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APPROVED COURSE CONTENT FOR THE WRITTEN

EXAMINATION FOR SELECTION OF LECTURER IN AIDED


PRIVATE DEGREE/P.G. COLLEGES OF U. P.
¼Lukrd@LukrdksRrj egkfo|ky;ksa esa izoDrk inksa dh fyf[kr ijh{kk gsrq
vk;ksx }kjk vuqeksfnr fo"k; oLrq½

dzekad izoDrk fo"k; ladsrkad (Code)


A. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ¼d`f"k foKku½ (A)
1. Agronomy ¼'kL; foKku½ (A-1)
2. Agricultural Botany ¼d`f"k ouLifr½ (A-2)
3. Agricultural Chemistry ¼d`f"k jlk;u½ (A-3)
4. Agricultural Economics ¼d`f"k vFkZ'kkL=½ (A-4)
5. Agriculture Engineering & Farm Machinery (A-5)
¼d`f"k vfHk;a=.k½
6. Agricultural Extension ¼d`f"k izlkj½ (A-6)
7. Animal Husbandry & Dairying (A-7)
¼i'kqikyu ,oa nqX/k foKku½
8. Agricultural Zoology & Entomology (A-8)
¼d`f"k tho foKku ,oa dhV foKku½
9. Genetics & Plant Breeding (A-9)
¼vuqoaf'kdh ,oa ikni iztuu½
10. Horticulture ¼m|kfudh½ (A-10)
11. Plant Pathology ¼ikni jksx½ (A-11)
12. Soil Conservation ¼Hkwfe laj{k.k½ (A-12)
B SCIENCES ¼foKku½ (B)
1. Astronomy ¼[kxksy 'kkL=½ (B-1)
2. Biochemistry ¼tSo jlk;u½ (B-2)
3. Botany ¼ouLifr foKku½ (B-3)
4. Chemistry ¼jlk;u foKku (B-4)
5. Forestry ¼okfudh½ (B-5)
6. Geology ¼HkwxHkZ foKku½ (B-6)
7. Mathematics ¼xf.kr½ (B-7)
8. Physics ¼HkkSfrd foKku½ (B-8)
9. Statistics ¼lkaf[;dh½ (B-9)
10. Zoology ¼tho foKku½ (B-10)

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 1


C. HUMANITIES ¼ekufodh½ (C)
1. Ancient Indian History ¼izkphu Hkkjrh; bfrgkl½ (C-1)
2. Anthropology ¼ekuo 'kkL=½ (C-2)
3. Arabic ¼vjch½ (C-3)
4. Art /Drawing & Painting ¼fp=dyk½ (C-4)
5. Asian Culture ¼,f'k;u laLd`fr½ (C-5)
6. Commerce ¼okf.kT;½ (C-6)
7. Economics ¼vFkZ'kkL=½ (C-7)
8. Education ¼f'k{kk 'kkL=½ (C-8)
9. B.Ed. ¼ch-,M-½ (C-9)
10. English ¼vaxzsth½ (C-10)
11. Fine Art ¼yfyr dyk½ (C-11)
12. Geography ¼Hkwxksy½ (C-12)
13. Hindi ¼fgUnh½ (C-13)
14. History ¼bfrgkl½ (C-14)
15. Home Science ¼x`g foKku½ (C-15)
16. Journalism ¼i=dkfjrk½ (C-16)
17. Law ¼fof/k½ (C-17)
18. Languistics ¼Hkk"kk foKku½ (C-18)
19. Library Science ¼iqLrdky;½ (C-19)
20. Medieval History ¼e/;dkyhu bfrgkl½ (C-20)
21. Military Science/Defence & Strategies Studies (C-21)
¼lSU; foKku½
22. Music Instrumentation ¼laxhr flrkj½ (C-22)
23. Music Tabala ¼laxhr rcyk½ (C-23)
24. Music Vocal ¼laxhr xk;u½ (C-24)
25. Persian ¼Qkjlh½ (C-25)
26. Philosophy ¼n'kZu'kkL=½ (C-26)
27. Physical Education ¼'kkjhfjd 'kkL=½ (C-27)
28. Political Science ¼jktuhfr 'kkL=½ (C-28)
29. Psychology ¼euksfoKku½ (C-29)
30. Sanskrit ¼laLd`r½ (C-30)
31. Sociology ¼lekt 'kkL=½ (C-31)
32. Social Work ¼lekt dk;Z½ (C-32)
33. Urdu ¼mnwZ½ (C-33)

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 2


izoDrk in gsrq fyf[kr ijh{kk lEcU/kh fu/kkZfjr ikB~;dze
Approved Course Content for conducting Written Examination for the
Post of Lecturers

lkekU; Kku
izLrqr iz'u i= [k.M&1 esa vH;FkhZ ds O;kogkfjd Kku] ekufld n{krk]
jk"Vªh;@vUrZjk"Vªh; ?kVukvksa] vUos"k.k] /kkfeZd] lkekftd] jktuhfrd] izkd`frd]
HkkSxksfyd ekuo lalk/ku] dkuwu O;oLFkk] Hkkjrh; lafo/kku ,oa iapk;rh jkt] vFkZ
O;oLFkk] lkekftd ,oa jk"Vªh; fodkl] oSKkfud miyfC/k] fons'k uhfr ,oa lEcU/k]
vUrjjk"Vªh; laxBu ,oa ;ksxnku] vkfFkZd uhfr] fo'o O;kikj laxBu] jk"Vªh;
vk;kr&fu;kZr uhfr] vkfFkZd O;olk;] izkd`frd lalk/ku ,oa orZeku n'kk] i;kZoj.k]
vUrjjk"Vªh; fodkl ,oa 'kkfUr LFkkiuk uhfr] vkradokn] d`f"k fodkl uhfr] mRikndrk
o`f) gsrq d`f"k rduhfd fodkl ,oa 'kks/k miyfC/k;ka] ,xzhdYpj ikfylh] ,xzksVªsM]
,xzhdYpjy laLFkku ,oa fo'ofo|ky;] ,xzks Iykfuax] uspqjy fjlkslZ eSustesUV]
,xzks&bdksykftLV] tSfod fofo/krk ,oa laj{k.k] ck;ksVsDukykth ,oa tsusfVDl
bathfu;kfjax ÅtkZ lzksr ,oa ijek.kq ÅtkZ bR;kfn {ks=ksa esa vH;fFkZ;ksa ls O;kogkfjd Kku
ls lEcfU/kr oLrqfu"B iz'u iwNsa tk;saxsA
lkekU; Kku iz'u&i= esa in fo"k;ksa ds vk/kkj ij vkoafVr rhu laoxZ (A) d`f"k
foKku (Agriculture Science)] (B) foKku (Science) rFkk (C) okf.kT; (Commerce)
,oa ekufodh ¼Humanities½ fo"k;ksa ls lEcfU/kr O;ogkfjd Kku {ks= ls vH;fFkZ;ksa dh
lkekU; Kku ,oa ekufld {kerk ds ewY;kadu gsrq i`Fkd&i`Fkd 50 oLrqfu"B iz'u iwNs
tk;saxsa ftlesa ls vius fo"k; ds vuqlkj vH;fFkZ;ksa dks fdlh ,d laoxZ ¼A/B/C½ ds
iz'uksa dk mRrj i`Fkd :i ls fn;ss x;s mRrj i=d ¼OMR Sheet½ ij ;FkkLFkku dze
la[;k ds vuqlkj vafdr djuk gksxk iz'u&i= dk mRrj lgh u gksus ds n'kk esa ckDl
esa xyr ¼x½ dk fpUg dnkfi u yxk;saA

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 3


(A) AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES ¼d`f"k foKku½

A-1
AGRONOMY

Concept and principles of crop ecology. Historical evolution of agricultural crops,


status of crop productions in India. Classification of agro-climatic zones and agro-ecological
regions and distribution of different potential crops in India viz., cereaks pulses /legumes, oil
seeds forage, fodder, sugarcane, potato, tobacco. Effect of thermal environment on growth
and yield of crop heatund concept. Management of micro-climate/ meteorology in relation to
sustainable crop production.
Concept of dry land farming/agriculture, characteristics of agro-climatic environments of dry
land and rainfed areas, classification of types of drought, drought syndrome and effect on
plant growth, drought tolerant, drought management -cropping pattern, cropping, crop
diversification, moisture conservation technique, rain water and water harvesting, recycling
concept of watershed management. Minimum tillage and zero tillage, role of mulches and
anti-transpirants.
Concept and scope of organic forming and biodynamic farming precision farming and future
prospects of management in relation to soil health and micro-organics, water resources,
balancing the nutrients of soil and plants, quality of crop produce. Principle of different
methods of organic farming -organic manures, organic residues, composting, soil biota and
decomposition of organic residuce, vermiculture, vermicompost, green manure. biofertilizers,
farming systems, multiple/multitier cropping models, integrated pest and nutrients
management Inspection/certification, labelling and acredition of organically produced crops.
Soil fertility and productory of crops, soil compositions in relation to crop production. Plant
nutrients deficiency and toxicity symptoms, diagnostics criterial of major and micro-nutrients
in relation to field crops. Methods of fertilizers application, liquid fertilizer, mineralization
fertilizers use efficiency, soil moisture and nutrients relationships, nutrients management of
crops under problematic soils, saline, sodic and water logged soils. Classification and
characteristics of weeds, acquatic and parasitic weeds, ecology and physiology of major
weeds, crop-weed competition, allopathic effect of weed principles and methods of weed
control, Concept of integrated weed management -bio-herbicides, allelo-chemicals
herbicides, mode and mechanism of action of herbicides effect of herbicides in relation to
environment, degradation of herbicides in soil and plants, residual effect of weedicides
herbicide resistance in weed, methods of application of herbicides in major crops.
Role of water in plant growth and development water resources in India. Irrigated area and
crops. Soil water, plant relationship, plant response to moisture stress methods of irrigations
micro-irrigation system, fertigation, water use efficiency irrigation schedules, water
management, problems of soil drainage and excessive moisture level and methods of field
drainage.
Origin, history distribution, adaptation, classification, morphology, phenology, physiology,
varietal development and modern production technology of rice, wheat, maize, sorghum.
millets, legumes (chickpea, geonpea, mungbean, urdbean, peas), oil seed crops (rape seed,
mustard, groundnut, soyabean, sanflower) cotton, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, potato,
management of quality produce, processing and post harvest handling and marketing.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 4


A-2 AGRICULTURAL BOTANY

History of plant langdom and their classification, exotic and indigenous plants

angiosperm gymnosperm, ethanobotany, plant cell, structure /cell organelles,

physiological function morphogenesis, morpho genetic factory, apomixes poly energy,

parthenocarpy, embryology plant and their types development of anther and ovule,

sprogensil, gameto genesis, pollination facilitation of seed and fruit development,

chloroplast chlonphyll content, photis of the ravirah transpiration asmosil, permeably,

germination dormancy of land vest period seed, buds titters/ corne growth and

development in plants physiology flowering, photo parantics long and short day plant

vernilization, nutrient and water absorption and translocation, maturation, ripening

abscission, frost and drought tolerance biotic abiotic stress, photo and thermoplasm

photo phosporylation, carbon cycle, carbon cycle, andity refulation C3, C4 and CAM,

pathology.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 5


A-3 AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY & SOIL SCIENCE

Classification, structure, characteristics, distribution of important soil farming,


minerals and rocks systems of soil classification, soil genesis, and transformation, soil
profile, diagnostic horizons of soil of different categories, factors of soil formation,
weathering, pedogenic process and soil development, soil survey and mapping. Soil
mapping and remote sensing techniques, soil micro maphology - principles,
relationship of S-matrix, plasma and voids, importance of biological features;
Geomorphology -definition, relation to environment, geomorphic process in land
evolution.
Classification of soil- principles and systems (FAO/UNISCO), nomenclature,
USDA soil taxonomy, soil moisture and temperature regimes, soil- water behaviour-
infilteration, retention, redistribution, recharging /recycling and movement. Soil water
balance, soil water management practices, soil physical environment and soil fertility
relationship, soil compactness process, soil texture and soiltillage, soil temperature-
thermal properties, variations and modification, soil water and air relationship and
measurement of growth, alleviation of soil, physical constraints for crop production.
Chemical composition of soil, mineralogy of major soil groups of India,
structure, characteristics and identification of soil minerals, genesis and
transformation of clay minerals, clay organic complexes, soil colloids, Ion exchange,
and ionic equibilibria in soils, adsorption, desorption, cation exchange, electro kinetic
phenomena, electro-asmosis, electrophoresis, oxidation-reduction equilibria, soil acid
base equilibria, zeta potential chemistry of waterlogged soil, solubility equilibria of
carbonates, soil organic matter fractionation, characterization and role in soil chemical
properties. Soil biota, and soil microbial ecology-types in different soils, soil
microbial biomass. Soil microbes with plant roots, role of micro-organisms on nutrient
requirement, biochemical mechanisms for decomposition of plant residues, humus
formation and cycling of organic matter, symbiotic, asymbiotic, N2-fixation,
mycrorrhiza, C/N and organic matter, microbial transformation of N, P, S, Mn, bio-
fertilizers, bioremediation and reclamation, phyllosphore, wastelands, sodiclands,
biotic and abiotic stress causal land, degradation and its remediation and management
of wasteland, land use efficiency, conservation of soil fertility and land resources, rain
water harvesting and soil moisture conservation, role of macro and micro nutrients
and their mobilization, upto and losses, diagnostic criterias of nutrients deficiencies
and toxicity their correction, measures, soil testing, plant tissues analysis, biological
methods, nutrients requirements and recommendation of chemical fertilizers balanced
use of nutrients and fertilizers use efficiency, methods of application of fertilizers in
different soil categories, integrated nutrients management quality control of fertilizers,
use of bio-fertilizers and biodynamic manures.
Determination of organic carbon, CEC, EC, nutrients through different
analytical methods and modern methods of soil, plant and fertilizers analysis.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 6


A-4 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

Principles and basic concepts of agricultural economics, consumers behaviour,


demand theory, demand and revenue analysis, demand estimation and forecasting
production analysis and input demand production, law of returns, cost concepts, cost
output relationship, recent development in the theory of demand, linear expenditure
system, constant elasticity demand function and dynamic version of demand function,
concept, production, functions, productivity curves and iso-quarts derivatives
analytical approaches, limitations and application, short run and long run cost
functioning, factors demand derivation, total price effect, substitution effect, output
effect, market demand, functions, commodity market equilibrium-short run, long run,
factor market supply demand functions.
Concept of measurement -national income, consumption theories of
consumption product, wealth, money, price level, inflation, CPI, WSPI, employments,
employment and output in economy. Theories of income determination and multiple
market economic system.
Role of agriculture in Indian economy, agricultural outputs -crops live-stocks,
poultry, fisheries, forestry, horticulture, problems of Indian agriculture, problems and
policy changes relating to farm supplies, farm production, agro-processing agri-
finance, system in India and their commercialisation liberalization, privatisation,
globalisation and consumerism system. Agricultural policy of India and Uttar Pradesh.
Concept of food security production oriented policies, food price policies, food
subsides, food safety, principles and role of cooperation in agriculture and rural
development, cooperative movement in India different types of cooperative for
agriculture development importance of various credit institutions, World Bank IMF,
Asian Development Bank, NABARD. Agricultural growth analysis, determinant of
agricultural growth and its measurement planning models, five year plan of agriculture
concepts and policy of international trade in agri-production, agro-processing, agri-
marketing, agri-exports and trade systems-WTO, GATT, AOA, PTA, contract farming
systems and public distribution systems.
Characteristics and classification of natural resources sustainability issues in
national resource, natural resources planning, management, policy formulation.
Renewable and non-renewable resources under various market structure, basic
principles of farm management cost-concept and analysis, farm efficiency measures,
farm financial analysis, farm planting and budgeting book keeping and accountancy.
Agricultural productivity management, operations management of agro-
industrial units, planning and control system, materials and supply chain management
quality management and quality control mechanism entrepreneurship and small
business concept, business plan preparation and management. Importance of
agricultural financial systems, rural credit-structure, sources and farms estimation of
credit requirements, cost of credit capital credit policy in agriculture, innovation in
agricultural financing micro-finances, Kissan Credits Cards, role of agriculture
financing institutions in public and private sector banks cooperative MFI's SHG's
international financial institutions.
Indian marketing environment, rural marketing agricultural marketing system,
whole sailing and retailing, consumer's behaviours, marketing strategy planning

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 7


marketing. Marketing structures, problems channels of marketing of agricultural
produces different types of marketing systems in India, demand and supply models
formulation, marketing functions, processing transportation storage and trading price
stabilization measures and policies.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 8


A - 5 AGRICULTURE ENGINEERING & FARM MACHINERY

Status of farm mechanization in India. Power availability on farm, animal and


power operated equipments for tillage, land development, sowing, planting, fertilizer
application, plant protection, harvesting and threshing. Selection of machinery
elements, gears, pulleys, chains, sprockets, belts, bearing, coupling, springs. Force
analysis of agricultural tools and implements, pull, drafts, power calculation of animal
and power operated implements.
Farm structures, house glass, house protective house principles and design of
shade, green house, net house.
Calibration of seed drills, planters, plant protectors equipments, testing and
evaluation of tillage equipments seed drills, planters, fertilizers applications, sprayers
dusters, harvesting, threshing machines, combine, sugarcane and potato planters,
calculation of field capacity, efficiency and losses in threshers, harvesters cost
analysis of animals and power operated implements and tractor, various systems of
spark and compression ignition engines. Design of engine components, calculation of
horse power, speed, firing arrangement, heat load power transmission from piston and
fly wheel.
Farm tractors and types, design, mechanical and power steering, tractor chassis
mechanics, power filters, hitching systems and hydraulic control, for tractors,
automatic position control, draft control system used in tractors, types of
dynamometers, tractor testing.
Anthropometry in equipment design, ergonomics in design of farm tools, safety
aspects of agricultural machinery, effect of noise and vibration on work performance,
chemical hazards and control measures. Design parameters and performance of tillage
tools, solar radiations and its measurement, heat and mass transfer in solar energy and
solar systems materials, collection methods and solar energy storage and application
of solar energy.
Generation and application of wind energy, wind velocity measurement,
window power production, wind current, wind power equipment, wind power
measurement and recording, wind velocity equipments, types of wind rolls.
Bioconversion of biomass, production and conversion of alcohols, organic
acids, solvents, amino acids, bio-fuel, bio-photosynthesis, biogas technology, thermo-
chemical conversion of biomass, hydrolysis, hydro-generation, carbonisation,
polarization and densification of biomass methods of extraction of natural bio-fuel,
bio-diesel purification and esterifications. Energy sources in agriculture, conventional
and renewable energy equipments, energy requirement in different agro-based
industries and green house production systems, energy ratio and specific energy value,
inflow and outflow of energy in agriculture operation, planning and design of energy
system, modelling and project planning.
Sources of irrigation water, methods of irrigation, and micro systems of
irrigation devices, irrigation schedules, moisture regism physiological stages of crops
and metrological parameters, water use efficiency, weather forecasting equipments,
evapo-transportation and consumptive use, measurement of irrigation water, drainage
system and methods of drainage, irrigation pumps classification, design and control
systems.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 9


Post harvest engineering and technology in production of agricultural products,
moisture determination, drying and dehydrations methods, cleaning, grading, seed
treatment, levelling, storage, milling machineries of cereals, pulses, oilseeds.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 10


A-6 AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION

Agricultural extension and communication - concept, scope and role of


agricultural extension/home science extension, veterinary and animal husbandry
extension /dairy extension /fisheries extension in rural development. Types of
education -formal education/ informal education/ non-formal education, distinction
between diffusion and communication, national agricultural extension system and
networking of state development departments, State Agricultural Universities (SAUs),
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Non-Government Organizations
(NGOs), Cooperatives and Private Organizations. Extension approaches and their
comparative analysis with USA, Japan, U.K., China & Israel. Teaching and learning
process - concept and principles of learning in respect to agricl. extension,
experimental learning, mode of extension learning and learning experiences.
Conceptual understanding of basic rural institutions, social structure, culture,
social norms, social values, social change, social and technological changes in rural
society, rural leadership - concept, roles and kinds of rural leadership, communication
- concept and models of communication, credibility, fidelity, empathy, noise, code and
feed back in communication. Innovation - concept, attributes and consequences of
innovations, stages of innovation - decision process, adoption and diffusion process -
concept and elements of diffusion and adoption categories.
attitude - concept and factors affecting rural attitude to change.
Information communication technology - concept and its role in agricultural
development, extension teaching methods and audio -visual aids, its concept,
classification, selection and use in extension work. Print and electronic media, e-mail,
internet, use of multimedia, video and teleconferencing, computer assisted
instructions, touch screens, micro-computers and web site technologies, modern
system of extension and communication of transfer technology.
Components of computer network, types of networks such as PAN, LAN,
CAN, MAN, WAN, internet work, AGRINET, e-Governance, Cyber extension
initiatives in India and other developing countries.
Coordination at different levels of extension management, methods of
coordination, Management By Objective (MBO), Project Evaluation and Review
Technique (PERT), Logical Frame Working (LFW) and project management
techniques, personal management, scope of agricultural -business management and
institutions - National Institute of Agricultural Extension and Management
(MANAGE), National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), National Academy of
Agricultural Research Management (NAARM), monitoring, evaluation and impact
analysis of extension programmes.
Research methodology in extension education, scientific approach,
characteristics of scientific methods, selection and identification of research problems,
design, sampling methods and data collection, statistical analysis and test of
significance.
Human resources and their importance in agricultural development, Concept of
human resource and human resource management, training and development of
human resources. training process (capacity building), Phases of training - pre-training
and post training. developing training modules, training requirements, training

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 11


methods. Lecture cum demonstration method, case method, group brain storming,
syndicate method, business games, simulation exercises, in basket exercise,
programmed instruction. experiential learning techniques. entrepreneurship
development - agriclinics and agribusiness centres. in different potential and
economically viable agricultural sectors.
National issues and policies for developmental strategies. IRDP, SGSY, such
as Watershed Development Programmes, Technology Mission, Horticulture Mission,
Bio-diesel Mission, Tribal Development Mission, Bamboo Mission, Hill Development
Mission, Front Line Extension Programmes of ICAR/TAR-IVLP, NATP, NAIP,
IRDP, ATMA, ITD, SREP, Research - Extension - Farmer - Interface. National
agricultural policy and future strategies.
Concepts. Organization. Mobilization, Micro-finance and functioning of SHG
groups for empowerment and sustainability, for socio-economic development in rural
areas. Women in Agriculture and their Empowerment.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 12


A-7 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & DAIRYING
Present-status and future prospects of livestock and poultry production in India,
history and development of livestock industry, significance of livestock in relation to
agriculture, human health and national economy, animal production systems in
different agro-climatic zones. Problems in improvement of cattle breeds, inheritance
of livestock traits, population dynamics of Indian livestock and national programme
for improvement of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, equine, camel, rabbits, poultry
and swine. Importance of Indian and exotic breeds and their conservation, history of
domestication of cattle, sheep and goats. Reproduction behaviours of various species
of livestock and poultry, livestock production system, approaches and methods of
breeding and application of biotechnology in animal improvement, maintenance of
breeds and breeding records, gene frequency analysis, heritability estimation, semen
evaluation, preservation, dilution and artificial insemination.
Nutritional requirements and feeding programme of different categories of
livestock and poultry, pre-biotic and pro-biotics and their significance in livestock and
poultry production. Component of animal body, physiology and function of digestive
system, nutrients requirement for production of milk, meat, wool, eggs, protein
metabolism, role of vitamins, minerals, enzymes and feed additive processing and
storage of conventional and non-conventional feed ingredients, feeds formulation and
balanced feeds, ISI standards of feeds and marketing nutritional deficiencies, forage
crops and green fodders and their compositions and role in growth health, milk
production and reproduction, analysis of fodder and feeds.
Animal health and diseases, causes, symptoms, diagnosis and preventive
measures livestocks and poultry acts and 300 notic diseases, quarantine maintenance,
management of hygiene and sanitation on animal farm house, vaccination to animal
and poultry, planning and layout of animal and poultry houses.
Compositions of milks products from different species of animals. Status of
dairy industries in India, various national programmes for milk production and dairy
development. Technology mission on dairying, national policy of GATT, WTO,
MMPO, concepts of GMP, TQM, Haccp, biological and chemical methods for
detection of milk adulteration, physicochemical composition of cream, butter,
condenced milk, dried milk, cheese, for nailed milk, Ice creams PFA, AGN, ARIC
BIS standard for milk and milk production.
Processing technology for different milk products, quality aspects, and storage for
better shelf life and good quality, factors affecting the quality of milk and milk
products, homogenisation, thermization, pasteurisation, sterilization, bactofugation,
ultra high temperature (UHT) of milk, filling, packaging, storage, transportation and
marketing of milk and milk products.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 13


A-8 AGRICULTURAL ZOOLOGY AND ENTOMOLOGY
Introduction and brief history of entomology, principles, utility and relevance,
evolution of insects, positions of insects in animal world, classification of insects
kingdom and their distinguishing features of insect families and orders, morphology of
important insects, body wall intequnicant structure, colours, ingrowths endoskeleton,
segmentation, head, appendages, antennal mouthparts and modifications tentorium,
neck sclerifes, sternum, fleuron, wing and modifications, venation, articulation, wing
coupling, legs structure.
Systematic and taxonomy, zoological nomenclature and classification,
principles and application of zoological. nomenclature, procedure for identification
and kinds of taxonomic keys, morphometric analysis, Repository of insects,
pheromonal activity, and enolocrine organs scope and importance of insect anatomy
and physiology, embryonic and post embryonic development, metamorphosis,
physiology of digestive, excretory, respiratory, circulatory nervous endocrine,
exocrine and reproductive system, metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and
nitrogenous compounds, role of vitamins, proteins, amino acids, lipids, sterol and
minerals in growth and development.
Concepts of ecology, environments and its components, biotic and abiotic
factors and their effect on growth, development, population, dynamics and
distribution, biogeography of insects, biodiversity, insect eco-system and eco-
environment, ecological niche, diapause, hibernation and aestivation, food chain and
food web.
Principles of toxicology and insecticides -their classification, mode of action,
structure activity, physical, chemical and toxicological properties of different groups
of insecticides, chlorinated hydrocarbons, organophosphates, carbonates, synthetic
phythroids, nicotinioids, neem products, systematic and selective insecticide,
synergism, anatagonism and compatibility, insecticides residue, pesticides hazards and
environmental pollution, safe use of pesticides, methods of application and
formulations, insect resistance to insecticides and resurgence, biotypes development
and remedial measures, induced resistance breeding techniques for insect resistance,
varietal development and biotechnological approaches and development of transgenic
insect resistance, horizontal and olegoeinic resistant, poly-genic resistance,
Pheromones types of pheromones and their uses, hormonal control and function of
insect hormone bio agents, biological control, IPM, methods of genetical control.
Economics status, distribution, damage, identification, life history, seasonal
history and management of insect pests of cereals, millets, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane,
fruits, vegetables, plantation crops, spices, major insects of storage, losses of seeds
and foods- management of and safe use of pesticides during storage of grains and
seeds, important insect pests of forest ecosystem, nature of damage and management.
Importance of apiculture and managements bee keeping techniques and
marketing of honey. Role of sericulture in development of silk industry, silk warm
culture and management.

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A-9 GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING
Historical concepts and prospective of genetics, mendelian principles, and law
of inheritance, gene interaction, linkage, detection and estimation, gene concept, gene
structure, allelism, DNA structure and function, genetic code, gene enzyme, gene
regulation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, mechanism of sex-determination, sex linked
traits, polygenic inheritance, mobile genetic elements, genome, genome analysis and
mitochondrial genomes, spontaneous and induced mutations.
Chromosome structure and function - prokaryotes and eukaryotes, karyotes
analysis chromosome, banding technique, types of chromosomes, structural and
numerical changes in chromosomes, aneuploids, haploids and polyploids behaviours
and movements of chromosomes, cytogenetic techniques for gene mapping.
Origin, distribution, classification, description and utilization of important
economic field crops - cereals, pulses, oil seeds, sugar crops and their genetic
resources and status of biodiversity in different biodiversity regions.
Domestication and centres of diversity of crops, introduction, history and
objectives of plant breeding, importance of plant genetic resources in plant breeding,
collection, evaluation and conservation of germplasm, intellectual property rights,
biodiversity act, plant variety protection, Farmers Right Act, quality seed and
certification, mode of sexual and sexual reproduction, male sterility and self
incompatibility, apomixes, breeding methods of self- and cross pollinated and clonally
propagated crops. Self and cross - fertilization, genetic and phenotypic variations,
qualitative and quantitative traits, heritability, genetic advance, breeding methods,
introduction, mass selection, pure line selection, backcross method, pedigrees
selection, bulk method, multiline, recurrent selection, inter and intra population
improvement, hybrid breeding, heterosis, inbreeding depression, mutation and
polyploidy breeding, non-conventional breeding technique - biotechnological and
genetic engineering technique, breeding for resistance to biotic and abiotic stress
(insect-pest, diseases, salt, water, drought, frost, cold), gene cloning and DNA
sequencing transgenic molecular markers (RFLP, RAPD, AFLP, SSLP), DNA finger
printing.
Breeding techniques for improvement of major cultivated field crops for
quality, yield and resistance traits - cereals, pulses, oilseed, sugarcane, fibre crops.

