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AHMEDABAD UNIVERSITY

FEASIBILITY CHECK OF
AHMEDABAD GANDHINAGAR
METRO RAIL PROJECT

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AHMEDABAD UNIVERSITY

Prepared by:
NAME ROLL NO.
JIGNESH DHANAK B-7
MOHIT MODI B-20
DIXIT PATEL B-33
PARUL SHARMA B-46
BHAVESH USADAD B-59

Submitted to: prof. JINAL PARIKH

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

At very first, we all want to thank great Almighty to give such an


opportunity to express our potential.
We specially thank our Professor Jinal Parikh for her constant
encouragement and supportive ideas.
We sincerely acknowledge the interest shown in our survey by
passengers who willingly shared their opinion regarding daily traveling and
use of public transport.
In this report we have incorporated the valuable suggestions of as
many people as possible. We have also used internet for more accurate and
authentic information.
The analysis was done on the basis of the statistics provided by the
research questionnaire. The evaluations and the graphs are presented for
better understanding. The questionnaire that was used for the survey is also
enclosed.

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Table of Contents

No Contents Pg No.
1 Introduction 5
2 Executive summary 7
3 Objective of research 8
4 Research methodology 9
5 Data collection sources 10
6 Sample design details 11
7 Data analysis 12
8 Hypothesis 17
9 Research Findings 22
10 Conclusion 26
11 Bibliography 26
12 Questionnaire

INTRODUCTION

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The metro rail project in Ahmedabad was introduced in the year 2003
for the first time. This research is conducted to see whether Metro will be
successful in Ahmedabad or not. There are two routes in Ahmedabad that are
covered by BRTS and this metro project will be started on routes other than that
of BRTS.

This metro project will have features like that of metro which has
already been introduced in Delhi. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC),
which has ordered 131 new trains in view of the increased rush on the Metro
system in Delhi, will provide passengers with power connections inside the
trains so that they can use their laptops and charge their mobiles while they are
traveling in the Delhi metro. Every new Metro coach of Phase – II will have
power supply points for this purpose.

With the introduction of Mass Transport System, the modal split in favor
of public transport is expected to increase and likely to be 70% & 75% in the
years 2025 & 2035 respectively. Various alternative corridors were considered
during the feasibility stage to work out the most desired network for Regional
Rail System and Metro System. These alternatives were discussed in details in
the feasibility report. Based on the Techno – Economic (Traffic forecast and
reconnaissance of engineering feasibility) considerations the following
corridors are identified for the Phase I and full system of Metro.

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Travelling in Metro will in itself is a different experience for the people.


The comfort level and the kind of luxury travel at such an affordable price will
enhance the public transport in the city.

Metro Corridor (Phase I)

APMC / Vasna – Akshardham (Gandhinagar) (via Ashram Road, Motera, Koba


Circle) -32.65 km (Dead end to dead end)
Ahmedabad Junction – Thaltej (via Delhi Darwaja) -10.90 km. (Deadend to
dead end)

Metro Corridor (Full System)

Changodar-Sarkhej – Makatpur – APMC Vasna –ITO – Sabarmati –Motera –


Koba Circle – Gandhinagar-Akshardham
Kalupur – Prem Darwaja – ITO – Manav Mandir – Drive in Cinema– Thaltej
APMC Vasna - Manav Mandir – Naranpura – RTO
Sarkhej – ISKON Temple – Thaltej-Khodyar – Indroda Circle

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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THE AHEMADABAD-GANDHINAGAR METRO RAIL PROJECT


aims at providing world class transportation service to the people of Gujarat.
The project is in line with the global image of GUJARAT. There is lot of
expectation among people about this project.

In the initial level the project is applicable on some selected routes of


the city, which are still lacking a government public transport. This is in line
with the aim of the government to provide a comfortable, secured &
affordable transportation service to the general public.

It signifies Gujarat’s pride.

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OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH

To check feasibility of Ahmedabad metro rail project in terms of passenger


penetration on the basis of routes, affordability, comfort & security and also
on the basis of expectation of service, time and convenience of commuters.

