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3983 en - 05.

2008 / c

s e nt
(12V - 10A)
J1 +

b e X2 -

us t
R 449
Isolated DC
m
Z1 t
a l power supply

nu s er
X1

m a d u Z2

This o the en E+
~ 10 ohms

t E-
Exciter field

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
Installation and maintenance
LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f

This manual concerns the alternator A.V.R. which you have just purchased.

We wish to draw your attention to the contents of this maintenance manual. By following certain
important points during installation, use and servicing of your A.V.R., you can look forward to many
years of trouble-free operation.

SAFETY MEASURES
WARNING
Before using your machine for the first time, it is important to
read the whole of this installation and maintenance manual.

All necessary operations and interventions on this machine Warning symbol for an operation capable of
must be performed by a qualified technician. damaging or destroying the machine or
surrounding equipment.
Our technical support service will be pleased to provide any
additional information you may require.

The various operations described in this manual are


accompanied by recommendations or symbols to alert the
user to the potential risk of accidents. It is vital that you Warning symbol for general danger to personnel.
understand and take notice of the different warning symbols
used.

This A.V.R. can be incorporated in a machine


marked C.E.
Warning symbol for electrical danger to personnel.

Copyright 2005: LEROY-SOMER


Note: LEROY-SOMER reserves the right to modify the This document is the property of:
characteristics of its products at any time in order to MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER
incorporate the latest technological developments. The It may not be reproduced in any form without prior
information contained in this document may therefore be authorization.
changed without notice. All brands and models have been registered and patents
applied for.

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 - Introduction to the R 449 ................................................................................................................... 4


1.1 - Application ................................................................................................................................ 4
1.2 - Description ............................................................................................................................... 4
1.2.1 - Power supply connection ............................................................................................. 4
1.3 - Electrical characteristics ........................................................................................................... 6
1.3.1 - Operating diagram ....................................................................................................... 6
1.3.2 - Detection ...................................................................................................................... 7
1.3.3 - Voltage accuracy ......................................................................................................... 7
1.3.4 - Voltage adjustment ...................................................................................................... 7
1.3.5 - Power supply ............................................................................................................... 7
1.3.6 - Output power ............................................................................................................... 7
1.3.7 - Quadrature droop (1F) ................................................................................................. 7
1.3.8 - Frequency compared with voltage (without LAM) ........................................................ 7
1.3.9 - LAM (Load Acceptance Module) characteristics ......................................................... 7
1.3.10 - Typical effects of the LAM with a diesel engine with or without a LAM (U/F only)...... 8
1.3.11 - Gradual voltage return function ................................................................................. 8
1.3.12 - Stability ...................................................................................................................... 8
1.3.13 - Limiting the excitation current Iex .............................................................................. 8
1.3.14 - Protection ................................................................................................................... 9
1.3.15 - Voltage build-up ......................................................................................................... 9
1.3.16 - Power used ................................................................................................................ 9
1.3.17 - De-energising ............................................................................................................ 9
1.4 - Environment ............................................................................................................................. 9
2 - R 726: Regulation of power factor (2F) and mains sensing (3F) ................................................. 10
2.1 - Operating diagram ................................................................................................................. 10
2.2 - Potentiometers ....................................................................................................................... 11
3 - Typical diagrams .............................................................................................................................. 12
3.1 - AREP 1F LV excitation .......................................................................................................... 12
3.2 - AREP 1F MV excitation ......................................................................................................... 13
3.3 - AREP 3F LV excitation .......................................................................................................... 14
3.4 - AREP 3F MV excitation ......................................................................................................... 15
3.5 - 1F LV shunt + booster excitation ........................................................................................... 16
3.6 - 1F LV PMG excitation ............................................................................................................ 17
4 - Commissioning ................................................................................................................................ 18
4.1 - In case of standalone regulation ............................................................................................ 18
4.2 - In case of 1F regulation (parallel operation between alternators) .......................................... 18
4.3 - In case of 2F (power factor regulation) and 3F (voltage match circuit) ................................. 18
5 - Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................... 20
5.1 - Checking the windings and rotating diodes using a separate excitation ................................ 20
5.2 - Static checking of the regulator .............................................................................................. 20
5.3 - Troubleshooting table ............................................................................................................. 21
5.3.1 - In case of 1F, parallel operation between alternators ................................................ 21
5.3.2 - In case of 2F and 3F .................................................................................................. 23
5.3.3 - Checking the alternator using a separate excitation .................................................. 23
5.4 - Replacing the regulator with a spare voltage regulator .......................................................... 23

6 - Spare parts......................................................................................................................................... 24
6.1 - Designation ............................................................................................................................. 24
6.2 - Technical support service ....................................................................................................... 24

All such operations performed on the A.V.R. should be undertaken by personnel trained in the
commissioning, servicing and maintenance of electrical and mechanical components.

