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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY

DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

SECTION 15400
PLUMBING

PART 1 - GENERAL

100000001.01 STANDARDS

A. American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

B. American Society of Sanitary Engineers (ASSE)

C. CAC Title 8 - Cal OSHA Handicapped Requirements

D. CAC Title 24 - Building Standards

1.020 DESIGN REQUIREMENTS

A. Water Service:

1. Where service to a building is from campus water mains, a single


service may be used for both domestic and fire protection supply.

2. Fire protection service shall be taken from the building main ahead of
all building shutoff valves, meters, pressure regulators, and backflow
preventers.

3. Where plumbing fixtures are to be used by children, seniors,


handicapped and in shower areas, the installation of anti-scald units
and/or temperature regulating units will be an integral part of the system.

B.0 Backflow Prevention:

1. Water piping systems must be arranged so that back siphonage or


backflow from industrial into domestic systems is not possible. The word
"industrial" is used in this connection to indicate water that is non-potable
due to contamination, either actual or potential. For example, water
discharging through a faucet to which a hose would be attached must be
considered to be a potential for contamination by reason of possible
backflow from contaminated areas to which the open end of the hose
must be presumed to be exposed. Backflow may be prevented by
installing a backflow prevention device at each individual point of possible
contamination, in which case devices such as vacuum breakers or air
gaps may be employed. Backflow may also be prevented at a single
point where the industrial water piping system takes off from the domestic
water piping. Backflow protection is required at any point where domestic
water is used for cooling of refrigeration condensers or other heat
exchange equipment.

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

2. Install reduced pressure and pressure type backflow preventers so


that their relief valve discharge is not objectionable.

3. Atmospheric vacuum breakers must be installed on the discharge


side of the last valve.

4. Main entry of cold water service to new buildings shall be provided


with a double check type backflow protector installation consisting of two
parallel units valved to allow operational checks of each unit without
shutting down building service. Each unit shall be sized for 50% of the
estimated building demand. This should be located in the mechanical
room close to a floor drain.

C.0 Water Piping: Water piping shall be sized for maximum anticipated flow
to maintain 35 psig. minimum residual pressure at the highest or last fixture,
with velocity not exceeding 10 feet per second.

D. Soil Waste and Vent Piping:

1. Size piping by the fixture unit method outlined in the Uniform


Plumbing Code.

2. Minimum grade of interior piping is to be 1/8 inch per foot. Minimum


grade of buried lines to be required for 3 feet per second velocity.

3. Each fixture is to be separately vented as required by code except


where laboratory sinks in free-standing counters discharge into an acid
waste line. These can be trapped with non-siphoning traps. Such
collection systems should be designed and sized as combined waste and
vent systems with each end vented and no fixture run-out from the
vented portion exceeding 50 feet in length.

E.0 Acid Waste and Vent Piping: Any acid waste and vent piping system is to
be kept separate from the building soil, waste, and vent system to a point
outside the building, commonly a manhole.

F. Drainage: All drainage from buildings, such as sewer, storm drains,


foundations drains, shall be by gravity. Where this is impracticable, specific
approval for use of pumps shall be obtained in advance from Physical Plant.

G. Site Drainage: Give consideration to the possibility of catch basin or line


stoppages. Site contours and elevations shall be arranged so that any ponds
resulting from such stoppages overflow safely to other areas, rather than into
buildings or other locations where damage would occur.
H. Laboratory Gas, Air and Vacuum Piping:

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

1. For any gas piping to outlets that are to be used for burners that also
use air or other gases under pressure, construction documents must
require separation from the system by a back pressure regulator and
relief valve to prevent passage of air into the gas piping system. This
device is to be provided in the permanent piping and not left up to the
installers of the appliance(s).

I.0 Piping Installation:

1. All buried steel piping shall be protectively coated in accordance with


IAPMO Installation Standards IS 13-78.

2. Water lines to equipment or fixtures having quick-closing valves that


may produce water hammer are to be protected with shock absorbers.
Location and size shall be shown in the construction documents, not left
to the recommendations of the manufacturer or other. All shock
absorbers are to be accessible for maintenance.

3. Water line strainers are to have Monel cylinders with 1/16 inch
perforations or 20 mesh Monel screens.

4. Spaces around piping that penetrate floors or other fire separations


are to be sealed by caulking to full slab thickness with incombustible
packing and sealant, or by using UL approved sealing systems to prevent
spread of fire and smoke.

