Sie sind auf Seite 1von 66

jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&

trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;
zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

a'oEÅ&vrf;wHwm;zGH YNzdK;wdk;wufa&;A[dkaumfrwD
jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&
trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;
zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m
Zlvdkif 2018

ydkYaqmifa&;ESifh qufoG,fa&; aqmufvkyfa&; pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m aus;vufa'o tm&SzGH YNzdK;a&;bPf


0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;Xme qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD;Xme zGH YNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme

a'oEÅ&vrf;wHwm;zGH YNzdK;wdk;wufa&;A[dkaumfrwD
rmwdum
Z,m;ESifhyHkrsm; C
twdkaumufa0g[m& i
pDrHudef;qdkif&m t"dutcsuftvufrsm; p

1/ rdwfquf 1
2/ aus;vufvrf;rsm;ESifhwHwm;rsm; 4
3/ aus;vufa'oqufoG,fa&; 7
4/ OD;wnfcsufrsm;ESifhtajccHpnf;rsOf;rsm; 10
5/ t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; 13
6/ aus;vufa'ovrf;pHEIef;rsm;ESifhowfrSwfcsufrsm; 17
7/ vrf;wnfaqmufrIESifhtqifhjrifhwifjcif; 22
8/ jyKjyifxdef;odrf;jcif;ESifha&&SnfwnfwHhapjcif; 27
9/ aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiG 31
10/ bwf*sufcGJa0jcif; 36
11/ pDrHcsufa&;qGJjcif;ESifhOD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif 39
12/ apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;ESifh vkyfief;aqmif&GufrIñTef;udef; 43
13/ tzGJUtpnf;qdkif&mwm0efrsm; 45

*
Z,m;ESifhyHkrsm;
Z,m;rsm;
1 tedrfhqkH;aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm; ps
2 vrf;rsufESmjyif trsdK;tpm;tvdkuf aus;vufvrf; (rdkif) 5
3 aus;vufwHwm;tcsuftvuf 6
4 cefYrSef; vlOD;a& qufoG,fa&; tqifhrsm; 'DZifbmv 2016 (#) 8
5 cefYrSef;xm;aom CRRN t&Snf (rdkifaygif;) 15
6 tedrfhqkH;aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm; 21
7 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\
vrf;wnfaqmufrI ESifhtqifhwdk;jr§ifhrI twGuf cefYrSef; ukefusaiGrsm; 23
8 2030 ckESpfü t"duvrf;rsm;qdkif&m cefYrSef;tcsuftvufrsm; 25
9 2016 - 2030 vrf;rsm; CRRN jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;twGuf cefYrSef;ukefusaiG 29
10 DRD ESifh MoBA \vrf;wHwm;rsm;twGufESpfpOf&okH;rSef;ajccGJwrf; 32
11 aiGaMu;axmufyHhrI&if;jrpftvdkuf arQmfrSef;xm;aom aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIrsm; 33
12 &&Sdonfh &okH;rSef;ajc &Edkifaom bwf*suf tay: tusdK;oufa&mufrI 35
13 vdktyfonfh cefYrSef;ajc t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN) 37
14 aus;½Gmvrf;rsm;qufoG,frItwGuft"duvkyfief;aqmif½GufrIñTef;udef;rsm; 44

yHkrsm;
1 2016 ckESpf cefYrSef;aus;&GmqufoG,fa&; tqifh (%) p
2 r[mAsL[mOD;wnfcsuf q
3 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI vdktyfcsufrsm; (tar&duef a':vmoef;) n
4 aus;&GmESifh aus;vufvlOD;a& qufoG,frItqifhtay: &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItqifh\
tusdK;oufa&mufrI #
5 jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm; &efyHkaiGvsmxm;csuf X
6 aus;&Gmrsm;OD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif; !
7 a&&SnfwnfwHhaomzGHûzd;wdk;wufrIyef;wdkifrsm; 3
8 2016 ckESpf cefYrSef;aus;&GmqufoG,fa&;tqifh(%) 9
9 r[mAsL[mOD;wnfcsuf 11
10 t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; 14
11 cefYrSef; CRRN t&Snf (rdkifaygif;) 16
12 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\
vrf;wnfaqmufrIESifhtqifhwdk;jr§ifhrIvrf;t&Snf (rdkif) 24
13 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI vdktyfcsufrsm; (tar&duef a':vmoef;) 25
14 2030 ckESpfü qufoG,fa&; &&SdEdkifrnfh cefYrSef;vrf;tqifh 26
15 aus;&GmESifh aus;vufvlOD;a& qufoG,frItqifhtay:
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItqifh\ tusdK;oufa&mufrI 35
16 jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm; &efyHkaiG vsmxm;csuf 38
17 aus;&Gmrsm;OD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif; 42
C
twdkaumufa0g[m&
DoB Department of Bridges
DoH Department of Highways
DRD Department of Rural Development
DRRD Department of Rural Road Development
DSO Development Supervisory Office
DSS Development Supervisory Sub-Office
MMK Myanmar Kyat
MoALI Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation
MoBA Ministry of Border Affairs
MoHA Ministry of Home Affairs
MoC Ministry of Construction
MoTC Ministry of Transport and Communications
NRRA National Rural Road Agency
RTAD Road Transport Administration Department
SDGs Sustainable Development Goals
TDC Township Development Committee
US$ United States Dollar
VDC Village Development Committee

i
pDrHudef;qdkif&m t"dutcsuftvufrsm;
þ trsdK;om;tqifh aus;vufvrf;rsm; zGHYNzdK;a&; r[mAsL[mtm; pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;
0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme? e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;XmewdkYrS
yl;aygif; a&;qGJNyD; aqmufvkyfa&; 0efBuD;XmeESifh ydkYaqmifa&; ESifhqufoG,fa&; 0efBuD;XmewdkYrSvnf;
yg0if aqmif&GufcJhygonf/ r[mAsL[monf jrefrmEdkifiH twGif;&Sd &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifjcif; r&Sdonfh
aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm; aqmif&Guf&ef jzpfNyD; aus;vufaejynfolrsm;\ usef;rma&; 0efaqmifrIrsm;?
ynma&;? tvkyftudkif tcGifhtvrf;rsm;? aps;ESifhtjcm;0efaqmifrIrsm;? EdkifiHt0ef; zGHYNzdK;a&;
uefYowfrIrsm; tay: oufa&mufaprnfjzpfygonf/ EdkifiHtwGif; aus;vufqif;&JrI? rnDrQrIrsm;
ajz&Sif;&efESifhaus;vufa'orsm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;udk t"du csOf;uyf&mü tpdk;&tzGJU onf 2030 ckESpfwGif
aus;vufa'o&Sd vrf;rsm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh tqifhwdk;wuf&ef rnfodkYaqmif&Gufrnfudk
r[mAsL[mrS azmfjyxm;&Sdygonf/ vmrnfh (15) ESpfü aus;vufvrf;rsm; u@&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHrI ñTefjy&ef
aqmif&Guf&efjzpfonf/ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIü taxmuftuljyKrI ydkrdk aocsmap&ef 2030 ckESpfü aus;vufae
jynfol trsm;tjym; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tjzpf tokH;jyKEdkifatmif aqmif&Gufjcif;ESifh
qufoG,fa&; uefYowfcsufrsm; ajz&Sif;Edkif&ef taumif;qkH; enf;vrf;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Guf oGm;rnf
jzpfygonf/ 2030 ckESpfwGif a&&SnfwnfwHhaom zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrI yef;wdkif (Sustainable Development
Goals , SDGs) atmifjrifrIudk taxmuftyHh&aprnf jzpfygonf/

yHk (1) 2016 ckESpf cefYrSef;aus;&GmqufoG,fa&; tqifh (%)


100% 2% 2%
6% 9% 5%
11% 13% 14% 11% 12% 14%
90% 19% 20% 19%
29% 33%
26% 30% 38%
80% 18% 25%
24% 32% 44%
70% 25% 35% 36%
41%
19% 35%
60%
27% 48%
30%
50% 24%
17% 31% 40%
46% 46%
40% 28% 36% 28% 28%
35% 23%
30% 17%
44% 46% 20%
20% 38% 38%
9% 30% 27%
25% 21% 22% 21% 23% 22%
10% 17% 20%
11% 13%
0%
m0w
D
{&

t"duvrf;rBuD; qufoG,frI &moDra&G; toHk;jyK aus;vufvrf; qufoG,frI ajcmufaoGY &moD toHk;jyK aus;vufvrf ; qufoG,frI qufoG,frIvrf; r&Sd

&if;jrpf - DRD, 2014 census, ADB TA-8788.

p
pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm; q

aus;vufvrf;ESifhwHwm;rsm;/ aus;vufa'o zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme (DRD)1 ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m


0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) wdkYrS yl;aygif; pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom aus;vufvrf; rdkifaygif; (60,000) rdkif &Sdyg
onf/ aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;\ (6%)om a&ydwfvTm rsufESmjyifjzpfonfh uGefu&pf (odkYr[kwf) uwå&m
rsufESmjyifrsm;jzpfNyD; (28%)aom vrf;rsm;onf trmcHvrf; (ausmufa&m rsufESmjyif (odkYr[kwf)
ausmufp&pf rsufESmjyif (odkYr[kwf) ajreD) rsufESmjyifrsm; jzpfonf/ usef&Sdaom aus;vufvrf;rsm;\
okH;ykHESpfykHonf ajrom;vrf;rsm; yg0ifNyD; ,if;vrf;rsm;udk ajcmufaoGU&moDrsm;wGifom tokH;jyK
oGm;vmEdkifygonf/ aus;vufvrf;rsm;ü rSwfykHwifxm;aom wHwm;? a&>yefESifh a&ausmf pkpkaygif;
(23000) ausmf &Sdygonf/ wHwm; ta&twGuf\ okH;ykHwpfykHESifh wHwm;pkpkaygif;t&Snf\ wpf0ufrSm
opfom;wHwm;rsm;jzpfNyD; jyefvnf tpm;xdk; jyKjyif&ef vdktyfrnf jzpfygonf/

aus;vufqufoG,fa&;/ aus;vufvrf;rsm;ESifh wHwm;rsm;onf aus;vufae jynfolrsm;tm; 0efaqmif


rIESifh taqmuftODrsm;xH a&muf&SdapNyD; ¤if;wdkY\ pm;0wfaea&;tm; wdk;wufzGHYNzdK;ap½kHrQru trsdK;om;
pD;yGm;a&; u@wGifvnf; yg0ifcGifhay;vdkufjcif;yif jzpfonf/ aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;XmerS
EdkifiHt0ef; aus;vuf qufoG,fa&; uGif;qif; tcsuftvufrsm;t& rSwfykHwifxm;&SdNyD;aom
aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (22%) rSm tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufí vnf;aumif;? rSwfykHwifxm;&SdNyD;aom
aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (28%) rSm &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tokH;jyKívnf;aumif;? rSwfykHwif
xm;&SdNyD;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (36%) rSm aEG&moDüom oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;rsm; tokH;jyK í vnf;aumif;
ESifh rSwfykHwifxm;&SdNyD;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (14%) rSm qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifrI r&&Sdao;yg/ jrefrmEdkifiH
twGif;&Sd aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ wpf0ufrSm qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;r&Sd (odkY) aEG&moDüom tokH;jyK
EdkifNyD; ESpfwpfESpf\ tenf;qkH;aom tpdwftydkif;ü ½kyfydkif;qdkif&m oD;jcm; &yfwnfaernf jzpfygonf/
þonfrSm vlOD;a& (14)oef; (aus;vufae vlOD;a& \ 40%) tay: tusdK;oufa&mufaprnf jzpfygonf/

r[mAsL[m&nfrSef;csuf/ jynfaxmifpk or®w jrefrmEdkifiHawmf tpdk;&\ a&&SnfzGHYNzdK; wdk;wufrI


OD;wnfcsufonf jrefrmEdkifiH twGif;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;tm; &moDra&G; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrIudk yHhydk;ay;&ef
&nfrSef;xm; &Sdygonf/ þ r[mAsL[mu EdkifiHawmftpdk;&rS EdkifiH twGif;&Sd wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm;
twGif;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gm (90%) \ vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; (tenf;qkH; rSwfykHwifxm;aom
aus;&Gmrsm;\(80%)tm;&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdik af omvrf;yef;qufoG,af &;tygt0if)tm;vmrnfh2030
txd pkpkaygif; 15 ESpf twGif; aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ þ r[mAsL[mrS &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh
vrf;rsm; tokH;jyKEdkif&ef vlOD;a& (1000) ESifhtxuf rSwfykHwifxm;&Sdaom aus;&GmBuD;rsm; tm;vkH; tm;
2020 ckESpfü vnf;aumif;? vlOD;a& (500) ESifhtxuf&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;&Sdaom aus;&Gmrsm;\ (95%) tm;
yHk (2) r[mAsL[mOD;wnfcsuf
jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%)
tm; &moDra&G;oGm;vm tokH;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;rsm; qufoG,faqmif&Guf&ef
2030 ckESpfwGif EdkifiHtwGif;&Sdaus;vufaevlOD;a& (10)oef;xyfaqmif;í
wpfESpfywfvkH;qufoG,foGm;vmEdkif&efaqmif&Gufay;jcif;

&if;jrpf - Regional Road and Bridge Development Steering Committee.

1 2017 ckESpf? Mo*kwfvwGif aus;vufzGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme? pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme (DRD-MoALI) vufatmuf&Sd


vrf;ESifh wHwm;Xmeonf ,ckvuf&SdwGif aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm; trsm;qkH; pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme (MoC) vufatmuf&Sd
topfzGJUpnf;xm;aom aus;vufvrf;zGHYNzdK;a&;OD;pD;Xme (DRRD) odkY ajymif;a&TUcJhygonf/
Z pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm;

2025 ckESpfü vnf;aumif; &nfrSef;xm; &SdoGm;vdrfh rnfjzpfygonf/ 2030 ckESpfü rSwfykH wifxm;&Sdaom
aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (90%) tm; vrf;rsm;jzifh qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrnf jzpfNyD; aus;vufaevlOD;a&\ (95%)
tm; tusdK;jyK aprnf jzpfygonf/ þ r[mAsL[mrS wnf&SdNyD;aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh
vrf;topfrsm; azmufvkyfay;oGm;rnf jzpfojzifh &moDra&G;oGm;vrf; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vlOD;a& (10)
oef;ESifh ajcmufaoGU&moDoGm;vrf; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vlOD;a& (3) oef; xyfaqmif;í tusdK;jyK aprnf
jzpfygonf/ qufoG,fonfh vrf;tqifhrsm; a&&SnfwnfwHhap&ef jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm;jzifh
rdwfqufaqmif&Guf oGm;rnf jzpfyg onf/

t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN) NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;ü t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;jzifh owfrSwf


aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;tm; rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmtcsif;csif;
qufvrf;rsm;? t"duvrf;rBuD;? tqifhjrifhvrf;rBuD;jzifh qufoG,fonfhvrf;rsm; vdktyfrnf jzpfNyD;
tenf;qkH;aom vrf;uGef,ufudk tokH;jyKoGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh wdkuf½dkuf
csdwfqufrIr&Sdaom rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;onf t"du aus;&Gmcsif;quf vrf;wpfvrf;
azmufvkyf&ef vdktyfygonf/ aus;&Gm toD;oD;wdkYtm; aus;&Gmtkyfpk? NrdKUESifh tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh
qufoG,fjcif;jzifhvnf;aumif;? c½dkif? jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;&Sd NrdKUBuD;rsm;ESifh jrefrmEdkifiH twGif;
usef&Sdonfh ae&mrsm; qufoG,fjcif;jzifhvnf;aumif; aqmif&Gufay;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH
twGif;ü rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm; qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifap&ef t"du aus;&Gm csif;qufvrf;
rdkifaygif; (69000) cefYrSef; wGufcsuf &&Sdonf/ vuf&Sd wnf&SdNyD; aus;vufvrf;(54000)rdkifonf t"du
aus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf; (CRRN) tpdwftydkif; pOf;pm;rnf jzpfonf/ þtpdwftydkif;ü wnf&SdNyD; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rdkifaygif; (20500) rdkif omru wnf&SdNyD; ajcmufaoGU &moDokH;vrf; rdkifaygif;
(33600) rdkif yg0ifrnf jzpfonf/ usef&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrI r&Sdonfh aus;&Gm
qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifap&ef t"du aus;&Gmcsif;quf vrf;topf rdkifaygif; (15000) rdkif azmufvkyf&ef
vdktyfrnf jzpfonf/ NrdKUe,f toD;oD; twGuf t"du aus;&Gmcsif;vrf;rsm;\ trSefwu,f t&G,ftpm;ESifh
ajrjyif tajctaetm; 2017 ckESpf 'DZifbmvü qkH;jzwfoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;vufvrf;rsm;
tm;vkH;\ 0daoo vu©Pmrsm;tm; aus;vufvrf; tcsuftvufrsm;pepfjzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
pDrHudef;a&;qGJjcif;ESifh apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;rsm;yg aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/

pHEIef;owfrSwfcsufrsm; jrefrmEdkifiHawmf tpdk;&tzGJUonf ajcmufaoGU&moDESifh rdk;&moD ESpf&moDvkH; qufoG,f


oGm;vmEdkif&ef &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm;jzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/
jrefrmEdkifiH twGif; rwlnDaom e,fajr{&d,mrsm; twGuf oifhavsmfonfh 'DZdkif; owfrSwfcsufrsm;
trsdK;om;tqifh aus;vufvrf; pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm; (NRRSS) jyifqif oGm;vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/
aus;vufvrf;rsm; tqifhtwef; (3) rsdK; cGJjcm; owfrSwfoGm;rnfjzpfonf/aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef;
(u) onf t"duvrf;rBuD;rsm; (odkY) NrdKU (odkY) NrdKUawmfrsm; wdkuf½dkuf csdwfqufyg onf/ ,if;wGif aus;&GmBuD;
wpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (1000) ESifhtxuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm;pGm\ pkpkaygif;vlOD;a& (1000) ESifhtxufwdkYtm;
csdwfqufay;onfh vrf;rwpfckvnf; yg0ifonf/ aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef; (c) onf t"duvrf;
aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; usef&Sdonfhvrf;rsm; yg0ifNyD; vlOD;a& tenf;i,f twGuf tokH;jyKrnf jzpfNyD;
aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef; (u) tm; tMurf;zsOf;tm;jzifh csdwfqufrnf jzpfonf/ aus;vufvrf;
tqifhtwef; (*) onf t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; r[kwfonfhvrf;rsm; jzpfNyD; pdkufysdK;a&; {&d,mESifh
tjcm;a0;vHaom ae&ma'orsm;tm; qufoG,fonfh vrf;rsm;jzpfonf/

aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef; (u) ESifh (c)vrf;rsm;tm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh trmcHvrf;rsm; (ausmuf?


&dZm? *0H) tjzpf vrf;tus,f (12) ay jzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm;
pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm; ps

&moDOwk'Pf cHEdkif&nf &Sdonfh 'DZdkif;rsm;jzifhaqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ vrf;\ oufwrf;Mum&Snf


cHEdkif&nf&Sd&efESifh vrf;om; wdk;wuf aumif;rGefaeap&ef jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;rsm; aqmif&GufoGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ ,mOfoGm;vmrI yrmP? ,mOftrsdK;tpm;ESifh ae&ma'o trsdK;tpm;ay: rlwnfí t"du
aus;vuf vrf;rsm;tm; uGefu&pf (odkY) uwå&m tqifhESifh tqifhjrifh ajrjyifESifh udkufnDonfh
vrf;'DZdkif;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm;vkH;ü a&ajrmif;? vrf;jzwf
a&ajrmif;rsm;? a&wdkufpm;rI ESifh ajrjyKdrI umuG,f&ef ajrumeH&Hrsm;yg xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
vuf&Sd opfom; wHwm; rsm; tqifhjr§ifh&ef uGefu&pf? oHrPdwdkYtm; tokH;jyK í jrpfacsmif;rsm; jzwfoef;í
wHwm;rsm; azmufvkyfrnf jzpfonf/ vrf; tqifhtwef; (*) vrf;ü wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhjcif;ESifh
topf azmufvkyfjcif;twGuf OD;pm;ay; owfrSwfrIrSm yg0ifrnf r[kwfyg/ ½IyfaxG;aom (odkY)
ukefusp&dwf rsm;jcif;aMumifh uefYowfxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm; qufoG,f&ef twGuf armfawmf
qdkifu,fvrf;? ajcvsifvrf;ESifh a&aMumif;qufoG,fa&;rsm; ponfh tjcm; qufoG,fa&;rsm;jzifh ajz&Sif;
aqmif&Gufay;vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/

Z,m; (1) tedrfhqkH;aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm;


rsufESmjyif wHwm;
vrf;tus,f vrf;ab;ajrmif; wHwm;rsm;
trsdK;tpm; cHEdkif0eftm;
a&ydwfvTm AASHTO
tqifh (u) oHrPd/
uwå&m 12 ay ajrom; HS20-44
trsdK;tpm; uGefu&pf
uGefu&pf (36wef)
trmcHvrf;
tqifh (c) oHrPd/
(ausmuf? *0H? 18 ay ajrom; 20 wef
trsdK;tpm; uGefu&pf
&dZm)
tqifh (*)
ajrom; 6-12 ay opfom;
trsdK;tpm;
jzwfoef;oGm;vmrI AASHTO
a&ydwfvTm oHrPd/
>NRRSS 18 ay ajrom; HS20-44
uwå&m uGefu&pf
uefYowfcsuf (36 wef)
&if;jrpf - Regional Road and Bridge Development Steering Committee.

tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifhwnfaqmufjcif;/ jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom


aus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifap&efESifh aus;&Gmrsm;\ (10%) tm; ajcmufaoGU&moD
oGm;vrf; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkif&ef tvdkYiSm ajcmufaoGU &moD oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; rdkifaygif; (26000)
rdkiftm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;odkY tqifhjrSifhwif&ef vdktyfygonf/ xdkYjyif vrf;topf
azmufvkyf&ef rdkifaygif; (6600) rdkif (vrf;topftm; &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;tjzpf
rdkifaygif; (2400) rdkif tygt0if) aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfrnfjzpfygonf/ topf azmufvkyfjcif;ESifh
jr§ifhwifjcif;vkyfief;rsm;twGuf cefYrSef;aiG US$ (2.5) bDvD,H ($ 3400 bDvD,H) ukefusrnf jzpfonf/
,if;cefYrSef;ukefusaiG twGif;ü wnf&SdNyD; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;quf vrf;rsm;tqifhjr§ifh&eftwGuf US$
(2.1) bDvD,H? ajrom;vrf; topf azmufvkyfjcif;twGuf US$ (130) oef;ESifh vrf;topftm;
&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; tjzpf tqifhjr§ifhjcif; twGuf US$ (200) oef; wdkY yg0ifygonf/ xdkYjyif
vuf&Sd wnf&SdNyD; opfom; wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif; twGuf US$ (230) oef; vdktyfrnf jzpfygonf/
n pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm;

ykH (3) 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\


&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI vdktyfcsufrsm; (tar&duef a':vmoef;)
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
mf
csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

;
rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&
w
ae

&moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpftqifhjrSifhjcif; &moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpftopfazmufvkyfjcif;ESifhtqifhjrSifhjcif;
ajcmufaoGY&moDoHk;vrf;tjzpftopfazmufvkyfjcif; wHwm;rsm;tqifhjrSifhjcif;

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

þ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIonf 2030 ckESpfü &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh t"duaus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf;rsm; rdkifaygif;


(48500)rdkif (CRRN tm;vkH;\ 70%) &&Sdvdrfhrnf jzpfNyD; aus;&Gm aygif; (33500) &GmESifh aus;&Gm vlOD;a&
(20) oef;eD;yg;tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; jzifh aqmif&Gufay;Edkifrnfjzpfonf/ aus;&Gmaygif;
(12400) &GmESifh vlOD;a& (10) oef;eD;yg; onf tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh wdkuf½dkufcsdwfqufNyD; jzpfonf/
aemufxyf ajcmufaoGU&moD tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rdkifaygif; (12200) rdkif? aus;&Gmaygif; (6700) &GmESifh
vlOD;a& (3)oef; tay: aqmif&Gufay;Edkifrnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\ (10%)rQ
tay:ü 2030 ckESpfwGif NyD;pD;atmi faqmif&GufEdkifvdrfhrnf r[kwfyg/ aus;&Gmaygif; (4600) &Gm vlOD;a&(2)
oef;cefY qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkif&ef usef&Sdrnfjzpfonf/ jrpfaMumif; wpfavQmuf&Sd a&BuD; epfjrKyf ae&m
&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;? vrf;azmuf&ef jzpfEdkifajc r&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh a&aMumif; ydkYaqmifa&; u@
aqmif&Guf&ef ae&mrsm;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;tm; ta&; BuD; rSwfom; &rnfjzpfonf/

a&&SnfwnfwHhjcif;ESifhjyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;/ t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; a&&SnfwnfwHhap&efESifh


&moDOwk ajymif;vJjcif;aMumifh ysufpD;rIudk umuG,f&ef t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tm;vkH;
jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif; aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ þxdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;ü vrf;wpfavQmuf&Sd
a&ajrmif;pepfrsm; aumif;rGefa&;ESifh vrf;xdef;odrf; umuG,fa&;wdkYtwGuf ESpfpOf ykHrSef jyifqif
xdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;ESifh ESpftenf;i,fMumí ysufpD;oGm;onfh vrf;rsm; jyefvnf jyKjyif&ef vdktyfcsuft&
jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm; yg0ifrnf jzpfonf/ vdktyfcsuft& jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm;tm;
uefx½dkuf pepfjzifh aqmif&GufoGm;& ygrnf/ vrf;jyifqifa&; tpDtrHvkyfief;rsm; twGuf pepfwusjzifh
vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&GufEdkif&ef ESpfpOfvrf;rsm; uGif;qif;ppfaq;jcif;tm; tajccHí jyifqif oGm;&vdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/ ykHrSef jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfaqmif&ef vrf;t&Snf wdk;vmygu jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;
vkyfief;rsm; twGuf pkpkaygif; cefYrSef;ukefusaiGrSm 2017 ckESpf rS pwifí wpfESpfvQif US$ (40)oef;
rS 2030 ckESpf ta&mufü wpfESpfvQif US$ (120)oef; wdk;jr§ifh vsmxm;oGm;&rnf jzpfonf/ 2030
ckESpftxd jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif; twGuf ukefus aiGrSm US$ (1.4) bDvD,H jzpfonf/ jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;
pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm; #

vkyfief;tm; ykHrSef bwf*suf\ tenf;qkH; (20%) vsmxm;oGm;&rnf jzpfNyD; 2030 ckESpfü bwf*suf\
tenf;qkH; (35%) txd wdk;jr§ifh vsmxm;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/

ykH (4) aus;&GmESifh aus;vufvlOD;a& qufoG,frItqifhtay:


&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItqifh\ tusdK;oufa&mufrI
aus;½GmqufoG,frItqifhtwef; aus;vufaevlOD;a&\qufoG,frItqifhtwef;

2016 (tajccH) 22 28 36 14 28 30 30 12
tqifhjrifht"duvrf;rBuD;

2030 (US$ 2.1 bDvD,H) 22 40 24 14 28 44 17 11

&moDra&G;oHk;Edkifonfhvrf;
2030 (US$ 2.9 bDvD,H) 22 49 17 13 28 51 10 10

2030 (US$ 3.9 bDvD,H) 22 58 12 8 28 59 8 5 aEG&moDtoHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;

2030 (US$ 5.0 bDvD,H) 22 68 10 28 66 6


vrf;r&Sd
2030 (US$ 6.0 bDvD,H) 22 78 28 72

0 50 100 0 50 100

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiG/ jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif; twGuf US$ (1.4)bDvD,HESifh tqifhjr§ifh wifjcif;? topf


wnfaqmufjcif; twGuf US$ (2.5) bDvD,H tygt0if 2030 ckESpf txd r[mAsL[mumv twGif;
&efykHaiG US$ (3.9)bDvD,H vdktyfrnfjzpfonf/ vdktyfonfh &efykHaiGtm; &if;jrpf(3) ckrS &&Sdvdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/ pkpkaygif; US$ (2.1) bDvD,H(vdktyfcsuf xuf0ufrQom)tm; jynfaxmifpk&efykHaiGESifh
jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD; &efykHaiGwdkYrS &&Sdvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ vGefcJhaom (3) cefYu jynfaxmifpk bwf*suf
&efykHaiG wpfESpfvQif US$ (150) oef; yQrf;rQ &&SdcJhonf/ tpdk;&tzGJU\ &efykHaiGonf jynfaxmifpk
bwf*suf &efykHaiGrS jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;odkY ykHrSef vTJajymif;ay;onfudk awGUjrif&vdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/ 'kwd,&if;jrpf wpfckrSm vuf&Sd wdk;*dwf (toll) rsm;ESifh ,mOftokH;jyKc tygt0if pufokH;qD
tay: aumufcHonfh tcGefopfpepfjzifh &efykHaiG &,loGm;ygrnf/ ,if; pufokH;qDtcGef aumufcHrIpepfrS
US$ (1.0)bDvD,H &&Sdap&ef arQmfrSef;ygonf/ r[mAsL[mumvtwGif; &efykHaiGvdktyfaiG US$ (800)
oef;tm; wwd,&if;jrpfwpfckjzpfonfh zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzuf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrS jznfhqnf;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/
yQrf;rQtaejzifh zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzuftzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrS wpfESpf vQif US$ (40)oef; ueOD; vsmxm;NyD;
r[mAsL[m umvNyD;qkH;csdef 2030 ckESpfü wpfESpf vQif US$ (80-90) oef; txd wdk;jr§ifh vsmxm;oGm; rnf
jzpfonf/ þr[mAsL[m &nfrSef; csuf atmifjrif&ef &efykHaiG&&SdrI tay: rSDcdkrIjrifhrm; vsuf&Sdonf/ tu,fí
pufokH;qDtay:rS &efykHaiG r&&Sdygu aus;vufae vlOD;a& (2.5) oef; tenf;i,fom 2030 ckESpfü
&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tokH;jyKEdkifrnf jzpfonf/ jynfaxmifpk bwf*suf &efykHaiG avsmhenf;
&&Sdygu aus;vufae vlOD;a& (5)oef;onf &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; tokH;jyK Edkifrnf r[kwfbJ
aus;vuf jynfolrsm;\ toufarG;0rf;ausmif;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;rsm; tay: rsm;pGm oufa&mufaprnf
jzpfonf/

&efykHaiGvsmxm;jcif;/ jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;\ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI vdktyfcsufESifh qufoG,frI


tqifhrsm;ay: tajccHí rwlnDaom jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;ü &efykHaiGrsm; cGJa0 vsmxm;oGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ vuf&Sd &efykHaiGvsmxm;&mü jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;\ vlOD;a& tenf;trsm;ay: rlwnfí
cGJa0vsuf &Sdonf/ qufoG,f oGm;vmrI edrfhusaom? &if;ESD;rI jrifhrm;pGm vdktyfaom (csif;? &cdkif? &Srf; ponfh)
a'orsm;onf &efykHaiG&&SdrI tcsdK;tpm;rsm;pGm vufcH &&SdrnfjzpfNyD; qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifrI jrifhrm;aom?
X pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm;

&if;ESD;rIenf;yg;aom (rGef? &efukef? rEÅav; ponfh) a'orsm;onf &efykHaiG&&SdrI tcsdK;tpm; tenf;i,f


