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THE MARTYRDOM AND MIRACLES


OF

SAINT GEORGE OF CAPPADOCIA.


I

WOEKS TO APPEAR IN THE OEIENTAL TEXT SERIES.

I. Coptic texts with English translation of the Discourses on Saint Michael I

hy Abba Theodosius, Severus of Antioch and Eustathius.


II. Syriac text with English translation of the Martyrdom of Saint George of
Cappadocia.
ORIENTAL TEXT SERIES. I.

THE

MARTYRDOM AND MIRACLES


OF

SAINT GEORGE OF CAPPADOCIA.

THE COPTIC TEXTS


EDITED WITH AN

ENGLISH TRANSLATION
BY

ERNEST A. WALLIS BUDGE, M. A,


FORMERLY SCHOLAR OF CHRIST'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE, AND TSBWHITT HEBREW SCHOLAR.
ASSISTANT IN THE DEPARTMENT OP EGYPTIAS AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES,
BRITISH MUSEUM.

LONDON. ^
D. NUTT, 270, STRAND.
1888.
I
TO

P. LE PAGE RENOUF,
KEEPER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF EGYPTIAN AND ASSYRIAN ANTIQUITIES
BRITISH MUSEUM.

222750

CONTENTS.
Page
Preface ix xl
The Martyrdom of Saint George 1—37
The Encomium upon Saint George by Theodosids, Bishop of
Jerusalem 38 — 43
The Miracles of Saint George 44 — 82
The Encomium upon Saint George by Theodotus, Bishop of Ancyka 83 — 173
Fragments of a Sahidic version of the Martyrdom of Saint
George 177 — 199
English Translation 201—331
Misbelievers have written
Misbelief in their books,
Touching: the Saint
That Georius hight.
Now will we teach j-ou
What is true thereabout,
That heresy harm not
Any unwittingly.
The holy Georius
Was in heathenish days

A rich ealdorman,
Under the fierce Caesar Datianus,
In the shire of Cappadocia.

The Passion of St. George by ^l^lfric

Archbishop of York.

Je ne me cache i)as le peril que faffronte en clonnant ici le martyre de


saint Georges,comme un pur roman; mais je me mettrai a convert sous le
decret du pape Damase et, si ce decret ne suffit pas a me proteger au point
de vue historique, finvoquerai Vaide du celehre Baronius qui s'est trouve fort
scandalise de ce que contenaient ces actes de saint Georges.

Amelineau, Contes et Romans de L'Egypte Chretienne, p. LII.


PREFACE.
The Coptic texts relating to the tortures and martyr-
dom and miracles of Saint George printed in this book
are edited from five manuscripts, three written in the
Memphitic, and two in the Sahidic dialect. These MSS.
are indicated in the following pages by the letters A, B,

I C, D and E.
The MS.^ A is preserved in the Bodleian Library,
Oxford, and bears the numbers Mareschal 23, Bodl. 157,
and MS. Copt. Uri liv. It consists of 179 paper leaves
measuring about IOV2 in. by 7V2. Each page is occupied
by one column of Coptic, and one column of Arabic writing,
generally containing 19 and 16 hues respectively. The
quires are eighteen in number, and on the top of the first

and last leaves of each quire is written Tc xc 'Jesus Christ.'


On fol. 3 a, at the foot of the page, are three Lines of badly

written Arabic which read:

I
See TJri, BiM. Bodl. Codcl MSS. Orient, torn, i, p. 327.
B
X PKEFACE.

"Remember, Lord, thy servant the sinner, drowned


in the sea of sins and transgressions, who is not worthy

On fol. 3^, is a partially obhterated Coptic cross

printed in yellow, red, and green colours: in the spaces


between the four arms are written xy, xy, n\ and kA, and
on each side of the foot of the cross is a dove. The initial

letters of some of the paragraphs have been gilded, the


border of fol. 4 a, is prettily illuminated, and the headings
of the several sections of the MS. are written in red. On fol.

82 a, are two hues of Coptic letters which read:

AqeOAAATGAHZlOATKZCap
092^19 AHA2vOJpXA^MAA2;H
Beneath these are two hues of Greek letters, and then
we have another hue of Coptic letters thus:

Ntt)Ax=zK9cinqTT£ACim.

My friend Dr. Henri Hyvernat of Rome informs me


that these hues give the date in which the manuscript was
written; and as he intends to discuss them at fuU length

in his forthcoming treatise on the palaeography of Coptic


MSS., and to reproduce them by photography, it will be
sufficient to refer the reader to that work. On fol. 178&,

is a colophon in Arabic which reads:

1 I am unable to read the last three or four words of this scrawl.


PREFACE; XI

q\j.\ \.J\:> 4i\ -P^\^ Lib


"This holy book belongs by tvakf (gift or bequest for
pious purposes) to the church of the Virgin in the convent
of Baramus.^ And no one has power from the Lord (may
He be glorified) to take it out of the possession of the
said convent as long as it continues to be inhabited by
monks; and glory be to God for ever." On the last leaf
of the book the scribe has practised making in outline the

borders and small illuminations which begin and end each


quire. This manuscript is written in the Memphitic dialect
in a good, regular hand of the latter half of the xivth cen-

tury, and contains:


1. The Martyrdom of Saint Greorge of Cappadocia by
Pasikrates his servant.'- Fol. 3'^.

1 The convent of Baramus is situated in Lat. 30^' 19' N., Long.


I 300 16' E., in the Natron Valley, i^^i-kJl <^^^^, near the convents of
St. Macarius and Amba Bishoi, and between the Natron Lakes and
the Bahar el-Farigh. In Mahmud Bey's map of Egypt it is placed at
the junction of the caravan routes from Alexandria and Tripoli to
Cairo. For descriptions of this famous convent see Curzon, Visits to

Monasteries in the Levant, pp. 94, 95, and Butler, Ancient Coptic Churches
of Egypt, vol. i, pp. 334—337.
2 For the Grreek and Latin texts, see Lipomann, De Vitis Sanctorum,
toiu. ii, pp. 251 — 253, (Venice edition); Surius, De Prohatis Sanctorum
Vitis, t. ii, pp. 278 — 281; and Acta Sanctormn, April 23, Appendix,
p. vii. For the Syriac and Arabic versions of this martyrdom see
1
Brit. Mus. Mss. Rich 7200, Add. 17 205, 14*734 and 14 735; Wright's

!
Catalogue of the Syriac MSS. in the British Museum, pp. 1087, 1119
and 1122; and Rosen and Forshall, Cat. CoM. MSS. Orient. Pars i,
XII PREFACE,

2. An Encomium upon Saint George by Tlieodosius,


Bishop of Jerusalem.' Fol. 83 a.

3. The nine Miracles wrought by Saint George.- Fol. 95 ^.

The paper manuscript B is in the possession of Lord


Crawford, and formerly belonged to Henry Tattani. It

consists of 148 leaves measuring 8'V4 in. by 5'V4. Each page


is occupied by one column of writing of 15 lines. The
quires were originally 18 in number, and some of the
leaves have been much stained by water. Leaves 1 to 31,

40, and 179 — 184 are wanting; two leaves have been paged
pF instead of pe and pS"; and leaves pOA and poB have been
bound up at the end of the manuscript instead of in tlieii'

proper place. The manuscript is written in the Memphitic


dialect in a fine bold hand, and belongs in all probability

to the xiith century. On fol. 90 h, are three lines of Arabic


which run:

aX.j ^^j ^^:, ^:>.\J^ ^ ^jA\ ^\


pp. 92, 111. An Ethiopic version of the account of the martyrdom of
S, Greorge attributed to Pasikrates is described by Zotenberg, Cata-
logue des Manuscrifs Ethiopiens, p. 203; and for other Ethiopic ver-
sions of itWright, Catalogue of the Ethiopic Mamiscripts
see in the
British Museum, pp. 162, 168, 189 and 190.
1About A. D. 450. See infra p. 236.
2 The number of miracles attributed to S. Greorge by the Ethio-
pians amounts to as many as eighty. See Wright, Catalogue of Ethiopic
MSS., p. 190.
PEEFACE. XIII

"May God (may He be glorified) bless him that had


this book written, and may He, as He promised in His holy

Gospel, reward him thirty, sixty and a hmidredfold."


The contents of this mannscript when complete were
the same as those of A, and the variant readings from what
remains of it are printed at the foot of the pages of the

translation, because my edition from the Bodleian MS. A,


was in type before I knew of its existence.

The parchment manuscript C is preserved in the Vatican


Library, where it bears the number 63 ; it was brought by
Assemani from a monastery near the Natron lakes. Many
of the leaves have been injured b}' water, and some are so

rotten that the letters can only be deciphered with the


greatest difficulty. The Martyrdom of Saint George is

written on ff. 106 — 172 of the manuscript, the leaves of

which measure 13 in by 9 3/4. This portion of the manuscript


was originally a separate book, and bore the number
C12. (-67) which is still to be seen on the lower margin of
the first leaf. The margins of the first page are ornamented
with an intertwining line border painted in divers colours.
This .page is divided into two unequal parts by a painted
line ornament, in the upper, or larger, is the title of the

work written in slender uncials, and in the lower are the fii'st

few words of the text of the martyrdom. The manuscript


is written with fine tenth century uncials in the Memphitic
dialect. The 67 parchment leaves on which the martyrdom
is written are divided mto eight quisles: the first six contain

eight leaves each, the seventh contains seven, and the eighth
(which is unnumbered) twelve. The leaves are paginated
XIV PEEFACE.

consecutively, on their reverse sides only, for the first six

quires; there are mistakes in the seventh quire, and the

eighth quire is not paginated at all. The manuscript is

l)Ound in red skin, and bears the arms of Pope Clement XI


and Cardinal Pamphili. On fol. 172 a, are M'ritten 17 lines
of small uncials which tell us that the manuscript was
written by the care of the Grod-loving brethren Peter the
deacon, Kelloug the deacon, and their spiritual son, whose
name is not given, and placed in the Church of Saint
Michael of Gl-ephroenej^et.' On the reverse of the same
page are 1 3 lines of writing, the last of which states that

the manuscript was written in the year of the Martyrs


672 = A. D. 956.
The fragment of the Sahidic version of the Martyrdom
and Miracles of Saint George, D, is preserved in the Vatican
Library."^ The leaves are eleven in number, nine paged
IP — KA, and two, containing fragments of his miracles, un-

paged. There are two columns of writing to each page,


and the manuscript was written probably in the ^-iiith or

ixth century. We learn from the colophon that the manu-


script was written by two brothers called Stephen and
John and that
; it was made at the expense of Apa Jacob
the son of the Arch- Apa Lues and Kulban, of the town of
Shmin^ Panos, "for the salvation of his soul, and that Saint

1 I have not been able to identify this town.


2 See Zoega, Cafalogus Codd. Coj)t., p. 240, no. clii.

3 A town situated on the


bank of the Nile not far from This,
east
the Panopolis of the Greeks, and the modern Ahraim. It is a very
ancient town (Leo Africanus, viii), and was famed for its linen manu-
PREFACE. XV
George might show favour to him before the king Christ,

and save him in this wicked world, and give to him a lot

and an inheritance with all the saints in the world which


is to come."

The fragment of the Saliidic version of the Martyrdom


of Saint George, E^ is preserved in the library of the Earl
of Crawford and Balcarres. The leaves, paged me — z, are
eight in number and measure I2V2 in. by 8V2. There are
two columns of writing to each page, and each column
contains twenty-six lines. The manuscript is written in a
fine bold handwritmg and belongs probably to the viiith
or ixth century. A few of the leaves have been damaged
by water, and, in places, the writing is erased. I suspect

that this fragment belonged to the manuscript of which D


once formed a part. At the foot of page m?, beneath the
second column of writing are the words TTMFg A nodo)
"the fourth time of reading", which show that the martyr-
dom was read through in four or five readings in the church
to which this manuscript originally belonged. The first

two or three words of the passage allotted for the fourth,

time of reading are in capital letters painted red.


The Coptic version of the martyrdom of Saint George

factories and jewel cutting. See Strabo, xvii, 41 (Didot's edition


p. 690); ChampollioD, L'Egypte sous les The accuracy
Pharaoiis, i, 257.
of Strabo's description is supported by the large numbers of pieces
of beautifully worked linen lately found ^t Ahmim which are now
preserved in the British and South Kensington Museums. For a
description of the monasteries at Ahmim see Quatremere, Memoires,

i, p. 44S.
XVI PREFACE.

in the manuscript A appears to be of a good antiquity,


but contains several bad readings. The aim of the original
translator appears to have been to make the work as brief
as possible, so much so that, without the more discursive
encomium of Theodotus. it would have been exceedinoflv
difficult to translate portions of it at all. The name of the
Coptic translator of the martyrdom attributed to Pasikrates
is not mentioned in the manuscript, nor have I been able
to find an allusion in the encomium of Theodotus, Bishop
of Ancyra, to Miy other work on St. Greorge save the en-
comium upon him attributed to Theodosius, Bishop of Jeru-
salem. If this latter encomium, or a Greek original, was
really written by Theodosius it is a very interesting fact,
and takes us back to within 150 years of the time when
Saint George is said to have been martyred. The enco-
mium upon Saint George by Theodotus is clearly based

upon an older work, and the origmal of the Coptic text in A


might very well be the older work. It is a significant fact

that many of the passages in it which ofter difficulties to

the modern translator, are either omitted entirely from


the encomium by Theodotus, or are paraphrased. The
Greek texts of the encomiums by Simeon Metaphrastes,
Andrew of Crete, and Gregory of Cyprus, appear to have
been based upon some such account of the martjaxlom of
Saint George as that offered to us by the Coptic text. The
Arabic version in A is, on the whole, very good ; but at
times the translator paraphrased the Coptic so loosely that
these parts of his work do not help us to understand the
original Coptic. In the spelling of proper names he followed
PKEFACE. XVII

blindly the corrupt forms of Greek names given in the


Coptic text.
The summary of the life and death of G-eorge the Mar-
tyr' as given by the Coptic texts is as follows: —
In the days of the impious emperor Diocletian the devil
saw that the behef in Christ was spreading throughout the
whole world and causing the worship of idols to cease. He
then entered into the emperor's heart and made him raise up
a terrible persecution against the Christians. Then Diocletian
prepared instruments of torture of the most devilish nature,
and pubhshed two edicts. By the first he summoned the
governors of every province to his presence to discuss
with him what steps should be taken to prevent the increase
of the worship of "Him that Mary bore", and by the
second, published after seventy governors had come to his

presence, he utterly forbade any person to utter the name


of Christ, or to worship Him under pain of torture by the
wheel, the wooden horse, the flesh scrapers and many other
instruments of torture: thus three years passed by before
any dared to confess that he was a Christian. At the end
of this time, George, a native of Melitene, a city in the very

far east of Cappadocia, came to Dadianus and desired to

1 For other accounts of Saint Greorge see Acta Sanctorum. April 23;
Butler, Lives of the Saints, April 23; Baring Gould, Curious Myths of
theMiddle Ages, pp. 266 316; Heylyn, The History of that most famous
Saynt and Souldier of Christ Jesus, S. George of Cappadocia, London,
1633; Milner, An Historical Enquiry into the Existence of S. George,
London, 1792. For a summary of the Mediaeval Legends of S. George
see the article 'George' by the Rev. G. J. Stokes, M. A., in Smith's
Dictionary of Christian Biography.
c
XVIII PREFACE.

be made a count. George^ was the grandson of John, the


chief governor of Cappadocia, and the son of Anastasius,
the governor of IMehtene, and of Kira Theognosta, a noble
lady the daughter of Dionysius the count of Lydda or
Diospolis. George's ancestors had been orthodox Christians,
and he boasts that none of them had ever been idolaters.

When Anastasius was about thirty-six years old, he died,


and left behind a widow and a family of three children,
George and his two sisters, Kasia and Mathrona, aged ten,

six and two years respectively. Anastasius and his wife


were exceedingly rich in cattle and possessions, and thej"

were greatly beloved by all the country round about by

reason of their good deeds. Shortly after the death of


Anastasius, a new governor called Justus was appointed
to rule over Palestine, and he was a God-fearing and
good man; and he asked permission from George's
mother to bring the boy up to the profession of a soldier.

Kira Theognosta consented, and Justus shortly after ap-


pointed George captain over five thousand men. Justus
next wi'ote to the emperor and informed him of the bu^th
and position of the young man, and the emperor paid
George a salary of three thousand pieces of money a

month. For ten years George lived happily with Justus,

who associated him with himself in the government of


Palestine, and made liim master of his house, and heu*
to all that he possessed. Moreover, Justus betrothed his
daughter then about twelve years of age to him, but while

1 He is said to have been called George after the uame of his


great-grandfather.
PEEFACE. XIX

preparations were being made for the marriage he died,

leaving George about twenty years of age and very hand-


some. In battle he was very valiant, and when he attacked
his enemies they went down before him like chaff before

the wind. The marriage of George was delayed in con-

sequence of the death of his adopted father, and shortly


after George gathered together a large sum of money and
gifts, and made preparations to set out for Tyre, intending

to ask the emperor Diocletian to make him a count and


governor of Palestine. George's wealth must have been
considerable, for when Dadianus offered him one hundred
pounds of gold to depart from the city, he rephed
that he had left behind him twenty thousand pounds of
gold and forty thousand pounds of silver, besides cattle,

horses, fields and vineyards, to follow Christ. Havuig


loaded liimself with gifts for the emperor and the go-
vernorswho had gathered together to him at Tyre for the
purpose of laying down the boundaries of the empire, he
set out with his servants in a ship and came to that city.

When he arrived there he found a mighty multitude of


governors and soldiers madly sacrificing to the gods of the
Roman empire. Disgust laid hold of George when he saw
their folly, and casting from him the idea of asking a favour
at the hands of the governor Dadianus, he distributed
among the poor all the money which he had brought to

give to the governors, and determined to become a Christ-

ian. He then went back to liis ship*and told his servants


of liis resolution, and they entreated him to allow them to
return to their native city. George paid them their wages,
XX PEEFACE.

and set them free on the condition that they did not go
to his native city and inform his mother and sisters and
his betrothed of liis intention to die for Christ's sake.

Three of his servants, Pasikrates, Lnkios and Kirennios refus-


ed to forsake their master, and having hired a house at Tyre,
they witnessed his strife and death. Having stripped
himself of all he possessed, even to his very clothes,
he went into the presence of the governor Dadianus and
proclaimed boldly that he was a Christian, Dadianus
asked him questions about his birth, and parentage, and
position in this world, adjuring him by the name of Christ
to tell liim the whole of his history. When Dadianus
learned from Greorge that he was of noble birth, and had
served in the imperial army with considerable distinction,

he endeavoured to turn him aside from his fatal decision:


and admiring his beautiful form and handsome face he
tried to allure him into fm^ther service by promises of ad-
vancement in the empire and great rewards. George
rejected his offers with scorn, and began to re\dle the im-
perial gods, pointing out at the same time how abominably
polluted they were as compared with Peter, Elijah, the
Virgin Mary, and other saints. The patience of Dadianus

being at last tired out by George's resistance he ordered


him to be stripped naked by the attendants and thrown
upon the wooden horse, or rack, to wrench his bones from
theii' sockets; and they forced his feet into iron boots and
di'ove nails into them; they put a weight of six hundred
pounds upon him so that he burst asunder; they broke in

his head with iron bars; they scraped him with scrapers.
PREFACE. XXI

and then poured vinegar and brine upon his wounds: and
having nailed him to a bed they cast him into prison,
where during the night Christ came and healed him
entirely. On the following day when Dadianus found
that he was healed he had him tied to four posts and
beaten with eight hundred stripes, and vinegar and brine
poured over him. That night Christ visited him again
in prison and healed him. The next day Dadianus made
a proclamation in which he invited any magician who
was able to overcome George to come to his presence,

promising to reward him well if he could defeat and kill

him. In answer to this proclamation a man called Atha-


nasius appeared and told the governor that he was able
to do anything. When Dadianus asked for a proof of his
assertion, Athanasius asked that an ox might be brought
to him and when
; it was brought he whispered in its ear,

and it split asunder into two parts which, when weighed,


were found to be of equal weight. The governor was
satisfied at his proof of power, and ordered that either he
should overcome George, or that George should overcome
him. Athanasius then filled a cup with drugs, and having
uttered the mighty names of demons over it gave it to

George to drink; George drank it, but the poison had no


effect upon him. Athanasius begged for one more trial

of his skill, and having mixed a more potent draught of


poison, and having pronounced the names of more power-
ful demons than the first over it, h« gave it to George to
drink; and he drank it without any evil consequence
following. Athanasius the sorcerer, seeing that his magic
XXII PREFACE.

was powerless, entreated that lie might be baptized, and


the apostle Thomas came and baptized him in the name
of the Persons of the Trinity. Enraged at the defeat of

the magician, Dadianns next ordered that George should


be broken on the wheel, and when this was done the frag-

ments of his body were thrown into a dry pit. And


straightway there were earthquakes and hghtnings, and
Christ came down with His angels and commanded Michael
to gather together the fragments of Greorge's body and to
brmg them up out of the pit. Christ then reconstructed
his body, and filled him ^^ith joy. After George had been
thus raised from the dead at the request of Magnentius
the governor of Armenia he wrought a miracle, and made
the wooden legs of seventy seats to take root, and to put
forth leaves, and to bear both blossom and fruit. This
wonderful thing Dadianus ascribed to the power of his

gods; and he continued to torture George with every con-


ceivable act of cruelty, until at last he destroyed him by
sawing him in twain and by boiling him to death in a
cauldron of pitch, sulphur and tar. The cauldron which
contamed liis remains was then buried deep down in the
earth, but Christ came down with His angels, and raised
him up from the dead a second time. After George
had been raised from the dead a second time he wrought
four miracles. I He raised to hfe the dead ox of a woman
called Cholastike, or Schollastike; H he raised to life some
men and women who had been dead and buried for more
than two hundred years; HI he caused the pillar of the
poor widow woman's house to take root and become a
PKEFACE. XXIII

mighty tree twenty feet higher than any building in the


town; TV he made the son of the widow to see. After
these miracles Dadianus tortured him, and burnt him to
death, and when the attendants had scattered his ashes to

the four winds of heaven Christ commanded the winds,

and they brought the ashes back, and He again restored


George to life. When the governor had put to death all

the soldiers who believed on Grod because He had raised

George up from the dead, he commanded that George


should be brought to him. When he had come Dadianus
offered him one thousand pounds of gold to depart quietly

out of the city, but he rejected the offer with scorn, and
the governor began to torture him again. When Dadianus
had had George's tongue torn out, his eyes destroyed and
his legs broken, made them throw liim into prison until
he
he should make up his mind how to destroy him effectually.
On the night foUowing the torturing of George, Christ
appeared mto him in prison, and, bidding him be of
good cheer, healed him of his wounds. When Dadianus
found that he had spent seven years in torturing and
kiUing George without having effected his purpose of
making him sacrifice to the gods, he changed his tactics
and began to flatter him, and pretended that he had only
treated him as a loving father would treat a disobedient
and wilful cliild. He would have followed up these peace-
ful words by kissing George, but he told the governor that
he would not accept his kiss until li^ had offered sacrifice

to the gods. Dadianus, misunderstanding this reply, then


took him into his palace, and leaving him in the chamber
XXIV PREFACE.

where Alexandra the Queen was, went out and caused a


herald to proclaim that Greorge would offer sacrifice to the
gods on the morrow. When George had come into the

palace he began to pray, and Alexandi'a hearmg the prayer


asked hun to .explain it to her, and to tell her about Christ.
And George told her of the creation of man and of his fall,

of his enemy the devil, and of the coming of the Son of


God into the world to save man from the fires of Amenti.
AVhen Alexandra learned that Apollo and Herakles and
the other gods of the empire were not gods, but only idols,
she believed on Christ, and entreated George to pray to
Him on her behalf. On the following day Dadianus sent

to bring George to offer sacrifice to Apollo, whereupon


George commanded the Httle boy, to whom he had given the
power of hearing, seeing, and walking, to go into the temple

of Apollo, and to bid him to come to him. When the

devil wliich sojourned in the idol heard George's command


he leaped down from his pedestal and came to him; and
he at once told George that he was the rebelhous spirit

who refused to bow down before Adam, and that on

account of this act of rebelhon he was expelled from


heaven. And when the devil had confessed all his evil

deeds, George struck the earth with his foot, and it opened,
and swallowed hun up. Then George went into the temple,
and threw down the images of Herakles and the other
gods, and trampled them in the dust. When the priests

saw what George had done they bound him with cords,

and took liim to Dadianus, who charged him with having


lied and broken his promise to worship Apollo. Dadianus
PEEFACE. XXV
being greatl}^ ashamed and enraged at the destruction of
his idol, went into his palace and lamented to Alexandra
how much he had suffered at the hands of the Christians.

Then Alexandra reproached him for having maltreated


them, whereupon Dadianus laid hold of her hair and
dragged her out before the governors, and told them what
had hap23ened. And they ordered that she should be first

stripped naked and tortured on the wooden horse, and


then that she should be beheaded, which took place
on the 15th da}^ of Pharmuthi. After these things

Dadianus the governor passed sentence of death upon


George, and each of the sixty-nine other governors signed
it, and George rejoiced greatly. And while the seventy
governors were sitting at meat George prayed to God, and
fire came down from heaven and consumed them; and
when he had prayed concerning the resting place of his

body and the welfare of all mankind, he was beheaded on


the 23rd day of Pharmiithi. When George had been be-
headed, Pasikrates and Lukios and Kirennios his servants
came up and took away the head and trunk, and laid them
together, and they went and bought spices, and embalmed the
body, and laid it in a rock hewn tomb outside the city. And
it chanced that the captain of a merchant ship from Joppa
put in at Tyre to sell his cargo, and the servants of George
bargained Avith him to carry the body of George to Joppa.
When it arrived there a certain kinsman of George called
Leontius provided horses, and they* carried the body to
Lydda or Diospolis, together with an account of George's
sufferings and martyrdom written by Pasikrates his servant.
XXVI PREFACE.

During the seven years in which George had been tortured,


his mother and sisters and betrothed had all died, and the
only kinsman of his left in Diospolis was his mother's

brother called Andrew. When Andrew heard of the good


things promised by Christ to those who should build a
shrine to the name of George, he pulled down the house
in which George had lived, and began to l3uild at his own
cost a small martyrium in which to deposit his body.

Finding the work very expensive he fell into great grief,

fearing lest he should be unable to complete the building


which he had begun; but George appeared to him by night,

and showed him a place in the ground where he had hid-


den money during his life-time, and with this, and the help
of his neighbours, he completed the building which was
consecrated by Abba Theodosius the Bishop of Jerusalem
on the 7th day of Athor. Soon after the consecration of

the shrine it was wrecked by one of Diocletian's generals

called Euchios, but it was afterwards rebuilt and greatly


enlarged by the emperor Constantine. "When the emperor
Theodosius II had reigned twenty years, he built a church
in honour of George, and he gathered together the Bishops
from all parts of the world, among them being Theodotus,
Bishop of Ancyra, to the consecration of it.

The most cursory examination of the Coptic version


of the martyrdom of George is sufficient to show that the
writer of it, or of the Greek text from which the Coptic
version was probably made, was fully acquainted with
certain facts relating to the persecution of the Christians
l)y Diocletian; but it is also clear that the names of the
PREFACE. XXVII

persons who took part in it have been either wilfully or


ignorantly corrupted by him, and that the historical se-
quence of the events which took place during that period
has been destroyed. The first account of Greorge's mar-
tyrdom is said to have been written by his servant Pasi-

krates/ Uaoiy pdrqi;, but it has been considered to be un-


trustworthy by many. However this may be, it is certain

that both Theodosius, Bishop of Jerusalem about A. D.

450, and Theodotus, Bishop of Ancyra, who lived in the

early part of the Yth century, used and accepted the


account of the martyrdom of George said to have been
written by him. If, however, the encomiums attributed to
Theodosius and Theodotus are not genuine, though I see

no reason why they should not be, they were probably


written about a century later. A Syriac version of the
work of Pasikrates existed in the YIth century,^ and it has
so much in common with the Coptic account of A published
in this book, that I originally intended to publish it side

by side with the Coptic text, edited from three MSS. in

the British Museum, and a Nestorian Syriac MS. in the

For the Grreek and Latin texts see Acta Sandorimi, Appendix
1

ad April 23; Lipomann, De Vitis Sanctorum, ii April 23; and Ray-


naudus, *S'. Georgia Gappadoce megalomartyre, viii, p. 335 sqq. See
also the list of Greek writers on S. George in Fabricius, Bibliotheca

Graeca, ix, pp. 79, 80.


2 See Wright, Catalogue of the Syriac MSS. in the British Museum,
p. 10S7. For a summary of the contents«of the Syriac version see
Dillmann, Uber die apolirijphen Mdrtyrergeschichten des Cyriacus mit
Julitta mid des Georgius, pp. 353 —
356, in the Sitzungsherichte der Km.
Preuss. Akad. der Wissenschaften zn Berlin, xxiii.
XXVIII PEEFACE.

University Library, Cambridge.' The Arabic versions are


of a later date, and are made from a comparatively modern
recension of his original work, and from these were made
the Ethiopic versions of the encomimn of Theodotus of
Ancyra."-

The Coptic acconnt makes George to be martyred


by Dadianns the 'great governor of the Persians', in
the presence of seventy governors from all parts of the
world. From the description of the ferocity of this go-
vernor and his cruel tortm-es of the Christians no other
historical character than Gralerius Valerius Maxmiianus,
who reigned jointly with Diocletian can be intended. This
man was born of peasant parents and came from Dacia,^
he embraced the profession of a soldier and grew up
without either manners or education.^ The general called
Euchios in the ninth miracle of St. George (p. 77) who
was sent by Diocletian to overthrow George's shrine at

Lydda, is described as being of savage disposition, and from

1 The Syriac version of the work attributed to Pasikrates, with^


an English translation, will be published by Mr. Nutt as soon as
possible.
2 See Wright, Catalogue of the Ethiopic MSS. in the British Museum, 4

pp. 162, 168, 189 and 190, and Zotenberg, Catalogue des Manuscrits
Ethiopiens, p. 203.
3 Hence his name Dacianus or Dadianus. See Heylin, St. George
p. 169.
* Tillemont, Hist, des Empereurs, iv, p. 25. Ignorant of letters,

careless of laws, the rusticity of his appearance and manners still

betrayed in the most elevated fortune the meanness of his extraction.


War was the only art which he professed. Gibbon, Decline and Fall,
chap. xiii.
PREFACE. XXIX

the description of the manner of his death Galerius must


be the man described. The Coptic text and Lactantius^

describe him as bemg- more wicked than any other man


upon earth, and it is well known that he was not only the
first and principal cause of the persecution of the Chri-
stians, but also the man w^ho mcited Diocletian to publish

his edicts against the Christians. His appellation of 'great


governor of the Persians' was given to him by the Copts
because of his celebrated defeat of Narses, king of
Persia, about 297 A. D.- The two edicts against the
Christians which are attributed to Dadianus are no
doubt those of Diocletian pubhshed at Mcomedia in the
year 303.^ The first was directed against the property of
the Christians, and the second agamst their lives: these
facts agree exactly with the statements respecting the
edicts of Dadianus given in the Coptic text. According
to the statements in the Coptic account of the martyrdom
of George he cannot have been finally put to death
by the sword before 310 A. D.^ The Christian church

grew and flourished under the first twenty years of the

reign of Diocletian, A. D. 284 — 303, and it was not until

Galerius had conquered the Persians that any serious

check was put upon Christianity. During the winter of


the year 303 Galerius and Diocletian were at Mcomedia

1 De mortibus persecutoriim, cap. 9.

2 G-ibbon, Decline and Fall, chap. vlii. -V

3 Tillemont, Memoires, v, p. 21.

^ It is usually thought that George was martyred at Nicomedia


A. D. 303.
XXX PEEFACE.

discussing their future treatment of the Christians, and


on the 24th February, the day after the demohtion of
the church of Mcomedia, the first edict against them was
passed. The edict had scarcely been exhibited in the pubHc
place when it was torn down b}' a Christian, who took
the opportunity of abusing the governors at the same time.
This young man was seized, and after having been tortured
most cruelly, was slowly roasted to death. I do not think
that this young man was Saint George as Eusebius believes
(Hist.Eccles. viii, 5), but I think it more than probable that
his manner of death suggested the romance of the martyr-
dom of Saint George. The Coptic text makes George to
be tortured by Dadianus for seven years at Tyre, and as
the torturing of the Christians did not begin until after
the publication of Diocletian's second edict that would
make i
the year of George's death to be 310 or 311 A. D.
The youth, however, who tore down the edict was tortured
at Mcomedia in the year 303 and, according to the Greek
churches, was called John. It is not easy to account for
the sixty-nine governors who were gathered together to the
presence of Dadianus, but we must not forget that, in
the narrative, only four of them appear to take any active
part in the martyrdom of Saint George, a fact which
reminds us of Diocletian and liis three associates, Maximian,
Galerius and Constantius. When we read of St. George
causing the governors to be burnt up by di^dne fire just
before his death, it seems very possible that an allusion to
the two attempts made to destroy Diocletian and Galerius
and their palace by fire within fifteen days of the publica-
PKEFACE. XXXI

tion of the first edict against the Christians, is intended.^

Thus there is some evidence that the original writer of

the martyrdom of St. George was well acquainted with


the facts of the persecution of the Christians by Galerius,
but that either wilfully or ignorantly the names of those
who took part in it were corrupted or changed, and the
historical sequence of events destroyed.

I am unable to say when the Coptic version of the


martyrdom of George was made, but it must have been
known and read as early as the time of Theodotus, Bishop

of Ancyra, in the early part of the Vth century. The


fragments D and E of the Sahichc version show that the
work was known all over Egypt in the IXth century; and
as we find in E a marginal note, HMFg A i^cooy, "the fourth
time of reading", indicating the passage which was to be
read at the fourth reading of the martyrdom, we are cer-
tain that it was read publicly in the churches of Upper
Egypt at that period.

The Coptic text shows us clearly that the dragon which


George fought and overcame was none other than the
impious Dadianus, and it proves, if further proof is needed,
that George the martyr and George the opponent of
Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, were two distinct per-
sons; the fact being that Athanasius the Bishop has been
confused with Athanasius the sorcerer whom George the
martyr overcame. And the princess whom popular
tradition says .Saint George rescued from the dragon.

' Tillemont, Memoires, v, 9.