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A - 10 HORTICULTURE
Brief history of horticulture development in India, Classification of
horticultural crops on the basis of agro-climatic conditions, nutritional values,
botanical plant parts used, medicinal uses. Present status of cultivation and export
potential of horticultural crops. Problems and prospects of development of
horticultural industry. Role of horticulture in national development. Contribution of
Horticultural Research Centres in development of horticulture. Concept of 'Golden
Revolution' and future thrust. Concepts of 'National Horticulture Mission' and its
programme. Role of NHB, APEDA, ICAR, NMPB, State and Central Govt.
Horticulture Development Agencies and Societies in Development of Horticulture.
Significance of cultivation of fruits, vegetables, medicinal and aromatic plants,
floriculture & landscaping, plantation crops, orchids, post harvest technology and
handling, Principles and importance of protected cultivation, precision farming,
organic cultivation, green house/glass house cultivation, net house, bio-dynamic
farming. Principles of modern nursery establishment and management principles and
methods of propagation. Role of root-stocks in production of quality planting
materials Methods of propagation and multiplication of important horticultural crops,
tissue culture, mist house, bottom heat, hot bed, hybrid seed production, methods of
quality seed production, breeding methods of important fruits, vegetables and flowers.
Role of bio-technology in production of horticultural crops major establishment of
bio-diversity zones and distribution of plant genetic resources and methods of their
conservation, principles of herbal garden, gene garden, gene bank, bio-technical
garden, plantorium and Bio-park.
Importance and production technology for cultivation of important commercial
and potential fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, flowers, orchids, plantation crops,
medicinal & aromatic plants and their management practices for production of quality
produce, plant protection measures, nutrients and water management practices
determination of maturity indices and harvesting technology, storage, marketing and
post-harvest management practices, methods of minimising post-harvest losses, and
development of post-harvest and processing technology. Growth and development,
dormancy, chilling requirement, pollination, fertilization, parthenocarpy, seedless ness
paratheno genesis sterility unfruitfulness, problem ions, fruit/seed setting, biochemical
changes during maturation and ripening. Role of plant growth regulators in
propagation, flowering, fruit setting, fruit dropping, fruit ripening and storage.
Physiology of flowering and flowering behaviours of important fruit crops. Problems
of biennial bearing behaviours, its causes, and over coming.
Crop improvement technology, objectives, developed, improved varieties of
commercially cultivated fruits, vegetables and flowers, principles of hybridisation,
mutation, poly ploidy and heterosis breeding and biotechnology in development of
horticultural crops, role of pollination and polinizers.
Principles of high density orcharding, meadow orcharding, planting systems,
multi-tier cropping systems, principles of pruning & training and methods of training
rejuvenation and top working management of wasteland, watershed and dry land.
Integrated nutrients and pest/disease management, water management/water
harvesting and micro-irrigation systems, fertigation, methods of fertilizers application

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and foliar feeding of nutrients. Principles and elements of landscaping, garden features
and adornments, principles and important features of different types of gardens,
bonsai cultivation, indoor garden and arrangements of indoor plants, flower
arrangement, packaging, storage and transportation of different types of cut flowers,
principles of turf grass management and planting techniques, different types of special
garden dish, terrarium, hanging baskets, window boxes, miniature garden, vertical
gardens, potting containers and potting media.
Importance of post-harvest handling and processing for value added
horticultural produce, and value chain produce/products. Problems of pre and post-
harvest losses, cool chain, zero-energy cool system, refrigerated system, quality
certification food and labelling and marketing system, enhancing life of perishable
horticultural produce of fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal & aromatic crops,
methods of post-harvest handling, storage. Principles and methods of preservation, by
heat, chemical, radiation, dehydration, freezing, fermentation, preparation of different
quality produce and quality of control mechanism, modern storage system, pre-
cooling, low temperature modified atmosphere (MA).

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A-11 PLANT PATHOLOGY

Development of phyto-pathology in acient era, pre-modern and modern era


development of science of mycology, plant bacteriology, plant virology and plant
nematology, plant quarantine and disease management and breeding of disease
resistance.
Classification of fungi, economic mycology, edible fungi and entomogenous
fungi, mycorrhizal associations, cell organelles -their morphology and function,
somatic and reproductive structures of different types of fungi. History and
development of bacteria, identification and classifications of bacteria their
morphology, ultra structure and chemical composition of prokaryotic cell. elementary
bacterial genetics and variability, transformation conjugation, transduction, biology of
extra chromosomal elements, plasmid born gene and their expression, bacterial
metabolism and mode of action, biological oxidation and reduction, hydrolytic
enzymes, biochemical characteristics, reproduction and life cycle of phytoplasmas,
economic uses of prokaryotes.
History and economic importance of plant virology, properties and structure of
viruses and viroids, variability in viruses, satelite viruses and satelite RNA, assay of
plant viruses -biological, physical, chemical, serological and molecular methods.
Conventional and biotechnological techniques used in detection and diagnosis of
viruses, ecology and epidemiology of viruses transmission, nomenclature and
classification of viruses. Concepts in epidemiology in plant population of mono cyclic
and policy cyclic pathogens, classification of diseases, role of environment and
meterological factors in development of plant diseases- abiotic , biotic, air, water,
pollution, weather, mineral deficiencies and toxicity, non -parasitic and alleiopahty
plant pathogen, symptomtology - identification, speculation, dissemination of
inoculum, mechanism of disease resistance. Surveillance, prediction and forecasting
of diseases, epidemic analysis and estimates of crop losses prediction, models, culture
of technique fungus, inoculation, identification and molecular techniques and in vitro
evaluation of fungi, bacteria fungal diseases of major cereals, millets, disease pulses,
fruits, vegetables, plantation, spices, ornamentals, medicinal with reference to etiology
disease cycle, perpetuation, epidemiology and management IPM, solarization,
cultural, biological, genetical and chemical, plant quarantine, breeding for disease
resistance and genetic engineering.
Bacterial and viral diseases, symptomatology, disease cycle, epidemiology,
mode of action and transmission, management of bacterial and viral disease of
important cereals, pulses, diseases of horticultural and plantation crops, tobacco,
sugarcane and potato, phaneroganic parasites and non-parasitic diseases, causes and
their management in important crops.
Principles and concepts of disease management, brief history of development
of fungicides, bactericides, antibiotics, introduction of exotic pathogens, introduction
of plant quarantine and quarantine measures sanitary and phytosanitary issues under
WTO, TRIPS and PRA, approaches of management of different diseases -cultural
mechanical, chemical, biological, disease resistance and genetic engineering, methods
of disease resistant of screening breeding and biotechnological and molecular

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techniques for identification of resistance gene mapping and gene marker, gene
cloning, gene transfer. Integrated disease management, role of plant disease clinic.
Economics and historical development of disease, classification of important
seed diseases, economic losses, causes and control of seed borne diseases-chemical,
physical, biological, cultural practices and sanitation, seed certification standard, seed
health testing, phyto sanitary certificate under WTO and TRIPS seed act, global seed
trade quarantine law and legislative ineasnes, techniques for detection seed borne
pathogene, nucleic acid based techniques -NASH, RFLP, PCR and serological
technique (ELISA).
History and development of chemical -their advantages and disadvantages,
registration of agro-chemicals, fungicides, chemical used as fungicides, bactericides,
antiviral chemical, nematicides and botanical pesticides, formulation of chemicals,
mode of action and methods of application, handling, storage and precautions, residual
analysis and health hazards, chemotherapy and phyto toxicity of fungicides.

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A-12 SOIL CONSERVATION

Soils and soil conservation :


Modern concept of soil rock and minerals; Weathering of rocks and weathering indices;
Factors of soil formation; Soil forming processes; evolution of soil body in nature; Soil
profile and concept of soil pedon; Soil classification, U.S. Soil Taxonomy- its advantages and
limitations. Soils of India and Uttar Pradesh-their distribution and important physical and
chemical characteristics. Soil Survey-Objectives, types of soil survey, land use capability
classification. Soil properties in relation to soil erodibility.
Soil and water conservation engineering :
Hydrologic processes - Precipitation, infiltration, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, runoff etc.
Stream gauging-site selection, measurement of stream stage, measurement of stream
discharge, rating curves. Hydrograph-segments, components, factors affecting shape of
hydrograph, unit hydrograph. Soil erosion, estimation of soil erosion, effects of erosion on
natural resources, public work and other economic aspects. Sedimentation- sources, factors
affecting sedimentation, sediment sampling measurement and control measurements and
control measures. Planning, design and construction of bunds and terraces. Vegetated
waterways and diversion ditches. Gully control vegetative measures, temporary check dams,
permanent structure and their design. Ponds and reservoirs-design and construction. Land
clearing, land clearing, land levelling; estimation of earthwork in land levelling; land
development equipments.
Water management & conservation farming
Water management: Water requirement, factors affecting water requirement of crops, water
use and water use efficiency; Irrigation scheduling-techniques, irrigation requirement of
different crops and quality of water for irrigation; Drainage, Effect of excess moisture on
crop and their management in waterlogged areas; Evaporation and Evapo-transpiration,
techniques of reducing ET losses and factors affecting ET. Conservation farming: Agronomy
in soil conservation- Conservation cropping systems, cover cropping and strip cropping;
Advances in dryland Agriculture- Rainfed farming and dryland farming, characteristics of dry
land farming, dryland farming practices, water harvesting techniques. Soil conservation
practices to support afforestation of problem-sites-ravines and gullied land, waterlogged
areas, saline and alkali soils, steep hill slopes, land slides and slips and stream bank control;
shelter belt and wind breaks; Sand dune fixation; choice of species for different problem site.
Conservation irrigation and drainage :
Irrigation : Water resources and irrigation development in India. Water conveyance and
control -design of open channels, lining of watercourses and field channels, erosion control,
water control and diversion structure. Measurement of irrigation water-velocity -area method,
water meters, weirs, Parshall flume, orifices etc. Water application methods and their design,
comparative efficiency and economics of different methods of irrigation. Tube wells,
hydraulics of wells, construction of tube wells, well development, common well troubles
Pumps -construction, operation, maintenance, common troubles and remedies of centrifugal
pumps, vertical turbine pumps, submersible pumps, propeller and mixed flow pumps, jet
pumps, air lift pumps, hydraulic ram. Drainage: Causes of water logging, benefits of
drainage, drainage co-efficient, surface drainage methods, design of drainage ditch, sub-
surface drainage methods, design of pipe drains. Drainage in relation to salinity control.
Watershed and wasteland management :
Watershed management : Concept, need, principles and components of watershed
management; Integrated watershed management; Factors affecting watershed management;
Runoff and soil loss management in a watershed; Socio-economic concept of watershed -

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peoples participation in watershed management. Application of Remote Sensing, GIS and
Isotope Technology in survey and problem identification for planning and management
watershed. Policy approaches and management plan. Problems of watershed management.
Wasteland management : Definition, concept and types of degraded and wasteland.
Distribution and extent of watershed in India and Uttar Pradesh; Factors responsible for land
degradation; Characteristics of different types of degraded and wasteland; Problems of
degraded land in Uttar Pradesh. Appropriate techniques for management of different types of
degraded and wasteland.
Agro-forestry and Agrostology :
Agro-forestry, concept, need, scope, advantage and limitation of agro-forestry; Classification
of agro-forestry systems; Prevailing agro-forestry systems in India and Uttar Pradesh;
Edaphic and climatic requirement of multipurpose tree species; Tree crop interaction nutrient
cycling, alleopathy and mcorrhizal inoculation; Non-wood forest product obtained from
various agro-forestry systems; shifting cultivation, taungya cultivation; social and farm
forestry. Agro-forestry research and education in India. Agrostology-definition scope and
types of grass covers, ecological characteristics of important grass species; Grass land and
grazing land of Uttar Pradesh and India; Establishment methods of grasses; types of grazing;
grasses, and legumes for special problem sites, Agronomy of important cultivated grasses.
Soil physics in soil and water conservation :
Soil texture-mechanical analysis, Stocke's law. Soil texture in relation to plant growth. Soil
structure-classification, genesis and theory of aggregate formation, pore-size, distribution.
soil crust and seedling emergence. Management of highly permeable, slowly permeable and
compacted soil. Soil structure and plant growth. Dynamic properties of soils-soil consistency,
hydration, swelling, shrinkage, hardening and cracking. Soil tilth and tillage. Soil moisture
constants, soil water potential, measurement of soil-water content and potential using
conventional and modern techniques. Water flow-Darcy's law, Bernoulli's equation,
Poiseuille's law and theories of saturated and unsaturated flow, hydraulic conductivity and
diffusivity, and factors affecting it. infiltration, redistribution and evaporation of soil water.
Control of soil water evaporation. Soil water balance and measurement of its components.
Solute transport in soil. Soil air-composition, characterization of soil aeration status,
importance in crops and factors affecting it. Renewal of soil air, Fick's laws of diffusion and
soil aeration in relation to plant growth, Sources of soil heat and heat balance, heat capacity,
thermal conductivity and diffusivity of soil. Soil temperature in relation to plant growth.
Rain water harvesting and management :
Problems, characteristics and dynamics of soil productivity in dryland and rainfed areas.
Damages caused by soil erosion and strategies for soil conservation. Soil and water
conservation techniques in dryland areas-vegetative cover, conservation tillage, mulching,
cover crops, alley cropping, vegetative barriers. In-situ water conservation and runoff
harvesting techniques-tillage, graded border strips, inter plot and inter row water harvesting.
Soil and water conservation techniques in difficult sites- ravinous areas, stream bank control,
torrent control, land slips and land sides and desert areas.

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(B) SCIENCES ¼foKku½
BOTANY
(B - 3)

Angiosperms, Taxonomy and Economic Botany


1. Systematics : Outline of classification of Angiosperms; Bentham and Hooker,
Hutchison, Takhtajan, Cronquist, merits and demerits
2. Botanical nomenclature : International code of Botanic Nomenclature; principles:
Rules and recommendations; priority; typification; Rules of effective and valid
publications; retention and choice of names.
3. Taxonomic features, systematic phylogeny and economic importance of families:
Magnoliaceae, Capparidaceae, Combretaceae, Rosaceae, Asteraceace, Apocynaceae,
Asclepiadaceae, Convolvulaeeae, Solarcieeae, Scrophulariaeeae, Acanthaceeae,
Bignomiaceeae, Lamiaceae, Verbenaceae, Polygonaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae,
Orchidacae, Zingiberaceae, Liliaceae, Araceae, Cyperaceae and Poaceae
4. Numerical taxonomy : Aims and objectives, characters and attributes, OTUs, coding,
cluster analysis, merits and demerits
5. Chemotaxonomy : Role of phytochemicals (nonprotein amino acids, alkaloids,
betalins, cynogenic glucosides, silicia, gypsum, raphides, glucosinolate, flavonoids,
terpenoids) in taxonomy
6. Biosystematics: concepts; biosystematic categories; methods in experimental
taxonomy
7. Molecular approaches to plant taxonomy : Application of DNA markers in
angiosperm taxonomy; molecular phylogeny
8. Economics Botany : Vegetable fibres, spices, Essential oils, forest products (wood,
gums, tannin), Beverages, Medicinal Plants (Medicinal Plant research scenario in
India), Diagnostic features, bioactive molecules and therapeutic value of some
common medicinal plants, Standardisation of herbal drugs, Commercial cultivation of
medicinal plants, Conservation of medicinal plants, Neutraceuticals and medicinal
food, Bioprospecting, biopiracy and protection of traditional medicinal knowledge
(IPR)
Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms
Bryophytes :
1. General characteristics and classification of Bryophytes
2. Morphology, anatomy and life history of Marchantiales, Jungermanniales,
Anthocerotales, Sphagnales, Bryales
3. Economic importance of Bryophytes
Pteridophytes :
4. General characters and classification of Pteridophytes
5. Morphology, anatomy and Embryology of following groups : Psilotales, (Psilotum),
Lycopodiales (Lycopodium), Selaginelles (Selaginella), Equisitales (Equisetum),
Marsileales (Marsilea), Filicales (Dryopteris)
6. Early vascular plant : Rhyniophyta, Trimerophytophyta and Zosterophylophyta
7. Telome concept, apogamy and apospory, heterospory and seed habit
8. Economic importance of Pteridophytes
Gymnosperms :
9. General Characters and classification of Gymnosperms
10. Kinds of fossils, process of fossilization, characteristic features of Cycadeoidea,
Williamsonia, Pentoxylam.

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11. General account of Glossopteridaceae
12. Comparative study of Coniferales (Pinaceae, Cupressaceae, Araucariaceae,
Podocarpaceae, Cephalotaxaceae, Taxodiaceae), Taxales and Gnetales (Gnetaceae,
Ephedraceae and Welwitschiaceae)
13. Economic importance of Gymnosperms
Phycology
1. Principles, criteria (Pigments, flagllation, food reserve and eye spots) and systems of
classification.
2. Cyanophyta : cell structure, heterocyst and akinete development, chromatic
adaptation, thallus organization and reproduction
3. A brief account of thallus organization and reproduction in Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta
and
4. Rhodophyta : alternation of generation in Phaeophyta and post-fertilization
development and site of meiosis in Rhodophyta
5. A brief account of Xanthophyta, Chrysophyta, Bacillariophyta, Pyrrophyta,
Euglenophyta,
6. Eustigmatophyta, Prasinophyta and Prochlorophyta
7. Algae in diverse habitats, algal blooms and Phycoviruses
8. Applied Phycology : Algae as food, biofertilizers and source of phycocolloids,
Consequences of blooms including toxins of cyanobacteria and dinoflagellates; algal
biofouling of ships and its control, Commercial potential of Spirulina, Dunaliella and
Porphyra; hydrogen production by algae, Paddy field cyanobacteria: Qualitative and
quantitative assessment of their biodiversity using molecular tools; their use as
biofertilizer, reclamation of usar lands, influence of salt, heavy metals and acid rain
on algae: Physiological and biochemical effects; biochemical and molecular
mechanisms of tolerance.
Mycology
1. Introduction, scope and general principles of classification of fungi
2. Myxomycotina : Plasmodiophorales
3. Mastigomycotina : Chytridiales, Blastocladiales, Saprolegniales and Peronosporales
4. Zygomycotina : Mucorales and Entomophthorales
5. Ascomycotina : Endomycetales, Protomycetales, Taphrinales, Erysiphales, Eurotiales,
Sphaeriales, Helotiales, Phacidiales and Pezizales
6. Basidiomycotina : Uredinales, Ustilaginales, Lycoperdales, Nidulariales,
Sclerodematales, Phallales, Agaricales, Aphyllophorales, Tremellales and
Auriculariales
7. Deuteromycotina : Sphaeropsidales, Melanconiales, Moniliales and Mycelia sterilia
8. Lichens: Thallus structure, reproduction and economic importance
9. Mycorrhiza : Brief account
10. Mushroom cultivation
Plant Ecology and Environmental Science
1. Population concepts : Characteristics, dynamics and control
2. Vegetation organization and characterization: Concepts of community and
containuum; community coefficients, interspecific associations, ordination; ecological
niches; species diversity (a, ß )
3. Ecological succession : Models and mechanisms of ecological succession; changes in
ecosystem properties during succession
4. Ecosystem organization : Structure and functions; primary production (methods of
measurement, global pattern, controlling factors); energy dynamics (trophic
organization, energy flow pathways, ecological efficiencies); decomposition

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(mechanism, controlling factors); ecosystem nutrient cycles, Ecology of disturbed
ecosystems; Ecosystem dynamics and stability, disturbances, impact of disturbances
on the structure and functioning of ecosystems
5. Ecosystem stability: Concept (resistance and resilience); ecological perturbations
(natural and anthropogenic) and their impact on plants and ecosystems; ecology of
plant invasion
6. Biological diversity: Concept and levels ; distribution and global patterns; terrestrial
biodiversity hot spots; role of biodiversity in ecosystem functions; IUCN categories of
threat; inventory; conservation, protected area network
7. Environmental pollution : Kinds, source, effects on plants and ecosystems
8. Global change: Greenhouse gases, consequences of climate change; ozone layer
depletion, causes and consequences, Stratospheric ozone depletion: Phenomenon,
causes, irradiation scenarios; effects of enhanced UV-B on plants, microbes and
human health, biological action spectra, Acid rain: Formation, dispersion and
deposition, trends; consequences on soil fertility, rivers and lakes; effects on plants,
leaf injury, buffering, reproduction; forest decline ; effects on fisheries,
Biomonitoring of air pollution : Concept, active and passive monitoring ; bioindicator
parameters; air pollution tolerance indices; control of air pollution by plants, green
belt design
9. Vegetation of India, principles of phytogeography
Plant Cytogenetics
1. Chromatin organization and replication : Chemical constituents - DNA and histones,
nucleosome and higher order organization, DNA packaging genetic activity,
nucleosome assembly and deassembly
2. Cytogenetics of haploids : Haploid /monopolidy, meiosis and breeding behaviour of
haploids, uses of haploids in plant breeding and genetic studies
3. Aneu- and euploids: Induction and characterization of monosomics, trisomics and
nullisomics, aneupolid gene mapping inheritance pattern in autopolyploids, status of
allopolyploids in plant evolution
4. Chromosome banding patterns : Linear differentiation of chromosome segments,
types of chromosome banding, use of chromosome banding in cytogenetics
5. Organization of eukaryotic genetic material: Nuclear DNA and C-value paradox,
DNA content and adaptability, repetitive DNA, spilt genes, overlapping genes
6. Plant breeding and crop improvement : Objectives and scope of plant breeding,
hybridisation in self-and cross-pollinated crops, genetic basis of inbreeding depression
and heterosis, breeding for disease and insect resistance, transgenes and transgenic
plants
7. Alien gene transfer through chromosome : Transfer of gene through individual
chromosome, characterization and utility of alien addition and substitution lines
8. Physical and genetic mapping using molecular markers
Microbiology
1. Bacteria : Structure of bacterial cell, cell wall, nucleus, cytoplasm, reproduction,
nutrition, economic importance
2. Actinomycetes: classification, structure and antibiotics
3. Slime molds : structure, reproduction
4. Viruses: General characters, multiplication, modes of transpiration, bacteriophages, a
brief account of viroids and prions
5. Nutritional types of microorganisms, Rhizobium- legume symbiosis
6. Anoxygenic photosynthesis with special reference of light reaction in purple bacteria;
methanogenesis

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7. Genetics of bacteria : Genetic recombination - an overview; mechanisms of
transformation, conjugation and transduction in bacteria; role of microorganisms in
genetic engineering
8. Water-borne pathogenic microbes; role of microbes in waste water treatment with
special reference to activated sludge
9. Cynobacterial toxins : Types of cyanobacterial toxin, molecular tools for the
identification of toxic cyanobacteria, biochemical and molecular aspects of toxin
production, ecological implications
10. Microbes as tools for understanding the biological processes: Physiology,
biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, genomics, proteomics
11. Microbes and environment : Pollution abatement, bioindicators, restoration of
degraded ecosystems, biodegradation, bioremediation, biogenic gases, microbes in
biological warfare
Plant Physiology
1. Water relations : Properties of water, water in tissues and cells, measurement of
cellular water
2. Transport of water and solutes : Uptake of water, comparison of xylem and phloem
transport, phloem loading and unloading, passive and active transports, soil-palnt
atmosphere continuum
3. Photosynthesis : Basic principles of light absorption, excitation energy transfer,
electron transport, proton electrochemical potential, evolution of photosynthetic
processes, photosynthetic quantum yield and energy conversion efficiency and
photorespiration
4. Physiological responses to abiotic stresses: Light, temperature, water and salts;
acclimation of physiological processes under abiotic stresses
5. Sensory photobiology : History, discovery of phytochromes and crytochromes and
their photochemical and biochemical properties, photophysiologyof light induced
responses, cellular localization, molecular mechanism of action of
photomorphogenetic receptors, signalling and gene expression
6. Plant growth regulators : Physiological effects and mechanism of action of plant
growth hormones, hormone receptors, signal transduction and gene expression
7. The flowering process : Photoperiodism and its significance, endogenous clock and its
regulation, floral induction and development.
Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology
1. Energetics of metabolic processes : Energy rich phosphate compounds, electron
transport and phosphorylation, ß- oxidation of lipids
2. Enzymology : General aspects, prosthetic groups and coenzymes, mechanism of
catalysis, kinetics, Michaelis-Menten equation, bisubstrate reactions, active sites,
factors contributing to the catalytic efficiency, enzyme inhibition, regulatory enzymes,
ribozymes
3. Biological nitrogen fixation : Nitrogenase enzyme, substrates for nitrogenase, reaction
mechaninsm, strategies to exclude oxygen and need to control hydrogen evolution
4. Inorganic nitrogen and sulphur metabolism : Introduction, nitrate transport, nitrate and
nitrite reductase, inhibitors of nitrate and nitrite reductases, localization and regulation
of nitrate and nitrite reductases, sulphate uptake, activation and transfer, assimilatory
pathways of sulphate reduction
5. Biosynthesis of proteins : Transcription and translation, regulation of protein and
enzyme synthesis (lac operon)

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6. Plant cell and tissue culture : Concept of cellular differentiation and totipotency,
clonal propagation, artificial seeds, somaclones, production of secondary metabolites
/natural products, cryopreservation and germplasm storage
7. Recombinant DNA technology : Gene transfer
8. Basic concept of genomics and proteomics

Cell and Molecular Biology


1. Cell : Concept, structural organization of plant cell
2. Mitochondria : Structure, genome organization, protein import and mitochondrial
assembly
3. Chloroplast : Structure, genome organization, import and sorting of chloroplast
proteins
4. Endoplasmic reticulum : Structure, translocation of secretory proteins across ER
membrane, insertion of protein into ER membrane, protein folding and processing
5. Golgi apparatus : Organization, protein glycosylation, protein sorting and export from
Golgi, the vesicular transport mechanism
6. Nucleus : Nucleus envelope, nuclear pore complex, trafficking between nucleus and
cytoplasm
7. Gene and genome : Fine structure of gene, genome organisation
8. DNA /gene manipulating enzymes : Endonuclease, exonulcease, ligase, polymerase,
phosphates, transcriptase, transferase, topoisomerase
9. DNA replication : Various models, speed of replication, collaboration of proteins,
process and termination of replication
10. DNA damage and repair : Thymine dimer, 6-4 photoproducts, photoreactivation,
excision repair
11. Genetic recombination : Holliday, Potter & Dressler, Meselson and Radding and
Szostak model of genetic recombination
12. Gene cloning : Cloning vectors, molecular cloning and construction of DNA libraries
13. Mobile genetic elements : Insertion elements, transposons
14. Molecular Techniques : Isolation and purification : Genomic and plasmid DNA;
RNA; proteins, Blotting : Principles, types of blotting, immunoblotting - Southern,
Northern, Western and Dot blots, DNA amplification and genome mapping : PCR,
RT-PCR, RFLPs, RAPD, FISH; Chromatography : Gel filtration, ion exchange &
affinity chromatography, TLC, HPLC, GC- basic concept
15. Bioinformatics : Database, sequence analysis, phylogenetic inference package, sites
and centres

Plant Pathology and Plant Protection


1. Historical and development aspects of plant pathology
2. Mode of infection and role of enzymes and toxins in plant disease
3. Defense mechanisms of plants against infection : Preexisting structural and chemical
defense, induced structural and chemical defense, hypersensitive reaction, role of
phytoalexins and other phenolic compounds
4. Management of plant diseases: Cultural, chemical, biological, biopesticides, breeding
for resistant varieties, plant quarantine, integrated pest management
5. Post-harvest pathology: Fungal deterioration of food commodities, mycotoxins and
health hazards, control measures
6. Molecular plant pathology : Molecular aspects of host pathogen interactions -PR
proteins, degradation of phytoalexins, systemic resistance mechanism; application of

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molecular biology of plant disease control- transgenic approach for crop protection,
engineering chemicals that elicit defense response to plants
7. Study of plant disease caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes and mycoplasma
like organisms : Wart disease of potato, blight of colocasia, downy mildew of
cucurbits, stem gall of coriander, peach leaf curl, ergot of bajra, smut of sugarcane,
kernal bunt of wheat, linseed rust. Tikka disease of groundnut, red rot of sugarcane,
Panama disease (Fusarium wilt) of banana, bacteria blight of rice, leaf curl of tomato,
yellow vein mosaic of bhindi, mosaic of sugarcane, potato spindle tuber mosaic, ear
cockles of wheat, grassy shoot of sugarcane, phylloidy of sesamum, citrus greening

Embryology and Anatomy of Angiosperms


1. Microsporogenesis and Male gametophye
2. Megassporogenesis and Female gametophyte
3. Pollination and fertilization
4. Endosperm and Embryogenesis
5. Polyembryony and Apomixis
6. Experimental embryology : Anther culture, embryo culture; Ovary culture
7. Embryology in relation to taxonomy
8. Self incompatibility : Structural and biochemical aspects; methods to overcome
incompatibility -mixed pollination, bud pollination; intra-overian pollination, in vitro
pollination
9. Abnormal secondary growth in root and stem

Plant Tissue Culture


1. Historical perspectives
2. Principles of plant tissue culture : Organization of laboratory, media composition and
preparation, aseptic manipulation
3. Cell culture and cell cloning
4. Cellular totipotency : Process and mechanism
5. Somatic embrogenesis : Induction and controlling factors
6. Organogenesis : Process and controlling factors
7. Haploids : Androgenic and gynogenic ; obtention and promises
8. Somatic hybridisation : Isolation, culture and fusion of protoplasts : regeneration of
hybrids and cybrids
9. Clonal propagation : Micropropagation
10. Somaclonal and gametoclonal variation and their selection
11. Transgenic plants : Method of transformation, selection, identification, molecular
analysis for confirmation and application
12. Germplasm conservation and synthetic seed technology
13. Industrial application : Suspension culture, hairy root culture and bioreactors

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CHEMISTRY
(B - 4)
1. Structure and Bonding : Atomic orbitals, electronic configuration of atoms (L-S
coupling), periodic properties of elements; ionic radii, ionisation potential, electron
affinity, electronegativity, concept of hybridization. Molecular orbitals and electronic
configuration of homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Shapes of
polyatomic molecules; VSEPR Theory.
2. Quantum Chemistry : Plank's quantum theory, wave-particle duality, uncertainty
principle, postulates of quantum mechanics and Schrodinger equation, particle in a box,
quantum mechanical treatment of odd electron systems; hydrogen molecule ion, LCAO-
MO and VB treatments of the hydrogen molecule.
3. Symmetry elements and point groups for simple molecules, character tables and its
application; Symmetry consideration in coordination compounds and symmetry aspects
of molecular orbital and ligand field theories.
4. Electro -chemistry : Redox potential, electrochemical series, redox indicators.
5. Nuclear Chemistry : Radioactive decay and equilibrium. Nuclear reactions; fission and
fusion, fission products and yields. Radioactive techniques; tracer technique, neutron
activation analysis, counting techniques such as G.M. ionisation and proportional counter.
6. Solids : Dislocations in solids, Schottky and Frenkel Defects, electrical properties,
insulators and semiconductors, superconductors, band theory of solids, solid -state
reactions.
7. Chemistry of Non-transition Elements : General discussion on the properties of the
non-transitional elements; special features of individual elements; preparation, properties
and structure of their halides, oxides etc. Polymorphism of carbon, phosphorus and
sulphur. Synthesis, properties and structure of boranes, carboranes, borazines, silicates,
carbides, silicones, phosphazenes, sulphur -nitrogen compounds, peroxo compounds of
boron, carbon and sulphur, oxy acids of nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur and halogens,
interhalogens, pseudohalides and noble gas compounds.
8. Chemistry of Transition Elements : Co-ordination chemistry of transition metal ions;
structural aspects, isomerism, octahedral, tetrahedral and square planner crystal field
splitting of d-orbitals, CFSE, magnetism and colour of transition metal ions, John-Teller
effect, interpretation of electronic spectra including charge transfer spectra, Orgel
diagrams, spectrochemical series, nephelauxetic series, quenching of orbital angular
moment, spin orbit coupling. Stereochemistry of coordination compounds, stability
constants of complexes and their determination, stabilization of unusual oxidation states.
9. Mechanism of Inorganic Reactions : Substitution reactions, trans effect, electron
transfer reactions. Fluxional molecules, palladium catalysed reactions.
10. Organometallic Chemistry : Synthesis, structure and bonding, organometallic reagents
in organic synthesis and in homogeneous catalytic reactions (hydrogenation,
hydroformulation, isomerisation and polymerisation) π- metal complexes.
11. Ligand Field and Molecular Orbital Theories : M.O. energy level diagrams of
octahedral, tetrahedral and square planner complexes, Effect of π bonding on the energy
of t2g orbitals and on Dq. experimental evidences for metal-ligand orbital overlap.
12. Bio inorganic chemistry : Metal ions in biology, molecular mechanism of ion-transport
across membranes, oxygen uptake proteins, cytochromes and ferridoxins.
13. Inorganic Spectroscopy : Basic principles and applications of IR, Ramam, ESR, NMR,
Massbauer and Photoelectron spectroscopy in structural elucidation of simple inorganic
and coordination compounds.

