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REF.TEXT: NCERT Text & Longman Science Quest
DATE OF SUBMISSION: TOPIC: Chemical Effects of Electricity



1. Answer in one word or sentence:-

a) Name a non-metal that conducts electricity?
b) Give any two devices which use the heating effect of electricity.
c) Name the material used to make filament of electric bulb.
d) Give the name of electrolyte used in car battery.
e) Why are we advised not to touch electrical appliances with wet hands?
f) Name an application of the chemical effect of current.
g) What is an electrolyte? Name two compounds that are electrolytes.

2. In this list of substances, underline the one which when connected in the circuit between A
and B will cause the bulb to glow.

Copper rod, iron nail, glass tumbler, silver chain, rubber gloves, plastic spoon, aluminum
foil, wooden ruler, steel spoon, safety pin, metal frame of spectacles, gold earrings .

3. Observe the figure carefully and answer the questions that follow
a) What does the bubble formation at the electrodes indicate?
b) The amount of bubbles forming at the cathode is more. Why?
c) What is this process called? What property of tap water does this indicate?
d) What change will you observe if the same activity is repeated with distilled
water? Why?

4. Copy the diagram and label it using the words given below

Electrolyte, anode, cathode, cell

5. In which of the following figures will the bulb glow?

On the basis of this classify the solutions into electrolytes and poor non electrolytes.

6. Rajesh bought a bottle that was labeled as distilled water. He had some doubts about it. Draw
and explain the test he would use to clear his doubt.

7. Four substances were tested for their electrical conductivity. The results are shown in the
table below. Study the table and answer the questions that follow:

Substance Bulb Substance at cathode Substance at anode

A Lights up Hydrogen Chlorine
B Does not light Nothing Nothing
C Lights up Nothing Nothing
D Lights up Copper Oxygen
a) Which substances conduct electricity?
b) Which one is non-electrolyte?
c) Which one could be mercury?
d) Which solution could be
i. Sodium chloride
ii. Copper sulphate
iii. Kerosene

8. The diagram here shows a beaker containing a solution of copper sulphate and two carbon
electrodes. A battery is placed next to it. In order that the electrode E be plated with copper,

a) E must be connected to H and F to G

b) E must be connected to F and H to G
c) E must be connected to G and F to H
d) E and F must be connected to G

9. In the above experiment, if E is plated with copper, the anode should be

a) E
b) F
c) G
d) H
10. Some materials used for electroplating are given in column A and column B contains some
electroplated items. Match the items given in A and B to show some uses of electroplating.

Chromium Steel food cans
Zinc Bicycle handle bars, Wheel rims, Gas burner made of
Gold Bridge rails, Automobile parts made of iron
Silver Jewellery made of copper
Tin Cutlery made of brass

Did You Know?

The fact that chemical changes produce electrical effects was discovered
accidentally by Luigi Galvani of Italy in 1971. He found that the electrical current
flowed across two different metals between which was a moist substance. In his case
the moist substance was a frog and the passage of electrical current was detected by
the twitching of its leg.