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Government Information

Republic of Namibia
Bulletin
The world’s oldest man is 113 years
September 2007

and Namibian
By Kaleni Hiyalwa
Tatekulu Wilhelm Shinima Niilenge “aka” Shelengane was born on 06 April 1894. He is still alive at 113 years and living in a village
called Elondo in Uukwaludhi in the Omusati region in northern Namibia. Born before the turn of the 19th century at Okalonda village
in Uukwaludhi, tatekulu Niilenge has lived across three centuries.

T atekulu Niilenge was among the more Niilenge was captured in 1966 and incarcerated
than 90 legends of the Namibian liberation in prison in Pretoria, South Africa. Two years
struggle who were conferred with honorary later, he was found guilty under the Terrorism
military ranks and medals during the Heroes’ Day Act in the Pretoria court and sentenced to life
commemoration on 26 August 2007 at Eenhana imprisonment and banished to Robben Island
in the Ohangwena region by the President of the where South African political icon, Nelson
Republic of Namibia, H E Hifikepunye Pohamba. Mandela, had been imprisoned for close to
Tatekulu Niilenge received the honours as one three decades.
of the pioneers of the liberation struggle of
Namibia. Tatekulu Niilenge was released from Robben
Island in May 1984 at the age of 90 years,
Namibia was engaged in a protracted war against together with one of the living legends of the
apartheid colonialism that lasted for more than Namibian liberation struggle, Herman Andimba
two decades, under the umbrella of the South Toivo Ya Toivo, who spent fifteen years on
West African Peoples’ Organisation (SWAPO) – Robben Island.
a liberation movement that brought about the
country’s independence on 21 March 1990. Like most of the men who joined the struggle
for independence, tatekulu Niilenge had worked
Tatekulu Niilenge joined SWAPO in 1964 and in the central part of the country.
he was initially involved in the distribution He is 17 months older than Japan’s Tomoji
of membership cards and dissemination Tanabe, claimed to be the world’s oldest man
of information about SWAPO to the local who celebrated his 112 years on September
communities. He later joined the South West 18, 2007.
Africa Liberation Army (SWALA) – SWAPO’s Colonel Wilhelm Shinima Niilenge
military wing that preceded the People’s Tatekulu Niilenge returned to his home at “aka” Shelengane
Liberation Army of Namibia (PLAN) in 1965 when Elondo, from Robben Island, where he reunited
with his wife, Petrina Eeru, his children and and enjoys eating all kinds of the Oshiwambo
he was 69 years old. traditional food such as pap, meat, fresh and
relatives. His wife died a year later. He had
He received his first military training at Otamazi, 8 children, five of who are still alive. His last dried spinach and drinks the non- alcoholic
oshikundu (a traditional soft drink made out
1
specialising in infantry. At 70, takekulu Niilenge born is 18 years old and lives with him at his
homestead at Elondo. It is estimated that of a mixture of millet and sorghum flour). In
was part of the first fighters who participated addition, the family tries to get some fresh
in the battle that marked the first step of the tatekulu Niilenge is a grandfather of more than
20 grandchildren. food for him from shops whenever they can
armed liberation struggle against the South afford it. Although he has lost memory of some
African apartheid military force at Omungulu events, friends and members of the community,
Wombashe, in northern Namibia. When he returned to his motherland, tatekulu
Niilenge began to organise meetings with including teachers continue to seek wisdom
learners in his community to educate them on the political history of his time. Mpingana
According to a booklet: Trails and Tribulations of Simon Niitembu is tatekulu Niilenge’s great
the Pioneers of the Struggle for the Liberation about the political situation in their country.
Tatekulu Niilenge lives about 8 kilometres grand niece (his sister’s grand daughter). She
of Namibia 1960 – 1973, (2007), published by is 25 years old and elected
the Ministry of Defense in Windhoek, tatekulu from Outapi. The old man is in good health

Continues on page 19

San are the oldest OVC Policy Criteria for heroes


In This Issue

people on earth underway and heroines

Page 6 Page 11 Page 15


Government Information Bulletin September 2007

From the Desk of the Minister Contents


This is a season that we, as The world’s oldest man is 113 years and Namibian................ 1
Namibians, pay tribute to our
heroes and heroines. It is a From the desk of the Minister................................................. 2
time to honour their work of Heroes’ Acre, memorial shrines, graves and
selflessness and dedication
cemeteries in Namibia............................................................. 3
to socio-political and cultural
justice. Namibia in Pictures................................................................. 4
Outstanding work of war veterans rewarded......................... 5

O ur memories of their deeds


can be preserved in many
ways. The establishment of
Modern-day Namibian culture in paying homage to
heroes and heroines................................................................ 5
memorial shrines and tombs in San are the oldest people on earth......................................... 6
the country are some of the ways
we can keep the memories of our Amathila blasts alcohol sellers and exploiters of
heroes and heroines in our midst. San people............................................................................... 7
Amathila passionate about the San Development
Now that we are free and
independent, it is time to organise Programme despite persistent anomalies
Hon. N. Nandi-Ndaitwah ourselves, designate places and within San communities.......................................................... 7
venues in our country where we
Amathila on San Development tour of
will bury our people with dignity and respect. At these places, we can
converge, as a nation, at any time, to honour and pay respect to the people Otjozondjupa region................................................................ 8
who have performed extraordinary work for the good of humanity. Media legislation consultation................................................. 9

Today we have named some of our streets, schools, sport stadiums, public Retooling the Public Service.................................................... 9
parks, buildings, ships, trains, railway stations, and other places, after our MPs watch HIV/AIDS video to promote lifestyle change........ 10
respected heroes and heroines. It is an attempt to inculcate these names
Gender Ministry donates blankets to kindergartens............... 10
in our memories. However, we have a great responsibility ahead of us, as a
nation. These names should not remain as street signs and building names. African Women Ministers and Parliamentarians
We need to record, write and document our country’s history by making met in Windhoek..................................................................... 10
known the significance of the course of lives of our people that necessitated
OVC Policy underway............................................................... 11
the respect accorded to them. We have a responsibility to account and
chronicle their roles and contributions they made for mankind. ETSIP and ODL practical and realistic..................................... 11
Namibia Road at the heart of Addis Ababa............................. 12
Keeping records of our heroes and heroines do not only reinforce our dignity
and integrity but also that our values will be guided by the motto of unity, Norwegian Parliamentarians explore Namibian fisheries....... 13
liberty and justice. We will learn to embrace the fact that Namibia, as a Government Liaison Officers sharpen skills............................ 13
multi-cultural society, needs to forge mutual understanding and a norm of
Residents of Tsumeb cry loud on crime................................... 14
peaceful co-existence and solidarity among its people.
MTC opened new headquarter............................................... 14
As a nation that exists among nations of the African continent, Namibia has Progress in constructing houses for Robben Island prisoners,
been named after one of the streets of Addis Ababa, the diplomatic capital
plan, war veterans and the brutalized persons....................... 15
of Ethiopia. This gives us a sense of belonging to a family of the African
Unity (AU). Namibia Road in Addis Ababa makes Namibia visible among Criteria for heroes and heroines.............................................. 15
other Pan-African countries that are striving to forge unity. African countries must vigorously pursue

Namibia is one of the few countries where the inhabitants are considered scientific education................................................................. 16
to be the oldest people on earth. The San people have lived since the FIFA World Cup, African Cup of Nations 2010 and
Late Stone Age. Apart from being the oldest inhabitants of Namibia, they
regional intergration will benefit Namibia’s economy............ 16
are also the poorest and most marginalised. They need to be assisted
Etosha National Game Park is at a crossroad of a century...... 17
2 and be brought to the same living standard in terms of socio-economic
development. Etosha celebrates 100 years.................................................... 18
Walvis Bay Airport close to international Standard................ 19
According to records, Namibia is a mother to the world’s oldest man, tatekulu
Wilhelm Shinima Niilenge. Tatekulu Niilenge is 113 years old – more than Negotiations on a Bilateral Air Service Agreement
a year older than Japan’s Tomoji Tanabe, reported to be the world’s oldest between Namibia and Ethiopia............................................... 20
man in The Namibia of 19 September 2007. This means that longevity is not
remote but part of the Namibian natural life. Government orders closure of US Security Company.............. 20

Government Information Bulletin: Publicising Government


The Government Information Bulletin was comments and suggestions on Government The Bulletin is distributed free of charge to rural
established through Cabinet Decision Number projects, programmes and policies, which communities through the Ministry’s different
13th/04.07.06/002 as an official information will then be covered in the Bulletin. More regional offices.
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benefit of Government institutions and the Government Internet site at www.grnnet.gov. to subscribe to the Bulletin, but mailing costs
Namibian public. All Government institutions na will be for the account of the subscriber.
contribute towards the Bulletin. The Government
Information Bulletin is published monthly by Private Bag 13344, Windhoek, Design DV8 Saatchi & Saatchi,
the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. Telephone 061 x 2839111, Windhoek.
To meet the specific information needs of Fax 061 x 230170, Layout Solitaire Press, Windhoek.
communities, the public is invited to send E-mail wdeetlefs@mib.gov.na. and printing
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Heroes’ Acre, memorial shrines, graves and


cemeteries in Namibia
By Kaleni Hiyalwa

Apart from the Heroes’ Acre, which was inaugurated in 2002, in Windhoek, as a common resting place for the national heroes and
heroines who sacrificed their precious lives in the liberation struggle against colonialism, cemeteries have been erected in other
parts of the country where the amateurs from the resistance struggle have been buried. Annual commemoration events take place
at the memorial cemeteries at Okahandja, Omaruru and Okombahe, among others, in remembrance of some of the traditional
personalities and leaders of the resistance struggle against the German occupation of Namibia.