J.0 Valve Installation:

1. All isolating valves are to be shown on the contract drawings, not


merely specified or referred to in a general note.

2. It is recommended that in the course of design, a diagrammatic


sketch be made and reviewed of each system to assure reasonable and
systematic provision of isolation valve.

3. Location of valves in fire protection piping is to be approved during


design by Physical Plant and the Campus Fire Marshal. Valves are to be
provided with supervisory transmitters or otherwise monitored as the
Campus Fire Marshal requires.

4. All valves must be accessible. Drawings and installation must be


reviewed to prevent valves from being made unreachable from access
panels by electrical conduits, ducts, etc.

5. Valves shall be provided so that each new building and each floor in
that building can be isolated without interruption of service to other areas
of the campus. Additionally, valves shall be provided so that each toilet

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

room can be isolated without interruption of service to other areas of the


building.

6. Construction documents are to require that a union be provided at


each screwed valve, except for three-piece ball valves.

K.0 Piping Demolition: At the point of termination of demolition, all pressure


piping branches shall be fitted with a capped pressure rated valves as part of
the demolition work.

1.030 EQUIPMENT WARRANTIES

A. If equipment warranty does not begin at date of installment, the Designer


shall specify extended warranties on equipment when available and
particularly when the construction project is extensive. Too often, equipment
is shipped and then stored awaiting installation. By the time the equipment is
installed, the manufacturer's warranty has expired, leaving the University with
no recourse should the equipment prove faulty. Extended warranties are
available at a nominal first cost increase on almost all major manufactured
equipment.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

200000002.010 MATERIALS

A. Domestic and Industrial Water, Condensing Water, Compressed Air,


Vacuum, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide:

1. Above ground: Type L hard copper tubing with wrought copper


solder joint fittings. Fittings in sizes and types unavailable in wrought
copper shall be cast bronze. Unions larger than 3 inches size shall be
cast bronze flanges. Nipples at outlets shall be Schedule 40 red brass
pipe. The following are exceptions:

a. Pipe and fittings for breathing quality air shall meet


cleanliness requirements specified for oxygen duty in NFPA 56F.

b. Solder for breathing quality air piping shall be silver


solder so that flux is not required and soldered only when piping is
under positive pressure with dry nitrogen.

c. When nitrogen, carbon dioxide, or other special gas


piping is programmed, required quality should be discussed with
users and, if necessary, this piping should be treated the same as
breathing quality air piping.

d. Vacuum piping in sizes larger than 3-inches shall be

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

schedule 40 PVC with solvent welded drainage fittings.

2.0 Buried domestic water and compressed air piping: 1-1/2 inches and
smaller sizes shall be specified for above-ground piping.

B.0 Natural Gas:

1. Interior: Schedule 40 black iron or galvanized pipe with 150 lb.


galvanized malleable iron screwed fittings and ground joint unions for 2-
inches and smaller sizes.

2. Underground: Aldyl-A, Poly, or "Plexco"

C.0 Distilled and Demineralized Water: Schedule 40 PVC pipe with solvent
welded fittings or PPRO-Seal Natural Propylene Pipe and Fittings using
fuseal process.

D. Oxygen and Nitrous Oxide: Type L hard copper with wrought copper
solder joint fittings, cleaned and sealed for oxygen service, silver soldered,
and with entire installation in accordance with NFPA 56F.

E. Soil, Waste, Rainwater and Vent: Above ground waste, rainwater and
vent piping 2-1/2 inches and smaller shall be either hubless cast iron soil pipe
and fittings, or type DWV copper tube and fittings. Above ground soil piping
and larger sizes of waste, rainwater and vent shall be either hubless cast iron
soil pipe and fittings or type DWV copper tube and fittings. Solder for Type
DWV piping shall be 50-50 tin-lead. Buried soil, waste, rainwater and vent
piping shall be service weight hubless cast iron pipe fittings.

F. Acid Waste and Vent:

1. Interior: Schedule 40 fire retardant polypropylene pipe and fittings.

2. Exterior and/or Underground: Silicone and/or underground


impregnated cast iron pipe and fittings.

G. Miscellaneous Small Drainage: As specified for water, or Schedule 40


PVC with solvent welded fittings.

H. Pipe and Equipment Insulation:

1. All domestic hot water supply and return piping shall be insulated.
2. Drains, relief valve discharges and similar hot lines are to be
insulated only to the extent that they do not constitute a personnel
hazard.

