 8.6 30
16 Kansas 89.5 29.6 14 10.1 16
17 Colorado 88.9 35.6 2 12.7 7
18 Massachusetts 88.7 38.1 1 16.4 1
19 Connecticut 88.6 35.6 2 15.2 3
19 Oregon 88.6 28.1 18 10.1 16
21 Michigan 88.1 24.7 34 9.4 23
22 Maryland 88.0 35.2 4 15.4 2
23 Idaho 87.9 24.0 38 7.4 41
24 Ohio 87.6 24.1 37 8.7 29
25 Pennsylvania 87.5 26.3 25 10.0 18
26 New Jersey 87.4 34.4 5 12.8 6
27 Delaware 87.2 27.5 19 10.8 13
28 Missouri 86.5 25.0 33 9.1 26
29 Indiana 86.2 22.9 41 8.1 36
30 Illinois 85.9 29.9 13 11.2 11
30 Virginia 85.9 33.7 6 13.8 4
32 Oklahoma 85.5 22.2 43 7.2 44
33 Florida 85.2 25.8 27 9.0 27
34 New York 84.1 31.9 9 13.8 4
35 Georgia 83.9 27.5 19 9.7 21
36 Arizona 83.8 25.1 31 9.2 25
37 Rhode Island 83.7 30.0 12 11.3 10
38 North Carolina 83.6 26.1 26 8.6 30
39 Nevada 83.5 21.9 45 7.0 45
Source: American Community Survey (2005)

40 South Carolina 83.2 23.7 39 8.5 33


41 Tennessee 83.0 22.9 41 8.0 37
42 New Mexico 82.4 24.7 34 10.7 15
43 West Virginia 82.2 17.1 50 6.7 47
44 Arkansas 82.0 18.8 49 6.3 50
45 Alabama 81.9 22.0 44 7.7 40
46 Kentucky 81.3 19.7 47 7.9 38
47 Louisiana 81.2 20.3 46 6.5 49
48 California 80.2 29.6 14 10.8 13
49 Mississippi 79.9 19.4 48 6.8 46
50 Texas 79.6 25.3 30 8.3 35
Dist. of Columbia 85.8 48.2 26.7
United States 85.0 27.7 10.2

Businesses in Oklahoma face a daunting task in finding educated workers


with a ranking of 43rd in students over 25 obtaining a bachelor’s degree
and with only 85.5 percent of that same age group having graduated from
high school.
FTE Higher Education Enrollment
Public vs. Private (Fall 2007)

TABLE 28
Public Private
Total % Percent Rank Percent Rank
1 Arizona 9.81% 5.22% 8 4.59% 1
2 Iowa 8.60% 5.19% 9 3.41% 4
3 Rhode Island 7.86% 3.93% 39 3.92% 3
4 North Dakota 7.83% 6.74% 1 1.09% 31
5 Utah 7.65% 5.56% 6 2.09% 12
6 Minnesota 7.56% 4.82% 17 2.74% 6
7 Nebraska 7.20% 5.46% 7 1.73% 14
8 Massachusetts 7.13% 3.06% 50 4.07% 2
9 Kansas 6.99% 6.13% 4 0.87% 37
10 California 6.98% 5.90% 5 1.09% 30
11 New Mexico 6.83% 6.34% 3 0.49% 46
12 Vermont 6.80% 4.00% 36 2.80% 5
13 Wyoming 6.73% 6.44% 2 0.29% 49
14 Illinois 6.55% 4.31% 31 2.24% 10
15 Missouri 6.50% 3.78% 40 2.73% 7
16 West Virginia 6.45% 4.85% 16 1.60% 16
17 Colorado 6.42% 4.71% 22 1.71% 15
18 Michigan 6.40% 5.17% 10 1.23% 27
19 South Dakota 6.24% 4.88% 15 1.36% 23
20 Virginia 6.20% 4.80% 18 1.40% 22
21 Wisconsin 6.14% 4.89% 14 1.25% 26
22 Kentucky 6.07% 4.96% 12 1.10% 29
23 Delaware 6.05% 4.52% 26 1.53% 18
24 New York 6.04% 3.36% 46 2.68% 8
25 Indiana 6.00% 4.40% 30 1.60% 17
26 Maryland 5.81% 4.79% 20 1.03% 32
27 Pennsylvania 5.79% 3.17% 49 2.62% 9
28 Alabama 5.78% 5.12% 11 0.66% 43
29 Oklahoma 5.71% 4.92% 13 0.80% 39
30 North Carolina 5.54% 4.53% 25 1.01% 33
31 Ohio 5.47% 3.99% 37 1.48% 19
32 Washington 5.45% 4.67% 23 0.78% 40
33 Oregon 5.44% 4.43% 28 1.01% 34
34 New Hampshire 5.37% 3.19% 48 2.18% 11
35 Arkansas 5.35% 4.77% 21 0.59% 44
36 Texas 5.32% 4.66% 24 0.67% 42
37 Mississippi 5.31% 4.79% 19 0.52% 45
Source: U.S. Department of Education; U.S. Census

38 Idaho 5.26% 4.04% 35 1.22% 28


39 Hawaii 5.22% 3.95% 38 1.26% 24
40 Louisiana 5.14% 4.42% 29 0.72% 41
41 Connecticut 5.13% 3.27% 47 1.86% 13
42 Maine 5.10% 3.67% 44 1.43% 21
43 Florida 5.00% 3.74% 42 1.26% 25
44 Montana 4.95% 4.48% 27 0.47% 47
45 South Carolina 4.92% 4.08% 34 0.84% 38
46 Tennessee 4.82% 3.38% 45 1.45% 20
47 Georgia 4.76% 3.77% 41 0.98% 35
48 New Jersey 4.61% 3.69% 43 0.92% 36
49 Nevada 4.53% 4.08% 33 0.45% 48
50 Alaska 4.49% 4.31% 32 0.18% 50
Dist. of Columbia 19.64% 0.96% 18.68%
United States 6.05% 4.47% 1.58%

