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Project Report
Computer Application-3

Submitted by,
Hiral Desai (13)
Khushboo Jariwala( 30)

Submitted on,

Submitted to,
Narendra Sir

Navnirman Institute of Management

(NIM-BBA College), Bharthana, Surat
Affiliated to VNSGU, Surat.

Chapter I

Chapter II

Detail Technical & Service specifications

Physical Appearance




Chapter III


SAP R/3 is a suiteof client-server buss mwichelp iating and improving business practices. edium

Chapter 1: Introduction
SAP R/ India is the fastest growing subsidiary of SAP, the world's leading provider of
business software solutions. SAP India began its operations in 1996 with headquarters in
Bangalore and offices in Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, and a direct presence in nine
cities across India, besides having marketing associates in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.

Over the last 11 years, SAP has been the undisputed market leader in the Indian
enterprise software market. In August 2006, the company was the first enterprise
software vendor in India to cross the 1000-customer mark and with strong momentum
powering the adoption of its solutions in 2007, the number of its Indian customers is now
well over 3000.

Headquartered in Walldorf, Germany, SAP is the world's largest business

software company – with more than 48,500 employees at sales and development
locations in more than 50 countries worldwide.

Our global development approach focuses on distributing development across the

world in strategically important markets. A global network of SAP Labs spanning
Bulgaria, Canada, China, Germany, Hungary, India, Israel, and the United States, enables
SAP to operate locally, yet organize globally. SAP Research has highly skilled teams in
11 research centers worldwide.

SAP - ERP is a suite of client-server business modules which help integrating and
improving business practices. From medium sized companies, to global giants like
Nestle, SAP ERP products offer an hard to beat combination of functionality, flexibility,
and technology, enabling companies to respond quickly to change.

SAP is fast becoming the worldwide standard, with over 20,000 installations and
hundreds of complementary hardware and software partners.
With SAP Business Suite, your company can improve the strategic alignment and
efficiencies of financial, human capital, and operational processes. With enhanced
enterprise productivity and insight from the SAP ERP application, you have the power
needed to adapt quickly and cost effectively to changing business, market, and industry
requirements with ERP solutions that include:

• SAP ERP Financials

• SAP ERP Human Capital Management
• SAP ERP Operations
• SAP ERP Corporate Services

The technology leaders in business software solutions provide comprehensive

business software through SAP applications, services and support. Enterprise Resource
Planning (ERP) Software from SAP is the power to adapt quickly to changing industry
SAP R/3 is a suite of client-ser SAP - ERP is a suite of

r SAP - ERP is a suite of client-

ness module SAP R/3 is suite of

Chapter 2:
(1.) Detail - Technical & Product Development.

To achieve clarity and transparency, best-run businesses are using SAP solutions to help
close the gap between strategy and execution – optimizing the performance of the
business as well as the business network. SAP solutions, along with services and a wealth
of extended value from the SAP customer-focused ecosystem, help customers become
clear enterprises by providing insight for improved performance, efficiency for optimized
operations, and flexibility to quickly adapt to changing circumstances.

With broader insight, improved efficiency, and greater flexibility, companies can become

• Transparent and accountable

• Lean and agile
• Customer centric and collaborative

The clarity provided by the SAP portfolio and the ecosystem can help companies
preserve profitability by addressing challenges such as cash management, risk mitigation,
customer loyalty, streamlining of operations, sustainability, and talent management.

Product development:

At a time when customers are increasingly influencing the design and delivery of
products and services, as well as business models, SAP solutions can help you capture
innovative customer demands and ideas and embed them into new products and services.

To help you deliver innovative products with high-quality, precision, and speed, SAP
-ERP gives you greater insight and visibility across the organization to ensure operational
efficiency, effectiveness, and flexibility.
As a result, you are better equipped to foster the development of innovative new
products, collaborate with partners to shorten the time required to realize profits, and
deliver safe products. No matter the industry or size of your business, you can implement
only the software you need to solve your unique business challenges in your own time
and without expensive upgrades.