T he newly built shrine at Eenhana marks


the first step on the road to decentralise
national memorial places to different parts of
more than a century.
The apartheid war
machinery was built
the country, as not all the national heroes and up throughout the
heroines would be able to be buried at the country, particularly
Heroes’ Acre in Windhoek. This decentralisation in the northern parts
is envisaged to give citizens an opportunity of the country with
to be able to come together to pay homage a view to counter
to their heroes and heroines at shrines closer attack the SWAPO
to them. The opportunity is also aimed at freedom fighters and
restoring a sense of pride in all citizens who will to contain support
need to visit these monumental places. Equally from the civilians.
so, the young and future generations, from all
walks of life of the Namibian nation, will have Many Namibian sons
the opportunity to understand the historical and daughters went
experiences of their forefathers and mothers. into exile in protest
of subjugation,
President Hifikepunye Pohamba unveiled the suppression and
memorial shrine at Eenhana during the 2007 oppression by the
Heroes’ Day commemoration, 41 years after colonial regime.
the start of the armed liberation struggle on Some of the people
26 August 1966. In his keynote address, the who fought from Part of the crowd that witnessed the unveiling of the Shrine at Eenhana
President said the government has decided that within the country
if the remains of “our heroes and heroines of endured hardships noted: “We are, however, consoled by the fact
the liberation struggle are discovered in future, such as torture, imprisonment, detention and that today we have just carried out a dignified
such remains will be buried at the locality where many others were murdered, massacred and reburial of our heroes and heroines whose
they are found”. maimed. remains were discovered in mass graves here
at Eenhana and in surrounding villages.”
According to a Cabinet decision taken in August Many of the Namibian warriors have not been
2007, the Heroes’ Acre is not a cemetery buried in dignified graves and cemeteries. Some Despite the fact that Namibia has established
but only persons who have been conferred of them are buried in shallow and mass graves, common memorial places for the brave
the country’s two highest honours shall be both inside and outside Namibia while some of amateurs of the resistance and struggle for
entitled to be buried there. It is also expected them remain unburied and some of the remains independence, many of the heroes, heroines
that the heroes and heroines who are yet to are still not identified so that their names and and leaders are buried in scattered cemeteries
be made in the struggle for socio-economic identities could be attributed appropriately. For and graves around the country and abroad. For
upliftment and social justice will be laid to rest instance, the remains of Brendan Simbwaye, a instance, Captein Hendrik Witbooi is buried in
in the shrines, countrywide. The nation will Namibian brave warrior and others have not a lone cemetery at Vaalgras in the south of
continue to make these heroes and heroines been found to date. the country, Captain Jan Jonker Afrikaner is
as President Pohamba envisages it: “We must
endeavour to create more heroes and heroines President Pohamba strongly believes that
buried at Tsoabis and Jonker Afrikaner is buried
in Okahandja’s Lutheran Church grave yard, 3
whose contributions will be measured in the country is confronted by the horrors King Mandume ya Ndemufayo’s two memorials
terms of social upliftment of our communities, perpetrated against Namibians at the hands reside at Oihole and in Windhoek. Other heroes,
creation of employment, opportunities for our of the apartheid regime. “Many sons and such as Jacob Marengo, Chief Hosea Kutako
people, improvement of the standards of living daughters of Namibia, cardres of PLAN, are and Rev. Theofelus Hamutumbangela are all
of our people and the achievement of our today lying in unmarked graves. It is even more buried in different cemeteries in different parts
development goals and objectives.” painful to note that some of those who fell in of the country. The mass graves at Cassinga,
battle were not buried. Their remains are lying Ondeshifiilwa and others are other memorial
The President also observed that the shrine in the valleys, forests and hills both inside and places that must be engraved into the Namibian
at Eenhana was not a regional tomb but a outside Namibia,” he added. history records.
national memorial since PLAN combatants .
whose remains are buried there comprise of For more than a century, during which time The majority of these heroes and heroines
Namibians from different parts of the country. Namibians were engaged in wars of resistance are considered to be part of those buried at
“The remains buried there belong to sons and and the liberation struggle, people did not have the Heroes Acre. These may include the brave
daughters from different parts of Namibia who an opportunity to burry or be involved in the warriors of the liberation struggle who died
fought under the banner of SWAPO,” said decision-making and choice of the burial places and were laid to rest in foreign countries,
President Pohamba, who is also the SWAPO of the many fallen country men and women. especially Zambia and Angola. Some of these
Vice-President. After independence, the nation has begun to fighters were late Jonas Haiduwa and Abisai
Namibians were engaged in the anti-colonial accord those who sacrificed their precious lives Hanghome, Deputy Comanders of the Military
resistance and armed struggle for national descent burials to honour their contributions Council of the South West Africa Liberation
liberation against foreign domination of the to the anti-colonial and liberation struggle. It Army (SWALA) which was replaced by PLAN of
German and South African colonialists for has come as a relief when President Pohamba SWAPO, who died in exile.
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Namibia in Pictures

Veterans paying respect to comrades A war veteran being honoured for outstanding work

The shared rich cultural heritage of Namibia, More than 30 000 people attended the
Botswana and South Africa Heroes’ Day 2007 at Eenhana

Wreath laid at the Shrine at Eenhana The first women member of the People’s Liberation Army of Namibia
(PLAN) receiving a medal from President Hifikepunye Pohamba
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Outstanding work of war veterans rewarded


By Kaleni Hiyalwa

The conferment of honorary military ranks and medals on Namibian veterans of the liberation struggle by President Hifikepunye
Pohamba at Eenhana in the Ohangwena region on 2007 Heroes’ Day did not come as a surprise. The awards resulted from hard
work of the sons and daughters who relentlessly dedicated their time, energy, blood and lives to the course of freedom and national
sovereignty. Although the struggle they waged was bitter and costly, they fought on till victory.

W hen the pioneers of the struggle had


given their first steps on a long walk to
freedom, they were determined to dedicate
A skilled Nankudhu had used his ability,
capacity and technique, as the mobilisation
and training commander of the South West
their lives for the good of all people of Namibia. Africa Liberation Army (SWALA) of SWAPO,
They have selflessly given up all they had to when he returned to Namibia, to mobilise
fight for justice, not only for themselves, but the people to rally for the struggle against
also to liberate all the oppressed, exploited and oppression and colonialism and trained new
enslaved masses of the Namibian nation. coverts in the process. He led a group of six
fighters, including Patrick Iiyambo “Lungada”,
In the foreword of a booklet: Trails and the then SWALA Intelligence Commander and
Tribulations of the Pioneers of the Struggle for Secretary. By then, the plan to launch an armed
the Liberation of Namibia 1960 – 1973, (2007), struggle was already underway as a result of
published by the Ministry of Defense, President the colonialists’ defiance of the United Nations’ More then 90 war veterans were conferred with
Pohamba said that the pioneers of SWALA efforts to negotiate self-determination to the honorary and military ranks and medals
“waded rivers of blood, traveled long journeys, people of the then South West Africa.
endured hunger and thirst and sacrificed their
lives in the fight for the liberation of what is Nankudhu also embarked on establishing
today a free and independent Namibia”. There camps for SWAPO fighters in places such as
were few mentors of the national liberation Otamazi, Uuvudhiya and Omugulu Wombashe.
struggle at the time in addition to those who It was during his activities in northern Namibia
resisted foreign colonial domination. But they that the militant was captured by the South
decided to pursue their goal by paving the way African enemy and was imprisoned in Pretoria.
for the independence of their country, come In 1968, Nankudhu was prosecuted and
sun or rain. sentenced to life imprisonment at Robben
Island prison where he was incarcerated until
People like John Otto Nankudhu, known by November 1985 and finally released from
the combat name, Koshiwanda, together with prison in December 1985.
others, were some of the first people to receive
professional military training from abroad. Having been trained in guerilla warfare tactics
Using his talent and initiatives, Nankudhu had abroad, the SWAPO warriors in making set out John Otto Nankudhu, one of the beneficiaries
of honorary ranks and medals
established one of the first military training from Tanzania on 04 March 1965, walking on
camps for SWAPO in Kongwa, Tanzania in foot, through trails and thick bushes of the
1964. Zambian and Angolan terrains. Continues on page 13

Modern-day Namibian culture in paying homage to


heroes and heroines
5
By Kaleni Hiyalwa

There are three graveyards in Okahandja where most of the otjiserandu and otjingirine groups converge to pray for good luck and
for other things, such as rain from the ancestors, among others, and pay homage to the late Chief Samuel Maharero and late Chief
Kahimemua Nguvauva. Rituals and respect are expressed through warrior praise songs and eulogies.

Experience taught us that the great attachment to the nature of songs, dance and praise songs or eulogies is
annual commemoration at Okahandja memorial shrines often related to those sung during the liberation struggle
and elsewhere in the country is that people go and listen and different cultural dances have been the practice at
to the elders about who the heroes were, what kind of life public meetings marking the commemoration day.
they had led, their contributions and roles to humanity
and what had happened to them. This gives generations Namibians will converge at Heroes’ Acre, at various
a chance to understand and know their demonstrated shrines and cemeteries to commemorate Heroes’ Day
bravery in their war against foreign occupation and where a moment of silence will be observed as a norm
roles they played in the fight for social justice in their to pay respect to those who have died for good of
communities. Namibians witnessed the 81st observation humanity in addition to the Christian religious prayers
of the White Flag Day on the 7 October 2007 at the conducted at every start and end of the commemoration
Ozongungu at Omaruru. As they paid homage to their events. National anthems also form part of the
forefathers, the Ovaherero/Ovambanderru/Ovahimba observance.
event was ushered with traditional songs and dance.
Namibia has chosen to commemorate Heroes’ Day Part of the traditional memorial tributes in some of the
annually at a national level in a rotation approach, once African cultures and other places in the world include
in 13 years per region. The event is often marked by visits to shrines or heroes’ worshiping places, ritual
holding commemoration rallies or public meetings. The performance and prayers for rain, good luck, peace, A wreath laid at the Shrine
stability and God’s/gods’ blessings.
Continues on page 19
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

San are the oldest people on earth


By Helmut Angula

The San are the world’s oldest people, existing since the late Stone Age more than 20 000 years ago. According to historic evidence,
the San have lived everywhere in the world including Europe, the Middle East, Australia and Africa. However, they seem to have
survived to date in Africa, especially in the Southern part of Africa.

T he San people are known to live in Angola,


Botswana and Namibia, South Africa and
Zimbabwe. They live a nomadic life whereby
colonial denunciation
is the prime target
of our current literary
they engaged in gathering fruits and collecting work.
roots of trees. San people have been, since
the arrival of the Dutch at the Cape in 1652, This paper is an
derogatively known as Bosjesmannes while extract from a book,
the British call them Bushmen. They are said yet to be completed,
to belong to the Khoi-Khoi groups not only about the history of
because of the ‘click’ languages they speak but Namibia, embracing
also because of the original rock paintings and both antiquity and
engraving artistic work they have exhibited. the modern period.
The history of
Below is an extract of a history of the San Namibia is the history
people which could be interesting for the of social interrelations
readers. between and within
the Khoi-Khoi and
Tracing the history of the San, Namibia’s San, then between
first inhabitants and within the
San-Khoi-Khoi San are the oldest people on earth
Summary: and Damaras, and
between and within by the Ovambos. However it appears that
The present-day San communities in Namibia the above and the Bantu peoples. Finally, it they call themselves Khuai (apron), the name
are regarded as descendants of a late Stone has become the history of social interaction currently applied to the hypertrophy of the San
Age people tracing their origins back nearly between and within all Africans on the one female pudendum’s outer folds of the labia
20 000 or more years. Helmut Angula looks hand, and the European invaders on the other. (labia majora), known to Europeans as the
at the existing literature relevant to this It is a history of inter-communal merger and/ natural apron of the ‘Hottentots’. One writer
pre-history and attempts to demystify the or rivalry, sometimes marked by internecine who has studied the San believes that this
racist interpretations which downgrade the warfare. But above all it is a history of material so-called tablier egyptien was a noted feature
importance of the San people’ ancestors and and cultural development, of refinement full of of the shape of the women of Ancient Egypt
the sophistication of their artistic and spiritual social contradiction for that matter. It seems, and was referred to in records of the Second
culture, not only in Africa, but in Europe and the therefore, logical to start by asking: who Dynasty. The men were said to have been
Middle East as well. As such, the ancient history exactly were the San people? born, lived and died with their sexual organs in
of the San, argues Helmut Angula, is critical for a semi-erect position.
humanity’s understanding of itself, yet the Namibia has been the home of the San people,
colonial genocide against the San communities derogatively known as the Bushmen. In The San men apparently accepted it as the
and the current South African colonial war in physical appearance they are of a small stature, most important difference between themselves
Namibia is ruining the possibilities of the world yellow to light brown in skin colour and have and other men. They gave themselves the
understanding that history. black, peppercorn hair. Their traditional social name Qhwai-xkhwe, which openly proclaims
organisation is nomadic and they construct this fact. San men even painted themselves
Introduction only temporary shelters, usually from tree bark, all over the rocks of Africa in naked silhouette
palisades or grass. plainly demonstrating this distinguishing
The study of the question of Namibia from feature. This was not done with obscene intent
6
a pre-historic perspective is a difficult and They now live mainly in the Kalahari, and however, which some European archaeologists
challenging task. Much of the literature tends the areas stretching from Grootfontein to the have assumed, but simply because their San
to confine itself with the immediate pre- Kavango river, and far into the Caprivi and the God, in the great smithy of Africa, had forged
colonial period. In that way the whole history whole of Ovambo region. In the past and today, them naked and unashamed, just like that.
of Namibia becomes restricted to colonial the San have intermarried with Ovambo people,
history. This attitude is partly intentional and but as a general rule San women married Notwithstanding this apparent form of identity
sometimes unintentional. rich Ovambo men. As in the past, the San the San do indeed now also call themselves by
communities still mostly lead a food-gatherer the name San, a word which originally meant
Intentional in the sense that the European and hunter mode of life. Much of the Stone hoarding, collecting fruits, digging roots and
colonizers are usually happy to have it on Age art, stone painting and engravings found capturing animals. Anthropological studies tend
record that they discovered that territory in in Namibia today is probably the work of Stone to classify the San people with Khoi-Khoi people
a state of vacuum, this being the justification Age San peoples. in a ‘Khoisan race’.
for the usurpation. And it is not rare to find
that Africans are ashamed of writing about the It was the Dutch, when commencing the This no doubt comes by extrapolation from
ancient history of Africa, for they have been conquest of the southern tip of the African linguistic classification, which places the
indoctrinated to hate the pre-history of their continent at the Cape in 1652, who coined the languages of the San and the Khoi-Khoi in
continent. This is actually a problem of their name Bosjesmannes, which when translated a single family, characterised by the use of
utter ignorance of Africa’s and in particular means ‘forest men’, ‘men of the thicket’, etc., phonetic ‘clicks’. Actually, the term Khoisan,
Namibia’s contribution to human development. and which British colonialists transformed into suggested by Shapera and now adopted in
‘Bushmen’. The Khoi-Khoi called them ‘the San many works, is a combination of two Khoi-Khoi
However, this neglect is also unintentional, men’. words: khoi meaning man, and san, the root of
for the pre-historic period is ignored because sa which means to gather edible plants, pull up
those for whom it might be in their interest to They were termed Ba-roa by the Sothos, while roots, collect fruits, and also to capture small
dig up the past, are often currently engaged the Zulus and the Hereros called them Abatua animals.
in struggles for national liberation. Therefore, and Ovadorotua respectively, and Aakwankala,
Continue on page 18
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Amathila blasts alcohol sellers and