XXXII PREFACE.

is Alexandra the wife of Dadianus who was converted to


the Christian rehgion, and was baptized and suffered
martyrdom.
As for Saint Greorge the martyr it is very improbable
that such a person ever lived. The young man who tore
down the edict at Nicomedia, and the fearful sufferings
which he suffered, afforded ample material for the con-
struction of a martyr who should not only be able to endure
every suffering and torture which the malice and hate of
a tyrannical governor could devise, but who should die

several times and be raised up again to life by the power


of Jesus Christ. Every new version which was made of
the martyrdom contained some new wonder or miracle,

and we know that the acta of Saint Greorge became ab-


solutely incredible before the end of the fifth century, for

about the year 495, Pope Gelasius decreed that, al-

though G-eorge was to be esteemed as a genuine martyr,


yet his passion was not to be read because of it being the
work of heretics.^ The popular versions of the martyrdom
of Saint George current among Christian nations assign

to liim tortures which he never could have endured, and


endow him with powers which he never could have
possessed. He has been universally regarded as a helper
of the poor and needy, a defender of the weak against

the strong, a mediator between God and man, a bene-


factor of all mankind, a co-regent of the Holy Trinity

1 See Tillemont, Memoires, xii, pp. 694, 695; Theil, Epistolae Bo-
manorum pontiiicimi genuinae, i, p. 458; and Dillmann, Tiber die apo-

kryphen Miirtyrergeschicliten, p. 1.
PREFACE. XXXIII

in heaven, and, in short, the traditions of Saint George

have made him to usurp all the power possessed by man


and beast upon earth, and the omniscience and omni-
potence of Grod in heaven. Moreover, round about him
have gathered the myths of the most ancient nations of
the world, and I doubt much if the whole story of Saint
Greorge is anything more than one of the many versions

of the old-world story of the conflict between Light and


Darkness, or Ra and Apepi,^ and Marduk and Tiamat, woven
upon a few slender threads of historical fact. Tiamat^ the
scaly, winged, foul dragon, and Apepi the powerful enemy
of the glorious Sungod, were both destroyed and made
to perish in the fire which he sent against them and their
fiends: and Dadianus, also called the 'dragon', with his

friends the sixty-nine governors, was also destroyed by fire

called down from heaven by the prayer of Saint George.^

1 See a paper by M. Clermont Ganneau, Horus et Saint George,


in the Revue Arclieologique for Sept. and Dec. 1866. La legencle de
Saint Greorges, tuant le dragon, est incounue aux Coptes, et c'est a tort
qu'on a profite de cette legende jDour ecrire que les Coptes avaient
identifie Horus et Saint Georges: c'est Saint Michel qui avait ete identifie
avec Horus, vengeur de son pere: c'est Saint Michel qui tuait le dragon
infernal et ceux qui survenaient sur terre. Amelineau, Gontes et Romans
de L'Egtjpte Chretienne, p. LIV.
2 The Babylonian text of the fight between Marduk and Tiamat
from a fragment of the 4th tablet of the 'Creation' series is published
in the Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology for D ecember 1887.
3 For the identification of Saint George with Mithra see Gut-
schmid, tjher die Sage vom hi. Georg, als Bei^rag zur iranischen Mythen-
geschichte, pp. 185 — 202. (In Berichte ilber die Verhandlungen der Konig-
lich SachsiscJien Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig, 1861. Philo-
logisch-historische Classe.)
XXXIV PREFACE.

The information wliicli the Coptic mart}T?dom of Saint

George affords us in respect of liell is very interesting;


firstly, because it shows what the Copts thought hell was
like, and secondly, because we see from it that the ideas of

the ancient Egyptians on this subject are reproduced with


but shght variation. The Coptic translators of the Bible

rendered biXlT and 6 ah-qc, by AMEM-f", i. e. £^^ Amentet,

a word which meant first of all 'the place where the sun

hid himself, and afterwards 'the place of the dead'.' In


this place Osiris sat in a hall of judgment surromided by
the forty-two "assessors" of the dead.'^ Anubis, the god
of the dead, stood by waiting to seize and carry off the
unfortunate soul that had been "weighed in the balance
and found wanting",- and near liim stood the beast, part

lion, part crocodile, and part hippopotamus. The Copts


inherited their idea of the judgment hall in Amenti from
their ancestors the ancient Egyptians; and the burning
fires which, in the old mythology, consmned the enemies
of the Sun god, were made to assist in torturmg the souls

of the damned.
The Coptic hell was a place of fervent and parching-
heat, and it is said that "the heat of the sun is nothing
beside that of Amenti, and if a man were to jDass all his

time standing in the sun, it would not be equal to one day

1 Brugsch, Diet, Geog. i, p. 33.


2 See the vignette to the 125th chap, of the Book of the Dead.
3 For a very interesting paper on the connexion of the vers<
in Daniel with the scene in the Book of the Dead see Clermonti|

(ranneau in the Journal Asiatique, Serie 8, t. viii, pp. 36 — 67.


PREFACE. XXXV
of punishment.' When John, the son of Pisentios, Bishop
of Coptos, complained of having had no water for two or
three days, his father asked him to imagine what the suffer-

ings must be"-^ of those who had to pass through the river

of fire in hell. The punishments meted out to souls in

Amenti were various: "some, whose sins are many, are


now in Amenti, some are in outer darkness, some are in
pits and wells filled with fire, some are in the nethermost
hell, AHENi" ETC A nsCHT, some are in the river of fire,

and to these no rest hath been vouchsafed until this

minute."^
The dead men who were raised to life by the martyrs
give us accounts of what they saw and what they suffered.

When Macarius of Antioch had raised to life a man who


had been dead six hours, he asked him that had been
dead to describe his state after death,^ and the man replied,

"I was a man who worshipped idols ; and when I came to die
the clekans (^an^hkanoc), came after me, and their faces
and forms were different from one another. Some had the
face of a beast, some had the face of a dragon, some had
the face of a lion, some had the face of a crocodile and
some had the face of a bear.^ And they tore my soul from
my body with terrible mercilessness, and they ran aw^ay

1 Amelineau, Etude sur le CJiristianisme en Egypte cm Septieme


Siecle, p. 80.

2 Ibid. p. 140. a Ibid. p. 144. .:^

^ ^ Hyvernat, Les Actes deft Martyrs de VEgypte, p. 56.


•^
Compare the various forms of the heads of the 42 assessors of
the dead in the vignette of the 125th chap, of the Book of the Dead.
XXXVI PREFACE.

with it to the great river of fire and plunged nie in it to a


depth of four hundred cubits; then they took me and set

me before the Judge of truth. And I heard this sentence


come forth from him: —Take away from before me this

soul which has made devils to be gods, and which has


denied the God who made it, and let it know that God
liveth on high. After these tilings they ran away with me to
a place of darkness wherein there was no light, and they
cast me out into the cold where there was gnashing of teeth.
And I saw there the worm that dieth not having the head
of a crocodile.' And he was surrounded by reptiles of all

who threw down souls before him, and when his


(kinds)

own mouth was full he made the other beasts to eat also,
and they rent us but we did not die. After these things
they brought me out of that place, and carried me to

Amenti for ever. And while they were draggmg me


along I heard a voice behind me, saying, "Bring him back,
for he must needs be sent back to the world again through

the prayers of Saint Apa Macarius of Antioch ;" and they


brought my soul back and placed it in my body."
A fuller description of the inhabitants and tortures of
hell is given in the following extract which states that the

damned do not suffer on the Sabbath day. The man who


had been dead two hundred years {infra p. 2 1 9) when George
raised him up from the dead, said that rest was given on
the Lord's day to every soul in hell, except to those who,

1 Compare the beast part lion, and part hippopotamus, and having
the face of a crocodile in the vignette of the 125th chap, of the Book
of the Dead.
PREFACE. XXXVII

in their lifetime, had worshipped idols. John, the son of


Pisentios, used to go to take water to his father every

Sabbath day, and one day when he came he heard


someone weeping sorrowfully and entreating his father,

saying, "I beseech thee, my father and master, to

entreat the Lord me that He may release me from


for

these punishments, and may not cast me back again into


them, for I have suffered greatly." And I thought that it
was a man talking with my father, for the place was dark;
and I sat down and listened to the mummy talking with

my father. Then my father said to the mummy, "From


what nome comest thou?" and the mummy said, "I am
from the town of Erment." My father said to him, "Who
was thy father?" and the mummy said, "My father was
Agricola, and my My father said,
mother was Eustathia."
"What god did they serve?" and the mummy said, "They
worshipped Poseidon the god of the sea." My father said
to him, "Didst thou hear if Christ had come into the world
before thou diedst?" The mummy said, "No, my father,

for my parents were pagans (gANgeAHNOc), arid I followed

their manner of life. Woe, woe is me, that I was born


into the world. Why did not my mother's womb become
my grave? And it came to pass that when I came to the

necessity of death the chief evil spirits (NiKOCHOKpATCDp)


came round about me, and they spoke of all the evil which
I had wrought, saying, "Let me come now and deliver

thee from the punislnnents into which*thou wilt be thrown."


And they had iron knives and iron goads pointed like
spears in their hands, and they stuck them into me, and
XXXVIII PREFACE.

they gnashed me with their teeth. And after a short time

my eyes were opened and I saw the dead hovering about


in the air in a multitude of forms. Then straightway the
merciless angels brought my wretched soul out of my body
and tied it under a bodiless horse, and dragged me down
to Amenti. woe is every sinner like myself born into
the world! 0, my master and father, how numerous were
the pitiless torturers, each with a different form, into whose
power they gave me! what a number of wild beasts
did I see on the way! how exceeding great was the
power of those that tortured me! And when they had
cast me forth into outer darkness I saw a huge place more
than two hundred cubits deep filled with reptiles, and some
of them had seven heads, and their whole bodies were ....
like scorpions. And there was also a huge worm most
terrible to behold, and the teeth in his mouth were
like iron stakes ; and they threw me down for that worm,
which never rests, to eat. And all the beasts are assembled
round about him at all times, and when he fills liis mouth,
all the wild- beasts round about him fill their mouths." My
father said to him, "Since thou art dead until this present

has there never been any repose given to thee, or any time
in which thou hast not been made to suffer?" The mummy
rephed, "Yes, my father, pity is shown to those who are

enduring punishment every Sabbath and every Lord's day.


When the Lord's day has come to an end, we are (again)
cast into the punishments which we deserve that we may
forget the years that we have lived in the world; and when
we have forgotten the sorrow of this punishment they
PKEFACE. XXXIX

cast us into others yet more painful. And while thou wast

praying for me, straightway the Lord commanded those

who were scourging me, and they took out the iron gag
which they had put in my mouth and set me free, and I
came to thee. Behold now I have told thee what I have
suffered. Pray for me, my master and father, that a
Httle rest may be given to me, and that they may not cast
me into that place again." My father said, "The Lord is

merciful, and He will show mercy, unto thee. Lie do^^^l and
sleep until the general resurrection in which every one
shall arise, and thou also shalt arise with them."^

In the winter of 1885 I wrote to Prof. Ignazio Guidi


of Rome asking him if it would be possible to obtain a
copy of the Sahidic fragment of the Martyrdom of Saint
Greorge preserved in the Vatican. He mentioned my wish
to Prof. Henri Hyvernat, Professor of Assyriology and

Egyptology in Rome, who immediately sent to me his copy


of the fragment which he had made some time before. He
gave me permission to publish it, and most kindly offered
to collate the 'proofs' with the original. As soon as Prof.

Hyvernat knew that I was printing the martyrdom and


miracles of Saint Greorge from the Bodleian manuscript,
he sent to me, unasked, his copy of the encomium of Theo-
dotus. Bishop of Ancyra, upon Saint George, and promised
that if I printed it he would collate the proofs with the
manuscript. This offer I gladly accepted, and not only I, but
all lovers of Coptic literature, and ail who are interested

1 Amelineau, Etude sur le Christianisme en Egypte, pp. 147 — 150.


XL PREFACE.

in matters relating to the Coptic church, owe hiin a large

debt of gratitude for his generosity. My thanks are also


due to the Curators of the Bodleian Library for their loan
to me of the manuscript A; and to the Earl of Crawford
and Balcarres for the use of the MSS. B and E, and for
his kind permission to print any part of them.
Since the whole of my edition of the Coptic texts

relating to Saint Gleorge, and the English translation of

them was in type, M. Amelineau has published a very


interesting little work entitled Contes et Romans de UEgypte
Chretienne , in which he has given a translation of the A
manuscript, the text of which is printed in this book.
As a large number of the sheets of this book were printed off
I was unable in my edition to note the variations in our

translations, and as they agree substantially, there was per-


haps little need to do so. I must in justice to myself state
that the publication of my edition of the Coptic texts and
the Enghsh translation of themwas delayed nearly a year
througli my absence from England on the two missions to
Egypt and Mesopotamia which the Trustees of the British

Museum did me the honour to entrust to me.


Finally I dedicate this book to Mr. P. Le Page Renouf
in recognition of many kindnesses shown to me, and as a
mark of respect for the distinguished Egyptologist who
first threw scientific light upon the difficult subjects of

Egyptian grammar and mythology.

London, September 8. 1888.

E. A. Wallis Budge.
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KIM NTE ())10M O^eOpTEp Ng^*^^ OyOg NTE
NEqxoA qoxi EntycDi mTe mma^i. AqEpcAAni;^iN 25

NXE mhxahA bEN niTAn gHnnE ic noc Thc Aqi


^.B. glXEH nEqgApMA NXEpOyBlM Aqb^Jl EpATq glXEN
NENC(t)OTOy NimAAKKOC HEXAq *^imhxahA niAp-
XHArrEAoC XE MAU)E NAK EOECHT EniAAKKOC
eCDOyV NNENKAC MHAAAoy rECDpriOC- EniAE 30
12 -i-MApTYpiA flTF niAPioc rFCDpnoc.

AqCO^Nl NXF nAlXODpi btN nSq^HT NXF TFCOp-


nOC ICXF MFqCDNb SF i-NANO^FM AN MnAlCOH
FBOAI^FN nAlMANKAHOH AlXAq AqpAOyO) Nt>HTq
KH. A. XF NTFqHAel" t>FN nFqgHT THpq oyo^ HTFq-
FMl XF ANOK OF 4)+ ())« FTF OyONO^XOMMOq
FNOgEH MMAYATq. A MHXAhA <^F MAq FUFCHT
FniAAKKOC AqCFBTF niCCDHA FGOyAB HTF
niXrioc rFcuprioc. a noc AMorn fiTFqxix Fq-
xo) MMOC XF TFCDpnoc nAMFNpiT gwnnF ic i-xix
FTACeAMlb NAAAH HlcyOpn fipa)Ml N0OC ON U
'\noY FeoyAgFM ccdnt mmok a noc Niqi F^oyN
KH. B. t>FN npqi^o AqMAgq nnodnId nkf con. AqppAC-
nA^FCGF HMoq NXF noU Aqo^F MAq Fna^cDi eni-
<])Hoyi NFM NFqArrFAoc FeoyAB. AqroDNq bFN

oyia)c NXF niXnoc rFcopnoc FBoAbpN nifg- n


MCDoyx. oyo^ NAqMoo)! hf I^fn nmAAATi(sic) ntf
i^BAKl FqKWT NCA NlOypOCOOy (sic). MFNFNCA
NAi AF AqxiMi NNioypcDoy bFN ninAATiA(sic)
Ke. A. EygFMci cAboyN ty+gAn oyo^ AqqoDxi Ft>oyN
FxcDoy nFXAq Na)oy xf TETFNca)oyN mmoi an 20
d) NioypcDoy. AqqAi NNFqBAA Fno^coi nxf noypo

2^AAIAN0C bFN Oycymi FqXO) MMOC MniAPlOC XF


NGOK NIM MnAipH+. HEXF HlMApTypoC NTF
nXC NAq XF ANOK RE rFCOpnOC <j)HFTATFNba)TFB
(sic) MMOq NCAq FGBF TFTEHMFTpFq+a^CDa) FnA- 25

Re. B. Noy+4^AiFeNATAKFeHNoy T^inATF oyFCKi o^floni.


noypo 2^F AAAIANOC FqMHN EqCOMC FboyN
bEN ngo MniXnoc nFXAq NAq xf NeoK an
HE aAAa TEqbwiBl TF KE OyAl 2^F HFXAq XF
ApHOy AqONl MMOq. FTAqFMl AF NXF ANAToAlOC 30
+MApTYpiA NTF mXrioc rFCDpnoc. 13

niCTpa'TiAATHC nuxAq x^ Idpn OYMeeMwi (|)Ai

ne rpoiprioc neTAqTAqTcoMq (sic) FBoAbeN


NH F0 MCDOyr AqNA^'i' 2^F N^^P ANA2voAlOC(sic)
\ A. NFM MATFqTAZlC THpC ACO^COni 2^F flXF TWm
NNHFTAYNA2+ FnXC Ce\pi NP NO^O HFH 6 NFM 5

oycgiMi FBoAbFN niHHoi. oyog AqoyAgCAgNi


NXE noypo 2^A2^iANOC FGpoygiToy THpOy CA-
BOA N+BAKl bFN oyMA N(yAqF AyAiToy Ua
HMFpOC Ay^OT^FT HMCOOy. nAipH+ AyXCDH NTOy-
MAprypiA ficoy If H4)AMFNa)e hsn oyFgooy lo

NCABBATON Idfn Axne MniFgooy oyog Ayo^F


A. B. NCDoy t>FN oycDoy FnmApAAicoc Fy(n ^mot
F^pHl FXFN NipFqFpNOBl. AqoyAgCAgNl NXF noy-
po FGpoy'iNi MHiAnoc rFa)prioc fxfn niBHHA
oyog Aqxoc FepoyiNi Noy6"Aoi: HBFHini ^ina 15

NCFfDNg HniGNmi Fpoq oyog AqepoycAg't bA


oyTAT<3 a)AT FqBwA fboA oyog ncf\ni Noy-
MOKi AncMOT NoyxoHi HBFNini NCFgiTq Fbpm
Aa. a. Fpooq oyo^ Aqepoyeoyz n^ Niqr FTpqXcfiF
pboyN Fni^Aos AqepoyiNi NoyNia)i- nodni pq- 20

(|)ONK KATA TFqA(|)E OyOg Aygl TFqA())F pbpHl

Fpoq FTAXpOC NTATq NCFCKFpKFp MMOq NFM


nioDNi oyo^ NToyBcoA fboA nnita^o FpAToy
NTF NFqKAC. FTAqAMONl AF NTOTq bFN TAl-
BA^ANOC bFN OyMFTXCOpi OyOg AqOyAgCA^Nl 25

!Aa b. FepoyiNi AnicbNi fboA gApoq FAcyq FnojcDi


NCAxcjDq oyog NToyHoyp NoyNia)'^ nconi NbwTq
NFM F^FpE oyNityi" NxpFMTC Fno^cDi bApoq.
MFNFNCA NAl 2^F AqoyA^CAj^Nl F^lTq pboyN
FOyMACl NgOMT NFM ETODTC Ng^NiqT Fya)HOy 30
14 ^MApTYpiA NTF niXrioc rEfloppioc.

pboyN Fpoq. AqFpKFApyiN fi>i:F niAMOMOC fioypo


Xb. a. FepOyiNl flOYMANKAr<(JDM hiniMACl flTOYKa)+
pboyN ^xhiA NToyboMbpH nnccDMA HniXnoc
NXE MiiqT oyog fiTF NFqMpAoc Fp M(|)pHi" fioy-
0)0)10) NTF Oy^MO)Oy bFH niO)0)M. AqAMONl 5

NTOTq ON bFN OyHFTSO)pi AqOyAc^CAgNl 2^F


OH FepoygiTq Fnio)TFKO nfh FTocq Fno)F o)a
TFqcodi^u xe qNAFpoy NAq if xf qMATAKoq
NAcy NpH^- NF OyCAlF HF FMAO)0) bPH TFqXlN-
Ab. b. HAy A noc oyowgq Fpoq btn niF2kO)p2 FTFMMAy lo

Fq^jo) MMOc >:f aho)ni ntotk nAcoxn rFO)prioc

OyOg XFMNOMi" HnFpBO)A FBOA XF AHOK +XH


NFMAK OyON OyNlO)^- HpA(yi O)0n NAK bFN T(|)F
FgpHi FXFN nFKAro)N. i^HunF ic oycon AKMOy
MMOq AlTOyNOCK FTl XNAHOy
NKF COHB 15

Ar. A. oyo^ +MAToyMOCK on ^fn niMA^S af Ncon


ANOK FGNAl HMIN MMOl ^FN g^l^^nni OyOg
i-nApAGHKH FTAIXaAoC FnFKCO)MA +^^A6iTC
ANOK F0NA+SOM MnFKCO)MA FGOyAB NTA-
epFKHTON HHOK NFH ABpAAM NFM ICAAK NFM 20

IAK0)B HnFpFpO)AAiJ N^HT ANOK ^XH NFMAK


FCFO)0)ni PAp NXE TFKHApTWpiA hinFMOO hinAl
O NOypo NAl FKFpMFGpF MnoyHGO FeBHT XNAFp

^ Nponm FyFpBA2;ANl^lN MMOK FgpHl i3i:^*EN

Af, B. nApAN XFHNOM'V N^MT t>FN nxiN-


r^inFpFpO)AAi^, 25

epFqTAiFMoyi" Fpoq nxf troc Aqo)F NAq Fno)0)i


FNi(|)Hoyi NFH NFqArrpAoc FOoyAB FpF nixa)pi
HHAprypoc NTF TtxC coHC Fpoq oyog Neoq
AF NAqHHN FBoAbFN nio)po)ic o^ATF nioyo)iNi

cyAi FBoA FqoyNOq HMoq bFN niFpoyoT fta- ^o


•fHApTypiX NTF niXnoc rEODpnoc. ir>

Aa. a. fruc THiq NAq. FTAcytopn af cyconi AqoyA^CAgm


NXF noypo vepoyiNi NiniXnoc recDpnoc sxun
niBHMA. ETAyPNq AF nPXF OyAl HA(| FBoAbpN
ni o Noypo unpqpAM np MAr[H |fntioc xe rFcup-
riOC "fFpFTlN NOyMHlNl NTOTK. FCyODH AKO^A- 5

NAiq HnAT^ieo cyF npHNHB nipw nfh nio NNoy]-


NFM GNAy NNlNOy}- -t-ApTHMlC XF MGOC F0-
Aa. B. MOi^FH HniKOCHOC TWpq XF 'f'MANAg'i- gO)
FNFKNOyi" NTAO^FMU)! NlMCDOy NKAAcOC HFXF
niXriOC PFCDpnOC NAq XF AXF nFKFTWMA MHl. 10

nF\F MAKMFNTIOC noypO HAq XF gHnnF IC O


NepONOC CFXH EbpHl (])OyAl (|)OyAl fiNiepONOC
Oy02 CAH(l)ATCl NbHTOy NlHHHl MIBFN gAMOyON
Af. a. mhn ntf ^ano^o^hn HpFq+oyxAg NFM gANOyON

NAToyTAg- Fa^a)n oyn fiToyoydDNg fboA Nxoyoj- is

FnNoyNi NXF Ni<))ATCi NTF nia)U)viN fiTF nioyAi


nioyAi NbHToy ^ipx fboA^itpn nfrtodb^j oyog
NTF Ni(|)Aici(sic) wpFq+oyTAg (|)opi FBoA oyog
NTF NlATOyTA^ NXCOBl (|)Opi FBoA bPN (|)Al
fNAgi" FnFKMoyi". A mXrioc rFcopnoc ^iTq 20

21XFN nFqgO AqTODBg M^'Y NoyNio)-!- NNAy Fq-


Af. b. qiXgOM. FTAqxcDK AF FBoA N'l^npocFyXH Aqxo)
HniXMHN Aco^coni af oywicyf- Ngo+ nfm oy-
CGFpTFp t>FN nFqXlNTCJDNq TAp NTF
OYriNA
True Aq\ FXFN NiGpONOc Ay+oyo) fboA Ay^Fn- 25

Noyni NXF Ni(|)ATCi Ay(|)ipi FBoA oyo^ nhetoi


NpFq+oyTAg Ay+ oyTA<3 nh ftoi NAToyTA^
Ar. A. Aygi totf hfxf MarMFNTioc noypo
xcoBi fboA.
NAq XF oyNiu)')- NNoyf nF niFpAKAwc xf nfm
NlKFCyF FTU^OyCDOy AqOyCDN^ NTFqXOM FBoA 30
16 '1-MApTYpiA NTg niXrioc rFoopnoc

fibHToy HnAipH-i". AqFpoyd) nsf niXrioc rFa)p-


rioc Fqxo) hiMoc i:H ^-^ (|)HFTAqeAMio nt(|)f
NFH nKAgl (|)HFTAq0pe NHFTOjOn AN CyODHl AK-
TFNBCDNq FniFpAuAwc ni2^a)AoM fiKoyp nibfAAf
Xr. B. (|)HFTFKNATAKO NFMAq HXoAfM. AqFpOyO) N2CF 5

noypo ^AMANOC nFXAq MniXnoc rpcDpnoc


nicorn ntf nipaAiAfoc +ca)oyN xf +nata-
KOK hA(i) HpHt. TOTF AqOyAi^CAgNl FGpOy'lNl
NoyNia)+ NiBAcyoyp ayBici HHoq ^fn TFqNm+
AqAiq NB oyo2 nAipni" Aqt hininriA. AqepoyiNi lo

NoyNia)^- nAfbhc NCFgioy'i n+toi b+ ntf ncco-


MA HniAnOC pbpHl FMAy NFM OyTATg NFM
A^. A. oyAAHXAnr nfm oyoDT ntfbnh nfm oyr^iBpF^i

AycAgt C^poq FMAcyO) ^CDCTF NTF NFqBFp-


BFp NFM MFqajAc* ^'iCl FnigOyO. gCDCTF NTF 1&

NHFTCAgi" (|)a)T FnAlCA NFM (|)Al ^^TFN ni^OyO


NTF ni(yA2 gCOCTE NTFq(TlCl l^llE HMAgl Ay'lNl
NNlNFbxi NTF NIAfBHC NinoypO FyXO) NIMOC XF
A^. b. Aqoyo) AqnoyNK nxf niBFptyo FTFMMAy Aqoy-
A^CA^Nl NXF noypo FGpoyoAc NCF0OMC BfN 20

niKAgl NFM niKFAFBHC NFM HIMFAoC NTF HIA-


riOC FTF nBhTC XF glNA NNF NlXpHCTlANOC XlMl
Noyt-IFAOC NTAq NTOyTOyNOC OyMApTHplOH
NAq. FTAyKHN AF FGOMC t^iniGMHl NXF NlgynF-
pFTHC AyFpANAXa)piN NCOOy Aqcpconi NXF 25

OyNlU)+ NCyGOpTFp bFN niAHp A nKA<3l KIM


Ah. a. a)A NFqcFNi" ^^wnnF ic nUc Thc nxc Aq\
FHFOiT fboABfn t(J)f NFM NFqArrFAoc FGOyAB
Aqbgi FpATq FXFN niMA FTFpF hiAfbhc gomc
NbwTq. oyog nFXAq n^aAagihA niArrFAoc xe so
•fMApTyptX NTS niXnoc rpoopnoc. 17

ANioyl HnaiApBHc Fncya)i ETAq'iNi ^f Hnai-


Afbhc FncycDi Aq(|)0H2 pboA gixFH nKAgi. AqF-
Ah. b. poyd) NXF noC ntf nixom FgpHi Fxcoq xf
TFCDpnoc nAca)Tn tojnk Fgpwi anok hf 4^h
FTAqroyNOc AA2;Apoc FBoAbpN nh FenoooyT s

nAipwi" ON 't-NOy ANOK TOyA^CA^Nl NAK


XF TCONK oyog AMOy Fncyo)! FBOAbPN mApBHC
6^1 FpATK glXFN NFK^AAAyX ANOK HF noU
nFKNoy}-. AqTCDNq I^fn i-oywoy FTFMMAy
NXF aAh0OC t>EN
niXCDpl OyNlU)+ NXOM FCXOp
10

Ae.A. NKfjpHi- NOyAl FTF MUFq^l gAl NMKA2 FnTHpq.


OyON NIBFN FTAyNAy AyFpa^())Hpi. nFXF Hoc
NAq XF 6po HMOK oyog XFMXOM TFcapnoc
nAMFNpiT XF oyoN oyNiu)'}" i^pAcyi (ycDni nak
hsH Nl(|)H0yl NFH glXFN niKAgl NFM MnFMeO 15
MnAiflDT NArAGoc NFH HnFMeo NNAArrpAoc
FgpHl FXFN nFKArCON (^(DUl FK XFRNOM'^- XF
ANOK 1"XH NFMAK. OyOg AqO^F NAq Fno^CUl FNl-
^0. B. (])Hoy\ NFM NFqArreAoc Fe oyAB. Neoq 2^f Aq-
TcoNq AqMooji oyo^ AqoycDpn gA noypo nxf 20
niArioc rFcopnoc Fqxo) hmoc xf ^nnnF ^cnhini
HMOi t>FN +noAic oyog 't+cBO). t>FN i-oyNoy
FTFM[MAy] AqOyAgCA^Nl NXF noypO FAMONl
HMoq FGpoyFNq ^Apoq fxfn niBHMA. FqNHoy
AF NAqCDCy FBOA XF niBHMA niBHMA AU gApOK 25
A. N0OK NFM HFKAnoAAON ANOK ^O) NFM TTAOC

iHc nxc na)Hpi M^j;- FTCDNb. gwnnF ic oycgiMi


r.
FnFcpAN HF xoAAactikh ACOOO) fboA FCXa)
HMOC oyBF niXrioc rEcupnoc niMAprypoc ntf
nxc XF HAOC TFCDpnOC A TTAO^Hpi NflDgFB HOFq- 30

I
18 ^-MApTYplA NTF HiXnoc rFCDpnOC-

MACi TKOi A{\d^\ NXF niHACi oyog AqMoy


t>FN
XpiBOHeiN FTAHETXCOB +FMI nAOC XF OyONCyXOM J

Fl. B. H(})+ FBoAglTOTK. HFXF niAFlOC NAC 2fF ^l

hinAlUjBCOT FBOA^FN NA>:iX HACyF NF FTKOl XOJ J

NinAlcyBCOT FXFM (|)HOYT t^miMACl FpFXO) HHOC 5^

XE MAI MF NH FTFqXO) NlMCDOy MSF rFODpnOC XF ;

bFN (|)pAN NiHC nxU TCDMK Ogl FpATK. MGOC AF


AC\pi KATA c])pHi- FTAq2^*0C MAC oyOj^ AqTCONq
NXF niMACl bFN +OYNOY FTFMMAY ActcbOY
HA.A.M(1)+ NXF +C21MI FCXO) HMOC XF CMApCDOYT 10"

NXF i"OYMOY FTAKl FTAl noAlC MMOC A/\h0OC


M0OK OYnpo(|)HTHC oyog A ())'t 2£FMna)iNi MnFq-
Aaoc. haAim AqoY^wpn mxf 2^aaianoc mca ni-
MApTYpOC. FTAqi AF HFXF HOYpO TpAKlXAl
MFMAq XF rFa)prioc Micyp ftojoyo^oy FTAy^^ipi i'

FBOA TFNFHl AN AKpiBCDC XF nFKNOY+ HF FTAq


FlA. B. epOY(|)ipi FBOA XF MFNNOY+ ME aAAa gHOnF

IC OYHgAY FqXH bATOTFN t>FN i'nFTpA FOy-

MCOIT nF NpFqXA pF[q]Ha)OYT HMON ^Al MpCDMl


FMi FHFqMcoiT oyAF HFqpo Fcyon OYN FBOA-
glTFN NFKTCOBg MTOYTOOOYMOY MXF MIKAC MTF
NH FGMaJOYT CyF nAMHB HipH MFH nilO<J NFH
HlJ.A. +ApTFMlC GHAY MMINOY+ FIFMA<3+ gO) FHEK-

MOyI" MTACyODniMXpHCTlAMOC AqFpOYCO MXF


niMAKApioc rFcaprioc Fqxo) mmoc ^f cfntot 21

MXF +CMH FTAICOGMFC t>FM niFYArPFAlON FT-


XO) MMOC XF FOJCJOn OyOM TFTFNMA^'i" MMAY
l^inCMOT MOYMA(|)pi Ma)FATAM NTFTFN XOC MnAl-
TCOOY XF OY«)TFB FBoA TAl OyO^ MMFijAl FpAT-
FlS. B. XOM MTFM0UMOY TCDMK MGOK MFM noypO AAAl- 30
i"MApTYpiA NTF niXriOC PFCDpriOC. 10

ANOC NFH NlKFOypCDOy NTF XHMl MAtyPNCUTUN


Aoyoi^N H(])po NinibigAY OY^S ^f)^ nhikac htb
NipeqHODOYT FTAy^^oq^Fq *fboA nfm nio^cdici)
hre NHFTAYHoy anitoy nhi mnai. oyog ayja^pn-
ODoy CATOToy NXF nir woypo F(I)Ha)iT nniM- 5

if.A. <3Ay AyoycDN Mmpo ntf niM^Ay nnoyxFM

gAi NKAC fiTF NipFqHCDoyr fibviTq Aya)qi


NN10MIC FB0At>FN NIKAC FTAyXFHOy AyiNl
HMcooy HniXnoc rFCDpnoc. totf niXrioc tf-
(jDprioc AqgioylHMoq ^ixfn NpqKFAi A^^a^B^ lo

u^A (I)NAy NoyoyNoy ^fn nxiNeppqscDK nniX-


HHN FBoA Aqcycuni nxf oyNicyr NcyeopxFp
MFM gANCFTFBpHX NXpCDM OyOg AyFpOyCDlNl
^r. B. FNIKAC FTFMMAy OyOg CATOTOy Ayi FBOA
NbHTOy NXF F NpCDMl NFM 9 NCglMl NFH f 15

NKoyxi nXAoy. Nioypoaoy ^f FTAyNAy F(|)h-


FTAqcyoDm AyFpa)(j)Hpi AoinoNX Nioypa)oy
MoyV FoyAi bpN NH FTAyrcDoyNoy fboA^fn
NHFeMcooyr nFxcDoy NAq xf nim np nFKpAN.
AqFpOyO) N2fF (|)HFTAqT(JDNq FBoAbFN NHFe- 20
rA.A.MODoyr Fqxu) hmoc xf icoyBHN hf nApAN. npxF
noypo NAq xe ic oywp Nponni icxfn FTAKMoy.
XF ic goyo C NpoNini. ufsf noypo NAq xf
bFN niCHoy FTFMMAy NF Aql NXF nxu Fni-
KOCMOC CyAN M(|)H. HFXF (|)HFTAqTCDNq FBoAbPN 25
NHF0Ma)OyT NAq XF +ipi M(|)MFYl AN oyAF
MniCflDTFM goAcjOC XF Aq\. nFXF 2^A2^tXNOC NAq
iA.B. XF NAKNAcl" FNIM NHOy+. HfIiF (])HFTAqTa)Nq

NAq XF MnFpFp i^Ai nXnapkh Fpol 0) noypo


i-a)ini oyN fxoc xf AiNAgt fnim NNoyt hai- so
20 +MApTYpiA HTF niXrioc rFcopnoc.