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RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research in a common parlance refer to a search of knowledge once can


also define research as a scientific and systematic search for pertinent
information on specific topic. Research is an academic activity and as such
the term should be used in technical sense.

Research methodology is a way to a systematically solve the research


problem. Research has its special significance solving various operational
and planning problem of business industry. Operational research and market
research along with motivational research are considered crucial and their
result assists in more than one way in taking business decision.

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DATA COLLECTION SOURCES

In our research we want to know that what factors regular commuters


consider while traveling in a public transport. On the basis of this survey we
will decide feasibility of metro projects. So questionnaire will be our
primary source of research.
As a secondary source of data, we have used reports of GIDB DMRC
and RITES. All these have provided valuable support while doing project.

METHODS USED FOR DATA COLLECTION:

We have collected first hand information with the help of


questionnaire. This method is very popular, this method is used by the
researcher as framing of questionnaire is less expensive and easy form of
obtaining the information. With the help of questionnaire we have been able
to collect information in a very short span of time. With the help of
questionnaire we had been able to reach to people and taken their opinion
regarding traveling.

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SAMPLE DESIGN

Sample design is a definite plan for obtaining a sample from a given


population. It refers to the technique or the procedure the researcher would
adopt in selecting items for the sample. Sample design may lay down the
number of items to be included in the sample that is the size of the sample.
Sample design is determined before data are collected.

There are many sample design from which a researcher can choose.
Some designs are relatively more precise and easier to apply than others.
Researcher must select a sample design which should be reliable and
appropriate for his research study.

TYPES OF SAMPLE DESIGN

There are two types of sample design


a) Probability sampling
b) Non Probability sampling
For our research we have used non probability in that also there are two
types of non probability sampling which are as follows:
1) Convenience sampling
2) Purposive sampling
In this also we have used convenience sampling while getting the
information from the people by filling the questionnaire. In this type of

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sampling we asked or approach the respondent according to our


convenience, so that is why it is known as convenience sampling.

DATA ANALYSIS

Analysis of
Questionnaire

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Q.1) Do you know about the upcoming Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar metro


rail project?

a) Yes
b) No

YES=78
YES=78
NO=22
NO=22

Q.2) At what time you travel the most?


a) From 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM
b) From 9:00 AM to 12:00 PM
c) From 12:00 PM to 5:00 PM
d) From 5:00 PM to 8:00 PM
e) From 8:00 PM to11:00 PM
Timings V/S Passenger traffic

40 38 35

20 14
7 6
0
5:00 9:00 12:00 5:00 8:00
3-D Column 1 7 38 14 35 6
Timings

Q.3) what do you think about the fare charges should be?

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a) Same as BRTS
b) Lower than BRTS
c) Slightly higher than BRTS
d) Significantly higher than BRTS

26 43

22

Same Lower Slightly higher Significantly higher

Q.4) As per your opinion, what facilities should be provided by any public
transport service?
a) Mobility at lower cost
b) Mobility with comfort & security
c) Mobility with the mixture of above both
d) Mobility in the quickest time

Qiuck time, 22 Lower cost, 28

Comfort & Luxury,


Both, 36 14

Q.5) Your frequent traveling routes.

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a) Kalupur – Prem Darwaja


b) APMC Vasna
c) Sarkhej – ISKON Temple Thaltej-Khodyar
d) Gandhinagar/if any then specify.

Travelling routes

40 36
31
30

20 18
15
10

0
Option-a Option-b Option-c Option-d

Q.6) what is your monthly expenditure on transportation?


a) less than Rs.400
b) Rs. 400 to Rs. 500
c) Rs.500 to Rs. 600
d) more than Rs.600

13 18

27

42

less than Rs.400 Rs.400 to Rs.500 Rs.500-Rs.600 more than Rs.600

Q-7) How far should be metro station from your residence?


a) Less than1km
b) 1 km to2 km

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c) More than 2 km

Distance from station

60
50
40
30 less than
1 km to 2
20 1 km, 52 more than
km, 40
10 2, 8
0
less than 1 km 1 km to 2 km more than 2

less than 1 km 1 km to 2 km more than 2

Q-8) would you stop using your private vehicle? If metro rail service is
provided on your route.
a) Yes
b) No
c) May be
d) Depends on the situation
40 Yes
Situational
30
No
20
May be
10

0
Yes No May be Situational

Column 1 36 22 10 32

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TEST OF HYPOTHESIS
(CHI-SQUARE)

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Here we have used hypothesis test to find out whether


the monthly transportation expenditure is dependent on the
fare charges.