&&Sdaprnf jzpfonf/ zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzuf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;onf qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifrI edrfhusonfh jynfe,f?
wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;qDodkY OD;wnfoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD; tygt0if rwlnDaom
NrdKUe,frsm;ü wlnDonfh tajccHtcsufrsm;udk tajccHí vuf&Sd qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifrI tqifhtwef;ESifh
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tay: rlwnfí jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD; ü aus;vufvrf; tokH;jyK &efykHaiG vsmxm;
oGm;vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ aus;vufaevlOD;a&\ qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrI tqifhtwef; t& rwlnDaom
jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm; Mum;wGif &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI twGuf BuD;rm;aom wlnDcsufrsm; &&Sdapjcif;jzifh
aus;vufvrf;rsm; &efykHaiG vsmxm;jcif;udk ydkrdkaocsmaprnf jzpfonf/ 2030 ckESpfü jynfe,f?
wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;\ tenf;qkH; (80%) rSm &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;
tokH;jyKEdkifvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/

yHk (5) jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm; &efyHkaiG vsmxm;csuf


25

20

15

10

0
mf

csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&
w
ae

aus;vufaevlOD;a&tay: vsmxm;jcif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItay:vsmxm;jcif;


&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

vrf;rsm;tm;OD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif;/ aus;vufvrf;rsm;\ &efykHaiGonf wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f


toD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;\ 80% tm; &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh tcsdefwdk twGif;ESifh
tenf;qkH;aom ukefusrnfhvrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;oGm;&ef &nf&G,fygonf/ &efykHaiG tokH;jyK&mü
yxrOD;pGm vuf&Sd wnf&SdNyD; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;tm; vnf;aumif;
usef&efykHaiGjzifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh topfazmufvkyfjcif;rsm;tm;vnf;aumif; aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/

OD;pm;ay;owfrSwfcsufrsm;tm; vlOD;a& trsm;tjym; qufoG,fonfhvrf;tm; OD;pm;ay;owfrSwf


vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ aus;&Gm wpf&Gmonf vlOD;a& (1000)ESifhtxuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm; aygif;jcif;jzifh
vlOD;a& (2000) txuf aus;&Gmrsm;tm; yxrOD;pm;ay; tjzpf owfrSwfvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/aus;&Gm
wpf&Gmonf vlOD;a& (500) ESifh txuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm; aygif;jcif;jzifh vlOD;a& (1000) txuf
aus;&Gmrsm;tm; 'kwd,OD;pm;ay;tjzpf owfrSwfvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf vlOD;a& (250)
ESifh txuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm; aygif;jcif;jzifh vlOD;a& (500)txuf aus;&Gmrsm;tm; wwd,OD;pm;ay;
tjzpf owfrSwfvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ vlOD;a& tenf;i,fom&Sdaom t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;
r[kwfonfhvrf;rsm;tm; pwkw¬OD;pm;ay;tjzpf owfrSwfvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ OD;pm;ay;vrf; (4) rsdK;\
tqifhtwef; toD;oD;ü rwlnDonfh rsm;pGmaom t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tMurf;zsOf; tm;jzifh
yg0ifvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN ) tjrifhqkH; (Higher Categories)
OD;pm;ay; vrf;rsm;tm; aqmif&GufNyD;vQif tedrfhqkH; OD;pm;ay; (Lower Categories) vrf;rsm; a&G;cs,f
pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm; !

aqmif&Guf&ef &efykHaiG &&Sdap rnfjzpfonf/ OD;pm;ay; tqifhtwef ; toD;oD;ü vrf;rsm;tm; vlrIpD;yGm;b0


owfrSwfcsufrsm; (wpfrdkiftay:tusdK;jyKvlOD;a&? ,mOfoGm;vmrIEIef;? qif;&JrIEIef;? ywf0efusifxdcdkufrI?
ajr,mavsmfaMu;ESifh jyefvnfae&mcsxm;ay;&efvdktyfcsuf ponf) jzifhvrf;\ tqifhtwef;owfrSwf
oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ OD;pm;ay;vrf;rsm; owfrSwfrItm; vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;? aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;
wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme? e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmeESifh oufqdkifonfh 0efBuD;XmewdkY\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh
a&G;cs,foGm;rnf jzpfonf/
ykH (6) aus;&Gmrsm;OD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif;
jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifonfh aus;&Gmtm;vkH;
&SdNyD;om; &moDra&G;ESifh ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; CRRN

1/ aus;&Gm > 1000 OD; (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& >2000


&SdNyD;om; CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;

2/ aus;&Gm > 500 OD; (odkY)aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& > 1000


&SdNyD;om; CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;ESifh CRRN

3/ aus;&Gm > 250 OD; (odkY)aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& > 500


&SdNyD;om;CRRN ajcmufaoGU&moDvrf;rsm; tm;tqifhjrifhwifjcif;ESifh CRRN vrf;opfrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;

4/ aus;&Gm > 250OD; (odkY)aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& > 500 CRRN vrf;opfrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;


&SdNyD;om;ESifh CRRN ajcmufaoGU&moDvrf;rsm;tm; tuefYtowfjzifh tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;ESifhaqmif&Gufjcif;/þr[mAsL[m\ taumiftxnfazmf&mwGif wdk;wufrItm;


apmifhMunfh&ef atmufazmfjyyg vkyfief;aqmif&GufrIñTef;udef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;udk tokH;jyK
&ygrnf/ ñTef;udef; toD;oD;twGuf 2016 ckESpf atmufajcrsOf; wefzdk;rsm; (baseline values) udk tajccH
wGufcsufxm;NyD; 2020 ESifh 2025 ckESpfrsm; ü tv,ftvwf &nfrSef;csufrsm; tygt0if 2030 ckESpf twGuf
&nfrSef; xm;&SdNyD; jzpfyg onf/ jyu©'defESpf wpfESpf\ tqkH;vü ,if;ESpf\ tajccHtcsufrsm;ay: tajccHí
vkyfief; aqmif&GufrI ñTef;udef;rsm;tm; wGufcsufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ r[mAsL[m&nfrSef;csuf atmifjrif&ef
&nf&G,fcsufjzifh aemufESpf b@ma&;ESpf twGuf bwf*sufvsmxm;Edkifap&ef tvdkYiSm vkyfief; aqmif&GufrI
ñTef;udef;rsm; wdk;wufaqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/

tzGJUtpnf;qdkif&mwm0efrsm;/2016 ckESpfwGif vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; ESifh qufpyfonfh 0efBuD;Xme (4)


ck yg0ifaom a'oEÅ&vrf;? wHwm;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; aumfrwD (3) ckudk zGJUpnf; cJhygonf/ ,if; aumfrwDü
aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme? ydkYaqmifa&;ESifh qufoG,fa&; 0efBuD; Xme? e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmeESifh
pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&;
OD;pD;XmewdkYyg0ifonf/ a'oEÅ& vrf;? wHwm; zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; A[dk aumfrwDonf &nfrSef;csufrsm;
atmifjrif&ef r[mAsL[mrsm; csrSwf aqmif&Gufvdrfh rnfjzpfonf/ ,if;aumfrwDonf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI
tpDtrHrsm; twnfjyKjcif;? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU? jynfe,f wdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&tzGJUESifh zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzuf
tzGJUrsm;xH &efykHaiG awmif;cHjcif; ? vrf;&efykHaiG (Road Fund) rdwfqufay;jcif;ESifh aus;vufvrf;?
wHwm;pHEIef; owfrSwfcsufrsm;tm; twnfjyKay;&rnfjzpfonf/ a'oEÅ&vrf;? wHwm;zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&;
¡ pDrHudef;qdkif&mt"dutcsuftvufrsm;

vkyfief;aumfrwD onf aus;vufvrf;? wHwm; 'DZdkif;owfrSwfcsuf a&;qGJjcif; ? r[mAsL[mvkyfief;


wdk;wufrItm; apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;? jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;\ ESpfpOf &efykHaiG vsmxm;rIudk
owfrSwfay;jcif; ponfh vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf/ jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;\ a'oqdkif&m
vrf;wHwm; zGHYNzdK;a&;BuD;MuyfrI aumfrwDonf jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;\ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESH rItpDtrHrsm;
jyifqifjcif;? ajr,mavsmfaMu; aqmif&Gufay;&ef vdktyfygu ñSdEIdif; aqmif&Guf ay;jcif;? NrdKUe,frsm;\ ESpfpOf
&efykHaiGvsmxm;rIudk twnfjyKay;jcif;ESifhrwlnDonfh 0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifhñSdEIdif;aqmif&Gufjcif; ponfwdkY
aqmif &Guf&vdrfhrnf/

e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmeESifh aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmewdkYonf NrdKUe,f toD;oD;\


t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (CRRN) owfrSwfjcif;? ESpfpOf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tpDtrHrsm; jyifqifjcif;?
tqifhjrifh tqifhrsm; aygif;pyfjcif;? twnfjyKNyD;aom &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tpDtrHtm; taumiftxnfazmf
aqmif&Gufjcif;? tqifh (3) qifhpepfjzifh t&nftaoG; ppfaq;jcif;tm; rdwfqufjcif;ESifh aqmif&Gufjcif;?
vrf;vkyfief;ESifh oufqdkifonfh tcsuftvuf rsm;ykHrSefaumuf,ljcif;ESifh &&Sdonfhtcsuftvufrsm;tm;
aus;vufvrf; tajccH tcsuftvufü jznfhoGif; aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ tqifhjr§ifhjcif;?
wnfaqmufjcif;ESifh jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm;tm; jynfoludk tajccHonfh tzGJUtpnf;rsm;
(odkY) yk*¾vdu vkyfief;&Sifrsm;jzifh aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf/ aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmeES
ifh e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;XmewdkY yl;aygif;í okawoeESifh zGHYNzdK;a&;,lepf tm; xlaxmif oGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
tqdkyg okawoe,lepfrS vkyfief;okH;ypönf;rsm; prf;oyfjcif;? t&nftaoG; ppfaq;jcif;?
pHEIef;topfjzifh vrf;rsm; prf;oyfwnfaqmufjcif; aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ 2020 ckESpfwGif
udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&Sdaom EdkifiHawmf aus;vuf vrf;udk,fpm;vS,f (National Rural Road Agency,
NRRA) tm; zGJUpnf;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ¤if;onf aus;vufvrf;u@ pDrHcefYcGJjcif; (t&nftaoG; ppfaq;jcif;?
tpDtrH a&;qGJjcif;? apmifhMunfh ppfaq;jcif;) wm0ef,l aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf/ xdkodkY aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh
aus;vufvrf;u@ yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIudk ydkrdk aumif;rGefvmaprnf jzpfonf/
1
rdwfquf

tusOf;csKyf
þ aus;vufvrf;rsm;qdkif&mtrsdK;om;tqifhr[mAsL[m tm; pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh
qnfajrmif; 0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;XmeESifh e,fpyfa&;&m
0efBuD;XmewdkYu yl;aygif;a&;qGJ vsuf&Sdygonf/ r[mAsL[monf jrefrmEdkifiHwGif;&Sd &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifjcif;r&Sdonfh aus;vufvrf; rsm;tm;aqmif&Guf&efjzpfNyD; aus;vufae jynfolrsm;\
usef;rma&; 0efaqmifrIrsm;? ynma&;? tvkyftudkif tcGifhtvrf;rsm;? aps;ESifhtjcm;0efaqmifrIrsm;?
EdkifiHt0ef; zGHYNzdK;a&; uefYowfrIrsm; tay:oufa&mufaprnfjzpfygonf/ EdkifiHtwGif;
aus;vufa'o qif;&JrI? rnDrQrIrsm; ajz&Sif;&efESifh aus;vufa'orsm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;udk
t"du csOf;uyf&mü tpdk;&tzGJUonf 2030 ckESpfwGif aus;vufa'o&Sd vrf;rsm; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfhtqifh wdk;wuf&ef rnfodkYaqmif&Gufrnfudk r[mAsL[mrS azmfjyxm;&Sdygonf/
vmrnfh (15) ESpfü aus;vufvrf;rsm;u@ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI ñTefjy&ef aqmif&Guf&efjzpfonf/
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIü taxmuftuljyKrI ydkrdk aocsmap&ef 2030 ckESpfü aus;vufaejynfol trsm;tjym;
&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;tjzpf tokH;jyKEdkifatmif aqmif&Gufjcif;ESifh qufoG,fa&;
uefYowfcsufrsm; ajz&Sif;Edkif&ef taumif;qkH; enf;vrf;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Guf oGm;rnfjzpfygonf/
2030 ckESpfrSm a&&SnfwnfwHhaom zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrIyef;wdkif (Sustainable Development Goals ,
SDGs) atmifjrifrIudk taxmuf tyHh&aprnf jzpfygonf/

jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;\ ig;ykHwpfykHcefYonf vrf;rsm;ESifh qufoG,fxm;jcif; r&Sdyg/ vrf;rsm;jzifh


qufoG,fxm;aom aus;&Gm xuf0ufausmfrSmvnf; rdk;&moDwGif jzwfoef; oGm;vm&ef rjzpfEdkifaom
aEG&moDokH; aus;vufvrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufxm;jcif; jzpfonf/1 jcHKí ajym&vQif jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd vlOD;a&
(15) oef;ausmfonf &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;rsm; r&Sdjcif;aMumifh wpfESpfywfvkH; jzpfap?
wpfpdwfwpfa'ojzpfap oD;oefYcGJjcm; xm;jcif;cHae&onf/ þodkY &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;
enf;yg;rIonf aus;vufaejynfolrsm;\ usef;rma&;0efaqmifrIrsm;? ynma&;? tvkyftudkif tcGifh
tvrf;rsm;? aps;rsm;ESifh tjcm; 0efaqmifrIrsm;xHodkY a&muf&SdEdkifrIudk jyif;xefpGm tusdK;oufa&mufrI
jzpfay:apNyD; ¤if;wdkY\ wdk;wufrIudk uefYowfapEdkif½kH rQruyJ wdkif;jynf\ zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrIudkyg uefYowf
xm;ovdk jzpfapygonf/

vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; tajccHtaqmufttkH tm;enf;rIESifh tjcm;qufpyfenf;vrf; rsm;onf vrf;yef;


qufoG,fa&; rvkHavmufrIrsm;aMumifh jzpfyGm;&aom (75) &mcdkifEIef;aom rarG;zGm;rD (5) vESifh

1 aus;&Gmrsm;\ wpdwfwa'otm; þenf;ynmudk tokH;jyKxm;jcif; r&Sdaom ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;jzifh azmufvkyf qufoG,f


xm;ygonf/

1
2 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

arG;zGm;NyD; wpfvtwGif; aoqkH;rIrsm;ESifhwuG rvdkvm;tyfaom aoqkH;rIrsm;qDodkY OD;wnfaponf/


ydkrdk aumif;rGefaom aus;vufvrf;rsm;onf uav; oli,frsm;twGuf ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom rlvwef;ESifh
tv,fwef;ynma&;rsm;udk vnf;aumif;? ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom q&m? q&mrrsm;udk vnf;aumif;? ydkrdk
aumif;rGefaom oifMum;a&; taxmuftuljyKypönf;rsm;udkvnf;aumif; ynma&; ESifhaqmufvkyfa&;
qdkif&m ypönf;rsm; twGuf ydkrdkvG,fulaom o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;rS wpfqifh jzpfxGef; apEdkifaMumif;
EdkifiHwum tqifhwGif oufaojycJhNyD; jzpfonf/ vrf;yef; qufoG,frI zefwD;ay;jcif;tm;jzifh aps;uGuf
rsm;odkYa&muf&SdEdkifrIwdk;wufjcif;? ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom ajrMoZmrsm;ESifh pdkufysdK;a&;qdkif&m tBuHopf rsm;udk
ydkrdktokH;jyKvmEdkifrI? pdkufysdK;a&; xkwfukefrsm;udkydkrdk aumif;rGefvmap EdkifrI? tvkyftudkif ydkrdk&&SdvmrI?
vlaerI tqifhtwef; ydkrdkjrifhrm;vmrIESifh qif;&JEGrf;yg;rIrsm; avQmYcsEdkifrIwdkYtm; OD;wnf azmfaqmifay;Edkif
aMumif; odomta&;ygaom EdkifiHwumqdkif&m oufao om"ursm;vnf;&SdaeNyDjzpfonf/wdk;wufaom
aus;vuf vrf;yef; qufoG,fa&; tajccH taqmuftOD rsm;onf vlESifh ukefypönf;rsm; o,f,l
ydkYaqmif&aom p&dwfrsm;udk odompGm avQmYcs ay;EdkifonfhtwGuf ul;oef;oGm;vmrI EIef;rsm;wdk;wuf
vmNyD; aps;uGuf rsm;ESifh 0efaqmifrIrsm;tMum; ul;vl;qufqHrIrsm; jrifhwufaponfh twGuf
0efaqmifrI pD;yGm;a&;zGHYNzdK;rIudk wdk;wuf apEdkifonfhtjyif aus;vufa'orsm; oD;jcm; uGJxGufaerIudkyg
avQmYcsay;Edkifonf/

oifhwifhaom vrf;rsm; r&Sdygu aus;vufae jynfolrsm;taejzifh ¤if;wdkY\ b0udk jr§ifhwif&efESifh


EdkifiHawmf\ pD;yGm;a&;u@wGif wpfzufwpfvrf; yg0ifEdkif&ef vdktyfaom 0efaqmifrIrsm;ESifh
ypönf;ypö,rsm;tm; qufoG,f &,lEdkifrI&Sdrnf r[kwfyg/ jynfaxmifpk or®w jrefrmEdkifiHawmf tpdk;&
taejzifh wdk;wufaumif;rGefaom aus;vufvrf;rsm;onf aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufap&efESifh
aus;vufa'o qif;&JEGrf;yg;rI? EdkifiHtwGif; rnDrQrIrsm;udk udkifwG,f ajz&Sif;&mwGif t"duusaMumif;
xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;ygonf/ ,if;onf jynfaxmifpk or®w jrefrmEdkifiHawmf tpdk;& taejzifh &&Sd&ef &nfrSef;í
wpfpdkufrwfrwf jyKvkyfaeaom 2030 a&&Snf wnfwHhaom zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrI yef;wdkifrsm; (Sustainable
DevelopmentGoals, SDGs) ESifh udkufnD ygonf/ aus;vufvrf;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ESifh &&Sdvmaom
&v'fjzpfonfh 0efaqmifrI rsm;ESifh ypönf;ypö,rsm;xHodkY qufoG,fEdkifrI wdk;wufjcif;onf atmufyg SDGs
rsm;udk taxmuf tul jzpfapEdkifrnf[k arQmfrSef; xm;onf/

yy SDG # 1 - qif;&JEGrf;yg;rIavQmYcsa&;ESifhqufpyfrI - aus;vufa'o&Sd vrf;rsm;onf aus;&Gm


jyify&Sd tvkyftudkif tcGifhtvrf;rsm;odkY a&muf&SdEdkifrIudk zefwD;ay;Edkifonfh tjyif xkwfukefrsm;
a&mif;csjcif;ESifh ukefMurf;rsm; 0,f,la&; twGuf aps;uGufrsm;odkY a&muf&SdEdkifrIudk zefwD;
ay;onf/ ynma&; twGufvnf; vdktyfonf rsm;udk jznfhqnf;Edkifojzifh tem*wf0ifaiG &&SdEdkifrI
tcGifhtvrf;rsm; udk wdk;wuf apygonf/
yy SDG # 2 -iwfrGwfacgif;yg;rIavQmYcsa&;ESifhqufpyfrI - aus;vufa'o&Sd vrf;rsm;onf
pdkufysdK;a&;qdkif&m xkwfukefrsm; wdk;wufrsm;jym;ap&ef? vdktyfaom A[kokwESifh tBuHÓPf
rsm;odkY a&muf&Sdap&ef ulnDaxmufyHhay;&if; 0ifaiGESifh pm;aomufokH;pGJrI qdkif&mrsm; ydkrdkwdk;wuf
jrifhrm;rI udk OD;wnfoGm;EdkifaMumif; oufaojycJhNyD; jzpfyg onf/
yy SDG # 3 - wdk;wufaomusef;rma&;ESifhqufpyfrI - aus;vufa'o vrf;rsm;onf usef;rma&;
tultnD? 0efaqmifrIrsm;ESifh usef;rma&; ynmay;jcif;rsm;odkY a&muf&SdEdkif&ef axmufyHhay;NyD;
aus;vufa'o&Sd usef;rma&;tqifhtwef;udk jrifhwifay;EdkifaMumif; oufaojycJhNyD; jzpfygonf/
yy SDG # 4 - wdk;wufaomynma&;ESifhqufpyfrI - aus;vufa'o vrf;rsm;onf ynma&;
taqmuftODrsm;odkY wpfESpfywfvkH; a&muf&SdEdkif&ef ulnDjznfhqnf;ay;NyD; wdk;wufvmaom
ynma&;tqifh OD;aqmifvrf;jy&ef? ynmoifMum;&ef tcuftcJrsm;ESifh ukefusp&dwfrsm;udk
rdwfquf 3

avQmYcsay;onfh tjyif ausmif;xGufrIEIef;udkvnf; avQmYcsay;EdkifaMumif; oufaojycJhNyD;


jzpfygonf/
yy SDG # 8 - tvkyftudkif tcGifhtvrf;rsm; wdk;wufrIESifh qufpyfrI - aus;vufa'o
vrf;rsm;onf aus;&Gmjyify&Sd tvkyftudkif tcGifhtvrf;rsm;odkY a&muf&SdEdkifrItm; wdk;wuf
ulnDjznfhqnf; ay;Edkif,kH omru aus;&Gm twGif;wGifvnf; 0ifaiG&&SdEdkifrI tcGifhtvrf;rsm;udk
wdk;wuf jzpfxGef;apEdkifaMumif; oufaojy cJhNyD; jzpfygonf/
yy SDG # 9 - cHEdkif&nf&Sdaom tajccH taqmufttkHrsm; aqmufvkyfjcif;ESifh qufpyfrI -
aus;vufa'ovrf;rsm;onf wpfESpfywfvkH; oGm;vmEdkifaom q,fhESpf&moD vrf;rsm;tjzpf
wnfaqmufaeMuNyDjzpfNyD; &moDOwk'PfcHEdkifrIESifh vdkufavsmnDaxG&SdaomykHpHrsm;ESifh oifhawmf
aom jyKjyifxdef;odrf;rIrsm;rS wpfqifh a&&SnfwnfwHhEdkifrItm; tmrcHay;Edkifygonf/
yy SDG # 10 - rnDrQrIrsm;tm; avQmYcsay;a&;ESifh qufpyfrI - aus;vufa'o vrf;rsm;rS wpfqifh
wdk;wufvmaom 0efaqmifrIESifh taqmuftODrsm;odkY a&muf&SdEdkifrIonf EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd a0;vH
acgifoDaom a'orsm;ESifh tjcm;a'orsm; tMum; rnDrQrIrsm;udk avQmYcsay;EdkifaMumif; oufao
jycJhNyD; jzpfonf/

y kH (7) a&&SnfwnfwHhaomzGHûzd;wdk;wufrIyef;wdkifrsm;

&if;jrpf - www.un.org

þ aus;vufa'ovrf;rsm;qdkif&m trsdK;om;tqifh r[mAsL[monf tm&SzGHYNzdK;a&;bPf (ADB)


\ enf;ynm tultnDESifhtwl pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif; 0efBuD;Xme (MoALI)
ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) wdkY yl;aygif; jyifqifjcif;jzpfonf/ aqmufvkyfa&; 0efBuD;
XmeESifh ydkYaqmifa&;ESifh qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;XmewdkYrSvnf; r[mAsL[m jyifqifa&;qGJ&mü yg0if
ygonf/ ¤if;r[mAsL[monf vmrnfh (15) ESpftwGif; aus;vuf vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; u@wGif
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;udk vrf;ñTefay;oGm;&efjzpfNyD;2030 rwdkifrD aus;vufa'oae jynfolrsm; twGuf
&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifrI zefwD;ay;um qufoG,frI tuefYtowf jzpfaeaom jyóemrsm;udk
taumif;qkH; ykHpHjzifh ajz&Sif;aqmif&Guf&ef ulnD axmufyHhay;Edkifaom &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm; jzpfaMumif;
aocsmap&ef aqmif&GufoGm;&rnf jzpfygonf/
2
aus;vufvrf;rsm;ESifhwHwm;rsm;

tusOf;csKyf
aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) wdkYrS
yl;aygif; pDrHcefYcGJ vsuf&Sdaom aus;vufvrf; rdkifaygif; (60,000) rdkif &Sdygonf/ aus;&Gm qufvrf;\
(6%)om a&ydwfvTm rsufESmjyifjzpfonfh uGefu&pf odkYr[kwf uwå&m rsufESmjyifrsm; jzpfNyD; (28%)
aom vrf;rsm;onf trmcHvrf; (ausmufa&mrsufESmjyif odkYr[kwf ausmufp&pfrsufESmjyif?
odkYr[kwf ajreD) rsufESmjyifrsm; jzpfonf/ usef&Sdaom aus;vufvrf;rsm;\ okH;ykHESpfykHonf
ajrom;vrf;rsm; yg0ifNyD; ,if;vrf;rsm;udk ajcmufaoGU&moDrsm;wGifom tokH;jyK oGm;vmEdkifygonf/
aus;vufvrf;rsm;ü rSwfykHwifxm;aom wHwm;? a&>yefESifh a&ausmf pkpkaygif; (23000)
ausmf &Sdygonf/ wHwm; ta&twGuf\ okH;ykHwpfykH ESifh wHwm;pkpkaygif; t&Snf\ wpf0ufrSm
opfom;wHwm;rsm; jzpfNyD; jyefvnf tpm;xdk; jyKjyif&ef vdktyfrnf jzpfygonf/

aus;vufvrf;rsm;/ aus;vufvrf;rsm; qdkonfrSm pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme


(MoALI)2 vufatmuf&Sd aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD)ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme
(MoBA) wdkYrS pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&SdaomtedrfhqkH;tqifhü &Sdonfhvrf;rsm;jzpfonf/ þaus;vufvrf;rsm;wGif
aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme odkYr[kwfqnfajrmif;OD;pD;Xme?vQyfppfESifhpGrf;tif0efBuD;XmeESifhwyfrawmftzGJU
uJhodkYaom tjcm;aom OD;pD;Xmersm;ESifh 0efBuD;Xmersm;rS pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;ESifh NrdKU
awmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDrsm;ESifh NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDrsm;rS pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom
NrdKUjyvrf;rsm; ryg0ifyg/

2016 Mo*kwfv txd aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme (DRD) ESifhe,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme


(MoBA) wdkYrS yl;aygif; pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom rSwfykHwifNyD;jzpfonfh aus;vufvrf; rdkifaygif; (60,000)
rdkif &Sdygonf/ aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;\(6%) om a&ydwfvTmrsufESmjyifjzpfonfh uGefu&pf odkYr[kwf
uwå&mrsufESmjyifrsm;jzpfNyD; (28%)aom vrf;rsm;onf trmcHvrf; (ausmuf ta&m rsufESmjyif odkYr[kwf
ausmufp&pf rsufESmjyif? odkYr[kwf ajreD) rsufESmjyifrsm; jzpfonf/ ,if;onf aus;vufvrf;rsm;\
okH;ykHwpfykHcefYonf vwfwavm tqifhjrifhxm;aom rsufESmjyifrsm; &SdaeNyD; trsm;pkrSm wpfESpfywfvkH;
oGm;vmEdkifrnf[k qdkvdkjcif; yifjzpf ygonf/3 usef&Sdaom aus;vufvrf;rsm;\ okH;ykHESpfykHonf
ajrom;vrf;rsm; yg0ifNyD; ,if;vrf;rsm;udk ajcmufaoGU&moDrsm;wGifom tokH;jyK oGm;vmEdkifygonf/
(60,000) rdkif t&Snf&Sdaom rSwfykHwifNyD;onfh aus;vufvrf;rsm; tjyif (6,000) rdkifcefY t&Snf&Sdaom

2 2017 ckESpf? Mo*kwfvwGif aus;vufzGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme? pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme (DRD-MoALI) vufatmuf&Sd


vrf;ESifhwHwm;Xmeonf ,ckvuf&SdwGif aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm; trsm;qkH;pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme (MoC) vufatmuf&Sd
topf zGJUpnf;xm;aomaus;vufvrf;zGHYNzdK;a&;OD;pD;Xme (DRRD) odkY ajymif;a&TUcJhygonf/
3 vrf;rsm;onf tvGefqdk;&Gm;aomtajctaewGif&Sd raeaMumif;ESifh a&xGufaygufrsm;vnf; jyK vkyfay;xm;aMumif;,lqvufcH&ygonf/

4
Rural Roads and Bridges 5

*spfum;ESifh qdkifu,frsm; twGuf vrf;rsm;? vSnf;vrf;rsm;ESifh vloGm;vrf;rsm;vnf; &Sdygao;onf/


(¤if;vrf; trsm;pkonf csif;jynfe,fwGif &SdNyD; rSwfykHwifvrf; pkpkaygif;\ av;ykHokH;ykH cefYjzpfonf)
Z,m; (2 ) vrf;rsufESmjyif trsdK;tpm;tvdkuf aus;vufvrf; (rdkif)
aus;vufOD;pD; e,fpyfa&;&m
wdkif;a'oBuD; / vloGm;
uGefu&pf / uGefu&pf / pkpkaygif;
jynfe,f ausmuf /*0H ajr ausmuf /*0H ajr vrf;
uwå&m uwå&m
aejynfawmf 61 428 672 – 1162 429
ucsif 96 421 1512 13 482 744 3267 –
u,m; 35 119 220 19 299 323 1015 –
u&if 80 528 532 113 318 222 1793 –
csif; 19 63 1630 8 92 1199 3010 5292
ppfudkif; 245 1466 5655 43 480 646 8536 –
weoFm&D 220 392 1513 39 536 524 3223 –
yJcl; 156 1620 2438 – 4214 –
rauG; 111 1373 4241 – 5725 40
rEÅav; 338 1838 2460 – 4636 –
rGef 185 266 389 55 194 385 1473 –
&cdkif 99 520 1011 38 288 330 2285 –
&efukef 434 206 932 – 1571 –
&Srf; 494 1837 6894 543 2192 2183 14142 –
{&m0wD 245 810 2353 – 3408 –
pkpkaygif; 2817 11886 32450 871 4881 6556 59462 5761
&mcdkifEIef; 5% 20% 55% 1% 8% 11% 100%

ydkrdktqifhjrifhaomvrf;rsm;/ ydkrdktqifhjrifhaom vrf;rsm;ESifh qufoG,fxm;aom aus;vufvrf;rsm;onf


NrdKUe,frsm;? wdkif;a'oBuD; NrdKUawmfrsm;ESifh tjcm;jynfe,fESifh wdkif;rsm;odkY a&muf&Sd qufoG,fay;Edkifonf/
þ ydkítqifhjrifhaom vrf;rsm;udk aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m
0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) omru tjcm;aom 0efBuD;Xmersm; ESifh OD;pD;Xmersm;rS pDrHcefYcGJvsuf &Sdygonf/
ydktqifhjrifhaomvrf;rsm;\ ta&;BuD;qkH; tydkif;rsm;jzpfaom EdkifiHcsif;qufvrf;? jynfe,fcsif;
qufvrf;ESifh wdkif;a'ocsif; qufvrf;? NrdKUawmfESifh NrdKUe,fcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tm;vkH;aygif; t&Snfrdkif
(25,000) tm; aqmufvkyfa&; 0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd vrf;OD;pD;XmerS pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdygonf/
,if;vrf;rsm;udk tjcm;tzGJU tpnf;rsm; (qnfajrmif;OD;pD;Xme? vQyfppfESifh pGrf;tif0efBuD;XmeESifh wyfrawmf
ponfh) rS pDrHcefYcGJaom vrf;rsm;ESifh 0ef;&Hxm;ygonf/ xdkvrf;rsm;rS tcsdKUonf ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;
ajrvrf;rsm; jzpf onf/ (aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD; Xmevrf;rsm;\ 20%) þr[mAsL[mt& xdkvrf;rsm;tm;
oufqdkif&m 0efBuD;XmeESifh OD;pD;XmewdkYrS wm0ef,lNyD; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tjzpf
tqifhjrSifhwifoGm;&rnf jzpfygonf/

aus;vufwHwm;rsm;/ aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;wGif rSwfykHwifxm;aom wHwm;ESifh a&ausmfaygif;


