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Cisco

CCENT Lab Guide


Covers all topics for the ICND1 exam

Version 1.0


Written by
Marc Bouchard
www.subnet192.com

© 2010 Marc Bouchard


Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 3
Recommended training material ............................................................................................................. 3
Recommended lab equipment................................................................................................................. 3
How this guide works…............................................................................................................................ 4
Lab 1 – Configuring S1 – Basic switch configurations................................................................................ 5
Enabling connectivity ....................................................................................................................... 5
Enhancing security ........................................................................................................................... 9
Configure Ports and Port Security .................................................................................................. 13
Configure VLANs ............................................................................................................................ 17
Flash and nvram management ....................................................................................................... 20
Miscellaneous commands of interest ............................................................................................. 23
Lab 2 – Configuring R1 – Basic router configurations ............................................................................. 25
Enabling connectivity ..................................................................................................................... 25
Enhancing security ......................................................................................................................... 29
Flash and nvram management ....................................................................................................... 33
Lab 3 – Interconnecting components ..................................................................................................... 35
Configuring S2 and S3 .................................................................................................................... 35
Session Management..................................................................................................................... 37
Network identification ................................................................................................................... 40
Lab 4 – Full topology.............................................................................................................................. 45
Configuring R2 and R3.................................................................................................................... 45
Serial Connectivity ......................................................................................................................... 47
PPP with Authentication ................................................................................................................ 50
Routing: Static Routes .................................................................................................................... 52
Routing: RIP ................................................................................................................................... 60
References & Resources ........................................................................................................................ 65
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Software................................................................................................................................................ 65
Special thanks… ..................................................................................................................................... 65

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2
Introduction
Studying for the CCENT/CCNA exams is challenging. There are a lot of resources out there, lots of
material but there was nothing I could find to meet my objective: provide me with a challenge, and then
show a step by step explanation to validate the tasks.

This guide is in no way endorsed by Cisco Systems. I created this document out of personal need and to
help myself memorize and learn the various commands and configurations. I thought I should share this
with others to assist in actually learning hands-on skills with Cisco equipment. Also, note that I didn’t
reinvent the wheel here. Most of this is inspired from personal experience in my own lab, from
information gathered on the internet, from some of the simulators, etc.

This guide is provided FREE of charge. If you paid for this guide, you got ripped off. I do
however accept donations of any amount via Paypal at marc@subnet192.com if you find this
guide of use and want to thank me for my efforts. Visit my site at www.subnet192.com for
more information and the latest guides!

Recommended training material


The following are what I personally used to pass the certification. I find that going through a CBT before
hitting the books helps a lot to make the book easier to understand.

 CBT Nuggets ICND1 training by Jeremy Cioara.


 Cisco Press ICND1 by Wendell Odom.

Recommended lab equipment


Finding the right gear to build a lab is quite a daunting task. There is a multitude of models and versions,
as well as modules to customize each device. While you can get by with simulators, (I have tried them
all), nothing compares to working with the real deal.

My recommendations, for a reasonably priced lab that would get you through the CCENT and CCNA
curriculum would be the following. Note that not all of them are used for the CCENT, but will be useful
at the CCNA level.

3 Cisco 2950 series switches

3 Cisco 2620XM 128/45 series routers


Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

3 WIC-2T serial interfaces

3 DCE/DTE Smart Serial cables (for the WIC-2T to WIC-2T connections)

1 NM-4A/S serial interface

3 Serial to Smart Serial cables (for the NM-4A/S to WIC-2T connections)

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How this guide works…
First off, this is not intended to explain any of the concepts. There are fantastic books out there for that
job. This guide attempts to make you think about what you need to do, which commands are required
to complete each step and so on.

Lab 1 and 2 will focus on standalone device configurations. However, you don’t go far if nothing is
interconnected. The objective is to make you build your lab, practicing commands as you go.

The goal topology is the following, based on my recommendations for hardware above. You can also
perform most of the steps using Cisco’s Packet Tracer software if you are part of the Cisco Learning
Academy, but be aware that some commands are not implemented like SSH support, etc.

Device ID Interface IP Address Default Gateway


PC Ethernet adapter 192.168.1.100/24 192.168.1.1
S1 Vlan 1 192.168.1.5/24 192.168.1.1
S2 Vlan 1 192.168.1.6/24 192.168.1.1
S3 Vlan 1 192.168.1.7/24 192.168.1.1
R1 FastEthernet 0/0 192.168.1.1/24
R1 Serial 0/0 172.16.0.1/30
R2 FastEthernet 0/0 10.50.0.1/24
R2 Serial 0/0 172.16.1.1/30
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

R2 Serial 0/1 172.16.0.2/30


R3 FastEthernet 0/0 69.70.16.147/29
R3 Serial 0/0 172.16.1.2/30

For R3’s FastEthernet 0/0 interface, if you have an internet connection available, substitute the IP
address for your own static address. This will provide you with real connectivity to the internet in your
lab.

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4
Lab 1 – Configuring S1 – Basic switch configurations
Material required: 1 switch, 1 PC, console (rollover) cable, Ethernet cable

Enabling connectivity
Objectives
This lab will guide you in configuring a switch from a factory default state.

Preparation
 Connect the console (rollover) cable from the PC to the Console port of the switch.
 Connect the Ethernet cable from the PC to the FastEthernet 0/1 port of the switch.
 Configure the PC’s Ethernet port to 100mbps/Full Duplex.

Tasks
 Open a terminal emulator session to the switch
 Erase the current configuration (reset to factory default) then reboot the switch.
 Set the host name to “S1”.
 Set the console password to “cisco”.
 Set the privileged mode password to “ciscoexec”.
 Set the IP address and default gateway using the topology reference table, and enable the
interface.
 Enable Telnet connectivity on all ports, using password “remote”.
 Configure all ports to 100mbps/full duplex.
 Verify the running configuration.
 View the interface list summary.
 Test the Telnet connection from the PC to the switch.
 View currently connected users.
 Save the configuration.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …)

Enter privileged mode

Switch>enable

Enter configuration mode

Switch#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Erase the startup configuration file (reset to factory defaults)

Switch#write erase
Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all configuration files! Continue? [confirm]
Switch#reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]

OR
Switch#erase startup-config
Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all configuration files! Continue? [confirm]
Switch#reload
Proceed with reload? [confirm]

Set the host name

Switch(config)#hostname S1

Set the console password

S1(config)#line console 0
S1(config-line)#password cisco
S1(config-line)#exit

Set the privileged mode password

S1(config)#enable password ciscoexec

Configure the IP address and default gateway, and enable the interface

S1(config)#interface vlan 1
S1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.5 255.255.255.0
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

S1(config-if)#no shutdown
S1(config-if)#exit
S1(config)#ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1

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Enable Telnet connectivity

S1(config)#line vty 0 15
S1(config-line)#password remote
S1(config-line)#login
S1(config-line)#transport input telnet
S1(config-line)#exit

Configure all ports to 100mbps/full duplex.

S1(config)#interface range fastEthernet 0/1 - 24


S1(config-if-range)#speed 100
S1(config-if-range)#duplex full
S1(config-if-range)#exit
S1(config)#exit

Verify the running configuration

The following output has been edited for space considerations.

S1#show running-config
Building configuration...

Current configuration: 2673 bytes


!
version 12.1
no service password-encryption
!
hostname S1
!
enable password ciscoexec
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
speed 100
duplex full
!

!
interface Vlan1
ip address 192.168.1.5 255.255.255.0
!
ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1
!
line con 0
password 0 cisco
line vty 0 4
password 0 remote
login
transport input telnet
line vty 5 15
password 0 remote
login
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

transport input telnet


!
End

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View the interface list summary

S1#show ip interface brief


Interface IP-Address OK? Method Status Protocol
Vlan1 192.168.1.5 YES manual up up
FastEthernet0/1 unassigned YES unset up up
FastEthernet0/2 unassigned YES unset down down
FastEthernet0/3 unassigned YES unset down down
FastEthernet0/4 unassigned YES unset down down

Test the Telnet connection

From your PC connected to switch via an Ethernet cable, open your terminal emulator software
and connect to the switch using the Telnet protocol.

