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Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection

Dust Explosion Protection – What is it?

One spark can be enough!


Where can dust explosions
occur? Zone 21
Combustible and, therefore, poten-
tially explosive dusts occur more Zone 20
often than you think:

For example, during the


processing of Subdivision of potentially explosive dust atmospheres
● Organic products such as wood
into zones by way of example of a Bag emptying station
and fibrous materials without exhaust ventilation (Example see EN 61241-10
● Foodstuffs, alcohol, tobacco and
App. A)
It is a generally known fact that
animal foods
combustible gases can form poten- ● Coal Dust Ex zone subdivision:
tially explosive mixtures. However, ● Metals and metal alloys Zone 20: A place in which an explosi-
more often than not, the fact that
ve atmosphere in the form of a cloud
combustible dusts also represent a
Technically, however, chemical of combustible dust in air is present
large hazard source is not taken into
products made of plastic, resin and continuously, or for long periods
consideration.
rubber can also produce combustible or frequently (p. e. inside a filling
dusts and, as a result, potentially hopper).
How do dust explosions occur?
explosive atmospheres. Zone 21: A place in which an explosi-
Whenever an ignitable mixture of
ve atmosphere in the form of a cloud
combustible dust and air occurs, it
With combustible dusts it is also of combustible dust in air is likely
can be ignited by an ignition source,
necessary to take the possibility of to occur in normal operation occasio-
whereby, depending upon their
glow fires due to dust layer into nally (p. e. immediate vicinity of
composition, the dust-air mixtures
account. The temperature required for hopper; normally in a radius of 1 m)
are more or less likely to ignite.
the ignition of the dust layer is general- Zone 22: A place in which an explo-
The ignition of the mixture can result
ly lower than the ignition temperature sive atmosphere in the form of a
in a chain reaction, during which
of a dust/air mixture. cloud of combustible dust in air is
further explosions can be set off
not likely to occur in normal operation
due to dust being stirred up. As
but, if it does occur, will persist for a
the amount of energy released can
short period only.
be extremely high, the damage
potential of dust explosions is often
enormous.
When assessing the safety aspects
of installations with a potentially
explosive dust atmosphere, numbers
relating to the ignition temperatures of
dust layers and ignition temperature
of clouds present an important means
for the prevention of explosions.
The BIA Report, “Combustion and
Explosion Characteristics of Dusts”,
issued by the Association of Com-
How can dust explosions mercial and Industrial Workers’ Com-
be avoided? pensation Insurance Carriers contains
Together with constructional important information on this.
and organisational measures, the
explosion risk can be minimized
by the choice of suitable, approved
apparatus for use in potentially
explosive dust atmospheres. The
Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH offers
a comprehensive range of electrical
apparatus for safe use in potentially
explosive dust atmospheres.
Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection

Electric drives
and lighting
Mills, mixers and conveyor systems in Potential hazards can only be deter-
dust Ex atmosphers: shall all be in mined and accidents prevented if the
explosion-protected design and they visibility is good. Therefore, in particu-
all depend on electric power - reliable, lar in areas where dust is produced,
safe and explosion-protected. The safe illumination is absolutely essenti-
Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH has al. Dust explosion-protected luminai-
dust explosion-protected switches, res and floodlights provide reliable
intermediate motor terminal boxes lighting here, while, even in the event
and plugs and sockets for the safe of a power failure, escape sign lumi-
power supply of your drives. naires show the way safely. Together
And not only that: the drives can be with junction boxes, distribution boxes
isolated from the mains easily and and switches, the Cooper Crouse-
visibly simply by means of plugs and Hinds GmbH has a complete range
sockets. This makes the maintenance of installation technology products for
and servicing of your installations use in areas with potentially explosive
particularly safe and easy. dust atmospheres.
Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection

Safety through quality


Quality assurance procedure Zone 22: Stringent production
for apparatus dust explosion control
protection Electrical apparatus for use in poten-
As with apparatus for use in areas tially explosive dust atmospheres in
with potentially explosive gas atmos- Zone 22 (category 3D) is also subject
pheres, electrical apparatus for use to a stringent internal production
in areas with potentially explosive control to ensure the constant high
dust atmospheres is subject to a quality of the products. Moreover, the
comprehensive system of quality technical documentation confirming
assurance measures. the compliance of the apparatus with
the directive is included in this control.
And as safety and quality are always
given top priority at Cooper Crouse-
Hinds GmbH, Zone 22 apparatus is
also submitted to a type examination
by a testing authority and the
compliance of the test results with
the requirements of the directive is
confirmed in a “Conformity State-
ment” issued by the testing authority.
All electrical apparatus for use in After all, sometimes it is necessary to
potentially explosive dust atmos- do more than the legislator requires.
pheres has to be submitted to a
conformity assessment procedure. CE symbol
The drawing up of a declaration
Zones 20 and 21: Apparatus with of conformity with the CE symbol
EC-Type-Examination-Certificates. affixed is the basic requirement for
Apparatus for use in potentially the marketing of a product in the
explosive dust atmospheres in Zones EC area, because with this the
20 and 21 (categories 1D and 2D) manufacturer of a product confirms
This starts with the manufacturer has to be tested by an notified body that the design conforms to the
himself, as the prerequisite for the with regard to the explosion protec- directives and that all the quality
manufacture of explosion-protected tion to determine if they are suited assurance measures have been
products is an approved quality for use in these areas. With the fulfilled. It goes without saying
assurance system that has been issue of the EC-Type Examination that all the CEAG brand products
certified by an independent testing Certificate, the testing authority have this symbol, after all Cooper
authority. This confirms that the confirms this suitability and grants Crouse-Hinds GmbH is a leading
manufacturer operates a quality approval. The details relating to the manufacturer of explosion-protected
assurance system with documen- explosion protection in the operating products and, as such, it operates
tation and regular supervision instructions are also included in this a quality assurance system in
(ATEX audit) by an independent test. compliance with the directives.
testing authority. The control criteria
applied here by far exceed those CE symbol
of the general ISO certification
(to ISO 9001, Version 2000).

Stringent test criteria for


computer-supported testing
of light fittings to guarantee the quality
of products supplied
Cooper Crouse-Hinds GmbH – your partner for dust explosion protection

Dust Explosion Protection under European Law


in a given apparatus group and appa-
ratus category in accordance with
Directive 94/9/EC (ATEX 95 or 100a)
may be used in potentially explosive
dust atmospheres. These are selec-
ted according to the different zones
for potentially explosive dust atmos-
pheres (see table).

Directive 1999/1992/EC sets time


ATEX limits and deadlines for the introduc-
Directive 1992/92/EC of the European tion of the minimum requirements for
Parliament and Council dated 16 working materials and workplaces
December 1999 (also known as ATEX for new installations and for the
137 or ATEX 118a) defines the uni- adaptation of existing installations
form minimum regulations for both in which potentially explosive atmos-
gas and dust explosion protection pheres can occur. As, in this case,
within the European community for changes are permitted during the
the improvement of the health and conversion of the directive into the
safety protection of workers that national laws of the member states,
could be at risk due to a potentially
explosive atmosphere.
Combustible dusts in potentially explosive atmospheres
Within the scope of his duties Probability of the Classification of Required marking of
according to Article 8 of Directive occurence of an potentially explosive apparatus to be used acc. to
1999/92/EC, the operator of an explosive dust/ atmospheres CENELEC
installation has to ensure that an air mixture acc. to
CENELEC/IEC Apparatus Apparatus
explosion protection document is directive 1999/92/EC
category category
issued and is kept up to date.
● Are present constantly, for Zone 20 II 1D
Among other things, this explosion
long periods or frequently
protection document shall show
the following: ● Occur accasionally Zone 21 II 2D

● Occurrence due to stirred-up Zone 22 II 3D


dust not probable, but if they
● That the explosion risk has been occur, then only rarely or for
determined and assessed short periods
● That technical and organisational

measures have been taken to fulfil


the safety goals of the directive the respective national rules and regu- potentially explosive dust atmospheres
● That the workplace and the wor- lations shall be observed here. It into Zone 20, Zone 21 and Zone 22.
king materials, including warning should be noted that, depending
devices, are designed, operated upon the respective situation, various It goes without saying that CEAG
and service safely time limits and deadlines can apply. brand products conform to the valid
● The zone classification for the This also applies to the introduction of ATEX directive for use in potentially
hazardous areas the new three-zone classification of explosive dust atmospheres.

eLLK 92036/36
Directive 1999/92/EC stipulates w w w. c e a g . d e
criteria relating to the choice of
explosion-protected apparatus that S. Nr.: D123456 2000 0102

are obligatory for the operator. PTB 96 ATEX 2144 110-254 V 50-60 Hz
110-230 V DC
II 2 G EEx ed IIC T4
Ta ≤ 50 °C
Thus, unless stipulated otherwise in II 2 D T80°C IP66 Lampe: G13-81-IEC-1305-2
the explosion protection document, in
future only apparatus that is classified Example: Type label according to new directive 94/9/EG
All you need for explosion protection
from one source

Explosion-protected

● Fluorescent light fittings

● Floodlights

● Portable lamps

● Plugs and sockets

● Switchgear

● Terminal boxes

● Intrinsically safe signal conditioning


Malux Finland Oy, P.O.Box 69, FIN-06151 PORVOO, Finland
● eXLink Phone: +358 (0)19 57 45 700, Fax: +358 (0)19 57 45 750, www.malux.fi