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449

1 - INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449 - A sensing selection jumper ST1


(single/3-phase with an external module)
- A response time jumper ST2
1.1 - Application - A frequency selection jumper ST3
- An external voltage setting jumper ST4
The R 449 voltage regulator is of a shunt type. It is designed - A LAM (load adjustment module) jumper ST5
to fit as standard on A50 to A 54 alternators. It can be supplied From R449 Version E number 10,000, this jumper will be
with power either by a power VT, or by the AREP field removable.
excitation system, or by a single-phase or 3-phase PMG. - A selection jumper 13% 25% LAM ST10
Using the R 726 external module, the regulator can control - Bend at 65 Hz (U/F) ST11
the power factor (2F) and can match the alternator voltage to
the mains voltage (3F) prior to synchronisation. Two fuses (F1 and F2) are connected to this regulator; they
are mounted in the alternator on terminal block C.
Type: gG 10/38 16A 500V.
- ATQ20 (10x38US) 500 VAC UL/CSA
1.2 - Description
Simplified diagram of a potentiometer:
The electronic components mounted in a plastic casing are
sealed with opaque elastomer. Connection is via 2 To adjust the potentiometer, check the actual position of the
connectors (male "Faston" lugs 6.3) potentiometer stop.

The regulator includes:


- A main terminal strip (10 terminals) J1 Stop
- A secondary terminal block (5 terminals) J2
- A frequency selection terminal block (3 terminals) J3 0
- A quadrature droop potentiometer P1 5
- A voltage potentiometer P2 10
- A stability potentiometer P3
- A maximum excitation potentiometer P5

1.2.1 - Power supply connection


1.2.1.1 - AREP system
MAIN FIELD STATOR : 6 or 12-wire (marking T1 to T12)
AREP SYSTEM Aux. windings
T1 T7 T2 T8 T3 T9
Varistor

Armature
5+ 6-
T4 T10 T5 T11 T6 T12
Field
10 Yellow
11 Red
12 Black
9 Green

according to tension

140 mm

X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E- 0V 110 220 380 4 x holes Ø 5.8 x


200 mm

175 x 115 mm

ST5
with LAM without LAM Quad
P1 droop

ST3
Frequency 50Hz 60Hz

R 449
ST10
LAM 13 % 25 % T.I.

Option S1 S2
Excitation
P5 ceiling
ST4 Option
open External potentiometer
ST11 knee-point: 65 Hz for adjusting the voltage

Response normal
ST2 time fast ST1 P2
Single-phase Tension R731 Option
P3 Stability detection 3-ph. detection

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449

1.2.1.2 - PMG system


MAIN FIELD STATOR : 6 or 12-wire (marking T1 to T12)
PMG SYSTEM
Aux. windings T1 T7 T2 T8 T3 T9

Varistor
PMG

Armature
5+ 6-
T4 T10 T5 T11 T6 T12
Field

14 15 16

according to tension

140 mm

X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E- 0V 110 220 380 4 x holes Ø 5.8 x

200 mm
175 x 115 mm

ST5
with LAM without LAM Quad
P1 droop

ST3
Frequency 50Hz 60Hz

R 449
ST10
LAM 13 % 25 % T.I.

Option S1 S2
Excitation
P5 ceiling
ST4 Option
open External potentiometer
ST11 knee-point: 65 Hz for adjusting the voltage

Response normal
ST2 time fast ST1 P2
Single-phase Tension R731 Option
P3 Stability detection 3-ph. detection

1.2.1.3 - SHUNT system


MAIN FIELD STATOR : 6 or 12-wire (marking T1 to T12)
SHUNT SYSTEM T8
T1 T7 T2 T3 T9
Varistor

Armature
5+ 6-
T4 T10 T5 T11 T6 T12
Field

according to tension

140 mm

X2 Z1 X1 Z2 E+ E- 0V 110 220 380 4 x trous Ø 5.8 x


200 mm

175 x 115 mm

ST5
with LAM without LAM Quad
P1 droop

ST3
Frequency 50Hz 60Hz

R 449
ST10
LAM 13 % 25 % T.I.

