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# Honors Physics

Equation Sheet
Motion Equations Free Fall problems g = -9.81 m/s2
d = vt + di
t = (2d/g)^0.5
d = vt ( di = 0)
vf = gt (vi = 0)
d = v (average velocity)
t dy = 1gt2 (vi and do = 0)
Accelerated Motion 2
a = vf - vi dx = vxt
t
Trajectory Problems
vf = at + vi
vy = sin θ ( vf)
v(avg) = vf + vi
2 vx = cos θ ( vf)

vf = 2v – vi t peak = -vy/g

## d = 1at2 + vit + di t hang = 2 (t peak)

2
dy = 1(-g)t2 + vyt + di
2
d = 1at (vi and di = 0) 2
2
dx = vxt + do
vf2 = 2 ad + vi2
2 2
dx = vf2 (sin 2θ ) [ alternate method]
a = vf - vi g
2d
Dynamic Forces
d = vf2 - vi2
2a Conversions
1 lb. = 454 grams
Right Triangulation 1 kg = 2.2 lbs
c 2 = a 2 + b2 1 lb = 4.45 N
θ = tan -1 (o/a) 1 kg = 9.81 N
opposite = sin θ ( hypotenuse) 1 kg = 1000 g
adjacent = cos θ ( hypotenuse)
Fnet = ma
Non Right Triangles Fnet = Fapplied + (-F resistance)
Law of Sines
Ff = µ Fn (Horizontal)
Sin A = Sin B = Sin C Ff = µ Fg(cosθ ) (incline)
a b c

Law of Cosines
c2 = a2 + b2 – 2ab cos θ

4/20/2011
Honors Physics
Equation Sheet
Circular Motion Kepler’s Laws
V = 2π r e = A-P
T
A+P
ac = v2
r Ta2 = Ra3
Tb2 Rb3
Fc = m 4π 2r
T2 Newton’s Law of Universal
Gravitation
Horizontal Type Circles
When Fc = Fg
F = G m1 m2
v2 = g R2
r
V2 = G m1
When Fc = Ff R
v2 = µ g
r T2 = 4π 2r3
Gm1
When Fc = Ff (banked)
G = 6.67 X 10 -11
v2 = g tan θ (friction ignored)
r
Rotational Motion
Vertical Circle
At top of circle
(approaching weightlessness)

## F net = Fg – Fc Angular Velocity (ω) = rads/sec

a net = g - v2
r Torque = Force * Distance * sinθ
At bottom of Circle
Ι = mr2 (for ring shapes)
(increasing G force) I = 0.5 mr2 (for solid wheels)

## F net = Fg – (- Fc) Torque = Moment of Inertia*angular acc

a net = g + v2 τ =Ι α
r

4/20/2011
Honors Physics
Equation Sheet

## Resistors in Combination Circuits

Momentum and Impulse
Solve Parallel first then add to
Ft = impulse other series resistors.
M(vf-vi) = momentum

## Impulse = momentum Ohms Law

V= IR
During collisions
V = I
M1vi1 + m2vi2 = M1vf1 + m2vf2 R

P = VI
Energy Relationships
P = I2R
PE = mgh

## Heat = m * c * (tf-ti) Current (I) =amps = Coulombs/sec

PE = KE + Heat Resistance
Ohms= joule sec/coulombs 2
Using basic metric units energy
is measured in joules Power = joules/sec = Watts

## 4.18 joules = 1 cal Coulombs = 6.25 X 10 18 electrons

1 Kcal = 1000 cal or (1 Cal)
4180 joules = 1 Kcal 1 Faraday = 96, 500 Coulombs

Electrical Energy

Rt = R1 + R2 + R3 (series)

1 = 1 + 1 + 1 (parallel)
Rt R1 R2 R3

4/20/2011