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2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion

the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and

National Research Institute for Earth

Science and Disaster Prevention

2011/3/11 14:46, Depth 24km, M9.0 (JMA) Peak Ground Acceleration (surface) Peak Ground Velocity (surface) 45˚
2011/3/11 14:46, Depth 24km, M9.0 (JMA)
Peak Ground Acceleration (surface)
Peak Ground Velocity (surface)
45˚
45˚
45˚
45˚
40˚
40˚
40˚
40˚
PGA [gal]
PGV [cm/s]
2000.0
325.00
10
3
1000.0
166.00
500.0
85.10
35˚
35˚
35˚
35˚
43.60
200.0
22.30
10
2
100.0
11.40
50.0
20.0
3.00
10
1
10.0
5.0
0.79
2.0
0.20
10
0
1.0
0.5
0.05
30˚
30˚
K−NET
KiK−net
30˚
30˚
Epicenter(JMA)
K−NET
KiK−net
Epicenter(JMA)
0.2
0.03
130˚
130˚
135˚
135˚
140˚
140˚
145˚
145˚
130˚
130˚
135˚
135˚
140˚
140˚
145˚
145˚
The largest peak ground acceleration among K-NET and KiK-net sites was recorded at MYG004
K-NET station (waveforms displayed below), reaching 2933 gals (3 components vector summation).
MYG004 2011/03/11 14:46:36 Seismic Intensity : 6.67
(JMA intensity 7)
MYG00420110311144636.kwin
Acceleration [gal]
NS
2.70e+003
-2.70e+003
Acceleration [gal]
EW
1.27e+003
-1.27e+003
Acceleration [gal]
UD
1.88e+003
-1.88e+003
00
100
200
Time [s]
1

2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion

the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and

National Research Institute for Earth

Science and Disaster Prevention

Comparison of observed values of PGA and PGV with ground motion empirical attenuation laws (preliminary)

Si & Midorikawa (1999) inter-plate
Si & Midorikawa (1999) inter-plate
10 3 10 2 10 1 10 0 10 -1 10 1 10 2 Fault
10
3
10
2
10
1
10
0
10
-1
10 1
10 2
Fault Distance [km]
10 3
PGA [cm/s/s]

Peak Ground AccelerationPGA

10 2 10 1 10 0 10 -1 10 -2 10 1 10 2 Fault
10
2
10
1
10
0
10
-1
10
-2
10 1
10 2
Fault Distance [km]
10 3
PGV [cm/s]

Peak Ground VelocityPGV

41˚

40˚

39˚

38˚

37˚

36˚

35˚

100 km
100 km

PGA and PGV were obtained as the maximum values between horizontal components.

Observed PGV values were corrected to a Vs=600m/s, by removing the amplification at every station from boring information.

The Mw8.9 is beyond the range of applicability of the empirical attenuation laws (Shi and Midorikawa,1999)

The fault model used is preliminary

Assumed fault model

139˚ 140˚ 141˚ 142˚ 143˚ 144˚ 145˚

2011 Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion

Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster
Tohoku Chihou Taiheiyou oki earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster

National Research Institute for Earth

Science and Disaster Prevention

List of 10 largest Observed Peak Ground Accelerations

 

Station name

PGA

JMA intensity

1

MYG004

2933gal

6.6

2

MYG012

2019gal

6.0

3

IBR003

1845gal

6.4

4

MYG013

1808gal

6.3

5

IBR013

1762gal

6.4

6

FKSH10

1335gal

6.0

7

TCGH16

1305gal

6.5

8

TCG014

1291gal

6.3

9

IBRH11

1224gal

6.2

10

MYGH10

1137gal

6.0

JMA Instrumental intensity This list is based on information obtained by March 13, from 276 K-NET and 112 KiK-net sites.

Evolution of intensity values in time

Kunugi et al. (2008)

7 MTG004 6 MYG013 MYG012 MYG002 MYG011 5 MYG003 4 3 IBR003 2 IBR013 TCG014
7
MTG004
6
MYG013
MYG012
MYG002
MYG011
5
MYG003
4
3
IBR003
2
IBR013
TCG014
IBR006
1
MYG004
(6.7)
IBR003
(6.5)
0
IBR013
(6.4)
TCG014
(6.4)
MYG013
(6.4)
MYG012
(6.1)
−1
IBR006
(5.9)
MYG002
(5.7)
MYG011
(5.6)
MYG003
(5.6)
−2
14:47:00
14:48:00
14:49:00
14:50:00
14:51:00
14:52:00
[14:46:26]
[14:52:07]
Real time Intensity (Methodology by NIED)※

