Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

Skeleton of Head, Neck and Trunk

The Skull

Goals for this activity:

Be able to identify all bones, features and muscles listed below

BONES OF SKULL

Occipital

Frontal

Parietal

Sphenoid

Ethmoid

Lacrimal

Vomer

SUTURES OF SKULL

Lambdoid suture

Coronal suture

FORAMINA, FISSURES, CANALS OF SKULL (plural of foramen)

Supraorbital foramen

Optic foramen/canal (of the sphenoid bone)

Superior orbital fissure

Inferior orbital fissure

Infraorbital foramen

Mandibular foramen (of the mandible)

Mental foramen (of the mandible)

Foramen rotundum

Foramen ovale

SINUSES OF SKULL

Maxillary

Frontal

PROCESSES AND OTHER PARTS OF BONES

Temporal process (of the zygomatic bone)

Zygomatic process (of the temporal bone)

Styloid process (of the temporal bone)

Mastoid process (of the temporal bone)

External occipital protuberance (of the occipital bone)

Sella turcica (of the sphenoid bone)

Cribriform plate (of the ethmoid bone)

Crista galli (of the ethmoid bone)

Perpendicular plate (of the ethmoid bone)

Palatine process (of the maxillae bone)

Zygomatic

Mandible

Maxillae

Nasal

Temporal

Palatine

Sagittal suture

Squamousal suture

Carotid canal

Jugular foramen

Stylomastoid foramen

Internal auditory meatus

Hypoglossal canal

Olfactory foramina

External auditory meatus (of the temporal bone)

Foramen magnum (of the occipital bone)

Sphenoid

Ethmoid

Pterygoid process (of the sphenoid bone)

Occipital condyle (of the occipital bone)

Mandibular fossa

Zygomatic arch

Petrous portion (of the temporal bone)

Angle (of the mandible)

Body (of the mandible)

Ramus (of the mandible)

Condylar process (of the mandible)

Coronoid process (of the mandible)

A SUGGESTION: This list is not necessarily very well organized. Maybe it would make more sense to find all the foramina, openings and processes that go with each bone? Make yourself a new list organized that way. Better yet, try to draw each bone, or views of the skull that show all those features, even if they are very schematic…as long as it makes sense to you.

Vertebral Column and Bony Thorax

VERTEBRAE AND RIBS

Regions of Vertebral Column

Cervical

Atlas

Axis

Thoracic

Lumbar

Sacral

Be able to recognize vertebrae from each region

PARTS OF VERTEBRA

Body

Arch

Transverse Process

Spinous Process

Vertebral Foramen

Transverse Foramen

Articular Facets—superior and inferior (form joints between vertebrae)

Intervertebral foramen (where spinal nerves emerge)

Intevertebral Disk—annulus fibrosus, nucleus pulposus

RIBS AND ARTICULATION WITH VERTEBRAE

Body of rib

Head of rib

Tubercle of rib

Subcostal groove (where spinal nerve runs)

Costal facet (on transverse process of thoracic vertebrae for articulation with tubercle of rib)

Costal demifacets (on body of thoracic vertebrae for articulation with head of rib)

Muscles of the Head, Neck and Trunk

Muscles of Facial Expression

Occipitofrontalis

Orbicularis oculii

Orbicularis oris

Buccinators

Zygomaticus

Depressor labii inferioris

Muscles of Mastication

Masseter

Temporalis

Muscles of the Neck

Platysma

Sternocleidomastoid

Muscles of Respiration

Inspiration

o

External intercostals

o

Diaphragm

o

Scalenes

Expiration

o

Internal intercostals

o

Relaxation of diaphragm

Muscles of the Trunk: Abdominals

Rectus Abdominis

External Oblique

Internal Oblique

Transversus Abdominis

Muscles of the Vertebral Column: Posterior

Erector spinae muscles

Muscles of the Trunk: Anterior

Pectoralis Major

Pectoralis Minor

Serratus Anterior

Muscles of the Trunk: Posterior

Latissimus Dorsi

Teres major

Trapezius

Levator scapulae

Rhomboid (major & minor)