(23,000) ausmf&SdNyD; pkpkaygif; t&Snf (574,000) ayausmf &Sdygonf/ opfom; wHwm;rsm;onf pkpkaygif;\
okH;ykHwpfykH&SdNyD; pkpkaygif;t&Snf\ av;ykHwpfykH &Sdygonf/ a&xkwf>yefrsm;onf pkpkaygif; wHwm; tpif;a&\
(40%) &Sdaomfvnf; pkpkaygif;t&Snf\ (11%)om &Sdygonf/ a&ausmfrsm;onf ydkrdkta&;ygvmNyD;
6 National Strategy for Rural Roads and Access

pkpkaygif;t&Snf\ (10%)&Sdyg onf/ ydkrdkBuD;rm;aom BudK;wHwm;rsm;onf pkpkaygif;wHwm;ta&twGuf\


(1%) om&Sdaomfvnf; pkpkaygif;t&Snf\ (5%) &Sdygonf/ pOfqufrysuf qufoG,fEdkifap&ef twGuf
opfom;wHwm;rsm;tm; ydkrdkcHEdkif&nf tm;aumif;aom wHwm;rsm;jzifh jznf;jznf;csif; tpm;xdk; oGm;&rnf
jzpfonf/
Z,m; (3) aus;vufwHwm;tcsuftvuf
Box
wdkif;a'oBuD; / opfom;wHwm; uGefu&pf wHwm; culvert a&ausmf BudK;wHwm; abvD wHwm;
jynfe,f # ay # ay # ay # ay # ay # ay
aejynfawmf 58 5479 23 1229 129 678 11 718
ucsif 282 10977 176 3498 149 2426 1 400 49 10646
u,m; 175 3654 176 2933 250 1471 25 744
u&if 88 3473 402 10601 415 2610
csif; 124 10598 10 950 246 9049 1 140 75 15770 3 220
ppfudkif; 1452 66651 492 13357 946 9532 251 12990
weoFm&D 382 10806 137 7833 285 1542
yJcl; 976 33911 461 10163 951 5000 21 625 10 1122
rauG; 312 13316 205 5130 546 3602 206 16144 8 3070
rEÅav; 496 17482 386 8095 755 4174 230 22895
rGef 188 5873 689 19254 408 2272 30 244
&cdkif 300 7201 639 17982 1269 6131
&efukef 170 7975 281 9390 369 3197 6 1110
&Srf; 1709 24750 1004 16822 1574 8030 66 402 1 140
{&m0wD 592 36627 447 23910 1042 5834 6 280 1 320
pkpkaygif; 7304 258773 5528 151147 9334 65548 848 55582 134 29946 19 2452
&mcdkifEIef; 31% 45% 24% 26% 40% 11% 4% 10% 1% 5% 0.1% 0.4%
&if;jrpf - DRD August 2016.
3
aus;vufa'oqufoG,fa&;

tusOf;csKyf
aus;vufvrf;rsm;ESifh wHwm;rsm;onf aus;vufae jynfolrsm;tm; 0efaqmifrIESifh
taqmuftODrsm;xH a&muf&SdapNyD; ¤if;wdkY\ pm;0wfaea&;tm; wdk;wuf zGHYNzdK;ap½kHrQru
trsdK;om; pD;yGm;a&; u@wGifvnf; yg0ifcGifhay; vdkuf jcif;yifjzpfonf/ aus;vufa'o
zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;XmerS EdkifiHt0ef; aus;vuf qufoG,fa&; uGif;qif; tcsuftvufrsm;
t& rSwfykHwifxm;&SdNyD;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (22%) rSm tqifhjrifh vrf;r BuD;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufí
vnf;aumif;? rSwfykHwifxm;&SdNyD; aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH; \ (28%)rSm &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh
vrf;rsm; tokH;jyKí vnf;aumif;? r SwfykHwif xm;&SdNyD;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH; \ (36%) rSm aEG&moDüom
oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tokH;jyKí vnf;aumif;ESifh rSwfykHwifxm;&SdNyD;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH; \
(14%) rSm qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifr Ir&&Sdao;yg/ jrefrmEdkifiH twGif; &Sd aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ wpf0uf rSm
qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;r&Sd (odkY) aEG&moD ü om tokH;jyKEdkifNyD; ESpfwpfESpf\ tenf;qkH;aom
tpdwftydkif;ü ½kyfydkif;qdkif&m oD;jcm;&yfwnf aernf jzpfygonf/ þonfrSm vlOD;a& (14)oef;
(aus;vufae vlOD;a& \ 40%)tay: tusdK; oufa&muf aprnfjzpf ygonf/

aus;vufqufoG,fa&;/ aus;vufvrf;rsm;ESifh wHwm;rsm;onf qufoG,fa&;\ tqkH;owf


enf;vrf;wpfckjzpfNyD; aus;vufaejynfolrsm;tm; 0efaqmifrIESifh taqmuf tODrsm;xH a&muf&SdapNyD;
¤if;wdkY\ pm;0wfaea&;tm; wdk;wufzGHYNzdK;ap½kHrQru trsdK;om; pD;yGm;a&;u@wGifvnf; yg0ifcGifh
ay;vdkufjcif;yifjzpfonf/ ydkrdkrsm;jym;aom aus;vuf a'o vlOD;a&rsm;onfyif rdk;a&ESifh a&BuD; a&vQH
rIrsm;aMumifh ajcmufaoGU &moDokH;vrf;rsm; jzwfoef;&ef rjzpfEdkifcsdefwGif aus;vufa'oae jynfolrsm;\
odomaom tcsdK;tqonf vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;rsm; uif;rJhvsuf&Sdygonf/

aus;&GmqufoG,fa&;tqifhrsm;/ 2016ckESpf 'DZifbmvü jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif;&Sd NrdKUe,ftm;vkH;tm;


aus;&Gmtqifh tcsuftvufrsm; aumufcHcJhygonf/ pm&if;&&Sdonfh aus;&Gmaygif; 57228 &Gm&SdNyD;
tqdkyg aus;&GmteufrS aus;&Gmaygif; 12405 (22% pm&if; &&Sdonfhaus;&Gm 57228 4) &Gmonf tqifhjrifh
vrf;rBuD;ESifhvnf;aumif;? aus;&Gm 16238 (28% pm&if;&&Sdonfhaus;&Gm 57228&Gm) &Gmonf &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; vnf;aumif;?aus;&Gm 20355 (36% pm&if;&&Sdonfhaus;&Gm 57228&Gm)
&Gmonf ajcmufaoGU &moDüvnf;aumif;ESifhaus;&Gm 8230 &Gm(14% pm&if; &&Sdonfh aus;&Gm 57228&Gm)

4 pm&if;&Sdaus;&Gmaygif; 63860 teuf aus;&Gmaygif; 6167 &GmrSm (10%) rSm (zsufpD;cH&jcif;odkY pGefYcGmoGm;jcif;aMumifh) rwnf&Sdawmhjcif; (odkYr[kwf)
tjcm;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\ pDrHcefYcGJrIatmufa&muf&SdoGm;jcif; (Oyrm/ &efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD) wdkYjzpfNyD; ESifh aus;&Gmaygif; 465 &Gm
(0.7%) twGufudkrltcsuftvufrsm;&&Sdjcif;r&SdcJhyg/

7
8 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

onf qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;r&Sdao;ay/rSwfykHwifNyD; aus;&Gmrsm;\ xuf0ufausmfonf


ajcmufaoGU&moDoGm;vrf; tokH;jyKEdkifaomvrf; tjzpf vnf;aumif;? qufoG,foGm;vm&ef vrf;r&Sd tjzpf
wnf&Sdaejcif;udk qdkvdkygonf/

vlOD;a&q,foG,fa&;tqifhrsm;/ 2014ckESpf vlOD;a&oef;acgifpm&if;rsm;rS aus;&Gm vlOD;a&


tcsuftvufudk udk;um; ygonf/ vlOD;a& rsm;jym;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD; wdkuf½dkuf
qufoG,fjcif;ESifh &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tokH;jyKEdkif&ef &nf&G,fygonf/vlOD;a&
enf;yg;aomaus;&Gmrsm;ü vrf;r&Sdaomaus;&Gmrsm;tm; ajcmufaoGU &moDü tokH;jyKEdkif&ef &nf&G,fygonf/
aus;vufae vlOD;a& (9.4) oef; (aus;&Gmae vlOD;a&pkpkaygif;\ 28%)onf tqifhjrifhvrf;rBuD;ESifh
qufoG,foGm; vrf;rsm;tm; vnf;aumif;? aus;vufaevlOD;a& (10.2) oef; (aus;&Gmae vlOD;a&
pkpkaygif;\ 30%) onf &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;tjzpf tokH;jyKonfhvrf;rsm;tm;
vnf;aumif;? vlOD;a& (10.1)oef; (aus;&GmaevlOD;a& pkpkaygif;\ 28%)onf ajcmufaoGU&moDü tokH;jyK
onfh vrf;rsm;tm; vnf;aumif; tokH;jyKEdkifMuNyD; aus;vufae vlOD;a&(4)oef; (aus;&Gmae vlOD;a&
pkpkaygif;\ 11%)onf qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf; r&Sdao;ay/5
Z,m; (4) cefYrSef; vlOD;a& qufoG,fa&; tqifhrsm; 'DZifbmv 2016 (#)
tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD; aEG&moDwGifom
pkpkaygif; &moDra&G; qufoG,f vrf; r&Sd
wdkif;a'oBuD; / qufoG,f qufoG,f
jynfe,f vlOD;a& vlOD;a& vlOD;a& vlOD;a& vlOD;a&
aus;&Gm aus;&Gm aus;&Gm aus;&Gm aus;&Gm
(oef;) (oef;) (oef;) (oef;) (oef;)
aejynfawmf 788 0.8 347 0.4 213 0.2 142 0.1 86 0.1
ucsif 1175 1.0 447 0.5 204 0.3 298 0.1 226 0.0
u,m; 501 0.2 189 0.1 149 0.1 131 0.0 32 0.0
u&if 1918 1.2 324 0.3 670 0.5 364 0.2 560 0.1
csif; 1330 0.4 150 0.1 126 0.0 618 0.2 436 0.1
ppfudkif; 5955 4.4 1465 1.2 1675 1.3 2070 1.4 745 0.5
weoFm&D 1010 0.9 308 0.3 312 0.3 245 0.2 145 0.1
yJcl; 6188 3.7 1289 0.9 2846 1.5 1521 0.9 532 0.4
rauG; 4754 3.3 1062 0.8 1082 0.8 1657 1.1 953 0.6
rEÅav; 4779 4.0 1296 1.3 1932 1.7 1433 1.0 118 0.1
rGef 1143 1.4 524 0.6 470 0.7 130 0.1 19 0.0
&cdkif 3727 1.7 799 0.4 618 0.3 895 0.4 1415 0.6
&efukef 2017 1.7 404 0.5 736 0.6 645 0.4 232 0.1
&Srf; 10140 3.8 2315 1.1 2812 1.1 4511 1.4 502 0.2
{&m0wD 11803 5.2 1486 0.8 2393 1.0 5695 2.5 2229 1.1
pkpkaygif; 57228 33.7 12405 9.4 16238 10.2 20355 10.1 8230 4.0
&mcdkifEIef; 100% 100% 22% 28% 28% 30% 36% 30% 14% 12%

aus;&Gmpkpkaygif;\ xuf0uf (aus;&Gm 28500 ausmf) ESifh aus;vufvlOD;a&\ ig;ykHESpfykHcefY (cefYrSef;ajc


aus;vuf vlOD;a&aygif; (14)oef;) onf vuf&SdwGif ESpfwpfESpf \ wpfpdwfwpfa'owGif oD;jcm;
&yfwnf&rIudk &ifqdkif ae&ygonf/ usefaom ydkrdkBuD;rm;onfh aus;&Gmrsm;wGif aexdkifMuaom aus;vuf

5 cefYrSef;ajctm;jzifh vlOD;a& 0.3 oef;cefYrSDwif;aexdkifaomaus;&Gmaygif; 465 &GmtwGuf &Gmt0iftxGufvrf;rsm;\tcsuftvufrsm;tm;


&&SdEdkifjcif; r&SdcJhyg/
aus;vufa'oqufoG,fa&; 9

vlOD;a&wdkYrSm tqifhjrifhaom vrf;rsm;6 odkYr[kwf &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifaomvrf; rsm;jzifhcsdwfqufxm;


ygonf/ (aus;&Gm pkpkaygif;\ 50% ESifh aus;vuf a'o vlOD;a&pkpkaygif;\ 58%)

yHk (8) 2016 ckESpf cefYrSef;aus;&GmqufoG,fa&;tqifh(%)


100% 2% 2%
6% 9% 5%
11% 13% 14% 11% 12% 14%
90% 19% 20% 19%
29% 33%
26% 30% 38%
80% 18% 25%
24% 32% 44%
70% 25% 35% 36%
41%
19% 35%
60%
27% 48%
30%
50% 24%
17% 31% 40%
46% 46%
40% 28% 36% 28% 28%
35% 23%
30% 17%
44% 46% 20%
20% 38% 38%
9% 30% 27%
25% 21% 22% 21% 23% 22%
10% 17% 20%
11% 13%
0%

m0w
D
{&
t"duvrf;rBuD; qufoG,frI &moDra&G; toHk;jyK aus;vufvrf; qufoG,frI ajcmufaoGY &moD toHk;jyK aus;vufvrf ; qufoG,frI qufoG,frIvrf; r&Sd

&if;jrpf - DRD, 2014 census, ADB TA-8788.

aus;vufo,f,lydkYaqmifa&;0efaqmifrIrsm;/ þr[mAsL[monf aus;vufa'o o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;


tajccHtaqmuftOD txl;ojzifh vrf;rsm;tm; t"du tav;xm;aomfvnf; aus;vufa'o o,f,l
ydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrIrsm;\ ta&;ygrIudkvnf; *½kjyK&rnfjzpfonf/aus;vufaejynfol trsm;pkonf
¤if;wdkY tokH;jyK&ef udk,fydkifydkYaqmifa&;,mOfrsm; r&SdMuyJ trsm;jynfolokH; o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;
0efaqmifrIrsm;udkom tm;xm;&onf/ trsm;ydkif o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;rsm;odkY a&muf&SdEdkifjcif; r&Sdygu
vltrsm;pk taejzifh vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;\ aumif;usdK;rsm;udk cHpm;od&SdcGifh&rnf r[kwfyg/
udk,fydkif,mOf&Sdaom tdrfeD;em;csif;rsm;rS zefwD;ay;aom trsm;ydkif o,f,lydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrI
rsm;onf ykHaovrf;aMumif;rsm;twGuf o,f,lydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrIudk ykHpHwus jzpfap&ef vlESifh
ukefypönf;rsm; twGuf tajccH o,f,l ydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrIudk zefwD;ay; Edkifygonf/ xdkuJhodkYaom
0efaqmifrIonf ydkYaqmifa&;ESifhqufoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme (MoTC) vufatmuf &Sd ukef;vrf; ydkYaqmifa&;
ñTefMum;rI OD;pD;Xme (RTAD) wGif ukef;vrf;o,f,lydkYaqmifa&; vkyfief;vdkifpif &,l&efvdktyfygonf/
tm&SzGHYNzdK;a&;bPf ADB \ rMumao;rDu avhvmawGU&Sdcsufrsm;7 t& aus;vufa'o o,f,l
ydkYaqmifa&;onf oifhwifhaom 0efaqmifcrsm;jzifh 0,fvdktm;udk jznfhwif; EdkifaMumif;awGU&Sd&NyD; vrf;yef;
qufoG,fa&; rsm;udk aocsmpGm zefwD;ay;ygu 0efaqmifrIrsm; vsifjrefpGm wdk;wufvmEdkifygonf/ odkYaomf
wdk;wufoGm;aom vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;rS arQmfrSef;xm;aom tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm; trSefwu,f&&Sd aMumif;
aocsmap&ef pOfqufrjywf apmifhMunfhoGm;&ef vdktyfonf/

6 rSwfom;&rnfrSm tcsdKUaom tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;onf vuf&SdtcsdefwGif ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;vrf;rsm; tjzpfom azmufvkyf xm;jcif; jzpfaomaMumifh


tjcm;aom &moDumvrsm;wGif tokH;jyKí r&Edkifyg/
7 Myanmar Transport Sector Policy Note: Rural Roads and Access, Asian Development Bank, 2016.
4
OD;wnfcsufrsm;ESifhtajccHpnf;rsOf;rsm;

tusOf;csKyf
jrefrm Edik if aH wmf tpd;k &\ a&&Snzf NYHG zKd ; wd;k wufrI OD;wnfcsuo f nf jrefrmEdik if t
H wGi;f &Sd aus;&Gmrsm;tm;
&moDra&G; qufo, G o f mG ;vmEdik rf u I kd yHyh ;kd ay;&ef &nfreS ;f xm;&Syd gonf/ þ r[mAsL[mu
Edik if aH wmftpd;k &rS Edik if wH iG ;f &Sd wdik ;f a'o Bu;D ESihf jynfe,frsm; twGi;f &Sd rSwyf w Hk if xm;aom
aus;&Gmrsm;\ (90%) tm; vrf;yef; qufo, G af &; (tenf;qk;H rSwyf w Hk if xm; aomaus;&Gm rsm;\ 80%
tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdik af om vrf;yef;qufo, G af &; tygt0if) tm; vmrnfh 2030 txd pkpak ygi;f
(15) ESpt f wGi;f aqmif &Guv f rd rhf nfjzpfonf/ þ r[mAsL[mrS &moDra&G; oGm;vm Edik o f nfvh rf;rsm;
tok;H jyK Edik &f ef vlO;D a& (1000) ESit hf xuf rSwyf w Hk ifxm;&Sad om aus;&GmBu;D rsm; tm;vk;H udk 2020
ckEpS üf vnf;aumif;? vlO;D a& (500) ESihf txuf&dS rSwyf w Hk ifxm;&Sad om aus;&Gmrsm;\ (95%) tm;
2025 ckEpS üf vnf;aumif; &nfreS ;f xm;&So d mG ;vdrhf rnfjzpfygonf/ 2030 ckEpS üf rSwyf w Hk ifxm;
&Sad om aus;&Gmtm;vk;H \ (90%) tm; vrf;rsm;jzifh qufo, G f oGm;vmEdik rf nf jzpfNy;D aus;vufae
vlO;D a&\ (95%) tm; tusKd ;jyKaprnf jzpfygonf/ þr[mAsL[mrS wnf&NdS y;D aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm;
tqifjh ri§ w hf ifjcif;ESihf vrf;topfrsm; azmufvyk af y;oGm;rnf jzpfojzifh &moDra&G;oGm;vrf;
tok;H jyKEikd o f nfh vlO;D a& (10) oef;ESihf ajcmufaoG&U moDo;Hk vrf; tok;H jyK Edik o f nfh vlO;D a& (3) oef;
xyfaqmif;í tusKd ;jyK aprnf jzpfygonf/ qufo, G of nfh vrf;tqifrh sm; a&&Snw f nfwahH p&ef
jyifqifxed ;f odr;f jcif; vkyif ef;rsm;jzifh rdwq f uf aqmif&u G o f mG ;rnf jzpfyg onf/

a&&SnfwnfwHhaom zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; yef;wdkifrsm; (SDGs) tm; taxmuftul jzpfap&ef twGuf


jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh aus;vufa'o vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;udk yHhydk;ay;jcif;tm;jzifh
aus;vufae jynfolrsm;tm; 0efaqmifrIrsm;ESifh vdktyfcsufrsm;udk jrSifhwifay;&ef &nf&G,fvsuf
&Sdygonf/ aus;vufa'oae jynfolrsm;taejzifh vrf;yef; qufoG,fa&;udk wpfESpfywfvkH; &&Sd tokH;jyK
EdkifaMumif; aocsmap&ef twGuf jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh aus;&Gmrsm;udk csdwfqufay;rnfh
aus;vufa'ovrf;rsm;udk &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;pHEIef;jzifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;rsm;? topf
azmufvkyfjcif;rsm;udk vkyfaqmifoGm;rnf jzpfygonf/

r[mAsL[m&nfrSef;csuf/ jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&\ a&&SnfzGHYNzdK;wdk;wufrI OD;wnfcsuf onf jrefrmEdkifiH


twGif;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;tm; &moDra&G; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrIudk yHhydk;ay;&efjzpfonf/ þ OD;wnfcsufudk
taxmuftul jzpfap&eftwGuf ,ck aus;vufa'o vrf;rsm;qdkif&m trsdK;om;tqifhr[mAsL[mu
EdkifiHawmftpdk;& &nfrSef;xm;onfh vmrnfh 2030 txd pkpkaygif; (15 )ESpf ESpf&Snfumvü EdkifiHwGif;&Sd
wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm; twGif;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;\ tenf;qkH; (80%) tm;

10
OD;wnfcsufrsm;ESifhtajccHpnf;rsOf;rsm; 11

&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifaom vrf;qufoG,fa&;tm; aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh aus;vufae vlOD;a& (10) oef;


tm; xyfaqmif;í tusdK;jyK aprnf jzpfonf/

yHk (9) r[mAsL[mOD;wnfcsuf


jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD;toD;oD;&SdrSwfykHwifxm;aomaus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%)
tm; &moDra&G;oGm;vmtokH;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;rsm;qufoG,f
aqmif&Guf&ef2030 ckESpfwGifEdkifiHtwGif;&Sdaus;vufaevlOD;a& (10)
oef;xyfaqmif;í wpfESpfywf vkH;qufoG,foGm;vmEdkif&efaqmif&Gufay;jcif;

&if;jrpf - Regional Road and Bridge Development Steering Committee.

aus;&Gmt&G,ftpm;/ aus;vufa'oae jynfolrsm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tokH;jyK


rIaMumifh &&Sdvmaom tusdK;jzpf xGef;rIrsm;tm; jr§ifhwifay;Edkif&eftwGuf EdkifiHawmf tpdk;&taejzifh vlOD;a&
ydkrdkxlxyfaom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; OD;pm;ay;í vrf;yef; qufoG,fa&;tm; azmfaqmif ay;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
EdkifiHawmftpdk;&taejzifh vlOD;a& (1000) xufydkaom aus;&Gmrsm;udk OD;pm;ay;oGm;rnf jzpfNyD; 2020
trD8 &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;rsm;jzifh aus;&Gmtm;vkH;tm;csdwfqufNyD; jzpfae&rnf[k arQmfrSef;
xm;onf/ 'kwd,OD;pm;ay; taejzifh vlOD;a& (500) ESifh txuf&Sdaom aus;&Gmrsm;\ (95%) tm;
2025 trD? wwd,OD;pm;ay; taejzifh vlOD;a& (250) ESifhtxuf &Sdaom aus;&Gmrsm;\ tenf;qkH;
(75%) ESifh vlOD;a& (250) ESifhatmuf &Sdaom aus;&Gmrsm;\ tenf;qkH; (50%) tm; 2030 trD &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;Edkif&ef EdkifiHawmftpdk;&rS arQmfrSef;xm;ygonf/ wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh
jynfe,ftm;vkH;onf vlOD;a& tay: rlwnfrI r&SdbJ wlnDaom tusdK; aus;Zl;rsm; cHpm;cGifh&aMumif;
aocsmap&ef twGuf EdkifiHawmftpdk;&taejzifh wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,fwdkif;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom
aus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay; oGm; rnfjzpfonf/

vlOD;a& rsm;jym;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; OD;pm;ay;jcif;udk EdkifiHawmftpdk;&taejzifh 2030 trD EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd


aus;vufa'oae vlOD;a& (10)oef;rSm &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; xyfrH tokH;jyK Edkifojzifh
aus;vufae vlOD;a& pkpkaygif;\ (90%)tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vm Edkifonfhvrf;rsm; yHhydk;ay;oGm;Edkifrnf
jzpfygonf/ xdkYtjyif EdkifiHawmftpdk;&rS 2030 trD EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm;&Sd
aus;&Gmpkpkaygif;\ (90%)? aus;vufa'oae vlOD;a&\ (95%) twGuf vrf;yef;qufoG,frI enf;vrf;
wpfckck &&Sdap&ef &nf&G,fí xyfwdk; aus;&Gmaygif; (6700) twGuf ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; vrf;rsm;tm; xyfrH
yHhydk;ay;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/

tusKH;0ifonfhaus;&Gmrsm;/ EdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh jynfxJa&;0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd taxGaxG


tkyfcsKyfa&; OD;pD;Xme (GAD) rS xkwfjyefaom jyefwrf; twGif; rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm;
csdwfqufay;&ef &nfrSef;xm;onf/ 2015 rwfv txd wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f (14) ck? aejynfawmf
aumifpDe,fajr? udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&a'o (5) ckESifh udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh& wdkif;a'oBuD; (1) ck &Sd
NrdKUe,f (330)9 ESifh (74) a'owGif jyefYESHYvsuf&Sdaom aus;&Gmaygif; (63860) &Sdygonf/ aus;&Gmaygif;

8 xdkaus;&GmBuD;rsm; teuf okH;ykHESpfykHyrmP&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;tm; tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;odkYr[kwf okH;&moDokH; aus;vufvrf;rsm;jzifh qufoG,fay;xm;NyD;


jzpfygonf/
9 NrdKUe,faygif; 330 &Sdonfhteuf 297 NrdKUe,fwGifom rSwfykHwifNyD; aus;&Gmpm&if;&SdNyD; usef&Sdaom 33 NrdKUe,fwGif NrdKUjya'orsm; yg0ifygonf/
&efukefwdkif; twGif;&Sd rSwfykHwifNyD; aus;&Gmpm&if;&Sdaom NrdKUe,frsm;xJrS 6 NrdKUe,f twGif;&Sd vrf;rsm;tm; &efukefNrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;
aumfrwDrS vTJajymif;pDrHtkyfcsKyfvsuf&Sdygonf/
12 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

(6600) cefY onf NrdKUjyodkY ajymif;vJoGm;jcif;? pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDtzGJUrsm;\ pDrHcefYcGJrIESifh


&Gmajymif;jcif;? &Gmaygif;pnf;jcif; jzpfay:ojzifh usef&Sdonfh aus;&Gmaygif; (57228) cefY tm; r[mAsL[mü
&nfrSef;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/

aus;&GmwpfcsdKUonf ¤if;wdkY wnf&Sd&m a'owGif; vkHjcHKa&; tajctaersm;aMumifh taxGaxG


tkyfcsKyfa&; OD;pD;Xme (GAD) ü rSwfykHwif&jcif; r&Sdao;yg/ þodkYaom vkHjcHKa&; tajctaersm;aMumifh
EdkifiHawmf tpdk;& taejzifh aus;vufa'o vrf;yef;qufoG,frI uGef,uf zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;twGuf
,if;&Gmrsm;tm; xda&mufpGm tultnD ay;EdkifrI r&Sdyg/ ¤if;&Gmrsm;ESifh ywfoufaom wdusrSefuefonfh
tcsuftvufrsm;vnf; r&&SdEdkifao;yg/ xdkYaMumifh ¤if;&Gmrsm;tm; þ r[mAsL[mtwGif; xnfhoGif;
xm;jcif; r&Sdao;yg/ odkYaomf EdkifiHawmftpdk;&taejzifh ,if; vkHjcHKa&;jyóemrsm;tm; pOfqufrjywf
ajz&Sif; aqmif&Guf&ef &nfrSef;xm;NyD; aus;&Gmrsm;tm; ykHpHwus rSwfykHwifí r[mAsL[m twGif; xnfhoGif;
aqmif&GufoGm;Edkif&ef vkyfaqmif oGm;ygrnf/
5
t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;

tusOf;csKyf
NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;ü t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;jzifh owfrSwfaqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/
t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;tm; rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gm tcsif;csif; qufvrf;rsm;? t"du
vrf;rBuD;? tqifhjrifhvrf;rBuD;jzifh qufoG,fonfhvrf;rsm; vdktyfrnfjzpfNyD; tenf;qkH;aom
vrf;uGef,ufudk tokH;jyKoGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ tqifhjrifhvrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh wdkuf½dkufcsdwfqufrI
r&Sdaom rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;onf t"duaus;&Gmcsif;quf vrf;wpfvrf; azmufvkyf&ef
vdktyfygonf/ aus;&Gm toD;oD;wdkYtm; aus;&Gmtkyfpk? NrdKUESifh tqifhjrifhvrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh
qufoG,fjcif;jzifh vnf;aumif;? c½dkif? jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;&Sd NrdKUBuD;rsm;ESifh jrefrmEdkifiHtwGif;
usef&Sdonfh ae&mrsm; qufoG,fjcif;jzifh vnf;aumif; aqmif&Gufay;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH
twGif;ü rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm; qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkifap&ef t"du aus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf;
rdkif aygif; (69000) cefYrSef; wGufcsuf&&Sdonf/ vuf&Sd wnf&SdNyD; aus;vufvrf; (54000) rdkif onf
t"du aus;&Gmcsif;vrf; (CRRN) tpdwftydkif; pOf;pm;rnf jzpfonf/ þ tpdwftydkif;ü wnf&SdNyD;
&moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rdkifaygif; (20500) rdkif omru wnf&SdNyD; ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;
vrf;rdkifaygif; (33600) rdkif yg0ifrnf jzpfonf/ usef&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh qufoG,f
oGm;vmEdkifrI r&Sdonfh aus;&Gm qufoG,f oGm;vm Edkifap&ef t"duaus;&Gmcsif;quf vrf;topf
rdkifaygif; (15000) rdkif azmufvkyf&ef vdktyfrnfjzpfonf/ NrdKUe,f toD;oD; twGuf t"du
aus;&Gmcsif;vrf;rsm;\ trSef wu,f t&G,ftpm;ESifh ajrjyiftajctaetm; 2017 ckESpf 'DZifbmvü
qkH;jzwfoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;vufvrf;rsm; tm;vkH;\ 0daoo vu©Pmrsm;tm;
aus;vufvrf; tcsuftvufrsm;pepfjzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfNyD; pDrHudef;a&;qGJjcif;ESifh
apmifhMunfh ppfaq;jcif;rsm;yg aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/

t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (Core Rural Road Network , CRRN)/ þr[mAsL[m \ OD;wnfcsufrsm;


&&Sdap&ef aus;vufa'o vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;twGuf &Edkifaom &efyHkaiGrsm; tqifhrSDrSD tusdK;&Sd&Sd
tokH;jyKaMumif; aocsmap&eftwGuf t"du aus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf; (CRRN) t,ltqudk tokH;jyK
oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ CRRN onf NrdKUe,fwpfck\ tenf;qkH; aus;vufvrf; uGef,ufwGif aus;&Gmtm;vkH;
wpfckESifhwpfck qufoG,frI &Sdae &rnfjzpfNyD; ydkrdktqifhjrifhaomaus;vufvrf;uGef,ufESifhqufvuf
csdwfqufrIudk udk,fpm; jyK onf/ CRRN rS wqifh aus;&Gmrsm;onf EdkifiHawmfrS jznfhqnf; ay;xm;aom
0efaqmifrIESifh taqmuftODrsm; tm;vkH;qDodkY a&muf&SdqufoG,fEdkifaprnfh aus;&Gmtkyfpkrsm;? NrdKUe,f?
c½dkif? wdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,f? t"du NrdKUBuD;rsm;ESifh qufoG,frI vrf;aMumif; &&SdEdkifrnfjzpfonf/

13
14 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

ydkrdktqifhjrifhaom aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd vrf;rsm; odkYr[kwf qnfajrmif;OD;pD;Xme


odkYr[kwf vQyfppfESifhpGrf;tif0efBuD;XmerS wdkuf½dkufpDrHaom ydkrdk tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;ESifh wdkuf½dkuf
csdwfqufxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; csdwfqufxm;NyD;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tjzpf owfrSwfí CRRN \
oD;oefY csdwfqufay;rIudk yHhydk;ay;rnf r[kwfyg/ tjcm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm;vkH;udk CRRN vrf;[k
ac:aom aus;vufvrf; wpfvrf;jzifh csdwfqufay;rnf jzpfonf/ aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf aus;vufvrf;
wpfvrf;wnf;jzifhom csdwfqufxm;ygu xdkvrf;tm; CRRN \ wpfpdwfwpfa'o tjzpf owfrSwf rnf/
tu,fí aus;&Gm wpf&Gmonf vrf;wpfckxuf ydkí csdwfqufxm;ygu taumif;qkH;vrf;tm; vrf;t&Snf?
vrf; rsufESmjyiftrsdK;tpm;? tajctaeESifh jzwfoef;oGm;vmrI yrmPwdkY tay: rlwnfí a&G;cs,fNyD;
CRRN \ tpdwftydkif; wpfcktjzpf owfrSwfay;oGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ tu,fí aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf
rnfonfh vrf;ESifhrS csdwfqufxm;jcif; r&Sdygu wdusrSefuefaom vrf;tlaMumif;topfudk azmfaqmif
oGm; rnfjzpfNyD; ,if;udk vrf;opf azmufvkyfa&;twGuf CRRN \ tpdwftydkif;wpfcktjzpf
xnfhoGif;oGm;rnf/10 CRRN wGifcsdwfqufaeaom &Gmrsm;&Sd wnf&SdNyD;om; vrf;wpfvrf;ESifh csdwfqufrI
r&Sdao; aom&Gmrsm; tcsif;csif; qufoG,fay;&eftwGuf vrf;opfazmufvkyfa&; vrf;tlaMumif; topf
yg0ifrnfjzpfonf/ pD;yGm;a&;t& odkYr[kwf ,Ofaus;rIt& ta&;BuD;aom ae&mrsm;tm; wpfckwnf;aom
vrf;yef;qufoG,frI uefYowfcsuf twdkif; CRRN jzifh csdwfquf ay;oGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ (Oyrm/ /
bkef;BuD;ausmif;rsm;? urÇmvSnfh c&D;oGm;qdkif&m ae&mrsm;? ta&;BuD;aom pdkufysdK;a&;qdkif&m ae&mrsm;?
e,fpyfywfvrf;rsm; tp&Sdonf)
ykH (10) t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;

t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (CRRN) onf NrdKUe,f wpfNrdKUe,f


twGif;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm; tcsif;csif;ESifh ydkrdktqifhjrifhaom vrf;uGef,ufodkY
csdwfqufay;Edkifaom tenf;qkH; aus;vuf vrf; uGef,ufyifjzpfonf/
yy tu,fí aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf ydkrdktqifhjrifhaom vrf;jzifh
csdwfqufxm;ygu CRRN vrf; vdktyfrnf r[kwfyg/
yy tu,fí aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf aus;vufvrf;wpfvrf;wnf;jzifhom
csdwfqufxm; ygu xdkvrf;tm; CRRN vrf;tjzpf owfrSwfonf/
yy tu,fí aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf wpfvrf;xufru ydkí
csdwfqufxm;ygu taumif;qkH;vrf;tm; a&G;cs,fí CRRN
vrf;tjzpf owfrSwfonf/
yy tu,fí aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf rnfonfhvrf;ESifhrS
rcsdwfqufxm;ygu rSefuef aomvrf;tlaMumif;udk a&G;cs,fí
vrf;opfazmufvkyfa&;twGuf CRRN \ tpdwftydkif;wpfcktjzpf
owfrSwfonf/

&if;jrpf - DRD, ADB TA-8788.