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14. Topics in Analytical Chemistry: Adsorption partition, exclusion
electrochromatography, solvent extraction and ion exchange methods, electroanalytical
techniques, voltammetry, cyclic voltammetry, polarography, amperometry, coalometry
and conductometry, ion selective electrodes, annodic stripping voltammetry, TGA, DTA
etc.
15. Stereochemistry: Element of symmetry, chiral and aehiral molecules, R, S nomenclature,
diastereomerism in acyclic compounds. Methods of asymmetric synthesis. Stereospecific
and stereo-selective reactions. Interconversion of Fischer, Newman and Sawhorse
projections. E, Z isomerism, conformational analysis of mono and disubstituted
cyclohexanes. Effect of confirmation on reactivity in acyclic compounds and
cyclohexanes.
16. Reaction Mechanism :
(a) General methods (non-kinetic) of study of mechanism of organic reactions :
Use of isotopes, crossover experiments, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry.
Thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.
(b) Reaction Intermediates : generation, geometry, stability and reactions of
carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes, benzynes and nitrenes.
(c) Substitution reaction : SN1, SN2, SNi, SN1' and SN2' mechanisms,
Neighbouring group participation in aliphatic nucleophilic substitutions.
Electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic subtitution reactions.
(d) Elimination reactions : E1, E2 and E1 cb mechanisms. orientation in E2 reaction
(Saytezeff and Hofmann), Pyrrolytic syn-elimination. Stereochemistry of
elimination reaction.
(e) Addition Reactions: Electrophilic addition to carbon -carbon multiple bond and
its stereochemistry. Nucleophilic addition to carbon-oxygen double bond.
(f) Common Organic Reaction and Mechanism :
(i) Aldol, Perkin, Dieckmann condensation, Reformatsky, Benzoin, Wittig,
Reimer-Tiemann, Diels-Alder, Robinson annulation, Barton reaction,
Hofmann-Loffor-Freytage reactions, Shapiro reaction, Sharpless epoxidation
reaction, Mannich reaction, Michael reaction and Stroke enamine reaction.
(ii) Rearrangements : Pinacol-Pinacolone, Wagner-Meerwein, Demjanove,
Beckmann, Hofmann, Curtius, Schmidt, Lossen, Sommelet-Hauser,
Favoroskii and Baeyer-Villiger rearrangement.
17. Reagents in Organic Synthesis :
Use of following reagents in organic synthesis and functional group transformation:
(i) Complex metal hybrids : LiAIH4, NaBH4, Sia2BH, mono and dialkyl
boranes, disobutylaluminium hydride and tri-n-butyltin hydride.
(ii) Organometallic Compounds : Grignard reagents, Lithium dialkylcuperate,
dialkylcadmium and alkyllitrhium.
(iii) 1, 3-Dithiane, lithium diisopropylamide, DDQ, SeO2, Bayker's yeast, crown
ether and phase transfer catalysts.
18. Pericyclic Reactions : Classification and examples, Woodward-Hofmann's Rule,
Elcetrocyclic reaction, Cycloaddition reaction ([2+2] and [4+2] only) and sigmatropic
shifts {[1,3] -shift, [1,5]-shift and [3,3]-shift (Cope rearrangement and Claisen
Rearrangement)}, FMO approach only.
19. Photochemistry :
(a) Photochemistry processes, Jablonski diagram, exciplexes, photosensitisations.
(b) Photochemistry of alkenes (cis-trans isomerisation), Photochemical addition
reactions of 1,3: 1,4 and 1,5-dienes, dimerisations.

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(c) Photochemistry of Carbonyl compounds : Norrish Type-I and Norrish Type-II of
cyclic and acyclic ketones, Paterno-Buchi reaction, Photoreduction.
(d) Rearrangement given by β, γ- unsaturated ketones, cyclohexenons and 2,5-
cyclohexadienones.
(e) Photochemistry of aromatic compounds, skeletal isomerisation.
20. Spectroscopy : Elementary principles and application of electronic (UV), vibrational
(IR), PMR, C-13 and Mass spectral techniques for structural elucidation of organic
compounds.
21. Aromaticity : Huckel's rule and concept of aromaticity. Nonbenzenoid aromatic
compounds (Monocyclic aromatic ions, annulene and bicyclic nonbenzenoid aromatic
compounds).
22. Heterocyclic Chemistry : Synthesis and reactivity of furan, thiophene, pyrole, pyridine,
quinoline and isoquinoline.
23. Thermodynamics : Variation of internal energy with temperature and volume, Enthalpy
as a function of temperature and pressure, relation between Cp and Cv, Kirchoff's
equation, Joule-Thompson coefficient, Inversion temperature, Important thermodynamic
quantities (w, q, ∆E, ∆H) in an isothermal expansion of an ideal gas and adiabatic
expansion of an ideal gas, Spontaneous processes, Carnot cycle, Statement of second law,
concept of entropy, Thermodynamic equation of state (Energy as a function of T and V,
enthalpy as a function of T and P), Variation of entropy with Temperature and Volume,
Helmholtz and Gibbs free energy, Gibbs-Helmholtz equation, Thermodynamic criteria of
equilibrium, Clapeyron and Clacious equation, Hoff equation, Thermodynamic derivation
of Phase Rule and distribution law, Partial molar Quantities, Chemical potential and other
thermodynamic functions, Effect of Temperature and Pressure on chemical potential;
chemical potential of real gas and fugacity of real gas. Nernst heat theorem and its
application to non-condensed system, statements of third law, The relationship between
entropy constant and Nernst Chemical constant, Determination of entropy from the third
law.
24. Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis : Differential and integral rate equations for zero, first,
second and third order reactions, Half-life period, Kinetics of first order opposing,
consecutive and parallel reactions, Effects of temperature on reaction rate, energy of
activation and collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions. Steady-State
approximation, Lindemann's theory of reaction rates. Thermodynamic formulation of rate
constant, comparision of collision and absolute reaction rate theory, calculation of
transmission co-efficient, Primary and Secondary al effects, kinetics of homogenious,
acid -base and enzyme catalysis, heterogenious catalysis.
25. Chain reactions and Photochemistry : Chain reaction, free radical chains (Rice-
Herzfeld mechanism for the decomposition of ethane), Einstein's law of Photochemical
equivalence, Quantum efficiency, Kinetics of some photochemical reactions
(Decompositions of acetaldehyde, dimerization of anthracene).
26. Statistical Thermodynamics : Quantum states and complex ions, The combinatory rule,
System with definite total energy. Degeneracy of energy levels. Probability and most
probable distribution, translational, rorational, vibrational and electronic partition
function. Internal energy and heat capacity in terms of partition function. Thermodynamic
function for gaseous system, Molar heat capacity of gases, Heat capacity of monoatomic
crystal. The Einstein model, Debye's theory of solid heat capacities of Crystal at very low
temperatures, Calorimetric entropy, spectroscopic entropies, expression for equilibrium
constant in terms of partition functions, Base-Einstein statistics, Fermi-Dirac statistics,
Comparision of M-B, B-E and F-D statistics.

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27. Quantum Mechanics and Chemical Bonding: Concept of operations in quantum
mechanics operators for velocity, kinetic energy, momentum and angular momentum.
Derivation of Heisenberg's uncertainity principle. Solution for hydrogen atom. Born-
Oppenheimer approximation. Valence bond theory and its application to homonuclear
(Hydrogen) and heteronuclear (HCL) diatomics. LCAO-MO treatment of hydrogen
molecule ion. Comparative study of MO and VB theory. Huckel molecular orbital theory
and its application to hybridization systems (ethylene, butadiene, allyls and benzene).
Calculation of delocalization energy. Physical significance of charge density and bond
order. Calculation of bond length. Pouling and Wheland's modification in HMO theory
and its application to heteromolecules (Pyrimidine). Peturbation methods in LCA-MO
theory. Extende Huckel molecular orbital theory and SCF-MO method.
28. Spectroscopy : Theoretical treatment of rotational, vibrational and electronic
spectroscopy. Principles of magnetic resonance, Mossbauer and photoelectron
spectroscopy.
29. Fast Reaction: Luminescence and energy transfer processes. Study of Kinetic by stopped
flow technique, relaxation method, flash photolysis and magnetic resonance method.
30. Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics : Postulates and methodologies, linear laws, Gibbs
equation, Onsager reciprocal theory.
31. Macromolecules : Number- average and weight average molecular weights;
determination of molecular weights. Kinetics of polymerization. Stereochemistry and
mechanism of polymerisation.
32. Electro-Chemistry : Kohlrausch's law of independent migration of ions. Transport
number and its determination, Hydrolysis of salts, pH and buffer solutions, type of single
electrodes and elctrode potentials, concentration cell with and without transference, liquid
junction potential, fuel cell.

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FORESTRY
(B - 5)
Agro-forestry- definition, objectives and potential. Distinction between agro-
forestry and social-forestry. Status of Indian forests and role in Indian farming
systems. Agro-forestry system, sub-system and practice: Agri-silviculture,
silvipastoral, horti-silviculture, horti-silvipastorl, shifting cultivation, taungya, home
gardens, alley cropping, wind breaks, shelterbelts and energy plantations. Planning for
agro-forestry constraints. Selection of tree crop species for agro-forestry. MPTS- their
management practices, nursery and planting of Dalbergia sissoo, Tectona, Poplus,
Eucalyptus, Bamboo, and Casurina. Concept of allelopathy and its impact on agro-
forestry.
Silviculture-Definition, object and scope of silviculture. Site factors -climate,
edaphic, physiographic, biotic and their influence on forest vegetation. Forest
regeneration : natural and artificial. Silvicultural systems -high forest (clear felling,
shelterwood and selection system) and coppice systems. Silviculture of important tree
species -Populus, Eucalyptus, Dalbergia, Acacia, Tectona, Shorea, Prosopis,
casurina, Pinus, Gmelina, Azadiracta, Diospyros, Pterocarpus, Anogeissus, Santalum,
Quercus, Albizia and Bamboos.
Seed collection, processing, storage, viability and pre-treatment. Seed
dormancy and methods for breaking dormancy. Seed testing and germination tests.
Seed certification. Forest nursery-need, selection and preparation of site, layout and
design of nursery beds. Types of containers. Root trainers, Growing media and sowing
methods. Management of nursery-shading, watering, manuring, fertilizer application,
weed control, insect pest and diseases control. Planning techniques : site selection,
evaluation and protection. Soil working techniques for various edaphic and climatic
conditions. Planting patterns. Plant spacing, manure and fertilizer application,
irrigation /moisture conservation techniques. Choice of species. Afforestation of
difficult sites : saline - alkaline soils, coastal sands, lateritic soils, wetlends, ravine and
sand dunes, dry and rocky areas, cold desert. Tending operations - weeding, cleaning,
climber cutting, thinning - mechanical, ordinary, crown and selection thinning,
improvement felling, pruning and girdling. Forest fires : causes, types, impacts and
control measures. Major forest pests and weeds.
Environment - Introduction, definition and importance. Components of
environment, interactions with organisms. Environmental pollution and pollutants.
Air, water, noise pollution-sources, causes and types. Smog, acid rain, global
warming, ozone hole, eutrophication, sewage management. Impact of different
pollutions on humans, organisms and environment. Deforestation -forms and cause
relation to environment. Prevention and control of pollution-India, international and
voluntary agencies for environmental conservation - mandates and activities.
International conferences, conventions and summits -major achievements.
Introduction to environmental impact assessment. Causes of environmental
degradation- socio-economic factors.
Effect of deforestation on soil erosion, land degradation/denudation environment and
rural economy, rehabilitation of wastelands through afforestation, forest wealth, types
of forest, management of forest, conservation of forest wealth and biodiversity,

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 32


collection, evaluation and maintenance of germplasm, concept of tree breeding and
provenance testing propagational techniques and tissue culture, forest produce and
industrial uses, forest acts and regulations, national and international forest policy.

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GEOLOGY
(B-6)
The Earth and the Solar System :
Milky Way and the solar system. Modern theories on the origin of the earth and other
planetary bodies. Earth's orbital parameters, Kelper's laws of planetary motion, Geological
Time Scale; Space and time scales of processes in the solid earth, atmosphere and oceans.
Age of the Earth. Radioactive isotopes and their applications in earth sciences. Basic
principles of stratigraphy. Theories about the origin of life and the nature of fossil record.
Earth's gravity and magnetic fields and its thermal structure: Geoid spheroid, Isostasy.

Interior of the Earth :


Basic concepts of seismology and internal structure of the Earth. Physico-chemical
and seismic properties of Earth's interior.

Structural Geology :
Mechanical principles, properties of rocks and their controlling factors. Theory of
rock failure. Concept of stress and strain; Two-dimensional strain and stress analyses; Types
of strain ellipses and their properties and geological significance. Methods of strain
measurements in naturally deformed rocks.
Mechanics of folding and buckling. Fold development and distribution of strains in folds.
Brittle and ductile shear zones, Geometry and products of shear zones, Mylonites and
Cataclasites; Casuses and dynamics of faulting : Strike-slip Faults, Noraml Faults, Thrust
Faults; Thin-skinned deformation; Decollement.
Planar and linear fabrics deformed rocks, their origin and significance.
Basic idea about petrofabrics and use of Universal stage.
Stereographic and equal area projections for representing different types of fabrics, TT and
βdiagram. Geometrical analysis of simple and complex structures on macroscopic scale.
Basic idea on the structure and tectoincs of Himalaya.

Igneous Petrology :
Magma : Its physics, nature, factors affecting magma and evolution. Petrology and
melting of mantle. Generation of magmas in different tectonic environments. The phase
equilibrium of binary and ternary systems and its relation to magma genesis and
crystallization in the light of modern experimental works. Interpretation of igneous textures
in terms of rate nucleation and crystal growth. IUGS classification of the Igneous rocks.
CIPW Norm. Petrology and petrogenesis of major igneous rock types giving Indian examples
of Ultramafic, Basaltic, Granitic, Alkaline, Ophiolite, Carbonatite, Nephelinite -Ijolite,
Lammproits, and Layered igneous rocks. Plume magmatism and hot spots. Mantle
metasomatism. Mantle heterogeneities. Partial melting (batch and fractional melting), Crystal
fractionation (equilibrium and fractional (Rayleigh) crystallization), contamination (AFC
process) and dynamic melting.

Metamorphic Petrology :
Mineralogical Phase Rule for Closed and Open Systems. Nature of Metamorphic
Reactions, Concept and Classification of Metamorphic Facies and Facies Series, Introduction
to Ultrahigh Temparature and Ultrahigh Pressure Metamorphism, Descriptionof each Facies
of Low - Pressure, Medium to High - Pressure and very High Pressure with special reference
to characteristic Minerals, Subdivision into Zones /Subfacies, Mineral Assemblages,
Metamorphic Reactions and Pressure - Temperature Conditions of Metamorphism.

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Isograds and Reaction Isograds, Schrienemakers Rule and Construction of Petrogenetic
Grids, Metamorphic Differentiation, Anatexis and Origin of Migmatites in the light of
experimental studies, Regional Metamorphism and Paired Metamorphic Belts with refernce
to the theory of plate Tectonics, Pressure - temperature - time paths.
Laws of Thermodynamics, Gibb's Free - Energy, Entropy, Entropy, U G of Metamorphic
Reactions (solid -Soild and Dehydration Reactions). Clausius - Clapeyron Equation,
Geothermobarometry.

Sedimentology :
Origin of Terrigenous Clastic and Non-clastic Grains; Weathering and its Products; Chemical
Weathering of Granite and Basalt, Submarine Weathering. Major Carbonate Minerals ;
Carbonate Grains of Biological origin. Simple Fluid Flow Concepts and Sediment Transport;
Sediment Gravity flows and their Deposits. Important Bed Forms and Sedimentary Structures
- their Genesis and Stratigraphic Significance. Palaeocurrent Analysis; Classification of
sedimentary basins. Grain size, Textural Parameters and their Significance. Textural and
compositional maturity. Petrography and origin of Sandstones, Limestones and Mudrocks.
Sedimentary facies, methods of their analysis and interpretation of Depositional
Environments. Processes and Characteristics of Eolian, Fluvial, Barrier beach, Tidal -flats
and Deep Sea Environments.
Diagenesis of Clastic and Non- Clastic rocks, Stages and Processes of Diagenesis,
Compaction and Cementation by Silica, Carbonate and Iron-Oxide, Dolomitization.
Heavy Minerals and their importance in Determination of Provenance.

Geomorphology :
Basic concepts and significance of geomorphology; Typical landforms and their evolution;
An elementary idea about morphogenesis and morphograph; Morphometric analysis;
Morphochronology, Geomagnetism, Brief study of Terrain Evaluation for strategic purposes.
Geomorphology of India - Peninsular, extra -peninsular and Indo-Gangetic Plains.
Application of Geomorphology in Mineral Prospecting, Civil Engineering, Hydrogeology
and Environmental studies.

Geotectonics :
Fundamental concept of geotectonics, its practical and theoretical importance. Organic and
Epeirogenic Phases ; Concept and theories of Isostasy; Origin and significance of Mid-
Oceanic Ridges and Trenches ; Island arcs and mountain chains, their global distribution and
evolution.
Concept of Sea floor spreading; Evidence of continental drif, Concept of Plate Tectonics,
Nature and types of Plate Margins, Geometry and Mechanism of Plate Motion. Tectonic and
Economic significance of Plate Tectonics.
Palaeomagnetism, Polar Wandering and reversal of earth's magnetic field. Geomagnetic time
scale. Tectonics of Pre-cambrian Organic Belts of India.

Geochemistry :
Introduction of Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry. Chemical composition and properties of
Earth's layers. Atmosphere; its layers, chemical composition and evolution of Atmosphere.
Meteorites, classification. mineralogy, origin, significance and phenomena of fall. Stable
isotope geochemistry of Carbon and Oxygen and its application in Geology. Radiogenic
isotopes. Decay scheme of K-Ar, U-Pb abd Rb-Sr. Geochemistry of Uranium and Lithium.
Geochemical cycle; Minor cycle and major cycle. Geochemical classification of elements.
Periodic table with special refernence to rare earth elements and transition elements.

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Crystallography and mineralogy :
Elementary ideas about crystal morphology in relation to internal structures. Crystal
parameters and indices. Crystal symmetry and classification of crystals into six systems and
32 point groups. Stereographic projections of symmetry elements and forms. Introduction to
XRD, DTA, SEM techniques.
Chemical bonding and introduction to solid state chemistry as applicable to structure to
minerals. Minerals : definition and classification, physical properties and chemical
composition of common roch-forming minerals. Principles of optical mineralogy.
Introduction to the petrological microscope. Study of important optical properties such as
refractive index, twinkling, birefringence, pleochroism, interference colour, extinction angle,
and twinning of common rock forming minerals.
Systematic mineralogy (atomic structure, mineral chemistry abd their P-T -stability and mode
of occurrence) of silicates, native elements, sulphides, sulfosalts, oxides, hydroxides and
carbonates. Mineral assesmblages. Gem and semi -precious minerals.

Palaeontology and its applications :


Thories on origin of life. Organic evolution - Punctuated Equilibrium and Phyletic
Gradualism models. Mass extinctions and their causes. Application of fossils in age
determination and correlation. Paleoecology, Life habitats and various ecosystems,
Paleobiogeography. Modes of preservation of fossils and taphonomic considerations. Types
of microfossils. Environmental significance of fossils and trace fossils. Use of microfossils in
interpretation of sea floor tectonism. Application of micropaleontology in hydrocarbon
exploration. Oxygen and Carbon isotope studies of microfossils and their use in
paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic interpretation. Important invertebrate fossils, vertebrate
fossils, plant fossils and microfossils in Indian stratigraphy.
Relationship of Micropaleontology with Ocean Science. Surface and Subsurface sampling
methods including deep sea drilling. Sampling Modern Ocean Biogenic Flux including
Sediment Trap sampling. Sample processing techniques. Equipments for
micropaleontological studies.
Brief study of different types of Microfossils and their application in Oceanography.
Application of Micropaleontology in Petroleum Exploration.

General and Invertebrate Palaeontology


Modern Taxonomy, Identification of fossils, Describing a fossil specimen, Ontogenic
variation. Micro-evolution, Trans-specific evolution, Radiation, Speciation, Elements and
types of heterochrony, Migration and dispersal. Precambrian life. Palaeoecology; Conepts
and approaches. Taphonomy : Definition processes and applications. Trace fossils: Kinds and
classification; their significance in palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. Classification of
Brachiopoda, Bivalvia, Ammonoidea and Cnidaria (corals). Evolutionary trends and
Geological history of Brachiopoda, Bivalvia, Gastropoda, Ammonoidea, Trilobita,
Echinoidea and Cnidaria (corals). Palaeoecology/Functional Morphology of Bivalves and
Brachiopods.

Vertebrate Palaeontology
General characteristics of vertebrae. Vertebrate skeleton: Teeth and their modifications.
Kinds of vertebrate fossils, nature of their record, Collection and preparation of vertebrate
fossil remains. Main classificatory characters and divisions of the vertebrates. An outline
classification of Agnathans, Pisces, Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves and Mammalia.

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Origin of vertebrate animals. Vertebrate life through ages, and Landmarks in Evolution.
General Account of the Gondwana Vertebrates, and Siwalik Mammals and the possible
causes of their extinction. Dinosaurs and their extinction.
Evolutionary trends in Equidae, Probooscidae and Hominidae. Factors of Human Evolution:
Evolution of Man, Tool culture.
Study of some important genera of Fossil vertebrate particular reference to Indian
Subcontinent.

Palaeobotany
Introduction and approaches to Palaeobotany. Preservation and kinds of fossil plants.
Occurrence of plant fossils, their collection and preparation.
Techniques of palaeoboranical studies. Difficulties of identification. Concept of genera and
species. 'Form' genera. Nature of palaeobotanical record. Palynology and its applications.
Classification of fossil plants and board characters of major plant groups.
Brief morphology of different plant parts. Taxonomy, systematic position and distribution of
common representative Indian plant genera.
Distribution and composition of pre-Gondwana, Gondwana, Inter-trappean and Tertiary
Floras of India with observations on their origin, and relationship with other
contemporaneous fossil floras of the world.
Evolution of Flowering plants. Dendrochronology. Applications of Palaeobotany with
particular reference to stratigraphic correlation and palaeoclimates.

Stratigraphy
Approaches to measurements of Geological time. Concepts of Sequence stratigraphy; brief
ideas of quantitative, magneto-, seismic chemo- and event stratigraphy. Approaches to
palaeography. Stratigraphic correlations.
Percambrian stratigraphy: Precambrian geochronology. Chronostratigraphy of the
Precanbrian of Dharwar Craton, Eastern Ghats Belt, Southern Granulite Belt and Singhbhum-
Chhotanagpur- Orissa Belt. Proterozoic stratigraphy of Son Valley, Cuddapah-Kurnool and
Chatisgarh basins. Precambrian- Cambrian boundary.
Marine Palaeozoic stratigraphy: Igenous activities and palaeogeography during the
Palaeozoic Era. Stratigraphy, facies, and fossil contents of the Palaeozoic rock formations of
India. Permian-Triassic boundary.
Gondawana stratigraphy: Concepts, classification, fauna, flora and age limits of Gondwana
Supergroup and related palaeogeography, palaeoclimate, depositional characteristics and
igneous activity.
Mesozoic stratigraphy: Classification, depositional characteristics, fauna and flora of Triassic,
Jurassic and Cretaceous systems in principal basins of India. Cretaceous - Tertiary boundary.
Cenozoic stratigraphy: Classification, depositional characteristics, fauna and flora of the
Palaeogene and Neogene systems in their type localities and their equivalents in India.
Epoch boundaries of the Cenozoic in India.

Ore Geology
Concept of ore bearing fluids, their origin and migration. Wall-rock alteration . Structural,
physicochemical and stratigraphic controls of ore localization. Paragenesis, paragenetic
sequence and zoning in metallic ore deposits. Ore deposits in relation to plate tectonics, Fluid
inclusions in ore : principles, assumptions, limitations and applications. Geothermometry,
geobarometry and isotope studies in ore geology.
Mineralogy, classification and genesis of petrological ore associations: Orthomagmatic ores
of ultramafic-mafic association, ores of felsic -silicic igneous rocks : ores related to

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submarine volcanism, biochemical, chemical and clastic sedimentation ; placers and residual
concentration deposits. Ores of metamorphic affiliations.
A detailed study of ore minerals related to the following metals with special reference to their
mineralogy, genesis, specification if any, uses and distribution in India: Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Pb,
Zn, Al, Mg, Au, Sn and W.
Study of important industrial minerals of India with particular reference to the following :
Iron and Steel industry, refractory industry, fertilizer industry, cement industry, chemical
industry and abrasives.

Coal Geology :
Definition and origin of coal. Sedimentology of coal bearing strata, tyopes of seam
discontinuities and structures associated with coal seams. Chemical analysis of coal
(proximate and ultimate analysis).
Coal Petrology - concept of 'Lithotype', 'Maceral' and 'Microlithotype'. Classification and
optical properties of macerals and microlithotypes. Techniques and methods of coal
microscopy. Elementary knowledge of the application of reflectance and fluorescence
microscopy. Application of coal petrology. Classification of coal in terms of Rank, Grade and
Type. Indian classification for coking and non-coking coals. International classifications
(I.S.O. and Alpern's classification). Elementary Idea about coal preparation, coal
carbonisation, coal gasification, coal hydrogenation, coal combustion and fertilizer from coal.
Coal as a source rock in petroleum generation.
Coalbed methane - a new energy resource. Elementary idea about generation of methane in
coal beds, coal as a reservoir and coalbed methane exploration.
Geological and geographical distribution of coal and lignite deposits in India. Coal
exploration and estimation of coal reserves. Indian coal reserves and production of coal in
India.

Petroleum Geology :
Petroleum - its composition. Origin (Formation of source rocks -kerogen, organic maturation
and thermal cracking of kerogen) and migration of petroleum. Reservoir rocks-porosity and
permeability. Reservoir traps - structural, stratigraphic and combination traps. Oilfield fluids -
water, oil and gas. Methods of prospecting for oil and gas (geological modelling). Elementary
knowledge of drilling and logging procedures. Oil shale. An outline of oil belts of the world.
Onshore and offshore petroliferous basins of India. Geology of productive oilfields of India.

Atomic Fuel :
Concept of atomic energy. Mode of occurrence and association of atomic minerals in nature.
Methods of exploration for atomic minerals. Productive geological horizons of atomic
minerals in India.

Hydrogeology :
Ground water : Origin, types, importance, occurrence, reservoirs and movement. Renewable
and non-renewable groundwater resources; Hydrologic cycle; Hydrological properties of
rocks : porosity, permeability, specific yield, specific retention, hydraulic conductivity,
transmitivity, storage coefficients,. Hydrographs. Water level contour maps,
hydrostratigraphic units, hydrogeology of arid zones and wetlands.
Groundwater quality, estimation and methods of treatment for various uses, Groundwater
quality map of India. Water contaminants and pollutants: problem of Arsenic and fluride and
remedial measures for their treatment. Groundwater quality problems in India.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 38


Geological formations as aquifers, types of aquifers, geological classification of aquifers,
springs . Darcy's law and its validity. Groundwater provinces of India.
Well Hydraulics : confined, unconfined, steady, unsteady and radial flow. Water level
fluctuations: Causative factors and their measurements. Method of pumping test and analysis
of test data, evaluation of aquifer parameters.
Artificial recharge of water: Recharging by surface water and rain water harvesting.
Consumptive and conjunctive use of surface and ground water, problem of overexploitation,
ground water legislation.
Water well Technolgoy: Well types, drilling methods, construction design, development and
maintenance of wells. Water management in rural and urban areas.
Coastal water and its management. Arid zone Ground water, Ground water in hard rocks and
non-indurated sediments - their management.
Surface and subsurface geophysical and geological methods of ground water exploration,
hydrogeomorphic mapping using various remote sensing techniques. Radio isotopes in
hydrogeological studies.

Environmental Geology and Natural Hazards :


Time scales of global changes in the ecosystems and climate. Impact of circulations in
atmosphere and oceans on climte, rainfall and agriculture.
Carbon di-oxide in atmosphere, limestone deposits in the geological sequences, records of
palaeotemperatures in ice cores of glaciers. Global warming caused by CO2 increase in
present atmosphere due to indiscrete exploitation of fossil fuels, volcanic eruptions and
deforestation.
Cenozoic climate extremes, evolution of life, especially the impact on human evolution.
Impact assessment of degradation and contamination of surface water and ground water
quality due to industrialization and urbanizatios. Water logging problems due to the
indiscrete construction of canals, reservoirs and dams. Soil profiles and soil quality
degradation due to irrigation, use of fertilizers and pesticides.
Influence of neotectonics in seismic hazard assessment. Preparation of seismic hazards maps.
Distribution, magnitude and intensity of earthquakes. Landslide hazards: causes and
investigations ; floods, their causes and control.

Remote Sensing and GIS in Geology :


Electromagnetic Radiation - Characteristics and Remote Sensing Regions and bands; Aerial
photos - types, scale, resolution; properties of aerial photos, stereoscopic parallax, Relief
displacement; General Orbital characteristics of remote sensing satellites; General sensor
characteristics of remote sensing satellites; Spectra of common natural objects - soil, rock,
water and vegetation. Data Processing and Interpretation (Digital Image Processing - DIP)
Characteristics of remote sensing data; preprocessing; Enhancements, Classification,
Elements of photo and imagery pattern and interpretation - drainage, erosion, details, gray
tones.
Application in Geology : Remote sensing applications in structure and tectonics; Systemtic
mapping, Mineral resources, Groundwater potentials, Environmental monitoring and
mapping.
Remote Sensing and GIS: Principles and components of GIS. Remote sensing data
integration with GIS; Applications of GIS in various geological aspects. Remote sensing in
minerals exploration.

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Engineering Geology :
Role of engineering geology in civil construction and mining industry. Various stages of
engineering geological investigations for civil engineering projects. Engineering properties of
rocks; rock discontinuities, physical characters of building stones, concrete and other
aggregates. Geological considering for evaluation of dams and reservoir sites. Dam
foundation, Rock problems, Geotechnical evaluations of tunnel alignments and transportation
routes. Methods of tunneling; Classification of ground for tunneling purposes; Various types
of support.
Mass Movements with special emphasis on landslide and causes of hill slope instability.
Aseismic designs of buildings; influence of geological condition on foundation and design
buildings.