NA2+ nF FoyAi FY'"*OY'l" Fpocj ^p niAnoAAcDN


oycox NKoyp nibo t^ibfAAe ftaixo) oyn ficoDi
Ni-XlNODNb FT^CDOy flTF HAIBIOC AlO^wni FlCDNb
bFN NIHCOIT FTTH t>FN nilApO HXpODH (^A
FiF.A.+cyFNHi F^pHi Fpoq AqMMAy fiXF niqiMT NA- !

TFNKOT gApA flGOK HnFKCCOTFH FNirpA(|)H flTF


NlXpHCTlANOC FC(])ipi FBOA AKi" H())HF\l MHl
MniF^OOy FTTH FTOl Ngot HIMCDIT FTF HHOH
BoneiA HHAy aAAa oyTcoHT ne nfm oy<30+
HMON gAi NNAi Nt>HTq oyAF MnAyo^eFT l(

AngHT HnipFq+gAn aAAa ng^wB nnioyAi


nioyAi FTAqAiq xh AnFMeo fiNFqBAA fboA.
FlF. B. TOTF cyAqFpOyO) NXF HlXANA flTFq^'OC XF
.

MATAMOl FngCDB MniOyAl OlOyAl HNKJDTFN


^INA NTAi" NAq HnPqBFXF KATA NH FTAq- 15

AiToy ccDTFM oyn NTA())ipi bATOTK d) noypo


XE pU)Ml NIBFN FGNAO^ODni glXFN niKA^l OyOg
NTFqoyCON^ FBoA H(|)HFTAyFpCTAypa)NlN MHOq
FTF nxc np KAN Fcycan FoyoM oyMHc^
FiZ.A.HNOBl ^l FOFqCCDMA OyOg NTFqOTFB FBoAl^FN 20

nAiKOCHOC FTgcDoy o^Aqcyami Idfn ^ANCNAy^


FeBF MFqNOBl aAAa ^FN 'l"KypiAKH CF+ HTON
NAq 2iF oyni FpF noc ThC comc Fl^pni fniko-
Aacic HnFgooy fi+KypiAUH anok af oy^F <3Fn
nFgooy N+KypiAKH HnAy+ hton nan FnTnpq 25

Fni 2^F HniOycONg NTFqHFTOC FBoA Fia)on


FU. B. glXFN niKA^l nCDC TAp FNNAOyCDNg FBOA FNFp-
CFBHceF n^aniaodAon nfm 2AN0oya)T MnAyniM
FpoDoy FHTHpq. AqFpoyd) NAq nxf noypo nF-
XAq XF A nFK^HT XU) FBOA^ITFN nAa)Al MniX- 30
'fMApTypiX NTu niXrioc rpcDpnoc. 21

pOHOC NTF nAlC fipOMni. AqCOMC AS NXF ())« t^l

FTAqrcoNq FBO^bFN NHFGHCDUYT FniMApTypoc


NTF nxu niXrioc rFcupnoc npxAq nacj 2iE
R^. A.nAoU niHApTypoC NTE nXC TFN+gO FpOK MOl
NAN HniODMC FGOyAB NTF HXC XF NNOyglTTFN 5
FNIKOAaCIC FTFNNhHTOy NKFCOn. FTAqNAy oyN
NXF niXrioc rFcopnoc FnoyNAgi" Aqi" Noyu^FN-
(|)AT hFN niKAgi AqqcDxi FnojcDi nxf oyM(jDoy

oyog Aq+CDMC Ncooy ]dfn (|)pAN M(|)ia)T nfm


nu^Hpi NFM niTTNA FGoyAB nFXAq Ncooy xf lo
"l^. B. MAcyF NODTFN l^FN Oyi^ipHHH FHinApAAlCOC OyO^

CATOToy Aypp XeoycoNg fboA. nnoyNAy Fpcooy


XF Aqojconi n^cf noypo FqcDNcy fboA NAyNoy-
Noy AyFpoyo) NAq nxf MioypoDoy FGNFHAq
nFxcDoy XF nAipcoMi oypFqFpgiK np xf fboA- 15
glTFN NFqMAnX AqTA^O NgANAFMCaN FpATOy
HnFNMGO FBoA AqXOC XF AlTOyNOC gANpFq-
iR.A. MCDoyT Xnok 2(a> +Noy i"NA+a)a)a^ AnAirFNNOc
THpq XF XpHCTlXNOC AqFpKFAFyiN XF CODTH
NHl NOyXHpA N^HKl GH FTF HMON gAl NgHKl 20
HnFcpH+ bFN niKocMoc oyog AyKa)i-bFN +no-
Mc AyXlMl NAq N+XWpA NgHKl Ay^lOyi HDIGMHI
FboyN MFHAC gcDC Fqoycoo) F+a)a)cy NNiXpHC-
TiXnOC. FTAyFN niGHHl F^OyN FnHl N^-XHpA
4H.B. nFXAq NAC XF MOl NHl NOyODlK XF OyHl ^gCDKEp 25

ACFpOyd) NXF i-CglMl NAq NXHpA N^HKl XF


HMON (JDiK bFN HAHi Xnok nAoc. OFxp niXrioc
rFWpnOC NAC XF XpFNAgt -^NIM NNOyj" XF
HMON gAl NCDlK bpN nFHl. HFXF tcglMl NAq
XF FINA2+ FniAnoAAcDN NFM niFpAKAwC NlNlOJ'f 30
22 -j-MApTypiX NTF niXnoc PEcaprioc.

HMoyi" NTF npxF niXrioc recDpnoc


NioyptJi^OY.

NAC XF XAhgoc oygAn mnhi fiTF ^-i np (1)ai


Re. A. XF HMOM gAl NODIK bpN nPHl. FTACCOMC FboyN
bFN nFqgo fixF +C2yMi(sic) ACNAy FnFqgo
HncMOT fioyArrpAoc ntf noC ufxac fibpHi 5

fibHTC flXF ^-CglMl XF 'f-NACyF MHl FBOA


NTAKCQ-t" NCA CDIK NTOTOy NHA^lCFy MFM MA-
GFO^Fy glNA NTAXO) i^ApOq HnAipCOMl NTF (])1".
nANTOc bpM npqxiMi pboyN FnAHi ntaximi
Re. B. NOygHOT HOFHeO FBOA NMAGFCyFy. ACO^ODni 10

oyN bFN nxiNepFCgcoA fboA nxf tci^iHi wxwpA


NgHKl. nieMHl 2iF NAqgFHCl ^ApATC NOyBAClC
NTF oycTyAAoc nc^f Fboyn bFN npcHi CATOTq
oyN Aqo^FDNoyNi nxf niCTyAAoc oyog Aqgi xaA
FBoA AqOJCOTTl NXF [oy]Nia)'i- NOIU^HN OyO^ AqFp- 15

CAncycDi HniHi h if HHAgi FHo^cDi gwnnF ic


R A. mhXahA niApXHArrFAoc Aq\ c^Apoq nfh oy-
TpAHF^A FCMFg FBoAjoFN XrAGON NlBFN AqOyCDH
oyog AqxFHNOMf NXF niXrioc oyog NApF
i"TpAnF2;A MF2 NCOIK NFM ArAGON NlBFN FTACl 20

FboyN NXF i-CglMl NXHpA NgHKl pboyN FnPCHl


ACNAy F^ANNIO)')- Na)(j)Hpi OyTpAnF2;A FCXH
FbpHl FCMF2 NAPAGON NlBFN NFM HlCTlAAoC (sic)
N. B. FTAqcyFnNoyNi bFN oya^F FqcyoycDOy nFXAC

bFN nPC^HT XF X ^-y NNlXpHCTlXNOC Fp(j)HFy\ 25

NTAHFTgHKl bA +XHpA AqiNl HnFqHApTypOC


FboyN FTTAHi bA +TAAFna)poc H\}/yXH a)A-
TFqFpBOHGlN FpOl oyo^ CATOTC AC<^ITC PbpHl
bA NFNd^AAAyx NiniXnoc AcoycocyT HMoq.
NA. A. Aqepoyo) nac fiXE niXrioc rpcDprioc Fqxo) mhoc 30
'j-MApTypiA NTP niXnoc rFa)prioc. 23

XE TCDOyNl bgl FpA+ FXFN MF^aAaY^* ANOK


rAp ANOK AN ne (1)+ NHlXpHCTlANOC aAAa ANOK
BOOK NTAq FltpFnblCl ^^pm FXFN HFqpAN FGoy
AB. nAAlN HFXF i-Cj^lMl NA(| XF RAOC ICXF Al-
XlMlNOygMOT NinFKHGO MHIC NHl FGplFpToA- 5

MAN NTAXO) NOyCAXl MOFKHGO FBoA. HFXF


niAriOC NAC XF CAXl. HFXF tcglHl NAq XF HAoC
NA. B. oyoN NTHi MMAy NOyXAoy FqXH hpN G NpOH-

m oyog (])Ai oyBpAAF nF NKoyp nfbo n^aAf


i-ajmi NTAMoq NNAGFojpy Fo^on oyw ntfk- lo

GpFqNAy MBOA NTFqCCDTFM 0y0<3 NTFqCAXl


+NAg+ ^0) FnFKNoyf-. AqFpoyd) nxe higmhi
Fqxo) MHoc XF ANioyi AniXAoy nhi hnai. totf
ACINI MniXAoy NAq fboA^fn i-HAg rf Noy-
MTB. a. AgMl NTF nFCHl OyO^^ ACO^TOq bFN KFNq HniG- 15

Mm. niXrioc af rFcopnoc NAqMHN fboA FqrcDBg


FgpHl FXCDq NApF XCDq XOBC FUFCHT HF OyO^
FpF niXAoy t>FN KFNq AqNiqi FboyN FgpAq
AygFl FBoAbFN NFqBAA NXF gANKFKC CATOXq
AqNAy MBoA. npxF Icj^imi NAq xf nAoc t+go 20

FpoK FQpFqcAxi oyog NTFqca)TFM bFN NFq-


^^. B. MAcyx NTFqxcoNq NTFqMOcyi FXFN NFqd'AAAyx.
nFXF niXnoc rFa)p[rioc] nac xf i-cgiMi ^ai
pcjDcyi MMoq +N0Y xf FFpXpiX MMOq FGpFq-
(^FMO^l MMOl NOygCDB Al(yANHOy+ Fpoq FTFq- 25

coDTFM FnAbpcDoyoyog NTFqMOCyi NTFq Fp


2^iXkonin nhi MnicAxi. oyo^ mhfcojxfmxom
^TT. A.NXF i"CglMl NFpoyO) NAq NOy^AXl NACNAy TAp
FnFqgo H(j)pH'i- Hngo NoyArrFAoc ntf ^j^.
TOTF nUNOMOC nXcFBHC NOypO AAAiXnOC NFM 30
24 '^MApTYpJA NTF niXrioc rFcopnoc.

NlKEze flOypO U0NtMAq FTAyi FBoAloFN niX-


piCTON AYii)«>TTl eyCNHlNl MMODOY t>FN NinAATlX
NTF i-BAKl. FTAqCOMC 2^F NXF ni2^pAKa)N NTF
())NOYN NOypO 2kA^lAN0C AqNAy FniU)a)HN (])«
FTAqpCDT FBoAglTOTq HHIXF fieHHl NAqa)lNl 5

NP. FNApXOC NTAq 2s:f HAlXlNNAy HBFpi OyKFNTF


B.

np nAia^a)HN AqTAHoq Fqxu) hmoc xf ^ai nF


niHODiT FNAqgcDoyi Ft»oyN Fpoq nxf niXnoc
niNio)'!' NTF nifaAiAfoc rFCDpnoc. fieoq ^f
noypo AqoyAgCAeNi FepoyFNq NCFTAeoqFpATq lo

MnFqMeo nafhociX AqepoyNFypi^iN HMoq


hpN oyMFTAGNAi a)ATF NFqcApz AoqAFq FBOA
NA. A. OyOg NTF NFqC(|)lptt)Oy ACDBO) 2^TFN HAC^Al
MniXpCDM flTOyglOyi NOyBAClC NXpCDH glXFN
TFqX(|)F. MFNFNCcoc Aq0poyAa)q on ncf^cdki is

HHOq OyOg NCFMFg N2AN(j)yXAH HBENini Fy-


MFg NXpcoH NCFgiToy hA NFqc4>ipa)oy\ a)A
TFq+ MniTtNA oyog AqFpKFApyiN nxe noypo
FOpoyd^l MnFqCCDMA NCFBFpBCDp FBoA glXFN
NA. B. oyrcDoy Fq<5'oci NAqxa> oyN mmoc np nxf 20

niApAKCDN ^FN UFq^HT XF CFNAl NXF NlgAAAt


NTF T(|)F NCFOyODM NNFqCApZ. FTAyd)Al OyN
MniCGDMA NTF MAKApiOC FBoA glXFN nAlTCOOy
Fpoq xe cipic AyBFpBcopq fboA
<|)HFToyMoy't'
MniMA FTFMMAy oyojj AyxAcecDoy nxf ni- 25

gynFpFTHC. FTAyoyFi af hboA nniTtDoy Noy-


nP. a. Koyxi NXF NigynFpFTHC NTF niAiXBoAoc NAy
A NCTAAION Aqo^CUm NXF Oy^ApABAl t>FN T(|)F
NFM gANCFTFBpHX 2">C TF NTF niTCDOy TWpq
FTFMMAy ceepTFp gwnnF ic noc Aqi FqTAAw- so
+MApTYpiX NTF niXrioc recopnoc. 25

oyT FXBN oy^Hni oyog nexaq MniXnoc rpcjop-


rioc XF nacoDTn ee NANeq todnk PBoAbeN hifn-
KOT oyog CATOTq AqTcjoNq Nxe niMApTypoc
NF. B. flTF nXC Aq^OXl CA(|)A[20Y] nca NieynFpETHC
FqcDo) FBoA oyBHoy Fqxo) hmoc xe ogi nhi s

NOyKOyXl cyA +1 NFMCDTFN. FTAyCOMC AF


2i(|)A2oy HMa)oy nxf NigynFpFTHC AyNAy-
FniGHHi TFcopnoc Eq^oxi 2i4*Agoy HHcaoy
Ay+a)oy m^'Y Aygiroy FbpHi ^ApAToy NNpq-
d'AAAyx Ay+go ppoq Fyxo) hmoc xf moi nan lo

gCDN Nf C^pA^lC (sic) NTF nxC. HlNAlATq OyN


^i^. A. NeMHi niXrioc rFoopnoc Aq+ooMC Na)oy ^fn
(|)pAN H(|)pAN (sic) H(|)ia)T NFM nu^Hpi NFM niTTNA
F0 oyAB oyog Ayi Ayogi FpAToy nnFMeo
MnoypO NANOMOC AyCDO) FBoA THpOy 2fF ANON 15

gANXpHCTlANOC HnAppHClA. TOTF NlOypCDOy


AyrcoMT t>EN oyNia)+ m(|)oboc fgbf nAi <3a)B
AqFpKFAFyiN f\nI l^HlgynFpFTHC NCETA2U)0y
>IS'. B. FpATOy NAgpAq. (])pAN NOyAl MMCDOy HE K^Ay-
AANH Aqepoyio^i HMoq oyog NCFi" NAq n^an- 20

AlMCJDpiA niKFOyAl ^E FyMOyt Fpoq XF AAClpl


NFM AACipiANH ^WANTOyTHlTOy FTOTC
NTCHqi. kAhkcdn AyTHiq FTorq HniewpioN.
HFNFNCA NAI OyN AyFpKFAEyiN NXF NlOypcOOy
Fepoy'iNi MniArioc rEcopnoc AqFpoyo) nxf 25

noypo 2^AAiAN0C nFXAq NAq xf rECDpnoc a)E


^. A. nAuc nipH NFM nuog nfm NiNoy+ nfm Toy-
MAy +ApTHMlC XF f+ACO FpOK M(|)pH+ NOy-
a^Hpi MMFNpiT hrm oyog ^odb nibfn ftfk-
NAFpFTlN MMCUOy NTOT ^-NATHlTOy NAK N^MOT 30
26 +HApTYpiA NTF mXrioc rpcapnoc.

HONON CODTFM NCCOl gCWC OyO^ MAMA+


tCOT

glNA NTFKl NTSKOyODCyT NNlNOyi" HMAyATq.


AqFpoYco N2iP niXrioc recopnoc npxAq NAq
R^. B. XF i-Ol N(y())Hpi FNFKCAXl FT XO) MHOC XF f NOy
NAIXH NTOTFN a)A (|)00y FGBFOy HnFKXF NAl sj

NHi gwnnF ic 2, i^ponni NFgooy AyciNi Fi<Fp-


BACANl^lN MMOl AKbcDTFB HHOl N f NCOn OyOg
AiMoy AqToyNOCT H ni r NCon nxf haoc ThU
nxc KFnFp HniCODTFM FNAl CA[xi] ') NTOTK
fbhA F+Noy KccooyN AN 0) noypo xf nAi tfnoc k
RH. A. NTF MlXpHCTlANOC 2AN<|)lA0MlK0C NF OyOg
CFf FboyN FgpFN NH FT+ FJoOyN FgpAy. aA/\A
i-NOy 'i-FpOyOT RHl NTF TFKMFTNia)+ fwAFp-
(yoycycDoyo)! HnFKNio^'t" RNoy+ niXnoAAcDN (\m

FTFKMFl HMOq. FTAqCCOTFM OyN FNAl NXF I5j

noypo 2^A^lAN0C AqpAUJl FMACyCO AqAHONl


NTA^F HmXriOC TFCDpnOC XF AqNA+(|)l Fpoc.
Aq+ TOTq HHoq nxf meMHi pq^^o) hmoc xf
NH. B. H^tt)p 0) noypo OyKAgC AN TF NTF NIPAAi-
Afoc Fcyton Aya^TFMoycoo^T NNiNoyi" Nojopn 20J
aAAa oyAgCAg +Noy F0poygioy\ hmoi Fnicy-

TFKo cuA nFqpAch- AqFpoyd) Ni;F noypo nFXAq


NAq XF NNFca)a)ni nhi icxfn +Noy ntathik f
^Al NMMOpiX aAAa blCl NIBEN FTAlTHlTOy
Re. A. NAK XAy NHI FBOA gCDC AlAlTOy NAK ^FN Oy- 25|

MFTATFMl H(|)pH+ NOyiCDT OJOnX FpOK. XHOy


XF i-NOy NTA(TlTK CA^OyN FnmAAAATlON FT

') Ms. FNAlCANAi NTOTK. The Arabic version has JoJ


.VXJ) ]jjb.
+MApTYpiA NTF niXnoc rpcDpnoc. 27

CA boYN niMCDiT erppe foypo) XAezANApa


XH MMOC) bEN nECKOlT(JDN fcXMOTEN MHOC. ETA-
qoDAi AE HMOCj EboyN NXE noypo Aqgioyi
MMoq EboyN nem i-oypo) aAezanz^pa AqMAoj-
ne. B. GAM Ninipo Fpcooy AnS AqojE NAq nxe noypo 5
NEpoyi^i PAp nE. TOTE niAPioc PEtopnoc AqKcoAx
NNEqKEAl OyOg AqEpgHTC NTCDB^ H(])+ EqXO)
HMOC XS (p'Y nAN0y+ MMON HETONl NIMOK
bEN NlNOyi" NeOK HE ())+ ET \pi NNI(y(|)Hpi.
EGBEoy 2ANE0NOC AycDO) EBoA oyog ^anAaoc 10
AyEpMEAETAN NgANCAxi EyojoyiT AyecDoyi"
1^. A. EyMA NXF NlOypCDOy THpOy NTE nKAgl NEM
Noy KE ApxoDN Eycon AycAxi nca noc neh
nEqxpc. ACEpoyo) nse aAezanapa i-oypo)
ECXO) HHOC MniAPlOC XB HAOC PECOpPlOC +00)- 15
TEM EpoK nkaAodc oyog +EpEnieyMyN (sic)
ENEKCAXl NIM ^E NE NH ET ODCy EBoA IE NIM
NE NH ETAyEpHEAETAN IF NIH HE HXC HAT-
B. CABOl Epoq NTACOyCDNq. AqEpOyO) NXE
niAPlOC PEODpPlOC EqXO) MMOC 2CE ICXE ApE- 20

TEpEpETlN EEMl EnxC NEM NEqCAXl CCJDTEM


d) aAeZAN2^PA. cote ETAnUU 0AMIO NT(|)E NEM

nKA^i oyo2 Aq^i NoyoMi EBoAbEN nKAgi Aq-


0AMIO MnipCDMl EqONl MMOq KATA OEqiNl
NEM TEqcyKCDN UdiC NOyKAgl NCApZ
Aq\pi 25

nAAlN AqeAMlO N^ANMoi" EBoA MMOq AqeAMio


iJA. A.NOyO^Ap NEM NHEGNAy NTAq NEM TJCdiXTI NNl-
MeAoC bEN nipCDMl AqGAM^p NNIBAA NgAN-
BEAAEy NEM oyAAC nem OytyBCOBl AqGAMlO
N^ANXIX NEM NHTHpoy ETTAKTHOyT EHipODMl 30
28 +MApTYpiX NTF niXnoc rFCDpnoc.

MH oyKAgi AN nF etxh pbpHi A ())+ nxc Aqpp-


(|)OpiN NTtqCApZ EBOM^FN tnApeFNOC FG OyAB

MApiA oyog AqFppoDMi Neoq nF (|)+ (|)h FTAq-


ZS. B. TOYNOyCT FB0At>FN NHFeHCDOyT FlU)On NNAl
blCl FgpHl FXFN nFqpAN FG OyAB NFM nFqiCDT 5

NAPAGOC NFM numA FG OyAB FGBE A2VAM O)


aAfzan^PA +oypa) a (|)+ gamio ht())F AqccDNx
HnipH NFH nilOg NpFqFpOyCDlNl NFM Nicioy
[
NFM nca)2cn.| ACFpoyd) NAq nxf 'foypo) xf
i^

MATAMOl FniCAXl. OFXF niAPlOC TFCOpriOC NAC


'

10

|B. A. XF OyMFTcyAMjyF I^COAON ETa)On hFN niKOCMOC


M4)ooy Fytt)FM(yi nnitemcin oyo^ <|)+ an
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NATlj/yXH Fy+J^CDU) Mcfj'f- nipPqGAMlO f4TF
niFnTHpq. hfxf i-oypo) NAq xe oyu oyw ni- 15

NOyi" gAN^FMODN NF. HFXF niAPlOC TFCDpnOC


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N2£F niXriOC PFCOpnOC NAC X£ codtfm Fpoi

jB. B. o) i-oypo) aAfjan^pa qxo) mmoc nxf nmpo- 20

^HTHC AAyiA XF (|)HFT2FMCl glXFN NlXFpOyBlM


OyONgK FBOA MATOyNOC TFK2C0M AMOy F(])-
NAgMFN. OyOg HaAiN ON HFXAq XF FqFl PHFCHT
M(|)pH+ NoyMoy NgcDoy f3:fn oycojpT ftf ^nai-
ATC MTTApGFNOC MApiA TF. HAAiN ABBAKOyM 25

ninpo4)HTHC FqdDO) fboA Fqxo) mmoc xf noc


l^f A. AICCJDTFM
. FnFKbpCDOy OyOg AlFpgO'f- Al+NIAT
NNFKgBHOy\ OyOg AITCDMT. FTA nmpO(|)HTHC
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+MApTYpiA NTF niXrioc rFODpnoc. 29

Aq'fNiATq x£ (|)+ ne AqFppcoHi peBP (|)MFTe


Noy^Ai NTFqNAgMSN NTOTq t^ini2viABoAoc
(])a)N

niXAXl NTF 'j-MeGMHl NIBEN (j)HETAqEp2AA


Jr. 8. HnAi u Noypo nanomoc ST^cwoy. ACEpoyo)
Nxe +oypa) hexac xb t>EN oyMteMwi kaAcdc 5

AKCAXl AKeCDT HnAgHT F0BE nXC XP (|)+ nP


HnTHpq -fNoy xe ++^0 epoK tcdb^ F^pwi fxcdi
glNA NTFC(|)a)T FBOA gApOl NXF hAanH NIBFN
NTF N12^FH(JDH NEM NUAOdAoN EyCOn. AqFpoyO)
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ZS.A.NA2+ E(j)HETAyEpCTAypa)NlN MMOq IHC HXC


MMON ^Al NA^Nl NTF NlAEMCJDN UA(X)h(iiHT EpO
AN EHTWpq. HESAC NAq XE +NA2+ HOC TECDp-
noc aAAa +Ep20+ bATgH Mnoypo xe qgoDoy
FMAOJO) OyAMCApZ HE M<))pHi- NNl0HpiON ApEg 15

AE EnAlMyCTHpiON HHEpTAMF gAl O^A i-Ep4)0piN


HniXAoM NTE +METMApTypOC ^EN GMETOypO
ZS. B. HnxC XAT NTAHTON MMOl (^A tycopn. ETATOOyi
2^F cycDni AqEpKEAEyiN NXF noypo EepE niKi-

piz(sic) 0)0) EBoA bEH 'tnoAic Twpc Fqso) mmoc 20

X£ ett)0y+ THpOy NTETENNAy FnAlNlOJ'i" NTE


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rEO)prioc nEXAq NNi^ynEpETHC ETAyi NC0)q


XE MAO^E NO)TEN N0O)TEN I^ApATq l^inoypo ANOK
20) NEM NlOyWB NEM NlCATHPOyC NTE niEp(j)El
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MMOq. niKipiZ ^E NAqHHN EBoAbEN OyMETgOyO 30
30 i-MApTYpiX NTE niXrioc rFcopnoc.

ZE. B. NINIU)-!- UNAY F+eEODpiA. ETACCCDTFH OyN HXE


'|-c<jiMi NXHpA fii^HKi eHPTAniXrioc taA^o
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FniMCDlT ENApE niAPlOC XH HMOq HPXAC NAq


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l^f A.
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THpq NTE NlXpHCTlANOC. ETAqCCDTEM AE ENAl
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rEa)prioc
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EHECHT +NOY EBoAgl NESIX. CATOTC ACXO) 2(

HMoq EnECHT. nEsE niXnoc rEcopnoc nni-


KOY^^i nXAoy XH +OYa)(y J^en (|)pAN HnAoC
nXC NTEKl NTEKEp2^lXK(«NlN NHl HnAiea)B
IHC

f^. A.CATOTq niKOY^ii nXAoy AqCCOTEM t>EN NEq-


MAtyx Aqi Aq<5i())Ei bApATq MniXnoc rECopnoc 2j

nEXE niXrioc PEcopnoc NAq xe Xmoy maoje


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nxc CMOY+ ppoK Aqa)E NAq bEN oyKJDC
NXE niKOY^i nXAoy EboyN EniEp(|)Ei nEXAq 3(
'tMApxypiX NTF ntXnoc rscDpnoc. 3i

Z^. B. NACj Xe AlXFpF FpOK NGOK ^lBFA^F NKOyp ^

NATFMi AMoy FBoA nxcuAfh XF qHoyl" FpOK


NXF niBcoK NTF Hxc niXrioc rpcDpnoc. X
niTiHA FTgcDoy ft2s:aAhoyt fout^odAon Aqcou)
FBoA NbwTq FqXCD MMOC 2fF niNA^COpFOC AKCFK 5

oyoN NiBFN FpOK niKOYXi nXAoy gcoq nsTAK-


oycopn MMoq gApoi F+cyoDcy nhi. cATOjq X
£h. A. nieoycDT ntf niXnoAAcoN qoxq fboA ^ixfn
TFqBACic Aq'i u)A niXrioc rFCJDpnoc. Aqppoyo)
NXE niXrioc rpcDprioc npxAq NAq xf X^a lo

N0OK HF (|)f NTF NIFGNOC nF2CAq NXF niAFMCON


ftxaAhoyt Fpoq xf oDoyNgHT NFMHi Xnok
FGNATAMOK ^-^(DB NIBFN MnATFKTAMOl. HFXF
niXrioc recapnoc NAq xf caxi. AqFpgwTC ncaxi
[H. B. OyOg F(l)ipi F2(l)B NIBFN HnFqHGO FBoA EqXO) 15

MMOC XF nAoc niXrioc ntf (|)+ fkoi natfmi


AN XF ICXFN gH X (|)i- 0AMIO NOynApAMCOC
t»FN FTFM FNAqXH CA HCA NNlMANa)Al AqXO)
Nt>HTq HnipCDMl ())Al FTAqeAMlOq NXF (|)'t
FqoNi HMOq. Aqxoc nxf noc xf MApoyl nxf 20

NiArrFAoc NToyoycDajT HMOq CATOTq Aqi


:e. A. NXF hixahA nfm TFqcTpATiX THpc NArrFAoc
Ay\ AyoyoDtyT MMoq Xnok af Hnioya)(yT
HnipcDMi (j)HFTAqeAMioq nxf ^'f' aAAa ai-

FpANTlApriN NiniCAXl NTF (]>'{ EIXO) MMOC XF 25

d) nipFq+gAn hmhi Xnok oycyopn f^otf (])AI


noDC NTAoya)a)T AniKoyxi Fpoi cFFpbwiBi
FpOl NXF NlXFpOyBlM FGMF^ flBAA. TOTF Aq-
XCJDNT FpOl NXF ())+ AqglT FBoAj^FN nACUOy

1) Ms. NKOyN
32 +MApTYptX NTE niAPioc rpcDpnoc.

^e. B. FNAIXH N^HTq AqBFpBCDpT FBoAbpN T(])B


M(|)pH+ NoyAbcoH giXEN fnETpA oyog AicycjDni
bsN bANCNAyg +NOY ^kF i-cyon Idfn nAua.a)AoN
ElCCOpeM NNlCywpi NTE ^^aAai PIAO)!
NipCDMl
U)A mCTPpEODMA NTE T(1)E EICCDTEM FNlArrEAoC ;

EY^fUC Fnuc Aia)ANCa)TEM FTAAnO(])AClC NOyAl


2fF qNAHOy NTEq\ FB0At>FN niKOCMOC a)Al(A)ENHl

o. A. a)Apoq ntaI" bici NAq a)ATFqxEoyA F(j)+.

AqFpoyd) NXE niXrioc rEU)prioc nEXAq wAq


2:E HnEKXO) N+MEGHHl O) ^HFTCCDNT HMEGNOyi* H

AAAa FyAyClTK FBOAbEM T(j)F FeBE TFKMFT-


^AClgHT bEN nxlwepFqCOBi- NAK HoyepoNoc
XF NTEK ^EMCl ^IXCOq NTEK Fp ^ICOC NFM (])HFT-
j

nEXAK bFN OyFZAniNA AqBFpBCOpK FBOA-


^OCl
O. B. bPN t4)F FbpHl FnETa)HK NTF (|)10H NFM TFK- U

CTpATiA THpc NAi FTAqcoeMoy gApoq AqecDH


HnFq2^'EH cAxi XF Fxo) FnTHpq. bFN 'toyNoy
A niXrioc rFcopnoc + Noyu)FN())AT bFM niKA^i
A niKAgi oycDN Npcoq oyo^ nEXAq MnieoycDT
XE HAa)F NAK XE i"NOy FnFCHT F(|)NOyM 0) HinNA 2C
NAKAGApTON a)A TFK+ Aoroc bA Nl\|yyXH
uA. A. THpoy FTAKTAKCDoy. cATOTq bFN 'foyNoy |
Aqa)F NAq phfcht F(l)Noy[N] nfm niKFGoycoT
FTEpF niHRA NAKAGApTON XAAwoyT Fpoq.
A niXrioc PFcopnoc + Noy(yFN(l)AT bFN niKAgi 25
AqcyCDO) FBOA HnEqpH+ NKFCOn. HFNFNCA NAl
Aq+oyo) MnEqbcDK fboA nxf niXrioc rEcopnoc
Aq+ HnFqoyoi FniGoycwT ntf niFpAuAHC AqcooK
oA B. HMoq FnKAgi AqbFMboMq npxAq nnccaxn
NNUACdAoN XF HACyF NCDTEN F(|)NOy[N] 0) Nl- 30
+MApTYpiX NTF niXrioc rFcoprioc. 33

MOY+ i^re NiFeNOc xf au a)Apa)TFN hvn


OyXCDNT NFM FTAyNAy ^F NXF NlOyHB
OyT^lBON.
NFM MlCATHrOyC NTF niFp(|)Fl NEH Nl^yUFpFTHC
FT(yFM(yi NNl\^a)i\ON FniTAKO FTAqTAgF NOy-
Noy}-. AyAMONi MniXnoc AycoN^q nnfcjxix s

OB. A. 2i(j)Agoy HMoq oyog A"\ u)Ai HHoq u^a noypo

AyTAMoq t'i^oDB NiBFN FTAyojconi NNlNOyt


niAnoAAcDN xf Aygioyl HMoq ehfcht f(|)-
NOyN. ACOlCDni 2^F FTAqCCDTFM FNAl NXF noypO
AAAIANOC AqHOg nAiBI HEXAq MniXriOC TFCDp- 10

riOC XF (b (j)HETFMna)A MMOyNKq HH HnFKXOC


OB. B. NHl XF +NAFp(yOya)tt)Oya)l NNlNOyi" FTTAlHOyT

F(|)MA FTFKo>(oa)T NNiNoyi" oyog ntfktaAf


AlBANOC NCDOy FgpHl AKglTOTK F^ANgBHOyl
HMAriA HnAipH'f- KCCDOyN AN 2iF FpF nFKTtWA 15

XH bFN MAxix. AqFpoyoD NXF niArioc rFcopnoc


nFXAq NAq xf hao^f nak ANioy nhi NiniXnoAAcDN
NHl FHNAl XnOK nFeNAOyODCyT HNOq MnFKHGO
or. A. FBoA. nFXF z^aaiXnoc NAq xf Hn[A]ipHi- FTAy-

TAMOl FBOAglTFN NlOyWB XF Aqj^floA F(l)[N]oyN 20

oyog +Noy xoycDU) FepigwA MHAy go) FioDNh.


