Sie sind auf Seite 1von 142


:"W l
v)l .:?"Aircraft
(1t I


3 i., r'J


The most compact reference source to the
entire spectrum of today's military aircraft
for pocket or bookshelf, this volume of lhe
Observer's BASIC Book of Airclaft illustrates
the vast majority of the aeroplanes serving
with the world's air forces and naval air arms,
from attack bombers to assault transports;
from strike fighters to support helicopters.
For the first time in a book of this size com-
parison silhouette drawings are provided to
enable differing versions of one basic air-
craft design to be readily compared. and tn
addition to no fewer than 406 individual
drawings and 140 photographs, the rcader
will f ind an enormous wealth of information.
much of which has remained previously
unpublished, concerning the production
status of each aircraft type. quantities built
of each version, the air arms by which it is
uscd, its characteristics and its history.
Never before has so much fact been gathered
l)etween the covers of so small a book.
An indispensable companion to this
volume is The Observer's BASIC Book of
Aircralt devoted lo civil aircraft which
illustrates and describes all the most im-
portant long-, medium- and short-haul
transports, feeder liners, cxecutive trans-
ports and utility aircraft, agricultural, sporls
and touring aircraft, and commercial heli-
copters. Unrform with this volume.

Pnntt'd ilt Gterl Bntrttl

'ffi- - *l!

lli ui'



Tho Obsorver'e Books BOOK OF

nltil)l wlt,l) l,LowERs

Iul"rEnil.lBl 'l'lUil{s
wll,D ANlMAll ull{iltwATER nIsHEs
oBAttBt I )(XtS
Anot I t1'Bo't'unE t,An(.ltill Mo'l'ns

BlfiP; t\tt,$t c Compiled by

coMMoN lNlltc'l.t IilltIrBt ttt;cs I
AtltoMonIt.rt WllA'lIIlriR I
With silhouettes by
oAnDllN rLOWtilr l,AlN't'lNo
cAc'rI HrA tftSrrrts
rLAOt 0A'Lg
se AND llt^tll(rttll AC't'noNoMY
IrunNt'rullll cllURclllls
lt^Fl(: AlllcltAlrl' cIvIL
lt^tilc Allt(;R^rl
$67 Suplr-rr,rrNrrNc the annual Obseruer's Book oJ Aircraft, which,
cach year, surveys the newest aircraft and the latest variants of
cxisting types that have appeared in the preceding twelve months
or are expccted to appear during the currency of the edition,
this volume of The Obserter's BASIC Book of AircraJt l'as a
different purpose: it has been designed to provide the most com-
pact reference source possible to the world's most important
and most widely-used military aircraft, irrespective of age. Thus,
on the pages that follow will be found attack aircraft ranging
from the Douglas Skyraider, phased out of production in t957,
to Ling-Temco-Vought's Corsair II which entered service ten
years later, in 1967; fighters from the MiG-r5 and F-86 Sabre
which met in combat over Korea, having appeared a score of
years ago, to the variable-geometry F-rrr now being delivered
t,ililrAll\' orr coNcltliss c,\'fALoG CARD NO. 66-17234 to the U.S.A.F.; and trainers dating back to the'thirties in the
shape of the T-6 Texan and contrasting sharply with their suc-
cessors of the 'sixties, such as the supersonic T-38 Talon. But
although the piston-engined old stagers that rub shoulders on
the follolving pages with the very latest military types differ
radically in appearance and performance from their intended
successors, the aircraft illustrated and described in this book
have one common denominator: they are all serving with world's
air arms in substantial numbers, or, in the case of the newest
models, are in quantity production.
To facilitate comparison between the widely-differing aircraft
that make up the contents of this volume, they have been divided
into the following broad categories:

Ftcntrns Pages 8 7t
Bol,rspns exo Alt.,tcx Arncnepr 7z 1o7

Parnor, ANtt-suulrlntNn aNl RncosNalssaNco

Arncnent ro8 rzg
Arn OnsenverloN Posrs I30-r35
Ptiiltcd iil Great Britain b! r36-r89
Rutlcr €l 'L'anntr, Iirortc ctnd l.ondon TnetNnns
r li(3. r 66
TlaNsponrs 19o 239
I-Inr-rcoprnns z4o-267
.Dl Cueryo deAviaci6n MiliLar DonfnicaDa Dom.'.
In addition to illustrating a widc varicty of aircraft types and providing l,)ilrll,,r Fueza A6rea Ecuatoriana !cua. -{.F.
basic details of thcir porvcr pliurts, pcrformances, u'eights and dimen-,,t,iI Impedal Ethiopian Ar Forco ],ith. A.F.
tions, The Obscrotr's IIA SIC Ilooh oJ Airctuft <tftcrs details of production Iriillilrrl Ihmvoimat lrio. A.F.
quantitics, first fliglrt clrtcs, rncl thc principal variants of each type, as Iririlcc AJmac deI'Air Fr. A.ts.
well as listing thcir currcnt ol)crilto.s, but in order to include so much A,ironautique Navale
infornration in so snrirll l rrrltrnrc it hls bccn nccessary to make extensive -,lo- Aviattuil L6gdre {le l'Am6c dc Tcilc Fr. kny
{i0nnrny (li) Luf tstreitkrif te der DDn, luit,
use of irbbreviations, an cxpllnntion of rvhich follon's: c0r'nal'y (W) Ldtvafte der Deutschen Bundesrepublik Luli.
trlrinediegcr der Bundesrehr Kriegsmarine
\L sDccd Nhxinrurrr sDectl in Com, rad. Combat radius (;hana
Ghana Air tsorce
Fed. G. Amy
Chan. A.)'.
lclel lliaht 'I'lc. rad, '.factical radius Iioyal Eelledc Air l'orce R.E.A.II.
M. cruisc Nlaximum cruising Cr. rlngc Cruising range G[^temala Ifuerza A6rea de Guatemala 0uat. A.F.
spccd S'I'OL Short take-off and Cuinea Force A6rieDne de Guinfo Cuin. A.I.
NI. climb Maximum attainable landing I{aiii Corys d'dviation d'Haiti Hait. A.0.
climb rate VTOL Vertical take-off and IIoildums !'ueza Aara Honduefla Hon. A.F.
lutr. A.F.
M. end. Maximum cnclurancc lmding HuDgary
Maryar L6gierd
fndian Air Force r.a.F,
Nor. cr. Normal cruising spccd S. ccil. Sewice ceiling ]n(lonesia Angkatan Udara Republik Indonesla A.U.A.I.
M.range Maximun rangc In. cl. Initial climb I.aB Im1)erjal Iranian Air Force Imn. A.I..
Ilangc cr. Long-range cruising s.l. Sea level Iraq Iraqi Air Force lraqi A.F.
spced AAM Air-to-air missile Irelanal frilh Air CoryB r.r.c.
Dcon. cr. Economical cruising ASM Air-to-surface missile Israel Eeil Avir Le kr&l LD.r''/A.F.
Italy AeroDautica trIiliLxre It.xliana Ital, A.F.
sPccd IIVAR High-velocity Aircraft -do- AYiazione per la Marina Militare Ital. Navy
rocket Ivory CoaBt tr'orco Adrienne de C6te d'Ivoire Iv. C.A.F.
Japan Japan Ar Seu-Defence Force J.A.S.D.F.
Japan Maritime Self-DefeDce Force J.M.S.D.F.
-do- Japan Ground geu-Defence Force J.G.S.D,t'.
JordaD Royal Jordanian Air Force Jor, A.n.
AIR FORCE ABBRDVIATIONS Kenya Kerrya Air Force Ken. A.F.
Kor@ (N) Korean leople's Amed l'orces Air Force l{.P.A.F.A.F.
The air arms currently operating each aircraft type are listed in abbrevi- Korea (g) Bepublic o{ Korm Air Forco R.O.K.A.F.
ated form on the following pages under "Operators", and the abbrevia- Kuwait Kuwait Air Forco Kuw. A.F.
tions employed for each service are as follows: Laos n,oyal Lao Air Forco Lnos A.F.
Lebanoq tr'orce Aerieme Lib&naho Leb.4.ts.
Royal Afghan Air }'orco Afg. A.F. ltahsasy Am6e de i'Air Ualgache [Iad. A.]'.
MrrrrihDia Force A6riconc lslamituc dF Mrurihnie traur. A.l'.
People'B Anny Air I'orc€ Alb, A.r'. MihFia Tetrtum Udara Diraia Malay8ia R.M.A.F.
Algeriatr Air Force Alg, A.F, 1Iali l'orce A6detrne du Mali Mali A.F.
Fuerza A6rea Argentina Arg. A,F. Ilexico Fuerza A6rca Meiicana Mex. A.F.
Aviacifrn NaYal Argentina Arg. NaYJr Motucco Aviatior lioyale Ch6rilienne trtor. A.F.
Iioyal Australian Ar Forco n,.A.A.F. N etherlaDalg Koninkli jke Luchtmacht Ii. Netrh.'.
noral ludtralinn Naw R.A.N. -{o- Koni*lijke Marjne LuchtlaartdieDBt X,. Neth. N.A.g.
Osterreichischo Luftstroitkrift€ New zaland Royal New ZealaDd Air Force ri.N.z.A.F,
lforce icrlrnne Ilel(c llelg. A.F. Nicaragu Fueza Adrea, Ouardia Nacioml de Nicangua liic, A.E.
I\trun ACrer llriivirno }loliv. A.F. liiger tr'orce Adrienne du Nigea Niger A.F.
I0rqr i6rca lhrsikrin Itraz. A,!'. Nigeria Ni{erian Air Force Nig. A.F.
Il;rrirlril rlo llrilNil IlrM. Navy Norway KoDselige Nurike FlvvSpen R. No. l.F.
llx,lnrf! irirtioD Bul, A.F. Pakisian PakistaD Air Force Pak. A.F.
lirl,)'r oi lJrrrDril lir lorco Bur. A.F. ?ansay Fuerza A6rea del Paragmy Para. A.F.
( rrrr\1)uil -^ir n)rr€ Carner. A.F. Peru FueMa A6rca del Peru P€ru. A.F.
Il0\trl l(l'n)rr lvjrtion Oamb. A.Ir. Philippines Ihililpino Air l'orce Phit. A.!.,
ll(,\,xl ('rrrilliirr lir lorco R.C.A.F. ?oland Irtnictwo Woiskowo
.Polskie P.L.W.
llr'!rl ( rrrr(li:ril Nr!vy n.c.N. Portugal Forca A6rea Portuguese Po$. A.F.
It,'rrl (lfvl{,r Air lorco li. Cey. A.F Iihodesia Ioyal Rhodesian AiI Forco n.Ii.a.F.
lfrrrzrr 4,1rft rfu Chilc chit, A.F, Il,umania AYiatir n,odni n,m. A.F.
lr l{,r!..i llri ll!rl)k's l,ilrrrtir)n nny Chin. A.!'. Salvado tsnev^ A6rer Srlwedo.effA Aal. A.F.
1 l,ir,+x! Nrli(r'rljst Air Ion,e C.N.A.II.
rrr,'r Atr, l ( 1il,'rril)irn, (lt.4.1.. saudi Arabia Iloyal Saudi Air Force n, Saud. A.If.
(long. i.F. Senegal Arnr6e de I'Air du S6n6gal SeD. A.l'.
ll'rr'r llrl rrx.H (l,rAohilcs somalia Cuerpo Aeronautica dclla SoDralia Som. A.C.
l il, r/iL r\, rri! la, v('lilriorrrrir onban i.F. south AJrier Suid-AJrikaame Lugmag s,A.A.rr,
( r'rLtNl',! (:lrla lrtrjctvo Czech. A.F.
li,r,1! larl l)rl,oIrre Dahom. A.F.
Ill "'ro,lr
\e\ib(u R. Dan. A.F. Abbreaiations continued on pqge 272
figllfiers Figlfiers
cquivalent of Mk. 3. F. Mk. 6-Similar to F. Mk. 3
apart from cambered wing and larger ventral tank.
F. Mk. 5z-Four ex-R.A.F. F. Mk. zs supplied (r966)
to R. Saud. A.F. F. Mk. 53-Basically similar to
F. Mk. 6 for R. Saud. A.F. (34 ordered r965) and I{uw
A.F. (rz ordercd 1966) with cannon and attack pods.
T. Mk.54-Trvo ex-R.A.F. T. Mk. 4s delivered (r966)
to R. Saud. A.F. T. Mk.55-ex-R.A.F. T. Mk. 5s for
R. Saud. A.F. (six) and l(uw. A.F. (two).
Dimensions: Span, 34 ft. ro in.; length (inc. probe),
I]AC LIG}ITNING 55 ft. 3 in.; height, 19 ft.7 in. Photograph: Lightning
Country of Origin: United I(ingdom. F. Mk. 3 (XP756) of No. z3 Squadron, R.A.F.
Type: (F. Mks. z, 3, 6, Sz & 53) Single-seat All-
weather Interceptor I'ightcr and (T. Mks. 4, 5, 54 &
55) Two-seat Conversion 'frnincr.
Power Plants: Two (F. \{k z & T. Mk. 4) Rolls-Royce
Avon zro turbojets of r r,z5o lb.s.t. and r4,43o lb. with
reheat, or (F. Mks. 3 & 6 and T. Mk. 5) Avon 3or
turbojets of r3,zzo lb.s.t. and r6,36o lb. rvith reheat.
Estimated Performance: (Specification applied to F.
Mk. 3 but is generally applicable to other marks) M'
speed, r,5oo m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; m. cl., 5o,ooof
fi./min.; time to 4o,ooo ft., z'5 min.; s. ceil., 60,000 ft.
Weights : Loaded, 4o,ooo-4z,ooo lb.
Armament: (F. Mks. 2 & 53) Two 3o-mm. Aden can-
non and two Firestreak AAMs, or (F.
.lrirestreak AAIVls, (.b. Mk.
1vlk. 53) two
ground-attack rocket pods or two r,ooo-lb. bombs;
(f'. iUt<s. 3 & 6) Two Firestreak or Red Top AAMs.
Operators: (F. Mks. z, 3.&_6_and' T. Mks. +^& S.)
R:A.F., (F.. Mks. s2,
I(.A..t'., (f 53 e
52, fi & T.
r'. Mks.
lvrks. 54, 555) R. Saud.
(F- Mk. S:
A.F,. (F.
A.F., <r & T. Mk. 55)<<) Kuw. A.F.
First Flights: (P.rB) April 4, tg57; rg57; (pre'
Anril r.
April rqSS; (F. Mk. r) Oct.
3, ro<8: Oct. 20. rgsg; (F. Mk. ?)
29, ro<o: F. Mk.6
Jtily ri, 196r;(F. Mk.3) June 16, 196z; (F. Mk.6)
Junc 16, 1965;('1. Mk.4) May 6, rs59; (T. Mk. s)
March 29, r962.
I>roductiort Ilistory: Prototypes (3); pre-production
(z); Ir. Ml<. r (zo*); Ir. Ml<. rA (+o*); F.Mk. z (4o-
5o); F. Mks. (r & .53 (ctrrrcnt procluction). *Approx.
[/ariants: F. Mk. z--liqrrippirrg Nos. r9 and 9z Sqdns'
rvith zncl n'l'n1t (1967). T. Mk. 4-Side-by-side
tltincr ctpivitlcnt oI Mk. z. T. Mk. 5-Trainer
Fi4ll.ters 1l Fighters
thc fighter's engine at the same time as the tank is being
rcfilled. At the beginning of 1967, 16 of the zr Air
National Guard Fighter-Interceptor Squadtons were
equipped rvith the F-rozA, each squadron normally
having two TF-rozA two-seaters on strength. TF-
rozA-Orders for r r r originally placed were cut back
to 63. Weapons capability retained but Hughes
MG-ro system not installed.
Dhnensions: Span, 38 ft. r| in.; length (including
CONVAIR lr-roz DDL'fA DAGGER probe), 68 ft. +? in., (TF-rozA), 63 ft. 4$ in.; height,
Count.ry o.f Origin: U.S.A.
zr ft. z! in., (TF-rozA), zo ft.7 in.; wing area,695
sq. ft. Photograph: F-roz{ (56-roz8) of U.S.A.F.'s
?y2c.' Singlc-scrt All-rvclthcr Interceptor and (TF-
rozA) Sidc-by-sidc Trvo-scat Combat Proficiency 3znd Fighter-Interceptor Squadron.
Pozoer Plant: One Platt & Whitncy IS7-P-zl turbojet
of rr,7oo lb.s.t. and g,zoolb. with reheat.
Performance: (Figurcs in parcnthcses relate to the
TF-rozA) M. spccd, 8z.S (6+6) m.p.h. at 4o,ooo
(38,ooo) ft., with two 23o U.S. gal. tanks, 63o m.p.h.
at 36,000 ft.; nor. cr., 54o m.p.h. at 35,ooo ft.; time to
4o,ooo (3z,ooo) ft., 4'25 (z'8) min.; s. ceil., 54,ooo
(5o,ooo) ft.; m. range, r,35o mls.
Nor. loaded, z7,7oo (27,778) lb.; max.,
3 r,5oo lb.
Armament: Up to six AIM-4A or -4C Falcon AAMs.
Operators: U.S.A.F. (A.D.C., A.A.C., & U.S.A.F.E.)'
First Flights: (YF-roz) Oct. 24, 1953; (YF-rozA)
Dec. zo, 19-54; (TF-rozA) Nov. 8, r955.
Production History: YF-roz (ro); YF-rozA (+);
F-rozA (873); TIr-rozA (63). Manufacturcd r954-8.
Variants:F-rozA-All cxamplcs in scrvice have under-
g<;no succcssivc uroclcrnisution programmes aimed at
incrcasing ovcrall c{licicncy at both high and low alti-
trrrlcs antl uguitrst cnctny cottl]tcnneasures. Full infra-
rctl caplbilily li)l tilrgct acquisition, lock-on and
cornplclion ol rrrrr llrs bccn pt'oviclccl, and provision
lirr nvcnty-lorrl e 7s-in. ttngttidccl rockcts originally
nrirtlc hus lrt't'tt tle lclt:tl. In-llight rcfuclling capability Tr -1 024
introtltrcctl lrorn r9(16, thc pxrbc, mountcd above the
coclipit, pcrrrritting frrcl to bc drarvu from the tanh for
trighters ,:t Itightcrs
fuellcd or jettisoned in flight, and a refuelling probe has
bcen introduced behind the F-ro6's cockpit. F-ro6B-
Differs solely from F-ro6A in having a second seat in-
sorted immediateiy aft of the standard seat at some
cxpense to fuselage fuel capacity. Retains MA-r
system and missile armament of the single-seater, and
full operational potential. Each of the 13 F-ro6-
equipped Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons (1967) in-
CONVAIR F-IO6 DELTA DART cludes several two-seaters.
Dimensions: Span, 38 ft. :# in.; length (including
Country of Origin: U.S.A. probe), 7o ft. 8f in.; height, zo ft. 3$ in.; wing area,
Type: Single- or (F-ro68) Two-seat All-weather In- 697'83 sq. ft. Photograph: A U.S.A.F. Air Defence
terceptor and (F-ro68) Combat Proficiency Trainer. Command F-ro68 Delta Dart, the eighth production
Power Plant: One Pratt & Whitney (F-ro68) JZS-P-g example (57-zSt4.
or (F-ro6A) I7S-I'-I7 turbojet of r7,zoo lb.s.t. and
z4,5oo Lb. with reheat.
Piiformance: (Specification applies to F-ro6A but is
to the F-ro68 which has an
also generally applicable
identical performance envclope apart from slightly
reduced range capability) M. speed, r,525 m.p.h. at
4o,ooo ft.; com. rad. (intcrnal fuel), 575 mls.; ferry
iange, r,5oo mls. at 6ro m.p.h. at 4r,ooo ft.1 s. ceil.,
57,ooo ft.
Weights: Empty, 4,646lb.; loaded (clean), 35,5oo lb';
max. overload. 38,25o lb.
Armament: Four AIM-4E or -4F Super Falcon
AAMs ancl one AIR-zA or -zB Genie nuclear-tipped
Operators: U.S.A.F. (Air Defence Command).
First Flights: (F-ro64) Dec. 26, 1956; (F-ro6B) April
9, 1958.
Prodiction llistory: F-ro64' (257); F-ro68 (63).
Manufacturcd r956-6o.
Variants: F-ro6A-Principal U.S.A.F. Air Defence
Command interceptor. Became operational in June
rgsg and has undergone successive modernisation
piogrammes. Dquippcd with advanced Hughes
MA-r electronic guidance and fire control system.
This opcratcs with thc Semi-Automatic Ground En-
vironmint defcncc system. During r967, F-ro6s werc
being fitted with external fuel tanks suitable for reten-
tion during supcrsonic flight. These tanks may be re-
ti ltiglfiers
clmeras in cannon bay, and three forward and oblique
cameras in extreme nose. Serving with Flottille r6F'
Dimensions: Span, 3r ft. 6 in.; length, 47-ft. 3 in-.;
height, rz ft. 7}'in.; wing area, 3o6 scI. ft. Photograph:
An Etendard IVP of the A6ronavale.

Cowtlry o.[ ()vigi11
; Iil rttrcc'
?ylc.' Sirisle-scat Shipboard Strike Fighter and (IVP)
'factical I{ccotrnitissltrcc Aircraft.
Porut'r l>lant: Onc SNI|CNIIA Atar 88 turbojet of
9,7oo lb.s.t.
Pir[,,rnmttcr': (IVM) M. spccd, 673 m.p.h. at 36,ooo
'ft.; itt
ft.. 68.r nr.p.h. s.l.; lirc. mcl., r86 mls. at s.1., 435 mls.
4","ooo r'itngc rvith t*io l3z Imp. gal. tanks'
r,7io mls. rt.5ro r)r.p.h. rtt t(r,ooo ft.;in' cl., r9,685
fi./min.; tirnc to 4z,ooo It.,6 nrir-r.; s. ccil., 5o,85o ft.
Weights: Iinrpty, rz,7S(r lb.; lolclccl, r9,4oo lb.; max.
ovcrload, 22,41.16 ll).
Armamcnt: (lVM) 'l'rvo 3o-rnm. I)DFA cann-on, two
Nord AS. fo ASM* rtrcl trvo Sidcwindcr AAMs, or
tu'o 496-lb. or liliz-lb. bombs. (Notc: Only one 30-
being removed
-r'r'r. bitrr,rtt Irc<ltrcrrtly crtn'iccl, sccond
to proviclc slrtco foltAcAN.)
O f ara I or s : Airotritvitlc,
I;irst It!i.!!hts: (lVM-or) Mrry zr, rqs8; (IVB) Dec. z,
rgca; (IVl)-o7) Nov. r9, rr-16o; (IVM No. r) Julv r96t.
Protluclioil Ilislory: l)rototypcs (r); prc-productton
IVM (.s); prc-protittctiotr lVl'(r); IVM (69); IVP (zr).
Manullcttrrctl r gsli-6s.
Varianls: IVB Also linc,.vn as IVM-o3 was experi-
rncntirl vcrsion fctturing rr,zoo lb.s't. Avon 5r turbo-
ict and llaD blorvirrs. IVM-Nincteen have flight
iefucllirrg 1rtol,, * ,i".[ cqtripmcnt for " buddy "
tanl<cr citrtics. liquips l;loitilles rrF, r5F and r7F,
and cntclcrl Adlorrlvilc sct'vicc in r9(rz. Iixpccted to
bc rcplacccl cluring carly 'scvclrtics by-thc nnvalised
versio-n of thc Anglo-lilench Jnguar. fVP-Has nose
rcfuelling probc in placc of Aida 7 radar, twin vertical
14 rz Itighters
rn,,rlcl. 'l'rvo built by G.A.M.D', fifty-two being
t,rrrpltlt't[ for thc attack role (IIIOA) and for-ty-eight
,,', iirt.'rc.,1rt<rrs (IIIOF). IIIS-Swiss manufactured
r,,.r'ri,,n oi IIID'with Hughes TARAN Mk. rS fire
t or r I lol r:rdrtr, hinged nose, strengthened unde-rcarriage,

rrrrrl crtrrying.a pair of HM-55S Falcon A4V:,

DASSAULT MIRAGE /)irrr,'a.srorrs.j Spin, z6 ft. rr] in.; length (IIIC)' 45. ft'
III cl in.. (IIIE) +6 tt. ztr in'; height (IIIC)' r: ft.9] in',
C_ountry oJ Origin: i+ ft. b in.; wing area, 365'9 sq. ft. Photograph:
'lype.. Single-seat France. it'tttij
All_weather (C, CJ, CZ and S A Milage IllE of the Armde de I'Air.
(E, EZ and O) Striti"'una'iAlg.-nTin.
connarssance .hrchter. rnd (8, BO, BS, BZ-i.-i)
Tandem Two-seit Traine..
Powry Plant: One SNECMA Atar (B &
C) gB turbo.
l? :'.'.?' ;;i[
Jet or 9,r70 lb.s.r. and rt zz| lb. with * j,?reheit-or
r. (E."b,
ib, O
* sl
ril" 1"3' *t"' $-'^3: " 11 1
sC or .s^,q6 ru.sli. ,ia ,3,ori ir-. "*t,il i""t",
P.e rJ or m a n c e : (Refers I II E
uut gEi.' -a;'1.;#;"ri;';""..
all.versions) M. speed, r, 3^g6 mlp.h."iiriv'";;il;i;
rad.,_ r8o mls. at-36,ooo'fg. at
285 Imp. gal. tanki, 42o rnts. 594,-*i*,i*
nrmam?nt: lwo 3o_mm. DEFA
(jl{c_) one MAT-RA R-53o and"t"*i -Sft;;";.
S_Sj'iannon an

*1M:,.. (i{lE_) up to s,a5J rr. ;i".i;;."i;;;;;;:,

up:ratoys_: C, E & R) Fr. e.r..tttir|i'i.lj.i:.
4.F.; (IIIBZ, cz' & EZ) S.A.A.irlt Ali'o'&'-D * '
BS & RS)'Swiss' ' ''^'"
trst Flighrs: (IIl_oor) Nov. 17, rg5Oi (lte,_or)
rz, r958; (IilB_or) Oct. zr,,qs_qi-fIiigNo.;i Ma j"ii
n"li ii,?'ff ie,eljl,lflhl#
t(l.Ili i *) o"t. z 8, r i6
**First 9*
li i inl
| * t'."i il'".:"J,,''d;il
e 5.'. i,i.ii
Swiss assembl"ed.


!19!ygt.ion History: (ro); f II,B-_(3Q); IIIBS (z);
(r9r,"rii6iG!"))iii#'(8c),!'fi 'd.lil""$,(1i?hJi'r:fi
IIIRS{F (rB): [t rS* (e6). '*Crr."nt
Varian-ts: IIIcz- Eiieiimcnral Ataid;j;1;;j;;i. l;;?.
qK_p.r;;r;a ii.-
sion of standard I I IC. ilIo-A;.t;uii""ii".r""lr"ir,
l!, tr'iglfiers
I)imensions: Span, z8 ft. r in.; length- 33 f!'-9+.lgr'
lC.orT). r8 fi. r,i in'; height, r3 ft' rl in' (G'qrT)'
i. ft. ri1";n.r wins area, 176'7+ sq. ft. Photograph:
G.qrT.r of the lialian Scuola Volo Basico Avanzato
Aviogetti at Amendola.

of Oririn: Italv'
iuar, Strile and Reconnaissance Fighter
fC.orTl Two-scat Opcrational Trainer.
Po*i, i'!oni: Onc Bristol Siddeley Orpheus 8o3oz
turboiet of <.ooo lb.s.t.
Pnrfoimarrii (Specification
'relatins applies
to G9rR.r, figures
i. t"t".rth"s"t to the G.grT.r) M' speed,
668 (6:f) m.p.h. at s.l', 675 m.p'h-. at-5,ooo ft'; com'
rad., r96 mls.;ferry range, r'r50 (r,3b7^) mls'; ln' cl',
6-ooo fi./min.i s. ciil., +.r,ooo (rq,:7o) ft.
lveiphtsiEmpiv (G.qrR.i), o,s:s lb., (G.9rT.r) 7'z4o ?.4oilb.; loadcd (G.9IR.r), rr,755 lb',
(G.orR.r), tr,q9+ 16., (G.qrT'r), rr,8oo lb.
Armament: Two ('f) or fottr (G'9rR't) o'5-tn'
machine guns, or iwo (G.9rIt.3) 39-mry. DEFA can-
zso-lb.'or-.5oo-ib. bombs, two Nord
"""- ^"dt*o
ASMs or iwo packs of z-in. or z'75-in' rockets'
(G.orR.rA & -rB) Ital.A.F.; (G.9rR'3)
iiifr.; (G.qrR.4) Port. A.F.; (G'9rT.r) Ital' A'F';
(G.or'I.r) I-uft.
ilr{t niintt' (rst Prototvpc) Aug. 9, r956; (rst.pre-
nroductiin) Feb. zo, r95b; (rsrGerman-assembled)
iuly zo, r96r; (rst prototypc G'9rT) May^:r,..r96o'
niairi;oi n;itoryt Prototypes 13); . G.'grl ({);
(5o)iG.9rR.a (so); G'srT'r
c.qtn.' (e8); G.{rR'3 *Sixtecn
(16): G.or'l.r (++). converted to Li'9r
ijeiv. M.""iirciui"d rqsT-66. In addition, Dornier
assemblcd lz and tnrnrtfrcturcd z8z G.9lR'3s'
iiriants: G.9rR.4-sirlilar
-feN-Conversion to Il.3 with,armament of
R.;. for Italian National
Acrobatic tcam.
l;-rr rA (t8j. F-ttrB (5); production F-rrrA* (389),
i.-iiit.'?rii, F-rr rC"(z+); F'-rrrK (ro)r FB-r rrA

-{g: (zro).
*Orders placed at bcginning of r967'.. .,
ti -rt te-E ehtv p "i ce n t' tom m on al vas" wtrial
i ii io t, -nr-irrA-'Elevinth

F-rrrA served
i".iuffotlo".-uircraft for reconnaissancc

version-'- FB-
iiiA,-sttut"cic bomber dcvelopment for r968.bas-rc
vice. Up t; fifty 75oJb. bombs' Retalns
t thi


.ii""t"t"'or F-r r rA with .ving extensions of F-r r rB,

GENERAL DYNAMICS F-ITT ;;-;;fu;i"; and. strengthened undercarriage' F-
Countrv of Orlsin: U.S.A. iirK-Version R.A.F. basically similar toTB-r -r.r '
'O;r*"t;oi', for (F-rrrA),
-T*o-t"i't (F-rrrA; Tactical Strike, (RF-rrrA) ipan 6f f-''. o 11'' (f111n)'
R-"ionttui..utt.e, and (F-irrts) Shipboard Air Superi- zo ft. o in.: length (F-r r rA), 73 ft' 6 in', (F-r trts) 66 lt'
oritv FiEhter. fr. r] in', (F-r.rrB)' r6 tt'
I in.; height (F-rirA), r7 research
Poriu Plortt: Two Pratt & Whitney (F-r r rA) TF3o- 8 in.' PFotoiraph: Eiftln and devclopmcnt
P-r turbofans of approx. zr,ooo lb. rvith reheat, or F-rrrA (61-gZ7o).
(FlrrrB) TF3o-P-ij turbolans of approx. z3,5oo Ib'
with reheat.
Performance: M. spced (design), r,65o m p'h' at 4o,ooo
ft.."86< m.p.h. at s.l.; s. ccil., 6o,ooo I ft'; ferry range 1

(interrial fuel), 3,8oo mls., (F-rrrB, approx' 2'9oo

mls.). (max. cxternal fucl), 4,5oo 5,ooo mls'
iiiiinit, tp-trrA) Emprv, 43-,5oo lb.; approi{' loaded'
?o,o"oo lb., max. overloid, 95,ooo lb. ; (F'-r r rB), empty'
ar.soo Ib.: loaded, 75,ooo lb.
iiiro^nnt't (F-r r rA) Two tactical nuclearweapons or
Condor ASMs internally and additional weapons on
foui swivelling and four fixed underrvilg p-rac-tice Pylons'
Mo*-u- ordnance load is 37,5oo lb' but in
i. ti-;tca to approx.
t zo,ooo Ib. One zo-mm' M-6rA
t"i"r" mounted internally. (F- r r r B) Six
AfNlI'-s+A Phocnix AAMs, trvo internally and four on
srvivcllinc underwinq PYlons.
7|i"r"],,r?t (F-r r rA) (F-r r rB)* U'S N':
ail;ict. *Dclireries
tt.,q.n.r.; (F-rrrK)* R.A.F.; (FB-r-rr)*
ol F-rrrC to R.A.A.F' sched-
f.i i968, cleliveries of F-r.rrB.for U'S' Nar'ry with
F-;;ii ?6t ft.A'r'. commcncingininr969' same vear,
FB-rrrs for U.S.A.F. following
nitiitigirtt' (rst Ir-rrrA) Dcc' zr, 1964; (rst -F-rrrB)
Mav r8, r965.
fihiii ri' ii tlory.' Devclopmcnt and pre-p roduction
(r6): Mk. rA* (44). *Pre-production batch completcd
],,oti.- were scheduled
to commence r967.
ti"riiiiit wrU. rA-Ittitiul production model with non-
ifu.["."i"e "ngines, fully duplicated power controls
Ai.pu... Mk. rn-si-ilar to Mk' rA
il; t";-t Indian-developed afterburners' Mk' z-
i;;;J"J For Mach z'o peifot-uttce
'a"""t.p"a 'United with E-3-oo turbo-
HAL HF-24 MARUT *1. in the Arab Rcpublic' - C.ol-
i;b;;;i"" tetween India and U.A.R' in developing
Countrv of Oripin: India.
'Sinsl"-" i-fr"fff'-za-g-loo combination xt very earl5r stage. at
iva", or (Mk. rB) Two-seat Interceptor, besinnine'of rq6Z, and production of the Mk' 2 version
Siiike and Rcconnaissance Fighter. ofTIF-ze unlikelv before r969.
Power Plants: Two HAl-built Bristol Siddeley O-r- z9 ft. 6ir in.; length, 5r 11' 73t rn';
Dimensio'ns: Span,'in.;
turboiets of +,86o lb.s.t., or (Mk' rR) -i;nEiiiriintr,.'r |
rt"ighi,"l3 approx. wing area, 295 -sq' ft'
"nt". "o,io3R of-approx. 6'6oo l!'s.t. with.reh^eat,,or
brpheu. Third Marut Mk' r
tM'f<. z) A"iorrot-t B-3oo of 7,o55 lb.s.t. and 9,84o lb' (BD83o).
with reheat.
iiiiir*orrr'(Specification relates to Mk' rA, figures ll

in parenthesei ielating to the Mk. rR) Approx' m' I

;;";J, 6j. (zqo) m.p.hl at 4o,ooo ft., 7o5^(745)rn'p'h'
ai s.l.'(rlooo)-fr.; com. rad. on internal fuel.38o-4zo
-t.. ui!0" m.p.h. at 36,ooo ft.; time to 4o,ooo ft',7
min.: s.-ceil.. a6'ooo (<z,ooo) ft.
Wcig:hts: Empiy, r:,sio lb'; loaded, r9,45o lb'; max''
z4,z5o Ib.
Viio-rnt, Four 3o-mm. Aden cannon and (op.tional
;; Mk.. rA and rfl) internal missile launcher with four
rows of spin-stabilised rockets*,,-plus four
Sial*i"a". A-\Ms. (Attack) Four r,ooo-lb' bombs,
four MATRA launchers each containing*May nineteen 3-
i". t""t"t., or sixteen 6olb. HVARs. b.e re-
.in."d br camcra pack, weapons system electronics or
I""iii".v'f""i, and^(in Mk. isl u"y may be supplanted
bv second seat.
ii*rntors: l.A.F.x *First squadron with pre-pro-
J.l"tint-r NIk. rs wrs scheduled to be formed during
first half of u167.
i;ril ilistrtt,irst Prototvpe) June 17, rs6r; (Ind pro-
i,,iop"l il"'., i,r(tz; (rst pic-pioduction Mk' r) March,
r96j; (prot,,typc Mk. rl{) Scpttmber r966'
Productiott Histoty: Prototypes (2); pre-productton
p!-t lliglrters
Dimensions: Span, 33 ft. 8 in'; lerrgth' .45 ft'. rol
ft. roi in.; height, I3 tl' rn';wrn€-area'
(Mk. :) a8 -i;lrotogropt
:i;t'';.i.'fi. , Hunter-F'R' Mk' ro of No' z
Sqdn., R.A.F.

Counlrv of Origin: United l(ingdom'
?voer Sincle-seat (F. Mks. 6, 5r & 52) lnterceptot'
ii."C..{'N[k. q-a h'. tul,.. s6. !2, ss & 5e) Ground
Attack and (F.R. Mk' ro) l{econnatssance 'Frgnter'
ia.ilNii;. c;";;J Attack Trainer,.and (T' Mks'
ii"*,;'if;,i:uof;i'.fl :)fl;:;'i1l.T?oliisr&sz)
rr< or (Mks. 7,8, fi & 6z) tt?-ot 7'575 lb's't'' or
iridr.''ol"iii, sb'&'66) 2o3, or (Mks' q & ro) zo7 of
r o. r <o lb. s.t.
;;,f;;;;;;;' (Mk. e) M. speed, 7r5 m'p'h'mls', at s't'.,627
ut 16,ooo ft. ; rcnge (clcan), 489 (max'
exiernal fuel), r,8S+ mls. ; in. cl'' r7,'lmrn'
Weichts: Embtv, r4,4oo lb. ; max', 24,boo Ib'
Aniuntent: (Mk. S) Four 3o-mm' c^annon.and two.5oo-
Ih or r ooo-lb bombs' or twenty-tour 3-ln rocKcrs'-
lrrlrL-- ol n"t. A.F.;-Iraq A'F'; Jor'
o;;*;;;;: A'F' r
i:;- "a"il', : n.n.e.r'.1 (Mk. ro) R'A F' ;
fMl.;;i ii.\i.; tiitt 5r)(vt Fi. Dan. A'F'; (\4F' 5z)Peru'
'si";.l (Mi.'sai i.A.F:i ' sz) Kurv' A'F' r (Mk'-s8)
X.E.;irltk. 5e) traq. e.F.' n' Saud' A'F'-r
:i''1"^'; :' ii A.F.: (Mk. 8) R.N.; (l\1k. 53)
ii. ij",i.,,ile.i iMr.. or) piru. n.r.i (Mk. 66) I.A.F.'
ii.5#.'A:F:;'iMt oil l(uw. A.F.r (Mk' 6q) rraq' e]F)"di,l"d to receive r8 refurbi''hed
.i"J*-i" oncl thrce two-seaters from Julv r-967'
"rilirii"ai', ii.'i-pi",.,vp"l June zo, rss r r-(F -M-k' r)
;,;; ji innr*. +l"ir.i. 2.' tss+i (Mk' 6) Mar'
2(.-r()s(t (Mk. Z) Oct. rr, t957'
piodiiiiun Ilistory: 'I'otrl of r,7o8 ot nllversrons manu-
i#il;ffi u.ii. is' lraf Mk -4s an-d z-j7.Mk' 6s)
i"' tt'"" N"tircrlandi, of which rz8
asscmbled in Ilclgium.
I)imensions: Span, zz ft. z in' (T' Mk: r), z4 ft'
o. in';
f"""itr, ,q ft.'9 in', (T. Mk' r),.3r ft'.9 in'; herght'
iiii.''tli.,lr1 irir..''), s rt.7L- in'; wing area'-r36-'6
.q.'i.:if. 'illk. rl, rzi'sq' ft Photograph: A HAL-
i-ru*;f , C'"ut intcrceptoi of ihe Indiun Air Force'

Countrv of Origin: United Kingdom'
i'l?,''siitr="-."";; ilt IntercEptor and (T' Mk' r)
- -n Advanced Trainer'
if,ii i ii i"| t-o i" ortl.t(T.s d del ev Orqhe us 7 o r turb o -
"t Mk' r) Orpheus ror turbo-
Jet of 4,7oo lb's.t.,
iet of a.zro lb.s.t.
'i;r"i;;;i;r',- iSpecification applies to .Gnat inter-
ceoior. figures in parentheses being appttcaole to tne
f. ntl. I) M. speed, 695 (636)(59) m'p'h' at,2o'ooo
( ft.: tac. rad. with two 66 lmp' gal' tanxs'
l'.,Jioil,j -rl.;ii;;,; 4s,ooo (z6,ooo) ft', 5'25 (a'65)': (48,ooo) ft'
ceil., 5o,ooo-o,osb
W)'iinii'"-iiiiii, (6,o3e) lb'; max', 8,885
(q,roZ) lb.
iliikiil' (lntcrccptor) Two 3o-mm' Aden cannon
and. two coo-lb. bombs or twelve 3-in rockets'
?ii)#iiiii'ri..' e.n,-i e.e. ; (r.r8,Mk' r ) R'A'F'
r955; (rst produc-
,First Fliphts: (Prototype) July
i;"") Mav 16. rqs6; (T. Mk' r) Aug'(in-at3r' 1959'
Pro1uctiin Histoiy: Prototypes (r); lntercep,tor
(u'\:T. Mk. r (ros). T. Mk' I manulactured' t9o2-
itol" llit,dttrun- Aeronautics holds a manutacturtng
ii;;"";-;;d had asscmbled fifteen Gnat interce.ptors
irl--l-no.t"d components and manufactured .ap-
;;;il;ii'ty' tv' tr'e beginning of re66 when
nroduction ';o- contlnulnA
V.iii r iir-'dtt"t -Sut""ss of -this- lishtwe':sht
irr lndian-l)akistrrni conflict ol t965 and delays
fishtcr ","
programme- have resulted
iti'ih; tiF-;n-ptuJ""tio" Hindustan
in extendcd pio.luction by Aeronautrcs'
primarily for a tri-partite evaluation squadron manned
irv U.K., U.S. and German personnel, and operated
from October t5, 1964, until November 3o, 1965.
Subsequently two of the surviving tri-partite air-
craft rvere retained in the U.K., the remaining six
being delivetcd to the U.S.A. under thc designation
XV-6A. Harrier F.G.A. Mk.r-Six additionai eval-
uation aircraft ordered February 17, 1965 with changes
proposed for the definitive production model for the
HAWKER SIDDELEY P.rtz7 HARRIER iL.A.F. of R.A.F. evaluation aircraft with similar
Country of Origin: United Kingdom' r5,zoo lb.s.t. Pegasus B.Pg.5 to Tri-partite. model'
?ype: Single-seat V./S.T.O.L. Tactical Strike and Iniroduced extended wingtips, re-positioned air brake,
Reconnaissance Aircraft, strengthened outrigger wheels, etc.
Power Plant: One Bristol Siddele;r Pegasus B. Pg. 6 Diminsions : (Kestrel) Span, zz ft. ro in. ; length, 4z ft.
vectored-thrust turbofan of r8,ooo-l8,5oo lb.s.t. o in.; height, ro ft. 9 in.; wing arca, r89 sq. ft. - Pftolo-
Performance : (Specification relates to tri-partit-e evalua- graph:Thc first R.A.F. evaluetion P.rrz7 (XYz76).
tion model but is generally applicable to R.A.F. ver-
sion) M. speed, 66o m.p.h. at s.1., m. cr., 6+S !g.p.h.
at s.i.; endurance (V.T.O.L.), 3o min. at s'l'; radius of
action (S.T.O.L.), zzo mls. rt r,ooo ft', 359 mls' at
4o,ooo ft.;in. cl. (at rz,4oo lb.),35,ooo+ f1./4i1'_
iirighttt'Empty,' ro,7oo lb.; loaded (V.T.O.L.),
rz,4oo lb., (S.T.O.L.), r.5,5oo lb.
Armament: (S.T.O.L.) Iiour 5oo-lb. or r,ooo-lb.
bombs, z-in rochct pods, or Martcl AGMs.
Operators: (lf.A.F'. for r968 9 service).
First Fligtti: (rst Prototype-vertical take-off) Oct.
zr, 196o, (hor:izontal take-off) Mar. r3, r96-r; (rst
'l'rii-partitc If valuation Aircraft) Mar. 7, r964; (rst
R.A.F. I'l'alurrtion Aircraft) Aug. 3r, r966.
Production Ilistory : Prototypcs (6); Tri-partite evalua-
rion aircraft (o)i l{.A.F.'development aircraft* (6).
Initial contraci for 6o Harriers for R.A.F. was placed
early r967 rvith follorv-on contract for 4o-5o examples
of morc porvcrful models.
Variants : P.rrz7-Six prototypes with qrogres-sively
more powclfui engines. The first live differed in de-
tail but all had unswept wing trailing edges. The
sixth prototypc, flown on Fcbruary 13, 1964, intro-
ducedswcplwing trailing edges and, apart from opera-
tional equipmeni was representative of ttr,e tri-partite
evaluation-aircraft. Kestrel F.G.A. Mk. r-Built
:tt l'ightcits
l)imensions: Span, 5o ft. o in.; Iengtlr, 55-ft' 7 in';
648 sq. ft, Pho-tograph:
-s"u ro ft. 9 in.'; atea, '(XS58z)
of No.
,{ vi""tt F.A.w."Mk' z 766
Squadron, the Naval Air Fighter School.


Countrv of Oripin: United Kingdom.
?vre; Two-sea1 Shipboard Ail-weather Strike Fighter.
P'ower Plants: Two Rolls-Royce Avon 2o8 turbojets
of r r.z<o lb.s.t.
PerJoriance: (The following specification is estimated
and applies to ihe F.A.W. Mk. z) M. speed, 645 m.p.h.
at ropbo ft., 6ro m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; typical mission
r'5 hr.; time to 4o,ooo ft', 6-7 min.
eights : Loaded, 35,ooo-37,ooo Ib'
Armament: Trvo rciractable packs cach u'ith fourteen
z-in, rockets and four Filestrcak or Red Top AAMs'
or trvo Rcd Tops and two packs of tu'enty-four z-in.
rockets, four 5oo-lb. bombs and trvo clusters of six
3-in. IIVAI{s, or trvo I}ullpup ASMs and trvo z,ooo-lb.
ODerator.s: I{.N.
hirst Flights: (rst Scmi-navalised Prototype) June zo,
195-5; (Ir.A.W. Mk. r) Mar. 20, 1957. . ...
Iir:oiluction llistory: F.A.W. Mk. r (roo*). . Manu-
factured 95(t-63.' F.A.W. Mk. z production initiated
in r963 rvith lirst dclivcries in r964. xApproximate.
Variaitt: F.A.W. Mk. r-F'irst squadron, No. 892,
commissioned on Jull' 2, t959' and subsequently issued
to Nos. 8go :u.rd 893 Squadrons. l-argely supplanted
bv Ir.A.W. NIk. z rvhich entered service in 1964.
F:A.W. Mk. z--I'ossessing similar overall perform-
ance to prcdccessor but up-dated equipment-offering
morc sophisticntcd interccpt potential. Differs ex-
ternally from F.A.W. NIk. r in h:rving extendedbooms
to house additional fucl. Limited new production
augmented by convcrsion of F.A.W. NlIk. rs'
Itiglllets LTV F-8 CRUSADER
l)irttertsiotts: Span, 35 ft' z in'; lengrh (F-8D)' 54. ft'
5| in., (RF-SC), S+ ft'3 in.: height' rq ft' 9ln'i
rnnrox. wtnq area,:io sq. ft. Photigraph:. One of the
i'i# Iii':dC C;;""d'"'. (n". No. '+08ss) converted
from l{F-SAs.

