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# Cooler I (CO-01)

Fungsi : Untuk mendinginkan produk H2O2, IPA, ASETON yang akan masuk separator
Tipe : Horizontal Condenser.
Jenis : Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger atm

Fluida dingin
t1 = 30.000 C
t2 = 50.000 C
Fluida panas
T1 = 92.764 C
T2 = 35.000 C

## laju alir massa pemanas(Ws) = 14,855.239

Kebutuhan panas yg diserap(Q) = 7,522,447.176
kebutuhan air pendinggin (Wt) = 89,765.362

## Menetukan True Temperatur Difference (Δttrue):

( T 1 -t 2 ) - ( T 2 - t 1 )
LMTD =
T 1 -t 2
ln
T 2 - t1
LMTD = 31.672 F

## R = (T1 - T2)/(t2 - t1) = 2.888

S = (t2 - t1)/(T1 - t1) = 0.319
Untuk 2 pass Shell dan 4 pass Tube Dari Fig.19 Kern hal 829,
harga R dan S diatas diperoleh Ft = 0.820
• Koreksi LMTD = LMTD x FT = 25.971 F

## Menetukan Luas Permukaan Transfer Panas (A):

light organics-water adalah 75-150 BTU/jam.ft².F:
Maka: diambil Ud = 150.000 Btu/jam.ft².ºF)
Untuk : Fluida panas : H2O2, IPA, ASETON (shell side)
Fluida dingin : air pendingin (tube side)

Q
A=
U D x Δt
A= 1,831.370 ft²

## Menetukan tebal minimum tube (tm)

Direncanakan menggunakan tube dgn diameter luar ( OD ) tube = 1
Bahan Stainless Steel SA -167 grade 3 tipe 304 = ( Brownell :hal 251 )
Spesifikasi :

## Berdasarkan Pers. 14.34 Brownell & Young:

tm = Pi . Do +C
[ 2.F .J ]
dimana:
tm = tebal minimum tube, in
ODt = 1.000 in
f = allowable stress 18,750.000 psi
E = efisiensi penyambungan = 0.800
c = faktor korosi = 0.125 in/tahun
P = tekanan desain (faktor keamanan 20%)= 17.635 psi =
tm = 0.126 in

## Menetukan Jumlah Tube (Nt)

Dari Kern tabel 10 hal 842, dipilih:
Panjang tube = 20.000 ft
t= 0.134 in
BWG = 10.000
IDt 0.732 in
a’t 0.421 in2
Surface per lin (ao) = 0.2618 ft2/ln ft
·        Jumlah tube, Nt
Nt = Α
ao . L
Nt = 349.765 buah

## Dari Keren tabel 9, Kern hal 842, dipilih:

Nt = 380.000 buah
N= 4.000 passes
Pt = 1.250 in, square pitch
IDs = 31.000

## Menentukan faktor kekotoran (dirty factor)

Shell Side (IPA,H202)
Data:
Tc avg = 146.988 F
1.235 cp
viscositas, µ = 2.988 lb/ft.hr
koef transfer panas,Cp = 0.835 Btu/lb.ºF
Konduktivitas panas, k = 0.421 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

## Menetukan flow area, As:

IDs (in diameter) = 31.000 in
B (bafflespace) = 1/5*IDs= 7.750 in
Pt (harga pitch) = 1.250 in
c (harga pitch - OD) = 0.250 in

IDs x C' x B
as =
Pt x 144
as = 0.334 ft²
Menetukan kecepatan massa, Gs:
Gs = Ws/As = 98,148.235 lb/jam.ft²

## Menetukan bilangan Reynolds, Res :

Untuk Odt 1", De = 0.990 in
fig 28 Kern 0.083 ft
Res = De x Gs/µ
Res = 2,710.159

luar, ho:
1
jH x K C x μ
ho =
De K ( ) 3(φ
s)