Option S1 S2
Excitation
P5 ceiling
ST4 Option
open External potentiometer
ST11 knee-point: 65 Hz for adjusting the voltage

Response normal
ST2 time fast ST1 P2
Single-phase Tension R731 Option
P3 Stability detection 3-ph. detection

5
6
+15V
LEROY-SOMER

DETECTION
380V SENSING
1 ST2
220V TENSION
1.3.1 - Operating diagram

2 DC VOLTAGE ST1
TRANSISTOR
PID DE PUISSANCE
110V
POWER TRANSISTOR
3 AC STABILITE
P3 STABILITY
0V
1.3 - Electrical characteristics

4
Z2
7
STATISME
VOLTAGE DROOP Z1
S2 5 P1 9
6
EXCITATEUR
TI/CT EXCITER X2
5 10
S1 4

X1
3 POTENTIOMETRE TENSION
8
EXTERIEUR
ST4 POTENTIOMETER
EXTERNAL VOLTAGE LIMITE D'EXCITATION
2 SOUS-VITESSE
POTENTIOMETRE EXCITATION LIMIT
UNDERFREQUENCY
R 449 revision f

P5
INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449

RESISTANCE
V/Hz RESISTOR
LAM ST5
% LAM ST10
INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE

3 Ph 65Hz ST11
1
TEMPS
VOLTAGE REGULATOR

BORNIER TIME
1
CONNECTOR J1

BORNIER
1
CONNECTOR J2

BORNIER 1 2 3
1
CONNECTOR J3 ST3
60Hz 50Hz
3983 en - 05.2008 / c
LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449

1.3.2 - Detection 1.3.7 - Quadrature droop (1F)


The detection is single-phase and is isolated using an internal Quadrature droop is achieved using a parallel operation CT
transformer. (In/1A, 10VA Cl1).
Sensing VA: 5VA The voltage droop can be adjusted using potentiometer P1.
J1 connector, input voltages: The voltage range is 5%Un for Pn PF 0.8.
Terminals 0-110V voltage range from 85 to 130V The quadrature droop is at 0 when potentiometer P1 has
Terminals 0-220V voltage range from 170 to 260V been rotated fully anti-clockwise.
Terminals 0-380V voltage range from 340 to 520V

1.3.3 - Voltage accuracy P1


The voltage accuracy is +/- 1%Un, steady state, linear load.

1.3.4 - Voltage adjustment 1.3.8 - Frequency compared with voltage


The voltage is adjusted either using an internal potentiometer (without LAM)
P2, with a voltage range of +/- 10%Un, or using an external
potentiometer (as an option). Voltage Bend 57.5 Hz
48 Hz
The voltage is minimum when internal potentiometer P2 has 100 %
been rotated fully anti-clockwise. U/UN 50 Hz
60 Hz

Frequency
P2 Hz
50 Hz 60 Hz

Connecting the external potentiometer: 1.3.9 - LAM (Load Acceptance Module)


External potentiometer 470Ω 3W: Voltage range +/- 5%Un characteristics
External potentiometer 1kΩ 3W: Voltage range +/- 10%Un
(option). Remove jumper ST4 and connect the external The LAM system is integrated in the regulator, as standard it
potentiometer as shown in the diagram below. If a regulator is is active (ST5 with bridge). It can be deactivated by removing
built into the terminal box, remove jumper ST10 from terminal the ST5 bridge. It can be adjusted to 13% or 25% by means
block C and connect the external potentiometer. of the ST10 jumper (factory setting 15%).
- Role of the “LAM” (Load Acceptance Module):
Internal External
On application of a load, the rotation speed of the generator
J2 J2 set decreases. When it passes below the preset frequency
Rhe threshold, the LAM causes the voltage to drop by
approximately 13% or 25% and consequently the amount of
ST4 ST4 active load applied is reduced by approximately 25% to 45%,
until the speed reaches its rated value again.
Voltage setting : ST4 Hence the LAM can be used either to reduce the speed
A.F. = Internal variation (frequency) and its duration for a given applied load,
or to increase the applied load possible for one speed
variation (turbo-charged engine).
1.3.5 - Power supply To avoid voltage oscillations, the trip threshold
for the LAM function should be set approximately 2 Hz below
The power can be supplied:
the lowest frequency in steady state. It is advisable to use the
- using 2 independent auxiliary windings integrated in the
LAM at 25% for load impacts Š 70% of the genset rated
alternator stator (AREP excitation)
power.
- using a single or 3-phase power VT
- using a single or 3-phase PMG. Voltage Underspeed and LAM
The single or 3-phase voltage must not exceed 240V AC. ST5 disconnected
UN Voltage
P2
1.3.6 - Output power
U/f
The output power is 7A 63V under normal conditions and 15A LAM
0.87 UN
for 10s under overload conditions.

