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Engineered Solutions, Bespoke Certification and Development • Training & Certification Services

ATEX Certification Definitions

Zoning Definitions Categories Non-electrical Equipment (concepts) Conformity Assessment ‘Quality Modules’
Zones ATEX Typical Zone EN 13463-1 Basic methods & requirements Module Annex Equipment Category *3 Protective
Gas Dust Definitions *1 *2 M1 M2 M2 1 2 2 3 System
Cat. Suitability EN 13463-2 Flow restricting enclosure fr
(E) (N) (E) (N)
EN 60079-10 EN 61241-10
EN 13463-3 Flame-proof enclosure d
A place in which an explosive 1G Equip. suitable for zone 0
0 20 1D Equip. suitable for zone 20 Design Phase
atmosphere is continually present EN 13463-5 Constructional safety c

EN 13463-6 Control of ignition sources b EC-Type Examination B III ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔

A place in which an explosive 2G Equip. suitable for zone 1 EN 13463-7 Pressurisation p Internal Control of Production A VIII ✔*4 ✔*4 ✔
1 21 atmosphere is likely to occur in normal 2D Equip. suitable for zone 21
operation occasionally EN 13463-8 Liquid immersion k
Unit Verification G IX O O O O O O O O
A place in which an explosive atmosphere 3G Equip. suitable for zone 2
2 22 Conformity Assessment ‘Quality Modules’ Table Production Phase
is not likely to occur in normal operation, 3D Equip. suitable for zone 22
but if it does only occurs for short periods * Notes:
1 “Global Approach” OJEC No.L220, 1993 Production Quality Assurance D IV Y Y Y
2 ATEX Directive 94/9/EC
3 Suffix (E) refers to electrical equipment and Product Quality Assurance E VII Y Y
IP Code Dusts internal combustion engines
Suffix (N) refers to non-electrical equipment
4 Technical Files to be deposited with a notified Product Verification F V Y Y Y
1st Numerical 2nd Numerical IP
Zone ATEX Category body
Protection against Solid Bodies Protection against Liquid Rating Conformity to Type C VI Y Y
0 No protection 0 No protection ✔ = mandatory unless Unit Verification is used
20 Requires 1D equipment IP6X
1 Objects > 50mm 1 Vertically dripping water O = optional as an alternative to other modules Internal Control of Production A VIII ✔ ✔ ✔
Y = one of two production phase modules for
2 Objects > 12mm 2 Drops of liquid (75° to 90°) the equipment category to be chosen by the
21 Requires 1D or 2D equipment IP6X Unit Verification G IX O O O O O O O O
3 Objects > 2.5mm 3 Sprayed water manufacturer
4 Objects > 1mm 4 Splashed water
5 Dust-protected 5 Water jets 22 Requires 3D, 2D or 1D equipment IP5X*
6 Dust-tight 6 Heavy seas Groups
7 Effects of immersion * Must be IP6X if dust is electrically conductive
8 Indefinite immersion I Electrical equipment intended for use in mines susceptible
to firedamp

US Enclosure Ratings NEMA 7 to 10 Hazardous Area Enclosures Types of Protection II Electrical equipment intended for use in places with an
explosive gas atmosphere other than mines susceptible to
NEMA, UL Approximate GAS ATEX DUST ATEX firedamp
& CSA IEC/IP Abbreviated Protection Description Standard Standard
type rating classification Type of Protection Code Type of Protection Code III Electrical equipment intended for use in places with an
1 IP20 Indoor, from contact with contents General Requirements – EN 60079-0 General Requirements – EN 61241-0:2006 explosive dust atmosphere other than mines susceptible to
2 IP22 Indoor, limited, falling dirt and water Intrinsic Safety Ex ia & ib EN 60079-11 Protection by Enclosures tD EN 61241-1:2004
3 IP55 Outdoor, from rain, sleet, windblown dust & ice damage
Increased Safety Ex e EN 60079-7 Protection pD EN 61241-4:2006
3R IP24 Outdoor, from rain, sleet & ice damage Gas Groups Dust Groups*
4 IP66 Indoor & outdoor, from windblown dust, rain, splashing Flameproof Ex d EN 60079-1 Intrinsic Safety iD EN 61241-11:2006
& hose directed water & ice damage IIA Propane IIIA Combustible Flyings
Pressurisation Ex p EN 60079-2 Encapsulation mD EN 61241-18:2004
4X IP66 Indoor & outdoor, from corrosion, windblown dust, rain, IIB Ethylene IIIB Non-conductive Dust
Powder Filling Ex q EN 60079-5
splashing & hose directed water & ice damage Type n EN60079-15 IIC Hydrogen/Acetylene IIIC Conductive Dust
6 IP67 Indoor & outdoor, from hose directed water, water entry Encapsulation Ex ma & mb EN 60079-18 Enclosed break device nC
Non-incendive component nC *Taken from the new IEC60079-0 2007
during submersion & ice damage Oil Immersion Ex o EN 60079-6 Hermetically sealed device nC
Sealed device nC
Type n Ex n EN 60079-15 Encapsulated device nC Simple Apparatus
Mechanical Impacts (UK) Code EN50102 Energy limited apparatus & circuits nL
Restricted breathing enclosure nR
Passive components
IK Code IK00 IK01 IK02 IK03 IK04 IK05 IK06 IK07 IK08 IK09 IK10 Temperature Non sparking nA