## ho/Φs = 267.841 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

( hio/ φt )
Tw = tc + ( Tc - tc )
( hio/ φt )+( ho/ φs )

Tw = 137.012 F
Dari Chemical Properties, µw = 2.191 lb/ft.hr
Φs = (µ/µw) 0.14= 1.044
ho = 279.725 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)
Menetukan Clean Overall Coefficient, Uc:
Uc = hio x ho = 196.998 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)
hio + ho

## Menetukan Perubahan Tekanan

Shell Side (H2O2, IPA, ASETON )
Res = 2,710.159
fs (fig 29, Kern) = 0.00270 ft²/in²
Number of crosses =
N + 1 = 12 L/B 30.968 ft
Ds = IDs/12 2.583 ft
SG pada Tc = 0.860
2
f x Gs x Ds x ( N + 1 )
Δ P s=
5,22 x 10 10 x De x SG x φ s
ΔPs = 0.538 psi
Karena ΔPs < 10 psi, maka alat tersebut layak.
CO-01)
ETON yang akan masuk separator

86.000 F
122.000 F

198.975 F
95.000 F

## kg/jam 32,750.157 lb/jam

kJ/jam = 7,134,288.902 Btu/jam
kg 197,898.513 lb

in
umur tangki diperkirakan 10 tahun, maka: 0.0125 in/tahun x 10 tahun =
1.200 atm

Menetukan Ud terkoreksi
A terkoreksi = Nt x ao x L
A terkoreksi = 1,989.680 ft²
Ud terkoreksi = Q
A terkoreksi x LMTD
Ud terkoreksi = 113.213 Btu/jam.ft².ºF)

## Menentukan Tc average dan tc average

Tc average = (T1+T2)/2 = 146.988 F
tc average= (t1+t2)/2 = 104.000 F
in

## ran (dirty factor)

Tube Side (air pendingin)
Data:
tc avg = 104.000 F
viscositas, µ = 0.675 cp
(Fig 14, Kern) 1.576 lb/ft.hr
koef transfer panas,Cp = 1.031 Btu/lb.ºF
Konduktivitas panas, k = 0.365 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)
(Table 5, Kern)

## Menetukan flow area, At:

n (jumlah passes) = 4.000
Nt (jumlah tube) 380.000
A't (flow area per tube) = 0.455 in²

Nt x at'
at =
n x 144
at = 0.300 ft²
Menetukan kecepatan massa, Gt :
Gt = Wt/At = 659,280.181 lb/jam.ft²

## Menetukan bilangan Reynolds, Res :

U/. ODt 1"(BWG 10), ID = 0.732 in
Table 10, Kern 0.061 ft
Ret = Dt x Gt/µ =
Ret = 25,510.37

luar, hi:
1
jH x k C x μ 3
hi =
D ( k
( ) φt )

## hi/Φt = 886.397 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

tw = 137.012 F
Dari Fig 15, Kern, µw = 1.307 lb/ft.hr
Φt = (µ/µw) 0.14= 1.027
hi = 909.986 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

IDt
h io= hi ( )
ODt

## hio = 666.110 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

Menetukan faktor kekotoran, Rd:
Rd = Uc - Udact = 0.0038
Uc x Udact
Rd >= 0.003, jadi syarat terpenuhi
Rd air =0,001 Rd organik = 0,001
n Tekanan
Tube Side (air)
Ret = 25,510.369
ft (fig 26, Kern) = 0.0002 ft²/in²
SG = 1.000
f x Gt 2 x L x n
Δ Pt =
5,22 x 10 10 x De x SG sb x φt
ΔPt = 2.340 psi

(4 x n ) V 2 62, 5
ΔP r =
SGsb
x ×
2g' 144 ( )
Untuk Gt = 659,280.181 lb/jam ft2
(V2/2g')(62,5/144) = 0.001 Fig 27, Kern
ΔPr = 0.021 psi
ΔPT = ΔPt + ΔPr = 2.361 psi