48 or 57.5 Hz 50 or 60 Hz
0 ST3 fC fN

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449

1.3.10 - Typical effects of the LAM with a diesel 1.3.12 - Stability


engine with or without a LAM (U/F only). The stability and the response time of the alternator can be
1.3.10.1 - Voltage adjusted using potentiometer P3.
Presetting P3 for different types of alternator:
Transient voltage drop
UN
0
5 A50
0,9 10
(U/f)
with without LAM A54
A51/52
0,8
LAM A53
Time
The ST2 jumper modifies the stability. It is closed as
0 1s 2s 3s standard. Removing this jumper can in some cases improve
the response time of the alternator (contact Leroy-Somer).
1.3.10.2 - Frequency

Max speed drop with 1.3.13 - Limiting the excitation current iex
fN LAM
- The potentiometer P5 is used to adjust the limitation of excitation
Amp. Limitation of the excitation current is active for 10s. After this
period of time, the excitation current is limited to 2A.
0.9 The maximum limitation is 15A.
without The minimum limitation is when the potentiometer has been
LAM rotated fully anti-clockwise.
0.8 Time
In the absence of specification to the contrary, P5 is
0 1s 2s 3s positioned at the clockwise limit.
- Static adjustment of the maximum excitation current
1.3.10.3 - Power
For this value, the static adjustment is possible when the
alternator is stopped, which will not endanger the alternator or
the installation.
LAM
Disconnect the power supply wires X1,X2 and Z1,Z2 and the
alternator voltage reference (terminal strip J1).
Load on the

Connect the power supply, 200 to 240V, as shown (X1 and X2:
shaft (kW)

Variation in the load 0-220V). Install a 20 ADC ammeter in series with the exciter
field.
Load shedding due to "LAM" Turn P5 fully anti-clockwise, switch on the power supply
(circuit breaker A).
Time If the regulator does not discharge, turn potentiometer P2
0 1s 2s 3s (voltage) clockwise until the ammeter indicates a stabilised
current.
1.3.11 - Gradual voltage return function Switch the power supply off and then on again, turn P5
During load impacts, the function helps the genset to return to clockwise until the required excitation current is reached
its rated speed faster thanks to a gradual increase in voltage (limited to 15A), (for precise adjustment contact Leroy-Somer).
according to the principle: Checking the internal protection:
- If the speed drops between 46 and 50 Hz, the rated voltage Open the circuit breaker (D): the excitation current must rise
follows a fast gradient as it is restored. to its preset upper limit, maintain this value for 10s and fall
- If the speed drops below 46 Hz, since the engine needs back automatically to a value less than 1A.
more help, the voltage follows a slow gradient as it returns to To reset, switch off the power supply using the circuit breaker (A).
the reference value. Note: After setting the upper excitation limit using this
procedure, re-adjust the voltage.

U According to frequency
ST3
Mains (Supply 50/60 Hz)
R 449
Drop N ≤ 46 Hz X2
P5
50Hz 60Hz Z1 A
Drop N > 46 Hz ST5 X1 Exciter field
Excit max
Time ST2
Z2 ~ 10 ohms
0 E+
P3 E- - +
0V
ST1
A
P2 P1
S1 S2 220V 20A DC
Voltage 380V D