exploiters of San people
By Kaleni Hiyalwa

During her recent tour to Otjozondjupa region to visit San community projects, Deputy Prime Minister, Dr. Libertina Amathila, angrily
warned alcohol sellers and shebeen owners who are exploiting San people by stripping off their monthly pension incomes to stop the
practice. The Deputy Premier was disappointed that people who have settled among San communities from elsewhere in the country
are stripping off the scanty incomes of the poor San people. She noted that the government was working very hard to assist the San
people to uplift their standard of living, but others are finding in them a lucrative opportunity.

The Deputy Premier is not happy that business laws such as the Liquor
people have established shebeens and alcohol Act. The government
outlets close to where the San people live to needs to stand up to
rob off their pension money. The government resolve the situation,” she
monthly grant is aimed at addressing the plight added.
of poor San people. Like other population
groups, San people of 60
The Deputy Prime Minister blames the excessive years and above receive a
use of alcohol, among the San communities, pension grant of N370.00
on the non-San people who have established from the government to
shebeens close to their settlements. She says alleviate poverty among
that shebeen owners are deliberately targeting them. Having been
the San people’s pension money. exploited and relegated to
the background in terms
There are currently 27 shebeens in Tsumkwe of socio-economic and
alone, of which only two are registered. The cultural survival by the
Deputy Premier is also disheartened that people colonial apartheid system,
think that democracy is about the building of the San people rarely own
shebeens. She implores the government to San Community
any property or means of
stand up to protect the destitute communities production. Many years individuals, businesses and other development
against intake of excessive alcohol and to stop after independence they are still the most partners. The efforts are geared towards
the mushrooming of shebeens in the San marginalised communities in the country and initiating development programmes in their
communities. She notes that the San people’s they continue to live in deplorable economic communities.
“pension money goes straight to shebeens”, conditions.
adding that they are lured and tempted to
develop a habit of indulging in alcohol. In an effort to find a solution, the government, Since 2005, the Deputy Prime Minister has
through the Office of the Prime Minister, has been spearheading the San Development
Dr. Amathila notes that there is a need to take set up a deliberate effort, the San Development Programme to cater for their needs in terms
a strong step if destitute communities are to be Programme, to ensure that San people receive of setting up income and wealth generating
protected. “We are not implementing our own assistance and support from the government, projects to ensure the survival of the people
Continues on page 18

Amathila passionate about the San Development


Programme despite persistent anomalies within
7
San Communities
By Kaleni Hiyalwa

The San Development Programme is unshakable in keeping to its objective to improve the living standards of San people. The
Government Information Bulletin spoke to the Deputy Prime Minister, Dr. Hon. Libertina Amathila, on the situation facing the San
people.
The Deputy Premier observed that although the In the majority of schools in the San
programme has not yet achieved the desired communities, there are mostly classes from
goals, in general, it is playing an important role grade one up to five or six. After completing
in the lives of the San people. grade five, learners move to schools
in neigbouring areas to continue their
Since its inception in November 2005, the San education or drop-out of school all together
Development Programme has kept in check the and stay at home. Not withstanding, when
rate at which San learners were dropping out of learners move to other schools in other
schools. More San kids and learners are today areas, they end up dropping out of school
attending school. The programme has initiated too, due to poverty. Since San learners
five pre-schools in the Ohangwena region. Dr. are coming from destitute families, they
Amathila, who is also the Patron of the five pre- often cannot afford paying school fees
schools, noted that the rate of drop-out among and get provisions such as soap and other
school going children is now relatively stable. necessities to take to school. They often find
San girl children in their beautiful attire

Continues on page 12
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Amathila on San Development tour of


Otjozondjupa region
The Deputy Prime Minister, Dr. Libertina Amathila continues to solicit support for the San Development Programme since Cabinet directed the Office of
the Prime Minister to spearhead the development of the marginalised San people in 2005.

S ince then the Office of the Deputy Prime


Minister has helped establish numerous
small projects among the San communities to
Depending on its success, the aquaculture
pilot project will be replicated to other San
communities in various regions.
make sure that they too become part of the
general economic mainstream. Officiating the inauguration of the project,
the Deputy Prime Minister noted that she
Projects set up under the San Development had noticed, on her previous visits, that
Programme include scholarships for San there was potential of aquaculture faming
learners, provision of animals and seeds, for the San communities in the region
employment opportunities, a bee-keeping as a way of poverty alleviation. “There
project, early childhood development centres, is no doubt that aquaculture farming
San women projects, resettlement programmes, can contribute to poverty alleviation and
coffin manufacturing, conservancies and employment creation and we should extend
donations. the involvement of our San people as they President Pohamba pays a visit at San’s homestead
are the most marginalised people of our at Ekoka, in the Ohangwena region
On her recent tour of the Otjozondjupa region country,” she said. The Deputy Prime Miinister said that the
to visit the projects, the Deputy Prime Minister Otjozondjupa region has rallied behind the San
inaugurated yet another project, aquaculture The aquaculture farming project came about as Development Programme from inception and
farming as a pilot project. Depending on a result of the initiatives and participation of this has enforced the efforts of the government
the success of the aquaculture farming, Dr. the people themselves. Because of their efforts, to the region to support more projects, such
Amathila promised to approach the Ministry the Otjozondjupa Regional Council allocated as the coffin manufacturing, feeding kitchen
of Fisheries and Marine Resources to establish some funds to assist in the clean up operation pilot project and school and transport fees to
in addition to the programme’s funds for learners from the settlement to go to school at
renovation and the technical support the Goblenz Junior Secondary School. The Office of
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources the Prime Minister is also planning to support
has provided. a gardening project in the area on land which
has already been allocated by the traditional
The Grootfontein Army Base has donated 400 leaders to the programme.
fingerlings (tilapia) to stock the aquaculture
fish pond at Okatjoruu. Fifteen San people The Deputy Prime Minister urged the
have been trained as care-takers of the pond Otjozondjupa regional Council and traditional
and the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine leaders to take up the challenge to give
Resources office at Rundu will pay monthly their support to all the projects and assist
visits to the pond to monitor the progress and the government to uplift the standard of
give support. living of the people. She observed that
government alone cannot alleviate poverty
San children paying attention “I call upon the care-takers to take their among the marginalised people. “We must,
supervision of this pond serious, and make as a nation, urgently and vigorously address
more projects of the kind among the San sure that when harvesting comes, everyone the socio-economic disparities, caused
communities. She added that “if this current benefits. Communities with means must buy by underdevelopment and exclusion,”
pond is managed well, I will further request the the fish so that this project can generate some she reiterated. Dr. Amathila also implored
Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources to income for the San community and become self development partners and other government
establish more ponds in this area so that more sustainable,” Dr. Amathila said. ministries to join the noble course with the aim
harvesting can take place”.
8 to achieve Vision 2030.

San are the oldest people on earth Continues from page 6

The San are probably the most pristine Nevertheless, the origin of the San people northward course from Central Africa, their
inhabitants, not only of Namibia, but of the is a matter of controversy amongst notable ancient home, after which they descended
African continent. Anthropologists believe scientific researchers. Some of these scholars to southern Africa. Some researchers
them to be descendants of a Late Stone Age have assumed that the migration of the San attempt to ascribe the San’s origin to Hittites,
people who roamed southern Africa at least and their associates proceeded in the remote Australians, Hamites and Asiatics.
30 000 years ago. past southwards from the Great Lakes of east-
central Africa. Yet others have maintained This extract is a historical perspective from:
Some skeletal remains of so-called Bushmen that the migratory process actually took place Namibia 1884 - 1984 Readings on Namibia’s history
have been found in deposits of the Stone from the Mediterranean southwards, and from and Society, (1988), Namibia Support Committee in
Age. They are thought to have maintained even further north in Europe. There are also co-operation with the United Nations Institute for
close parental ties with the Khoi-Khoi in their scholars who assume that migration took a Namibia, London and Lusaka
ancestral lineage.
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Media legislation Consultation


The Namibian government believes that freedom of expression and access to information will lead to greater transparency and
accountability, good governance and the strengthening of democracy and should not be used as breeding ground for insecurity.
These were the words of the Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Hon. Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah who was speaking at a
stakeholders’ consultation on the audit of media legislation in Namibia in Windhoek on 19 September 2007.

T he consultation meeting was attended by


editors and senior media managers. Minister
Nandi-Ndaitwah explained that freedom of
issues concerning access to information
and the protection of whistleblowers. The
recommendations from this conference were
follows the presentation of the audit of media
legislation in Namibia, commissioned by the
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and
expression and access to information and the presented to and adopted by Cabinet. facilitated by the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation
protection of sources are seen as the three (FES). The aim was to examine all media
main pillars supporting good governance and To make the information policy effective legislation in the country and how they relate
helping in the fight against corruption. and implementable, the guidelines will be and can function in relation to each other. This
laid against time and actions, which will would allow for the law reform process to put
She said that the government is ready to invest be addressed by responsible authorities, issues into perspective.
resources in the development of an information institutions or organizations and will
policy, which has long been awaited to replace address the provisions of the instruments While the audit indicated that there is a need
the outdated information policy of 1991. The that Namibia is party to such as the SADC for media legislation that capture issues of
policy will be guided by the outcome of the Protocol on Culture, Information and Sport freedom of expression, media pluralism and
conference on ethics and the promotion of and the Declaration of Principles of Freedom access to information, it also recommended
good governance of 1998 that dealt with of Expression of the African Commission on that the country’s information policy be
Human and Peoples’ Rights. The consultation reformed.

Retooling the Public Service


Prime Minister Nahas Angula evaluated the current management and administration in the Namibian Public Service as reactive, complacent and blame
apportioning driven, instead of goal oriented and achievement driven.