AqFpoyo) NXF mXrioc rFU)prioc nFXAq nnoypo
XF icxF niXnoAAduN NNoyf nF if
nFKNio)']-

nU)C HnFqcyXFMXOM NFpBO[H]0lN MHOq MMIN


or. B. HMoq aAAa AqcycDni fhtako Ncyopn FNFKNoyi- 25

Tupoy NAi FTipi N o bpN Toynni (|)Ai ngok


ETFKFpSFAniC Fpoq 2s:F qNANAgMFK t>FN niF-
gooy FT^cDoy goxAN Aq(yAm nxf noc nANoyi-
FcyiB-f NT(t)F NFM nUA^l Oy nF FTFKNAAiq

NeOK NFM (j)HFTFKFp(3FAniC FpOq. TOTF Aqo^F NAq 30


34 ^"MApTYpiA NTF niXrioc rpoDprioc.

NXE noypo bFN oyNio)'}- nmka^ h^nr egbe n


US. A. TAKO MnFqNoyt" niXnoAAcuN FboyN cyA +OYpo
ip'^
aAfZ AN2vpA FqXO) HMOC 2fF AlblCl NFM nAirPNOC
2£e xF(sic) xpiCTiANOc(sic) nAirAAFOc(sic) rFcup-
noc. ACFpoyo) n2cf i-oypo) XApzANApA npxAq 5

Hnoypo XF Anixoc nak Noynnj^ ficon xf


gFNK FBoAgA HAirFNOC NTF NlXpiCTlANOC XE -
noyNoy}- weoq hf mmhi weoq on nFG- I
(j)-!-

0%. B. NAeFBiOK hvn tfkmft(Taci2ht. AqFpoyd) nxf


moypo nFXAq N+oypcooy oyoi nhi aAfzan^pa 10
t'l'FpgO'l" NHl XF Ay(|)02 FpO gO) N^F NIMAPIA
NTF NlXpHCTlANOC. AqAMONl T^iniqOl NTF TFCA4)F
Aqa)a)+ mmoc (^at FqFNC AnFMeo fboA nni-
oyp(jDoy FGNEMAq ftf m ze nf. oyog AqFpgwTC {
OF. A. NTAMCDOy FgCDB NIBFN FTAyOJCDni. TOTF NlOy- 15

pcDoy AyFpKFApyiN FepoyFNC fboA wToyAcyc


FniFpMFTApiON NTOygCQKl HMOC. N0OC AF HOFC-
XO) NgAl NCAXl aAAa NACCyCOni FCCOHC FnuJCDl
FTACCOMC 2^F gFN ngO HniAriOC TFCDp-
FT(|)F.

rioc nFXAC NAq xf tcdb^ fxcdi xf i-boci t>FN 20


NAiBACANOc. AqFpoyd) NXF niAPioc rpcwpnoc
OF. B. nFXAq NAC XF ApigynOMONlN NKFKOyXl d)
+oypa) giNA NTFd'i AnixAoM NTorq MnoU Thc
nxc. Neoc 2^f nFXAC NAq xf nAoU rFcopnoc
AiNAFpoy XF Mni6'i Hnia)MC FeoyAB. hfxf 25:
niXnoc rFcopnoc nac xf Mocyi TFpA6"i Mnia)Mc
FBoAglTFN ni(|)a)N FBoA NTE CNOq FGOyAB.
Fyd)Ai MMOC oyN ftakoc accdu^ fboA fcxo) I

OZ A. HMOC XF HAOC IHC HXC gWnnF AlXO) H(|)pO


.

HnAnAAAATioN FqoyHN nnio^TAH HHoq ngok 30,


'f-MApTYpiX NTF niXnoc rFODpnoc. 35

2iF noc HnFpa^TAH ppoi M(|)pO MnApA2ilC0C


NTF noyNOq. FTACOyOl) 2^H FCXO) NNAl ACXCDK
NTPCMAprypiA Nxe XAs^ANApA +oypa) Ncoy
TP M(j)ApMOy't- NASn f MHlFgOOy bPN OyHET-

rpNNboc Ac^i AnixAoH nattako. hfnfnca 5


NAi 2^e A NioypcDoy Hoyl- EniXnoc rpoDpnoc
of. B. nexcDoy NAq xe ^Hnne ic 'tKFoypoj aktakoc
MTOTFN AoinON ANCpODqT Fpoq. AqFpOyO) NXF
noypoy MArMFNxioc oyAi fboA wbHToy ne
nPXAq XF MApFNi" NTFqXnO(l)AClC X nigCDB 10
iNA(sic) MMcooy THpoy. Aq^FHCi 2^F NXF Hoypo
AqcbAi NTFq Xno(|)Acic MnAipH+ Fqxo) mmoc
o^. A. XF TFCDpnoc niNia)+ ntf nipaAiAfoc (|)HFTAqXa)
NCCDq NNinpocTorHA (sic) ntf Nioypcooy '\'\-
MMOq FTOTC NTCHqi XpiFHl OyN ^A NiAaOC 15
XF TFNToyBHoyr Xnon FBoAt»A nFqcNoq rnpoy
M(J)00y. AycbAl bApAXC NTFq FniCToAH NXF
niKF Te Noypo fgbf nai. totf niXrioc rFcop-
rioc NAqMOcyi hf FqpAa)i pniMA FTFqNA^i
O^. B. AniXAoM HHOq. FTAqi OyN nniMA FTFMMAy 20
nFXAq NNIMATOI FtXmONI HMOq XF d)Oy NgHT
NF MHl NOyKOyXl NACNHOy XF IC 2, i^poHHi
AyClNl FyFpBACANl^lN HHOl glTFN HAl O NOypO
glNA NTATGDBg FXCJDOy. TOTF AqCOMC Fn(ya)l
ft4)f nxf niXrioc rFtDpnoc npxAq MnAipni" 25
XF nAoc Thc nxc (])HETAqoya)pn HmxpcoM
OH. A. FBoAl^FN HniXnoc hAiac o^at FqoycDM
T(])F

MnmFNTlKONTApXOC B NFH T]&\f p MMATOl MA-


pFqi XF 'I'MOy NXF niXpCDM FTFMMAy FBOA-
glTOTK NTFqpODKg MHAl NOypO NFM NHFTKa)+ 30
36 ^-HApTYpiA NTF niXrioc rFcopnoc.

FpCDOy NTFC^TFM OyAl NOyCDT CCDXn XP (|)a)K

nE ni(boY (9A FNFg ntf nifnf^. Tupoy amhn.


FTi FqrcDB^ NXF niXrioc rFCDpnoc cATorq
Aqi FnFOlT^) FBoAbpN T())F NSF oyxpcDM
uH. B. oyog 0Y02(sic) AqoycoM Mni o Noypo nfm 5

noyMHO) FpFToywni ipi nf ngrX. oyog oaAin


nFXF niXrioc nnimatoi Fepoytboy n^ht hkf-
Koyxi NAqTtt)B2 ON Fqxo) HMOC XF nXoc ihC
nxc 'f-NAy FoyMHO) pqXH hhaima pyoycDU) fcdAi
HnACCDMA Oy02 niCCDMA NApCDC^l MniKOCMOC 10

AN I'+gO) FgOK MOl NOygMOT HnACCDMA glNA


00. A. OyON NIBFN FTgFXi^CDX glTFN OyTlNA nXkA-
GApTON NTFqFp(])MFyi HnFKBCDK TFCOpnOC MApF
nApAN o^cDni NAq FynFGNAMFq. noC nANoyi-
OyON NIBFN FGNAO^COni ^FN OyHAN+gAn FqOl 15

Ngoi" FHAa)a) NTFqFp(()MFyl HnApAN flTFq\


FBoAbPN OygipHNH Oy ON NIBFN FGNAC^Al
NTAHApTHpiX(sic) NFH NAlhlCl FTAlO^onoy FKFC- I
h£ NOypAN FnXU)H NinCDNb. FCFUjOOni XpFO^AN *
OG. B. T(|)F XmONI NNFqMOyNgCDOy glXFN HKA^l OyOg 20

NTOy(j)lpl F^pAN M(|)+ NPFCDpriOC El+gO FpOK


MApF TFKBOHGlX TAgCDOy NXCdAfM. HMHl d
(|)'|-

<|)HF'i-cyFn NNAlhlCl FgpHl FXFN HFqpAN FGOyAB

FFp(l)HFy\ NOyON NIBFN FQNAFp niNAl NFH Oy-


gHKl t>FN nApAN NTFKXO) NCDOy FBoA NNOyNOBl 25
FTAyAlTOy. NAl AF FqSO) HMCDOy bpN 4>P«>»^6 I
TT. A. NTF npqgHT NXF niXrioc gwnnE ic noc Thc '
nxc AqoycoNg Fpoq Fqxoi) hhoc xf Xnoy xf

1) Ms. enFCFCHT

i
+MApTYpiX NTF niXnoc reaiprioc. 37

'J-NOy FnojCDl NTFK HTOM HMOK bPN


FT(|)F

niMANO^COni FTAlCFBTCDTq NAK N^P"! ^^^ OMF-


TOypO HnAlCDT FT^FN Nl(|)HOyi. 0) nACCDTn
rFCOpnOC ^(UB NIBFN FXAKFpFTlN HMCDOy i-NA-
XOKOy NAK FBOA TWpoy NFM gAMKFHHCy FyOl 5

TT. B. NNia^+ FNAl. nFXFniXnoC TFODpnOC NNIKFCTON-


NApiOC XF AMCDINI 'fNOy XCDK FBOA N^-KFAFy-
cic GHFTAygFN^^FN GHNoy Fpoc oyog AqCOyTFN
nFqHoyr fboA AycbAi FGoyAB Aq\
NTFqA(j)F
FBOA NXF OyMCDOy NFM OyFpa)+. A nXC THC 10

(fl WTFqMAKApiA M\|/YXH AqFpACHA^FCGF HHOC


TTA.A. Aq6^lTC MFMAq FnolCOl FNl(|)HOy\ AqTHlC HAODpOM
MnFqiODT NAPAGOC NFM niTlHA FGOyAB. t>FN
"l-oyNoy A nKAgi kim o^a MFqcFNi" Ayo^oni
NXF ^An^A\)ABA\ NFM gANCFTFBpFX NOygch 15

J3FN Oygot 2^C TH NTFO^TFM OypODMl NOyCDT


ClNl FBoAbpN niMA FTFMMAy FGBF '1"NIU)+
Ngoi-. OyON NIBFN FTAyPpMApxypOC FBOAglTFN
TiA. B. niArioc rFfopnoc CFipi nh Na}0 nfm xqG nfm

AAFZAN2ipA loypO). AqXCDK NTFqMApXipiA (sic) 20

FBoA NXF niArioc rFCDpnoc Ncoy Rr nniABOT


4)ApM0yGl NOyF^OOy NKipUKH NAXn G MniF-
gooy. ANOK OF cyNKpATHC niBa)K NTF niXrioc
TFCOpriOC FIXH NFM nAoU O^A HXODK FBoA NTF
TFqXGAyctCHATANlXno4)AClC NTFniXcFBHCNOy- 25

poDoy nAipwi- AicbAi NTFqMApTHpiX(sic) FGOy-


AB MniToygo Fxa)oy oy^F nnicDAi fboA NbwToy
TTB. A. FqF^-TOTq nfmhi nxf nAoc !h€ nxC (j)Ai ftfoi-

(Doy nF nfm nFqicDT nXpagoc nfm ninriA


([xjuq

FGOyAB a^A FNF^ NTF NlFNFg THpOy XmhN. 30


38 niFrroMioN FTAqTAoyb niXrioc eFa)2^opoc.

nr.A. NAl NE NIXOM NFM Nia^(j)Hpi FTA ^"Y AlTOy


FBoA^iTOxq HniXnoc rFcopnoc mfnfnca TFq-
MApTipiA NFM nxlNl HTF UFqCCDMA FTlOC^O^lC
TFqBAKl NFM niXlNKODT NTF npqTOnOC NFM
i-2siNXa) NTF nFqccDMA NbHxq AyxoKq eboA t

AYEpAriA2;iN MnFqxonoc Ncoy^ MniABor XecDp


niArioc GFOD^opoc niFnicKonoc ntf iAhm Neoq
TTf B.
. np FTAqTAOyb NNIXOM NFM NlU^(J)Hpi FTA ^
(])+ AiToy NFM niXnoc rFCJDpnoc nfm ni^mot

FTAycyCJDni bFN niMApTHpiON FO OyAB FTAq- l(

TAoyo MnAiFrroMioN ^fh np^ooy MHFqFp-


(|)MFyr Fe oyAB ftf coy^ NXecop nF FyppojAi
|
bFN nxonoc MniXnoc rFODpnoc Fycaoy AnF- |
NOC IHC TTxc.

+NAoya)N Npa)i bpN gANnApABoAw nxacaxi is

TTA. A. NNHFXgwn ICXFN O^Opn NHFXANCOGMOy OyOg

ANFMl FpCDOy NHEXANENloi" CA2fl MMODOy hA-


XOXFN. KAXA (|)pH't FXA niTTNA Fe OyAB CAXl
FBoAbFN pcoq N2^Ayi2^ moypo n2vikfoc. nAipwl"
XnOK go) +NA0ytt)N2 NCDXEN FBoA NNIXAIO NFM 2(

Ni(y())Hpi FXAycyfloni FBoA^ixoxq MniXnoc rpcop


TfS. B. riOC ni2^lNAX0CMMApXypOC NXF nxC NFM
NMFXAyUJCJOni MMOq t>FN CCUp i-BAKl FXAqXCDK
nBhXC glXFN ^AMXnOC niXNOMOC NXF NinFpcici
FXe GAl XF GBAKl MnoypO NAB0X02^0N0C0p 2i
nierroHioN FTAqxAoyo nianoc eFa):\opoc. 39

4)HFTAqepoYpo -^i-^hn nixaAafoc THpoy oyog


Aqxo) ficcoq Nccop xFqBAKi Aqo^F NAq FeBABiAcoN
AqKOTC NKAAcdC AqTAKpOC AqAlC HBA[K]iq NTE
TTF. A. i"METOYpo. AC(ya)ni 2kF FTAycbAi nta4)f HniA-
noc rFcapnoc Aq(ya)ni FqcH-f fboA icxf NAi^ne s

MniF^OOy Ci^ATF (j)pH gCJDTn. nAClNKpATOC 2^F


niBcoK NTF niXrioc rpcbprioc. NAqbgi caboA
HMoq FqpiMi Fpoq pqApFg Fpoq. gwnnE A (|)+
THIC FbpHl FHi^HT HnFqKFty(|)Hp B HBflDK Ayi
F+BAKl FXFMntyiNl HnOyoC glNA NTOyFMl 10

TIF. B. F(|)HFTAqa)a)ni MMoq AyxAHcuoy xf FTAyboe-


BFq H4)ooy. NecDoy af AypiHi Ay(l)ajb NNoyg-
BCDC oyOi3 Ay'i nca nFqccDHA AyxiHi nnA-
CyNKpATOC Fq^FMCl FqpiNl. NGCDOy gCDOy
AygFMCl AypiMl NFMAq. MFMFNCA NAl AyXCOOy- 15

Noy Fycon nfm Noyppwoy AyrcDMi NTFqA(|)F


FOFqCCDHA ACTCJDHl AF FpOq H4)pH't 2iF Hnoy-
TT^.A. 2C0XC FBoA FnxHpq Ayd)Ai wi-cyNAONioN ntf
oyAi FcxoAg HHoq AyKoyAoAc FnFqccoMA
F0 OyAB FqXOKFH NCNOq AyXlHl MOyMgAy 20

MBFpi FqCABoA N+HoAlC FqbFNT FpcDoy Ay-


2ioy\ HnccDHA m^» fg oyAB Fboyw Fpoq u^atf
(^(Dpn ojflDni NAygFMci caboA Anipo. AccycDni
AF HnFqpAci- AyTGDoyHoy Aya^FNcooy FbpHi
nr. B. F+noAic Aya)a)n wgANceoi Noyqi nfm can- 25

cywAONioN AyPNoy AyTwiroy FncoDMA AniAnoc


TFCDpnoc AyxiMi Ni-A(1)F fccodAk F^oyN Fni-
CCDMA M(])pH+ FqCDNb OyOg HTTFgAl MMHINI NTF
'ta)FNciqi o^coni N^wTq FnxHpq oyog AyFpa^-
4>Hpi FMAcyo) NXE NFqXAcDoyi oyo^ AywAgi" 30
40 niFrroMioH FTAqTAo\b niXrioc evcDAopoc

bPN noyeHT THpq xe X ^-j- cyonq ppoq bpn


TT^. A. gCOB NIBFN FTA (j>+ AlTOy NAq ICXFN FqCUNb

2lF CFNAcyCUni HMF0MHI THpoy AY+ NNlCGOl


Noyqi Fpoq AYi<ocq nkaAcdc kata tka^c nna
ToyxcopA FyKCDC AY6iTq FboyN FFniH^Ay t

AyroBq Ayt NgANCcj^pAric Fpoq Ayxo) nnA-


cyNKpATOc CABoA HMoq FqpcDic Fpoq. oyog
A niKF B gCDA Fboy[N] F+BAKl AyFpgCOB ^INA
NTOyCONb OyOg NCFXIMI N+gHMl NTOyTAAo
TT^. B. HniCCDMA FGOyAB NCFcyFNCDOy FTOyXODpA. AC- K

(yCDni ^F MFNFNCA ABOT B FyFpgfDB A ([)+

oycQpn gApcooy Noyxoi t>FN lonw Aqi FMAy


NFM oynpA[r]NATiA FTAy+ HniAoyiN eboA.
A NiXAojoyi NTF niXrioc rFCDpnoc cAxi mfm
HlNFq AyNOyS N+j^FMI MFMCDOy AyTAAcDoy IJ

NFM nccoMA MniXnoc rpcoprioc bpN ^BovieiX


NTF (|)i" Ayi FboyN Fionn bpN oyxa)AFM. oyo^
TTlT. A. FTAyC(JDTFM NXF NlNFq NFH nilTpArMATFyXHC 1

XF (|)Ai nF nccDHA HniXnoc rFcopnoc niHFAixoN


NrFfocnoAic 4>nPTAqa)F NAq FTXcopA ntf ni- 2I

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NEMHi cyA FhoyN F^ooy oyog nniNAy Fpoq


bEN nabaA fboA F^ooy oyog Aqa)ANoy'iFi(sic)
EXCOl KATA con O^AlNAy FOyXpCDH HnAHGO
FBoA OjAlCyeopTEp NTA^EI EnFCWT gl2£EN niKAgl
Hn[A]lFMl FgAl (yATF ni2^FMa)N O^E NAq FBOA gA- 15

pOl. NTOyl NXF Nipa)Ml NTOyTAgOl FpAT AC(ya)m

pe. A. AE HHOl FTAqi FXCDl HnAlCOn AlEpATFHl Al-


NAy FniAPioc rECJDpnoc Aq\ EboyN FniMANEp-
tya)oya)i AqAMONi ntaxix Aq+NOH't nm AiNAy
Eni^EHCDN ETEMMAy HnAlCOn BeN NABAA FqOl 20

MnCMOT NOypCOMl MHAHeO FBOA EpE niAPlOC


PECDpnOC + NgANNia)^ N^lCl NAq AqAHONl
HMoq AqcoKq Fnajcoi EnicryAAoc (^ATEq-
pe. B. ^og f+kf^aAic Fnojcoi oyog Aq+ NgANNioji-

NblCl NAq Ent>AF A niAEMCDN (JDCp FBoA ss!


2vF

NoyNio)'!- Nbpoooy Eqcjopn n^ananac^ Eqxo)


MMOC 2CE +NAa)F NHl FBOA^FN nAipCDMl +NA-
TACeOl Epoq AN O^A FNEg ANOK AE AlNAy
EntAnoc rECDpnoc AqAMONi MMoq Neoq ni^E-
MCON AqqA\ MMoq Ena)U)i AqcATq FnECHT gixEN m
'l-a)(l)Hpi MMAg B NTP niXrioc rECopnoc. 51

pi. A NinAAz oyog a m2iEH(jDN + NoyNto)'!" NbpcDoy


FBoAbEN nFqcyAi Aql fboA Aqcye NAq anok 2a>
AlFMl FpOl FTAlACtAt t>FN nACCDMA AlFNKOT
oyog Aigcopn AniNAy FgAi (^atf nAtpcDMi
FTOi n6aAf NTEqxoyojT Fgpwi FxoDi oyog 5

FTAioyoDN nnabaA AiNAy FniArioc recDpnoc


AqAMONl NNA2C12S: AqMoAxoy F(|)MOyT Mni^AAs
pT. B. Aq^capFM oyBHi x^ AHONt HMoq nkaAodc
ANOK 2«> AlAMONl MnEqMOyT AlCCDK FX03q A
mXrioc recopnoc amoni NNeq^AX AqccaK lo

NNFq(l)AT Aqf NoyNicyt N^poDoy FBOA AqxAq


FBoA Aq6'a)pFM oyBHi Aixo) MnFqMoyr fboA
AqTCDNq Aq(yF NAq Fq^oxi oyog a niXrioc PFODp-
noc (^F NAq Fna)tt)i FNi^Hoyl ficomc Nccoq.
piA. A. NAl AF FTAqCODTEH FpODOy NXF niEniCKOnOC 15

NFH niHHO) FTKU)+ FpOq NAyFpa)(l)Hpi FMAOJO)


bFN oyNio^i- Na)(|)Hpi oyog NAy+cboy m(|)+
NFM niAnoc PFcopnoc a:F oywio)'!- tf xFqxoH
NFH NlgHOT FTA (|)+ ipi MMCJDOy NEMAq OyOg
NipcoMi FTAyoyxAi Aycyconi mbodk HmXrioc 20

rFcapnoc Fyu)FMa)i Nt>HTq AniFgooy nfm


piA. B. niFxcDp^ a)A niFgooy ntf noynoy. ^anmho)
AF NpCOMl NFM gANglOMl NFM gANKOyXl
NAAoDoyl Fya)a)Ni NoyMHO) Uipnjr Bfn gANb-
MOH NFM gANApOO) NFM gANTINA FygCDOy 25

AyoyxAi bFN niFgooy FTFMMAy t>FN nronoc


MniXnoc rFa)prioc fboA gixFN (|)pAN MnpNoc
vHc nxc.
^^, .i"(i)4>Hpi HMAgr NTe mXrioc recDpnoc

pTB. A. tjy^Hpi HMA^r NTB niXrioc rEoopnoc


niHAprypoc nte Thc nxC.

ETA niFnicKonoc ve oyAB o^e NAq


AccycDni Ap
EgpHl El^HH NEM NH THpOy PQ NEMAq NAy-
CAXl TTE NNIMHINI NEM Nl(y())Hpi ETAyo^CJl^ni 5

EBOA^ITEN TTlAnOC TECJOpnOC I^EN QUH']^ MTIl-

Aaoc gwnnE ic oypcwMi naxo) Nioyz^Ai oyog


pTB. B. NCONl OyOg NpEqEpglK NNipCWMl CyATOyEN-
KGT NTEqcbAl MnETENTCDOy ETAqCCDTEM EGBE
NIXOM NEM Nlcy(|)Hpi ETEpE niAPlOC TECOpnOC 10

\pi HMa)oy NAqTEN^oyx HHU)oy an he aAAa

NAqXO) HMOC NNIMHO) XE EpE NlXpiCTlANOC


CCDpEM EygwA i3A nAlpCDHl NKAgl MnENpH+
pTr. A. XE AptBOHGlN NTEKTAA(Jb NNENCyODNl OyOg
O^ApE OyMHO) NXpHCTlANOC hAaI^ 15 NEMAq
NOyHHU^ NCOn N0Oq 2^E NAqMHN EBOA^EN
^ANMHO) MMETpEqXEOyA nAipH^ AqCCJDTEM
2iE EpOq N2CE OypCDMl NKOyXl N^HT t>EN Nl-

XpHCTlANOC AqXODNT EMAOJO) AqTCONq Eq+


NEMAq EqXO) MMOC XE 4>i" NACDOyNgHT NEMAK 20
pTr. B. AN MnAipH^- EKOJCDO) NNEqMApxypOC EG OyAB
aAAa niXrioc na^i Mna)i(y nemak oyog NTEq
qOTK EBOA OyOg + NgANNlCyt 0)0)0) NNOyE-
pHOy. MENENCA NAl AqEpOyO) NXE nipo)Mi
NlOy2^Al EqXO) MMOC XE XA AOyCOOy Ft>pHl 25
NEMHl i-NOy NTA20)A EJ^OyN EnXOnOC ETEM-
MAy NTAcyoAq nta'ini NNEqcKEyoc mhaima
pT^. A. NTEO)TEMgAt EMI NTANAy XE EpE rEO)priOC
NAEpOy NHl. AqEpoyO) NXE niXpiCTlANOC XE
niMAprypoc ntf Thc nxc. 53

XA AOycb EJapHl NEMHl O^A T NAoyKOxi Eo^con


ntekcdAi NoygAi eboA^en nxonoc MmXrioc
rECJDpnOC NTEKINI HMOq MnAlMA NTENgCoA
EniTOnOC NTENtyiNl NTENEMl E+ME0MHt 2CE
AKNACbAl NOygAl NTE niTOnOC EO^COn NTEKipi 5

plA. B. NOyABOT NE^OOy NTECyTEH nET^COOy TAgOK


Ie i-NANAgi" C^ RATA pOK Oyog 'tNA+ NKEP

wAoyKoxi NAK Eojcan ntekojtemu^xemxom


NcaAi NgAi NTE niTonoc ntf^Ai HnETgoaoy
0)(Dm HMOK AKi" N't-rf wAoyKOXl AKOJCOm 10

gtt)K fiXpHCTlANOC OyOg A nigODB 00)0) oyTO)oy

5lE. A. MnAipH-t AyXAgO NNlMEXpEy ^) EpATOy. Aq-


TO)Nq NXE nipO)Hl ETOl NAXO) Aqo)E NAq
EniTonoc Aqo)Ai NgANCKEyoc N^ioy\ oyog
Aql EBoAbEN eHH'i- MniTonoc EyoBO) Twpoy is

MnE^Al EMI Epoq ETAqEp CABOA AnipO ETCA-


BoA MniTonoc nEXAq nhpHi wJowTq Eqxo) mmoc
XE ^io)ini NAK -fNoy rEtt>prioc nem niKEoyAi
)TE. B. ETAqXAAOyO) E^pHl NEMHl NAqCO^Nl ^E N^pwi
N^HTq EqMOCyi EqXO) MMOC XE +NA'i' NNAl 20

EB0At>A OyNlO^'f- NTIHH NTAC^AT (])H ETEMHAy


N+ KE rt NAoyKoxi NTAepEqxo) NCO)q MOEq-
KENAet NTEqxo)A MnEqKEO)Mc EBoA oyo^
NTANAy EnAipEqMO)oyT XE rEO)prioc NAEpoy
NHl NAl a.E EqMOKMEK EpO)Oy EqMOO^l gwnnE 25

iir. A. tc nixo)pi MMApTypoc niXnoc rEO)prioc Aql

EboyN E^pAq EqbwK nncMO^ NoyMATOi EpE


OyNlcyt NTAypEAXH hsH TEqxix nE2kAq Mni-

1) Ms. NlMETMETpET.
H 'l-a)(])Hpi MMA^r NTe niknoc reoDpnoc

pa)Mi 2£e nicoN oy ne ettaAhoyt FpoK


<])Ai

MATAMOi epoq 2^ N0oq ae a pcoqecoH npxAq


2CE nA(y(l)Hp i-NAgHn gAl PpOK AN gAMKOy^l

NCKeyoc aiodAoy fifi'ioyi aAAa i^ocoN a ^'i


pW. B. INl MMOK phpHl NAgpAl AMOy ^l HnPKMFpOC 5

gCDK NEMHl glNA NNFKTAME ^M NpCDMl. nUXP


niXnoc rpcopnoc NAq 2£f icxe nAipHt ne
AMOy MApON FniTOnOC NTeN(J)Aa)OY EXCON
KATA nEKCA2kl ETAq(j)Og AE E(j)pO MniTOnoC
A niXnoc FECopnoc fNoycyE nhankAabi wbpHi lo

bEN TEqA(])E EqXO) MMOC XE AKCOytiDNT 2CE ANOK


NIM NGOq AE nEXAq NAq XE M())H nAoc AlMOy
pi^. A. AiHoy oyo^ tccDoyN an xe ngok nim. u£xv
niAPioc PFcopnoc NAq xe anok he rEcopnoc.
NGOq AE ETAqCCDTEM NAqcyGOpTEp Aq<JEl 15

glXEN niKAei. A niAriOC TEODpnOC AMONl HHOq


Aqa)(y+ HMoq mhoc xe EGBEoy ehsco
Eqxo)
MMOC 2CE AlMOy AlMOy MnATEKMOy O^A +Noy
pl^. B. aAAa AMOy a)AMNAl NTAGpEKCOya)NT XE
ANOK NIM AqCNOgq ^EN GMut MniTOnOC 20

Aqio^i MMoq EoyNicyi" nxcdt ecao)! AqMoyp


NNHFTAqKoAnoy Et>HTq Aq'lO)! MMOq CA nOJGDl
MniKA^l NP MMAgl OyOg Aqi" NgANNlCpt
NOJAO) NAq t>EN ETXH NTOTq
niMANKAABl
CD XE Ayoynp Nty^^npi tycum bEN niNAy fte- 25

piH. A. MMAy o) XE AqEO) oyHp Nbpcaoy eboA o^ate


NHFTENKOT THpOy pCDC EBoA NCETODOyNOy
nceI c^poq EyEpa)(l)Hpi M^wETAqcyconi oyog
NAya)INl nE NEM NOyEpHOy XE NIM gApA HE
ETAqiu)i M(j)Ai Enu^coi oyog NAyxo) mmoc xe 30
niMApTYpOC NTH ThC nxU. 55

NiM gApA eeNA(y(])02 Fno^cai f(|)Ai sqcYHoy


enKAgi MnAipwi- weoq ae AqEpoMoAoriN h(|)h-

plH. B. PTAqAiq NAqTAMO NOyON NIBPN ENHPTAYtyO^ni


MMoq. Nea)OY ^^ NAYEpcD<])"P^ EY2f«) mmoc
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AqFpoYOD N2CF nioiKONOMOc 2fe qcDNb NXE noC


HMON gAl NAXAq SnECHT (yATE (|)HETAqA(l^q
EnojGDi XAq EnECHT AYXAq EqAcyi HnAipHi-
a)ATE niOYtWlNl jyAl NTE OYON NIBEN EpGEOplN
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AqXAOY«> ti^pHl NEM mpCOMl NXpHCTlANOC ^EN


tAhR NAqpiMi nE Eqcocy eboA xe nai nhi nAoc
rEa)prioc +naoya2TOt an xe EKcaAn nca gAi
NpCDMl HAINAY aAAa i-NAU^COm NXpiC-
lC2i:EN

TIANOC ICXEN +NOY 0Y2^F +NAKOTT AN XE 15

EEp4)ApMArOC H(j)pHi" NOjOpn. NGOq 2^E Aq-


plMl HE MniEgOOY THpq EqA(^l ETTO^CDl a)ATE
iple. B. ojoDpn u^coni EpEOYON niben EpeEopiN MMoq
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EJ^pHl N0Oq 2^E Aqi" NNICKEYOC ETOTq HniOl-


KONOMOC. Aca)a)m 2^e FnEqpAcf" Aqct>Ai Noy-
ettictoAh AqTHic ETOTq NOYBCDK NTE niTonoc
AqoYopnq eiAhm NNEqpcoMi nem TEqcgiMi
pK. A. EqTAMO MMa)OY AmpH't' ETACiyCJOni HMOq 25

OYOg ON XE qoYCDcy Eo^cDm NXpwcTYANOc (sic)


HUE ni(y4>lT XAq E^OdA ET^HM. ETAY^I 2iE
NfEnicToAw NXE NEqpcoMi AYOojc AYPpw^^JHpi
NNlNlCyi" NXOH ETU^On mXriOC
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56 'Va)4>wpi HMAe A NTF mXrioc rea)prioc.

EbpvU NHHAq ETAqCCOTEM AqpAC^l FMAOJO)


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pK. B. (ya)ni Hnipu)Hi fnoyz^Ai h^n nxonoc HniAPioc

rea)prioc oyoN niben etayccotem nay+^^oy


H(|)i" AYTCJOOYNOY THpOY NXE NEqCNHOY NEM 5

TEqCglHl NEM NEqcyHpi [nEM] NEqa)^Hp NEM


gANKEMHO) NlOY2^Al Ayi (^Apoq AqXO) EpCDOY
NgCJDB NIBEN ETAY«)«)ni HHOq OYOg NGODOY

gCDOY AYPpgot EMACyO) OYO^ AY^'l (A>HC THpOY


pKA. A. bEN niEgOOY ETEMMAY t>EN nxonoC HniA- 10

rioc rEcopnoc bEN (J)pAN h^icot nem no^wpi


NEM niTTRA Ee OYAB EYODOY H^)^ O^A ENEg.

+(y(j)Hpi HMAg ^ NTE niXrioc rEcopnoc.