CottntrY of Origin: U-'S'A'
?vlc: (F-SC & I)) Srngle-scat Shipboard-Interceptor'
rdldei^ei*"ii Figt.,t"., ancl (RF-8G) Photographtc

] oo b',' t'
Pratt & whitnev !57-P-zz
"'.t i" I

(Ir-8C) J57-P-r6 of r63oo l$.,iil

" i??']!;,:iii i:liib 3j
i; tn'.,(
: 1:'i :., l!:::';,1 1X,:?;:'
(SPeclncatri ? J $ 1"1," "l;
{' snegd' t-'1zo
lli'..*iit ;ppri*ut" to ai vcrsions)
i'.p.r.. 4o,'ooo.f t' ;.ru'' r*,il;'
time to^t57,ooo tt'' b'5 m rl ;t'! ;.T"' ?;lilih :
#1; H: T::i:l:' A:sa l:':;ll;.1 i,"l Sl,u,,,,,,oo
ir,. (F-8D & el, :r'ffi?<loi,
'"-u*. Four zo-mm' cannon and (F-Sc)
f,,J i' li i e s it * p
r' :' :;i ";"J t3:i l,tyt: J 5--fJ
iltl#fr h#m-'fi ':;ffii:lllh;'5:*
ffi :u ruiul5
First Flishts: (XF-8A) \{
rq.szr (t{F-sA) o"". '2,
*fi ;i+*ggiii ; m,:*
rq6r; (F-

/F-,lc\ Auo. 20, rg5d; (RF-EU) l"t" :o' reu5'--
Auq 3r'
[ef.-eXtl Junc 26, r96-.+l

iflf tT,zug.i+*+f$,:"i*qit+illq$ffi
and -SJs'
Fighters 3<t
I,roduction History: XF-ro+,(z); YI:to+ (s)t \-t:n3
i''.ii; p-to+u (26;; F-ro+C(77)i F-ro+D (22)i ur-
',t-lii' (2;);'F-i;4F (ro);. .19F-roa
'"*-1. i',s],'*El'"+pJ
\iF:lo4l i;]o1t +F-;;4G (i,266); *Tf-ro4(i
-rliit.uli.rti. *Nincteen
ii;;il --F--';o:i-1''o;1. F-ro4DJs. as-
manufactured bv
Iii'ti"a rru'Mitsubishi CF-ro4s
C;;;;uit. assembled or manufactured r77
;;i;;;;ilt;i;.. ,,rppl"-"'.'tarv order for.3o'^ F- r o4G
STARFIGH'I'EI{ total includes q77 built in Europe and r ro by uanaoarr'
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
'iri:j-;C";;;i'i'"i'a"' cur'rent orders' rt*Beins
built bv Fiat.
?ype; Single-siat (F-ro4A, C, J & S) Interceptor and V;;;rit; i-ro+C-Fi"t multi-mission version'
(F-roaG & CF-roa) All-weather Strike and Recon- ;;6:iiJJgi"d.t'.'.r"'" for strike rolc' - F-ro4S-
iaissance Fighter, and (F-ro4B, D, DJ, F, TF-ro4G prLurilv an interceptor with Sparrow AAMs' a new
& CF-ro4D) Two-seat Operational Trainer. il..i:iil'; i,+!"i"'p't-'' maxi speed, and improved
Power Plant: One General Electric (F-ro4A & B) JZS- radius of action.
GE-3B of 9,6oo lb.s.t. and r4,8oo lb. with reheat, 'ni"i"';ii-'"siin, zt fr' rr in'; length' si. ft' e in';
(F-ro+C, D & F) IZg-GE-l or (F-ro4G, J, TF-ro4G, Ziili g"'"u,' P hot ogr p h :
;; *in ?g' i,'q ;f';

F-ro+DJ & CF-ro4) -rrA of ro,ooo lb.s.t. and r5,8oo

ffiil;,' No. r;.
Sqdn'' R' Neth' A't''
F-i+G of 3tI
lb. wittr rcheat, or (F-ro4S) J79-GE-JIQ of r7,9oo
lb. u'ith reheat.
Perform.ance: (F-ro+G) M. speed, r,3zo m'p.h. at
4o,boo ft., 915 m.p.h. at r,ooo ft.; tac. rad. (with two
izo and ilvo-zoo U.S. gal. tanks), 69o mls. at 6ro
m.p.h.; in. cl. 5o,ooo ft./min.; com. ceiling, 55,ooo-ft.
Wiights: (F-ro+G) Empty, r4,o8z lb.; loaded, r9,84r
lb.; max., 28,779 lb.
Armament: One zo-mm. M-6r rotary cannon and up
to r'.ooo lb. of extcrnal ordnance.
Obiiators: (F-ro+A) U.S.A.F., Jor' A.F., Pak. A.F.;
(F-ro+B) c.N.A.F.; U.S.A.F.; (F-ro+C) U.q.A.L;
ip-'",io) U.S.A.F.; (F-ro+J & DJ) J.A.S.D'F.; (F-
ro4F) Luft.; (CF-ro+) R.C.A.F'; (F-ro+G) q ry 4.F
Luft., I{riegsmarine, R. No. A.F., Span. A.F. B.Pl".'
A.F., Turk-. A.F., R.H.A.F., Neth. A.F', Bel' A.F.'
A.F., Bel.A.F.'
ItalA.F.; (TF-ro+G) I-uft., Ncth. *Ital.
Ital. A.F., R. Dan. A.F.; (F-ro4S) A.F' *On
order for t967-7r deliver'-v.
First Ftiy4hisi(XF-ro4) Feb.7, 195,1; (F-ro4A) Feb.
tj, rys6i (F-ro+B) Iicb. 7, 19-57; (F-ro4G) Oct. 5'
t6Oo;'(Cf'-r"+) Mar. 28, 196r; (CF-ro4D) June 14'
196r; (F-ro4J) June 3o, 196r.
lrightcrs Itiglficrs
(sl'i:). The r,oooth F-4 delivered mid-1965 and
.'.,ooo* delivered by beginning of tg67-
l/ariants: F-4D-APQ-ro9 supplanting APQ-roo
mtlar. F-4E Internally-mounted 2o-mm. M-6rA
crnnon and Hughes COITDS and APQ-rr7 radar.
F-aG-AN/ASW-zr communications. F-4J-Nerv
,rilcrons, flaps, and Doppler fire control' F-+K -
McDONNDLL F-+ PHANTOM II i\nglicised version. F-4M-Similar for R.A.F.
Country of Origin: U.S.A. Diilensions: Span, 38 fi' 4l in.; length, 58 ft' 3| in.'
Type: Two-seat (F-4B, G, J & K) Shipboard Inter- (RF-+B), 6zft. rcl' in.; height, 16 ft.6 in.;wing area,
ceptor, Attack and (RF-4B) Reconnaissance, (F-4C, D, iro sq.'ft. Photograph: F-4B (Bu. No. r5o4r9) of
E & M) Land-based Interceptor, Tactical Fighter- U.S. Navy Squadron VF-r43'
Bomber and (RF-4C) Reconnaissance Aircraft. i
Power Plants: Two General Electric (F-48, RF-48 &
F-aG) l7e-GE-8 or (F-4C, RF-4C & F-+D) JZq-GE-
r5 turbojets of ro,9oo lb.s.t. and r7,ooo lb. with
reheat, or (F-al) J7g-GE-ro or (F-4E) I7g-GE-r7
turbojets of rr,87o lb.s.t. and r7,9oo lb. with reheat,
or (F-4K & F-aNI) Rolls-Royce RB. r68-a5R Spey
R.Sp.5R turbofans of rz,5oo lb.s.t. and approx.
zr,ooo lb. with reheat.
Performance: (Specification applies to F-4B but is
generally applicablc to other J7g-powered variants)
M. speed, r,584 m.p.h. at 48,ooo ft., (with four Spar-
row AAMs), r,45o m.p.h., 9r5 m.p.h. at s.l.; in. cl.,
z8,ooo ft./min.; low-level tac. rad. (with 6,ooo-lb.
ordnance load), 4oo mls.; fcrry range, z,3oo mls.
Weights: Empty, z8,ooo lb.; loaded (clean), 44,6oo lb.;
max., 54,6oo lb.
Armament: (Intercept) Four or six Sparrow III AAMs,
or four Sparrow IIIs and four Sidewinder AAMs, or
(F-aC & F-4E) Falcon AAMs, or (attack) various ord-
nance loads up to a maximum of r3,3zo lb,
Operators: (F-aB, G, I & RF'-aB) U.S.N., U.S.M.C.;
(F-aC, D, E & RF-aC) U.S.A.F.; (F-4I() *R.N.;
(F-+M) *R.A.F. *Ordered for 1967-8 service.
First Flights: (F-aA) May 27, rg58; (F-4C) N{ay 27,
1963; (RF-4B) Mar. rz, 1965; (YRF-4C) Aug. 9,
1963; (RF-4C) May 18, 1964; (F-4D) Dec. 8, rs65;
(F-aJ) May rs66; (YF-+II) June 27, 1966.
Production Historj: F-+A (+Z); F-aB (9oo*); F-aC
Itightcrs a8 niglfiers
to I{F'- rorC configuration. RF-rorA-Tactical recon-
rririssance derivative of F-rorA, the RF-rolC bcing an
.truivalent version of the F-rorC. F-rorB-Embodics
sril)stantial re-design for intercept role. Serves with
tj.S.A.F. Air Defence Command. Also operatcd by
It.C.A.Ir. as CF-rorB and, rvith dual controls, as the
McDONNELI- F-ror VOODOO l)inensions: Span, 39 ft. B in'; length (F-rorB),'
Cotmtry of Origin: U.S.A. -r? in.. (RF-r-orC),6s ft.3 in.;heisht, r8 ft. o in.;
Type: (F-rorB) Two-seat All-weather Interceptor and *lrs ur"", 368 sq. ft. Photograph: RF-rorC Voodoos
(TF-rorB) Trainer, and (RF-rorC) Single-seat Tac- of the U.S.A.F. Pacific Air Forccs.
tical Reconnaissance Aircraft.
Power Plants:'fwo Pratt & Whitney (F-rorB) J57-P- I
53 or -55 turbojets of rr,99o lb.s.t. and r4,99o lb. with
reheat, or (RF-rorC) JS7-P-I: turbojets of ro,roo
lb.s.t. and r4,88o lb. with reheat.
Performance: (Specification applies to F-rorB, figures
in parentheses relating to the RF-rorC) M. speed,
t,z2o (r,o4o) m.p.h. at 4o,ooo (38,ooo) ft., 7I6 m.p.h.
at s.l.;m. range on internal fucl, r,55o (r,7oo) mls. at
595 m.p.h. at 36,ooo-4o,ooo ft., with two 45o U.S.
gal. tanks, z,zoo mls.;in. cl., r7,ooo (r4,ooo) ft./min.;
s. ceil., 5z,ooo ft.
Waights: Nor. loaded, 3g,9oo (42,55o) lb.; max.,
46,673 @8,72o) 1l>.
Armament: (F'-rorB) Tr.vo AIR-zA Genie and three
AIM-4E or -4F Super Falcon AAMs.
Operators: (F-rorB) U.S.A.F., R.C.A.F.; (RF-rorC)
U.S.A.F., C.N.A.F.
Itirst tr'ligltts: (F-rorA) Sep. 29, r954; (YRF-rorA)
May ro, r9-56; (F-rorB) Mar. 27, r957; (RF-rorC)
luly rz, 1957.
Production lTistory: F-rorA (79); RF-rorA (fS);
F-rorC (47);IlF-rorC (r66); F-rorB* (478). Manu-
factured 19-53-6r. *A number completed with dual
controls as'f F-rorB Voodoos.
V ariants : F-rorA-Single-seat tactical fi ghter-bomber
now supplanted by F-4C Phantom. F-rorC-Some
structural strcngthcning introduced on Srst produc-
tion aircraft rcsulted in change of designation from
F-rorA. Now supplanted in service, Some converted
Eightcrs .t1 Fighters
I)intensions: Span, 33 ft. of in.; length (MiG-r5 and
-r<UTI) rr ft. rl in', (MiG-rsbis) 16 ft' 5 in';
lreieht, iz'f"t. rf in.; $ing area, z<5'r sq. ft. Photo'
graph i };4.ic-r 5UTI of Finnish Air Force's lILeLv. 3 r .

Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NATO Code Names: (MiG-r5 and -r5bis) Fagot and
(MiG-r5UTI) Midget.
Narzes: (MiG-r5 and -r5bis) Fagot and (MiG-r5UTI)
Typi: Single-seat Duy Interceptor (MiG-t5SB)
Fighter-Bomber, and (MiG-I5UTI) Tandem Two-
seat Advanced Trainer.
Power Plant: One Klimov RD-45FA or VK-r turbo-
iet of <.o<z lb.s.t.
Perfor"ioire: (Figures in parentheses relate to MiG-
rsUTI) M. speed, 668 (63o) m.p.h. at s.1., 6zo m.p.h.
at lg,zio ft.; -r. range, 48o (4zz) mls. at 16,4oo ft., 65o
(sqo) mls. at 3z,8ro ft., with trvo 66 Imp' gal. tanks,
88c mls.; in. cl., ro,8z7 ft./rnin.; s' ceil.,47,98z ft.
Wiights: Empty, 8,32o lb.; clean loaded, rr,o85
(ro,6qz) lb.; max., r3,BB9 (rr,9o5) lb.
Armiment: One 37-mm. N-37 and two z3-mrn. NR-
23 cannon, plus
- two 55oJb. bombs'
Operators: (MiG-r5bis) Alg- A.F., - -Cqmb.-&-F'
Chin. A.F., iraqi A.F., Syr. A.F. (MiG-r5UTI)
Afg. A.F., Alb. A.F., Bul. A.F., Chin. A.F., Qrlban
A.F., Czech A.F., Fin. A.F., G.D.R. Luft', A.U.R.I.,
IraqiA.F., I(.P.A.F.A.F., Mor.A.F., P.L.W., Rum.
A.F., Syr. A.F., UAR A.F.
First Flights: (Prototypc) Dec. 3o, r947.
Production History: MiG-r5 rvas licence-built in
Czechoslovakia, Poland and China.
Variants: MiG-rs-Otiginal modcl had 5,ooo lb.
RD-+SF. MiG-r5bis-VI(-r engine with enlarged
combustion chamber, turbine blades and jct pipe.
tr'ighters Itiglftcrs
I)imensions: Span, 3r ft. Sl in'; -length (Fresco-C),
36 ft.9 in., (Fresco-D),38 ft.5 in'; herght. rr tt..5i ln';
iuine irea, zzz'26+ sq. ft. Photograph: Al eariy pro-
.lucfion MiG-17 (Fresco-A) of the V'-V.S.


Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NAafO Code Name: Fresco.
?y2e; Single-seat (Fresco-A & -B) Day Intercepto-r,
(Fiesco-Ct Fighter-Bomber, and (Fresco-D & -E)
Limited All-Weather and Night Fighter.
Power Plant: One Klimov (Fresco-A, -B & -E) VK-r
turbojet of 5,952 lb.s.t. or (MiG-r7F or Fresco-C
& MiG-r7PF Fresco-D) VK-rA of 7,o55 lb. with re-
heat or VK-rFA of 7,496 lb. with reheat'
PerJormance: (Spec. relates specifically to MiG-r7F)
M. speed, 692 m.p.h. at s.1., 635 m.p.h. at 39370 !t.;
endurancc (with trvo 88 Imp. gal. tanks)' r hr. 5o min';
approx. com. r'ad., 36o mls. at 48o m.p.h, at 32,8ro ft.;
in. cl., 9,842 ft./min.
Weighti: Loadod (clean), rr,464 lb.; max., r4,ooo lb.
Ariament: (Frcsco-A & -B) Two 23-mm. and one
37-mm. or (Fresco-C, -D & -E) three z3-mm. cannon
ind (Fresco-C) four pods of eight 55-mm. rockets, or
two 55o-lb. bombs, or (Fresco-D) four beam-riding
A*\Ms (with which cannon are deleted).
Operdtors: Sov. A.F., Sov. Narry, Alg. A.F., ,1fe. 4.f.'
Aib. A.F., Camb. A.F., Chin. A.F., Cuban A.F.,
Czech. A.F., G.D.R. Luft., Hun' A.F., A.U.R.I.'
Iraqi A.F., I{.P.A.F.A.F., Mor. A.F., L.L.W., Rum.
A.F., Syr. A.F., UAR A.F., N. Viet. A.F.
Firsi F[ishts: (Prototype) 1949; (rst Production) r95r.
Production History: Manufactured under licence in
Czechoslovakia, Poland and China.
Variants: LIM-5-Number modified for P.L.W. as
close-support fighters with extended, -deeper,inboard
wing seCtions, twin-mainwheels and additional fuel'
Figltters .tS rightcrs
I)imensions: Span, z9 ft.6 in.; length,4r ft.4f in.;
Ireight, rz ft. 5] in.; wing area, 269'r sq. ft. Photo-
traph: A Farmer-B, the first all-weather development
of basic MiG-r9 design with extended fuselage.

Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NA'IO Code Name: Farmer.
?ype.' Single-seat Day and (Farmer-D) Limited All-
weather Interceptor.
Power Plants: Two Klimov VK-q (RD-q) turbojets of
6,r7o lb.s.t. and 7,85o lb. with reheat.
Performance: (Farmer-C) M. speed, 9oz m.p.h, at
3z,8ro ft.; range with two 176 Imp. gal. tanks, r,365
mls.; time to 32,8ro ft., r'r min.; s. ceil., 55,775 ft.
Empty, rz,r3z lb.; loaded (clean) r8,63o lb.
Armament: (Farmer-C) 'l'hrcc ao-mm. cannon and
two Atoll AAMs or up to four pods each housing eight
55-mm. rockcts, or two pods housing ninetcen 55-mm,
rockets. (Irarmcr-D) Four Alkali AAMs.
Operators: A.U.R.I., Chin. A.F., CubanA.F., Czech
A.F., G.Il.D. Luft., IraqiA.F., K.P.A.F.A.F., Pak.
A.F., P.L.W., Sov. A.F., UARA.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) rg5:; (Production) r955.
Production History: First deliveries 1955. Manu-
factured 1954-6o. Built in China without licence.
Variants: Farrner-A-Initial model of MiG-r9, first
Soviet supersonic fighter, with VK-5 (RD-S) engines
of 4,8oo lb.s.t. and 6,zoo lb. with reheat. Tailplane
carried convcntional elevators. Farmer-B-First
limitcd all-weathcr vcrsion with trvo radar antennae
in nose, similar gun armament to -A (i.e., one 37-mm.
and two 23-mm. weapons), and VK-g engines.
Farrner-C Definitive day fighter model. Chinese-
built copics supplied to Pakistan. Farmer-D-A.W.
equipment, missilc armament with cannon deleted.
16 t? Dightcrs
r,167 after r-c-asscmbly of 48 Russian-built airframes.
(loov manufactured in China without liccncc.
Voiiartt, MiG-zrF-Suffix letter indicating " For-
siroaanni ", or " Roosted ", and presumably referring
to thc increased cngine powcr. Additional pair of air
brakcs fonvard, and updated avionics. Dubbed Fish-
bcd-C by NATO. MiG-zrPF-The -D featuring en-
largccl intakc rvith A.I. radome producing double
shocl< for improved high-spccd thrust.
Attbrox. Diiensions: (N[iG-zrF) Span, z5 ft. o in.;
te"sth, +z ft. o in.; height, r4 ft. 6 in.; wing arca, z5o
sq. tt. Pltotograph: E;rly production MiG-zr of the
Ccskoslot'ensk6 letcctvo.
Countly of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NAT5 Code Names: Fishbed and (MiG-zrUTI)
?r,rel Sinele-seat (MiG-z r F or Fishbed-C) Day Inter-
ceptor, (Flshbed-D) Limited All-weather Interceptor,
and (MiG-zIUTI) Two-seat Advanccd Traincr.
Pouir Plant: One axial-flow turbojet of 9,5oo lb.s.t'
and rz,5oo lb. with rehcat, or (MiG-zrF) ro'ooo
lb.s.t. and r3,zoo lb. with rehcat.
Pcrformanee: (Spccification applie,s t6 MiG-zrF) M.
.pe'"d, r,3zo m.p.h. at 36,ooo ft., r'vith two Atoll
Aelti drop iank, 99o m.p.h.; tac. rad., lfJ mls.;
"nd one r32 Imp. gal. tank, r,z6o mls.; in. cl.
range with
rvith two Atoll AAMs, 3o,ooo ft./min.
Weigltts: Nor. loadcd, r7,ooo lb';max., r8,
Ariamcnt: (MiG-zrF) One 3o-mm. cannon in star-
board fusclage side, and two Atoll AAMs or two pods
each containing nincteen -55-mm. rockets.
Oberators: Als. A.F., A.U.R.I., Chin. A.F', Cuban
A.F., Czcch. A.F., F'in. A.F.' G.R.D. Luft., tlun.
A.F.: I.A.F., Iraqi A.Ir., K.P.A.F.A.F., P.L.W., Rum.
A.F.. Sov. A.F., Syr. A.F., UAR A.F., Yugo. A.F.
First Flights: (Aerodynamic prototype) r955; (rst
prototype) rg57; (rst production) r959.
Produition History: Deliverics commenced r9.59,
Manufacturcd in Czcchoslovakia from r963, and (Fish-
bed-D version) in India from 1966. HAL at Nasik to
build approx. 45o rvith deliveries commencing late
Iriglttcts triglficrs
ft. 6l in.;
ft. Photo-
" Blue Im-


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
ffi ?y2e: Single-seat Interceptor, Fighter-Bomber and
(RF-86F) Rcconnaissancc Fighter.
Power Plant: One General Electric J47-GD-27 twrbo-
jet of 5,9ro lb.s.t.
Performance: M. specd (at rS,53z lb.), 678 m.p.h. at
s.l. (Mach o'89), 599 m.p.h. at 3.5,ooo ft. (Mach o'9),
(at r4,zrz lb.), 687 m.p.h. at s.1., 6o4 m.p.h. at 35,ooo
ft._; com. rad. (with trvo 166.5 Imp. gal. tanks), 463
mls. at S29 m.p.h.;ferry range, r,525 mls.
Weights: Empty, rr,rz-5 lb.;loadcd (clean), r5,r98 lb.;
m. overload, zo,6rr lb.
Armament: Six o.5-in. Colt-Brorvning M-3 machine
guns and tlvo AIM-gB Sidewinder AANIs or two .5oo-
lb., 75o-1b., or r,ooo-lb. bombs, or eight .5-in. HVARs.
Operators: (F-86ElMl)'Iurk. A.F.. Yugo. A.F., (F-
86F) C.N.A.F., Span. A.F., J.A.S.D.F., Erh. A.F.,
R. Saud. A.F., R. No. A.F., Per. A.F., Arg. A.!-.,
Venez. A.F., II.O.K.A.F., Thai A.F., Port. A.F., Pak.
A.F., (RF-86F) J.A.S.D.F., C.N.A.F.
First Flights: (XP-86) Oct. r, rs47; (F-86A) May zo,
r9a8; (F-B6E) Sept. 23, r95o; (F-86F) March rg, rg5z.
Production History : F-86A (55a) ; F-86E (116); F-86F
(r,S:S). Manufactured r946-.56. In addition, Mitsu-
bishi assenrbled 3oo F-86F Sabrcs r956-6r.
Variants : F-86E(M)-Updated Canadair CL-r3 Sabre
Mks. z and 4 rvith 5,zoo lb.s.t. J47-GE-r3. RF-86F-
Recce conversion r.vith one I{-r7 and trvo l(-zz
cameras. CA-27 Sabre-Australian-built version
with 7,5oo lb.s.t. Avon z6 and 3o-mm. Aden c:rnnon.
Sabre Mk. 6-Canadian version with 7,275 lb.s.t.
Orenda r4 serving with Colombia and Iran.
Figlfiers Figlfiers
I)imensions: Span (F-86D & K), Zl ft. r+ in. (F+qK
& L), :S ft. r+ in.; length (F-86D & L). 4o ft- :1 in.
(F--B6K), 4o ft. rr in.; height, r5 f!.,o in.; wing area
f r'-SOO' & K), z8z q sq. ft. (F-86K & L)' 313'37
sc1. ft. Photograph: F-86D Sabres of thc R.O.K.A.F.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
7y2e.' Single-scat All-weathcr Interceptor Fighter.
Power Plant: One (F-86D-45) General Electric J47-
GE-33 turbojet of 5,5oo lb.s.t. and 7,65o lb.s.t. with
reheat, or (F-86K) J+7-GE-qB turbojet of 5,425
lb.s.t. and 7,5oo lb.s.t. with reheat.
Performance: (Specification relates to F-86D-45, fig-
ures in parentheses relating to the F-86I() M. ipeed,
693 m.p.h. at s.1. (Mach o.9), 616 (6rz) m.p.h. at
4o,ooo ft.; com. rad., z7o mls. at 55o m.p.h.; ferry
range (with t\^/o roo Imp. gal. tanks), 769 (744) mls.;
in. cl., rz,ooo ft./rnin.; s. ceil.,49,6oo ft.
Weights: (F-86K in parentheses) Empty, r3,498
(r:,S62) lb.; loaded for intercept, r8,r6o (r8,379) lb.,
forarea defence, rg,g5z (zo,r7r) lb.
Armament: Tu'enty-four 2.75-in. rockcts or (F-86K)
lggr 3o--mm. M-z4A-r cannon and trvo AIM-gB
Sidervindcr AAMs.
Operators: (F-B6D) R. Dan. A.F., J.A.S.D.F.,
R.H.A.F., Phil. A.F., C.N.A.F., R.O.K.A.F., Turk.
A.F., Yugo. A.F., (F-86K) R. No. A.F., Ital. A.F.,
Turk. A.F., Vcnez. A.F., (F-86L) R. Thai A.F.
First Flights-: (YI'--86D) Dec. zz, r949; (yF-86K) July
r5, r9-54;-(Eirst Fiat-assembled F-B6K) N{ay 23, r955;
(First Ir-86L conversion) Oct. r9-56.
Prothrction Ilistory: F-86D (2,5o4); F-86I{ (34r);
F-86L conver{ons (98r). Manufactured (F-86D)
r950-5-5, (F-86K) r954-58.
Variants : F-86K-Total of zz r assembled bv Fiat. last
forty-fivc rvith cxtcnded rvingtips. F-86l--similar
wing_ to F-B6I(. Convcrted from F-86D with up-
datcd clcctronics,
ft'ightus sJ nightcrs
I)imensions: Span, 38 ft. 9]' in.; length (F-rooD), +9 ft.
(r in., (F-rooF), Sz ft.6 in.; height, 16 ft' 7? in.;^wing
"r"n, 385'z sq. ft. Photograph: F-tooD Super Sabre
(ss-:iti) of the U.S.A.F. Tactical Air Command.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: (F-tooA, C & D) Single-seat Tactical Fighter-
Bomber and (F-rooF) Two-seat Trainer.
Pouer Plant: One Pratt & Whitney J57-P-zrA turbo-
jet of rr,7oo lb.s.t. and r6,95o lb. with reheat.
Performance: (F-rooC, D & F) NlI. speed, 864 m.p.h.
at 3.5,ooo ft. (Mach r'3);range cr. .565 m.p.h. at 36-
45,ooo ft.; m. rangc, r,5oo mls.; climb to 3z,z8o ft.
(F-rooC & D), z'.5 min.
lVeights: Empty (F-rooD), zr,ooo lb., (F-rooF) zz,3oo
lb.; normal ioaded (Ir-rooD), zg,j6z lb., (F-rooF),
3o,7oo lb.; max. (F-rooD), 34,832 lb.
Annament: (F-rooF) Two or (F-rooC & D) four zo-
mm. M-39E cannon and (F-rooF) 6,ooo lb. or (F-
rooD) 7,5oo lb. of cxtcrnal ordnance.
Operators: (F-rooA) C.N.A.F., A.N.G., (F-rooC)
'I'urk. A.F., A.N.G., (F-rooD) U.S.A.F., Fr. A.F.,
I{. Dan., (F-rooF) U.S.A.F., Fr. A.F., R. Dan.
A.F., Turk. A.F.
First Flights: (YF-rooA) Nllay 2.5, r953; (F-rooA)
Oct. 29, r9-53; (F-rooC) Jan. r7, r955; (F-rooD)
Jan. 24, 1956; (F-rooF) March 7, ry57.
Prodttction History: F-rooA (zo3); Ir-rooC (476);
F-rooD (r,.74; F-rooF (333). Manufactured r95z-
-5 9.
Variants : F-rooA-First U.S.A.F. supersonic fighter.
First r67 po*'ctccl by 9,7oo lb. J.57-P-7. Six cxtcrnai
stores points. F-rooC-Trvo additional stores points.
First roo rctaincd -39 cnginc installcd in last 36 As.
F-rooD-Landing flaps ar-rd rcvised tail.
Itiglfiers 51 Fightus
CF-5A/R and CF-5D, for R.C.A--F.,- togcther. wijh
u< si'nele-seatcrs and 3o two-seaters fortheNetherlands'
fariaits: F-5A-r5-Company designation for im-
rrroved model with J8-S-GE-r5s, louvred doors to in-
for talie-bfi, and tr.vo-position nosewheel
crease airflorv
leg. Essentially similar version for Netherlands.
Iiimensions: Span, z5 ft. 3 in.; length, 41 ft. z- in.;
height, r3 tt.Z ii.; i,itg it"", 11j'8z,sq..f-t. Photo-
NORTHROP F-5 srA;n! li F-5A of the U.S.A.F.'s roth Fighter Com-
mando Squadron.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
?ype.' Single-seat (F-sA & CF-SA/R) and Two-seat
(F-5B & CF-5D) Strike and Reconnaissance Fighter.
Pouer Plants: Two General Electric J85-GE-r3 turbo-
jets ol z,7zo lb.s.t. and 4,o8o 1b. with reheat, or (CF-5)
JS-S-GE-rS turbojets of 4,3oo ib. with reheat.
Performance: (Specilication relates to basic F-5A,
figurcs in parentheses applying to the F-5A-r5) M.
speed, 924 (g:Z) -.p.h. at 36,86o ft., 745 (79o) m.p.h.
at s.1.; tac. rad. for supcrsonic intercept mission r,vith
one r.5o U.S. gal. tanli, r67 mls.; in. cl., 3o,ooo (37,ooo)
ft./min. (F-5B) M. spccd, 88,1 m.p.h. at 36,86o ft.;
fcrry rangc, r,894 mls.
IVeights: (F-58 in parentheses) Empty, 7,86o (B,zz7)
lb.; loaded, 13337 Qz,g8z) lb.; max. zo,o5o lb.
Armament: Up to 6,zoo lb. of ordnance on seven ex-
tcrnal stations and (F-.5A) two 2o-mm. cannon.
Operators: (F--SA & Il) C.N.A.F., R.H.A.F., Iran A.F.,
R.O.K.A.Ii., Phil. A.F'., Turk. A.F., R. No. A.F.,
Mor. A.F.; Viet. A.F.; Eth. A.F.; *R. Neth. A.F.;
*Span. A.F., U.S.A.F.xis (CF-5A & -.SD) *R.C.A.F.
*Delivcrics to Spain and to Ii.C.A.F. scheduled to
commence 1967,and to R. Neth. A.F. in 1969. **Pur-
chased by U.S.A.F. for evaluation in Vietnam.
First llights: (rst N-r56F) July 3o, 1959; (rst MAP
F-5A) May ry, ry64; (F-58) Feb. 24, 1964.
Production History: N-r56F (:); F-SA & B (7oo*).
*Approx. quantity programmed for supply undcr
U.S. Military Assistance Programme, 3oo having been
delivered by tg67 when production rate was io pcr
n-ronth. In addition, 7o ordered by Spain as national
purchasc, rz5 to be licencc-built by Canadair as
Oictlters Dighters
bomber. F-ro5F-Two-seat equivalent of F-ro5D
rvith similar avionics.
Dimensions: Span, 34 ft. rrt in.; length (F-ro5D),
6+ ft. z in., (F-roSF), 69 ft. 7l in.; height (F-ro.5D)
r9 ft. 8 in. (F-ro-sF), zoft. zin.; wing area, 385 sq' ft.
I'hotograph: An F-ro5D (Srl-t7z) of the T.A.C.


Country of Oriqifl: U.S.A.
Typa.' Single-seat Tactical Strike and Reconnaissance
Fighter and (F-ro5F) Mission Training Aircraft.
Power Plant: One Pratt & Whitney (F-ro5B) JZS-P-S
turbojet of z3,5oo lb. with reheat, or (F-toSD & F)
IZ.s-P-rqW of t7,zoo lb.s.t. and z4,5oo lb. with re-
heat (z6,5oo lb. wet).
Performance: (Specification applies to F-ro5D, per-
formance of the F-ro5F being within 3o/o) M. speed,
855 m.p.h. at s.1., r,39o m.p.h. at 36,ooo ft., rszz
m.p.h. at 5o,ooo ft.; tac. rad. (two 45o and one 65o
U.S. gal. tanks), 9zo mls.; m. ferry range, 2,39o mls.
Weights: Empty, z7,5oo 1b.; nor. loaded, 38,o34 1b.,
(!'-roSF), 4o,o73 lb.; nax., 92,546 lb., (F-ro5F),
54,c27 lb.
Armament: One zo-mm. M-6r rotary cannon and up
to (F-ro5D) r3,ooo lb. or (F-ro5F) rz,ooo lb. of ord-
nance internally and cxternaily.
Operators: (F-ro5B) A.N.G.; (F-ro5D & F) U.S.A.F.
First Flights: (YF-ro5A) Oct. zz, rg.S5; (F-ro5B) May
26, ry56; (F-ro5D) Junc a, 1959; (F-ro5F) June rr,
Production History: YF-ro5A(z); JF-roSB (:); F-
roSB (7S); F-ro5D (6ro); F-ro5F (r43). Manu-
factured t()Sj-64.
Variants: YF-ro5A Prototypes pon'eled by J57-P-25
enginc. F-ro5B-Withdrawn from U.S.A.F. inven-
tory and assigned A.N.G. F-ro5C-Proposed trvo-scat
traincr. F-ro5D-Equippcd zr U.S.A.F. squadrons
GS6Z). Morc sophisticated systems than F-ro5B.
F-ro5E-Proposed two-seat all-weather fighter-
Fighters Irightcrs
Dimensions: Span, 33 ft. 1f, in.; length (F-84F), +: ft.
+? in., (RF-8+F),47 ft. 7f in.; height (F-84F), 14 ft.
+1 in., (RF-S+F), 15 ft. o in.; wing area, 325 sq' ft.
Photograph: An F-8aF Thundcrstreak (Sz-7r+Z) of
the rire Dscadrille, zdme Wing, Belgian Air Forcc.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
?ype.' (F-84F) Tactical Fighter-Bomber
and (RF-84F) Reconnaissance Fighter.
Power Planti (RF-8aF in parentheses) One Wright
J6S-W-: (J6S-W-Z) turbojet of 7,zzo (7,8oo) lb.s,.t..
PerJormance: (RF-8+F in parentheses) M. speed, 695
(679) m.p.h. at s.1., 658 (6o7) m.p.h. 2o,ooo (g5,ooo)
ft.; ^t U.S. gal. drop
com. rad.,4.5o mls., with two 23o
tanks, 8ro mls.; ferry r^nge, 2,r4o (z,zoo) mls.; in. cl',
8,zoo (7,9oo) ft./min.; s.ccil. 46,ooo ft.
Weighti: I-oaded (clean), r9,34o lb.; nor. loaded
(RF-8aF), z6,8oo lb.; max., z8,ooo lb.
Armament: (F-8+F) Six o'5-in. Colt-Brorvning M-3
machine guns plus max. of 6,ooo lb. of external ord-
nance. (IUr-SaF) Four o'5-in. Colt-Bror.vning M-3
machine guns.
Operatori: (F-SaF) A.N.G., Ital.A.F., T"t\.- .f.,
N-eth.A.F., R.H.A.F., Bel. A.F.; (RF-SaF) AN.q,
C.N.A.F., R. No. A.F., Bel. A.F., Turk. A.F.'
R.H.A.F., Ital. A.Ir., R. Dan. A.F.
First tr'lishts: (YF-8+F) June 3, r95o; (F-8+F) Nov. zz,
r9-52; (YRtr-S4F; Fch. r9sz.
piaiiio" Ilisioiy : YF-Sa-F (:) ; F-S+F (z'7rr); YRF-
SaF (r); IIF-8+F (7r5). Manufactured (F-84F) r95r-
<r and (RF-SaF) rosr-s8.
ioriantit F-84F-fotal of r,3or built specifically
for supply undir MDAP. RF-84F-Essentially simi-
lar airframc apart from rving root intake duct location.
Up to six camcr:ls in nose bay.
Itiglftets 67 Iilllttc,rs
Dimensions: Span, 3o ft. rot in.; length (35D & F),
46 ft. roal in., (35C) $ft.7 in.;hcight, rz ft. B{ in.;
wing area, 529'8 sq. ft. Photogrrph: A Saab 35E
(S SSE) of the Ir rr Wing.

Country of Origin: Sweden.
?ype.' Single-seat (35A, B, D & F) Interceptor (35E)
Tactical Reconnaissance Aircraft and (35C) Two-seat
Operational Trainer.
Power Plant: One S.F.A. (aSA, B & C) RM 68 turbojet
of rr,z5o lb.s.t. and r5,r9o lb. with reheat, or (35D,
E & F) RM 6C turbojet of rz,7ro lb.s.t. and 17,z6o
lb. with reheat.
Performance: (Specification relates to 35D but is also
generally applicable to the 35E and 35F) M. speed,
r,3zo m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; nor. cr., 59o m.p.h. at
36,ooo ft.;in. cl., 39,5ro ft./min.;time to 5o,ooo ft.,
4.5 min.; tac. rad. (internal fuel), 35o mls.
Weights: Empty, r6,73o lb.; loaded (clean), 2z,S3oIb.;
max. z7,o5o lb.
Armannent: (:SB & D) Two 3o-mm. Aden M/55
cannon and four Rb :z+ (Sider.vinder) AAMs, four
pods of nineteen 75-mm. rockets, or four 55o-lb.
bombs. (35F) One 3o-mm. Aden M/5S cannon and
up to four I{b 327 or 3zB (Falcon) AAMs.
Operators: Sw. A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Oct. 25, 1955; (rst pre-
production) Feb. r5, rg-s8; (:SB) Nov. 29, r959;
(:SC) Dec. 30, 1959; (35D) Dec. 27, 1960; (3SE)
Jtnc 27, 1963.
Production History: Prototypes (3); pre-production (3).
Total of 5.5o Drakens of all versions ordered fot Sw.
A.F. Most Saab 35As converted to 35Cs and Ds.
Production deliverics commenced rg6o.
Variants: Srv. A.F. dcsignations are J 35A, B, D and
F for the intcrccptors, Sk 35C for the trainer, and
S 35E for the tactical rcconnaissance tnodel.
Figl.ters 62 63 Iighters
Czech. A.F. Note: It should be noted that the desig-
nation " Su-7 " was first applied to an experimental
piston-engined fighter in rg44, Pavel Sukhoi's design
bureau was disbanded in rg4g, and when re-estab-
lished in 1953 began designating its new aircraft
from " Su-r ", thus duplicating designations assigned
1g3g / 49.
Approximate Dimensions: Span, 3z ft. 3 in.; length,
si ft. o in.; height, 16 ft. o in. Photograph: An
Su-7MB ground attack fighter of the Czech A.F., the
first foreign recipient of this combat type.


Country of Origin: U.S.S.R. A
NATO Code Name: Fitter.
?ype.' Single-seat Ground Attack Fighter.
Power Plant: One axial-flow turbojet of r4,5oo* lb.s.t. .@ 6l
and zo,ooo* lb. rvith reheat. *Approximate.
Perfonnance : (Estimated) M. spccd, r,o56 m.p.h. at
36,ooo ft., with two rz-5 Imp. gal. tanks and trvo pods,
79o m.p.h.; in. cl, 3o,ooo ft./min., with extcrnal stores'
z3,ooo ft./min.
I,Veights: (Dstirnatcd) Normal loaded, z7,ooo lb.;
max., 3o,5oo lb.
Arnament: Trvo 3o-mm. cannon and tr.vo r,roo-lb.
bombs and two pods each rvith ninetccn 55-mm.
rockcts or trvo ASMs.
Operators: Sov. A.F., Czech. A.F., P.L.W.
I"irst Flights: (Prototype) r955; (production) r958.
Productiott History: Deliveries to Sov. A.F. opera-
tional clements reportedly commenced 1959-6o. Ex-
port deliverics (e.g., Czechoslovakia) commenced r964.
Variatts: Su-r-Allegedly designation of aero-
dynnmic prototype demonstratcd over Tushino in
Junc r956. Su-7-Initial model with lower-porvered
cnginc rvhich reportedly entered Sov. A.F. service in
r959-60. Su-7M-Presumably the current Sov. A.F.
version u'ith uprated engine, the " M " sufllx lettcr
indicating Modifihatsiya. Su-7MB-This dcsignation
is applied to thc vcrsion of the Su-7 serving with the
Iigr.ters Diglfters
moved forward to produce a trvo-shock intake, and
this is likely to be the version of the Su-9 labelled
" T-43l' " which, in the following year, established a
sustained altitude record of almost 7o,ooo ft,
Nole.' Two aerodynamic prototypes of the Su-9
demonstrated at Tushino in r956 were possibly desig-
nated Su-3 and Su-5.
Approximate Dimensions: Span, 3r ft. o in.; length,
55 ft. o in.; height, 16 ft. o in.; wing area, 425 sq. ft.
Photograph: An Su-g with Alkali AAMs beneath the
wings and drop tanks of approximately t3z Imp. gal.
capacity beneath the fuselage.
Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NAT'O Code Name: Fishpot.
?ype.' Single-seat All-weather Interceptor Fighter.
Power Plant: One axial-flow turbojet of r5,5oo* lb.s.t.
and zz,o5o* lb. r'vith reheat. *Approximate.
Performance: (Estimated) M. spced, r,r9o m.p.h. at
4o,ooo ft., rvith four Alkali AAN{s, 99o m.p.h.; in. cl.,
z7,ooo ft./nin; timc to 4o,ooo ft., 4'5 min.; s. ceil.,
5.5,ooo ft.
TVcights: (Iistimatcd) Normal loaded, z5,5oo lb.; max.,
z9,ooo lb.
Artnanettt: Four Alhali AAMs or two Awl AAMs.
Operators: Sov. A.F.
Irirst l4igltts: (Prototypc*) r955; (production proto-
type) r9-57; (production) 1959. *Refers aerodynamic
prototype. See notc.
Production History: Production deliveries to Sov. A.F.
believed to have commenced r959.
Vaiants : Su-g-Designcd on the principle of " limited
commonality " in that major components (i.e., fuselage
and tail assembly) are shared with the swept-rving
Su-7 ground attack fighter (see pages 6z-3), these
components being married to wings best suited to the
u'idcly-diffcring roles of the two aircraft types. Later
production Su-9 interceptors (as illustrated) feature a
slightly cnlarged engine air intake suggesting the in-
troduction of an uprated engine. A further develop-
ment, demonstrated in r96r, had the nose centre-body
nighters at/ Figlfters
r,;rncc missions. For the strike mission the ventral
raclar is rcplaced by an internal weapons bay, and as
ln intcrceptor this aircraft can opcrate lvell beyond
lhc range of ground-based radar control. Equipment
is bc'lieved to include early warning radar to detoct
Iorv-flying intruders, passive homing devices, fre-
tlucncy-switching A.I., and navigational aids of excep-
tionally long range. The design has been biased to-
rvards economical high altitude operation and is one of
thc largcst fighter aircraft yet evolved. Its normal
cndurance in the patrol-interceptor role is likely to be
of the order of 3'5 hours.
TUPOLEV (FIDDLER) Estimated Dimensions: Span, 56 ft.; length, 85 ft.;
Countrjt of Origin: U.S.S.R. height, zo ft.; wing area, 8oo sq. ft. Photograph: A
NATO Code Name: Fiddler. Fiddler with an Ash AAM beneath each wing.
Type: Two-seat Long-range All-weather Interceptor
and Reconnaissance-Strike Aircraft. il

Power Plants: Two turbojets of r8,ooo* lb.s.t. and il

X: :Cd)::=_
zz,ooo* lb. with reheat. *Approximate.
Performance: (The following figures are estimated for
the interceptor version) M. speed, r,o56 m.p.h. at
-==-= /\=/\ *)<
4o,ooo ft.; m. cr.,63o m.p.h. at 36,ooo ft.; nor. cr.,
56o m.p.h.; nor. tac. rad., 5oo mls.; m. range (internal
fuel), z,ooo mls.; time to 4o,ooo ft.,5 min.; s. ceil.,
6o,ooo ft.
Weights: Nor. loaded, 8o,ooo lb.
Armament: (Intercept) Two Ash AAMs, or (Strike)
various free-falling weapons in internal bay and ASMs
on wing pylons.
Operators: Sov. A.F.
First Flights: (Prototype) *r958; (Production) *r96r.
*Existence of this type was first reported in r9q9 but
development time scale is not known with certainty.
Production History: It is believed that deliveries of this
multi-purpose aircraft began in q6z-3, but its present
production status is uncertain,
Variants: The Fiddler, the Russian designation for
which was not known at the time of closing for press,
is illustrated above and on the opposite page with a
large ventral bulge which may be presumed to house
high definition ground mapping radar for reconnais-
Fighters nillllters
rvcather and night fighter production version of the
Yak-25 which, now obsolescent, allegedly flew in r95z
lnd still exists in some numbers in second-line service.
Flashlight-B-A second-generation tactical strike and
rcconnaissance derivative of the Yak-25 evolved into
Yak-28. Flashlight-C-Experimental two-seat all-
rveather and night fighter apparently abandoned.
Flashlight-D-The definitive second-generation
development of the Yak-25, the Yak-28.
Dimensions*: Span, 38 ft. 6 in.; length, 53 ft.6 in.;
hcight, rz ft. 6 in.; rving area, 342 sq. ft. *Approxi-
mate. Photograph: A Yak-28 of the Sov. A.F.

Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NATO Code Name: Flashlight.
Type: (Yak-25) Two-seat All-rvcathcr Fightcr, and
(Yak-28) Tacticrl Rcconnaissance Fighter. -
Pozaer Plants:'fwo I(limov RD-g turbojcts of 5,5oo*
lb.s.t. arrd (Y:rk-z8) 7,zoo* lb. rvith reheat. *Appiox.
Estinated PerJornance: (Yak-z8) M. speed, 686-m.p.h.
at s.1., 627 n.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; cr. speed, 57o m.p.h. at
S,ooo-ro,ooo ft.; tac. rad., zoo mls. at r,ooo ft., 5oo
mls. at 36,ooo ft.; in. cl., r6,ooo-18,ooo ft./rnin.;
s. ccil., 5o,ooo ft.
Weights: Approx. loaded, z5,ooo lb.
Armanrcnt: One 3o-mm. cannon in starboard side of
foru'ard fusclage and two r,roo-lb. bombs or rocket
pods on two underr,ving pylons. F lash I ight- D
Operators: Sov. A.F.
First F'lights: (Yah-z-5) r953; (Yak-28) r957.
Production llistory: Deliveries to the Sov. A.F. of the
Yak-2.5 are bclicved to havc begun late r955 rvith thc
Yak-28 following early r959.
Variants: Flashlight-A-The original trvo-seat all-
Digltters 70 71 Figllfiers
pages 68-9) primarily in having straight inboard wing
trailing edges, increased inboard leading-edge sweep,
larger vertical tail surfaces, and a " zero-track tricycle "
undercarriage in p'lace of the " bicycle " type arrange-
rnent. Brewer-Similar to Firebar but having
slazed nose and internal weapons bay.
Dimensions*: Span, 38 ft. 6 in.; length, 59 ft. o in.;
height, r3 ft. o in.; rving area, 4oo sq. ft. *Approxi-
nate. Photograph: A Brewer of the Sov. A.F.


Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NAaIO Code Names: Firebar and Brewer.
Type: Two-seat (Firebar) All-weather Interceptor and
(Brewcr) I-ight Reconnaissance and Strike Aircraft.
Power l>lants: Two axial-flow turbojets of 9,5oo*
lb.s.t. and rz,.5oo* lb. rvith reheat. *Approximate.
Estinated Perforiltailce: M. speed, 735 m.p.h. at 35,ooo
ft., 7z-5 m.p.h. at s.l.; tac. rad., z3o mls. at 63o m.p.h.
at s.1.,57.5 mls. at 57o m.p.h. at 35,ooo ft.; m. range
(n'ith underwing pinion tanks), r,75o mls.
Weights: Approx. loaded, 35,ooo lb.
Armament: (Firebar) Two AAMs or (Brewer) one
tactical nuclc:rr store in internal bay and conventional
bombs or ASMs on trvo undcrwing pylons, and one
3o-mm. cannon in forward fuselage.
Operators: Sov. A.F.
First Flights : (Prototypcs) r 959-6o ;(production) r 96 r-2.
Production l:Iistory: l)eliveries of Brewer and Firebar
believed to havc commenced 196r & 196z respectively.
Variants: Firebar-Ilepresentative of the third
gcneration of Yak-25 dcvclopmcnts, the Firebar
carrics its two crew members in tandem cockpits and
differs from the second generation developments (see
Bombers & Attacls Aircraft 7:] Ilotnbers & Attttck Aircraft
Dimensions: Span, r85 ft. o in.; length (B-5zF), r-52 ft.
<lin., (B-szH), tS7 ft.6t in.; height (B-SzF) +8 ft.
3 in., (B-5zH),4o ft.8 in.; wing area,4,ooo sq. ft.
Photograph: The fourth production B-5zG (57-647r).


Country of Origin: U.S.A,
Type: Long-P.ange Strategic Healry Bomber.
Power Plants: Eight Pratt & Whitney (B-5zC & D)
IS7-P-zgW turbojets of ro,9oo lb.s.t. (rz,5oo lb. wet),
(B-SzE, F & G) JSZ-P-+:W turbojets of rr,zoo
lb.s.t. (r3,75o lb. wet), or TF33-P-3 turbofans of
r7,ooo lb.s.t.
Performance: (Spec. relates to B-52H, figures in paren-
theses relating specifically to the B-52E) M. speed,
63o (6rz) m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; average cr., 565 m.p.h.
at 36,ooo ft. I m. range, 9,2oo (6,500) mls.; s. ceil.,
.5-5,ooo (47,ooo) ft.
Weights: Max., 488,ooo (45o,ooo) lb.
Armament: Up to 85 5oo-lb. or +z 71o-1b. bombs in
weapons bay plus o 75o-lb. bombs on each of two
under-wing pylons, or (B-5zG & H) conventional or
nuclear free-falling stores internally and two AGM-
z8A or -z8B Hound Dog stand-off missiles. Four
o'5-in. guns in MD-9 tail turret, or (B-5zH) one 20-
mm, ASG-zr rotary cannon. Boeing short-range
attack missile (SRAM) from r968*69.
Operators: U.S.A.F. Strategic Air Command.
First Flights: (XB-52) Oct. 2, tg52', (YB-52) April r5,
rgsz; (B--szA) A.,g. 5, r954; (8, 5zB) Jan. 25, rgSSi
(B-5zC) March 9, r956; (B-S2D) June 4, tgl6;
(B-5zE) Oct.3, rs57; (B-.szF) May 6, r958; (B-5zG)
Sept. 26, 1958; (B-5zlI) March 6, 196r.
Production History: ll-SzA (:); B-5zB (5o); B-5zC
(sS); S-SzD (r7o); B--5zE (roo); B-5zF (88); B-5zG
(rg:) B-SzH (roz). Manufacturcd r9.52-62.
Variants: B-5zB scrapped, B-5zC to F to bc rctircd
not later than r97o, and B-5zG and H by 1975.
Bombers & Attaclt Aircraft Bornbers & Attaclc Aircraft
Mach o'g to within 6oo mls. of target and then acceler-
ating to Mach z'o for the run-in and escape. TB-58A
to B-58A except for dcletion of bomb-
n:rvigation system, electronic countermeasures equip-
rnent and defence systems, and thc provision of ex-
tended glazing to permit the aircraft to be flown
visually from either of the two forward cockpits, both
of which have dual controls.
Dimensions: Span, 56 ft, ro in.; length,96 ft. I in.;
CONVAIR B-58A HUSTLER hcight, 3r ft. 5 in.; wing area, r,542 sq. ft. Photo-
Country of Origin: U.S.A. graph: A B-58A Hustler (6r-zo69) of the U.S.A.F.
lfype: Three-seat Strategic Medium Bomber and
(TB-58A) Dual-control Conversion Trainer.
Power Plants: Four General Electric J79-GE-58 turbo-
jets of ro,ooo lb.s.t. and r5,6oo lb. with reheat.
Performance: M. speed, r,385 m.p.h. at 55,ooo ft.,
7oo m.p.h. at s.l. I nor. cr., S95 m.p.h. at 4o,ooo-55,ooo
ft.; approx. tac. rad., r,zoo mls.; typical high-altitude
mission endurance, 2.7 ht,; s. ceil., 6o,ooo ft.
Weights: Max. loaded, r63,ooe-r65,ooo lb.
Armament: Single " mission pod " housing various
combinations of nuclear store and fuel, or electronic
countermeasures or reconnaissance equipment. One
2o-mm. M-6r tail cannon.
Operators: U.S.A.F.
tr-irst Flights : (rst Test Acft.) Nov. rr, r956; (TB-58A)
May ro, 196o.
Production Hislary : Test & pre-production B-S8A*(:o) ;
production B-58A (86); TB-58A* (8). Manufactured
1956-62. *Ten pre-production Hustlers brought up to
full production standards, eight converted as TB-.sSA
traincrs, one as YRB-58A for testing reconnaissance
systems, and one as NB-58A for testing JS:-GE-:
Variants: B-58A cquips two Bomber Wings of
U.S.A.F. Strategic Air Command, the 43rd and 3o5th,
and is scheduled to bc phased out of service betwcen
tg67 and tg7r. Each crew member is housed in an
individual capsulated cockpit rvhich can be ejected for
escape at high speeds. Thc aircraft is not intended for
sustained supersonic speeds, normally cruising at
Ilornbefs & Attack Aira'aft Ilombers & Attacl: Airuaft
.M level tactical missions, and late production models
carry additional low-level strike equipment and cx-
ternal loads of conventional bombs or ASMs such as
MATRA AS 37. A version of the basic design pro-
posed for R.A.F. was to havc bccn powcred by two
Rolls-Royce Spey turbofans with which a maximum
speed of Mach z'5 (r,65o m.p.h.) was anticipated.
DASSAULT MIRAGE IVA The Mirage IVA provides the air component of
Country of Origin: France. France's Force Nucl6aire Stratcgique, carries exten-
Type: Two-seat Light Bomber. sive electronic countermeasures equipment, and pos-
Power Plants: Two SNECMA Atar 9K turbojets of sesses a similar speed performance with or without the
ro,36o lb.s.t. and r5,435 lb. with reheat. semi-recessed nuclear weapon. This free-falling
Performance: M. speed, r,454 m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; weapon can be detonated by chronometric fuse at high
m. stabilised speed, r,zzz m.p.h. at 6o,ooo ft.; tac. rad. altitude or by radar at low altitude.
(to target at supersonic speed and return at 595 m.p.h. Dimensions: Span, 38 ft. ro] in.; length, 76 ft. r r] in.;
at 4o,ooo ft.) 77o mls.; m. range (with two 55o Imp. height, 17 ft. 8! in.; wing area, 8:9.6 sq. ft. Photo-
gal. auxiliary tanks), 2,485 mls. at 595 m.p.h. at graph: The first production Mirage IVA.
4o,ooo ft.; climb to 36,o9o ft.,4 min. r! sec.; ceil.,
6.5,6oo ft.
Weights: Empty, 3r,967 lb.; nor, loaded, 69,666 1b.;
max. loaded, 73,8oo lb.
Armament: (Strategic mission) One 5o-kiloton bomb
semi-recessed in fuselage; (tactical strike mission) up to
sixteen r,ooo-lb. bombs externally (four beneath fuse-
lage and six bencath each wing), or four AS.37 Martel
anti-radar missiles.
Opcrators: Fr. A.F.
Ftust Flights: (Mirage IV-or) June q, rgsg; (IVA-oz)
Oct. rz, 196r; (IVA-o3) June t, tg6z; (IVA-oa)
Jan.23, 1963; (lVA No. r) Dcc. 7, t963.
Production History: Prototypes (r); pre-production
(3); production (62). Manufactured r96r-7.
Variants: Mirage IV-or-Prototype with Atar gB
turbojets. Mirage lVA-oz-First pre-production
aircraft rvith slightly increased overall dimensions,
redesigned forrvard fuselage, new tail surfaces and
repositioned undercarriagc. Mirage IVA-Produc-
tion modcl rvhich cntcrcd service r,vith the 9rc Escadre
of the Fr. A.Ir. in r965 in thc high-altitude strategic
role, opcrating with thc Fr. A.F.'s force of C-r3!F'
tankers. All production Miragc IVAs stressed for lorv-
Bombers & Attaclt Aircraft 79 ?ormbets & Attach Airctalt
supplied to Argentina. A-4C-Equipped for limited
all-'ieather opiration. [-4E-Re-engined model.
A-4F-Current model with more powerful engine,
,,tAyy steerable nosewheel, zero-zero escape system, updated
avionics and wing lift spoilers. TA-4F-Tandem two-
seaf trainer equivalent
seat A-aF. first deliveries
eouivalent of the A-4F, deliveries
VA-rz5 in May
being made to VA-rz<
beinE Mav rq66.
DimZnsions: Span, z7"ft. 6 in.; iength (A-+E) +z ft.
ro* (TA-+F). +z
ro9 in. ('IA-41),42
(TA-aF), ft.
4z.ft. in.; herght,
O rn.;
6 height, 15
hei,ght, ft' 3i
r5 rt'
rs-ft' in.;
3+ 1!I.,
wing area, z6b'sq.' ft. Photograph: A-4E (Bu. No.
DOUGLAS A-4 SKYHAWK Naw Squadron VA-56.
r<ooro\ of U.S. Navy
r5oo3o) VA-16.
Country o.f Origin: U.S.A.
?ype.' Single-seat Shipboard Attack Aircraft and
(TA-aE) Two-seat Shipboard Operational Trainer.
Power Plant: One (A-4B & A-aC) Wright J6S-W-I6A
turbojet of 7,7oo lb.s.t., one (A-4E) Pratt & Whitney
JSz-P-6A or 8,5oo lb.s.t., or (A-aF & TA-+F) JSz-P-
8A turbojet of 9,3oo lb.s.t.
Performances: (Specification relates to A-4E, figures in
parcnthescs rclating to the TA-4F) M. speed, 685
(66r) m.p.h. at s.1., .575 (56o) m.p.h. at 35,ooo ft.;
m. cr., 5oo (+qS) -.p.h.; range, 9zo (828) mls., with
two 3oo U.S. gal. tanks, r,7oo (r,555) mls.
Weights: Dnrpty, 9,284 Qo,6oz) lb.; loaded, 14,647
(tS,srS) lb.; max., z4,5oo lb.
Armamcnt: (A-aB, -aC & -4E) Two 2o-mm. cannon
and up to 8,zoo lb. of external ordnance.
Operators: (A-aB) Arg.A.F., U.S.N. (Air Reserve);
(A-aC, -ali & -aF) U.S.N., U.S.M.C. ;(TA-aF) U.S.N.
First Flights: (YA-aA) June zz, r954; (A-4A) Aug. 14,
rqS+; (A-+B) March 26, r956; (A-4C) Aug. zr, r959;
(A-aE) July rz, t96r; (A-+F) Aug. 3r, r966; (TA-4F)
June 3o, r96.5.
Production History: YA-4A (z); A-4A (165); A-48
G+z); A-+C (638); A-aE (5oo); A-4F (r.5o*). Manu-
factured r953*68. TA-4F (r39 ordered by beginning
of 1966). *Plus eigl-rt and two TA-4Fs for 1967
delivery to R.A.N.
Variants: A-4A-Initial model norv lclcgatcd to train-
ing. A-4B-New powered rudder, new glrn sight and
strengthened rear fusclagc, Refurbished examples
Ilombers & Attacls Aircrafl
Dimensions: Span, 5o ft. 9 in.; length (A-rE), 4o ft.
r in., (A-rJ), 38 ft. ro in.; height (A-rE), r5 ft. ro in.;
(A-rJ), 15 ft. 8| in.; wing area,4oo'33 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: A-rE of U.S.A.F.'s rst Air Commando Group.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: (A-rD. H & J)
Tybe: (A-rD, T) Single-
Si and (A-rD) Two-seat
Shipboard or Shore-based Tactical Attack Bomber.
Power Plant: One Wright R-335o-z6W radial engine
of 3,ozo h.p., or (A-rJ) -z6WB of 3,o5o h.p.
Performance: (A-rJ with A-rE in parentheses) M.
speed,3r8 (3rr) m.p.h. at r8,5oo (r8,ooo) ft.; nor.
cr., r88 (zoo) m.p.h.; nor. range, 9oo mls.; m. range,
3,ooo (2,75o) mls.; in. cl., 2,38o (z,3oo) ft./min.
Weights: Empty, tz,55o (rz,3t3) lb.; nor. loaded,
rg,ooo (r8,799) lb.; max., z5,ooo lb.
Armament: Four zo-mm. cannon and max, of 8,ooo lb.
ordnance on underwing pylons.
Operators: (A-rD) Camb.A.F., (A-rE) U.S.A.F.,
U.S.N., Viet. A.F.; (A-rH) U.S.N., Viet. A.F.; (A-rJ)
First Flights : (XBTzD- r ) July 6, 1944 ; (A- r E) Aug. r 7,
r95r; (A-rJ) Aug. r956.
Production History : XBTzD-r (25) ; AD- r (277) ; AD-z
(r78); AD-3 (r94); AD-4* Q,qz); A-rE, EA-rF &
A-rG (6Zo); A-rH (7r:); A-tI
Oz). Manufactured
r945-56. *Subsequently redesignated A-rD.
Variants: A-rD-Earliest serving version. Of 88 sup-
plied French and declared surplus 1965, a number
delivered Camb. A.F. A-rE-Multi-purpose version
adopted by U.S.A.F. for counter-insurgency role. A-18.
A-rH-Special equipmcnt for low-level attack.
A-rJ-Strengthcned structure for prolonged lowJevcl
Ilontbers & Attack Aircraft ,S,3 Itornbers & Attack Aitcrafl
rccce and ECM equipment. RA-38-Carries up to
t.rvelve vertical and oblique cameras.
Dimensions: Span, Tz ft. 6 in.; lcngth, 76 ft. 4 in.;
lreight, zz ft. 9] in., (EA-:B), 4 ft. 6 in.; rving area,
8rz sq. ft. Photograph: A-3B of U.S.N.'s VAH-8.


Country of Origin: U.S.A,
Type: Three-seat Shipboard Attack Bomber, (EA-38)
Electronic and (RA-:B) Photo Reconnaissance Air-
craft and (TA-:B) Bombardier Trainer.
Power Plants: 'Iwo Pratt & Whitney J57-P-ro turbo-
jets of ro,5oo lb.s.t. and rz,4oo lb. with water injection,
Performance: (A-AB) M. speed, 6ro m.p.h. at ro,ooo
ft.,56o m.p.h. at 36,000 ft.; tac. rad., r,o5o mls.;m,
range,2,9oo mls.; s. ceil.,4r,ooo ft,
Weights: (A-3B) Empty, 3g,4og lb.; loaded, 73,ooo lb.;
max., 8z,ooo lb.
Armament: Four z,ooo-Ib., twelve r,ooo-lb., or
twenty-four 5oo-lb. bombs. Defensive: Twin zo-mm.
cannon in tail barbette (some aircraft only).
Accommodation: (EA-38) Crew of seven including four
electronics operators in pressurized fuselage; (RA-:B)
crew of five including photo-navigator and photo-
technician; (TA-:B) pilot, instructor and six pupils.
Operators: U.S.N.
First Flights: (XA3D-I) Oct. 28, r95z; (YA3D-I)
Sept. 16, 1953; (YRA-3B) July zz, rg58; (EA-:B)
Dec. ro, 1958; (TA-3B) Aug. 29, r959.
Production History: A-3A* (5o); A-38 (r6a); EA-38
(za); RA-38 (3o); TA-3R (rz). ManufactureC r954-
6r. *A number of A-3As converted to TA-3A I
trainers, and fivc to EA-3As.
Variants: A-3A-Initial model with JSZ-P-6 engines.
EA-3B-Equippcd with forward- and sideJooking
radar, infra-red scanner and other non-photographic
Itotnbcrs <b Attaclt Aircrafl S5 Ilotnbers &, Attach Airat"oft
6r. *Plus 49 Mk. 2s built in Australia as Mk. zos.
Dimensions: (P.R. Mk. 9 in parentheses) Span, 63 (67)
ft. rr$ (ro) ft. 6 (8) in.; height,
ir.r.; length,6S (66)
rS ft. 7 in.; wing atea, 96o (r,o44) sq. ft. Pltotograph:
I|.(I). Mk. e (N26rc7) of No. 14 Sqdn. R.N.Z.A.F.


Country of Origin: United I{ingdom.
Type: Two- (B.Mks.B,rz & .58; or Three-seat (B.Mks.
2,6;q.,r6 & 3o) Light Bombcr, Trvo-seat (F.R.Mks.3, P.R" Mk. 9
7, g,& Sl) Photo-reconnaissance, or Two/three seat
(T.Mks. 4,r3 & zr) Operational and (T.Mks.rr & 17)
ladar T_rainer, and (T.T.N{k.r8) Target Tug.
Power Plants: Two Rolls-Royce Avon (Mks. i, 3, 4, r r
& r3) ror turbojets of 6,5oo lb.s.t., (Mks. 6, j,-i<','ft,
zo,-zr & 57) ro9 turbojets of 7,5oo lb.s.t., or (Mt . q)
zo6 turbojets of rr,z-5o lb.s.t.
Performa.nce: (ts. Mk. 6 rvith P.R. Mk. 9 in parentheses)
\{. speed,5r8 m.p.h. at s.1.,.58o (SS:) m.p.h. at 3o,ooo
(4o,ooo) lt.; m. range, 3,79o (3,79o) mls.
Itrleights: Empty, zr,679 lb.; max. loaded, 55,ooo lb.
Armantent: Six r,ooo-lb. bombs internallyind (Mks.
8,-r,2, 15, 16 & 5ti) two r,ooo-lb. bombs or tu'o packs
of thirty-seven z-in. rockets externally, or (Mks.-8, rz
& 58) four 2o-mm. crnnon and three r,ooo-lb bombs.
Operators:_ (Vt. R.R.A.F., Venez. A.F.; (Mk. :)
R.$.F.: (Mk. a)")11.A.F., I.A.F., R.R.A.F.,'Venez.
4f i(Vtl 6) R.A.F., Ecua.A.F.; (Mhs. Z & tt)
R.4 p.; (ryIk. 8) R.A.F., Peru. A.F., Venci. A.F.;
(Ml<.. rr) R.A.F., Swed. A.F.; (Mk. rz) R.N.Z.A.F.;
9_.4.A.F.;(Mk.r3) R.N.Z.A.F.; (Mks.r5 & r6) R.A.F.;
(Mks. zo & zr) lL.A.A.F.; (Mks. 57 & !8) I.A.F.
First tr'lisltts: (Mk. r) May 13, 1949; (Ml<. z) Apr. 4,
I_gio; (Mk. 3).[Irrr. 19, r9-5o; (Mk. +) June 6,- rg5z;
(Mft.6) Jan. 26. r9.54;(Mh.7) Oct.28, 1953; (Mk.8)
July 23, r9.54; (Mk. q) July 8, rg.S5.
I\'oduction Ilistory: Protot-vpcs (Z); ML. z* (.12.1); Mk
: (:6); N{k. 4 (7s); Mk. o-1"s);'vtt<. z ti,il;'ut. s
(9o); Mh. q (+S); Mk. S8 (66). Manufactured rs49-
Ilombers & Attaclt Airtrafl AZ &: Atto<:lt Aitctafl'
Dimensions: Span, 53 ft. o in.; length, 55 ft. 6 in.;
lreight, 15 ft. ro in. (EA-6A), t6 ft.7 in. Photograph:
An A-6,\ (Bu. No. 149956) olYA-42, the U.S. Navy's
Intruder training squadron at Oceana N.A.S.


Country oJ Oriein: U.S.A.
?ype.' Two-seat Shipboard Low-Level Strike and
(EA-6A) Elcctronic Countermeasures Aircraft.
Power Plants: Two Pratt & Whitney J5z-P-8A turbo-
jets of 9,3oo lb.s.t.
Performance: M. speed, 685 m.p.h. at s.l.;,
575 m.p.h. at 28,ooo ft.; low-level range cr. (high
drag), 345 m.p.h.; low-level range, r,25o mls., (with
five 3oo U.S. gal. tanks), r,95o mls.;m. range,z,6oo
mls. at 28,ooo ft.
Weights: Loaded (maximum intcrnal fuel), 43,ooo lb.;
max. overload, .5.1,ooo lb.
Armament: Max. load of r5,ooo lb. ordnance. Typical
loads include four Bullpup ASMs, five r,ooo-lb. or
z,ooo-lb. bombs, or up to thirty 5oo-lb. bombs.
Operators : U.S.N., U.S.M.C.
April rg, r96o.
tr'irst tr'lights: (A-6A)
Production History: Initial orders called for eight
evaluation aircraft, 77 production A-6As and o EA-
6As, and deliveries to U.S.N. began in r963.
Varinnts: A-6A-Is equipped rvith preNn (Digital
Integratcd Attack System) including terrain mapping,
search and Doppler radar, air data and central digital
computers, and automatic flight control. A-68-Sim-
plified version rvith oraNr system deleted. Cancelled
in favour of A-7A. EA-6A-Bombing and navigation
system replaced by countcrmeasures equipment to
confuse radar-controlled anti-aircraft weapons and
detecting deviccs. EA-6B-Countermeasures version
with lengthened nose housing four crew members.
Currently under development.
Ilornbers & Attaclt Aircraft aa a0 llotnbcrs & Attaels Aitcraft
Dimensions: (8.K. Mk. rA in parentheses) Span, r2o
(rro) ft.; iength, rr4 ft. rr in.; height, :o (28) ft. r*
(r*) in.;wing area, 2,597 @,406) sq. ft. Photograph:
Victor B. Mk. z (XL5r3) of No. r39 Sqdn. R.A.F.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
'Iype: (B.I<. Mk. rA) Flight Refuelling Tanker and
(8. Mk. z) Long-range Medium Strategic Bomber.
Power Plants: Four (B.K. Mk. rA) Bristol Siddeley
Sapphire 2o2 turbojets of rr,ooo lb.s.t., or (8. Mk. z)
Rolls-Royce Conway R.Co.r7 Mk. zor turbojets of
r9,75o lb.s.t.
Estimated Performdnce: (Specification relates to B. Mk.
z, figures in parentheses applying to B.K. Mk. rA).
M. speed, 63o m.p.h. at 5o,ooo (4o,ooo) ft.; m. cr., 6ro
(6oo) at 55,ooo (46,ooo) ft.; nor. cr., 56o m.p.h. at
4o,ooo ft.; range with Blue Steel, z,3oo mls. at 5o,ooo-
55,ooo ft., r,73o m.p.h. at 5,ooo-ro,ooo ft.;s. ccil.,
5-5,ooo (5o,ooo) ft.
Weights: Approx. max. loaded, 2oo,ooo (r5o,ooo) lb.
Armament: (B. Mk. z) One Avro Blue Steel Mk. r
stand-off missile or thirty-five r,ooo-lb bombs.
Accommodation: (B.I{. Mk. rA) Max. 52,86o lb. trans-
ferable fuel supplied to Mk. r7 hose drum unit in fuse-
lage and Mk. zoB refuelling pod beneath each wing.
Operators: R.A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Dec. 21, tg5z; (znd. pro-
totype) Sept. rr, r95+; (8. Mk. r) Feb. r, 1956;
(Il. Mk. z) Feb. 20, rssg.
Production History: Prototypes (z); B. Mk. r* (6o-7o);
B. N{k. z (5o-6o). Manufactured 1954-6+. *8. Mk.
rs converted to B. Mk. rA standards and subsequently
to B.I{. Mk. rAs.
Variants : B. Mk. z-I)iffers front B. Mk. rA in having
cnlarged lving, morc porverful cngines, etc. B.(S.R.)
Mk. z-Reconnaissance conversion with weapons-bay
camera packs.
Ilombers & Attach Airaraft 97 llombers & Attaelc Airuaft
tractable 85.6o5 twin-barrel rocket and provision for
AS.zo ASMs.
Dimensions: Span,4z ft.4 in.; length, 63 ft. -5 in.;
height, 16 ft. 6 in.; wing area, 5o8'5 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: A Buccaneer S. Mk. z (XN677) of the formcr
TooB Flight.


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Two-seat Shipboard Low-level Strike Aircraft.
Power Plants:'frvo (S. Mk. r) Bristol Siddeley Gyron
Junior ror turbojets of 7,roo lb.s.t., or (S. Mk. z &
S. Mk. 5o) Rolls-Royce RB.r68-r Spey R.Sp.z Mk.
ror turbofans of r r,o3o lb.s.t.
PerJormance: (Estimated specification applicable to
S. Mk. z) M. speed, 7oo m.p.h. at s.l.; m. cr. 665
m.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.;rnnge cr.,575 m.p.h. at 33,ooo ft.;
tac. rad. (at range cr. altitudc without auxiliary fuel),
5oo-6oo mls.; ferry, z,ooo mls.
Weights: Loaded (rvithout rveapons), 4z,ooo lb.; max.
5,1,ooo lb.
Armament: Typical load comprises four r,ooo-lb.
bombs intcrnally and four r,ooo-Ib. bombs, Martin
Bullpup ASMs or z-in. or 3-in. rocket pods on wing
Operators: (S. Mks. r & z) R.N.; (S. Mk. 5o) S.A.A.F.
First Flights: (rst Pre-production) April 30, r95B;
(S. Mk. r) Jan. 23, 196z; (rst Spey Buccaneer)
May 17, 1963; (S. Mk. z), June 5, 1964.
Prodttction History: Pre-production (zo); S. Mk. r
(So); S. Mk. z (current production); S. Mk. 5o (16).
S. Mk. r manufactured 196r-4. Deliveries of S.
Mk. z commenced r965. S. Mk. 5o delivered tg65-6.
Variants: S. Mk, r-Initial modcl became operational
aboard Ark Royal in February r963. S. Mk, z-Cur-
rent model. Bccame opcrational aboard Hermes early
in t966. Equips Nos. 8oo, 8or and 8o9 Squadrons.
S. Mk. 5o-Shore-based version for S.A.A.F. with re-
Bombers & Atlack Airerafl 93 Bombers 8: Atlach Aircroft
99 ft. r r in.; height, 27 ft.2 in.; wing area, 3,964 sq. ft.
Photograph: The fifty-third production Vulcan B.
Mk. z (XM57z) operated by No. r Group R.A.F.
llomber Command.


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Long-range Medium Strategic Bomber.
Power Plants: Four Bristol Siddeley Olympus (B. Mk.
1A') ro4 turbojets of r3,ooo lb.s.t., or ntt. z)
Olympus 3or turbojets of zo,ooo lb.s.t.
lgrformance: (Specification applies to the B. Mk. z)
M. speed, 645 m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft. (Mach o.98); m.
9r., 627 m.p.h. at 55,ooo ft.; typical endurance, B hr.;
low-level tactical radius, r,7oo mls.; high-altitude tac-
tical radius, z,3oo mls.l approx. unrefuelled range,
4,75o mls.; s. ceil., 6.5,ooo ft.
Weights: (8. Mk. z) Approx. loaded, zoo,ooo lb,
Armarnent: (8. Mk. z) One Avro Blue Steel Mk. r
stand-offmissile or tr.venty-one r,ooo-lb. g.p. bombs.
Accommodation.' Normal crew of five comprlsing pilot,
co-pilot, navigator, air electronics officer and iadar
Operators: R.A.F. Flights: (rst Prototype) Aug. 3o, r95z;' (B.
. Mk. r)
Feb.4, 195.5; (8. Mk. z) Aug. rg, rg.58.-
Pro_drftion. Hiltory. Prototype (z); B. Mk. r* (+S);
B. Mk. z (roo*). B. Mk. r manufactured rqs+-8 a-nd
B. Mk. z manufactured 1957-64. *8. Mli.- is pto-
gr_cssively up-dated to B. Mk. rA and subsequently
Mk. rB standards. B. Mk. z production figure is an
Variants: B. Mk. rA-Modification of B. Mk. r with
up-dated internal equipment and ECM in extreme rear
fuselage. Withdrawn from R.A.F. Bomber Command
and _placcd in leserve by 1966. B. Mk. z-Operated
bV N9s. g, 12,27,35, -5o, 83 and 6r7 Squadrons R.A.F'.
Bomber Command.
Dimensions: (B. Mk. z) Span, rrr fr. o in.; length,
Itombers & Attach Aitcraft
clcleted, and second cockpit installed ahead and below
normal cockpit.
Dimensions: Span, To ft.4| in.; length' 57 ft. rof in.;
wing area, 654'445 sq. ft' Photograqh: Al Il-28 of
No. zr Squadron of the Indonesian A.U.R.I.

Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NATO Code Name: Beagle and (I1-z8U) Mascot.
Type: Three-seat Tactical Bomber, (Il-z8R) Recon-
naissance, (Il-z8T) Torpedo-Bomber and (Il-zsu)
Power Plants: Two Klimov VK-r turbojets of 5,952
Performanee: M. speed, 497 s.1., 559 m.p.h.
14,760 ft., 523 m.p.h. at 36,o9o ft.; in. cl. (at 40,565
^t 2,953 ft./r,:,in.;
lb.), ceil., 4o,355 ft. ; range with m. fuel
(r,738 Imp. gal. and z,zoq-lb. bomb load, 7o5 mls. at
472 n.p.h. at 3,28o ft., 88o rnls. at .5oz m.p.h. at 16,4oo
ft., r,355 mls. at 478 m.p.h. at 3z,8oo ft.
Weights: Nor. loaded, 40,565 lb.; nax., 46,297 Lb.
Armament: Up to 6,6oo lb. bombs internally plus two
fixed forward-firing z3-mm NR-23 cannon and two
similar weapons in tail barbette.
Operators: Alg. A.F., Afg. A.F., A.U.R.I., Chin. A.F.,
Czech. A.F., Fin. A.F., G.I).R. Luft., Hun. A.F.,
K.P.A.F.A.F., P.L.W., Rum. A.F., Sov. A.F., Sov.
Navy, UAR A.F., N. Viet. A.F., Pak. A.F.
First Flights: (Prototype) r9,18; (Pre-series) r949;
(Production) r95o.
Production History : Manufacturcd ry49*6r.
Variants: Il-28-Initial version entered service with
5,oo-5 lb.s.t. I(limov RD-45F turbojets, prototype hav-
ing flown with Rolls-Royce Nene (NIN-r) engines.
Il-z8R-Tactical reconnaissance version with cameras
in nose and weapons bay. Il-z8T-Torpedo-bombing
version serving with Soviet Naly and carrying two
torpedoes. Il-z8U-Conversion training variant of
the standard Il-28. Ventral radome and nose glazing
Ilombet's Attock Aircrofl' 97 llombers & Attaclt Aitctaft
lb. TF3o-P-S with short afterburner. A-7C-Pro-
posed two-seat version of A-7A. A-ZD Modified
version for U.S.A.F. use with TF4r engine, a 2o-mm.
M-6r rotary cannon, additional armour, and multi-
position leading and trailing edge flaps. A-7E-Pro-
posed U.S. Navy version with rrees (Integrated Light
Attack Avionics System).
Dimensions: Span,'38 ft. 8$ in.;length, 46 ft. r] in.;
height, r6 ft.234in.; wing area, 375 sq. ft. Photograph:
LTV A-7 CORSAIR II A-7A Corsair II (Bu. No. 15z659) of VA-r74.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
?i,pe; Single-seat Shipboard Light Attack Bomber and
(A-rDl Shorc-based Strike and Close-support Fighter'
Power'Plant: (A-7A) One Pratt & Whitney TF:o-P-6
turbofan of rr,35o lb.s.t., or (A-ZD) Allison TF4r-
A-r (Rolls-Royce Spcy zor) turbofan of r4,z5o lb's.t.
Perfornance: (A-7A) M. speed (clean), 679 m.p.h. at
5,ooo ft., with 3,6oo ib. of external stores, 578 m.q.h.
ai s.1.; optimun' cr., 37+ m.p.h. at s.l'; tac.- rad. (3,6oo
lb. ordnince and no extcrnal fuel), Bro mls' (inc. 265
mls. at s.l.), ferry range 3,o5o mls. at 542 m p.h'
Weights: Empty, r5,037 lb.;loaded (clean), z6,4oolb.,
(for catapult) .32,.5oo lb.; max. overload, 35,65o lb.
Armatnent: (A-ZA) Two 2o-mm. Mk. rz cannon with
2.5o r.p.g. nnd eight external stores stations (four 3,5oo-
16. capaiitv outboxrd rving stations, two z,5oo-1b. capa-
city inboai'd wing stations and trvo 5oo-1b. capacity
fuselage stations). Typical limited rvarfate load com-
prises iwelve 5oo-lb. and trrelve 3oo- or z5o-lb. bombs'
Operators: (A-ZA) U.S.N., U.S.M.C.; (4-7D)
U-.S.A.F. Corsair II enteling service 1967. Land-
based U.S.A.F. version scheduled for r969 operation.
First Flights: (rst Rescarch A-7A) Sept. 27, !965.
Productiin History: Initial contracts placed by begin-
ning of r967 callcd for rgo A-7A Corsair IIs, including
seven research and development airclaft, plus quantity
of A-78s. Currcnt plans call for purchase of r,ooo
plus aircraft for U.S.N. and U.S.M.C. by r97o, and
some 6oo A-7Ds for U.S.A.F.
Vaiants: A-7A-Initial production modcl for U.S.N.
and U.S.M.C. A-78-U.S. Narry version with rz,ooo
Ilombers & Attaek Aircraft l)0 Rombers & Attaclr Aircraft
lb.s.t. J57-P-37A engines. Tirenty produced of which
trvo supplied to C.N.A.F. Grounded in 1963 after
structural failures, but nine returned to service r966
aftcr manufacture of new wings. B-57E-Multi-
l)urpose version of " 8 " equipped for target-towing.
RB-57F-Capable of sustained flight at 9o-roo,ooo ft.
MARTIN B-57 :rnd ranges up to 4,ooo mls.
Country of Origin: U.S.A. Dimensions: Span (B), 6: ft. r r* in. (F), rzz ft.; length
Type: Two-seat Light Tactical (B) 6S ft.6 in., (F),68 ft. ro in.; height (B), 15 ft.
Bomber, (TB-57) .Transition Trainer, and (RB-57F) 7 in., (F), r9 ft.; wing area (B), 96o sq. ft. Photograph:
Strategic Reconnaissance Aircraft. B-578 (53-3826) of U.S.A.F.'s 8th Bomb Sqdn.
Power Plants: Two Wright J6S-W-S turbojets of 7,zzo
lb.s.t., or (RB-SZF) Pratt & Whitney TF33-P-rr tur-
bolans of r8,ooo lb.s.t. and (optional) i*o J6o-P-9
turbojets of 3,3oo lb.s.t. R 8,57 F
Performance: (Specifications relates to 8-578 but is
generally_ applicable to all versions excepl RB-57F)
M. speed, 582 m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft., 534 m-.p.h. at-s.l.;
tac. rad., r,roo mls. at 48o m.p.h.; in. cl., 3,5oo
ft./min.; s. ceil., 48,ooo ft.
\eights: (B-SZB) Loaded, 49,ooo lb.; max., 55,ooo lb.
Alma,ment: Eight o'5-in. machine guns, 5,ooo lb. bomb
load internally and up to 3,ooo lb. externally.
Operators: (RB--sZA) A.N.G.; (B-SZB) U.S.A.F.,
4rN.G l C.N.A.F., Pak.A.F., Viet:A.F.; (B-sZC)
II.S.{F., A.N.c., Pak. A.F.; (RB-57D) U.S.A.F.;
(B-szE) U.S.A.F., A.N.c.; (RB-s:F) U.S.A.F.
First Fligltts: (B-SZA) July zo, r953; (B-578) June 28,
rgS+; (B-sZC) Dec. 3o, r954.
Production History: B-57A (8); RB-57A (62);
F:s7Bit (zoz);B-57C (:8); RB-szD (zo); B-57E (68).
Manufactured rgsz-56. *A number of B-578s have
been rebuilt and cxtensively modified by General
pynamics' Fort Worth Division as RB-57Fs (tS6+-S).
Varianx : B-57A-Americanised Canberra (see page 8f)
retaining side-by-side seating. B-57B-Tandem seat-
ing introduccd. Relegated to A.N.G. and modified for
reconnaissance then restored to bomber configuration
(tS6+-S) for PacAl.' use in Vietnam. B-57C-Pro-
vision for dual controls. RB-57D-Electronlc recon-
naissance model with long-span rving and rr,ooo
Bontbers & Attaclc Airuafl l0l Iktntbcrs & Attaclt Aifcraft
l)inu:nsions: Span, 4z ft. 7l tn.; length (3zA), +8 ft. oi-
irr., (:zB) 47 ft. 634 in.; height (3zA), r5 ft. 7 in., (3zB),
r5 ft. 3 in.; wing area, 4c2'57 sq. ft. Photograph: An
,\ 3zA Lansen of F r5 with Rb o4 air-to-sca missiles.

Country oJ Origin: Sweden.
Type: Two-seat (3zA) All-weather Attack, (3zB) Inter-
ceptor, and (3zC) Tactical Recce Aircraft.
Power Plant: One (3zA & 3zC) S.F.A. RM -sA (Avon
roo) turbojet of 7,94o lb.s.t. and g,g2o tb. with reheat,
or (3zB) RM 6A (Avon zoo) of rr,oz5 lb.s.t. and
r4,33o lb. with reheat.
PerJormance: (Specilication relates to Saab 3zA, figures
in parentheses applying to the 3zB) M. speed, 685
(7ro) m.p.h. at s.l.; nor. cr., 528 (53o) m.p.h. at
36,000 ft.; range, 8oo-9oo mls., with rzr Imp. gal.
ventral tank, 9oo-r,ooo mls.; in. cl., rr,Boo (r9,7oo)
ft./min.; s. ceil., 49,zoo (5z,5oo) ft.
Weigltts: Empty, r6,:98 (r6,-S:S) lb.; nor. loaded,
zz,956 (24,679) lb.; max. 28,66o (z9,76o) Lb.
Armament: (3zA) Four 2o-mm. Swedish Hispano
cannon and two Rb o4 ASMs, twelve zzo-Ib., four
55o-1b., or two r,roo-lb. bombs, or twelve r8-cm., or
twenty-four r5-cm. or r3.5-cm. HVARs. (:zB) Four
3o-mm. Aden M/55 cannon and four Rb 324 AAMs.
Operators: Srved. A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype 3zA) Nov. 3, rg5z; (proto-
type 3zB) Jan.7, rg57; (prototype 3zC) Mar. 26, 1957.
Production History: All versions (45o). Manufacturcd
(3zA) r953-58; (3zB) r958-6o; (3zC) r958-6o.
Variants: Saab 3zA-f)esignated A 3zA in Swed. A.F.
scrvice and operated by F 6, 7, 15 and 17. To be
phased out during carly'scventies. Saab 3zB-J 3zB
scrving u'ith F r and It rz. Proposals made in 196.5
to convert for atttcl< r'olc. Saab 32C-S 3zC scrves
with F rr, carrying cameras and electronic recce
Ilotrtbt:t's <t rltlceft ,lirartft 702 t0:t Ilozrbcls .& Attecl: Aircraft
rrnd provision for stand-off missile. Also scrvcs in
clcctronic reconnaissance role.
I)inensions: Sp:rn, rro ft.; lcngth, 126 ft.; hcight, 36
ft.; rving area, r,Br5 sq. ft. Photograph: A 'I'u-r6
(lladger-B) of thc A.U.R.I. rvith l{ennel missiles.

C'ountry of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NATO Code Name: Iladger.
Type: Long-rrnge N{edium Bomber and Reconnais-
srnce Aircrzrft.
Pozuer Plants: Trvo N{ikulin AM-3NtI turbojets of
r9,r[3o lb.s.t.
Estinmted Perfontnnce: N1l. spced, 6zo m.p.h. at ro,ooo
ft.,6ro m.p.h. at zo,ooo ft.; cr. specd,495 m.p.h. at
3fl,ooo ft.; rangc (7,ooo-lb. bombs), 3,8oo mls.,
(zo,ooo lb. bornbs) z,5oo mls., (rvith I{ipper missile),
z,8oo mls.
trVeigltts: Applox. loaded, rTo,ooo lb.
.lfrnutnrcnt: A rnaximun'r internal bomb load of approx.
z:,ooo lb., or (Iladger-B) trvo I(ennel anti-shipping
r-nissilcs on undcrrving pylons, or (Badger-C) onc I{ip-
pcr stand-off rnissile semi-rccessed in wcapons ba1..
Dcfensive arr-namcnt c<lnpriscs two 23-mm. crlnnon
in each of dolsal ventral irnd tail positions, and one
23-mm. cannon ir-r fixed nose installation.
Operators: Sov. A.F., Sov. Navy, A.U.R.I., UAR A.F.
First Flights: (Prototl'pc) r95z; (production) r954-5.
Productinrt History: Betr.vccn r,.5oo and z,ooo Tu-t6s
arc bclicvcd to h:rvc bccn manufactured r953-62.
Variants: Badger-A--Originally florvn as Tu-88 in
competition rvitl-r thc Ilyushin Il-46. Badger-B--
Basic 'I'u-r6 modificd to carry trvo air-breathing anti-
shipping missiles. Badger-C-I;lattcncd nose ridome
Ilornbers <b Attacls Aircr.aft t05 Bombers <t: Attaclt AircraJt
with multi-megaton warhead.
Dimensions*: Span, 163 ft.; length, r5o ft.; hcight,
40 ft. *Approximate. Photograph: A strategic rccot.r-
naissance version of the Tu-zo (Bcar-A) of the Sov.