10 tcsdKUaom tajctaersm;wGif aus;&GmtwGuf azmufvkyfay;xm;aomvrf;onf tqdkyg aus;&Gm\ woD;woef YaexdkifrIp½dkufESifh vlOD;a&


enf;yg;jcif;rsm;aMumifh tokH;r0ifjcif;rsm;vnf; &Sdwwfygonf/ xdkodkYaomaus;&Gmrsm; twGufudkrl CRRN wGif vrf;qufoG,frIrsm;xnfhoGif;ay;
oGm;rnf r[kwfyJtjcm;aom jzwfoef;oGm;vm0ifa&mufqufoG,frIjyK Edkifrnfh enf;vrf;rsm;udkompDpOfowfrSwfay;oGm;ygrnf/
t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; 15

t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (CRRN) twdkif;twm/ jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd NrdKUe,f trsm;pktwGuf CRRN


owfrSwf&ef vdktyfaeao;onf/ [oFmwc½dkif? jrif;NcHc½dkifESifh vif;ac;c½dkif twGif;&Sd NrdKUe,f (14) ckü
prf;oyf avhvmrIrsm;jzifh t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN) owfrSwf a&;qGJcJhonf/ prf;oyf
avhvmrIrsm;t& jynfwGif;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom &Gmrsm;tm;vkH;udk csdwfqufEdkif&eftwGuf (69,000)
rdkif&Snfaom t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; vdktyfaeao;aMumif; awGU&Sd&ygonf/ (þ aus;&Gmrsm;\
wpfpdwfwpfa'oudk csdwfqufay;aeonfh ydkrdktqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;ESifh CRRN vrf;rsm; tcsif;csif; csdwfquf
ay;xm;jcif; tjyif xyfwdk;í)

vuf&Sdwnf&SdNyD; aus;vufvrf;rsm;\ (90%) eD;yg; CRRN tpdwftydkif;tjzpf ,lqrnfjzpfonf/


(aus;&Gmrsm; (odkY) tjcm; {&d,mrsm;jzifh qufoG,fonfh CRRN r&Sdao; onfh vrf;rsm; (10%)
pOf;pm;xm;onf) prf;oyfavhvmrIrS xyfrH,lqí &EdkifonfrSm (20,460) rdkif&Sdaom wnf&SdNyD; &moDra&G;
tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm; (CRRN \ 30%)? (33,640) rdkif&Sdaom &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;
tjzpf tqifhjrSifhwif&ef vdktyfvsuf&Sdaom wnf&SdNyD; ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;vrf;rsm; (CRRN \ 49%)
tygt0if wnf&SdNyD;jzpfonfh aus;vufvrf;rsm; tm;vkH;eD;yg;onf CRRN \ wpdwfwpfa'o tjzpf yg0if
aeNyD; wnf&SdNyD;aom CRRN vrf; (54,000) rdkifausmf &Sdygonf/ vrf;yef;qufoG,frI uif;rJhvsuf&Sdaom
&Gmaygif; (8,230) tm; csdwfqufay;Edkif&ef twGuf xyfwdk; CRRN vrf;opf (15,000) rdkif (CRRN \
22%)xyfrHazmufvkyf&ef vdktyfrnfjzpfNyD; xdkrSom CRRN tNyD;owfEdkifrnf[k prf;oyfavhvmrIrS
cefYrSef;xm;ygonf/11
Z,m; (5) cefYrSef;xm;aom CRRN t&Snf (rdkifaygif;)
CRRN &SdNyD; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkif &SdNyD; aEG&moDwGifom CRRN topf
wdkif;a'oBuD; /
vrf; CRRN oGm;vmEdkif CRRN &SdNyD; CRRN azmufvkyf&ef
jynfe,f
rdkif rkdif &mcdkifEIef; rdkif &mcdkifEIef; rdkif rdkif &mcdkifEIef;
aejynfawmf 880 490 56 220 25 710 170 20
ucsif 2910 1010 35 1000 34 2010 900 31
u,m; 780 470 61 230 29 700 80 10
u&if 2910 1040 36 750 26 1790 1120 38
csif; 4720 180 4 2800 59 2980 1740 37
ppfudkif; 8980 2240 25 5260 59 7490 1490 17
weoFm&D 2110 1190 56 490 23 1670 440 21
yJcl; 5010 1780 35 2440 49 4210 800 16
rauG; 7380 1480 20 3990 54 5480 1910 26
rEÅav; 4810 2180 45 2460 51 4640 180 4
rGef 1240 700 57 500 40 1200 40 3
&cdkif 5120 940 18 1340 26 2290 2830 55
&efukef 1610 640 40 740 46 1380 230 14
&Srf; 15650 5070 32 9080 58 14140 1510 10
{&m0wD 4970 1060 21 2350 47 3410 1560 31
pkpkaygif; 69090 20460 30 33640 49 54090 14990 22
&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

11
þodkYtm;jzifh pm&if;&Sdaus;&Gmrsm; tm;vkH;onf vrf;yef; qufoG,frIrsm; &&Sdxm;onf[k ,lq&ygonf/ vufawGUwGifrl vrf;yef;
qufoG,fa&;rsm;onf jzpfEdkifajc tNrJwrf; r&SdEdkifjcif;rsm;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;t&a vsmfuefoifhjrwfrI r&Sdjcif;rsm;aMumifh CRRN \ vrf;yef;
qufoG,fa&;yrmPtm; avsmhcs&efvdktyf ygonf/
16 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

ykH (11) cefYrSef; CRRN t&Snf (rdkifaygif;)


16000

14000

12000

10000

8000

6000

4000

2000

0
mf

csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&
w
ae

&moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfh CRRN ajcmufaoGY&moDwGiftoHk;jyKEdkifonfh CRRN CRRN r&Sdao;

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

t"duvrf;rsm;uGef,uf (CRRN) rsm; owfrSwfjcif;tm; NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;ü 2017 ckESpf twGif;


aqmif&GufoGm;ygrnf/ aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmeESifh e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xmersm;rS
0efxrf;rsm;ESifh aus;&Gmae aus;&Gmtkyfpkacgif;aqmifrsm; yl;aygif; í CRRN jyifqifjcif;vkyfief;rsm;
aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ aus;&GmtqifhrS NrdKUe,f? c½dkifESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;/jynfe,f tqifh?oufqdkif&m
0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;xH wifjyí twnfjyKcsuf &,loGm;rnf jzpfygonf/
2017 ckESpf 'DZifbmvü CRRN rsm; aqmif&Gufjcif;rsm; NyD;pD;rnf jzpfonf/ CRRN vrf;rsm;onf
aus;vufvrf; tcsuftvufrsm; tjzpf xnfhoGif;oGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ þ tcsuftvufrsm;onf
rwlnDonfh vuf&Sd t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN) ESifh pDrHrIrsm;tm; owfrSwfoGm;rnf
jzpfNyD; aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\ wdk;wufrI apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;ESifh tqifhtwef; owfrSwfrIrsm;
aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/
6
aus;vufa'ovrf;pHEIef;rsm;ESifhowfrSwfcsufrsm;

tusOf;csKyf
jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&tzGJUonf ajcmufaoGU&moDESifh rdk;&moD ESpf&moDvkH; qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkif&ef
&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm;jzifh aqmuf&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH
twGif; rwlnDaom e,fajr{&d,mrsm;twGuf oifhavsmfonfh 'DZdkif;owfrSwfcsufrsm; trsdK;om;
tqifh aus;vufvrf; pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm; (NRRSS) jyifqifoGm;vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/

aus;vufvrf;rsm; pDrHcefYcGJonfh tqifhtwef; (3) rsdK; cGJjcm; owfrSwfoGm;rnf jzpfonf/


aus;vufvrf; tqifh twef; (u) onf t"du vrf;rBuD; rsm; (odkY) NrdKU (odkY) NrdKUawmfrsm; wdkuf½dkuf
csdwfqufygonf/ ,if;wGif aus;&GmBuD; wpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (1000)ESifh txuf (odkY) aus;&Gm
rsm;pGm\ pkpkaygif; vlOD;a& (1000)ESifh txufwdkYtm; csdwfqufay;onfh vrf;rwpfckvnf; ygonf/
aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef; (c)onf t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; usef&Sdonfh vrf;rsm;yg0ifNyD;
vlOD;a& tenf;i,f twGuf tokH;jyK rnfjzpfNyD; aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef;(u)tm; tMurf;zsOf;
tm;jzifh csdwfqufrnf jzpfonf/ aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef; (*) onf t"du aus;&Gm
qufvrf; r[kwfonfh vrf;rsm; jzpfNyD; pdkufysdK;a&; {&d,mESifh tjcm;a0vHaom ae&ma'orsm;tm;
qufoG,fonfh vrf;jzpfonf/

aus;vufvrf; tqifhtwef; (u) ESifh (c) vrf;rsm;tm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh trmcHvrf;rsm;


(ausmuf ?&dZm? *0H) tjzpf vrf;tus,f(12)ay jzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ aus;vuf
vrf;rsm;tm; &moDOwk'Pf cHEdkif&nf&Sdonfh 'DZdkif;rsm;jzifh aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ vrf;\
oufwrf; Mum&Snf cHEdkif&nf&Sd&efESifh vrf;om; wdk;wuf aumif;rGefaeap&ef jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;rsm;
aqmif&Guf oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ ,mOfoGm;vmrIyrmP? ,mOftrsdK;tpm;ESifh ae&ma'otrsdK; tpm;ay:
rlwnfí t"du aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm; uGefu&pf (odkY) uwå&m tqifhESifh tqifhjrifh ajrjyifESifh
udkufnDonfh vrf;'DZdkif;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;vuf vrf;rsm;tm;vkH;
ü a&ajrmif;? vrf;jzwfa&ajrmif;rsm;? a&wdkufrI ESifh ajrNydKrI umuG,f&ef ajrumeH&Hrsm;yg xnfhoGif;
pOf;pm;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ vuf&Sd opfom; wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifh&ef uGefu&pf? oHrPd wdkYtm;
tokH;jyKí jrpfacsmif;rsm; jzwfoef;í wHwm;rsm; azmufvkyfrnfjzpfonf/ vrf;tqifhtwef;
(*)vrf;ü wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhjcif;ESifh topf azmufvkyfjcif; twGuf OD;pm;ay;owfrSwfrIrSm
yg0ifrnf r[kwfyg/ ½IyfaxG;aom (odkY) ukefusp&dwfrsm;jcif;aMumifh uefYowfxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;
qufoG,f&ef twGuf armfawmfqdkifu,fvrf;? ajcvsifvrf;ESifh a&aMumif;qufoG,fa&;rsm; ponfh
tjcm;qufoG,fa&;rsm;jzifh ajz&Sif; aqmif&Gufay;vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/

17
18 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh tqifh/ EdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;udk


&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh tqifh&Sd vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;udk yHhydk;ay;oGm;&ef &nfrSef;xm;onf/
&moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;onf rdk;&moDESifh aEG&moD ESpfckpvkH;ü tokH;jyKEdkifrnf jzpfonf/
tMurf;zsOf;tm;jzifh vrf;rsm; tqifhjrifhwifjcif;ESifh ajrom;vrf; tqifhjrifhvrf; (trmcHvrf;)rsufESmjyif
aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfovdk vrf;ajrzdkY&ef? vrf;a&wdkufpm;rI umuG,f&ef? a&pD;a&vm aumif;rGef&efESifh
wHwm;rsm; aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfrnf jzpfonf/ xdkuJhodkYaom &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh tqifhtwef;
rsm;onfyif rdk;onf;xefvGef;aomtcgü vnf;aumif;? a&BuD;a&vQHaomtcgü vnf;aumif;
vrf;ydwfqdkYrIrsm; jzpfay:Edkifao;onf/ odkYaomf rdk;&moDü vkH;0eD;yg; tokH;jyKí r&Edkifawmhaom aEG&moD
vrf;rsm;ESifh EIdif;,SOfMunfhygu vrf;ydwfqdkYrIonf &uftenf;i,frQom Mumjrifh Edkifonfh twGuf vkH;0
qefYusifbufeD;yg; jzpfygonf/

trsdK;om;tqifh aus;vufvrf; pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm; (National Rural Road Standards and


Specifications, NRRSS) / &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;tqifhtwef;\ tenf;qkH; owfrSwfcsuf
rsm;tm; ,ckvuf&Sd jyifqifa&;qGJvsuf&Sdaom trsdK;om; aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;
(NRRSS) wGif tao;pdwf &Sif;vif; azmfjyoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ þ r[mAsL[m atmufwGif tokH;jyK&rnfh
pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;\ t"du OD;wnfcsufonf vuf&SdESifh aemiftem*wf&Sd aus;vufvrf;
tokH;jyK rIESifh udkufnDap&efjzpfonf/ yxrOD;qkH; taejzifh pHEIef;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;onf vrf;tokH;jyK
rIESifh ¤if;vrf;udk tokH;jyK jzwfoef;aeaom vlrsm;ESifh ,mOfrsm;twGuf oifhawmfaeap&rnf/ xdkYtjyif
pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;onf vrf;udk ykHpHa&;qGJrnfh tif*sifeD,mESifh enf;ynm&Sifrsm;\
pGrf;aqmif&nf? vrf;azmufvkyf&mwGif tokH;jyK&rnfh ypönf; ud&d,mrsm; &&SdEdkifrI? vrf;udk wnfaqmufrnfh
uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh tvkyform;rsm;\ pGrf;aqmif&nf? vrf;udk jyKjyif xdef;odrf;&mwGif yg0ifrnfh
&Gmom;rsm;ESifh a'ocH uefx½dkufwmrsm;\ ußGrf;usifrItqifh tp&SdonfwdkYESifhvnf; vdkufzuf udkufnDrI
&Sdae&rnfjzpfonf/ xdkrQru pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;onf vlxk odkYr[kwf a'owGif;&Sd bwf*suf
tay: 0efxkyf0efydk; jzpfaprnfh tvGeftrif; jyKjyif xdef;odrf;&rIrsm;udk omru &Edkifaom bwf*sufudk
tvsiftjref ukefqkH;oGm;apEdkifrnfh rvdkvm;tyfaom aps;BuD;vGef;onfh ykHpHrsm;udkyg a&SmifvGJEdkifap&ef
twGuf vrf;opfazmufvkyfjcif; odkYr[kwf vrf;tqifhjrifhwifjcif; ukefusp&dwfESifh aemufqufwGJ
vrf;jyKjyif xdef;odrf;rI ukefusp&dwfwdkY udkufnDrI&Sdap&ef &nf&G,fonf/ xdkYaMumifh rwlnDaom
wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm;&Sd wlnDaom &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;rsm; azmufvkyf&mwGif
toifhawmfqkH; ykHpHESifh jyKjyifxdef;odrf;rI tay: oufa&muf vTrf;rdk;aeaom u@ toD;oD; tay:wGif
rlwnfí uGJjym;rIrsm;&SdEdkifonf (Oyrm/ &moDOwk? wnfae&m? ajrqDvTm trsdK;tpm;? aqmufvkyfa&;
ypönf;rsm;? jzwfoef; tokH;jyKrI yrmP tp&Sdonf)/ &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;rsm;\ t"du
vu©Pm&yfrsm;udk atmufwGif tusOf;csKH; azmfjyxm;ygonf/ tao;pdwfudk NRRSS wGif azmfjyxm;
onf/ þ r[mAsL[mESifh NRRSS wGif jyXmef;yg&Sdaom tcsuftvufrsm; tMum; uGm[rIrsm; jzpfay:ygu
NRRSS udkom OD;pm;ay; tokH;jyK rnf jzpfygonf/

aus;vufvrf;trsdK;tpm;rsm;/ aus;vufvrf;rsm; pDrHrI tqifhtwef; (3)rsdK; &Sdonf/ yxr (2)


rsdK;jzpfonfh tqifh(u) ESifhtqifh (c)onf CRRN ESifhoufqdkifaom vrf;rsm; yg0ifNyD; tqifh(*)vrf;onf
tjcm;aus;vufvrf; tqifhyg0ifygonf/ aus;vuftqifh twef;(u)onf t"du vrf;rBuD;rsm;(odkY)
NrdKU (odkY) NrdKUawmfrsm; wdkuf½dkuf csdwfqufygonf/ ,if;wGif aus;&GmBuD; wpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (1000)
ESifhtxuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm;pGm\ pkpkaygif; vlOD;a& (1000)ESifhtxufwdkYtm; csdwfqufay;onfh
vrf;rwpfckvnf; ygonf/ tqifh(u) trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm;onf rsm;jym;aom vlOD;a& twGuf 0efaqmif
rIay;&jcif;? aus;&GmzGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; aumfrwDrsm;twGuf aumif;rGefaom csdwfqufEdkifrIudk yHhydk;&jcif;?
aus;vufa'ovrf;pHEIef;rsm;ESifhowfrSwfcsufrsm; 19

aus;&Gmtkyfpkrsm; twGif;wGif yHhydk;xm;aom 0efaqmifrIESifh taqmuftODrsm;twGuf ta&;ygrIaMumifh


tqifh (u) trsdK;tpm; aus;vufvrf;rsm; twGuf ydkrdkjrifhrm;aom pHEIef;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm; csrSwf&ef
vdktyfygonf/ t"duvrf;rBuD; (odkY) NrdKUrsm;jzifh qufoG,f&rnf jzpfonf/ rnfodkYyifqdkap aus;&GmvlOD;a&
tenf;i,fom tusdK;jyKNyD;? ,mOfoGm;vmrIenf;aom aus;&Gmi,frsm;onf t"duvrf;rBuD;jzifh csdwfquf
yguvnf; tqifhtwef;(u) jzifh pOf;pm;rnf r[kwfyg/ 12

tqifh (c) trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm;wGif aus;&Gmrsm;udk csdwfqufay;xm;NyD; vlOD;a& (1000) atmufudk


0efaqmifrI ay;aeaom aus;vufvrf;rsm; yg0ifonf/ þ tqifh (c) trsdK;tpm;vrf;rsm;onf ydkrdk
ao;i,faom &Gmrsm; odkYr[kwf vlOD;a& ydkenf;aom aus;&Gmrsm;udk 0efaqmifrIay;NyD; tqifh (u)trsdK;
tpm;xuf pHEIef;ESifh owfrSwfcsuf ydkedrfhaomfvnf; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifaomvrf;rsm; tjzpf azmufvkyf
tqifhjr§ifhwifoGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ tqifh (c)vrf;rsm;onf aus;vufvrf; tqifh (u) csdwfqufonfh
vrf;rsm;jzpfygonf/

tqifh (*) trsdK;tpm;vrf;rsm;wGif t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tjzpf owfrSwfxm;jcif; r&SdbJ


aus;&Gmwpfck twGuf t"du csdwfqufrItjzpf 0efaqmifrI ray;aom tjcm; aus;vufvrf;rsm;
tm;vkH; yg0if ygonf/ þtqifh (*) trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm;onf pdkufysdK;a&;qdkif&m v,fuGif;rsm;ESifh
yifr&GmESifh ta0;wGif&Sdaom rSDwif;aexdkif&mrsm;tm; xyfaqmif; qufoG,frIudk yHhydk;ay;aomfjim;vnf;
þr[mAsL[mtwGuf t"duOD;wnfcsuf tjzpf yg0if jznfhqnf;ay;jcif; r&Sdyg/ xdkYaMumifh tqdkyg
vrf;rsm;tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifaom vrf;rsm;tjzpf jr§ifhwifrIpm&if;xJwGif OD;pm;ay;ae&m r&&SdEdkifyg/

vrf;rsufESmjyiftrsdK;tpm;/ tqifh (u) ESifh tqifh (c) vrf;rsm;tm; tqifh jr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh trmcHvrf;rsm;
tjzpf aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh ausmufacsmvrf;tjzpf aqmif&GufrnfjzpfNyD;
tcsdKUae&mrsm;wGif trsdK;om;tqifh aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD ausmufp&pfrsm;
odkYr[kwf oifhawmfonfh vrf;okH;ypönf;rsm; tokH;jyKoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ xdkuJhodkY tqifhjr§ifhxm;aom
trmcHvrf; (unseal) vrf;rsufESmjyifrsm;onf wpfESpfywfvkH;twGuf rwlnDaom &moDOwk tajc
tae trsm;pkwGif vrf;udk tokH;jyKcGifh ay;aernfjzpfonf/ (vrf;onf rdk;onf;xef vGef;jcif;ESifh a&BuD;
a&vQHaom umvrsm;wGif tokH;jyK jzwfoef;í r& jzpfEdkifaomfvnf; rsm;aomtm;jzifh xdkodkY tokH;rjyK
EdkifrIonf &uftenf;i,fxuf ydkí rMumEdkifyg/) tqifh(u) trsdK;tpm;vrf;rsm;tm; oufqdkif&m
ta&;ygrIESifh tokH;jyKrI yrmP tay: rlwnfNyD; rsufESmjyiftm; uGefu&pfjzifhjzpfap? uwå&mjzifhjzpfap
wnfaqmuf tqifhjr§ifhoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ tqifh (c) trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm;tm; ueOD; taejzifh a&ydwfvTm
trmcHvrf; r[kwfaom (ausmuf? *0H?&dZm) rsufESmjyifrsdK;jzifh wnfaqmuf tqifhjrSifhwif oGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ tqifh(*) vrf;rsm;onf ajrom;vrf;rsufESmjyif&SdNyD; tqifhjrifhrsufESmjyif tqifhjr§ifhjcif;rsm;tm;
OD;pm;ay;tjzpf aqmif&GufEdkif vdrfhrnf r[kwfyg/

wqifhNyD; wqifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif; csOf;uyfrIudk tokH;jyKoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; NRRSS wGif jyXmef;yg&Sdaom


vrf;rsufESmjyif a&ydwfvTm tenf;qkH; jzwfoef; oGm;vmrI yrmP vdktyfcsufxuf ydkrdkjrifhrm;aom tqifh
(c) vrf;rsm;tm; aemufxyf ydktqifhjrifhaomvrf; rsufESmjyif a&ydwfvTmrsm; tjzpfodkY tqifhjr§ifhwifcGifh
ay;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ &GmwpfavQmuf&Sd vlaexdkifaomae&m&Sd vrf;rsm;udkvnf; zkefxjcif; r&Sdap&ef
vrf;rsufESmjyifrsm;udk a&ydwfvTm uwå&mvrf; wnfaqmufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ a&BuD;a&vQHavh&Sdaom
ae&mrsm;wGifvnf; vrf;rsufESmjyiftm; a&BuD;a&vQHrI'Pfudk ydkcHEdkifaom ydkrdk tqifhjrifh aom

12 odkYaomfvnf;&Gmi,frsm;rS wqifh tqifhjrifhvrf;uGef,ufodkY qufoG,fxm;aom vrf;rsm;onf tusdK;cHpm;&aom vlOD;a&enf;yg;jcif;ESifh


,mOfpD;a& jzwfoef;oGm;vmrIenf;yg;jcif;wdkYaMumifh ¤if;vrf;rsm;tm;tqifh “u” (Class A) tjzpf owfrSwfay;oGm;rnfr[kwfyg/
20 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

pHEIef;rsm;udk tokH;jyK NyD; vrf;\ a&&SnfwnfwHhrIudk aocsmatmif aqmif&Guf oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ (Oyrm/
ausmufcif;jcif; odkYr[kwf uGefu&pfavmif;jcif;) tqif;twuf rwfapmufaom ae&mrsm;wGifvnf;
wdkufpm;rIudk umuG,f&efESifh vrf;rsufESmjyif tvsiftjref ,dk,Gif;rIudk avQmYcs &eftwGuf ydkrdk
tqifhjrifhaom pHEIef;rsm;udk (Oyrm/ ausmufcif;jcif; odkYr[kwf a&ydwfvTm rsm;) tokH;jyK oGm;rnfjzpfonf/

vrf;tus,f/ tqifh(u) ESifh tqifh(c) vrf;rsm;onf tenf;qkH; 12 ay us,f&rnf/ wqifhNyD; wqifh


tqifhjr§ifhwif csOf;uyfrIudk tokH;jyKrnfjzpfNyD; NRRSS wGif jyXmef;yg&Sd aom vrf;csJUxGif&ef tenf;qkH;
&Sd&rnfh vrf;tokH;jyKrI yrmPxuf ausmfvGefaom tqifh(u) ESifh tqifh(c) trsdK;tpm;vrf;rsm;udk 18
ay odkYr[kwf 18 ayxuf ydkí csJUxGifcGifhay;rnf jzpfonf/ ajrrsufESmoGifjyift& owfrSwfpHEIef; jynfhrD&ef
twGuf jzwfawmufjcif; jznfhpGufjcif; ododomom jyKvkyf&rnfh ae&mrsm;ESifh a&BuD;a&vQHrI'Pf cHEdkif&ef
twGuf ydkrdkukefusp&dwf BuD;rm;aom ykHpHrsm; vdktyfonfh a&BuD;a&vQHrI jzpfavh&Sdaom ae&mrsm; twGuf
ydkrdkusOf;aom (6 ) ay rS (9) ayom us,fonfh jzwfoef;oGm;vm&ef vkHavmufonfh wpfvrf;oGm;
vrf;rsm;tm; tpm;xdk;&rnf jzpfonf/ tqifh(*) trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm; onf tus,f (12') atmuf&SdNyD;
a'o tajctaetay: rlwnfí ydkrdk usOf;ajrmif;aom vrf;rsm; jzpfEdkifonf/

a&EIwfajrmif;pepfESifhwHwm;rsm;/ tqifh (u) ESifh tqifh (c) vrf;rsm;wGif oifhawmfaom vrf;ab;


a&EIwfajrmif;rsm;ESifh uefYvefYjzwf a&EIwfajrmif;rsm; yg0ifonf/ vrf;ab; a&EIwfajrmif;rsm;onf
ajrom;jzifhom jyKvkyfavh&Sdaomfvnf; wdkufpm;rI cH&ajc jrifhrm;aom ae&mrsm; (a,bk,stm;jzifh
(6%) xufydkaom ukef;apmif;rsm;) ESifh aus;&GmtwGif; jzwfoef; oGm;aom ae&mrsm;wGif a&wdkufpm;
rIcH Liners wyfqifay;&rnf/ wHwm;rsm; tygt0if uefYvefYjzwf a&EIwfajrmif;rsm;onf uGefu&pf
odkYr[kwf oHrPdrsm;jzifh tenf;qkH; cHEdkif0ef (20) wef txd &Sdatmif wnfaqmufygrnf/ NRRSS wGif
jyXmef;yg&Sdaom wHwm; cHEdkif0eftm; twGif; &Sd&rnfh tenf;qkH; jzwfoef;oGm;vmrI uefYowfcsufxuf
ausmfvGefaom tqifh (u) ESifhtqifh (c) trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm; twGuf cHEdkif0eftm;udk AASHTO-
HS20-44 pHEIef;twdkif; taumiftxnf azmfygrnf/ opfom;wHwm;rsm;tm; ,m,D tjzpfom tokH;jyK
&rnfjzpfNyD; uGefu&pf odkYr[kwf oHrPdykHpHodkY taES;ESifhtjref tqifhjrSifhwifoGm;&ygrnf/ tqifh(*)
trsdK;tpm; vrf;rsm; twGuf opfom;wHwm;udk qufvuf tokH;jyK Edkifygonf/

avQmapmif;umuG,frI / tqifh (u) ESifh tqifh (c) vrf;rsm;onf ajrom;zdkYjcif;ESifh jzwfjcif;


vkyfief;rsm; twGuf avQmapmif;rsm;tm; ajrom; ysufpD;rI wdkufpm;rIrsm; a&SmifusOfEdkif&ef oifhawmfaom
umuG,frIrsm; aqmif&Guf&ygrnf/ ajrjyif taetxm;ay: rlwnfí jrufpdkufí umuG,fjcif;? uGefu&pf?
ausmufpDjcif;rsm;jzifh umuG,f&rnf jzpfonf/ wnfaqmufjcif;ESifh tqifhjrifhjcif; vkyfief;rsm; twGuf
ajrom;NydKusrI umuG,fonfhpepfudk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;&ygrnf/

tjcm;pHEIef;rsm;ESifhqufoG,fa&;ajz&Sif;rIrsm;/ txufwGif azmfjyyg&Sdaom pHcsdefpHñTef; rsm;ESifhtnD EdkifiH


twGif;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifaomvrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;&efrSm
jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&\ OD;wnfcsuf jzpfaomfvnf; aps;EIef;csdKompGm r&&SdEdkifaom ae&mrsm;wGif
>cif;csufrsm; jzpfay:Edkifygonf/ þodkYaom udpö&yfrsm;onf tusdK;cHpm;cGifh tenf;i,fom &Sdaom
aus;&Gmrsm; odkYr[kwf ajrrsufESmjyif taetxm;u &moDra&G; vrf;rsm; azmufvkyf&ef ukefusp&dwf
rsm;vGef;aom ae&mrsm; (Oyrmtm;jzifh tvGefrwfapmufaom ajrae&m odkYr[kwf a&BuD; a&vTrf;
avh&Sdaom ajrae&m) wGif jzpfay:wwfygonf/ xdkodkY awGUBuHK&ygu pHcsdefpHñTef; ydkrdkedrfhaom vrf;trsdK;
tpm; odkYr[kwf aus;&GmaevlxkESifh wdkifyifñSdEIdif;í tjcm;aom qufoG,fa&; ajz&Sif;csuf wpfckck jyKvkyf
&ygrnf/xdkodkYaom qufoG,fa&; ajz&Sif;csufrsm;wGif vrf;tpm;xdk; qdkifu,foGm;vrf;rsm;? qdyfurf;rsm;?
aus;vufa'ovrf;pHEIef;rsm;ESifhowfrSwfcsufrsm; 21

vrf;wnfaqmuf&ef twGuf tvGef½IyfaxG;aom ae&mrsm;twGuf a&aMumif;oGm;vma&;udk


taxmuftuljyKrnfh wl;ajrmif;rsm;? aus;&Gmrsm;udk aus;vufa'o vrf;uGef,ufESifh csdwfquf
ay;Edkifrnfh vlul;wHwm;rsm; tp&SdonfwdkY yg0ifygonf/

Z,m; (6) tedrfhqkH;aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm;


rsufESmjyif wHwm;
vrf;tus,f vrf;ab;ajrmif; wHwm;rsm;
trsdK;tpm; cHEdkif0eftm;
tqifh (u) a&ydwfvTm ajrom; oHrPd/ AASHTO
trsdK;tpm; uwå&m 12 ay uGefu&pf HS20-44
uGefu&pf (36wef)
tqifh (c) trmcHvrf; ajrom; oHrPd/ 20 wef
trsdK;tpm; (ausmuf? *0H? 18 ay uGefu&pf
&dZm)
tqifh (*) ajrom; opfom;
6-12 ay
trsdK;tpm;
jzwfoef;oGm;vmrI a&ydwfvTm ajrom; oHrPd/ AASHTO
>NRRSS uwå&m 18 ay uGefu&pf HS20-44
uefYowfcsuf (36 wef)
&if;jrpf - Regional Road and Bridge Development Steering Committee.