Geophysical Exploration :
Variation of gravity over the surface of the earth. Principle of gravimeters. Gravity field
surveys. Various types of corrections applied to gravity data. Preparation of gravity anomaly
maps and their interpretation in terms of shape size and depth.
Geomagnetic field of the earth. Magnetic properties of rocks. Working principle of
magnetometers. Field surveys and reductions. Preparation of magnetic anomaly maps and
their quantitative interpretation. Magnetic anomalies due to single pole and dipole.
Introduction to Aeromagnetic survey. Three dimentional current flow, potential due to a point
current source.
Resistivity method : basic principles, various types of electrode configurations, Field
procedure : profiling and sounding. Application of electrical methods in ground water
prospecting and civil engineering problems.
Seismic method : fundamental principles of wave propagation, refraction and reflection
surveys for single interface, horizontal and dipping cases. Concept of seismic channel and
multi-channel recording of seismic data. End -on and split spread shooting techniques. CDP
method of data acquiaition, sortung, gather, stacking and record section. Seismic velocity and
interpretayion of seismic data.
Application in mineral and petroleum exploration. Description of borehole environment.
Brief outline of various well-logging techniques. Principles of electric logging and its
application in petroleum, groundwater and mineral exploration.

Mineral Exploration :
Classification of mineral deposits for exploration. Host rocks of mineral deposits. Remote
sensing in mineral exploration. Geological exploration: Geological criteria and guides for
exploration of mineral deposits. Gossan and capping.
Geochemical exploration: mobility and geochemical associations of elements. Primary and
secondary geochemical dispersion patterns. Geochemical prospecting methods. Use of
geostatistical techniques for exploration of mineral deposits. Samples and sampling mthods.
Drilling, its methods and advantages. Ore reserves, methods of ore reserves calculations.
Geological modelling for mineral exploration.

Mining Geology :
Application of rock mechanics in mining. Planning, exploration and exploratory mining of
surface and underground mineral deposits involving diamond drilling, shaft sinking, drifting,
cross cutting, winzing, stoping, room and pillaring, top-slicing, sublevel caving and block
caving. Cycles of surface and underground mining operations. Exploration and placer
deposits. Open pit mining. Ocean -bottom mining. Types of drilling methods. Mining
hazards: min inundation, fire and rock burst.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 40


Oceanography :
Physical Oceanography : Methods of measuring properties of sea water. Molecular structure
of water. Temperature and salinity distribution in surface of the ocean. Salt composition and
residence time. Dissolved gases in seawater. Carbon dioxide and carbonate cycle.
Ocean circulation: The Ocean Conveyor belt and its role in controlling world's climate.
Surface circulation; concept of mixed layer, thermocline and pycnocline, Coriolis Force and
Ekman Spiral, Upwelling; EI nino. Processes affecting biological productivity of ocean
margin waters. Deep Ocean Circulation, concept of thermohaline circulation, formation of
bottom waters; water masses of the world oceans. Oxygen minimum layer in the ocean.
Major currents of the world's ocean.
Deep-Sea Sediments and Processes : Deep -sea sediments and their relation to oceanic
processes such as solution, productivity, and dilution. Sediment distributions in time and
space as related to tectonic models. Deep Sea hiatuses and their causes. Calcite and Aragonite
Compensation depth and significance.
Ocean Resources : Mineral resources of the ocean including polymetalic nodules. Marine Gas
Hydrates and their economic potential.
Marine Pollution : Marine Pollution emphasizing geochemical aspects of the sources,
transport, and fate of pollutants in the coastal marine environment. Interpreting marine
pollution with the help of microfossils during Quaternary.
Paleoceanography : Ocean Floor Morphology, Oceanic Crust and Ocean Margins.
Approaches to Paleoceanographic reconstructions. Paleoceanographic changes in relation to
earth system history including impact of the oceans on climate change. Evolution of Oceans
in the Cenozoic. Ocean Gateways of the Cenozoic and their role in controlling global
climates. Sea level changes during Quaternary with special refernce to India.
Application of stable isotopes (Oxygen and Carbon) in Paleoceanography and
Paleoclimatology. Paleoclimatic reconstructions from ice cores.
Marine Stratigraphy, correlation and chronology.

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MATHEMATICS
(B - 7)
1. ALGEBRA :
Groups, subgroups, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphisms, cyclic
groups, permutation groups, Cayley's Theorem, Fundamental Theorem of homomorphism,
Isomorphism theorems, class equation, Sylow theorems and their applications; Rings, ideals,
prime and maximal ideals, quotient rings, unique factorization domain, principal ideal
domain, Euclidean domain, Polynomial rings, Fields, finite fields, field extensions.

2. LINEAR ALGEBRA :
Vector spaces, subspaces, Linear dependence, basis and dimemsion, quotient spaces,
Linear transformations, Algebra of linear transformations, kernel, range, isomorphism,
Matrix representation of a linear transformation, change of bases, linear functionals, dual
spaces, rank, system of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors, Cayley - Hamilton
Theorem, diagonalization, Hermitian, Skew- Hermitian and Unitary matrices, Finite
dimensional inner product spaces, Gram Schmidt-Quadralic forms, reduction and
classification of quadratic forms.
3. ANALYSIS :
Finite, countable and uncountable sets, Real number system as a complete field,
Archimedean property, Sequence and series of functions, uniform convergence, Riemann
integral, improper integrals, monotonic functions, types of discontinuity, functions of
bounded variations, Lebesgue measure, measurable functions, Lebesgue integral, functions of
several variables, directional derivative, partial derivative and total derivative, maxima and
minima, Elements of metric spaces, convergence, continuity, uniform continuity,
compactness, connectedness, completeness.

4. COMPLEX ANALYSIS :
Analytic functions, Cauchy - Riemann equations, line integrals, cauchy theorem,
Morera's theorem, Liouville's theoren, Cauchy's Integral formula, zeros of analytic functions,
Taylor series, Laurent series, Calculus of residues, contour integration, conformal mappings,
Mobius transformations.
5. FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS :
Normed linear spaces, Banach spaces, basic examples of Banach spaces including lnp,
lp (1 < p < ∞), Continuous linear operators on normed linear spaces, open mapping theorem,
closed graph theorem, Hahn- Banach theorm, Definition and examples of Hilbert spaces,
Orthogonal complement of a subspace in a Hilbert space, Orthogonal basis, Gram-Schmidt
process, Bessel's inequality, Riesz representation theorem.
6. TOPOLOGY :
Basic concepts of Topology, Continuity, convergence, Homeomorphism,
connectedness, compactness, countability, separation axioms, subspaces, product spaces,
quotient spaces, Tychonoff's theorem, Urysohn's Metrization theorem.

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7. DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY :
Space curves - Their curvature and torsion, Serrect - Frennet formulae, First and
Second fundamental forms, Gaussian curvatures, Principal directions and principal
curvatures, Geodesics.

8. DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS :
Existence and uniqueness of solutions of initial value problems for first order ordinary
differential equations, singular solutions of first order ordinary differential equations, general
theory of homogeneous and non-homogenous linear ordinary differential equations, variation
of parameters, Lagrange and Charpit methods for solving first order partial differential
equations, general solution of higher order partial differential equations with constant
coefficients, classification of second order partial differential equations, method of separation
of variables for Laplace, Heat and Wave equations.

9. CALCULUS OF VARIATIONS AND LINEAR INTEGRAL EQUATIONS :


Linear functionals, variation of a functional, Necessary and sufficient conditions for
extrema, Euler-Lagrange equation, Linear integral equations of Fredholm and Volterra type,
solution by successive substitutions and successive approximations, solution of equations
with separable Kernels.

10. CLASSICAL MECHANICS :


Generalised coordinates, Lagrange's equations, Hamilton's canonical equations,
Hamilton's variational principle and principle of least action, Euler's dynamical equations of
the motion of rigid body, theory of small oscillations, Poisson bracket, contact
transformation.

11. FLUID MECHANICS :


Equation of continuity in fluid motion, Euler's equation of motion for perfect fluids,
Two- dimensional motion, complex potential, source and sink, doublets, motion of sphere in
perfect fluid and motion of liquid past a sphere, vorticity, Navier -stokes's equations for
viscous flows.

12. LINEAR PROGRAMMING :


Linear programming problem and its formulation, solution of a linear programming
problem by graphical method, basic feasible solutions, solution of linear programming
problem by simplex method, M-technique, Two-phase method, Dual problem and duality
theorem, convex set theory, basic feasible solution of a linear programming problem at
vertices of feasible region, balanced and unbalanced transportation problems, u-v method for
solving tranportation problem, Hungarian method for solving assignment problems.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 43


PHYSICAL SCIENCE (PHYSICS)
(B- 8)
1. Mathematical Methods of Physics :
Dimensional analysis; vector algebra and vector calculus; Linear algebra, Matrices,
diagonalization of a matrix, cayley Hamilton theorem, eigenvalue problems; Linear
differential equations; Special functions (Hermite, Bessel, Laguerre and Legendre); Fourier
series, Fourier and Laplace transforms; Elements of complex analysis; Cauchy Integral
theorem, Laurent series -poles, residues and evaluation of integrals; Elementary ideas about
tensors; Introductory group theory, SU(2), O (3); Elements of computational techniques:
roots of functions, interpolation, extrapolation, integration by trapezoid and Simpson's rule,
solution of first order differential equations using Runge-Kutta method; Finite difference
methods; Elementary probability theory, random variables, binomial, Poisson and normal
distributions, Green's function method.

II. Classical Mechanics :


Newton's laws; Principle of virtual works, Phase space dynamics, stability analysis;
Central -force motion; Two-body collisions, scattering in laboratory and centre-of -mass
frames; Rigid body dynamics, moment of inertia tensor, non-inertial frames and
pseudoforces; Eulerian Coordinates and equation of motion for a rigid body, Variational
principle, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian; Jacobi identity, Symmetry, invariance and
conservation laws, cyclic coordinates; Periodic motion, small oscillation and normal modes;
Special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics and mass- energy
equivalence.

III. Electromagnetic Theory :


Electrostatics : Gauss' Law and its applications; Multipole expansion, Laplace and
Poisson equations, boundary value problems; Magnetostatics : Biot-Savart law, Ampere's
theorem, electromagnetic induction; Maxwell's equations in free space and linear isotropic
media; boundary conditions on fields at interfaces; Scalar and vector potentials; Gauge
invariance; Poyntig's vector, Electromagnetic waves in free space, dielectrics, conductors and
plasma; Reflection and refraction, polarization, Fresnel's Law, inter, coherence and
diffraction Dispersion relationism plasma; Lorentz invariance of Maxwells equation;
Transmission lines and wave guides; Cavity resonator, Dynamics of charged particles in
static and uniform electromagnetic fields; Radiation from moving charges, dipoles and
retarded potentials.

IV. Quantum Mechanics :


Wave-particle duality; Wave functions in coordinate and momentum representations
Commutators and Heisenberg's uncertainly principle; Matrix representation; Dirac's bra and
ket notation; change of basis and unitary transformation, Schroedinger equation (time -
dependent and time-independent); Eigenvalue problems such as particle-in-a box, harmonic
oscillator, etc.; Tunneling through a barrier; Motion in a central potential; Orbital angular
momentum, Angular momentum algebra, spin; Addition of angular momenta; Glebsch-
Gordan coefficients, Hydrogen atom, spin-orbit coupling, fine structure; Time independent
perturbation theory and applications; Variational method, Structure; Time independent
perturbation theory and Application variation method, WKB approximation Fermi;s Golden
Rule; Selection rules; Semi-classical theory of radiation; elementary teory of scattering, phase
shifts, partial waves, Born approximation; Identical particles, Pauli's exclusion principle,

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 44


spin-statistics connection; Relativistic quantum mechanics: Klein Gordon and Dirac
equations, non-relativistic reduction of the Dirac equation.

V. Thermodynamic and Statistical Physics :


Laws of thermodynamics and their consequences; Thermodynamic potentials,
Maxwell relations; Chemical potential, phase equilibria; Phase space, micro -and
macrostates; Microcanonical, anonical and grand -canonical ensembles and partition
functions; Free Energy and connection with thermodynamic quantities; First- and second -
order phase transitions; Classical and quantum statistics, ideal Fermi and Bose gases;
Principle of detailed balance; Blackbody radiation and Plank's distribution law, Bose -
Einstein condensation; Random walk and Brownian motion; Introduction to non equilibrium
processes; Diffusion equation, Superfluidity in liquid He II, low temperature behaviour of
Bose and Fermi gases.

VI. Electronics :
Semiconductor device physics, including diodes, junctions, transistors, field effect
devices, homo and heterojunction devices, device structure, device characteristics, frequency
dependence and applications; Optoelectronic devices, including solar cells, photodetectors,
and LEDs; HIgh-frequency devices, including generators and detectors; operational
amplifiers and their applications; Principle of phase locking and loch-in amplifier, sample
and hold circuits. Digital techniques and applications (registers, counters, comparators and
similar circuits); A/D and D/A converters; Microprocessor and microcontroller basics, signal-
to-noise ratio, enhancement of signal-to-noise ratio in instrumentation.

VII. Experimental Techniques and Data Analysis :


Data interpretation and analysis; Precision and accuracy, error analysis, propagation
of errors, least squares fitting, linear and nonlinear curve fitting, chi-square test; Transducers
(temperature, pressure /vacuum, magnetic field, vibration, optical, and particle detectors),
measurement and control; Signal conditioning and recovery, impedance matching,
amplification (OP-amp based, instrumentation amp, feedback), filtering and noise reduction,
shielding and grounding; Fourier transforms; lock-in detector, box-car integrator, modulation
techniques, Multichannel Analyzer, Time to amplitude converter, Constant Fraction
Discriminator.
Applications of the above experimental and analytical techniques to typical under
graduate and graduate level laboratory experiments.

VIII. Atomic & Molecular Physics :


Quantum states of an electron ion atom; Electron spin; Stern-Gerlach experiment;
Spectrum of Hydrogen, helium and alkali atoms; Relativistic corrections for energy levels of
Hydrogen; Hyperfine structure and isotopic shift; Width of spectral lines; LS & JJ coupling;
Zeeman, Paschen Back & Stark effect; X-ray spectroscopy; Electron spin resonance, Nuclear
magnetic resonance, chemical shift; Rotational, vibrational, electronic, and Raman spectra of
diatomic molecules; Frank - Condon principle and selection rules; Idea of symmetry elements
and point groups for simple molecules, Spontaneous and stimulated emission, Einstein A & B
coefficients; Lasers, optical pumping, population inversion, rate equation; Modes of
resonators and coherence length.

IX. Condensed Matter Physics :


Bravais lattices; Reciprocal lattice, diffraction and the structure factor; Bonding of
solids; Elastic properties, phonons, lattice specific heat; Free electron theory and electronic

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 45


specific heat; Response and relaxation phenomena; Drude model of electrical and thermal
conductivity; Hall effect and thermoelectric power; Diamagnetism, paramagnetism, and
ferromagnetism; Electron motion in a periodic potential, free electron and tight binding
approximation, Fermi surface and its study, band theory of metals, insulators and
semiconductors, Superconductivity, type-1 and type-II superconductors, Josephson junctions;
Defects and dislocations; Ordered phases of matter translational and orientational order, kinds
of liquid crystalline order; Conducting polymers; Quasicrystals.

X. Nuclear and Particle Physics :


Basic nuclear properties : size, shape, charge distribution, spin and parity; Binding
energy, semi-empirical mass formula; Liquid drop model; Fission and fusion; Nature of the
nuclear force, form of nucleon-nucleon potential; Charge -independence and charge -
symmetry of nuclear forces; Isospin; Deuteron problem; Evidence of shell structure, single-
particle shell model, its validity and limitations; Rotational spectra; Elementary ideas of
alpha, beta and gamma decays and their selection rules; Nuclear reactions, reaction
mechanisms, compound nuclei and direct reactions; Classification of fundamental forces;
Elementary particles (quarks, baryons, mesons, leptons); Spin and parity assignments,
isospin, strangeness; Gell -Mann- Nishijima formula ; C,P, and T invariance and applications
of symmetry arguments to particle reactions, parity non-conservation in weak interaction;
Relativistic kinematics and invariants, Decays in terms of Quark model, Particle Physics and
Thermodynamics in the Early Universe, Quark- Gluon Plasma.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 46


STATISTICS
(B - 9)
Statistical methods :
Classification and tabulation of data. Graphical representation of data. Measures of
central tendency, dispersion, skewness and kurtosis, correlation, rank correlation, correlation
ratio, intraclass, correlation. Partial and multiple correlation. regression analysis (two
variables), multiple regression analysis.
(Weight -15%)
Probability and Probability distributions :
Probability theory, laws of probability. conditional probability, Beye's theorem.
Independence of events. Random variable and its probability distribution, probability mass
function, probability density function, distribution function. Moment generating function,
characteristics function, probability generating function. Some standard probability
distributions; Binomial, poisson, geometric, negative binomial hypergeometric, normal,
exponential, beta, gamma, lognormal, cauchy.
(Weight - 15%)
Sampling distributions :
Concept of sampling distribution. chi square, t and F distributions and their inter-
relationships. Tests based on X2, 2,F distributions. Z transformation. order statistics. Non-
parametric tests. Run, sign, Rank, wilcoxon, Mann whitvey. Laws of large numbers, central
limit theorems.
(Weight - 15%)
Statistical Influence
Point estimation : unbiasedness, consistency, efficiency, sufficiency. Minimum variance
unbiased estimaters. gramer rao inepuality, Rao-Blackwet Theorem Methods of estimation :
maximum likelihood, method of moments, minimum chi-square. maximum likelihood
estimation in csored and truncated distributions method of scoring. interval estimation.
Testing of hypothesis. Two kinds of error, level of significance, power of a test. Most
powerful test. uniformely most powerful (UMP) tests. Randomised test. Likelihood ratio test.
Squencial tests -SPRT and its properties, O.C. and ASN functions.
(Weight - 15%)
Sampling theory :
Probability versus purpose sampling. Methods of sampling and their properties :
simple random Sampling, stratified random sampling, systematic sampling, cluster sampling,
two stage and multi-stage sampling. Ratio, regression and product methods of estimation.
Sampling with varyers probability : pps, π ps and non π ps sampling procedures. Non-sapling
errors. Estimation of sample size.
(Weight - 10%)
Design of Experiments :
Concept of design of experiments, linear model. Analysis of variance technique.
completely randomised, randomised block, latin squire designs. Factorial experiments.
confounding missing plot technique. Incomplete block designs, split plot design. Analysis of
covariance
(Weight - 10%)
Multi variable analysis :
Concept of joint distribution, marginal and conditional distributions. Bivariate normal
distribution. multivariable normal distribution and its properties. wishert matrix-its
distributions and properties. Hotlling's T2 statistics-its distribution and properties,
Moholonob's D2 classification and discrimination procedures. Principle components, cronial
variables and cenonical correlations. Elements of factor analysis and cluster analysis.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 47


(Weight -10%)
Applied statistics :
Population census in India. measures of fertility and mortality. Life tables. population
projection. Basic concepts of statistical quality control. Control charts. Acceptance sampling :
single and double sampling inspiration plans.
Time series analysis : Determination of trend and seasonal indices. Study of cyclic and
random components.
Index numbers and their construction, various tests associated with index numbers. Cost of
living index number.
Indian official statistics. Agricultural statistics : area and yield statistics, Crop culting
experiments. Estimation pf national income. Trade and labour statistics. Central statistical
organization (CSO), national sample survey organization (NSSO).
(Weight - 10%)

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ZOOLOGY
(B - 10)

Characteristic features and affinities of Protochordates, cyclostomes and Dipnoi, origin of


amphibians, reptile, birds and mammals, Adaptive radiation, Parental care in amphibians,
skull in reptiles, flightless birds,
Reproduction in protozoa, Canal system, polymorphism in Siphonophora, Adaptive radiation
in polychaetes, Nervous system and modification of foot in mollusks, Crustacean larvae and
their significance, Larval forms of Echinoderms and their significance,
Neural basis of behaviour, communication and animal signals, Reproductive strategies and
parental care, Social organization, learning, parental care, mimicry, social behaviour,
circadian rhythm, migration (fish and birds),
Spermatogenesis, Oogenesis and vitellogenesis, in vitro oocyte maturation and
superovulation. Cleavage, gastrulation, induction, Determination, Differentiation, body
pattern formation, late embryonic development, formation of neural tubes, development of
limbs in invertebrates, hormonal control of metamorphosis in amphibians, Senescence and
apoptosis, embryonic stem cells and their applications,
Theories of organic evolution, synthetic theory, population genetics, factors and forces of
evolution, chromosomal allozyme and DNA polymorphisms, isolating mechanism, concept
of species and speciation, phylogenetic relationship, evolution of man, origin of life,
Host parasite interactions, host specificity, basic principles and concepts of various symbiotic
associations and their definitions, Distribution, habits and habitat, structure and life cycle of
pathogenic protozoan parasites, Plant parasitic nematodes.
Salient features of insects, external anatomy of integument, head, thorax, anatomy and
physiology of locomotion, nervous system, endocrine system, circulatory, respiratory,
sensory, excretory, reproductive and digestive systems of insects, insect development and life
history, introduction to elementary knowledge of applied entomology.
Physiology of digestion, gastrointestinal hormones, musculature in vertebrates, ultra structure
and chemical composition of skeletal muscle, molecular mechanism and regulation of muscle
contraction, neural impulse conduction through axon, neurotransmitters and synaptic
transmission, circulatory system in invertebrates and vertebrates, cardiac cycle and its
regulation in mammals, respiratory organs in vertebrates, mechanism of breathing and its
regulation in mammals, respiratory pigments, transport of gases, Bohr effect and Root effect,
Structure of vertebrate kidney and nephron, formation of urine, acid base balance,
Homoeostasis, osmoregulation in aquatic and terrestrial animals.
Structure, classification and function of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids amino acids,
deamination, transamination, decarboxylation and oxidation, Ramchandran plot,
Laws of thermodynamics and applications in cellular reactions, free energy, energy rich
compounds and their biological significance, Acids, bases, pH and buffers, Handerson
Hasselbach equation, Glycolytic pathway, Kerb cycle, Redox potential, Electron transport
chain, oxidative phosphorylation, Gluconeogenesis, Glycogenesis, Glycogenolysis, HMP
pathway and its significance, urea cycle, oxidation and biosynthesis of fatty acids, enzyme
properties, active site specificity, enzyme classification, Protein denaturation, mechanism of
enzyme action, effects of different physiochemical factors on enzyme activity, inhibition of
enzyme activity, enzyme kinetics- Michaelis Menten equation and Lineweaver Burk plot,
Allosteric enzymes, isoenzymes, Ribozymes, Abzymes, vitamins as coenzymes, cofactors.
Salient features of different ecosystems, Biosphere, composition of biotic communities,
limiting factors, Homeostasis, population ecology, population interactions, interspecific and
intraspecific competition, mutualism, commensalisms, Biogeochemical cycling of

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phosphorus, nitrogen carbon and sulphur, Population explosion, global warming and green
house effect, environmental pollution, biomagnification,
Chemistry and biosynthesis of hormones, hormone receptors, characteristics and types,
mechanism of action of peptide /protein and steroid hormones, estrous and menstrual cycles,
hormone and behaviour, structure and function of hypothalamus,- hypothalamic hormones,
feedback, hormone receptor complex and signal transduction mechanisms, hormones and
calcium homeostasis in blood, hormones and reproduction, Pineal gland and photoperiodic
regulation of breeding cycles of vertebrates.
C-value paradox, unique and repetitive sequences in eukaryotic genome, transposable
elements in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Bacterial chromosome, transformation, transduction,
conjugation, Bacteriophage - type, structure and morphology, sex determination, role of Y
chromosome, sex mosaics, genomics and proteomics, human genome project.
DNA and RNA as the genetic material, structure of DNA including various forms, physico-
chemical properties of DNA, DNA replication, transcription, Reverse transcription, RNA
processing, RNA editing, Genetic code, translation, prokaryotic gene expression- inducible
and repressible operon system, concept of eukaryotic gene regulation, transcription factors.
Restriction enzymes, cloning vectors and strategies, detection of recombinant molecules,
transgenic organisms and applications of genetic engineering. Cells - chemical complexity
and organization, organizational and functional features of plasma membrane, distinctive
structural and molecular features of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, topography of
cytoskeleton - general features, microtubules, microfilaments and intermediate filaments -
structure and functional dynamics, ultra structure and functional characteristics of
mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Goli complex, lysozyme, peroxisomes and nucleus,
chromatin - types, chemical composition, molecular organization of nucleosomes, chromatin
and chromosomes, cell cycle. Characteristics of malignant cells, Benign and malignant
tumors, cell death- aging and apoptosis.
Innate and acquired immunity, humoral and cell mediated immune response and cytokines,
Antigens- antigenecity and immunogenecity, factors affecting antigenecity, epitopes and
haptens, Immunoglobulins - basic molecular structure, classes and functions, Ag-Ab
interactions, Major histocompatibility I and II molecules - structure and function,
complement system, cytokines, interferons.
Biosystematics, conventional and current approaches of biosystematics, Hierarchy of
categories, taxonomic characters, taxonomic procedures, taxonomic keys; biological
nomenclature - general and operative principles, Biodiversity, endemic and threatened
species.
Light, phase contrast, fluorescence and electron microscopy, cell culture techniques, Principle
and application of tracer technique: autoradiography and radioimmunoassay,
immunodiffusion, immunoelectrophoresis, ELISA, centrifugation and ultracentrifugation,
chromatography - adsorption, partition, ion exchange, gel filtration, affinity and HPLC,
electrophoresis and isoelectrofocussing, spectrophotometry and spectroflurometry, Southern,
northern and western blotting techniques, sequencing of nucleic acids, principle and
application of nick translation, in situ hybridisation, PCR, RFLP.
Application of statistics in biology, mean, median, mode. Standard deviation, standard error,
t-test, chi square test, Analysis of variance, simple correlation and regression, Bioinformatics
and data retrival.
Fixatives, fixation, tissue processing and staining of paraffin sections, histochemical
localization and identification of carbohydrate, lipid, and protein end groups, nucleic acids,
enzymes, Basic principles of immunocytochemistry, Fluorescence histochemistry.

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(C) HUMANITIES ¼ekufodh½

ANCIENT INDIAN HISTORY


(C - 1)
1. Prehistoric Cultures : Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic
2. Early Harappan cultures : Amari, Kotadiji and Kalibangan
3. Harappa culture : Characteristic features, Extension, Trade and Commerce,
Barrial practices, Art and craft, Religion, Origins, Causes
of decline, Legacy of the Harappan culture.
4. Vedic culture : Early vedic culture- Society, Economy, Polity and
religion.
Later vedic culture- Society, economy, polity, religion
and philosophy.
5. Pre Mauryan Period : Sixteen Mahajanpadas, Republics in the age of the
Budha, Buddhism, Jainism, Bhagavat cult and Saivism,
Rise of Magadha from Bimbisara to Mahapadmananda.
6. Mauryan empire : Chandragupta Maurya - Administration, Ashoka-
Extension of empire, Inscriptions, Dhamma, Art, Decline
of the Mauryas.
7. Foreign invasions : The Achaemenids, the Mecedonian, The Indo- Greeks,
the Saks and Kushanas.
8. The Shungas, Kanvas and :
Satavahanas
9. The Sangam Age
10. The Guptas
11. The Post Gupta period : The Later Guptas, the Maukharis and Pushyabhutis.
12. The Chalukyas of Badami :
and the Pallvas
13. Rise of the Rajputs : Gurjara-Pratiharas, the Palas, the Chandelas, Parmars, the
Kalchuris, the Rashtrakutas, the Tripartite Struggle. The
Chahmanas and Gahadvalas.
14. The Cholas and their : Administration, Local self Government and Art.
contemporaries in the
South India
15. Samantas (Feudal) system :
16. Evolution of the Temple : The Nagar, the Vesar and Dravid
styles
17. Religious thoughts and : Sankaracharya, Ramanuja and growth of Bhakti.
Institutions
18. India's contact with : Contact Asia, China and South East Asia
outside world
19. India on the eve of the :
Muslim invasion
20. Causes of the failure of the :
Rajputas against the
Muslim Invaders

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ANTHROPOLOGY
(C - 2)
Unit-I: Meaning, Approach and scope of Anthropology; Relationship with other Sciences,
Different Branches of Anthropology and their interrelatedness. Culture: Definition
and attributes. Emerging areas: medical anthropology, ecological anthropology,
Urban Anthropology, Development Anthropology, Environmental Archaeology,
Ethno Archaeology, new Archaeology. Fieldwork Traditional in Anthropology.
Unit-II: Social organizations: family, marriage, kinship, economic, organization, political
organization, primitive religion and magic. Anthropological theories : classical
evolutionism, neo-evolutionism, diffusionism, functionalism, structure
functionalism, structuralism, culture -personality, new enthnography and post-
modernism.
Unit-III: Growth of anthropology in India. contributions of Indian anthropologies : S.C. Roy,
M.N. Srinivas, L.P. Vidyarthi, N.K. Bose, D.N. Majumdar. Basic concepts :
Sanskritization, Parochialization, Universalization, Great- Little tradition, sacred
complex, nature -man-sprit complex, westernisation, dominant caste, tribe-caste
continuum, village studies in India. Changing dimensions of caste in modern India
Racial, linguistic, economic and demographic features of Indian tribes.
Unit-IV: Applied, action and development anthropology. approaches to development. Tribal
problems and welfare measures. Development of SC and ST: constitutional
provisions, safeguards and plans (SCP, TSP, ITDP, LAMPS, TRYSEM, MADA).
Rural Development Programme and Panchayati Raj in India.
Unit-V: Geological time scale and major climatic changes during Pleistocene, dating
methods, tool technology and typology. Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and
Megalithic cultures : Tool types and salient features. Indus Valley civilization.
Unit-VI: Theories of organic evolution primatology. Fossil hominoids. Human genetics :
Mendel's laws of inheritance, Modes of inheritance, Mutation, methods of studying
heredity, ABO and Rh Blood Group Systems. Hemoglobin : Normal & Variant.
G6PD deficiency. Inborn errors of metabolism. HLA. Chromosomal aberrations
(numerical, structural, translocations). Hardy Weinberg Law. Genetic
polymorphism. inbreeding and genetic load. Human Growth and development :
Phases, factors and methods of studying growth, theories of ageing. Physiological
adaptation to heat, cold and high attitude. Applications of human genetics : Genetic
Screening, Genetic Counseling, Genetic Engineering and DNA Finger printing.