Cotmtry of Origin: U.S.S.R.
NATO Code Natne: Rear.
Type: Long-range Strategic Heavy Bomber and Photo-
graphic and Elcctronic Reconnaissance Aircraft.
Power Plants: Four Kuznetsov NK-rzM turboprops
of r4,75o s.h.p.
Estimated Performance: M. speed, 5oo m.p.h. at 4r,ooo
ft., 54o m.p.h. at rr,ooo ft.; cr. speed, 47o m.p.h. at
3z,ooo ft.; range (u'ith 25,ooo lb. bombs), 7,8oo mls.
Weights: NIax. loaded, 37o,ooo lb.
Armament: A maximum internal load of approx.
2-5,ooo lb. of bombs, or (Bear-B) one l{angaroo stand-
off missile. Twin z3-mm. cannon in dorsal, ventral
and tail positions.
Operators: Sov. A.F., Sov. Narry.
First Flights: (Prototype) r954; (production) r956.
Production llistory: Some 3oo aircraft manufactured
r 95 5-60.
Variants: Beat-A-The initial service version of the
Tu-zo nolv largely relegated to the strategic reconnais-
sance and flight refuelling tanker roles. Some ex-
amples have dorsal remotely-controlled gun barbette
deleted. A high-speed transport conversion of the
basic bomber was designated Tu-rr4D, only a few
cxamples being produced. A commercial transport
development, the Tu-rr4 (which see page 3o Ciz:il
volume) employs similar wings, undercarriage and
much of the tail assembly. Bear-B-Features ex-
tensively modified nosc ernbodying a lnrge duck-
billcd radome housing navigational search and guid-
ance radar. Dxists in rccorrnaissance and missilc-
carrying versions, the latter carrying a single weapon
Bontbers & Attaclt Aircraft 706 Rombeta & Atlaclt Aircraft
interceptors and the guidance system of missilcs.
Camera windows are situated in the nose and aft.
Dhnensions*: Span, 9r ft.; length, r33 ft.; height,
r7 ft.; wing area,2,o3o sq. ft. *Approxirnate. Photo-
graph: The missile-carrying variant of the Tu-zz with
broad nose radome and prominent refuelling probe.
-Atrole.' The designation " Tu-zz " rvas originally allo-
TUPOLEV'IIJ-zz cated to the Tu-82 (design bureau designation), the
Country of Origin: U.S.S.R. Soviet Union's first swept-wing bomber (1949) which
NATO Code Name: Blinder. failed to attain service status.
Type: Long-range Medium Bomber and (Tu-zzR)
Strike-reconnaissance Aircraft.
Power Plants: Trvo axial-flow turbojets rated at
rg,zoo* lb.s.t. and z6,5oo* lb. rvith reheat. *Approx.
Estimated Performance: M. speed, 925 m.p.h. at
4o,ooo ft.; cr. speed, 63o m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; tac. rad.,
r,4oo mls.; s. ceil., 6o,ooo ft.
Weights: Approx. loaded, r85,ooo lb.
Armament: Various combinations of free-falling
weapons housed internally, or single semi-recessed
ASM. Onc rcmotely-controlled z3-mm. tail cannon.
O1>erators: Sov. A.F.
First Flights: (Prototype) rgST-8i (production) rg6o-r.
Production History: Production delivelies to the Sov.
A.F. are believed to have commenced in 196r.
Variants: The Tu-zz is currently one of the most ad-
vanced Russian military aircraft publicly revealed.
Displayed publicly over Tushino in June 196r, by
which time it is believed to have attained pre-service
status with the Sov. A.F., and a formation of nine
examples participated in its Tushino d6but, together
with a modified variant featuring a drooped and
broader nose radome, a prominent refuelling probe
above the nose radar, and a large air-to-surface missile
mounted semi-recessed in the weapons bay. The
operational status of this version is not known with
certainty. The standard model appears to be intended
for both bombing and reconnaissance missions of
intcrmediate range, and carries four crew rnembers.
The tail gun is presumably intendcd to dispense a
mixture of " chaff " and tracer to confuse the radar of
Patrol, ASI, & B,ecce Aircraft 1/,9 Patrol, ASli Rcccc Aircraft
tions (Viper turbojets, increased fuel, etc.) r967.
I/ariants: M.R. Mk. 2C-Al1 M.R. Mk. 2s were
l:rought up to Mk. zC standards from r96r, DCM and
ASW equipment being brought up to M.R. Mk. 3
standards. To be replaced by HS. 8or. T. Mk. l-
Conversion of M.R. Mk. r with additional radar
positions for instructors and pupils, and specialised
ASW training equipment.
AVRO SHACKLETON Dimensions: Span (Mk. zC), tzo ft. o in., (Mk. :)
Country of Origin: United Kingdom. rrg ft. ro in.; length, gz ft. 6 in.; height (Mk. zC),
Type : Long-range Maritime Reconnaissance Bomber. 16 ft. 9 in., (Mk. :), 4 ft. 4 in.;wing area (Mk. zC),
Power Plants: Four Rolls-Royce Griffon 57A liquid- r,+zt sq. ft., (Mk. 3), r,458 sq. ft. Photograph:
cooled engines of 2,45o h.p. and (M.R. Mk. 3 Phase 3) A Shackleton M.R. Mk. 3 ffF7o7) of No. zor Squad-
two Bristol Siddeley Viper B.S.V.rr turbojets of ron, R.A.F.
2,5oo lb.s.t. for supplementary take-off power.
Performance: (Specification applies to M.R. Mk. 3 but
is generally applicable to M.R. Mk. zC) M. speed,
3o2 m.p.h. at rz,ooo ft.; m. cr.,2S3 m.p.h, at ro,oco ft.;
econ. cr., zoo m.p.h. ; m, range,4,2r 5 mls. at 2oo m.p.h.
at r,5oo ft.; in. cl. (at roo,ooo lb.), 85o ft./min,
Weights: (M.R. Mk. zC in parentheses) Empty, 57,8oo
(.S6,Soo) lb.; max. loaded, roo,ooo (qS,ooo) lb.
Armament: Twin zo-mm. Hispano cannon in nose and
(tactical operations) twelve or (M.R. Mk. zC) fifteen
r,ooo-lb. bombs. Typical A.S.W. stores load com-
prises three Mk. 3o acoustic torpedoes, nine Mk. r r
depth charges, tz Mk. z mlrine markers and rz sono-
Accommodation.' Crew of ten and, for emergency trans-
port role, tx'enty-nine troops and their equipment,
the latter storved in r.veapons-bay panniers.
Operators: (M.R. Mk. zC) R.A.F.; (M.R. Mk. :)
R.A,F., S.A.A.F.
Fbst Flights: (rst Prototype) March 9, 1949; (M.R.
Mk. r) Oct. 2+, rg5oi (prototype M.R. Mk. z) June r7,
r95z; (M.R. Mk. 3) Sept. 2, rgSS; (M.R. Mk. 3 with
Vipcrs) Jan.29, t965.
Production History: Prototype (:); M.R. Mks. r & rA*
(ZZ); M.R. Mk. z (69); M.R. Mk. 3** (42). *Small
number converted 1956-57 as 'f. Mk. 4 crew trainers.
**Surviving examples undergoing Phase 3 modifica-
Patrol, ASW & Rccce Aircraft 770 717 Patrol, ASIV & Ilecce Airuaft
Dimensions: Span,5r ft, z in.;length,45 ft.6 in.;
height, 15 ft. 7 in.; wing area, 387'5 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: A Breguet AIiz6 of France's Adronavale.


Country oJ Origin: France.
Type: Three-seat Shipboard Reconnaissance and Anti-
Submarine Warfare Aircraft.
Power Plant: One Rolls-Royce Dart R.Da.zr turbo-
prop of r,95o s.h.p.
Performance: M. speed, 285 m.p.h. at s.1., z9o m.p.h.
at 3,ooo ft., zgz m.p.h, at ro,ooo ft.; normal patrol
spced, r44 m.p.h. at r,5oo ft.;cndurance (radome ex-
tended), 5 hr. tz min. at r44 m.p.h. at r,5oo ft.; ferry
range, r,785 mls.; in. cl. (at r8,roo lb.), r,38o ft./min.;
s. ceil. (at r7,65o lb.), zo,5oo ft.
Weights: Empty equip., rz,566lb.; nor. loaded, r8,roo
Armament: Three 353-1b. depth charges or one acoustic
torpedo in weapons bay, plus two 353-1b. or 386-lb.
depth charges and six 5-in, rockets or two SS.rrM
wire-guided ASMs underwing.
Operators : Adronavale, Indian Navy.
First Flights: (Br. ro5o-or) Oct. 6, r956; (Br. ro5o-oz)
Dec. zr, r956; (Br. ro5o-o3) April r9, rg57; (Br. ro5o
No. r) March 26, ry59.
Production History: Pre-production (z) and production
(87). Manufactrred 1957-62.
Variants: Br. ro5o-The ^L1iz6. (Tradewind) serves
aboard the carriers Climenceau and Foch, seventy-five
having been delivered to France's A6ronavale. Twelve
aircraft rvere also delivered to the Indian Navy for
service aboard the carrier Vihrant. The Alizri can
undertake anti-shipping strike tasks.
!a."1, AS\V & Recce Airmaft 174 Patrol, ASW & Becce Air(ryaft
Joint production programme by German,.Belgian,
F.en"li and Dutch companies, Breguet retaining re-
sponsibility for development and final assembly.
t*Total orders placed at beginning of 1967 (4o for
'Adronavale and zo for Kriegsmarine). Production
lcliveries commenced in December r96-5. Production
tate of two-three per month during 1966-7.
.:Dimensions: Spanf rr9 ft. r{ in.;length, ro4 ft. r} in.;
height, 37 ft. if in.; wing area, r,zgt'67 sq. ft' Photo-
griph: The Breguet r r5o-o3 Atlantic.

Power plants: Two Rolls-_Royce

turboprops of_6. ro5 s.h.p, Tync R.Ty.zo Mk. zr
iii:l#::i""{,tj.*,f !1.Hi;lll?i,ff
!?5-zoo m.p.h. at r,ooo_r,5oo ft.; tvpi"ui_i.".ioi"o.o_
nte ( and from patr
!br_ tz,hr.
u, ,e, -'o.r,lof:,:.,i
o2o mls.; m. runge. -a., 1t
j# il "",^?;,i#Tl
r'u" -i' u'l

.'tc con
od a i n.. Twelve r
rm t o
a""t oi?,rril;:: ".":::::"--bers on

ffFf1*:",ll., ffi','.,','",,,,;
Production History: prototypes
(4); production (6o*).
Patrol, ASW & Recce Ai:reraft 775 Patrol, ASIV & Ilecce Aircraft
tactical electronic equipment and aerodynamic refine-
rnents. The Argus is employed operationally by
Nos.4o4 and 4o5 Squadrons of the R.C.A.F. Maritime
Air Command, and is the heaviest western maritime
reconnaissance aircraft.
Dimensions: Span, r4z ft. 3] in.; length, rz8 ft. 3 in.;
height, 36 ft. 8|.in.; wing area, 2,075 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: TL.e third production Arg,-rs Mk. z (zo7z).


Country of Origin: Canada.
Type : Long-range Maritime Reconnaissance Bomber.
Power Plants: Four Wright Turbo Compound R-335o
(TCr8EAr) Type 98r radials of 3,4oo h.p. and 3,7oo
h.p. with water injection.
Performance: M. speed, 3r5 m.p.h. at zo,ooo ft.,
288 m.p.h. at s.l.; m. ct.,23o m.p.h. at s.1.1 econ. cr.,
zz3 rn.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.; typical patrol end at r9o m.p.h.
below r,ooo ft. (at 83o-ml. range), rz hr., (at r,zro-ml.
range), 8 hr., (at r,59o-ml. range), 4 hr.; cr. end.,
z4 hr. ; m. range, 5,9oo mls. ; in. cl., r,7oo ft. /rnin.
Weights: Empty, 8r,ooo lb.; nor. loaded, r48,ooo lb.
Armament: Up to 8,ooo lb. of depth charges, bombs
or torpedoes internally, and up to 7,6oo lb. of ordnance
on underwing pylons,
Accommodation.' Crew of fifteen comprising three
pilots, three navigators, two flight engineers and seven
electronic equipment operators,
Operators: R.C.A.F.
First Flights (Mk. r) March 28, 1957.
Production History: Argus Mk. r (r3); Argus Mk. a
(zo). Manufactured r956-6o.
Variants: Mk. r-The initial variant of the Argus,
designated CP-ro7 by the R.C.A.F., featured a larger
radome than the definitive Mk. z, together
with diflering disposition of navigational and com-
munications radio, and tactical electronic equipment.
Mk. a-Definitive production version with improved
Patrol, ASI; & Recce Airct"aft 777 Patroa, ,4SIV & Rccce Aircraft
the alternate component every hour. It serves with
'Wl#,7 No. 849 Squadron which provides A.E.W. flights for
R.N. carriers.
Dimensions: Span,54 ft.6 in.; length,44 ft. o in.;
:;;*xmffiw, height, r6 ft. ro in.; rving area, 49o sq. ft. Photograph:
A Gannet A.E.W. Mk. 3 of " A " Flight of the Iloyal
Navy's No. 849 Squadron.


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Shipbo^rd Early Warning Aircraft.
Power Plant: One Bristol Siddeley Mamba roz double
turboprop of 3,875 e.h.p.
Estimated Performanee: M. speed, z5o m.p.h. at 5,ooo
ft.; endurance, 5-6 hr. at r3o-r4o m.p.h.; s. ceil.,
z.5,ooo ft.
Weights: Approx. loaded, zr,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of three comprising pilot and
two radar observers. Antenna for high-resolution
radar housed by ventral radome.
Operalors; R.N.
First Fl.ights: (Aerodynamic prototype) Aug. zo, 1958;
(rst production) Dec. z, r958.
Production History: Gannett A.E.W. Mk. 3 (38).
Manufactured 1958-6r.
Variants: Retaining hardly more than the wing of the
shipboard anti-submarine warfare Gannet, now with-
drawn from operational service, the Gannet A.E.W
Mk. 3 features an cntirely redesigned fuselage, and is
intcnded to loiter at maximum endurance speeds on
the defensive periphcry of the Fleet. The A.E.W.
Mk. 3 normally cruises on only one of the two com-
poncnts of its porver plant, each of these components
being entircly independent, porver bcing changed to
Patrol, ASIV & Beece Aircraft 719 Patrol, ASIV & Recce Airealt
Was used from 1966 to monitor and control all U.S.
Navy air strikes over North Vietnam, one E-zA being
capable of controlling 5o-roo aircraft simultancously,
vectoring the flight leaders to their assigned targets,
and also monitoring enemy interceptor flights.
Dimensions: Span, 8o ft. 7 in.; length, 56 ft. 4 in.;
height, 16 ft. 5 in.; wing area, 7oo sq. ft. Photograph:
An E-aA Hawkeye (Bu. No. r487r r) of the U.S. Naval
Air Test Centre.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
?ype; Shipboard Early Waming Aircraft.
Power Plants: Two Allison T56-A-8 turboprops of
4,o5o e.s.h.p.
PerJormance: M. spced, 397 m.p.h. at s.l.; average
cr., 3r5 m.p.h. at z7,ooo ft.; patrol speed, z5o-z8o
m.p.h. at 3o,ooo ft.; m. endurance on station, 7 hr.;
in. cl., 4,zoo ft./min.
Weights: Empty, :7,qSo lb.; loaded, 49,o79 Lb.
Accomnodation.' Crew of fivc on flight deck and in
ATDS (Airborne Tactical I)ata System) compartment.
E-zA is focal point of ATDS which is tied to the basic
U.S. Navy NTDS (Navy Tactical Data System) by
high frcquency codcd transmission and reception links.
The z4-ft. rotodome of the initial service model houses
thc AN/APA-r43 antenna and rotates at 6 r.p.m.
scanning speed. This is tied to AN/APS-96 radar.
Has bccn tcsted rvith larger AN/APA-I64 rotodome
antenna and AN/APS-r r r radar to reduce ground clut-
ter and ease the distinguishing of approaching aircraft.
Operators: U.S. Navy.
First Flights: (Acrodynamic prototype) Oct. zr, 196o;
(prototype with AN/APS-96) April zg, ry6t; (proto-
type with AN/APS-rrr) Aug. r7, 1965.
Production History : Manufactured tg6r-7. Deliveries
commenced January tg, ry64.
Variants: E-zA-Currcnt model entered service in
1964, Operates in teams circling naval task forces.
Patrol, /,SII7 c0. Recce Air"craft 727 Patrolr 4SIY & Recce Aira'aft
The r,r5o e.s.h.p. T53-L-r5 is availablc as an altcr-
native to the -7 in all versions.
Dimensions: Span,4z ft. o in.; length,4r ft. o in.;
height, rz ft. 8 in.; wing area, 3to sq. ft. Photograph:
An OV-rA (foreground) and an OV-rB N4lohawk of the
U.S. Army. The OV-IA is illustrated below.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type.' Two-seat observation and reconnaissance air-
Power Plants: Two LycominS Tfi-L-7 turboprops of
r,5oo e.s.h.p.
Performance: (OV-rA) M. speed, 3o8 m.p.h. at 5,ooo
ft.; m. cruise, 3o4 m.p.h,; econ. cruise, z5r m.p.h.;
m. range (with tr,vo r5o U.S. gal. auxiliary tanks),
r,4ro mls.;in. cl.,2,95o ft./min.;s. ceil.,3o,ooo ft.
WeiSlhts: (OV-IA) Empty, g,%7 1b.; loaded, n,672
lb.;max., r5,o3r lb.
Armament: The OV-r normally carries no armament
but strong points are provided for a total of six storcs
stations for up to 4,ooo lb. of ordnance.
Opcrators: U.S. Army.
First Flights: (YOV-rA) April r4, r959.
Production flistory: Total production all vcrsions
Fiscal yeats fu-66 (268), including YOV-IA (S), OV-
rll (65), and OV-IC (z+). Additional orders for
OV-IB and -rC for Fiscal 67 (3o), and production
(of approx. 7o more) currently programmed through
Variants: OV-rA-Basic version of Mohawk with
KA-3o camera slrstem. OV-rB-Equipped with
APS-q+ SLAR (Side-looking radar) in under-fuse-
lage container. OV-rC-Equipped rvith UAS-4 infra-
red survcillancc equipment, Thc equipment areas of
all three vcrsions of this frontline observation and
reconnaissancc aircraft arc so alrangcd that equipment
common to all models has a common Iocation, thus
pcrmitting one version to be convcrted to another.
Potrol,.,l,Sltr d. R<'<:ce Airuafl 7 2:t /Datrol,.,l,SII' di Recce Aircrofl
but rvith Jezcbcl-Julie equipment. Has norv almost
completely supplantcd earlier versions of the 'fraclier
in the U.S. Navy's r8 shipboard anti-submirrine rv:rr-
fare fixed-u'ing squadrons. CSzF-z-Canadian-built
S-zA (CSzF-r) with up-dated cquipmcnt. CSzF--r
supplied to Braz. A.F. and R. Neth. N.A.S.
Dimensions: (S-zA with -zD in parenthcscs) Span. 69
(Zz)ft. 8 (7) in.; length, 42 ($) ft. o (6) in.; height,
ft Q7) ft. :l (6) in.; rving arca,48.5 (+99) sq. ft.
Photograph: A CSzF-z (r598) of thc II.C.N.
Country o/ Orrgir: U.S.A.
?ype.' Four-seat Shipboard or Land-based Anti-
submarinc Warfarc -\ircraft.
Power Plants: T*'o Wright R-rSzo-SzWA radials of
r,525 h.p.
Performance: (S-zD) NI. speed, z8o m.p.h. at s.l.; cr.
speed, r66 m.p.h. at .5,ooo ft.; pirtrol specd, r5o m.p.h.
at r,5oo ft.; m. range, r,352 nrls.; cndurancc (ro')d
reserves),9 hr.; s. ceil., zz,ooo ft.
Weights: Iimpty, r8,3r-5 lb.; r-nax. loaded, z6;47 lb.
Armamcnt: 'frr'o homing torpedoes, tu'o Mk. ror
depth bombs, or four 38.5-1b. depth charges internally,
and six -5-in. IIVAI{s, z5o-lb. bombs or Zuni rockets.
Operators: (S-zA) U.S.N., IL.C.N., Ilraz.A.F., R.
Neth. N.A.S., Arg. Navy, Ital. Navl', J.M.S.D.I,-.,
R.A.N.; (T'S-zA, US-zC, S-zD & D) U.S.N.
I"irst 7'lights: (XSzF-r) Dec.4, rgsz; (S-zD) May zr,
r 9-5 9.
Production Ilistory : S-zA (approx. 5oo); CSzF-r (roo);
S-zC (6o). Production zrll versions exceeded 95o by
beginning of 1967, including roo manufzrcturcd undcr
licenco in Ctrnada as CSzIi-r, and was schcduled to
continuc trt least through Fiscal r967.
Variants: TS-zA-ASW training variant. S-zB-
S-zA modihed to carrv Jezehcl acoustic scarch and
Julie localisation cquipr-nent. S-zC-Sixty built.
Mostly converted as LIS-zC utility aircraft. Asym-
metric cxtcnsion on portsiclc. S-zD-Increased dimen- S2A
sions, fuel and updated cquipmcnt. S-zE-As -zD
Plltrolt asw & nrcc:_lit:tft 725 Patrol' ASIV & Ilecce Aircraft
tured 1945-62. Licence manufacture by Karvasaki
Variants : P-zF-Equipped for mine-laying. SP-zH-
Definitive modified version of P-zH. P-zJ-Developed
version with T64 turboprops evolved by Karvasaki, and
to be delivered to J.M.S.D.F. from August r969.
I)imensions: Span (over tip tanks) ro3 ft. ro in.; length,
gr ft. 8 in.; height, z9 ft. 4 in.; wing area, r,ooo sq. ft.
Photograph: P-zH (Bu. No. 14643r) of A6ronavale.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: Maitirne Reconnaissance and Patrol Bomber.
Power Plants: Two Wright R-335o-3zW radials of
3,5oo h.p. and two Wcstinghouse J:+-WE-:6 turbojets
of 3,4oo lb.s.t.
Performance: M. speed, 356 m.p.h. at ro,ooo ft.,
(piston engines only), 3o5 m.p.h. at 8,5oo ft., z6z
m.p.h. at s.l.; m. end. patrol speed, r73-zo7 m.p.h. at
r,ooo ft.; nor, range, z,zoo mls.; m. range, 3,685 mls.
Weights: Empty, 49,935 lb.; m. loadcd, 79,895 lb.
Armament: (Internal) Two 2,r65-lb. torpedoes, two
z,ooo-lb. mines, eight r,ooo-lb. mines or bombs, or
twelve 325-lb. depth chargcs and two Nord AS.rz
Accommodation.' Crew of seven comprising pilot, co-
pilot, navigator-bombardier, radar/MAD-operator'
radio-operator, sonobuoy-operator, and ordnanceman.
The SP-zE and SP-zH have provision for Julie active
explosive echo-sounding and complementary Jezcbel
passive detector system.
Operators: (P-zE) R.A.A.F., Port.A.F., Arg. Navy,
Biaz. A.F., U.S.N.; (P-zF) A6ronavale; (P-zH)
R.C.A.F., R.A.A.F., Adronavale, R. Neth. N.A.S.'
J.M.S.D.F., U.S.N.
First Flights: (XPzV-r) May 17, 194-5; (XPzV-z)
Jan.7, rgqT; GzV-S) Aug. 6, rq+S; (PzV-+) Nov. r4,
rq+q; (P-zE) Dec. zg, r95o; (P-zF) Oct. t6, rg5z;
(YP-zH) April 26, rqS+; (P-zJ) July zr, r966.
Production llistory: XPzV-r (z); I'zY-t (r-5); PzV-z
(8r); PzV-: (83); PzV-a Gz); P-zE (+z+); P-zF (8:);
P-zH (359); Kawasaki-built P-zH (aB). Manufac-
Platral, rtSII/ & R,ecce. Ai ruaft 727 Patrol, ASIV & Ileece Aircraft
beginning of 1967.
st: Variants:P3A-With the rroth P-3A a new standard
of equipmcnt known as the Deltic installation was
introduied. The r34th P-3A introduced an auxiliary
gas turbine power unit. P-38-T56-A-14 turboprop
as standard. P-3C-More advanced avionics. YP-3C
under test in 1966.
Dimensions: Span, 99 ft. 8 in.; length, 116 ft. ro in.;
height, 33 ft. 8 in.; wing area, r'3oo sq. ft. -Photo-
LOCKHEED P-3 ORION graph: AP4A Orion (Bu. No. 15o6o8) of U.S. Narry
Patrol Squadron 19 (VP-rg).
Country oJ Origin: U.S.A.
Type : Long-tange Maritime Reconnaissancc Aircraft.
P-ower Planls: (P-3A) Four Allison T56-A-roW turbo-
props of 4,o5o c.s.h.p. (4,5oo e.s.h.p. rvet) or (P-3B)
Ts6-4-r+ turboprops of 4,9ro e.s.h.p.
Pirformance: (Figuies in parentheses relate to P-3B)
M.-speed at roo,ooo (ro5,ooo) lb., 44o (476) m.p.h. at
zo,ooo (r5,ooo) ft.; econ. cr., 4o3 (:97) m.p.h., at
zo,ooo (zt,ooo) ft.; m. mission radius' (2,.533) mls';
in. cl. at rzT,Soo lb., z,o8o ft./min.; s. ceil', z7,ooo
(z8,3oo) ft.
We;ghti: Empty, 6o,ooo 1b.; max. normal -loaded,
rz7:Soo (rz7,zoo) lb.; max. overload, r34,ooo lb. -
Aim-ament: Max. external stores comprise ten Mk. 44
torpedoes or six z,ooo-lb. mines, eight r,ooo-lb. mi!es,
or ien 5oo-lb. mincs. (Internal) Two Mk, ror nuclcar
depth bombs and four Mk. ++ torpedoes or three
r,ooo-lb. mines.
Accommodation.' Crerv of ten comprising pilot, co-
pilot, radio-operator, flight engineer, navigator, tac-
iical- co-ordinator, sonobuoy operator, Julie/ECM
operator, radar /MAD /trail detector operator, and
Operators: U.S.N.; (P-3B) R.N.Z'A.F.,
*On order.
First Flights: (YP-:A) Nov. 25, r959; (pre-production
P-3A) April i5, i96r; (rst P-3A with T56-A-r4s)
Oct. zo, r965.
Production liislory.' Orders at beginning of r967 totalled
zz< and compriscd zro for U.S.N., ro for R'A.A.F.,
uni fiu" for n.N.Z.A.F. Approx. r8o delivered by i

Patrol, ASIV & Recce Aircroft I
I 729 l'att'o! , ' l,9ll/ rt' R<'<'ct' 'liraroft
extension of llap surfaccs, modillcd boundary la1'cr
control, and increased internal fuel c:rpacity. Hurnpcd
fuselage contolrrs. A1i convertcd to RA-.5C standarcls
prior to dclivery. RA-5C-Emb<;dving similar rnodi-
fications to those of A-5I3 but essentially a reconnais-
sancc aircr:rft rvith sccondar-v attack capability. Side-
looking aircraft radar housed in long ventral fairing.
NORTH AMERICAN A-5 VIGILANTE I)imensions: Span, -53 ft. o in.;length,73 ft.212 in.;
height, 19 ft. 4:l in.; rving area (A-SA), 7oo sq. ft.
Country of Origin: IJ.S.A. Photograph: RA-5C of U.S. Navy Squadron I{VAH-5.
Type: T\\ro-se^t Shipboard Reconnaissance and Attack
Powey Plants: Trvo General Electric J79-GE-8 turbo-
jets of ro,9oo lb.s.t. and r7,ooo lb. with'reheat.
Performane^e: (Specification applies to RA-5C) M.
spee.d, r,385. m.p.h. at_ 4o,ooo ft., 685 m.p.h. ai s.l.;
m. low-level cruisc,633 m.p.h.; range-cruise, s6o
m.p.h. at 4o,ooo_ft._; tac. rad., r,ooo mls.; m. ,nn-g.,
2,995 mls.; s. ceil., 64,ooo ft.
Weights.: Nor. loaded, 6r,73o lb.; max. overload,
74,ooo lb.
Armament: (A-5A) Nuctear or conventional store in
linear bay and two r,ooo-lb. or z,ooo-lb. bombs or
Bullpup ASMs on underwing pylons; (RA-SC) Up
to four r,ooo-lb. or z,ooo-lb. bombs br ASMs on
undervring pylons.
Operators: U.S.N.
First FLights: (Y$-sA) Aug._3r, r958; (A-58) April 29,
r96z; (RA-.5C) Junc ao, r962.
Produetion History: YA-5A (z); A-5A* (55). A-.sA
manufactured r959-63 and RA-5C manufactur-ed
1963-6. *Initial batch of trventy-seven converted as
RA.-5.Cs 1965-66. All remaining A-5As progressively
withdras.n from service and biought t6 ne-5C
standards. "p
Variants: A-5A-Initial production model of Vicilante
intended primarily for attack role, stores being e'iected
rearward from a lincar \\'eapons bay, or tunnefrunning
lengthwiqe in aft fuselage betrveen engines. Was
deployed opcrationally in August rq6z. A--SB-In-
tcnded primarily for attack role. Changcs includeci
AOI? Airo,aft 7:t7 ,.11)l'.lin,xtll
fuselage and tail surfaccs, self-se:rline fuel turrlis, llrrli
curtains and seat armour. TO-rD-Dual-corrtr.ol
version lvith more comprehcnsive irlstrumcntiltir)l).
O-rE-Essentially similar to O-rA r.vith r-ninor. irn-
provements. O-rF-Modilication of O-r.\ ri,ith
changes dictated by operations in Vietnam. Corr-
verslorl programme continuing r967.
Dimensions: Span, 36 ft. o in.;length,25 ft. ro in.;
height, 7 ft. 4 in.; wing arca, r7,+ sq. ft. Photogral>lt:
L-rgE Bird Dog (L.rz) of Span. A.F. This t-vpe is
operated by Escuadrilla 4oz fror. Torrejon (Madrid).
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
?ype-' Trvo-seat Air Observation Post, Liaison and (t
(O-rD) Instrument Training Aircraft. I ,/'
Pozper Plant: One Continental O-47o-r or (O-rE & F)
-rr " flat-six " engine of zr3 h.p.
Performance: (Specification refers to O-rE) M. speed,
r15 m.p.h.;nor. cr., ro4 mp.h. at 5,ooo ft.; range,
5, , in. cl., r,r5o ft.
/min., s. ceil., rtl,5oo ft. -
\eights: Empty, r,614 lb., loaded, z,q3o lb-.
Operators: Aus. A.F.; Braz. A.F.; C:Lmb. A.F.; Can.
4.fy, 9Ul. A.F.; Fr. Army ; It. Army; J.G.S.D.F.;
B.O.KrAf.;_LaosA.F.; R. No. A.F.; Pak.A.F.;
ppql.4,F.; ThaiA.F.; U.S. Army; U.S.A.F.; U.S.
M.C.; Viet A.F.
First FLights: (Model 3o5A) Jan. rgso; (O-rA) Nov.
r_95o; (XL-r98) Nov. z, r95z; (XL-r9C) Sept. r', r9.53.
Production History: O-rA* (z,Ss+); O-rB i6c); O-iC
(zs) :'lo-rD (:oi) ; o-rE* (asii Mlnrf"ctur..'d r9-5o -
59 and 196z-3. *One O-rA converted as XL-I9B'and
trvo as XL-rgC r95z-4. Later reconvertcd. Approx.
roo additionrl O- r Es manufacture d in Jrrpan bv Fuii.
Variants: O-rA-lnitial and principal production ver-
sion. O-rB-Identical to O-rA for U.S.M.C.
XL-r9B-O-rAfitted with zro h.p. Boeing XT5o-BO-r
(5oz-8) turboprop. XL-rgC-Two O-rAi witi Turbo-
mdca Artouste turboprops and increased fuel capacity.
O-rC-Extensively redesigned version for U.S.M.C.
with 265 h.p. Continental O-47o-z enginc, redesigned
AOP zlircraft 7:jR A()I' Aitcruft
r<o h.p. Ticre G-IVB engine' Do z7A-r-Loaded
rJcisht' of 3,a6r lb. Do z7A3-Loaded rveight in-
creased tol,85tt lb. Do z7A-4-No ventritl doors'
Loaded rv.ighr"of 4,o78 lb. Do z7B-r-D.ual controls'
Do z7$-z 3.+o h.p. GSO--18o-BrRQ e1.ei1e. Do z7.Q
Commcrcial versions (see page t56 Ltrtl volume')
Dimensions: Span, 39 ft. a] in.: length, 3r ft 6 in-';
heisht, r) ft. z in.; winq arer, zo8'8 sq. ll. Plrclografh:
C.tz7 (Do 27A-r) of Sprrnish Air Force.

Country of Origin: Federai Germany.
Type: Arr Observation Post and Light Utilitl' Aircraft.
Power Plant: One Lycoming GO-48o-BrA6 "flat-
six " engine of z7oh.p.
Performance: M. speed, r4r m.p.h. at 3,28o ft.; cr"
(75o/e power), r3o m.p.h.; econ. cr. (65o/o power), ro9
m.p.h.; m. range, 685 mls.; in. cl., 65o ft./min.;
s. ceil., ro,8z5 ft.
Weights: Empty, 2365 lb.; loaded, 4,o7B lb.
Accommodation.' Tlvo seats side-by-side in cochpit
and provision for four to six seats aft.
Operators : Belg. Army; Con. A.F. ; Luft. ; Kriegs-
marine ; Fe d. G. Army; Nig. A.F. ; Port. A.F. ;
S.A.A.F.; Span. A.F.; Srved. Army; Swiss A.F.;
Turk- A.F.
First Flil4hts: (Do z5 Pr) June 25, 1954; (Do z7 Pr)
June 27, 1955; (Do 27A) Oct. q, 19561- (CASA C.rzZ)
Dec. r, r959.
Production History: Do z5 Q); Do z7 prototypes (3);
Do z7A-r* (r95); Do 27A13* (ZS); Do 27A-4 Gz);
Do 27ts-r (88); Do zZB-: (r8); Do z7H-r (r); Do
2jH-2 (t2);Do z7Q-t (r.s); Do zTQt G); Do z7Q-4*
(:+); Do 27Q-S Og); Do z7S (r). Manufactured
1956-6-5. *Fifty additional Do z7A-rs by CASA in
Spain as C.rz7s. Fifty Do z7A-3s modified to A-.1
standards as Do z7A-5s. Trvo Do z7Q-4s modified
as Do z7Q-6s.
Variants: Do z5-Original model built in Spain with
AOP Airat'oft 735 A()P Aireafl
LIAOP-27, rvere rnadc in 1965, the Auster A.O.p.
N'Ik. 9 being withdrawn in the follorving ycar. Stressccl
to a limiting load factor of 3.8 g, the HAOp-27 cr)rDlo\ s
an essentially similar structurc to thut of thrl tn.o-sert
Pushpak, u'ith fabr:ic-covcred metal rvings and a rvclded
stccl-tubc fuselage also covered b1' fabric. production
orclers^rcportedly placed in r966 irc expectcd to carrv
nrrnufacrure into 1968.
Dinensions-: Spq", :7 ft. 6 in.; Icnqth, 27 lt.. 7 in.;
hcrqhl, rotl. gj rn.; rving area, 2oo sq. ft. Photoyroph:
An _carh production HAOP-27 Krishak (llRa6ai ot
the Indian Air' !-orce.
Country oJ Origin: India
ll\e: Aft Observation Post and Light Utility Aircraft.
Pozaer Pl.ant: One Continental O-47o-J .-,flat-six',
enginc of 2zSh.p.
Petfornnnce: M. speed, r3o m.p.h. at s.1., rr6 m.p.h.
at 5,ooo.ft.;m. cruise (75o/s power) rro m.p.h.;econ.
cruise (65!( powcr), roz m.p.h.;in. cl.9oo ft./min.;
s. ceil., rg,5oo ft.;.m. r:rnge, zg3 mls.
Weights: Empty, r,g7o lb.; loaded, z,8oo lb.
Accornntodation: Two individual seats rvith optional
su'ivclling seat for third crcw member. Dual cbntrols
are standard and cabin arrangeci to accommod:rte a
c:rsualty stretcher for air ambulzrncc duties.
Operators: l.A.F.
First Flights: (rst prototype) Nov. r959; (prototypc of
A.O.P. version) r965.
Production Ilistory: Prototypes (z); FIAOP-27 (3o*).
*Initial production order placed tn 1964 aeainst which
dcliveries commenced r965. Additional order re-
ported in r966, rvith deliveries into r967-8.
Varinnts : Krishak was originally evoived as a four-seat
rnulti-purposc developmcnt of the trvo-seat HIJL-26
Pushpak, and intended primarily as a touring aircraft.
Development of an air observation post, li;ison and
ambulance variant of the bzrsic design rvas initiated in meet a joint Indian Air Force-Indian Army
requirement for a successor to the Auster A.O.P. N{k.
9, and initial deliveries of this model, designated
Trqincrs 7:)7 q't'.tiners
''\,;:' AIIRN4ACCIII NII} 326
.@& Protot,vp_e onll' at timc of closing for press. MB.3z6M
t!&" Impala.
. Sffr -Atlas
Dirnensions:- Spgn, 3z ft. roI in.; length, 3.5 ft. o in
hcight, : r ft. 7.L in. ; rving area, zo4..5i.sq. Ti. pttrrto-
graph: At NlB.3z6li of rhe Ghurra Air Force.

Country of Origin: ltaly.
Type: Tandern 'fwo-seat Basic Trainer and (MB.3z68,
3z6F &:z6G) Light Attack Aircraft
Power Plant: One Bristol Siddeley Viper zz-r turbo-
je,t of z,-5oo lb.s.t., or (MIl.3z6G) Viper zo Mk.
of 3,.1ro lb.s.t.
Performance: (Spec. is applicable to all Viper zz-r vet-
sions in clean condition) M. speed, 5or m.p.h. at 2o,ooo
tt.; range,69o mls. at 3o,ooo ft. at 3r6 m.p.h.;in. cl.,
4,5oo ft./min.; time to zo,ooo ft., 6 min.; s. ceil., \
44,ooo ft. (MB.3z6B with four z6o-lb. bombs, two
o'5-in. gun pods and large wingtip tanks) M. speed, \
39r m.p.h.; r^nge, 967 mls.; in. cl., z,3oo ft./min.
IVeighx : Empty, 4,g3o lb. ; loaded (MB. :26) 7 ,;'47 lb., \
(N'IB.3z6B) 9,48o lb., (MB.3z6G) ro,ooo lb. - '
Armament: (NIB.3z6B & F) Trvo o'5-in. gun pods and
four MATRA rz5 launchers cach witti sir z'75-in.
r_ockets, four z6o-lb. bombs or twelve 5-in. HVARs.
O. ;;_eratoru (MB.3z6) Ital.A.F.; (MB.3i6B) Tun.A.F.;
(MB.:z6F) Ghan. A.F.; (MB.3z6H) R.A.A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototypo) Dec. ro, r957; (rst pro-
duction MB.3z6) Oct. 5, r96o.
Pr,oduction History: Prototl'pes (z); MB.3z6 (roo);
MB.3z68 (8); MB.3z6D (a); MB.3z6F(7).
Licence manuthcture (MB.3z6H) being undertaken in
Australia with initial order for 75 aircraft of which 3oth
and subsequent of indigenous manufacture, and in MB.326B
South Africa where up to 3oo are to be built as the
Atlas Impala.
Variants: MB.3z6D-Alitalia version for pilot train-
it-tg. MB.3z6G -More pox'erful light attack model.
t:t9 'l'ruiners
and armed version for Saudi Arabia.
Dinensions: Span, 3-5 ft.,1 in. (over tip tanks), 36 ft.
rr in.; length ('1. NIks. 3 & +) 32 ft. 5 in., (T. N{k. 5),
n ft. 7L in.; height, to ft. z in.; rving area, 2r3'7 sq.
ft. Photoerapft.' Jet provost T. N'Ik. 3 (XN'I378).

Countrv of Oripin: United Kingdom'
7v4", Sid"-ttylsid. Two-seat Basic Trainer'
bi'{r"rVt"7t nt;ttot Siddelev Vipcr (T' Nlks^' 3 &
.,) ,oz turboiet'"o."of r,7.5o lb.s.t.,-(T. Mks' 4. 5 *. S'l
Vio", turboiet of z,5oo lb.s't., or (B'\C t67) vtpcr
zo-F.zo "o,turboict of l,4ro lb.s.t '
i',r"r*",rr".,-isoecidcation relates to T' Mk' 4, figurcs
i;'';;;;ii;;":-ielating to T. Mk. 5) M' speed, 3eo
?;;;;.;.h. ;i ..t., ;i; (.14o) m'p'h' it zo'ooo (25'ooo)
i;.,?;;I; ;;; (qoo)'mI..'dt 3o,ooo (35'ooo) ft'; in' cl''
3,4oo (3,5-so) ft. /min.,-
iiullcl,)ii"b"!i",.1,658 lb.r loaded., (7'6ze) lb';
ma*.. ?.?oo ,(8,s2+) lh.; max' ovcrload' (9'2oo)guns
)i,i),i,'"),.: l{ii... s i & 5z) Two o'3ca-in' and
various undcrrving loads such as stx oo-lb or twclve
zi-ib. ,o"L"t. trvo roo-lb. or- eight 2.5-lb' bombs'
Iti,rc 16zl ]laximum of 3,roo lh of ordnan-ce'
6;;;,';l;iT.-\ai*. a &"+) R.A.F.: (T. Mk. 5r.) R.
il.' ,q.F., 'Sua. A'F., Kuw. A.l"'; (T' Mk' 5z).lraqt
i:i'..' ;;;.A.i.' V*nez.A'F' I (BAC r67) R Saud.A'F'
'i;,''i l:iii',iitr. Mr.. r) Junc' 26, rs51;1'l' Mk z)
h"or. t,'is-ssl'('l' Mk :) lune zz, 1958-, ^^, 2.(4);
iriirri;ii'h'i'i'v, r."ivit. r (io);-T' -Mk'
r.'nii..'.'rr..l, f. ut. 4 (zoo(T. ); T,. Mk' 5t (zz);
l. nif.. iz (lql. Manufrctured 3) I958-b2'
rl.'Mil. il ;dti. -i' ir. Mk s & BAC 16z) from rq67'
'ior;i,','i'is{C t4; T' Mk' 4'
-T Mk."5 derivative.oF
with underrving hard
ifiC';6;fT. Niii. + f,r."luec166-T' Mk' 4tirframe
i"i"',. "ia vip"l-irt. BAC series engine' BAC 167
i"i """r""ii."'*irn Vip". 5oo {

Troint,r's 'l'r'einer"s
vcrsion (Nlodcl A4-5) served r954-6o. Tl'cr.rt1-four'
C.C.F.-built A4.5s supplied'lurke-v.
T-348-U.S. Navy version of A4-5. Some disposcd of
rrs surplus, of rvhich approximately 2oo arc activc on
the U.S. Civil Rcgister. 845 Export modcl ibr
Argcntin:r (9o), Chile (66), Columbia (4r), N{exico (4),
Ill Salvador (3), and Venezucla (4r).
Dimensions: Span, 3z ft. 9f in.;lcngth, 25 ft. rr1 in.;
height, 9 ft. 7 in.; n'ing area, 177'6 sq. lt. Plrctograph:
Nlentor of Spanish Academia General del Aire.

Country of arigin: U.S.A.
Type: Trnder,l T'wo-seat Primary Trainer.
Power Plant: Onc Continental O-47o-r3A " flat-six "
engine of zz5 h.p.
Performance: M. speed, r89 m.p.h. at s.1., r85 m.p.h.
at 7,5oo ft.; m. cr., r73 m.p.h. at ro,ooo fi.; e-on.
cr., r7o m.p.h. at 7,\oo ft.; range (at 6o,/o powcr),
74o mls. at 7,Soo ft.; in. cl., r,z3o ft./min.; s. ceil.,
zo,ooo ft.: linrc to 5,ooo ft.. 4.g min.
Weights: Empty, zSTo lb.lloadcd, z,goo lb.
Op-erators: Ars. A.F'., Chil. A.l-., Col. A.F'., J.A.S.D.F.,
J.G.S:D.F., NIex. Navy, Phil. A.F., Sal. A.F., Span.
A.F., Turk. A.F., R. Saud. A.F., U.S.N., Venez. A.F.
F'irst Flights: (Model 45) Dec. z, tg+8; (YT-34) May
r 95c).
Production History: Model 45 (:); YT-:+ (:); T-:+A
(3o6*); T-34B (423); Models A45 & 845 (5ro*).
*Total includes fifty-six T-34As manufaciured by
Canadian Car & Foundry. Total for A45 and B45
Mentors includcs twenty-four C.C.F.-built A45s,
Iifty ts45s assembled and tz6 manufactured undlr
licence by Fuji in Japan, and ninety asscmbled in
Argentina. Manufactured by parent company tgs3-7,
by Fuji r954-60, and asscmbled in Argentina tgs6-62.
Variants: Model 45-Primary trainer derivative of the
Ilonanzzr (see page 186 of Ciztil volumc), cmplof ing
similar rvings and unclercarriage. T-34A-U.S..\.F.
a-ruincrs 112 '1\r'aincrs
rvith dclivcries scheduled to commencc nrid-19(r7.
\\'ili perlorm br,tlr 6r. training and coultt.r-ilsur-
!r( nc) "
_tasks in .NIalaysian serr icc. CL-4rR-Dxpcri-
rrrcntal s-ystcms trainer rvith provision for,lnn
s1'stem in " needlc " nose. No production undertaken.
l)inrcnsions: Spa,n, 36. ft. 5f in.; length, 3z ft. o in.;
\-.. llgignf,q ft.4j in.;rving area, zzo sq. ft.' Thotograph:
't..t.rlr*rfr produc.tion C^L-4rA (CT-r ra) Tutor (z6ojo)
ol' R.C..\. F'. Training Command.


Country of Origin: Canada.
?1,pe.' Side-bv-side Two-seat Basic Trainer and
(CL-arG) Light Tactical Aircraft.
Pouer Plant: One Orenda J8S-CAN-+o (CJ6ro-rB)
turbojot of z,6y lb.s.t., or (CL-arG) General Electric
J85-J4 turbojet of 2,95o ib.s.t.
Performance: (Specilication relates to CL-4rA with
figures in parenthcscs applying to the CL-4rG) M.
speed, 486 (47o) m.p.h. 27,Soo (z8,5oo) ft.; nor.
range, 944 mls., (rvith six ^t5o U.S. gal. tanks, r,34o
mls.); in. cl., 4,zzo ft./min.; s. ceil., 43,ooo (4z,zoo) ft.
trVeights: Empty, a,87o (5,296) lb.; loaded, 7,397
(2,288) lb.; max. loadcd, (rr,ooo) 1b.
Armament: (CL-arG) Up to 3,5oo lb. of ordnance on
six external pylons, a typical load comprising two
o'3-in. six-barrcl Minigun pods, two 75o-1b. Napalm
tanks and two z5o-lb. bombs.
Operators: (CL-arA) R.C.A.F.; (CL-4IG) R. Mal.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Jan. r3, r96o; (CL-4IA)
Oct. 1963; (CL-arG) June 1964; (CL-arR) July r3,
Production History: Prototypes* (z); CI--4rA (r9o);
CL-4rG (zo). Manufactured r963 67. *Second pro-
totype completed as CL-4IR and r5th production
CL-4rA modified as CL-4rG prototype.
Variants : CT-rr4-R.C.A.F. designation for standard
CL-4IA basic trainer. Cl-4rG-Tactical version
rvith oversize tyres, crew protection and reflector
sight. Initial order placed by Malal'sia for zo aircraft
145 Traincrs
Variants: T-37A-Initial model with 9zo lb.s't. J69-
'l-9 engines. T-37B-Uprated engines and new Otnni
and UHF equipmcnt. Forty-six oldcrcd for Luft-
rvaffe use in U.S.A. Other deliveries to Pakistan (r2),
Greece (zo), Peru (r5), Thailand (B), and Turkey.
T-37C-Similar to 'f-37B but possessing wcapons
capability. A-37D-Counter-insurgency model. .