3. Insulation shall be 1 inch thick jacketed fiberglass. Insulate fittings to

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

match pipe insulation and provide molded plastic fitting covers.

4. Insulate hot vessels with materials consistent with those used for
piping, except where their location is such that a hard insulation is
preferable, in which case hydrous calcium silicate with a suitable finish
should be used.

I.0 Piping Identification: See Section 15500

2.020 EQUIPMENT

A. Valves:

1. Domestic, industrial and condensing water, compressed air and


copper vacuum system valves shall be as follows:

a. Gate valve 2 1/2 inches and larger Jomar, Model T-316


or S-316, American, Model 17, Cast-iron, Non-rising stem 130 psi,
200 LB WOG bronze gate, flanged, or equal.

b. Globe valves 2 1/2 inches and larger - Nibco F-718-B


and F-818-B, Jenkins or equal.

c. Check valves 2 1/2 inch and larger - Nibco F-918,


Jenkins, or equal.

d. Gate Valves 2 inches and smaller Jomar, Model T-316,


Nibco T-134, Jenkins, or equal, or Nibco T-595-Y ball valves, Apollo
3, or equal. For plumbing, domestic cold, domestic hot and return,
Jomar system 3 Model S-100T, 100% port or equal.

e. Glob valves 2 inches and smaller - Nibco T-235 and T-


335, Jenkins, or equal.

f. Check valves 2 inches and smaller - Nibco T-T-T-413,


Jenkins, or equal.

g. Balancing valves, 2 inches and smaller - Armstrong


series CVB, or equal.

2.0 Valves in PVC vacuum system piping shall be PVC, R&G Sloane,
Chemtrol, or equal.

3. Gas valves shall be Jomar Blue Cap 11, Model T-204, or equal ball
valves for sizes up to 2 inches, and Nordstrom with lubricating plug
flanged Fig. 143 or equal for larger sizes.

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

4. Valves in demineralized (DE) and deionized or reverse osmosis


water systems (DI) shall be R&G Sloane GSR Union ball valves of PVC
construction rated to 140
F temperatures or equal.

B.0 Plumbing Fixtures and Trim:

1. Toilets: Wall hung, white, vitreous china, siphon jet, elongated bowl,
water saver, flush valve type such as American Standard 2257.103 or
equal. Flushometers shall be Marchant #1 with vacuum breaker using
hydraulics as the operating mechanism independent of water pressure,
with features to regulate flushing cycle. Double check with University.

2. Urinals: Wall hung, white vitreous china, blowout type such as


American Standard 6540.017 AF wall or equal, with 2 inch IPS outlet
connection. Flushometer shall be Marchant #1 with vacuum breaker and
features as in item 1 above. Double check with University.

3. Lavatories: White, vitreous china, such as American Standard


7740.020 or equal. Wall-mounted lavatories should have an integral rear
splashback with ledge-mounted supply fittings. When counter-mounted
lavatories are used, it is essential that stainless steel mounting frames be
included in the specification where required for support. It is preferred
that counter-mounted lavatories have a rear ledge for supply trim.
Double check with University.

4. Lavatory Faucets: Chicago No. 802A-335, adjustable slow-closing, 2


to 15 seconds, with renewable operating units, hinged handle, 4" spout
and No. E2605 soft-flow.

5. Sink Faucets: Chicago with #L8 swing spout, #E3 Softflo aerator,
#1000 handles and inlet shanks on 8 inch centers or Delta 100 deck
mounted for standard 3 hole sinks, 8 inch surny spout or equal.

6. Lavatory Trim: Single handle faucets modified with an elbow control


handle, are preferred. Waste outlet shall be fixed grid type. Water
supplies should be specified as 3/8 inch tubing type with cross-arm
handles, except stops in public restrooms shall be loose key type stops.
Note: specify chromium plated brass tubing traps, 17 gage with slip joint
washer (not ground joint).

7. Floor Drain: A 2 inch floor drain is required in each public toilet room,
preferably located below a partition separating toilet stalls, or between
toilet stalls and urinals. Drain tops may be either brass or nickel bronze,
but not chromium plated, and should be square in rooms having square
floor tiles.

8. Hose Bibbs: Chicago #293, sill faucet, 1/2 inch inlet flanged female

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

and 203-6 removable tee handle, polished chrome plate and vac bkr #E-
27.

9. Handicapped Sinks: Eljer, "Wheelchair", size 27x20 1/2 inches,


model no. 051-2964 or Kohler, "Morningside", size 20x27x6 1/4, vitreous
china, white, 11 1/2 inch centers, wheelchair model, model no. K-12634
or equal.