For this we have used the data of Q.3 & Q.6


Q.3

Same as BRTS 43
Lower than BRTS 22
Slightly higher than BRTS 26
Significantly higher than BRTS 9

Q.6

Less than Rs.400 18


Rs. 400 to Rs. 500 42
Rs.500 to Rs. 600 27
More than Rs.600 13

Observed Frequency

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Less than 400 400-500 500-600 More than 600 TOTAL


Same 10 19 11 3 43
Lower 4 12 5 1 22
Slightly Higher 3 9 7 7 26
Significantly Higher 1 2 4 2 9
TOTAL 18 42 27 13 100

Expected Frequency

Less than 400 400-500 500-600 More than 600 TOTAL


Same 8 18 12 6 43
Lower 4 9 6 2 22
Slightly Higher 5 11 7 3 26
Significantly Higher 1 4 2 2 9
TOTAL 18 42 27 13 100

p Value 0.149388
Alpha 0.05

Null hypothesis= ho: The monthly transportation expenditure is


dependent on fare charges.

Alternative hypothesis= h1: The monthly transportation expenditure is


independent on fare charges.

Here, p is greater than α (p > α). So we accept the null hypothesis

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Here we have used hypothesis test to find out whether


people’s expectation of service is dependent on their
travelling route.

For this we have used the data of Q.4 & Q.5


Q.4

Mobility at lower cost 28


Mobility with comfort & security 14
Mobility with the mixture of above both 36
Mobility in the quickest time 22

Q.5

Kalupur – Prem Darwaja 36


APMC Vasna 15
Sarkhej – ISKON Temple Thaltej-Khodyar 31
Gandhinagar/if any then specify. 18

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Observed Frequency
Route/Facility Kalupur APMC Sarkhej Gandhinagar TOTAL
Lower Cost 5 3 11 9 28
Comfort 4 3 5 2 14
Cost +Comfort 14 7 11 4 36
Time 13 1 5 3 22
TOTAL 36 14 32 18 100

Expected Frequency
Route/Facility Kalupur APMC Sarkhej Gandhinagar TOTAL
Lower Cost 10 4 9 5 28
Comfort 5 2 4 3 14
Cost + Comfort 13 5 12 6 36
Time 8 3 7 4 22
TOTAL 36 14 32 18 100

p Value 0.103000862
Alpha 0.05

Null hypothesis= ho: People’s expectation of service is dependent on


their travelling route.

Alternative hypothesis= h1: People’s expectation of service is


independent of their travelling route.

Here, p is greater than α (p > α). So we accept the null hypothesis

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RESEARCH FINIDINGS

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Findings of the research

 From the research we came to know nearly 80% of


respondents know the about upcoming metro rail
project which, shows that most of the population of
both cities are aware of the project. People are
already eager to use the metro rail service.

 After the success of B.R.T.S service the expectation of


the commuters are very high. People are happy that
such a world class public transport service is
scheduled to start in Ahmedabad & Gandhinagar.

From our field survey and questionnaires we found that


most of the travelling is done from 9:00 am to 12:00
pm & 5:00 pm to 8:00 pm. In number it is 38 & 35
people respectively out of 100 respondents. This
shows that during these hours the occupancy rate
would very high & sometimes even more than
capacities available.

While during the remaining periods the traffic demand


is very low during the first time slot of the service
(from 5:00 am to 9:00 am) & during the last time slot
of the service (from 8:00 pm to 11:00 pm).7 & 6
people out of 100 people respectively. Whereas the
traffic demand is moderate from 12:00 pm to 5:00 pm
(14 people out of 100 people). This shows that during
the first & last time slot of service the frequency

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should be kept low unless any situational traffic


demand is arises.