3

2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion

the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and

National Research Institute for Earth

Science and Disaster Prevention

Long Period Ground Motion recorded at K-NET, Chiba station (CHB009)

CHB009 2011/03/11 14:47:09

Velocity [cm/s] NS 3.71e+001 -3.71e+001 Velocity [cm/s] EW 2.35e+001 -2.35e+001
Velocity [cm/s]
NS
3.71e+001
-3.71e+001
Velocity [cm/s]
EW
2.35e+001
-2.35e+001
Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001
Velocity [cm/s]
UD
1.42e+001
-1.42e+001
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.35e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.42e+001 -1.42e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity

00

100

200

300

Time [s]

400

500

600

Velocity Response Spectra (5% damping)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.05

80 60 40 20 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2 Sv, EW,
80
60
40
20
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, EW, cm/s

Period (sec)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.05

80 60 40 20 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2 Sv, NS,
80
60
40
20
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, NS, cm/s

Period (sec)

Velocity Response Spectra (1% damping)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.01

200 150 100 50 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2 Sv, EW,
200
150
100
50
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, EW, cm/s

Period (sec)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.01

200 150 100 50 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2 Sv, NS,
200
150
100
50
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, NS, cm/s

Period (sec)

4

2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion

the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and
the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake, Strong Ground Motion National Research Institute for Earth Science and

National Research Institute for Earth

Science and Disaster Prevention

Long Period Ground Motion recorded at K-NET, Shinjuku station (TKY007)

TKY007 2011/03/11 14:47:09

Velocity [cm/s] NS 2.44e+001 -2.44e+001 Velocity [cm/s] EW 2.31e+001 -2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001
Velocity [cm/s]
NS
2.44e+001
-2.44e+001
Velocity [cm/s]
EW
2.31e+001
-2.31e+001
Velocity [cm/s]
UD
1.22e+001
-1.22e+001
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity
-2.31e+001 Velocity [cm/s] UD 1.22e+001 -1.22e+001 00 100 200 300 Time [s] 400 500 600 Velocity

00

100

200

300

Time [s]

400

500

600

Velocity Response Spectra (5% damping)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.05

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, EW, cm/s

Period (sec)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.05

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, NS, cm/s

Period (sec)

Velocity Response Spectra (1% damping)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.01

120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, EW, cm/s

Period (sec)

Velocity Response Spectra, h=0.01

120 100 80 60 40 20 0 10 -1 10 0 10 1 10 2
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
10 -1
10 0
10 1
10 2
Sv, NS, cm/s

Period (sec)

5

The first phase is predominantBoth

phases are distinctThe

second phase is predominantThe

first phase is not visible

Characteristics of near-source ground motions

National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention

41˚N 114 NS [gal] -114 IWTH08 316 40˚N IWT019 NS [gal] IWT016 -316 229 IWT009
41˚N
114
NS [gal]
-114
IWTH08
316
40˚N
IWT019
NS [gal]
IWT016
-316
229
IWT009
39˚N
NS [gal]
MYG003
-229
570
NS [gal]
MYG015
38˚N
MYG017
-5.70
FKS004
570
NS [gal]
FKS013
-570
37˚N
411
IBR001
NS [gal]
-411
IBR011
36˚N
317
CHB012
NS [gal]
-317
568
35˚N
NS [gal]
-568
139˚E
140˚E
141˚E
142˚E
296
Near-source acceleration waveforms
display two remarkable phases of
ground motion which suggest the
existence of a least two areas of large slip.
NS [gal]
-296
304
In the northern part of the source area the
first phase is predominant while in the South
this phase is not visible.
NS [gal]
-304
These two phases of ground motion suggest
large slip areas in the North and South regions
respectively.
329
NS [gal]
The remarkable differences in grow characteristics of
intensity values for the Miyagi and Ibaraki regions indicate
they originate from different slip areas.
-329
212
A small ground motion phase is observed between the two
large distinct phase at some stations (FKS013, FKS004,
MYG017, MYG015).
NS [gal]

-212

IWTH08 2011/03/11 14:46:48 Seismic Intensity : 4.31

-212 IWTH08 2011/03/11 14:46:48 Seismic Intensity : 4.31 IWT019 2011/03/11 14:46:41 Seismic Intensity : 5.41 IWT016

IWT019 2011/03/11 14:46:41 Seismic Intensity : 5.41

: 4.31 IWT019 2011/03/11 14:46:41 Seismic Intensity : 5.41 IWT016 2011/03/11 14:46:39 Seismic Intensity : 4.74

IWT016 2011/03/11 14:46:39 Seismic Intensity : 4.74

: 5.41 IWT016 2011/03/11 14:46:39 Seismic Intensity : 4.74 IWT009 2011/03/11 14:46:32 Seismic Intensity : 5.47