CESSNA T-37 Dimensions: Spu.t, :: ft. rr] in.; length, zg ft. 3] in.;
height, 9 ft. z] in. ; arca, r 83'9 sq. ft. Photograph:
Country oJ Orilrin: IJ.S.A. A T-378 of Pakistan Air Force College at Risalpur'
?ype; Side-bv-Side 'fwo-scat Basic Traincr, (T_:ZC)
Lisht Attack and (AT-37D) C.;;r.,.:i;;;;gl.l"viir_
Power Plants: Two Continental J69_T_zs turboiets
r,oz5 lb.s.t., or (A't'-.rzD) Geneiat Ati..tii" jSst"
turbojets of z,+oo lb.s.i.'
Perform.anrc:.(Spccification rclares to T_378 but is
generally to T-37C in clcan
speed, 4.26-applicable
m.p.h. at zo,oo6'ft.; nor. ".,ijiti."J'lt.
35,ooo lt.; .range, U7o mls. at 36o "r., m.p.h., qr) nrls. "t.
h:t,(T-37C ) wirh.two" 6.; U. S. s;,t.'i"insr ip
lj_1.33 l-
TanKS,, |
r,3^2+ nrts. ar 3o7 m.p.h.lin. cl.,3,37o fr./min.;
s. cerl., 38,7oo ft.
L(rights: Enrprr., 4.o56 lb.; nor. 6.crr lb.
Arnnmcnt : ( f-:ZC) provision for two " undcrwing
armament pods each contrining one o.5_in. or.. f_r,
2.75-in..rockets and eight 3_lb. prlcticc-bo;f,=: ir"n
bontbs, or fou.r Sidcrvindcr AANIs. (AT_37D) "',
jyt")]-r^ of +,7oo lb. (two cre w. memb(.rsi i,'Sss
t1. (one crew member) on cight rving pylons. ",
Uferators: (T-.lZB) U.S.A.F., R.H.A.F., Luft., pak.
A.F., Peru. A.F.. Th,i A.F.; Tu;k.
rust f viSr, A.F.,
t ttshts:_(X'l'_37)
port.A. ir
; iffi -;;'ni' vi;ai(i.
Oct.-rz, p54; (T:37A) Sept.27,
le5s.; (T-378) re5e; (YAT-37diO.i. ,Lorl"'-
'ii!!i''i,'\!;;3'{;}3,,'"!?_l#*.,!1'd, i,+l
37As brought T_378 stnndards ,95g .6o. Munu_
r{rc,tured ,e'ii Oz,
**lnitial quantity(!_:ze2
f_lie. r.,i i"'oti_iicl
196+-6.. of :b
ned to A-3711 standards and produciion begun -',-ja.-i_
Trainers I tl 'I'r'ttltttt'x
t i. S.A.F. students receive 3o hours basic itts( I ttt:l iott ott
'l'-4rA. T-4rB-Successor to 'fO-r llilcl l)og rtr
slrrndard U.S. Army primary trainer. Flighcr pt'r'lirlrrr-
rrrrcc than T-4rA and features constant-spcccl airsct t'tr',
Ireirvicr noscwheel, more comprehensivc c<ltnnrtttticit-
tions and navigation equipment and four inclivitlrrrrl
scirts. Can also fulfil instailation support rolcs.
I)inrcnsions: Span, 36 ft. z in.; length, z6 ft. rr in.;
lrcight, 8 ft. 9l-in.; wing area, r74 sq. ft. Photogruplt:
,\ Cessna T-4rB of the U.S. Army.

Country of Origin: U.S.A.
\rpe.' Side-by-side Two-seat Primary Trainer, and
(T-arB) Four-seat A.O.P. Trainer.
Power Plant: One Continental O-3oo-C " flat-six "
engine of r45 h.p.
Performance: (T-arB) M. speed, r53 m.p.h. ; m. cruise,
r48 m.p.h.; in. cl., 9ro ft./min.; s. ceil., r7,5oo ft.;
m. range, -5oo mls.
Weights: Empty, r,35o lb.; loaded, z,5oo lb.
Operators: (T-arA) U.S.A.F., Ecua. A.F., R. Saud.
A.F.; (T-4rB) U.S. Army.
Production History: T-4rA* (r7o); T-4rB (255).
T-4rA delivered to U.S.A.F. from September r964 to
July 1965, and T-4rB to U.S. Army from November
1966 to March 1967. *T-4rA production quantity
does not include eight for Ecuador and small (French-
built) quantity for Saudi Arabia.
Variants: T-4rA-Off-the-shelf trainer version of
commercial Model rTzF (See page zoo of Cez'rTvolume)
with simplified interior and military equipment.
'I'rain<'rs I l$ 7't'rrittcr'.s
rcntlv emplo,vs a Winjcel Vampit'c training sc(lucncc,
thc Winjeel serving at l\rint Cooli u'hcrc all l;lsic
llying training is undcrtaken.
l)imtnsions: Span, 38 ft. 7j in.; length, zli ft. ol in.;
hcight, 9 ft. r in.; rving area, 249 sc1. ft. Photograph:
'L'hc trvcnty-second procluction CA-25 Winjeel (A85-


Coun!ry o-[ Origin: Australia.
?ype; Side-by-side Two-seat Basic Trainer.
Power Plan.t: Onc Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-z Wasp
radial of 445 h.p.
Performancc: M. speed, r86 m.p.h.; m. cr., r65 m.p.h.
at 8,5oo ft.; nor. cr., r58 n-r.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.; cndur-
:rncc,5 hr.3o min.; in. cl., r,.5oo ft./min.; s. ceil.,
r.5,8oo ft.
W'eights: Empty, 3,289 lb.; loadcd, 4,265 lb.
Operators: R.A.A.F.
I.'irst Fligltts: (CA-zz) r95o; (CA-2.5) Feb. 23, r955.
Production History: CA-zz (z); CA-25 (62). N{anu-
factured r955-8.
Variants: CA-zz-This designation was applied to thc
prototypcs of the Winjeel (an aboriginal rvord meaning
Eaglc), the second of which rvas powered by the in-
digenous Commonwealth Cicada engine of 45o h.p.
rvhich, at onc timc, was to have been installed in the
thirty-first and subsequent production aircraft. This
proposal was abandoned, all production examples re-
ceiving the Wasp radial. CA-25-This designation
was applied to thc production version of the Winjeel
rvhich succeeded the Wirraway as standard R.A.A.F.
training cquipment. Normally flown as a two-scater,
although provision is made for a third scat, thc Winjeel
is scheduled to bc replaced in the R.A.A.F. training
sequencc by the Macchi MB.3z6H from r967, and is
expected to be retired in 1968-9. The R.A.A.F. cur-
Trainers 153 'I'rein<'r's
l)imensiorts: Span, 3,1 ft. 51, in.; lengrh ('l'rA), 39 f't.
q in., (TrB),39 ft. roft in.;height, r3 ft.4l in.; rvir.rg
irea, 238'95 si1. ft. Photograph: Thc thirty-six!! pro-
duction TrA (zS--S8+z) of the J.A.S.D.F. r3th 'lrain-
ing Wing, Ashiya.


FUJI TT €-.--
Country of Origin: Japan.
Type: Tandern Two-seat Basic Trainer.
Power Plant: One (TrA) Bristol Siddeley Orpheus
8o5o6 turbojet of 3,99o lb.s.t., or (TrB) Ishikawajima
J3-IFII-3 turbojet of 2,645 lb.s.t., or (TrC) J3-IHI-a
turbojet of 3,o86 lb.s.t.
Performance: (The specification relates to the TrA,
figures in parentheses referring to the TrB) M. speed,
576 (5r8) m.p.h. at zr,98o (r9,685) ft.; m. cr., +o3
(SS7) m.p.h.; range (clean), 652 mls.; in. c1., 6,66o
G,7z+) ft./min ; s. ceil., 47,244 $937o) ft.
Weights: Empty, 6,o78 (6,26r) lb.; loaded, 9,5o2
(q,628) lb., rvith two roo Imp. gal. tanks, rr,oo7 lb.
Arntament: (TrA) Provision for one o 5-in. gun, and
underrving ordnance loads may comprise trvo o.5-in.
gun pods, trvo Sidewinder AAMs, four 5-in. HVARs,
two M-3 packs of seven z'75-in. rockets, or two
z5o-1b., 5oo-1b., or 75o-lb. bombs.
Operators: J.A.S.D.F.
First Flights: (rst prototype) Jan. r9, r958; (rst proto-
type with J3 engine) May 17, 196o.
Production History: Prototypes (z); Prodn. prototypes
(4); TrA (ao); TrB (zo). TrA manufactured r959-62,
and TrB manufactured 196r-3.
Variants : TrA-Formerly Tr Fz and initial production
model of basic design. TrB-Formerly TrFr and
first variant with indigenous engine. TrC-One of the
two prototypes re-engined with J3-IHI-4 and proposed
for production by Fuji in 1965-6.
'/nr"rtht.ers 751 I :i:i 'I'reiners
loads to facilitate its use in the armament training and
counter-insurgency rolcs.
I)imensions: Span,'35 ft. r] in.; lcngth, 34 ft. 9-r, in.;
lrcight, rr ft. io! in.; wing area, 204'5 sq. ft. ._P-hoto-
urnihiTh" first prototype Kiran basic trainer (U327).


Country oJ Origin: lndra.
?ype j Side-by-side Two-seat Basic Trainer.
Power Plant: One Bristol Siddeley Viper A.S.V.rr
turbojet of z,-5oo lb.s.t., or (proposed production
model) HAL HJE-z5oo of z,5oo lb.s.t.
Performance: (Viper A.S.V.r r) M. speed, +72 m.p.h. at
s.1.,4S7 m.p.h. at 3o,ooo ft.; rangc cr., 23o m.p.h. at
zo,ooo ft.;m. range, 6oo mls., with trvo 50 Imp. gal.
tanks, 876 mls.; in. cl., 4,77+ ft./min.; time to 3o,ooo
ft., ro min.; s. ceil., 4z,oco ft.
Weights: Empty, 5,362 lb.; nor. loaded, 7,7e lb.;
max., 8,66o lb.
Operators: l.A.F.
F'irst Flights: (rst Prototype) Sept. 4, 1964.
Production History: Prototypes (z); pre-production
(24*); production (r5o). *Pre-production batch ex-
pected to be completed in ry67 with production ver-
sion possibly powered by indigenous engine following.
Variants: Prototypes and pre-production examples of
the I{iran are powered by the licence-built Viper tur-
bojet, but the principal model which is intended to
supplant the licence-built Vampire will have the HAL-
developed HJE-z5oo turbojet. The Kiran has been
designed by a tcam headed by Dr. V. M. Ghatage, is
fully pressurised and is equipped with side-by-side
zero-altitude fully-automatic Martin-Baker Mk. 4
eiection seats. It is anticipated that the production
I{iran will have provision for underwing ordnance
Trainets 157 I'rainets
Dimensions: Span, 47 ft. o in.; length,47 ft. 5 in.;
height, 16 ft.6 in.; wing area, 353 sq. ft. Photograplt:
The fifth production Dominie T. Mk. r (XS7r3).


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type : Advanced Navigational Trainer.
Power Plants: Two Bristol Siddeley Viper 3oo (5zo)
turbojets of 3,rzo lb.s.t.
Performance: M. cr. speed, 4g3 m.p.h. at 3o,ooo ft.;
range cr.,433 38,ooo ft.;m. end. cr.,38o
m.p.h. at 38,ooo ft.;end.,3 hr.44 min.; nnge, gz7
mls. at 472 rn.p.h. at 25,ooo ft., r,338 mls. at 433
m.p.h. at 38,ooo ft.; climb to 25,ooo ft., r3 min.
Weights : M. loaded, zt,2oo lb.
Accommodation.' (Normai training flight) One pilot, a
supernumary crew member, an instructor and two
students are carried. An alternative interior layout
permits an instructor and three students to be carried,
and proposed alternative military roles for the basic
aircraft include communications with two crew mem-
bers and six passengers, or ambulance accommodating
four stretchers, two sitting casualties and a medical
Operators : R.A.F, Training Command.
First Flights: (First production) Dec. 30, 1964.
Production History: T. Mk. r (zo). Manufactured
ry65-6. Last delivered No. r Air Navigation School
August r966.
Variants: Dorninie T. Mk. r-Military navigational
training derivative of basic HS. rz5 executive aircraft
(see page n8 of Ciail volume) rvith extended wing
centre section fairing housing electronic equipment.
Trainers 159 Truiners
l/ariants: HA-zooA-First production modcl for
Spanish A.F. HA-zooB-Equipped with Ferranti
gyroscopic gun-sight and Lear ADF. HA-zooD-
Similar to " A " rvith modernised systems. HA-
2ooE-More porvcrful version with more elaborate
communications and navigation avionics, modified
undercarriage and intake de-icing provision.
Dimensions: Span, 34 ft. z in., (over tip tanks), 35 ft.
ro] in.;length, zg ft. 3$ in.; height, q ft.4 in.; wing
HISPANO HA-zoo SAETA area, r87'zg sq. ft. Photograph: An HA-zooA Saeta
of the Grupo de Experimentacion en Vuelo at Torrejon
Country of Origin: Spain. de Ardoz.
Type: Tanden Two-seat Basic Trainer and (HA-zooB)
Light Attack Aircraft.
Power Plants: (FIA-zooA, B & D) Two Turbom6ca
Marbor6 II turbojets of 88o lb.s.t., or (HA-zooE)
Marbor6 VI turbojets of r,o58 lb.s.t.
Performance: (Specification applies to HA-zooD,
figures in parentheses relating to HA-zooE) M. speed,
+o+ (429) m.p.h. at s.1. (zz,966 ft.); cr. s., 324 Q4z)
m.p.h. at s.l. (9,84o ft.); m. range,93o mls. at z9,5oo
ft.; in. cL.,2,755 (3,o5o) ft./min.; s.ceil., 39,36o
(36,o9o) ft.
Weights: Iimpty, +,43 (+,+fi) lb.; nor. loaded, 5,842
lb.; max., 7,617 Q,q7) lb.
Armament: Trvo 7'7-mm. machine guns or (HA-zooB)
one 2o-mm. Hispano-Suiza cannon, and two MATRA
38 rocket pods, four zz-lb. HVARs or four rro-lb.
Operators: (HA-zooA, D & E) Span. A.F.; (HA-zooB)
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Aug. rz, rgSS ;(HA-zooA)
Oct. rr, 196z; (HA-zooB) July zr, 196o; (HA-zooD)
April r965.
Productiott History: Prototypes (z); HA-zoo (ro*);
HA-zooA (3o); HA-zooB (5*); HA-zooD (SS); HA-
zooE (roo**) *Five pre-production HA-zoos were
rnodified as HA-zooBs and supplied to U.A.R. as
pattern aircraft for licence-built version, a small quan-
tity of which had been delivered to UAR A.F. by
beginning of 1966 as " Al Kahira ". **Current pro-
duction order.
Trainers 760 767 'Ituincrs
height, ro ft. z in.; rving area 2r3'r25 sc1. ft.. Photo-
griphi An L-29 Delfin tiaincr of the Czcch Air Forcc.

Cou ttlry ol Origin : Czechoslovakia.
NATO Code Nanrc: Mava.
?ype: Tandem Two-scai Basic Trainer.
Power-Plant: One M-7or VC_r50;; S:5o turbojet
r,96o lb.s.t. of
Pertormance: M. speed, 4o7 m.p.h. at 16,4oo
m.p.h.,at.s.l.; nor. cf.,34o m.p.h. at r6,+oo ft., rgz
rangc (5"% reserves), 398 mls. at 16,4oo ft., (with'two
tmp. gal. ra^nks), 553 mls.; in. cl. 2,76o'ft./min.;
t_lT9 to zo,ooo ft., rz min.; s. ceil., 37,7ob ft.
Weights: Empty, 5,o26 lb.; t;;i;a:';:;;;it.; *u*.,
Armamcnt: (Altcrnative to drop tanks) Two zzo_lb.
two 7'o2-m_m. gun pods, or two Iaunchers each
wlill tour ungurded rockcts.
Operatorc: Sov. A.F., G.D.R. Luft., Czcch. A.F.,
i.F., A.U.R.I., Hun. A.F., R"-. A.F.. S;;.'A:FI"'
! | r
li !i:' April
!': ! . (L-29) Ai'li ;;' sie I i't-
i jjei' l"r v
r9oo; ^(xl2s)
Production Histbry: Xl.]-zg (r); L_zzg (r). L_zo pro_
oucrron rnrtlated ro6z with first deliveries mid_l'g6f rvv , delivered by bcginning La;;66:.'" 'rru
Variants.: Xl,-2g-First-protoiype *ith
o9lf{ ltper turboJ€t. L-zzg-ProductionBri.tol Sid_
\vrth lndrgenous turbojet of centrifugal compres.o,
L-29-Winner of tbe-r962 contest"to ."t"it u-.-turrii.a
Je^r Daslc trarner tor Warsaw pact countries. Evaluation
of,.pre-production models U"g"n irr^'iq6r.'-'i"lilf
oerlverres ot production L_zg to Soviet lJnion
menced May^1963. Now standard So". a.f,. iiul""..
utmensrcns: span,33 ft.9$ in.; length,35 ft.5$
Ttadners llt:t a't'ttiners
l)inrtnsiotts: Span, 38 ft. rol in.; length, 37 ft. 9 in.;
lreight, rr ft. B in.; rving area,237 sq. ft. Photograph:
'l'-33A of the Royal Netherlands Air Forcc.

Country of Origin: U.S,A.
Type: Tandem Two-seat Advanccd Trainer.
Power Plant: One Allison J:S-A-:S turbojet of 4,6oo
lb.s.t. (5,4oo lb. wet) or (T-33A-N) Rolls-Royce Nenc
ro turbojet of 5,roo lb.s.t.
Performance: (The following specification is generally
applicable to all versions) M. speed, 6oo m.p.h. at s.1.,
543 m.p.h. at 25,ooo ft.; range, r,345 mls.; in. c1.,
5,525 ft./min.; s. ceil., 47,5oo ft.
Weights: Empty, 8,o84 lb.; loaded, rr,965 lb.; max.,
t4,4+2 lb.
Armamcnt: Two o'5-in. M-3 machine guns.
Operators: (T-g:A) Bel. A.F., Braz. A.F., Chil. A.F.'
C.N.A.F., R. Dan. A.F., Ecua. A.F., Eth. A.F.' Fr'
A.F., Luft., Iran. A.F., Ital. A.F., J.A.S.D.F.'
R.O.K.A.F., Mex. A.F., R. Neth. A.F., Nor. A.F.,
Pak. A.F., Phil. A.F., Port. A.F., R. Saud. A.F., Span.
A.F., Thai A.F., U.S.A.F., Ur. A.F., Yugo' A.F.,
A.N.G.; (T-::B) U.S.N., Nic.A.F., Yugo.A.F.;
(T-:gA-N) R.C.A.F., R.C.N., R.H.A.F., Turk. A.F.
First Flights: (Prototype) Marcli' zz, 1948.
Production History: T-33A & B (S,6qr) plus licence
manufacture by Kawasaki (zro) and Canadair (656).
Produced by parent company rg48-59.
Variants: T-j3A-N-Canadian licence-built version
designated CL-3o by Canadair and Silver Star by the
R.C:A.F. Mks. z and 3 were Nene-powered. T-33B
Naly version essentially similar to T-:fA.
RT-gA-Ninety-five T-3 gAs completed with camera
nose ind rear cockpit occupied by instrumentation for
supply under MDAP for recce. No longer in service'
1'rniners 161 t (i:t A'tuiners
NIS-76oIJ* (63). Mnnufacturcd rg5T-6+. *Totals
includc 48 MS-76oAs assembled in Argentina and 4ll
NIS-76oBs assembled in Brazil. A small numbcr ol
N,IS-76oAs have becn convcrtcd to MS-76oB standard.
I)inrcnsions: Span (over tip tanks), 33 ft. 3 in.; length,
32 ft. ro+ in.; height, 8 ft. 6 in.; wing area, 193.68 sq.
ft. Photograph: The first Argentine-assernbled


Country of Origin: France.
Type: Two-seat Advanced Traincr, Photo-Survey,
and Four-seat Liaison and Communications Aircraft.
Power Plants: Two Turbomdca Marbord (MS-76oA)
IIC turbojets of B8o lb.s.t., or (MS-76oB) Marbord
VI turbojcts of r,o58 lb.s.t.
Performance: (Specification is applicable to MS-76oA
with figures in parentheses relating to the MS-76oB)
M. speed, 345 G32) m.p.h. at zooo (z5,ooo) ft.; m.
cr., 35o (:q:) -.p.h. at r6,4oo ft.; m. rangc, 93o (r,o8o)
mls. at z3,ooo (z.5,ooo) ft.; in. c1., z,z6+ (2,+6o) ft./
min. 1s. ceil.,3z,8oo (:9,:Zo) ft.
Weights: Dmpty cquipped, 4,28o (4,557) lb.; max.
loaded, 7,65o (8,6a2) lb.
Armament: Optional armament may comprise (train-
ing) two 7.5-mm. machine guns plus four 3.5-in.
rockets or two rro-lb. bombs, or (light tactical rolc
flown as a single-seater) one 3o-mm. cannon and two
7.5-mm. machine guns, plus eight rrzJb. bombs or
two rrz-lb. and two z6o-lb. bombs.
Accommodation' For the training role rcar seats and
(for aerobatic training) the tip tanks are removed, full
dual controls being provided, together with instru-
mentation for night- and blind-flying training,
Operators: (MS-Z6oA) Fr.A.F., A6ronavale, Arg.
A.F., Braz. A.F.; (MS-76oB) Fr. A.F., Braz. A.F.
First Flights: (MS-76o-or) July 29, r954; (MS-76oA)
Feb. 27, r958; (MS-76oB) Dec. t2, t96o.
Production History: Prototype (r); MS-76oA* (rSo);
Traincrs l$7 Trainets
lcngth, 38 ft. 3] in.; height, r,+ ft. 9l in.; wing aroa,
2-s.s sq. ft. Photograph: A T-zA Buckeye Q475tz) of
U..S.N. Training Sqdn. VT-7 which began to receive
thc T-zB late in 196.5.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type : Two-seat Shipboard General-purpose Trainer.
Power Plants: (T-zA) One Westinghouse J3a-WE-36
turbojet of 3,4oo lb.s.t., or (T-zB) two Pratt & Whitney
J6o-P-3A turbojets of 3,ooo lb.s.t.
Performance: (Specification applies to T-zA, figures
in parentheses being applicable to T-zB) M. speed,
492 (538) m.p.h. at z5,ooo ft.; nor. cr. speed, 4zz
m.p.h. at 3g,ooo-42,ooo ft.; nor. range, 550 mls., with
two roo U.S. gal. wingtip tanks, 967 (95o) mls.; in. cl.,
5,ooo (6,56o) ft./rnin.; s. ceil., 4z,5oo (44,ooo) ft.
Weights: Empty, 6,8qS (Z,S+:) lb.; max. loaded,
rt373 Qz3ft) lb.
Armament: (Optional) Two o'5-in. gun packs, two
Aero 6,4' packs containing z'71-in. rockets, two roo-lb.
bombs or two NA 378-3 racks for practice bombs.
Operators: U.S.N.
First Flights: (T-zA) Jan. 3r, r958; (T-28 prototype)
Aug.3o, 196z;(T-zB production) May zr, ry65.
Production History : T-zA* (zt7); T-zB (6+**).
Manufactured (T-zA) rgST-6r; (T-zB) r964-. *Two
converted as prototypes of T-zB. **Production
deliveries commenced mid- r 965.
Variants: T-zA-Designed for use throughout U.S.N.
pilot training syllabus, from ab zrzilio instruction to
carrier indoctrination. Now being succeeded by the
T-zB. T-zB-An updated, twin-engined derivative
of the T-zA. Entered service in November 1965.
Dimensions: Span, (over tip tanks) 37 ft. ro+ in.;
Trainers Trainers
lrroduction terminated on April 2, rg54, and 2,068
wartime aircraft were re-manufactured r949-50 as
'I-6G Texans.
Dimensions: Span, 4z ft. o]'in.; length, 29 ft' 6 in.;
height,rr ft. B| in.; wing area, 253'7 sq.ft. Photo-
griph: A Harvard Mk. zA employed in the photo-
g.aphic role by No. 3o6 Squadron, R. Neth' A'F'


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: Tandern Two-seat Basic Trainer.
Power Plant: One Pratt & Whitney R-r34o-AN-r
radial of 55o h.p.
Performance: (T-6G) M. speed, zrz rn.p.h. at 5,ooo
ft.1 m. cr., r7o m.p.h.; econ. cr., 146 m.p.h.; nor range,
87o mls.; in. cl., r,643 ft./min.; s. ceil., 24,75o ft.
Weights: Empty, 4,271 tb.; loaded, 5,617 lb.
Operators: Arg. Navy, Bo1. A.F., Braz. A.F., C.N.A.F.,
Col. A.F., Dom. A.F., Ecua. A.F., Luft., R.H.A.F.,
Hait. A.C., Hon. A.F., Iran. A.F., I.D.F./A.F., Ital.
A.F., Jor. A.F., Leb. A.F., Ivlex. A.F., R. Neth. A.F.,
R.N.Z.A.F., Nic. A.A.F., Pak. A.F., Para. A.F., Port.
A.F., R. Saud. A.F., Sal. A.F., S.A.A.F., Span. A.F.,
Swed. A.F., Thai A.F., Turk. A.F., Ur. A.F.
First Flights: (NA-26*) r937.
Production History: *NA-26 was progenitor of series
of advanced trainers with retractable undercarriages
manufactured in 1939 for U.S. Army as BC-r (r77) T-6G fexan
and BC-IA (82), and for U.S. Navy as SNI-I (36).
In rg4o the designation AT-6 supplanted BC-rA, and
subsequent production in U.S.A. totalled 13,594,
furthei r,5oo being built in Canada (as the Harvard),^
bringing r94o-5 production to r.5,o94 of which 3,o3r
n'ere supplied to U.S. Navy as SNJ-4s, -5s and -6s, Harvard Mk. 24
and 3,354 werc supplied to Allied nations under Lend-
Leas!.--The 4'T-6 was redesignated T-6 in 1948, and
production continued in Canada (as the Harvard Mk.
J and T-6J), a further 555 having been built when
'l-z8B (+qz); T-z8C (:or). *Convcrsion of ?-16 to
'I'-zSD (as of January r967). Thrcc to YA'l-z8lis.
Variants: T-z8C-Identical to T-z8Il apart from ar-
rcster hook. T-z8D-5-Differs from original 'l-z8D
(of which r6o conversions) in having in-rving ammuni-
iion capacity.YAT-z8E-Exp.CO I Nturboprop version'
Dimeniionsispan (T-z8A), 4o ft. r in., (T-z8B)' 4o ft.
rl in.: lcnsth (T-z8A), -tz fr. o in., (T-z8B),32 ft.
io lr.r.; h"ieht, rz ft. 8 in.; wing area (T-z8A), 268 sq.
ft., (T-z8B), z7r'r sq. ft. Photograph: A T-z8B of
thc Imperial Ethiopian Air Force.


Country oJ Origin: U.S.A.
Type: Tandern Two-seat (T-z8A & B) Basic and (T-
zSC) Shipboard Trainer, or (T-zSD) Light Tactical
and Counter-Insurgcncy Aircraft.
Power Plant: One (T-z8A) Wright R-r3oo-rA radial
of 8oo h.p., or (T-zBB & C) Wright R-r8zo-86 radial
of r,425 h.p., or (T-z8D) R-r8zo-565 of r,3oo h.p.
PerJormance: (Specification applies to T-28A, ligures
in parentheses relating to T-z8B) M. speed, z8Z k+6)
m.p.h. at 5,9oo (r8,ooo) ft.; nor. cr., r90 (zr9) m.p.h.;
m. range) r,o55 (9o7) mls.; in. cl., r,87o (:,8:o) ft./
min.; s. ceil., z-5,3oo (37,ooo) ft. (T-zSD) M. speed,
3-52 m.p.h. at r8,ooo ft., 298 m.p.h. at s.l.; m. range,
r,r84 mls. at zo3 m.p.h.
Weights: (T-z8A) Empty, 5,rrr lb.; loaded, 7,4fu Ib.
(T-z8B) Max., 8,584 lb. (T-z8D) Empty, 6,512 lb.;
loaded, 8,rr8 lb.;max. (T-z8D-5), rr,5oo lb.
Armament: (T-zSD) Up to 4,ooo lb. of ordnance in
D-5 form, including two o's-in. gun pods.
Opbrators: (T-z8A) Arg. A.F., Bol.A.F., Ecu.A.F.,
Eth. A.F., Mex. A.F., Phil. A.F., R.O.K.A.F., U.S.N.'
A.N.G.; (T-z8B) Con.A.F., Eth.A.F., U.S.M.C.,
U.S.N.; (T-z8C) U.S.N., Braz. A.F.; (T-zSD) Bo1.
A.F., Laos A.F., Thai A.F., Viet. A.F., U.S.A.F.
First Flights: (XT-28) Sep. 26, 1949; (T-z8C) Sep. 7.28D
r9, rgst; (T-zBD) 196r; (T-z8D-5) r965; (YAT
zSE) Feb. r.5, 1963.
Production History: XT-28 (z); T-z8A* (r,rgl);
,,nrainers 'tz3 ,Irainers
I)irnensions: Span,44 ft.4f; in.; length,43 ft' 9l in.;
height, 16 ft. o in.; wing area, 342'5-i sq. ft. Pltoto-
graph: A T-:qA-r-NA (6r-o666) of the U.S'A'F.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: (T1gA) Basic Utility, (T-:SB) Tactical Radar,
and (T-39D) Maritime Radar Trainer.
Power Plants: Two Pratt & Whitney J6o-P-3A turbo-
jets of 3,ooo lb.s.t.
Performance: (The specification applies specifically
to the T-39A but is generally applicable to the T-398
and -39D versions) M. speed, 54o m.p.h. at 36,ooo ft.;
m. cr., 5o2 m.p.h. at 43,5oo ft.;econ. cr.,4z6 m.p.h.
at 35,ooo ft.;m. range, r,725 mls.
Weiglts: Empty, ro,z5o lb.; m. loaded, rj,760tb,
Aecomtnodation: (T-39A) Two crew members as com-
bat readiness trainer, and four-eight passengers as
utility transport. (T-39B) Tactical radar trainer with
the complete NASAITR navigation and fire control
system and Doppler of the F-ro5D for simultaneous
schooling of up to three pupils, and (T-39D) maritime
radar indoctrination trainer wrth a Magnavox system.
Operators: (T-39A & B) U.S.A.F.; (T-SSD) U.S. Narry.
First Flights: (NAza6) Sept. 16, rqS8; (T-gqA) June
3o, r96o.
Production History :T lgA(t 43) ; T-:qB (6) ;T-ZgD(+z).
Variants: T-3gA-Initial military derivate of private
venture NAz46. First 88 as NAz65 and remainder as
NAz76. T-398-For F-ro5D training as NAz7o.
T-39D-First ten as NAz77 and remainder as NAz85.
NAzSz-First exclusively civil variant of basic Sabre-
liner design. Powered by 2,75o lb. JTrzA-6As and
accommodating up to nine passengels, See pages
r4o/t of Ciail volume.
?raincrs t75 1'ruincrs
I rriners became operational on March q, 196r.
Close external similarity to F-5B lvhich featurcs major
changes in wing structure, stores stations under each
l'ing, and sturdier undercarriage to take greater loads,
plus up-rated engines, Talons purchased by Luft-
*affe are operated at the service's U.S, training bases,
:rnd J.A.S.D.F. proposes to acquire either the Talon or
the two-seat F-5 both as an F-86F Sabre replacement
rund as a supersonic trainer pending availability of in-
NORTHROP T-38 TALON rligcnous T-X from tg74-5.
Country of Origin: U.S.A. Dirnensions: Span, 2.5 ft. 3 in.; length,46 ft. 4 in';
Type : Tanderr. Trvo-seat Advanced Trainer. lrcight, rz ft. r r in.; wing area, r7o sq. ft. Photograph:
Power Plants: Two General Electric J85-GE-5 turbo- A 'f-38A Talon (6r-o825) of the U.S.A.F. Air Train-
jets of z,5oo lb.s.t. and 3,85o lb. with reheat. ing Command, the eighty-fifth production example.
Performance: M. speed, 838 m.p.h. at 36,ooo ft.; m.
cr.,63o m.p.h. at 4o,ooo ft.; range cr. 594 m.p,h. at
4o,ooo-47,ooo ft.; m. range (with zo min. hold-ofl at
ro,ooo ft.),r, rz7 mls. ; in. cl. (5oo/o fuel), 3z,5oo
ft./min.; s. ceil., 53,-5oo ft.
Weights : Empty, 7,47o lb.; max. loaded, r r,8zo lb.
Operat ors : U.S.A.F., Luft.
First Flights: (YT-:8) April ro, 1959; (T-38A) May
Production History: YT-:S (6); T-3SA (qSo*). Deli-
veries of T-38A to U.S.A.F. Air Training Command
bcgan March 196r. The 5ooth T-38A delivered on
November 3o, 1964, and approx, 8oo delivered by
beginning of 1967 when production rate was twelve
per month. *Programmed procurement for U.S.A,F.
plus Luftwaffe order for 46.
Variants: N-r56T-Conceived as training version of
private-venture N-156 lightweight supersonic multi-
purpose aircraft. Developed in parallel with N-r56F
light tactical fighter, progenitor of the F-5 (see page
5a). YT-38-Supersonic basic trainer support system
requirement issued by U.S.A.F. resulted in contract
for variant of N-r56T design in r956. Six prototypes
produced under YT-38 designation, the first and
second being initially flown with non-afterburning
YJS5-GE-r turbojets. T-38A-Production contract
placed in 1959, and first production T-38A Talon
Tr0incrs 777 'l'rainers
Air Forcc as part of the Italian technical aid pro-
ltralnmes to Somalia and thc Congolese Ilepublic.
Although normally flolvn as a two-seatcr, the P.r48
has been certificated as a threc-seater, the third seat
bcing located centrally behind the side-by-side front
Dimensions: Span, 36 ft. 5f in.; length, z7 ft. Ba! in.;
height, 7 ft. rof in.; wing area, 202'5 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: A P.r48 (MM 53733) of the Amendola Flying

Country of Origin: ltaly.
?yp?.' Side-by-side Two-seat Primary Trainer. Plant: ,,flat-six',
-One Lycoming O-+iS-A
engrne ot r90 h.p.
Performance: M. speed, r45 m.p.h. at s.1., r43 m.p.h.
at 3,28o ft.;nor. cr., t27 m.p.h. at z,g5o fi.; raige,
573 mls. at rz7 m.p.h.; in. cl.,9oo ft./min.; time to
3,_z8o ft.,3.6r min., to 6,56o ft.,8.r7 min.; s. ceil.,
16,4oo ft.
\eighx: Empty, r,93r lb.; loaded, 2,645 Lb.
Operators: Ital A.F., Som. A.C., Cong. A.F.
First_Flights: (Prototype) Feb. rz, r9!r.
Production History: Total producfion: roo. Deli-
veries comrnenqed lune 1952. Manufactured r95r-5.
Variants.: The P.r48 designed by Ing. C. P. Caiiiag[i
was designed_to-meet an Italian Aii Force specifiEa-
tion which called for a primary trainer with a cockpit
!3voqq following the standard pattern adopted by the
R.A.F. and U.S.A.F., and was selected aJone oi two
standard types for the ltal. A.F., the other being a
licence-manufactured version of the Fokker SIrr
which now has been disposed of by the service to
clubs and schools. The initial contract for fifty
machines was subsequently augmented bv a further
contract for a similar quantity, and a number of ex-
Ital.A.F. P.r48 primary trainers have now been
transferred to the Somali Air Corps and the Congolese
t7t, Tt'ainers
rrrorc comprehensive instrumentation, and stick- in
plirce of spectacle-type control, Seventy-two were
srrpplicd to the Luftwaffe by the parent company,
tlcliveries commencing in May 1957, sixteen more
lrcing supplied as major components for assembly by
l,ocke-Wulf, the German concern assembling or manu-
lircturing completely a total of r9o, tr.venty-six being
tltnsferred to the Nigerian Air Force in r965.
I)intensions: Span, 36 ft. 6 in.; length, z8 ft. 9] in.;
lrcight, g ft.6 in.; wing area, zo3 sq. ft. Photograph:
A Focke-Wulf manufactured P.r49-D of the Luft-
Country of Origin: Italy.
Tybe: Side-by-side Two-seat Basic Trainer and Four/
five-seat Liaison and Communications Aircraft.
Power Plant: One Piaggio-built Lycoming GO-48o-
8rA6 " flat-six " engine of z7o h.p.
Performance: M, speed, r92 m.p.h. at s.1., r77 m.p.h.
at 6,56o ft.; cr. speed (671o power), 165 m.p.h. at
7,5oo ft.; range cr., r45 m.p.h. at ro,8oo ft,; m, range
(with 3o min. reserves), 68o mls.; in. cl., 98o ft./min.;
s. ceil., rg,8oo ft.
Weights: Empty, 2,557 lb.i loaded, 3,7o4tb.
Accotnmodation' Full dual controls are provided for
the basic training role for which the aircraft is norm-
ally flown as a side-by-side two-seater. Provision is
made for a bench-type seat aft which may accommo-
date up to three persons.
Operators: Luft., Nig. A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) June rg, r953.
Proiluction History: Prototypes (z); P.r49-D (268*).
Manufactured (parent company) ry55-7; (Focke-
Wulf) r956-9. *Total production figure includes r9o
manufactured under licence in Germany.
Variants: P.r4g-Originally designed as a four-seat
tourer employing many of the structural components
ofthe P.r48 primary trainer (see pages 176-7). P.r49-
D-A modified version of the basic desigrr selected by
the Luftwaffe in 1955, the P.r49-D differs from the
protot)?es in having a fully-glazed cockpit canopy,
1'rainers 780 tst 1'roiners
.-. . ..,i:u. -..
:-.;. r
r*, .= cnsiltcs. CM r75--Ntvalizccl vctsion of CNII r7o-r
lirr clcck operation. Knorvn as Z6phyr. P.S+A -
l)rir-atc venture developmcnt of CN{ r7o-z rvith
5 .i : (jcctor seats, incroased fuel, etc., and prcviously desig-
nrtcd CM r73. No production of this model has becn
trrrde rtaken.
l)intensions: Span ( tiptanks), 37 fr. oI in.; length,
.13 ft. 5+ in.; hcight, g ft. z1+ in.; s,ing area, 186.z15
s<1. ft. Photograph: CM r7o-r Magisters of the Bel.
,\.1,'. from the Centre de PerJectionnement at Brustem.


Country of Origin: France.
Type: Tandem Two-seat Basic Trainer.
Power Plants: Two Turbom6ca (CM r7o-r & CM
r75) Marbor6 IIA turbojets of 88o lb.s.t., or (CM
r7o-z & P.94A) Marbor6 VIC turbojets of r,o58 lb.s.t.
Performance: (CM qo-z in pareniheses) M. speed,
4o3 (435) m.p.h. at s.1., 44,t (463) m.p.h. at 3o,oob ft.;
range with tiptanks, 735 07) mls.; in. cl., 3,345
(:,q:S) ft./min.; s. ceil.,36,ooo (44,3oo) ft.
Weights: Empty, 4,74olb.; loaded, 6,835 (6,8ao) lb.
Armament: Two 7.5-mm. or 7'62-mm. guns and two bombs, AS.r r ASMs or rocket pods.
Operators: (CM r7o-r) Aus.A.F.; Bel.A.F.; Cam.
A.F.; Con. A.F.; Fin. A.F.; Fr. A.F.; Luft.; I{riess-
marine; I.D.F./A.F.; Mor. A.F.; *Ug. A.F. (CM
r7o-z) Fr. A.F., Leb.A.F.; (CM r75) A6ronavale.
First Flights: (CM r7o-or) July zl, r95z; (CM r7o-r
No. r) Feb. zg, ry56; (CM r75-or) July 3r, 1956;
tCM r75 No. r) May 30, 1959; (P.S+A) June 8, 1964.
Production Llistory: Prototypes (6); pre-production
(ro); CM-r7o-r (ZZZ*);CM qo-z (t3o**);CM r75
kz). *Total includes rBB liccnce-manufactured in
Germany, 57 in Finland, and 36 of thc roo* built in
Israel (r'r'here production continues). **Currcnt c.M.l70 I
Potcz-built modcl. Deliveries until late r968.
Variants: CM r7o-z-Super Magister with uprated
Truiners ia3 Truiners
Saab grB-Scventy-five for Sw. A.F. as Sli 5oI) basic
trainers, cighteen to Eth. A.F. (inc. six frorn SABENA),
and twenty-five to R, No. A.Ir., plus seventeen civil.
Saab grC-Fourteen for Sw. A.F. as Sk 5oC, four-
tccn for Eth. A.F. and eleven civil. Saab grD-For
r\ustria (z+), Finland (35) and Tunisia (r5)' plus
nventy-six civil.
Dimensions: Span, 34 ft. 9 in.; length (9rB), z6 ft. o in.,
(9rD), z6 ft. 4 in.; height, 7 ft. zt 1n.; wing area,
SAAB 9T SAFIR 146'3 sq. ft. Photograph: Saab 9rD of Austrian
Country of Origin: Sweden. Flieger-Schulkompanie r.
Type: Two-seat Basic Trainer and (9rA, B & D)
Three- or (9rC) Four-seat Liaison Aircraft.
Power Plant: One (9rB & C) Lycoming O-435-A
" flat-six " engine of r9o h.p., or (9rD) 0-36o-.4'14'
" flat-four " engine of r8o h,p.
Performance: (Specification applies to 9rB, figures in
parentheses referring to the 9rD) M. speed, r7r (r68)
m.p.h.; m. cr., r52 (146) m.p.h.;econ. cr.' 44Q36)
m.p.h.; m. range, 67o (66o) mls.; in. c1., r,r4o (8oo)
ft./min.; s. ceil., zo,5oo (r6,4oo) ft.
Weights: Empty, r,59o (r,57o) lb.; max. loaded, 2,686
(2,66o) lb.
Accommodation.'As pilot trainer pupil and instructor
seated side by side, and (9rA, B & D) one passenger
may be accommodated aft and to starboard, or (9rC)
two passengers aft and side by side.
Opeiators: (9rB) Sw. A.F., R. No. A.F., Eth. A.F.;
(qrC) Sw.A.F., Eth.A.F.; (9rD) Aus.A.F., Fin.
A.F., Tun. A.F.
First Flights: (Prototype) Nov. 2o, 1945; (9rB) Jan'
:'8, rg4g (9rC) Sept. r953; (9rD) r957.
Prodiiiion Historyl Saab 9rA (49); 9rB (r35*); grC
(rg*); grD (roo). *Including rro Saab 9rB and ten
grC Safirs manufactured r95z-3 under sub-contract
by De Schelde in the Netherlands. Manufactured by
parent company tg46-66.
Variants: Saab grA-Initial model with r45 h.p.
Gipsy Major ro. Ten to Sw. A.F. as Tp gr liaison
aftctaft, sixteen to Eth. A.F., and twenty-three civil
examples, including eight for Rijksluchtvaartschool.
r85 1'rainers
SAAB ro5
:rttack units undcr the designation A 6o. 'fhc Saab ro.5
is intended for liaison, executive transport and atnbu-
llnce roles, in addition to training and attack.
Dimensions: Span, 3r ft, z in.; length, 34 ft. 5 in.;
hcight,8 ft. ro in.; wing area, r75 sq. ft. Photograph:
The first production Sk 6o for the Sw. A.F.