&moDOwkcHEdkif&nftm;/ aus;vufa'ovrf;rsm; trsdK;om;tqifhr[mAsL[mwGif &moDOwkaMumifh


jzpfay:Edkifaom rwlnDonfh xdcdkufEdkifrIrsm; (a&BuD;a&vQHrI? wdkufpm;rI? rdk;rsm;jcif;? rdk;acgifjcif;? tp&Sdonf)
udk xnfhoGif; pOf;pm;xm;aom &moDOwk'PfcH ykHpHrsm; jzifh vrf;rsm;tm; jyKvkyfoGm;rnf jzpfonf/
oifhavsmfaom ykHpHrsm;udk vrf;wnfaqmuf&ef ukefusrnfhp&dwf? jzpfEdkifaom &moDOwk ½dkufcwfrIESifh
qufpyf jyK jyif xdef;odrf;p&dwfrsm; rQajc &SdrItay:rlwnfí a&G;cs,f tokH;jyK oGm;rnfjzpfonf/odkYrSom
vrf;\ oufwrf; wpfavQmuf ukefusp&dwf avQmYcsay;NyD; tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;\ a&&SnfcHEdkifrItm;
jr§ifhwifay;aom pHEIef;rsm;udk rwlnDaom a'orsm;wGif owfrSwfcsufrsm;ESifhtnD jcm;em; aom ykHpHrsm;udk
tokH;jyKEdkifrnf jzpfonf/ vrf;ykHpHrsm;&Sd &moDOwk cHEdkif&nfESifh ywfoufaom vu©Pm &yfrsm;onf
vrf;om;\ tqifh? vrf;wnfaqmuf&mwGif tokH;jyKaom ypönf;rsm; (a&BuD;a&vTrf;rIESifh wdkufpm;rIudk
cHEdkif&ef)? a&EIwfajrmif; trsdK;tpm;ESifh wnfaqmufykH (jrifhwufaom rdk;a&csdefESifh yrmP rsm;jym;rIESifh
tjrifhqkH; a&pD;qif;rIudk vufcHEdkif&ef)? qifajcavQm ajrxdef;abmif tumtuG,f (a&BuD;a&vQHrI?
wdkufpm;rIaMumifh ysufpD;jcif;ESifh ajrNydKusrIwdkYrS umuG,f&ef) tp&SdonfwdkYrS xif&Sm;pGm awGUjrifEdkifyg onf/
wnf&SdNyD;om;vrf;rsm; twGufrl &moDOwk tajcjyK tiftm;jznfhwif;ay;jcif;rsm; jyKvkyfay; oGm;rnf
jzpfNyD; ysufpD;Edkifajc trsm;qkH; tydkif;rsm;udk tydkif;vdkuf tqifhjr§ifhwifrI tpDtpOf tm;jzifh ypfrSwfxm;í
BudKwif pDpOfxm;aom tcsdefydkif; tvdkuf jyKjyif xdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm;jzifh &Edkifovdk csdwfquf
aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ jzpfEdkifajc&Sdaom &moDOwk ½dkufcwfrIrsm;tm; avQmYcsay;Edkif&efESifh tqifh
jr§ifhwifxm;aom qufoG,fEdkifrI tqifhrsm; a&&SnfwnfwHhapEdkif&ef twGuf tqifhjrifh xdef;odrf;jcif;
vkyfief;rsm;tm;vnf; rdwfqufay;oGm;rnf jzpf onf/
7
vrf;wnfaqmufrIESifhtqifhjrifhwifjcif;

tusOf;csKyf
jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifap&efESifh aus;&Gmrsm;\ (10%) tm; ajcmufaoGU&moDoGm;vrf; qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkif&ef
tvdkYiSm ajcmufaoGU&moDoGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf; rdkifaygif; (26000)rdkiftm; &moDra&G; oGm;vm
Edkifonfhvrf;odkY tqifhjr§ifh&ef vdktyfygonf/ xdkYjyif vrf;topf azmufvkyf&ef rdkifaygif;
(6600)rdkif (vrf;topftm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; tjzpf rdkifaygif; (2400) rdkif
tygt0if) aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfrnf jzpfygonf/ topfazmufvkyfjcif;ESifh tqifh jr§ifhwifjcif;
vkyfief;rsm; twGuf cefYrSef;aiG US$ (2.5) bDvD,H ($ 3400 bDvD,H) ukefusrnf jzpfonf/
,if; cefYrSef;ukefusaiG twGif;ü wnf&SdNyD; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tqifhjrSifhwif&ef
twGuf US$ (2.1) bDvD,H? ajrom;vrf; topfazmufvkyfjcif; twGuf US$ (130) oef;ESifh
vrf;topftm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; tjzpf tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;twGuf US$ (200) oef;
wdkY yg0ifygonf/ xdkYjyif vuf&Sd wnf&SdNyD; opfom;wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;twGuf US$(230)
oef; vdktyfrnfjzpf ygonf/

þ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIonf 2030 ckESpfü &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh t"du aus;&Gm csif;qufvrf;rsm;


rdkifaygif; (48500)rdkif (CRRN tm;vkH;\ 70%) &&SdvdrfhrnfjzpfNyD; aus;&Gmaygif; (33500) &GmESifh
aus;&GmvlOD;a& (20) oef;eD;yg;tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Guf ay;Edkifrnf
jzpfonf/ aus;&Gmaygif; (12400) &Gm ESifh vlOD;a& (10) oef; eD;yg; onf tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh
wdkuf½dkuf csdwfqufNyD; jzpfonf/ aemufxyf ajcmufaoGU&moD tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rdkifaygif;
(12200)rdkif? aus;&Gmaygif; (6700) &GmESifh vlOD;a& (3) oef; tay: aqmif&Gufay;Edkifrnf
jzpfonf/ t"du aus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf;rsm;\ (10%)rQ tay:ü 2030 ck ESpfwGif NyD;pD;atmif
aqmif&GufEdkifvdrfhrnf r[kwfyg/ aus;&Gmaygif; (4600) &Gm vlOD;a& (2) oef;cefY qufoG,f
oGm;vmEdkif&ef usef&Sdrnf jzpfonf/ jrpfaMumif; wpfavQmuf&Sd a&BuD; epfjr§Kyfae&m&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;?

vrf;wnfaqmufrI ESifh tqifhwdk;jr§ifhrI cefYrSef;ukefusp&dwfrsm;/ wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f wpfckcsif;pD&Sd


w&m;0if todtrSwfjyK aus;&Gmtm;vkH; teuf aus;&Gm (80) &mcdkifEIef;cefYudk &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh
vrf;rsm;jzifh qufoG,f csdwfqufrnfh &nfrSef;csufudk atmifjrif&ef vuf&Sd trsm;tjym; wnf&Sdaeaom
ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (CRRN) rsm;udk &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;rsm;odkY
tqifhwdk;jr§ifh&ef vdktyfrnf jzpfonf/ topf azmufvkyfaom CRRN vrf;opfrsm;udkvnf; &moDra&G;

22
vrf;wnfaqmufrIESifhtqifhjrifhwifjcif; 23

tokH;jyKEdkifaom tqifhodkY wdk;jr§ifh wnfaqmuf&ef vdktyf ygrnf/ 'kwd, &nfrSef;csufjzpfonfh


wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f wpfckcsif;pD&Sd taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;Xme (GAD) rSwfykHwif aus;&Gmrsm;
tm;vkH; teuf &Gm (90) &mcdkifEIef;cefYwGif ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;vrf;rsm; &&Sd&ef twGufrl? tcsdKUaom
wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm;wGif tqifhrD ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; vrf;opfrsm; xyfwdk; wnfaqmuf&ef
vdktyf ygonf/ pkpkaygif; cefYrSef;csuft& atmufyg wdkYaqmif&Guf&efvdktyfrnfjzpfonf/ (u) wnf&SdaeqJ
ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; CRRN vrf;rsm;\ rdkif (26000)ausmfudk &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifrnfh tqifh
jr§ifhwif&ef vdktyfrnf? (c) wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,fwpfckpD twGif;&Sd aus;&Gm (80) &mcdkifEIef;udk
&moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh qufoG,fcsdwfqufrdzdkYqdkvQif CRRN vrf;opfrsm;\ (2400)
rdkifcefYudk &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh tqifhwdk;jr§ifh wnfaqmuf&ef vdktyfrnf? (*) wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh
jynfe,f wpfckcsif;&Sd aemufxyf aus;&Gm (10) &mcdkifEIef; twGuf ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;vrf;rsm; &&Sd&ef
ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;vrf;opf wnfaqmufrI rdkif (4300) xyfrH vdktyfrnf jzpfonf/ NrdKUe,f wpfckpD
twGuf CRRN owfrSwfNyD; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItpDtrH (Investment Plan) jyifqifNyD; rSom vrf;rsm; tqifh
jr§ifhwifjcif;rsm; trSefwu,f vdktyfcsufrsm; qkH;jzwfoGm;Edkifrnf jzpfonf/

&moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;? tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;jzifh taxGaxGtkyfcsKyfa&;OD;pD;Xme


(GAD) rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm; tm;vkH;\ (80) &mcdkifEIef;udk csdwfqufrI tygt0if? GAD
rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm; tm;vkH; teuf tenf;qkH; (90) &mcdkifEIef;udk t"du aus;&Gmcsif;
qufvrf; (CRRN) wnfaqmufjcif;? tqifhjr§ifhjcif;wdkY twGuf ukefus p&dwf pkpkaygif; cefYrSef;csufrSm

Z,m; (7) 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\


vrf;wnfaqmufrI ESifhtqifhwdk;jr§ifhrI twGuf cefYrSef; ukefusaiGrsm;
t"du t"du
t"du aus;&Gmcsif;quf aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;
wdkif;a'oBuD; / vrf; (CRRN) rsm;udk (CRRN)rsm;udk (CRRN)rsm;udk vuf&Sd (CRRN)
jynfe,f &moDra&G; toHk;jyK&ef ajcmufaoGY&moDoHk; &moDra&G; toHk;jyK&ef opfom;wHwm;rsm;
tqifhjrSifhwifjcif; vrf;opfwnfaqmufrI tqifhjrSifhwifjcif; tqifhjrSifhwifrI pkpkaygif;
rdkif US$ oef; rdkif US$ oef; rdkif US$ oef; ay US$ oef; US$ oef;
aejynfawmf 109 7 14 0 – – 3347 3 11
ucsif 967 89 434 11 – – 6746 6 106
u,m; 109 9 – – – – 2520 2 12
u&if 754 48 736 11 353 23 3473 3 85
csif; 2795 255 1212 25 680 62 10478 10 352
ppfudkif; 4123 256 299 5 – – 58483 56 317
weoFm&D 372 31 132 3 – – 5602 5 39
yJcl; 1307 116 – – – – 33911 33 148
rauG; 3994 240 955 16 4 0 12743 12 268
rEÅav; 1022 61 – – – – 17482 17 77
rGef – – – – – – 4784 5 5
&cdkif 1341 114 2085 46 1339 114 7201 7 281
&efukef 544 74 30 1 – – 7008 7 81
&Srf; 6006 440 – – – – 24750 24 463
{&m0wD 2299 240 734 14 – – 36627 35 288
pkpkaygif; 25742 1980 6631 132 2376 199 235155 226 2535
&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.
24 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

tar&duefa':vm (2.5) bDvD,H ($ 3400 bDvD,H) eD;yg; &Sdonf/ ¤if;wdkYxJwGif vuf&Sd tokH;jyK
aeaom ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; t"duaus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf; (CRRN) rsm;udk &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkif&ef
tqifhjr§ihfwifrI twGuf a':vm (2.0) bDvD,H? ajrom;tqifh CRRN vrf;opfrsm; wnfaqmufrI twGuf
a':vm (131) oef; (ajravsmfaMu;ukefusp&dwfryg)? CRRN vrf;opf wpf0ufudk &moDtm;vkH; okH;&ef
tqihfjr§ifhwifrI a':vm (199)oef;? CRRN vrf;rsm;&Sd vuf&Sd opfom;wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwifrI a':vm
(226) oef; (vuf&Sdvrf;rsm;ESifh CRRN vrf;opfrsm; twGuf vdktyfaom wHwm;opf wnfaqmufrI
ukefusp&dwf ryg13) wdkYyg0ifygonf/ ukefusp&dwf tm;vkH;onf &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tjynfh
t0 tqifhtwef;rD &&Sda&; p&dwftm;vkH;udk umrdap&ef (30)&mcdkifEIef; aps;jr§ifhwifrIjzifh 2015-2016 ck
b@ma&;ESpf aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme (DRD) ,lepfEIef;xm;14 tay: tajccH wGufcsuf
xm;ygonf (¤if;wGufcsufrIonf NyD;cJhaom zGHYNzdK;a&;pDrHudef;rsm;rS vkyfief; ukefus p&dwfrsm;twdkif;
jzpfonf)/ owdjyK p&mrSm tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif; ukefusp&dwfrsm;onf ausmufcif;vrf;tqifhtay: tajcjyK
xm;NyD;? tjcm;jzpfEdkifzG,f rsufESmjyifykHpHrsm;udk xnfhoGif;wGufcsufjcif; r&Sdyg/

¤if; tar&duefa':vm (2.5) bDvsH &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIonf tqifhrD &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifrnfh CRRN vrf;rsm;
rdkifaygif; (48500) ausmf &&Sdrnf jzpfNyD;? aus;&Gm (33500) eD;yg;ESifh aus;vufaevlxk(19.8)oef;ausmf
tokH;jyKEdkifrnf jzpfonf/ wnf&SdqJ tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;onf aus;&Gm (12400) &Gm ESifh vlOD;a&(9.4)oef;
twGuf yHhydk;aqmif&Guf ay;Edkifrnf jzpfonf/ aemufxyf wnf&SdqJESifh ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; CRRN vrf;opf
rdkif (12200) onfvnf; aus;&Gmaygif; (6700) ESifh aus;vufjynfol (2.7) oef;udk qufoG,f oGm;vmrI
aqmif&Gufay;EdkifrSm jzpfonf/ ouú&mZf 2030 ckESpfwGif ¤if; vdktyfaom CRRN vrf;rsm;\ (88%) NyD;pD;
aqmif&GufEdkifrSmjzpfNyD;? GAD rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (92%) &Sd aus;vufjynfol(95%)rSm
&moDra&G; tokH;jyKonfh vrf;rsm;udk tusdK;&Sd&Sd tokH;cs Edkifrnf jzpfonf/

ykH (12) 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\


vrf;wnfaqmufrIESifhtqifhwdk;jr§ifhrIvrf;t&Snf (rdkif)
7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
mf
csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

;
rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&
w
ae

&moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpftqifhjrSifhjcif; &moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpftopfazmufvkyfjcif;ESifhtqifhjrSifhjcif;
ajcmufaoGY&moDoHk;vrf;tjzpftopfazmufvkyfjcif;

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

13 CRRN tm; wHwm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh aqmufvkyfa&; vkyfief;rsm;twGuf vdktyfonfrsm; tygt0if NrdKUe,fwpfckcsif;pD twGuf cGJjcm;
owfrSwfNyD;ygu ukefp&dwftwdtusud kxifxif&Sm;&Sm;odEdkifrnfjzpfygonf/
14 DRD rS ,lepfEIef;xm;rsm;onf tcsdefMumjrifhvmonfESifhtrQ aiGaMu;azmif;yGrIESifh ajymif;vJaeaom aiGvJvS,fEIef;rsm;aMumifh jrifhwuf
vmEdkifajc&SdNyD; xdkrSwqifh jcHKikHukefusp&dwfrsm;vnf; jrifhwufvmrnfjzpfygonf/
vrf;wnfaqmufrIESifhtqifhjrifhwifjcif; 25

ykH (13) 2017 - 2030 twGif; t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm;\


&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI vdktyfcsufrsm; (tar&duef a':vmoef;)
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
mf
csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

;
rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&
w
ae

&moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpftqifhjrSifhjcif; &moDra&G;toHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpftopfazmufvkyfjcif;ESifhtqifhjrSifhjcif;
ajcmufaoGY&moDoHk;vrf;tjzpftopfazmufvkyfjcif; wHwm;rsm;tqifhjrSifhjcif;

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

2030 ckESpfwGif CRRN vrf;rsm; tm;vkH; NyD;pD;oGm;Edkifrnfawmh r[kwfyg? aus;&Gmaygif; (4650) udk
qufoG,f&ef rdkifaygif; (8000) ausmfudk qufvuf wnfaqmuf &ygOD;rnf/ odkYaomf þt&monf
Z,m; (8) 2030 ckESpfü t"duvrf;rsm;qdkif&m cefYrSef;tcsuftvufrsm;
t"du vrf;rBuD; (odkY) &moDra&G; aEG&moD toHk;jyKEdkifonfh
wdkif;a'oBuD; / toHk;jyKEdkifonfh aus;vufvrf; aus;vufvrf; vrf; r&Sd
jynfe,f CRRN rdkif vlOD;a& vlOD;a& vlOD;a&
CRRN rdkif CRRN rdkif
aus;&Gm (oef;) aus;&Gm (oef;) aus;&Gm (oef;)
aejynfawmf 599 630 0.69 125 79 0.04 158 79 0.04
ucsif 1978 940 0.98 464 118 0.02 470 118 0.01
u,m; 582 401 0.20 118 68 0.01 80 32 0.01
u&if 2146 1534 1.10 384 192 0.04 384 192 0.02
csif; 3656 1064 0.33 532 133 0.03 532 133 0.01
ppfudkif; 6358 4764 3.84 1431 596 0.25 1191 596 0.30
weoFm&D 1558 808 0.74 245 101 0.09 303 101 0.08
yJcl; 3083 4950 3.07 1131 706 0.23 798 532 0.38
rauG; 5482 3803 2.68 951 475 0.45 951 475 0.17
rEÅav; 3198 3823 3.58 1438 838 0.36 177 118 0.09
rGef 700 994 1.31 500 130 0.07 38 19 0.02
&cdkif 3624 2982 1.51 745 373 0.14 745 373 0.06
&efukef 1184 1614 1.53 227 202 0.07 202 202 0.11
&Srf; 11072 8112 3.43 3070 1526 0.20 1506 502 0.17
{&m0wD 3354 9442 4.18 788 1180 0.74 826 1180 0.32
pkpkaygif; 48573 45862 29.18 12152 6715 2.72 8360 4651 1.77
&mcdkifEIef; 70% 80% 87% 18% 12% 8% 12% 8% 5%
26 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

aus;vufaexdkifol (1.8) oef;cefY (aus;vufjynfol (3%) udkom tusdK;oufa&mufapygrnf/


þ usef&Sdaeaomvl (1.8) oef;cefY twGuf vrf;rsm; qufoG,fay;jcif;onf 2030 NyD;aemufrSom
atmifjrif &&SdEdkifygrnf/ tcsdKUaom aus;&Gmrsm; twGuf aus;vufvrf;rsm;onf jzpfEdkifp&m (odkY) pD;yGm;a&;
wGufajcudkufrI &Sdrnf r[kwfygu tjcm;aom enf;vrf;jzifh tajz&Sm&ef vdktyfrnfjzpfygonf/

ykH (14) 2030 ckESpfü qufoG,fa&; &&SdEdkifrnfh cefYrSef;vrf;tqifh


100 2 5
10 6 10 10 10 10 9 10 10 10 8
10 11 10
90 10 18 15
10 14 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 12
10 10
80
70
60 36 42 42
41
50 69 55 50 58 53 57 58
63 59 59 60 67
40
30
20 44 38 38
46
10 11 25 30 22 27 23 22
17 21 21 20 13
0
mf
csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

;
rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D

gif;
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

kay
m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&

pkp
w
ae

t"duvrf;rBuD;qufoG,frI &moDra&G;toHk;jyKaus;vufvrf;qufoG,frI ajcmufaoGY&moDtoHk;jyKaus;vufvrf;qufoG,frI qufoG,frIvrf;r&Sd

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.


8
jyK jyifxdef;odrf;jcif;ESifha&&SnfwnfwHhapjcif;

tusOf;csKyf
t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; a&&SnfwnfwHhap&efESifh &moDOwk ajymif;vJjcif;aMumifh
ysufpD;rIudk umuG,f&ef t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tm;vkH; jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;
aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ þxdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfief;ü vrf;wpfavsmuf&Sd a&ajrmif;pepfrsm;
aumif;rGefa&;ESifh vrf;xdef;odrf; umuG,fa&; wdkYtwGuf ESpfpOf ykHrSef jyifqif xdefodrf;jcif;vkyfief;ESifh
ESpftenf;i,fMumí ysufpD;oGm;onfh vrf;rsm; jyefvnfjyKjyif&ef vdktyfcsufjyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;
vkyfief;rsm; yg0ifrnf jzpfonf/ vdktyfcsuft& jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfief;rsm;tm; uefx½dkuf
pepfjzifh aqmif&GufoGm;&ygrnf/ vrf;jyifqifa&; tpDtrH vkyfief;rsm; twGuf pepfwusjzifh
vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&GufEdkif&ef ESpfpOf vrf;rsm; uGif;qif; ppfaq; jcif;tm; tajccHí jyifqifoGm;& vdrfh
rnf jzpfonf/ ykHrSef jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfaqmif&ef vrf;t&Snf wdk;vmygu jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;
vkyfief;rsm; twGuf pkpkaygif;cefYrSef;ukefusaiGrSm 2017 ckESpf rSpwifí wpfESpfvQif US$ (40)oef;rS
2030 ckESpfta&mufü wpfESpfvQif US$ (120)oef; wdk;jrSifh vsmxm;oGm;&rnf jzpfonf/ 2030 ckESpf
txd jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif; twGuf ukefusaiGrSm US$ (1.4)bDvD,H jzpfonf/ jyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;
vkyfief;tm; ykHrSefbwf*suf\ tenf;qkH; (20%) vsmxm;oGm;&rnf jzpfNyD;2030 ckESpfü bwf*suf\
tenf;qkH; (35%) txd wdk;jr§ifh vsmxm;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/

a&&SnfwnfwHhjcif;/ t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (CRRN) tm; pOfqufrjywf BuHUcdkifwnfNidrf ap&efESifh


&moDOwk'Pf umuG,fEdkifap&eftwGuf &moDOwk'Pf cHEdkif&nf&Sdonfh pHEIef;owfrSwfcsufrsm;jzifh
aqmif&Gufrnf jzpfonf/ tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh wnfaqmufjcif; vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&GufNyD;pD;ygu
vrf;oufwrf; Mumjrifh&efESifh a&&SnfcdkifNrJ&ef jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;rsm; aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/
¤if;vkyfief;wGif ysufpD;rI a&Smif&Sm;&ef ESpfpOf vkyf½dk;vkyfpOf ykHrSefxdef;odrf;jcif;ESifh ESpftenf;i,fwdkif;ü
vrf;rsufESmjyifrsm; topfjyefcif;jcif;ESifh tBuD;pm;jyKjyifjcif;rsm;twGuf tcgtm;avsmfpGm jyifqif
xdef;odrf;jcif;wdkY vdktyf rnfjzpfonf/

ykHrSefxdef;odrf;aqmif&Gufjcif;/ ykHrSefvkyf½dk;vkyfpOf xdef;odrf;aqmif&GufrIwGif oefY&Sif;a&; jyKvkyfjcif;?


vrf;ay: tqifajy oGm;vmEdkif&ef vdktyfrI rSeforQ &Sif;vif; aqmif&Gufay;jcif;ESifh vrf;rsufESmjyifzGJUpnf;rI
tao;pm;jyKjyifjcif; txd yg0ifonf/ txl;*½kjyK aqmif&Guf&efrSm a&qdk;ajrmif;rsm; &Sif;vif;jcif;? a&
wdkufpm;rI ajrNydKrIESifh vrf;ay: t[efYtwm;aygif;pkHudk &Sif;vif;ay;jcif;? vrf;rsufESmjyifay: tao;pm;
ysufpD;rIrsm;? tysuftpD; BuD;BuD;rm;rm; jzpfvmEdkifrnfh taetxm;rsm;udk BudKwif jyifqifjcif;rsm;
vkyf&ygrnf/

27
28 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

aus;vufvrf;rsm; ykHrSefxdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrIvkyfief;udk oifwef;ay;xm;aom a'ocH vrf;xdef;odrf;


a&; tkyfpktzGJUrsm;ESifh oabmwl ñSdEIdif; aqmif&GufoGm;&ygrnf/ þvrf;xdef;odrf;a&; tzGJUrsm;onf
¤if;wdkY twGuf xdkufoifhaom vkyftm;crsm; &ygrnf/ uwå&m taygufrsm;? uGefu&pf odkYr[kwf oHacsmif;
xdcdkufysufpD;rIrsm; twGufrl ußGrf;usifNyD; ypönf;ud&d,mrsm;&Sdonfh yk*¾vduu@ uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh
ñSdEIdif; jyKjyif&ayrnf/ pDrHcefYcGJrIp&dwfESifh rMumcP ppfaq;rIp&dwf vdktyfcsufrsm; avQmYcs&eftwGufrl?
tajccHykHrSefaqmif&GufrIrsm;udk pmcsKyfpmwrf;tm;jzifh aiGay;acsxm;oifhonf/ þodkY aqmif&GufrSom
vrf;\ tajctae aumif;rGefNyD; e*dk&nfrSef;xm;aom tqifhtwef;ESifh tnD &&SdEdkifrnf jzpfonf/ jyifqif
xdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm;\ 0,f,ljcif; (Procurement) aqmif&Guf&mwGif ½IyfaxG;rIudk a&SmifMuOf&ef
term-based contracts tokH;jyK&rnfjzpfNyD; wpfESpf (odkY) wpfESpfxufydkaom wpf,lepfEIef;xm;
oabmwlnDrI ,l&rnf jzpfonf/

tcgtm;avsmfpGmxdef;odrf;aqmif&Gufjcif;/ vrf;jyKjyif&efESifh jyefvnf opfvGifap&ef (txl;ojzifh


vrf;rsufESmjyif)twGuf jznfhwif;jcif; ESpftenf;i,fwdkif; tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdef;odrf;aqmif&Gufjcif;udk
aqmif&Guf&ygrnf/ tqdkyg vkyfief;wGif ausmufp&pfcif;jcif;? atmufcHausmufvrf; (odkY)
uGefu&pfvrf;rsm;udk taygufzmjcif;? uwå&mavmif;jcif;? xyfydk;vTmcif; jcif;wdkY yg0ifonf/ xdkYtjyif
vdktyfonfh ae&mrsm;wGif taygufzmjcif;? &moDOwkaMumifh xdcdkufonfh vrf;ae&mrsm;udk atmufcHvTm
cHEdkif&nf jyKjyifjcif;wdkYvnf; yg0ifonf/ tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdef;odrf; aqmif&Gufjcif; vkyfief;rsm;udk
vkHavmufaom tawGUtBuHKESifh pufud&d,m &Sdonfh yk*¾vduvkyfief; uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh ñSdEIdif;pmcsKyf
csKyfqdk aqmif&Gufygrnf/ vkyfudkifrnfh vkyfief;rsm;ay: tajccHNyD; ay;acs&ef pmcsKyfcsKyf&ygrnf/

xdef;odrf;rIpDrHcsufESifhOD;pm;ay;aqmif&Gufjcif;/ tm;vkH;aom CRRN vrf;rsm;onf ykHrSef vkyf½dk;vkyfpOf


xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrI &&Sd&ygrnf/ jcGif;csuftjzpf jyKjyif xdef;odrf;zdkY rvdkaom tajctae (jyefvnf
wnfaqmuf&ef vdktyfaejcif; 15) odkYr[kwf tqifhtwef; wdk;jr§ifh&ef pDrHxm;onfh vrf;rsm;rS
vGJí usefvrf; tm;vkH; xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrI vdktyf ygonf/ a'oqdkif&m½kH;rsm;rS wpfqifh
aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) rsm;onf
vrf;xdef;odrf;a&;tkyfpkrsm; odkYr[kwf vrf;xdef;odrf; uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh ESpfpOfpHcsdefrD xdef;odrf;rI
pmcsKyfrsm; vkyf&vdrfhrnf/ þpmcsKyfrsm;onf vrf; wpfvrf;csif;pD odkYr[kwf vrf;tajrmuftrsm; odkYr[kwf
oD;oefYe,fajrwpfck twGif;&Sd aom vrf; uGef,ufrsm; twGufyg tusKH;0ifapEdkifygonf/

a,bk,s ykHrSefxdef;odrf;rItqifhudk ausmfvGefNyD; taxGaxG xdef;odrf; vkyfaqmifa&; qkH;jzwfcsufcs&ef


twGufrl? aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA)
0efxrf;rsm;onf rdk;&moD tukefwGif yuwd tajctaersm;udk tvsiftjrefppfaq; taumif txnfazmf
aqmif&Guf&rnf/ rnfonfh vrf;rsm;rSm tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdef;odrf;&ef vdktyfNyD;? rnfonfhvrf;rsm;rSm
xdcdkufrItwGuf ta&;ay: jyKjyif&ef taygufzm&ef? ta&;ay: jyefzGifh&ef vdkonfwdkYudk qkH;jzwf&rnf/

odkYaomf &&Sdxm;aom &efykHaiGrSm vrf;tm;vkH; xdef;odrf;jyKjyifzdkY rvkHavmufygu? ta&;ay: xdef;odrf;