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ARABIC
(C - 3)
UNIT-1
Origin and development of Arabic Language. Dramatic legend. Pre -islamic Poetry.
Odes. Saba Maullaqat, Poets of Saba Mullaqat. Imraul Qais, Tarafa, Antara, Zuhair Bin, Abi
Sulma, Amr Bni Kulthum, Quram, Hadith, Tafsir, Oratory and political correspondece. Poets,
Lakid, Hassan Bin Thakit, Kab Bin Zuhair, Al-Khansa, Nahjulbalaghat.
UNIT-2
Umar Bin Abi Rabiyah, Akhtal, Jarir, Farazadaq, Bashshar Bin Burd, Abu Nuwas,
Abul Atahiya, Abu Tammam, Ibn Mutaz, Ibnul Muqaffah, Ibn Qutaibah, Al-Jahiz, Abul Faraj
Isfahani, Thaalibi, Ibnun Nadim, Badiuzzaman, Hariri.
UNIT-3
Histrorical, geographical, scientific and philosophic literatutes-Al-Waqidi, Al-
Baladhuri, Tabari, Masudi, Ibn Athir, Ibn Khallikan, Ibn Khaldun, Al- Beiruni, Al-Idrisi, Ibn
Batuta, Al- Kindi, Al- Razi, Al-Farabi, Ibn Miskwaiyh, Avieenna, Imam Ghazali.
UNIT-4
Dadith, Juridical literature and commentaries on Quram Al- Buhkari, Muslim,
Dawud, Al-Tirmizi, Al- Nasai, Ibn Makor, Abu Hanifa, Abu Yusuf, Imam Muhammed,
Other school of thoughts, Shafeites and Shiites etc.
UNIT-5
Mysticiem and Mystical literature - Al- Muhasibi, Dhunnun, Bayazid, Qusherji, Al-
Gilani, Omar Ibnul farid, Al- Arabi etc.
UNIT-6
Arabic literature produced after the sack of Bagdad - Al-Hilli, Nuwayri, Ibn
Taymiyah, Firozabadi, Al-Maqrize, Asqalani, Jalaluddin Suyuti.
UNIT-7
Al- Nahdah- The Renasissance of Arabic literature- Poetry, Novel, Short story, Drama
literature, Literacy histories critics, Political literature, Journalism and Oratory.
UNIT-8
Modern trends and Modern Arabic literature upto 20th Century - Nasif Al- Yaziji,
Ahmad Shaugi, Itafiz, Ibrahim, Khalil, Matran, Maruf Rusafi, Ilya Abu Mazi, Mikhail
Nuaymah, Khalil Jibran, Ahmad Shauqi Tanfiq Al- Hakim, Shauqi Zaif, Najib Mahfooz.
UNIT-9
Political History of Arabia from the beginning upto modern times, their contacts with
neighbouring countries, famous events under different periods.
UNIT-10
Indo Arab literature- Arabic literature produced in India, Prose, Poetry, Hadith, Tafrir,
etc. from the beginning upto modern times.
Ghulam Ali Azad Bilgrami, Zabidi, Ahmad Raza Khan, Shah Waliullah, Nawab
Siddiq Hasan Khan, Abul Hasan Ali Nadvi.

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PAINTING
(C - 4)
UNIT-I
Collective Features and Fundamentals of Visual art : Space, form, size, shape, line,
colour, texture, tonal values, perspective, design and aesthetic organization of visual elements
in art object (composition). The uses of two and three dimensions in visual art. Tactile quality
in art. Environment and art, Perceptual and conceptual aspects in art.
UNIT -II
Correlation of various arts : Rhythm, structure, use of space, visual properties,
materials, techniques (traditional and modern), ideas, themes (narrative and non-narrative)
conceptual, abstract elements.
UNIT-III
The World of traditional and Modern mediums and materials in making visual arts :
Painting, print-making mural graphic and textile design. Inventions, adoptions and
development of these mediums and materials from the pre-historic period to present day in
the global concept.

UNIT-IV
Mode of Traditional and Modern techniques, processes and procedures, used in
making painting, sculpture, print-making, mural, graphic design and textile design. Different
ways of handling of colour pigment (like impasto, glazing, burnishing, drip), etching, relief,
surface printing, fresco-buono, fresco-secco, Tempera including Printing Processes and
Graphics etc, Printing processes including computer graphic etc.
UNIT-V
Special relevance of the study Indian Painting and its place in World Art for the
students of visual Arts.
UNIT-VI
Relevance of the study of aesthetics (Indian and Western) and Art -Appreciation &
Criticism for the students of Visual Arts.
UNIT-VII
Study of landmark phases and artists in European Painting from Pre-Histroric times to
Contemporary phase from the point of view of ideology, materials, techniques, style, themes,
formal and stylistic development.
UNIT-VIII
Study of various phases of Indian Painting from Pre-Historic times to 18th century
from the point of view of general formal and stylistic features and development of ideology,
materials technique and themes.
UNIT-IX
Development of modernity in 19th and 20th century. Indian art with special reference
to various art movements, medium, styles, individual artist's contributions in different regions
of the country. The development of art education from the British Art Schools till the
contemporary period.
UNIT-X
The significance of the study of tribal, Folk and Popular arts and craft practices from
all over the world for the modern artists from the point of form, technique, content and
concepts.

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ASIAN CULTURE
(C - 5)
South Asia (1800 - 1945)
Religious and social reform movements in India.
Revolt of 1857 - causes and effects.
Partition of Bengal and its aftermath.
Emergence of Gandhi and his role in Indian freedom struggle.
Indian national movement.
Nationalist movement in Ceylon.

East Asia (1800 - 1945)


Social, political and cultural condition of East Asia during nineteenth century.
Conton trade, first and second opium wars.
Taiping rebellion and semi-colonialism of China.
Boxer rebellion and 100 days reforms.
The Chinese revolution of 1911.
China : republicanism and communism.
Opening of Tokugawa Japan and Meiji restoration.
Modernization of Japan.
Japanese constitution of 1989 and growth of a Japanese imperialism and militarism.
Korean problem, Sino-Japanese war of 1894-95.
Russia - Japanese war of 1904-05.
East Asia and first & second world wars.

West Asia (1800-1945)


Decline of Ottoman pmpire and reforms of Mahmud II
Tanzimat reforms and reform era in Turkey (1808-1876).
Western interests, Greek war of independence and Crimean war.
Abdul Hamid II and young Turk movement (1876-1908).
Egypt reforms of Mehmat ali, reforms of Cromer and growth of nationalism.
Persian Awakening - Babism and revolution of 1906.
Anglo- Egyptian relation, 1919-45.
Reza Shah's reforms in Persia.
Arab Awakening - Wahabi movement, Pan - Islamism.
Arab nationalism and first world war.
Jndaism Zionism and Balfour declaration.

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Eastern question, Balkan nationalism, Russian - Turkey was and Berlin congress
1878.
Turkey -Italy war, Balkan wars, Secret treaties and first world war.
West Asia and second world war.

South -East Asia (1800-1945)


Anglo- Burmese wars of 1824, 1852 and 1886 and annexation of Burma.
The British rule in Malaya and Singapore.
Anglo-French rivalry in Siam, 1851-1909.
Beginning of French dominion in Indo-China (Annam, Tongking, Laos and
Combodia)
Dutch rule in Indonesia and culture system.
The forward movement in Indonesia and Dutch 'ethical policy of welfare.
Spanish rule in Philippines, U.S.-Spanish war of 1898.
U.S. rule in Philippines, 1898-1919
The beginning of nationalism in south -east Asia.
Growth of democracy in Philippines and Indonesia.
Nationalism and modernization in south-east Asia

Asia today since 1945


Post war de-colorization of Asian Nations.
India (1945-2000)
Militarism in Pakistan and birth of Bangla Desh
Cultural revolution of 1949.
The cultural revolution of China, 1966.
Recovery of faith and industrialization of Japan.
Arab-Israel conflict and wars of 1948, 1956 and 1973.
Modernization of Iran and Islamic revolution
Ho-chi mint and creation of Unified Vietnam curl war in Vietnam.
Growth of democracy in Philippines and Indonesia.
Cold war and Non-aligned movement
Growth of regionalism - ASEAN, OPEC and SAARC.
Prominent revolutionary personalities of 20th century Asia.

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COMMERCE
(C - 6)
Unit-1. Basic accounting concepts and conventions. Recording, classifying and
summarization functions. Bank reconciliation statement. Accounting errors and
rectification thereof. Accounting standards. Features of company Final Accounts.
Accounting for managerial decisions : Accounting ratios, fund flow and cash flow
statements.
Unit-2. Business environment : Meaning and elements. Economic environment -economic
policies and planning legal environment - competition policy consumer protection
and environment protection.
Policy Environment -Liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation, second
generation economic reforms; industrial policy, industrial growth and structural
changes.
Unit-3. Economics : Micro and Macro economics; central problems of every economy;
concepts of cost, price revenue and profit.
Managerial Economics - Demand and Production Functions. Competitive Markets
and Price Determination.
Public Economics - Sources and principles of public revenue and expenditure.
Union - State Financial Relations in India.
Unit-4. Business Management : Principles and functions - Planning, Organising, staffing ,
leading and controlling, Corporate Governance and Business Ethics.
Business Laws with special reference to contract, Sale of Goods, Negotiable
Instruments, company and Consumer Protection Acts.
Unit-5. Marketing Management : Marketing Concepts, Consumers Behaviour. Product,
Pricing, Distribution and Promotion Decisions.
Marketing Planning, Organising and Control.
Unit-6. Finance Function in Business : Planning for Funds Requirement. Capitalisation
and capital structure. Raising of Required Funds - Different sources and forms of
Financing. Commercial Banks and Development Banks.
Banking Sector Reforms in India.
Indian Financial System - Present Scenario.
Unit-7. Human Resource Management : Role and Functions - Planning, Recruitment,
Selection, Training, Development and Performance Appraisal.
Industrial Relations in India -Working Conditions, Disputes, Grievances,
compensation and social security.
Unit-8. Business Statistics and Data Processing : Data types, collection and analysis.
Sampling - Need, Errors and Methods of sampling.
Hypothesis formulation and testing. Analysis and interpretation of Data.
Data Processing -Elements, Data Entry, Processing and Computer Applications.
Computer Application to Functional Areas -Accounting, Inventory control and
marketing.
Unit-9. International Business : Theoretical Foundations and Balance of Payment.
International Economic Institutions - IMF, World Bank, IFC, IDA and ADB. WTO
its functions and policies.
Structure of India's Foreign Trade : Composition and Direction. Exim Bank.
Regulation and Promotion of India's Foreign Trade.
Unit-10. Indian Tax System : Direct and Indirect Taxes Levied by Central and State
Governments special features of income tax, wealth-tax, Trade tax, customs duty,
Entertainment tax.
Taxation and Finances of Local Governments.

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ECONOMICS
(C - 7)
1. Macroeconomic Analysis :
Classical theory of employment. The principle of Effective Demand and Keynesian
theory of employment. Keyne's Psychological law of consumption; income -consumption
relationship- Absolute income, relative income, Life-cycle and permanent income
hypotheses. Autonomous and induced investment; Marginal efficiency of capital;
Determination of Investment; The acceleration principle, demand for money -fisher and
Cambridge versions, Approaches of Keynesian, Friedman, Patinkin, Baumol and Tobin.
Supply of money; Determinants of money supply, High powered money, money multiplier.
Business cycles-models of Samuelson, Hicks and Kaldor
2. Microeconomic Analysis :
Marshallian utility analysis versus indifference curve analysis; The Slutsky theorem ;
Hicks revision of demand theory : Revealed preference theory; Recent development in
demand theory.
Theory of production - Types of production functions; The Cobb-Douglas production
function; The CES production function; Equilibrium of multi-product firm.
Salient features of perfect and imperfect competition; Monopolistic competition; Equilibrium
analysis under duopoly and oligopoly; Game Theory.
Modern version of marginal productivity theory ; Factor prices and factor shares ; The Euler
theorem; technique of production and relative prices of factors.
Introduction to linear programming and input -output analysis.
3. Economics of Growth :
Economic growth and development -Factors affecting economic growth; problem of
economic growth and the general solution; Growth equilibrium - existence, uniqueness and
stability; Classical theory of Growth-General, Ricardo and Adam Smith; Growth models of
Harrod and Domar and instability of growth.
Neo-classical models of growth -R.M. Solon, T.W. Swan and E.S. Phelps; Neo-
Keynesian models of growth - N. Kaldor, Mrs. Joan Robinson; Concept of Golden age and
Golden rule of accumulation; Two sector growth model.
4. Public Finance :
Role of Government in the Economy - The Allocation function, the distribution
function, stabilization function.
Wagner's law of increasing state activities; Wiseman- Peacock Hypothesis, Pure theory of
public expenditure.
Sources of public revenue, principles of Taxation; incidence of tax -impart, incidence and
effects of a tax, Backward and Forward shifting, Theories of tax shifting.
Taxes versus loans, burden of public debt, Public management theory of federal finance,
Division of functions and resources; The problem of fiscal imbalance, Financial adjustment
in India -The finance commissions. Role of fiscal policy; Built -in-flexibility, functional
finance India's fiscal crisis and fiscal reforms.
5. International Economics :
Gains from international trade; Terms of trade; International Trade and Economic
Development. Theories of International trade : Recardo, Haberler, Mill, Heckscher, Ohhin
and stolper -Samnelson, Leontief Paradox.

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Theory of Taniffs, Regional Trade Arrangement, The theory of Customs Union.
Disequilibrium in Balance of payments; Mechanism of Adjustments, Foreign Trade
Multiplier.
World Bank, International Monetary Fund and World Trade Organization. W.T.O. and India,
Multinational Corporations; Trade Policy and External Sector Reforms in India, The Oil
crises and its impact on India; Balance of payments and Exchange Rate Policy, Foreign
Exchange Reserves, Convertibility of Indian Rupees.

6. Indian Economy :
Poverty, Unemployment and Human Development during Plan Periods. Appraisal of
Government Measures -India's Human Development Record in Global perspective.
Agriculture and Rural Development strategies including those relating to technologies and
institutions ; Land Reforms, rural credit, marketing, Rural Development Programmes
including poverty alleviation programmes. Strategy of industrial development -Industrial
Policy Reforms; Sources of industrial finances -Foreign Direct Investment and Portfolio
investment. Public sector reforms, privatisation and disinvestments.
Concept of money supply, inflation, Monetary policy and Financial sector reforms.
Salient features of India's Foreign Trade - Composition and Direction of trade,-Recent
changes inn Trade Policy.

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EDUCATION
(C - 8)
1. Education : Its concept, definition, functions and aims :
Meaning of education- narrow, boarder and analytical, Indian and Western concept of
education; Functions of Education, Aims of Education, factor determining them and values in
education.
2. Philosophical Foundations of Education :
• Philosophy of education : its nature, its functions and as a discipline. Naturalism,
Idealism, Pragmatism, Realism, Humanism and Existentialism as western schools of
thought. Vedanta (advaita and Veshistadvits) and Sankhya as Indian School of
thought. Their influence and contribution to educational theory and practice.
• Contribution to educational thought and practice made by great thinkers like Plato,
Dewy, Sri Aurobindo, Mahatma Gandhi, Tagore and Swami Vevekananda.
• Epistomology and Education : Knowledge, methods of acquiring valid knowledge
with specific reference to analytical philosophy, dialectical approach, scientific
inquiry and Nyay darshan.
3. Sociologic of Education :
• Individual and society, meaning of community, sociology and educational sociology.
Scope, importance and limitations of educational sociology. Influence of education
sociology on education.
• The process of socialization, factors affecting it and role of teacher and education in
the socialization of children.
• Education and society, relationship between them and duties of education towards
society and society towards education with reference to nature of modern India
Society,
• Meaning and concept of social and culture change. Factors affecting both and role of
education in the process of social and cultural change.
• Meaning and concept of Equality of Educational opportunities. Challenge in ensuring
Equality of Educational opportunities in India. Indian efforts and provisions made in
the direction of ensuring them to weaker sections of the society and minority
communities.
4. Agencies of Education : Various agencies, their role, scope and limitations.
5. Education and National Integration and International Understanding :
The concept of National and emotional integration, obstacles and problems in the way
of national and emotional integration. Role of education. Suggestions of National Integration
Committee.
Need for the development of International Understanding. Factors hindering and
facilitating it. Role of Education at various levels in facilitating international understanding.
6. Modernization, Education and Development :
Concept and meaning of both modernization and Development. Their need and
importance. Role of Education in modernization, economic development and human resource
development.
7. Psychological Foundations of Education :
ƒ Concept and scope of educational psychology. Its contribution to education.
ƒ Human Development, its concept, principles and stages of development; factors
influencing development and their relative roles, general characteristics and problems
of each stage of development. Theories of Piaget and Bruner and Indian theory of
psychological development.

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ƒ Learning : Concept, kinds, levels of learning. Contributions of Thorndike, Skiner ,
Pavlov and Gagne in the understanding the process of learning. Motivation and it’s
role in learning.
ƒ Individual differences : Concepts of intra-inter difference with special reference to -
• Intelligence and cognitive abilities, identification i.e. its measurement.
• Creativity - nature, process and identification.
• Interest, attitude and values : their meaning and measurement.
ƒ Personality : Concept, development, structure and dynamics of personality. Theories
of personality - Auport, Eysenck, Frend and behavioural approaches. Assessment of
personality - various approaches.
ƒ Adjustment and mental health - Mechanism of adjustment, defence mechanism i.e.
escape, withdrawal and compensation. Concept of mental health and hygne-
Preventive, constructive and curative measures, Implications for education.
8. History of Indian Education :
The Vedic educational system, Influence of Buddhism, Islam and Bhakti movements
on education. Educational development during the British period. Education after
Independence : detailed study of atleast - University Education Commission (1948-49).
Secondary Education Commission (1952-53), Kothari Commission (1964-66) and National
Policy of Education (1986).
9. Contemporary Issues in Education :
Universal and compulsory education, Women's and Girl Education; Education of the
Weaker Sections and minorities; language problem and medium of instruction, Examination
reform; Work experience vocationalization, non-formal and part-time education. Access is
education; privatisation and commercialisation of education.
10. Innovations in Education :
The meaning and concept of innovations in education. Recent developments : ICT,
Mass Media, Distance Education and Satellite use in education.

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B. Ed.
(C - 9)

Allotment of Marks : I (20), II (30), III (25), IV (30), V (30), VI (15), VII (30), VIII (20)
Marks (20) : Unit -1
• Philosophy of Education : Meaning, scope, nature and importance, Relationship of
education and philosophy.
• Western philosophical schools; Idealism, Realism, Naturalism, Pragmatism,
Existentialism, Marxism and their educational implications for aims, contents and
methods of education.
• Indian Philosophical Schools; Vedanta, Buddhism and Islamic traditions and their
educational implications.
• Contributions of Vivekanand, Sri Aurabindo Swami, Dayanand, Tagore, Ghandi and
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to educational thought.
• National values in the Indian constitution and provisions for education.
• Modern concept of Philosophy : new trends - Logical analysis, Logical erupiricism
etc.
Marks (30) : Unit -2
• Sociology of Education : Meaning, Scope, Nature and Importance.
• Sociology of Education vs Educational Sociology; approaches of Sociology and its
impact on education with special reference to structural functional approache and
system approach.
• Education and community with special reference to Indian society.
• Education vis a vis Social order and Social control.
• Meaning Scope and Nature of Social change, constraints of social change, education-
social stratification and social mobility, Modernization and Education.
• Processes of Social change in India and its implications for education
• Education vis a vis social equity and equality of educational opportunities.
• Education of the deprived sections of the society (Social and economic deprivation)
with special reference to Scheduled castes and Tribes, minorities, women and rural
population.
• Politics of Education : Meaning, Scope, nature and importance; education and
democracy; Human Rights Education
• Education vis a vis culture and religion : Meaning of culture and religion - their
relation with education as well as impact or education; Education for values.
• Economics of Education : Meaning, development, scope, important concepts and
importance for education; Planning and education
• UNESCO and such other important international agencies and their report on
Education.
• Futurology and education : Meaning, development, scope and importance of
Futurology as well as its relationship with education; some important futuristic
methods and its relevance for education, Educational innovations and some other new
trends in education with special reference to Ivan Illich, Paulo Feira, Alvin Toffler
Marks (25) : Unit -3
• Psychology of Education : Meaning, nature, scope and need of Educational
Psychology, Methods of Educational Psychology; relationship of Education and
Psychology.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 62


• Process of Growth and development : physical, social, emotional and intellectual; -
development of concept formation, logical reasoning, problem solving and creative
thinking, language development ; - Individual differences and their determinants : role
of heredity and environment; Teacher role in various aspects of development and
dealing with the problems including brug abuse, HIV and Aids.
• Learning : Concept of learning ; theories of learning - Thorndike (connectionism),
Pavlov (classical conditioning), Skinner (operant conditioning), learning by insight,
Hull's reinforcement theory; Tolmans theory, Lewin's Field theory; Gagne's hierarchy
of learning - factors influencing learning - transfer of learning and its theories-
Learning and motivation - Memory and forgetting : methods of increasing memory.
• Intelligence its theories and measurement.
• Personality : Definitions, methods of personality assessment, type and trait theories.
• Psychology and education of exceptional children-creative, gifted, backward, learning
disables and mentally retarded; creativity :concept
• Mental health and hygiene - process of adjustment, conflicts and defence mechanism,
mental hygiene and mental health; Sex education.
• Guidance and Counselling : Meaning, Scope, development, theories and
methodologies.
Marks (30) : Unit -4 Educational Research and Statistics :
• Educational Research : Meaning, nature, types, scope, purpose and importance;
quantitative vs qualitative Research, Fundamental, Applied and Action Research.
• Scientific Inquiry and Theory Development.
• Formulation of Research Problem : criteria and sources for identifying the problem,
delineating and operationalizing variables, developing assumptions and hypothesis in
various types of research.
• Collection of Data -concept of population and sample, various sampling methods and
characteristics of a good sample.
• Tools and techniques of Research -characteristics of a good research tool - types of
research tools and techniques and their uses : questionnaire, interviews, observations,
Tests and scales, projective and sociometic techniques.
• Major approaches to research in education : Descriptive Research, Ex-post facto
Research, Experimental Research, Field Studies, Historical Research and Naturalistic
Inquiry
• Educational statistics : Meaning, scope and purpose; Descriptive and Inferential
statistics ; the well hypothesis, test of significance, types of ersor, one tailed and two
tailed tests; the t-test, the F-test (one way and ANOVA), non parametric tests (Chi-
square test); - Biserial, point -biserial, tetrachosic and phi-coefficient of correlation;
partial and multiple correlations.
Marks (30) : Unit -5 Education Technology :
• ET-concept, nature, scope and approaches (hardware, software and system)
• AV aids and low cost teaching aids
• Mass media : Role of Mass Media-Radio, TV and Print material in teaching learning
process.
• Micro Teaching and Models of Teaching : Meaning, Scope, Classification of Models
of Teaching.
• Multimedia approach in Educational Technology, Computer aided instruction.
• Modalities of Teaching : difference between teaching and instruction, condition and
training.

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• Stage of teaching - Pre active, interactive and post active; teaching at different levels -
memory, understanding and reflective.
• Modification of teaching behavior: Flander's Interaction Analysis, simulation,
programmed instruction (origin, types, development of programmed instruction
material), teaching machine.
• Designing instructional system : Formulation of instructional objectives, task analysis,
designing of instructional strategies.
• Communication process : concept, principles, models and barriers of communication,
class room communication (verbal and non-verbal).
• Distance Education : concept, different contemporary systems viz., correspondence,
distance and open,- student support system (services), evaluation strategies and
counselling methods.
• Development of evaluation tools - Noian referenced and criteria referenced tests.
• Computer in Education : Meaning, developments and importance for education.
Marks (15) : Unit -6 Curriculum development and evaluation
• Curriculum : Meaning, concept, scope, types.
• Different models of curriculum, administrative, grass root, demonstration, system
analysis.
• Measurement and Evaluation : Meaning, need and importance, evaluative tools,
characteristics of a good test - validity, reliability, objectivity, sensitivity and
comparability ; formative and saminative evaluation.
• Steps, construction and standardization of an achievement test
• Interpretation and evaluation of results.
• Innovative evaluative practices : question bank, open book examination, grading,
continuous and comprehensive evaluation, peer and self evaluation, qualitative
analysis, semester system, computer in evaluation.
Marks (30) : Unit -7 History and Problems of Indian Education
• Education in British India (1800-1944): Macaulay's minutes, Adam's Report, Wood
Dispatch - India Education Commission, Education Policy of Curzon - National
Education Movement, Gokhale's Bill
• Calcutta University Commission, Hartog Committee & Wood Abbort Report, Wardha
Scheme of Education and Sargent Education Plan: Main recommendations and
evaluation.
• Education in Independent India : University Education Commission, Mudaliar
Commission, Kothari Commission, National Education Policy, New Education policy
1986 and after : Main recommendations, importance and implications for Indian
education.
• Teacher Education : Objectives and problems of teacher education; Teaching as a
Profession.
• NCTE- Purpose of the formation, problems and evaluation (its role for teacher
education in India : JE Programmes, Problems, Research)
• Levels of Education and its various problems- Universalization of Elementary
Education, Problems of Secondary and Higher Education in India.
• Environmental Education ; Meaning, status, features, teaching techniques and
importance.
• Population Education : Meaning, scope, aims, contents, problems and suggestions.
• Women Education : Development, recommendations of important committees,
evaluation.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 64


Marks (20) : Unit -8 Educational Administration :
• Development of Modern Concept of Educational Administration from 1900 to present
day : Taylorism, Administration as a process, bureaucracy, human relations, system,
etc.
• Meeting of Psychological needs of employees in relation to various theories and
evaluation.
• Trends is Educational Administration : Decision Making, organizational compliance
and development, PERT - modern trends in Educational Administration.
• Leadership : Meaning, nature, theories, styles and measure events of leadership.
• Educational Administration: various functions and processess.
• Educational Planning : Meaning, types, approaches-Perspective Planning and
Institutional Planning.
• Educational supervision : Scope, Nature, Supervision as service activity, process,
functions, educational leadership- Modern supervision, functions of supervision ;
Planning in supervisory programme, organizing and implementing supervisory
programme.
• Educational Inspection : meaning, nature, scope and need.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 65


ENGLISH
(C - 10)
The following outline of the courses content has four sections. The questions paper should
cover all the sections. The number of questions on each section should not exceed 40. each
selection should be represented by a minimum of 10 questions. Obscure and complex
questions should be avoided as for as possible. Questions should be so designed as to test the
candidate's knowledge and understanding of literacy movements, outlines and texts.