View currently connected users

S1#show users
Line User Host(s) Idle Location
0 con 0 idle 00:00:30
* 1 vty 0 idle 00:00:00 192.168.1.100

Interface User Mode Idle Peer Address

Save the configuration

S1#copy running-config startup-config


Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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8
Enhancing security
Objectives
Your switch has been configured in the previous lab, but could use a bit more security. Complete the
following tasks to enhance the security of your switch. Note that several tasks here do NOT work in
Packet Tracer or on a non-crypto IOS.

Tasks
 Set the secured privileged mode password to “ciscosecret”
 Set notification banners
o Message of the Day: “AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY”
o Login: “ACCESS RESTRICTED”
 Encrypt all clear text passwords
 Enable SSH connectivity with local authentication. Leave Telnet enabled for the purpose of the
lab.
o Create an account named “admin” with a password of “cisco”
o Use domain name “subnet192.com”
o Configure the terminal port ranges independently (0-4 and 5-15)
 Verify the cryptographic key
 Save the configuration
 Verify your configuration

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …)

Enter privileged mode

S1>enable

Enter configuration mode

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Set the secured privileged mode password

S1(config)#enable secret ciscosecret

Set notification banners (Login and Message of the Day)

S1(config)#banner login ! ACCESS RESTRICTED !


S1(config)#banner motd ! AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY !

Encrypt all clear text passwords

S1(config)#service password-encryption

Enable SSH connectivity with local authentication

S1(config)#ip domain-name subnet192.com


S1(config)#username admin password cisco
S1(config)#crypto key generate rsa
The name for the keys will be: S1.subnet192.com
Choose the size of the key modulus in the range of 360 to 2048 for your General Purpose
Keys
Choosing a key modulus greater than 512 may take a few minutes.
How many bits in the modulus [512]:
Generating RSA keys ...
[OK]

S1(config)#line vty 0 4
S1(config-line)#login local
S1(config-line)#transport input ssh telnet
S1(config-line)#line vty 5 15
S1(config-line)#login local
S1(config-line)#transport input ssh telnet
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

S1(config-line)#exit
S1(config)#exit

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Verify cryptographic key

S1#Show crypto key mypubkey rsa


% Key pair was generated at: 21:31:48 EST Mar 6 1993
Key name: S1.subnet192.com
Usage: General Purpose Key
Key Data:
305C300D 06092A86 4886F70D 01010105 00034B00 30480241 00F242D9 39F85F01
A50E9A4F 37055405 2DB4D613 6C5259CF ACF5AB5B E28DFAB2 D1020301 0001
% Key pair was generated at: 08:32:29 EST Mar 7 1993
Key name: S1.subnet192.com.server
Usage: Encryption Key
Key Data:
307C300D 06092A86 4886F70D 01010105 00036B00 30680261 00B1509F 1EDFEA0A
39F7C421 3D1F86EF 752E5937 EACADEBC F959D757 218F4068 AB020301 0001

Save the configuration

S1#copy running-config startup-config


Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]
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Verify the configuration

The following output has been edited for space considerations.

S1#show running-config
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 2126 bytes


!
version 12.1
service password-encryption
!
hostname S1
!
enable secret 5 $1$h81C$6qczYbE/ul7.g.VH/jV7p.
enable password 7 094F471A1A0A120A0E0F
!
username admin password 7 070C285F4D06
ip subnet-zero
!
ip domain-name subnet192.com
ip ssh time-out 120
ip ssh authentication-retries 3
!
interface FastEthernet0/1
speed 100
duplex full
!
interface FastEthernet0/24
speed 100
duplex full
!
interface Vlan1
ip address 192.168.1.5 255.255.255.0
no ip route-cache
!
ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1
ip http server
banner login ^C ACCESS RESTRICTED ^C
banner motd ^C AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY ^C
!
line con 0
password 7 02050D480809
line vty 0 4
password 7 105C0C140A0317
login local
transport input ssh
line vty 5 15
password 7 105C0C140A0317
login local
transport input ssh
!
end
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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12
Configure Ports and Port Security
Objectives
Your switch has been setup with all the basic settings, the remote access connections are now secured,
but what about the access ports? Anybody can connect anything to any port at this point. You can make
the switch even more secure by preventing unauthorized devices from connecting.

Tasks
 Disable unused ports (13 to 24)
 View the MAC address table
 View the current port security settings on port 12
 Enable Port Security on port 12
o Make the port shutdown in case of violation
o Allow a single MAC address only
o Let the switch learn the MAC address of the device currently plugged in.
o Plug in any device on port 12 and try to ping something, to send a packet out so the
switch learns the MAC address
 View the current port security settings on port 12
 Plug in a different device in that port to trigger port violation rules
 View the current port security settings on port 12 post violation
 Restore connectivity on violated port
 Verify your configuration
o List all ports with Port Security enabled
o List all MAC addresses linked to Port Security enabled ports

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …)

Enter privileged mode

S1>enable

Enter configuration mode

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Disable unused ports (13 to 24)

S1(config)#interface range fastEthernet 0/13 - 24


S1(config-if)#shutdown
S1(config-if)#exit
S1(config)#exit

View the MAC address table

S1#show mac-address-table
Mac Address Table
-------------------------------------------

Vlan Mac Address Type Ports


---- ----------- -------- -----
All 000a.4117.5300 STATIC CPU
All 0100.0ccc.cccc STATIC CPU
All 0100.0ccc.cccd STATIC CPU
All 0100.0cdd.dddd STATIC CPU
1 0004.2007.6d2b DYNAMIC Fa0/1

View the current port security settings on port 12

S1#show port-security interface fastEthernet 0/12


Port Security : Disabled
Port Status : Secure-down
Violation Mode : Shutdown
Aging Time : 0 mins
Aging Type : Absolute
SecureStatic Address Aging : Disabled
Maximum MAC Addresses : 1
Total MAC Addresses : 0
Configured MAC Addresses : 0
Sticky MAC Addresses : 0
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Last Source Address : 0000.0000.0000


Security Violation Count : 0

Enter configuration mode

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

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Enable port security on port 12

S1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/12


S1(config-if)#switchport mode access
S1(config-if)#switchport port-security
S1(config-if)#switchport port-security maximum 1
S1(config-if)#switchport port-security mac-address sticky
S1(config-if)#switchport port-security violation shutdown
S1(config-if)#exit
S1(config)#exit

View the new port security settings on port 12

S1#show port-security interface fastEthernet 0/12


Port Security : Enabled
Port Status : Secure-up
Violation Mode : Shutdown
Aging Time : 0 mins
Aging Type : Absolute
SecureStatic Address Aging : Disabled
Maximum MAC Addresses : 1
Total MAC Addresses : 1
Configured MAC Addresses : 0
Sticky MAC Addresses : 1
Last Source Address : 0005.5e17.4a40
Security Violation Count : 0

View the new port security settings on port 12 post violation

S1#show port-security interface fastEthernet 0/12


Port Security : Enabled
Port Status : Secure-shutdown
Violation Mode : Shutdown
Aging Time : 0 mins
Aging Type : Absolute
SecureStatic Address Aging : Disabled
Maximum MAC Addresses : 1
Total MAC Addresses : 1
Configured MAC Addresses : 0
Sticky MAC Addresses : 1
Last Source Address : 000d.bd11.c580
Security Violation Count : 1

Enter configuration mode

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Restore connectivity on violated port


Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

S1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/12


S1(config-if)#shutdown
S1(config-if)#no shutdown
S1(config-if)#exit
S1(config)#exit

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Verify your configuration

S1#show port-security
Secure Port MaxSecureAddr CurrentAddr SecurityViolation Security Action
(Count) (Count) (Count)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fa0/12 1 1 1 Shutdown
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Addresses in System (excluding one mac per port) : 0
Max Addresses limit in System (excluding one mac per port) : 1024

S1#show port-security address


Secure Mac Address Table
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Vlan Mac Address Type Ports Remaining Age
(mins)
---- ----------- ---- ----- -------------
1 0005.5e17.4a40 SecureSticky Fa0/12 -
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Addresses in System (excluding one mac per port) : 0
Max Addresses limit in System (excluding one mac per port) : 1024

Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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16
Configure VLANs
Objectives
By default, all ports are members of VLAN 1. Create new VLANs and assign them ports.

Tasks
Create VLANs

o Create VLAN 10, with a description of “Sales”


o Create VLAN 20, with a description of “Marketing”
o Create VLAN 30, with a description of “Research”
 Assign ports to VLANs
o Assign ports 5-6 to VLAN 10
o Assign ports 7-8 to VLAN 20
o Assign ports 9 to VLAN 30
 Review VLAN configuration

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …) or via
Telnet.