&efvdkonfh vrf;rsm;udk OD;pm;ay; aqmif&GufNyD; (vrf;rsm; zGifhay;&efESifh ,mOfjzwfoef; cGifhjyK&ef)? ykHrSef
xdrf;odrf;rIESifh tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdrf;odrf;rIrsm;udk aemufrS vdkufyg aqmif&GufEdkifonf/vdktyfaom
ae&mwGif vrf;wpfrdkifcsif;pD tvdkuf vlxkyg0if aqmif&GufEdkifrItay: tajccHNyD; tcgtm;avsmfpGm

15 vrf;rsm;tm; jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;onf tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;vkyfief;atmufwGifom yg0ifNyD; jyKjyifxdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;pOf wpfcktjzpf


rowfrSwfyg/
jyK jyifxdef;odrf;jcif;ESifha&&SnfwnfwHhapjcif; 29

vrf;xdef;odrf;rIrsm;ESifh wdk;wufatmif vkyfaqmifrIrsm;udk aqmif&Guf&ygrnf (¤if;vrf;rsm;\ t&Snfay:


rlwnfNyD; vrf;wpfckcsif;pD tvdkuf aus;&Gm vlOD;a& ta&twGufudk cGJxm; &rnf)/

cefYrSef;xm;aomvrf;xdef;odrf;rItwGufukefusp&dwfrsm;/ &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh CRRN


vrf;rsm; (5) ESpf wpfBudrf tenf;qkH; tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdef;odrf;rIrsm; vdktyfonf/ (5) ESpfwpfBudrf
tenf;qkH; wpfrdkifudk ysrf;rQ tar&duef a':vm (10000) ukefusEdkifNyD;? &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh
CRRN vrf;rsm; tm;vkH; twGuf tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdef;odrf;rI ESpfpOf ukefusp&dwfrSm tar&duefa':vm
(40)oef;&Sdrnf/ CRRN vrf;rsm; t&Snf wdk;rsm;vmonfESifhtrQ wpfESpfudk a':vm (100) oef; txd
wajz;ajz; wdk;oGm;Edkifonf/ 2030 ckESpf txd (15) ESpfwmumv twGuf tcgtm;avsmfpGm xdef;odrf;rI
ukefusp&dwfpkpkaygif; cefYrSef;csuf rSm tar&duef a':vm (1.0) bDvD,Hjzpfonf/

¤if;tjyif wnf&SdqJ CRRN vrf;rsm; tm;vkH; twGuf ykHrSefvkyf½dk;vkyfpOf xdef;odrf;rI (&moDra&G; tokH;jyK
EdkifonfhtqifhESifh ajcmufaoGU&moDtqifh) rSm ESpfpOf wpfrdkifudk tar&duef a':vm(400) tenf;qkH;
ukefusNyD;? wpfESpfudk tar&duef a':vm (20) oef;? 15 ESpfumv twGuf tar&duef a':vm (330) oef;
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI &Sdrnf/

15 ESpfwm r[mAsL[mumv xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrI pkpkaygif;ukefusp&dwfrSm cefYrSef;csuft& a':vm


(1.4) bDvsH &SdrnfjzpfNyD;? vuf&Sdumv wpfESpf a':vm( 60) oef; rS onf 2030 ckESpfwGif wpfESpf
a':vm (120) oef;txd ykHrSefjrifhwufrI yg0ifonf/ ta&;BuD;onfrSm aus;vufvrf;rsm; xdef;odrf;
apmifha&SmufrIonf vrf;rsm; rysufpD;aprIESifh vrf;tqifhtwef; a&&Snfxdef;xm;EdkifrIwdkYESifh nDñGwf
vkyfaqmif&ygrnf/
Z,m; (9) 2016 - 2030 vrf;rsm; CRRN jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;twGuf cefYrSef;ukefusaiG
CRRN 2006 CRRN 2030 Periodic yHkrSef Routine yHkrSef
wdkif;a'oBuD; / &moDra&G; aEG&moD &moDra&G; aEG&moD r[kwf jyifxdef; jyifxdef;
jynfe,f rdkif rdkif rdkif rdkif US$ oef; US$ oef;
aejynfawmf 490 220 599 125 16 4
ucsif 1011 997 1978 464 45 12
u,m; 472 228 582 118 16 4
u&if 1039 754 2146 384 48 12
csif; 182 2795 3656 532 58 20
ppfudkif; 2235 5255 6358 1431 129 45
weoFm&D 1186 485 1558 245 41 10
yJcl; 1776 2438 3083 1131 73 25
rauG; 1484 3994 5482 951 104 33
rEÅav; 2176 2460 3198 1438 81 28
rGef 700 500 700 500 21 7
&cdkif 944 1341 3624 745 69 18
&efukef 640 741 1184 227 27 8
&Srf; 5066 9077 11072 3070 242 85
{&m0wD 1055 2353 3354 788 66 20
pkpkaygif; 20455 33637 48573 12152 1035 332
&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.
30 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;&efykHaiG/ CRRN vrf;rsm; xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrIonf CRRN vrf;rsm;udk


&moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkif&ef tqifhjr§ifhwifrI odkYr[kwf CRRN vrf;rsm; wnfaqmufrIwdkYxuf ydkNyD; OD;pm;ay;
vkyfaqmif&rnf/ þ&nf&G,fcsuftwGuf &Sdxm;aom aus;vuf&efykHaiG\ tenf;qkH;(20)&mcdkifEIef;udk
vrf;jyKjyif xdef;odrf;rI twGuf &efykHaiG xm;&Sdrnf jzpfonf/ wnf&SdqJ CRRN vrf;rsm;udk &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifap&ef tqifhjr§ifhwifrIESifh CRRN vrf;opfrsm; wnfaqmufrI &SdaepOf twGif;? xdef;odrf;rI
p&dwfudkvnf; wdk;jr§ifhxm;&rnf (txl;ojzifh &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;udk &Hzef&Hcg xdef;odrf;&ef
jzpfonf)/ odkYaomf vrf;tqifh jr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh topfazmufvkyfjcif;rsm; twGuf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSm
wajz;ajz; avsmhenf;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD;? wpfzufwGif vrf;xdef;odrf;rI aiGaMu; rSm wajz;ajz;csif; wdk;vmrnf/
2030 ckESpfwGif vrf;xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufrI ukefus p&dwfrSm &&Sdxm;aom aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiG\ 35
&mcdkifEIef; jzpfrnf/
9
aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiG

tusOf;csKyf
jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;twGuf US$ (1.4)bDvD,HESifh tqifhjr§ifh wifjcif;? topf wnfaqmufjcif;
twGuf US$ (2.5)bDvD,H tygt0if 2030 ckESpftxd r[mAsL[m umvtwGif; &efykHaiG
US$ (3.9) bDvD,H vdktyfrnf jzpfonf/ vdktyfonfh &efykHaiGtm; &if;jrpf (3)ckrS &&Sdvdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/ pkpkaygif; US$ (2.1)bDvD,H (vdktyfcsuf xuf0ufrQom) tm; jynfaxmifpk&efykHaiGESifh
jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD; &efykHaiGwdkYrS &&Sdvdrfh rnf jzpfonf/ vGefcJhaom (3)ESpfcefYu jynfaxmifpk
bwf*suf &efykHaiG wpfESpfvQif US$ (150) oef; yQrf;rQ&&SdcJhonf/ tpdk;&tzGJU\ &efykHaiGonf
jynfaxmifpkbwf*suf&efykHaiGrS jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;odkY ykHrSef vTJajymif;ay;onfudk
awGUjrif &vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ 'kwd,&if;jrpfwpfckrSm vuf&Sd wdk;*dwf (toll) rsm;ESifh ,mOftokH;jyKc
tygt0if pufokH;qD tay: aumufcHonfh tcGefopfpepfjzifh &efykHaiG &,loGm;ygrnf/ ,if;
pufokH;qDtcGef aumufcHrIpepftm; tokH;jyKEdkif&ef aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ pufokH;qDtay:
tcGefaumufcHrItm; US$ (1.0) bDvD,H &&Sdap&ef vsmxm;rnf jzpfonf/ pufokH;qDtcGef
tm; aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme tqifhjrifhvrf;rsm;? NrdKUjyvrf;rsm; twGufyg &efykHaiG vdktyfcsuf
umrdapa&; aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ r[mAsL[m umvtwGif; &efykHaiG vdktyfaiG US$ (800)
oef;tm; wwd,&if;jrpfwpfck jzpfonfh zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzuf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrS jznfhqnf; oGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ yQrf;rQtaejzifh zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzuftzGJUtpnf;rsm;xHrS wpfESpfvQif US$ (40)oef; ueOD;
vsmxm;&mrS r[mAsL[m umvNyD;qkH;csdef 2030 ckESpfü wpfESpfvQif US$ ( 80-90)oef; txd
wdk;jr§ifh vsmxm;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ þr[mAsL[m&nfrSef;csuf atmifjrif&ef &efykHaiG &&SdrItay:
rSDcdkrI jrifhrm;vsuf&Sdonf/ tu,fí pufokH;qD tay:rS &efykHaiG r&&Sdygu aus;vufae vlOD;a& (2.5)
oef; tenf;i,fom 2030 ckESpfü &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tokH;jyK Edkifrnf jzpfonf/
jynfaxmifpkbwf*suf&efykHaiG avsmhenf;&&Sdygu aus;vufae vlOD;a& (5)oef; onf &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; tokH;jyKEdkifrnf r[kwfbJ aus;vufjynfolrsm;\ toufarG; 0rf;ausmif; ESifh
pD;yGm;a&;rsm; tay: rsm;pGm oufa&muf aprnf jzpfonf/

&efykHaiGvdktyfcsuf/ 15 ESpfwm r[mAsL[mumvtwGuf pkpkaygif;vdktyfrnfh aiGaMu; yrmPonf


vrf;wHwm; topfwnf aqmufjcif;ESifh jyKjyifjcif; twGuf tar&duefa':vm (2.5) bDvD,H ESifh
jyKjyifxdef;odrf;p&dwf tar&duefa':vm (1.4) bDvD,H pkpkaygif; tar&duef a':vm (3.9) bDvD,H
vdktyfygonf/ þ aiGaMu; vdktyfcsuftm; t"du&if;jrpfokH;ckrS aiGaMu;&,ljcif; jzifh aqmif&GufEdkifrnf
jzpfonf/

31
32 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

tpdk;&&okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;/ aus;vufvrf;rsm; twGuf vuf&Sd t"du aiGaMu; axmufyHhrIonf


pdkufysdK;a&;? arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme (MoALI)? aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme
(DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) odkY cGJxm;ay;aom jynfaxmifpk &okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if;rS
jzpfonf/ þr[mAsL[m azmfaqmif&mwGif ,ckvrf;aMumif;onf aiGaMu;axmufyHhrI t"du
&if;jrpftjzpf vkyfaqmifoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD) odkY
cGJxm;ay;aom jynfaxmifpk &okH;rSef;ajconf NyD;cJhaom okH;ESpftwGif;u wpfESpfvQif jrefrm$ (160)
bDvD,HeD;yg; &SdNyD; e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) odkY aus;vufvrf;rsm; twGuf cGJxm;ay;aom
&okH;rSef;ajconf wpfESpfvQif jrefrm$ (30) bDvD,H &Sdygonf/ xdkYaMumifh NyD;cJhonfh okH;ESpf twGif;u
aus;vufvrf; rsm; twGuf jynfaxmifpk&okH;rSef;ajcrS aiGaMu;axmufyHhcJhrIonf wpfESpfvQif jrefrm$
(190 bDvD,H) pkpkaygif; tar&duef a':vmoef; (150) cefY &Sdygonf/ jynfaxmifpk wf*sufonf &&SdrI
avsmhenf;vmaomfvnf; jynfe,f/wdkif;a'oBuD; rsm;rS 2017-2018 ckb@ma&; ESpfwGif aiG$
(70) bDvD,H jzifh bwf*suftpDtrHtm; aus;vufvrf;rsm; twGuf bwf*sufvsmxm;jcif; ed'gef;jzifh
twlwuG (hand in hand) aqmif&GufoGm;awmhrnf jzpfonf/ jynfaxmifpkbwf*sufESifh jynfe,f/
wdkif;a'oBuD; bwf*sufwdkY aygif;pyfí US$ (150)oef; arQmfrSef;rnf jzpfonf/þr[mAsL[m azmfaqmif
aeaom umvwpfavQmuf ,ck cGJwrf;rsm; a&&SnfwnfwHhaernf[k xifjrif ,lq&ygonf/ odkYaomf
cGJwrf;rsm; xyfwdk;ay;&efrl jynfaxmifpk&okH;rSef;ajctay: t$awGUapEdkifonfh tjcm;u@rsm;\
vdktyfcsufrsm;aMumifh cufcJygrnf/ jynfaxmifpk&okH;rSef;ajcrS r[mAsL[m umvwpfckvkH; twGuf
tar&duefa':vm (2.1) bDvD,H axmufyHhay;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; xuf0ufausmf jzpfygonf/

Z,m; (10) DRD ESihf MoBA \vrf;wHwm;rsm;twGuEf pS pf Of&ok;H rSe;f ajcpm&if;


aus;vufOD;pD; e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme
b@ma&;ESpf
$oef;aygif; $oef;aygif;
2014–2015 199334 r&Sd
2015–2016 174317 35270
2016–2017 102980 31073
ysrf;rQ 158877 33171
&if;jrpf - DRD and MoBA.

vrf;&efyHkaiG/ aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA)


wdkY vrf;u@ twGuf &Edkifaom aiGaMu;&efyHkaiGyrmP jrifhwifEdkif&eftwGuf EdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh
vrf;&efykHaiG udk jyXmef;oGm;ygrnf/ þ vrf;&efyHkaiGonf aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme
(DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) wdkY pDrHcefYcGJrnfh aus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf;rsm; twGuf
omru aqmufvkyfa&; 0efBuD;Xme (MoC) rS pDrHcefYcGJvQuf&Sdaom ydkrdk tqifhjrifhaom vrf;rsm;ESifh
NrdKUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumifpDrS pDrHcefYcGJvsuf&Sdaom NrdKUjyvrf; rsm;twGuf ygvdktyfaom aiGaMu;rsm;
axmufyHhay;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ vrf;&efyHkaiGonf ¤if;\ tcGeftcudk vuf&Sd wdk;*dwf (toll) rsm;ESifh
,mOftokH;jyKc tygt0if vrf;okH;pGJc rsm;ESifh topf xyfrHrdwfqufay;rnfh vrf;okH;pGJcrsm; jzpfonfh
avmifpmqDcGefrsm;rS &,loGm;yg rnf/ Fuel Tax or Levy twGuf vTwfawmf\ twnfjyKcsuf &,lygrnf/

vrf;&efykHaiGrS wqifh aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme


(MoBA) twGuf r[mAsL[m umvtwGif; aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; pDrHcefYcGJEdkif&ef xyfwdk;&efykHaiG
tar&duef a':vm (1.0)bDvD, (vdktyfaom aiGaMu;\ 25%ausmfcefY) &&Sdaprnf jzpfygonf/
vuf&Sd avmifpmqD okH;pGJrI yrmPESifh vmrnfhESpfwGif xyfwdk;vmEdkifrIrsm; t& pufokH;qD tcGef
aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiG 33

aumufcHjcif;rS aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme(MoBA)


wdkY xyfwdk; vdktyfvmEdkifrnfh txufwGif azmfjycJhaom aus;vufvrf;&efyHkaiGtm; jznfhqnf;
aqmif&Gufay;Edkifygonf/ tqifhjrifh vrf;rBuD;rsm;? NrdKUwGif;vrf;rsm; twGuf umrdap&ef tvdkYiSm
avmifpmqDcGef aumufcHjcif;tm; wdk;jr§ifh oGm;rnf jzpfonf/

zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzufrsm;/ r[mAsL[m taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&Gufjcif; twGuf usef&Sdaom aiGaMu;


axmufyHhrIrsm;tm; vrf;wHwm;rsm; twGuf wdk;jrSifh yHhydk;ay;vsuf&Sdaom zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzufrsm;rS
ulnD jznfhqnf; ay;oGm;ygrnf/ aus;vufvrf; u@twGuf vuf&Sd ulnDay;vsuf&Sdaom zGHYNzdK;a&;
rdwfzufrsm;rSm tm&SzGHYNzdK;a&;bPf(ADB)? urÇmhbPf (World Bank)? *syeftjynfjynfqdkif&m
yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufa&; at*sifpD (JICA)? *smrefzGHYNzdK;a&;bPf (KfW)16 ESifh urÇmhbPf wdkYjzpfygonf/
aemiftem*wfwGif tjcm;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS yl;aygif;y g0ifvmEdkifygonf/ vmrnfh (15) ESpfwmwGif
jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&u zGHûzd;a&;rdwfzufrsm;tm; þr[mAsL[mtwGuf aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIwGif
jzpfEdkifaom vpf[mrIrsm;tm; jznfhqnf;ay;&ef pkpkaygif; tar&duefa':vm (800) oef;tm; awmif;cH
oGm;ygrnf/ þvdktyfcsufudk jznfhqnf;ay;&ef zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzufrsm; taejzifh ysrf;rQtm;jzifh wpfESpfudk
tar&duef a':vm 60 oef; (wpfESpfudk tar&duef a':vmoef; (40) rS pwifum 2030 wGif wpfESpfudk
a':vm oef; (85) a&mufonf txd wdk;oGm;rnf) axmufyHh&ef vdktyf ygonf/
Z,m; (11) aiGaMu;axmufyHhrI&if;jrpftvdkuf
arQmfrSef;xm;aom aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIrsm;
&HyHkaiG
&if;jrpf US$ (oef;)
jynfaxmifpk? jynfe,f wdkif; buf*suf 2100
vrf;&HyHkaiG 1000
zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzuftzGJYtpnf; 800
pkpkaygif; 3900
&if;jrpf -

&okH;rSef;ajc&EdkifaomykHpHrsm;/ arQmfrSef;xm;aom aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIjzpfonf 2030 txd vdktyfrnfh


tar&duef a':vm (3.9) bDvD,Honf r[mAsL[m\ t"duOD;wnfcsuf jzpfonfh &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifaom vrf;rsm;jzifh (80%) aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; csdwfqufay;jcif;tm; azmfaqmifcGifh
ay;Edkifygrnf/ þtcsufonf jrefrmwpfEdkifiHvkH;&Sd aus;vufa'oae vlOD;a&\ (87% ) tm; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifaom vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;udk zefwD; ay;Edkifygrnf/ ,if;onf ,ck vuf&Sdjzpfaom &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfh aus;vufvrf;rsm;ESifh ydkrdktqifhjrifhaom vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;xm;aom aus;&Gm
pkpkaygif;\ 50% (aus;vufa'o vlOD;a&\(58%)) om &Sdaom taetxm;rS odomxif&Sm;aom wdk;wuf
ajymif;vJrIudk jzpfay:apygrnf/ þodkYaom tusdK;oufa&mufrI jzpfay:vmEdkif&efrSm arQmfrSef;xm;aom
aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIrsm; vuf&SdwGif &&SdEdkif&ef vdktyfygonf/ aiGaMu; axmufyHhrItay: jyKvkyfaom
rnfonfhavQmhcsrIrsdK; rqdk arQmfrSef;xm;aom aus;&Gmta&twGuftm; avsmhusoGm;aprSm jzpfygonf/
tvm;wl rnfonfh xyfavmif;jznfhwif;jcif;rsdK;rqdk arQmfrSef;xm;aom aus;&Gmta&twGuftm; ydkrdk
vmaprSm jzpfygonf/

16 Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau.


34 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

tjcm;aom u@rsm;tm; tcGifhta&;ay;aomtm;jzifh aus;vufvrf;rsm; twGuf jynfaxmifpk


&okH;rSef;ajcrS cGJwrf;rsm;tm; avQmYcsay;Edkifygonf/ jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'o BuD;rsm;rSvnf; bwf*suf
vsmxm;rIenf; (odkY) ryg&SdEdkif jzpfEdkifygonf/ vrf;&efyHkaiGtm; vdktyfrSom jyXmef;rnfjzpfNyD; ,ck BudKwif
cefYrSef;xm;onfh aus;vufrsm; twGuf vrf;&efyHkaiGrS &vmrnfh tcGeftcrsm;onfvnf; avsmhusaumif;
avsmhusEdkifonf/ zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzuf rsm;rS &&SdEdkifrnfh aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIrsm;onf arQmfrSef;xm;onfxuf
ydkrdkavsmhenf;zG,f&m &Sdonf/ &Edkifaom aus;vufa'ovrf; &efyHkaiG jzpfonfh tar&duef a':vm (1)
bDvD,Htm; avQmYcsvdkufjcif;onf &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;Edkifrnfh
aus;&Gmpkpkaygif;\ 10%txd avsmhusoGm;apEdkifNyD; pkpkaygif; aus;vuf a'oae vlOD;a&\ (8%)? vlOD;a&
(2.5) oef;cefY txd avsmhusoGm;apEdkifygonf/jynfaxmifpk &efykHaiG rS wpfESpfvQiftar&duef a':vm
(150) oef;om &&Sdygu pkpkaygif;aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (60%) (arQmfrSef;csufxuf aus;&Gmpkpkaygif;tay:
(20%)ESifhvlOD;a&tay: (15%) onf &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifrI avsmhenf;) aqmif&GufEdkifrnf jzpfonf/

jynfaxmifpk&okH;rSef;ajc? jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;? vrf;&efyHkaiG odkYr[kwf zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzufrsm;rS


&&Sdrnfh aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiGrsm;onf arQmfrSef;xm;onfxuf ydkrdkívnf; &Edkifygonf/ jynfe,f ESifh
wdkif;a'o BuD;rsm;rS xyfwdk; aiGaMu; cGifhjyK aiG rsm;vnf; yHhydk;ay;Edkifygonf/ ,if;onf 2030 txd &&SdEdkifrnfh
&okH;rSef;ajctm; odom xif&Sm;pGm ydkrdkjrifhwufapEdkifygonf/ xyfwdk;cGJwrf; tar&duef a':vm (1.0)
bDvD,Honf &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;Edkifrnfh aus;&Gmta&twGuftm;
90% txd (aus;vufa'oae vlOD;a& pkpkaygif;\ 94%) txd (vlOD;a& 2.5 oef;xyfaqmif;) wdk;oGm;
apEdkif ygonf/

aus;&Gmtm;vkH;ESifh aus;&Gmae vlOD;a&tm;vkH;wdkYtm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfquf


ay;Edkif&eftwGuf cefYrSef;&okH;rSef;ajc vdktyfcsufrSm tar&duef a':vm (6) bDvD,HjzpfNyD; &Edkifrnf[k
arQmfrSef;xm;onfxuf (55%) ydkygonf/ atmufwGif jyxm;aom Z,m;onf rwlnDaom &okH;rSef;ajc
&EdkifrIykHpHrsm;ESifh ¤if;wdkY\ oufa&mufrIudk jyxm;ygonf/ &EdkifrI ykHpHtm;vkH;wGif aus;&Gmrsm;\ xyfwdk;
(10%) onf ajcmufaoGU&moD okH;vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;Edkifrnf[k ,lqcsufrsm; yg&Sdonf/ (aus;&Gm
tm;vkH; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufxm;onfhtydkif;rS vGJí)
aus;vufvrf;&efykHaiG 35

Z,m; (12) &&Sdonfh &okH;rSef;ajc &Edkifaom bwf*suf tay: tusdK;oufa&mufrI


t"du vrf;rBuD;odkY
buf*suf aEG&moDwGifom
&moDra&G; toHk;jyKEdkif
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI r[mAsL[m 2016-2030 CRRN toHk;jyKEdkif CRRN vrf;r&Sd
US$ bDvD,H % aus;&Gm % vlOD;a& % aus;&Gm % vlOD;a& % aus;&Gm % vlOD;a&
2016 tajctae – 50 58 36 30 14 12
2030 tajctae
2.1 62 72 24 17 14 11
(60 % aus;&Gmrsm;)
2030 tajctae
2.9 70 79 17 10 13 10
(70 % aus;&Gmrsm;)
2030 tajctae
3.9 80 87 12 8 8 5
(80 % aus;&Gmrsm;)
2030 tajctae
5.0 90 94 10 6 – –
(90 % aus;&Gmrsm;)
2030 tajctae
6.0 100 100 – – – –
(100 % aus;&Gmrsm;)
&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

ykH (15) aus;&GmESifh aus;vufvlOD;a& qufoG,frItqifhtay:


&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItqifh\ tusdK;oufa&mufrI
aus;½GmqufoG,frItqifhtwef; aus;vufaevlOD;a&\qufoG,frItqifhtwef;

2016 (tajccH) 22 28 36 14 28 30 30 12
tqifhjrifht"duvrf;rBuD;

2030 (US$ 2.1 bDvD,H) 22 40 24 14 28 44 17 11

&moDra&G;oHk;Edkifonfhvrf;
2030 (US$ 2.9 bDvD,H) 22 49 17 13 28 51 10 10

2030 (US$ 3.9 bDvD,H) 22 58 12 8 28 59 8 5 aEG&moDtoHk;jyKEdkifonfhvrf;

2030 (US$ 5.0 bDvD,H) 22 68 10 28 66 6


vrf;r&Sd
2030 (US$ 6.0 bDvD,H) 22 78 28 72

0 50 100 0 50 100

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.


