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A recount text tell’s ‘what happened’. The purpose of the text is to document a series of events and evaluate
their significance in some way. It focuses on a sequence of events, all of which relate to the occasion. It also has
expressions of attitude and feelling, usually made by the writer about the events.
The text recount is organized to include:
a. An orientation providing background information needed to understand the text, i .e., who was involved,
where it happened, when it happened
b. A record of events usually recount in a chronological order
c. Personal comments and/or evaluate remarks on the incident
Common grammatical features of a recount include:
a. Use of nouns and pronouns to identify people, animals, or things involved
b. Use of action verb to refer to events
c. Use of past tense to locate events in relation to writer’s time
d. Use of conjuctions and time connectives to sequence the events
e. Use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to indicate place and time
f. Use of adjectives to describe nouns

My Holiday
Generic structure
Last week I went to Mount Bromo. I stayed at my friend’s house in Probolinggo, Orientation
East Java. The house has a big garden with colourful flowers and a small pool.
In the morning, my friend and I saw mount Batok. The scenery was very Sequence of events
beautiful. We rode on horse back. It was scary, but it was fun. Then we went to get a
closer look at the mountain. We took picture of the beautiful scenery there. After that,
we took a rest and had lunch under a big tree. Before we got home, we went to the zoo
at Wonokromo. We went home in the afternoon.
We were very tired. However, I think it was really fun to have a holiday like this. Reorientation
I hope my next holiday will be more interesting.

Answer the following questions.

1. Where did the writer go last week?
2. Where did he stay?
3. What did the writer do in the morning?
4. How did the writer feel when he rode on horseback?
5. Where did the writer and his friend go before they got home?
6. What did the writer think about his holiday?

A narrative text focusses on a pattern of events with a problematic and/or unexpected outcome. The purpose if
the text is to entertain and educate the reader.
Narrative text has three parts:
a. Orientation, it sets the scene and introduces the participants and characters.
b. Complication, it is a series of complications or crisis points which arise in the story.
c. Resolusion, the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.

The Legend of Nyi Roro Kidul

(The Queen of South Ocean)
Generic structure
Once once upon a time, there was a beautiful princess named Kadita. Because of Orientation
her beauty, she was called Dewi Srengenge. It means the goddess of sun. Her father was
King Munding Wangi. Although he had a beautiful daughter, he was unhappy because
he always expected to have a son.
The King decided to marry Dewi Mutiara. He had a son from her. Dewi Mutiara Complication
wanted her son to become a king in the future. She asked the King to send his daughter
away. The King did not agree.
Dewi Mutiara called a black wizard to curse Kadita. She wanted Kadita’s beautiful
body full of ulcer. Then, Kadita’s body was full of ulcer. It smelled bad. The beautiful
princess cried.
The King was very sad. No one could cure his daughter’s illness. The King did not
want her daughter to be a rumour so he sent his daughter away.
The poor princess did not know where to go. However, she had a noble heart. She
did not have any bad feeling about her step mother. She walked for almost seven days
and seven nights. Then, she came to the South Ocean. The ocean was so clean and clear.
She jumped into the water and swam.
Suddenly, there was a miracle. The ocean water cured her illness. She became Resolusion
more beautiful than before. She also had a power co command the whole South Ocean.
She became a fairy called Nyi Roro Kidul or The Queen of South Ocean.

Answer the following questions.

1. Why was Kadita called Dewi Srengenge?
2. Who was Kadita’s step mother?
3. What did the black magician do?
4. What did the King do to keep his daughter from being a rumour?
5. What happened to Kadita when she jumped into the ocean?