By enlisting the help of SAP Services before, during, and after any implementation, you
can optimize your IT investments. And with SAP Enterprise Support i.e. ERP,
companies take full advantage of the integration of SAP and non-SAP solutions,
minimize risk, enable the acceleration of innovation, and address application life-cycle

Service Specification:

SAP Services: Supporting Your Business Centers with Expert Guidance

Finance – Use SAP solutions to comply with industry and government regulations. Work
with SAP Services to manage risk, monitor enterprise performance – and achieve
financial excellence throughout your organization.

Information technology – Do more than simply implement innovative technologies:

Realize business value from your IT investments. Under the guidance of SAP-ERP, your
business and IT units can collaborate more often and more effectively to realize your
strategic IT initiatives.

Operations – Improve your business processes, continuously. SAP consultants can help
you develop and adopt processes that support your efforts to increase efficiency and
achieve operational excellence – in all aspects of your operations.

Sales and marketing – SAP consultants can help you develop and implement the
customer-centric business strategies that support your efforts to stay one step ahead of
your competitors - and deliver superior customer value throughout the entire sales and
marketing experience
SAP BusinessObjects consulting services – Provides consulting to help you optimize
your solutions for business intelligence (BI), enterprise performance management
(EPM), and governance, risk, and compliance (GRC)

Consulting services – Offers best-in-class consulting through planning, implementation,

and optimization services

Custom development – Incorporates SAP development strategies to deliver solutions

that meet unique business goals

Financing for SAP solutions – Provides companies with affordable, all-inclusive, and
predictable financing options that cover the entire cost of your SAP solution

Product and service introduction – Provides a standardized process for introducing all
SAP products to the market, helping customers achieve rapid business value

Run Services – Offers expert guidance in optimizing the operations life cycle of an SAP
solution, helping organizations increase IT services, improve operational performance,
and reduce IT costs

Software maintenance and support – Provides services for planning, implementation,

and operations

Upgrade to SAP ERP – Delivers comprehensive upgrade services, tools, and content to
support the smooth implementation of low-risk and cost-effective upgrade projects
(2.) Flow Diagram:

(3.) Explanation:
(4.) Advantages:
SAP ERP delivers a comprehensive set of integrated, cross-functional business processes.
With SAP ERP, you can gain the following benefits:

• Improve alignment of strategies and operations

o Run your enterprise in accordance with strategy and plans, accessing the
right information in real time to identify concerns early.
o Pursue opportunities proactively.
o Achieve corporate objectives by aligning workforce and organizational
o Find the best people and leverage their talent in the right job at the right
• Improve productivity and insight
o Leverage self-services and analytics across your organization.
o Improve operational efficiency and productivity within and beyond your
• Reduce costs through increased flexibility
o Use enterprise services architecture to improve process standardization,
efficiency, and adaptability.
o Extend transactions, information, and collaboration functions to a broad
business community.
• Support changing industry requirements
o Take advantage of the SAP NetWeaver platform's latest open, Web-based
technology to integrate your end-to-end processes seamlessly.
• Reduce risk
o Solve complex business challenges today with SAP, your trusted partner
for long-term growth, with 30 years of experience working with
organizations of all sizes in more countries than any other vendor.
o Join SAP's world-class partner network, uniquely qualified to support the
best business practices in more than 25 industries.
• Improve financial management and corporate governance
o Gain deep visibility into your organization with financial and management
accounting functionality combined with business analytics.
o Increase profitability, improve financial control, and manage risk.
• Optimize IT spending
o Integrate and optimize business processes.
o Eliminate high integration costs and the need to purchase third-party
o Deploy other SAP Business Suite applications incrementally to improve
cash flow and reduce costly borrowing.
• Gain higher ROI faster
o Install SAP ERP using rapid-implementation techniques that cost less than
half what traditional approaches cost.
o Leverage preset defaults and prepackaged versions available for specific
• Retain top performers
o Retain your top performers through clearly defined career and
development plans.
o Link employees' performance to compensation programs such as variable
pay plans and long-term incentives.
• Provide immediate access to enterprise information
o Give employees new ways to access the enterprise information required
for their daily activities.