Oklahoma ranks 39th in the percentage enrolled at private colleges but 13th
in the percentage enrolled in public colleges.
Total Fall Enrollment as Percentage of Population
(Fall 2007)

TABLE 29
Total Public 2-yr 4-yr Undergrad. 4-yr Grad/Prof.
Rank Percent Rank Percent Rank Percent Rank
1 North Dakota 1.46% 32 4.50% 1 0.78% 1
2 Wyoming 3.98% 2 1.81% 37 0.65% 10
3 New Mexico 3.45% 3 2.27% 20 0.62% 11
4 Kansas 2.63% 7 2.73% 11 0.76% 2
5 California 4.11% 1 1.46% 47 0.33% 48
6 Utah 1.49% 31 3.63% 3 0.43% 31
7 Nebraska 2.34% 10 2.39% 18 0.73% 4
8 Arizona 3.11% 4 1.68% 43 0.43% 32
9 Iowa 2.91% 5 1.78% 39 0.50% 18
10 Michigan 2.27% 13 2.23% 23 0.67% 7
11 Alabama 1.70% 25 2.67% 15 0.75% 3
12 Kentucky 2.17% 17 2.24% 22 0.54% 15
13 Oklahoma 1.67% 26 2.70% 12 0.55% 14
14 Wisconsin 1.76% 23 2.69% 14 0.44% 29
15 South Dakota 0.67% 48 3.56% 4 0.66% 9
16 West Virginia 1.10% 40 3.06% 6 0.69% 6
17 Minnesota 2.30% 12 2.03% 25 0.49% 19
18 Virginia 2.18% 15 1.95% 27 0.66% 8
19 Mississippi 2.38% 9 1.93% 29 0.48% 23
20 Maryland 2.18% 16 1.91% 31 0.70% 5
21 Arkansas 1.80% 21 2.50% 16 0.46% 24
22 Colorado 1.62% 27 2.49% 17 0.59% 12
23 Washington 2.52% 8 1.84% 34 0.31% 50
24 Texas 2.32% 11 1.84% 33 0.49% 20
25 North Carolina 2.23% 14 1.83% 35 0.48% 22
26 Delaware 1.73% 24 2.35% 19 0.44% 30
27 Montana 0.97% 44 3.05% 7 0.46% 25
28 Oregon 2.16% 18 1.82% 36 0.45% 27
29 Louisiana 1.21% 39 2.69% 13 0.51% 16
30 Indiana 1.09% 41 2.74% 9 0.56% 13
31 Illinois 2.72% 6 1.20% 50 0.40% 39
32 Alaska 0.20% 50 3.79% 2 0.32% 49
33 Nevada 0.47% 49 3.24% 5 0.37% 42
34 South Carolina 1.88% 19 1.75% 41 0.45% 26
35 Idaho 0.84% 47 2.76% 8 0.44% 28
36 Vermont 0.90% 46 2.73% 10 0.37% 43
37 Ohio 1.51% 30 2.01% 26 0.48% 21
Source: U.S. Department of Education; U.S. Census

38 Hawaii 1.79% 22 1.65% 44 0.51% 17


39 Rhode Island 1.59% 28 1.91% 30 0.43% 33
40 Missouri 1.51% 29 1.85% 32 0.42% 36
41 Georgia 1.44% 34 1.94% 28 0.39% 40
42 Florida 1.35% 37 2.06% 24 0.33% 47
43 New Jersey 1.83% 20 1.45% 48 0.40% 37
44 Maine 1.04% 42 2.27% 21 0.36% 45
45 Tennessee 1.24% 38 1.74% 42 0.40% 38
46 New York 1.45% 33 1.56% 45 0.35% 46
47 Connecticut 1.39% 35 1.46% 46 0.42% 35
48 New Hampshire 0.97% 45 1.79% 38 0.43% 34
49 Pennsylvania 1.04% 43 1.77% 40 0.36% 44
50 Massachusetts 1.36% 36 1.31% 49 0.39% 41
Dist. of Columbia 0.00% 0.88% 0.08%
United States 2.10% 1.93% 4.02%

Oklahoma ranks 26th in its share of population enrolled at 2-year colleges


and 12th in the share enrolled at public 4-year schools. Overall, the state
ranked 13th in public college enrollment.
National Assessment of Educational Progress
(2009)

TABLE 30
4th Grade 8th Grade 4th Grade 8th Grade
Reading Reading Math Math
Overall Rank Scores Rank Scores Rank Scores Rank Scores Rank
1 Massachusetts 233.75 1 273.59 1 252.25 1 273.59 1
2 New Hampshire 229.14 3 270.75 5 251.07 2 270.75 5
3 New Jersey 229.39 2 272.80 2 246.53 5 272.80 2
4 Vermont 228.74 5 272.31 3 247.77 4 272.31 3
5 Connecticut 228.97 4 271.81 4 244.72 8 271.81 4
6 Minnesota 223.34 20 269.74 9 249.46 3 269.74 9
7 Montana 224.65 13 270.39 7 244.40 10 270.39 7
8 North Dakota 225.97 8 269.24 10 245.19 7 269.24 10
9 Pennsylvania 223.68 19 270.70 6 243.59 14 270.70 6
10 Ohio 224.53 14 268.68 11 243.69 13 268.68 11
11 Maryland 226.05 7 267.30 14 243.80 11 267.30 14
12 South Dakota 222.17 25 270.06 8 242.10 21 270.06 8
13 Maine 223.79 18 267.71 13 244.46 9 267.71 13
14 Kansas 223.92 16 266.80 19 245.31 6 266.80 19
15 Wyoming 222.65 23 268.16 12 242.01 22 268.16 12
16 Virginia 226.53 6 265.64 22 243.07 17 265.64 22
17 Colorado 225.70 9 265.51 24 243.13 16 265.51 24
18 Missouri 223.84 17 266.88 17 240.68 25 266.88 17
19 Kentucky 225.61 11 266.85 18 238.84 30 266.85 18
20 Washington 221.33 27 266.92 16 242.26 20 266.92 16
21 Indiana 222.66 22 265.69 21 242.62 18 265.69 21
22 Florida 225.67 10 264.36 30 241.94 23 264.36 30
23 Nebraska 222.52 24 267.07 15 238.75 32 267.07 15
24 Wisconsin 220.14 29 265.81 20 243.59 15 265.81 20
25 Delaware 225.51 12 265.00 26 239.49 29 265.00 26
26 Iowa 221.42 26 264.89 27 242.60 19 264.89 27
27 New York 224.37 15 264.29 31 240.64 26 264.29 31
28 Idaho 221.02 28 264.84 28 241.04 24 264.84 28
29 Utah 219.20 31 265.59 23 240.32 28 265.59 23
30 Illinois 219.17 32 264.51 29 238.29 33 264.51 29
31 Oregon 218.14 35 265.09 25 238.03 34 265.09 25
32 North Carolina 219.30 30 259.53 37 243.78 12 259.53 37
33 Rhode Island 222.70 21 259.89 36 238.77 31 259.89 36
34 Texas 218.86 33 260.37 34 240.46 27 260.37 34
35 Michigan 218.24 34 261.90 32 236.28 38 261.90 32
36 Georgia 217.85 36 260.24 35 236.03 39 260.24 35
37 Oklahoma 217.19 37 259.50 38 236.78 37 259.50 38
38 Tennessee 216.74 38 260.95 33 231.83 44 260.95 33
39 Arkansas 216.15 40 258.05 40 237.54 35 258.05 40
40 Alaska 211.13 44 259.45 39 237.21 36 259.45 39
41 South Carolina 215.94 41 257.27 42 235.67 41 257.27 42
Source: U.S. Department of Education

42 West Virginia 214.52 42 254.80 44 232.98 43 254.80 44


43 Hawaii 210.62 45 254.74 45 235.68 40 254.74 45
44 Arizona 209.99 47 257.60 41 229.99 47 257.60 41
45 Alabama 216.27 39 254.90 43 227.96 49 254.90 43
46 Nevada 211.14 43 253.84 47 235.15 42 253.84 47
47 California 209.76 48 252.63 49 231.67 45 252.63 49
48 New Mexico 207.65 49 254.13 46 230.03 46 254.13 46
49 Louisiana 207.49 50 253.33 48 229.43 48 253.33 48
50 Mississippi 210.51 46 251.31 50 227.26 50 251.31 50
Dist. of Columbia 201.98 242.49 219.26 242.49
Nation (Public) 220.00 262.00 239.00 282.00

The National Assessment of Education Progress shows Oklahoma’s fourth


graders ranked 37th in reading and 37th in math, while our eighth graders
rank 38th in reading and 38th in math.
Estimated Public School Spending Per Pupil
(2007-08)

TABLE 31
Operating + Capital Operating Capital
Dollars Dollars Rank Dollars Rank
1 New York 19,518.61 17,756.73 1 1,761.88 7
2 New Jersey 18,383.98 17,188.75 2 1,195.23 26
3 Wyoming 17,525.83 13,922.06 8 3,603.77 1
4 Alaska 17,045.58 14,691.40 4 2,354.18 3
5 Vermont 15,862.43 14,927.57 3 934.86 35
6 Connecticut 15,759.48 14,261.05 6 1,498.43 17
7 Massachusetts 14,956.75 14,257.27 7 699.48 46
8 Rhode Island 14,685.12 14,490.26 5 194.86 50
9 Maryland 14,605.05 12,999.20 9 1,605.85 13
10 Delaware 14,568.19 12,451.89 10 2,116.31 5
11 Pennsylvania 13,706.15 12,236.29 11 1,469.86 19
12 New Hampshire 12,859.89 12,022.28 12 837.61 40
13 Maine 12,580.53 11,997.96 13 582.56 47
14 Hawaii 12,464.95 11,939.90 14 525.05 48
15 Ohio 12,113.27 10,640.35 17 1,472.92 18
16 Minnesota 12,029.67 10,625.36 18 1,404.30 21
17 Virginia 11,969.21 10,727.17 16 1,242.04 23
18 California 11,623.38 10,106.41 21 1,516.97 16
19 Wisconsin 11,559.13 10,790.78 15 768.35 42
20 Illinois 11,536.71 10,320.82 19 1,215.89 24
21 Georgia 11,495.59 9,853.21 24 1,642.38 12
22 Florida 11,489.26 9,228.92 34 2,260.34 4
23 Louisiana 11,175.18 9,987.04 22 1,188.14 28
24 Nebraska 11,114.86 9,587.11 29 1,527.75 15
25 Michigan 11,098.92 10,279.11 20 819.81 41
26 South Carolina 10,949.04 9,289.68 32 1,659.36 11
27 Washington 10,905.47 9,160.10 35 1,745.37 8
28 West Virginia 10,837.44 9,951.19 23 886.25 39
29 Oregon 10,836.00 9,734.23 26 1,101.77 30
30 New Mexico 10,810.09 9,079.17 38 1,730.92 9
31 Nevada 10,805.21 8,336.63 43 2,468.58 2
32 Montana 10,707.25 9,713.10 27 994.15 32
33 Iowa 10,700.79 9,314.80 31 1,385.99 22
34 North Dakota 10,678.79 9,749.00 25 929.79 36
35 Colorado 10,611.70 9,159.59 36 1,452.12 20
36 Kansas 10,594.20 9,678.26 28 915.93 37
37 Missouri 10,589.70 9,400.46 30 1,189.24 27
38 Alabama 10,366.70 9,267.25 33 1,099.45 31
39 Texas 10,161.17 8,385.96 42 1,775.20 6
40 Indiana 10,007.96 9,096.43 37 911.53 38
41 Kentucky 9,929.00 8,787.04 39 1,141.96 29
42 Arkansas 9,582.31 8,608.90 40 973.41 33
43 South Dakota 9,348.57 8,405.54 41 943.03 34
44 North Carolina 9,292.27 8,079.48 44 1,212.79 25
45 Arizona 9,263.27 7,671.49 48 1,591.78 14
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

46 Oklahoma 8,743.84 8,028.53 45 715.31 45


47 Mississippi 8,702.38 7,937.73 46 764.65 43
48 Tennessee 8,585.30 7,821.75 47 763.55 44
49 Utah 7,614.84 5,943.53 50 1,671.31 10
50 Idaho 7,297.69 6,946.24 49 351.45 49
Dist. of Columbia 20,709.16 17,224.64 3,484.53
US Average 11,889.90 10,471.33 1,418.57

Oklahoma ranks 45th in operating expenditure and 45th in capital


expenditure.
Percent of Roads in Poor Condition
(2008)

TABLE 32
% Mediocre % Poor Rank
1 Kentucky 2.5% 0.9% 2
2 Florida 3.0% 1.4% 6
3 Montana 3.9% 2.7% 12
4 Tennessee 4.3% 3.6% 18
5 Nevada 4.6% 4.9% 28
6 Ohio 4.7% 1.5% 8
7 North Carolina 5.4% 3.2% 15
8 Georgia 5.6% 2.3% 10
9 Virginia 5.9% 2.3% 9
10 Alabama 6.5% 3.0% 14
11 Minnesota 6.5% 1.3% 5
12 Indiana 6.7% 4.3% 23
13 Nebraska 6.9% 3.3% 16
14 Oregon 7.0% 1.5% 7
15 Arizona 7.0% 2.9% 13
16 Utah 7.1% 0.9% 1
17 Wyoming 7.2% 1.3% 4
18 Michigan 7.5% 14.1% 42
19 North Dakota 7.8% 1.3% 3
20 Washington 8.3% 4.5% 25
21 Wisconsin 8.3% 9.2% 36
22 South Carolina 8.3% 4.7% 26
23 Texas 8.9% 3.3% 17
24 Delaware 8.9% 6.5% 32
25 Colorado 9.3% 2.5% 11
26 Massachusetts 9.9% 3.9% 19
27 Iowa 10.0% 6.1% 29
28 Connecticut 10.1% 4.1% 21
29 South Dakota 11.0% 6.9% 33
30 New York 11.3% 14.1% 43
31 New Hampshire 11.5% 9.2% 37
32 Maine 12.2% 8.7% 35
33 Illinois 12.4% 4.5% 24
34 West Virginia 13.5% 16.0% 44
35 Mississippi 13.8% 4.3% 22
36 Oklahoma 14.3% 18.0% 46
37 Louisiana 14.9% 11.6% 41
38 Pennsylvania 14.9% 11.1% 40
39 Maryland 15.0% 19.5% 48
40 Missouri 16.8% 9.7% 38
Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics

41 Rhode Island 18.0% 10.9% 39


42 Vermont 19.0% 17.3% 45
43 Arkansas 19.7% 4.7% 27
44 Alaska 20.6% 7.9% 34
45 New Jersey 21.3% 27.7% 50
46 Hawaii 21.5% 24.6% 49
47 California 21.7% 18.6% 47
48 New Mexico 22.6% 6.3% 31
49 Kansas 26.3% 6.2% 30
50 Idaho 30.9% 3.9% 20
Dist. of Columbia 15.7% 80.4%
United States 10.9% 6.9%

Oklahoma’s infrastructure also needs work as we rank 46th in the percent of


roads that are in poor condition.
Price Per KwH for
Industrial Customers (2009 Aggregate)

TABLE 33
Change from
Revenue/Kwh Revenue/KwH 2008 to
2009 (cents) 2008 (cents) 2009 (cents)
1 Hawaii 18.14 26.05 -7.91
2 Connecticut 16.81 14.93 1.88
3 New Hampshire 13.50 13.17 0.33
4 Alaska 13.38 14.17 -0.80
5 Rhode Island 12.79 14.20 -1.41
6 Massachusetts 11.61 14.85 -3.24
7 New Jersey 11.38 10.86 0.52
8 California 10.46 10.04 0.42
9 Maine 9.94 11.70 -1.76
10 Maryland 9.91 10.37 -0.46
11 New York 9.71 10.14 -0.43
12 Delaware 9.30 10.45 -1.15
13 Vermont 9.29 9.19 0.10
14 Florida 9.18 8.25 0.94
15 Nevada 7.96 7.98 -0.02
16 Illinois 7.53 4.54 2.99
17 Pennsylvania 7.17 7.02 0.15
18 Michigan 7.17 6.74 0.43
19 Texas 6.99 8.79 -1.80
20 Virginia 6.87 5.82 1.05
21 Tennessee 6.74 6.29 0.45
22 Wisconsin 6.70 6.51 0.19 Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Monthly
23 Ohio 6.69 6.19 0.50
24 Arizona 6.62 6.57 0.05
25 Mississippi 6.58 6.56 0.03
26 Colorado 6.31 6.65 -0.34
27 Minnesota 6.28 5.87 0.40
28 Kansas 6.16 5.69 0.47
29 Georgia 6.13 6.67 -0.54
30 Alabama 6.05 6.11 -0.06
31 North Carolina 5.93 5.54 0.40
32 North Dakota 5.90 5.59 0.31
33 Arkansas 5.85 5.89 -0.04
34 New Mexico 5.81 6.38 -0.58
35 South Carolina 5.74 5.37 0.38
36 Indiana 5.72 5.46 0.26
37 Nebraska 5.69 5.16 0.53
38 South Dakota 5.66 5.31 0.35
39 Montana 5.63 5.90 -0.27
40 Oregon 5.58 5.21 0.37
41 Missouri 5.32 4.92 0.40
42 Louisiana 5.26 7.94 -2.68
43 West Virginia 5.23 4.20 1.03
44 Iowa 5.17 4.81 0.37
45 Idaho 5.15 4.48 0.67
46 Oklahoma 4.94 5.90 -0.96
47 Kentucky 4.89 4.82 0.08
48 Wyoming 4.84 4.47 0.36
49 Utah 4.80 4.59 0.21
50 Washington 4.34 4.55 -0.21
Dist. of Columbia 10.15 10.49 -0.33
United States 6.84 6.83 0.01