## Karena ΔPT < 10 psi, maka alat tersebut layak.

Cooler 2 (CO-02)
Fungsi : Untuk mendinginkan produk Aseton
Tipe : Horizontal Condenser.
Jenis : Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger atm

Fluida dingin
t1 = 30.000 C
t2 = 50.000 C
Fluida panas
T1 = 56.412 C
T2 = 35.000 C

## laju alir massa pemanas(Ws) = 5,382.081

Kebutuhan panas yg diserap(Q) = 1,967,493.064
kebutuhan air pendinggin (Wt) = 23,478.095

## Menetukan True Temperatur Difference (Δttrue):

( T 1 -t 2 ) - ( T 2 - t 1 )
LMTD =
T 1 -t 2
ln
T 2 - t1
LMTD = 10.218 F

## R = (T1 - T2)/(t2 - t1) = 1.071

S = (t2 - t1)/(T1 - t1) = 0.757
Untuk3 pass Shell dan 6 pass Tube Dari Fig.20 Kern hal 830,
harga R dan S diatas diperoleh Ft = 0.720
• Koreksi LMTD = LMTD x FT = 7.357 F

## Menetukan Luas Permukaan Transfer Panas (A):

light organics-water adalah 75-150 BTU/jam.ft².F:
Maka: diambil Ud = 150.000 Btu/jam.ft².ºF)
Untuk : Fluida panas : aseton (shell side)
Fluida dingin : air pendingin (tube side)

Q
A=
U D x Δt
A= 1,690.860 ft²

## Menetukan tebal minimum tube (tm)

Direncanakan menggunakan tube dgn diameter luar ( OD ) tube = 1
Bahan Stainless Steel SA -167 grade 3 tipe 304 = ( Brownell :hal 251 )
Spesifikasi :

## Berdasarkan Pers. 14.34 Brownell & Young:

tm = Pi . Do +C
[ 2.F .J ]
dimana:
tm = tebal minimum tube, in
ODt = 1.000 in
f = allowable stress 18,750.000 psi
E = efisiensi penyambungan = 0.800
c = faktor korosi = 0.125 in/tahun
P = tekanan desain (faktor keamanan 20%)= 17.635 psi =
tm = 0.126 in

## Menetukan Jumlah Tube (Nt)

Dari Kern tabel 10 hal 842, dipilih:
Panjang tube = 20.000 ft
t= 0.134 in
BWG = 10.000
IDt 0.732 in
a’t 0.421 in2
Surface per lin (ao) = 0.2618 ft2/ln ft
·        Jumlah tube, Nt
Nt = Α
ao . L
Nt = 322.930 buah

## Dari Keren tabel 9, Kern hal 842, dipilih:

Nt = 368.000 buah
N= 6.000 passes
Pt = 1.250 in, square pitch
IDs = 31.000

## Menentukan faktor kekotoran (dirty factor)

Shell Side (Aseton)
Data:
Tc avg = 114.271 F
0.295 cp
viscositas, µ = 0.714 lb/ft.hr
koef transfer panas,Cp = 0.541 Btu/lb.ºF
Konduktivitas panas, k = 0.369 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

## Menetukan flow area, As:

IDs (in diameter) = 31.000 in
B (bafflespace) = 1/5*IDs= 7.750 in
Pt (harga pitch) = 1.250 in
c (harga pitch - OD) = 0.250 in

IDs x C' x B
as =
Pt x 144
as = 0.334 ft²
Menetukan kecepatan massa, Gs:
Gs = Ws/As = 35,559.292 lb/jam.ft²

## Menetukan bilangan Reynolds, Res :

Untuk Odt 1", De = 0.990 in
fig 28 Kern 0.083 ft
Res = De x Gs/µ
Res = 4,106.533

luar, ho:
1
jH x K C x μ
ho =
De K ( ) 3(φ
s)

