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1 What is matter?

A A substance which has a fixed shape


B A substance which can exist as a gas, a liquid or a solid
C A substance which has mass and occupied space
D A substance which has a boiling point higher than 100�C

Boiling point of substance P = 120�C


Melting point of substance P = 25�C

2 At 20�C, we can expect substance P to be …

A a gas.
B a liquid.
C a solid.
d in a molten state.

Smoke in a smoke cell is observed under a microscope. W hich of the following can be
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observed?

A Shiny particles moving about at random


B Black smoke particles moving about at random
C Air molecules knocking against smoke particles
D Air molecules mixed with smoke particles

4 A balloon filled with air and kept with a refrigerator becomes smaller. This is because …

I the air particles lose kinetic energy.


II the air particles move closer to one another.
III the air particles decrease in size.

A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

5 What is meant by the density of a substance?

A The mass per unit volume of the substance


B The weight per unit volume of the substance
C The distance between two towns in kilometres
D The energy with one gram of food
As a balloon is filled with water, it expands and increases in weight. This shows that
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water …

I has mass.
II occupies space.
III is a kind of matter.

A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

7 Why is water unsuitable for putting out a fire caused by burning oil?

A Oil floats on water.


B Oil does not mix with water.
C Oil is a very good fuel.
D Oil burns and releases plenty of heat.

8 What property of air is used in the inflation of the tyres of a motor car?

A Air has weight.


B Air occupies space.
C Air can be compressed.
D Air is made up of gas particles.

9 Which of the following explains why metals are dense substances?

A The atoms of metals are large and occupy more space.


B The atoms of metals are very closely packed together.
C The atoms of metals attract one another.
D Metals are made up of atoms.

10 Why does iron have a very high boiling point?

A Iron is a dense substance.


B Iron is a metallic element.
C Iron is made up of atoms.
D Iron particles are attracted to one another with great force.