 Integration
Integration can be the highest benefit of them all. The only real project aim for
implementing ERP is reducing data redudancy and redudant data entry. If this is
set as a goal, to automate inventory posting to G/L, then it might be a successful
project. Those companies where integration is not so important or even
dangerous, tend to have a hard time with ERP. ERP does not improve the
individual efficiency of users, so if they expect it, it will be a big disappointment.
 Efficiency
Generally, ERP software focuses on integration and tend to not care about the
daily needs of people. I think individual efficiency can suffer by implementing
ERP. the big question with ERP is whether the benefit of integration and
cooperation can make up for the loss in personal efficiency or not.
 Cost-reduction.
It reduces cost only if the company took accounting and reporting seriously even
before implementation and had put a lot of manual effort in it. If they didn't care
about it, if they just did some simple accounting to fill mandatory statements and
if internal reporting did not exists of has not been fincancially-oriented, then no
cost is reduced.
 Accuracy
No. People are accurate, not software. What ERP does is makes the lives of
inaccurate people or organization a complete hell and maybe forces them to be
accurate (which means hiring more people or distributing work better), or it falls.
(5.) Disadvantages:

Many problems organizations have with ERP systems are due to inadequate investment
in ongoing training for involved personnel, including those implementing and testing
changes, as well as a lack of corporate policy protecting the integrity of the data in the
ERP systems and how it is used.

 Expensive

This entails software, hardware, implementation, consultants, training, etc. Or you

can hire a programmer or two as an employee and only buy business consulting from
an outside source, do all customization and end-user training inside. That can be cost-

 Not Very Flexible.

It depends. SAP can be configured to almost anything. In Navision one can

develop almost anything in days. Other software may not be flexible.

• Personnel turnover

Companies can employ new managers lacking education in the company's ERP
system, proposing changes in business practices that are out of synchronization with
the best utilization of the company's selected ERP.

• Customization of the ERP software is limited. Some customization may involve

changing of the ERP software structure which is usually not allowed.
• Re-engineering of business processes to fit the "industry standard" prescribed by
the ERP system may lead to a loss of competitive advantage.
• ERP systems can be very expensive to install often ranging from 30,000 to
500,000,000 for multinational companies.
• ERP vendors can charge sums of money for annual license renewal that is
unrelated to the size of the company using the ERP or its profitability.
• Technical support personnel often give replies to callers that are inappropriate for
the caller's corporate structure. Computer security concerns arise, for example
when telling a non-programmer how to change a database on the fly, at a
company that requires an audit trail of changes so as to meet some regulatory
• ERPs are often seen as too rigid and too difficult to adapt to the specific workflow
and business process of some companies—this is cited as one of the main causes
of their failure.
• Systems can be difficult to use.
• Systems are too restrictive and do not allow much flexibility in implementation
and usage.
• The system can suffer from the "weakest link" problem—an inefficiency in one
department or at one of the partners may affect other participants.
• Many of the integrated links need high accuracy in other applications to work
effectively. A company can achieve minimum standards, then over time "dirty
data" will reduce the reliability of some applications.
• Once a system is established, switching costs are very high for any one of the
partners (reducing flexibility and strategic control at the corporate level).
• The blurring of company boundaries can cause problems in accountability, lines
of responsibility, and employee morale.
• Resistance in sharing sensitive internal information between departments can
reduce the effectiveness of the software.
• There are frequent compatibility problems with the various legacy systems of the
• The system may be over-engineered relative to the actual needs of the customer.
(7.) Application:
Chapter 3:

(1.) Conclusion:

Thus, With SAP Business Suite, your company can improve the
strategic alignment and efficiencies of financial, human capital, and
operational processes. With enhanced enterprise productivity and
insight from the SAP ERP application, you have the power needed to
adapt quickly and cost effectively to changing business, market, and
industry requirements.

The clarity provided by the SAP portfolio and the ecosystem can help companies
preserve profitability by addressing challenges such as cash management, risk mitigation,
customer loyalty, streamlining of operations, sustainability, and talent management.
Thus, Customers have more control and flexibility of their experience, which creates
more opportunities and efficiencies for companies
(3.) Bibliography: