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0 to 30 Amps, 0 to 400 mils[10mm] of trace width, 10
to 100 degrees C of temperature rise, 0.5 to 3 ounces copper per
square foot.
Current: 1 [Amps]
Temperature Rise: 45 [Degrees C]
Cu Thickness: 1 [oz. per sq. ft.]
Oz(Oounce) (1oz = 36 Microns)
SIMULATE : Resistance, Voltage Drop, and Power Loss
Ambient Temperature: 1 [Degrees C]
Trace Length: 1 [Inches]

Internal Layer Results:
Required Trace Width: 13.06 [Mils] 0.33 [mm]
Copper Area: 18 [Square Mils] 0.01 []
Track Resistance: 0.04 [Ohms]

Voltage Drop: 0.04 [Volts] CEDA TRACE-C

Power Loss: 0.04 [Watts]

External Layer Results:

Required Trace Width: 3.77 [Mils] 0.1 [mm]
Copper Area: 5.19 [Square Mils] 0 []
Track Resistance: 0.14 [Ohms]
Voltage Drop: 0.14 [Volts]
Power Loss: 0.14 [Watts]

This table is provided as a guide only and CEDA cannot be held
liable in any form, for any loss, damage or costs resulting from the use
of this Calculator


1. I would say the required internal trace width would be less than the external case since the external trace can peal off; the op

In air, the external layers have better heat transfer due to convection. A good heat insulator blankets the internal layers, so they get hotte
Trace Width Calculator tries to control the temperature rise of the traces, it makes the internal traces wider. In vacuum, or i
internal layer guidelines even for the external layers.

2.What does temperature rise mean and how does it apply?

Temperature rise means how much hotter the trace will get with current flowing in it compared to without. You have to decide how much
based on the operating environment and the type of PWB material used. Ten degrees is a very safe number to use for just
trace width required for a ten-degree rise, you are good to go. If you want to try to skinny up the traces, ask for 20 degrees

The trace width is calculated as follows:

First, the Area is calculated:

Area = (Current/(k*(Temp_Rise)^b))^(1/c)

Then, the Width is calculated:

Width = Area/(Thickness*1.378)

For IPC-D-275 internal layers: k = 0.0150, b = 0.5453, c = 0.7349

For IPC-D-275 external layers: k = 0.0647, b = 0.4281, c = 0.6732

(All units are as noted above.)

Required TraceWidth

Copper Height



Designed by Probir Debnath

nal trace can peal off; the opposite is true according to the calculator?? Why?

ternal layers, so they get hotter for a given width and current. Since the
aces wider. In vacuum, or in a potted assembly, you should use the

You have to decide how much temperature rise your board can handle
safe number to use for just about any application. If you can live with the
traces, ask for 20 degrees of temperature or more.