Oklahoma’s price for KwH for industrial customers went down $.96 from
2008 to 2009.
Price Per KwH for
Commercial Customers (2009 Aggregate)

TABLE 34
Change from
Revenue/KwH Revenue/Kwh 2008 to
2009 (cents) 2008 (cents) 2009 (cents)
1 Hawaii 21.86 29.72 -7.86
2 Massachusetts 17.80 15.80 1.99
3 Connecticut 16.68 17.12 -0.44
4 New York 15.40 16.84 -1.43
5 New Hampshire 14.74 14.32 0.42
6 Alaska 14.65 13.64 1.01
7 New Jersey 14.35 14.48 -0.14
8 California 13.73 12.54 1.19
9 Rhode Island 13.63 15.36 -1.73
10 Vermont 12.89 12.49 0.39
11 Maine 12.54 12.98 -0.43
12 Maryland 11.98 12.76 -0.78
13 Delaware 11.96 12.07 -0.11
14 Florida 10.74 10.14 0.61
15 Nevada 10.61 10.07 0.54
16 Alabama 10.00 9.87 0.13
17 Texas 9.84 10.75 -0.90
18 Michigan 9.61 9.20 0.41
19 Ohio 9.59 9.22 0.37
20 Pennsylvania 9.56 9.38 0.18
21 Tennessee 9.54 9.24 0.30
22 Mississippi 9.51 10.02 -0.51 Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Monthly
23 Wisconsin 9.50 9.28 0.23
24 Arizona 9.38 8.93 0.45
25 Georgia 8.89 9.07 -0.18
26 South Carolina 8.64 8.42 0.22
27 New Mexico 8.55 8.67 -0.12
28 Illinois 8.30 11.79 -3.49
29 Colorado 8.24 8.57 -0.34
30 Montana 8.20 8.54 -0.34
31 Indiana 8.16 7.82 0.34
32 Virginia 8.10 7.32 0.77
33 Kansas 7.97 7.42 0.54
34 North Carolina 7.92 7.55 0.37
35 Minnesota 7.87 7.88 -0.01
36 Louisiana 7.85 10.12 -2.27
37 Oregon 7.74 7.29 0.45
38 Arkansas 7.62 7.61 0.01
39 Kentucky 7.58 7.29 0.29
40 Iowa 7.45 7.18 0.27
41 Nebraska 7.32 6.68 0.63
42 Wyoming 7.29 6.71 0.58
43 South Dakota 7.04 6.97 0.07
44 Washington 7.03 6.76 0.27
45 Utah 6.97 6.66 0.30
46 Oklahoma 6.90 7.88 -0.98
47 Missouri 6.88 6.61 0.27
48 North Dakota 6.79 6.81 -0.03
49 West Virginia 6.77 6.08 0.69
50 Idaho 6.52 5.72 0.79
Dist. of Columbia 13.91 13.23 0.68
United States 10.21 10.36 -0.15

Oklahoma’s price for KwH for commercial customers went down $.98 from
2008 to 2009.
Price Per KwH for
Residential Customers (2009 Aggregate)

TABLE 35
Change from
Revenue/KwH Revenue/Kwh 2008 to
2009 (cents) 2008 (cents) 2009 (cents)
1 Hawaii 24.20 32.50 -8.29
2 Connecticut 20.36 19.55 0.81
3 New York 17.80 18.30 -0.50
4 Alaska 17.20 16.55 0.65
5 Massachusetts 17.01 17.68 -0.67
6 New Jersey 16.44 15.66 0.78
7 New Hampshire 16.38 15.68 0.70
8 Rhode Island 15.54 17.45 -1.91
9 Maine 15.39 16.20 -0.80
10 California 15.05 13.81 1.24
11 Maryland 15.04 13.84 1.20
12 Vermont 14.90 14.48 0.43
13 Delaware 14.13 13.93 0.20
14 Nevada 12.85 11.93 0.93
15 Texas 12.66 13.04 -0.37
16 Florida 12.31 11.65 0.66
17 Wisconsin 11.91 11.51 0.40
18 Michigan 11.82 10.75 1.07
19 Pennsylvania 11.66 11.35 0.31
20 Illinois 11.25 11.07 0.18
21 Arizona 10.74 10.27 0.48
22 Ohio 10.61 10.06 0.55 Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Monthly
23 Virginia 10.61 9.62 0.99
24 Alabama 10.52 10.40 0.12
25 South Carolina 10.17 9.89 0.28
26 Mississippi 10.14 10.39 -0.25
27 New Mexico 10.08 10.01 0.07
28 Georgia 10.04 9.93 0.11
29 Colorado 10.01 10.13 -0.11
30 Minnesota 9.98 9.74 0.25
31 North Carolina 9.94 9.52 0.42
32 Iowa 9.87 9.49 0.38
33 Kansas 9.60 8.88 0.71
34 Arkansas 9.32 9.27 0.05
35 Tennessee 9.31 8.91 0.39
36 Indiana 9.29 8.87 0.42
37 Montana 8.88 9.13 -0.25
38 Oregon 8.75 8.49 0.25
39 Oklahoma 8.59 9.09 -0.50
40 Wyoming 8.55 8.21 0.34
41 Utah 8.50 8.26 0.24
42 South Dakota 8.49 8.27 0.22
43 Nebraska 8.48 7.87 0.61
44 Missouri 8.39 8.00 0.38
45 Kentucky 8.31 7.94 0.37
46 Louisiana 8.24 10.28 -2.05
47 West Virginia 7.89 7.06 0.82
48 Idaho 7.76 6.99 0.77
49 Washington 7.75 7.54 0.21
50 North Dakota 7.59 7.51 0.08
Dist. of Columbia 13.49 12.79 0.70
United States 11.55 11.26 0.28