## ho/Φs = 181.570 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

( hio/ φt )
Tw = tc + ( Tc - tc )
( hio/ φt )+( ho/ φs )

Tw = 111.761 F
Dari Chemical Properties, µw = 1.036 lb/ft.hr
Φs = (µ/µw) 0.14= 0.949
ho = 172.361 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)
Menetukan Clean Overall Coefficient, Uc:
Uc = hio x ho = 122.366 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)
hio + ho

## Menetukan Perubahan Tekanan

Shell Side (Aseton )
Res = 4,106.533
fs (fig 29, Kern) = 0.00250 ft²/in²
Number of crosses =
N + 1 = 12 L/B 30.968 ft
Ds = IDs/12 2.583 ft
SG pada Tc = 0.840
2
f x Gs x Ds x ( N + 1 )
Δ P s=
5,22 x 10 10 x De x SG x φ s
ΔPs = 0.074 psi
Karena ΔPs < 10 psi, maka alat tersebut layak.
CO-02)

86.000 F
122.000 F

133.542 F
95.000 F

## kg/jam 11,865.444 lb/jam

kJ/jam = 1,865,970.422 Btu/jam
kg 51,760.277 lb

in
umur tangki diperkirakan 10 tahun, maka: 0.0125 in/tahun x 10 tahun =
1.200 atm

Menetukan Ud terkoreksi
A terkoreksi = Nt x ao x L
A terkoreksi = 1,926.848 ft²
Ud terkoreksi = Q
A terkoreksi x LMTD
Ud terkoreksi = 94.773 Btu/jam.ft².ºF)

## Menentukan Tc average dan tc average

Tc average = (T1+T2)/2 = 114.271 F
tc average= (t1+t2)/2 = 104.000 F
in

## ran (dirty factor)

Tube Side (air pendingin)
Data:
tc avg = 104.000 F
viscositas, µ = 0.675 cp
(Fig 14, Kern) 1.576 lb/ft.hr
koef transfer panas,Cp = 1.031 Btu/lb.ºF
Konduktivitas panas, k = 0.365 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)
(Table 5, Kern)

## Menetukan flow area, At:

n (jumlah passes) = 6.000
Nt (jumlah tube) 368.000
A't (flow area per tube) = 0.455 in²

Nt x at'
at =
n x 144
at = 0.194 ft²
Menetukan kecepatan massa, Gt :
Gt = Wt/At = 267,085.998 lb/jam.ft²

## Menetukan bilangan Reynolds, Res :

U/. ODt 1"(BWG 10), ID = 0.732 in
Table 10, Kern 0.061 ft
Ret = Dt x Gt/µ =
Ret = 10,334.70

luar, hi:
1
jH x k C x μ 3
hi =
D ( k
( ) φt )

## hi/Φt = 561.385 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

tw = 111.761 F
Dari Fig 15, Kern, µw = 1.307 lb/ft.hr
Φt = (µ/µw) 0.14= 1.027
hi = 576.324 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

IDt
h io= hi ( )
ODt

## hio = 421.870 Btu/ft².jam(ºF/ft)

Menetukan faktor kekotoran, Rd:
Rd = Uc - Udact = 0.0024
Uc x Udact
Rd >= 0.003, jadi syarat terpenuhi
Rd air =0,001 Rd organik = 0,001
n Tekanan
Tube Side (air)
Ret = 10,334.699
ft (fig 26, Kern) = 0.0003 ft²/in²
SG = 1.000
f x Gt 2 x L x n
Δ Pt =
5,22 x 10 10 x De x SG sb x φt
ΔPt = 0.733 psi

(4 x n ) V 2 62, 5
ΔP r =
SG sb
x ×
2g' 144 ( )
Untuk Gt = 267,085.998 lb/jam ft2
(V2/2g')(62,5/144) = 0.001 Fig 27, Kern
ΔPr = 0.031 psi
ΔPT = ΔPt + ΔPr = 0.764 psi

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