ST4

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
INTRODUCTION TO THE R 449

1.3.14 - Protection 1.4 - Environment


There are two fuses in the power section. They are mounted - Operating temperature: - 30°C to +70°C
externally to the AVR but inside the alternator terminal box. - Storage temperature: - 55°C to + 85°C
Rating: gG 10/38 16A 500V - Shocks on the base: 9g for the 3 right-angled directions
- ATQ20 (10x38US) 500 VAC UL/CSA - Vibrations: Less than 10Hz: 2mm half peak amplitude
10Hz to 100Hz: 100mm/s
1.3.15 - Voltage build-up Above 100Hz: 8g
The voltage build-up is automatic (no overvoltage) from the
residual magnetism.
If there is no voltage build-up, a short pulse of continuous
isolated voltage (12VDC), will usually remedy this. Otherwise,
proceed in accordance with the diagram below to re-establish
the residual magnetism:

(12V - 10A)
J1 +
X2 -
R 449
Z1 Isolated DC
t power supply
X1
Z2
E+
~ 10 ohms
E-
Exciter field

1.3.16 - Power used


The power used by the R 449 is 30W, when the alternator is
at rated power.

1.3.17 - De-energising
The regulator is de-energised by switching off the voltage
regulation power supply.
Contact rating: 15A, 250V AC

J1 Aux. windings
R 449 X2
Z1
X1
Z2
E+
E-

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
R 726: REGULATION OF POWER FACTOR (2F) AND MAINS SENSING (3F)

2 - R 726: REGULATION OF POWER FACTOR (2F) AND MAINS SENSING (3F)


The power factor and mains sensing are done by the R726 module.
See the specific manual.

2.1 - Operating diagram

SYNOPTIQUE DE FONCTIONNEMENT
FUNCTIONAL DIAGRAM

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
R 726: REGULATION OF POWER FACTOR (2F) AND MAINS SENSING (3F)

2.2 - Potentiometers
P1: Potentiometer for adjusting the alternator voltage to the mains voltage (operating mode 3F).
P2: Adjustment of the power factor
P3: Stability
P4: Limitation of the power factor

100 mm
115 mm

U=U

J2
R 726 T3 10 400

}
RED "U = U"
LED 9
8
100
0
} MAINS VOLTAGE
(PHASES 2-3)

SENSING 50/60 Hz
}
GREEN "Cos ϕ" T2 6
5
400

}
GENERATOR VOLTAGE
100 (PHASES 2-3)
4 0
STAB P3 P1 3

LIMIT P4 T1
2
1
S2
S1 } TI / CT / 1A (PHASE 1)

POTENTIOMETERS
Cos ϕ P2 ST1 ST2
P1 MORE GEN VOLTAGE

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
P2 MORE REACTIVE POWER
R2 R1
To A.V.R.
J1
P3 STABILITY (// with mains)
CONTROL OUTPUT
P5 C1 C2 P6
P4 P.F. LAG Limit

U
VOLTAGE U=U "Cos ϕ""Cos ϕ" P5 : (-R) = MORE VOLTAGE (single) +

Unused terminal ADJUSTMENTS / MONITORING P6 : (+R) = MORE REACTIVE POWER +

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TYPICAL DIAGRAMS

3 - TYPICAL DIAGRAMS
The following diagrams are supplied for information only and are not to be used in place of the actual alternator diagrams.

3.1 - AREP 1F LV excitation

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TYPICAL DIAGRAMS

3.2 - AREP 1F MV excitation

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TYPICAL DIAGRAMS

3.3 - AREP 3F LV excitation

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TYPICAL DIAGRAMS

3.4 - AREP 3F MV excitation

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TYPICAL DIAGRAMS

3.5 - 1F LV Shunt + Booster excitation

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TYPICAL DIAGRAMS

3.6 - 1F LV PMG excitation

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
COMMISSIONING

4 - COMMISSIONING voltage, if the voltage rises, invert the parallel operation CT.
The voltage quadrature droop is generally 2 to 3% of the rated
The commissioning principle is the same whatever is the type voltage.
of excitation.
- The no-load voltages should be identical on all the alternators
intended for parallel operation between each other.
4.1 - In case of standalone regulation
- Connect the alternators in parallel at no load.
- Check fuses F1 and F2 which are situated on terminal block
C in the alternator. - Adjust the setting of voltage P2 or the external voltage
potentiometer of one of the machines, try to eliminate (or
- Check the regulator: minimise) the circulating stator current between the
machines.
- Check the position of the ST3 jumper (select the frequency,
50 or 60Hz). - Do not adjust the voltage further.