Enter privileged mode

S1>enable

Enter configuration mode

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Create VLANs

S1(config)#VLAN 10
S1(config-vlan)#name Sales
S1(config-vlan)#VLAN 20
S1(config-vlan)#name Marketing
S1(config-vlan)#VLAN 30
S1(config-vlan)#name Research
S1(config-vlan)#exit

Assign ports to VLANs

S1(config)#interface range fastEthernet 0/5 - 6


S1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 10

S1(config)#interface range fastEthernet 0/7 - 8


S1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 20

S1(config)#interface fastEthernet 0/9


S1(config-if)#switchport access vlan 30
S1(config-if)#exit
S1(config)#exit

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Review VLAN configuration

S1#show vlan brief

VLAN Name Status Ports


---- ------------------------ --------- ---------------------------
1 default active Fa0/1, Fa0/2, Fa0/3, Fa0/4,
Fa0/10, Fa0/11. Fa0/12, Fa0/13,
Fa0/14, Fa0/15. Fa0/16, Fa0/17,
Fa0/18, Fa0/19. Fa0/20, Fa0/21,
Fa0/22, Fa0/23. Fa0/24
10 Sales active Fa0/5, Fa0/6
20 Marketing active Fa0/7, Fa0/8
30 Research active Fa0/9
1002 fddi-default act/unsup
1003 token-ring-default act/unsup
1004 fddinet-default act/unsup
1005 trnet-default act/unsup
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Flash and nvram management
Objectives
Managing and safeguarding the IOS image and configurations.

Preparation
 Install TFTPD32 on your PC.
 Create a folder on your PC with a new IOS image to upload to the switch.

Tasks
 Backup the configuration to TFTP.
 View the contents of flash memory.
 Backup the current IOS image to TFTP.
 From the IOS, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP.
 From ROMMON, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

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Walkthrough

Enter privileged mode

S1>enable

Backup the configuration to TFTP

S1#copy startup-config tftp


Address or name of remote host []? 192.168.1.100
Destination filename [s1-confg]?

View the contents of the flash memory

S1#dir flash:
Directory of flash:/

2 -rwx 112 Mar 01 1993 01:37:46 +00:00 info


3 -rwx 330 Mar 01 1993 01:42:25 +00:00 env_vars
4 -rwx 2126 Mar 01 1993 00:09:19 +00:00 config.text
5 -rwx 1100 Mar 01 1993 00:09:19 +00:00 private-config.text
7 -rwx 3721946 Mar 01 1993 01:40:37 +00:00 c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin
8 drwx 4416 Mar 01 1993 01:41:38 +00:00 html
332 -rwx 112 Mar 01 1993 01:42:17 +00:00 info.ver
333 -rwx 976 Mar 07 1993 02:47:58 +00:00 vlan.dat

7741440 bytes total (2142208 bytes free)

Backup the current IOS to TFTP

S1#copy flash tftp


Source filename []? c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin
Address or name of remote host []? 192.168.1.100
Destination filename [c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin]?
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
3721946 bytes copied in 27.988 secs (132984 bytes/sec)

From the IOS, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP

S1#copy tftp flash


Address or name of remote host []? 192.168.1.100
Source filename []? c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin
Destination filename [c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin]?
#########################################################################################
#########################################################[ok]

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

S1(config)#boot system flash c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin


S1(config)#exit

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From ROMMON, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP

To get into ROMMON, press CTRL-BREAK during the boot sequence (power up) of the switch.
ROMMON>IP_ADDRESS=192.168.1.5
ROMMON>IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.255.0
ROMMON>DEFAULT_GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
ROMMON>TFTP_SERVER=192.168.1.100
ROMMON>TFTP_FILE= c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin
ROMMON>tftpdnld

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22
Miscellaneous commands of interest
Objectives
There are some commands that you can use to improve the device management experience. Here are
some more configuration tasks you can perform.

Tasks
 Configure the console logging to not overlap the command prompt
 Disable the session timeout
 Create an alias called “save” to save your running configuration to nvram:
 Prevent DNS lookups
 Create an entry in the host name table called “TFTPServer” and test connectivity
 Configure the command history buffer to remember 15 commands.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …) or via
Telnet.

Enter configuration mode

S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Configure the console logging to not overlap the command prompt

S1(config)#line console 0
S1(config-line)#logging synchronous
S1(config-line)#exit

Disable the session timeout

S1(config)#line console 0
S1(config-line)#exec-timeout 0
S1(config-line)#exit

Create an alias called “save” to save your running configuration to nvram:

S1(config)#alias exec save copy running-config startup-config

Prevent DNS lookup

S1(config)#no ip domain-lookup

Create an entry in the host name table called “TFTPServer” and test connectivity

S1(config)#ip host TFTPServer 192.168.1.100


S1(config)#exit
S1#ping TFTPServer
Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.100, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/4 ms

Configure the command history buffer to remember 15 commands

S1#terminal history size 15


Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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24
Lab 2 – Configuring R1 – Basic router configurations
Material required: 1 router, 1 PC, console (rollover) cable, crossover Ethernet cable

Enabling connectivity
Objectives
This lab will guide you in configuring a router from a factory default state. The steps in this lab are very
similar to the basic switch configuration, with minor (but important) differences.

Preparation
 Connect the console (rollover) cable from the PC to the Console port of the router.
 Connect the crossover Ethernet cable from the PC to the FastEthernet 0/0 port of the router.

Tasks
 Restore the router to factory defaults
 Set the host name
 Set the console password
 Set the privileged mode password
 Configure the FastEthernet 0/0 interface.
o Set the IP address and subnet mask
o Configure to 100mbps/Full Duplex
o Enable the interface
 Enable Telnet connectivity
 Verify the running configuration
 View the interface list summary
 Test the Telnet connection
 View currently connected users and which lines are used.
 Save the configuration
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

25 www.subnet192.com
Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …)

Enter privileged mode

Router>enable

Enter configuration mode

Router#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Set the host name

Router(config)#hostname R1

Set the console password

R1(config)#line console 0
R1(config-line)#password cisco
R1(config-line)#exit

Set the privileged mode password

R1(config)#enable password ciscoexec

Configure the FastEthernet 0/0 interface

R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0


R1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#no shutdown
R1(config-if)#speed 100
R1(config-if)#duplex full
R1(config-if)#exit

Enable Telnet connectivity

R1(config)#line vty 0 4
R1(config-line)#password remote
R1(config-line)#login
R1(config-line)#transport input telnet
R1(config-line)#exit
R1(config)#exit
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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26
Verify the running configuration

The following output has been edited for space considerations.

R1#show running-config
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 834 bytes


!
version 12.4
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
no service password-encryption
!
hostname R1
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
enable password ciscoexec
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
speed 100
full-duplex
!
interface Serial0/0
no ip address
shutdown
!
interface Serial0/1
no ip address
shutdown
!
ip forward-protocol nd
!
ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
line con 0
password cisco
line aux 0
line vty 0 4
password remote
login
transport input telnet
!
end

View the interface list summary

R1#show ip interface brief


Interface IP-Address OK? Method Status Protocol
FastEthernet0/0 192.168.1.1 YES manual up up
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Serial0/0 unassigned YES unset administratively down down


Serial0/1 unassigned YES unset administratively down down

Test the Telnet connection

From your PC connected to switch via an Ethernet cable, open your terminal emulator software
and connect to the switch using the Telnet protocol.

27 www.subnet192.com
View currently connected users and which lines are used.

R1#show users
Line User Host(s) Idle Location
0 con 0 idle 00:03:35
* 66 vty 0 idle 00:00:00 192.168.1.100

Interface User Mode Idle Peer Address

R1#show line
Tty Typ Tx/Rx A Modem Roty AccO AccI Uses Noise Overruns Int
* 0 CTY - - - - - 0 1 0/0 -
65 AUX 9600/9600 - - - - - 0 0 0/0 -
* 66 VTY - - - - - 1 0 0/0 -
67 VTY - - - - - 0 0 0/0 -
68 VTY - - - - - 0 0 0/0 -
69 VTY - - - - - 0 0 0/0 -
70 VTY - - - - - 0 0 0/0 -

Line(s) not in async mode -or- with no hardware support:


1-64

Save the configuration

R1#copy running-config startup-config


Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]

Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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28
Enhancing security
Objectives
Your router has been configured in the previous lab, but could use a bit more security. Complete the
following tasks to enhance the security of your router.

