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GERMAN ATV-DVWK

RULES AND STANDARDS

Advisory Leaflet
ATV-DVWK-M 275E

Pipelines for the Area of Technical Installations of


Wastewater Treatment Plants

May 2001

-ABSTRACT-
English version in preparation

Publisher/marketing:
GFA the publishing company of the German Association for Water, Wastewater
and Waste,
Theodor-Heuss-Allee 17 • D-53773 Hennef • Postfach 1165 • D-53758 Hennef
Tel. ++49-22 42 / 8 72-120, • Fax:++49 22 42 / 8 72-100
E-Mail: lumma@atv.de, • Internet: www.gfa-verlag.de
ATV-DVWK-M 275E

Foreword
Pipelines form a crucial point in the technical installations of wastewater treatment plants. They serve for
the conveyance of the media to be treated and utilised (liquids without and with a share of solid matter,
gasses). Pipelines are to be found in all areas of the technical installations of wastewater treatment plants.

Pipelines can be subjected to numerous stresses through forces (static and dynamic), corrosion (caused
through the medium and/or environment), abrasion, erosion, temperature (heat, cold) etc. The selection of
the pipe material and the dimensioning of the pipeline with regard to diameter and wall thickness require a
high degree of specialist knowledge, above all with regard to the type of loading, the material characteristic
values, the possibilities for processing and, not the least, with the comprehensive standard specifications
and regulations associated with this area.

With this Advisory Leaflet an aid is to be provided to planners, to those requesting invitations to tender and
to those responsible for decision making, for the achievement of professional and economical solutions.

In many cases the proven remedy can be recommended, in other cases attention has to be drawn to tech-
nical documents and regulations in order to develop, from the respective requirements, professional stan-
dards for invitation to tender and for the implementation in the plant construction.

2 May 2001 (English version in preparation)


ATV-DVWK-M 275E

Contents
Foreword ............................................................................................................................................... 2

Authors ................................................................................................................................................

1 Area of Application ............................................................................................................... 4

2 Abbreviations used.........................................................................................

3 Loading of the pipelines through the media ................................................

4 Selection of materials .....................................................................................


4.1 Pipelines made from unalloyed or low alloyed steel .........................................
4.1.1 General..............................................................................................................
4.1.2 Processing of pipelines made from unalloyed or low alloyed steel .................
4.2 Pipelines made from stainless steel..................................................................
4.2.1 General..............................................................................................................
4.2.2 Corrosion resistance of pipelines made from stainless steel............................
4.2.3 Processing of pipelines made from stainless steel ...........................................

4.3 Pipelines made from non-ferrous metals ..........................................................


4.4 Pipelines made from plastic .............................................................................. English version in
4.4.1 General.............................................................................................................. preparation
4.4.2 Processing of pipelines made from plastic........................................................

5 Dimensioning of pipelines .............................................................................


5.1 Flow rates and minimum nominal widths ..........................................................
5.2 Pressure losses with delivery of viscous liquids ...............................................
5.3 Selection of pipelines ........................................................................................
5.3.1 Pipelines made from steel and stainless steel ..................................................
5.3.2 Pipelines made from plastic ..............................................................................

6 Laying of pipelines..........................................................................................
6.1 Elongation and settling compensation ..............................................................
6.2 Connection of pipelines.....................................................................................
6.2.1. Permanent pipeline connections made from metallic materials........................
6.2.1.1 Welding and soldering.......................................................................................
6.2.1.2 Press fittings......................................................................................................
6.2.2 Permanent pipeline connections made from plastic .........................................
6.2.3 Detachable connections....................................................................................
6.2.3.1 Flanged joints for steel pipelines.......................................................................
6.2.3.2 Flanged joints for plastic pipelines ....................................................................
6.2.3.3 Pipe couplings...................................................................................................
6.2.3.4 Nuts, bolts, washers..........................................................................................
6.2.3.5 Seals .................................................................................................................
6.3 Fittings...............................................................................................................
6.4 Pipe supports and fixtures.................................................................................
6.5 Emptying, ventilation and cleaning ...................................................................
6.6 Wall leadthroughs .............................................................................................

May 2001 (English version in preparation) 3


ATV-DVWK-M 275E

6.7 Lubrication pipelines..........................................................................................

7 Others ...............................................................................................................
7.1 Insulation ...........................................................................................................
7.1.1 Design of heat protection insulation ..................................................................
7.1.2 Design of cold protection insulation ..................................................................
7.1.3 Insulation for the prevention of condensation water .........................................
7.1.4 Frost protection insulation .................................................................................
7.1.5 Insulation for pipes made from stainless steel ..................................................
7.1.6 Thickness of insulation ......................................................................................
English version in
7.1.7 Insulating cladding............................................................................................. preparation
7.2 Equipotential bonding........................................................................................
7.3 Measurement ....................................................................................................
7.4 Identification ......................................................................................................

7.5 Tests..................................................................................................................

Appendix ...........................................................................................................................
Appendix A: Tables...........................................................................................................

Appendix B: References to Standards ............................................................................

The following are not dealt with in this Advisory


1 Area of Application Leaflet:

- wastewater inflow sewers and wastewater


In this Advisory Leaflet information is given for the
outlet sewers,
planning, execution and testing of pipelines for the
- sewers within the wastewater treatment plant,
area of technical installations in wastewater treat-
- pipelines constructed from mineral materials
ment plants. With this, the particular requirements
(e.g. concrete, cement fibre, vitrified clay etc.),
of wastewater treatment plant-specific media on
- domestic pipelines,
metallic and plastic pipes are taken into account.
- protective pipes for cables.
This Advisory Leaflet can also be applied analo-
gously for pipelines in wastewater treatment facili-
The following statements provide solutions as to
ties and pumping stations.
how technical requirements can be met. They do
not exclude other, at least equally secure solu-
There are numerous standard specifications and
tions such as, for example, are to be found in the
regulations on the dimensions, materials, re-
technical rules of other member countries of the
quirements and testing, planning and design of
European Union or in other treaty states of the
pipelines. With this Advisory Leaflet the handling
Agreement on the European Economic Area.
of these comprehensive standard specifications
and directives are to be made easier through
limitation to the wastewater treatment plant-
specific cases of application.

In addition, experiences are to be passed on as to


which materials, designs etc. have proved them-
selves for the individual cases (e.g. medium, tem-
perature, pressure) in wastewater treatment
plants.

4 May 2001 (English version in preparation)