H e stated his vision for the Public Service


as objective and milestone driven with
deepening of delivery systems based on
1. The Permanent Secretary in the Office of the
Prime Minister, Mr. Steve Katjiuanjo, has moved to
the Ministry of Justice and Office of the Attorney-
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting from the
Cabinet Secretariat in the Office of the President.

sharpening of administration and management General; The Prime Minister described the deployment as
systems. “Clearly defined objectives and the first step in the government’s drive towards
milestones ensure effective resource allocation 2. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry ensuring on-going quantitative and qualitative
and tasks assignment,” the Premier observed. of Justice and Office of Attorney-General, Ms. improvement in the performance of all public
Lidwina Shapwa, has moved to the Ministry of offices. He said that Permanent Secretaries would
The Rt. Hon. Angula was critical of the functioning Lands and Resettlement; now henceforth be subjected to performance
of the Namibian Public Service during a special indicators to serve as yardstick to determine if
briefing on 30 July 2007 when he redeployed 3. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of the level of output of services agreed upon has
some key Principal Officers/Permanent Secretaries Lands and Resettlement, Mr. Frans Tsheehama, been delivered, whether deadlines have been
to “critical challenges facing Namibia”. In his has moved to the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine met and whether the expected levels of output
briefing, he saw the need to re-focus operations Resources; have been reached.
in the Public Service delivery systems with the aim
to identify core functions and time-lines in public 4. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of In the journey to meet the above challenges,
institutions’ co-functions and subsidiary functions. Fisheries and Marine Resources, Adv. Nangula Permanent Secretaries and Ministers are expected
He urged public offices, such as ministries and Mbako, has moved to the office of the Prime to work together in making crucial choices with
agencies to develop measurable strategic plans Minister; regard to national development priorities, while
to be backed up by performance measurable ensuring continuity.
procedures with a view to ensure accountability 5. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
in the Public Service. For the government to Environment and Tourism, Dr. Malan Lindeque, 9
deliver efficient, effective and accountable has moved to the Ministry of Trade and Industry;
services to the populace, it must retool the
machinery, deepen the delivery strategies and 6. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
refocus operations. A functioning administration Trade and Industry, Mr. Andrew Ndishishi, has
and management system is expected to identify moved to the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and
core functions and develop flagship programmes Forestry;
which would command the necessary resources
for their delivery. The Prime Minister cited time 7. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
as the most important resource in the delivery Agriculture, Water and Forestry, Mr. K. S. M.
of services. “Time management and unreserved Kahuure, has moved to the Ministry of Health and
commitment is crucial to service delivery to the Social Services;
people. The focus in public administration and
management should, therefore, be on efficient 8. The Permanent Secretary, in the Ministry of
resources allocation and on time on tasks,” he Health and Social Services, Dr. Kalumbi Shangula,
said. has moved to the Ministry of Environment and
Tourism;
The Premier noted that a strategic plan with clear
objectives, adequate resource allocation and 9. The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry
time lines for implementation ensures efficient, of Information and Broadcasting, Ms. Loini-
effective and accountable service delivery. Nyanyukweni Katoma, has moved to the Office
of the Prime Minister, Cabinet Secretariat in the
The following redeployments were President’s Office; and
effected: 10. Mr. Mbeuta Ua-Ndjarakana has moved to the Mbeuta Ua-Ndjarakana Permanent Secretary,
Ministry of Informations and Broadcasting
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

MPs watch HIV/AIDS video to promote


lifestyle change
By: Hileni Amakali-Mudhika

In an effort to draw support for behavioural change in Namibian communities and to halt the spread of HIV/AIDS, the Ministry of
Information and Broadcasting organised a special screening event of an HIV/AIDS video for Members of Parliament (MPs) in July
2007, at the Nampower Convention Centre.

T he 25-minute video, tells the story of a


19 year old model and student, Nelao
Martin from the Onguti Secondary School near
she had launched the video shows in August
2006, has yielded good results. “Many people
whom Nelao has talked to have immediately
to take advantage of the on- going mobilisation
activities instituted by community leaders, faith-
based organisations, NGOs, and community-
Ondangwa, who fell pregnant and discovered decided to be tested to know their HIV based organisations.
that she was HIV positive. She gave birth to status and behave accordingly,” she said. The
an HIV positive baby. Nelao was at the video purpose of showing the HIV/AIDS video to “We need to support actions aimed at reducing
show and freely answered Parliamentarians’ Parliamentarians was to reinforce efforts to high risk situations or to alleviate suffering
questions. design and conduct HIV/AIDS interventions associated with AIDS,” she said. She also
and implement comprehensive Behaviour cautioned that behaviour change initiatives that
Nelao today spends her time creating Change Communication (BCC) programmes in target rural communities should be approached
awareness among fellow learners and various their areas of operation. with a cultural sensitivity to influence individual
Namibian communities on the pandemic, which decisions. “In seeking to modify sexual
has claimed many lives and is still raging like It is also aimed at challenging Parliamentarians behaviour, we need to consider the complex
wild fire. Information and Broadcasting (MIB) to lead an exemplary life to the nation and to context of socio- cultural norms,” she observed.
Minister, Hon. Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah in inform lawmakers to create appropriate laws to According to the Campaign Development
her introductory remarks described Nelao as influence the budgeting process in favour of Coordinator and Exhibitions Manager, Fednedy
a “vibrant and courageous young woman” implementing HIV/AIDS initiatives. Kabunga, the Take Control Division in the MIB
who has encouraged others to know their HIV and other stakeholders will continue to support
status. Hon. Nandi-Ndaitwah told her fellow Other interventions, Hon. Nandi- Ndaitwah Nelao financially to enable her to run social
MPs that she has reliably learnt that Nelao’s said, include encouraging those who are HIV mobilisation, communications and behaviour
openness to discussions in various parts of the positive to seek prompt treatment, care and change campaigns,
country, including the Caprivi Region where counselling. She appealed to Parliamentarians

Gender Ministry donates blankets to kindergartens


By: Hileni Amakali-Mudhika

The Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare has donated blankets to six kindergartens in the Khomas region in July 2007.
The aim was to keep the kids warm at schools, as this year’s winter presented surprising chilly mornings. Two hundred and fifteen
children from kindergartens, located on private farms outside Windhoek, benefited from this exercise.

A total of 94 blankets and nine carpets


worth N$ 6 681.50 were bought and
physically distributed to six of the targeted
Kwakwas kindergarten at Kwakwas farm, Naos
kindergarten at Naos farm, Kapps Kindergarten,
New Hope Crèche at Dordabis farm and Zebra
Council. The Ministry recognised the role of
Dr. Scholtz, owner of Naos farm, 85 kilometers
outside Windhoek and his wife, Eva for having
8 kindergartens under the Integrated Early Day Care Centre at Groot Aub. Distributing the established a kindergarten for their employees’
Childhood Development (IECD) Programme. much needed blankets and carpets were Mrs. children. The couple also supports the school
Elizabeth Kambanza, MGECW staff assigned to with food, toys, carpets and other needs.
The team distributed the blankets and the Khomas regional office and the University
10 carpets to the Sunshine kindergarten at Aris, of Namibia (UNAM) Student Representative

African Women Ministers and Parliamentarians


met in Windhoek
The Ministry of Gender Equality and Child Welfare in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) hosted the 7th
Sub-Regional Capacity Building Workshop for members of the Network of African Women Ministers and Parliamentarians (NAWMP)
in Advocacy, Leadership and Resource Mobilization. The NAWMP workshop took place from 13-17 August 2007 at the Country Club
Resort in Windhoek. This is the second time that Namibia is hosting a NAWMP event. Over 50 Regional African MPs attended the 4th
Regional Conference of African Ministers and Parliamentarian in Windhoek in June 2000.

Thirty-two Parliamentarians from the following of the National Council, and an Opposition monitoring and evaluation of population and
seven SADC countries namely, Botswana, Party Member of Parliament. The goal for reproductive health policies and programmes.
Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia this sub-regional project is to allow better
and Zimbabwe, attended the sub-regional involvement of NAWMP in the implementation The workshop was aimed at:
workshop. The Namibian participants consisted of the International Conference on Population
of five women ministers, the Chairperson of and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action, • bringing visions of national networks in
the Women Parliamentary Caucus, a member particularly the formulation, implementation, line with those of NAWMP so as to identify

Continues from page 14


Government Information Bulletin September 2007

OVC Policy underway


The Ministry of Education is committed to strengthening the capacity of children and young people to meet their own needs by
encouraging them to stay in schools. This is the way to impart skills and qualify them to become self-reliant and self-confident.

T he Ministry is discussing the Education


Sector Policy for Orphans and Vulnerable
Children aimed at identifying appropriate
supplements learners’
nutrition, allowing them
to benefit from educational
strategies to attract and keep children in opportunities.
schools. Its objective is to ensure that all school
going orphans and vulnerable children attend There are 674 schools with
school and are not deterred from participating 98 910 learners and 5 938
through the lack of financial means, materials volunteer cooks.
or psycho-social need, stigma, discrimination
or any other constraints. Out of school orphans The Ministry has also
and vulnerable children will be brought back resolved to provide
into school or provided with appropriate emotional and psycho-
educational opportunities. social support to the
OVC aimed at availing
The policy is based on the national and counselling services,
international policy framework, such as the including rehabilitation
Namibian HIV/AIDS Charter of Rights, National and treatment services
Policy on HIV/AIDS for Education Sector, the for children with serious
Vulnerable children
National Policy on OVC and the Education hehavioural problems. As
Training Sector Improvement Programme a result, the Ministry will the Ministry of Education, Vitalis Ankama,
(ETSIP). have to employ an educational psychologist. called on the stakeholders to render their
In-service training is being conducted to orient commitment towards the future activities. He
The Ministry has completed the piloting of teachers to identify children with psycho-social was speaking at the Stakeholders’ Workshop on
Educational Development Fund (EDF) in three needs and other counseling skills. 18 October 2007. Closing the workshop, Chief
regions, Ohangwena, Omaheke and Omusati School Counsellor in the Ministry of Education,
with seventeen schools involved and 576 The Ministry have trained close to 10 000 E. Barrison, applauded the stakeholders for
beneficiaries with the total amount of N$200 school based counsellors countrywide on having contributed towards the development
432.20. Three more regions, Karas, Kavango basic counseling, bereavement counselling of a comprehensive framework that will ensure
and Caprivi will partake this year and the rest and cluster facilitation. The ESP on OVC the production and promotion of the well-being
will follow suit. The policy also guarantees a is a product of extensive and intensive of the OVC country-wide.The workshop was
safe and non-discriminatory environment and consultation, collaboration and hard work of co-funded by USAID and the Academy for
provides for health and nutritional support. The stakeholders. The Permanent Secretary of Educational Development (AED).
National School Feeding Programme (NSFP)

ETSIP and ODL practical and realistic


The Ministry of Education held a Consultative seminar on National Open and Distance Learning (OLD) Policy Development from 15
– 16 October 2007. Themed “Towards the development of a National Open Distance Learning Policy in the wake of Vision 2030, the
seminar was aimed at providing input to the draft policy capable of addressing the educational needs of the country to enable the
Ministry to realise the goals of the Education and Training Sector Improvement Programme (ETSIP)