A ^pAN HniAnoc TECDpnoc OYOg A nEqcyiNi


Ca)p EBOA HAl NIBEN 2CE qipi NgANNlO)'!'
t>EN 15

pKA. B. N2i:0H NEM gANMHlNl NEM gAN a)(l)Hpl NEM


2ANTAA6b EYO(y EqeiOYi nniaemcdn eboA. ne
OYON OYP«)Ml a.E bEN TXODpA NNinEpClC EHEq-
pAN HE NlKANOp EqOl NApXflON EXFN +TEpE
r NTE NinEpClC EpE OyON a)Hpi NTAq XE 20

ANAToAlOC EpE OYON OYCE^T XH bEN nEq-


CCJDMA EpE OYON gANKEXCDOYNl bEN HEqgO
AqCGDTEM EGBE NIXOM NEM Nl(y(j)Hpi ETA (})+
pKB. A. AiTOY EBoAgiTOTq MniXnoc TECDpnoc Aqa)u^
MMOq NOY(A)«^ MnAipH+ EqXO) HMOC XE ECyODn 25

NTE 4>1" NP^* niAriOC TECDpnOC TAMo MTTAl-


KOOK NCEgT EBoAbEN HgO MHAOJHpi fNAi"
i-a)(|)Hpi HMAg ^ NTF niAPioc rpoDprioc. 57

NOYKYN2^iNApiON NNoyK Ft>0YN FnpqTonoc


NTAcyCOni NXpHCTYANOC NEM HAHl THpq. AC-
pKB. B. o^coni 2kF FTA(|)+pa)q HnAipw']- OYOg FTAqxcaNq

NgANATOOYi FnFqpAcf- A ngo MnFqcywpi


OY^fAl 0Y02 MTTFgAl HMHINI NTF niCFgT OJODm 5

bFN nFqgo OYO^ NiKANcap niNia)+ NApxcDN


NTF NinFpClC FTAqNAY FTAlNia)+ Na)(])Hpi
FTACc^coni HnFqojHpi AqTtONq Aq^l NNlACOpON
FTAqCDO) HMCDOY NFH ^^ANUFMHO) NCKFYOC
NFM ANAToAlOC NFM NFqCNHOY NFM
OFqc^Hpi 10

pKr. A. iJANKFMHO) NTF NlRFpClC FTAY^ NFMAq AY"


TODoyNOY aytaAcooy f^anfxhoy ayi FnTonoc
HniXnoc TFCDpnoc ay2^<a)Kfh NinFqa)Hpi bFN
niAoYTHp AY©A(',cq nnf^ ^fn hi^anoc a
nFqcoDMA THpq 0Y2!i:Ai CATOTq Aq+ nnFq- 15

ACJOpON FbOYN Aq^l (OHC NFH NH F0 NFMAq

F(l)pAN ?^l(])ia)T NFM no^Hpi NFM niTtNA F0OYAB


iKr. B. FY«>OY Mcj)"!" NFM niXrioc rFcopnoc fxfn
nigMOT FTAqa)a)ni ncdoy ACcycDni af ftayi
FTOYXCDpA AYKCDT NOYNIO)-)- NFKkAhCIA AY" 20

moyI" F(j)pAN MniXnoc rFcopnoc F^pwi fxgdc


OYO^ AqoYtwpn fantioxia AqiNi noyfric-
KOnOC MMAINOY+ AqFpAPlA^lN MHlTOnoC bFN
(j)pAN H4)ia)T NFM ncywpi NFM niTlNA FGOYAB.
KA. A. NFM (|)pAN MniXnoc rFcopnoc OYOg a oymho) 25

NTF NinFpClC ^l MniCDMC FGOYAB AniFgOOY


FTFMMAY ITF pCDMl ITF CglMl \tF K0Y2SI NAAoY-
FTAY^AY FniXAoY FTAqoY3:Ai fboA^a mucoK
NCFgT bpN nTonoc MniXnoc rFcopnoc oymho)
FY«)(«Nl NTF NlHEpClC AYNAgi" AYJi)ANl pboYN 30
,58 •ta>(j)Hpi MMA2 P NTS niXrioc recDpnoc.

FniTOnoC FTFMHAY (^A^OyKAX CATOTOy


pKS. B. eY«)OY M(|)+ MFH niXrioc reoopnoc a)A FNFg.

+a)(|)Hpi MMAg F NTE niXrioc rFcopnoc.

NF OyON OYpO>Hl B NCAMApiTHC FyOl Na)(|)Hp


NFH NOyppHOY t>FM OyMFTO^WT FYa)l+ ^FN
p wAoyKOxi AyrcooyNoy AybcDK NNoyTFB-
NflDoyi Ay^i NNoyNoyB NFMCDoy AyxAAoDoy
pKF. A. FyoycDO) F2a)A ftamackoc F(ya)n wToynpar-
MATiA A poygi (yoom FpcDoy FyMOo^i ^i (|)Ha)iT
NAyCAXl NFM NOyFpHOy gl niHCDlT FGBF NIXOH 1

NFM Nl(^(|)Hpl FTFpF niXriOC TFODpnOC \\)l

HMODoy oyo2 AccycDni FycAxi nfh NoyFpHoy


AybcDNT FoyriHi a)ATFMHyAiON b Tf r gvinnw
Ayi FboyN FgpAy NXE MOy\ B FB0At>FN NUAg
pKF. B. a)a)HN FygOKFp FyeFMgFM fy^cdAfm KATA 1

(l)pH't- ETcbwoyT XF Aqxo) NoyXAKi Aqo^mm


NXF OyFXCJDpg FyFClNl NhwTq NXF NienpiON
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Fy2«)AFM FyKO)'!- NCA TOybpF FTA NIFO) NAy
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niXrioc TFCDpnoc no<3Fh hhon fboA^fn pcooy


NNAiewplON TFNNAi- HHAl U^F NAoyKOXl Ft>OyN
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'}-a)4>Hpi MMAg F NTS niXrioc rpcDpnoc. 59

pKf. B. 2^E FTAyi" pcDoy Mc])'!- HnAipni" X ntXpAeoc


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NOyKOyXl AyXlMl NNlTFBMOiOyi FyMONl HnFgAl 10
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(y(j)Hpi NNIXOM NFM Nl(y(|)Hpi NTF niAPlOC TFCOp- 15

iK^. B. riOC NipCDMl 2^F NTF ni+Hl NAyCAXl bATOTOy

nF FyXO) MMOC XF A Nl0HpiON FTFMMAy TAKO


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60 i-(y(|)Hpt MMAg ^ NTE niXriOC

FTAyi FSpwi eTAhm AYTHiToy t>A c nAoykoxi


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Fnronoc HniXnoc PECDpnoc neman ^anmho)
NpcOHt NEM gANCglMl Ayi FBOA NEMCOOY t>FN
TCAMApiX FTAyi 2^H EniTonoc FeoyAB AY+
pKO. B. NNOY^CDpOH Fl^OY^^ AYNAY F2ANNia)+ NCy^Hpi
NEM jJANTAA^O EyOO) NNHETOjCJDNl OyMHCy
N^EMCDN Aq^lTOY FBOA AYTtt)OYNOY THpoy
AY^l (JDMC F())pAN M(|)ia)T NEM na)Hpi NEM
ninRA E0OYAB AY«)o>ni NXpHcriXNoc nxe pNr
Mi|iY>^H t>EN niEjjooY ETEMMAY ^Bu nxonoc
MniXnoc rEODpnoc Ben OY^ipw^" ^te (J)+
Xmhn.

pA. A. i-ty(|)Hpi MMAg NTE niXrioc rECDpnoc


s"

niMApTYpOC NTE TTXC.

NE oyoN oypcoHi NXpvicTiXNOc bEN tAhm


FHEqpAN HE 20)rj^AT(a\i NE oyoN NTAq Noy-
(^Hpi MMAy Fqoi MHEpMoy oyog Neoq gooq {

NAqOl NXnOTAKpOC nAl pCDMl AF NE OypAMAO


recDpnoc niMApTypoc ntf nxc 61

np FMACyO) FOyONTAq MM AY N2ANNia)+ Ngy-


_
pA. B, nApxoNTA bPN niNoyB nfh ni^AT nsm ^an-
TFBNCDoyi syocy Aca)a)ni ^e AqccuTFH fgbf
NIXOH NFM Nia)^Hpi NTE niAPlOC PFCDpriOC
HHoq HnAipH't
Aqa)U) eqxo) hmoc xp Fu)a)n s

NTF ^+ NFM niXrioc PFcoprioc i" HnioyxAi


NNA(|)AT FBOA htH nAlt>l+ i-NA+ MncOyFN f
Mnpoc())opA FnpqTonoc nfm p nzfcthc WHpn
pAA. A. FnFqxonoc kata abot F(ya)n ntamou^i ^oAoc
FXFN NAdAAAyX AlCyANl NCOy KP H(|)ApHOy0l 10

FTF nFqNia)+ NFgOOy he i-NAMOO)! NNA(j)AT


NTA+ NoyKyN2^iNApiON NNoyB FnpqTonoc
ETAq+ poq MOAlpH't^ A NFq(l)ATi ETgH Noy-
Koy2ii Koy2fi (sic) a nFqccoMA aciai Fpoq h^t\
nxcDK N^ANEgooy AqMoo)! AqgcoA EnFqHi is

pAX. b. nfm i-EKKAHCiA Aqo^AwA EncycDi 2A ^'i EqXO)


MMOC XE 'l'a)Fn gHOT NTOTK (])+ MniAPlOC
PFCDpPlOC HENFNCA EgOOy B A HEqCCDMA THpq
oyxAi ETAqbtJONT E^oyN NXF np^ooy Nmi-
MAprypOC FGOyAB FTE (j)Al HE COyKP M(|)Ap- 20

Moyei AqcoBt NNHETFqNA^iroy THpoy wEHAq


oyog Ayi gApoq nxf NFqAAcDoyi Eyxo) mmoc
pXfi. A. XF AKOyCDO) NTENCOB+ NAK NAO) NTEBNH
NTEKaAhI EpOC AqEpOyOD NXE ^a)ppATa)p
FqXO) HMOC XE qCDNb NXE (1)+ XE +NAMOa)l 25

NNA(1)AT ICXFN iAhC O^A HTOnOC MniAPlOC


PFOippioc niMApxypoc FeoyAB AyrcDoyNAy
Ayo^ENcaoy Enronoc MniAPit)c PFa)ppioc Ay-
XlMl NgANKEHHCy EyGOyHT EyPpa)(|)Hpi NNIXOM
pAB. B. NFM Nl^MOT T^TaA^O ETO^on EBoA^lTEN niA- 30
62 'l-a)<])Hpi MMAe ^ Nxe niXnoc

noc PEoopnoc 2«>CTe NxeqFp a)(])Hpi nxf


^COrpATflDp FqNAY FNlcyi" Na^(|)Hpl NFH nitaA^o
FTa)on FBoAgiTEN niXrioc oyog
rFCDpnoc
Aqi" NNFqACDpoN fI^oyn hFN pcooyxq n^ht
NIBFN ACO^COni AF FTA mOlKONOMOC NAy 5

FNINIO)'}' N(y4>Mpi FTA ^(JDrpATCDp THlTOy PboyN

pAr. A. AqAMONi HMoq JDATorq nabot b FqoycoM


oyog eqco NFMAq bew oypAo^i t>FN hiabot
MMAg f KATA Oy+MA+ NTF (])+ A no^Hpi
N^COrpATCOp TODNq Aqi ^INA NTFqFHl XF Oy- 10

nFTo^on HnFqioDT FTFMnpqgcjDA Neoq nfm


NHFONHOy Fna)Al gCDC TF FpF ^(JDrpATCDp CA-
boyN FqCA2Cl NFM niOlKONOHOC EGBF HFq-
U)Hpi FqXO) MMOC XF OyON Oyo^wpi NTHl FpF
pAr. B. O^AFMCDN NFMAq FqgCDOy FMACyO) Fqi" N^AN- 15

m(^)'Y Nbici NAqTCDNO goDC tf NToyxoc Noy-


MHO) NCOn XF NANFC NAq NTFqMOy F^OTF
FCDNb FqXH bFN NAIBACA^ANOC FcyCJOn NTF ())+
NFM niXnoc rECDprioc + AnioyxAi NAq a)A
nAlCHOy NKFpOMm i'NAFNq NAK NTAI (yApOK 20

FnAlHA NTaI" NCANNIO)']- NTAIO FnFqTOnOC


pAS. A. FgOTF (j)Al nFXF niOlKONOMOC NAq 2CF XNA^t ^

XF OyONOlXOM m4)+ bFN gCDB NIBFN OyOg


tNAgl" XF gCJDB NIBFN FpF NHFGOyAB NAFpFTlN f

MMCOOy FyF^^lTOy OyOg NNF^Ai FpATXOM 25

bATOToy bFN npqpAN haAin ccbwoyr bFN


niFyArrEAioN kata icdannhn xf ^HFeNAgt
FpOl NlgBHOy'l ANOK FTipi HMCDOy FqFAlTOy
pK^. B. gCJDq 2ANNl(y+ FNAl FqFAiToy Acu^coni AF
FycAxi NFM Noyppnoy g^nnF ic no^wpi n^^o)- 30
rFcapnoc niMApTypoc ntf nxc. 63

rpATCDp NFM gANKfc'HHO) HBCJOK Ayi EyTA-


Ahoyt FNtgeop Ayogi FpAxoy j^ippN (|)po
MniTonoc Aqa)iNi nca nsqioDT AqxFMq Jdathn
nioiKONOHOc Aqi gA nFqia)T AycAxi nfm
NoyppHOY gocoN sycAKi NFM NoyppHoy IC 5

pAF. A. niAFMCJDN Aqi FboyN FniXAoy Noy^ot bFN


oygo't' Aqt>i+ HMoq Noywicy't- NNAy FpFpoDq
XFu)C^Hi+ FBoA oyog AqrcDNq Aqoocy fboA
hvn oyNia)+ ncmh xf XboK nfmhi ^(jok rFcop-
riOC FK+ HKAg NHl FMAO^O) O) BIA AMOK 10

TAp ANOK OynFpFMOy HHON gAl NAO^glT FBoA


OyOg AqXO) NgANNlOJ't" NXEOyA XF O) BIA XNAO)-
^iT FBoA AN (b rFcopnoc A niAPioc rFCDpnoc
pAF. B. 'fNjjANNlCy't Na)Aa^ NAq HAAiN on AqODO) FBOA
bFN 2ANNl(^+ N^pODOy XF 0) TFCOpnOC AKt- 15

JalCl NHl 0y02 AqCOpK NgANNlcyt" NANAC^


FqXO) HMOC XF AKa)ANXAT EBOA +NAKOTT Fpoq
AN (^A FNF^ FTA ni2iFMa)N CATq FGMM'i- Aqi
FBoA N^HTq oyo^ HnFqTAceoq Fpoq xf c^a
FNFg nAipH't" AqoyXAl CATOTq ACOJODni AF 20

pA?. A. FTA ^cwrpATtop NAy FnpqcyHpi eta ni2^FMa)N


I EBoA NbwTq Aq+ N^ANKEMHO^ NAODpON
F^oyN FnTonoc i^iniXnoc rFcapnoc Eqc^Fn
gMOT NTOTq H())+ AqcyANi FHEgooy HniXnoc
TECOpnOC KATA pOMHl U^Aqipl NOyNlcyi" NApiC- 25

TON FNl^HKl NFM NtXwpA NFM NlOp4>ANOC


FpF nEqa)Hpi ogi FpATq Fpcooy Ben oypAcyi
EyoDoy H(|)+ NFM niXrioc rFcoprioc a)A of- .

^ooy NTF nFqMoy.


64 -fojclmpi HMAg 2. ^TE niXrioc rFtoprioc.

pAr. B. i-ci}(|)Hpi MMAg ^ NTF niXnoc recDpnoc.


Accycani Au eTAYAa)Ai Nxe nibcdk nte nronoc
MniXnoc TEODprioc X nioiKoiNOHOc FepoycoDp
FBoA giNA NCF0a)OY+ eboyN NNiXnApxw neh
Ni2^a)pON ETOY+ HNKJDoy pboyN Fnxonoc s
EGoyAB NTP niXnoc PECDpnoc Em 2^e a)ApE
OyMHO) bANOycyHpi NiJAHAa)pON IE gANcyEpi
pAg- A. IE NOyXEBNCDOyi EBOAgEN ToyxoDpA Ey+
HHODoy Enronoc nniXrioc rFCDpnoc egbe
NIXOH NEM Mia)(|)Hpi ENAqipi HNKJDOy OyOg U
OyHHO) NCglHl NA^pHN ECyCDH NTOyODC^ HHCOOy
MEM gANTEBNCDoyi FboyN FniTonoc a)AyMici
OyOg OyMHO) NXOI FyEpgCOT t>EN (J)10M XpE-
a)AMoyxiMa)N xcoNq NxoyEpKyNTi-
Fxcooy
pAj B. NEyiM (sic) bEN +0yN0y U)ApE tBOHeiX NTE li

i\)'i TAga)oy nxcdAfm nte noyxoi woi^EM


o^AToyMONi EniAyHHN oyOc^ oyMHO) ntebnh
ECyCDn NTE nOyNHB COO) MMCOOy NTEqa)TEM-
THiToy cyApE MiTEBMoooyi Mocyi HMAyXroy
a)AToya)E EboyN EnEqronoc EGBEoy +(|)ipi 2c

EGBE NlTEBNCDOyi MMAyXxoy NAl EeMOO^l


pAw. A. MMAyAToy EygEA EniTonoc ntaxcd ncu)i

NNAlNia)i- N(y(|)Hpl NAltUE NATl|/yXH NEM NAl


(JDNl NEM NAIXOM NEM NAlNOyB NAl EUjAyMOO)!
MMAyXroy bEN niXwp M(|)[p]H+ NMli^AAAf 2£

cyAToy^(jDA Enronoc AniXnoc rECDpiMOC bEN


i-BOWeiA NTE ^-jr ETCDNb iJCDCTE EpE OyXOl j

EpKyNMNEyiN IE C^NO^E IE bANcbAl IE gAN-


NOyB \e j^ANHTOC ETOyCli" MMCDOy E(j)lOM bEN
i-a)(])Hpi NiMAg z,
^TF niXrioc rea)prioc. 65

itAh. b. oyNA^t beN (])pAN HniXnoc recapnoc


a)AYii)F^^wo'Y mmayatoy Bpn niAwp (^at-
pboyN Fneqronoc nai NNio^i" nxoh nfh
oyo^e
NAia)(|)Hpi ETOcy Fpe oyoN nibhn na2+ Fprnoy
oyog Fpe 2ANKFXa)oyNi oi NAeNAs+ Fpcooy r.

oyAi AF FBoAbFN NiBOK NTF niTonoc Aqogi


FqKa)An hnifnxai ntf niTonoc Fqd'i MMCDoy
pAe. A. FboyN FnFqHi a mMAprypoc FGoyAB (boy

NgHT Fxcaq a)A nxcoK nf Nponni xf nANToc


qNAFpMFTAMOlN FXFN NFqNOBl NTAXO) NAq 10

FBOA NGOq ^F HnAqXA TOTq FBOA') Fqipi


MnAipni- aAAa ([)» nibfn FToyNA+ MMCDoy
NAq XF (TiTOT FniTonoc u^Aqd'iToy Fnpqwi
NTFqC^lMl M(|)pHf N10y2^AC HniCHoy FqKCDAn
NCA niCCDTHp FBOA^FN nmAoCOKOMCDN Fq^l 15

jAe. B. HMCDoy FboyN FTFqcgiHi FTgcDoy NH Tupoy


FToyV MMCDoy MnicoDTvip (yAqxHiToy Fni-
kAocokohon ETOTq Nioy2^Ac N0oq ^(oq cyAq-
KoAnoy NTFqTHixoy FTFqcgiMi Fxgcjuoy fgbf
(|)Ai po) A niNio^'f- MnipACMOc TAqoq gcwc 20

TF NTFqOJCi^q MMAyATq Fni 2^H NIRFMAOHTHC


THpoy XCX^n FTA ItOC GAO^Oy F'fMFTAnOC-
)R. A. ToAoc Ayxo) NccjDoy HMoym nfh NoygioHi
NFH Noycywpi AyoyXjjoy nca na)Hpi h(|)'}-
FTONb O^ATFN lOyAAC HHAyATq FTF HHEq- 25

Hocyi NCA npqoU aAAa FqgwA Fboyw gA


TFqCglHl FqO^on I^FN nAl^CDJoFH NOyCDT NFHAC
FGBF (|)Al A niAlABOAoC XFH HANOyOg N^HTq

1) The Ms. writes HHAqXA TOTq FBoA twice.


66 +(y(|)Hpi MMAg H NTf niXnoc recDpnoc.

(^ATPqAiq Na)EMMO ^^"l naipH-f" oyoN nibfn


FeNACCDTFM NCA NOyCglMl ETgCDOy CyATOyAl-
pFi. B. Toy NCpFMMO ETAqGAHlOOOy nAlKF oyAi
FCJ)-}"

^F gcaq NAqoi hbok Fnxonoc MniXnoc rFcop-


rioc Fy+ fiTEqxpi[A] uAq kata (j)pH+ NNFqo^- ^

(|)Hpi THpoy a^Aqd'iToy F^oyN FnFqwi nnFqXA-

TOTq FBoA FqKCDAn nca nifnxai ntf nironoc


Fq6iMHODoy Fhoyn FnFqwi mfnfnca nai a ni-
pFiA. A. MAprypoc FeoyAB xo) Noy^FHcoN F^oyN Fpoq

FqgCDOy FMAO^O) Aq'V N2ANNia)+ Nbici NAq ic


HOiF^ooy NFM niFxa)p2 oyo^ a niAFMCON ini
MHOq FboyN Fi-FKHAwciA AqCAXl NbwTq
FqXO) HMOC XF ANOK pO) AlOoAl NOyMHO) NFNXAl
NTF niTonoc FboyM fhahi ^cdA FboyN pnAHi
pFlA. B. TETFNNAXFNOy FTAyC«)A AF AyXFHOy KATA U
NFqCAXl MFNFNCA ABOT B Fqa)On ^FN NAlt>lCl
MnAipHi" A niXrioc rFcwpnoc ojfn^ht t»Apoq
AqxAAdbq oyo^ a nioiKONOMOc girq fboAI^fn
niTonoc oyoN 2iF nibfn FTAyccDTFM AytcDoy
H(])'l NFM niXriflDC rFcopnoc. 2(

pFiB.A. +a)(|)Hpi HMA(' TT NTF niXrioc rFcapnoc.

NF OyON OypCDMl 2^F NpAHAO bFN TANTIO-


xiX FnFqpAN HF FyAonoc FpF oyoN oyxoi
NTAq FqFp2«>T bFN 4'IOH FqFpgtOB bFN
OyNlO)'!" hinpAPHATlA nipCOMl 2^F NF OyNAHT

nP Fq+ N^ANNlCpt NAPAHH NNI^HKl NFM ')

1) The Ms. writes NFM wrice.


't'a)(j)Hpi MNA<3 H NTF niXrioc rFa)prioc. 67

Nixa)B NAq-f ^anX-


N(3ANn|)oc(|)opA nfm
pFlB. B. nApXH NEKKAhCIA NIBPN HTB ANnOXlA TFq-

BAKl Fqipi NOYNlOji- NApiCTON NNlKAwpiKOC


THpoy NTF TEqnoAic Ncon b N+ponni oyog
EqcyoDH Fqco) nfh niApXHFnicKonoc Noy- ^

MH(y Ncon FqTcoBg M^'Y NCHoy NiBFN FqgwA


^e ON Fnia)TFKa)OY oyoc^ NApF oyoN oyHHcy
pFir. A. HMFTpAMAo cyon NAq OF Bqi^wA Fnronoc
HniAPioc TFCDpnoc NoyMHO) NCon oyog on
FqgnA FnEqNia)1" NFgooy Na)Ai ftf (|)Ai np lo

coyur H(|)ApMoy0i NAqcyAnA nF gFN niTonoc


Fq+ NoyeppHFCi FboyN FniTonoc oyog ntf-
qOyCDH NTFqCO) NFH niOlKONOMOC NTFqTAceo
FnFqHi bFN oy<3ipHNH AccycDm ab henfnca
pMP. B.NpONim Fqipi HnAipH-t" A niZilABoAoC niXAXl
IB 15

NTF OyON NIBFN FeNA^'i" FHXC AqXO^ FpOq


FeBF NeqMFTNAHT FNAqipl MHCDOy AqTOyNOC
OyNlO^t NrNO())OC NXAKI bFN 4>10H NFH oyxi-
MCDN nixoi 2kF NTF FyAonoc NAqMONi Fnixpo
nF NlNFq 2^F AyFp^O+ 2fF NNF niXOl TAKO joA- 20

pHA.A. pcDoy NCFgtwA bFN (|)iOM AyTCDoyNoy AylNi


NNlCKFyOC Fnixpo NFH NOygBCDC NANAPKF-
ON THpoy Fnixpo AyFpniFxcapg xvipq Fypp-
2HBI TOTF A niGHoy ^coAfh Hnixoi HnoyFHi
XF FTAqgCoA FGCON FTA niOyCOlNl AF CCOp FBOA 25

Aybici FyKcDi- HnoyxiHi nnixoi ntf FyAo-


rioc Ayi FgpHiAyTAHF FyAonoc f^^odb nibfn
FTAycyoDm NOOq AF NFH TFqCglHl NAypiHl
pRS.B. nF oyog NAyFpgHBi hfnfnca NAi Aycypn
gHOT NTOTq 1^1(1)+ FySO) HHOC XF nETF^NAq 30
63 +a)^Hpi HMAg H NTE ntXnoc rFcopnoc.

MnoC MapFqo^cDm HAppq (])pAN nnoC (yoDm


FqcMApcDoyT a)A fnf^ ApEa)AN (j)+ oycocy
qNAFpniNAl NFMAN flTFNGAMlO ON NKFXOl
MnFqpH'f NAl 2^F VyXOi HMCDOy NMOyppHOY
pMF. A. FY+NOM+ NNOyPpHOy Bfn noc NGODOy AF 5'

NAyTAXpHOy nF EXFM NlXpHMA FTXH NTOTOy


^wnnF ic niz^iABoAoc AqToynoc kf nipACMOc
FgpHl FXCDOy FqOl NNlU)i- F(j)Al OypODMl 2iF

NpFMNXHMl FqOl flCTpFBAA FMAOJO) ^FN i-HFT-


coNi FTAyKa)+ 2VF Nccoq FboeBFq AqTCJDNq u
Aq(l)a)T Aq'i ^ixfn (|)ioh kata oy']"MA+ af ntf
pMF. B.nCATANAC AqXlMl NOyXOl FqFpgCDT FTAMTIO-
xiA AqXAwi Fpoq Aq\ FMMAy Aqcyconi 2vf bATFN
nwi NFyAonOC MFNFNCA gAMKFKOyXF NFgooy
FqXH bATFN nm NFyAonoc Aqcycom NAq NFp- 15

TATHC Nponni B+ AqFMl FgCDB NIBFN FT bpN


nni NFyAoPioc nnoypMi xf oycoNi ne AyXA
pw. A. noygHT FBoA NFMAq Neoq af AyxiMi nke b ;

MnApANOMOc MnFqpH+ AqFpa^(j)Hp Fpa)oy


KATA (|)pHi- FpF i^rpA(l)H XO) HMOC XF OJApF 2u

nioyAi nioyAi Tonq nfh 4>"P'''oni HMoq


NeoDoy 2^F Ayco^Ni NFH NoyppHoy FepoyKcoAn
nnni NFyAonoc Accyconi af fta nF^ooy
MniMApTypoc bcDNT FboyN FTF (|)Ai nF coyRr
pMS". B. M(l)ApMOy0l A FyAoPlOC CFBTa)Tq NFM ^AN -

KFMHcy NpoDHi NFMAq FGpoyj^FNCDoy FniTonoc


Accyconi ^F FyXH HH Ay KATA (|)oya)a) mc])^-
ATa)a)Hi NFyAori[oc] cycDni ACHoy actcdnc nxf
TEqC^lHl NFM NFqCNHOy Ayc^FNCDOy AyplMl
Fpoc Ayxo) MnipFMNXHMi bATFN niHi Neoq at
fo^^Hpi MMAc H NTE niXrioc rFcopnoc. 69

pM^. A.2^F AqrcDNq Aqc^F NAq FboyN EniHi NXttAen


NEM NFqKF(y())Hp AqoAoy NEMAq pboyN FniHi
AyoytwH oyog Ayco) AyFp niFguoy rwpq
FycycoA NCA nHi NFyAonoc AycbAi NNiNoyB
NFM NlgAT NFM NlCKFyOC THpOy EGNANFy 5

Ay2s:iMi ^F ON HnAipHi" Noyxoi ntf pAKoi-


AyxAAcDoy Fpoq Ayi FboyN FpAKoi" Ay(|)Fpa^
'pM^. B. NicKFyoc THpoy NTF EyAonoc gl i'ArCDpA
AyTHiToy FBoA^A oyHHO) NNoyB AyTAAoDoy
FXFN NlKFOyON gCOC TF NTOyFp f NO^O wAoy- 10

Koxi Aca)a)ni af FTAq'i N2SF FyAonoc fboAJdfn


nronoc HniXnoc rFcopnoc AqxiMi NrFqcgiMi
NFM NH FTFNoyq THpoy FyFpgHBi AyxAMoq
F<))HFTAq(yCOni AqFpMKAg NgHT FMAOJO) NOy-
pMH A. MHO) NFgOOy MFNFNCA NAl AqXFMNOMi- t>FN 15

rfoc Aq+CDOy m^']- Fqxo) hmoc xf nFTFgNAq


Hnoc MApFqcyconi nh 2^f FTAycbAi m4>hftfn-
TAq AyojFNCDoy fxhmi fnica ntf nFpFMoyw
Ayojcani MMAy a oyAi fboA N^HToy a)a)pT
AqFp2^FMa)N Aqo^F NAq HnoyFMi XF Aqa)F NAq 20

3Fm. B. F0ON MFNFNCA gANKOyXl 2^F NFgOOy A OyXCDNT


ojcani bFN GMwi" AniH AyMioji nfm NoyppHoy

A mpFMNXHMl TCDNq JdFN T(|)Aa)l MniESfCDpg


Aq6"i NOycHqi AqbcoTFB HnFqcy(|)Hp MnFqFMi

oyog AqxcDNq Aq^i NiNoyB Twpoy Aq(yF NAq 25

F+nAAwcTiNH NXcopA AqojcDni Fq^it t>EN


gANMFTCyCOT FqOyODM OyOg FqCO) t>FN NlXpHMA
iFie. ANTF FyAonoc NoyNijcy]- Ncwoy FyAonoc 2^Fm-

XpiCTlANOC bpN OyMFGMHl NFM Fy())yMlA(sic)


TFqcgiMi AAweoc kata ())+ AnoyXA Toxoy so
70 'l'<i)<^"P> HHAg H f'TP niXnoc rFODpnoc.

FBoAbpN NPM NiXnApXH oyog


Ninpoc(J)opA
NoyXrAnH ^fn NiFgooy no^ai pyipi HMCDoy
NNlgHKl NFH NIXODB H(|)pHi- flO^Opn MnOyUOp-
pFie. B. (joy Aqi" fiMpqAnoewKH fboA nfm ^(db nibfn

HTojon NAq FTAqoyd) 2^f Fq^o h^ud^ ruBFN


FTU)on NAq A niFgooy ntf niMAprypoc
bcoNT FboyN oyog a pyAonoc cAxi nfm
TFqCglMl FqXO) HMOC 2Ct gwnne IC NipODMl
THpoy NTE ^-BAKi cf^hA Fnxonoc HniAnoc
rECJDpnOC MMON gHMl NTOTFN AN FOpFN't' K
pN. A. NTAl pOMOl aAAa IC (|)+ NFH niXriOC TFCDp-
rioc FqFNAy frfn^ox^^^ ACFpoycb nxf
TEqCiJlMl HHAlNOy+ HFXAC NAq I^FN OyGFBlO
XF ^FMl nACON XF MMON NTOTFN NgAl AN
OyOg MMON 2^1 NpCDMl NATFNgO'y TFN AN XF U
ANFpgHKl aAAa ^HHF IC a)0HN B+ NTHl XAl
GAl F6NANFC MHIC FBoABfn niGFpMFCl NTFKty-
pN. B. TFMKCJDpq N'tnpOC())OpA NTF niTOHOC FTAq-
CODTFM FNAl NTOTC NTFqC^lMl XNFqBAA ^FpHH
AypiMi MnB haAin on X FyAonoc cAxi nfm 2(

TFqC^lMl FGBF tgHMl NFM niXKO FBoA NTF


niMODlT ACFpoyd) NXF i-MAKAplX Fy(|)lMlX
FCXO) MMOC XF nACON FGNANFq TODNK ga)A
(yA NFKC9(|)Hp nANTCDC (])'f NATHIK FgANMFT-
pNX. A. CyFN^HT MnOyMeO NCF+ NOy0FpMHCl NAK 21

Fnoya)An ntfktfmmo NTFKXpiX jJina ntfk-


<3a)AFniTonoc bFN oy^ipwNH AyojTFM'i- nak
MniGFpHFCl + NTAIO^GHN NNipcOMl FTgwA Fm-
Tonoc nFTF^NAq Ninoc MAppqcycDni Aqca)TFM
:^F NCCDC AqTCDNq AqojF NAq 2A oycy())Hp NTAq »|
i-a)(j)Hpi MMA^ H NTS niXnoc rpcDpnoc. 71

npxAq NAq xp ^-oYciocy fxo) ppoK HnAiMycTH-


pHA. B. piON N0Oq 2^F HFXAq NAq XF CAXl nAHHNpiT
NCON npxE FYAori[oc] MAq xf tc nFgooy
MniXnoc rECDpnoc AqbooNT pboyN i-oycDO)
AN FKoopq MniKoyxi N2ia)poN NTF niTonoc 5

F++ t^iMoq FboyN ntf t^ipoMni gwnnF mmon


gAl NTOTF NAN NTAl pOHni KFMl gCDK FNHF-
' TAyo^coni MHOi Twpoy i^Noy xs nAa)(|)Hp
_

)NB A. nANTCOC +NAXIHI NOyeFpMFCl NTOTK Fnoy-


cyAn a)ATF ())+ ^IMCOIT NHI NTAFp<3a)B NPp- 10

rATHC NTAMA^q FBOA gOCON FqCAXl A NFqBAA


't-FpMH oyo^ npxAq NpyAonoc xf od nicoN
FGNANFq FGBFOy FKXO) NNAl NHI ^ANKF-
Xtt)OyNl MnAipHf FTOl MBODK NAK (^A (])00y
i"NOy 2CF FGBFOy FKXO) NNAl NHI FBBF OyePp- 15

")NB. B. HFCl qa)Nb NiF (j)']- XF AKO^ANFpFTlN HMOl M

T NAoyKOXl -J-NATHlTOy NAK ^WA NTA^l


HTTCMoy HniHAprypoc aAAa ic r NAoyKoxi
NTOT HnAlMA (TlTOy NAK AKa)ANFpXpiA ON
't^NA+ NAK Neoq AF Aqd'iToy AqFNoy gA 20

TFqC^lMl FqXO) MHOC XF +NA2't F(|)'t" NFH


niAPioc rPGupnoc ftan^i nFNpa)oya) Tnpq
IN r. A. Fpoq XF qNAFpVriNAi nfman NKFCon hfxf
TFqCglMl NAq XF A ^'\ GAO^K FniePpHFCl
Neoq AF nFXAq xf ngnor M(|)i- cyFn nfm 25

n[M]ApTypOC FGOyAB FTAIO^FNHI gA OANIH


NpCDHl AlTAMOq FgCJDB NIBFN AqXOC NHI XF
FtyCJDn NTFKFpXpiA AHOy NHI FHAIMA NTAi"

NAK HHFFTFKFpXpiA MMOq NGOC AF ACpAO)!