10
bwf*sufcGJa0jcif;

tusOf;csKyf
jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifap&efESifh aus;&Gmrsm;\(10%)tm; ajcmufaoGU&moDoGm;vrf; qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkif&ef
tvdkYiSm ajcmufaoGU &moDoGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf; rdkifaygif; (26000) rdkiftm; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;odkY tqifhjr§ifh&ef vdktyfygonf/xdkYjyif vrf;topf azmufvkyf&ef rdkifaygif;
(6600) rdki f(vrf;topftm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfhvrf;tjzpf rdkifaygif; (2400) rdkif tygt0if)
aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfrnfjzpfygonf/ topfazmufvkyfjcif;ESifh jr§ifhwifjcif;vkyfief;rsm;twGuf
cefYrSef;aiG US$ (2.5) bDvD,H ($ 3400 bDvD,H) ukefusrnfjzpfonf/ ,if;cefYrSef; ukefusaiG
twGif;ü wnf&SdNyD; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tqifhjrifhtwGuf US$ (2.1) bDvD,H?
ajrom;vrf; topfazmufvkyfjcif; twGuf US$ (130) oef;ESifh vrf;topftm; &moDra&G;
oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;tjzpf tqifhjr§ifhjcif;twGuf US$ (200) oef; wdkY yg0ifygonf/ xdkYjyif vuf&Sd
wnf&SdNyD; opfom;wHwm;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;twGuf US$ (230) oef; vdktyfrnfjzpf ygonf/

þ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIonf 2030 ckESpfü &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh t"duaus;&Gm csif;qufvrf;rsm;


rdkifaygif; (48500)rdkif (CRRN tm;vkH;\ 70%) &&SdvdrfhrnfjzpfNyD; aus;&Gmaygif; (33500) &GmESifh
aus;&GmvlOD;a& (20) oef;eD;yg;tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh aqmif&Guf ay;Edkifrnf
jzpfonf/ aus;&Gmaygif; (12400) &Gm ESifh vlOD;a& (10)oef; eD;yg; onf tqifhjrifhvrf;rBuD;rsm;jzifh
wdkuf½dkuf csdwfNyD;jzpfonf/ aemufxyf ajcmufaoGU&moD tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rdkifaygif; (12200)
rdkif? aus;&Gmaygif; (6700)&GmESifh vlOD;a& (3) oef; tay: aqmif&Gufay;Edkifrnf jzpfonf/ t"du
aus;&Gmcsif; qufvrf;rsm;\ (10%)rQtay:ü 2030 ck ESpfwGif NyD;pD;atmif aqmif&GufEdkifvdrfhrnf
r[kwfyg/ aus;&Gmaygif; (4600) &Gm vlOD;a& (2) oef; cefY qufoG,f oGm;vmEdkif&ef usef&Sdrnf
jzpfonf/ jrpfaMumif; wpfavQmuf&Sd a&BuD;epfjr§Kyf ae&m&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;? vrf;azmufvrf;
jzpfEdkifajc r&Sdonfh aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh a&aMumif;ydkYaqmifa&;u@ aqmif&Guf&ef ae&mrsm;&Sd
aus;&Gmrsm;tm; ta&;BuD; rSwfom;&rnfjzpfonf/

wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifhjynfe,frsm;twGufbwf*sufcGJa0jcif;/ jynfaxmifpk bwf*suf rS &&Sdxm;aom &efykHaiGudk


wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,fwpfckcsif;pD\ aus;vufvlOD;a&tay: tajccHNyD; a'otvdkuf cGJa0&ygrnf/
wpfcgw&H xyfwdk;&efykHaiGrsm;udk tvGefqif;&Jaom jynfe,f wdkif;a'orsm;udk OD;pm;ay; cGJa0ay;&ygrnf/
txufu@wGif wifjycJhaom &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIqdkif&m vdktyfcsufrsm;onf wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,frsm;&Sd
aus;&Gm tqifhtwef; ta&twGuf tuGmta0;wdkY tay: rlwnfNyD; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSmvnf; uGmjcm;

36
bwf*sufcGJa0jcif; 37

aernf jzpfonf/ aus;vufvlOD;a& rsm;jym;aom wdkif;a'oBuD;/ jynfe,fwdkY twGufrl &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrSm


ydkrdkBuD;rm;pGm vdktyfaernfjzpfaomfvnf; xdkt&monf wdkuf½dkufqufEG,frI r&Sdyg/ atmufyg Z,m;ü
awGUjrifEdkifygonf/

Z,m; (13) vdktyfonfh cefYrSef;ajc t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN)


wdkif;a'oBuD; / aus;vufvlOD;a& cefYrSef; &if;ESD; jrSKyfESHrI vdktyfcsuf
jynfe,f vlOD;a& &mcdkifEIef; US$ oef; &mcdkifEIef;
aejynfawmf 772153 2 31 1
ucsif 1005093 3 162 4
u,m; 214209 1 32 1
u&if 1154692 3 145 4
csif; 368711 1 430 11
ppfudkif; 4381529 13 491 13
weoFm&D 904400 3 90 2
yJcl; 3683575 11 246 6
rauG; 3302547 10 406 10
rEÅav; 4022287 12 186 5
rGef 1404634 4 33 1
&cdkif 1705657 5 368 9
&efukef 1708332 5 117 3
&Srf; 3798554 11 790 20
{&m0wD 5248991 16 375 10
pkpkaygif; 33675364 100 3902 100
&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

xdkYaMumifh jynfaxmifpk &efykHaiGrS tem*wf r[mAsL[m vkyfief;pOfrsm;twGuf aiGaMu;cGJa0rIESifh


vrf;&efykHaiGxm;&SdrI tpDtpOfrsm;onf rwluGJjym;aom jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; toD;oD;&Sd vuf&Sd
aus;&Gm vrf;qufoG,fa&;udk xnfhoGif; pOf;pm;&ygrnf/ ¤if;tjyif jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'o wpfckcsif;pD&Sd
aus;&Gmvrf; (90) &mcdkifEIef; qufoG,fa&;? &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh aus;&Gm (80)
&mcdkifEIef; qufoG,fa&; r[mAsL[m &nfrSef;csufrsm; atmifjrif&ef &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHr17I &Sd&vdrfhrnf/
qdkvdkonfrSm jynfaxmifpkbwf*sufrS &&Sdaom BuD;rm;aom &efykHaiGtcsdK;tpm;udk jynfe,fESifh
wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;&Sd edrfhusaom aus;vufqufoG,fa&;u@wGif trsm;tjym; &if;ESD;jrKyfESH&ef
vdktyfygonf/ atmufygZ,m;rSm rwljcm;em;aoma'orsm;odkY bwf*sufa0pk pD;qif;oGm;ykHudk azmfjyNyD;?
cGJa0rIrSm aus;vufvlOD;a& t&G,ftpm;xuf &if;ESD;jrKyfESH&ef vdktyfonfh tajctaetay: tajcjyK
xm;ygonf/ bwf*sufcGJa0ykHrSm ueOD; prf;oyfavhvm cefYrSef;xm;aom &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI vdktyfonfh
ae&mrsm;wGif tajcjyKxm;NyD;? vkyfaqmifrnfh r[mAsL[mudk xif[yf aponf/ odkYaomf aemufydkif;
NrdKUe,fwpfNrdKUe,fcsif; tvdkuf CRRN zGifhqdkcsuf owfrSwfcsufrsm;jzifh (2017'DZifbmwGiftNyD;aq
mif&Guf&ef) tppftrSef &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm;udk wjznf;jznf; tpm;xdk;oGm;&vdrfhrnf/ aemufxyf CRRN
wnfaqmufrIrsm; tqifh twef;jr§ifhwifrIrsm;udk ykHrSefaqmif&GufoGm;&rnf jzpfonf/

17
þonfum;vrf;tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh vrf;wnfaqmufjcif;vkyfief;rsm; twGuf vdktyfonfrsm;? vdkufemaqmif&Guf&rnfh vrf;pHcsdef
pHñTef;rsm;ESifh ¤if;wdkY\ qufpyf ukefusp&dwfrsm;? CRRN uGef,uf\ t&G,ftpm;? zGJUpnf;ykHESifhwuG jyKjyifxdef;odrf;rI p&dwfrsm; tay: tusdK;
oufa&muf Edkifajcrsm;udkvnf;xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;wGufcsufxm;ygonf/
38 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

yHk (16) jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm; &efyHkaiG vsmxm;csuf


25

20

15

10

0
mf

csi
f

m;

&i
f

f;

dkif;

Fm&
D

l;

G;

rGe
f

dkif

kef

f;

w
D
csi

yJc

Åav

&Sr
u
faw

&c

fu
,

fu

m0
eo
u
u

ra

&e
u

pp

rE
jyn

{&
w
ae

aus;vufaevlOD;a&tay: vsmxm;jcif; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItay:vsmxm;jcif;


&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzuftzGJUrsm;\ &efykHaiGrsm;onfvnf; oabmwlxm;aom pDrHudef;abmifESifhtnD wdkif;


a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f toD;oD;odkY pD;qif;&rnfjzpfNyD;? jynfaxmifpkbwf*sufcGJa0rIudk jznfhpGufay; &ygrnf/
qufoG,foGm;vmrI tqifhedrfhNyD; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIvdktyfcsuf jrifhrm;aom jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'orsm;\
vrf;&efykHaiGwGif ulnDjznfhpGufay; &ygrnf/

jynfaxmifpkbwf*sufrS ESpfpOfvrf;&efykHaiGcGJa0rIrsm;ESifh zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzufrsm;\ xnfh0ifaiGrsm;udk


trsdK;om;tqifh a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm; taumiftxnfazmfa&; aumfrwDrS jyefvnf okH;oyfNyD;
jynfaxmifpk vTwfawmf\ twnfjyK csuf,lrnfjzpfonf/

NrdKUe,frsm;odkYbwf*sufcGJa0jcif;/ jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; tqifhwGif aus;vufa'o


zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme DRD ESifh MoBA rS &&Sdaom &efykHaiGrsm;udk aus;vufvlOD;a&ay: tajccHNyD;
NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;odkY vuf&Sd cGJa0ay;vsuf &Sdonf/ ,ckwGifrl rwljcm;em;aom NrdKUe,frsm;&Sd aus;&Gmvrf;
qufoG,frI tqifhrsm;udk t&ifqkH; pOf;pm;NyD; r[mAsL[m&nfrSef;csufrsm; atmifjrif&ef vdktyfaom
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;twGuf bwf*suf cGJa0&ygrnf/ xyfwdk;bwf*sufrsm;onfvnf; &moDra&G;oGm;vm
Edkifonfhvrf;rsm;jzifh rqufoG,fEdkifao;aom aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh aus;vufvlxkrsm;&Sdonfh NrdKUe,frsm;?
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH&ef vdktyfcsuf jrifhrm;onfh ae&mrsm;odkY yHhydk;ay;&rnf/ þodkYtm;jzifh rwljcm;em;aom
aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh aus;vufvlxkrsm;\ qufoG,foGm;vmrI tqifht& NrdKUe,frsm; tMum; BuD;rm;aom
nDrQrIudk &&Sd vmrnf/ jynfaxmifpk&efykHaiGbwf*suf\ aus;vuf vrf;rsm;&&Sda&;&efykHaiGcGJa0
rI? zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzufrsm;xHrS NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;twGuf &efykHaiGpD;qif;rIwdkYudk jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'o
wpfckcsif;pD&Sd a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwD\ ñSdEIdif; tBuHjyK rIjzifh a'o vrf;wHwm;
taumiftxnfazmfa&; aumfrwDrS twnfjyK qkH;jzwf &ygrnf/ Section 13 Munfhyg)
11
pDrHcsufa&;qGJjcif;ESifhOD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif

tusOf;csKyf
aus;vufvrf;rsm;&efykHaiGonf wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,f toD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom
aus;&Gmrsm;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh tcsdefwdk twGif; ESifh tenf;qkH;aom
ukefusrnfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfquf ay;oGm;&ef &nf&G,fyg onf/ &efykHaiGtokH;jyK&mü yxrOD;pGm
vuf&Sdwnf&SdNyD; t"duaus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif;tm; vnf;aumif;
usef&efykHaiGjzifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh topf azmufvkyfjcif;rsm;tm; vnf;aumif; aqmif&Gufvdrfh
rnfjzpfonf/

OD;pm;ay; owfrSwfcsufrsm;tm; vlOD;a&trsm;tjym; qufoG,fonfhvrf; tm; OD;pm;ay;owfrSwf


vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf vlOD;a& (1000) ESifh txuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm; aygif;jcif;jzifh
vlOD;a& (2000) txuf aus;&Gmrsm;tm; yxrOD;pm;ay;tjzpf owfrSwf vdrfhrnfjzpfonf/
aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf vlOD;a& (500) ESifh txuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm; aygif;jcif;jzifh vlOD;a& (1000)
txuf aus;&Gmrsm;tm; 'kwd,OD;pm;ay; tjzpfowfrSwfvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ aus;&Gmwpf&Gmonf
vlOD;a& (250) ESifh txuf (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm; aygif;jcif;jzifh vlOD;a& (500) ESifh txuf aus;&Gm
rsm;tm; wwd,OD;pm;ay; tjzpfowfrSwfvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ vlOD;a& tenf;i,fom&Sdaom
t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; r[kwfonfh vrf;rsm;tm; pwkw¬OD;pm;ay;tjzpf owfrSwf vdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/ OD;pm;ay; vrf; (4) rsdK;\ tqifhtwef; toD;oD;ü rwlnDonfh rsm;pGmaom t"du
aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf;rsm; tMurf;zsOf;tm;jzifh yg0ifvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ t"du aus;&Gmcsif;
qufvrf;rsm; (CRRN) tjrifhqkH; (Higher Categories) OD;pm;ay;vrf;rsm;tm; aqmif&GufNyD;vQif
tedrfhqkH;OD;pm;ay;(Lower Categories) vrf;rsm;a&G;cs,f aqmif&Guf&ef &efykHaiG&&Sdaprnfjzpfonf/
OD;pm;ay; tqifhtwef; toD;oD;ü vrf;rsm;tm; vlrIpD;yGmb0 owfrSwfcsufrsm; (wpfrdkiftay:
tusdK;jyK vlOD;a&? ,mOfoGm;vmEIef;? qif;&JrIEIef;? ywf0ef;usif xdcdkufrI? ajr,mavsmfaMu; ESifh
jyefvnfae&mcsxm;ay;&ef vdktyfcsuf ponfh) jzifh vrf;\ tqifhtwef; owfrSwfoGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ OD;pm;ay; vrf;rsm; owfrSwfrItm;vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;? aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;
wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme? e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;XmeESifha'o twGif;&Sd oufqdkifonfh 0efBuD;Xmersm;\
oabmwlnDcsufjzifh a&G;cs,f oGm;rnf jzpfonf/

NrdKUe,ftqifhpDrHcsufa&;qGJjcif;/ NrdKUe,ftqifh bwf*sufvsmxm;&mrSm owfrSwfxm;aom a&G;cs,frIESifh


OD;pm;ay; owfrSwfrI (Prioritization Criteria) tajccHí &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrItpDtrH (Investment Plan) jzifh
vdkufemaqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf/ NrdKUe,ftqifhwGifaus;vufa'ovrf;rsm;twGuf&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIpDrHcsufrsm;udk
jyifqifoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; wdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,fESifh EdkifiHawmf tqifhwGif pDrHcsufrsm;tm; pkaygif;oGm;rnf
jzpfonf/ yifrpDrHcsufonf 2030 txd &Sdrnfh &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI pDrHcsufjzpfNyD; NrdKUe,fwpfckpD&Sd rSwfykHwif

39
40 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

xm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;\ tenf;qkH; (80%) tm; &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;yef; qufoG,fa&;


yHhydk;ay;oGm;&ef vdktyfonfh &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIudk cGJjcm;owfrSwf ay;ygrnf/ ,if;tm; (5) ESpf &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI
pDrHcsufjzifh vuf&Sd &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;tm; cGJjcm;owfrSwf&ef jznfhpGufoGm;NyD; 2030 &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI pDrHcsuftm;
taxmuftul jyK oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ (5) ESpf &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI pDrHcsufrsm; wGif rcsdwfqufao;aom &Gmrsm;
tm; csdwfquf&ef vrf;opf azmufvkyfjcif;? wnf&SdNyD;aom ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; vrf;rsm;udk &moDra&G;
tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;tjzpf tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;ESifh aus;vufvrf; uGef,uftm; jyKjyifxdef;odrf;&ef
pDpOf owfrSwfay;jcif;rsm; yg0if ygonf/

CRRN vrf;rsm;udk ypfrSwfxm;NyD; OD;pm;ay;tqifh owfrSwfjcif;/ þaus;vufa'ovrf;rsm;qdkif&m


trsdK;om;tqifhr[mAsL[mwGif EdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh tcsdefwdktwGif;ü ukefusp&dwf toufomqkH;
jzifh rSwfykHwifxm; aom aus;&Gmpkpkaygif;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh
csdwfquf ay;oGm;&ef &nfrSef;xm;onfh r[mAsL[mOD;wnfcsufudk azmfaqmif&ef CRRN vrf;rsm;twGuf
oD;oefY&nf&G,fí aus;vufa'o vrf;rsm;wGif &if;ESD;jrKyfESHoGm;&ef arQmfrSef;xm;ygonf/ cGJjcm;owfrSwf
ay;xm;aom CRRN pm&if;onf jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;&\ aus;vufa'o vrf;&if;ESD; jrKyfESHrIrsm;ESifhtwl
zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; rdwfbufrsm;rS &,lxm;aom acs;aiGrsm;twGuf tajccHtjzpf vkyfaqmifoGm;rnf
jzpfygonf/ CRRN \ wpdwfwpfa'otjzpf cGJjcm; owfrSwf&jcif; r&Sdao;aom aus;vufvrf; rsm;onf
CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;vkH; &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;tjzpf wnfaqmuf tqifhjr§ifhNyD;oGm;onf
txd EdkifiHawmf tpdk;&xHrS rnfonfh aiGaMu; axmufyHhrIudkrS &Edkifrnfr[kwfyg/

aus;&Gm CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;OD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif;/ þr[mAsL[monf ouú&mZf 2030 trSD


wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh jynfe,ftoD;oD;&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gm rsm;\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G; tokH;jyK
Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;oGm;&ef &nf&G,f ygonf/ &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;udk tokwfvdkufcGJNyD;
ESpfrsm;pGmjzifh taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; tqkH;owfwGif aus;&Gmrsm;\ trsm;pkonf
&moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;yef;qufoG,frIudk &&SdEdkifrnfjzpfonf/ odkYaomf tcsdKU&Gmrsm;rSmrl 2030
aemufydkif; a&mufonfhwdkif ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;vrf;rsm; odkYr[kwf qufoG,f&ef vrf;rsm; uif;rJhaeqJ
jzpfygvdrfhrnf/ r[mAsL[m umvtwGif; &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm; &&Sdrnfh aus;&Gmrsm;tm;
a&G;cs,f&mü vnf;aumif;? &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfquf oGm;vmEdkifrnfh vlOD;a&
yrmPtm; wdk;wufjr§ifhwifay;Edkif&eftwGuf vnf;aumif;? yGifhvif;jrifomrI &Sdap&eftwGuf tjcm;
&Gmrsm;tm; qufoG,frnfh &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm; topfazmufvkyfjcif; odkYr[kwf
tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif;tm; &Gmwpf&GmpD\ vlOD;a&yrmP tay: rlwnfí OD;pm;ay;a qmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/
NrdKUe,ftqifh OD;pm;ay;owfrSwfcsufrsm;tm; atmufygtcsufrsm;jzifh OD;pm;ay; a&G;cs,foGm;&ef [k
qkH;jzwfrnf jzpfonf-

yy yxrOD;pm;ay; taejzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;jzpfonfh aus;&Gm wpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (1000)ESifh


txuf qufoG,fonfh CRRN vrf;(odkY) aus;&Gm trsm; pkzGJUí vlOD;a& (2000) ESifhtxuf
qufoG,fonfh CRRN vrf; udk a&G;cs,foGm;rnf jzpfonf/ cefYrSef;ajctaejzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;aom
aus;&Gm pkpkaygif;\( 12%) &SdEdkifNyD; okH;ykH ESpfykH cefYrSm ,cifuwnf;u ydkrdk tqifhjrifh aomvrf;rsm;
odkYr[kwf &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufNyD; jzpfonf/ xdk&GmBuD;rsm;udk
ajcmufaoGU &moDokH; CRRN vrf;rsm;tm; tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;tm;jzifh &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh
vrf; rsm;jzifh 2020 trD tm;vkH; csdwfqufNyD; jzpfae&ygrnf/
yy 'kwd,OD;pm;ay; taejzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;onfh aus;&Gm wpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (500) ESifhtxuf
qufoG,fonfh CRRN vrf; (odkY) aus;&Gmtrsm; pkzGJUí vlOD;a& (1000) ESifhtxuf
pDrHcsufa&;qGJjcif;ESifhOD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif 41

qufoG,fonfh CRRN vrf; rsm;tm; a&G;cs,foGm;rnf jzpfonf/ cefYrSef;ajc taejzifh


rSwfykHwifNyD;aom &Gmpkpkaygif;\ (32%)ESifh trsm;pk (85%) rSm vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufxm;um
(54%) rSm ydkrdktqifhjrifhaom vrf;rsm; odkYr[kwf &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh
csdwfqufxm;NyD; jzpfonf/ xdk&Gmvwfrsm; \ (95%) udk ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;
tqifhjrifhwifjcif;tm;jzifhvnf;aumif; CRRN vrf;opfrsm;tm; tuefYtowfjzifh azmufvkyf
jcif;tm;jzifh vnf;aumif;? 2025 trSD &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufNyD;
jzpfae&ygrnf/
yy wwd,OD;pm;ay; taejzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;onfh aus;&Gmwpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (250)ESifh txuf
qufoG,fonfh CRRN vrf;(odkY) aus;&Gmtrsm;pkzGJUí vlOD;a& (500)ESifh txuf qufoG,fonfh
CRRN vrf;rsm;tm; a&G;cs,foGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ tMurf;tm;jzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;onfh aus;&Gm
pkpkaygif;\ (36%)&SdNyD; trsm;pk(85%)rSm vrf;rsm; jzifh csdwfqufxm;NyD; (47%) rSm ydkrdk tqifhjrifh
aomvrf;rsm; odkYr[kwf &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufxm;NyD; jzpfonf/
xdk &Gmi,f trsm;pk (75%) udk ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; CRRN vrf;rsm; tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif; tm;jzifh
vnf;aumif;? CRRN vrf;opfrsm;tm; azmufvkyfjcif;tm;jzifhvnf;aumif;? 2030 trD
&moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufNyD; jzpfae&ygrnf/
yy pwkw¬OD;pm;ay; taejzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;onfh aus;&Gm wpf&Gmwnf; vlOD;a& (250) atmuf
qufoG,fonfh CRRN vrf;(odkY)aus;&Gmtrsm;pkzGJUí vlOD;a& (500) atmuf qufoG,fonfh
CRRN vrf;rsm;tm; a&G;cs,foGm;rnf jzpfonf/ cefYrSef;ajctm;jzifh rSwfykHwifNyD;onfh aus;&Gm
pkpkaygif;\ (20%) &SdNyD; (20%)rSm vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; uif;rJhNyD; ydkrdktqifhjrifhrm; aomvrf;rsm;
odkYr[kwf &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;ESifh csdwfqufxm;rI r&Sdoavmufyifjzpfonf/
þtao;pm;&Gmrsm;\ tenf;qkH; (50%) CRRN vrf;opfrsm; azmufvkyfjcif;jzifhaomfvnf;
aumif;? wnf&SdNyD; om; CRRN ajcmufaoGU&moDoGm; vrf;rsm;tm; tuefYtowfjzifh tqifhjrifh
wifjcif;tm;jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;?2030trD vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;NyD; jzpfae&ygrnf/

aus;&Gmrsm; CRRN vrf; \ trsdK;tpm; wpfckpDtvdkuf ESpfpOfOD;pm;ay;&Gmrsm; a&G;cs,f&mwGif


NrdKUe,f½kH;rsm;rS aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme
(MoBA) ? qufpyf0efBuD;Xmersm;? vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;wdkYESifh wdkifyifaqG;aEG;um wm0ef,l
aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ vrf;\ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI ukefusp&dwf? vlrIpD;yGm;b0 tusdK;jyKrI?
qif;&JrIEIef;ponfh tcsufrsm;ay: rlwnfí OD;pm;ay;vrf;rsm; tjzpf owfrSwfaqmif&GufoGm;ygrnf/
jynfe,f / wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifhzGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfbuf tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh yl;aygif;í trsm;oabmwl vlrIpD;yGm;b0
OD;pm;ay;tqifh owfrSwfcsufrsm; aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfygonf/ aus;&Gmrsm; CRRN tjrifhqkH; (Higher
Categories) OD;pm;ay;vrf;rsm;tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifonfh pHEIef;owfrSwfvrf;rsm; aqmif&GufNyD;vQif
CRRN tedrfhqHk; (Lower Categories) vrf;rsm; a&G;cs,faqmif&Gufrnf jzpfonf/

2020 trD vlOD;a& (1000) ESifh txuf&Sdaom rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmrsm; taejzifh wpfq,fhESpf
&moDvrf;rsm;ESifh csdwfqufNyD; jzpfaeygrnf/ 2025 trD vlOD;a&(500) ESifh txuf&Sdaom rSwfykHwif
xm;onfh aus;&Gmrsm;\ (95%) taejzifh wpfq,fhESpf&moDvrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufNyD; jzpfaeygrnf/
2030 wGif EdkifiHtwGif;&Sd vlOD;a& (500) ESifhtxuf&Sd rSwfykHwif xm;aom aus;&Gmrsm;? vlOD;a& 250
ESifh txuf rSwfykHwifxm;aomaus;&Gmrsm;\ (75%)? vlOD;a& (250) atmuf&Sd rSwfykHwifxm;aom
aus;&Gmrsm;\ (50%) onf &moDra&G; oGm;vmedifonfhvrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufNyD; jzpfaeygrnf/pkpkaygif;
rSwfykHwifxm;aom jynfe,f ? wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;rS aus;&Gm\ (80%) tm; &moDra&G; oGm;vmEdkifrnf
jzpfonf/
42 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

xdef;odrf;jcif;/ tjrefysufpD;,dk,Gif;jcif;ESifh ukefusp&dwf BuD;rm;aom jyKjyifjcif;rsm;udk a&Smif&Sm;Edkif&ef


twGuf &SdaeNyD;aom CRRN ajcmufaoGU&moDokH;ESifh &moDra&G; tokH;jyKEdkifonfh vrf;rsm; tm;vkH;udk
tcsdefrSef xdef;odrf;oGm;&ef vdktyfonf/xdkYaMumifh aiGaMu; pDrHcefYcGJ&mwGif vrf;rsm; qufoG,fay;aom
aus;&Gm\ t&G,ftpm;udk rMunfhbJ CRRN vrf;rsm; tm;vkH;udk jyifqifxdef;odrf;&ef OD;pm;ay;
aqmif&GufoGm;rnf jzpfonf/

ykH (17) aus;&Gmrsm;OD;pm;ay;tqifhowfrSwfjcif;


jyifqifxdef;odrf;jcif; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifonfh aus;&Gmtm;vkH;
&SdNyD;om; &moDra&G;ESifh ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; CRRN

1/ aus;&Gm > 1000 OD; (odkY) aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& >2000


&SdNyD;om; CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;

2/ aus;&Gm > 500 OD; (odkY)aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& > 1000


&SdNyD;om; CRRN vrf;rsm;tm;tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;ESifh CRRN

3/ aus;&Gm > 250 OD; (odkY)aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& > 500


&SdNyD;om;CRRN ajcmufaoGU&moDvrf;rsm; tm;tqifhjrifhwifjcif;ESifh CRRN vrf;opfrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;

4/ aus;&Gm > 250OD; (odkY)aus;&Gmrsm;pkaygif;vlOD;a& > 500 CRRN vrf;opfrsm;aqmufvkyfjcif;


&SdNyD;om;ESifh CRRN ajcmufaoGU&moDvrf;rsm;tm; tuefYtowfjzifh tqifhjrSifhwifjcif;

&if;jrpf - ADB TA-8788.

topfazmufvkyfjcif;/ OD;pm;ay; CRRN vrf;opfrsm; azmufvkyfjcif;twGuf ajr,mrsm; &,l&efvdktyfNyD;


wdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,fESifh aus;&Gmrsm;\ wm0efjzpfonf/ wdkif;a'oBuD;/jynfe,ftpdk;&rS ajr,mtm;
0,f,ljcif; (odkY) tqdkjyK vrf; twGuf tusdK;jyK aus;&Gm rsm;rS vSL'gef;jcif;jzifh &,lvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHawmftpdk;& taejzifh ajr,m &,ljcif;twGuf aiGaMu;axmufyHhrnf r[kwfyg/ wdkif;a'oBuD;?
jynfe,f ESifh aus;&GmwdkYrS tqdkjyK xm;aom csdefñSdrIrsm;twdkif; ajr,mudk &,lNyD;rSom vrf; azmufvkyfa&;
vkyfief;twGuf EdkifiHawmfrS þr[mAsL[matmufwGif aiGaMu; axmufyHhay;rnf jzpfonf/ ajr,m &,lrI
rNyD;ajrmufao;ygu wnfaqmufa&; vkyfief;rsm;tm; qdkif;iHhxm;&rnfjzpfNyD; 'kwd, OD;pm;ay; aus;&GmodkY
aiGaMu;udk axmufyHhoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ ajr,m&,lrI NyD;ajrmufrSomvQif azmufvkyf&ef &nf&G,fxm;
ao mvrf;onf þtpDtrHatmufwGif aiGaMu; axmufyHhrI &,l&ef tusKH;0ifrnf jzpfonf/

2030 trD aus;&Gmpkpkaygif;\ (90%)tm; vrf;yef;qufoG,frI yHhydk;ay;&ef &nf&G,f csufjzifh topf


azmufvkyf aom vrf;rsm;onf ajcmufaoGU&moDokH; vrf;rsm;om jzpf&rnf/ r[mAsL[matmuf&Sd (80%)
aom aus;&Gmrsm;tm; &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh vrf;rsm;jzifh csdwfqufay;oGm;rnfh tpDtpOfESifh
vlOD;a& (500) ESifhtxuf&Sdaom OD;pm;ay;aus;&Gmrsm;ESifh ywfoufaerSom &moDra&G; tokH;jyK Edkifonfh
pHEIef;rsm;jzifh vrf;opfrsm;udk azmufvkyf oGm;rnf jzpfonf/
12
apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;ESifh vkyfief;aqmif&GufrIñTef;udef;

tusOf;csKyf
þr[mAsL[m\ taumiftxnfazmf &mwGif wdk;wufrItm; apmifhMunfh&ef atmufazmfjyyg
vkyfief; aqmif&GufrIñTef;udef;rsm;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm;udk tokH;jyK &ygrnf/ ñTef;udef; toD;oD;
twGuf 2016 ckESpf atmufajcrsOf; wefzdk;rsm; (baseline values) udk tajccHwGufcsufxm;NyD; 2020
ESifh 2025 ckESpfrsm; ü tv,ftvwf &nfrSef;csufrsm;tygt0if 2030ckESpftwGuf &nfrSef;xm;&SdNyD;
jzpfyg onf/ jyu©'def ESpfwpfESpf\tqkH;vü,if;ESpf\tajccHtcsufrsm;ay: tajccHívkyfief;
aqmif&Guf rIñTef;udef;rsm;tm; wGufcsufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/r[mAsL[m &nfrSef;csuf atmifjrif
&ef &nf&G,fcsufjzifh aemufESpf b@ma&;ESpftwGuf bwf*suf vsmxm;Edkifap&ef tvdkYiSm vkyfief;
aqmif&GufrI ñTef;udef;rsm; wdk;wuf aqmif&Guf &vdrfhrnf jzpfonf/

&moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifaom vrf;rsm;jzifh rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;&Gmtm;vkH;\ (80)&mcdkifEIef;udk


qufoG,frIESifh rnfonfhvrf;jzifhrqdk tenf;qkH;aus;&Gm (90) &mcdkifEIef;udk r[m AsL[m&nfrSef;csuf
atmifjrif wdk;wufrIwdkYudk apmifhMunfh&eftwGuf atmufazmfjyyg vkyfief;aqmif&GufrI ñTef;udef;rsm;ESifh
owfrSwfcsufrsm;udk tokH;jyK&ygrnf/ atmufajcrsOf; wefzdk;rsm; (baseline values) udk aus;&Gm qufoG,frI
tay: tajccHwGufcsufxm;onf/ CRRN ESifh ywfoufaom tppftrSeftcsuftvufrsm;udkvnf; 2017
'DZifbmvwGif NrdKUe,ftm;vkH;rS aumufcH&&Sdrnfjzpfygonf/

atmufwGif pm&if;ay;xm;aom 2030 ckESpf aemufqkH; owfrSwfvsmxm;csufrsm; onf þr[mAsL[m


&nfrSef; csufyef;wdkifrsm;tay: tajccHzGifhqdkxm;NyD;? 2020 ESifh 2025 ckESpf atmifjrifrItwGufowdxm;
avQmufvSrf;aom owfrSwfvsmxm;csufrsm;jzpfonf/ t"duvkyfief; aqmif&GufrI ñTef;udef;rsm;onf
NrdKUe,ftqifh aumuf,lxm;aom tcsuftvufudk tokH;jyKrnfjzpfNyD;? ESpfukef'DZifbmvwGif ESpfpOf
tajccH,lepfay: tajccHwGufcsuf&rnfjzpfonf/ wGufcsuf&&Sdxm;aom ñTef;udef;rsm;udk jynfe,fESifh
wdkif;a'otqifh&Sd a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwDrsm;? jynfaxmifpktqifhrS
a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm; taumiftxnfazmfa&; aumfrwD ? jynfaxmifpktqifhrS a'oqdkif&m
vrf;wHwm; BuD;Muyfaqmif&GufrI aumfrwDESifh jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; vTwfawmf rsm;?jynfaxmifpk
vTwfawmfrsm;odkY ay;ydkY&ygrnf/ ESpfpOf 'DZifbmv ukef&&Sdaom ¤if;ñGef;udef; rsm;jzifh wGufcsufwifjyrIonf
vmrnfh b@ma&;ESpftwGuf vdktyfcsuf rsm;udkñSdEIdif;NyD; aus;vufvrf; &efykHaiGtpDtpOfrsm;tm;
cGifhjyKvkyfaqmif&efjzpfonf/ þonfrSm r[mAsL[mtwGuf aemufqkH;vsmxm; owfrSwfcsufrsm;udk
atmifjrifpGm taumiftxnfazmf&ef &nf&G,f ygonf/

43
44 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

apmifhMunfhppfaq;rI vkyfief; tqifajy acsmarGUap&ef tvdkYiSm aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme


(DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) rS ykHrSef tcsuftvuf &&Sdcsufrsm;jzifh aus;vufvrf;
database qdkif&m tcsuftvufrsm;udk zGHYNzdK;atmif vkyf&ygrnf/ ¤if;tcsuf tvufrsm;xJwGif
CRRN vrf;tm;vkH;\tcsuftvufrsm;? rSwfykHwifxm;aom aus;vufrsm;\ tcsuftvufrsm;?
aus;vufvlOD;a&ESifh qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrI tajctaersm;udk yg0ifxnfhoGif;xm;&rnf/ xdkYjyif
jrKde,fwpfckpD\ CRRN owfrSwfcsuf tcsuf tvufrsm;ESifh aygif;pyfNyD; 2017 ckESpf 'DZifbmv wGif ¤if;
Database udk zGHYNzdK;atmif vkyfaqmifrnfjzpfonf/

Z,m; (14) aus;½Gmvrf;rsm;qufoG,frItwGuft"duvkyfief;aqmif½GufrIñTef;udef;rsm;


2016* 2020 2025 2030
aqmif&GufrIñTef;udef;
tajccH &nfrSef;csuf &nfrSef;csuf &nfrSef;csuf
rnfonfhtrsdK;tpm;vrf;jzifhrqdk aus;&Gmrsm; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrI 86 88 90 92
&moDra&G;tokH;jyK Edkifonfh aus;&Gmrsm; qufoG,foGm;vmEdkifrI 50 60 70 80
aus;&GmaevlOD;a& (1000)ESifhtxuf &Sdaus;&Gmrsm;
67 100 100 100
&moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf; tokH;jyK rI
aus;&GmaevlOD;a& (500)ESifhtxuf &Sdaus;&Gmrsm; &moDra&G;oGm; vmEdkif
55 70 95 100
onfh vrf; tokH;jyK rI
aus;&GmaevlOD;a& (250)ESifhtxuf &Sdaus;&Gmrsm; &moDra&G;oGm; vmEdkif
47 56 65 75
onfh vrf; tokH;jyK rI
aus;vufaejynfolrsm; vrf;tokH;jyK EdkifrI 88 90 92 95
aus;vufaejynfolrsm; &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf; tokH;jyK EdkifrI 58 67 77 87
aus;vufvrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;0efaqmifrI ay;Edkifonfh aus;&Gmrsm; r&Sd 60 70 80
tenf;qkH; ajcmufaoGU&moDtokH;jyK Edkifonfh t"duvrf;uGef,uf
78 81 84 88
aqmif&Gufxm;&SdrI
aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm;vkH; &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf; tokH;jyK EdkifrI 30 40 55 70
vuf&Sd wnf&SdNyD; aus;vufvrf;rsm; &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifonfh vrf;
38 52 66 80
tokH;jyK EdkifrI
aus;vufvrf;rsm; tqifhjr§if&ef vrf;t&Snf 0 rdkif 9000 rdkif 18000 rdkif 28000 rdkif
aus;vufvrf; wnfaqmuf&ef vrf;t&Snf 0 rdkif 2000 rdkif 4000 rdkif 6500 rdkif

&if;jrpf - DRD, ADB TA-8788.