T his is a response to the provision of Vision


2030 that sets a target that by 2030
Namibia should join the ranks of high income
policy is being facilitated and compiled by
NOLNET. The process was put in motion in 2005
costs, including capital costs and to improve the
quality across the whole educational system. It
at the NOLNET-ODL Conference Declaration is expected to do a lot with minimum resources,
countries and afford all citizens a quality of life with support from Cabinet to develop a national which is in line with the ETSIP.
that is comparable to that of the developed policy on open and distance learning. The 11
world. Vision 2030 calls for the rapid economic national policy on ODL is aimed at addressing In her speech, Deputy Minister of Education,
growth to be accompanied by equitable social the weaknesses of the education and training Dr. Becky Ndjoze-Ojo, said that ETSIP plans of
development. sector. ODL has the potential to offer high equitable pro-poor distribution of resources and
quality, cost effective and sustainable solutions services could easily be achieved by enhancing
Although Namibia made considerable progress to the country’s education and training needs, and increasing the use of ODL approaches.
towards the attainment of Education for All provided it is led and managed through defined “ODL is especially a powerful tool to open up
(EFA), the country is still faced with many and well resourced national policies. access to education for the disadvantaged and
challenges, such as economic growth, marginalised communities in our country,” she
productivity and unemployment among the Educational institutions are challenged to added.
youth. As a result, there is pressure on formal use ODL approaches at both secondary and
and non-formal education systems to meet the tertiary levels and they are expected to address She has high expectations that the policy will
goals of Vision 2030, EFA, and the Millennium geographical and gender inequalities and promote the ideals for the access to quality
development goals. economic disparities. The policy is expected to education, and must aim at improving the
On its journey to attain Vision 2030, the continue to accelerate educational development capacity and effectiveness of educational
government’s ETSIP represents the education across the country and should be made an institutions through the use of information,
and training sector’s response to such noble appropriate mode for a country like Namibia communication and knowledge for sustainable
call. The system provides opportunities for with limited resources and a vast geographical human development. “It must assist Namibia
both the Ministry of Education and other area that is sparsely populated. ODL is to translate ETSIP plans and targets into real
educational institutions in the country to be regarded as a medium of promoting access to actions and measurable outcomes. I would like
able to provide the needed skilled labour and education for all through economies of scale, to see that this national policy is realistic and
assist in achieving the goals of the long term because it has the potential to reduce fixed practical,” the Deputy Minister said.
development strategy, Vision 2030. The draft
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Namibia Road at the heart of Addis Ababa


One of the unique things the Administration of Addis Ababa, capital city of Ethiopia, has done to get the metropolitan to deserve its
name as the diplomatic capital of Africa, is the naming of most of its streets after African countries. Addis Ababa hosts the African
Union Secretariat and is also the seat of many of its commissions and operational branches.

As an African country, Namibia has also been Ababa population.


named after one of the roads in the city known Visitors from the African
as Namibia Road. The road is strategically continent and other
and centrally located, running parallel to world diplomats, who
the Bole Road, - both leading to the Bole frequent Addis Ababa
International Airport. to AU and related
meetings, traveling
Many streets of Addis Ababa, including through Namibia Road
Namibia Road, require a face-lift to make to and from the Bole
them attractive and befit the significance of the International Airport,
diplomatic capital. Most other streets in the would not miss to notice
capital are yet to be marked with street signs. the significance of the
To add value to Namibia Road and give it route.
visibility, the Namibian Embassy in Addis Ababa
got a blessing from the mayor of the city and The Namibian Embassy
his administration to face-lift the road. in Ethiopia acquired
Namibia Road in Addis Ababa
some acacia trees,
Since it is one of the first and last roads/strees which are indigenous
of the road during a ceremony attended by the
to travel when leaving or arriving in the capital to both Ethiopia and Namibia. The acacia
Mayor of Addis Ababa, Ato Birhane Deresa and
city from the main port of entry, there was a and some mopane trees, the latter acquired
Namibia’s Ambassador to Ethiopia, Mr. Wilfred
need to create a friendly environment. The from home with the assistance of the Ministry
Emvula.
effort is aimed at furthering the already existing of Agriculture, Water and Forestry, have been
strong and sound relationship between Namibia planted along the Namibia Road. The process
At that occasion, the President recognised
and the people of Ethiopia, especially the Addis of planting trees along Namibia Road took
the role played by Ethiopia during the time of
off in November 2006.
the Namibian liberation struggle and urged
To do this community
the Namibian Embassy to continue to work
work, Namibians
hard to further strengthen political, economic
currently living in Addis
and cultural relationships between the two
Ababa, together with
countries.
their local colleagues
enthusiastically
Namibian Embassy staff has undertaken to
participated in the
clean the road and maintain its appearance
project to improve their
constantly. The Embassy staff and other
relationship and team
Namibians living in Addis Ababa will continue
work.
to take care of the plants to give the road an
authentic Namibian outlook. To mark Namibia
The Namibian President,
Road appropriately, road signs are to be
H E Hifikepunye
erected at the beginning and the end of the
Pohamba, inaugurated
road.
Namibia Road on
30 January 2007. He
The process has attracted great interest from a
also unveiled a plaque,
number of developers who have already started
laid on a stone at the
to construct a number of buildings along the
square at the entrance
Staff of the Namibian Embassy in Addis Ababa at work road.

12 Amathila passionate about the San Development Programme despite persistent


anomalies within San Communities Continues from page 7
themselves uncomfortable and discouraged by school. But it takes time,” the Deputy Premier Minister said San people need to bury their
the situation in the new environment. As a remarked. There are more than 36 learners who loved ones themselves to avoid a situation
result, the learners end up dropping-out of are currently helped and assisted to continue whereby corpses were left in mortuaries for
school. The San Development Programme has their schooling, excluding those from the San long periods, waiting for government to do
come to the assistance of many of the learners. communities who are enrolled at nursery schools the burials. At previous occasions, mass burials
It has put many learners back in schools after in Windhoek. When the Deputy Prime Minister have been conducted due to the fact that
completing grade five in their areas by paying found out that the San people buried their dead corpses were left in mortuaries for periods of
school and hostel fees and providing pocket in plastic bags, the government decided to assist up to 12 months.
money. For instance, the project has been them to bury their loved ones in a decent and
able to put seven children from Okatjoruu respectable manner. The San Development Although Dr. Amathila said that destitute people
in a Secondary School at Kopland. Some of Programme has trained ten people on coffin will get the coffins free of charge, she also made
the San students have the opportunity to be manufacturing in the Otjozondjupa and Omaheke it clear that depending on the economic status
enrolled at higher learning institutions such as regions. While the project is aimed at providing of the affected people, a fee will be charged for
the University of Namibia (UNAM), Polytechnic employment to members of the communities, it is coffins. Asked whether there is visible progress
of Namibia (PoN) and at some colleges also providing decent burial materials for them to on the ground to indicate a solution to the
of education. The students have received bury their loved ones. To generate income, coffins plight of the San people, the Premier remarked
sponsorships, through the programme, from will be sold to people from other communities, that “there is light at the end of the tunnel”.
Nampower, Michelle McLean Children’s Trust but not to destitute San people. The San “I am passionate about the programme and I
and from a Diplomatic Spouse. “I am holding people will be assisted by the programme to travel to visit the places with my team to see
my thumbs up that these children finish get coffins free of charge. The Deputy Prime the progress made,” she concluded.
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Norwegian parliamentarians explore


Namibian fisheries
Namibia has benefited from economic support from the Kingdom of Norway. The country has already benefited from the support
rendered in the fisheries and marine sector through the funding of capacity building in areas of scientific research and stock
assessments, marine resources management, monitoring, control and surveillance, maritime engineering and navigation.

S ince independence, Norway had also


provided a team of Scandinavian marine
officers to Namibia for advisory purposes and
Affairs visited the country and held a meeting
with the Namibian Ministry of Fisheries and
and marketing promotion, which would need
Norwegian attention. The Ministry used the
Marine Resources with the aim to explore opportunity to present its newly identified
to impart knowledge and expertise to the areas of cooperation in fisheries and marine priority areas to the visiting delegation to
Namibian marine practitioners. Norway is also resources. attract interest for assistance. In his welcoming
among the countries that provided assistance remarks, Hon. Dr. Abraham Iyambo, Minister
to Namibians during the national liberation Although direct assistance from that country to of Fisheries and Marine Resources, solicited
struggle that paved the way for independence the Namibian fishery sector ceased in December Norwegian support and assistance to the
on 21 March 1990. 2004, the Namibian government has identified presented priority areas. The seminar was held
new priority areas such as aquaculture, value in the coastal town of Swakopmund, which is at
Twelve members of the Norwegian addition and the development of new markets the heart of fisheries, on 15 September 2007.
Parliamentary Standing Committee on Foreign

Government Liaison Officers sharpen skills


Twenty-five Government Media Liaison Officers recently completed a training course conducted by the University Central Consultancy
Bureau (UCCB) of the University of Namibia (UNAM).

T he training course was a follow-up of a


programme that took place in 2006 aimed
at training participants and impart on them
her interpersonal and writing
skills. She observed that
since government is a service
written English, leadership and management environment, the course needs
skills. to be continuous and expanded
to other officials at all levels
Participants came from government institutions of government service. “We
such as, among others, Home Affairs and need the skills,” she remarked.
Immigration, National Assembly, National Another participant, Aino
Council, Trade and Industry, Information and Humphrey, Administrative
Broadcasting, Defence, Fisheries and Marine Assistant to the Permanent
Resources, Gender Equality and Child Welfare Secretary in the Ministry of Trade
and National Planning Commission. and Industry, observed during a
presentation at the course that
Topics taught include, Organisational the course has improved her
Communication, Multiple Intelligence – Seven skills in dealing with customers,
Kinds of Smart, Learning and Mentoring in the making inquiries at the office
Workplace, Stephen Covey’s Seven Habits of of the Permanent Secretary.
Highly Effective People, Emotional Intelligence She said her office is inundated UNAM’s Professor Ashton and Dr. Nyathi during the course
– acting, or not acting on your feelings and with queries from the public on
Promoting the image you want. various issues and the course
He remarked: “The course was useful because
The course was coordinated by the Ministry of has just come at a right time, enabling her to
in our workplace we deal with different people
Information and Broadcasting as a mandate perfect her skills on customer relations.
13
from different cultures. It was a good topic that
emanating from a Cabinet decision dating back
taught us how to accept others, accommodate
to 1996, entrusting MIB with the coordination A Liaison Officer from the Ministry of Gender
them and develop mutual understanding and
of media liaison in government, including the Equality and Child Welfare, Norbert Shithigona,
relationships.”
coordination of training for government liaison remarked that he would implement the skills
officers. he obtained from the course in his work
Dr. Francis. Nyathi, Director of the Language
environment, as he felt that they were useful
Centre at UNAM co-facilitated the course with
Speaking to the Government Information in terms of interpersonal and intrapersonal
Professor Dianne Ashton of the University
Bulletin, a week after the course, one of the intelligence. This, he observed would improve
of Namibia, the course Director. The course
participants, Welma Enssle, Deputy Director the communication ability and capacity at his
took place from 3 – 7 Septermber 2007 at the
in the Ministry of Finance, noted that the workplace. He also cited Emotional Intelligence
Restaurant Nice in Windhoek.
course was useful and has helped polish as the topic that had made an impact on him.

Outstanding work of war veterans rewarded Continues from page 5

They finally arrived in Namibia in August Namibian youth to become selfless cadres of for their bravery and heroism, Namibia could
the same year. Today, their footprints are the liberation struggle. It was the courage and have been still under the apartheid colonial
not only along the Tanzanian, Zambian and bravery of these combatants who fought at domination. The footprints of these noblemen
Angolan landscapes, but they are also on Omugulu Wombashe and who were engaged in and women remain unflagging and tenacious,
the forests, hills, valleys and plains of the other subsequent battles that had captured the as inspiration in the fight for socio-economic
Namibian soil. They became symbols of attention and had inspired the youth exodus and cultural justice for the betterment of all
freedom and independence for Namibia. into exile from 1974 onward. Had it not been the people in an independent Namibia.
Their dedication and resolve taught the
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Residents of Tsumeb cry loud on crime


By Tsusnelde Nghilinganye

Crime is slowly penetrating the moral fibre of the once crime-free Tsumeb. A few years back, Tsumeb was a peaceful community,
free from violence and crime. It has also been considered one of the cleanest towns in the country.