- If an external voltage potentiometer is used, disconnect it - Match the kW power with a minimum load of 30% by
from the regulator and install the ST4 jumper (regulator adjusting the drive system speed.
terminal block J2) or the ST10 jumper, terminal block C in the
alternator terminal box. - Adjust quadrature droop potentiometer P1 on one of the
machines to balance or distribute the stator currents.
- Turn the internal voltage potentiometer P2 on the regulator
fully anti-clockwise. - If several alternators are in parallel, take one as a reference.

- Set the alternator to its rated speed using the drive system.

- The alternator voltage should rise to a value of 85 to 90%Un. 4.3 - In case of 2f (power factor
- Adjust the voltage to the required value using potentiometer regulation) and 3f (voltage match
P2. circuit) (see R726 manual ref. 2440)
- Turn potentiometer P1 fully anti-clockwise. - Check the wiring between the R 449 and the R 726. (See the
connection diagram).
- Perform an on-load test with power factor = 0.8 or power
factor = 1. The voltage should remain constant within the - Check the information given for the R 726: mains voltage, 2F
limits of the regulator. If it is not stable, see section 13-9. contact, 3F contact.

- Stop the alternator and reconnect the external - If an external voltage potentiometer is used, disconnect it
potentiometer, setting it to the centre position. from the R 726 and add the ST1 jumper (terminals 3 and 4 of
J1) or disconnect it from terminals 25 and 26 of terminal block
- Set the alternator to its rated speed then, using the external C of the alternator and add the ST10 jumper.
potentiometer, set the alternator to its rated voltage.
- If an external PF potentiometer is used, disconnect it from
- The regulator set-up phase is now complete. the R 726 and add the ST2 jumper (terminals 9 and 10 of J1)
or disconnect it from terminals 29 and 30 of terminal block C
of the alternator and add the ST11 jumper.

4.2 - In case of 1f regulation (parallel - Perform a 1F test.


The test principle is the same as in the case of 1F regulation.
operation between alternators)
- Matching the alternator and mains voltages prior to
- The previous settings should be made on each alternator.
synchronisation (3F):
- Set the quadrature droop potentiometer to the centre
- If this function is not used, match the voltages by adjusting
position and perform an on-load test.
the voltage potentiometer.
The following settings are for the R 726.
- With a load at power factor = 1, the voltage does not drop or
Close the 3F contact (terminals 5 and 6 of J1 of the R 726 or
only drops slightly; with an inductive load, the voltage drops.
terminals 34 and 35 of terminal block C of the alternator). The
This voltage drop is set using quadrature droop potentiometer
red LED lights up. Adjust potentiometer P1 to match the
P1.
alternator voltage to the mains voltage.
- Power factor regulation with the alternator synchronised with
The no-load voltage is always greater than the on-load
the mains (2F):

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
COMMISSIONING

The following settings are for the R 726.

When the alternator is in phase with the mains and the mains
and alternator voltages are equal, proceed with
synchronisation. Contact 2F closes when the circuit breaker
is closed. The green LED on the R 726 lights up. Open
contact 3F and remove the mains voltage reference.

Preset the PF potentiometer P2 to 5 and limit potentiometer


P4 to 3.5.

Without supplying kW power to the mains, the reactive


current of the alternator should be at or around 0.

Increase the kW power. When it reaches 50% of the rated


power, adjust potentiometer P4 to obtain a PF of 0.9 LAG
(inductive) on the alternator. The range is then 0.7 LAG PF
(inductive) (P2 turned fully clockwise) to 0.95 LEADING
(capacitive) (P2 turned fully anti-clockwise).

Adjust P2 to obtain the required power factor value.

Increase the kW power until it reaches the rated power. The


PF should remain constant.

If it becomes unstable, adjust potentiometer P3 on the R 726


or potentiometer P3 on the R 449.

- Stop the alternator and reconnect the external


potentiometers.