Oklahoma’s price for KwH for residential customers went down $.50 from
2008 to 2009.
Home Ownership Rates
(2009)

TABLE 36
2009 2008 Change Rank
1 West Virginia 78.7 77.8 0.9 5
2 Delaware 76.5 76.2 0.3 15
3 New Hampshire 76.0 75.0 1.0 4
4 Idaho 75.5 75.0 0.5 9
4 Mississippi 75.5 75.4 0.1 17
6 Michigan 74.5 75.9 -1.4 44
7 South Carolina 74.4 73.9 0.5 9
8 Vermont 74.3 72.8 1.5 2
9 Alabama 74.1 73.0 1.1 3
9 Utah 74.1 76.2 -2.1 49
11 Maine 74.0 73.9 0.1 17
12 Wyoming 73.8 73.3 0.5 9
13 Minnesota 72.9 73.1 -0.2 21
14 Iowa 72.4 74.0 -1.6 45
15 Pennsylvania 72.2 72.6 -0.4 25
16 Indiana 72.0 74.4 -2.4 50
16 Missouri 72.0 71.4 0.6 8
18 Louisiana 71.9 73.5 -1.6 45
19 Kentucky 71.2 72.8 -1.6 45
20 Tennessee 71.1 71.7 -0.6 30
21 Florida 70.9 71.1 -0.2 21
22 Montana 70.7 70.3 0.4 12
23 Connecticut 70.5 70.7 -0.2 24
24 Wisconsin 70.4 70.4 0.0 19
25 Nebraska 70.2 69.6 0.6 7
26 North Carolina 70.1 69.4 0.7 6
27 Ohio 69.7 70.8 -1.1 39
27 Virginia 69.7 70.6 -0.9 36
29 Maryland 69.6 70.6 -1.0 38
29 Oklahoma 69.6 70.4 -0.8 34
29 South Dakota 69.6 70.4 -0.8 34
32 Illinois 69.1 68.9 0.2 16
32 New Mexico 69.1 70.4 -1.3 41
34 Arizona 68.9 69.1 -0.2 21
35 Arkansas 68.5 68.9 -0.4 26
36 Colorado 68.4 69.0 -0.6 28
37 Oregon 68.2 66.2 2.0 1
38 Georgia 67.4 68.2 -0.8 33
38 Kansas 67.4 68.8 -1.4 42
40 Alaska 66.8 66.4 0.4 14
41 New Jersey 65.9 67.3 -1.4 42
42 North Dakota 65.7 66.6 -0.9 36
43 Washington 65.5 66.2 -0.7 32
44 Texas 65.4 65.5 -0.1 20
45 Massachusetts 65.1 65.7 -0.6 30
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

46 Rhode Island 62.9 64.5 -1.6 48


47 Nevada 62.4 63.6 -1.2 40
48 Hawaii 59.5 59.1 0.4 13
49 California 57.0 57.5 -0.5 27
50 New York 54.4 55.0 -0.6 29
Dist. of Columbia 44.9 44.1 0.8
United States 67.4 67.8 -0.4

Home ownership reflects both the affordability of housing and the stability
of a state’s work force. Home ownership in Oklahoma decreased .8 percent
from 2008 to 2009. Oklahoma’s overall ownership rate of 69.6 percent ranks
29th (a slight decrease from last year).
Employment-Based Insurance
Percent of Privately-Insured Persons (2008)