W ith a rapid increase in crime cases in most


parts of the country, the copper mining
town is experiencing a crime upsurge of 10%.
children loitering the streets at night. He called
on parents not to let their children wander in
the streets at night. To free the town from
in alcohol and abusing drugs. She added that
this renders institutions such as the Women
and Child Protection Unit weak since they do
crime, the councillor informed the meeting that not have the power to reprimand children who
The police and residents are up in arms against the police have been empowered to arrest any misbehave.
criminals. In August 2007, the Town Council person involved in criminal activities. The local
convened an urgent public meeting, following a authority is worried that serious criminal cases The Police are planning to stage a campaign
recommendation from an earlier meeting after are taking place in schools. Toping the crime list to educate the public about the effects of
shootings took place at the Nomtsoub location. at the town are break-ins, shootings, theft and crime, starting with schools. The police are also
rape. Often young people are involved in such adamant that parents should play an active role
The meeting was attended by community and crimes, taking sharp instruments, including in the proper upbringing of their children and
church leaders, the police, officials from various knives to school. join in the fight against crime.
government departments, school principals and
parents, to discuss and have input in the efforts The law enforcement and local authority are In an effort to fight crime among young
to fight crime among the Tsumeb community in complaining about the deteriorating behaviours people, the Mayor, Mr. Engel Nawatiseb, said
particular and in Oshikoto region in general. of young people. “Parents do not have time that his office would be able to fund viable
The town council is worried about the to discipline their children because of their project proposals from the youth and women
escalating crime situation at the town and rights. Parents are afraid of the law,” said Police organizations. The town’s municipality has
decided to mobilise all residents to work Deputy Commissioner, Anna-Marie Goagoses, raised N$20 000 to assist projects.
together in the fight against it. At the meeting, who called upon parents to join hands with the
which took place at the Nomtsoub Community police to combat crime at the town. Plans are also underway to develop an
Hall, the Councillor for Tsumeb Constituency education code of conduct for schools and both
in the Oshikoto Region, Hon. Lebbius Tangeni Goagoses noted that the unacceptable learners and parents would be expected to
Tobias, pointed out that children in Tsumeb are behaviour of the children is due to the fact take part. Failure to follow the education code
abusing alcohol and drugs unabated. He urged that they, as minors, cannot be arrested and of conduct would result in serious steps to be
the police to arrest any drunken adult and locked up, and that young people are indulging taken against the perpetrators.

MTC opened new headquarter


The Namibian government is committed to promoting the modernisation of the telecommunications sector so that it can serve as a
catalyst for economic growth and creation of employment opportunities for the people.

T he government is also committed to


the liberalization of the sector with the
view to encouraging growth and choice of
This will create an Independent Regulator for
the telecommunication sector and will bring
all service providers under a unified regulatory
of the Information and communication Bill so
that it will be in place to address the country’s
needs and multiple challenges facing the
services by consumers. The promulgation of framework to ensure efficiency. This will include economy.
the Namibia Communications Act will be part the state-owned enterprises operating in the
of the government’s strategy in improving sector. “It is , therefore, crucial to ensure that the
communication operations in the country. legislative framework that we will put in place
The president said that before an independent will serve the needs of our country, both for
At the inaugurating ceremony of Mobile regulator is established, there is a need to put service providers as well as consumers,”
Telecommunication Connection (MTC) Head transitional measures in place.
Office in Olympia, President Hifikepunye “We must also ensure that our laws continue
14 Pohamba said that the telecommunication The Billprovides will make provision for new to promote, and not to hamper the growth
sector is crucial to the development of Namibia. licensing, rules to facilitate and promote the and expansion of the telecommunication
Since all countries around the world are expansion of telecommunication services sector in Namibia. Since telecommunication
working hard to harness the benefits of modern and procedures and infrastructure to the technologies cut across all social and economic
telecommunication technologies, Namibia rural areas. Government is committed to sectors, there is a need for a well-functioning
cannot afford to lag behind. promote the principle of universal services telecommunication sector for the efficient
so that service providers in the sector can be delivery of services. They are needed in
He saw the need for the introduction of encouraged to reach all citizens in all parts health services, education, electricity and
legislation, which is under discussion in the of the country. President Pohamba urged all transportation systems and in other spheres of
form of Information and Communication Bill. stakeholders to contribute to the strengthening trade and commerce.

African Women Ministries and Parliamentarians met in Windhoek Continues from page 10

priority challenges to take up in the gender equity, reproductive health and advocacy and resource mobilisation.
areas of population and development, combating HIV/AIDS;
gender equity, reproductive health and Hon. Dr. Libertina Amadhila, Deputy Prime
HIV/AIDS control; • building skills in advocacy, resource Minster of the Republic of Namibia delivered
mobilisation, leadership and gender equity; the keynote address at the official opening
• initiating and strengthening and ceremony. Participants took the opportunity
organisational responses with respect to visit two women projects in Windhoek.
to population and development issues, • developing country-specific projects on
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Progress in constructing houses for Robben Island


prisoners, PLAN war veterans and the brutalised
persons
Considerable progress has been made with the construction of the houses for the former Robben Island prisoners, PLAN war
veterans and those who have been brutalized in the country during the war for national liberation struggle.

S even houses were constructed in the


Ohangwena region and one of them was
already handed to the owner by H.E. President
houses purchased in the Oshana region are put
on hold by the Ministry of Regional and Local
Government, Housing and Rural Development
Housing and Rural Development to construct
45 houses and extend two other houses for the
recommended 48 beneficiaries identified by a
Hifikepunye Pohamba. Six of them will be until further notice. previous Cabinet decision.
handed over to recipients by the Regional
Governor. Three houses were constructed and Due to increases in the price of material Cabinet also directed that the Trust Fund for
handed over to beneficiaries in the Oshana and labour, an additional N$3 million from Regional Development and Equity Provision
region while nine have been constructed the Social Housing Sub-Programme for should avail N$1.5 million for the supply of solar
in the Omusati region and will be handed the implementation of the 2007/08 phase systems and plastic water catchment tanks to
over to beneficiaries soon. In the Oshikoto of this project is required. Cabinet has the houses of the beneficiaries.
region, eleven houses were constructed and authorised the Ministry of Regional and Local
beneficiaries are being traced for occupation of Government, Housing and Rural Development Cabinet earlier authorised the NHE to
their new homes. Five houses were constructed to immediately start with the implementation implement the project during the 2006/07
in the Kavango region and will be handed over of phase 2 of the project that will again be Financial Year. Cabinet also announced that
whenever water and electricity are connected. executed by the National Housing Enterprise N$2 million will be made available annually
Other houses have been constructed in the (NHE). Cabinet also instructed the Ministry to through the Social Housing Programme of the
Karas, Kunene and Khomas regions. Purchasing verify the housing needs of beneficiaries in situ Ministry of Regional and Local Government,
of new houses and renovations to existing before the actual construction starts. In the Housing and Rural Development for the gradual
houses are also in progress in the Otjozundjupa, 2006/07 Financial Year, Cabinet instructed the construction of houses for beneficiaries over
Oshikoto and Oshana regions but extension to Ministry of Regional and Local Government, the next five years.

Criteria for heroes and heroines


Cabinet has approved the appointment of an Ad-hoc Cabinet Committee under the chairmanship of the Deputy Prime Minister, Dr.
Libertine Amathila, to develop criteria for determining national heroes and heroines for burial at the Heroes’ Acre. The Committee
was composed of, in addition to the chairperson, Hon. Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah, Minister of Information and Broadcasting, Hon.
Charles Namoloh, Minister of Defence, Hon. Peter Tsheehama, Minister of Safety and Security, Mr. Lukas Hangula, Director General
of the National Central Intelligence Agency and Hon. Dr. Ngarikutuke Tjiriange, Secretary General of the SWAPO Party and Minister
of Veterans Affairs.

T he Committee has made recommendations


on the definition of a hero/heroine,
privileges and benefits for the hero/heroine
The Committee defines a hero/heroine as a
legendary figure of great strength or ability,
admired for achievements and qualities, which
and recommended a moratorium on naming
monuments, buildings equipment and streets
after living people. The Committee felt that
of Namibia, Heroes Acre, the recommendation showed exceptional courage, perseverance and such naming should be done posthumously.
process, forfeiture and restoration of awards, charisma in performing extra-ordinary deeds In light of the above, Cabinet directed the
moratorium on naming monuments after living for the benefits of the nation/society. Such Ad-Hoc Cabinet Committee to develop a policy
people and legislative framework. deeds can be politically, military, economic and framework on the issue. Cabinet also directed
social excellence or great service to the state that the Minister of Justice and Attorney
and nation. The status of hero/heroine can General be co-opted to serve on the Ad-Hoc
also be bestowed upon an institution, place
or equipment. This include, among others, a
Cabinet Committee. Cabinet directed that, in
future, the National Heritage Council should
15
person distinguished by extra-ordinary bravery; be involved at the initial stages of planning
a person who is goal-oriented and does not national monuments.
give up until the goal is achieved; a person who
stays level-headed in a crisis; who does more
than what is expected by others; who is willing
to risk personal safety to help others; who is
consistent, persistent and of an impeccable
character; who is doing what is right;
irrespective of personal consequences; and a
person who is prepared to serve and sacrifice
far greater than their self-interest.

The Committee determined that certain


benefits should accompany the decoration of
hero/heroines of Namibia. Such benefits can
be monetary awards and/or status in society
and the beneficiaries to lose their awards if
they commit dishonourable acts after they have
been decorated.

The committee also deliberated on the Chief Hosea Katjukururume Kutako,


Captain Hendrik Witbooi, a Namibian hero a Namibian hero
naming of monuments after living people
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

African countries must vigorously pursue scientific


education
African countries will not be able to achieve higher levels of economic development and prosperity if the people of Africa are not
trained in the critical scientific, engineering and technological fields, which can empower them to accelerate the process of socio-
economic development. These were the words of President Hifikepunye Pohamba when he addressed the opening of the 2007
AFRICON Conference of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE).

“We must find ways and means for Africa to that are crucial for accelerating socio-economic
cultivate scientists and engineers, as well as development.
other professionals who can spearhead our
developmental initiatives,” the President noted. The President pointed out that Polytechnic
of Namibia (PoN) has established itself as an
African countries, including Namibia, need to institution of international repute in teaching
offer quality education and training to learners and research in engineering and scientific
in critical areas of mathematics, science, disciplines. He noted that PoN has produced
information and communications technology, graduates in many disciplines, such as
engineering and related fields to improve engineering, science and technology, business
their economic well-being. President Pohamba and human resources management. “This is an
observed that the African continent is endowed indication that our institutions of higher learning,
with abundant natural resources that there is a such as the University of Namibia (UNAM) and
need to harness it for the benefit of all people. PoN are playing a key role in the human capital
President Hifikepunye Pohamba
development, capacity building and skills
He noted that in view of the lack of expertise formation that our country and our economy The President hoped that the deliberations would
in quality production of goods, African countries clearly need,” President Pohamba observed. make a meaningful contribution towards the
continue to export raw materials. Since it is Despite Namibia’s deliberate effort to invest search for solutions to the challenges that the
only quality education that produces better the largest portion of the national budget in the world faces. He added that such contributions
educated professionals who can contribute education sector, there are still many obstacles can go a long way in helping countries to
to the development of any country, President that the nation has to overcome. To secure the improve their education systems and advise
Pohamba saw the need to expand the availability human capital that is needed for the attainment mechanisms to create an environment in which
of scientific and engineering education to young of national development objectives as expressed scientific and engineering excellence can be
people. He added that African people will be in Vision 2030, the nation will continue to make revitalised in Africa.
better positioned to translate dreams into reality concerted efforts to upgrade and improve the
and enhance the socio-economic development education system. This will create opportunities The President urged the conference to workout
of the continent. “Value addition must be for the youth to study in the fields of science, practical solutions for the promotion and
pursued aggressively to ensure that the people technology and engineering. “In this spirit, effective teaching of scientific and engineering
receive benefits from the natural resources,” I believe that all African governments will studies. He also urged the delegates to map
the Head of State emphasised. He noted that continue to encourage and promote effective out a way forward to strengthen education
Namibia’s profile is enhanced by hosting the scientific and technological education to propel systems in Africa through effective international
conference in terms of the recognition of the our continent to greater heights of economic networking.
roles that the institutions of tertiary education prosperity and ensure future growth in the
are playing as reservoirs of knowledge and skills knowledge economy,” he emphasised. The conference took place in September 2007.