SAAB ro5
Country of Origin: Srveden.
?yper Side-by-side Two-seat Basic Trainer and Light
Attack and Reconnaissance Aircraft.
Power Plants: Two Turbom6ca Aubisque (RM S)
turbo-fans of r,64o lb.s.t.
Performance: M. speed, 475 m.p.h. 2o,ooo ft., ++7
^t zo,ooo ft.,426
m.p.h. at s.l.; m. cr., 435 n-r.p.h. at
m.p.h. at 3o,ooo ft.; range, 87o mls. at zo,ooo ft.,
r,106 mls. at 3o,ooo ft.; in. cl. (at 8,82o lb.),3,44o
ft./min.; s. ceil. (at 7,g4olb.),3937o ft.
Weights: Empty, 6,ozo 1b.; nor. loaded, 8,87o lb.,
(attack), 9,92o lb.
Armament: (Attack) Up to r,543 lb. of ordnance on
six underwing attachment points, including two 3o-
mm. gun pods, twelve r5'5-cm. rockets, six 275-lb.
bombs, two 55oJb. bombs, two Robot o5A ASMs, or
two pods each containing nineteen 3-in. rockets.
Operators: Sw. A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) June 29, 1963; (znd
Prototype) June 17, 1964; (rst Production) A:ug. 27,
Produchon History : Prototypes (z) ; production (r 5o*).
Production deliveries commenced late r965, *Orders
placed by beginning of ry66.
Variants: Sk 6o-This designation is applied to the
basic training version of the Saab ro5 by the Sw. A.F.,
and phased into the training syllabus during 1966.
Sk 6o8 and Sk 6oC are designations applied to Sk 6o
trainers that may be respectively converted for attack
and reconnaissance. A 6o-All Saab ro5s for the Sw.
A.F. are being delivered with pick-up points for ord-
nance loads, and the type will equip reserve ground
Truiners 786 787 Ttainers
casc of maintenance under relatively prirnitive con-
ditions. Single-seat ground attack derivativc lvith
3,r3o lb.s.t. Viper 53i turbojet is knorvn-as Jastrcb
(Uawk). Built-in armament comprises thtec rz'7-
mm. machine suns.
Dimensions: :+"ft. ol in. ; length, 33 ft. r r I in. ; height,
ro ft. ro in.; wing irea, zog't4 sq. ft. Photograph: A
pre-production example of the Gz-A Galeb basic


Country o.f Origin: Yugoslavia.
Type: Tanderr. Two-seat Basic Trainer.
Power Plant: One Bristol Siddeley Viper rr Mk' zz-6
turbojet of z,5oo lb.s.t.
Performance: M. speed, 5o5 m.p.h. 2o,34o ft., 47o
m.p.h. at s.l.; m. range (with tip tanks),77o mls. at
zg,5zo ft.;m. endurance, z'5 hr,; in. cl., 4,5oo ft./nin.;
time to 9,84o ft., z'4 rnin., to 19,68o ft., 5'5 min., to
zg,5zo ft., ro'z min.
Weights: Empty, 5,485 lb.; loaded, 7,438 lb.
Annament: Provision for two o'5-in. Colt-Browning
machine guns in nose and underwing racks for two
roo-lb. bombs and four 5-in. HVARs.
Operators: Yugo. A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) May 196r; (rst pre-
production) Feb. 1963.
Production History: Production of the Galeb was
initiated by Preduzece SOKO in 1963, and deliveries
to training elements of the Yugo. A.F. commenced in
Vaiiants: The Gz-A Galeb (Gull), selected as the
standard ab initio and intermediate trainer of the
Yugoslav Air Force, is the first turbojet-driven aircraft
of indigenous design to attain production status in
Yugoslavia. The Galeb is capable of operating from
semi-prepared grass strips, and is suitable for arma-
ment training and for use as a light counter-insurgency
aircraft. Folland lightweight ejector seats are installed,
and the aircraft is of all-metal stressed-skin construc-
tion. Accent is placed on structural simplicity and
Trainers I U!) 'Iraincrs
I)inrcnsions: Span, 3z ft. 9l in.; lcngth, 36 ft.7 in.;
lrcight, ro ft. ro in.; rving area, r88'368 sq. ft. Plnto-
traph: The etghth pre-production TS- r r Iskra (Spark).



Country of Origin: Poland.
Type: Tandem Two-seat Basic ilrainer.
Power Plant: One OKL SO-r turbojet of 2,337 lb.s.t.
Performance: M. speed, 4gr
ferlormance: .lvl. 49r m.p.h, 26,247 tt.;
m.p.h. at 2b,247 ft.; nor
cr., 342 m.p.h.; range, 56o mls. (with ^t overload fuel)
063 mls.;
683 mrs.; in.
mls.: rn. cl.,4,528
cl.. 4,52d
cl., ft./min.: s. ceil..
a.<28 tt./mrn.; qo.e;o
ceil., 39,370 tt.
cell., ft.
Weights: Ernpty, S,zgr lb. ; loaded, 6,834 lb. ; maximum
loaded. r.oer
loaded, 7,937 lb.
Armament: Provision made for underwing loads of
light bombs and rockets for armament training.
Operators: P.W.S.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Feb. 5, 196o; (rst pre-
production) Nov. 1962.
Production History: Prototypes (4); pre-production
(ro). Currently in production. Quantity production
initiated r963, deliveries commencing April 1964.
Variants: Prototypes-Four powered by r,7oo lb.s.t.
HO-ro turbojet. Adjudged second to L-29 (see page
r6o) in r96z contest to select standardjet basic trainer
for Warsaw Pact countries. Pre-production-Several
retained HO-ro turbojet but remainder fitted with
more powerful SO-r evolved for production version.
Ten delivered by mid-r963. Production-Essenti-
ally similar to pre-production TS-rr. Currently
manufactured by the WSK (Transport Equipment
Manufacturing Centre) at Mielec.
Tronsports 197 Trarcports
freighters are used for commercial purposes in the
Soviet ljnion.
Dimensions: Span, rz4 ft. 8] in.; length, r r r ft. :* in.;
height, 3z ft. r{ in.; wing area, r,293 sq' ft, Photo-
graph: An An-rz of the A.-V.D.V. (Aviation of tbe
Airborne Troops), a major component of the Sov. A.F.

Country of Origin: U.S.S.R. NATO Code Name: Cwb.
?yper Medium-range Freighter and Troop Transport.
Power Plants: Four Ivchenko AI-zo turboprops of
4,or5 e.h.p.
Performance: M. speed, 444m.p.h.; m. cr.,4zz m.p.h.
at 3z,8oo ft.; econ. cr., 39r m.p.h.; m. range (with
zz,o+6-lb. payload and r hr. reserves), z,rr3 mls.;
in. cl., r,96o ft./min.; s. ceil., 33,464 ft.
Weights: Loaded, rr9,o5o lb.; max., r34,482 lb.
Armament: Defensive afinament comprises two 20-
mm. cannon in tail position.
Accommodation.' Crerv comprises five members, and
maximum freight load is 44,o92 lb. Wheeled or
trackcd vehicles, or surface-to-air missiles and support
equipment may be loaded via rear ramp.
Operators: Sov. A.F., Alg. A.F., UARA.F., Iraqi
A.l'., A.U.R.I., Ind. A.F.
Productton History: The An-rz freighter derivative of
the An-ro commercial transport (see page 3z of Ciail
volume) first appeared in 1959, and has since been in
continuous production.
Variants: An-rz-Basic production model evolved
from the commercial An-roA Ukraina from which it
differs primarily in having a redesigned rear fuselage
embodying an integral loading ramp which may be
lowered in flight for air-drop operations, a defensive
tail gun position and revised tail surfaces. An-rzV-
Similar to basic model apart from having AI-zoM
engines of 4,25o e.h.p. An-rzM-A version incorpor-
ating modifications (the " M " suffix letter indicating
Modifikatsiya), the precise nature of which have not
been revealed. A substantial number of An-rz
Transports 7.93 Tr.tnsports
design. Esscntially similar to sccond prototype which
rcpresented an eighty per cent redesign of thc first
prototype developed by Gcneral Aircraft and incom-
plete when company merged with Blackburn.
Dimensions: Span, 16z ft. o in.; length.99 ft. 5 in.;
height, 37 ft. 6 in.; wing alea, 2,916 sq. ft. Photo-
!!raph: Beverley C. Mk. r (XLr49) of Air Forces
Middle East.

Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Tactical Freight and Troop Transport.
Power Plants: Four Bristol Centaurus r73 radial en-
gines of 2,85o h.p.
Performance: M. speed,238 m.p.h. at S,7oo ft.; m. cr,
223 m.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.; nor. cr. (at r25,ooo lb.), r75
m.p.h. at 8,ooo ft.; range (44,ooo-lb. payload), zoo
mls. at r45 m.p.h. at 8,ooo ft.; ferry range, 3,69o mls.
at r88 m.p.h. at 8,ooo ft.; in. cl., 76o ft./min.; s. ceil.,
r6,ooo ft.
Weights: Empty equipped, 8z,roo lb.; loaded, r35,ooo
lb.; max., r43,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of four and 94 fully-equipped
troops, 70 paratroops, 48 casualty stretchers and 34
sitting casualties, or up to 45,ooo lb. of freight, includ-
ing wheeled vehicles with axle loads up to rz,5oo lb.
Heal,ry drop platform retaining and release gear is pro-
vided for individual loads up to 25,ooo lb., the rear
fairing doors being removed for dropping operations.
Operators : R.A.F,
First Fkghts: (rst Prototype) June zo, r95o; (2nd
prototype) June 17, 1953; (Beverley C. Mk. t) lan. zg,
Production History: Prototypes (z); Beverley C. Mk. r
(47). Manufactured r954-8.
Variants: C. Mk. r-Sole production model of basic
lrri Transr|orts
l'l(l-rrsC (r7). *C-r3.5Bs converted as IiC-r3-5J,
It('-r3-5C & E and WC-r35B (ro) versions. Manu-
lrrclurcd r95.5-65,
l)inttnsiorts: Span, r3o ft. ro in.; length (KC-r35A),
r.16 I't. 3 in., (C-r35B), t34ft.6 in.; height (I{C-r35.A),
.1i"i It. 4 in., (C-r35B),4r ft. 8 in.;wing atea, z,+33
sr1. lt. Photograph: NKC-r35A (6o-o37o) nuclear
I rlrrst dctcction aircraft.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: (KC-45A & C-r35F) Dual-purpose Tanker-
transport, (RC-r35A) Photo-mapping and Charting,
(RC-r358, C, D & E) Electronic Reconnaissance,
(lKC-r35A)Radiation Measuring,Apollo Communica-
tions, (NKC-r35A) Nuclear Blast Detection, (WC-
r35B) Weather Reconnaissance, and (EC-r35C, G, H,
J & K) Aerial Command Post Aircraft.
Power Plants: Four (A-series) Pratt & Whitney J57-
P-3rW or -59W turbojets of rr,2oo lb.s.t. (r3,75o lb.
wet), or (B-series) TF33-P-5 or -9 turbofans of
r8,ooo lb.s.t.
Performance: (KC-r35A with C-r35B in parentheses)
M. speed, 6z+ (618) m.p.h. at z5,ooo (36,ooo) ft.,
m. cr., 592 (6o4) m.p.h. at 35,ooo (4o,ooo) ft.; range
cr., S3z (528) m.p.h.; fuel transfer radius, r,r5o mls.1
in. cl., r,z9o ft./min.
Weights: Empty, 98,466 (ro6,47o) lb.; loaded, z4s,ooo
(z7s,ooo) lb.; max., z97,ooo (zqz,ooo) lb.
Accotnmodation' Crew of four and (KC-I:5A) gr,3oo
U.S. gal. oftransferable fuel, 5o,ooo lb. of cargo or 8o
passengers, or (C-r35F) rz6 passengers, or 44 casualty
stretchers and 54 sitting casualties.
Operators: U.S.A.F. ; (C-r35F) Fr. A.F.
First Flights: (KC-I35A) Aug. 3r, 1956; (C-r35A)
May r9, rq6r; (C-rgSB) Feb. r5, 1962.
Production History: (A-series) KC-r35Ar* (ZSz);
C-r35A* (r5); RC-I35A (4); C-r35F (rz). Manu-
factured r955-65. iiAll C-r3SAs and many KC-r35As
converted as EC-I35A, G, H & K, RC-r35A (4) and
D, JC-I35A, JKC-r35A, NC-r35A and NKC-r35A
versions. (B-series) C-r358* (3o); RC-r358 (ro);
Transports l!r7 Tra,,,sports
crrrplol,s a hinged rear fuselagc for frcight loading.
'l'lrc first and second Yukons have becn modified for
V.LP. use.
l)imensions: Span, r4z ft. 3$ in.;length, r36 ft. rot in.;
lre iglrt, 36 ft. 73E 1n.; wing area, 2,o75 scl. ft. Photo-
gruph: A Yukon (r5924) of No. 437 Sqdn., R.C.A.F.


Country oJ Origin: Canada.
Type : Long-range Strategic Transport.
Power Plants: Four Rolls--Royce Tyne 5r5/ro turbo-
props of 5,73o e.h.p.
Performance: M. cr. speed, 392 m.p,h, at 2o,ooo ft.;
long-range cr., 38o m.p.h. at 3o,ooo ft.; econ. cr., 366
T.p.h.! range (max. payload-6o,48o lb.), 2,36o m1s.,
(max. fuel), 4,49o mls.
Weights: Empty, gr,7z8 lb.; max. loaded, zo5,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of nine and r34 passengers or
8o casualty stretchers, or (freighter) crew of six and
6o,48o Ib. of cargo.
Operators: R.C.A.F.
F'irst Flights: (rst Production) Nov. r5, 1959.
Production History: CC-ro6 (rz). Manufactured
r958-6 r.
Variants: CC-ro6-This designation is applied by the
R.C.A.F. to the CL-44-6 which was derived originally
from the Bristol Britannia (see page 14 of Ciail
volume) from which it differs primarily in having a
longer fuselage and more powerful engines. The
CC-ro6 was procured for use primarily as a long-range
cargo carrier, for which role it embodies a number of
special features. Freight loading doors ahead and aft
of the wing provide the principal difference between
the CC-ro6 Yukon and its commercial equivalent, the
CL-44D-4 (see page 6 of Cbil volume), which
Transports l|f, Transports
.clvice t'ith the U.S.A.F., fifty-eight of thcse bcing
opelirted by Strategic Air Command for missilc sitc
support. Beaver A.L. Mk. r-The Beaver was
sclccted for service by British Army in r96o, thirty-
six bcing delivered to this service. Beaver Mk. II-
llxpcrimental model with 57o h.p. Alvis Leonides
soz/4 engine. Beaver Mk. III-DHC-z Mk. III
'['urbo-Beaver is turbine-powered derivative currently
in production with PT6A-6 turboprop.
Dimensions: Span,48 ft. o in.; length, 3o ft. 3 in.;
Ircight, 9 ft. o in.; wing area, z5o sq. ft. Photograph:
DE HAVILLAND CANADA DHC-z A Beaver of No. 334 Sqdn. R. Neth. A.F.
Country of Origin: Canada.
Type: Ligtrt Utiiity Transport.
Power Plant: One Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-I, -2,
-3, -4, etc., radial engine of 45o h.p.
Performance: M. speed, r4o m.p.h. at s.1.; m. cr., r35
m.p.h. at s.l.; econ. cr., tz1 m.p.h.; m. range (+5 min.
reserves), 778 mls., (m. payload), 483 mls.; in. cl.,
r,ozo ft.frnin.; s. ceil., r8,ooo ft.
Empty, 2,85o lb.; max. loaded, 5,roo lb.
Accommodation.' Pilot and seven passengers. Floor
stressed for freight with lightweight collapsible bush
rvith cargo attachments.
seats interchangeable
Operators: Arg. A.F.; Arg. Nar.ry; Aus. A.F.;
R.A.A.F.; Brit. Army; Camb. A.F.; R.C.A.F.; Chil.
A.F.; Col. A.F.; Cuban A.F.; Dom. A.F.; Fin. A.F.;
GhanaA.F.; Ken.A.F.; LaosA.F.; R.O.K.A.F.;
R.Neth.A.F. ; Peru.A.F. ; S.O.A.F. ; Tanz.A.F.; U.S.
A.F.; U.S. Army; Ur. A.F.;Zarn. A.F.; Yugo. A.F.
First Flights: Aug. 16, 1947.
Production History: Deliveries commenced rg54 and
approx. r,6oo delivered by beginning of. ry67 of which
r,356 exported (including 968 to U.S. Armed Forces),
the majority of these being supplied to the armed
forces of twcnty-three countries.
Variants: U-6A-The Beaver has been supplied to the
U.S. Army in large numbers after evaluation as winner
of design contest held in r95r. Approximately a
quarter of the Beavers delivered to U.S. entered
Transports 2Ol TrarePorts
CV-zB-Equivalent to DHC-4A with gross rvcight
laiscd from z6,ooo lb. to z8,,5oo lb. CC-ro8-R.C.A.F.
tlcsignation for DHC-4 and -4A. Nine delivered to
that scrvice. The DHC-4A is operated in commercial
ftrrm by Civil Air Transport of Taiwan and Ansett-
Dimensions: Span, 95 ft. 7l in.; length, 72 ft. 7 in.;
lreight, 3r ft. 9 in.; wing area, 9rz sq. ft. Photograph:
DHC-aA Caribou (A+-rSr) of No. 38 Sqdn. R.A.A.F.


Country of Origin: Canada.
Type: Milit^ry Tactical Transport.
Power Plants: Two Pratt & Whitney R-zooo-7Mz
radials of r,45o h.p.
Performance: M. speed, 2r6 m.p.h. at 6,5oo ft. ; m. cr.,
r8z m.p.h. at 7,Soo ft.; long-range cr., r54 m.p.h. at
7,5oo ft.; range (max. fuel and 5,r52-lb. payload),
r,3o7 mls., (max. payload-8,74o lb.), z4z mls.; in. cl.,
r,355 ft./min.; s. ceil., z4,8oo ft.
Weights: Empty, 16,9zo lb.; nor. loaded, a8,5oo lb.;
max. overload, 3r,3oo lb.
Accommodation.' Two crew members and thirty-two
troops, twenty-six paratroops, or twenty-two casualty
stretchers, four sitting casualties and four medical
attendants. Typical freight loads are three tons of
cargo or two fully-loaded jeeps.
Operators :R. A.A.F. ;R.C.A.F. ;Ghan.A.F. ;I.A.F. ;I(en.
A.F.;Kuw. A.F.;R. Mal. A.F.;Tan. A.F.;Zam. A.F.
First Flights: (Proto.) July 3o,r958; (CV-zA) Mar.r959.
Production History: Total orders to beginning of 1967
(z+z*). Production deliveries commenced in 1959
and were continuing into 1966. *Including 168 for
IJ.S. government as CV-zA and -zB.
Variants: CV-zA-Initial production model for the
U.S. Army equivalent to the DHC-4. Five delivered
for evaluation in 1959. All aircraft of this type, to-
gether with CV-zBs, transferred to U.S.A.F. in rq66.
2O:l TransPorts
Trareports 202
tJ.S. Army under the designation CV-7A, thesc being
transferred to the U.S.A.F. in 1966. CC-rr5-This
tlcsignation has been applied to the version of thc
DHe-5 ordered for the R.C.A.F. and fcaturing slight
increases in power and overall length.
Dimensions: Span, 96 ft. o in. ; length (CY-7A)' 77 ft.
4 in., (CC-rr5), Z,S ft. o in.; height, z8 ft. 8 in.;rving
irrca, g45 sq. ft. Photograph: Th'e first CV-7A proto-
type (63-13$$S) for the U.S. Army, this being trans-
ferred to the U.S.A.F. during r966.
Country of Origin: Canada.
Type : Military Tactical Transport.
Power Plants: Two General Electric (CV-ZA) T6+-
GE-ro turboprops of 2,850 e.s.h.p., or (CC-rr5)
T6a/Pz turboprops of 3,o55 e.s.h.p.
Performance: (Specification refers to CV-7A but is
generally applicable to CC-rr5) M. speed, z7r m.p.h.
at rorooo ft.;econ. cr., zo8 m.p.h. at ro,ooo ft.; range
(max. fuel and 4,ooo-lb. payload), z,r7o mls., (max.
payload-r3,843 lb.), 5o7 mls.; in. cl., r,89o ft./min.;
s. ceil., 3o,ooo ft.
Weights: Empty, zz,SS7 lb.; max. loaded, 4r,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of three plus forty-one troops,
thirty-five paratroops, or twenty-four casualty
stretchers and six sitting casualties. Eighty-eight per
cent of all airborne equipment normally required by
an Air Assault Division may be accommodated, and
loads may include an llonest John missile and trailer,
a Nike-Ajax missile, or a ros-mm. howitzer.
Operator s : R.C.A.F. ; U. S.A.F.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Apr. 9, r964.
Production History: CV-7A (a); CC-rr5* (r5). Pro-
duction began r966 with first deliveries to R.C.A.F.*
in spring o[ 1967.
Variants: CV-7A-The DHC-5 was designed pri-
marily to meet a U.S, Army requirement, develop-
ment costs being shared equally between the U.S.
Army, the Canadian government and de Havilland
Canada, and four prototypes were delivered to the
,.irrns: C-47H & J, EC-a7FI & !, LC-+llI & J, SC-
.17II & J, TC-a7H, J & K, VC-+ZJ. C-rr7D-'I'his
tlesignation appiied to roo U.S.N. C-47js re-en-
rsincered with new wings, tail assembly, undercarriage,
( tc.
I)inensions: (C-r r7D in parentheses) Span, 95 (9o) ft.;
lcngth, 64 (67) tt. 5! (8$) in.; height, 16 (r8) ft. r r (3)
irr.; wing area, 987 (S6S) sq. ft. Photograph: C-47 of.
DOUGLAS C-47 SKYTRAIN (DAKOTA) It.C.A.F. Training Command.
Country of Origin: lJ.S.A.
?ype: General-purpose Transport (see note).
Power Plants: Two Pratt & Whitney R-r83o-9oD or
-92 radials o-f r,zoo_h.p., or (C-rr7D) Wright Ii-rgzo-
8o radials of r,535 h.p.
lerforman_ce: (Applies C-47A rvith C-rr7D in paren-
theses). M..speed,.zzg (z7o) m.p.h. at 7,5oo fu,goo)
tt.; cr. speed, I85 (?38) m.p.h. at 7,5oo (ro,ooo) ft.;
ll.rcngc, z,rz5(z,5oo) mls. ;, r, {oo(r,rooj
-Fmpty, r6,s7o ('s,snj if .;
Weights.: iO,ooo
(3r,ooo.) lb.; ma-x., ?r,ooo lb.
Armamen!: (AC-+Z) Three fixed side-firins 7.62-mm.
General Electric Miniguns for target satur;tion.
Accommodatiou Crew-of rhree and z8 (35) troops.
Note: ln U.S. service prefix letters indiiite mbdifi"d
mission as follows: A (Attack); E (Special Electronics);
H (Search & Rescue); L (Coid Weather): R (Recon-
naiss3lfc); S (Anti-submarine); T (fiaini;g); V
(Staff Transport).
Operators-:..(See p^ge
Uperators-:,,(See 272 for list of C-47 operators).
Li-zf : Alb. A.F.; Bulg. A.F.; Chin. A.F.-: Czech.
A.F.; Hun.A.F.; P.L.W.; Rum. A.F.;
{,F.;_$un.A.F.; A.F.; Sov. A.F.
First Flights: (DC-S*) Dec. r7, g35; (C-47) rs4r.
19-+Z *u. militarized DC-s (wtrii6-jee p#6 z5'of
Cioil volume).
froductton History:'lotal
Production History: Total of ro,368
ro C-+7s of all tvpes
manufactured rn U.S.A. of which +68 io U.S.N.-and
2,96o supplied under Lend-Lease to Allies.t Approx.
z,ooo built under licence in Soviet Union as Li-j.
Variants: Current IJ.S.A.F. versions: AC-+ZA, C-+JA,
P^& E, E_C-.12D, HC-47A & D, RC-a7A',TC-i;D,
YC-a7A, B & D; currenr U.S.N. &,l.C. '""r-
DOUGLAS C-5,1 & C-r18
s+l',Q,R,S & T; EC-5aU; VC--s+N,P,Q & S. C-r18-
Nlilitary DC-6A serving with U.S.A.F. as C-r rBA and
VC-rr8-A, and with U.S. Narry as C-rr8B and VC-
r r88.
l)imensions: Span, r17 fr. 6 in.;length,93 ft. rr in.
(ro5 ft.7-in.); height, 27 ft.6+ in. (28 ft. 5 in.); wing
irrea, r,4-63 sq. ft. Photograph: C-tr8B of U.S. Navy
Sqdn. VR-r.
Country of Origin: U,S.A.
pPe.' M,edium- and Long-range Transport.
Power Plants: Four Pratt & Whitnev R-zooo-? or -rr
radials of r,35o,h.p., or (C-54G, S * f; R-zooo-g
radrals of r,45o h.p., or (C-rr8) R-z8oo-5zW radiall
of z,5oo h.p.
Performance: (ppecification applies C-54D, figures in
parentheses relating to C-rr8). M. speed, zi+ bZz)
m.p.h. at r4,ooo (r8,ooo) ft.; nor. cr., i3g (:oZ) hii.h.
at r5,ooo (zz,4oo) fr.; m. range, r.qoo (a.oioj mts.
Weights: Empty,_,38,2oo (ag,76o) lb. j'mrx. loaded,
7j,ooo (ro7,ooo) lb.
Accornmodation.. Crew of five and 3z,ooo (z7,ooo) lb.
freight or up to .qo (76) fully-equipped troops.
()peratols: (C-5a) A1S. ; Arg. Narry; Braz. A.F.;
q"l.A.f.; Cong. A.F.; {.F. R. Dan. A.F.; Eir'. a.f.; f'r.
A.F.; A6ronavale; Port. A.F. ; Span. A.F. ; R. Thai
A^,F.;tgr\. A.F.; U.S.A.F.; U.S.N.; Venez. A.F.
(9-t'9) u.s.$.E.;urS.N. (DC-6)Belg.A.F. ;C.N.A.F.
'see ;
I1.A.I,; f uft.j Ital.!.F.; Yugo.A.F. (f
Firs t_ F lig ht s :,(C - 5 4)Mar. z 6, r9a1
; (C- r r 8A)Sept. r g4e.
Production History: C-S+ @+); C-S+A (zoZ);- C--S+il
(zzo);.C-.54D (:Jo);,9-s+E (rz5*1. C-'4 06zx*1. '
C-rr8A (ro_o); C-rr88 (65). Manufactured (C-54)
l9f_t -,15_{nd
(C-rr8) r95o-55. *Including So C--S+fi
& U for U.S.N. **Including 86 C-5aS & T-for U.S-.N.
Note: I QC-p is commercialequivalentto C-rr8 (see
page 38 Czozl volume) and serves with listed air arms.
Variants : (U.S.A.F.)C--S4A,D,E & G ;EC-s+D (special
elerctronic installation):HC-54D(search and reicue);
TC-54D(training),& VC-54D & G (staff). (U.S.N.) C:
2Og TransPorts
APS-42 rveather scarch radar in thc nose (both fcaturcs
later added to the C-rz4A). The Globcmaster II can
accommodate ninety-four per ccnt of all U.S. Army
Field Force vehicles which may be transported fully
assembled. The Globemaster II serves with the
U.S.A.F.'s Military Airlift Command, Strategic Air
Command, Air Force l,ogistics Command and Air
liorce Reservc.
Dimensions: Span, r74 ft. r; in.;length, r3o ft. 5 in.;
lreight, 48 ft. 3! in.; wing area, 2,5o6 sq. ft. _Ph-oto-
DOUGLAS C-Iz4 GLOBEMASTER II graph: C-rz4A. Globemaster II (5r-or77) of M'A'C.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
!!De : Long-range Strategic Transport.
Power Planis : Four Pratt & Whitney R-4 36o- (C-n4A)
zoWA radials of 3,5oo h.p., or (C-tzaC) 63A radiali
of 3,8oo h.p.
PerJormance: (C-rz4C but generally applicable to
C-iz+A). M. ipeed, z7r m.pih, ut r.i., 3o4 m.p.h. at
zo,8oo_ft.; m.,cr,,272 m,p.h.; econ. cr., z3o m.p.h.;
range (56,ooo-lb. payload), t,z3z mls., (26 37 5-1b. pay -
load),.4,o3o m_ls.; m. range, 6,82o mls.; in. cl., 76o
ft./min.; s. ceil., zr,8oo ft.
Weights: ,Enqpty, ror,165 lb.; loaded, r85,ooo lb.;
max, overload, r94,5oo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of five and up to 74,ooo lb. of
cargo, 3oo troops or rz7 casualty stretchcrs and z5
medical attendants or sitting casualties,
Operators: U.S.A.F.
First Flights: (YC-wQ Nov. 27, rg4g; (C-rz4A) May
Production. .History: _YC-.r24 Q); C-tz4A (zo$;
f_C-1 zaB l!-; C- t z+9. (243). Manufactured r 9i9-j 5.
Variants : YC-rz4-Originally fifth C-74 Globemasier
I with new deep fuselage and clamshell-type nose
loading doors. C-rz4A-Initial production model
with _R-436o-zoWA engines. YC-rz4B-Experi-
mental version with four 5,5oo e.h.p. Pratt & Whiiney
YT34-P-6 turboproqs and first flown on February z,
rg;4. C-rz4C-Definitive model of Globemastei Ii
rvith combustion heaters in wingtip fairings and
'l t TransPotts
i irrrrilirr to final thrce C-r33As but 7,ooo e.s.h.p. (rvct)
'l' i.1 -t'-7A turboprops replaced by uprated T34-P19Ws.
l)ttittrtsions: Span, r79 ft. 73a in.; length, r57 ft. 6l in.;
lrliglrt, 48 ft. 13 in.; wing area, 2,673 sq. ft. Photo-
lrrr1rlr.' Ninth C-r::A Cargomaster (54-or43) of the
I I S.A.F. Military Airlift Command. The C-r33B
( 'ru g()rnrster is illustrated below.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
!!Fe : Long-range Strategic Freighter.
Power Plants: Four Pratt & Whitney T.l+-P-qW
turboprops of 7,5oo e.s.h.p. (with watcr in jeciion).'
Performance: M. speed, 359 m.p.h. at B,7oo ft. ; m. cr.,
_323_m.p.h. at 26,85o ft.; range (with go,ooo-lb. pay-
load)-, z,z 5o mls., (with 44,ooo-lb. payload), 4,3oo mls. ;
rn. cl., r,z8o ft./min.; s. ceil., zg,95o tt.
\eights: P-pty, rzo,z63lb.; max. loaded, z86,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crerv of five and more than ioo,ooo
lb. of freight. Typical loads include two prime movers
each weighing more than 4o,ooo lb., 16 loaded jeep-
type vehicles, 20 turbojets, or up to zoo passengers.-
Operators: U.S.A.F.
First Flights: (C-r33A) Apr. 23, r956; (C-r338) Oct.
Production History: C-r33A C-r338
Manufactured tg54-6r,
Variants: C-r33A--The Cargomaster was ordered into
production in rg54, the contract calling for thirty-five
aircraft_designated C-r33A, no protoiype being de-
manded, initial production aircraft being used for
flight testing. The final three production C-r33As
introduced clamshell-type rear loading doors to -in-
crease usable hold length and facilitate loading of Atlas
ICBMs and Thor and Jupiter IRBMs. e-r338-
Transports I:l
': 'Iransports
l)itrrttttsions: Span, rog ft.3 in.; length,86 ft.6 in.;
lrtight, z6 ft. 3 in.; wing area, 3,r5o sq. ft. Photo-
yral>h: A C-rr9J (5r-8r58) aeromedical evacuation
rrircraft of the A.N.G. converted from a C-r rgF.


Country of Origin: U.S.A.
?ype.' Medium-range Freight and Troop Carrier.
Powcr Plants: Two-WrighiR-335o-B5 or -89A radials
qf ?,5oo h.p. and (LA.F. C-rrgG) 'of' one HAl-built 7or booster turbojet 4,7oo lb.s.t. or
Westinghouse J34 boosrer turbojet of 3,4oo lb.s.t.
Perlormance: (The spccification applie"s specificallv to
the C-rr9G but is generally applic;ble to the C-rioF
and C-rr9J) M. speed, zg6 at r7,ooo ft.; n5r.
cr.,,zoo m.p.h. at r5,ooo ft.; range (ro,ooo-lb,'pav-
load), z,ooo nrls.; in. cl., 75o ft./min.
Weights:.Empty,' 39,g8z i5.; not. loaded, 64,ooo lb.;
n. loaded, 74,4oo lb.
Accommodation. Crew of five and sixtv-two fullv-
eguipped troops or up to 3o,ooo lb. cargo.
Qy_eytors: _(Q-rrgF & G) U.S.A.F.*, Braz.A.F.,
p,N.A..L, B9l,,A..F., R. No. A.F., I.A.F., Ital. A.F.,
_A.N.G. ; (C-rr9J) Ital. A.F.,'U.S.A.F.*;
A.N.G. Reserve units of Tactical Air Com.
F i r s t.F I ight s : (Proto. ) Nov. t g 47 ; (C- r ryG) Oct.z8, r 95z.
P^roductionHistory: 9-ItSB (SS); C-rrgC (:ii); C-1 l9G (Orpheus)
C-rrgF (zro); C-rrgG (+8o). Plls zo C-rroC"and
C-rr9F transports for the U.S.M.C. A number of
C_-rr9Fs and.Gs subsequently convertcd as C-rr9Js.
Manufactured r 948--5.5.
Variants: C-lgG-Similar to C-rr9F apart from air-
screw^s. Of 78 supplied to I.A.F., z7 relrofitted with
Jg4 for thrust augmentation and'remainder with c-119J
Orpheus 7or,. C-rrgJ-Conversion of C-rr9F or G
with beaver- instead of clamshell-type loading doors.
Trantsports ! 15 Transpot'ts
culriage. C-rz3H-Similar to YC-rz3H but jct pods
omitted. C-rz3J-Tip jets and wheel/ski under-
carriage for Arctic use. Operated by Alaskan A.N.G ,
has reverted to standard undercarriage. C-rz3K-
Low-drag turbojet nacelles, new wheels, etc.
I)imensions: Span, rro ft. o in.; length, 76 ft. 3 in.,
(SC-rz3B) 78 ft. 6 in.; height, 34 ft. r in.; wing area,
t,zz3 sq. ft. Photograph: A C-rzl| (54-647) of the
I44th Air Transport Squadron, Alaska Air Guard.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
lJPe: Medium Tactical Assault Transport.
Power Plants: Two Pratt & Whitnev R-z8oo-ooW
ladials of z,5oo h.p. and (C-rz3J)'two Fairihild
f++-n-q booster tu^rbojets of r,ooo lb.s.t., or (C-rz3K)
General Electric J8-S-GE-rZ turboiets of z.8io lb.s-.t.
Performance: (Speiification is ipplicabll-to both
C-rz3B & C-rz3H) M. speed, 245 m.p.h. at 6,ooo ft.;
m, cr.,.zo5 m.p.h.; nor. cr,, r9o m.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.;
range (zo,ooo--lb. payload), r,47o mls. at r!,ooo ft.;
in. cl., r,r5o ft./min.; s. ceil., z3,ooo ft.
\eights: Empty, 3 r ,3Bo lb. ; m. loaded, 6o,ooo lb.
Accommodation. Two crew members'and 6o fully-
equipped troops, 50 casualty litters and four medical
attendants or up to z4,ooo lb. cargo.
O-perators._(C-Lz3B) U.S.A.F., Thai A.F., Viet. A.F.,
f_e1e7.3!.F,. (SC_-rz3p) _U.S.C.G.; (C-iz:H & K)
U.S.A.F. ; (C-rz:J) A.N.c.
First Flights: (XC-r33) Oct. 14, 1949; (XC-rz3A)
Apr. zr_,:95r; (rst Fairchila-luitt C-izeB) Septl r,
rg54; (YC-rz3H) July 3o, 196z; (C-rzrK) Oct. -ro66.
Production History: C-rz3B 13q5x). -Ten
converted to C-rz3Js and othert to SC-rz3Bs ind
C-rz3Hs, and rzo being converted to C-rzrKs ro66-
68. C-rz3B mfg. r9-53-8. *First five Chaje-buift. c -1 2s8
Variants: SC-rz3B-Coast Guard conversion of C-
rz3B with APS-42 radar in extended nose. XC-rzlD
boundary layer control versi6n.
Pantobase "
landing gear, YC-rz3H- c.t23K
Underwing J85 turbojets and-wrider-track uider-
Trarepot ts 2r Z ?'r'olrs1rof ls
Itrotluclion History: Approx. 460 rnanufircturcd
r 948-6 r .
HU-r6B-Improved - r 64' with enlargcd and
[/ ar iants :
rnodified rving. Most -r6As convertcd to -r6Il
standards. HU-r6D-U.S.N. version of U.S.A.F.'s
IIU-r68. HU-I6E-U.S.C.G. equivalent to HU-
r6D. CSR-Iro-R.C.A.F. version with triphibian
undercarriage. A.S.W.-Anti-submarine version of
I IU-r68 supplied to R. No. A.F. and Span. A.F.
I)inensions: (HU-r6.\ in parentheses) Span,96 (8o)
ti (o) in. ; length, 6z (6o) ft. ro (8) in. ; height , 25 @4)
ft. ro (ro) in.; wing area, r,o35 (8::) .q. ft. Photo-
graph: A CSR-Iro (93o7) of R.C.A.F. Maritirne Air
Country of Origin: U.S.A,.
llqe: Amphibious Utility Transport and Air-Sea
Rescue Aircraft.
Power Plants: Tu'o Wright R-r8ao-76A radials of
r,425 h.p. or (CSR-Iro) R-r8zo-82 radials of r,525
Performance: (Specification relates to HU-r68, figures
in parentheses, relating to the HU-I6A). M. speed,
46 m.p.h. at r8,8ob ft.;
(241;) m-p.h. at s.1., 259 (z7o)
m. cr., 224 (zzS) m.p.h.; m. range, 3,zBr (2,683) mls.;
in. cl., r,45o (r,4oo) ft./min.; s. ceil, zr,5oo ft.-'
Empty- 22,883 (zo,roo) ib. j-nor. loaded,
39,353 (27,5oo) lb.; max., 35,7oo lb.
Accommodation.. Crew (rescue mission) of six and
twelve casualty stretchers, or (transport mission) crew
of three^and-ro-22 passengers, or (A.S.W, mission)
crew of four (see armament).
Armament,: (A.S.W. version) Four Mk. 43 torpedoes,
or trvo Mk._ 43 torpedoes and two Mk. br Mk.
ror depth charges.
Operators : Arg. Navy; Braz. A.F. ; R.C.A.F. ; Chil.
A.F. ; C.N.A.F. ; Kriegsmarine; A.U.R.I.; Ital. A.F. ;
J-M S_.D_jF ; R. No. A.F.; Pak. A.F.; Peru. A.F.;
9_hil 4f i-_Qnan.AF.; Port.A.F.; Venez.A.F.;
U.S.A.F. ; U.S.N. ; U.S.C.G. ; A.N.c.
First Flights: (Prototype) Oct. 24, r947; (HU-r68)
Jan. r6, r956. H U.1 6B
Transports '! 19 Transpm'ts
(l-zA has provisionfor flight refuelling, and trvo 3oo
,rr' 45oIJ.S. gal. external fuel tanks or 'buddy' flight
rrfuclling packs may be attached to the sides of the
Itrselage. First deliveries ofthe C-aA carrier onboard
tlclivery (COD) transport to the IJ.S. Naqy were
rrrirde in 1966 to succeed the smaller C-rA Trader in
'crvice with Fleet Logistics Support and Transport
I)imensions: Span,8o ft. 7 in.;length, 56 ft. 6 in.;
lrcight, 15 ft. rr in.; wing area, 7oo sq. ft. Photo-
qraph: The first pre-production Grumman C-zA.
Country of Origin: U.S,A.
Type: Carrier Onboard Delivery Transport.
Power Plants: Two Allison T56-4-8 turboprops of
4,o5o s.h.p.
Perfonnance: M. speed, 329 m.p.h. at rr,3oo ft.; aver-
age cr., 3o6 m.p.h. at z7,3oo ft.; com. rad. (with
ro,ooo-lb. payload), r,5zo mls.; in. cl., z,ogo ft./min.
Weights: Empty, 3r,6741b.; loaded, 54,812 lb.
Accommodatiott.' Crew of two and thirty-nine troops,
twenty casualty stretchers, or up to r5,ooo lb. of cargo.
Cargo compartment may be adapted to accept Military
Airlift Command 463L material handling and support
Operators: U.S.N.
First Flights: (rst Pre-production) Nov. r8, r964.
Production History: Pre-production (3). Production
deliveries commenced 1966. Plannine Gg6Z) calls for
z4 aftctaft.
Variants: The C-zA has been evolved specifically to
transport freight and personnel between land bases
and carriers at sea, and is compatible with the eleva-
tors and hangar decks of the U.S. Naq"s CVS-ro,
CVA-r9 and larger carriers. It can be launched from
H-8 and Crr-r catapuits, and offers tail-ramp loading
from deck level. Derived from the E-zA Hawkeye
airborne early warning aircraft (see pages rr8-r9), the
C-zA employs virtually identical wing, main under-
carriage members, cockpit, power plants and tail sur-
faces, and offers similar all-weather capability. The
Transports '!! I 'I'ransports
lolnr of dctachablc ultclcrwiltg tal)lis. l{cdcsignatccl
(1. Nlk. rA. C. Mk. 2-Latgcr tailplane set loivcr on
Irrsclage, FIercules 106 engines and increased wing
lrrnkagc. C. Mk. 3-Basically similar to C. Mk. z foi
lf.N.Z.A.F. with Hercules 717 cngines. C. Mk. +-
\/.I.P. transport model. T. Mk. 5-Bomber radar
lrriner conversion of Met. Mk. r which, in turn, was
*cather reconnaissance conversion of C. Mk. r,
I)itnensions: Span, rr3 ft. o in.; length, 8z ft. r in.;
lreight, ?z ft. 6 in.; rving arca, r,4o8 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: Hastings C. Mk. rA (TG5z7) and silhouette
depicts C. Mk. z.


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Short- and Medium-range Multi-purpose Tac-
tical Transport.
Pouter Plants: Four Bristol Hercules ro6 radials of
r_:62-S h.p. or Hercules zr6 radials of r,8oo h.p.
Performance: M. spccd, 348 m.p.h. at zz,zoo-ft.;nor.
ct., 29] m.p.h. at r5,zoo ft.,3o3 m.p.h. at 23,6cr0 ft.;
lgJlce- (max. payload), r,69o mls., (max. fuel), 4,25o mls.
IV'eights: Empty, 48,427 lb.; max. loaded, 8o,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of five and 5o fully equipped
troops, 32 casualty stretchers and 28 sitting casualtles,
or 30 paratroops. Max. payload of zo,3rr lb.
Operators: R.A.F. ; *R.N.Z.A.F. *Succeeded in
transport role by C-r3oH late 1966 and relegated to
paratroop training pencling retirement.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) May 7, r946; (C. Mk. r)
{or. zs, rg47; (C.Mk. z) Nov. 14, r95o.
Production History: Prototypes (z); C. Mk. r* (roo);
C. Mk. z (42); C. Mk. s (+); C. Mk. a (a). Manu-
factured 1946-52. *Fifteen converted as Met. Mk. rs
and several of these later modified as T. Mk. 5s. All
surviving C. Mk. rs brought up to C. Mk. rA standards
(equivalent to C. Mk. z).
Variants: C. Mk. r-Original production model with
Hercules ror engines. These later replaced by Her-
cules ro6s or zr6s and increased tankagc provided in
Tratuspotts '!2:| ?ron.sporls
lras bccn ordered by the Braz. A.F, (6) and R.A.A.F.
(ro), and twenty-four are being assemblcd under
licence for the I.A.F. by Hindustan Aeronautics at
[(anpur. Two Andover C.C. Mk. 2s serve with The
Queen's Flight,
Dimensions: Span, 98 ft. o in.;length,77 ft. rr in.;
Ireight, z9 ft. 3 in.; wing area, 83r sq. ft. Photograph:
'fhe first production Andover C. Mk. r (XS594).


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
'Iype : Mllitary Tactical Transport.
P-ower Plants! Two Rolls-Royce Dart R.Da.rz Mk'
zor turboprops of 3,245 e.s.h.p.
Performaice: M. speed, 3oz m.p.h. at r5,ooo ft.; nor.
cr.-(at 4o,ooo lb.l, z7o m.p.h., (at 45,ooo lb.), 258
-.p.h. ut 2o,ooo ft.; range (max. payload-r4,75o lb.),
rz+ mls.; m. range (wiih ro,ooo-lb. payload), r,186
mls.; in. cl., r,r7o ft.,/min.;s. ceil, z4,ooo ft.
Weights: Basic operational, z7,7og lb.; max. loaded,
5o,ooo lb.
Accommodation' Crew of three comprising pilot, co-
pilot and navigator/radio-operator' Forty-fourtroops,
ihirty paratroops, or eighteen casualty stretchers, five
sittine- casualties and three nursing attendants.
Wheeled or tracked vehicles may be loaded over rear-
loading ramp, typical military loads for air-dropping
including three {-1en Land Rover, or a Land Rover
and a Ferret scout car.
Operators: R.A.F.
First Flights: (Aerodynamic prototype) Dec. zr, 1963;
(Andover C. Mk. r) July g' rg6s.
Production History: C. Mk' r (3r); C'C. Mk. z (6).
Production deliveries commenced late 1965.
Variants: C. Mk. r-Derived from the commercial
HS.Z+8 (see page 86 of Cittil volume) but featuring
redeiigned rear-fuselage, " kneeling " -main under-
carriafe, and freight floor. C.C. Mk. 2-R.A.F'
designltion for HS.748 Srs. z. The HS.748 Srs' z
Transports 22!'t Trunsptorrs
bcing Series roo ailcraft rvith r,9ro s.h.p. Drr.t .526
turboprops and the others bcing Series zzo airci.aft
with z,o3o s.h.p. Dart 532/r engines and a boxspar
rving with integral fuel tanks. The first Argosy 65o
{_19y or January B, r959, and the commercial Argoiy
differs externally from thc Argosy C. Mk. r illustritel
in having the nose doors deleted to acconmodate
rveather radar and " beaver-tail " rear doors.
Dimensions: Span, rr5 ft. o in.; length, 89 ft. z in.;
height, z7ft. o in.; wing area, r,458 sq. ft. Photo-
graph: Argosy C. N{k. r (XP44z) of No. rr4 Sqdn.


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Shofi- and Medium-range Tactical Transpor.t.
Power Plants: Four Rolls-Rovce Dart R.Da.S Mk. ror
turboprops of 2,47o s.h.p. (2,68o e.s.h.p. wet).
Performance: Average cr. speed (at 8o,ooo 1b.), z69
m.p.h. at zo,ooo ft.; range (max. payload-zg,ooo lb.
plus zoo/o reserves), 345 mls., (with zo,ooo 1b.) t,o7o
mls.,(with overload fuel and r3o/q reserves), 3,2-5o mls.
'tVeights : Empty equipp ed, 57,4oo lb. ; normal loaded,
97,ooo lb.; max. overload, ro5,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of four and 69 troops, 54 plta-
troops or 48 casualty stretchers. Loads may comprise
palletised freight, supply dropping platforms, a Saracen
armoured car, a ros-mrn, pack howitzer, or a Ferret
scout car and Wombat anti-tank gun.
OPerators: R.A.F.
First Flights: (C. Mk. r) March 4, 196r.
Production Hislory: C.Mk. r(56). Manufactured r96o-4.
Variants: Argosy 66o-A specialised military trans-
port derivative of the civil Argosy 65o manufactured
for the R.A.F. as the Argosy C. Mk. r and equipping
Nos. ro5, rt+, 2rS and 267 Sqdns. R.A.F. Transport
Command. Argosy 65o-A commercial freighter of
which twenty examples have been built, the first ten
|Irareports ,?27 Transports
vcrsion. M.H.r5zrC-Commercial light utility
licighter version. M.H.r5zz-Experimental variant
rvith double-slotted flaps and full-span wing leading-
cclge slots. M.H.r53-Experimental turboprop (Tur-
lrorn6ca Astazou) conversion of M.H.r5z prototype.
Dinensions: Span,45 ft. r in.; length, z8 ft. z! in.;
lrcight, 9 ft. z in.; wing area, 273.4 sq. ft. Photograph:
N{.H.r5zrM No. ro8 of the Arm6e de I'Air.