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R 449 revision f
TROUBLESHOOTING

5 - TROUBLESHOOTING
5.1 - Checking the windings and
rotating diodes using a separate
excitation Do not perform dielectric tests without dis-
During this procedure, you must check that the alternator is connecting the module and associated AVR.
not connected to any external loads and examine the terminal
box to check that the connections have been made correctly. RISK OF DESTRUCTION

- Stop the generator, disconnect and isolate the regulator


wires. ASSEMBLY B

Variac 6 - Exciter field 5+


- There are two possible assemblies for a separate excitation:
see the diagrams below.
40
50 60 +

30

70
- Assembly A: Connect the DC supply (2 batteries in series)

20

80
in series with a rheostat of approximately 20 ohms/500W and

10

90
a diode on both field winding wires (5+) (6-)
0 100

- Diode
AC 5A
ASSEMBLY A 220 V

6 - Exciter field 5+ 5.2 - Static checking of the regulator


Diode 5 A Rh. 20 - 500 W If the regulator operates correctly during a static test, this
does not necessarily mean that it will operate correctly under
real conditions.
+ If the regulator fails the static test, it can be concluded without
- doubt that the regulator is faulty.
Connect a test bulb in accordance with the diagram.
The power supply voltage must be between 200 and 240V.
Battery 12V The voltage of the bulb is 230V. The power of the bulb will be
less than 100W.
- Assembly B: Connect a "variac" variable power supply and
a diode bridge to both field winding wires (5+) (6-). - Turn potentiometer P2 fully anti-clockwise.

- These two systems must be compatible with the excitation - Switch the regulator on; the bulb must briefly light up and
rating of the machine (see the nameplate). then go out.

- Run the generator set at its nominal speed. - Slowly turn the voltage potentiometer clockwise, to the right.

- Gradually increase the power supply current of the field - When turned fully clockwise, the bulb lights up continuously.
winding by adjusting the rheostat or variac and measure
output voltages L1, L2, L3, checking the no-load excitation - At the regulation point, turning the voltage adjustment
voltages and currents. (See the alternator nameplate or ask potentiometer slightly in one direction or the other should
Leroy-Somer for the test log). make the bulb light up or go out. If the bulb is either lit
continuously or does not light up at all, the regulator is faulty.
- If the output voltages are at their rated values and are
balanced at < 1% for the given excitation value, the machine - Perform one test supplying the regulator via terminals X1
is operating correctly and the fault is due to the regulation part and X2, then another supplying it via terminals Z1 and Z2.
(regulator, wiring, sensing, auxiliary windings).
According to frequency 200 - 240 V
ST3 (220 V)
R 449

P5 X2
50Hz 60Hz Z1
ST5 X1 Mains
Z2 (Supply
ST2
E+ 50/60 Hz)
P3 E-
0V
P2 ST1 P1
When the alternator is stopped, mains voltage may Voltage
S1 S2 220V
380V
V 300 V :
DC
still be present at the module voltage sensing
terminals. ST4

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TROUBLESHOOTING

5.3 - Troubleshooting table


- Before taking any action on the R 449 or the R 726, pay careful attention to the positions of the potentiometers and the jumpers.

5.3.1 - In case of 1F, parallel operation between alternators

Symptom Probable causes Solutions

- No residual magnetism or polarity inversion


Absence of voltage on - Voltage built-up is required.
between the excitation output and the exciter
start-up, at no load. input.
- Close this contact.
- De-energising contacts open.
- Adjust the speed.
- The speed is less than the rated speed.
- Check the wiring.
- Connection lost between the regulator and the
exciter.
- Remove the load from the alternator.
- Alternator loaded or short-circuited.
- Check the wiring.
- External potentiometer connected incorrectly
- Test it or change it.
- Faulty regulator
- Check the exciter and the diodes.
- Faulty exciter or rotating diode bridge
- Replace the fuses.
- Fuses blown.

- Incorrect voltage at the sensing terminals. - Check the wiring of the 0, 110V, 220V, 380V
Voltage too high and terminals on terminal block J1.
adjustment potentiometer
not operating. - Loss of sensing. - Check the wiring.

- The external potentiometer has an incorrect - Set a potentiometer with the correct value.
value.

- Faulty regulator. - Test it or change it.

Voltage too high, but - Voltage potentiometer set too high. - Adjust voltage potentiometer P2 or the external
adjustable by the potentiometer.
adjustment potentiometer.
- Regulator sensing incorrect. - Check the wiring and the sensing value, at 0V
and 110V, 220V, 380V terminals.

- Regulator faulty. - Test it or change it.

- Check the presence of the ST3 and ST4


Voltage too low, but - ST3 and ST4 jumpers. jumpers.
adjustable by the
adjustment potentiometer. - The speed is too low. - Set to the correct speed.
- Exciter and rotating diodes. - Check the exciter and the rotating diodes.

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TROUBLESHOOTING

Symptom Probable causes Solutions

Incorrect regulation. - Distortion of the waveform, non-linear load. - Contact Leroy-Somer.

- Unbalanced load. - Balance the load or change the sensing points.

- The speed is not at the correct value. - Adjust the speed.

- Exciter or rotating diodes faulty. - Check the exciter and the rotating diodes.

- Faulty regulator. - Test it or change it.

Voltage unstable. - Frequency unstable. - Check the stability of the drive system speed.

- Secondary sensing of a transformer supplying - Provide separate sensing for the alternator.
other devices.

- Stability potentiometer P3 is incorrectly set. - Adjust stability potentiometer P3.

- Faulty regulator. - Test it or change it.

- Adjust stability potentiometer P3 and the ST2


Response time too long. - Stability adjustment. jumper.
- Speed regulator response too long. - Adjust the stability of the speed.

Considerable drop in - Vectorial composition fault between the voltage - Check the wiring of the sensing and parallel
voltage, on-load. and the current. operation CT.

- The parallel operation CT ratio is incorrect. - Correct the CT ratio.

kVAR not stable between - Quadrature droop potentiometer needs - Adjust the quadrature droop potentiometer.
alternators (reactive current adjusting.
circulation).
- The no-load voltages are not identical. - Check that all the alternators have the same
no-load voltage value.

- Phases not connected to the sensing correctly. - Check the sensing wiring.

- The CT is not on the correct phase. - Check the position of the parallel operation CT.

Warning : after operational testing, replace all access panels or covers.

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
TROUBLESHOOTING

5.3.2 - Example of 2F and 3F


Symptom Probable causes Solutions

Incorrect regulation of PF, - Vectorial composition fault between the sensing - Check the sensing wiring and the parallel
PF potentiometer not voltage and the stator current. operation CT.
operating.
- R 726 faulty. - Change the module.

- R 726 ST2 jumper missing.

- Wiring fault between the R 449 and the R 726. -between


Check the wiring, in particular the wires
1 and 2 of terminal block J1 on the
R 726.

PF range incorrect. - Settings on potentiometers P2 incorrect. - Reset the range as shown above.

The LEDs will not light up. - Contacts 2F and 3F missing. - Check the wiring.

Cannot adjust the voltage - The sensing voltage is incorrect or incorrectly - Check the wiring and the value of the voltage.
matching circuit. connected.

5.4 - Replacing the regulator with a


spare voltage regulator
- Set the potentiometers and the jumpers in the same way as
Warning : after operational testing, replace all the original regulator.
access panels or covers.

5.3.3 - Checking the alternator using a


separate excitation
- The alternator is tested at no load.
- Disconnect the R 449 and R 726 and the entire excitation
system of the alternator.
- Connect a 24V 5A variable DC supply to the exciter field
wires.
Apply a direct current to the exciter to obtain the rated
voltage.
- Check all the alternator parameters:
Stator voltage, field winding voltage, AREP or regulator
power transformer voltages, sensing voltage at the regulator
terminal
block.
- All these parameters should be checked against the
alternator characteristics.

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
SPARE PARTS

6 - SPARE PARTS
6.1 - Designation
Description Type Code
A.V.R. R 449 AEM 220 RE 030

6.2 - Technical support service


Our technical support service will be happy to provide any in-
formation you require.

When ordering spare parts, you should indicate the complete


machine type, its serial number and the information indicated
on the nameplate.

Part numbers should be identified from the exploded views


and their description in the parts list.
Our extensive network of "service stations" can dispatch the
necessary parts without delay.
To ensure correct operation and the safety of our machines,
we recommend the use of original manufacture spare parts.
In the event of failure to comply with this advice, the
manufacturer cannot be held responsible for any damage.

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
NOTES

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LEROY-SOMER INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE 3983 en - 05.2008 / c

VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
NOTES

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR
R 449 revision f
NOTES

27
MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER 16015 ANGOULÊME CEDEX - FRANCE
338 567 258 RCS ANGOULÊME
S.A. au capital de 62 779 000 ¤

www.leroy-somer.com