TABLE 37
2008 1990 Difference Rank
1 Hawaii 92.8% 82.4% 10.3% 3
2 Nevada 92.4% 86.0% 6.5% 19
3 Massachusetts 91.8% 83.7% 8.2% 7
4 Georgia 91.2% 85.4% 5.8% 23
5 Delaware 91.1% 83.6% 7.4% 12
6 New Hampshire 90.7% 85.1% 5.6% 24
7 Alaska 90.4% 86.3% 4.1% 40
8 Virginia 90.4% 85.9% 4.5% 35
9 Maryland 90.4% 86.9% 3.5% 45
10 West Virginia 90.3% 83.8% 6.5% 18
11 New York 90.3% 84.9% 5.3% 28
12 New Jersey 90.1% 84.2% 5.8% 22
13 Alabama 89.8% 81.8% 8.0% 8
14 Ohio 89.8% 85.5% 4.3% 39
15 Michigan 89.5% 86.1% 3.4% 46
16 Indiana 89.4% 82.6% 6.8% 16
17 South Carolina 89.0% 85.2% 3.7% 43
18 Vermont 88.9% 83.8% 5.1% 32
19 Texas 88.9% 82.7% 6.2% 20
20 Illinois 88.8% 83.7% 5.1% 31
21 Kentucky 88.6% 83.1% 5.5% 26
22 Utah 88.5% 83.3% 5.1% 30
23 Connecticut 87.7% 84.8% 2.9% 48
24 Washington 87.6% 80.9% 6.7% 17
25 Arizona 87.6% 78.8% 8.8% 6
26 New Mexico 87.1% 80.3% 6.8% 15
27 Louisiana 86.8% 79.6% 7.3% 14
28 Tennessee 86.7% 82.4% 4.3% 38
29 Colorado 86.6% 81.6% 5.0% 33
30 California 86.5% 82.0% 4.4% 36
31 Missouri 86.4% 82.0% 4.4% 37
32 Arkansas 86.1% 78.5% 7.7% 10
33 Mississippi 86.0% 78.4% 7.7% 9
34 North Carolina 86.0% 82.3% 3.7% 44
35 Rhode Island 85.8% 80.2% 5.6% 25
36 Wisconsin 85.7% 84.7% 1.1% 50
37 Oklahoma 85.7% 79.6% 6.1% 21
38 Wyoming 85.3% 78.0% 7.3% 13
39 Pennsylvania 85.3% 83.4% 1.9% 49
40 Maine 85.3% 80.2% 5.0% 34
41 Oregon 85.2% 81.3% 3.9% 42
42 Nebraska 84.6% 74.9% 9.7% 4
43 Florida 84.0% 76.3% 7.6% 11
44 Minnesota 83.6% 79.7% 3.9% 41
45 Idaho 82.7% 79.6% 3.0% 47
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

46 Kansas 82.6% 77.4% 5.2% 29


47 Iowa 82.3% 72.7% 9.6% 5
48 Montana 79.8% 74.5% 5.3% 27
49 South Dakota 79.7% 66.0% 13.7% 2
50 North Dakota 79.4% 63.9% 15.5% 1
Dist. of Columbia 89.4%
United States 87.7%

States across the country have seen an increasing percentage of workers


with employment-based insurance since 1990. Oklahoma’s growth slipped
from 14th to 21st.
State and Local Government Health and
Hospital Spending (2007-2008)

TABLE 38
Total Per Total Total as % of
Capita (millions) Personal Income Rank
1 Wyoming $2,132 $1,136 4.6% 1
2 South Carolina $1,263 $5,689 4.0% 2
3 Mississippi $1,118 $3,287 3.8% 3
4 Alabama $1,048 $4,902 3.2% 4
5 Hawaii $968 $1,247 2.4% 8
6 Iowa $967 $2,895 2.7% 5
7 New York $928 $18,064 2.0% 18
8 Washington $922 $6,055 2.2% 11
9 North Carolina $917 $8,480 2.7% 6
10 Louisiana $891 $3,966 2.6% 7
11 California $872 $31,900 2.0% 15
12 Kansas $790 $2,211 2.1% 12
13 Georgia $764 $7,414 2.2% 10
14 Nebraska $726 $1,294 1.9% 19
15 Tennessee $718 $4,482 2.1% 13
16 New Mexico $716 $1,422 2.3% 9
17 Missouri $702 $4,180 2.0% 16
18 Michigan $690 $6,905 2.0% 17
19 Florida $666 $12,265 1.7% 23
20 Alaska $665 $457 1.6% 26
21 Ohio $661 $7,620 1.9% 20
22 Idaho $660 $1,009 2.0% 14
23 Connecticut $614 $2,150 1.1% 41
24 Indiana $606 $3,874 1.8% 22
25 Oregon $604 $2,285 1.7% 24
26 Colorado $584 $2,882 1.4% 32
27 Kentucky $568 $2,434 1.8% 21
28 Virginia $568 $4,424 1.3% 38
29 Minnesota $563 $2,945 1.4% 36
30 Texas $554 $13,463 1.5% 28
31 Wisconsin $553 $3,111 1.5% 29
32 Delaware $549 $481 1.4% 33
33 Montana $532 $515 1.6% 27
34 Utah $529 $1,444 1.7% 25
35 Pennsylvania $517 $6,492 1.3% 37
36 Nevada $515 $1,346 1.3% 40
37 Oklahoma $484 $1,763 1.4% 30
38 Maine $482 $635 1.4% 34
39 New Jersey $474 $4,110 0.9% 43
40 Arizona $463 $3,008 1.4% 35
41 Massachusetts $449 $2,937 0.9% 44
42 Arkansas $444 $1,275 1.4% 31
43 Illinois $415 $5,329 1.0% 42
44 Maryland $392 $2,220 0.8% 46
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 West Virginia $392 $711 1.3% 39


46 South Dakota $320 $258 0.9% 45
47 Vermont $309 $192 0.8% 47
48 Rhode Island $261 $275 0.6% 48
49 North Dakota $170 $109 0.5% 49
50 New Hampshire $161 $212 0.4% 50
Dist. of Columbia $1,348 $795 2.1%
United States $685 $208,557 1.8%

Oklahoma’s per capita health and hospital spending was $484 between
2007-2008 and our ranking was 37th in the country.
Percentage Without Health Insurance
by State (2006-08)