An outline of the course content


Section-I
1. Major literacy movements and trends -
(a) Renaissance (b) Reformation (c) Restoration
(d) Neo classical period (e) Romantic period (f) Victorion period
(g) Modern period
2. Major Authors and their texts -
Marlowe : Doctor Faustus
Shakespeare : Hamlet king lear, the twelfth night, as you like it, The Teupest
Spenser : The Facrie Queen bk I
Milton : Pardise lost bk I & II, Lycidas
Pope : The Rape of the Lock
Addison and : Essays
Steele
Words worth : The Prelude bk I and Tinteen Abbey
Shelley : Ode to the west wind Adonis
Keats : Ode on a Grecian urn, ode to a Nightingal, To Autumu
Lamb : Essays (The convalscent, Poor Relations, imperfect sympathies
Austen : Emma
Tennyson : Lady of Shallot, Ulysses, The Princess, the Lotos - Eateus
Browning : Rabbi Ben ezra, A Grammarian's Funeral, The Last Ride
Together, My Last Duchess
Arnold : The Scholar Gypsy, Thyrsis, Dover Beach
Dickens : The Great Expectations
George Eliot : Middlemarch
Thackeray : Vanity Fair
Thomas Hardy : Tess
T.S. Eliot : Love song of J Alfred prufrok, The Waste Land (overlap)
Virginia Woolf : Mrs Dalloway
DH Lawrence : Sons and Lovers
Graham Green : The Power and the Glory
William Golding : Lord of the flies
W.B. Yeats : Easter 1916, The Second Coming, a Prayer for My Daughter,
among school children sailing to Byzantium
W.H. Auden : Petition, The unknown citizen, in memory of W.B. yeats,
Consider, The shield of Achilles
Philip Larkin : Whitsan Weddings, Ambulances, Next Please
Ted Hughes : The Crow, Hawk roosting. The Thought -Fox
GB Shaw : Man and Superman, St. Joan waiting for Godot
Harold Pinter : The Homecoming

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 66


Section -II (American Literature)
Emerson : Each and All Hamaltreya, Brahma
Whitman : Oue's self I sing, when Lilacs Last in the Courts yard
Bloomed
Emily Dickinson : I never lost as much but twice, Success is Counted
Sweetest, 1 felt a funeral in my Brain
Robert frost : Birches, Mending wall, Stopping by Woods on a Snowy
Evening
Eugene O' Neill : The Hairy Ape
Tennessee Williams : The Glass Manegerie
Hawlhorne : The Scarlet Letter
Hemingway : The Old Man and the Sea

Section-III (Indian Literature in English)


Toru Dutt : Lakshman, The lotus, our Casuarina Tree
Sarojini Naidu : Planquin Bearers, Bangle-sellers, Weavers, The Flute-
players, of urindavam
Sri Aurodindo : Savitri Canto I
Nissim Ezekiel : A Time to change, enterprise, poet, lover, Birdwatcher,
Background, Casually
Kamala Das : An Introduction, My Grandmother's House, Summer in
Calcutta
A.K. Ramanujan : Self - Portrait, A river, Fall, Fear No fall
Keki N. Daruwalla : Rumination, The Ghaghara in Spate, The Death of a Bird
Mulk Raj Anand : Untouchable
Raja Rao : Kanthapura
R.K. Narayan : The Guide
Amita Desai : Voices in the City
Shashi Deshpande : The Long Silence

Section-IV (Literary Theory and criticism)


Aristotle : Poetics
Longinus : On the Subline
Dryden : An Essay of Dramatic Poesy
Johnson : Preface to : Preface to lyrical ballads
Shakespeare Words worth
Coleridge : Biographical literaria
(Chaps XIII, XIV, XVIII)
Mathew Arnold : Study of Poetry, Shelley, Words worth
T.S. Eliot : Tradition and the individual talent, Hamlet, the Metaphysical
Poets
Richards : The principles of literary criticism
F.R. Leavis : Johnson and Augustanism, Literature and Society, Literary
criticism and Philosophy
Recent movements : Structuralism, Deconstruction, Feminism, New Historicism,
Feminism Post-Colonialism

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 67


GEOGRAPHY
(C - 12)
Units
1. Geographical Thought: Status of geography in ancient and medieval periods;
Foundations of modern Geography- contributions of German, French, British and
American Schools; conceptual and methodological developments before and after
1950; Paradigm shift in Geography; Man-Environment interaction - determinism,
possibilism and neo-determinism: Areal differentiation and spatial organisation ;
impact of positivism- quantitative revolution; critical revolutions - humanism,
behaviouralism, redicalism and post-modernism.
2. Geomorphology : Endogenetic and Exogenetic Forces; denudation process -
weathering and erosion; geosynclines and mountain building; continental drift and
plate tectonics; geomorphic cycles and landforms produced by fluvial, glacial, arid
and karst cycles; Slope Analysis, Isostacy.
3. Climatology : Composition and structure of atmosphere; insolation; Distribution of
temperature; pressure belts and wind belts; mansoons and jet streams; Temperature
and tropical cyclones; types of precipitation, classification of world climate koppen's
and thornwaite's scheme; green house effect and global warming.
4. Oceanography : Bottom relief of atlantic and Pacific Oceans; ocean deposits; coral
reefs; temperature and salinity of oceans; tides and ocean currents, seal-level changes.
Bio-geography : Physical factors influencing world distribution of plants and
animals; Forms and functions of Eco-system; forests and grasslands; marine and
mountain eco-systems; biodiversity and its depletion; environment hazards and
pollution; ozone depletion.
5. Population Geography : Definition and scope; growth, distribution and density
patterns of population in the world; demographic transition model; types and pattern
of development and developing countries; policy, issues and planning.
Settlement Geography : Types, size and spacing and morphology of rural and urban
settlements; trends and patterns of urbanisation in the world; rural -urban fringe,
Rank-size rule and settlement hierarchy; Central Place Theory of Christaller and
Losch, elements of town planning.
6. Economic Geography : Factors influencing location of Economic activities; types of
economics developed. developing and underdeveloped; sectors of economy -primary,
secondary, tertiary and quaternary; natural resources -forest, coal, petroleum and iron
ore; renewable and non-renewable resources, conservation of resources.
Agricultural Geography : Agricultural land use; agricultural productivity and
efficiency; cropping intensity, crop concentration and crop diversification, crop
combination regions, agriculture location model of von thunen, agricultural systems
of the world.
Industrial Geography : Factors affecting industrial location. classification of
industries; resources based and footloose industries; law of comparative advantage;
industrial location models of Weber and Losch; problems of industries, industrial
planning.
7. Political Geography : Definition and scope; geopolitics; concepts of nation state and
nation-state; boundaries and frontiers, heart and rimland theories; geography and
federalism.
Cultural Geography : Stages of human evolution, dispersal of man -zones and strate
theory; races physical features and distribution; environment and culture; cultural

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 68


realm; tribal groups Eskimo, Kirghiz, Beduines, Semang & Sakai, Social interaction
and organisation; social well-being.
8. Regional Geography and Planning : Concept of region in Geography; systematic
vs. regional geography; types and hierarchy of regions; methods of regional
delineation; concept of planning regions; concept of regional development planning,
conceptual frame of regional planning - decentralised planning; multi-level planning;
indicators of development; regional imbalances in development.
9. Geography of India : Physiographic divisions; climate; vegetation types and
characteristics, soil types and distribution; mineral & power resources -iron ore,
bauxite, coal, petroleum; means of irrigation; agricultural types and green & yellow
revolutions. Agro-climatic regions; Major industries -iron & steel, cotton textile,
chemical and engineering; industrial regions; population - growth and distribution
pattern; Trends and pattern of urbanisation.
10. Cartographic and Statistical Techniques : Maps and projections; Distribution
maps- choropleth, isopleth and chorochromatic maps; mobility maps - accessibility,
flow charts and consumers' behaviour map; application of remote sensing and GIS in
mapping.
Types of variables types of data, symbolization of data; summarization of data-
frequency, mean, median and mode; transformation and combination of data-linear,
Z-score and rank.
Measures of dispersion -range, mean deviation, standard, deviation, coefficient of
variation; measures of associations correlation, regression; measures of pattern -mean
centre, standard distance, nearest neighbour analysis, measures of concentration-
location quotient, gini coefficient, Lorenz curve. Representation of data -types of
measurement scales, arithmetic & logarithmic sales, graphs and diagrams. Lins, Bar,
wheel, hythergraph, climograph.
Geography of Tourism : Concept & History - Tourism, Elements of Tourism, Types
of Tourism, transport and tourism industry, economic aspects of tourism, residential
and food services, trousim product & marketing, tourism organisation tourism
planning.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 69


fgUnh lkfgR;
(C - 13)
fVIi.kh % bl ikB~;dze esa dqy vkB [k.M ¼d] [k] x] ?k] M+] p] N] t½ gSa ftuesa izR;sd
[k.M ls yxHkx leku :i ls iz'u p;fur djrs gq, dqy 100 iz'u iwNs tk;saxsA
lHkh iz'u fodYi :i esa iwNs tk;saxs ftuds pkj fodYi fn;s gksaxs& ,d lgh]
rhu xyrA lgh fodYi dks fpfUgr djuk vfuok;Z gksxkA izR;sd iz'u nks vad
dks gksxkA bl izdkj dqy lkS iz'u nks lkS vadks ds gksaxsA
¼[k.M % d½
fgUnh Hkk"kk ,oa Hkk"kk foKku
¼i½ fgUnh Hkk"kk % mRifRr] {ks=] fodkl vkSj ukedj.k rFkk fo'ks"krk,a] fo'o dh Hkk"kkvkssa esa
fgUnh] Hkkjksih; ifjokj vkSj fgUnh] Hkkjrh; vk;Z Hkk"kk,a& izkphu] e/;;qxhu] vk/kqfud
Hkkjrh; vk;Z Hkk"kkvkssa dk oxhZdj.k] gkuZys] fxz;lZu] pVthZ dk oxhZdj.k] ikfy] izkd`r]
viHkza'k vkSj Hkkjrh; vk;Z Hkk"kk,a] viHkza'k&vogV~Vlfgr] viHkz'a k dk vFkZ vkSj fLFkfr]
viHkaz'k vkSj iqjkuh fgUnh] viHkza'k ls fodflr gksus okyh vk/kqfud vk;Z Hkk"kkvksa&cksfy;ksa
dk fodkl] foLrkj] fo'ks"krk] cksyh] foHkk"kk vkSj Hkk"kk esa vUrj] [kM+hcksyh] vo/kh]
cztHkk"kk dk dkO;Hkk"kk;h :i A
¼ii½ fgUnh vkSj lkfgR;&'kCn&ehekalk] fgUnh lkfgR;&lhek foLrkj] Lo:i-fodkl] fgUnh lkfgR;
dk dky&foHkktu] ukedj.k vkSj mldk vkSfpR;] ekud fgUnh% fodkl vkSj fo'ks"krk,a]
fgUnh vkSj nsoukxjh fyfi] nsoukxjh % ,d vkn'kZ fyfi] nsoukxjh fyfi dh leL;k,Wa ,oa
lek/kku]
¼iii½ Hkk"kk foKku dh fpUru&ljf.k dk fodkl&
ƒ Hkk"kkfoKku dh ifjHkk"kk] {ks=] vax vkSj 'kk[kk,Wa rFkk mi;ksfxrk A
ƒ /ofu&foKku& fgUnh /ofu;kWa vkSj mudk oxhZdj.k] Lojksa dk oxhZdj.k] O;atuksa dk
oxhZdj.k] la;qDr O;atu] /ofuxq.k A
ƒ /ofu&ifjorZu] dkj.k vkSj fn'kk,Wa] /ofu&fu;e A
ƒ infoKku& in vkSj okD;] in vkSj 'kCn] in& foHkkx ¼Parts of speech½
O;kdjf.kd dksfV;ka&fyax] opu] iq:"k] dkjd] fdz;k vkSj dky A
ƒ lw;Z&ifjoZru ds dkj.k vkSj fn'kk,Wa A
ƒ okD;&foKku& okD; dh ifjHkk"kk] okD; vkSj indze] okD;ksa ds izdkj] okD; ifjorZu
ds dkj.k vkSj fn'kk,Wa A
ƒ vk;Z&foKku vFkZ dk egRo] 'kCn vkSj vFkZ dk laca/k] ,dkFkZd&vusdkFkZd 'kCn] vFkZ
ifjorZu ds dkj.k vkSj fn'kk,Wa A
Hkkjr ds Hkk"kk 'kkL=h& ikf.kfu] dkR;k;u] iratfy] gsepUnz] lquhfr dqekj pVthZ] dkerk
izlkn xq:] /khjsUnz oekZ] ckcw jke lDlsuk] fd'kksjh nkl oktis;h] mn; ukjk;.k frokjh]
Hkksyk ukFk frokjh ds xzaFkksa dk ifjp; A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 70


¼[k.M % [k½
fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl n'kZu ,oa vkfndky A
¼i½ fgUnh lkfgR; dk bfrgkl&n'kZu] fgUnh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl&ys[ku dh ijEijk&izeq[k bfrgkl
ys[kd vkSj muds xzaFk dh fo'ks"krk ,oa egRo] fgUnh lkfgR; ds bfrgkl&ys[ku laca/kh
izeq[k leL;k,aW vkSj lek/kku A
¼ii½ vfndky % ukedj.k&leL;k vkSj vkSfpR;] vkfndky dh lkekftd] jktuhfrd] vkfFkZd]
lakLd`frd i`"BHkwfe] vkfndky dk izkjEHk] izFke dfo vkSj xzUFk] vkfndkyhu fgUnh
dkO;Hkk"kkvksa ds :i] vkfndkyhu fgUnh lkfgR; dh fo'ks"krk,Wa A
¼iii½ fl) lkfgR; % fodkl vkSj izof` Rr] ckS} /keZ vkSj egk;ku&otz;ku] ea=;ku] dkypdz;ku]
lgt;ku vkSj ra=;ku] fl}%'kCn&vFkZ] fl} vkSj flf};kWa] izeq[k fl} vkSj mudk lkfgR;]
egk;ku vkSj ghu;ku vkSj muds vkpkj vkSj fopkj] fl}ksadh la[;k] fl} lkfgR; dh
izeq[k izo`fRr;ka vkSj izHkko A
¼iv½ ukFk lkfgR; % fodkl vkSj izo`fRr& ukFk 'kCn&ehekalk] fl} vkSj ukFk] ukS ukFk& vkfnukFk]
eRL;sUnzukFk] tM+Hkjr] nsonRr] nRrke;s] l:L=ktqZu] ukxktZqu] tkya/kjukFk vkSj xksj[kukFk]
ukFkiafFk;ksa dk lk/kuk&"kV~pdz vkSj ukM+h fup;] ukFkiafFk;ksa dh os"kHkw"kk] ukFkiaFk vkSj
gB;ksx] ;ksx ds pkj lks;ku&lekf/kikn] lk/kuikn] foHkwfrikn vkSj dSoY;ikn] xksj[kukFk
vkSj mudh d`fr;kWa] ukFk lkfgR; dh fo'ks"krk,a] ukFkiaFk dh Hkk"kk vkSj mldk izHkko A
¼v½ tSu ¼viHkza'k½ lkfgR; % fodkl vkSj izo`fRr&tSu lkfgR; dk fodkl&;qDrd dkO;/kkjk vkSj
izca/k dkO;/kkjk] tSu lkfgR; ds izeq[k jpukdkj ,oa muds xzUFk] tSu lkfgR; dk n'kZu]
tSu lkfgR; dh dkO;Hkk"kk] Nan] vyadkj] 'kSyh] tSu lkfgR; dh izeq[k izo`fRr;ka vkSj
mldk fgUnh lkfgR; ij izHkko A
¼vi½ pkj.k lkfgR; % fodkl vkSj izo`fRr&lkeUrh lekt vkSj laLd`fr vkSj mldk pkj.k lkfgR;
ij izHkko] jklks dkO;& ijEijk&fMaxy vkSj fiaxy] ize[q k dfo vkSj muds
xzUFk&[kqHkk.kjklks] chlynso jklks] i`Fohjkt jklks dh izkekf.kdrk] ijeky jklks] dhfrZyrk
rFkk vU; xzUFk] dkO;&Hkk"kk] dkO;&:i] f'kYi&fo/kku vkSj fo'ks"krk,Wa A
¼vii½ vkfndky dh yksfddrk ls vuqizkf.kr jpuk,Wa& lans'kjkld] izkd`r iSaxye] gsepUnz ds nksgs]
j;.kkoyh ;k ns'khukeekyk] <ksyk&ek:&jk nwgk] vehj [kqljks] fo|kifr vkSj mudh
inkoyhA
¼[k.M % x½
fgUnh lkfgR; dk HkfDrdky % i`"BHkwfe] fodkl vkSj fo'ks"krk,a A
¼i½ HkfDrdky dh lkekftd& lkaLd`frd i`"BHkwfe] fgUnh HkfDr&vkUnksyu] HkfDr ds izeq[k
:i&fuxqZ.k&lxq.k] lxq.k HkfDr ds fofo/k lEiznk;&fof'k"Vk}Sr] }Srk}Sr] }Srokn vkSj
'kq}k}Sr] oS|k&jkxkuqxk HkfDr] uo/kk HkfDr vkSj ,dkn'k vklfDr A
¼ii½ lar dkO;&ijEijk& lar lkfgR; ds ewy lzksr] lar ds xq.k] lar lk/kuk ds eq[; rRo]
gB;ksx] lgt] lgt vkSj ikj[k fl}kUr] 'kwU;] vugnukn] lqjfr&fujfr] vtiktki] fuxqZ.k
fopkj/kkjk] HkfDr vkSj izse] jgL;okn] lkekftd&lkaLd`frd psruk] lardfo vkSj mudh
jpuk,Wa&ukenso] dchj] jSnkl] /keZnkl] ukud] nknwn;ky] lqUnjnkl] eywdnkl rFkk vU;
lardfo] izeq[k izo`fRr rFkk egRo A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 71


¼iii½ lwQh dkO; ijEijk& lwQh dk vFkZ vkSj fo'ks"krk,a lwQh er% mn~Hko vkSj fodkl] fofo/k
lwQh lEiznk;] lwQher ds izeq[k fl}kUr] lwQh dfo;ksa dh mikluk&i}fr] lar vkSj lwQh
fopkj/kkjk esa lkE;&oS"kL;] lwQh vkSj jgL;okn] lkekftd&lkaLd`frd n`f"V] izeq[k lwQh
dfo vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa& eqYyk nkÅn] dqrqcu] ea>u] tk;lh] mleku] 'ks[kuoh]
dkfle'kkg] uwjeqgEen] lwfQ;ksa dh dkO;Hkk"kk vkSj 'kSyh] lwQh lkfgR; dk izHkko vkSj
egRo A
¼iv½ jkeHkfDr lkfgR;& mn~Hko] fodkl] i`"BHkwfe vkSj fo'ks"krk,Wa A lxq.k HkfDr /kkjk ds nks
:i &jkeHkfDr/kkjk vkSj d`".kHkfDr /kkjk] v}Srokn ds fofo/k Lo:i] oS".ko Jh
lEiznk;] jkeuan dh mikluk&i)fr o mldk izHkko] mudh f'k"; ijEijk] jkekuqtkpk;Z dh
f'k";&ijEijk] jkeHkfDr lkfgR; dk fodkl vkSj mldh lkekftd&lkaLd`frd i`"BHkwfe]
jkeHkfDr dh J`axkjh Hkkouk] HkfDr vkSj e;kZnk] izeq[k dfo vkSj muds xzaFk& rqylhnkl]
vxznkl vkSj ds'konkl A jkeHkfDr lkfgR; dh izeq[k izo`fRr;ksa ,oa egRo] dkO;Hkk"kk
vkSj mldk :i A
¼v½ d`".kHkfDr lkfgR;& d`".kHkfDr lkfgR; ls lacaf/kr lEiznk; vkSj muds fopkj] mikluk&i}fr
vkSj n'kZu] oS".ko/keZ vkUnksyu ds izorZd Jh cYyHkkpk;Z vkSj muds nk'kZfud fl}kUr]
izse&lk/kuk] d`".kHkfDr dk Lo:i fd;k gS] d`".kHkfDr dh lkekftd&lkaLd`frd psruk]
v"VNki vkSj mlls lacaf/kr dfo rFkk muds xzaFk&lwjnkl] uUnnkl] ijekuUnnkl] d`".knkl]
NhrLokeh] prqHkqZnkl] xksfcUnLokeh] dqEHkunkl] iqf"VekxZ ds vU; dfo vkSj muds
xzUFk&fgr gfjoa'k] ehjk] ujksRrenkl] jl[kku vkfnA d`".kHkfDr lkfgR; dh fo'ks"krk,a]
d`".k HkfDr lkfgR; dh dkO;Hkk"kk] egRo A
¼vi½ HkfDr dky dh izeq[k x| jpuk,aW A
¼vii½ eqxy njckjh dkO;& xax ,oa jghe A
¼[k.M % ?k½
fgUnh lkfgR; dk jhfrdky % ukedj.k] i`"BHkwfe] fodkl vkSj fo'ks"krk,Wa A
¼i½ jhfrdky& ukedj.k dh leL;k] jhfrdky vkSj lkeUrh ifjos'k] jhfrdky ds iwoZorhZ y{k.k
xzaFk] jhfr ijEijk dk izkjEHk] laLd`r jhfrxzaFkksa ls budh fHkUurk] ifj.kke] fgUnh jhfr xzaFkksa
ds fuekZ.k dh ijEijk o fodkl] jhfrdkO; ds fofo/k :i& jhfrc)] jhfrfl)] jhfreqDr]
jhfrdkO; dh oLrq] laosnuk vkSj f'kYi] jhfrdkO; dh fo'ks"krk,a vkSj egRo A
¼ii½ jhfrc} dkO;&ijEijk ds izeq[k dfo vkSj muds xzaFk& ds'konkl] fpUrkef.k] efrjke] Hkw"k.k]
nso] f}tnso] fHk[kkjhnkl] dqyifr feJ] in~ekdj] lsukifr o Xoky jhfrc} dkO; dh
fo'ks"krk,a A
¼iii½ jhfrfl) dkO;&ijEijk ds izeq[k dfo fcgkjh vkSj mudh jpuk ^lrlbZ* dk egRo A
¼iv½ jhfreqDr /kkjk ds izeq[k dfo vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa& ?kukuan] vkye] Bkdqj] cks/kk]
o`Un&fxj/kj A jhfreqDr dkO; /kkjk dh fo'ks"krk,Wa A
¼v½ jhfrdky dh izeq[k x|&jpuk,Wa A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 72


¼[k.M % M+½
fgUnh dk vk/kqfud dkO; % fofo/krk] i`"BHkwfe] fodkl vkSj fo'ks"krk,a A
¼i½ fgUnh ds vk/kqfud dky dh i`"BHkwfe] uotkxj.k] jk"Vªh;rk] vk/kqfud psruk dk fodkl]
vk/kqfud fgUnh dfork ds fofo/k :i] okn vkSj izo`fRr;kWa] [kM+hcksyh dk dkO;Hkk"kk;h
:i esa fodkl A
¼ii½ HkkjrsUnqxhu dfork& izkphu vkSj uohu psruk ls ;qDr dfork,Wa] HkkjrsUnq ;qx vkSj
uotkxj.k] HkkjrsUnq;qxhu fgUnh dfork ds izeq[k jpukdkj vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa& HkkjrsUnq
gfj'pUnz] izrki ukjk;u feJ] vfEcdknRr O;kl] cnjhukjk;.k pkS/kjh ^izse?ku* dh izeq[k
jpuk,Wa A
¼iii½ f}osnh;qxhu fgUnh dfork& f}osnh ;qx ds dfo vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa& Jh/kj ikBd] v;ks/;k
flag mik/;k; ^gfjvkS/k*] eSfFkyh'kj.k xqIr] jkeujs'k f=ikBh] fl;kjke'kj.k xqIr] x;k
izlkn 'kqDy lusgh] ukFkwjke'kekZ 'kadj jkepfjr mik/;k;] ykspu izlkn ik.Ms; vkfn dh
jpuk gS A
¼iv½ Nk;koknh fgUnh dfork& Nk;kokn dk vFkZ] Nk;kokn dkO; dh fo"k;oLrq] laosnuk] f'kYi
vkSj izo`fRr] Nk;koknh dkO; dh lkaLd`frd&lkekftd ihfBdk] Nk;kokn&jgL;okn % lkE;
o oS"kE;] Nk;kdkjh dfork ds izeq[k dfo vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa& t;'kadj izlkn]
lqfe=kuanu iar] lw;ZdkUr f=ikBh ^fujkyk*] egknsch oekZ dh jpuk,Wa] fujkyk dh
izxfr&psruk vkSj ;qDr Nan A Nk;kokn dh fpUru&i}fr;ka] izd`fr&fp=.k] lkSUn;Z&psruk]
f'kYi&oSf'k"V~; A
¼v½ jk"Vªh; lkaLd`frd dkO;& ek[ku yky prqosZnh] ckyd`".k'kekZ uohu] lqHknzk dqekjh pkSgku]
lksgu yky f}osnh o jke/kkjh flag fnudj A
¼vi½ Nk;koknksRrj fgUnh dfork& i`"BHkwfe] fodkl vkSj izo`fRr;kWa A
¼i½ izxfroknh fgUnh dfork& izxfroknh ¼tuoknh½ fopkj/kkjk ds dfo vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa&
dsnkjukFk vxzoky] ukxktqZu] jke foykl 'kekZ] Hkokuh izlkn feJ] f'koeaxy flag
^lqeu*] eqfDrcks/k] f=ykspu] HkSjo vkfn dh jpuk,Wa A izxfroknh dkO; dh izeq[k
fo'ks"krk,a A
¼ii½ iz;ksxoknh fgUnh dfork& iz;ksxoknh fopkj /kkjk ds dfo vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa& vKs;]
fxfjtk dqekj ekFkqj] izHkkdj ekpos] Hkkjr Hkw"k.k vxzoky] usfepUnztSu dh jpuk,WA
iz;ksxoknh fgUnh dfork dh fo'ks"krk,a A
¼iii½ u;h dfork& fgUnh u;h dfork ds ize[q k gLRkk{kj vkSj mudh jpuk,Wa&txnh'k xqIr]
y{ehdkUr oekZ] losZ'oj n;ky lDlsuk] fot; nso ukjk;.k lkgh] ujs'k esgrk]
'ke'ksj cgknqj flag] /keZohjHkkjrh] /kwfey] jktdey pkS/kjh o j?kqohj lgk; vkfn
dh jpuk,Wa] u;h dfork dh fo'ks"krk,a A
¼iv½ ledkyhu fgUnh dfork& fgUnh ledjyhu dfork ds izeq[k dfo vkSj mudh
jpuk,Wa& dqWaoj ukjk;.k] dsnkjukFk flag] v'kksd oktis;h] vkyksd /kUok] v:.kdey]
yhyk/kj txwM+h] eaxys'k Mcjky] ohjsu Maxoky] jkts'k tks'kh] xxu fxy] vukfedk
dkR;k;uh] gjh'kpUnz ik.Ms] fo".kq [kjs] pUnzdkUr nsorkys] KkusUnz ifr] cnzh ukjk;.k]
Hkxor jkor vkfn dh jpuk,Wa] ledkyhu dfork dh fo'ks"krk,a A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 73


¼[k.M % p½
fgUnh dFkk&lkfgR; vkSj ukV~; lkfgR;& fodkl] oLrq] laosnuk vkSj f'kYi A
¼i½ fgUnh dFkk&lkfgR; ds vk;ke&miU;kl vkSj dgkuh lkfgR; A
¼d½ fgUnh miU;kl lkfgR;&fodkl vkSj izo`fRr&
¼1½ izsepUn iwoZ fgUnh miU;kl& Jh fuokl nkl] J)kjke fQYyksjh] nsodh uUnu [k=h]
xksikyjke xgejh] fd'kksjh yky xksLokeh] ckyd`".k HkV~V*] Bk-txeksgu flag] yTtkjke
esgrk] ds miU;klksa dk oLrq] laosnuk vkSj f'kYi A
¼2½ izse pUn ;qxhu fgUnh miU;kl& izsepUn] t;'kadj izlkn] f'koiwtu lgk;] prqjlsu 'kkL=h]
fo'oEHkj ukFk dkSf'kd] cspu 'kekZ ^mxz*] Hkxorh izlkn oktis;h] tSusUnz dqekj] byk pUnz
tks'kh] lw;ZdkUr f=ikBh ^fujkyk*] lqn'kZu ds miU;klksadk oLrq] laosnuk] f'kYi A
¼3½ izsepUnksRrj fgUnh miU;kl& tSusUnz] bykpUnz tks'kh] Hkxorh pj.k oekZ] gtkjh izlkn f}osnh]
o`Unkou yky oekZ] ;'kiky] ukxktZqu] jktsUnz ;kno] eUuw Hk.Mkjh] d`".kklkscrh] eS=;h
iq"ik] 'kSys'k efV;kuh vkSj vkapfyd miU;kldkj& f'koiwtu lgk;] Q.kh'oj ukFk js.kq]
ukxktZqu] f'ko izlkn flag] foosdh jk;] f'ko izlkn feJ ^:nz* rFkk vk/kqfudrk cks/k ls
tqM+s miU;kldkj Hkh"e lkguh] Jh yky 'kqDy] deys'oj] ve`ryky ukxj] d`'u pUnj]
vKs;] vejdkUr] m"kk fiz;acnk] jkgheklwe jtk] euksgj';ke tks'kh] lqjsUnz oekZ] e`nqyk xxZ]
fp=keqnqxy] vkseizdk'k ckYehfd] euksgjnkl uSfe"kjk;] foHkwfr ukjk;.k jk;] fnus'kdqekj
'kqDy] vlxj otkgr] vCnqyfofLeYykg] dkerkukFk] fueZy oekZ] vydk ljokxh o izHkk
dsrku vkfn ds miU;klksa dk oLrq] laosnuk vkSj f'kYi A
¼[k½ fgUnh dgkuh lkfgR;& fodkl vkSj izo`fRr A
¼1½ izes pUn iwoZ fgUnh dgkuh& ek/kojko lizs] xkSjh nRr 'kekZ] fd'kksjh yky xksLokeh] ^cax
efgyk*] jke pUnz 'kqDy] fxfjtknRr oktis;h vkfn dh dgkfu;ksa dk fo'ys"k.k A
¼2½ izsepUn ;qxhu fgUnh dgkuh& izsepUn] t; 'kadj ^izlkn*] pUnz/kj 'kekZ ^xqysjh*] fo'oEHkj
ukFk dkSf'kd] lqn'kZu] cspu 'kekZ ^mxz*] prqjlsu 'kkL=h vkfn dgkuhdkjksa dh dgkfu;ksa
dk oLrq vkSj f'kYi A
¼3½ izsepUnksRrj fgUnh dgkuh& tSusUnz] bykpUnz tks'kh] vKs;] Hkxorh izlkn oktis;h] jkaxs;
jk?ko] HkSjo izlkn xqIr] ve`rjk;] ;'kiky] misUnz ukFk v'd] jktsUnz ;kno] deys'oj]
eUuw Hk.Mkjh] Q.kh'oj ukFk ^js.kq*] eksgu jkds'k] f'ko izlkn flag] ekdZ.Ms;] Hkh"e
lkguh] vejdkUr] fueZy oekZ] jkenj'k feJ] nw/kukFk flag] Kkujatu] dk'kh ukFk flag]
mn; izdk'k] jchUnz dkfy;k] ukfljk 'kekZ] lSoky] vf[kys'k] vkfn dh dgkfu;ksa dk oLrq
f'kYi A
¼ii½ fgUnh ukVd lkfgR;& fodkl vkSj izo`fRr
¼d½ fgUnh ukVd lkfgR; ds izeq[k gRlk{kj&
¼1½ izlkn iwoZ fgUnh ukVd vkSj ukVddkj& HkkjrsUnq gfj'pUnz] Jh fuokl nkl] ckyd`".k HkV~V]
jk/kkpj.k xksLokeh ds ukVdksa dk oLrq] jaxeap] f'kYi A
¼2½ izlkn;qxhu fgUnh ukVd vkSj ukVddkj& izlkn] xksfcUn cYyHk iar] ospu 'kekZ ^mxz* lsB
xksfcUn nkl] fo'oEHkj ukFk dkSf'kd] lqn'kZu] mn;'kadj HkV~V ds ukVdksa dk oLrq jaxeap
rFkk f'kYi A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 74


¼3½ izlknksRrj fgUnh ukVd vkSj ukVddkj& gfjd`".k izseh] o`Unkou yky oekZ] iar] pUnz xqIr
fo|kyadkj] y{eh ukjk;.k feJ] lsB xksfoUn nkl] mn; 'kadj HkV~V] txnh'k pUnz ekFkqj]
jkedqekj oekZ] eksgu jkds'k] fo".kqizHkkdj] eqnzkjk{kl] Lons'k nhid] y{eh ukjk;.k yky]
lqjsUnz oekZ] 'kadj 'ksi ds ukVdksa dk oLrq] jaxeap vkSj f'kYiA
¼[k½ fgUnh ,dkadh&fodkl vkSj izo`fRr&
fgUnh ,dkadh ,oa izeq[k ,dkadhdkj& izlkn] jkedqekj oekZ] Hkqous'oj] lqn'kZu] lsB
xksfoUn nkl] mn; 'kadj HkV~V] txnh'k pUnz ekFkqj] misUnz ukFk ^v'd*] Hkxorh pj.k oekZ]
ln~xq: 'kj.k voLFkh] y{eh ukjk;.k yky] eksgu jkds'k] Hkkjr Hkw"k.k vxzoky] lqjsUnz oekZ]
fxfjjkt fd'kksj] fouksn jLrksxh] y{ehukjk;.k feJ ds ,dkafd;ksa dk oLrq] f'kYi vkSj jaxeaph;
fo'ys"k.k A
¼[k.M % N½
fgUnh dh vU; x| fo/kk,a& fodkl vkSj izo`fRr&
¼d½ fgUnh dk fuoa/k lkfgR;& fodkl vkSj izo`fRr& fgUnh fuca/k vkSj fuca/kdkj& HkkjrsUnq
gfj'pUnz] ckyd`".k HkV~V] egkohj izlkn f}osnh] ljnkl iw.kZ flag] ckyeqdqUn xqIr] jke
pUnz 'kqDy] inqeyky iqUukyky c['kh] ek/ko izlkn feJ] izsepUnz] jkgqy lkad`R;k;u]
jkeo`{k csuhiqjh] ek[ku yky prqosZnh] 'kkafrfiz; f}osnh] izlkn] iar] fujkyk] gtkjh izlkn
f}osnh] fo|kfuokl feJ] vKs;] jke foykl 'kekZ] uxsUnz] foosdh jk;] gfj'kadj ijlkbZ]
'kj, tks'kh] dqcsj ukFk jk; ds fucU/kksa dk oLrq] laosnuk vkSj f'kYi A
¼[k½ fgUnh vkykspd vkSj vkykspuk& fodkl vkSj izfreku& fgUnh ds ize[q k vkykspd vkSj
mudh vkykspuk& ckyd`".k HkV~V] ljnkj iw.kZ flag] vk0 jkepUnz 'kqDy] gtkjh izlkn
f}osnh] uUn nqykjs oktis;h] eqfDrcks/k vKs;] izlkj] iar] fujkyk] jkefoykl 'kekZ] ukeoj
flag ds vkykspuk xzaFkdk fo'ys"k.kA
¼x½ fgUnh ds js[kk fp=dkj& Jhjke 'kekZ] in~e flag 'kekZ] xqykc jk;] cukjlh nkl prqosZnh]
izdk'k pUnz xqIr] egknsoh oekZ] dugs;k yky feJ] izHkkdj] j?kqohj lgk;] fujkyk ds
js[kkfp=ksa dk ewY;kadu A
¼?k½ fgUnh dk laLej.k lkfgR;& fgUnh ds izeq[k laLej.k&ys[kd& egknsoh oekZ] jke o`{k
csuhiqjh] nsosUnz lR;kFkhZ] ueZns'oj prqosZnh] fnudj] cPpu] misUnz ukFk v'd ds laLej.kksa
dk fo'ys"k.k A
¼M+½ fgUnh dk fjiksrkZt lkfgR;& HknUr vkuUn] f'ko lkxj feJ] /keZohj Hkkjrh] 'ke'ksj cgknqj
flag] Jh dkUr oekZ] fueZy oekZ] deys'oj ds fjiksrkZt dk f'kYiA
¼p½ fgUnh dk ;k=k lkfgR;& Hkxor 'kj.k mik/;k;] jke o`{k csuhiqjh] /keZohj Hkkjrh] vKs']
v{k; dqekj] ;'kiky tSu] eksgu jkds'k] ve`r jk;] Hkqous'oj ds ;k=k lkfgR; dk
egRoA
¼N½ fgUnh dk vkRe dFkk lkfgR;& vfEcdk nRr O;kl] J}kuUn] ijekuUn] nsohnRr 'kqDy]
inqe ykyk iqUukyky c['kh] ';ke lqUnj nkl] fl;k jke 'kj.k xqIr] jkgqy lkaLd`O;k;u]
;'kiky] prqjlsu 'kkL=h] Hkh"e lkguh] gfjoa'k jk; cPpu dh vkRe dFkkvksa dk
ewY;kaduA