FIFA World Cup, African Cup of Nations 2010


and regional integration will benefit Namibia’s
16 economy
By Kaleni Hiyalwa

Namibia stands to benefit from the 2010 FIFA World Cup to take place in South Africa and the African Cup of Nations to be hosted
by Angola. Cabinet has, since its Retreat in 2005 directed that Namibia should develop its positioning strategy in anticipation of the
two events.

T o draw up the strategy, initial consultations


have been held with the tourism industry,
particularly the Namibia Tourism Board and
Speaking at the opening of the
Mata-Mata boader post, President
Hifikepunye Pohamba said that the
the sport sector with counterparts in South 2010 FIFA World Cup presents these
Africa and FIFA representatives. Consultations countries with a unique opportunity
have also taken place between the Ministries to showcase the eco-system products.
of Finance, Environment and Tourism, Works, “Therefore, we should work together
Transport and Communication, Home Affairs to provide a suite of cultural tourism
and Immigration, Trade and Industry and the products that will give visitors a unique
National Planning Commission. experience in our sub-region,” he
advised.
Being a neighboring country to both South
Africa and Angola, and sport fans from all over The visitors will make use of roads,
the world will be expected to choose Namibia air transport and rail routes. The
as a tourist attraction. Namibia is expecting a usefulness of the highway corridor
spill over of sport fans to visit the country. routes will be put to test during the President Hifikepunye Pohamba of Namibia, President
Festus Mogae of Botswana and President Thabo Mbeki of
South Africa
Continues on page 20
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Etosha National Game Park is at a crossroad


of a century
By Kaleni Hiyalwa

The Etosha National Game Park may be 100 years since it was instituted in 1907 but the habitat and its inhabitants have existed
for centuries before the dream and idea of establishing the park came to mind. As Namibians celebrate the centenary, they should
also pay tribute to the vision of the ancestors, who ensured that the resources that gave the park the weight it carries today were
sustained.

T he park is one of Namibia’s tourist attractions.


It became more popular on the world map
after the country’s independence in 1990 due
vision is encompassed with the survival
of the next generations. All people had
directly benefited from the flora and fauna
to the increase in the number of tourists visiting of the time.
from all corners of the globe.
Today mankind still respects animals,
The country’s flora, fauna, people and their vegetation and other creations in the wild,
history attract visitors from different countries but as populations outpoured the earth
of the world. It is a destination for visitors who and with the increasing need and use
come to see animals in their natural environment. of the resources, mankind had become
Animals such as impalas, zebras, elephants, greedy and started to appropriate them for
lions, springboks, kudus, rhinoceros, jackals and individual benefit.
buffalos thrive in their natural environment in
the Etosha park. Tourists on guided tours enjoy In Namibia, animals and vegetation have
watching the animals as they drive about and been conserved in the Etosha National
around the paddock. One cannot stop admiring Game Park, other parks and protected
the flock of black faced impala and springbok as areas. The idea is to preserve and conserve A giraffe in Etosha
they gulp down water from the water holes in the flora and fauna for socio-economic
the Etosha pan. It is even a more scenic moment reason, a way meant to benefit the nation. Today mankind still show affinity for the flora and
when they return to their habitats. That is why President Pohamba declared, in fauna. However, the flora and fauna ceased to
his speech at the centenary celebration that share the same eco-system. For various reasons,
Visitors are also often amazed by the posture of “our national parks are one of Namibia’s most the flora and fauna are kept in parks, zoos and
the giraffe, curved over the water in the pan. Its valuable assets. They are our national treasures cages to be protected from human interaction.
parted front legs become the center of attention, and their tourism potential should be harnessed The flora and fauna are now for the curious eyes
as if a magnet is pulling the beholder’s eyes. It is for the benefit of all our people”. of those who can afford to visit and pay fees. The
in the Etosha park that human beings come close trade is now known as tourism or sightseeing
to meet the blazing eyes of the lion and hear the But, according to Prime Minister Nahas Angula, or going to places of interest or visiting the
rare roaring sound, thundering and echoing in the Etosha Game Park was established to divide attractions.
their ears from the thickness of the bush. Some the country into reserves. The game park
of the tourists would have never experienced the formed a buffer-zone between wild animals and Due to the limited indirect earnings that trickle
spectacular scene before visiting Etosha. To see humans who had free movement on the terrain slowly to the marginalised and disadvantaged
the lion in real life in a natural surrounding is a together since time immemorial. The early communities, governments in Africa, including
wonder. twentieth century had marked the beginning of that of Namibia, have now realised that there
divide and rule in every sphere of the Namibian is a need for indigenous people to participate
To celebrate the centenary of the Etosha National life. Reserves for humans and animals were and take ownership in the tourism industry,
Game Park, Namibians should not only celebrate established. In 1907, Etosha was declared a which is dominated by multi-national institutions.
the establishment and existence of the park game reserve to pose as a buffer-zone between People are now encouraged to participate in
but, for the most part, celebrate the ingenuity northern and central Namibia. In his notes on conservancies within their local areas with the
of people who had lived before. It is because of the role of King Nehale lya Mpingana, delivered aim to generate income and improve their
their ingenuity and vision that the flora and fauna at the centenary commemoration, Premier standard of living.
17
were preserved and conserved in the land of the Angula, noted that the decision of the colonial
brave since time immemorial. government to declare Etosha as a game reserve This brings to mind the importance of the
was “primarily as a security measure … to limit relationship between human beings, fauna and
Mankind, animals and vegetation have been the danger posed by King Nehale lya Mpingana flora. Separating them only promotes deprivation
inhabitants of the earth, long before game parks of Oshitambi”, southern Ondonga. of all sorts.
were established. They have been surviving
on the same eco-system that provided them a The fiber of segregation and apartheid was The Namibia government is supporting
conducive environment to live closer and survive not confined to people alone. They were conservation schemes to improve earnings that
on and with one another. woven through every fiber of the Namibian would promote living standards of citizens.
society, including the fauna, flora, forestry and To sustain this plan, a Policy on Tourism and
Mankind had forged friendship with the flora grassland. These structures are still in place as Wildlife Concessions on State Land has been
and fauna. To register the importance of the legacy of colonialism. launched. The policy enshrines the principles
friendship and relationship, he decided to note and guidelines for the awarding of concessions
specific symbols, not only in his memory but The whole Namibian population, including to communities, living adjacent to or in protected
also in practical survival. He told stories about the Qhwai-Xkhwe and Hai// om San used to areas. Policy concessions can only be awarded
their ingenuity to survive, learning from their benefit directly from the flora and fauna, water, in protected areas to legal entities such as
experiences. sun, moon and stars. All survived in harmony conservancies, community forests, structured
for ages. They have preserved each others’ trusts and registered community associations,
From his natural instinct, he had always been longevity, long before the settlers arrived. The cooperatives and traditional authorities. This
aware that his entire survival depended on indigenous people have always been conscious provides a legal framework to be adhered to in
the sustainable management of the flora and of the survival of each other within the same an attempt to benefit all people, especially the
fauna. And the decision to harvest any of the eco-system. marginalised communities who live in traditional
resources was based on sustainability, which areas where these resources are sourced.
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Etosha celebrates 100 years


By Rhingo Mutambo
Having been proclaimed as a ‘Game reserve No. 2’ (Wildschutz-gebiet Nr. 2) on1 March1907 by a German Governor, Dr. Friedrich von
Lindequist, Etosha celebrated 100 years as a game reserve at Namutoni with a splendid commemorative ceremony on 28 September
2007. The game reserve No.2 was renamed, Etosha, in 1958 and was declared a national park in 1967.

T hey say visiting Namibia without visiting


Etosha is like visiting Jerusalem without
visiting Golgotha. It is, thus, not surprising
lives were lost in an effort
to retain the area.

that the event was held at Fort Namutoni for Both the President and
its historical significance. This is where King Prime Minister urged the
Nehale lya Mbingana’s soldiers led by King Namibia Wildlife Resort
Shivute sha Ndjongolo waged war with the (NWR) to take note that
German forces for unending provocations and the original name for
the erection of Fort Namutoni on 28 January Etosha was Etotha (white)
1904 without King Nehale’s consent. while Namutoni was
Namutuni (elevated).
Hundreds of people drove to the park for the
weekend to “commemorate” the 100 years Apart from the celebration,
of Etosha as a national park and witness the the event drew the nation’s
launch of the Etosha centenary celebration. attention to the Namibian
This was viewed as one of the most significant Wildlife Resorts (NWR)’s
milestones in conservation and management of turn-around strategy for
protected areas in Namibia. the three resorts at Etosha
namely: Okaukuejo, President Hifikepunye Pohamba and Minister of Environ-
Musical and cultural groups, including the Halali and Namutoni. ment and Tourism, Hon. Willem Konjore launch the Etosha
Ndilimani Cultural Troop, Bullet yaKaoko, Jackson The President applauded 100th celebration
Kaujeua and others entertained the crowd. progress made on the
Officiating at the event, President Hifikepunye NWR turn-around strategy
Pohamba urged Namibians to harness the aimed at upgrading the parks’ infrastructures. Speaking at the same event, NWR Managing
potential of the country’s most valuable assets Director, Tobie Aupindi, said NWR has also
for their benefit. “Let us rededicate ourselves to President Pohamba described the turn-around expanded its range of activities with new
the conservation and protection of our natural strategy initiative and subsequent activities as “exciting” ones. New initiatives include the
environment,” he said. He added that Namibia a groundbreaking departure from the way in guided night game and nature drives at most
has put environment protection at the centre which nature conservation have been managed of its camps, guided horse trails and moonlight
of its sustainable development efforts. After in Namibia since independence. “The new walks on the Waterberg Plateau Park, that
narrating the history of Etosha and Namutoni system of managing our parks will create allow visitors to experience the park from a
Prime Minister Nahas Angula said the event was wildlife corridors between Etosha and the new perspective.
a commemoration than a celebration, as many Skeleton Coast National Parks via a network
of communal area conservancies The President emphasized that it is the
that will also benefit from increased government’s objective to ensure that Namibia’s
wildlife presence on these lands,” he natural resources benefit all her people, adding
added. that the government will, therefore, ensure
that conservancies, especially those which
The Ministry of Environment and are located in communal areas continue to
Tourism is spearheading the creation receive assistance so that Namibians who were
of new generation of parks. These previously disadvantaged derive benefits from
include the Bwabwata National Park the tourism industry.
in the north east of Namibia, the
Sperrgebiet National Park in the He called on all the stakeholders to work
southern part of Namibia and the together to take nature conservation in Namibia
18 Kunene Contractual Park in the west to greater heights and encourage parents to
of Etosha. They are all designed to teach their children and the youth in general
generate sustainable income for the about the importance of nature conservation.
country as they will open up new
areas for tourists to explore.
An elephant in Etosha