»Nf B. FMAcytt) AyojFngMOT NToxq nk])']- oyo<3 Aq-
.
30

il
72 'i-(y(l)Hpi MMAe H Nxe niXrioc rpcoprioc.

TCDNq NXE FyAonoc AqTAAoq nem nh THpoy


FenEMAq et^hA Fnironoc i\T£ niXrioc rpcop-

rioc ^wnnt' ic nipcoHi ^^caq pxAqKCDAn m(|)hf-

TFNTA FY^Or'lOC FTAqMOKHFK flbpwi wbHTq


nPXAq XF tcODOYN XF AlFpNOBl ICXFN TAMF- 5

taAoy a)A FboyN F+Moy xoopic kf niu)^-


pHS. A. NNOBl FTAlAiq FTAlTtt)NT FXFN NAO^(|)Hp Al-

boeBFq bpN oyxpoq fgbf nai xpHMA naAAot-


plON NAl FGNACyCOm UHl NOYKAAaCIC NFNFg
i-NOY ic nFgooY AniHApTYpoc AqbcDNT lo

i-NATCONT NTAO^F MHl FMAY HTAO^AhA NTA+


NOYKOY^il NHTOC FboyN FpOq nANTODC qMA^l
gMOT FgpHl F>JO)l MnFMGO U(^'\ HTFq'ipi NOYNAl
pRS. B. NFH TATAApnCDpOC HlJ/YXH AC(^a)ni AF FTA
FYAonoc I FniTonoc ntf niXnoc rFcopnoc is

AqcyAHA nfh NHFGNFMAq AYi bATFN nioi-


KONOMOC AY+ NNOY2^«>pON PbOYN 0"y 0^ A
nioiKONOMOc coYPN FyAonoc xFqNuoY Fni-
ronoc NTFMpOMni KATA TFqKAgC FqOYCDH
0Y0<3 Fqcco NFMAq. ftatooyi 2iF ojconi Ayi -*'

pHF. A. FboYN FniTonoc ay^^AhA ayo^i FpAxoy tyA


TOYXO) N+CYNAZIC FBOA Aqi FBOA FqMOO)! NXF
FYAonoc NFH NFqpFMMBAKl XF FYNA^CdA
Ff Ara)pA gHnnp ic nipFMNXHHi FTAqojCDA
Hnwi NEYAonoc Aq\ pboyN FgpAy gi +bhnnh ^^

NTF niTonoc FpF ^kacoyAi ntf fyAopioc


TOl FpOq FpF NINOYB HHp CAboyN MMOq AY"
pNF. B. COYdDNq CATOTOY AYqOXl FbOYN AYAMONl
MMoq Neoq af AqoY«>ti) fcJxot hf NetooY af
AYCON^q AYPNq FpAxq NinioiKONOMOC nFXF so
i-(^(})Hpi HMAg H NTE niXrioc rea)prioc 73

mOlKONOHOC NAq XP AKSpOy NNlCKEyOC FTAK-


KoAnoy weoq ae npxAq xe nniKEAn gAi naoc
ey^orioc KCCDoyN j^wq xp aiFppoMni cNoyt
pFf. A. NFprATHc NAK AniKpAn gAi FBoAbPN neKHi
ENFg TAKACOyAl pO) TF GAl FTAia^OFTC FBoA- 5

t>EN i"Ara)pA npxF nioiKONOMOc NAq xf xna'i


NFMHi FboyN FniMANFpo^cDoyo)! NTF mXrioc
TFCapnOC NTFKCOpK HMl M(t)pAN M(j)+ NFM
niXrioc rEcappioc xf anok an FTAiKoAnoy
NTFKO^F NAK N0Oq a^F AqpAcyi XF qNAFp FBoA 10

)F?. B. NTFqO^F NAq AqODO) FBoA FqXO) HMOC XF MAI

NIBFN FTFKOyACyq ^-NACOpK NAK NpH^ NIBFN


FTFKoyA(yq Aq^iTq z^f xf qNAcopu npxF nioi-
KONOMOC XB ceoq nhi F4)A2oy a (|)Ai ccoth
NAq M^Hoy FgoTF ncoNb txa) mhoc ncdtfn 15

XF ICXFN FTF nipCDHl NA+ Nr+ NU^Fn4)AT XF


iN^. A. FqNACDpK A niANAo) ojcon Fpoq MHEMeO hl^'\-

ANOK a.F A niXrioc rFcapnoc khn ftahoi


bFN epAcoyl I^fn nAiFxoopg xf cfnaimi gA-
pOK NOypCDHl J3FN pAci" FTAqKCoAn MnFTFN 20

THl MHFpXAq FBoA AN FKFpBACANl^lN MMOq


ojATFqi- NAK HnFTAqKoAn THpq oyog Xnok
HniKA+ FnigopAMA a)A i-Noy AqFpKFAFyiN
N^. B. AF AyiNi NAq mhankAabi B HBFpi FTAyFNOy

2^F Ayi" NgANNia)^- No^Acy NAq Neoq ^f NAq- 25

xo) Npooq NAqcAxi An np nioiKONOMOc ^f


Aqa)pK Fqxo) mmoc xf ufkccdma nacfn nAi-
HA[n]kAaBI FBoA an a)A NTEKHOy IF NTPK-f-
NNlCKFyOC FTAKKOAnoy AqFpKFAFyiN ^F
FBAL^q FBoA NNFqiJBCDC F(3NAq AN F^ NgAN- 30

10
74 't-a)(])Hpi MHAg H NTF niXrioc rea)prioc.

pmT. A. MHO) N(yAa) NAq ETAyBAcyq ^e AyxiMi nni-


NoyB CAboyN HMoq nexoDoy ^^ oy ne nai
weoq AE AqoycDcyT HMCDoy pqxo) hhoc xe
AiepHOBi nAoc AqoycDNg eboA nnEMeo nni-
HHU) Iden eHH+ AniTonoc nte niXrioc rECDp-
noc Neoq 2^e AqEpoMoAoriN n^odb niben
ETAycytoni MMOq ETAyi" N2ANKEHia^+ NOJAO)
pHH B. NAq EboyN Eoypi nxaki oyog
AygiTq
AyXAq NATOyCDM NATCO) ^(JDC TE NTEqMOy
ETA EyAori[oc] ae 5i NNiMoyB Aq+ R f i

N^oyKoxi EJooyN Enironoc Aq'ipi NoyNiu^i"


NAplCTON NMlgHKl MEM NIX'CDB EqpAO)! EqcyEn
gHOT NTOTq H(])'t- NEM niAnOC TECDpriOC
pNG. A. (t)HETipi NNIXOM NEM Nia>(j)Hpi NlNOyB AE
ETAyxEMoy NTOTq HnipcDMi NAy'ipi ^E Ngoyo
/ E NcyO NAoyKGXl MENENCA NAl AE A EyAo-
noc +20 EnioiKONOMoc Ayxo) nnipoDMi eboA
Aq+ NAq Nr NAoynoxi neh i-KACoyAi ettoi
AqXAq eboA bEN oygipwNH nipcoMi
gicDTq
AE gcoq ETAqNAy e^ metope n^^ht nte EyAo- '-

pNe B. nOC NEM NlJkOM [NEMJ Nla)4>Wpi NTE niAPlOC


rECOpnOC KATA^pwi" ETAqTAME mOlKONOMOC
EnigopAMA Aq+ N+KE r'f NAoyKOXi EboyN
EniTonoc NTE niXrioc rEoopnoc Aqcyconi Eq-
O^EMCyi NNHETa)a)Nl a)A HEgooy NTE HEqMoy
A niArioc TECopnoc ^i gMOT Excoq AyXA NEq-
pz. A. NOBl NAq EBoA MENEHCA NAl A niAPlOC TFCOp-
rioc oyoNgq EEyAonoc bEN niExcopg nEXAq
NAq 2CE A noC COOTEM ENEKnpOCEyXH NEM
NEKMETNAHT gOCON AlEMl XB niNAl NbHTK l|
'ta)(|)Hpi HMAg H NTS niXrioc rpcDpnoc 75

FboyN FNlgHKl HFH NIXCDB i"NA\pi NOyNAt


MFMAK hvn nAlFNFg NFH bFN nFGNHOY AK-
}^. B. cyANoytw^y F2a)^ FnFKHi xnaximi HnAiKFNia)+

NXOl NTAK FTAqCCapFM FqonX MnoeWKH NFM


O^F ^ITOy NAK FTFKnoAlC C^nA NTFKKCDT 5

NoyTonoc bvn nApAN fwACMoy FpoK xf


NNFKO^GDT N^Al NArAGON ^FN nFKCONb AC-
cyooni ^F FTA nioycjDiNi ojai a FyAonoc CAxi

i|A. A. NFM NtpCDMl F2«)B MIBFN FTA niAriOC FFaJp-

rioc xoToy NAq ^fn niFxcDp^ Aypp^^^pi '^

FMAtyo) oyog AyTAAcaoy Noyxoi AyFpgcDT


FTANTioxiA gwnnF ic niAFioc rF(jL)prioc Aqua
Hnixoi NTF FyAonoc FJooyN e^P^y FpF oyoN
OyNlcyf- MnFGNANFq TAAwOyT FpOq NFH
zA. B. 2AN(yF NKynApicoc A FyAonoc af coycDNq 15

NFH NHFGNBHAq AyTCJDoyNoy AyxAAoDoy Fpoq


FypAu^i AyFNq Fgpwi ftantioxia AyijicDia^
N+noAlC THpC FTAyCODTFH AF Ay+ODOy M^'{
NFH niXrioc TFcopnoc a FyAonoc 2iF "t
NgANNlCyt NArAHH NNl^HKl NFH NIXOOB NFH 20

^. A. Niop(j)ANOc HnFgooy HniXnoc rpcDpnoc NApF


NFqnpocEyXH nfh NFqnpoc(])opA nfh NFq-
XnApXH HHN FBoA bFN nifkkAhcia NCHOy
NIBFN AqKCDT NOyTOHOC FqTAlHOyX l^FN (t)pAN
HmXrioc rFoopnoc niHAprypoc FGoyAB Aq- 25

(ycDni Fqc^FHtyi N^HTq NGoq nfh TFqc<3iHi nfh

£B. B. NFqa)Hpi a^A nFgooy ntf npqHoy X niXrioc


rFflupnoc ^i gHOT Excoq nnFHGo M^'i AqFpcy-
4>Hp FTFqHFTOy pO l^FN TAhH NTF T(|)F niH A FTAq-
^lO^cyCDOy HHOq AqFptyAlNFH NHFGOyAB TWpOy 30
76 +(y4>Mpi MMAe e NTF niXnoc rEa)prioc.

p^r. A. +a)(J)Hpi HMAe e nte nikrioc recDpnoc.

ACO^COm 2^E hen eHETOypO N2VlOKAH2ilAHOC


niANOHOC NO^AMCyE l2va)A0H (})HETea)OY PBoA
0Y2iE nKAgl THpq MP oyoN OyCTpATyAATHC
bEN TEqMFTOypO EnEqpAN HE Eygioc Eqoi
NArpioc t>EN CMOT oyog NEnANTponoc Eq- 5

p^r. B. goDoy EMAcyo) noypo 2^e 2^iokAh^iahoc (sic)


Aqea)a> NAq np ngba hmatoi oyo^ Aqoyop-
noy EbpHi EXHMi E0poya)opcyEp nniekkAhcia
THpOy OyOg flCEKCOT NNlEp4)H0yi NTE NllAO)-
AOM ET^AbEM bEN MAI NIBEN ^^Al ^E ^EN 10

nsiNepEqi Ebpwi ETXcopA nxhmi Aqea)(y


KATA BAKl n^M g^NKOMHC
NgAMeyrP'^'tWN
pzA. A.NEH eANZ^oyz oyog AqEpUEAEyiN EGpoycoNg
NNlXpiCTlAMOC THpOy KATA AHApXlA NIBEN
Aqt NCDOy NgANMlO)']- N^lHOpiA NEM gAN- 15

ba2;anoc Eyhoci EnbAi 2iE AyoDAi NToyX^E


bEN pa)C NTCHqi Aycyconi HHAprypoc AyMoy
EXEN (|)pAN MnENoU VHc fTxc oyog Aqoya>pn
pZ^. B. NOynpOCTOrMA EBoA bEN XA THpC NXHMl
Aya)opa)Ep nniekkAhcia Twpoy oyo^ AyKcar 20

NTE Nn2ia)AoN EepoycyEMO)! nni-


NNiEp(])Hoy\
AEMCDN flbHTOy ACO^Oini 2kE MENENCA NAl
THpoy A ())+ niAPAeoc Ep(|)MEyi NNinETj^cooy
Twpoy ETAqAlTOy nxe hiacebhc Noypo aiOK-
AhAIANOC mem NlCNOq NAGNOBl NTE NlXriOC 25

pl^E. A. MMAprypOC EGOyAB ETAq(J)ONOy EBOA ETAC-

bu)NT EboyN Epoq nxe TEqbAE AqMoy]-


fjy^Hpi MMA2 NTF niXrioc recDpnoc. 77

FEY^lOC niCTpATl^ATHC HEXAq NAq XE ^FMl


xe N0OK OYpa)Mi ncabf fkxodk fboA nninpoc-
TorMA NTF NioypcooY NHM NoycoNgFN 't-Noy
XF TCDNK 6"! NAK NOyBOHGlA MATOl NFM nm-
^F. B. pOCTOrMA NTF NlOypCDOy HAUJF NAK t>FN 5

oyxcoAEM F+cipiA NTS +nAAHCTiNH oyog


MAa)F NAK Ntyopn pboyN Fnxonoc M4)HFToy-
MOyi" FpOq XF PFOOpnOC NTPKO^FpOlCDpC U)A
NFCCFNi" 2£F oywi 'i'a)d)oy n^ht an ficcdtfm
FGBF NIXOH HMFTAXO) FXyyeAHlODOy ^FN 10

npqpAN (])Ai FTA ^A^iANoc ninFpcic d)Ai nte-


55?. A. qA{|)F ic oyMHO) NpoNini oyo^ AyKoor Noyro-

noC bFN OFqpAN FpF gANXpHCTlANOC N^HTq


Fy\pi N^ANXOH NFH gANMHlNl bpN l^ANg-
BHOyl MMAriA gCDC TF NTF HFqpAN FpNlO^i" 15

I^FN NlXOapA THpoy A OyMHO) XO) NCCDOy


NNiNoyi" FTTAiHoyr AyoyXgoy nca nixoh
)'p. B. M(])HFTFMMAy AycyODHl NXpHCTlANOC FyglOC
AF nicTpATiAATHC AqoyoDcyT Anoypo oyog
Aq(Ji MninpocTorMA NTorq oyo^ A noypo 20

60)0) NAq Nr No^o MMATOi oyog Aqoyopnoy

E'tcipiA Aq20)N2FN NAq FqXO) MMOC 2CF AK-


o)ANcyopcyFp Hnronoc ntf rFO)prioc No^opn
»|^. A. nAipH+ FKFO)opo)Fp nnifkkAhcia THpoy oyog

EKFCON^ NNtXpiCTlANOC TWpOy NTFKglTOy 25

FboyN FNt(yTFKO)Oy OyOg NTFKFp2klM0piN


MMO)Oy NTFK+ NO)Oy h^AnHllX)'^ nba2;anoc
FyboCl OyO^ NHE0NAOyO)(^T NNFNNOyi- AN
ekfodAi NToyA^H NTCHqi oyog mCTpATlAA-

IJ. B. THp (sic) Aqd^l NNIHATOI F0NFMAq AqTAAa)Oy 30


78 't'a)(|)Hpi MMAg Q i^iTF niXrioc rpcopnoc.

NgANF^SHoy Aqpp^cDT F'f-cipiX oyog FTAy-


MONi HnigopMFC NTF niXrioc rFcopnoc nxcd-
Afh NecDoy THpoy Ayi F^pHi F't^o^lc FpF
TOTOy TAXpHOyr NTCWqi MFM gAN^ApMA
MFM 2AN4>li" NFM ^ANCO0NFq OyOg A 'tnoAlC
p^H. A. THpC UjeOpTFp NTF NnAOjAl NMIHATOI FyglOC
2^F Aqo^F FboyN Fnronoc MniXnoc rea)prioc

FpF oycyBCDT h^n TFqxix Bfn oyNiu)+ hhft-


dAClgHT FpF HACyAt NNIMATOI OyF^ NCODq
H(|)pH't' NAAAO(|)FpNHC HniCHOy FTTH niNltyf

NApXCDN NTE MABOyXOAOMOCOp OyO^ FTAqO^F


pzH. B. FboyN FniTonoc AqNAy Fni(j)ANOc FqMog
FniXnoc rFcopnoc npxAq xf XwAy fgmf-
TAT^HT NNlXpHCTlXNOC HH FpF NAlNOy+
NTCDoyoi hbfAAf if ^pH FTFpoyoDiNi qFpxpiX
NoyeBA N^HBC FTFpoya)iNi oyo^ Aqi" TOTq
Fmu^BCOT ETbFN TFq2klX Aq+ NOytyAO) bFN
pz0. A. ni(l)AMOC Fq2s:a) hmoc sf oy nF ^a\ oyog Aq-
KCDO) N2s:f m(J)ANOc AqNoxb Fbpwi Fxcoq nfm

gANKFoyoN bFN NiMATOi oyog X oyKoyxi 2

hbas:hini eoyz pbpwi bFN TFqX^)^ N0oq 2^f


MnFqFMl FpOC HAl NIBFN NTF UFqCCDMA FTA
niNFe TAeoq AqKCOK NCF^T N0Oq AE NAq-
MEyl XE (])Ai HMAyATq nF0NA(i)a)m MMoq
pZ0. B. nEXAq NNIMATOI XE O^A^OOy NAN CODTEM bFN S

NFNMAu)x XB oyoN ^anXxo) AnAlMA H(j)00y


2^F ANNAy bEN NENBAA 2kOya)T NTE TENNAy

ENAxix NEM NA(TAAAyx XB oy FTAqcycDni


MMCDOy 20C0N FpF NIHHO) NTE NlHATOl Ka)+
Fpoq FyFp(^(j)Hpi N+xoM NTE niMApiypoc i
+a)(|)Hpi MMAg NTP niXrioc recopnoc. 79

po. A. F0OYAB FTAqepFCjKCDK hc^^T oyog A TeqA4)B


+KAC epoq FMAcyo) oyog nFXAq nnimatoi xe
NMApON TPNHTON HMON (^A gANATOOyi OyOg
Aqa)(|)iT PMAajo) egbp nimho) ntf nimatoi
ETKCD-f- Fpoq Eni AH -fnO^lC THpC MP g^NXpiC- ^

TiAMOC Np MTis^M NJ^HToy ^iTq FnpqHi Fy-


po. B. 2fa)NT Fpoq F0BF ni(])AMOC NTF HlTOnOC
FTAqKocyq Ay(yF Noooy AyXAq AqxcjoNq AqgcoA
FBoAbFN oya)ini Accycani ae FTAq(l)02 f+bfn-
NH NTB niTOnOC FqNAOJF FBoA a TFqA(I)H 10

CKOTOC AqgFl FnFCHT glXFN niKAgl FpF HFq-


,R CODHA THpq CGFpTFp OyOg HnFqC^XFHXOM
poA. A. NOgl FpATq AyKCai" Fpoq NXF NlMATOl Ay-
TAAoq AyoAq pboyN Foym XyoycDM oyog
Ayco) N0oq 2iF HnFqxFM+ni NgAi aAAa NApF 15

TFqA(|)F MOKg nF bpN oyNia)+ nIdici fta


poygi ^P cyooni AyFNKODT oyog Ay^copn N0oq
2^F AqNAy Eoy^opAMA HnAipH+ AqNAy FoyAi
^FN MiMAToi FnFqpAN HF rFcoprioc Fqgi
poA. B. co0NFq fboA bPN niAHp oyog a oyco0NFq 20

I Fi3pHl FXFN TFqA(j)F OyOg AqODO) FBoA bFN


oyNia)^- NCMH Fqxo) hmoc >:f rFcopriF rpcDp-
. riF cATOTq Aqpcoc FBoAbFN nigiNiM nf af
FTJapN niHi NFMAq FTAycoiTEM Fnibpcooy
nFxcDoy 2s:f kcaxi nfh him npNoc fi0oq af 25

poB. A. Aqo^mi NTAMcooy F+pAcoyl Aqojcani pqxo)


Npouq oyog HnFqoycoo) EXAoyBF (fipAN Nini-
Xrioc TFCDpnoc fboA^fn pcoq FnxHpq FTAy-
ojcapn AF ojconi Aqbici fhao^cd FpF +ba-

(
XHINI bFN TFqA(I)F OyO^ AqCDCy FBOAbPN Oy- 30

li
80 i"a)^Hpi MMAg e NTE niXrioc rpcDpnoc.

NbpoDoy Fqxo) mmoc Fqceppxep nni-


Nio^'f-

pOB. B. MATOl XE TAAoI NTENOJE NAN ETENXCJDpA 2CE


NNAMOy bEN TAlXa)pA NCyEMMO OyOg AYTGDOy-
NOy THpOy NXE NlMATOl BeN OypAO)! AyTA-
AcDOy ENlEXHOy AyEpgCOT ETANTIOXIA BeN 5
oyNia)+ No^mi ta(|)E 2^e MnicrpATiAATHC
ACEpoyMAME+ ACXflDNC EMAajO) OyOg I^EN
niHAg r NEgooy a noc cyApi Epoq Aqnoy
por. A^ AC(ya)ni 2^e menfnca e NEgooy Aqu^oyd) qpNT
EBOA THpq EBOA AqXCDNC EHAOJO) A NlMATOl 10(

AMONl HMOq AyCATq E(|)10M ETAyl ^E E^OyN


ETANTIOXIA AyTAME noypO E^fiDB NIBFN ETAy-
a)a)ni oyog Ayxo) Epoq nnixom neh Nicy())Hpi

ETAyNAy EpoDoy JDEN nTonoc niXrioc rEcwp-


por. B. noc 2viokAhaianoc 2^e niANOHOc Na)oyMOc+ is
HHOq NAnOCTATHC HnEq2«) ^poq bEN NAl
HnAipH+ XE NApE ^'\- OyCOQI ETAKOq HE ^FN
oyTAKO EqgcDoy egbe NinEegcaoy Twpoy eta-
qaiToy NNHEeoyAB aAAa Em ah AqepE nEqgHT
ENa)OT M())pH'i- M(j)ApAd) HHlCHOy Oyog nEXAq 20
NAq NNlMATOl XE XpETENbcDTEB HniNljy]"
poS. A. NCTpATlAATHC NTE +METOypO XpETENXO) NNAl-
MEGNoyic ETcoq xE X TEODprioc nirAAiAeoc
eAHlO NgANXOM NEM 2ANa)4>Hpi (yENENENNOyf
ETTAlHOyT XE ^NAC^E NHl EMAy NNA(1)AT Al- 25
(^ANEMl ENETENHEGNOyX ETCflDq i-NAOoAl
poS. B. NTETEnX(|)E THpOy bFN pCUC NTCHqi oyo2
+NA<Tl MniCTpATEyMA EHAy NEHHl NTAqCD-f"
N+noAlC THpC EBoAbEN pCDC NTCHqi tNAU^Op-
(^Ep HniTOnOC ETEMMAy (^A NEqCEN^ NTAGpE 30
i-a^(])Hpi MMAg NTF niXrioc rEcopnoc. 81

NixpiCTiANOC oycDo^T NNiyAoaAoN bPN


(sic)

TeqMHi". MeNSNCA NAi CAxi 2^e aqrcDNq nxe


poF. A. aiokAhaianoc Aqea)OY+ pboyN nnimatoi
THpOy AqCOBf NNlE2fH0Y FepOYTAAa)OY NTOY"
upgcDT E+cipiA Aqepe ni[Ki]piz coo) fboA 5

hsn 'tnoAic THpc xe cpbth ohnoy t>A nima-


TOl NTENOje NAN F^-CYpiA NTAO^OpcyPp Am-
Tonoc NTF niNiaji" naxgd ntf NirApiAFOc fti
FpF niCAXl t>FN pCDq MnOYpO NApF gANFp-
poF. B. MAN [nJnOYB FXFN TA(|)F MniGpONOC FNAq^FHCl 10

gixoDq gwnnF ic mhxahA niApxwArrFAoc


FGOYAB NFM niAriOC rECDpnOC AYl FnFCHT
FBoAbFN T(j)F ?.q(|)a)Nx MmepoNOC bApoq oyo^
NlFpMAN NNOYB FTglXEN niGpONOC AY+HAt
bFN NFqBAA AY^^^^PI^ NNEqAAAOY FnFCHT OYOg IS

por. A. AqcDcy fboA t>FN oYNityV ncmh AqpiMi Fqxo)


HMOC XF OYOi NHi nAoc OYOi NHi nAoc ^'\
mXrAGOC AlFpNOBl XCD NHI FBoA XF AlFp[gAN]-
NlCyi- MMFTHFTgCUOY NNIFBIAIK NTAK g^XFN ni-
KA^l 4)+ XCD NHI FBoA XF ANOK OYpFqFpNOBl 20

OYOg A TCMH MniApXHArrFAoC FeOYAB MH-


por. B. xahA (ycDm gApoq N'^oynoy xf mhon xo)
FBoA NACyCOni NAK J^FN nAlFCDN 0Y2^E nFGNHOY
•fNOY XF A TFKMFTOYpO CFNK AY^HIC NKCDC-
TANTINOC ())HFTTAlHOYT FgOT FpflOK NOY©BA 25

NKODB OYOg A KFHHO) NTF NlMATOl NFM i-CY^"


kAhTOC THpc FTOYHT F-tMFTOYpO AYCCDTEM
FTCMH HniApXHArrpAoc mhxahA pqcAxi OYOg
o^. A. AYFpa^(])Hpi M(])HFTAqa)a)ni fboA^fn T())F

NOYCO+ bFN OYCOl" 0Y0<^ AYTODOYNOY CATO- 30

11
82 +a)(|)Hpi MMAg e NTS niXnoc rpoDpnoc.

TOY AygiTq FBoAbpN ^-METoypo oyog AyiNi


NKCDCTANTINOC pboyN NTFtjO^EBia) Ayi" FXCDq
N+gEBco) NTS +HeToypo NF oypoDMi ne mmai-
po^. B. NOyi" MMAlXrAnH MHAipCDMl HMAinFeNANFq
NFM oyoN NiBON cyAqo^E NAq f+ekkAhcia N- 5

a)a)pn hmhni nem poygi Eq\pi NgANNicyt


NcyNAj^ic FqcyAwA Fniycoi gA <])+ bpN oyNiu^'f-
Mqipa)oy(^ Eq+ NgAMNicyi" NArAnw nem ^an-
poH. A. npOC(})OpA EqEpgoi" bAT^H MnoC NCHOy NIBFN

NGoq NEM nEqwi Twpq nem TEqMAy mmai- lo

Noyf fAenh i"oyptt) Ey^coc oyo^ EyFCMoy Ey-


(yEMgMOTC) NTOTq mtToc oyog nENNoyf oyog
nENCa)THp THC TTXC <|)Al FTF FBOA^lTOTq FpE-
NFH TAIO NIBEN NEM npOCKyNlClC
d)Oy NIBEN
(sic) NIBEN EpnpEni M())ia)T NFM HcyHpl NEM niTTNA 15

pOH. B. FGOyAB NpFqTANt>0 OyOg NOMOOyClOC NEMAq


'tNOy NEM NCHOy NIBEN NEM OJA FNEg NTE
N NlENEg THpOy AMHN.

(1) Read EycyFngMOT.


OYFNra)HiON FAqTAoyoq abba gpoaotoc.

|fol. 106. OYENrCJDMlON EAqTAOYOq niMAKApiOC


N2Ce
NsnicKonoc abba ghoaotoc nipniCKonoc nte
ANKWpA NTE KaAaTIA h^H niEgOOY NTE niFp-
(|)MEYl ETTAIHOYT NTE nipH NTE +MEeMHl
nicioY NTE sANATooYi niNia)^ mmeAitcon nte 5

nipaAiAeoc niMATOi Nxcapi nte nxc mXrioc


PEcopnoc niMApTYpoc NpEM't^ocnoAic nte
+nAAlCTlNH ETE HE COY Kf NHIABOT
(j)Al

<|)ApMOY0l EqOYCJDNg EBOA NTEqCYNPENlA NEM


NlNlcy+ NNArCJDN ETAqEp^Y^OHENlN EpCDOY 10

NEM NITAIO ETAq^lTOY ^BH Nl(l)HOYl t)EN


OY^WpHNH NTE (1)+ AMHN.

C]EpnpEniN oYos oymkeon he oycm^y tte


NNENV|/YXH O) NAMENpAi" EGOYAB EGpENEp-
(|)MEYl NNlblCl NEM NIAPCON NlCyOYTAlODOY NTE 15

B NHEGOYAB NgOYO 2^E NgOYO niNia)+ NAPflON


ET^oci OYOC NojOYTAioq NTE niNicyt" nagAY"
THC OYOg NXCDpi ETENEpcyAl NAq H(|)OOY
mXrioc TECDprioc (j)A niEp(|)MEYi ettaihoyt
I
(l)Al ETAqOYtONg NAN EBoA EqCOTH NAgpEN 20

(|)i- OYOg NCyOYMENpiTq NAgpEN NipCOHl EGBE

NEqgBHOYl N2VIKE0N ETAqTAgflUOY EpATOY NAl


2lE EGBHTOY AqEpnEMno^A EGpOYGA^HEq
Et>OYN ENlEMKAg NN0Y2fAl NTE HXC OYOg
NTEqqAl I^A NK^OdA^ bEN nEqCCDMA EGBE nxc. 25
84 oyHrKcoHioN FAqTAoyoq nxf niHAKApioc

hPN NeynOMFNH NEM NlNl(y+ MMET-


NINIO^T
xcDpi n^M oygHT EqToyBHOYT eqxHK fboA
t>EN nxiNepeq-t" NTFqnpogspFcic Twpc h$+
giTSN niNia)T Nt>HOH ETu^oo Ben nEq^HT
EboyN e4)+ nfm TEq^o-f ETCAboyN HMOq
eAi ETAC+ oyTAe h4>+ nkaAodc NgpHi Ben
p MEN z NEH A. oyo^ ON AqxoD Nca)q Ben
nEqoycDO) mmin HMoq NnAojAi NNEqxpwHA
ETOO) NEH NEqEBlAlK NEM TEqNlCyi- HMETpA-
MAO THpC AqCCDTEM NCA +CMH NNOyi" OyOg
fol. 107. AqqAi NnEqcTAypoc Aqnoa^i nca oenoc mc
AqoyAgq Nccoq Ben oy^HT EqcoyrcoN Ee-
BE (|)Ai nnAi Nia)+ ntaio eboA
ga)q Aqd'i
^iTOTq Mnxc egbe (|)ai NAqxo) hhoc NAq he
t>EN OyANAO) XE HMON OyON BeN NlHApTypOC
ETAyjyconi Eqo(N)i hmok Ben Ni^Hoyi oyog
NNE oyoN a)a)ni EqoNi hmok (yAEiNEg oyog
NAqBEpBEp ^E ON HE J^EN niONA EGOyAB Eqipi
NTEqnoAiTiA HE MMHNi NEM oycnoy^H EepEq-
(ycom hEN NH ETcorn oyog ftoi Ngwoy nnen-
vj/yXH. AnAa)c Aqlpi M(|)oya)a) xwpq Hifi"

Oyog AqEpCABoA MMEyi NIBEN ETOl N(JJ30[n]


N+\(/yXH. oyo^ NAqu)on he Ben oyHETa)AH-
a)ENoy+ oyog NAqoywoy eboA de ^a NixiNNAy
NE(])AH0y NTE nAl BIOC NAl ETOl H(|)pH'|- NNl^
pAcoyi oyog cyAyciNi nxgoAem M(|)pHi- NNoy-
bwiBl OyOiJ EGBE (pAl OyN A HAl XODpl
ETEMMAy (ficycycooy enat(])e. Eq\pi M(t)HEyii^
NniHAKApiOC OAyAoC EqXO) MMOC XE ICXE
ATETENTENGHNOy NEM HXC Ka)+ NCA NATTjyGDll
NEnicKonoc abba eeoAoroc 85

S. niMA epe nxc HMoq oyoij uqgBHCi ca oy'inam


H$i- oyo^ Heyi FNAn(ya)i nh et^ixfn hka^i
an (|)h seoyAB xf oyN oyog ETTAiHoyx aAh-
ea)c niXrioc recapnoc niHpAiTOiN nhe gmbt-
KOMHC NneqicDT oyAE i"HeTpyrFNHC ntf req- 5

MAy oyAF nioDoy ntf TuqHFTMAToi (y^po


enFqAoncMOc oy^e on Nne ^^^l Bhn nai
EpgAA HMOq OyAF NTFCPp^AA NTEq\|/yXH
eeppqxo) Nccoq NXEqMBTeycEBHC nem nEqAo-
ricMOc ETxoyxHoyx nem nEqwAgt etxhk
^) 10

EBOA OyOg EpE nigMOT NTE $1" EpCKEnA;^lN


HHOq bEN gCDB NIBEN EqEpgEHl HHOq OyOg
eqepeot hAr^M H<i>+ FqXpEg Epoq ea noc
TAXpoq NCA CA NIBEN NTAq XE NNEqKlMa)A
ENEgM(j)pni-Nnid)NlNNATAHAC(sic)ETCOTn EG- 13

BE (|)Ai AE bEN nxiNepE ncHoy HniAicarHoc


(ycDni Aqajcwni gcuq EeoyAB niXrioc
n2s:e (|)h

TECoprioc EqcEBTCDT Ben HEq^HT oyo^ bEN


nxiNGpE noc GA^HEq EboyN EniXrcDN EGoyAB
oyog Aq(ya)ni EqpcDoyr haAAon ae Aqa)E 20

fol. 108. a)A niXrcoN EGoyAB oyog Aqo^toni EqMOtyi bEN


niXroDN EGoyAB MMAyAxq AomoN bEN nxm-
GpoyEp BA^ANl^lN HMOq AqcyCDOl NXCDpi EqXA-
xpHoyx oyog Aqcyconi EqxAxpHoyx ENEqxAxi
AqMioii NEM Nioypcooy nnacebhc Aq6"i Ani- 25

xAoM NAxAa)M cyA ene^ nem td'pHni NNoypo


NEM niGpONOC NBAClAlKON EBOAglXEN HEqnAX-
u^eAex MMHi oyog EGoyAB'nENoc Thc nxc.