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 75


¼t½ fgUnh dk thouh lkfgR;& dk'khukFk [k=h] dkfrZd izlkn [k=h] oukjlh nkl prqosZnh]
?ku';ke nkl] fojyk] lsB xksfoUn nkl] vkasdkj 'kjn] gtkjh izlkn f}osnh dh thofu;kssa
dk ewY;kadu A
¼>½ fgUnh dk Mk;jh lkfgR;& xtkuu ek/ko ^eqfDrcks/k* vkSj bykpUnz tks'kh dh Mk;fj;ksa dj
egRo A
¼´½ fgUnh dk izeq[k if=dk,Wa& vkykspuk] iwoZxzg] okX;FkZ] v{kj igy] clqvk] rn~Hko] lekl]
u;k Kkuksn;] vktdy] ledkyhu Hkkjrh; lkfgR;] Lkk{kkRdkj] nLrkost vkfn if=dkvksa
ds lEiknd ¼v|ru½ vkSj izdk'ku LFkku o irk dk Kku HkkjrsUnq;qxhu] f}osnh;qxhu]
Nk;kokn;qxhu] Nk;koknksRrj if=dkvksa dk Kku A
¼[k.M % ´½
dkO;'kkL= vkSj Hkk"kk foKku& lksp vkSj le> dk foLrkj A
¼i½ dkO;'kkL=& fpUru dh vusd fn'kk,aW
¼v½ Hkkjrh; dkO;'kkL=& dkO;&vkRek] dkO;&gsrq] dkO;&iz;kstu A
ƒ Hkjr dk jllw=] jl la[;k] jlfu"ifr ds fl}kUr] lk/kkj.khdj.k A
ƒ dkO;'kkL=h; vo/kkj.kk,Wa& jl] vyadkj] /ofu] odksjfDr] jhfr] vkSfpR; fl}kUr A
ƒ vyadkj ds Hksn vkSj mudh la[;k A
ƒ dkO; xq.k vkSj nks"k A
ƒ 'kCn 'kfDr vkSj mlds Hksn A
¼c½ ik'pkR; dkO;'kkL=h; foospu& fpUru/kkjk dk fodkl
ƒ vjLrw dk vuqd`fr vkSj fojspu rFkk Hkkljh fl}kUr A
ƒ ykSatkbuldk mnkRr fl}kUr A
ƒ dkyfjt dh ltZukRed dYiuk dk fl}kUr A
ƒ Vh-,l- bfy;j dk fuoSZ;fDrrk dk fl}kUr A
ƒ vkbZ-,- fjpMZl dk ewY; fl}kUr A
ƒ dzksps dk vfHkO;atuk&fl}kUr A
ƒ izeq[k okn&vfLrRookn] ;FkkFkZokn] uO;'kkL=okn] LoPNUnrkokn] dykokn] vk/kqfudrkokn]
mRrj vk/kqfudrkokn] lajpukokn A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 76


HISTORY
(C - 14)

Unit-I : Sources of Ancient Indian History - Archaeological and Literary Sources, Foreign
Accounts.
Indus Valley Civilization- Origin, data, extent, characteristics, decline, survival and
significance.
Vedic culture- Early and late - Social and political institutions, economic conditions,
religions and philosophical ideas, ritnals and practices.
Mahajanapadas; Republics and Monarchies.
Emergence of Jainism and Buddhism, Rise of Magadha; Macedonian invasion and its
effects.
Foundation of the Mauryan Empire -Chandragupta, Asoka and his Dhamma, Mauryan
administration, economy, art and architecture, disintegration of the Mauryan empire.
Sungas, Satvahanas and Kushans.

Unit-II : Gupta and Vakatakars, Harsha, Administration, economic conditions, Lanolx and
grants, decline of the urban centres, Indian feudalism, position of women, education
and educational institutions - Nalanda, Vikramshila and Vallabhi, Contant with
neighbouring countries -central Asia, South East Asia and China.
The Kadambas, Gungas, Pallavas and Chalnkyas of Badami : Administration; growth
of vaishnava and Saiva religion.
Palas and Senas, Rashtrakutas, Pratiharas, Paramanras, Chlukyas of Gujrat, Arab
contexts - Ghaznavi conquest, Alberuni.
The Chalukyas of Kalyana, Cholas, Hoyasalas, Pandyas, Administration and local
government, growth of art and architecture, religious sects contact with Sri Lanka and
South East Asia.

Unit-III : Sources of the Sultanate period- literary sources - Persian, Sanskrit and Regional
languages; foreign travellers accounts.
The Sultnate - The Ghorids, the turks, the Khaljis, the thghlags, the sayyids and the
Lodis.
Administration under the Sultanate -civil, judicial, revenue, fiscal and military.
The Vijaynagara and the Bahmanis - rise, expansion and disintegration.
The Sufis -Their orders, beliefs and practices, the leading svfi saints; Bhakti cult;
Saivism and Vaishnavism.
Village economy, land revenue and peasantry; urban centres and population;
Industries - Cotton textiles, handicrafts; currency; trade and commerce internal and
external trade.

Unit-IV : Sources of Mughal Period


Foundation of the Mughal Empire and its consolidation, Babur's establishment of
Mughal rule in India; Humayaon and Surs; Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan and
Aurangzeb Mughal relations with the nobility and the Rajputs.
Jahangir- The period of stability and expansion 1611-1621; the period of crises 1622-
27 - The Nurjahan Junta.
Decline of the Mughal Empire ; Political, administrative and economic causes.
Different theories about the decline of the Mughal empire. Shivaji and establishment
of the Maratha Empire; its expansion under the Peshwas.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 77


Sher Sha's administrative reforms, Mughal administration, land revenue and other
sources of income, Mansabari and Jagirdari, Art, architecture and literature; Trade and
commerce; Religious policy from Akar to Aurangzeb; urban centres and industries;
currency, position of women.

Unit-V: Rise of British Power and Economic Polices.


European traders in Indian in the 17th and 18th centuries -portagnese, Dutch, French
and the British.
The establishment and expansion of British dominion in India.
British relations with major Indian powers- Bengal, Oudh, Hyderabad, Mysore,
Marathas and Sikhs.
Administration under the East India Company and Crown, Paramountcy, Civil
Service, Judiciary, Police and Army.
Local self Government; Constitutional changes 1858-1935.
Expansion and commercialisation of agriculture, land rights, land settlements, rural
indebted ness, famine policy.
Drain theory, Decline of industries.
Industrial Policy: major modern industries; nature of factory legislation; labour and
trade union movement.
Monetary Policy - banking and currency ; Railways and Road Transport.

Unit-VI: Social Policies and Indian National Movement


Contract with Christianity -the missions; critique of Indian social and religion beliefs;
educational and other activities.
Social -religious reform movement; status of women, emergence of middle class.
New educational policy, English language, Modern sciences, Journalism, Indian
languages and literature.
Rise of Indian nationalism, social and economic bases of nationalism Revolt of 1857,
Tribal and Peasant movements.
Ideologies and programmes of the Indian National Congress, 1885-1920.
Swadeshi Movement, Indian Revolutionary Movement in India and abroad.
Gandhian Mass movements; left wing politics; movement of the depressed classes.
Communal politics and genesis of Pakistan.
Towards Independence and Partition.

Unit-VII: History of Europe


France under the ancient regime - the French Revolution, intellectual currents,
participation of social classes; emergence of Napoleon Bonaparte and his downfall;
congress of Vienna; social and political development 1815-1848; concert of Europe
and Metternich system.
Revolutionary movements of 1830 and 1848, changes and developments in France;
Napoleon III- Internal and Foreign policy; unification of Germany and Italy,
establishment of the third republic in France.
Europe between 1871-1914; Bismarkian diplomacy and system of alliances; eastern
question; Scramble for Africa & World War I.
Europe 1914-1945; Russian revolution of 1917; Peace settlements and post 1919
world, The great depression; Fascism and Nazism; Spanish Civil war and origins of
the second world war.

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HOME SCIENCE
(C - 15)

There are total ten units and equal no. of objective type questions will be given from each
unit.
Unit-I. Food Science
Food groups
Food preparation
Food preservation
Food Science and Food Analysis
Food Processing
Unit-II. Nutrition Science
Fundamentals of Nutrition
Nutritional Bio-chemistry
Food Microbiology
Public Nutrition
Therapeutic Nutrition
Unit-III. Institutional Management
Management of hospitality Institutes - Hospitals/ Hotels/Restaurants/Cafes and
outdoor catering. Management of social institutes, family as institute, child case and geriatric
institute Panchayats. Management of Educational Institutes -Pre-school Primary and
Secondary Schools, higher educational Institute (College and Universities).
Management of special Institutes for physically, mentally, and socially challenged persons.
Challenges and problems faced by institutions.
Unit-IV. Clothing
Principles of clothing, socio-psychological aspects of clothing, selection of fabrics,
clothing and family clothing. Clothing construction -basic principles of drafting, flat patterns
and draping methods. Textile design - Principles and concepts. Fashion design - fashion
cycles, business and merchandizing. Care and maintenance of textile materials and garments.
Laundry agents - methods and equipments.
Unit-V. Textile
General properties and fine structure of all textile fibers.
Processing and manufacture of all natural and man made fibers
Definition and classification of yarns : Identification of yarns and its use in various
fabrics.
Fabric construction, definition and types of woven, non-woven, knitted and other
onstruction techniques.
Testing of fibers, yarns and fabric; importance of quality control and research
institutes.
Unit-VI. Resource Management
Concept of home management and steps
Management of Human Resources; Classification of Resources; Basic Characteristics
of Resources.
Decision making in family; Steps in decision making; Methods of resolving conflicts.
Work simplification; Importance of work simplification in home; Mundel's classes of
change; Simple pen and pencil technique in work simplification.
Housing Interior design, Principles of Interior design, various colours and colour
schemes
Household equipment - Selection and care

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Unit-VII. Human Development
Child Development -Principles and Stages
Life Span Development -Theories of Human Development and Behaviour
Child rearing, Socialization practices and Dynamics
Early Childhood Care and Education -Emerging trends
Development problems and disabilities during childhood and adolescence, guidance
and counselling.
Advanced child study methods and assessment
Women's Studies, Family Welfare Programme - Recent Approaches
Unit-VIII. Non-formal Education and Extension Education
History and Development of Home Science in Formal/Non-formal and Extension
Education.
Theory and Practices of programme /curriculum planning and development.
Management and Administration of Formal /Non-formal and Extension Education
Monitoring, Supervision and Evaluation of Formal, Non-formal and Extension
Education.
Vocationalization of Home Science in India
Theories and Principles of Guidance and Counselling in Formal /Non-
formal/Extension
Problems and challenges encountered in Formal /Non-formal/Extension
Unit-IX. Development and Educational Communication :
Concept and classification of communication
Traditional Methods and Materials of communication -selection/preparation/use
Modern methods and materials of communication - selection /preparation /use
Strategies for development communication
Classroom communications in Home Science trends
Communication for publicity and public relations
Change and Challenges in communication in contemporary society
Unit-X. Methods of Research
Trends in Research in Home Science
Research Designs
Types of Research
Sampling Techniques
Selection and Preparation of Tools for data collection
Types of variable and their selection
Data collection and classification /coding
Analysis of data through parametric and non-parametric statistics
Report writing
Present action of Data interpretation and discussion.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 80


LAW
(C - 17)

I. Constitutional Law of India


• Features of the Indian constitution.
• Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties under the
Constitutions.
• Union Executive and Union Parliament.
• Distribution of Legislative Powers between Union and States
• Union Judiciary: Jurisdiction and Appointment
• Emergency Provisions
• Amendment of the Constitution.
II. Research Methodology
• Meaning and objectives of Research. Kinds of Research and Importance of Research
Methodology.
• Research Problem, survey of the Literature, working Hypothesis
• Preparation of Research Design, Sample Design, convection of Data and Analysis of
Data.
• Mechanics of writing a Research Report. Treatment of quotations, Footnotes,
Documentation Style, Abbreviations.
III. Jurisprudence
• Nature and sources of Law
• Analytical, Historical, Sociological and Natural Schools.
• Sources of Law : Custom, Precendts and Legislation
• Rights and Duties
• Concept of Possession and Ownership
• Legal Personality.
IV. Public International Law
• Nature of International law and its Relationship with Municipal law.
• Sources of International Law. Treaties, Customs and General Principles of Law.
• Recognition of states and state succession
• The United Nations and its Organs
• Settlement of International disputes
V. Family Law
• Sources of Family Law in India
• Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage
• Adoption and Guardianship
• Maintenance
• Uniform Civil Code

VI. Law of Contracts


• Essentials of a valid contract, Offer, Acceptance and Consideration.
• Capacity to contract, Minor's Contract
• Elements vitiating Contracts - Mistake, Fraud, Misrepresentation, Public Policy,
Coercion, Undue influence and Frustration of contract.
• Remedies for Breach of Contract - Damages
• Wagering and Contingent Contracts.

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VII. Law of Crimes
• General principles of criminal liability, essential of crimes, stage of crime.
• General exceptions
• Common intention and common object offences against Human body.
• Offences against property
• Abetment and conspiracy.
VIII. Law of torts
• Nature and definition of Tort
• General Principles of Tortious liability
• Strict liability, vicarious liability and state liability
• Remoteness and Damages
• Negligence and Nuisance
• Malaicous prosecutions and False imprisonment
• Defimation
IX. Human Rights
• Concept and development of Human Rights
• Contribution of United Nations in the development and implementation of human
Rights
• Implementation of human Rights in India
• Role of National Human Rights Commission
• Protection of Marginalised Groups -Women Children and Minorities.
X. Environmental Law
• Meaning of environment and environment pollution, kinds of pollution
• Legislative measures of prevention and control of environmental pollution in India
• Air pollution, water pollution and noise pollution
• Remedies for Environmental protection - civil, criminal and constitutional
• International regime for environment protection.

Note- to the Paper Setter : (Not Necessary)


In constitutional Law of India, which is the fundamental law of the country, 15 questions may
be asked and in Research methodology 5 questions may be asked. In rest of the eight
subjects, 10 questions each may be asked)

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MILITARY SCIENCE /DEFENCE AND STRATEGIC STUDIES
(C - 21)
UNIT - A
THEORIES AND CONCEPTS
1. (a) The concepts of Nation. State and Nation-State
(b) Theories and elements of State
(c) National Power and its components.
2. (A) Key concepts of security (a) National Security (b) Regional Security
(c) Comprehensive Security (d) Common Security
(B) National Security objectives : Core values, National interests.
(C) Challenges to Security : Individual, Sub-National : National, Regional and
International levels.
3. Non-Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror concept,
development and relevance.
4. Concepts of Geopolitics and Geo-strategy : Theories of Halford Mackinder and Carl
Haushofer.
5. National Security Organization in India : (a) Higher Defence Structure in India
(b) National Security Council (c) Para-military and civil defence (d) Civil-military
relations.
6. Deterrence and Detente : Concept, Theories of nuclear deterrence and their current
relevance.
7. Contribution to strategic thought by Kautilya, Mao, Jomini, Clausewitz, Douhet and Alfred
Mahan.

UNIT-B
PROBLEMS OF PEACE AND SECURITY
1. War : (a) Theories and causes of war. (b) Principles of war. (c) Contemporary
warfare : Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited war, Revolutionary warfare, Low
Intensity Operations, Guerilla warfare, Insurgency and Counter insurgency.
2. Armaments : Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Arms Proliferations.
3. Military alliances and pacts, Peace treaties, Defence cooperation, Strategic partnership and
security dialouge.
4. Terrorism : Concept and kinds (National International and Cross boarder)
5. Nuclear Proliferation & NPT, CTBT, MTCR, NMD.
6. Industrial Military Complex.

UNIT-C
GLOBAL SECURITY ISSUES
1. End of cold war and emergence of new world order.
2. Military, nuclear and missile capabilities of China, Pakistan and India.
3. Re-structuring UNO.
4. Military Geography & Defence Problems; Nature of boundaries terrain (a) Sino- India and
Indo-Pak border disputes and India's Continental Strategy with her neighbours (b) Sri
Lanka Ethnic Conflict (c) Domestic unrest in Afghanistan (d) West-Asian Crisis (e)
Development in Central Asian Republics.
5. Militarisation of Indian Ocean and India's national maritime and security interests in the
Indian Ocean region. India's Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century.
6. Problems of refugess : (a) Causes of migration (b) Population in border areas and border
security.

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UNIT-D
ISSUES IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION
1. Origin, type and structure of conflict at inter-state level.
2. Techniques of conflict prevention.
3. Conflict management : Pacific solution of International Disputes, Coercive methods and
war as an instrument.
4. International Humanitarian Laws of Armed conflicts.
5. Confidence Building Measures : concept, kinds and utility.
6. Techniques of preservation of peace : Collective security, system, Pacific settlement.
Regional Security arrangements. Disarmament.

UNIT-E
ECONOMICS SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY ISSUES AND NATIONAL SECURITY
1. Broad survey of technological changes from industrial revolution to industrial revolution to
information revolution.
2. Economic Theories of Defence.
3. (a) Basics of Defence Planning (b) Determinants of Defence expenditure and Defence
budgeting.
4. National Security and International Trade Regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, NAFTA,
SAPTA).
5. (a) India's nuclear and space power programmes (b) India's energy scenario.
6. Research and Development : (a) Relevance of Science and technology in national security
(b) Impact of information technology : Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA).
7. Issues of mobilization of resources during war and peace.
8. Transfer of technology : Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national
security.

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MUSIC (SITAR)
(C - 22)

• Critical and detailed study of history of Indian Music. different views of origin of Music.
• Classification of Ragas.
• Study of Gram and Moorchana and its importance in Indian Music. Resonance,
consonance - Dissonance.
• Musical quality and its utility in Indian Music
• Study of Swar, Tal and Ragas of South Indian Music.
• Western Music and staff Notation.
• Study of Principles of Aesthetics, Ras and its various kinds.
• Various aesthetical aspects of a Musical performance.
• Classification of Instruments in Indian Music. Origin and development of your
Instrument.
• Gharana, its origin and development. Different Gharanas of your Instrument.
• Relation between Gayaki and Tantra ang of Sitar playing style.
• Various aspect of Music education (Higher education) including teaching techniques, aid
etc.
• Life sketch and contribution of the following; Tansen, Pt. V.N. Bhatkhande, Pt. V.D.
Paluskar Rahim Sen. Pt. Ravi Shankar, Imdad Kahn, Ustad Allauddin Khan, Pt. Nikhil
Banerjee.
• Detailed study of the following Ragas with Avirbhav - Tirobhav, Alpatva- Bahutva etc.
Bhairav, yaman, Bhairvi, Khamaj, Bihag, Ahir Bhairav, Nat Bhairav, Pooriya, Marwa,
Sohani, Basant, Paraj, Jog, Maroo Bihag, Pooriya Kalyan, Todi, Multani, Darbari, Adana,
Miyan Malhar, Bahar.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 85


laxhr ¼rcyk½
(C - 23)
rcyk dk mRifRr ,oa fodkl] rcyk dk ckt ,oa ?kjkukA
rcyk ds ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCnksa dk Kku &
rky] ek=k] le] foHkkx] rkyh ;k Hkjh] [kkyh] y;] cksy] Bsdk] vko`fRr ;k
vkorZu] fdLe] frgkbZ ¼nenkj ,oa csne½] ckaV] jsyk] jkS] yXxh] yM+h] mBku]
is'kdkjk] dk;nk] iYVk] eq[kM+k ;k eksgjk] xr] nqiYyh&xr] friYyh&xr]
pkSuYyh&xr] xr] QnZ] xr&dk;nk] VqdM+k] iju ;k ij.k] pdznkj] lk/kkj.k pdznkj]
Qjekb'kh pdznkj] dekyh pdznkjA
rcyk feykus dh fof/k] rky ds iz;ksx esa /ofu dk egRo] rky ok|&okndksa ds
xq.k&nks"k] ok|&oxhZdj.k] rky jpuk ds fl)kUr] Hkkjrh; vou) ok|ksa esa rcys dk
LFkku] rky dk euksoSKkfud izHkkoA
dky ds nl izk.k ¼dky] ekxZ] fdz;k] vax] xzg] tkfr] dyk] y;] ;fr] izLrkj½A
laxhr esa y; vkSj rky dk izfrcU/k ¼vuq'kklu½ ,oa egRoA ekxZ&rky] ns'kh&rky
dk laf{kIr KkuA
dukZVd rky&i)fr] ik'pkR; rky&i)fr] rcyk laxfr ds fu;eA fofHkUu
y;dkfj;ksa dks fy[kus dk Kku &
3@2] 2@3] 5@4] 4@5] 7@4] 4@7 A
fof'k"V rcyk ,oa i[kkot&okndksa dk thou ifjp; ,oa ;ksxnku& ia- vuks[ksyky
feJ] mLrkn vgentku fFkjdok] ia- d.Bs egkjkt] ia- lkerk izlkn mQZ xksnbZ
egkjkt] ia- fd'ku egkjkt] mLrkn gchcqn~nhu [kkWa] mLrkn vykjD[kk [kkWa] dqnÅ
flag] v;ks/;k izlkn] ukuk ikuls] iq:"kksRrenkl A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 86


laxhr ¼xk;u½
(C - 24)
1- ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCnkoyh &
ukn] Jqfr] Loj] tkfr] xzke] ew/kZuk] jkx] rky] rku] xed] o.kZ] vyadkj
LFkk;] laokn] Loj&lIrd] vYiRo&ogqRo] vkfoHkko&frjksHkko] esyMh] gkeZuh d.kkZVd
rFkk ik'pkR; laxhr dk laf{kIr if'p;] rkuiqjk] xkU/koZ&xku] ekxZ&ns'kh] dqri A

2- iz;ksxkRed 'kkL= &


jkxkssa dk fo'ys"k.kkRed v/;;u% jkx oxhZdj.k& xzke jkx] esy&FkkV]
jkx&jkfxuh] FkkV&jkx] jkxkax % jkxksa dk le; fl}kUr] izkphu rFkk vk/kqfud dky
esa Jqfr;ksa ij 'kq)&fod`r Lojksa dk LFkkaiu% fgUnqLrkuh laxhr esa rky dk egRo
VSxksj }kjk fgUnqLrkuh jkxksa dk iz;ksx] 'kkL=h; laxhr dk rRo] yksd laxhr] dhrZu
ijEijk o HkfDr laxhr A

3- xs; fo/kk,Wa &


izcU/k] /kzqin] [;ky] /kekj] lknjk] Bqejh] VIik] rjkuk] prqjxa ] f=oV] Hktu]
o`Unxku] d`fr] tkoyh] frYykuk] o.kZe] jkx&rkue~ iYyoh] jkx&ekfydk] johUnz
laxhr] mRrj izns'k dh yksd xk;u ijEijk A

4- laxhr dk bfrgkl ,oa 'kkL=Kksa dk ;ksxnku &


izkphu] e/; rFkk vk/kqfud dky esa fgUnqLrkuh laxhr rFkk d.kkZVd laxhr ds
fodkl dk ,sfrgkfld dzfed bfrgkl] dzefodkl] ukVd] Hkjr] nfRry] erax]
ukU;nso] 'kkmxZnso ik'oZnso] ykspu] jkekekR;] iq.Mjhd] fojBy] lkseukFk] nkeksnj]
vgksoy] g`n;ukjk;u nso] O;adVe[kh Jhfuokl] O;kxjkt] eqRFkqLokeh nhf{krkj] ';ke
'kkL=h] ia- Hkkr[k.Ms] ia- ch-Mh- iyqLdj] ia- vksedkj ukFk Bkdqj] ds-lh-Mh-
o`gLifr] izks- izseyrk 'kekZ] izk-s lkEoewfrZ vkfn A

5- lkSUn;Z 'kkL= rFkk laxhr f'k{k.k &


ƒ lkSUn;Z'kkL= ds fl}kUr rFkk Hkkjrh; laxhr ls lEcU/kA jl fl}kUr ,oa
Hkkjrh; laxhr esa bldk iz;ksx A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 87


ƒ jkx&jkfxuh fp=kssa] jkx/;ku vkfn ds fo'ks"k lUnHkZ esa yfyr dykvksa ds
ikjLifjd laca/kksa dk v/;;u A
ƒ xq: f'k"; ijaijk rFkk laLFkkxr laxhr f'k{kk ds xq.k&nks"kA laxhr f'k{k.k ds
lUnHkZ esa bysDVªkWfud ;U=ksa ,oa f'k{k.k esa iz;qDr dh tkus okyh lgk;d
lkexzh dh iz;ksxkRedrk A
ƒ 'kkL=xr rFkk ekSf[kd ijEijk dk laxhr esa vUr% lEcU/k A

6- ?kjkuk &
ƒ fgUnqLrkuh laxhr ds ?kjkuk m}xe] fodkl] izxfr rFkk laxhr laj{k.k esa
?kjkuksa dk lg;ksx] ?kjkuk i}fr ds xq.k&nks"k A
ƒ xk;u ds izeq[k ?kjkuksa dk v/;;u] orZeku fLFkfr ,oa Hkkoh laHkkouk,a A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 88


PERSIAN
(C - 25)
UNIT-1
Origin and development of persian language, Cuniform script, Zoroester and Avesta,
Zand, Pahlavi, early poets and prose writers, Rudaki, Daqiqi, Balami, Rabia etc.

UNIT-2
Persian under Ghaznavids - Firdausi, Unsuri, Farrukhi, Manuchehri, Asjadi, Abu Said
Abul Khair, Baba Tahir, Abul Fadl Baihaqi, Hajwiri, Nasir Khusaw.

UNIT-3
Persian under Saljuq Period - Omar Khayyam, Muizzi, Anwari, Nizami Ganjauri,
Sanai, Attar, Rumi, Nizamul Mulk Tusi, Nasrullah Falsafi, Nizami Aruzi, Rashid Watwat,
Aufi.

UNIT-4
Persian under Mangols and Tunurids - Sadi, Iraqi, Khwaju, Hafiz, Jami, Amir ali Sher
Nawai.

UNIT-5
Persian under Safaids and Qajarids Washi Yazdi, Mulla Muhtashim Kashani, Wisal
Shirazi, Qaani, etc.

UNIT-6
Constitutional movement and Persian literature- Prose, Poetry, Drama.

UNIT-7
Modern Persian literature - Poets and Prose writers of Modern Age, Arif Qazvini,
Ishqi, Iraj Mirza, Bahar, Nima, Shahryar, Parveen Elesami, Semin Bahbahani, Farogh
Farikhzad etc.

UNIT-8
Modern Trends of Persian literature - Novel, Drama, short stories, criticism and
Persian literature produced after Islamic revolution of Iran (1979).

UNIT-9
Political History of Persian Dynasties from the beginning upto modern time. Their
administration and contacts with neighbouring countries, Famous political events.

UNIT-10
Indo-Persian literature from the beginning upto Modern times Abu Sad Salman, Amid
Locki, Amir Khuoau, Faizi, Abul Fadl, Urfi, Naziri, Kalim, Saib, Ghalib, Iqbal etc.