Tasks
 Set the secured privileged mode password to “ciscosecret”
 Set notification banners
o Message of the Day: “AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY”
o Login: “ACCESS RESTRICTED”
 Encrypt all clear text passwords
 Enable SSH connectivity with local authentication. Disable Telnet.
o Create an account named “admin” with a password of “cisco”
o Use domain name “subnet192.com”
 Verify the cryptographic key
 Save the configuration
 Verify your configuration

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

29 www.subnet192.com
Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …)

Enter privileged mode

R1>enable

Enter configuration mode

R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Set the secured privileged mode password

R1(config)#enable secret ciscosecret

Set notification banners (Login and Message of the Day)

R1(config)#banner login ! ACCESS RESTRICTED !


R1(config)#banner motd ! AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY !

Encrypt all clear text passwords

R1(config)#service password-encryption

Enable SSH connectivity with local authentication. Disable Telnet.

R1(config)#ip domain-name subnet192.com


R1(config)#username admin password cisco
R1(config)#crypto key generate rsa
The name for the keys will be: R1.subnet192.com
Choose the size of the key modulus in the range of 360 to 2048 for your General Purpose
Keys
Choosing a key modulus greater than 512 may take a few minutes.
How many bits in the modulus [512]:
Generating RSA keys ...
[OK]

R1(config)#line vty 0 4
R1(config-line)#login local
R1(config-line)#transport input ssh
R1(config-line)#exit
R1(config)#exit
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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30
Verify cryptographic key

R1#Show crypto key mypubkey rsa


% Key pair was generated at: 21:31:48 EST Mar 6 1993
Key name: R1.subnet192.com
Usage: General Purpose Key
Key Data:
305C300D 06092A86 4886F70D 01010105 00034B00 30480241 00F242D9 39F85F01
A50E9A4F 37055405 2DB4D613 6C5259CF ACF5AB5B E28DFAB2 D1020301 0001
% Key pair was generated at: 08:32:29 EST Mar 7 1993
Key name: R1.subnet192.com.server
Usage: Encryption Key
Key Data:
307C300D 06092A86 4886F70D 01010105 00036B00 30680261 00B1509F 1EDFEA0A
39F7C421 3D1F86EF 752E5937 EACADEBC F959D757 218F4068 AB020301 0001

Save the configuration

R1#copy running-config startup-config


Destination filename [startup-config]?
Building configuration...
[OK]
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

31 www.subnet192.com
Verify the configuration

The following output has been edited for space considerations.

R1#show running-config
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 1010 bytes


!
version 12.4
service timestamps debug datetime msec
service timestamps log datetime msec
service password-encryption
!
hostname R1
!
boot-start-marker
boot-end-marker
!
enable password 7 045802150C2E49560C1A
!
ip domain name subnet192.com
ip auth-proxy max-nodata-conns 3
ip admission max-nodata-conns 3
!
username admin password 7 0822455D0A16
!
interface FastEthernet0/0
ip address 192.168.1.1 255.255.255.0
speed 100
full-duplex
!
interface Serial0/0
no ip address
shutdown
!
interface Serial0/1
no ip address
shutdown
!
ip forward-protocol nd
!
ip http server
no ip http secure-server
!
banner login ^C ACCESS RESTRICTED ^C
banner motd ^C AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY ^C
!
line con 0
password 7 121A0C041104
line aux 0
line vty 0 4
password 7 1317121F041801
login local
transport input ssh
!
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

End

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32
Flash and nvram management
Objectives
Managing and safeguarding the IOS image and configurations.

Preparation
 Install TFTPD32 on your PC (if not done in Lab 1)
 Create a folder on your PC with a new IOS image to upload to the router.

Tasks
 Backup the configuration to TFTP.
 View the contents of flash memory.
 Backup the current IOS image to TFTP.
 From the IOS, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP.
 From ROMMON, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

33 www.subnet192.com
Walkthrough

Enter privileged mode

R1>enable

Backup the configuration to TFTP

R1#copy startup-config tftp


Address or name of remote host []? 192.168.1.100
Destination filename [r1-confg]?

View the contents of the flash memory

R1#dir flash:
Directory of flash:/

1 -rw- 28542192 <no date> c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin

49807356 bytes total (21265100 bytes free)

Backup the current IOS to TFTP

R1#copy flash tftp


Source filename []? c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin
Address or name of remote host []? 192.168.1.100
Destination filename [c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin]?
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
3721946 bytes copied in 27.988 secs (132984 bytes/sec)

From the IOS, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP

R1#copy tftp flash


Address or name of remote host []? 192.168.1.100
Source filename []?c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin
Destination filename [c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin]?
#########################################################################################
#########################################################[ok]

R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R1(config)#boot system flash c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin
R1(config)#exit

From ROMMON, send a new IOS image to a switch using TFTP


Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

To get into ROMMON, press CTRL-BREAK during the boot sequence (power up) of the switch.
ROMMON>IP_ADDRESS=192.168.1.1
ROMMON>IP_SUBNET_MASK=255.255.255.0
ROMMON>DEFAULT_GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
ROMMON>TFTP_SERVER=192.168.1.100
ROMMON>TFTP_FILE= c2600-advipservicesk9-mz.124-23.bin
ROMMON>tftpdnld

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34
Lab 3 – Interconnecting components
Objectives
Let’s build on what we have learned so far and start adding more devices to our lab. Let’s add 2 more
switches and connect the R1 router to our topology.

Configuring S2 and S3
Objectives
Configure the additional switches to create a functional multi-component environment.

Preparation
 Connect R1’s FastEthernet 0/0 interface to FastEthernet port 0/1 of S1.
 Connect S2’s FastEthernet port 0/1 to FastEthernet port 0/2 of S1
 Connect S3’s FastEthernet port 0/1 to FastEthernet port 0/3 of S1
 Connect the PC to FastEthernet port 0/4 of S1.

Tasks
 Using what you have practiced so far, configure the new S2 and S3 switches like you did in Lab 1
– Enabling connectivity. Alternatively, you can use the script in the walkthrough section to
automate the configuration.
 Disable SSH on S1 and remove the local user ‘Admin’ account. This will make connectivity easier
for future labs.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

35 www.subnet192.com
Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …).

S2 and S3 configuration script

Start by resetting the switches to the factory default, and reload. Once restarted, when back at
the Switch> prompt, copy and paste the following script to configure it. Items in bold vary from
device to device.

enable
configure terminal
hostname S2
service password-encryption
alias exec save copy run start
ip default-gateway 192.168.1.1
enable secret 5 $1$h81C$6qczYbE/ul7.g.VH/jV7p.
enable password 7 094F471A1A0A120A0E0F
ip domain-name subnet192.com
interface range fa0/1 – 24
speed 100
duplex full
exit
interface vlan 1
ip address 192.168.1.6 255.255.255.0
exit
banner login ^C ACCESS RESTRICTED ^C
banner motd ^C AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY ^C
line con 0
password 7 02050D480809
line vty 0 4
password 7 105C0C140A0317
login
transport input telnet
line vty 5 15
password 7 105C0C140A0317
transport input telnet
end
save

Disable SSH on S1, remove the admin account.

S1#configure terminal
S1(config)#line vty 0 15
S1(config-line)#transport input telnet
S1(config-line)#login
S1(config-line)#exit
S1(config)#no username admin password cisco
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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36
Session Management
Objectives
Experiment with remote sessions between devices.

Tasks
 Session management
o From S1, open a telnet connection to S2 (192.168.1.6)
o Return to the S1 prompt without closing the connection to S2.
o From S1, open a telnet connection to S3 (192.168.1.7)
o Return to the S1 prompt without closing the connection to S3.
o Display the list of opened sessions (notice which one has a *)
o Resume the S2 session (192.168.1.6)
o Display the users connected to S2.
o Close the session to S2 permanently.
o Verify that the session is closed.
o From the S1 prompt, close the session to S3.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

37 www.subnet192.com
Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …).

From S1, open a telnet connection to S2 (192.168.1.6)

S1>telnet 192.168.1.6
Trying 192.168.1.6 ... Open
AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY
ACCESS RESTRICTED

User Access Verification


Password:

Return to the S1 prompt without closing the connection to S2.