Energy * 0.14 0.2 0.35 0.5 0.7 1 2 5 10 20 T-Class Max surface Other Useful Standards
(Joules) temp in °C Well defined sources of
BS6656 Assessment of inadvertent ignition of flammable atmospheres stored energy considered
T1 450 by radio frequency radiation (guide) in safety analysis
T2 300
EN1127-1 Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection.
T3 200 Part 1, Basic concepts & methodology for surface industry
Cable Gland Selection T4 135 EN1127-2 Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection.
START T5 100 Part 2, Basic concepts & methodology for mining Sources of generated energy not
more than *1.5V, 100mA & 25mW
T6 85 EN60079-10 Classification of hazardous areas
EN60079-14 Electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines)
EN60079-17 Electrical installations inspection and maintenance
Yes No EN60079-19 Equipment repair, overhaul and reclamation piezoelectric crystal
Is area zoned?
EN60079-28 Protection of equipment and transmission systems using protected components
optical radiation voltage or current enhancement

Is equipment Is equipment 5V in
No No Zone 1? No Zone 2
Ex i concept? Ex d concept? Marking for
Gas Hazards XXXX
II 2 G Ex d IIC T4 * Note: North America still
Yes Yes Yes
Complies with Equipment Gas Type of Temperature
uses 1.2V and 20 microjoules
European Group Protection Gas Group* Class
EC Mark A, B or C
Directive Explosion (T1-T6)
*If omitted suitable
Use non-certified Refer to Ex d Notified Body Equipment Protection for all gas groups
Ex n* or N Number Category
cable glands cable selector Ex e concept Ex e concept
*refer to note 1 concept
Marking for
Note 1: Non certified cable glands
Dust or Flyings XXXX
III 2 D Ex tD A21 IP66 T80°C
may be used provided that they and Fibres
maintain the minimum IP rating on Complies with Equipment Dust Type of
Use non-certified Hazards European Group Protection
the certified equipment of IP54 for cable glands Directive
EC Mark
Ingress protection
outdoors and IP20 for indoor *refer to note 2 Notified Body Equipment Protection and max. surface
Gland type Brass temperature
equipment. Number Category

Note 2: Non certified cable glands

may be used provided they meet
the requirements of EN60079-0 and
Radio Frequency Sources
EN60079-7 or EN60079-15. Use certified The threshold power of radio frequency (10 kHz to 300 GHz) for continuous transmissions and for pulsed
cable glands
Note 3: Internal sources of ignition transmissions whose pulse durations exceed the thermal initiation time shall not exceed the values shown in Table 4.
include sparks or equipment Programmable or software control intended for setting by the user shall not be permitted.
temperatures occurring in normal
operation which can cause ignition. Does this For pulsed radar and other transmissions where the pulses are short compared with the thermal initiation time, the
An enclosure containing terminals enclosure threshold energy values Zth shall not exceed those given in Table 5.
only or an indirect entry enclosure is Yes contain an No
internal source
considered not to constitute an
of ignition?
Table 4 from IEC 60079-0 Table 5 from IEC 60079-0
internal source of ignition.
*refer to note 3 Radio Frequency Power Thresholds Radio-frequency Energy Thresholds
Does the
hazardous No
gas require IIC Equipment Threshold power Thermal Initiation Time Equipment Threshold Energy Zth
apparatus? for (W) (averaging period) for (µJ)
Is the area of
Yes installation of No Use a suitable Group I 6.0 200 Group I 1500
Zone 1? flameproof cable
gland with a Group IIA 6.0 100 Group IIA 950
Is the sealing ring.
volume of (Gland with
Group IIB 3.5 80 Group IIB 250
Use a barrier Yes No
enclosure elastomeric
greater than Group IIC 2.0 20 Group IIC 50
2 dm3?
Group III 6.0 200 Group III 1500

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The information in this wall chart is for guidance only. For detailed information see relevant Directives and Regulations. © Extronics Ltd 2008 07/08