10. Drinking Fountains: "Haws" Model HWBF8, barrier free, #4 satin


finish, stainless steel, 8 gallon per hour cap. suitable for wheelchair, or
"Oasis" wheelchair model, ODP7WM with 18-8 stainless steel or equal.

11. Recirculating Pump: GRUNDFOS Pump, UP26-64F, 1/12 hp, 115


vac or Bell & Gossett, #106192, 100 series, 1/12 hp, 115 vac, bronze
body or equal.

12. Plumbing Fixture Installation:

a. Carriers and supports for fixtures shall be clearly


specified under the Plumbing section of the specifications, which
shall be supplemented by details on the Plumbing drawings

b. All exposed water supplies shall be chromium plated


and shall be fitted with escutcheons at wall penetrations. The space
between wall and pipe shall be sealed. Note: the one-piece angle
stop and supply tube assembly is prohibited from use.

c. Where exposed, water supplies shall be chromium


plated and shall be fitted with escutcheons at wall penetrations, the
space between fixture and wall.

d. All nipples at copper waterlines serving fixtures shall be


Schedule 40 red brass.

C.00 Emergency Showers and Face Spray Units:

1. Emergency showers and face spray units shall be approved by the


campus Department of Environmental Health and Safety.

2. Laboratories where hazardous chemicals are used are required to


have an emergency shower within 100 feet of travel and a face spray unit
within 30 feet of unobstructed travel from such usage. Any fume hood is
to be considered as a point of hazardous chemical usage. A shower and
face spray unit is required in all acid glass washing areas.

3. Mounting heights of spray heads above floor shall be as follows:


Emergency shower - 82 to 96 inches, face spray unit - 42 to 54 inches.

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

4. To avoid obstructions and to allow maximum availability of wall


space, locate emergency showers, wherever feasible, over doorways,
with readily accessible actuating cord. Emergency showers should be in
corridors, not in rooms with doors that may be locked.

5. Face spray units should be located in the vicinity of a sink. Avoid


placement of wall-mounted face spray units on the front or side of base
cabinets, particularly in traffic areas. It is of critical importance that the
placement is such that the User can operate the shower and have both
hands free for manipulation of eyelids or similar action.

6. Final arrangement of emergency showers and face sprays should be


approved by Environmental Health and Research Safety.

D.0 Water Pressure Regulators:

1. Where building water entry pressure exceeds 80 psig, a cold water


pressure regulating station consisting of two regulators set to maintain 80
psig at the lowest point of use shall be specified. Accessibly locate
regulators in a mechanical room with proper drainage.

2. To permit partial service on one regulator, regulators shall be


installed in parallel, each with isolating valve, strainer, and upstream and
downstream pressure gauges.

3. Each regulator shall be sized for 50% of the estimated building


demand.

4. Regulators shall be set to open in sequence.

5. Where single pressure regulators are practical, a 3-valve bypass


should be specified to allow for servicing of the regulator.

E.0 Meters:

1. Each building domestic water service shall have two meters with
registers in cubic feet, installed in parallel, each with strainer and isolating
valve so that partial service can be maintained with one meter out of
service.

2. Provide each makeup line to a hot water heating system, chilled


water cooling system, or cooling tower with a meter that will register in
gallons.

3. Provide each building gas service with a meter, registering in cubic


feet and suitably located for care of reading and maintenance.

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

4. Locate all meters in mechanical rooms (except for gas) where


practicable. Meters must be readily accessible for reading and service.

F.0 Air Compressors:

1. To size compressors for laboratory buildings, use a figure of 0.5 CFM


free air per laboratory outlet for that portion of the demand. Appropriate
additions should be made for air operated centrifuges or high demand
equipment.

2. Additional air quality program needs which may require provisions of


refrigerated aftercoolers, dryers, filters, etc. should be reviewed with
users in the course of design.

3. Consideration should be given to whether a standby compressor


should be provided. It is suggested that this matter be reviewed with
users and with the Physical Plant department early in the design phase.
Where a standby compressor is provided, a check valve is to be placed in
the normal service main upstream of the standby unit to prevent backflow
into the main. The standby compressor pressure control should be set
for cut-in and cut-out slightly below normal system pressure.

4. New building compressor installations should consist of a dual


compressor, single receiver unit with each compressor sized for
approximately two-thirds of the estimated peak demand. Controls shall
provide for manual alternation of the lead machine.