Country of Origin: France
ry p, t "s;i-"iuf risht u;i[ty Transp ort and A. o. p.
Power" Plant: One Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-r
radial engine of 45o h.p.
Performance: M. speed, 168 m.p.h. at 3,28o ft.; m. cr.
r5z m.p.h.; econ. cr., r43 m.p.h.; m. range, 745 mls.
at r3z m.p.h. at 3,28o ft.; s. ceil., r8,o45 ft.; in. cl.,
r,o8z ft./min.; time to 4,92o ft., 5 min.
Weights: Empty, 3,373 lb.; loaded, 5,5rr lb.; max.
overload, 5,953 lb.
Accommodation.' One pilot and five passengers. Rear
four seats removable for freight carrying or for the
ambulance role in which two casualty stretchers and
two sitting casualties may be accommodated.
Operators: Fr. A.F., Fr. Army, Adronavale, Camer.
A.F., Iv.C.A.F., Maur.A.F., Madag.A.F., Mor.A.F.,
Niger.A.F., Port.A.F., Sen.A.F.,Togo A.F.,Up.V.A.F.
First Flights: (M.H.r5zrM) Nov, r7, r95z; (M.H.
r5zz) Feb. rr, r958.
Production History: All versions (363). Manufactured
r9-53-6 r.
Variants: M.H.r5zrM-Basic military model of
Broussard (Bushman) of which r 9o originally delivered
to Armde de l'Air and 4o to French Army. A number
of surplus examples supplied air arms of former
French colonies. M.H.r5zrA-Civil agricultural
Transports Tr(nsDorts
/', r()SS; (C-r:oB) Nov. zo, r95ti; (C-r3oli) Ar-rg. z-;,
r r-16r ;(HC-r3oH) Dec. 8, r964, (C-r3oI{) Oct. rs, r966.
I'roduction History: YC-r3o (z); C-r3oA* (z3r);
I{C-r3oA (r6); C-r3oB** (z3o); C-r:oli (r+9);
(l-r3oH (:); HC-r:oH (63); C-r3oI( (66). *'l'otal
includes JC-r3oA (r r) and C-r3oD (rz) modilications.
rF'fotal includes C-r3oF (7), I{C-r3oF (46), LC-r3oF
(.t) and HC-r3oG (rz) versions.
I)imensions: Span, r3z ft.7f in.;length,97 ft.9 in.,
(lIC-r3oH),98 ft.9 in.; hcight,38 ft.3 in.; rving area,
r,745 sq. ft. Photograph.'A C-r3oE of the Braz. A.F.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Type: Tactrcal, (KC-r3ol.) Assault and (C-r3oE, H &
K) Strategic Tlansport, (RC-r3oA) Photo Mapping
and Charting, and (HC-r3oG) Search, Rescue and
(HC-r3oH) Itecovcry Aircraft.
Power Plants: Four Allison (C-r3oA, D & RC-r3oA)
T56-.4-1.4', -9 or -rr turboprops of 3,750 e.s.h.p.,
(C-r3oB, E & F) 'f56-A-7A turboprops of 4,o5o
& K) T56-A-15 turboprops of
e.s.h.p., or (C-r3oH
4,9ro e.s.h.p.
Perforntance: (C-r:oD rvith figurcs in parentheses re-
lating to HC-r3oH) M. speed, 3+S b77) m.p.h.; m.
cr., 345 (36r) m.p.h.; econ. cr., 334 m.p.h.; m. range,
4,joo (4,770) mls. rvith rg,+72 (19,+69) lb. payload;
in. cl., r,6oo (r,9oo) ft./min.; s. ccil., z3,ooo (z6,ooo)
Weights: Empty, 72,892 (7z,6tt) lb.; nor. loaded,
r55,ooo lb.; max., r75,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of four and 92 troops, 64 para-
troops, or 7o casualty strctchefs.
Operators: (C-r3oA) U.S.A.F., R.A.A.F.; (C-r3oB)
U.S.A.F., R.C.A.F., A.U.R.I., Pak. A.F., Iran. A.F.,
S.A.A.F.; (C-r3oD) U.S.A.F.; (C-r3oE) U.S.A.F.,
R.C.A.F., R.A.A.F., Braz. A.F., Turk. A.F.; (C-r3oF')
U.S.N.; (KC-r3oF) U.S.M.C.; (HC-r:oG) U.S.C.G. ;
(C-r3oH) R.N.Z.A.F.; (HC-r3oH) U.S.A.F.;
(C-r3oK) R.A.F.
First Flights: (YC-r3o) Aug. 23, 1954; (C-r3oA) Apr.
Trans,,orts 2:lo ll^ransports
sq. ft. Photo-
of the r5orst


Country of Origin: U.S.A,
Type : Long-range Strategic Transport.
Power Plants: Four Pratt & Whitney TF33-P-7
turbofans of zr,ooo lb.s.t.
Performance: M. speed, 57o m.p.h.; m. cr., 558 m.p.h.;
range cr., 5o6 m.p.h.; range (with 68,48o-1b. payload),
4,zrz mls., (max. fuel and 3r,84oJb. payload), 6,r64
mls.; ferry tange, 6,822 mls.; in. cl. (at 316,roo lb.),
3,3oo ft./min.; s. ccil. (at 25o,ooo lb.), 4o,ooo ft.
Weights: Empty, r36,r4o lb.; max. loaded, 3r6,roo lb.
Accommodation.' Normal flight crew of four. A maxi-
mum of r54 troops, r23 paratroops or 8o casualty
stretchers with eight medical attendants may be
accommodated. A complete Minuteman ICBM con-
tainer weighing 88,ooo lb. may be lifted.
Operators: U.S.A.F.
First Flights: (rst Evaluation acft.) Dec. q, 1963.
Production History: At beginning of ry67 firm orders
has been placed for 284 C-r4rAs. First delivery to
M.A.C. effected Oct. 20, t964.
Variants: C-r4rA-Entered service with 44th and
75th Air Transport Squadrons of the U.S.A.F.'s
Military Airlift Command in 1965, the first aircraft
being delivered to the rsorst Air Transport Wing, on
April e3, 1965. At the time of closing for press it was
planned that fourteen Military Airlift Command will
operate the C-r4rA by 1969. L-3ooB-Proposed
commercial model with lengthened fuselage and max.
payload of rro,ooo lb.
Dimensions: Span, 16o ft.
?'ranst,orts Transpotts
Iixpcrimcntal rnodel rvith Pratt & Whitncy It-z8oo-
CI3-r7 engines. N.z5o6-Refinemcnt of N.z5oz r.vith
slotted flaps, air brakes, low-pressure tyres and
" hneeling " main undercarriage legs. One prototype
Ilown in r957. N.z5o8-Essentially similar to N.z5o3
but Marbor6 wingtip jets added. Both prototypes to
Luftwaffe as Transall C.r6o equipment test-beds.
l)imensions: Span (N.z5or) rc6 ft. 7g in., (N.z5oz &
N.z5o4), rro ft. zl in.; length, jz fr. o+ in.; height,
19 ft. 8t in.; wing area, r,o89 sq. ft. Photograph: An
NORD NORATLAS N.z5orD of Luftwaffe Transportgeschwader LTG 6r.
Country of Origin: France.
Type: (N.z5or) Medium Tactical Transport and
(N.z5o4) Naval A.S.W. Crclv Trainer.
Power Plants: Two SNECMA-Bristol Hercules 738 or
758 radials of z,ogo h.p. and (N.z5oz & z5o4) two
Turbomdca Marbord II turbojets of 882 lb.s.t.
Performance: (N.z5or 45,+23 1b.) N{. speed, z5r
m.p.h. at 5-ro,ooo ft.; ^t range cr., r94 m.p.h. at 5,ooo
ft., zoo m.p.h. at ro,ooo ft.; range (with r4,gg4-lb.
payload), r,7ro mls.; in. cl., r,rBo ft./nin.; s. ceil.,
z33oo ft. (N.z5oz) M. spccd (all cngines), 268 n-r.p.h.
at 5,ooo ft.; in. cl., r,z3o ft./n\ir'.; m. range, 2,485 mls.
Weights: (N.zSor) Dmpty, 29s27 Ib., (N.z5oz), 3o,o8z
lb.; loaded (N.zSor), 45,+4 lb.; max. (N.z5or),
48,5oo lb., (N.z5oz), 5o,7o6 lb.
Accommodation.' Crerv of five and forty-five equipped
troops, thirty-six paratroops or eighteen stretchers
plus medical attendants.
Operators: (N.zsor) Fr. A.F., Luft., Nig. A.F.;
(N.z5oz) Port.A.F., I.D.F./A.F.; (N.z5o4) Adro-
First Flights: (N.z5oo) Sept. ro, 1949; (N.z5or) Nov.
30, r95o; (N.z5oz) June r, 1955; (N.z5o4) Nov. 17,
1958; (N.z5o8) May zg, t957.
Production History.' N.z5oo (r); N.z5or (4oo*); N.z5oz
(zr);N.z5o3 (r); N.z5o4 (5);N.z5o6 (r);N.z5o8 (z).
Manufactured r95r-64. *Includes r36 manufactured
under licence in Germany as N.z5orD.
Variants: N.z5oz-Originally evolved as civil model
with reserve power provided by Marbor6s. N.z5o3- N2504q#
Transports ,!:ti Transports
vcrsions manufactured 1955-64, including 5o military
cxamples ( 6 for R.A.F. and 14 for R.M.A.F.).
[/ariants: Seriesr-Initial production model of the
basic_ design with
54o h.p. Leonides rz8 engines of
rvhich 36 supplicd to R.A.F. as Twin Pioneer C.C.
l,Il<. rs, all later being brought up to Srs. 3 standards.
Series z-Commercial version with 6oo 6.p. Pratt &
Whitney R-1:+o S3HI-G engines for Philippine Air
l-ines. Series 3-Uprated Leonides engines. All
l{.A.F. and R.M.A.F. machines brought up to this
standard as C.C. N{k. zs.
Dimensions: Span,76 ft.6 in.; length,45 ft.3 in.;
Ircight. rz ft. 3 in.; wing area, 67o sq. ft. Photograph:
'l'win Pioneer C.C.Mk.z (XM96r) of No. zr Sqtn.


Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type: Lighrt ifactical and General-purpose Transport.
Power Plants: (C.C. Mk. z) Two Alvis Leonides r38
radial engines of 6r5 h.p.
Performance: M. speed, 165 m.p.h. ar. z,ooo ft.; m. cr'
speed, r58 m.p.h. at z,5oo ft.; econ. cr., r34 m.p.h.;
range (3,8ooJb. load), zro mls., (max. fuel), 733 mls.;
in. cl., r,z5o ft./min.; s. ceil.,2o,ooo ft.
Empty, ro,o6z lb.; max. loaded, 14,600 lb.
Accommodation' Two crew members and thirteen
troops, eleven paratroops, or nine casualty stretchers
and three sitting casualties. Maximum cargo load is
3,4oo lb. A prone position for a bombardier is pro-
vided for the counter-insurgency role.
Armammt: (Counter-insurgency) A 2,ooo-lb. load of
bombs may be attached to sponsons,
Operators : R.A.F. ; R.M.A.F.
First Flights: (Prototype) June 25, r955; (rst produc-
tion) Apr. 28, ry56; (C.C. Mk. r) Aug. 29, r9S7i
(Srs. z) Apr. 16, 1959; (Srs. 3) July 7, t959.
Production History: Total of 9r Twin Pioneers of all
Transports Ttansports
xnd threc dclivcrcd by cnd of ycar'. I,'inal scvcn schcd-
uled for delivery in 1967. At time of closing for prcss
consideration was being given to installation of 6,000
c.h.p. Tynes to improve "hot-and-high" performancc.
Dimensions: Span, r5B ft. 9] in.; length, 136 ft. .5 in.;
height, 47 ft. o in.; wing area, 2,466 sq. ft. Photo-
rraph: A Belfast C. Mk. r (XR364) of No. 53 Sqdn.
Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
Type : ldllitary Strategic Transport. I
Power Plants: Four Rolls-Royce Tyne R.Ty.rz Mk. il
ror turboprops of 5,73o e.h.p.
Performance: (Applicable to fully modified aircraft.
See note*) M. cruise (at 2oo,ooo lb.), 352 m.p.h. at
z8,ooo ft.; econ. cr., 336 m.p.h. at 24,ooo ft.; m. range
(zoo/o reserves), S,:oo mls. at 328 m.p.h. at z7,ooo ft.,
with max. payload-So,ooo lb. (and zo% reserves),
r,ooo mls. at 3ro m.p.h. at 23,ooo ft.; in. cl., r,o6o
ft./min.; s. ceil., 3o,ooo ft. (*A major drag problem
prevented initial five aircraft attaining these perform-
ance figurcs, but it was anticipated that they would be
largely attained by second five aircraft which under-
went drag-reduction modifications prior to completion.)
Weights: Empty equipped, r25,ooo lb.; max. loaded,
225,ooo lb.
Accommodation.' Crew of five including air quarter-
master, and up to 25,ooo lb. freight in strategic role
or 8o,ooo lb. for short-range tactical operations.
Typical military loads include three Alvis Saladin
armoured cars, tlvo Polaris-type missiles, three Wessex
or four Whirlwind helicopters, or r5o troops. IJp to
25o troops may be accommodated with provision of
complete upper deck,
Operators: R.A.F.
First Flights: (rst Production) Jan. 5, 1964.
Prodaction History: Belfast C. Mk. r (ro). Manu-
factured ry62-6. Tenth and last aircraft rolled out
late 1966.
Variants: First Belfast C. Mk. r handed over to R,A.F.
Transport Command (No. S: Sqdn.) on lrn. zo, 1966,
?'ransports :430 Transports
l/ariants: C.16oA -Pre-scrics aircraft u'ith zo-in.
longer fusclage than prototypcs. 'fhrcc for Francc
and three for Germany. C.r6oC-Proposed com-
rnercial derivative, including Nord-Aviation proposal
for a " stretched " r5o-passengcr model. C.r6oD-
Vcrsion for Luftwaffe. C.r6oF-Version for Fr. A.F.
Dimensions: Span, 13r ft. zl in.; length, ro5 ft. 3] in.;
lreight, 38 ft. z$ in.; wing area, t,7zz.7 sq. ft. Photo-
graph : The first pre-series Transall C. r 6o4'.

Country of Origin: France & Gcrmany.
I'vDr.' Medium-rangc Tactical Transport.
Power Plants : Trvo Rolls-Royce Tyne R.Ty.zo }jlk. zz
turboprops of 6,roo e.s.h.P.
Per;foimaice: M. cruisc (at 9o,39o lb.), 3:r-m.p.h';
eco"n. cruise, 3o8 m.p.h.; rangc (with r7,64o-lb. pay-
load), 3,oro m1s., (rviih 35,27o-lb. payload),. r,o7o mls-.;
in. cl., r,378 ft./min.;s. ceil. (at 99,225 lb.), z7,9oo ft.
Weigh^;-Enpty equippcd, 6r,8+: lb.; nor. loaded,
97,lao lb.; max. overload, ro8,ooo lb'
Accommodation.' Crerv of four comprising pllot, co-
pilot, navigator and enginccr. Eighty-one troops- or
ii*tr-t*o das.altv iitters and four attendants. Max.
r"ri.ud. a<.zro ib.. and tvpical vchicle loads include
trub tt,idsltt. Henschcl Hirr5 trucl<s, two r6,535-lb.
self-propelled anti-tank guns, a r55-mm. field gun, or
a .lz, EBRM 54 fighting vehicle.
Oieiaiors*: (C.r6oD) Luft.; (C.r6oF) Fr. A.F.;
(i.ftoZ\ S.A.A.F. *To enter service during ry67-8.
First Ftights: (C.16o Vr) Feb. 25, rg6:; (C.16o- Vz)
May 25,1963; (C.r6o V:) Feb. ry, 1964; (C.16oA-or)
Mav zr, rq6;.'Hittory: Prototypes (g); C.r6oA (6);
C.r6oD* (rro); C.r6oF* (So);Ct6oZ* (9). *Current
-Being orders with deliveries to commence r967.
manufactured by the TRANSpoT!- All-iance
Hamburger Flugzeugbau (HFB) and
VereinigtJ Flugtechnische (VFW) in Germany and
Nord-Aviation in France.
Ilalicopters 217
lllil-I- OII-r3 SIOUX
Operators: (All Modcl 47 variants) Arg. Navy ;
i^t,.+..{1-.; Aus- A.F. ; I}raz. A.F.; tsur.'A.F.; n.C.N.
Chil. A.!'.; C.N.A.F.; Col. A.F,; R. Drn. A.F.; Fr..i
Arn-ry; Luft.; l-ed. G. Army; Ilrit. Arm,v; Ital. A.F.;
Ital. Na_vy; Ital. Arm_v; J.G.S.D.F. ; Mad. A.F. ; Mex
A.Ir.; _Mor. 4.1t.; I{.N.Z.A.F.; R. No. A.F.;' pak.
$_.1. i &t",4,F._; Scn. 1A..I,'. ; Span. A.F. ; 'lur-k. A.F.;
U.S.A.F. ; U.S. Army; U.S.N.
I"irst Flights: (N!oa"t 47) Dcc. 8, rg+5; (['Iodel a7A)
-r946;,(j\alodel 47D) 1947; (\{odelaTG) r953; (Aguita-
BELL OH-r3 SIOUX b_u_ilt1\llodel 47G) May zz, r954; (Motiel a7G-z)\g5a;
(Modcl .47G-3) r95s; (Model 47G1R-l ig6z.'
Country oJ Origin: U.S.A. Prodrrction History: Model 47 has been
Role.'Three-seat Light Utility and (TH-r3) Two-seat in continuous
production for military and civil operators in pro-
Instrument Trainer. gressively refined veriions since rg45, the paient
Power Plant: One (OH-I3G & TH-I3M) Franklin company having produced more than 3,5oo. Llcence
6Y4-zoo-C3z " flat-six " engine of zoo h.p., or manufacture is undertaken in Italy by Agusta which
(OH-r3H & UH-r3H) Lycoming VO-435-ArA, -ArB goTplny has supplied fifty Model 47G-3Il-rs to the
or -ArD " flat-six " cngine of z4o h.p., or (OH-r35 & British- Ar-my_ and some components'forlhc produc-
TFI-r3T) Lycoming TVO-+:S-ArA " flat-six " cn- tion_ of a_ further r99 examples in the U.K. by West-
ginc of z6o h.p.
Perfonnance: (Specification applics to OH-r35 but is lnd. Jfre Model 47 is also manufactured in Japan by
Kawasaki, Aircraft, this company having produced
also applicable to the 'lFI-r3T and Sioux A.H. Mk. r some_z5o by the beginning of r966. Produciion quanti-
except where indicated) M. spced, ro5 m.p.h. at s.l.; tics . for Model 47 versions supplied to the U.S.
m. cr. speed, 86 m.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.; rangc, 324 mls., in parcntheses under " Variants',.
services are quotecl
(Sioux A.H. Mk. r), 273 mls.; in. cl., 8Bo ft./min.,
Variants: Model 4fA-First military vcrsion of the
(OH-r3S), r,r9o ft./min.; hov. ccil. (i.g.e.), OH-r3S, basic design supplied to thc (z) and U.S.
r8,ooo ft., TH-I3T, zo,ooo ft., Sioux A.H. Mk. r,
r6,roo ft., (o.g.e.), OH-r3S, r8,ooo ft., TH-r3T, Atnv itq as the YR-r3, and to the U.S.N. (ro) as the
r8,6oo ft., Sioux A.H. Mk. r, ro,6oo ft.; s. ceil.
FITL-r. Powered by a r75 h.p. Irranklin O-33i-r and
accommodating two persons. Model 47D-New
OH-r35, r8,ooo ft., TH-r3T, zo,ooo ft., Sioux A.H. cockpit enclosure and r78 h.p. Franklin 6Yj-r78-B3z
Mk. r, r7,zoo ft. engine. Supplied to U.S. Army as H-r.lB (6+)
Weights: Empty (OH-r:S), r,q:6 lb., (TH-I3T), end
z,o;l Ib., (Sioux A.H. Mk. r), r,7g4lb.i max. loadcd, YH-I3C (r), and to U.S.N. ns HTL-z (rz).
(OH-r3S), 2,85o lb., (TH-r3T & Sioux A.H. Mk. r), I{-r3Bs later converted as H-r3Cs with'stiipped rear
fuselage and external stretchers. Model- iZD-r-
2,950 lb. First three-seat model of basic design but supplied to
Photograph: An Agusta-built AB-47G of the Italian U.S. Army both in tlvo-seat form as thc H-;3D (S7)
Army. and three-seat form as the OH-r3E i49o). U.5. Nar,y
Dimensions : Rotor diam., 37 ft. t+ in. ; fuselage length, version was designated TH-r3L. Model 47E-Intro-
3z ft.7 in., (Sioux A.H. Mk. r), 3r ft. 7 in.; overall
duced zoo h.p. Franklin 6Y4-zoo-C3z bngine and
height, 9 ft. 3t in. ploduccd for U.S.N. at H'll,-3. Model 47G-
Ilelicopters Ilelico,l,t(rs
Generally cleaned-up vcrsion produced for IJ.S. Army
as OH-r3G (265) and U.S.N. as TI.I-r3M. Model
*,".-*a*r".rrrr -!sFds'
47c-2-Introduced Lycomins VO-435 ctrginc and
produced as OII-I3II 14oo*) for U.S. Army and
UI-I-r3FI for U.S.A.F. Model 47G-3-Franklin
6VS-::S-A cngine of 225 h.p. introduced by this vari-
ant installed in trvo OH-r3Hs redesignatcd OH-r3Ks.
Model 47G-3B-Standard production examples
ordered by U.S. Army as OH-r:S (zB:). Model
47G-3B.-r Operated by U.S. Army as 'I'H-r3T (zzo)
instrument trainer and by British Army as Sioux
A.H. Mk. r. Those for the latter service have been
supplied by the Agusta and Westland companies.
Operators: (UH-IA) U.S. Army; (UII-rB & Modcl
TIPI R44F,; R.A.N.; Col.A.F.; J.G.S.D.F.;
B.N.Z.A.,F. I U.S. Army; (AB-zo4B) Aus. A.F.; Ital.
BELL UH-r IROQUOIS IF. ; Ital. Army; Ital. Navy; R. Neth. N.A.S.; Span.
Country of Origin: U.S.A. ljlyy;8. Nq A.F.; Sw. A.F.; Sw. Army; Swisi A.F.;
Role.' (UH-IA & B) Casualty Evacuation, Utility, (UH-r! & Model zo5) R.A.N.;Luft.jSpan.Army;
(UH-rD) Assault, (UH-rE) Assault Support, (UH-tF) Span. Nar.ry; U.S. Arml'; (UH-rE) U.S.M.C.r (UH:
rF) U.S.A.F. I (AH-rG) U.S. Army.
Missile Sitc Support, and (AH-rG) Fire Support and First Fl,ights: (XII-ao) Oct. zz, 1956; (UH-r) Sep.
Escort. r958;(AP-zo,1B) May ro, r96r;(YUH-iD) Aug. r'6,
Pozuer Plant: One (UI-I-rB & D) I-ycoming T53-L-rr r99r; (UH-rE) Feb. 1963; (UtI-rF) Feb. zo,1964;
turboshaft of r,roo s.h.p., (AFI-rG) T53-L-r3 turbo- (AH-rG) Sep. 7, re6.5.
shaft of r,4oo s.h.p., or (UH-IF) General Elcctric Production Histrtry: XH-+o (:): YH-ao (6); UH-r (q);
TSS-GE-: turboshaft of r,325 s.h.p. UH-rA (rro); YUH-rD (7): UH-rli (roo); UFI-;F
Perfonnance: (Applicable to all vcrsions except rvhere (r46*). Approximately 3,5oo UH-rBs'and' -rDs, in-
specified) M. spccd, r38 m.p.h., (AH-rG: zrB m.p.h.); cluding military export versions of the Model zo4B
m. cr. speed, r35 m.p.h.; econ. cr. speed, rz5 m.p.h.; had bcen dclivered by thc parent company by begin-
range (UH-IB), zrz mls., (UH-ID), 315 mls., (UH- ning-of_r967, and orders placcd during ryOl-|5'(tor
rF), 392 mls.; in. cl.,2,35o ft./min.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.)
UH-IB & E, 16,8oo ft., UFI-ID, r8,zoo ft., UH-rF, 44o UH-rIls, r,o9r UH-rDs, 146 UH-rFs and ioo
r8,7oo ft., (o.g.e.) UH-rl3 & E, rz,7oo ft., UII-rD,
UH-rls) and, 1966 (7oB UH-rDs and 3zo AH-rGs)
extcnded production into r968. Licence manufacture
r4,ooo ft., UH-IF, r5,2oo ft.; s. ceil. UH-rB & E, of the n4odcl zo-1B is undcrtahen in Japan by Fuji
16,7oo ft., UH-rD & F, zz,ooo ft. llear.ry Ijrdustries, in Ital1. by Aqusta aJthe AB-zo+Il,
Weights: Empty (UlI-rB), +,Stq lb., (UI{-rD), 4,7r7 and in Federal Germany thc Modei 2o5 (UH-rD) is
lb., (UH-rD), 4,75oLb., (UH-rF),4,4o3 lb., (AH-rG), b_e_ing produced, the main contractor b6ing Dornicr-
5,288 lb.; max. loaded (UH-rB & D), 8,5oo lb., (UH- Werke, zzo being scheduled for deliverv to the Gcrman
rD), g,.soo lb., (UH-rF), 9,ooo lb., (AH-rG), 9,5oo lb. services, 4z of these being supplied by Bcll. *Total
Dimensions: Rotor diam. (UH-IB, Ii & AH-IG), 44 ft. orders placed by beginning of 1967.
o in.; fuselage length (UH-IB & E), 4z ft. 7 in., (UH- Photograph: Bell zo4ts of No. 9 Sqdn., R.A.A.F.
rD & F), 44ft.j in.; overall height, r4 ft. 7 in.
I/eaicoptera 2414 2*t't Ilelicoytters
Variants:XH-4o--Model 2o4 winncr of U.S. Army
utility helicoptcr design contest in Junc 1955 was
orderedin prototype form undcr this designation rvith
7oo s.h.p. YT53 turboshaft. YH-4o-Service test
model rvrth lengthened cabin and 77o s.h.p. YT53.
UH-rA-Initial production model rvith 'f53-L-rA of
86o s.h.p. UItr-rB-Improved vcrsion (\llodel zo4B)
initially rvith 96o s.h.p. T53-L-5 and later rvith r,roo
s.h.p. T53-L-rr. Accommodation for cretv of tr,vo
and seven troops, or three litters and two sitting
casualties. Ten-seat commercial version has z ft.
longer tail boom and 48 ft. diam. rotor. AB-zo4B- BOEING-VERTOL CH-47A CHINOOK
Italian licence-built version normally fitted with r,o5o
s.h.p. Bristol Siddeley Gnome H.rooo or r,z5o s.h.p. Country of Origin: lJ.S.A.
(de-rated to r,roo s.h.p.) Gnome H.rzoo turboshaft. Role.' Medium Tactical Transport.
ASW version delivered to Italian and Spanish Navies. Power Plants: Tu'o LycominSTss-L-Z turboshafts of
UH-rD-Model zo5 featuring relocated fuel tankage 165_o s.h.p., or (CH-47B) T55-L-7Cs of z, s.h.p.
to allow up to twelve troops to be accomrnodatcd. ferJormance: (At 33,ooo lb.) M. spced, r67 m.p.h.-at
Alternatively six litters and a medical attendant, or s.l.; av. cr. speed, r5o m.p.h.; range, zlo mls.; in. cl.,
4,ooo lb. freight may be carried. UH-rE-Assault r,75o ft./min.; hov. ceil. (o.g.e.), 7,71o ft.; s. ceil.;
version rvith personnel hoist, rotor brake and spccial r4,2oo fL.
U.S.N,t.C. electronics. Ilasically similar to UH-rll. I!/eights: Empty, r7,878 lb.; loaded, 33,ooo lb.
UH-rF-Re-engined derivative of UH-rD equipped Dimensions:-Rotor diam. (each), 59 ii.-ii in.; fuselage
to handle up to 4,ooo lb. of cargo at missile site silos. length, 5r lt o in.; overall heiahi; r8 ft.-6! in.
AH-rG-(Model zo9 HueyCobra) Redesigned lorn'- Operators: U.S. Armv.
drag fuselage, stub rvings and armament. Interim First Flights: (YCH-a7A) Sept. 2r, r96r; (CH-47B)
aerial fire support system helicoptel for service pending Uct. r966.
availability of Lockheed AH-56A. Total of 3zo Production History: YCII-47A (5); CH-a7A (Approx.
scheduled for delivery by June r968. z3o delivered by Jan. r967.
Photograph : (Below) Prototype AH-rG FlueyCobra. !/ari-afts: CH-47A-Standard U.S. Army medium
battlefield mobility vehicle. Can accommod,ate 44
troops, 27 paratroops, or z4 casualty stretchers. An
armed and armoured version of the CH-47A intended
for fire-suppression and escort roles was flown in
November 1965, this carrying z,ooo lb. of bolt-on
armour, a 4o-mm. M-5 grenade launcher under the
nose, five swivelling 7,62-mm. guns, and fixed zo-mm.
cannon. CH-47B-Uprated engines, new rotor blades
and, 4zo/o payload increase, Deliveries commenced
May r.967._CH;4ZC-For Spring 1968 delivery with
3,75o h.p. T55-L-r r.
Photograph: A CH-47A (6o-345o) of the U.S. Army.
flelieoptcrs IIeli<:opters


Country oJ Origin: IJ.S.A.
Country of Origin: U.S.A.
Role: Assault Transport and Casualty Evacuation, 4a1e.' Three-seat Light Utility and Observation.
Powe r Pl a n t : One (OH-z3D)- Lycomins VO-+r s-Ar C
Power Plants: Two General Electric T58-GE-8 turbo- " flat-six " cngine of z5o h.p., or (OH-zlG) V6-s+o-
shafts of r,z5o s.h.p. ArB " flat-six " engine of 3o5 h.p.
Performance: (At 19,43r lb.) M. specd, r54 m.p.h. at Performance: (OH-z3G) M. speed, 96 m.p.h., cr.
s.1.; nor. cr. spced, r5o m.p.h.; range (4,ooo-lb. pay- speed, 9o- m.p.h.; m. mnge, z5o mls. at s.1., in. cl,
load),265 mls.,(6,33o-lb. payload),25o mls. ;, r,4oo (at z,8oo Ib.), r,z9o ft./min.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 9,5oo
f.t./rnin.; hov.ceil. (o.g.e.), 6,525 ft.; s.ceil., t4,7go ft.
Weights: Empty, tz,57t lb.; max. loaded, zr,4ooIb. It., (o.s.e.), 5,8oo ft.; s. ceil., r5,zoo ft.
Dhnensions: Rotor diam. (oach), 5o ft. o in.; fuselage \gights: Empty, r,755 lb.; loadcd, z,Boo lb.
Dinens,io.ns: Rotordiam., 35 ft. 4l in.; fuselage length,
length, 44 ft. ro in.; overall height, 16 ft. r r! in.
Operators: (CH-a6A) U.S.M.C. ; (UH-+6A) U.S.N. ; 18 ft. 6 in.; overall height, 9 ft. 3l in.
Upcyatoys,: Arg. A.F.; R.C.A.F.; Can.Army; Chil.
(CH-rr3) R.C.A.F.; (CI{-rr3A) Can. Army; (HKP +) A.!.; lol._A.F.i R.N.; Guat. A.F.; Mex. A.F.'; Mor.
Sw. A.F.; Sw. Navy.
First Flights: (CH-a6C) Lttg. 27, 1959; (CH-46A) 4 f ; R Neth. A.F.; Peru. A.F.; R. Thai. A.F.'; Uru.
A.F.; U.S. Army.
Oct. 16, 196z; (HKP +) Apr. tg, 1963. First Flights: (UH-r zA) r95o;(-rzB) r95r ; (-rzC) r955;
Production History: C}J-46C* (:); CH-rrl (6); (-rzD) rqS6; (-rzE) rqSS; (-rzE-g ry6o.'
CH-rr34' (rz); HKP + (r:); CH-+6A (Approx. 3oo Production History: UH-rzA (rsi);'UH-rzB (+<s);
delivered by Jan. tg67 to meet U.S.M.C. requirement (zoo):
-UH-rzn (+s+ji'U*t-'"s* (riii);
for 36o plus small U.S.N. requitement for UH-a6A). Jlll-'rQ
UH-rzE-4* (87). *Production to .Tanuarv'ro66.
*One converted as Model ro7-II-r.
Figures include z:S to N. American cottim"t"inl op-eru-
Variants : CH-46A-Accomrnodating crerv of three and tors and 335 for export (both military and commercial).
r7-25 troops (Model roZM). UH-46A-U.S.N. Variants: OH-z3A-U.S. Army version of rzA (82).
logistic support version. UH-46D-Version of OH-z3B -U.S. Army version of rzB (289). OH-+:C
UH-46A delivered from July r966 with r,4oo Army vcrsion of lzc (rl::). Ofilz:O-fj."S.
s.h.p. T58-GE-ro turboshafts. CH-r13 Labrador- -U.S. velsion o!
R.C.A.F. search and rescue version (Model ro7-II-9).
Arm.y 1zD (+B+). OH-z3F-UiS. Army
vrrsion of E4. OH-z3G-U.S. Army version of ::.F,.
CH-rr3A Voyageur-Cargo version for Can. Army. (Production quantities in parentheses.)
Photograplt: UH-a6A (BU.No.r5o968) of U.S. Nar'1'. Photograph: Can. Army CH-rrz Nomad (OHz3G).
Ilelieopt<:rs 248


Country of Origin: U.S.A. KAMAN HH-+: HUSKIE
Role.' Four-seat Light Observation and Utility. Country o.f Origin: U.S.A.
Power Plant: One Allison T63-A-5A turboshaft of Role.' Eight-seat Crash Rescue and Utility Transport.
z5o s.h.p. Power Plant: One Lycoming (HH-a3B) T53-L-rB
Performance: M. speed, r5o m.p.h. at s.1,, econ. cruise, turboshaft of 86o s.h.p. or (HH-43F) T53-L-rrA of
r4r m.p.h. at 5,ooo ft.; range, 345 mls. ; in. cl., z,tzo r,roo s.h.p.
ft./min.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 9,8oo ft., (o.g.e.), 5,ooo ft.; Performance: (HH-a3B at normal take-off weight with
s. ceil., r8,7oo ft. figurcs in parentheses relating to HH-43F perform-
Weights: Empty, r,163 Ib.; loaded, z363 lb.; max.' ance differences) M. speed, rzo m.p.h. at s.1.; nor. cr.
2,6r3 lb. speed, rro m.p.h.; r^nge, 277 mls.; in. cl., z,ooo
Dinrcnsions: Rotor diam., 26 ft. 3 in. ; fuselage length, (r,8oo) ft./min.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), zr,ooo (zo,ooo) ft.,
zr ft. 3 in.; overall height, 8 ft. 8i in. (o.g...), r8,ooo (r6,ooo) ft.; s. ceil., z5,ooo (z3,ooo) ft.
Operators: U.S. Army; Col. A.F.; Bra.z. A.\-.; Btaz. Weigltts: Empty, 4,469 (4,62o) lb.; nor. loaded, 5,969
Narry. (6,5oo) lb.; max., 9,r5o lb.
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Fcb. 27, ry63. Dimensions: Rotor diam. (each),47 ft. o in.; fuselage
Production History: Prototypes (5). Production deli- lcngth, z5 ft. z in., overall height, rz ft. 7 in.
veries to U.S. Army began September 1966 against Operators: U.S.A.F. ; Col. A.F. ; Thai A.F.; Bur. A.F. ;
initial purchase of r,o7r machines. Eventual U.S. Iran. A.F.; Mor. A.F.; Pak. A.F.
Army orders expected to attain 3,5oo-4,ooo machincs. Fbst Flights: (Prototype) Sept. 27, r956; (HH-a3B)
I(ar.vasaki to build 6o for J.G.S.D.F. Dec. 13, rgSS; (HH-+:F) Aug. rq64.
Variants: OH-6A-Designed to meet requirements of Production History: HH-438 (r93); HH-43F (+o).
the U.S. Army's TS-r53 specification and selected as Nllanufactured r958-65.
winning entry in contest in May r965. Model 5oo- V ariants : HH-43B-Turbine-powered development of
A commercial five-seat derivative of the basic military piston-engincd (6oo h.p. P. & W.R.-r34o-43) HH-43A
design with 3r7 s.h.p. Allison z5o-Cr8 turboshaft de- four-scat crash rescue helicopter ofwhich r8 delivercd.
rated twenty per cent. Model 5ooU-A strippcd Equipped with hoist, litter racks and fire rescue kit.
utility version of the basic dcsign capable of carrying HH-43F-Upratcd engine for use rvhere altitude per-
seven persons or equivalent freight. formance under hot day conditions required.
Photograph: One of five Hughes OH-6A prototypes. Photograph:HH-43B Huskie (62-4538) of the U.S.A.F.
250 IIeliaoDters


Country of Origin: U.S.A. Country ol Origin: U.S.S.R.
Roler Six-seat Utility, Search and Rescue. NATO Code Natne: Harc.
Power Plants: One or (UH-zC) Two General Electric
T58-GE-88 turboshafts oI r,z5o s.h.p. *o/e ; Th.ree/fo^ur-seet Util it y an d Trainin g.
Power Plant: One Ivchenko AI-z6V radia'l engine of
Performance-: (UH-zA) M. speed, 16z m.p.h. at s.l.; 57s h.p.
m. cr. specd, r5z_m.p.h.; econ. cr. speed, iz7 m.p.h.; Pedormance: M. speed,. ro6 m.p.h.; m. cr. spced, g7
ll. ralg^e, 67o-mls.;in. cl., t,7qo fi./min.; hov.-ceil. m.p.h.; m. range, zro mls.; hov. c-cil. 1i.g.e.), 9,g4zft.,
(l.g.e.), U,7oo ft., (o.g.e.), .5,roo ft.; s. ceil., ro.qoo ft. (9,g.."..), 6,56o fr.; s. ceil., 14,765 ft.
Ilgishts: (UH-zA) Enlpry, 6,roo lb.; nor.'ioaded, (gights.: Empty, 3,994 Ib.; ioad"ed, 5,o62 Ib.
8,637 lb.; mnx., ro,gzo lb. Dimensions: Rotor djam., 46 ft._r r id.': fuselage length,
Dimensio.ns: Ilotor,diam., 44 ft. o in. ; fuselage length, 39 lt. 9 rn.; overall hcight, ro ft. ro in.
37 ft. o in.; overall height, r3 ft. 6 in. ()perators: Alb. A.F.; Afr.{. A.F.; Czech. A.F.: Fin.
Operatols.' U.S.N.
First Flighrs: (UH-zA) July z, r959. *.1'.;. Iruq.,4f..; *P.L.W.; Sov. A.F.; Sov. Navy;
Syr. A.F.; UAR A.F.
Production History: UH-zA* '(881: UH-zB (o6t. First. Flights: (rst Prototypc) Scpt. rg4gi (prc_Dro_
UH-zC* (3). Manufactured rq6)-2.' .UA-;t";;j ductlon) I)ec. r95o; (production) Nov.'ro<r. -
vcrted from UH-zAs. I'roduclion Hislory.. Manulactured r9.5o-6i and under
Variants: UH-zA-Sea search and rescue model with Ircence in Poland (as SM-r) r955-63."
cxtensive,navigational equipment (ASA-r3.A com- Variants: GM-r-Designoiiotr""nppii"a to the three
puter and APN-r3o doppler). UH-zB--Built for
shore base operations and lacking the extensive navi- Plgto-tyjrgs. Mi-rU-Dual-cont;ol trainer version.
Mi-rNKh-All-weather multi-purpose
gatio-nal equipment of the -zA oiprovision for auxili- SM-r-Initial Polish-built model. ^ Slvt-rW-pofiri
ary. fuel. UH-zC-Twin-engined conversion of the model with capacity increased from threc to fo.r, ."r_
basic single-engined SeaSpiite first tested March sons. SM-IWZ - Polish lersion. SM_
r965. Three additional conversions intended as rWSZ-Polish-built dual-control trainer. f."rit",
definitive configuration ordered under further IJ.S. development of basic design is turbine-power"d Mi_;
Na\y contract. (see page 264 Ciail volume) also built'in poland.
Photograph: UH-zA SeaSprite (Bu. No. r49o3r). Photograph: A Polish-built Mi- r of tlre p.L.W.
Ik:Iieoltters IIoIicolttcrs

Country of Origin: U.S.S.R. MtrL MI-ro
NATO Code Name: Hound. Country of Origin: U.S.S.R.
Role: Tactical Assault and Utility Transport. NATO Code Name: Harke-
Power Plant: One Shvetsov ASh-8zV radial engine of
r,7oo h.p. \ole: He,avy Flying Crane and Freight Transport.
Power Plants: Two Soloviev Dz5 turboshafts of 5,5oo
Performance: M. speed, r15 m.p.h. at 4,gzo ft.; nor. s.h.p.
cr. speed, 99 m.p.h.; range (max. payload), rr5 mls., Performance:. C1. gneed (with empty cargo platform),
(max. fuel), 255 mls.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 6,56o ft.; rz4 m.p.h,, (rvith high-density platform loadweighing
s. ceil., r6,ooo ft. 26,455.1b.), 112 m.p.h.; range(with 26,a55-lb. load)]
Weights: Empty, ro,Bo3 lb. ; nor. loaded, r53zz lb. r5-5.mIs.,_(with_max. fuel), 39r mls.; s. ceil., 9,842 fi.
Dimensions : Rotor diam., 68 ft. rof in. ; fuselage length, Weights: Max. loaded, g+,7gglb.
55 ft. r in.; overall height, 17 ft. o in. Dime,nsions: Rotol diam., rr4 ft. ro in.; approx. fuse-
Operators: Afg. A.F.; Bul. A.F.; Chin. A.F.; Cuban lqge length,_ rzo ft. ; approx. overall height, 4o ft.
A.F.; Czech. A.F.; Fin. A.F.; G.D.R. Luft.; Ghan. Operators: Sov. A.F,
A.F.; Hun. A.F.; I.A.F.; A.U.R.I.; Iraq. A.F.; First- Flights : (Prototype) r96o; (production) r963-_1.
P.L.W.; A.F.; Sov. A.F.; Sov. Narry; Syr. A.F.; Production History: Production deliveries to t[e-Sov.
UAR. A.F.; Yemen A.F.; Yugo. A.F. armed forces are believed to have commenced in 1963,
First Flights: (rst Prototype) Aug. r95z; (prod.) 1953. and roo* were reportedly in service by 1967,
Production History: Approximately 3,ooo manufac- Variants: The Mi-ro is a crane-type heli-coi2ter used
tured 1952-64. Also manufactured under licence in by the Soviet armed forces for the transpoitation of
China. missiles, artillery, tracked vehicles, etc., which are
Variants: Produced primarily for military purposes, straddled by the quadruped undercarriage. Up to z8
the N{i-4 has also been manufactured for civil roles, passengers may be accommodated by the cabin. The
variants including the ro-passenger Mi-4P and the Mi-ro was evolved from the Mi-6 (see page 265 CiDit
agricultural Mi-4S. The standard Mi-4 carries a volume) which, primarily a commercial tra-nsport
crcw of three and up to fourteen troops, 3,525 lb. of helicopter, has been supplied to the armed forces of
freight, a GAZ-69 jeep-type vehicle or a 76-mm. anti- the Soviet Union, Egypt and Indonesia.
tank gun. Photograph: A modified version of the Mi-ro with an
Photograph: One of two Mi-4s of the Finnish A.F. orthodox undercarriage in place of the quadruped gear.
Ilelicoplers IIeIieoplers