Amathila blasts alcohol sellers and exploiters of San people Continues from page 7

whose life is nomadic and who used to survive will be transferred from the affected schools. “I themselves, - literally living as slaves. The
on wild berries and animal hunting. have never heard a thing like that in my life. I Deputy Prime Minister says that exploitation
do not understand why Tsumkwe is targeted,” of San people continues unabated, adding
The Deputy Prime Minister is also deplored the Premier remarked. that they are made to work without pay,
at the fact that San learners are being forced except for receiving alcohol in return for the
by teachers to remove human stools from The first time the Deputy Prime Minister criss- services they render. “That is an issue which
schools, as a form of punishment, when crossed the country to examine the conditions Namibians should stand up against because
they arrive late at school. The Premier has under which the San people lived, she was the programme alone cannot do everything.
instructed the Director of Education for the struck by the way they were being treated by There is a need for concerted efforts from
Otjozondjupa region to investigate the matter other countrymen and women who have come everyone. If we want to assist, we must assist
and find out who the culprits are, so that they to settle on their land, as they lived on the edge [San] workers to demand minimum wages,”
she said.
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

The world’s oldest man is 113 years and Namibian Continues from page 1

spokesperson of tatekulu Niilenge. She went few of his old friends and inmates on Robben infiltrated into the country and found him
to school up to grade 10 and dropped out due Island. One of them is tatekulu Gaus Shikomba. without a gun. Tatekulu Niilenge often goes
to financial problems. He also talks about his inmates, Toivo Ya Toivo out of the hut and sits outside under the sun
and Kaxumba Kandola. The last time Shikomba to feel the warmth. He sees very blurry.
Mpingana said her great grand uncle enjoys had visited his comrade was in July this year.
talking about politics. She said he told them During these visits, the war veterans talk about He has a female cousin who is aged 108 years
stories about his life in the Robben Island their ordeal in prison and what the government and lives in her own homestead, attended
prison. “He told us that they were always of Namibia has been doing for them. by her grand daughter. His mother, Naambo
stripped naked and showered with cold water Nekwaya and father, Niilenge Kenuukwao,
at 8 o’clock in the morning and again at 7 Tatekulu Niilenge benefited from a housing died when he was a little boy. He had two
o’clock in the evening, before they would scheme of the government for war veterans, sisters and two brothers who also passed
be beaten up and tortured with electricity,” Robben Island prisoners and brutalised away when he was still young. His second
Mpingana said. persons. The house was handed over to him in wife, to whom he got married in 1987 and
July 2006. He survives on the old age pension mother of his 18-year old daughter, Julia,
Recalling the time when her great grand of N$370.00, out of which he pays for water died in 2004. Mpingana remarked that the old
uncle returned home from prison, the family and other core needs. man tells the story of his family with sadness.
received him with mixed feelings because Although he is blessed by God to live longer,
he was brought home by “Koevoets” in a Describing his delightful moment when his he feels lonely because his sisters, brothers,
“cassiper”. “He was happy and felt so free honorary military rank was disclosed to wives and parents have all died.
to greet us but we had doubts because he him as Colonel, and was presented with his
was brought home by the enemy,” Mpingana medal, which was brought to him at home by Tatekulu Niilenge is being cared for by his
noted, adding that “but we realised later that Mpingana who represented him at the Heroes’ grand niece, 65-year old Albertine Gebhard,
those who brought him home were not happy Day Commemoration, the great grand daughter the mother of Mpingana. Gebhard’s four of
with him because they harassed him”. said the old man was very happy. “When I her five children live with her at home and
came back home from Eenhana, I dressed him one of them is enrolled at the Vocational
“We welcomed him. He began to talk about up in his military uniform and decorated him Training College (VTC) in Windhoek.
politics of the liberation struggle. He told with his medals. He kept on touching them
us he was a freedom fighter. He would also and expressing his appreciation,” narrated He worships at ELCIN church at Etambo
talk about members of the family who have Mpingana. She said that tatekulu Niilenge put village. He was baptised, by the name
died and we did not know them,” Mpingana on his sense of humour by making a joke as to Wilhelm, while he was in prison on Robben
recalled. Tatekulu Niilenge is in touch with a what could have the enemies called him if they Island.

Modern-day Namibian culture in paying homage to heroes and heroines


Continues from page 5
It has become a norm to lay wreaths on the humanity. In old African cultures, shrines were as omahangu, sorghum, beans, pumpkins and
graves and tombs in many part of the world, preserved and respected in remembrance of other produce.
including at the Namibian Heroes’ Acre and ancestors who are known as “ovakwamungu”
the shrine at Eenhana. These observances in Oshiwambo, “Ozombangane” in Otjiherero. In modern times, it has also become a norm
have become part of the modern-day Rituals in the form of prayers for rain, economic for having soldiers, especially the Namibian
Namibian culture in paying homage and upliftment and good luck were performed. The Defence Force (NDF) drilling and saluting,
respect to those who have gone before and prayers and tributes were also accompanied including horse riding and other processions at
those that have lived selflessly for the good of by offerings of new harvested products such the commemoration ceremonies.

Walvis Bay Airport close to international 19

standard
Namibia will soon inaugurate a second international airport, once the upgrading of the Walvis Bay Airport is completed by the middle of
2008. The upgrading of the Walvis Bay Airport is part of a wider project to rehabilitate and upgrade airports and air traffic control systems,
including the refurbishments of control towers at Hosea Kutako International, Eros, Walvis Bay and Lüderitz.

T he upgrading will improve the length and


widening runway, establishing a new taxi
way, apron air traffic control technology and a
new taxiway and the apron are completed. The
widened and lengthened runway will allow the
larger aircrafts such as the Boeing 747 to fit. The
ships. The increase of tourists will create more job
opportunities to the local tourist industry especially
as chartered and scheduled aircraft operators
modern lighting system situated along the centre Airbus A380 and the Antenor 225 are to operate will convey tourists directly to Walvis Bay. The
of the runway. The crash and rescue vehicles are from the airport. The airport is measured at sea lengthened and widened runway will positively
already provided at Walvis Bay, Hosea Kutako and level, requiring less fuel for take-off at maximum contribute towards income of the Namibian Airports
Eros Airports payload. Company on the long run.

The access road was completed at the beginning Namibia, and in particular Walvis Bay, will benefit Above all, the rehabilitation and upgrading of
of this year and the construction of the airport’s from the export of fresh fish to overseas markets airports and air traffic control systems will have a
perimeter fence has started. The work on the directly from the coastal town and from the positive impact on the civil aviation environment
lengthening of the runaway, the new taxiway and importation of goods for the offshore mining and in Namibia, including the safety of air space. The
the apron has generally progressed. The work on exploratory drilling operations and employment project is co-funded by the Namibia Government
the base of the asphalt layer will begin once the of the people on board fishing vessels and cargo and the Kingdom of Spain.
Government Information Bulletin September 2007

Negotiations on a Bilateral Air Service Agreement


between Namibia and Ephiopia
A team from Namibia’s Ministry of Works, Transport and Communications visited Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 11-12 October 2007, to
negotiate a Bilateral Air Service Agreement (BASA), to be signed between the two countries. The team consisted of Amba. Elia
Akwaake, Deputy Permanent Secretary and head of delegation, Mr. Bethuel Mujetenga, Permanent Representative of Namibia to
the ICAO Council, Mr. Joseph Shipepe, Under Secretary and Ms Angeline Simana-Paulo, Director Civil Aviation, as well as Mr. Helois
//Hoabeb, General Manager of Commercial Service of Air Namibia. The team was joined by Mr. Ben Karamata, Counsellor at the
Namibian Embassy in Addis Ababa who is also responsible for bilateral affairs.

T he main objectives of the delegation were


to revise the draft bilateral agreement, in
line with the Yamoussoukro Decision, for the
countries and boost economic, cultural, tourism
and bilateral relationship. Air transport is critical
to both countries, since it will promote trade,


designated airline to enjoy full 3rd, 4th and
5th freedom traffic rights in Africa.
non-restrictive capacity, frequency and
progressive liberalization of the air transport tourism and other forms of bilateral exchange. aircraft type for commercial operations for
market in Africa and the signing of an updated passengers, cargo or mail in combination
Confidential Memorandum of Understanding At the end of the meeting the heads of the and
(CMOU). It is believed that once the BASA has two delegations initialed the revised BASA and • avoidance of double taxation on income on
been signed, it will create an open operational signed the CMOU which provides for the: airline revenues earned while operating an
framework from airlines designated by both • designation of one airline by each party. international air services.

FIFA World Cup, African Cup of Nations 2010 and regional integration will benefit
Namibia’s economy Continues from page 16

World Cup and African Cup of Nations. countries. The initiatives are also the countries’ Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. These
Namibia will have an opportunity to sell itself efforts in meeting the SADC requirements for initiatives are expected to increase tourism
in all areas of socio-economic and cultural the launching of the Free Trade Area in 2008, activities by facilitating the movement and flow
spheres, especially with its strategy of aimed at removing barriers to ensure regional of tourists in the participating countries.
promoting locally made products and value integration, free movement of people, goods
addition. The economic exposure the country and services. Some of the infrastructural The recent opening of the Mata-Mata
will get from the opportunity will promote the developments are the Kgalagadi Transfrontier International Tourist Facility along the southern
country’s economic development and growth, Conservation Area, spanning across parts boarder is expected to facilitate tourists’
necessary for its Vision 2030 plan. of Namibia, South Africa and Botswana. smooth movement and legalise crossing of
Collaboration with neighbouring countries people from Namibia, Botswana and South
Efforts to invest in the development and is also demonstrated through the initiatives Africa. This is another added value to tourism
improvement of the country’s infrastructure, such as /Ai-Ais-Richtersveld Transfrontier in the SADC region. Mata-Mata boader post
customer care and other services are Conservation Area, involving Namibia and South will also promote cultural exchange, which
underway. Some of the efforts in promoting Africa, the Iona Skeleton Coast Transfrontier will enable the people to share tangible and
tourism and trade have been initiated Cnservation Area between Namibia, Angola and intangible natural heritage with each other and
among Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South the Kavango, Zambezi or KAZA Transfrontier with visitors to and from the three countries.
Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and other SADC Conservation Area between Namibia, Angola,

20
Government orders closure of US Company
By Rhingo Mutambo

The Namibian government on 12 October 2007 ban the operations of the Special Operations Consulting–Security Management
Group (SOC-SMG), a United States security hire company, following a recommendation by the country’s Security Commission.

S OC-SMG recently made newspaper


headlines in Namibia with its scheme to
recruit Namibians with a police, military or
never been sanctioned or supported through
any international agreement and can thus
not be supported by Namibia. “Government
as an offence punishable with a fine, prison
term or both. She further made reference to
the Namibian Constitution Article 4 (8) (b) that
security background to perform security guard cannot allow its citizens to get involved stipulates that Namibians are not allowed to
services in war torn countries, such as Iraq and in that war,” said the Minister. The State’s get involved in the military or security forces of
Afghanistan, where the United States of America Security Commission hence recommended other countries without the written permission
has a presence. the closure of the company, the removal of its of the Namibian Government. “Government
two representatives, Messrs Paul Grimes and in accordance with Article 96 of the Namibian
A meeting convened by the Security Fredric Piry, and declaring them prohibited Constitution on the country’s Foreign Relations
Commission on 11 October 2007, decided that immigrants in terms of Section 5 (1) (c) of maintains its policy of non-alignment,
the involvement of Namibian nationals in war- the Security Commission Act, 2001 (Act 18 promotion of international co-operation,
torn countries will have serious consequences of 2001) read in conjunction with Sections 49 peace and security and the settlement of
and long-term national security implications on (1) and 39 (2) of the Immigration Control Act, international disputes by peaceful means,” she
the interests of Namibia at home and abroad. 1993 (Act 7 of 1993). Nandi-Ndaithwah said the said. The Government reiterated its warning
Presenting the Government’s position on the Defence Act, 2002 (Act 1 of 2002) criminalises to its citizens that those volunteering to get
issue, Information and Broadcasting Minister, the involvement of Namibians in the military, involved in war torn countries may loose their
Netumbio Nandi-Ndaitwah, said the involvement reserve or any auxiliary force of any country citizenship and may be charged under the
of the United States of America in Iraq has without the written permission of the Minister, Defence Act, 2002 (Act 1 of 2002).

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