CTRL-SHIFT-6 then X

From S1, open a telnet connection to S3 (192.168.1.7)

S1>telnet 192.168.1.7
Trying 192.168.1.7 ... Open
AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY
ACCESS RESTRICTED

User Access Verification


Password:

Return to the S1 prompt without closing the connection to S3.

CTRL-SHIFT-6 then X

Display the list of opened sessions (notice which one has a *)

S1>show sessions
Conn Host Address Byte Idle Conn Name
1 192.168.1.6 192.168.1.6 0 0 192.168.1.6
* 2 192.168.1.7 192.168.1.7 0 0 192.168.1.7

Resume the S2 session (192.168.1.6)

S1>resume 1
or simply
S1>1
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Display the users connected to S2.

S2>show users
Line User Host(s) Idle Location
* 1 vty 0 idle 00:00:00 192.168.1.5

Interface User Mode Idle Peer Address

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38
Close the session to S2 permanently.

S2>exit
[Connection to 192.168.1.6 closed by foreign host]

Verify that the session is closed.

S1>show sessions
Conn Host Address Byte Idle Conn Name
* 2 192.168.1.7 192.168.1.7 0 3 192.168.1.7

From the S1 prompt, close the session to S3 (192.168.1.7)

S1>disconnect 2
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

39 www.subnet192.com
Network identification
Objectives
Discover connected devices and document the topology of an unknown environment.

Tasks
Assume you don’t know the topology of the network and you need to document it. You connect to
switch S1 thru the console port and from there; you must use various commands to help you create the
diagram with port and IP information:

Device ID S1.subnet192.com S2.subnet192.com S3.subnet192.com R1.subnet192.com


IP address/mask
Platform
Capabilities
IOS version
Incoming port to S1 n/a
Outgoing port from device n/a

 Start by getting the information about the device you’re connected to. Remember, this is an
unknown network to you, so find out as much as you can from this device! Do this without
looking at the running or startup configuration.
 Display a summary list of all the devices known to S1.
 Display detailed information about each of these devices, from the S1 prompt.
 Use telnet to go to the other devices to complete the missing information.
o Display a summary list of all the mac-addresses known to S1.
o Display a summary list of all the devices known to S2.
o Display a summary list of all the devices known to S3.
o Display a summary list of all the devices known to R1.

Using all these steps should allow you to document your network
and even draw out your diagram from scratch, identifying which
devices are visible and which interface to use to get to them.

 Once you have completed the table, configure R1 to not advertise its presence to others.
 Display a summary list of all the devices known to S1. R1 should no longer be listed (it might
take a few minutes to disappear)
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

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40
Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …).

Show information about the local device

S1>show version
Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
IOS (tm) C2950 Software (C2950-I6K2L2Q4-M), Version 12.1(22)EA13  IOS Version
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Fri 27-Feb-09 22:20 by amvarma
Image text-base: 0x80010000, data-base: 0x80680000

ROM: Bootstrap program is C2950 boot loader

S1 uptime is 1 hour, 51 minutes


System returned to ROM by power-on
System image file is "flash:c2950-i6k2l2q4-mz.121-22.EA13.bin"

cisco WS-C2950-24 (RC32300) processor (revision E0) with 19912K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID FHK0626X0H9
Last reset from system-reset
Running Standard Image
24 FastEthernet/IEEE 802.3 interface(s)

32K bytes of flash-simulated non-volatile configuration memory.


Base ethernet MAC Address: 00:0A:41:17:53:00
Motherboard assembly number: 73-5781-10
Power supply part number: 34-0965-01
Motherboard serial number: FOC0625077S
Power supply serial number: DAB0625576E
Model revision number: E0
Motherboard revision number: B0
Model number: WS-C2950-24  Platform
System serial number: FHK0626X0H9
Configuration register is 0xF

S1>show ip interface
Vlan1 is up, line protocol is up
Internet address is 192.168.1.5/24  IP address/mask
Broadcast address is 255.255.255.255
Address determined by non-volatile memory
MTU is 1500 bytes
Helper address is not set
Directed broadcast forwarding is disabled
Outgoing access list is not set
Inbound access list is not set
Proxy ARP is enabled
Local Proxy ARP is disabled
Security level is default
Split horizon is enabled
ICMP redirects are always sent
ICMP unreachables are always sent
ICMP mask replies are never sent
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

IP fast switching is disabled


IP fast switching on the same interface is disabled
IP Null turbo vector
IP multicast fast switching is disabled
IP multicast distributed fast switching is disabled

41 www.subnet192.com
Display a summary list of all the devices known to S1

S1>show cdp neighbors


Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge
S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone

Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme Capability Platform Port ID


S3.subnet192.com Fas 0/3 176 S I WS-C2950G-Fas 0/1
S2.subnet192.com Fas 0/2 175 S I WS-C2950G-Fas 0/1
R1.subnet192.com Fas 0/1 144 R 2620 Fas 0/0

Display detailed information about each of these devices, from the S1 prompt

S1>show cdp neighbors detail


-------------------------
Device ID: S3.subnet192.com  Device ID
Entry address(es):
IP address: 192.168.1.7
Platform: cisco WS-C2950G-24-EI, Capabilities: Switch IGMP  Platform & capabilities
Interface: FastEthernet0/3, Port ID (outgoing port): FastEthernet0/1  I/O Ports

Holdtime : 157 sec

Version :
Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
IOS (tm) C2950 Software (C2950-I6K2L2Q4-M), Version 12.1(22) EA13  IOS Version
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Fri 27-Feb-09 22:20 by amvarma

advertisement version: 2
Protocol Hello: OUI=0x00000C, Protocol ID=0x0112; payload len=27,
value=00000000FFFFFFFF010221FF00000000000000131A2C2700FF0000
Native VLAN: 1
Duplex: full
Management address(es):
IP address: 192.168.1.7

-------------------------
Device ID: S2.subnet192.com
Entry address(es):
IP address: 192.168.1.6
Platform: cisco WS-C2950G-12-EI, Capabilities: Switch IGMP
Interface: FastEthernet0/2, Port ID (outgoing port): FastEthernet0/1
Holdtime : 91 sec

Version :
Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
IOS (tm) C2950 Software (C2950-I6K2L2Q4-M), Version 12.1(22)EA13, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2009 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Fri 27-Feb-09 22:20 by amvarma

advertisement version: 2
Protocol Hello: OUI=0x00000C, Protocol ID=0x0112; payload len=27,
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

value=00000000FFFFFFFF010221FF00000000000000152B1C9A40FF0000
Native VLAN: 1
Duplex: full
Management address(es):
IP address: 192.168.1.6

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42
-------------------------
Device ID: R1.subnet192.com
Entry address(es):
IP address: 192.168.1.1
Platform: cisco 2620, Capabilities: Router
Interface: FastEthernet0/1, Port ID (outgoing port): FastEthernet0/0
Holdtime : 39 sec

Version :
Cisco Internetwork Operating System Software
IOS (tm) C2600 Software (C2600-D-M), Version 12.2(5a), RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
Copyright (c) 1986-2001 by cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Thu 04-Oct-01 19:45 by pwade

advertisement version: 2
Duplex: full
Management address(es):

Display a summary list of all the mac-addresses known to S1

S1>show mac address-table


Mac Address Table
-------------------------------------------

Vlan Mac Address Type Ports


---- ----------- -------- -----
All 000a.4117.5300 STATIC CPU
All 0100.0ccc.cccc STATIC CPU
All 0100.0ccc.cccd STATIC CPU
All 0100.0cdd.dddd STATIC CPU
1 0005.5e17.4a40 DYNAMIC Fa0/1
1 0013.1a2c.2701 DYNAMIC Fa0/3
1 0015.2b1c.9a41 DYNAMIC Fa0/2
Total Mac Addresses for this criterion: 7

Display a summary list of all the devices known to S2

S1#telnet 192.168.1.6
Trying 192.168.1.6 ... Open

AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY


ACCESS RESTRICTED

User Access Verification

Password:

S2>show cdp neighbors


Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge
S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone

Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme Capability Platform Port ID


S1.subnet192.com Fas 0/1 144 S I WS-C2950-2Fas 0/2
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

S2>exit

43 www.subnet192.com
Display a summary list of all the devices known to S3

S1#telnet 192.168.1.7
Trying 192.168.1.7 ... Open

AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY


ACCESS RESTRICTED

User Access Verification

Password:

S3>show cdp neighbors


Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge
S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater, P - Phone

Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme Capability Platform Port ID


S1.subnet192.com Fas 0/1 144 S I WS-C2950-2Fas 0/3

S3>exit

Display a summary list of all the devices known to R1

S1#telnet 192.168.1.1
Trying 192.168.1.1 ... Open

AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY


ACCESS RESTRICTED

User Access Verification

Password:

R1>show cdp neighbors


Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge
S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater

Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme Capability Platform Port ID


S1.subnet192.com Fas 0/0 167 S I WS-C2950-2Fas 0/1

R1>exit

Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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44
Lab 4 – Full topology
Objectives
In this lab we complete the topology and start having fun with routing protocols.