IWT009 2011/03/11 14:46:32 Seismic Intensity : 5.47

: 4.74 IWT009 2011/03/11 14:46:32 Seismic Intensity : 5.47 MYG003 2011/03/11 14:46:32 Seismic Intensity : 5.55

MYG003 2011/03/11 14:46:32 Seismic Intensity : 5.55

: 5.47 MYG003 2011/03/11 14:46:32 Seismic Intensity : 5.55 MYG015 2011/03/11 14:46:34 Seismic Intensity : 5.99

MYG015 2011/03/11 14:46:34 Seismic Intensity : 5.99

: 5.55 MYG015 2011/03/11 14:46:34 Seismic Intensity : 5.99 MYG017 2011/03/11 14:46:37 Seismic Intensity : 5.83

MYG017 2011/03/11 14:46:37 Seismic Intensity : 5.83

: 5.99 MYG017 2011/03/11 14:46:37 Seismic Intensity : 5.83 FKS004 2011/03/11 14:46:38 Seismic Intensity : 5.39

FKS004 2011/03/11 14:46:38 Seismic Intensity : 5.39

: 5.83 FKS004 2011/03/11 14:46:38 Seismic Intensity : 5.39 FKS013 2011/03/11 14:46:45 Seismic Intensity : 5.34

FKS013 2011/03/11 14:46:45 Seismic Intensity : 5.34

: 5.39 FKS013 2011/03/11 14:46:45 Seismic Intensity : 5.34 IBR001 2011/03/11 14:47:01 Seismic Intensity : 5.60

IBR001 2011/03/11 14:47:01 Seismic Intensity : 5.60

: 5.34 IBR001 2011/03/11 14:47:01 Seismic Intensity : 5.60 IBR011 2011/03/11 14:47:06 Seismic Intensity : 5.61

IBR011 2011/03/11 14:47:06 Seismic Intensity : 5.61

: 5.60 IBR011 2011/03/11 14:47:06 Seismic Intensity : 5.61 CHB012 2011/03/11 14:47:07 Seismic Intensity : 5.12

CHB012 2011/03/11 14:47:07 Seismic Intensity : 5.12

: 5.61 CHB012 2011/03/11 14:47:07 Seismic Intensity : 5.12 Other secondary phases are also observed suggesting

Other secondary phases are also observed suggesting a very complex source process

Intensity : 5.12 Other secondary phases are also observed suggesting a very complex source process 00
Intensity : 5.12 Other secondary phases are also observed suggesting a very complex source process 00
Intensity : 5.12 Other secondary phases are also observed suggesting a very complex source process 00

00

100

200

Time [s]

6

Source Process of the 2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku earthquake based on Strong Ground Motions (Preliminary)

National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention

based on Strong Ground Motions (Preliminary) National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention
based on Strong Ground Motions (Preliminary) National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention
based on Strong Ground Motions (Preliminary) National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention
based on Strong Ground Motions (Preliminary) National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention
based on Strong Ground Motions (Preliminary) National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention

○ Fault Model

- Strike:195 degrees

- Dip:13 degrees

- Size:510km×210km

○ Results

-M 0 :3.28×10 23 Nm(Mw8.9)

- Largest slip:23m

This is a preliminary result and it will be updated

41˚00'

40˚00'

39˚00'

38˚00'

37˚00'

Figure1:Stations used for inversion (Red: K-NET stations,

Blue: KiK-net borehole stations) and slip distribution. A red arrow

displays the epicenter.

36˚00'

35˚00'

IWTH08 IWTH01 IWTH14 IWT018 IWTH21 IWT007 IWTH04 MYGH04 MYGH12 MYG011 MYG013 MYGH08 FKS004 FKSH19 FKSH09
IWTH08
IWTH01
IWTH14
IWT018 IWTH21
IWT007
IWTH04
MYGH04
MYGH12
MYG011
MYG013
MYGH08
FKS004
FKSH19
FKSH09
FKS013
IBR002
IBR007
IBR012
CHB016
m
0
5
10
15
20
25

140˚00' 141˚00' 142˚00' 143˚00' 144˚00' 145˚00'

Figure 2:Slip distribution. Contour lines of slip every 5 m are displayed. The arrows show the slip directions and amplitudes of the hanging wall.

0 10 50 20 100 30 40 150 50 200 0 50 100 150 200
0
10
50
20
100
30
40
150
50
200
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
Distance along dip (km)
Depth (km)

Distance along strike (km)

200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Distance along dip (km) Depth (km) Distance along strike

10 m

200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Distance along dip (km) Depth (km) Distance along strike

m

0

5

10

15

20

25

7