1) Read EXXoyxHOyx.

rt
86 oyErKcoHiON FaqTAoyoq nxe niHAKApioc

oyMONON Neoq MMAyArq an aAAa gANKEMHO)


N\|/YXH [ayi]p<Ji MnixAoM EBoAgiTorq N-f^
Nponni ETAqAlTOy EyppBACANl^lN MMOq NAl
AE EOJODn NTE nOC EpgMOT NAN NHEqEMl
MMHl TENEpgEAniC XE TENNAOyCDNgOy NO)-
TEN EBOA bEN niENrODMlON NEH NIKETAIO
ET^OCl NTE ni2£a)pl NAGAhTHC OyOg niMATOl
NTE nxc niAPioc rEoapnoc niMEAiTCDN EeoyAB
oyog NPENNEOC KEPAp 'i"gynoeycic xh nan
EbpHl EpnpOApOniN^) HHOl EepiTAMODTEN EgCDB li

NIBEN aAhGCDC nAgHT OyNOq EpOl M(J)00y MMA-


f. cyo) oyog qriEpoyoT (sic) nhi Enigoyo EepicAxi
EnTAib MniNia)'t" NpEqEpoya)iNi (|)h EToyEpc^Ai
NAq H(])OoybEN ^-oiKoyMENH THpc niXrioc
TEflDpriOC (])H EpE noC EpMEepE bApOq bEN li

OyANAO) EqXO) MMOC MnAipH-t XE +a)pK MMOl


MMIN HMOl NEH nAlCDT NArAGOC NEM niTTNA
EGOyAB XE bEN nXlNMlCl THpq NTE NlglOMl
HMON ^V\ ETONl NICDANNHC nipEq+a)HC OyOg
ON bEN niTAPMA THpq NTE NlMApTypOC HMON 2(

4)H ETONlHMOK OyAE ON NNE oyON cyCDni

EqONl HHOK (yA ENEg aAAa EKE(ya)ni EK^OCl


EgOTE pcDoy THpOy bEN TAHETOypO EyEHoy+
EpOK THpoy XE PECDpnOC HlHENpiT NTE (j)+
ET^OCl +Ep20+ 2^E 0) NAHENpA+ Eepipp^HTC 2J

NCAxi EnTAio NnAi Nia)+ N(|)a)CTHp oyog


NXCOpi NTAl HAIH ElCU)0yN0y NeMETgHKl
NHANOyC. NEH GMETACeENHC NnACAXl ETXO-

1) Read EEpnpOTpEniN.
NEniCKOnOC abba 0FOAOTOC. 87

2fEB XF AN Fno^l NTP npqTAlO FTiToCl


'f-NAa)(t)02

NPM nFqXrcDN ftcotr aAAa fFp^Yno^i^^^^


oyog i'FpgFAnic Fnoc xf qNAOY«)pn nhi
NNIAKTIN NNOycDlHl NTF HlXCDpl FTFMHAY
ol. 109. FepoyFpoYtwiNi FnAgwr oYog NTOY+FpoYOT s

MHAAaC FTXOXEB glNA NTAKO) NgANKOY^l


bFN nFqTAlO NniAAOC HMAlXpC KFTOl TX\H-
CAXl HnXAlO MnAl XCOpi (|)Al tt) NAMFNpA+
qCAnOiCDl NMFYl NIBFN NpCOMI FTgl^TN nKAgl
MaAiCTA HAAaC ETeEBlHOYT ANOK (|)H FTOyCDO) 10

FXO) HnTAlO HnAl XCDpi HMApTYpOC FGOYAB


niXrioc PFODpnoc qppNXpiA fiN0YC0(|)iA fboA-
glTFN noC NFK OY^AC fiTF NAT4)F OY©^ XF
^INA NTFqt^TFHXA gAl E(|)A20Y ^^FN NlNia^-t
NArCDN FT^OCl NTF niAeAHTHC OYOg NXODpi 1.^

NrFNNFOC FTFMHAY niAPlOC TFCDpnOC NAl


FTAqTAgCDOY FpATOY NHFMeO NOYON NIBFN
bEN TFqNlJ^T N^Y^OMONH NFM TFqHFTXCDpi
KFPAp OYjyOYTAlOq HF F^pWl glXFN eOYl 60YI
NNl MFT2£a)pi FTAqAlTOY ^FN NlNlOI't- wblCl 20

NFM OYMHCy NNArCDN FYOCy NAl FOJCan NTF


noC + MnipHi" NAN TFNNAXA gANKOY^^l NOQTFN
EgpHl tNOy N^HTOY AyiC XF
AEODC FBOA
+NOY NTFNXO) NCDTFN F^pHl NNH FTANXOTOY
EGBHTq NGOq nAl XCDpi MMATOl NTF nxC 25

H. niArioc rFcopnoc ao) xf nai ne nFqNAgi"


ETCOyTCDN FboyN F^)^ A^NF^gAl MMFTgHTB
TEqgEAniC ETTASpHOYT TEqAPAnw NATMET-
(yOBlTFqMETCyFNgHT F^OYN FOYON NIBFN NFM
nrENOC THpq NTE i"MFTpa)Ml TFqMFTpEMpAYjy 30
88 oyFrKCDMiON FAqTAoyoq nxf niMAKApicoc

sboyN FniCCDNT THpq NlKOyXl NFM NiNicyt


TeqMETXpC TPqMETArAeOC TFqMHTEniKHC
TEqXlNAHONl NTOTq FBOA ^A ni6"lgpAq NTF
nAi Bloc TFqnpogFpFCic FGNACFC oyog ())pAa)l
NTH TFqv|/yXH GHFTAT^COpTn (sic) NTF T1^^^^T
TFqXlNOgl FpATq FniAlKACTHpiON bpN OyMFT-
XCJDpi TFqXlNCAXl bFN oynAppHCiA MOFMeO
NNioypcaoy a^nf -^M N(yini W^o'i NpcoMi Fn-
THpqAN goAoDC KATA(I)pH+ FTAqXOC NXF HipF-
qFp\]/AAlN 2vAyi2!i FqXO) HHOC 2CF NAICAXI NNFK
HFTMFopFy HOFMeo NNioypcDoy oyog NAiojim I

AN nF TFq<jynoMONH pboyN FNIBACANOC t>FN


oyNia)T NpoDoyT n^ht nfm nccjDxn NNiFHKAys
NAI FTAqFpgynOMONlN') FpCDOy FXFN (|)pAN

MnpNoc TiTc nxc.


NAI FTANNAXA gANKOyXl NODTFN F^pHl hh»-
fol. no. TOy KATA (|)pH't FTANXOC CATgH HninpOOlMlON
NAI FTAqCCDTFM FGBHTOy F+CMH KMAKAplON
FTFMMAy NTE nuC FCXO) MHOC 2CF NecOTFN
bA NH FTAyOgl NFHHl t>FN NAnipACMOC M())pH'i-
FTAqCEHNl NFHHl NXB nAlCDT NNOyMFTOypO
ANOK ^O) i-NACFMNl NFHCOTFN NNOyMFTOypO
NNATKHN oyo^ natbodA fboA a)A FNF2 oyog
ON TFTFNNAOyCOH NTFTFNCO) NFMHl ^EN
2CF

TAMETOypO E0BE 0AI CHH OyN FGHEg NpAO)!


HnAipHt NEM Fy())pOCyNVI NNIBEN A niMAKA-
pioc TEcoprioc FEpoyoT FboyN FniXrcDN N^oyo
NEM niEp(|)HFyi NTE NlArAGON ETEMMAy NAye-

1) Read ETAqFpgynoMENiN.
NEmcKonoc abba eeoAOTOc. 89

po NNibici ACiAi NNA^pAq HF oyog NTFqqAl


Ida gODB NIBPN bPN OYPpOyOT EGBF XE (^ApU
nippoyoT ojflDni upoq n^cjdb niben I^en oypAoji
oyo^, HnApE Nf npogFpECic
i^M h-^aon u^ta^no
ETCOyrCDN EGBF h4lt>lCl TAp NTE HAl MA Ay- 5

coB'i- NAq NNiArAeoM NTE niEcoN EONHoy oyog

EeBE+SynOMONHAyCOB+NAqMmxAOMNATAcDM
a)A ENE<3 h^ipm hen Mi4)Hoy'i oyog a)A -tNoy
TENCCDK AniCAXl a)A 'j-NOy O) NAMENpA't' BeN
mnpooiHio[N] NnATENXo) E^pwi a^A i-Noy lo

NNIEMKA<^ ETTAlHOyT Na)0yEpa)4>Hpi MMCDOy


NTE nia)(jDix NpEqt E2s:en i-MEXEycEBwc niA0-
AhTHC MHApTypOC NTE HXC niAPlOC TECOp-
rioc Ayic xe i'Noy ntenxo) Epa)TEN fiNw
ETANXAy EbpHl n^H NH ETENNAXOTOy ON 15

MENENCCOOy. nCHOy NAA2ktA-


Acc^COni AE J3EN
NOC niNia)+ NHOypO NTE NinEpCHC gOTAW AE
ETAq^i HniEpa)icyi EepEqAMONi exen toiKoy-
MENH THpc. Oyo^ Ayxoc EGBE nioypo Nxy-
pANOC ETEMMAy XE AqcyCDHl NKOCHOHpATCOp 20

gixEN niKOCMoc THpq aAAa NAqccDoyNoy an


nE HnmANTOKpATODp HMHl ^n ETglXEN niEH-
TUpq (j)H ETAqt NAN HnAlEpOJlO)! NnAtpH^
oyog EpE (|)Niqi NNoyoN NiBEN Ben NEqxix
aAAa NAqccDoyNoy Neoq he N(j)ia)T n+kakia 25

THpC mZ^lABoAoC (|)H ETEp(j)eONlN EnENPENOC


NCHOy NIBEN. ^^Al AE bEN nXlNGpEqNAy
EniNA^T NTE nxc EqNHOy I^NAAlAl MHHNl
bEN niKOCMOC THpq AqMOg NXOg MMAOJO)
AqgCDA E^oyN Engwr Anioypo nacebhc eteh .^o

12
90 OYFrKCDHiOH FAqTAoyoq l\X^ niMAKApioc

fol. 11 I.MAY ^AMAHOC. (|)H FTFMMAy qgCDOy HMAU^O)


FBoA oyAE* (sic) HKAgi Twpq sAq-]- ENCyOT
NnpqgHT H(|)pH'f- N(])ApAa) fmiCHoy FAqroy-
NOC OyNlCy'f- fl2^ia)rM0C FSFN NlXpHCTHANOC
THpoy. Oyog AqgFMci AqcbAi fiNoynpoc- i

TAPMA FBOA t>FN 'f-OlKOyMFNH THpC OyOg NAl


AF NH NF NH FTcbwOyT M^HTq XF FHIAH A
Oya)lNl (j)0<3 FNAHAC^X 2CF (])H FTA MApiA HlCl
MMoq N0oq nF FToy[oy]a)a^T MMoq oyo^
niAnoAAoDM mfm nocircoM nfh niFpMHC nfm i

m^FyC NFM i-ApTFHlC NFM nCCDXn NNlNOy+


CFoya)a)T MHCooy an ^h fta huoycDNu^ wppq
^cdAfm oyo^ Ni[i]oy2^Ai boeBuq fieoq np
FToy[oy]a)a)T HHoq oyog FytyEMo^i HMoq fixF
oyoM NiBFN Fycon 4)Ai nF nipwi- F'fcbAi ^^a)TFN i

Nioypojoy THpoy ntf nmocHOc xnpq nai FpF


niAMAgl NTF TAHFOTypO XH glXCDOy XF el^'A
NTFTFNl O^ApOl THpoy NFH NFTFNMHU) \tF KO-
MHC \tE CTpATVlAATHC ITF MATOl ITF GpiBOy-
TB. NOC ITF nAPANOC XF glNA NTFTFNFHl XF Oy 2

nF F-j-oyoDO) FtyFNewNoy Fpoq ANOKoyog Aqoy-


CDpn NNinpOCTArMA FBOA JOEN niKOCMOC THpq
oyog nAipH+ AyecooyV gApoq nxf ze NNoypo
NH FTXH JOFN niKOCMOC THpq NFH (j)HHU) MTll-
oyAi nioyAi HHoaoy oyog Ayi Tnpoy cyApoq 2

NnxcDK NF NpoHni FTAycftog AF Fpoq A nKAgl


THpq cyeopTFp FGBF HAO^Al NNIHHO) FTOCy
HHA(ya) Oy02 NAT6'lHni HHCOOy FGNFHCDOy

1) Read. FBOAoOTF.
NsniCKonoc abba geoaotoc. 91

oyog FTAqMAy Fpcaoy i^xe niTypANHOC ft-


gCDoy FTPHMAy AygiToy phfcht AyoycDcyr
HHoq oyog Ay-f- fiNoyAcopON NAq Aq^'ici nxf
nFqgHT HMAU)CD AqgFMgFM H(])pH'}- NNOyMOyi
OyOg AqFpApiCTON NFMflDOy NO NF^OOy FO)- 5

TFM'tgAn F^Al aAAa NAqFpApiCTON HMHNl


OF OyOg MFNFNCA HlO NF<300y AqgFMCl glXFN
niBHMA NXF niACFBHC HHOypO AAAIANOC
niAGNOyf- NATgHT NFM niKFZG NFMAq OyO^
HAyipi NO NNOypo NAGNoyt- oyOi3 AqGpoyiNi lo

:ol. 112. NAq NNICGBAI THpoy THpoy (sic) NBACANICTH-


piON NFM gANAlKACTATON NFH gANAlKANOCNFM
^ANKfAfBIN NFM gANCHqi NpOB NFM gANBA-
a)Oyp NFM gANTpOXOC NFM gANAA^^Oy NBFNIHI
NFM gANHAClC NgMOT NFM ^ANXaAkION NBA- 15

pCDQ NFM (jANCHqi NXOxAaC NFM gANXlX


NBFNini FyoyODTFN NNIKAC MMCOOy NFM gAN-
GOK NpCOq NBAO^Oyp NFM gANNACTWpiON NNAM-
O^F FpF CAl^oyN MMa)Oy MFg NBFNINI FyXHp

NFM MnFNXOTOy THpOy NAl


FflKFCOOXn FTP 20

FNAyCFBTCDT NTOTq NniACFBHC bAXFN niFgOOy


FTFMMAy OyOg AqFpANAO) NJCF niTypANNOC
NNoypo Fqxo) mmoc Nnme ^g NNoypo nfm
NOyCTpATFyMA THpoy XF FOJCJOn NTF TAXIX
XlMl NNOyAl bFN niKOCMOC THpq FqOl N^HTB 25

FboyN Enia)FMa}i ntf NiNoy+ etan^on^fn


FGBHTOy CyF niKpATOC NTF TAMETOypO [a)F]
i'NAFpAlMODpiN MMOq l^FN tfAl THpOy FTXH
TA. FJDpHl NnAFMGO FBOA. OyOg +NAt>OMbFM MRl-
nyproc ntecxcdc NToyA(l)F oyog ntabici nni- 30
92 oYPrKODHiON FAqTAoyoq nx^ niHAKApioc.

CHqi HTFpAToy oyoe ntaini NnoyANKscfjAAoc


EBoA h^n noycyAi NecDTFM af scdtfn cb Nioy-
pcooyNEMoyoN NIBFN FeCCOTFM FpOl H(|)00y MA-
a)F NCDTFN THpOy Oytt)U)T NNlNOy+ FTTAlHOyX

^INA NTFTFN(Tl NMOy^OyO TAIO FBoAglTOTC flTA-


HFTOypO OyO^ NH FTNAFPATCCDTFM flCFNAgt
H[T]hC 4>W ^TA NU0y2iAl FpCTAypCUNlN HMOq
a)F nAMAgl NTF TFHMFTOypO NFH niXAOM
NTF TAA(|)F XE fNAgCDpn NNACIGBAI THpoy
FBoA bFN noycNoq ntf noyca)MA nfm niCMoq i

NTF Noycywpi NFH Noyo^Fpi FT^oAx oyog


NTAcbAl NNH FTCyon NflDOy THpOy NTApCOKi^
NNoyca)HA bFN nixpcDH Fyonb nioypcDoy af
NFM NoyMHo^ AygiToy Fi^pHi THpoy AyoycDu^f
NNiNoy+ FTCoq oyo^ oyoN nibfn fthhn i

F(|)+ FTAyCCDTFM AyBCoA FBOA bFM OygO-t F0BF

niNicyt NXiMCDN FTAqTa)Nq fxfn nifkkAhcia


fol. 113. NTF nxc oyog nAipH+ a r+ NpoMni cini
^IXFN niKOCMOC THpq NnE gAi N\|;yXH FpToA
MAN FXOC FBOA l^FN pCOq XF ANOK OyXpHC 2

TiANOC NAqcyon np nxf oyNia)+ nemka^ n^"'''


FqOO) bFN niKOCMOC THpq HMON (|)H FT(l)ipi
E(])pAN MnoC FBOA ^FN pCDq HF Oy XF HF
FTAqcyconi mfnfnca nai cwtfh ntatamcotfn
Fpoq niCHOy XF OyN O) NAHENpA^" FepiiNi 2

NCJDTFNFeHwf NniO^OyTAlOq 0^0^ NNArCDNlC-


THC NTF nxc IHC UAX TyNATOC (sic) NpFq(TpO
HAl HAprApiTHC HHHl NTF 4^+ HAl 2iAyi^
NBFpi FTAqa)Aipi FKoAlAG FTF niAlABoAoC HF
NFH NFqAFMODN ETgODOy nAl pH NTF +MFe- 3
NFniCKOnoC abba eF02^0T0C. 93

MHi beN eHH-}- NT(j)F nAi eta neqMoyF nfh


NFqAKTiN FpoyfoiNi pniKOCHOc THpq sycon
FTP (|)Al np (|)H FTFNFpC^Al NAq Hc))OOY Bfn
niKOCMOc THpq niArioc rEcopnoc niMFMpiT
NTE ())+ NFM NFqXrrFAoC NF OYFBOA nF JDFN 5

IF. TX03pA NNiKAnnATOKiA ncywpi fmiFnApxoc


N+OCnoAlC FAqFMTON HMOq NXF nFqiCDT Fqoi
Nopeo^ozoc FTXHK FBoA nkaAcjdc oyog AqccDxn
HnieHHi FqbpN 1+ Nponni nfm kfccdni ficgiMi
NTAq FyMOYi" NNoyi MHCJOoy xf kacia i"KFoyi lo

2CF MAepcoNA MF oyoN oyNio^i- fioyciA cyon

NCDoy nF ^ANNoyB HFN oygAT Fqoo) oyog


gANNFBlAlK NgCJDOyT NFM gANSa^Kl NCglHl FyOa>
HMACyO) gANTFBNCDOyi FyOO) ^AN
FOlgOyb
gecop FyTAlHOyT gAWNFCODOy HHONTOyimi 15

XnAcDC MMON (j)H FTONl MMOiOy HF bPN 'fnA


AlCTlNH THpC NFM NFC0O(y FpF TOyBAKl TVipC
MFl MMOOOy nF FGBF NlNl(yi- NHFeNANFy FTOyipi
HMODOy NFM OyON NIBFN OyOg MFNFNCCDC
Ayea)a) NNoypnApxoc FTXCDpA N+nAAicTiNn 20

NTo^FBid) N(|)ia)T MniXnoc rFcopnoc oyog nf


oyMAiNoyt" nF FMA(ya) np pqccooyNoy Nini-
TAIO NnieMHl NFM GMFTPyrFNHC NNEqiot
oyo2 NP MMON a)Hpi (yon NAq np pbhA
FOya)Fpi NCglMl FCXH bpM pOMni CNOyf NF- 25

gooy oyo^ FTAqi pboyN p+noAic bpN oyNia)+


'ol. 114. NTAZIC PCOO) RATA nFqAKZlflOMA NFM nTAlO
NTFqMPTNi(y't AqoyoDpn AqiNiTiniXAoy peoyAB
niXnoc rpcapnoc Aq+(])i ppcoq fiNoyNioj'}-

NNAy pqpiMi P0BP ni2ciNoya)TPB pboA ntf 30


94 oyHrKCDMioN FAqTAoyoq nxe niHAKApioc.

U neqicDT oyog mfnpncooc Aqfgo ETeqMAy


'
FeppcTHiq NAq wxeqcycDni wAq wa^npi oyog
NTPqhoKq NCTpATH^ATHC FXFN niMHU) THpq
FGNFMAq oyoe ACTHiq NAq AqoycDpn HHoq
Nnoypo NFM p MMATOi MFMAq oyog AqchAt 5

FpATq Mnoypo FqTAMoq FnpqTAio nfm smf-


TeyrENHC wNFqioi" noypo a.F FTAqcboi nnic-
hAi AqpAojii MMAojo) F^pwi 212s:fn niArioc
TFODpnoc oyog nAipH+ Aqbouq nctpathAa-
THC gixFN F Na)o HMATOi oyog AqcbAi fmpq- lo,
pAN FepFq^i hf Ncyo nnomicma kata abot
xcapic NFqAHMOciON FTAyXAy NAq FBoA oyo^
Aqoyopnq u)a niFnApxoc bpM oyNioii- fi(l)0B0C
f^. NBACiAiKON oyo^ FTAqi F^oyN FnpqHi A +no-
Aic THpc NFM niFnApxod FBoA t>Axa)q oyo^ is;
AyoAq F^oyN FnFqwi hPN oyNiu^'t NpAcyi
FnFqpAC-}- AF A TFqMAy cwp FBoA NNOyNlO)-}-
NApiCTON N+noAlC THpC NipAMAO NFM NlgHKl
Fycon Nigoooyr nfm ni^iomi NiKoyxi nfm
NlNlcyt OyOg ACCCDp FBoA NNOyMHCy NXpHMA 20
NAUJODOy NNlXHpA NFM NlOp(j)ANOC MFNFNCCDC
ACeCJD^HM HniFnApXOC NFM HFqMHO) THpq
OyOg AC\pi FpCOOy NNOyNlCyl- NNApiCTON r\T
NNFgooy niFnApxoc AqcbAi NniXnoc rFcop-
nOC NO^Hpi NAq NFM KAwpONOMOC NnFTFNTAq 25
THpq oyo^ Aqcon 2^f NTFqa)Fpi NAq FycgiMi
oyog AqAiq on nuc giXFN npqni Tnpq oyog
NAqXH NFMAq glXFN NlF^BHOyi NTE +MFTOypO
oyo^ NAqa)on NFMAq nF o^A hxodk fboA h\'\
NpOMni NFi^OOy nF FTAq2s:0K K ^F NpOMni 30
NsnicKonoc abba GFOAOTOC. 95

Nxp niXnoc rFcopnoc oyo^ Aqcyconi Nxoapi


flAHNATOC FqXOp blHAcyO) HE gCUCAE NTFq-
a)a)ni fmoAFHApxoc nmoApMOc iw
I^fn
HMON ^Al nF t>FM NlAplGMOC THpOy HF MMA-
tol. 115. TOl FqeFNGCONT FpOq t>FN i-XOM NFM ^MFT 5

BFpi OyO^ NApF ni^MOT NTF $1" OjOn NEMAq


HE OyOg NAq+ CAl NFM XOM NAq HE eCDCa.E
NH EGNAY FpOq NTOyppj^C^Mpi FCP"l gl^^EN
TFqXOM MEM TEqMETBFpi OyO^ ECyCOn NTEq-
^cdA EnmoAEHOc NAqoi Ngo+ he nnh ebnay lo

Epoq MEM NH Ee+oyBHq oyos J^ApE nEqgeo


2a)A Eboyw nE nnEMeo eboA nf nApABoAw^
(sic) NTE NEqXAXl EpE TEqCHqi 0OKEH h^H
TEqXlX EqXO) MHOC NCOOy XE ANOK nE TEcap-
rioc niMeAiTCDN ic gwnnE Aii gApcDTEN Jden 15

oyxa)NT oyog bEN +oyNoy (^ApE NoygonAoN


HMia)i gEi EBoA t>EN Noyxix oyo^ nAipH+
a)Aqa)Aipi Fpoaoy rnpoy NTFqcoAi NNoya)U)A
AnAa)C NApE noc xh NEMAq of bEN NFq-
MQiT THpoy HE niXrioc 2^E ETAqs:a)K n k 20

NpoMni EBoA A niEnApxoc qipoDoyo) Epoq eg-


pEq\pi NnEqgon nem TEqujEpi oyo^ WAqFMi
AN po) HE XE EpE nxc p(oic Epoq NAq NNOy-
nATCyEAET EqTOyBHOyT NnApGENOC OyOg FTl
10. EqMOKMEK NNAl bEN HEq^HT N2£E niEHAp- 25

XOC EAqMTON MMOq bPN HOC AqCCJDXn M(|)H


ETFNTAq THpq MTTlMAKApiOC rECOpnOC HE
oyog A 4^+ niAPAeoc oyofo) ecgdk ojApoq

1) Rearl nApFMBoAw.
96 oyprKODHioN FAqTAoyoq nxp niMAKApioc.

nuqpAN EeoyAB ^icDoy nbpHi NbwTq oyog nAi-


pwi- Aqepe hai co^ni 4>ai PTCoyrcDN i exen
neqgHT pqxa) hmoc xf ic gHnne aicodtfm xf
A AAAiANOC noypo ea)OY+ nkfmho^ fiNoypo 5

NFHAq t>FN cop +BAKI FGBF NieCDO) NTF ni-


KOCHOC i-NATCONT NTA^l NHl N^ANTAlO MFH
gANXpHMA NTA^OdA C^ApODOy NTATHlTOy
NCDoy oyog ntafpftin HMcooy FepoyAix
NFnApXOC F(j)HA NNAlot FTAyClNl CATOTq 10

AqrcoHq NgANXpHMA Fyoo) nfm oyMHcy


Aq(Ti

NTAib oyo^ AqTAAcDoy Foy2:oi weoq nfm


NFqFBiAiK oyog Aq2«)A (yA NioypcDoy FTAq-
(|)o^ 2^F niXnoc Aqxo) NNFqX-
FpcDoy fixF
fol. iiG. AcjDoyi hPN mxoi nfm +<^yAH rupc oyo^ isi

nAipvi+ Aq\ FncyoDi FepFqFpAnAWTAN FNioy-


pfluoy N(yopn oyo2 FTAqFpXnANTAN faa2^ia-
Noc niANOHOc oyog AqMAy fmuacdAon AnFq-
H0O FBoA FpF NipoDMi taAf GyciA Na)oy Fn-
(ya)i l^FN oyMicyt Ncnoy^w AqrooMT hsn -i'

nFq^HT Twpq nF NNoyNicyi" fiNAy oyo^ hf-


xAq bFN NFqMFyi sf oyppoi 'twoy nF ftaiXcd
WnAHl NCCOl MFM TACAIF NHoAlC HMAlXpU
0AI EToya)FMU)i NhwTc uTioc nt4>f nfm ni-
KA^l NniFi^OOy NFM m^XOilp^ NTAl a)A NAl 25
HApANOMOC FTjJODOy NAl FTAyXO) NCU)Oy
knoc AyojFMo)! wncA^ANAC if oy Fpoi po)
nF XF NTAKCD-f NCA OyMFTKOMHC NTOTOy
NNAl AeNOy)- NnApANOMOC. AwAeFMA NNAl
nApANOHOC NAl FTCOq NFM TOyMFTOypO 3(
NpnicKonoc abba GFO^OTOC. 97

NFMODOy FGNACmi MHATF FCKl (yODHl OyOg


(|)Al

AiFMi XF noU nBTMAcyonr ppoq +NAKa)i" ficA


HFTOypO ANOK AN fiTF HAl KOCHOC FGNATA-
KO A^AA AlNAKCDi- NCA TMFtoypO NnAOC
THC nxc 0AI F0MFN [sic] FBOA a)A FNFg ^-NATAC- 5
K^. 001 AN XF FTAnoAlC a)A TAMAy i"NOy 2^Fa)C
RATA nAODN^ ^EN HAl KOCHOC aAAa i^Fp^FA-
nic FnAoc Thc nxc gai' ftmhn fboA uja fnf^
Xe qNA-f" XOM NHl bPN TFqMFTArA0OC NTA-
Moy gixFN npqpAN F0oyAB qNAODAi nnakac lo
FnAMANXCDlAl FTglXFN nKAgl NKFCOU NTOy-
XAy t>FN niEM^Ay NTF NAlot FTAyFNKOT
OyOg FTAqKHN FqFpMFAFTAN bPH NAl BfN
nFqgHT oyog AqTAC0oq pni^foi cyA WFqFBiAiK
AqTAMODoy FgCaB NIBFN FT^FN HEq^HT N0a)Oy lo
AF Ayfgo Fpoq Fyxo) hhoc xf nFNoc icxf
nAipHf nFTa)on mapfntac0on FXFNnoAic
NFM nixoi oyog Nnpp xa gAi fmi FpoN xf
ETAm FRAl MA F0BF Oy Oyog TTFXF niAPlOC
NCDoy XF NNFca)a)ni mmoi icxfn ^-Noy ftac- 20
001 FHAHl OyO^ NNANAy FUgO NTAMAy NKF-
con aAAa AiNAMoy nhai ha gixFN nipAN
F0oyAB NTF nAoc iHc nxc noypo nt(()f nfh
nKAgl NFH NHFTCAnFCHT NnKAgl HoC N+K-
THCIC THpC i-NOy XF ^l NODTFN NTOT NTFTF- 25
NFyAFy0FpiA NTFTFNHFTpFH^F OyOg (OpK NHl
H$i- nmANTOKpAToap hhhi x^ nnftfnkft-
JdI.117. 0HNoy (x)A nAHi NKFCon FT*i FioN^) Huncoc

1) Read. (t)Al.
13
98 OYFrKGOMiON EAqTAoyoq nxf mHAKApiOC

NTF TAMAY NPM NACNHOy FMl FnACyiNl NTOyPM


noyHoy NCDoy MMAyAToy AAAa ^i mcdtfn
NNoyMFTpsM^E oyog XAioy'i ncdtfn hr'Y
wAlTpA NMOyB N(j)OyAl (|)OyAl NMCDTFN NFM
\ NCTOAh OyOg MAa)E NCDTFN FniMOaiT FpETF-
NoyAtyq hFN niKOCMoc THpq xcopic TAnoAic
MMAyATC OyOg FCyCOn NTFTFNCDNb NTETFN-
CCOTFH XF AlMOy Api +ArAnH FeBF OOC fjTF-
TFNKODC MnACCOMA OyOg NTFTFNoAq FTAHoAlC
NAl 2kF FTAyCCJDTFH FpflDOy N2iE NlXAcDOyT
NTF niNA[i]ATq rsoDpno^ oyo^ AypiMi NNoy- '

Nia)^- NNAy MFNFNCCDC AyO^FHTOTq OyAl AF

FBoA NJoHToy AnFqTAceoq F+ocnoAic o^atf


(|)H FeoyAB XGDK FBOA T AF FBOA bPN niA-
AcDoyl AygFMCi nfm (])h FeoyAB hpN cop ;

fBAKi FepoyppeFopiN NnFqXrcDN oyo^ niHA-


KApiOC AF AqCOOp FBoA flNlXpVIMA FTOU) j

FTAqFNOy NNliJHKl NFM NIXODB NFM NITAIO


FTAqFNoy NNioypa)oy Aqcopoy fboA THpoy
NNHFTFpi5AiF O^A FgpHl FNFqKFgBCJDC MMIN
HMoq AqTHiToy nnh ftbhc^ oyog Aqqoxq
FeMwi" NNiACFBHC NNoypcDoy Aqa)(y fboA pq-
XO) MMOC XF amok OyXpHCTHANOC MnAppH-
ClA OyOg +Fp20'l- AN bATgH NNETFN AnOMlA
d) NioypoDoy ntf n^mxoNc NFTFNNoyi- rAp

gANAFHCDN NF MlNOyf PAp ETFHnOy0AMl6


NT^F NFM niKAgl MApoyTAKO FBoA CAHFCHT i

NT^F THpC NFM OyON NIBFN FTOy[oy]a)(9T I

MMcooy FpF XH FpcDoy pcDoy ETAqxoya)T af i

FhoyN Fxcoq nxf niApAKcoN nte (j)Moy weoq


MpnicKonoc abba 0eo2^oToc. 99

2^A2^lANOC niANOMOC
FTAqNAy Fpoq FqXHN
,
bEN neqccDMA EqcAicaoy bsN npqgo H(j)pH't-
NniNi fmiiog bpN nFqoycoiHi oyoi^ NAqcpA-
CCOA THpq bFN UFqCMONT HF H(})pH't'
HF
NNOyAAABACTpON NANAMHl NKAGApOC FqXOy 5
^
BHoyT oyog AqFMi bpN -toyNoy xf oyFy^F^^HC
'

nF oyog f)a)Hpi ntf NiFnApxoc ft<5oci oyog


AqrcDNq bpN ToyNoy Aqo^^i FpAxq Bfn oy-
''

jl.llS. TODMT OyOg NAqOl Na)(|)Hpi NTFqHFTBFpi HFM

TFq6"iNFpoya) ft^oAx Aqepoyo) npxAq NAq lo


XF ANON THpFN TFNCyOn glXFN nKAgl FNMF^
'^
FBoAbEN nFGNANFq NIBFN NTF NlNOyt Oyog
TFNCyOn NCJDOy MHFNpiT MMAcyO) OyOg IC gHnOF
NeOK gU)K KWn FpOM bFN niTAlO NFM 'f-MFT-
. Nicyt OyOg KXOyONg^ FBoA BfN nFKCHONX 15
FGNANEq XF NGOK OyNla)'^ FqTAlHOyT MMAO^O)
OyOg AplFMl NAK +NOy 0) niMFNptT (|)Al FTAl-
HFNpF nCAl NTF nFqgO XF IC P't" NpOHUl M(|)00y
ICXFN FTAl^FMCl l^FN HAl HA ANOK NFM nAl
ze NNoypo NAl FTAieoycDToy fboA bpN 20
niKOCMOC THpq OyO^ NnFNCCDTFH NKFCMH
NnAipvif bFN niKOCMOC THpq IC f+ Nponni
XF XpHCTHANOC FBhA F+NOy FGBF (|)Al AlFMl
bFN nA^HT XF NeoK oyNio)-}- FTTAiHoyT oyog
KXOp bPN TFKXOM NFM nAO^Al NTF NFKXpWMA 25
AomON NnFCFpMFAlN NAK bA NioypcDoy oy2^F
NlMHCy FTKO)-]- FpODOy ^NOy XF MApF ni^CDB
Oya)N2 NAK FBoA d) (|)H FTTAlHOyT XF ANON

1) Sic; read KOyoNg.