Preparation
 Configure R2 and R3 using the steps from Lab 2.
 Connect R1 Serial 0/0 interface (DCE) to Serial 0/1 of R2 (DTE).
 Connect R2 Serial 0/0 interface (DCE) to Serial 0/1 of R3 (DTE).
 Connect your internet link to R3’s FastEthernet interface.
 Connect any device in the Ethernet port of R2 and R3 to bring the link up.

Configuring R2 and R3
Objectives
Configure the serial interfaces to simulate WAN connectivity between the routers.

Tasks
 Using what you have practiced so far, configure the new R2 and R3 routers like you did in Lab 2
– Enabling connectivity. Alternatively, you can use the script in the walkthrough section to
automate the configuration.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

 Disable SSH on R1 and remove the local user ‘Admin’ account. This will make connectivity easier
for future labs.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …).

R2 and R3 configuration script

Start by resetting the routers to the factory default, and reload. Once restarted, when back at
the Router> prompt, copy and paste the following script to configure it. Items in bold vary from
device to device.

enable
configure terminal
hostname R2
service password-encryption
alias exec save copy run start
enable secret 5 $1$h81C$6qczYbE/ul7.g.VH/jV7p.
enable password 7 094F471A1A0A120A0E0F
ip domain-name subnet192.com
interface fastethernet 0/0
ip address 10.50.0.1 255.255.255.0
no shutdown
speed 100
duplex full
exit
banner login ^C ACCESS RESTRICTED ^C
banner motd ^C AUTHORIZED PERSONEL ONLY ^C
line con 0
logging synchronous
password 7 02050D480809
line vty 0 4
password 7 105C0C140A0317
login
transport input telnet
line vty 5 15
password 7 105C0C140A0317
transport input telnet
end
save

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46
Serial Connectivity
Objectives
Configure the serial interfaces to simulate WAN connectivity between the routers.

Tasks
 Verify that serial interface 0/0 on R1 is the DCE
 Configure serial interface 0/0 on R1 with a clock rate of 56000.
 Configure serial interface 0/1 on R2.
 Verify that serial interface 0/0 on R2 is the DCE
 Configure serial interface 0/0 on R2 with a clock rate of 9600.
 Configure serial interface 0/1 on R3.
 Display R2’s neighbors list to validate connectivity with R1 and R3.
 Verify the WAN protocol used by R2 on serial interface 0/1.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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Walkthrough
Connect via the console cable or telnet using a terminal emulator (Putty, Tera-term, Hyper-Terminal …).

Verify that serial interface 0/0 on R1 is the DCE

R1#show controllers serial 0/0


Interface Serial0/0
Hardware is PowerQUICC MPC860
DCE V.35, no clock  DCE or DTE status and clock rate
idb at 0x8497AB4C, driver data structure at 0x84982270
SCC Registers:
General [GSMR]=0x2:0x00000030, Protocol-specific [PSMR]=0x8
Events [SCCE]=0x0000, Mask [SCCM]=0x001F, Status [SCCS]=0x06
Transmit on Demand [TODR]=0x0, Data Sync [DSR]=0x7E7E
Interrupt Registers:
Config [CICR]=0x00367F80, Pending [CIPR]=0x00000A00
Mask [CIMR]=0x30200440, In-srv [CISR]=0x00000000
Command register [CR]=0x640

Configure interface S0/0 on R1 with a clock rate of 56000

R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R1(config)#
R1(config)#interface serial 0/0
R1(config-if)#ip address 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.252
R1(config-if)#no shutdown
R1(config-if)#clock rate 56000
R1(config)#

Configure interface S0/1 on R2 as the DTE

R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R2(config)#
R2(config)#interface serial 0/1
R2(config-if)#ip address 172.16.0.2 255.255.255.252
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#

Verify that serial interface 0/0 on R2 is the DCE

R2#show controllers serial 0/0


Interface Serial0/0
Hardware is PowerQUICC MPC860
DCE V.35, no clock  DCE or DTE status and clock rate
idb at 0x8497AB4C, driver data structure at 0x84982270
SCC Registers:
General [GSMR]=0x2:0x00000030, Protocol-specific [PSMR]=0x8
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Events [SCCE]=0x0000, Mask [SCCM]=0x001F, Status [SCCS]=0x06


Transmit on Demand [TODR]=0x0, Data Sync [DSR]=0x7E7E
Interrupt Registers:
Config [CICR]=0x00367F80, Pending [CIPR]=0x00000A00
Mask [CIMR]=0x30200440, In-srv [CISR]=0x00000000
Command register [CR]=0x640

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Configure interface S0/0 on R2 with a clock rate of 9600

R2(config)#interface serial 0/0


R2(config-if)#ip address 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.252
R2(config-if)#clock rate 9600
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#

Configure interface S0/1 on R3 as the DTE

R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R2(config)#
R2(config)#interface serial 0/1
R2(config-if)#ip address 172.16.1.2 255.255.255.252
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#

Display R2’s neighbors list to validate connectivity with R1 and R3

R2#show cdp neighbors


Capability Codes: R - Router, T - Trans Bridge, B - Source Route Bridge
S - Switch, H - Host, I - IGMP, r - Repeater

Device ID Local Intrfce Holdtme Capability Platform Port ID


R3.subnet192.com Ser 0/0 150 R S I 2620XM Ser 0/1
R1.subnet192.com Ser 0/1 172 R S I 2620XM Ser 0/0
R2#

Verify the WAN protocol used by R2 on serial interface 0/1

R2#show interfaces serial 0/1


Serial0/1 is up, line protocol is up
Hardware is PowerQUICC Serial
Internet address is 172.16.0.2/30
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit/sec, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation HDLC, loopback not set  WAN encapsulation protocol
Keepalive set (10 sec)
Last input 00:00:03, output 00:00:09, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters never
Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0
Queueing strategy: weighted fair
Output queue: 0/1000/64/0 (size/max total/threshold/drops)
Conversations 0/2/256 (active/max active/max total)
Reserved Conversations 0/0 (allocated/max allocated)
Available Bandwidth 1158 kilobits/sec
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
112 packets input, 8720 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 92 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort


137 packets output, 9981 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 13 interface resets
0 unknown protocol drops
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
28 carrier transitions
DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up

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PPP with Authentication
Objectives
Serial connectivity defaults to HDLC encapsulation on Cisco equipment. We will change it to PPP and use
CHAP authentication.

Tasks
 Enable PPP encapsulation on serial interface 0/0 of R1
o The serial link with R2 will go down.
 Display the status of serial interface 0/0.
 Enable PPP encapsulation on serial interface 0/1 of R2
o The serial link with R1 will come back up.
 Enable CHAP on both serial interfaces of the link between R1 and R2.
o Create the security accounts on both routers
o Enable CHAP authentication on both routers

The link between R1 and R2 is now using PPP and the link between R2 and R3 will be using HDLC.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

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50
Walkthrough

Enable PPP encapsulation on serial interface 0/0 of R1

R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R1(config)#interface serial 0/0
R1(config-if)#encapsulation ppp

Display the status of serial interface 0/0

R1#show interfaces serial 0/0


Serial0/0 is up, line protocol is down  Link is down
Hardware is PowerQUICC Serial
Internet address is 172.16.0.1/30
MTU 1500 bytes, BW 1544 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
reliability 252/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255
Encapsulation PPP, loopback not set  WAN encapsulation protocol
Keepalive set (10 sec)
LCP Listen
Closed: IPCP, CDPCP
Last input 00:00:02, output 00:00:08, output hang never
Last clearing of "show interface" counters 00:00:26
Queueing strategy: fifo
Output queue 0/40, 0 drops; input queue 0/75, 0 drops
5 minute input rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
4 packets input, 423 bytes, 0 no buffer
Received 0 broadcasts, 0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles
1 input errors, 0 CRC, 1 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored, 0 abort
9 packets output, 126 bytes, 0 underruns
0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets
0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out
0 carrier transitions
DCD=up DSR=up DTR=up RTS=up CTS=up

Enable PPP encapsulation on serial interface 0/1 of R2

R2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R2(config)#interface serial 0/1
R2(config-if)#encapsulation ppp

Enable CHAP on both serial interfaces of the link between R1 and R2

On R1:
R1(config)#user R2 password subnet192
R1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

R1(config)#interface serial 0/0


R1(config)#ppp authentication chap

On R2:
R2(config)#user R1 password subnet192
R2#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R2(config)#interface serial 0/1
R2(config)#ppp authentication chap

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Routing: Static Routes
Objectives
Understanding static routes, default routes and connected routes.