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PHILOSOPHY
(C - 26)
1. Classical Indian Philosophy
Vedic and Upanisadic world-views : Rta-the cosmic order, the divine and the human
realms.
Atman-Self, Karma, Samsara, Moksha.
Carvaka : Pratyaksa as the only pramana, critique of anumana and sabda, rejection of
non-material entitles and of dharma and moksha.
Jainism : Concept of reality-draya, guna, paryaya, jiva, ajiva, anekantavada, syadvada an
nayavada; theory of knowledge; bondage and liberation.
Buddhism : Four noble truths, astangamarga, nirvana, madhyam pratipad,
pratityasamutpada, ksanabhangavada, anatmavada.
Schools of Buddhism : Vaibhasika, Sautrantika, Yogacara and Madhyamika.
Nyaya : Prama and aprama, pramanya and apramanya; pramana :pratyaksa, anumana :
anvayavytireka, lingaparamarsa, vyapti; vyaptigrahopyas, hetvabhasa, upamana; sabda:
Sakti, laksana, akanksa, yogyata, sannidhi and tatparya, concept of God, arguments for
the existence of God, adrsta, nihsryeasa.
Vaisesika : Concepts of padartha, dravya, guna, karma, samanya, samavaya, visesa,
abhava, causation: Asatkaryavada, samavayi, asamavayi nimitta karana, paramanuvada,
adrsta, nihsryeas.
Samakhya : Satkaryavada, prakrti and its evolutes, arguments for the existence of
prakrti, nature of purusa, arguments for the existence and plurality of purusa, relationship
between purusa and prakrti, kaivaly, atheism.
Yoga : Patanjali's concept of citta and citta-vrtti, eight-fold path of yoga, the role of God
in yoga.
Purva-Mimamsa
Sruti and its importance, atheism of purvamimamsa, classification of srutivakyas, vidhi,
nisedha and arthavada, dharma, bhavana, sabdanityavada, jatisaktivada
Kumarila and prabhakara Schools of mimamsa and their major points of differnce, triputi-
samvit, jnatata, abhava and anupalabhdhi, anvitabhidhanavada, abihitanvayavada
Vedanta
Advaita-Rejection of difference : Adhyasa, mayam three grades of satta, jiva, jivanmukti,
Vivartavada
Visistavada : Saguna Brahman, refutation of maya, aprthaksiddhi, parinamavada, jiva,
bhakti and prapatti
Dvaita-rejection of nirguna Brahman and maya, bheda and saksi, bhakti.
2. Modern Indian Thinkers
Vivekanand - Practical Vedanta, universal religion.
Aurobindo - Evolution, mind and supermind, integral yoga.
Iqbal -Self, God, man and superman.
Tagore - Religion of man, ideas on education.
K.C. Bhattacharyya - Concept of philosophy, subject as freedom, the doctrine of maya.
Radhakrishnan- Intellect and intuition, the idealist view of life.
J. Krishnamurti- Freedom from the known, analysis of self.
Gandhi - Non-violence, satyagraha, swaraj, critique of modern civilisation.
Amberdkar- Varna and the caste system, neo-Buddhism.
3. Classical western philosophy
Early Greek Philosophers, Plato and Aristotle

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Ionians, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Democritus
The Sophists and Socrates
Plato- Theory of knowledge (episteme) and opinion (doxa), theory of ideas, the method of
dialectic, soul and God
Aristotle - Classification of the sciences, the theoretical, the practical and the productive
(theoria, praxis, techne), logic as organon, critique of Plato's theory of Ideas, Theory of
causation, from and matter, potentiality and actuality, soul and God
Medieval Philosophy
St. Augustine - Problem of evil
St. Anselm - Ontological agument
St. Thomas Aquinas - Faith and reason, essence and existence, the existence of God.
4. Modern Western Philosophy
Rationalism
Descartes : Conception of method and need for method in Philosophy, clarity and
distinctness as the criterion of truth, innate ideas, the 'real' distinction between mind and
matter, role of God, proofs for the existence of God, mind- body interactionalism
Spinza : Substance, Attribute and Mode, the concept of 'God of Nature', the mind-body
problem, pantheism. three orders of knowing.
Leibniz : Monadology, truths of reason and truths of fact, innateness of all ideas, proofs
for the existence of God, principles of non-contradiction, sufficient reason and identity of
indiscernible, the doctrine of pre -established harmony, problems of freedom and
philosophy
Empiricism
Locke : Ideas and their classification, refutation of innate ideas, theory of knowledge, three
grades of knowledge, theory of substance, distinction between primary and secondary
qualities
Berkeley : Rejection of the distinction between primary and secondary qua;ities,
immaterialism, critique of abstract ideas, esse est percipi, the problem of solipsism; God
and self
Hume : Impression and ideas, knowledge concerning relations of ideas and knowledge
concerning matters of fact. induction and causality, the external world and the self,
personal identity, rejection of metaphysics, scepticism, reason and the passions
Kant : The critical philosophy, classification of judgements, possibility of synthetic a
priori judgements, the Copernican revolution, forms of sensibility, categories of
understanding, the metaphysical and the transcendental deduction of the categories,
phenomenon and noumenon, the ideas of reason -soul, God and world as a whole, freedom
and immortality, rejection of speculative metaphysics
Hegal : the conception of Geist (sprit), the dialectical method concepts of being , non-
being and becoming, absolute idealism
Moore : Refutation of idealism, defence of commonsense, philosophy and analysis
Russell : Refutation of idealism, logic as the essence of philosophy, logical atomism
Wittgenstein : Language and reality, facts and objects, names and propositions, he picture
theory, philosophy and language, meaning and use, forms of life.
Husseri : The Husserlian method, internationality
Heidegger : Being and nothingness, man as being -in-the world, critique of technological
civilisation.
Logical Positivism : The verifiability theory of meaning, the verification principle,
rejection of metaphysics, unity of science
C.S. pierce and William james : pragmatic theories of meaning and truth

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G. Ryle : Systematically misleading expressions, category mistake, concept of mind,
critique of Cartesian dualism

Indian Ethics
Rna and Rta
Purusarthas, Svadharma
Varnadharma and Asramasharma
Niskamakarma and Lokasamgraha
Pancasila and Triratnas
Brahmaviharas
Western Ethics
Good, right, justice
Duty and obligation
Cardinal virtues
Eudaemonism
Freedom and responsibility
Crime and punishment
Ethical cognitivism and non-cognitivism
Ethical realism and intuitionism
Kant's moral theory
Kinds of utilitarianism
Human rights and social disparities
Feminism
Western Logic
Truth and validity
Nature of propositions
Categorical syllogism
Laws of thought
Classification of propositions
Square of opposition
Truth-functions and propositional logic
Quantification and rules of quantification
Decision procedures
Proving validity
Argument and Argument-form
Axiomatic system, consistency, completeness

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PHYSICAL EDUCATION
(C - 27)
Unit-I
Introduction to and definition, aim and objectives of Physical Education.
Philosophies of Education as applied to Physical Education-Idealism, Naturalism,
Realism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, Humanism.
Physical Education in Vedic times, Physical Education in ancient Greece, Rome and
Contemporary Germany, Sweden, Denmark and Russia.
Olympic Movement-Historical development of Ancient and Modern Olympic Games,
Physical Education in India.

Unit-II
Concept of Anatomy, Physiology and Physiology of exercise
Physiology of Muscular activity, Neurotransmission and Movement mechanism.
Physiology of respiration.
Physiology of blood circulation.
Effect of exercise on various systems.
Factors influencing performance in sports.
Bioenergetics and recovery process.
Ergogenic aids and doping.
Nutrition and concept of balance diet and deity manipulation.
Health related fituress, obesity and its management.

Unit-III
Joints and their movements-planes and exes
Kinetics, Kinematics- linear and angular levers
Laws of motion, principles of equilibrium and force, spin and elasticity.
Posture, Postural deformities and their correction.
Muscular analysis of Motor movement.
Mechanical analysis of various sports activities.
Mechanical analysis of fundamental movements -(running, jumping, throwing,
pulling and pushing).

Unit-IV
Concept of Psychology and Psychology of sports
Learning process- theories and laws of learning.
Motivation, theories and dynamics of motivation in sports.
Psychological factors affecting sports performance -viz., stress, anxiety, tension and
aggression.
General principles of growth and development
Personality, its dimensions, theories, personality and performance.
Individual differences and their impact on skill learning and performance.
Group dynamics, team cohesion and leadership in sports.
Sociometrics, economics and politics in sports.
Sports as cultural heritage of mankind, traditions and sport.
Media and sports.

Unit-V
Development of teacher education in Physical Education.

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Professional courses in Sports and Physical Education in India.
Professional ethics.
Qualities and Qualifications of Physical Educational Personnel.
Principles of curriculum planning.
Course content for academic and professional courses.
Age characteristics of pupils and selection of activities.
Construction of class and school Physical Education time table.

Unit-VI
Health-Guiding principles of health and health education.
Body types and deformities
Environmental and occupational hazards and first aid.
Communicable diseases-their preventive and therapeutic aspect.
School health programme and personal hygiene.
Play and play theories
Theories and principles of recreation.
Recreation programme for various categories of people.
Athletic injuries -their management and rehabilitation
Therapatic modalities
Message manipulation and therepatic exercises.

Unit-VII
Characteristics and principles of sports training.
Training load and periodization.
Training methods and specific training programme for development of various motor
qualities.
Technical and Tactical preparation for sports
Short-term and long-term training plants.
Sports talent identification-process and procedures.
Preparing for competition- (build up competitions, main competition, competition
frequency, psychological preparation).
Rules of Games and Sports and their interpretations.

Unit-VIII
Nature, scope and type of research.
Formulation and selection of research problem.
Sampling process and techniques.
Methods of research
Research designs
Data collection -tools and techniques.
Statistical techniques of data analysis-measures of central tendency and variability,
correlation, normal probability curve, t-test and f-tests, chi-square, z-test.
Hypothesis-formulation, types and testing.
Writing research report.

Unit-IX
Concept of test, measurement and evaluation.
Principles of measurement and evaluation.
Construction and classification to tests.
Criteria of test evaluation.

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Concepts and assessment of physical fitness, motor fitness, motor ability and motor
educability
Skill test for Badminton, Basket ball, Hockey, Lawn-tennis, Seccer, Volley ball.
Testing psychological variables - competitive anxiety, aggression, team cohesion,
motivation, self-concept, personality.
Anthropometric measurements and body composition.

Unit-X
Concept and principles of management.
Organization and functions of sports bodies.
Intramurals and Extramurals.
Types of Tournaments and competitions, fixtures
Management of infrastructure, equipments, finance and personnel.
Methods and Techniques of teaching.
Principles of planning Physical Education lessons.
Pupil -teacher interaction and relationship.
Concept of techniques of supervision.

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POLITICAL SCIENCE
(C - 28)
1. Political Theory and Thought
Ancient Indian Political Thought : Kautilya and Shanti Parva.
Greek Political Thought : Plato and Aristotle.
Medieval Political Thought : Church State Relationship and Theory of Two Swords.
European Thought-I : Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau.
European Thought-II : Bentham, J.S. Mill, Hegel, Marx and Green.
Contemporary Political Thought-I : Lenin, Mao, Gramsci, Althusser.
Contemporary Political Thought-II : Rawls, Nozickand Communitarians.
Modern Indian Though : Gandhi, M.N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh, Joy Prakash -
Ambedar, Savarkar.
Concept and Issue : Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism, Decline and
Resurgence of Political Theory.
Democracy, Liberty and Equality.
Civil Society, Environmentalism, multiculturalism.
Post -modernism
Feminism
Citizenship
2. Comparative Politics and Political Analysis
Evolution of Comparative Politics as a discipline; nature and scope.
Approaches to the study of comparative politics : Traditional, Structural-Functional,
Systems and Marxist.
Constitutionalism : Concepts, Problems and Limitations.
Forms of Government : Unitary - Federal, Parliamentary- Presidential.
Organs of Government : Executive, Legislature, Judiciary- their interrelationship in
comparative perspective.
Party System and Pressure Groups; Electoral Systems.
Bureaucracy-types and roles.
Political Development and Political Modernization
Political Culture, Political Socialization and Political Communication.
Political Elite; Elitist theory of Democracy.
Power, Authority and Legitimacy.
Revolution : Theories and Types.
Dependency : Development and Under Development.
3. Indian Government and Politics
National Movement, Constitutional Development and the Making of Indian
Constitution.
Ideological Bases of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and
Duties and Directive Principles.
Constitution as Instrument of Socio-Economic Change, Constitutional Amendments
and Review.
Structure and Process -I : President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Working of
the Parliamentary System, Coalition Governments.
Structure and Process -II : Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State
Legislature.
Panchayati Raj Institutions : Rural and Urban, their working.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 96


Federalism : Theory and Practice in India; Demands of Autonomy and Separatist
Movements; Emerging trends in Centre -State Relations.
Judiciary : Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism including
Public Interest Litigation cases, Judicial Reforms.
Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion, Media; Subaltern and Peasant
Movements.
Elections, Electoral Behaviour, Election Commission and Electoral Reforms.
Class, caste, religion and gender in Indian politics.
4. Public Administration
Development of Public Administration as a discipline; Approaches to the study of
Public Administration : Decision-making, Ecological and Systems; Development
Administration.
Theories of organization.
Principles of organization : Line and staff, unity of command, hierarchy, span of
control, centralization and decentralization, Types of organization - formal and
informal, Forms of organization; department, public corporation and board.
Chief Executive : Types, functions and roles.
Personnel administration : Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale;
Employee -Employer Relations.
Bureaucracy : Theories, Types and Roles; Max Weber and his critics. Civil servant-
Minister relationship.
Leadership, its role in decision -making; Communication.
Financial Administration : Budget, Audit, Control over Finance with special reference
to India and UK.
Good Governance; Problems of Administrative Corruption; Transparency and
Accountability; Right to Information.
Grievance Redressal Institutions : Ombudsman, Lokpal and Lokayukta.
5. International Relations
Contending Theories and Approaches to the study of International Relations; Idealist,
Realist, Systems, Game, Communication and Decision-making.
Power, Interest and Ideology in International Relations; Elements of power :
Acquisition, use and limitations of power, Perception, Formulation and Promotion of
National Interest, Meaning, Role and Relevance of Ideology in International
Relations.
Arms and Wars : Nature, causes and types of wars/conflicts including ethnic disputes;
conventional, Nuclear/bio-chemical wars; deterrence, Arms race, Arms control and
Disarmament.
Peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict resolution, Diplomacy, World-order and
Peace studies.
Cold war, Alliances, Non-alignment, End of Cold war, Globalisation.
Rights and Duties of states in international law, intervention, Treaty law, prevention
and abolition of war.
Political Economy of International Relations; New International Economic Order,
North-South Dialogue, South-South Cooperation, WTO, Neo-colonialism and
Dependency.
Regional and sub-regional organizations especially SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, OAS.
United Nations : Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the working of UN;
Peace and Development perspectives; Charter Revision; Power-struggle and
Diplomacy within UN, Financing and Peace -keeping operations.

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India's Role in International affairs : India's relations with its neighbours, wars,
security concerns and pacts, Mediatory Role, distinguishing features of Indian Foreign
Policy and Diplomacy.
Emerging new World order
Role of non-state actors
Terrorism and international peace
Ecological and Development issues
Protection of Human Rights.

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PSYCHOLOGY
(C - 29)
Perceptual Progress :
Approaches to the study of perception : Gestalt and Physiological approaches
Perceptual Organization : Gestalt, Figure and Ground, Laws of Organization
Perceptual Counstancy : Size, Shape, and Brightness, Illusion; Perception of Depth and
movements.
Perceptual defence and sensitization, perception without awareness
Role of Motivation and learning in perception.
Learning Processes :
Basic principles of Classical Conditioning : Theories, related issues and recent researches.
Instrumental learning : Phenomena, Paradigms and theoretical issues
Reinforcement : Basic variables and schedules
Cognitive approaches in learning : Latent and observational
Verbal Learning : Methods and materials, organizational processes
Experimental analysis of behaviour: Behaviour modifications, shaping, Discrimination
learning, Neurophysiology of learning.
Memory and Forgetting :
Memory processes: Encoding, Storage, Retrieval
Stages of memory : Sensory memory, short-term memory (STM) and long -term memory
(LTM)
LTM: Retrieval cues, flashbulb memory, constructive processes in memory, eyewitness
testimony, autobiographical memory.
Episodic and Semantic memory : explicit and implicit memory
Models of memory : Interference, decay, retrieval
Memory failure; forgetting and false memory : Memory improving strategies
Thinking and Problem Solving :
Theories of thought processes : Associationism, Gestalt, Information processing
Convergent and divergent thinking : Decision-making: impediments to problem -solving,
problem-solving types and strategies.
Creative thinking and problem -solving ; Language and thought
Concept formation : Theories, Rules and strategies; Role of concepts in thinking
Cognitive Strategies : Algorithms and heuristic
Reasoning : Deductive and inductive
Motivation and Emotion :
Historical antecedents of motivation from Mechanism to Cognition
Basic motivational concepts : Instincts, needs, drives, incentives, motivational cycle
Approaches to motivation : Psychoanalytical, ethological, S-R cognitive, humanistic
Biological and Social motives; Exploratory behaviour and curiosity
Measurement of motives : Issues and techniques
Cross-cultural perspectives of motivation: Achievement, aggression and attribution
Theories of emotions : James -Lange, Canon-Bard, Schachter and Singer
Components of emotions : Physiological, expressive, and cognitive
Physiological correlates of emotions ; Conflicts : Source and types
Neural mechanism of emotion : Central and peripheral
Measurement of emotions : Physiological, expressive, and cognitive measures
Current theories of emotions and facial feedback hypothesis.
Human Abilities :
Theories of intelligence : Cattell, Jenssen, Sternberg, Goleman, Spearman, Thurston,
Guilford
Intelligence : Biological, Social, Eco-cultural determinants
Individual and group differences : Extent and Causes

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Measurement of human abilities
Creativity : Views of Torrance, Getzels, Guilford
Intelligence and creativity relationship
Abilities and achievement : concept and role of emotional intelligence
Personality :
History of Personality Psychology
Clinical and growth approach to personality; Determinants: Biological and socio-cultural
Approaches : Psychoanalytic, neo-Freudian, social learning, trait and type, cognitive
Personality assessment : Projective, psychometric and behavioural measures.
Individual differences - male /female, stress & adjustment, cultural and ethnicity, love
and hate.
Self-concept: Origin and development Psychology of self : Western and Eastern
perspectives, and measurement
Research Methodology :
Research Problems, hypothesis, variables, conceptual and operational definitions
Sampling and research settings viz., laboratory, field experiments, field studies and
sample surveys.
Methods of psychological research : Quasi-experimental, case studies, and cross -cultural
studies and ethical problems with experimental research in psychology.
Types of psychological research
Methods of data collection : Observation, interview, content analysis, questionnaire, tests
and scales
Quantitative methods and qualitative methods; ANOVA, Correlational analysis : Partial,
multiple, and regression analysis; Factor analysis: Assumptions, methods, rotation, and
interpretation. Unobtrusive and non-reactive measures, non-parametric tests.
Computer application in psychological research
Measurement and Testing :
Concept and levels of measurement : MAXMINCON principle; Sources of bias &
variance psychological testing
Psychological scaling : Purpose and methods
Test construction : Item writing, item analysis
Attitude scales : Types and construction.
Test standardization : Concept of standardization, test efficiency - reliability and validity,
norms
Types of tests: intelligence, aptitude, personality.
Application of factor analysis in standardization of tests, Discriminant functional analysis.
Social Psychology :
Past, present, and future; Major theoretical approaches in Social Psychology.
Social Cognition, Social influence, Social Thinking, Group Processes and Collective
Behaviour
Pro-social Behaviour, Social Tension, Aggression and Violence
Social Psychology of Poverty, Deprivation and Socially Disadvantaged
Applied social psychology: Health, environment law, and gender issues
Biological Basis of Behaviour :
Receptors, effectors, and adjuster mechanism
Neural impulse : Origin, conduction and measurement
Sensory system : Vision and audition

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 100


laLd`r
(C - 30)
1- oSfnd okM~+e;
d- lafgrk & fuEufyf[kr lwDrksas dk v/;;u &
1-_Xosn & vfXu 1-1; o:.k 1-25; bUnz 1-32; lw;Z 1-125; m"kl~ 3-61;
fo'okfe=&unh laokn 3-33; iq:"k 10-90;
fgj.;xHkZ 10-121; okd~ 10-125; uklnh; 10-129
2- 'kqDy&;tqosZn& f'koladYi 1-6% iztkifr 1-5
3- vFkoZosn & i`fFkoh 12-1; jk"VªkfHko/kZu 1-29
[k- czkg~e.k ,oa vkj.;d &
1- lkekU; y{k.k rFkk fo'ks"krk,a A
2- n'kZikS.kZekl ;K] v'oes| ¼'kriFk czkg~e.k½] 'kqu%'ksi rFkk okM~eul
vk[;ku] iapegk;K A
3- fofHkUu lafgrkvksa ls czkg~e.k xzUFkksa dh lEc)rk A
x- mifu"kn~ & bZ'k] dB] c`gnkj.;d] rSfRrjh;ksifu"kn~ dh fo"k;oLrq rFkk izeq[k
nk'kZfud vo/kkj.kkvksa dk v/;;u A
?k- osnkax &
1- osnkaxks dk lkekU; ,oa laf{kIr ifjp; A
2- fu:Dr & v/;k; izFke] f}rh; rFkk lIre ¼nSordk.M½ A
3- pkj in & uke o vk[;kr dk fopkj] milxksZ dk vFkZ] fuikrksa dh
dksfV;kWaA
4- fdz;k ds N% :iA
5- fu:Drk/;;u ds mn~ns'; o fuoZpu fl)kUrA
p- _d~izkfr'kk[; ¼'kkSud½& fuEu ifjHkk"kk,Wa &
lekuk{kj] lU/;{kj] v?kks"k] lks"e] LojHkfDr] ;e] jDr] la;ksx] fjfQrA
N- oSfnd lkfgR; dk bfrgkl&
1- oSfnd lkfgR; & osnksa dh lafgrkvksa muds czkg~e.k] vkj.;d o mifu"knksa
dk lkekU; ifjp;A oSfnd nsork o lwDrksa ds izdkj A
2- oSfnd dkyfo"k;d fofHkUu fl)kUr & Hkkjrh; er] eSDlewwyj] ,-cscj]
tSdksch] fryd] eSDMkuy] foUVjfuV~t] T;ksfr"k lEcU/kh erA
3- _Xosn dk dzeA
4- lafgrkvksa ds ikBHksnA

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 101


2- n'kZu
d- lka[;n'kZu &
lka[;dkfjdk ¼lka[;rRRodkSeqnh½ & lRdk;Zokn] iq:"kLo:i] izd`frLo:i]
l`f"Vdze] izR;;lxZ] dSoY;A
[k- ;ksxn'kZu &
ikr⇑ty;ksxlw= ¼O;klHkk";½ & fpRrHkwfe] fpro`fRr;kW]a bZ'oj dk Lo:i]
;ksxkax] lekf/k] dSoY;A
x- osnkUrn'kZu &
1- czg~elw='kkadjHkk"; & 1-1-1&4
2- csnkUrlkj & vuqcU/kprq"V;] vKku] v/;kjksi&viokn] fyax'kjhjksRifRr]
iaphdj.k] foorZ] thoUeqfDrA
?k- ehekalkn'kZu & vFkZlaxzg & Hkkouk rFkk fof/kHksnA
M+- U;k;&oS'ksf"kdn'kZu &
1- U;k;fl)kUreqDrkoyh & izR;{k[k.MA
2- rdZHkk"kk & inkFkZ] dkj.k] izek.k &izR;{k] vuqeku] mieku] 'kCnA
p- loZn'kZulaxzg& pkokZd] ckS)] tSu] erA
N- "kM~n'kZu] pkokZd] ckS)] tSu n'kZuksa dk bfrgkl o lkekU; ifjp;A

3- O;kdj.k ,oa Hkk"kkfoKku


O;kdj.k
1- egkHkk"; iLi'kkfg~udA
2- ikf.kuh; f'k{kkA
3- fl)kUrdkSeqnh& dkjd izdj.kA
4- y?kqfl)kUrdkSenq h& laKk] lfU/k] lqcUr&vtUr iqfYyax rFkk gyUr iqfYyax]
frMUr& Hokfnx.k] d`nUr] lekl] rf)r& viR;kf/kdkj rFkk
'kSf"kd] L=hizR;;A
5- okD;inh;&czg~edk.MA
Hkk"kkfoKku
1- Hkk"kk dh mRifRr vkSj ifjHkk"kkA
2- Hkk"kkvksa dk oxhZdj.kA
3- Hkk"kk % /ofu;ksa dk oxhZdj.k& LiZ'k] la?k"khZ] v/kZLoj ,oa LojA
4- /ofulEcU/kh fu;eA
5- Hkkjrh; vk;ZHkk"kk dh rhu voLFkk,WaA

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 102


4- lkfgR;
d- ukV~;'kkL= rFkk dkO;'kkL= &
1- ukV~;'kkL= & izFke] "k"B] lIre] v"Vkn'k rFkk ,dksufoa'k v/;k;A
2- n'k:id & izFke o r`rh; izdk'kA
3- lkfgR;niZ.k& "k"B ifjPNsn ukV~;lfU/ki;ZUrA
4- dkO;izdk'k& izFke] f}rh;] prqFkZ ¼jlfu"ifRri;ZUr½] lIre ¼nks"klkekU; o
okDnks"k½] v"V~e] uoe & fuEufyf[kr 'kCnkyadkj & odzksfDr] vuqizkl]
;ed] mRiz{s kk] :id] vfr';ksfDr] lansg] vig~ufr] 'ys"k] leklksfDr]
fun'kZuk] fojks/kkHkkl] nhid] vizLrqr'kalk] n`"VkUr] izfroLrwiek]
rqY;;ksfxrk] O;frjsd] vFkZkUrjU;kl] rqY;;ksfxrk] ladj] lal`f"VA
5- /oU;kyksd & izFke m|ksrA
6- dkO;'kkL= ds lHkh lEiznk;ksa dk lkekU; ifjp; &
jl] vyadkj] xq.k ¼jhfr½] /ofu] odzksfDr rFkk vkSfpR;A
[k- dkO; &
j?kqoa'k & f}rh; rFkk =;ksn'k lxZ A
es?knwr & lEiw.kZ A
cq}pfjr & izFke o f}rh; lxZ A
fdjkrktqZuh; & izFke lxZ A
f'k'kqikyo/k & izFke lxZ A
uS"k/kh;pfjr & izFke lxZ A
x- ukVd &
LoIuoklonRre~] vfHkKku'kkdqUrye~] e`PNdfVde~] mRrjjkepfjre~] jRukoyh]
os.khlagkje~A
?k- x| lkfgR; &
n'kdqekjpfjr & izFke mPN~oklA
dknEcjh & dFkkeq[ki;ZUrA
f'kojktfot; & izFke fu%'oklA
M+- ikSjkf.kd o ,sfrgkfld xzaFk &
1- jkek;.k rFkk egkHkkjr dk lkekU; ifjp;] jpukdky rFkk egRo] iqjk.kksa dk
lekU; ifjp; o egRo] egkdkO;ksa dk mn~Hko rFkk fodkl] [k.MdkO; ds
fofo/k uke] mudk mn~Hko rFkk fodkl] ukVdksa dk mn~Hko rFkk fodkl] x|
lkfgR; dk mn~Hko rFkk fodkl A

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 103


SOCIOLOGY
(C - 31)
I : Sociological Concepts :
1. Sociology as a discipline, its nature, scope and subject matter.
2. Basic concepts : Society, Community, Institution, Social structure, social system,
organization, association, culture, narms, values, status and role, role conflict, social
group, reference group.
3. Social Institutions - Marriage, family, education, economy, polity, religion.
4. Social Stratification - Meaning, forms of stratification; caste, class, gender, ethnic;
Theories of stratification, social mobility and its types.
5. Socialization - Meaning, Agencies and theories of socialization.
6. Social control - Formal and Informal
7. Social change - Concepts, Types (Evolution, diffusion, progress, revolution,
transformation etc.), factors and theories of change.

II : Research Methodology :
1. Social Research -meaning, nature, steps and types.
2. Research Design and its types
3. Hypothesis
4. Sources of data - Primary and Secondary
5. Sampling - probability and non-probability.
6. Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques of data collection -observation, interview -
schedule, interview, questionnaire, case study, content analysis, oral and life history,
sociometry, scaling.
7. Statistics and its uses in Sociology, measures of central tendency- Mean, Median and
Mode, correlation analysis and test of significance.
8. Classification, tabulation and presentation of Data - graphs, charts, diagram and
reporting.

III : Classical Social Thinkers :


1. August Comte
2. Herbert Spencer
3. Emile Durkheim
4. Karl Marx
5. Vilfreds Pareto
6. Max Weber
7. P.A. Sorokin

IV : Indian Social Thought :


1. Social thought in Ancient India - Manu & Kautilya
2. Social thought in Medieval India- Bhakti & Sufi movements
3. Social thought in Colonial and Modern India : Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami
Dayanand Saraswati, Swami Vivekanand, Ravindra Nath Tagore, Sri Aurobindo,
Mahatma Gandhi, Radha Kamal Mukherjee, Jawahar Lal Nehru, Madan Mohan
Malviya, Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

V : Sociological Theory :
1. Sociological Theory - Nature and Typology
2. Structural Theory - Redcliffe Brown, Levi-strauss
3. Functional Theory - Malinowski, Durkheim, Parsons, Merton.

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 104


4. Conflict Theory - Marx, Dahrendorf, Coser.
5. Social Exchange Theory : Homans, Blan
6. Interactionist Theory : Social action - Max Weber, Pareto; symbolic Interactionism :
G.H. Mead, Blumer
7. Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology - Alfred Shultz, Peter Berger and Luckmann.
Harold Garfinkel and Goffman.
8. Neo-functionalism and Neo Marxism
J. Alexander
Habermass, Althusser
9. Structuration and Post Modernism - Levi Strauss, Derrida, Foucault, Anthony
Giddens.

VI : Indian Society : Continuity and change


1. Theoretical perspective /Approaches to the study of Indian society : Indological
/Textual perspective - G.S. Ghurye, Louis Dumont.
Structural Functional perspective - M.N. Srinivas, S.C. Dube.
Marxian perspective - D.P. Muhkerjee, A.R. Desai, Civilizational perspective - N.K.
Bose, Surjit Sinha.
Subaltern Perspective - BR Ambedkar, David Hardiman
2. Indian Society and its Bases : Geographical and racial bases of Indian Society
Cultural Diversity : regional, linguistics, religions and tribal.
Traditional Bases - Vrna - Asrama, Puruslarth, Karma, Dharma.
Institutions - Caste (Characteristics and changes), Family (Functions, types, changes)
Hindu marriage (aims, problems, change) religion, political and economic institutions.
Processual Changes - Westernization, Modernization and Sanskritization

VII : Contemporary Issues


1. Socio-Cultural - Poverty, Gender discrimination, untouchability, Ethnicity, Regional
and religious disharmonies, Domestic violence, dowry, Divorce, problems of older
persons.
2. Developmental Population, regional disparity, slums, Displacement, problem of
Health and Medical facilities, Ecological degradation and Environmental pollution.
3. Issues pertaining to deviance - Corruption, crime, Juvenile delinquency, White collar
crime, Alcoholism and Drug Addition, women and child trafficking, Suicide, Cyber
crime, Terrorism.

VIII : Social Movements in India


Concept and agents, Social change and social movements, Major movements in India-
1. Peasant movement
2. Environmental movement
3. Tribal movement
4. Labour movement
5. Women's movement
6. Other Backward Classes movement
7. Sub altern movement
8. Ethnic movement

IX : Planned change and development :


1. Planned change and Development : Historicity of planning, five year plan.
2. Multi-sectoral Development in India -

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 105


(a) Rural Development - Concept, programmes and trends, green revolution,
community development programme, panchayat raj, land reforms, N.G.O.'s and
their role, Cooperative societies.
(b) Tribal Development - Approaches and impact
(c) Urban Development - Urbanization and its impact, problems of Urbanization,
Urban planning.
(d) Industrial Development - Concept, approaches, Industrial policy, Industrialization
and its consequences, labour legislations, Trade unions
3. Social legislation and social upliftment with regard to -
(i) Scheduled caste (ii) Scheduled Tribe (iii) Other Backward Classes
(iv) Minorities -religions, linguistic and ethenic (v) Women

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 106


URDU
(C-33)

U.P.Higher Education Service Commission mydoc/raju/SYLLABUS 107