 The above findings help us to know the required


capacities during peak hours and dull hours. It is very
important to set a perfect balance of frequency of
metro rails during peak hours and dull hours.

Regarding the fare charges, we found that nearly 43%


of the respondents feel that the fare charges should
same as B.R.T.S fare charges which is slightly higher
than A.M.T.S fare charges, while respondents
expecting lower & slightly higher fare charges than
B.R.T.S are approximately equal, 22 & 26 respectively.
However it seems difficult that the fare charges would
be equal to B.R.T.S, because of many reasons like
extremely large investment, technological factors,
level of infrastructure building, kind of service, use of
underground tracks, making the underground cannels
earthquake proof because of seismic zone & type of
soil (sandy soil) found in this area.

 Nearly 42% of the respondents expend between


Rs.400 to Rs.500, while 27% respondents incur Rs.500
to Rs.600 as their monthly transportation cost.
Whereas 13 % respondents have their monthly
transportation expenditure more than Rs. 600. While

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18% of the respondents incur less than Rs.400 as


monthly transportation expenditure.

 More than 50% of the respondents fell that the


distance of the metro station from their residence
should be less than 1 km, whereas nearly 40% of the
respondents fell that it is fine with them if the distance
is more than 1 km but it should be less than 2 km,
only 8 % of the respondents fell that it is fine with
them if the distance is more than 2 km.

 The above finding that the distance of the station from


their area of residence is an important factor in
deciding the willingness if the commuters for using the
metro rail service. It is very clear from the data that
more the distance lesser will be the willingness for
using the metro rail service & vice versa. So if the
metro rail service wants to cater to a large population,
the no. of station has to more &the distance between
each station should less.

 As per our findings 36% of the respondent would stop


using their own vehicles, if metro rail service is
provided on their route, whereas 32% of the
respondent depends on situational basis. 10% people
are confused what to use and not to in terms of

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transportation, and the rest wants to use their own


personal vehicles irrespective of metro rail service
provided on their route.

CONCLUSION

Based on the data and analysis of data, Ahmedabad Metro rail


project’s success is depend on significant factors like time, comfort and
safety, place and cost of traveling.
By testing Hypothesis, conclusion can be drawn as location of metro
rail station and expectation in service are co-related.
Also expenditure on traveling by passengers is rely on fare charges.
As metro project’s fare charges are slightly higher than that of other mode of
transport like BRTS,AMTS or AUTO, it will provide better facilities while
traveling than that of others.

Literature Review
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 WWW.GIDB.ORG

 WWW.RITES.COM

 WWW.GOOGLE.COM

QUESTIONAIRE

NAME : ……………………………………………

AGE : ……….

Instructions: Please tick ( √ ) the suitable options.

Q.1) Do you know about the upcoming Ahmedabad-Gandhinagar metro


rail project?

Yes 78
No 28

Q.2) At what time you travel the most?

From 5:00 AM to 9:00 AM


From 9:00 AM to 12:00 PM
From 12:00 PM to 5:00 PM
From 5:00 PM to 8:00 PM

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From 8:00 PM to11:00 PM

Q.3) What do you think about the fare charges should be?

Same as BRTS
Lower than BRTS
Slightly higher than BRTS
Significantly higher than BRTS

Q.4) As per your opinion, what facilities should be provided by any public
transport service?

Mobility at lower cost


Mobility with comfort & security
Mobility with the mixture of above both
Mobility in the quickest time

Q.5) Your frequent traveling routes (please specify)

Kalupur – Prem Darwaja


APMC Vasna
Sarkhej – ISKON Temple Thaltej-Khodyar
Gandhinagar/if any then specify.

Q.6) what is your monthly expenditure on transportation?

less than Rs.400


Rs. 400 to Rs. 500
Rs.500 to Rs. 600
more than Rs.600

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Q-7) How far should be metro station from your residence?


Less than1km
1 km to2 km
More than 2 km

Q-8) would you stop using your private vehicle? If metro rail service is
provided on your route.

Yes
No
May be
Depends on the situation

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