Tasks
Connectivity between all devices is established but at the moment, the routers don’t know the paths to
any other routes other than the connected ones.

One way trip…

 From R1:
o Display the routing table.
 Note the connected routes, already known by the router as they are locally
connected to its interface.
o Create a static route to R2’s 10.50.0.0/24 network, using the IP address of R2’s interface
as the next hop.
o Test the connectivity to the 10.50.0.1 interface using ping.
 From S1:
o Test the connectivity to the 10.50.0.1 interface using ping.

Round trip!

 From R2:
o Display the routing table.
 Note the connected routes, already known by the router as they are locally
connected to its interface.
o Create a static route to R1’s 192.168.1.0/24 network, using the IP address of R1’s
interface as the next hop.
o Test the connectivity to the 192.168.1.1 interface using ping.
 From S1:
o Test the connectivity to the 10.50.0.1 interface using ping.
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Around the world!

 From R1:
o Create a static route to R3’s 69.70.16.144/29 network, using the IP address of R2’s
interface as the next hop.
o Test the connectivity to the 69.70.16.147 interface using ping.
 Create all the missing routes to make the lab fully connected (use the WAN interfaces as the
next hop).
o R1 needs three routes.
 69.70.16.144/29 network on R3
 10.50.0.0/24 network on R2
 R2-R3 WAN link
o R2 needs two routes.
 69.70.16.144/29 network on R3
 192.168.1.0/24 network on R1
o R3 needs three routes (use the interface ID instead of the IP address of the next hop).
 192.168.1.0/24 network on R1
 10.50.0.0/24 network on R2
 R1-R2 WAN link
 Display the routing tables on each router.

 From S1, test the connectivity to any of the interfaces on the network.
 From R3, do a traceroute to Switch 3.

Now that the internal network is fully operational, let’s add external connectivity (note that there is NO
protection (i.e. firewall or other) in this lab. Proceed at your own risk.)

 Create a default route on all routers to reach the internet interface (FastEthernet 0/0 on R3).
 Verify that the default route is now enabled on R3.
 Configure name server 4.2.2.2 (DNS) on R3.
 Test internet connectivity from R3 using www.google.com as the destination address.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

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Walkthrough

One way trip…

On R1, display the routing table

R1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set  No default route

172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 2 subnets, 2 masks


C 172.16.0.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0  Connected route
C 172.16.0.2/32 is directly connected, Serial0/0  Connected route
C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0  Connected route

On R1, create a static route to R2’s 10.50.0.0/24 network…

R1(config)#ip route 10.50.0.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.2


R1(config)#exit

On R1, test the connectivity to the 10.50.0.1 interface using ping

R1#ping 10.50.0.1

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.50.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 32/32/36 ms  Ping success!

** This pings from interface 172.16.0.1 to 10.50.0.1 uses the static route defined on the previous step.
The R2 router already knows the route to 172.16.0.1 so the ping works.

On S1, test the connectivity to the 10.50.0.1 interface using ping

S1>ping 10.50.0.1

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.50.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
.....
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Success rate is 0 percent (0/5)  Ping failure!

** The ping fails! Well actually, the ping reaches the 10.50.0.1 interface but because R2 doesn’t know
the path to the 192.168.1.0/24 network, it can’t return the response to the ping.

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Round trip!

On R2, display the routing table

R2#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks


C 172.16.0.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/1  Connected route
C 172.16.1.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0  Connected route
C 172.16.0.1/32 is directly connected, Serial0/1  Connected route
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 10.50.0.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0  Connected route

On R2, create a static route to R1’s 192.168.1.0/24 network…

R2(config)#ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.1


R2(config)#exit

On R2, test the connectivity to the 192.168.1.1 interface using ping

R1#ping 192.168.1.1

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 32/32/36 ms  Ping success!

** This pings from interface 172.16.0.2 to 192.168.1.1 uses the static route defined on the previous
step. The R1 router already knows the route to 172.16.0.2 so the ping works.

On S1, test the connectivity to the 10.50.0.1 interface using ping

S1>ping 10.50.0.1

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 10.50.0.1, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 32/33/36 ms  Ping success!
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

** The ping works! Now that R2 knows the path to the 192.168.1.0/24 network, it is able to return the
response to the ping.

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Around the world!

On R1, create a static route to R3’s 69.70.16.144/29 network, using the IP address
of R2’s interface as the next hop.

R1(config)#ip route 69.70.16.144 255.255.255.248 172.16.0.2


R1(config)#exit

Test the connectivity to the 69.70.16.147 interface using ping

R1#ping 69.70.16.147

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 69.70.16.147, timeout is 2 seconds:
U.U.U
Success rate is 0 percent (0/5)  Ping failure!

** The ping fails! The packet is sent to R2 but R2 has no idea where to forward it to…

Create all the missing routes to make the lab fully connected

To establish full connectivity, more static routes need to be configured. These are the routes that are
missing to make the entire network fully connected.

R1 needs to know about R2-R3’s serial WAN link (the other two routes are already configured).
R1(config)#ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.252 172.16.0.2

R2 needs to know about R3’s Ethernet subnet (the other route is already configured).
R2(config)#ip route 69.70.16.144 255.255.255.248 172.16.1.2

R3 needs to know about R1’s Ethernet subnet and R2’s Ethernet subnet, and about the R1-R2 serial
WAN link.
R3(config)#ip route 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 serial 0/1
R3(config)#ip route 10.50.0.0 255.255.255.0 serial 0/1
R3(config)#ip route 172.16.0.0 255.255.255.252 serial 0/1

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Display the routing tables on each router

R1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

69.0.0.0/29 is subnetted, 1 subnets


S 69.70.16.144 [1/0] via 172.16.0.2  Static route
172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks
C 172.16.0.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0
S 172.16.1.0/30 [1/0] via 172.16.0.2  Static route
C 172.16.0.2/32 is directly connected, Serial0/0
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
S 10.50.0.0 [1/0] via 172.16.0.2  Static route
C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0

R2#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

69.0.0.0/29 is subnetted, 1 subnets


S 69.70.16.144 [1/0] via 172.16.1.2  Static route
172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks
C 172.16.0.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/1
C 172.16.1.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0
C 172.16.0.1/32 is directly connected, Serial0/1
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C 10.50.0.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
S 192.168.1.0/24 [1/0] via 172.16.0.1  Static route

R3#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set


Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

69.0.0.0/29 is subnetted, 1 subnets


C 69.70.16.144 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
172.16.0.0/30 is subnetted, 2 subnets
S 172.16.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/1  Static route
C 172.16.1.0 is directly connected, Serial0/1
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
S 10.50.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/1  Static route
S 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0/1  Static route

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From S1, test the connectivity to any of the interfaces on the network

** Here we simply test the farthest connection available from S1 on the diagram, but all the internal
networks are now reachable from any component of the network.
S1>ping 69.70.16.147

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 69.70.16.147, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 216/216/216 ms

From R3, do a traceroute to Switch 3

R3#traceroute 192.168.1.7

Type escape sequence to abort.


Tracing the route to 192.168.1.7

1 172.16.1.1 84 msec 84 msec 88 msec


2 172.16.0.1 100 msec 100 msec 100 msec
3 192.168.1.7 104 msec 100 msec *

Create a default route on all routers to reach the internet

R1(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0


R2(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 serial 0/0
R3(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 FastEthernet 0/0

Verify that the default route is now enabled on R3

R3#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 0.0.0.0 to network 0.0.0.0  Default route configured!