G.0 Vacuum Pumps:

1. To size vacuum pumps for laboratory buildings use a figure of 0.10


CFM free air per laboratory outlet for that portion of the demand.

2. Dual pump, single receiver units should be provided wherever


feasible, with each pump sized for approximately two-thirds of the
estimated peak demand. Controls shall provide for manual alternation of
the lead machine.

H.0 Drains:

1. Drain piping for all equipment having a drain connection shall be


shown on the drawings and shall be shown running to the nearest
adequately sized clear water waste receptacle.

2. All chilled water or direct expansion cooling coils shall be equipped


with a drain pan. All drain pans shall be equipped with trapped drain
piping shown on the drawings as "INDIRECT WASTE."

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

3. Drain piping on vibrating or flexible mounted equipment shall be


equipped with a flexible connection.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

300000003.0100 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. Piping Pressure Testing: The following pressure tests shall be required


by the specifications. Piping is to be tight at the specified conditions.

Systems Test Pressure and Duration Test Media


Domestic, Industrial Condensing 150 psig 4 hours Water
Water
Distilled and Demineralized 150 psig 4 hours Water
Water
Gas, Air, Vacuum 150 psig 4 hours Air
Oxygen and Gas per NFPA 56F
Soil, Waste, Vent, Vent 10' min head, 4 hours Water
Rainwater, Acid Waste

3.020 ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

A. Disinfecting of Domestic Water Piping: Specifications for all new


domestic hot and cold water systems and for all additions to existing domestic
hot and cold water systems shall include a requirement for disinfecting.

1. Contractor's Responsibility: Disinfect domestic hot and cold water


systems and fire lines directly connected thereto in conformity with
procedures and standards described herein.

2. One of the following disinfecting agents may be used:

a. Hypochlorite, calcium or sodium, powdered or aqueous.

b. "Purex," "Chlorox," or similar commercial product with


5.25% or 15% available chlorine in water solution.

3.0 Preliminary Preparation:

a. Service Cock: Provide a 1/2 inch or 3/4 inch service


cock or valve within 3 feet of the supply line for introducing a
disinfecting agent into the lines.

b. Flushing: After final pressure tests, each fixture or outlet


shall be left wide open until flow shows only clear water.

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

4.0 Procedure:

a. Drain all piping to be disinfected.

b. Inject disinfectant into system through the service cock


by means of pump or pressure device at a slow, continuous rate
simultaneously with reduced flow from water main until an
orthotolidin test at each outlet shows chlorine residual concentration
of at least 50 parts per million (ppm).

c. Close all outlets and valves, including main service valve


and injection cock to retain chlorinated water. Maintain this condition
for 24 hours.

d. An orthotolidin test, after 24 hour period, shall indicate a


chlorine residual concentration of not less than 50 ppm. An
orthotolodin test reading less than 50 ppm may result in the repetition
of the procedure.

e. After satisfactory completion of the above test, the


domestic water system shall be drained and flushed until orthotolidin
test show a chlorine residual of not more than 0.5 ppm.

5.0 Alternate procedure: The following alternate procedure may be


followed for alteration work involving branch lines of 20 feet or less in
length.

a. Before installation, ascertain that all pipe and fittings are


substantially clean.

b. Using a solution of one part Purex, Chlorox or equal to


ten parts water, thoroughly swab pipe and fittings immediately prior
to assembly.

c. Immediately after assembly, cap or plug assembled


piping against entry of contamination in a manner acceptable to
Designer. Maintain this condition until final connection.

d. Immediately prior to final connection, thoroughly swab


with a solution of one part Purex, Chlorox or equal, to ten parts
water, all fittings, valves, etc. used in the connection.
e. Immediately after connection, flush new piping
thoroughly with water.

6.0 Approval: After final flushing, water samples should test negative for
coliform aerogenes organisms. Analysis should indicate total place count
less than 100 bacteria per cc. Upon satisfactory completion of analysis,

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DESIGN STANDARD SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY
DIVISION 15 – MECHANICAL SECTION 15400

approval of water system will be given. If analysis results are not


satisfactory, disinfection procedure shall be repeated.

a. Where other industrial water lines connected to the


domestic mains are protected by an appropriate backflow protector,
these lines should not be included in the disinfection procedure.

b. Wherever alteration work results in removal of piping or


water outlets, no dead end branches are to be left in the system.
Specifications are to include a requirement that all dead end lines are
to be cut back, valved and capped within 6 inches of a live main.

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