TABLE 39
Uninsured Uninsured Rank
2006-08 Avg 1990 1990 Change
1 Texas 25.0% 21.1% 2 3.8%
2 New Mexico 23.0% 22.2% 1 0.8%
3 Florida 20.5% 18.0% 7 2.5%
4 Louisiana 20.1% 19.7% 4 0.4%
5 Arizona 19.5% 15.5% 13 4.0%
6 Mississippi 19.1% 19.9% 3 -0.8%
7 Nevada 18.5% 16.5% 10 2.0%
8 California 18.5% 19.1% 5 -0.5%
9 Alaska 18.2% 15.4% 14 2.8%
10 Georgia 17.7% 15.3% 15 2.4%
11 Arkansas 17.6% 17.4% 9 0.2%
12 Oregon 17.0% 12.5% 27 4.5%
13 Oklahoma 16.9% 18.6% 6 -1.7%
14 North Carolina 16.5% 13.8% 20 2.7%
15 Colorado 16.5% 14.7% 17 1.8%
16 Montana 16.3% 14.0% 18 2.3%
17 South Carolina 16.1% 16.2% 11 -0.1%
18 New Jersey 15.1% 10.0% 38 5.1%
19 Kentucky 15.0% 13.2% 23 1.8%
20 Idaho 15.0% 15.1% 16 -0.2%
21 Utah 14.4% 9.0% 43 5.4%
22 Tennessee 14.4% 13.7% 22 0.7%
23 West Virginia 14.2% 13.8% 21 0.4%
23 Wyoming 13.8% 12.5% 26 1.3%
25 New York 13.8% 12.1% 28 1.7%
26 Virginia 13.5% 15.7% 12 -2.2%
27 Illinois 13.4% 10.9% 33 2.6%
27 Maryland 13.2% 12.7% 24 0.5%
29 Alabama 13.0% 17.4% 8 -4.4%
30 Missouri 12.8% 12.7% 25 0.1%
31 Nebraska 12.5% 8.5% 45 3.9%
32 Kansas 12.4% 10.8% 34 1.5%
33 Indiana 11.8% 10.7% 35 1.1%
34 Washington 11.8% 11.4% 30 0.4%
34 South Dakota 11.5% 11.6% 29 -0.2%
36 Delaware 11.4% 13.9% 19 -2.5%
37 North Dakota 11.3% 6.3% 50 5.0%
38 Michigan 11.3% 9.4% 41 1.8%
38 Ohio 11.1% 10.3% 36 0.8%
40 New Hampshire 10.7% 9.9% 39 0.8%
41 Rhode Island 10.4% 11.1% 32 -0.7%
42 Vermont 10.2% 9.6% 40 0.7%
43 Pennsylvania 9.8% 10.1% 37 -0.2%
44 Iowa 9.7% 8.1% 46 1.7%
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

45 Connecticut 9.6% 6.9% 48 2.6%


46 Maine 9.5% 11.2% 31 -1.7%
47 Wisconsin 8.9% 6.7% 49 2.2%
48 Minnesota 8.7% 8.9% 44 -0.2%
49 Hawaii 8.0% 7.4% 47 0.7%
49 Massachusetts 7.1% 9.1% 42 -2.0%
Dist. of Columbia 10.3%
United States 15.5%

Oklahoma improved its ranking from 8th to 13th with 16.9 percent of
our citizens without health insurance (it was 18.2 percent in the 2005-
2007 report).
County Population Estimates

TABLE 40
July 1, 2009 July 1, 2000
Adair 21,857 21,050
Alfalfa 5,481 6,080
Atoka 14,498 13,840
Beaver 5,270 5,792
Beckham 21,116 19,744
Blaine 12,609 11,957
Bryan 40,783 36,597
Caddo 30,393 30,098
Canadian 109,668 88,144
Carter 48,326 45,591
Cherokee 46,029 42,674
Choctaw 14,872 14,328
Cimarron 2,630 3,149
Cleveland 244,589 208,403
Coal 5,856 6,004
Comanche 244,589 114,675
Cotton 6,281 6,629
Craig 15,158 14,929
Creek 70,244 67,566
Custer 26,717 26,053
Delaware 40,555 37,195
Dewey 4,404 4,708
Ellis 3,925 4,043
Garfield 58,928 57,690
Garvin 27,113 27,257
Grady 51,649 45,570
Greer 5,830 6,035
Harmon 2,843 3,273
Harper 3,377 3,547
Haskell 12,393 11,827
Hughes 13,819 14,123
Jackson 25,369 28,254
Jefferson 6,319 6,769
Johnson 10,468 10,516
Kay 46,110 47,944
Source: US Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program

Kingfisher 14,384 13,884


Kiowa 9,101 10,198
Latimer 10,621 10,652
Le Flore 49,915 48,128
Lincoln 32,199 32,127
Logan 39,301 33,942
Love 9,124 8,827
McClain 33,168 27,847
McCurtain 33,370 34,389
McIntosh 19,801 19,478
Major 7,189 7,529
Marshall 15,014 13,150
Mayes 40,065 38,430
Murray 12,960 12,589
Muskogee 71,412 69,412
Noble 10,950 11,378
Nowata 10,528 10,594

continued on next page


County Population Estimates

TABLE 40 Continued
July 1, 2009 July 1, 2000
Okfuskee 10,924 11,824
Oklahoma 716,704 661,841
Okmulgee 39,292 39,636
Osage 45,051 44,553
Ottawa 31,629 33,238
Pawnee 16,419 16,687
Payne 79,727 68,259
Pittsburg 45,211 43,948
Pontotoc 37,422 35,162
Pottawatomie 70,274 65,675
Pushmataha 11,812 11,654
Roger Mills 3,407 3,425
Rogers 85,654 71,370
Seminole 24,296 24,870
Sequoyah 41,433 39,047
Stephens 43,487 43,072
Texas 21,135 20,203
Tillman 7,796 9,244
Tulsa 601,961 563,854
Wagoner 70,394 57,703
Washington 50,706 48,977
Washita 11,813 11,500
Woods 8,418 9,042
Woodward 19,959 18,427
Source: US Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program
Oklahoma 21st Century, Inc.
330 N.E. 10th Street
Oklahoma City, OK 73104
(405) 235-3691
www.ok21stcentury.com