13
tzGJUtpnf;qdkif&mwm0efrsm;

tusOf;csKyf
2016ckESpfrSm vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&;ESifh qufoG,fonfh 0efBuD;Xme (4) ck yg0ifonfh a'oEÅ&vrf;?
wHwm;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;aumfrwD (3) cktm; zGJUpnf;cJhygonf/ ,if;aumfrwDü aqmufvkyfa&;
0efBuD;Xme? ydkYaqmifa&;ESifh qufoG,fa&; 0efBuD;Xme? e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;XmeESifh pdkufysdK;a&;?
arG ; jrLa&;ES i f h q nf a jrmif ; 0ef B uD ; Xmevuf a tmuf & S d a us;vuf a 'ozG H Y N zd K ;wd k ; wuf a &;OD ; pD ;
XmewdkYyg0ifonf/ a'oEÅ&vrf;? wHwm;zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; A[dkaumfrwDonf &nfrSef;csufrsm;
atmifjrif&ef r[mAsL[mrsm; csrSwfaqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ ,if;aumfrwDonf &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI
tpDtrHrsm; twnfjyKjcif;? jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzGJU? jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD; tpdk;&tzGJUESifh zGHYNzdK;a&;
rdwfzuftzGJUrsm;xH &efykHaiGawmif;cHjcif;? vrf;&efykHaiG (RoadFund) rdwfqufay;jcif;ESifh
aus;vufvrf;? wHwm;pHEIef; owfrSwfcsufrsm;tm; twnfjyKay;&rnf jzpfonf/ a'oEÅ&vrf;?
wHwm;zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; vkyfief;aumfrwDonf aus;vufvrf;wHwm;'DZdkif;owfrSwfcsuf
a&;qGJjcif;? r[mAsL[mvkyfief;wdk;wufrItm; apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;? jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD;\
ESpfpOf&efykHaiGvsmxm;rIudkowfrSwfay;jcif;ponhfvkyfief;rsm;aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf/jynfe,f?
wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;\ a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm;zGHYNzdK;a&; BuD;MuyfrI aumfrwDonf jynfe,f? wdkif;a'o
BuD;rsm;\ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tpDtrHrsm;jyifqifjcif;?ajr,mavsmfaMu;aqmif&Gufay;&ef vdktyfygu
ñSdEIdif; aqmif&Gufay;jcif;? NrdKUe,frsm;\ESpfpOf&efykHaiGvsmxm;rIudktwnfjyKay;jcif;ESifhrwlnDonfh
0efBuD;Xmersm;ESi fhñSdEIdif;aqmif&Gufjcif;ponfwdkY aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf/

e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmeESif aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmewdkYonf NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;\


t"du aus;&Gmcsif;qufvrf; (CRRN) owfrSwfjcif;? ESpfpOf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tpDtrHrsm; jyifqifjcif;?
tqifhjrifh tqifhrsm; aygif;pyfjcif;? twnfjyKNyD;aom &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI tpDtrHtm; taumiftxnfazmf
aqmif&Gufjcif;? tqifh (3) qifhpepfjzifh t&nftaoG;ppfaq;jcif;tm; rdwfqufjcif;ESifh
aqmif&Gufjcif;? vrf;vkyfief;ESifh oufqdkifonfh tcsuftvufrsm; ykHrSefaumuf,ljcif;ESifh &&Sdonfh
tcsuftvufrsm;tm; aus;vufvrf; tajccHtcsuftvufüjznfhoGif;aqmif&Guf&vdrfhrnf
jzpfonf/tqifhjr§ifhjcif;vkyfief;? wnfaqmufjcif;vkyfief;ESifhjyifqif xdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfief;rsm;tm;
jynfoludktajccHonfh tzGJUtpnf;rsm; (odkY) yk*¾vdu vkyfief;&Sifrsm;jzifh aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf/
aus;vuf a'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmeESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmewdkY yl;aygif;í okawoeESifh
zGHYNzdK;a&; ,lepftm; xlaxmifoGm;rnfjzpfNyD; tqdkyg okawoe,lepfrS vkyfief;okH; ypönf;rsm;
prf;oyfjcif;?t&nftaoG;ppfaq;jcif;?pHEeI ;f topfjzifv h rf;rsm;prf;oyfwnfaqmufjcif;aqmif&Guf
vdrfhrnfjzpfonf/2020ckESpfwGifudk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&Sdaom EdkifiHawmfaus;vufvrf;udk,fpm;vS
,f (National Rural Road Agency,NRRA) tm; zGJUpnf; oGm;rnf jzpfNyD; ¤if;onf aus;vufvrf;
u@pDrHcefYcGJjcif; (t&nftaoG;ppfaq;jcif;?tpDtrHa&;qGJjcif;? apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;) wm0ef,l
aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf/ xdkodkYaqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh aus;vufvrf;u@ yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrIudk
ydkrdkaumif;rGefvmaprnf jzpfonf/

45
46 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

aus;vufvrf; u@wGif tzGJUtpnf;rsm;pGmyg0ifygonf/ xdktzGJUtpnf;rsm;xJrS pdkufysdK;a&;?


arG;jrLa&;ESifh qnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme (MoALI) vufatmufrS aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;
OD;pD; Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) wdkYonf t"dutcef;u@ rS yg0ifygonf/
xdkYtjyif aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme (MoC) vufatmuf&Sd ta0;ajy;vrf;rBuD;rsm;OD;pD;Xme (DoH)
ESifh wHwm;OD;pD;Xme(DoB)? ydkYaqmifa&;ESifh qufoG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme (MoTC) vufatmuf&Sd
ukef;vrf;ydkYaqmifa&; ñTefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme wdkYonfvnf; ta&;ygaom tcef;u@wdkYwGifyg0ifonf/
xdk0efBuD;Xme rsm;ESifh OD;pD;Xmersm; wpfckESifh wpfckñSdEIdif;aqmif&GufrI&Sdap&ef trsdK;om;tqifh
a'oEÅ& vrf;wHwm;rsm; zGHYNzdK;wdk; wufa&; A[dkaumfrwD? trsdK;om;tqifh a'oEÅ&vrf;wHwm;rsm;
taumiftxnfazmfaqmifa&; aumfrwDESifh jynfe,fESifhwdkif;tqifh a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm;rsm;
vrf;ñTef BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwD[lí aumfrwD (3) ckudk 2016 ckESpfwGifzGJUpnf;cJhygonf/
xdkaumfrwDrsm;onf aus;vufvrf;rsm; &&Sda&;ESifh tokH;jyK Edkifa&;twGuf trsdK;om;tqifh r[mAsL[m
tm; taumiftxnfazmf&mwGif twlwuG wm0ef,lygrnf/

pdkufysdK;a&;?arG;jrLa&;ESifhqnfajrmif;0efBuD;Xme (MoALI) / MoALI vufatmufwGif e,fedrdwfydkif;jcm;


xm;aomvrf;rsm;ESifh wHwm;rsm;\ aus;vufvrf;rsm;tm; aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme
(DRD) rS aus;vufvrf;? wHwm;XmecGJrS pDrH cefYcGJygonf/ DRD rS aus;vuf vrf;rsm; tygt0if
tjcm;vkyfief;rsm;tm; Munfh½Ippfaq;Edkif&ef NrdKUe,f? c½dkifESifh jynfe,f/wdkif;a'oBuD;tqifh ½kH;rsm;rS
BuD;Muyfygonf/

e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA)/ MoBA onfNrdKUe,frsm;pGmtm; jcHKikHrdaom jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD;? c½dkif?


NrdKUe,frsm;rS zGHYNzdK;wdk;wuf BuD;Muyfa&;½kH;rsm; (Department of Supervisor Offices, DSO) wm0ef&Sdaom
tpdwftydkif; u@toD;oD;\ aus;vuf vrf;rsm;tm; Munfh½I ppfaq; &rnfjzpfygonf/

a'oEÅ& vrf;wHwm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; A[dkaumfrwD/ a'oEÅ& vrf;?wHwm;rsm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; A[dk


aumfrwDonf 0efBuD;Xme toD;oD;rS 0efBuD;rsm;?jynfe,fESifhwdkif; ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;rsm;? DRDESifh MoBA
rS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfrsm; ESifh MoC ESifh MoTC rS tNrJwrf;twGif;0efrsm;rS pDrHñTefMum;ygonf/ ¤if;wdkYonf
aus;vufvrf;rsm; &&Sda&;ESifh tokH;jyK Edkifa&;twGuf þtrsdK;om;r[mAsL[m twnfjyKjcif;ESifh
xkwfa0jcif;wdkYwGif wm0ef,l&NyD; ¤if;wdkY\ &nf&G,fcsufrsm; atmifjrifrI &&Sd&mwGifvnf; BuD;Muyf&rnf
jzpfygonf/ A[dkaumfrwDrS &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI pDrHudef;twnfjyKjcif;? vrf;&efykHaiG rdwfqufjcif;? trsdK;om;
aus;vufvrf; udk,fpm;vS,frsm; zGJUpnf;jcif;ESifh aus;vufpHEIef;ESifh owfrSwfcsufrsm; xkwfjyefjcif;wdkYudk
aqmif&Guf&ygonf/

a'oEÅ&vrf;? wHwm;zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; taumiftxnf azmfaqmifa&; aumfrwD/ a'oEÅ& vrf;


wHwm;zGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; taumiftxnf azmfaqmifa&;aumfrwDonf MoC ESifh MoTC rS tNrJwrf;
twGif;0efrsm;? DRD ? RTAD ? DoH ? DoB ESifh MoBA rS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfrsm; rSOD;pD;aqmif&Gufygonf/
xdkYtjyif ¤if;wdkYrS aus;vufvrf;pHEIef;rsm; jyifqifjcif;? aus;vufvrf;vkyfief;rsm; t&nftaoG;
xdef;odrf;jcif;? ajrydkifqdkifrI vG,ful acsmarmapjcif;ESifh aygif;pyfñSdEIdif; aqmif&Gufjcif;? aus;vufvrf;
u@ñTef;udef;rsm;ESifh ywfoufí wdk;wufrI tpD&ifcHpm jyifqifjcif;wdkYudk aqmif&Gufygrnf/
þaumfrwDonf bufpkHESpfpOf pDrHudef;rsm;udk jyefvnf okH;oyfjcif; twGuf wm0ef&Sdygonf/

a'oqdkif&m vrf;?wHwm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwD/ a'oqdkif&mvrf;?wHwm;rsm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwDudk


jynfe,fESifh wdkif;toD;oD;ü xm;&SdNyD; xdkjynfe,fESifhwdkif;a'oBuD; ydkYaqmifa&; 0efBuD;rS OD;pD;
aqmif&Gufygonf/ tjcm;tzGJU0ifrsm;rSm jynfe,fESifhwdkif;tqifhrS aus;vuf a'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&;
tzGJUtpnf;qdkif&mwm0efrsm; 47

OD;pD;Xme (DRD)? vrf;OD;pD;Xme (DoH)? e,fpyfa'oESifh wdkif;&if;om; vlrsdK;rsm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme


(MoBA) ESifh ukef;vrf; ydkYaqmifa&; ñTefMum;rI OD;pD;Xme (RTAD) wdkYrS ñTefMum;a&;rSL;wdkYjzpfygonf/
xdkaumfrwDonf jynfe,fESifh wdkif;wpfckpD\ NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;wdkYrS aus;vufvrf;rsm;\ &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI
pDrHudef;a&;qGJ jyifqifjcif; wdkYtwGuf wm0ef,laqmif&Guf&ygonf/

tjcm;aom0efBuD;Xmersm;/ ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufvG,f{&d,m (opfawm? Protected Areas) (odkY)


,Ofaus;rI t& ta&;BuD;{&d,m (bmoma&;ae&m? a&S;a[mif;ae&m) rsm; (odkY) rD;&xm;vrf; jzwfvrf;
(odkY) tjcm; tajccHtaqmufttkHrsm; jzwfoGm;aom aus;vufvrf;rsm;ü e,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme?
aus;vuf a'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;XmewdkYrS a'oqdkif&mvrf;rsm; zGHYNzdK;a&;BuD;MuyfrI aumfrwD\
taxmuftulESifh oufqdkifonfh 0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf& rnfjzpfygonf/

pDrHudef;jyifqifjcif;ESifhtwnfjyK jcif;/ NrdKUe,faus;vuf a'ozGHYNzdK; wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme DRD 0efxrf;


rsm;ESifh MoBA \ DSS ½kH;rS 0efxrf; rsm;onf aus;&Gmtkyfpkacgif;aqmifrsm;\ tultnDjzifh CRRN
udk &Sif;vif;azmfjyjcif;ESifh taqmufttkHopfrsm; azmfxkwfNyD; &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI pDrHudef;a&;qGJ jyifqifjcif;?
ESpfpOf ESpfwdkif; jyKjyif xdef;odrf;jcif;ESifh tqifhjr§ifhwifjcif; vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&Gufjcif;? vdktyfonfh
aiGaMu; axmufyHhrIwdkYudkaqmif&Guf&ygonf/pDrHcsuf a&;qGJ&mwGif c½dkifESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,fwdkY
yg0ifaqmif&Gufrnf jzpfonf/ jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD; aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;Xme
ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmewdkY pDrHudef;tm; pkpnf;xm;NyD; jynfe,f/wdkif;tpdk;&ESifh a'oqdkif&mvrf;?
wHwm;BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwDodkY tBuHÓPfESifh uefYuGuf&ef r&SdaMumif; twGuf aqG;aEG; ñSdEIdif;&ef
wifjy&ygrnf/ xdkYtjyif A[dkaumfrwD?0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh a'oqdkif&m vrf;wHwm; taumiftxnf
azmfaqmifa&; aumfrwDESifh jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf xHodkY twnfjyKcsuf wifjyawmif;cH&rnf/

aiGaMu;axmufyHhrIESifhbwf*swfcGJa0rI/ ESpfpOf jynfaxmifpkbwf*suf&efykHaiG cGJa0rItm; vTwfawmfxHrS


twnfjyKcsuf &,lvdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ DRDESifh MoBA onfjynfaxmifpk aiGpm&if;ESifh tqdkjyK
xm;aom vrf;&efyHkaiGtm; þr[m AsL[mwGif azmfjyxm;onfhtwdkif; aiGaMu;cGJa0owfrSwfrI
pHowfrSwfcsuf tvdkufjynfe,fESifhwdkif;toD;oD;odkY &&SdEdkif aom yrmPudk cGJa0 csxm;ay;ygonf/
jynfaxmifpkbwf*suf&efykHaiG vsmxm;rIonf wdkif;a'o BuD;?jynfe,ftpdk;&xHrS twnfjyK
NyD;&efykHaiGrsm;jzifh jynfhpkHrnfjzpfonf/tcsdKUaom jynfe,f? wdkif;a'oBuD;ESifh NrdKUe,frsm;ü zGHYNzdK;a&;rdwfzuf
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;\ &efykHaiGtm; vTwfawmf\ twnfjyK csuf&,lum aus;vufvrf;rsm; u@ü tokH;jyK
oGm;rnfjzpfonf/ xdkcGJa0 owfrSwfay;jcif;udk trsdK;om;tqifha'oEÅ&vrf;ESifh wHwm;taumiftxnf
azmfaqmif a&; aumfrwDrS oabmwl twnfjyK &rnf jzpfonf/ rwlnDaom NrdKUe,frsm;\ bwf*suf cGJa0rI
tm; jynfe,f/wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;rS vsmxm;&mwGif a'oqdkif&mvrf;? wHwm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwD\
twnfjyKcsuf &,l&rnf jzpfonf/ NrdKUe,ftqifhü &&SdEdkifaom aus;vufvrf;u@ aiGaMu;axmufyHhrItm;
&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHa&;pDrHudef;ESifh þr[mAsL[mwGif jyXmef; xm;aom OD;pm;ay; owfrSwfcsufpHrsm;ESifh tnD cGJa0
owfrSwfay;rnf jzpfyg onf/

0,f,la&;/ jynfaxmifpk&efykHaiGESifh tqdkjyKxm;aom vrf;&efykHaiGrS aiGaMu; axmufyHhxm;aom aus;vuf


vrf;vkyfief;rsm;taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&Gufjcif;tm; yk*¾vdu u@rS uefx½dkufwmrsm;ESifh
vlxktajcjyK tzGJUtpnf;rsm; txd wdk;csJU aqmif&Gufvmyg onf/ aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme(odkY)
EdkifiHawmf0,f,la&;Oya'rS xkwfa0jyXmef;xm;aom vkyfief;taumiftxnf azmfaqmif&Gufa&;
oabmwlnDcsufpmcsKyf (2014? 2016ckESpf wGif jyefvnfrGrf;rHcJhonf) ESifh tnD 0,f,la&;tm;
aqmif&Guf&rnf jzpfonf/ aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme (DRD) ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme
48 trsdK;om;tqifhaus;vufvrf;rsm;zGH YNzdK;a&;r[mAsL[m

(MoBA) wdkYonf tjcm; jyKjyifxdef;odrf;a&; vkyfief;rsm;twGufvnf; tokH;vdktyfygu tokH;jyKEdkifaom


ta&;ay: jyKjyif xdef;odrf;rI\ ½kH;wGif; vdkufemaqmif&GufrItwGuf ypönf;ud&d,mrsm;tm;
owfrSwfxm;aom yrmP tenf;i,fom &&Sdygonf/ odkYaomf aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD; Xme
(DRD) ESihfe,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D Xme(MoBA)onfjyKjyifxed ;f odr;f jcif;vkyif ef;rsm;udkxda&mufus,jf yefpY Gm
wwfEdkifoavmuf vkyfaqmifoGm;&ef &nf&G,fxm;ygonf/ qef;opfaom oabmwlpmcsKyfenf;pepftm;
0,f,la&; vkyfief;rsm; vG,fulacsmarGU ap&efESifh jyKjyifxdef;odrf;jcif; vkyfief;rsm; (Oyrm? pGrf;&nftajcjyK
jyKjyifxdef;odrf;jcif; pmcsKyfrsm;? tcsdefumv tajcjyK jyK jyifxdef;odrf;jcif; pmcsKyfrsm; tp&SdonfwdkY)udk
tcsdefESifh wajy;nD aqmif&Guf Edkif&ef pwif rdwfquf ay;ygonf/

BuD;Muyfa&;ESifh t&nftaoG; xdef;odrf;jcif;/ tqifh (3) qifh pepfBuD;Muyfa&;ESifh t&nftaoG;


xdef;odrf;jcif;udk pwifrdwfqufygrnf/ NrdKUe,f aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;Xme (DRD)
ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;Xme (MoBA) 0efxrf; rsm;onf aiGay;acsjcif; oabmwlnDcsuf r&cif
vkyfief;rsm;\ t&nftaoG;ESifh &mEIef;jynfh vkyfief;aqmif&GufrI ppfaq;&eftwGuf ykHrSef uGif;qif;
ppfaq;jcif;udk jyK vkyf&rnfjzpfonf/ vkyfief;t&nftaoG;ESifh tjcm;aom udpö&yfrsm;ESifh ywfoufí
vlrItzGJUtpnf;rsm;? a'ocH vlrI todkif;t0ef;rsm;ESifh vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm;rS a0zeftBuHjyK csuf
Mum;emjcif;jzifh t&nftaoG;ydkif; ydkrdk jynfhpkHvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ c½dkiftqifh aus;vufa'ozGHYNzdK;wdk;wuf
a&;OD;pD;XmeESifhe,fpyfa&;&m 0efBuD;Xme wdkYrS aus;vufvrf;pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;tm; tenf;qkH; (30%)
t&nftaoG; ppfaq; vdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;rS aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK; wdk;wuf
a&;OD;pD;Xme ESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmewdkYrS aus;vufvrf;pDrHudef;vkyfief;rsm;tm; tenf;qkH; (10%)
t&nftaoG; ppfaq;vdrfhrnfjzpfonf/ jynfe,f?wdkif;a'oBuD;rsm;rS t&nftaoG; ppfaq;csufrsm;tm;
a'oqdkif&mvrf;? wHwm;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; BuD;MuyfrI aumfrwDxH (3) v wpfBudrf wifjy&rnf/
jynfaxmifpktqifhOD;pD;XmeESifh 0efBuD;XmewdkYrS ysHusa&G;cs,fí vkyfief;cGiftm;vkH;\ tenf;qkH;
(2%) t&nftaoG; ppfaq;jcif;rsm; aqmif&Gufvdrfhrnf jzpfonf/ jynfaxmifpktqifh OD;pD;Xmersm;rS
t&nftaoG; ppfaq;csufrsm; pkqnf;í a'oEÅ& vrf;?wHwm; zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; vkyfief;aumfrwDxHodkY
ajcmufv wpfBudrf wifjy &rnfjzpfonf/ wwd,tBuHay;tzGJUtpnf; (Third Party Consultant)?
vGwfvyfonfh aumfrwDrsm;ESifh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,fwdkYrS yg0ifvmjcif;jzifhvkyfief; rsm;\ t&nftaoG;
ppfaq;jcif; wdk;jr§ifhaqmif&GufEdkifrnfjzpfonf/

okawoeESifhzGHYNzdK;a&;/ aus;vufa'o zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; OD;pD;XmeESifh e,fpyfa&;&m0efBuD;XmewdkY yl;aygif;í


okawoeESifh t&nfaoG;ppfaq;jcif;? vkyfief;okH;ypönf;rsm; prf;oyfjcif;ESifh pHEIef;opfjzifh prf;oyfjcif;
ponfh t&nftaoG;zGHYNzdK;a&;rsm; aqmif&Gufrnfjzpfonf/ t&nfaoG; ppfaq; jcif;?vkyfief;okH;ypönf;rsm;
prf;oyfjcif;aqmif&Gufjcif;rsm;twGuf "mwfcGJcef; (Laboratory) rsm; xlaxmifEdkif&efESifh aus;vuf
a'ozGNYH zKd ;wd;k wufa&;OD;pD;XmeESihfe,fpyfa&;&m0efBu;D XmerS0efxrf;rsm;tm;t&nftaoG;jri§ whf ifjcif;rsm;
aqmif&GufEdkif&ef zGHYNzdK;a&; rdwfzuf rsm;xHrS taxmuftyHhrsm; &,líaqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfonf/

apmifhMunfhppfaq;jcif;/ azmufvkyfxm;aom? tqifhwdk;jr§ifhxm;aom? jyK jyif xdef;odrf;xm;aom


vrf;t&Snf\tcsuftvufrsm;tm;NrdKUe,ftqifh DRDESifhMoBArS0efxrf;wdkYrSaumuf,lía'oqdkif&m
vrf;wHwm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwDodkY okH;v wpfBudrfwifjy&rnf jzpfygonf/ &moDra&G;oGm;vmEdkifaom
vrf;ESifhqufaeaom aus;&Gm vlOD;a& &mcdkifEIef; tcsuftvufrsm;tm; NrdKUe,fESifh jynfe,f/wdkif; DRDESifh
MoBA 0efxrf;wdkYrS aumuf,lNyD; a'ovrf;ESifhwHwm; taumiftxnfazmfaqmifa&; aumfrwDodkY
6 v wpfBudrf wifjy&rnf jzpfonf/ þtcsuftvuf trsdK;tpm;rsm;tm; aus;vufvrf; database
xJodkY a&;oGif;azmfjy&eftwGuf trsdK;om;tqifh DRD ESifh MoBA ½kH;rsm;odkY ay;ydkY&rnfjzpfonf/ ESpfpOf
tzGJUtpnf;qdkif&mwm0efrsm; 49

'DZifbmvwGif NrdKUe,fESifh jynfe,f/wdkif; wpfckpD twGuf t"du pGrf;aqmif&nfjy ñTef;udef;rsm;tm;


aus;vufvrf; Database rS tcsuftvufrsm;udk tokH;jyKí wGufcsuf&ygrnf/ þ&v'frsm;tm;
a'oEÅ&vrf;ESifh wHwm;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; A[dkaumfrwDodkY wifjyNyD; aemufqufwGJ b@ma&;ESpftwGuf
aus;vufvrf;u@ESifh jynfe,f/wdkif; toD;oD;odkY cGJa0owfrSwfay;aom &efyHkaiGqkH;jzwf&mwGif ulnD
axmufyHh ygonf/

aus;vufydkYaqmifa&;0efaqmifrI/ vdktyfcsufrsm; tay: rlwnfí vlxkydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrI


wdk;wufrItm; pDpOfay;jcif;jzifh jyifqifxm;aom vrf;tokH;jyKEdkifa&;udk yk*¾vdutzGJUrS
aqmif&Gufay;ygonf/ odkYaomf jyifqifxm;aom vrf;&&Sda&; &nf&G,fcsuf atmifjrifjcif;ESifh
xdkvlxkydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrIonf ¤if;wdkYowfrSwfxm;aom 0efaqmifrI trsdK;tpm;? t&nf
taoG;ESifhxdk0efaqmifrI ukefusp&dwfwdkYonfoifhavsmf rSefuefrI &Sdjcif; wdkYtm; apmifhMunfh ppfaq;&rnf
jzpfonf/ t&nftaoG;tm; ydkrdk aumif;rGefap&ef ESifh 0efaqmifrI ukefusp&dwftm; toufomqkH;jzpfap&ef
vdktyfovdk tm;xkwf BudK;yrf;rI rsm;vnf; vdktyfygonf/ RTAD onf 0efaqmifrI\ t&nftaoG;ESifh
aus;vuf ydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrI ukefusp&dwfrsm;tm; apmifhMunfhppfaq;&mwGif DRD ESifh
MoBA wdkY\tultnDjzifh aqmif&Guf &rnf/ vlxkydkYaqmifa&; 0efaqmifrItm; tokH;jyK aeaom
aus;&Gmta&twGuf\ tcsuftvufrsm;udk a'ovrf;ESifh wHwm;taumiftxnfazmf aqmifa&;
aumfrwDodkY ESpfpOf tpD&ifcH&rnfjzpfonf/

EdkifiHawmfaus;vufvrf;udk,fpm;vS,f/ 2020ckESpfwGif udk,fydkiftkyfcsKyfcGifh&Sdaom EdkifiHawmf


aus;vufvrf; udk,fpm;vS,f (NRRA) tm; zGJUpnf;oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ¤if;onf aus;vufvrf;u@
pDrHcefYcGJjcif;ESifh aus;vufvrf; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrI pDrHudef; taumif txnfazmfjcif;ESifh jyifqifjcif;wdkYtm;
wm0ef,l aqmif&Guf&ygrnf/ NRRA rS þr[m AsL[mESifh tjcm;tpdk;&rl0g'tay: tajccHí &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHa&;
pDrHudef;ESifh jyK jyif xdefodrf; a&; pDrHudef;wdkYudk jyifqif&ygrnf/ þ &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHa&; pDrHudef;ESifh jyKjyif
xdef;odrf;a&; pDrHudef; a&;qGJjcif;wdkYtm; a'oqdkif&m vrf;ESifh wHwm; BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwDESifh aqG;aEG;
tBuHÓPf&,lNyD;rS a'oEÅ& vrf;ESifhwHwm;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; taumiftxnf azmfaqmif a&; aumfrwDodkY
oabmwlnDcsuf&,l&ef wifjy&rnfjzpfonf/ NRRA onf twnfjyKNyD;aom &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHa&;ESifh jyKjyif
xdef;odrf;a&; pDrHudef;tm; taumiftxnfazmf&mwGif pDrHtkyfcsKyfjcif;? a'oqdkif&m vrf;ESifh wHwm;
BuD;Muyfa&; aumfrwDESifh a'oEÅ&vrf;ESifh wHwm;zGHYNzdK;wdk;wufa&; taumiftxnfazmfaqmifa&;
aumfrwDodkY wdk;wufrItm; tpD&ifcHjcif;wdkYudk aqmif&Guf&ygrnf/ xdkYtjyif aus;vufvrf; Database
pDrHcefYcGJrIudkvnf; aqmif&Guf&ygrnf/

jynfe,f/wdkif;tqifhü twnfjyK NyD;aomvkyfief;rsm;tm; aeYpOf pDrHcefYcGJjcif;udk &ifhusufaom


tawGUtBuHK&Sdí c½dkifESifh NrdKUe,f toD;oD;wGif vkyfEdkifpGrf;ESifh wufa&muf yg0if EdkifrI&Sdaom tpdk;&
tzGJUtpnf;rsm;tm; wm0efay;tyfrnf jzpfygonf/ (tzGJUtpnf; aygif;pkH tm; wm0efay;tyfEdkifygonf/
odkYaomf NrdKUe,fwpfckpDonf tzGJUtpnf; wpfck\ wm0ef ,ljcif;atmufwGifomjzpfrnf/)vkyfief;rsm;tm;
taumiftxnfazmf aqmif&Gufjcif;tm; wm0efay;tyfxm;aom tpdk;&tzGJUtpnf;rsm; pDrHcefYcGJ
BuD;Muyfxm;aompmcsKyfESifh twl yk*¾vduu@ESifh vlxktajcjyK toif;tzGJUrsm;odkY wdk;csJU aqmif&Guf
oGm;rnf jzpfonf/
အာရွဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးေရးဘဏ္
၆ ေအဒီဘီရိပ္သာ၊
မန္ဒလူေယာင္ၿမိဳ႕ေတာ္
၁၅၅၀ မက္ထ႐ုိမနီလာ၊ ဖိလစ္ပိုင္
www.adb.org