69.0.0.0/29 is subnetted, 1 subnets


C 69.70.16.144 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
172.16.0.0/30 is subnetted, 2 subnets
S 172.16.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/1
C 172.16.1.0 is directly connected, Serial0/1
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
S 10.50.0.0 is directly connected, Serial0/1
S 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0/1
Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

S* 0.0.0.0/0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0  Note the * next to the S

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Configure name server 4.2.2.2 (DNS) on R3

R3(config)#ip name-server 4.2.2.2

Test internet connectivity from R3 using www.google.com as the destination

R3#ping www.google.com

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 74.125.95.106, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 48/50/52 ms

** NOTE: You will not be able to ping or resolve internet addresses from any other device on the
network. Remember that everything inside the network is using NON-ROUTABLE addresses. Until NAT is
implemented on the network, no other device other than R3 can access the internet (it has a public
address!).
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Routing: RIP
Objectives
Creating all of the static routes was tedious work! Routing protocols allow much simpler management of
routes.

Tasks
 Remove all static routes created in the previous section on all routers. Use the running
configuration to help you.
 Enable RIP on all the routers and advertise all the subnets
 Display the routing protocol information
 From R3, ping the S3 switch.
 Enable RIP debug mode to view RIP synchronization messages.
 Disable all debug information.
 Display the routing table.
 From S1, test the connectivity to any of the interfaces on the network.
 From R3, do a traceroute to Switch 3.

Now that the internal network is fully operational, let’s add external connectivity (note that there is NO
protection (i.e. firewall or other) in this lab. Proceed at your own risk.)

 Create a default route on R3 for the internet interface and propagate it to other routers via RIP.
 Verify that the default route is now enabled on R3.
 Test internet connectivity from R3 using www.google.com as the destination address.
 Verify that other routers are receiving the default route via RIP.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

Attempt to perform all the tasks listed above before going through the walkthrough.

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Walkthrough

Remove all static routes created in the previous section

Start by looking at the running configuration of each router


R1#show run | include ip route
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Serial0/0
ip route 10.50.0.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.2
ip route 69.70.16.144 255.255.255.248 172.16.0.2
ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.252 172.16.0.2

Then issue a no command in front of the ip route statement.


S1#configure terminal
Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.
R1(config)#no ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Serial0/0
R1(config)#no ip route 10.50.0.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.2
R1(config)#no ip route 69.70.16.144 255.255.255.248 172.16.0.2
R1(config)#no ip route 172.16.1.0 255.255.255.252 172.16.0.2

Repeat for the other two routers.

Enable RIP on all the routers and advertise all the subnets

R1(config)#router rip
R1(config-router)#network 172.16.0.0
R1(config-router)#network 192.168.1.0

R2(config)#router rip
R2(config-router)#network 172.16.0.0
R2(config-router)#network 10.50.0.0

R3(config)#router rip
R3(config-router)#network 172.16.0.0

Display the routing protocol information

R1#show ip protocols
Routing Protocol is "rip"
Sending updates every 30 seconds, next due in 11 seconds
Invalid after 180 seconds, hold down 180, flushed after 240
Outgoing update filter list for all interfaces is not set
Incoming update filter list for all interfaces is not set
Redistributing: rip
Default version control: send version 1, receive any version
Interface Send Recv Triggered RIP Key-chain
FastEthernet0/0 1 1 2
Serial0/0 1 1 2
Automatic network summarization is in effect
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Maximum path: 4
Routing for Networks:
172.16.0.0
192.168.1.0
Routing Information Sources:
Gateway Distance Last Update
172.16.0.2 120 00:00:06
Distance: (default is 120)

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From R3, ping the S3 switch

R3#ping 192.168.1.7

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.1.7, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 216/216/216 ms

Enable RIP debug mode to view RIP synchronization messages

R3#debug ip rip
RIP protocol debugging is on
R3#
*Mar 25 14:31:07.639: RIP: received v1 update from 172.16.1.1 on Serial0/1
*Mar 25 14:31:07.639: 10.0.0.0 in 1 hops
*Mar 25 14:31:07.639: 172.16.0.0 in 1 hops
*Mar 25 14:31:07.639: 172.16.0.1 in 1 hops
*Mar 25 14:31:07.639: 192.168.1.0 in 2 hops
*Mar 25 14:31:08.859: RIP: sending v1 update to 255.255.255.255 via Serial0/1
(172.16.1.2)
*Mar 25 14:31:08.859: RIP: build update entries - suppressing null update

Disable all debug information

R3#no debug all


All possible debugging has been turned off

Display the routing table on R1

R1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks


C 172.16.0.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0
R 172.16.1.0/30 [120/1] via 172.16.0.2, 00:00:24, Serial0/0  RIP route
C 172.16.0.2/32 is directly connected, Serial0/0
R 10.0.0.0/8 [120/1] via 172.16.0.2, 00:02:38, Serial0/0  RIP route
C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
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From S1, test the connectivity to any of the interfaces on the network

** Here we simply test the farthest connection available from S1 on the diagram, but all the internal
networks are now reachable from any component of the network.
S1>ping 69.70.16.147

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 69.70.16.147, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 216/216/216 ms

From R3, do a traceroute to Switch 3

R3#traceroute 192.168.1.7

Type escape sequence to abort.


Tracing the route to 192.168.1.7

1 172.16.1.1 84 msec 84 msec 88 msec


2 172.16.0.1 100 msec 100 msec 100 msec
3 192.168.1.7 104 msec 100 msec *

Create a default route on R3 for the internet interface and propagate it to other
routers via RIP

R3(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 fastEthernet 0/0


R3(config)#router rip
R3(config-router)#default-information originate

Verify that the default route is now enabled on R3

R3#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 0.0.0.0 to network 0.0.0.0

69.0.0.0/29 is subnetted, 1 subnets


C 69.70.16.144 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks
R 172.16.0.0/30 [120/1] via 172.16.1.1, 00:00:11, Serial0/1  RIP route
C 172.16.1.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/1
R 172.16.0.1/32 [120/1] via 172.16.1.1, 00:00:11, Serial0/1  RIP route
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R 10.0.0.0/8 [120/1] via 172.16.1.1, 00:00:11, Serial0/1  RIP route


R 192.168.1.0/24 [120/2] via 172.16.1.1, 00:00:11, Serial0/1  RIP route
S* 0.0.0.0/0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0  Static route

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Test internet connectivity from R3 using www.google.com as the destination

R3#ping www.google.com

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 74.125.95.106, timeout is 2 seconds:
!!!!!
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 48/50/52 ms

** NOTE: You will not be able to ping or resolve internet addresses from any other device on the
network. Remember that everything inside the network is using NON-ROUTABLE addresses. Until NAT is
implemented on the network, no other device other than R3 can access the internet (it has a public
address!).

Verify that other routers are receiving the default route via RIP

R1#show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
* - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 172.16.0.2 to network 0.0.0.0  Default route configured!

172.16.0.0/16 is variably subnetted, 3 subnets, 2 masks


C 172.16.0.0/30 is directly connected, Serial0/0
R 172.16.1.0/30 [120/1] via 172.16.0.2, 00:00:03, Serial0/0
C 172.16.0.2/32 is directly connected, Serial0/0
R 10.0.0.0/8 [120/1] via 172.16.0.2, 00:00:03, Serial0/0
C 192.168.1.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
R* 0.0.0.0/0 [120/2] via 172.16.0.2, 00:00:03, Serial0/0  Note the * next to the R

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References & Resources
Cisco official certification information
http://www.cisco.com/web/learning/le3/learning_career_certifications_and_learning_paths_home.html

The Cisco Learning Network


https://learningnetwork.cisco.com/index.jspa?ciscoHome=true

Cisco Feature Navigator


http://tools.cisco.com/ITDIT/CFN/jsp/index.jsp

Wendell Odom’s CertSkills


http://www.certskills.com/

Software
Dynagen/Dynamips Cisco emulator
http://dynagen.org/

Tera Term terminal emulator


http://en.sourceforge.jp/projects/ttssh2/

TFTPD32 TFTP server


http://tftpd32.jounin.net/

Special thanks…
To my wife Luz and my son Ian, for understanding my passion for technology; and to all of you who went
through this whole guide and thought…

“Wow! What a great guide, I can pass this exam easily now! This guy rocks!” 

… and then went to Paypal and sent in a donation to marc@subnet192.com to thank me for all my hard
work.

Good luck with the exam!


Cisco CCENT Lab Guide

Marc Bouchard
http://www.subnet192.com

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