Country of Origin: U.S.A. Country oJ Origin: rJ.S.A.
Role.' Ten-seat General-purpose and Utility Transport. Ro le.: (CH 4 a)_
_General-purp ose Transp ort, (UH-: +)
Power Plant: One (UH-r98, D & F, & CH-r9E) Utility, and (SH-r+) Anti-submarine Warfaie.
Wright R-r3oo-3 radial of 8oo h.p. Plant: One Wright R-r8zo-84B or D radial
PerJormance: (Specification generally applicable to all engine of r,52.5 h.p.
R-r3oo-powered versions) M.speed,rrz m.p.h. ; econ. Perfonnance: (Specification applics to CH-r+A but is
cr. speed,gr m.p.h. ; nor.range,36o mls. ; in,cl.,r,ozzft./ generally applicable to all veisions of the-S-5g) M.
min.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 5,8oo ft., (o.g.e.), z3oo ft. speed, rzz m.p.h._ at s.l.; nor. cr. speed, SZ
Weights: Empty, 5,25o ib.; max. loaded, 7,9oc lb. -.'p.h.;
nor. rangc, 247 n:,ls,; in. cl., r,roo ft./min,; hov.'ceil.
Dimensions: Rotor diam., 53 ft. o in.; fuselage length,
Ll.F..e:), 4,9oo tt., (o.c.e.), z,4oo ft.; s. ceil., 9,5oo ft.
42 ft. 3 in., overall height, 13 ft. 4 in. Weights: Empty .(CH-3+A), 7,750 lb.,' (tjH-:+D)
Operators: (All velsions of S-55) Arg.A.F.; Arg. (9H-:+D, 8,275 ib.; nor. loaded, i3,ooJ ib.;
Narry; A.F.; R.C.N.; Chil. A.F.; C.N.A.F.;
Braz. max. loaded, r-1,ooo lb.
R. Dan. A.F.; Fr. A.F.; R.H.A.F.; LA.F.; I.D.F./ Dimensio.ns: Rotor_diam., 56 ft. o in.; fuselage length,
A.F. ; Itai. A.F. ; J.A.S.D.F. ; J.M.S.D.F. ; J.G.S.D.F. ; 46 ft. 9 iu.; overall height. r5 ft. r r jn.
R.O.K.A.F.; Laos A.F.; R. No. A.F.; Pak. A.F.; Operators: (All versioni of tlie S-58) Arg. Nal,ry; Belg.
Para. A.F.; Phil. A.F.; Port. A.F.; S.A.A.F.; Span.
{.F.; Narry; Cam. e.f'.; If.C.a.F.; fi. e.f.;
A.F.; S.A.A.F.; Thai. A.F.; U.S.A.F.; U.S.N.; U.S. Adronavale_;_Fl. 4r-y ; Luft. ; Kriegsmarine ; Fed. G.
Army; U.S.M.C.; Vcncz. A.F.; Viet. A.F. {rp;' ;.A._Il. $ l. ; I. D. F.,zA. F. ; Ital.Nar,y ; J. M. S.o. E. ;
First Flights: (YH-rq) Nov. ro, 1949. N.4.-S.;_ _Thai A.F. ; U.S.A.F. ; U.S.N.;
Production History: Total of r,z9o S-55 manufactured R.I"..t'.
U.S. Army; U.S.M.C.; Viet A.F.
by parent company r9-50-.59 and 196r-62, a number of First Flights: (YSH_-3aG) March B, r954; (SH-3aG)
these being assemblcd in France and Japan. ' ''
Qgnt. zo, l9s4; (SH-34II) Jan. ro, tssi."
Variants: S-55A-Initial model rvith 6oo h.p. R-r34o- Photograph: An SH-3aJ of thc R. Neth. N.A.S.
57 engine (UH-I9C & HIJ-I9G). S-558-As des- Productiort History: Total of r,9or S-58 helicopters of
cribcd above. S-55C-As S-5-5A rvith inclined tail- all types manuflttured bv parcnt comDanv ro<a-6r
boom (HH-r98). See page 267 for anglicised versions. this ttmpiisin c sl i", u. s.I. F-.,'4;;' ;;;'fi . s:i'di;
Photograph: A UH-r9 of Japan Ground Self-Defence
14r _for the U.S. Narry, 54o for U.S.-Marine Corps, six
Force, for U.S. Coast Guard, and 523 supplied against com-
256 Ilclicopters
mcrcial and [oleiun nrililxl.y ordcrs,
asscmbled .r 35 of these bcing
in Francc lrv-g11j-[yjx1lon', rhis comprny
sr!_bs.cOucn tly-t i."
n-"" -" n u r""tu rr n g a I urt h er I
yortatrts: CH-34A Choctaw _Initi,,t il'i'";',
trrnspo^rr anJ gincral ,iiri,y i=,.t,,.'i]l ,r.,i S_.fJriiil
crew of trv,r rrnd rccommojiltio,, irr"iO'_rS;;;;":
c'ight crsuurr y .tr"r.h"... - ihi.' i.i-a"r"ii,ir' "j'l' ".
- ";r_
::i,:;',T' 31,:U
ot the CH-34C. UH_:,
U V;:i;U "+ i} l*n,. l":m
uorps a^ssault and utility transport SIKORSKY 5-618-r (SH-3 SDA KING)
f.. ^"a*i *iti_,i-_
twelve passens"...-' wiih"i"niitij.uio,
Country of Oriltin: IJ.S.A.
operation frorn 1y11sr i. _iJ"ir:J'al".;g_
-tt Role ; Anti-subm:rrine Warfare.
Power Plants: 1'rvo Gcneral Elcctric (SH-rA) T<g_
marrnc warfarc version
.f nif : GE-SII turboshafts of
s.h.p., or
sonar which may be replaceo !;qg "q"ipp"J.,i1q,;;;;;.g
by-wcapons. !SS--GE-ro turboshafts of r,4oo s.h.p.
m.atic stabil sati-on equ ipmen r,, ny"ri With auto_ PerJormance: (SH-3A) M. specd, r-iq m.p.h.: m. cr.
o.pp i;."'"'# specd, r+5 m.p;h..; range, (uirh mex. fuef,
3:J8313rH1""1"!lio'lin'"!ii,"f t::_*",i;_:.L-.,,,-," "
rn. c1.,, r,5oo It./mrn..; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 54o
7,5oo ft.,
versio n wit h two en tra n cc-
cabrn and accommodarion for twelve
;;;; .ri':;;ii:;ii::;i ?,?
(o.g.e.r, 5,ooo tt.; s. ccrl., re,ljoo ft.
Weights: Empty, r r,4rg Ib.; nor. loaded. rS.oea lb.
S-58B and S-58D arc essentlllty straightforward I)imensions: I{otor.diam-, 6z ft. o in. ; fuseltge ie ngrh,
3lf ill:":':"ns
com_ S^4 lt. 9 in.; overall hcight, r5 ft. 4 in.
of the mitita;y _.i"i."*i,"ir"U'#.n
o!d(r .rur 5_./ prssengcrs and provision Uferators: (SH-3A) R.C. Navly; l.M.S.D.F.: U.S.N .
stretchers. or cargo. In
for carrving (SH-:D) Ital. Nivl:; Sp,rrr. Navy; U-S.N. -
cnsrnc rs "om-"rcial _"J"1.,ii," n'lidr" First.Flights_: (rst Prototypc) Mir. r r, r959.
dcsisnated Cyclone 98;Caii;:;'"r'.
998C9HE-2, and is ratcd q! r,5.25 h.p. for five minutcs. Productiott llistory : SH-lA manufrcturediq6r-s and
'Ihe first commerciat d"livciici ;i succceded by Sl{-3D, deliveries of which comm6nced
mrde in t.9j6-S7r and the S_5gD was ,h" i::rit,,;.;r" I966. SH-3A lssembled undcr licence in lapan for
*pl"ir""."r J.M.S.D.F., and in Canada (as CHSS-z) fo. jf.C.X.
l:j:,'1ll.ii_! y ejcctor r.ype fuel transfer""sy;i";l''i;._ Liccnce manufircture of SH-3D being undertaken in
i:^:. "i:,_,::l{
: :?i:::flT:
r957,_and an example U"itt nv
tron w rth trvo Turbom6ca Bastan, v
j i,"::
** r''* ll Italy .!r_y Agustt, and to be inder.tak6n by Westland
in U.I(.
Variants: SItr-3A-Crcw of four, Bendix AeS_r3
ffew on.Ocober 5, t96z, but thc
rr *iriir, rl.initl Ilyurr AI,\-rro Dopplcr and 84o lb. ordn-ance.
model to attain_ produclion is the 'ungf CH-38- nrissilt. .itt. and drone rccoverv ver_
known as the Wessex (see page 266) i"i."a-u",
'-"-'"'" '""'" sroq. Eiglrt sirrril:rr. "rrppoit
rrir.i'rrft for air-sea ,"r.ud *ith
R. Dan. A.l;. RII-3A .l\line countermeasures ver-
sion. VH-3A Spct.irrllv t.tluippcd e xecurive transport.
Photograph: Cl ISS-z (SIt-3A)bf R.C. Navy HS_io.
Eeliaopters 25S !3!)

& :



Country of Origin: Il.S.A,. SIKORSKY 5-644 SKyCRANE
\ -^- J'
Ro1e.' General-purpose Medium Support Transport. C-ountry ol Origin: U.S.A.
Power Plants: Two General Elcciric T5g-GE_gB ,1{o1e..Hear.y Fiying Crane
turboshafts of r,z5o s.h.p., or 1-3n; T5S_'GE-5s of and Freight Transport.
Pou,er Planls: Two p"
r,4oo s.h.p.
Performance,: (CH-3C) M. speed, 165 m.p.h. at s.l.;
t"'u*r'"iiJ'l'r o,;;:";:t & \vhitnel' JFTD reA- r
rett.ormance : M. spced.
m. cr..speed, rs5 m.p.h i econ. cr. speed, r4z m.p.h.; ir7 rn.p.h. at s.l. with extcrnal
range.(max. luel), 466 mls. ; in. cl., r,93o ft./min. :-hov. ""1.,'ilii; n',;
ce-ll. (l.g.e-), 6,zoo ft.; s. ceil. rr,7oo fi. fr. '""s"-i;;;l?'ii,',e,
(i'e'"' )' s'7oo
Weigltts.; Empty, rr,o7z 1b.; load'ed, r9,5oo lb.; max., 11;:..!3 g ";1, 4,7oo
rt. ;;. .f"l: ;,111;."i11
zz,ooo lb. t.p,t, tg,zr7
"1:rr,olb.; to"aea, 3g,ooo lb.
Dimensions: Rotor diam., 6z ft. o in.; fusele,re lensth t)Ketgttts.:
ttnenst on s : Rotor diam.
7o rt 3 i.,.; i'"","ori;:ililr:;J,ir:ril',i r'."tue" r"''sth,
b_o lt. 9 in.; overrrll height, 18 ft. r in.
Operators: U.S.A.F. Uperators: U.S. Armv.-
Fir,st Flights: (S-6rR) June 17, 1963; (CH_3C) First Fligltts:(S_6aAiMav n,^A_. /v^rr,
July p' o a u' r foi'' "u )it e': 6'" t ( YC H - s-+Ar\) r q 6+'
r 963.
(6): ?';{ prototvpcs
o'";.:6-e-'+A -l? (3); YCH-<4A
Production History: Production of the CII-IC version T*"--s:;;i;
of th,e 5-6rR for the U.S.A.F. b"s;i; F;Lilr;';;43, le9*s,"1_a-.i*-i"r;,iJi#'iir:i,.l;d""T'"3"lill
the first delivery bcing made in t.-he followinsij*16-_ r964-5. Follow-on orde rs tor six
bcr., ln.rtlal orders calling for 74 examples of which delrvery. and r8 for ii67
dellverles were continuing in 1966. YC$-S+A cvaluated in Vietnam
Variants: CH-3C-Crew"of t6ree and z5-3o fully- (::jr::''
parr _ot rnvestigation of h re6.5_6 as
cquippcd_troops,_r5 casualty strctchers .i i,"oo iU. phasis on it;;.-;;;;;;,1.'ea\'v lrtt concept with em-
cargo_._ CH-3!-Rc-engincd versjon of CU-:C. ffU- in u d es
"," ;;;;ti"";; ;.A"lt T:Rii
y;, i:l: f f
3.u-Versron ior U.S.A.F. Rescue Scrvice with cx_
ternal rescue_hoist, armour protection and self-sealing
sr :
tuel tanks. H.H-3F-Version of HH_3E for U.S.C.GI ft ,,_Tg,^lir:?"*"'?:l%:":it-#f
mrne--tayrng, cargo and mt
,lJ$ j...:;i
Ior search and rescue_ amburance and anti-submi:l: and for
Photograph: CH-3C of Military Airlift Command. i;?L:o"taton,
rhotograph: YCH_54A (64_r4zo5)
with detachable van.


Country of Origin: France. Counlry o[ Origin: France.
Role.' Five-seat General-purpose and Utilitv. Role.' Seven-seat General-purpose and Utility.
Pouer Plant: One Turbom6ca Artouste IIC.6 turbo- Pouer Plant: One Turbomdca Artouste IIIB turbo-
shaft of 36o s.h.p., or (SA-3r8o) Astazou IIA turbo- shaft of 55o s.h.p.
shaft of 55o s.h.p. Performance: M, speed, r3r m.p.h. at s.l.; m. cr.
Performance: (SA-3r8o in parcntheses) M. speed, rog sp,eed, r.r8 m.p.h.; range (rvith r,8ooJb. payload), 6z
(rzr) m.p.h. at s.l.; m. cr. speed, ro6 m.p.h.; range mls., (with r,4oo-lb. payload), 186 mls.; m. range, 3ro
rvith Bz7 (96o) lb., 186 m1s.; in. c1., r,ooo ft./min.; mls._; in. cl., r,o8z ft./min.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 6,56o
hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), 6,56o (5,6oo) ft., (o.g.e.), 4,265 ft., (o.g.e.). r,8oo ft., s. ceil., r4,ooo ft.
(:,Soo) ft.; s. ceil., ro,5oo (9,85o) ft. \eights: Empty, z,+26 lb.; max. loadcd, 4,63o lb.
Weights : Empty, r,973( r,954)lb. ;loaded,3,5z7(3,3oo)lb. Dim_ens-ions: Rotor diam., z6 ft. r in.; fuselage length,
Dimensions: Rotor diam., 33 ft. 6 in.; fusel:rge length, Zz ft.81 in.; overall height, ro fr. r+ in.
3r ft. ro in.; overall height, 9 ft. o in. Operators: R.A.A.F.; Braz. Navy; Bur. A.F.; R. Dan.
Operators: Aus. A.F. ; Belg. Army; Cam. A.F. ; Con. \ar.ry; Fr. A.F. ; A6ronavale; Fr. Army; I.A.F. ;
A.F. ; Fr. A.F. ; A6ronavale ; Fr. Army; Luft. ; Fed. 1.4.C.; Jor. A.F. ; Leb. A.F. ; Mex. A.F. ; Mex. Nar,ry;
G. Army; Brit. Army; In. Nar.ry; I.D.F./A.F.; I(en. B.M.A.L; I{. Neth. A.F.; Peru. A.F.; R. Saud. A.F.;
A.F.; Laos. A.F.; Leb. A.F.; Mor. A.F.; R. Neth. Srviss A.F.
A.F.; Port. A.F.; S.A.A.F.; Sw. A.F.; Sw. Army; First Flights: (SE-316o-or) Feb. 28, 1959; (SE-316o
Sw. Nar.ry; Swiss A.F.; Tun. A.F. No. r) July 196r.
First Flights: (SE-3r3o-or) Mar. rz, r955; (SA-3r8o) Production History: Prototypes (z); production* (+r8).
Jan.3r, r96r. Licence manufacture of the SE-3r6o is to be under-
Production llistory: Prototypes (z); pre-production taken in India. *Total orders at January r967.
(3); production* (SS:). *Total orders at January r967. Variant-s: SE-3r6o-Derivative of SE-3r3o (see page
Variants: SE-3r3o-Basic model can accommodate z6o). Can accon'lrnodate two stretchers and two siitin.
two casualty stretchers and be fitted with armament ,"J;t b; fitted with SS.rr and AS.rl
for counter-insurgency tasks, SA-3r8o-Astazou- "usriulti"s, SA-3r64-Redesigned for*'ard
missiles. fuselage
powered variant for Fr. Army and Police. mountrng a 2o-tnrn. cannon.
photograph: Alouette II of Belgian Army's r8th Sqdn, Photograph: Armed SE-3r6o Alouette III of Fr, A.F.
Ilelicopters 262


Country of Origin: Francc. C^ountry ofOrigin: United Kingdom.
Role.' Anti-submarine Warfare and Mcdium Trans_ Role; Gcneral-purpose, Rescue"and Transoort.
port. Pozuer Plants: Two Napier Gazelle ror turboshafts of
P,ou-er Plants: Three Turbomica Turmo IIIC.3 turbo- r,6.5o s.h.p.
shafts of r,5oo s.h.p.
Performance: M. sp-eed, r46 m.p_.h. at s.l. m. cr. speed,
Performa,nce: M. speed, r38 _m.p.h.; econ. cr. speed,
; t5 -.p;h; i nor. range, 4--15 mls. ; in. cl., r,ooo ft./min. ;
m.p h ; range (rvith 5,925Jb. payload). 234 mls.; ,t
rr_o-v., 8.5oo fr., (o.g.".), 6,ooo ft.
rcrry range,7Zo mls.;rn. cl., z,5oo ft./min.; s. ccil., Weigltts: Emp.ty, rr,63-1 lb.;.ror.'loid"d, rg,ooo lb.;
r 5,75o tt. max., zo,ooo lb.
Weights: P-qry,-13,558 lb.; nor. loaded, z4,21o lb.; Dimensions: Rotor diam. (cach),48 ft. rr in.;fuselage
max. overload.< lb. Icngth, 54 tl. 4 rn.; overall height, r7 ft. 3 in.
Rotordlim., 6z fr..o in.; fuselage length, ()perators: R.A.F.
b2 tt. 3 in.; overalI height, zz ft. o in. First.Flights: (Prototypc) July 5, r958.
() pera! : Adronavalc I. D. F.
; /A. F. ; S.A.A. F. !'roductrcn Htstorv: Prototypes (r); production (25).
First Flights: (S.{-3zr-or) D"g._2, r96z; (SA-3zr_oz) Manufactured ry6o-2.
1\lay 28, r963; (SA-3zr No. r) Nov. So, iq6.S.' Variants: Belvedere H.C. Mk. r-Orieinallv devel-
Production History: Prorotypc,s (z);" prejpioductio, opcd_by the Helicopter Division of Bristll Aiicraft as
(4); production* A.S.W. (27); transpori(r r j. *Orde.s thc 'l'ype r92, the Belvedere was preceded bv the
placed by beginning of 1967. production deliveries cxperimental Type r73 Mks. r, z and 3, two exa#rples
commenced late ro66- of the last-mentioned mark of this-piston-engined
Variant^s : SA-3zr-'or-First prototype completed in helicopter serving as test rigs for the Belve?ele.
form,of proposed Fr. A.F. vcrsion ,i.itf, u""ir--nao_ Equipping Nos. 26, 66 and TiSqnds. of the R.A.F.,
tion for 27-30 troops, r8 casualty stretchers o;65;"_ the Belvedere can accommodaie
9,9oo Ib. of internal or extern_al ir€ight. Six basicaiy
nineteen fully_
equip.ped troo-ps, twelve casualty stretchers, tw.o seated
sjmil3r examples ordered by I.D.F.7A.F. u"a fi"e-lo. casualties and a medical attendant,
CrPl. S{-3zr-oz-second prototyp" r"p.".".rtotirr" or 6,ooo lb. of
cargo rvhich_may be carried internally or'extemally.
of SA-32 r G version u,'ith crerv-of four, stabitizing floats Electrically-driven winch providcd for-rescue role,
and all-weather A.S.W. capability. OrderEd - by An electrically-driven winih is provided for the rescue
A6ronaval_e (12) and S.A.A.F. lr5). role.
Phot ogr aph : SA- zr -o6, 4th p re--production example, PhotograDh: An earlv production Belvedere HC.
Mk. r.
Ilelicopters Ilclicopters

Country of Origin: United Kingdom. WESTI,AND WASP
Role.' Five-seat Rcconnaissance, Liaison and Gcneral- Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
purpose. Roie; Single-seat Anti-submarine Warfare and Five-
Pozaer Plant: One Bristol Siddeley Nimbus ror or ro2 seat Gcneral-purpose and Training.
turboshaft of 685 s.h.p. Pozper Plant: One llristol Siddcley Nimbus 5o3 turbo-
Performance: M. speed, r3r m.p.h. at s.l.; m. cr. shaft of 7ro s.h.p.
qpe€d., r22 m.p.h.; m. range, 315 mls.; in. c1., r,67o PerJormance: M. speed, rzo m.p.h.; m. cr. specd, rro
ft./mir'.; hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), r5,6oo ft., (o.g.e.), ro,zoo ft. m.p.h.; m. rangc, 3o3 mls.; in. cl., r,435 ft./nin.;
Weights: Empty, 3,o84 lb., max. loaded, 5,3oo lb. hov. ceil. (i.g.e.), rz,5oo ft., (o.g.e.), 8,9oo ft.
Dimensions: Rotor diam., 32 ft. 3 in.; fuselage length, Weights: Empty, 3,+52 1b.; max. loaded, 5,5oo lb.
Dimensions: Rotor diam., 32 ft. 3 in.; fuselage length,
3o ft.1f, in.; overall hcight, 8 ft. rr in.
Operators : Brit. Army; Jor. Army; R.A.N. ; Ug. A.F. 3o ft. 5f-in.; overall height, 8 ft. 8 in.
First Flights: (P.53r) July 20, r958; (P.53r-z) Arg. s, Operators: R.N.; Braz. Narry; S.A. Nalry, R.N.Z.
(rst pre-production) Aug. 4, r96o; (Scout A.H. Nar.ry; R. Neth. N.A.S.
Mk. r) March 6, tg6r. First Flights: (rst Prototype) July zo, 1958; (Wasp
A.S. Mk. t) Oct. 28, 196z.
Production History: Pre-production (ro); Scout A.H. Production lfistory: Production deliveries to Royal
Mk. r* (rzo*). Deliveries began 196z and were con- Navy began 1963 and continuing 1967.
Ltl"i"g in 1967. *Basic version for British Army. Variants: Wasp A.S. Mk. r-Royal Narry derivative
Variants: P.53r-Original model designed as piivate of the Scout (see opposite page) intended primarily
venture by Saunders-Roe. P.53r-z-Re-engined and for operation from small platforms on frigates and
modified development evolved by Westland to meet destroyers in the anti-submarine weapon-carrying
British Army requirements. First pre-production role, the normal load being two Mk. ++ torpedoes.
Scout florvn as P.53r-z Mk. r. Scout Mk. r Srs. 4=- For A.S.W. role the Wasp is normally crewed by a
Version supplied to Bahrain State Police for com- single pilot, but dual controls may be installed for in-
munications, patrol and rescue. Generally similar to structional purposes, and up to four passengers may
three- -supplied for_ Jor. Army. 'Iwo opcrated by be carried. Diffcrences from Scout are a folding tail
R.A.N. for survey ships. and special undercarriage for deck operations.
Photograph: Scout A.H. Mk. r (XP884). photosraph: A Royal Nar,y Wasp A.S. Mk. r (XS463).


Qorlntfy o;f Origin: United Kingdom. Country of Origin: United Kingdom.
loie ;A.!.W.,Gencral-purpose ind Assault'fransporr. Role: Ten-seat General-purpose Transport and
Power Plunt: (Mk.3) One Rolls-Royce Gazelle r6itu._ Rcscue.
b99l_raftof r,6oo s.h.p., or (Nlk..5) irvo coupled Blisiol
lirddelcy Gnome r rol r I r turboshafts of i,35o s.h.p. Power Plant: (Srs. z) One Alvis Leonides Major r55
PerJormance: (Applies specifically to Mk. *i,';in Vt. or 75.5 radial of 75o h.p., or (Srs. 3) Rristol Siaaettv
rn parcnthcses).M. specd, r27 032) m.-p.h.; 3 5 Gnome H.rooo (ror) turboshaft of r,o5o s.h.p.
m. cr. Performance: (Refgrs Srs. 3 u'ith Srs. z in parentheses)
speed, .rzr m.p.h.; nor. range, 3oo (z7o) mls.; in. cl.,
M-.speed, ro6 (ro6) m.p.h. at s.l.; econ. ci. speed, ro4
,r.54o.(r,65o) .ft./min.; hov. ciil. (i.g.6.y, 5,!"o ft., (86)_m.p.h.; m. range, 3oo (325) mls.; in. il., i,zoo
to.g.e..l, 3,roo (+,ooo) fr.
trleigltts:..F;npty, 8,9oo (8,657) lb.; loaded, r4,ooo (r,o6o) ft./min.; hov.-ceil. (i.g.e.), r5,8oo i7,o6oj ft.,
(rr,.soo) lb. (o.g.e.), 6,9oo (4,ooo) ft.
Di,nensions: Rotor Weights: Empty, 4,g;z (SB79lb. ; loaded, 8,ooo lb.
diam., 56 ft. o in. ; fuselage length,
+8 ft. +l in.; ovcrall height, r6 ft. z in. Dimensio.ns:.Rot-or diam., 53 ft. o in.;fuselage length,
Operators: (Mks.r, 3 & 5) R.N.; (Mk.z) R.A.F.: (Mk. 4+ ft. z in. (+r ft. 8 j in.); ovcrall hcight, r3 ft. zl in.
ll) IL4 \r.;(NIk.5z) Iraq A.F.;(Mk.-s3) Ghan.'A.F. O_perators: (Srs,. z) Aus. A.F. ; R.A.F. ; n.N. f1or. A.n. ;
First Ftigltts:
(Protorype) May r7, i9571iMk.,)J,rr," zo, t!uw. A,F.; Yugo A.F.; Span. A.F.; R. Saud. A.F.
r958; (proto. Mk.z) Jan.i8,rs62i (Mk.2) Oct.c.ro6z. (Srs. :) R.A.F.; R.N.; Ghan. A.F.
(proto. Mk. 5) Mny_3-r, tqO:; (Mk.
5) N.r.-;;';6Z;' Fir st Flights : (Srs. z) Aug. 28, r 95 5 ; (Srs. 3) Feb. 28, r 959.
Production History: Manufactured from rosg u'"a Production History: Srs. r & z* (4ooi); Srs. 3 (rzo**).
duction continuing r967. No figures avaiiible. "."- Srs. r & z manufactured r95o-6.j. *Some 6o-zo
Variants: H.A.S. Mk. r-Gazelle r6r-powered deriva- licence-manufacturedin Yugoslavia. **New produc-
tivc of Sikorsl{y S--58 (see page zSS) for A.S.W. role, tion and Whirlwinds Srs. i & z converted to^similar
Y\.-s_t b.:tlg. o Gazelle r65-powered equivalent for standards by tg67 when conversion work continued.
R.A.N. H.C. Mk. z-Coupled Gnome-powered Var.iants,: Srs. r-Anglicised version of S-55 (see page
transport for R.A.F. Mks. 5icnd .5r similai export 253) with R-r34o or R-r3oo engine. Srs.-z-similar
models. H.A.S. Mk. r-Dcveloped"Mk. r. fi.U. to Srs. r apart from British engine. Srs. 3-Turbo-
Mk. 5 -Assault version"of Mk. z.' shaft adaptation. Mostly conv-rsions of Sis. r & z.
Photograph: Wessex H.A.S. Mk. 3 A.S.W. helicopter. Plntosraph: A Whirlwind H.A.R. Mk. ro (Srs. r).
A-r Skyraider, Douslas. CL-28 Argus, Canadair, r14
8o Rucctnecr, Hawker Siddelev. oo CL-4r'futor, Canadair, r.1z
A-3 Skywarrior, Douclus. E: Iluckeye, North American. -r fiir CI.-44 Yukon, Canadair, r96
A-4 Skyhawk, Douclas. 73 ljufialo, de Havilland Canada, CM r7o Magister, Potez, r8o
A-5 Vigilante, North American. 200 Commonwealth CA-25 Wiqieel,
r 2ll
A-6 Intruder. Grumman. 86 r+8
C-zA Greyhound, Grumman. CA-27 Sabre, 48
A-7 Corsair II, Lins-'i'cnco- 2rll Convair B-53 lJustler, 7.1
Voucht. 06 C-47 Skytrain, Douslas. zoa F- roz Delta Dagger, ro
A 3zA Lanscn, Saab. roo C-54, l)ouslas. :o6 - F-ro6 Delta Dart, rz
A-37D, Cessna, r.+4 C-rr7D, Douglas, zo4 Corsair II, Ling-Temco-
A 6o, Saab, r84 IO
C-rr8, Douclas. :o6 Vought A-7, 96 F-ro4 Starfighter, Lockheed, 3-1
AC-47A, Douslas. zoa C-r r9, Fairchild, zrz
Aermacchi MB. rz6- r 16 C-r z3 Provider, Fairchild. zr
Crusader, Ling-Tcmco-Vought F-ro5 Thunderchief, Republic,
AH-rG, Bell, ziz ' " C-rz4 Globemaster lI. Douc-
+ F_8, :,
CSzt^-2, rzz
F-ro6 Delta Dart, Convair, r2
Albatross, Grumman HU-r6. las. zo8 CSI{-r ro, Grumman, zr6 F-r t r, General Dvnamics. zo
zr6 C-r3o Hercules, Lockheed. zz8 C'I'-rr4 Tutor, Canadair, Fagot (MiG-r.s), io
Alizd, Brezuet roqo. r ro C-r33 Cargomaster, Doriglas, Cub (An-rz), rso Fairchild C-rrg, ztz
Alouette II. SudlAviation- z6o 2io CV-7, de Havilland, zoz C-rz3 Provider, zr+
III, Sud-Aviation. z6r C-r35, Boeing, r94 Fairey Gannet A.E.W. Mk. :,
Andover. Hawker Siddelev- zzz C-r4rA Starlifter, Lockheed.
Antonov An-rz, roo Dakota, Douglas C-+7, zo+ rr6
230 Dassault Etendard, r4 Farmer (MiG-rq), 44
Argosv. Hawker Siddelev- zza C.r6o. Transall. ze8 Mirage III, 16
Argus, Canadair '
CL-28.'itt CA-25 Winjeiel,- Comon- FB-rrr. General Dvnamics. zo
Atlmtic, Bresuet rrso. rr2 Mirage IV, 76 Fiat G.!r, r8
wealth. raS De Havilland Vampire, r5o Fiddler (Tupolev), 66
Atlas MB.3z6M r16 CA-27 Sabre.' Comonwealth-
Avro Shackleton, ro8 - Canada Beaver. ro8 Fishbed (MiG-zr), +6
+8 Canada Buffalo, zbz Fishpot (Su-q), 64
Canadair CF-s, s+ Canada Caribou, zoo Fitter (Su-7), 6z
B-52 Stratofortress. Boeinq. lz CL-r3 Sabre. +8 Delfin, L-zq, r6o F irebar (Yakovlev), 7o
B--s7, Martin. o8 CL-28 Arzus. i ra
B--58 Hustler. Convair- la Delta Dagger, Convair F-toz, Flashlight-A (Yak-z-q), 68
CL-4r Tutor. raz IO Flashlight-D (Yak-28), 68
BAC r6Z, rr8 CT-rt4, r+z' l)elta Darr. Convair F-ro6, r2 I.lying Boxcar, Fairchild C-r rg,
Jet Provost. rr8
- CC-ro6 Yukon- ro6 Dominie, Hawker Siddeley, rs6
Lishtnins. 8 Canberra, Englis[ Eiectric, 8,1 Dornicr Do 27, r 3z Folland Gnat, z6
Badger (Tu-r6). roz Uargomaster, Douglas C-r33, A-r Skyraider,
Beagle (Il-28). d+ Douglas 8o Fresco (MiG-r7), +z
2\O A-3 Skywarrior,8z Fuji Tr, lsz
Bear (Tu-zo). rb+ Caribou, de Havillmd Canada, A-+ Skyhawk, r8
Beaver. de Havilland Canada 20a C-47 Skytrain, 2o4
r98 CC-ro6 Yukon. Canadair. ro6 C-54, zo6, Fiat, r8
Beech +s Mentor. r40 CC-ro8, de Hivillmd Cinida. C-rr8, zo6 Galeb, SOKO Gz-A, r86
Belfast. Shon. z16 200 C-rz4 Globemaster II, zo8 Gannet A.E.W.3, Fairev. r r6
Bell OH-r3 Siorix. z+o CC-rr5, de Havilland Canada, C-r33 Cargomaster, zro General Dynamics F-rrr, zo
UH-r Iroouois- zal Draken, Saab 3 5, 6o FB-rr r, zo
Belvedere. Westland. z6e Cesna O-r Bird Dog, r3o Globemaster II, Douglas, zo8
Beverley, Blackburn. roi 'l-37, r14 E-zA Hawkeye, Grumman, r r8 Gnat, Hawker Siddeley, z6
Bird Doe. Cessna O-r.-rro
- T-+t, r+6 EA-38 Skywarrior, Douslas, 8z Greyhound, Gman C-zA,
Blackburn Beverlev- roz
- CF-ror. McDonnell.'-r8 EA-6I} Intruder, Grumman, 86 2tl9
Blinder (Tu-zz). ro6 CF-s, Canadair. <a EQ-47D, Douglas, zo4 Grmman A-6A Intruder, 86
Boejng B-52 Stratofortress, 7? CH-:, Sikorskv, ii8 IIC-r3s, Boeing, ro+ C-zA Greyhound, z18
u-I3\-. rO4 CH-ro. Sikorskv. z<a Inclish Electric Canberra. 8a E-zA Hawkeve. r r8
-Vertol CH-46, 246 CH-:+, Sikorski'. zii Lishtnine. 8 HU-r6 Albatross, z16
-Vertol CH-47,245 CH-+6, Boeinq-Veri6l. za6 Dtendard IVM, Dassault, 14 OV-r Mohawk, rzo
ro5o AlizC, rro CH-+7, Boeine-Vertol. zi< S-z Tracker, rzz
r rso Atlmtic. r rz CH-54, Sikorsky, 2ss F-+ Phantom II. McDonnell- 16
Brewer (Yakovlev). 7o Chinook, Boeins-Vertol. 24< Iij Northrop, .i+
- HAL HAOP-27 Krishak, r:+
Broussatd, Holste M.H. r 5zrM, Choctaw. Sikorskv- z<6' F-8 Crusader, Ling-Temo- HF-24 N{arut, 22
2zb CL-r3 Sibre, Canidiir, a8 Vought, 3z HJT-r6 Kiran, r54
270 :471 Inilee
r l iphtnine' BAC' 8 P-z Neptune, Lockheed, rz4 Short Belfast,236
Handley Page Hastings, :zo A-7 P-r Orion, l,ockhcerl, tz6 Sil<orshy S-55,25.1
\ icror, 8E II Lil$-Tlmi9-Y:ught
( orsalr I tt rlu I'. i r 27, Has ker Sidelelcy, z8 S-58,255
Harc (Mi-l), 251 I'aris, Morane-Saulnier, r6-5 5-6rI1,257
iiuit,. fnti-'b), ,s: II l;-8 Crusadcr' 3z
C-I3o.Hercules' zz8 l)hantom Il, N{cDonnell F-4, 36 5-6rIl,258
Harrier. Hawher Siddclcy.2E- I L;khc;d( -ratA start-ifter' 230 Piaggio P.r48, r76 S-644, 259
ijili,'"'"i,'rijiin,tmeiican. rr,8 Starfighter' 34 P.r+9, r78 Sioux, Bell OH-r3,2,1o
I lervl<er Hunter. :,1 I I- t t;-+ I'otez CM r7o Magister, r8o Sh 35C Dral<en, Saab,6o
i i;;il;; bl;;;l;;luccanccr, oo I P-u Neptune'-tz4
H-l urlon' l2l Provider, Irairchild C-t23, zrl Sl< so, Saab, r8z
.\nJovcr, z:z 1'13' t6z Sk 6o, Saab, r8+
Argosy, 22+ Il.A-3Il Shyrvarrior, Douglas, 8z Skyharvk, Douglas A-4, 78
Gnat,26 Macchi MB.rz(r, r 36 l{r\-5C Vigilantc, North r\meri- Skyraider, Doug)as A-r, tio
FIarricr. z8 can. rz8 Skytrain, Douglas C-47, zo.1
I{estrel, z8 Mxsister, Potez CM r70, r80
N{artin. B-s7, 98
s8 Ilaven, Ililler Off-4, 2+7 Skyu-arrior, Douglas A-3, 8z
P.rrz1, z8
N{anrt HAl,
Nlarut. HAL HF-24.
22 IiB-s7, Martin, q8 SOI{O Gz-A Galeb, 186
Sea Vixcn, 3o 1{epublic F-84F'l'hunderstreak, SP-z Neptune, Lockheed, rz-1
Vrrlcan. q 1 Mascoi (ll-2EU),94
Mava (L-zq), r6o s8 Starfighter, Loclheed F-1o.1,
IJarvkeve. Grumman D-2,A, r rE
IIC-13;H Hercules, Lockheed' Mci)onnell F-+ Phantom II, 36 F-ro5 Thunderchief,56
F-ror Voodoo,38 RF-84F'fhunderflash, 58 Starlifter, Lochheed C-r4rA,
zz8 RF-8 Crusader, Ling-'-femco- 230
Ijercules. Lockheed C-r30, 228 Mentor. Beech 45, r4o Stratofortress, Boeing B-S2, 72
Midget.(MiG-r 5UTl), +o Vought,3z
HH- r Sihorsl<Y, 258 RF-8+F'fhunderflash, Rcpub- Su.l--\r'ietion Alouettc I[, 260
HH-i.r Huskie. Kaman, z-19 MiG-r5,4o lic,58 i\louette III, 26r
Hillei-OH-z3 Raven, 247 IidiG-t7,42 Super lirclon, z6z
^ MiG-rq, ++ RF-ror \/oodoo, McDonnell, 38
Hisoano HA-zoo Saeta, r5E Il.F-rrr, General Dynamics, zo Sulihoi Su-7,62
HIf-r6 l{iran, HAL, I5+ MiG-2r,46 l{'f-33, Lockheed, r6z Su-9,
Hirlste M.H.l5zrM Broussard, Mil Mi-r, z5r 6,1
Super lirclon, Sud-Aviation,
zz6 Mil Mi-+, z5z S-z Traclicr, Grumman, r22 z6z
Hound (Mi-+), z5z Mil Mi-to, 253 S 3zC Lansen, Saab, roo Super Nlagister, Potez, r8o
HU-r6 Albatross, Grumman, Mirase III. Dassault, r6 S 35E Drakcn, Saab,6o Super Sabre, North American
zt6 MiraEe IV. Dassaulr, ?6
Mohiwh. Grumman OV-r, rzo S-5-5, Sikorsky, 25.1 F-roo,52
HrrevCobra. Betl AH-rG' z4z S-58, Sikorshy, 255
Huehes OH-6A, z+8 Nloncol (MiG-z rUTI). +6- T-z Buckeye, North American,
Morme-Saulnier MS-76o Parts' 5-6r8, Sikorshy, 257
Hunter. Hawlrer, z+ t64 5-6rR, Sikorsky, 258 t66
Huntinc Jet Provost, r38 5-64A, Sikorsky, 259 T-6 Texan, North American,
Huskie. Kaman HH-+:' z+q Saab 3z I-ansen, roo r68
Hustlei. Convair B-58, 74 Neptune, I.ockheed P-2, rz4 T-28, North American, r7o
NKC-r:5, Boeing. r94 35 Dral(en,60
gr Safir, r8z 'I--33, Lockheed, r6z
Ilurshin Il-28. q+ Noratlas. Nord, z3z 'l-34, Ileech, r4o
North American A-5A ro-5, r8,+
ii.nala. Atlas M8.326M. r36 Vicilante. rz8 Sabre, Canadair CL-r3, ,48 T-37, Cessna, r44
Intruder, Grumman A-64' 86 F-'86D,K&LSabre,5o Commonwealth CA.27, 48 'l'-38 Talon, Northrop, r74
Iroquois, Bell UH-t' z4z
F-86F Sabre, 48 North American F-86D, 50 'l--39, North American, r7z
Iskra, 'I'S-rr, rEb North American F-86F, +8 'I'-4r, Cessna, 146
F-too SuPer Sabre,52 'fA-4F Skyhawk, Douglas,
RA-sC Vigilante, rz8 Saeta, Hispano Hr\-zoo, r58 78
I ezB Lansen, Saab, roo T-zBuckeYe, r66 SaFr, Saab qr, r8: 'I'alon, Northrop T-38, r74
i i< Draken. Saab, 6o T-6 Texan, 168 Scottish r\r'irtion l'rvin Pioneer, 'I'B-58 Hustler, Convair, 74
icY-"r rs. Boeing, r94 T-28, r1o 'I'exan, North American 'I'-6,
iet Piovost, BAC, r38 T49, t7z s"or?,3tv""ttu..t, rc4 r68
Northrop F-5, 54 Scabat, Sikorsky SII-:+, zS6 TF-roz Delta Dagger, Convair,
Kaman HH-43 Huskie, 249 Seahorse, Sikorsky UH-34, 256 IO
UH-z SeaSPrite, z5o T-38 Talon, r74 Sea King, Sil<orsky SH-3, 257 TF-ro4 Starfighter, Lockheed,
I(C-r r<. Boeing, r94 o-r Bird Dog, Cessna, r3o Sea Knight, Boeing-Vertol, 246 3+
Kestril. Hawker SiddeleY' zE oH-6A. Huehes, z+8 SeaSprite, Kaman UH-2, z5o TH-r:, Bell, z+o
Kiran. HAL HJT-I6' t54 Sca Vixen, Hawker Siddeley, 3o Thunderchief, Republic F-ro5
Krish;k, HAL HAoP-zz, r:+ OH-rr Sioux, Bell, z4o SII-3 Sea King, Sikorsky, 257
OH-zi Raven, FIi'ller' 247 s6
Lockheed P-3, rzb
Orion.'Mohawk, SII-34, Sikoreky,254 Thunderflash, Republic RF-
L-zo Delfin, r6o OV-r Grumman' tzo Shackleton, Avro. ro8 SaF. s8
Lanien, Saab 32, roo
Indea o9D
Thunderstreali, Republic F-84F, Victor, Handley Paee. 88
-fracker, Vigilante, North American
Grumman S-2. rzz R-\-5C, rz8
Transall C,r 6o. zr8 Voodoo, McDonnell F-ror. r8
TS-rr Iskra, r88" Vulcan, Hawker Siddcley, qj
Tupolev Tu-r6. roz
'fu-zo, ro.4 Westland Beivedere. z6 r
Tu-22. t06 Scout,264
Fiddler,66 Wasp,265
Twin Pioneer. Scotrish Avia- Wessex,266
tton,234 Whirlwind, z6z
\\'injeel, Commonwealth
U-6, de Havilland, ro8 CA-25, r48
UH-r lroquois. Bell-- ztz )
UH-z SeaSprite. Kahan. z<o Yakovlev Brewer, ?o
UH-ro. Sikorskv. z<a Firebar, To
UH-:i. Sikorsl<ii zii Yak-z\-.68
Yak-28. 68
Vampire, de Havilland, r5o Yukon, Cinadair CC-ro6, rq6
A i r Forc e Abbr ea iat ions (C ontinued)
Spain Eiercito del Airo Spatr. A.F.
gudan gudan gid. A.F,
Air I'orco
Sw€den l'lygvapnet gfed. A.F.
SFitzerland gchweizerische Flugvaflo Swiss A.F,
Syria Sydao Air Force Aw. t.F.
Tanzania Tarzrni^n Ar Force Tin. A.F.
'Ihailand Iloyal llhai Air Force R. Thai A.F.
Togo Force Apdenne Toqotnise Togo A.F,
Tunisis Am6e de I Ar TurJdiemc Tuir. A.F.
l'urkey Tilrk I{ava Kuwetleri Turk. A.F.
Uganda U,ganda Amy Air Forco Ug. A.A.F.
u.s.s.R. Vue0no-Vuz,llsbny Sily Sov. A.],.
-<lo- Nurdkrya Avialuiyr sov. Nary
U.A.R. Air Force oi tbo UnileLl Ar:rb Reprrllic UAR A.F",
U.K. nuyil Ar Forco n.A.t'.
-do- Irleet Air Arrn n.N.
Arrny Aviation Brit. Amv'
u.s.a. Uniled Sktec Air Force U.S.A.F,
-dr UoilFd Suks NrW U.S.N.
-do- UDitcdSIates.MarineComs U.S.M.C.
-dr Air NatioDal cuard A.N.G,
Upper Volta Force Adrientre de flaut€-Volia Up, V,A.F.
Uruguay Fuerzc Aerea Uruguaya Uiu. A.ts.
Iuerzas A6reas Venerolauas Venez. A.F.
Vietnm (N) Vietnrmese People's Air Forco N. Viet. A.I'.
Vietnam (8) Vieinam$e Air Forc€ Viet. A_F-
Yemen ,{ir Force of th€ Yemen I'em. A.F.
Yugoslayia JugoslovenskollatnoYazduhoploestyo yugo.A.F.
Zarnbia Zambia Air lorce Zam. A.F.

- A-o,uTi-p!g of iistilg cume_Dt opemtors of an iDatividual mititary aircraft tne ts

pro\ided. by the follovilg shich is applicabl€ to rhe Dougls C-n? B[ytrain or Liakot.r
trampoft (see paged 204-205):
op?:a!on: Ars. A. E. Ars.
_ -Narry, R.A.A.F., R.A.N., Bels.
aur. A. ts.. ( amen A.F., Camb.
A.F.. Boliy. A.F., Bru. A.F.,
A.F., R.C.A.F., Chil. A.F., -.N.A.F., Col, A.F., Cong. A,t.;
(u-b_an A.t., x. Dau. 4.F., UAR, A.l'.. Et!.4.q:,
FiD. A.F., Fr. A.F.. Aeron;vatei t_utt.i
x.H.A.F.. cuat. A.r'.. Hair. A.c., Eou. A.F., r.A.F., A.u:n.l.;1;;.;.i;ii.
I.D.l'lA.F., ltat. A,I,., R.O.K.A.F., Laos A.F., Lib. i.F.. trad.'A.F; Uiuil e.e.,b.l.r.,Uer.
A.F., R.-Nettr. A.F., Nis.r A.F., R.N.z.A.F.,lic. e.e., n. No e.i"- F#"lili., i;"-.,1.r.,
Phil. A.P. P^od. A.F. R. R. A. F., R. S,,rd. A. F., gat. A.F., SeD. A.i; a;; A.i- S.ea.r.,
tspe. Aud. A-F.. Swed. A.F.. aq._A.F., R. Thai A.F., Tut, A.F., Ua. f.A.f:;
Uro. 1.F., u.s.A.F., u.s.x., u.e.M.c. veoii e.r.-vi"t. jlii.,
v-d"le.ii.,-i*. .r.r.

{t. Docs
t0. cEoLo(;Y
30. cA'l's
37. SCULP'ltiRE

Prhtecl it Great Btitait

are of

editions fi
now all 1
sold I
l, {

il,,., Rtu,t l F"{;&an f)

N EXT t,
1 968 ll
1966 1967
For many years the annual publication o! The Observer's
Eook ol Aircraft has been eagerly awaited by aviation
enthusiasts the world over. Uniform in size and format
with A,AS/C Aircraft which it .complements, this yearly
publication, which has appeared in several languages.
has for long been accepted internationally as a standard
reference source, and unique of its type. Packed with a
wealth of up-to-date information and hundreds of
illustrations. each year's Observer's Book of Aircraft is
entirely revised and re-illustrated. providing in compact
form detarls of all the new aircraft types and the latest
variants of existing types to have appeared in the ,$
preceding twelve montht together with advance details I
of the even newer aircraft that are expected to make i.i
their d6but during the course of the twelve months in 'j
which the respective volume is currcnt. For pocket or
bookshelf the annual Observer's Book of Aircraft is $
indispensable to all wishing to keep abreast of the latest
developments in the world of wings. il
Published by