100 OyETKCDMlON FAqTAOyOq NXF niMAKApioc.

KB. MMAYATFN AN ^A NlOyp^WOY TTF UE FTAK


fcycDU) NAN aAAa nikfnoyI" nmkeon AK'f-cycocy
Noiuy gcDoy fgbe ())ai xe ^-Noy ncTECcyH EpoK
FepEKEpHETAHOlN OyO^ NTEKTACeOK joFN
nEK^HT NTEKOyCDO^T flNlNOyt EepOyXO) NAK 5

EBOA NNEKOjOpn NMETATEMl ANON 2^E t>A NlOy-


pa)oy TENNAa)a)n FpoN nemak M(|)pH'1- NNoy-
a)Hpi NMENpiT NTAN OyOg KNA^"! EBoA ^ITOTEN
THpOy NEM NlNOyt" NNOyNlCyl- NTAIO NEM
OyAKZtCOMA (sic)NBAClAlKON EepEKOJGDni NEHAp- IC

XOC glXEN T-l- NnoAlC NTE niKOCMOC NEM


NOyXCapA bEN MAI NIBEN ETEKO^ AO^Oy ^EN ni-
KOCMOC Tupq AqFpoyo) nxf nuiAiATq aAhgcdc
niAnoc TECDpnoc nE2fAq NAq xe Kc[g]oyopT
N0OK NEM NAl HApANOMOC ETNEMAK NEM It

NEK\2^a)A0N ETCOq NAl ETEKMOyi" EpCOOy XE


NOyi" gANNOyi" AN NE aAAa 2ANAEMa)N NE
EKETAKO NeoK NEMODoy Eycon noypo ^E Aq-
XCUNT bEN OyENBON (sic) HEXAq NAq XE AlCAXl
NEMAK gCOC KKfjpHl" NNOyloDT NEM HEqu^Vipi 2C

iol. 119. OyOg Al+CO^Nl NAK EnEKTAlO NEM HEKOyXAl |

MMIN MMOK Oyog NGOK gCDK ^OiC ATKAt


NNATgHT AK+(pa)a^ NAN hAhN MATAMOl XE
NeOK Oy EBoA ecON IE NIM he nEUpAN IE (|)pAN
NNEKN0y+ N0OK NEM NEKlot ETAyX())0K Eni- 2j|

KOCMOC Ifoy he ETAKI EGBHTq niMAKApiOC 2^E


NAqoycjDO) AN HE FTAMoq EnEqpAN oy:\E
niNlO^t NAKZIODMA NTE NEqiO+ noypO AE NEM
NiKEoypcDoy THpoy nExcDoy AniXnoc rEcap-
nOC XE TENTApKO MMOK (b niXAoy NCAIE 3C
NEmcKonoc abba ero/i^oToc. loi

NiHc nxc (|)Ai neoK etfkmoyI" Fpoq nak


NNOY+ XeXAC NTFKTAHOl FnPKpAN NFM (|)|)AN
NNeKlO-f NFM (j)pAN NTFKnoAlC IF XF CFOnI?
HXF NH ftfnoynk' IF oyoN CON \f cojNi tyon
NAK IF FKCyiNl NCAOy \f FTAKl FTAl TloMc 5

FGBF oy h'^udB niXrioc 2^f rFCDpnoc FXAy-


TApKoq F(l)pAN Hnxc AqoyoDN^ FpoDoy Eqxo)
HMOC XB Eni2^H XpFTFNTApKOl F(j)pAN HHA-
NOy+ MMON (yXOM HMOl NTAgFn g^l FpCDTFN
KF. ANOK OyXpHCTHANOC H(^Hpi N XpHCTHANOC lo

NnF C^TW NXpOX NTHl O^FHO)! NN112^(JL)A0N FNFg


goAcDc oyog nAicDT nF anactacioc niFnApxoc
NTP hfAitinh nc^vipi goDq np niodannhc niNi(y+
NFnApXOC NTS TKAnnATOKIA AomON FTA
noypo NAy FeMFTxcopi nhaIcdt anactacioc is

AqFpFTlN HMOq glTFN NnFqiCOT lODAMNHC


niFnApXOC NTF iKAnnATOKlA AqboKq NFnAp-
XOC 212CFN MFAiTHNH NFM inAAlCTlNH THpC
NXCDpA FNAqXH TAp HF J^FN KF NpOMHl NXF
ANACTACIOC HAICDT FTAq^"! NfHFTFnApXOC 20

oyog A noypo + NAq n r nojo nhatoi FyJoHK


FHFqNOyMFpON HF t>FN nXlNOpFq AMA^l 2^E
gixFN fnAAicTiNH THpc NXcopA oyo^ AqcyiNi
glTFN NINIO)'}- NTF ^noAlC NCA OyCglMl FCTAl-
HOyT KATA nTAlO NNIMFAiTCDN FTCOTH i^lNA 25

NTFqoAc NAq bFN oypAMoc NCFHNON oyo^^


nAipH+ Ay+co^Ni NAq Fyxo) hmoc xf ufnoc
HMON bPN TAi noAlC THpC*FCFpnpFni NTTF-

1) Read FXeNoyK.
102 oyFrKCDMiOM FAqTAoyoq nxe niMAKApiOC

fol. 120. KAKZICDMA NFM niTAlO HTF TFKMPTNIO)'}-


EBhA F KipA GFOrMCDCTA TO^Ppi H-toNHClOC
niKOHHC fiTE +ocnoAic (|)H ETXH t»A niFpa^ityi
NTP TEKHETNia^+ Oy nApOEMOC TAp TE ECXH
bEN Th NpoMni N(|)00Y oyog >IM0N gAl t>FN {

TAl XCDpA THpC HHeAiTCDN EBmA EnEClCDT


NEMnEqHiNeoq ^e AqoyAgCA^Ni bE^^ i'oyNoy
AyiNl NntCKJOT AIONHCIOC Aqf NAq NTEC6"pHXl
NNOyB ETE nECjyl HE NCOn B XCDplC gANTAlO
ENAcyoDoy n^M gANEBiAiK n-^oioyr gl CglHl H
OyOg Aqi" NAC N^ANgBflDC HEM gAN^icDM NEM
i^ANKOl NEM gANMANAAoAl EyOl flNATTyMO-
cioN oyog Aqd'iTC MAq Eyc^^iHi AqHEMpirc
hlHAtyO) gCOCAE NTEqFpnCDBCy fl'J'KAnnOTOKlA
(sic)NFM NEqio+ oyog fiTEqcycom I^en -fnA- 1£

AicTiNH lyATE noc XFM nEqa)iNi HMAy etacx-


(1)01 AENAq NXE TAMAy KipA GEOrNCDCTA
+cyNKAHTiKH AqMoyi" FOApAN XE rFU)prioc
KATA (\>\)hn fi4)ia)T fmEqicoT oyog achici
NAq ON NXE TAMAy NKECa)Nl B-j" NCglMl (])pAN 2C
NNOyl XE KACIA ^KFOyi XE MAGpCONA AqFH-
TON MHOq NXE nAMAKApiOC NIOOT ANAC-
TACIOC niFnApXOC AqXAT FlbFN T NpOHni
't'Oyi bEN NACODNl EcbpN NpOHTTl i"KOy\
9"

EcbEN poNini cNoyt Menenccoc AyecDO) 2t


NNOyEnApXOC E(])MA NnAlCDT E HEqpAN HE
loycTOC Aqa)a)ni nhi NNoytyEBio) NnAHAKA-
piOC NICJDT NGOq ON HE ETAqepoyboKT NCT-
PAthAathc exen e Na)o t^ihatoi oyog Aqe-
poycbE nApAN ^iten noypo Eepi^i nr no^o 3gji
NFnicKonoc abba GFOAOTOC. 103

NNOMICHA KATA ABOT OyOg NAqCCDOyNOy


NNS^'^i AN np bPN npqHi fbhA f(|)h Fxpq-
NAOyoMq NFH 4>H FTFqNAcoq AAAa amok
nF FTFp'AlKlN HRFqAMAgl HFM nFqKFHl OyO^
Aqtt)n NTFcjtyFpi mhi Fepi^iTc bpN oyrAMOc 5

NCFMNON FyCOn Gti FqHOKMFK Fipi fmigOH


FpOl NFHAC A HeCDO^ NpCOHl NIBFM pCDHl HMOq
AqClNl UTIAI MANSCDlAl NTF nAl BIOC flF(|)-
Awoy /\i0OHcq Bfn niFM^Ay ntf hamaka-
plOC NICDT FpF noc i-FMTON NCDOy a)A FNF^ 10

AMHN ANOK gO) AIXCOK FBOA NTA HETMATOl


fol. 121. NKAAoDC OyOg t>FH OyCO^Nl NTF NATAXa)pA
NFM nTMA+ NTAMAy Fycon oyo^ Ai^i nm
NgANXpHMA MFH gANTAlO Ayi HFMflDOy bPN
oyxoi F(|)a)i nF FpF nafbiaik Moa)i nfmhi nF is

All FTAl noAlC Fepli" NCDTFN h\ Nioypcjooy


NNlXpHMA MFM NITAIO XF glNA NTFTFNAIT
NFnApXOC F(|)HA flNAlO'V FTAyClNl AomOH
bFN nxlNOpiNAy FpCOTFN FTApFTFMXO) flCfJO-
TFN NKff NTF T(|)F MFM HKAgl (|)Al FTAq+ 20

NODTFN N+MFTOypO oyO^ NTFTFMCyFMO)! NnCA-


AANAC AIXOC bFN HAgHT >:F MFTOypO NIBFN
FGNHOy FBOA glTFH nCAAANAC NFH NFqU)Hpi
FTE fieCDTFN HF MApOyTAKO nAipH+ Al^ NNlX-
pHMA NFM NITAIO NNlKOyXl NCNHOy NTHl NTF 25

nAoc mc nxc nai FTFM(n)a)A HHcaoy f^^otf


pOOTFN NGCDTFN OyOg All gApODTFN FepiCOgl
ntftphmftco^" ^Annoyi an hf FpF
xf
TFHOycOCyT HHCDOy aAAa gANAFMCDN FTOA^FM
NF ic gunne aitahcoten EnAjjcoB THpq xf ao
104 oyFrKCDHiON FAqTAoyoq nxe niMAKApioc.

ANOK OyXpHCTHANOC NnAppHClA FIMA2+


FnAoc Thc nxc ())h etf^ncdten Xpirq nhi
NlOypCOOY AF FTAyCWTEM FBoAglTOTq 2CF
OyHFAlTODN HE NKAnATOKOC OyO^ XF na)Hpi
nE NniNio^t NFnApxoc cATOToy AyENgoyp
TTF2s:a)oy NAq hEN gAHCAxi nkoAakia :sf ni-

^EAcyipi ANFMl OyN FnFKTAlO NEH GHETEy-


TEf^HC NNEKlO't -fuoy AHOy CCDTEH NCCDN
2fE

oyog MApF npNco^Mi pANAK ApicyoycyoDoyo)!


NNlMOyl- fipEq^pO glNA NTEK^l EBOA ^ITOTOy IC

OyMONON NGMETEnApXOC NNEKlO-i" aAAa TEN-


NAAtT K NgyrOyHFNOC gi:SFN niKOCMOC THpq
Eycon oyO(^ henenca ^loypcooy nbok he ^ina
rtH FTFKOyAO^Oy NTFKboKOy NKOMHC ^EN NlF-

nApxiA THpoy NTF niKocMoc THpq oyog l^


NToyojoom nxf Mi^yrEMCON nem Mi^yroyHFNOc
I' MEM MiAoy2; bA nEKAMA^i h^u hai nibfnJ
AqFpoyd) fixF nieMHi Eqxo) hmoc xf q^fiooy
HHACyO) NXE nAl C06"rU NTGDTFM ^Al ET^l
FnTAKO NEHODTEN hAhn HATAHOl 0) NtANOMOC 2(

XF n\M fmoy+ ntcoten FpETEMoyoDcy FepicycoT


fol. 122. MAq oyo<3 AqEpoyd) nxf 2^A2^ianoc xf ENoyooo)
rEcopnoc FepFKcycoT wniAnoAAcDM ())h FTAqla^i
NT(|)FAqppoya) nxe niMAKApioc xe icxe niA-
noAAcDM np FTAqijyi nt())f cd noypo \f kaAodc 2{

AKHoyi" Fpoq XF noyi oyo^ icxe nociTa)N he


FTAqTAXpO NniKAgl \f HAI KFOyAl OyNOyi" ON
nE Ko)mi AN 0) niAeMoyf- Excoq niApAKcoN ft-
bFN (j)MOyN EKMOyt F TAl GOycOT NAFHCON
FT^'AbEH XF NOyt Al^'OK 2^F EGBHTK AN 3(
NenicKonoc abba eEOAoroc 105

0Y2^e E^BP NEKKEOypCDOY NAeNOY+ EegEHci


NEMAK A^Aa EGBE MAI MHC^ ETO^l EpATOy
'1-NA(|)ipi EeBE 2A^^0Y0N bEN NlXriOC EK0ON-
GEN NniAnoMcDH NNiM 0) noypo EKeoneEH
MMoq EmNt(y+ nExpoc nAN2s:a)x NNiAnocxo- 5

AOC ETAY't NAq NNia)Ott)T NTH THETOYpO


(|)H

t^Ni(|)HOYi IE EKeoHGEN EniHia)+ ehAiac niGEC-

ByTHC (|)Ai NNOYArrpAoc ^ixen


ETAqcyconi
nKAgi oyog AyoAq et(()e ^en gAN^ApMA
NXpCJDH g^pA fjGOq TIE ETCOTn OJAN nOClTODM 10

HE niMArOC ETCOq if CMApAKTOC ETCOq (|)H


ETAqEpgiK EnixpcDH EAqc^coni n^H nn et-
coq GH FToyHoyt" Fpoc 2CE i-HETiA oyog AC-
MlCl NCApA(|)lN NpEqt hsn 4>10H NAl 2^E EGBE
NOYE^BHOyl ET^ODOY AYC^TOY EnojCDK H(1)10H 15

oy nE ETEKMEy'i Fpoq d) noypo ie^abeA gh


ETAcbcDTEB NNinpO(|)HTHC a)A MApiA i^nAp-
GENOC ET^OCl GAl ETACMICI HAN NHENOC IHC
nxc 6ia)ini nak 'fuoy «> niATKAt ^je ^an-
AEMCON I^E NEKNOyt ETd^AbEM OyOg ETCOq 20

ETAqCCJDTBM 2^E ENAN^ NXE 2^aMAN0C HOy-


po AqMOg Nxa)NT MMAojo) oyog AqEpKEAEylM
FGpOyBAa)q FBOA NNEqE^BCDC NAI ettoi
2ia)Tq AqGpoyboKq NNoynEpicoDMA
oyog
gixEN TEq+ni oyos AqGpoyA(yq EniEpMETA- 25

piON NToygcDKi MMOq a)ATE HFqKAC qa)2£i


FBoAbEH nFqccDMA oyog NAqXH ne bsm ka
Nponni nE hem r habot he coyAi N(l)Ap-

1) Sic; read. ENAl.


14
106 oyFrKooHiOH FAqTAoyoq nxf niHAKApioc.

Moyei TTF nicyopn fiFgooy etayfpbacami2;im


MniGMHi Nt>HTq oyog MApe nFqccoMA FeoyAB
fol. 123. [oy]oa}FM hvYi oycMOq nF MAqAMom fiTorq
NXF niMAKApiOC bF^^ MAI FphOT FT^OCl HHAl
pwi" haAin om Aqepf oy fiNoyecooyi fiBFriim
FNFq(fAAAyx AqepoygCDTq fiMFq(5'AAAyi: fmi-
iqr F^oyM Fniecjooyi oyog MApF nFqcMoq
CFK ^A-f nF H4>pH+ NMoyMcaoy nAAiN
ON NAqepoygiTq ;^\x^i\ nFqcot Aqepoygioyi
FXEN TFqNFXlNX NK0y4)0C (^ATF TFqNFXl
^)ix>h oyog NH FTCAboyN MMoq (j)a)H fboA
^ixEN nKA^i oyo^ Aqepoygioyi gii:FN TFqA^)^
^FN 2ANKOy4)OC NBFMini OyOg FpF 2AMA(j)F
TOi FpODoy o^ATF nFqANKF(j)AAoc cyoyo fboA
t>FN nFqa)Ai FqoyoBo^ H(|)pHf fmiFpa)+ oyog
NAqCDOy NgHT nF bFH NAl THpoy F0BF XF
MApF nXC TAXpO NTFq\|/yXH NgpHl fll^HTq
nF oyo^ nAAiN on Aqepoy'iNi n^angok nbf-
Nini oyog NAyoi fipcjoq (sic) NBAa)oyp oyoj^
AqepoyFp nFqccoHA N(l)a)l3 (|)a)b NJoHToy oyog f

AqoyAgcAgNi F0poy\Ni NNoygMoy nfh oy- ',

gFHX NNAnAC OyOg NCF(|)0N0y gliCFN NFqFp-f


boT oyo2 Aqepoybil- NnFqccoMA i^FN nitcoici
NqODl a)ATF NFqKAC qODXl gFl glXFN HKA^l
NKOyXl KOyXl TTlMAKApiOC 2!iF AqXATOTq
fboA nF F4)Moy aAAa NApF noc XAXpO NHFq
TTHA NloHTq TTF oyo^ Aqepoyo^Toq ^^i^vh
oy^Aox No^F AqepoygcJDTq n k Niqr FnFqccoMA
F^oyN FnKfAox no^f oyog AqepoyqAi HHoq
Fqoi NATFMi oyo^ NCFoAq Fnia)TFKO oyog '

I
NsnicKonoc abba 0FOAOTOC. 107

NApe gANMHU) np bEN MH FTOgl FpATOy


MniF^OOy FTFMMAY FYpif"'! t'QBF nCAl fiTB
TFq^Y^"'^'^ HFM TFqMETBFpi OyOg NAyXO)
HMOC NNOyppHOY HF XF 0) NFM GHFTCAIF
HnAi aAoy i^imfAitcjon nfm neoptypFO) MnFq- s

CODMA FTTAIHOYT FTA NAl nApANOMOC TAKOq


nUM pH+ bFN MAI BACANOC FTt>OCl HHAl pH^
FTAYFNOY P2ktt)q bPN nAi Fxcopg 0Y02 ftay-
i^a)A FNOYHl NAY2f(Jl> HMOC HP flNOY^^O'^'l '^P'^^

NOYJi)Hpl 2fF AAHea)C AtinAY t>FN NFNBAA 10

N(|)OOY NNAO) NpHi" NFM AC^ NCMOT CXF2^F0N'


MApF +BAKI THpC (l)ipi Fpoq nF HniFSCDp^
THpq FTFMMAY [AJco^COm 2iF bFN T(|)Aa)l
MniFxcop^ AqoYONgq ppoq h^n nic^TFKO ukb
fol. 124. OYArrpAoc nnoycoini OYOg oynio^^ mmonmfh is

Aqa)a)ni gcocAF ntf +baki kim a)A NFCCFN-f


OYOg ic noc Aq\ FboYN Fnia)TFKO mfm
(^ANMANeBA^ NNArruAoC FYOYAB NTAq OYO<J
A niMA THpq Mog FBoA hpN oyceoiNOYqi
ETCOTn MMAOJO) OyO^ A noC MOY+ Fpoq 20
MnAipH+ FqXO) MMOC XF nAMFNpiT TFCapriOC
TCONK EnU)a)l FKFNKOT OYOg FKOyOS: MMOH gAl
NTAKO a)on MMOK bpN ^-OY^'OY Aqqosq
Fno^O)! MMOM gAl NFMKAg a)on bFN nFqCCDMA

FOTHpq aAAa NAqoi M(|)pH+ nnoyai FTAq- 25


TODMq FBoAhFN OYApicTOM NNOYpo oyog FTAq-
glTq FHFCHT AqOYO^OJT MnoC nAipH+ AqAMOMI

1) Sic; read. CXF2^0n(?)


2) Sic; read gAHAHANGBA.
108 oyFrKCDMioN FACjTaoyoq N2^*e niMAKapioc.

HMoq AqToyOMcq' oyo^ AqEpAcnA2;Fcep


MMoq oyog aqgioyi Nxeqxix gixPN ntqccDMA
THpq AqMAgq nxom oyog nexAq ^aq xe x^m
NOMi" oyo^ d"poHHOK nAHENpiT AMOK i"a)on
MEHAK a)ATEKi"a)mi NNAl OypCDOy NANOMOC
+a)pK HHOl HMIN MMOl 0) rECOpnOC nAMENpiT
XE NHE OyON TCDNq t>EM NlMlCl NTE
H(])pH'1-

NlglOMl EMAAq EICOANNHC nipEq+CJOMC nAipH-}"


T^E oyoN ojconi bEN NiHAprypoc EqeENecoNT

EpoK oyog i^E oyON (ycani EqoMi hmok oja i

ENEe IC gwnnE XNAEp^ NpOHni EyEpBACA-


Ni^i>i MMOK NXE HAi o ^^^^oypo nanohoc
XNAEp 2Anmh(^ Ni:oM oyo2 XNAMoy w r
Ncon oyo^ i-NAToyNOCK oyog ^eh niMAgS
Ncon i^NHoy a)ApoK ^^^cen oy^wni NNoyooiNi ]|

NEM NlTArMA NEnCOpANION NEM NinpO^HTHC


MEM NlAnOCToAoC NEM NiXnoc MMApxypoc
oyog fiTA6"i Ni"nApA0HKi ftai6aAoc EpOK
ETAqKHN AE EqXO) NNAl NAq NXE niCClDTHp
Aq+ N+gipviMH NAq oyog AqMA^q NpAa)i 5

THpq Aqc^A Enc^coi ENi(j)HoyT neh ne-


qArrEAoc NApE niHAKApioc comc Ncooq nE
oyo^ Aqcpconi nxe nieMHi EqpAa)i hmaujo)
EqcMoy E(])'t- o^ATE ni(oy)a)iNi (^Ai egbe nh
\ '^
ETA noc xoToy t^Aq Eta o^cDpn 2^e u)a)m )i

AqEpKEAEyiN NXE niANOMOC NNOypO NEH NH


EGNEMAq EepoygooA Emj^TEKo oyog NToy^Ay '

XE meMHi ONt> a)AN mhon oyog ETAyoycDN

1) Sic; read. AqTOywocq.

I
NPniCKonoc abba euoa.oToc. 109

lol. 125. ^H M^\na wmo^TEKo AyNAy FniArioc Fqogi


FpATq Fnicyu^AviA (sic) wApe nsqgo upoycoiMi
H(|)pH+ Nl(|)pH OyOjJ AyFp(y(])Hpi MHAO^O) Ay-
^oxi AyTAHE NioypcDoy FgcDB oyog
NiBFN
AyoyAgcAgHi FepoyFNq fxem uibmha oyog ^

hFN nxiNepoyFNq af MAq2s:a) hmoc he xf


nANoyt nANoyt ha+sghk Fpoi f0bf oy nA-
MOy+ FKNAXAT NCCOK nANOyf ICOC HHOK
FnxiNNAgMFT FTAq(j)02 2!kF FniBHMA nF2s:Aq XF
niBHMA niBHMA All gApOK OM WeOK NFM MFK 10

(sic) nFKAnoAAcDN an ok ^cd mfh nAoc Thc nxc

FTAyNAy AF Fpoq n5:f ^aANOHOC AyFpa)(])Mpi


nFX'cooy MAq xf fobf oy hhon ^^^^ MiTFTgcDoy
(^on HMOK AN 0) rFcapnoc oyog nih hf FTAq
TAAdOK nFXF niGHHl NODOy 2s:F TFTFNFHna)A 15

NGCDTFN AN NIANOHOC FCOTFH F())pAN


01)

H<])HFTAqTAA^Ol ^FN NFTFNMAO^X FTgODOy


TOTF AyXCDNT bFN OyFNBON (sic) AyFpKFAFy\N
Fepoy^coAK fboA NniXnoc N^Ncynoy Fydbci
oyo^ NCF't^ NAq N y NTAypFA hFN nFqcoi 20

oyog NCF(})0N2q oyog ncf^ NAq nkf y NTpq-


NFXl nAipH-t" A NFqCApZ (j)OT())FT^) OyOg AygFl
gixFN niKA^i NKoyx Koyxi oyog NApF nFqc-
Noq ctt)K bi(|)pH't- NNoyMODoy nAipH+ Aqe-
pOyiNl NNOyKONlA flATCDO^FM OyO^ NCFTAAoq 25

giXFN nFqccDMA oyog Aqepoy(j)a)N NNoygFHX


NFH oyewN gixFN nFqccDMA oyog Aqepoy-
pCDlC Fpoq hFN nia)TFKO UKt H t^lMATOl NFH

1) For (|)0Te(])FT2.
110 oyErKCDHiON FAqTAoyoq fixe niHauapioc.

F NepiBOy^'OC 0)A nFqpAC+ TTlMAKApiOC 2^^


A nixpcDH ^^F2Cl h^n nFCjCcoHA Twpq oyog;
Aqhici MMAtyo) nF a noc Thc NAy FnFqMKAg
2fF OyWl MAqcyXFMXOH AM HF FCAXl FnTWpq

Aqi FOFCHT FBOA^FN niHA FT(Tbci MTF T(j)F


NXF nFMOC 1HC nxU OyOg AqCAXl MFHAq FqXCD-
MHOC 2s:F Al^FpOK N0OK HAHFripiT TFODpriOC
TCDNK FBOA bFM MFKJsiCl THpOy XFHXOH >£F
ANOK +a^on NFHAK oyo^ AqTCDMq fisF nieHHi
A noc gioyi NTFqxix gixFM nFqccDHA Twpqi
AqTAA(T6q oyog Aq+ MAq N+ewpwi^^" (sic) Aqi
gfloA FncycDi FMi(|)Hoy\ t»FM oycboy mfm oyTAtb

niHAKApiOC AF MAqXH ^FM niU)TFKO HF FqFp


\|/aAin a)ATF nioyoDiNi a)Ai mihatoi af FxpcDic;

Fpoq MFM HiepoyBoyNOC^ FTAywAy f (|)h FTAq-i


fol. 126. cyoani wniArioc FqToyxHoyr AyFp(y(|)Hpi oyog
AyTAHF NioypcDoy nFXF noypo 2^aaiamoc xf'
rFCOpnOC OyCAb MHAFOC HF aAAa +NACtt)TFM
Fpoq AH NKFCOn O^ANTAINI NNOyCA^ HHA
roc FqoyoT FpoK^ CATOxq AqgFMCi AqcbAijJ
NNoypnicToAH Fqxo) hmoc xf noypo!
AA2ilAN0C FqcbAl FBOA hFN niKOCMOC THpq
XFpFTF XF MArOC HIBFN FTF OyOM O^XOM
MHOq F+OyO) FBOA NMlMAriA NTF MlXpHC-
THANOC MApFq\ gApOl OyOg ANOK i-HA+ MAq '

N p wAlTpA NNOyB NFH C wAlTpA N^AT NFM


KTHCic MiBFM FTFqoyA(poy oyo^ qMAcyconi

1) Sic; read. NiepyBOyNOC.


2) Sic; read. Fpoq.
MFHlCKOnOC ABBA 0FOAOTOC. Ill

HHA^B t>FM TAHFTOypO MAI cbAl 2vF AYOO^Oy


KATA MA ic gwnnF AqoyoMgq fboA nnFMeo
Mnoypo oyAi f nFqpAH hf XeAHACioc
hxjc

Fqxo) t^iMOc iT HAoc noypo onh cyA fnf^


XpiKFAFyiM FTF HFqpAN XF TFODpriOC
(|)Al 5

FepFq\pi NNoy^cDB nnAMeo eboA oyo^ anok


FGNABCdA NNFqMAriA OyOg AqpAO^l HHACyO)
riFXAq NniMArOC XF Oy N^COB HF FTFKHAAiq
hinAl^ieO FBOA ^XHA MTAFHI XF KNA^pO FMl-
MAriA NTF HAl XpHCTHANOC OyOg HFSF A0A- lO

MACIOC NinoypO XS ApiKFAFyUl FOpOyiNl MHl


fjNOyHACl AqOyAgCA^Ml FGpOyUll NHOyHACl
oyo2 AqcA2fi pbpHi FMiHAcyx AniHACi Aq(|)a)t>

AqFpB noypo af AqccuBi nFXAq x^ aAhgcdc


N0OK FGNABCDl' FBOA N^aHA^lA NTF MlXpHC- 15

THAMOC HFXF AGAMACIOC HHOypO XF HApOyiHl


HHi NHOyHAO)! FTAyFMC Aygioyi nhihfAoc
NTF niHACl FboyM FpOC bPM niCAB NTF +HA-
0)1 oyog Ayl FBoA Fycywo) hfh MoyFpwoy
oyog noypo af AqGpoyiNi NAq HniXnoc rFcop- 20

rioc HFXAq NAq xf rFcopnoc fgbhtk AiHoy^-


FHAl CAb HHArOC FT^FN TAHFTOypO IF NTFK-
BU)A FBoA NNFqHAriA \e NTFqBODA NNOyK •

FBoA niArioc af rFcupnoc nFXAq fmoypo xf


MHApF HlXpHCTHANOC FT^Wn FnxC FpHAriA 25

FMFg CD niACFBHC UFXF niAPlOC NHlHArOC XF


\(JDC HMOK O) nAO^Wpi (])H FTF^NAK ApiTq
nxcdAfm tc gnnnE +NAy FiTigMOT ntf $f

1) Sic; read. FGnABCdA.


112 oYFrKODMiOH FAqTAoyoq nxp niMAKApioc

FTAqbcDNT FpoK Agamacioc AF Aq(fl NNOyA-


(J)OT AqMAgq FBoA hvn NFqHAriX AqppFniKA-

fol. 127. AlCGF N^ANHlcyt fipAM N2vFHa)M Fgpwi FXCDq


oyog AqTHiq NiniXnoc rFCDpnoc FepFqcoq
FTAqCOq 2^F HOF ^Al HnFTgCDOy o^cDni HMOq
nFXF AGANACIOC XF 0) TFCDpnOC KF A^OT HF F+-
MATHiq NAK Fojcon HHF gAi HnFT^cDoy cycDni
HHOK AMOK ^^ N+NAHAgi"' FnFKriOY+
Aq^l fmiA(|)OT NXF AGANACIOC niHAFOC AqXO)
N^AMNia)'^ NpAM NZ^FHCDM FyC^OY P^OTF Ml-
cyopn AqTHiq MniGHHi Aqcoq HnF gAi fthft-
gcDoy tycDni HHoq AGA^^ACloc 2iF AqgiTq
FnFCHT hApATq HniXnoc Fqxo) hhoc MAq xf
i-CJDpK FpOK NThC nxC MOl NHl ^^ Ni"C<j)pAriC

NTF ThU <])H FTFKCyFMtyi MHOq glHA NToyX-


oyoDM nm NGHFToypo NNi())Hoyi FTAq-
^ud

NAy FnFqNA2+ nxf niHAprypoc FGoyAB


Aqt Noy(yFN(j)AT bFM niKAgi oyo^ Acq-
1/ oxcq' FncycDi nxf oyMCDMi'' HMCDoy fchf^
NCGouioyqi ftcoth HMAcycD oyog X niMA- ^

KApiOC TCDBg bFM nFT^HH Aq\ NXF GOD-


MAC niXnocToAoc Aq+CDMC nmaganacioc ni-
MArOC bFN (])pAM N(|)ia)T NFH nu^Hpl MFM
niTTHA FGOyAB Aq^l AniXO) FBoA NTF NFqMOBl
X niXnocToAoc + NCDoy N^-gHpHnH bFH nFTgwn
Aqgonq FBoAgApcwoy oyog nAipH+ X +Moy-
Hl HHCJOOy TACGOC FRFCHA noypO 2kF FTAq-

>) Sic; read. +NANAet. — ') Read ACqOXCC.


3) Sic; read. oyMoyMl.
NEmcKonoc abba eeo2^oToc. 113

HAY ^'^^' ^^ FGNFMAq TUpoy F^H VTA^^^(XiT^l

AyTCJDHT HHAcyo) oyog AYFpa)(|)Hpi AeAHA-


ClOC AE AqCDO) FBOA MnFMGO NHlOYp«>OY 5CF

AMOK OYXpHCTlAMOC +a)Fn2M0T NTOTq H$i-


NFM nFqBcoK TFCDpnoc 2:f Aqonx FnApienoc 5

NTF HFqFBlAlK AMOK t>A niFprATHC NTF +AXn


lA OYO^ +Fp2FAnic xf nFq^Ai NATAgoi go)
glTFM MlTCDBg NTF niAPlOC TFCDpriOC niMAp-
TYpOC FBOYAB 0Y02 niTYMATOC OYO^ AY"
XCDNT NXF HIANOMOC AYFpKFAFYlH FOpOYW^^l ^0

NNAGANACIOC CABoA N+BAKl NCFCoAl NTFqA(})F


h^H pcDC NCHqi ^AipH-f (sic) Aqxa)K fboA NTFq-
MApXYpiA flCOy Kr NniABOT Ta)Bl NHOYF^OOY
NCABBATOM FpF UFqCHOY F0OYAB (yCDni NFHAM
THpOY tyA FNFg NTF MlFHFg THpOY FTAqKOTq 15

2^F HXF niGHHi FnoYpo npsAq MAq xf (|)h


)1. 128. FTFKoyAcyq XpiTq nm. AqFpoY«) nxf
noYpo nFXAq HAq xf a)F nihoy+ (» rFCopnoc
SF +HACp(JDTq FpOK nAipH+ AqGpoYGa)OY+
NgANAMO^F NFH gANCFBNHT AqGpOYGAMlO 20

NNOYTpOXOC Fq^OCl MHAO^O) OYO^ AqGpo"y


Ta)ic^ Fpoq N p NFqr fyoi NNOYHAgi F(|)0-

YAl AYMAj^q THpq ^FN 2AH(])FpOHlON FY^'WR


HMAcyo) OYOg AY^iOYi Fnu^a)! Bfh HFqo^a)Ag
N^AnAa^OY NFH gAMODTFM NBFNini FYHOKg 25

MMAOJO) AqGpOYGAMlO WniTpOXOC N(])OSl 6+


FYOl NNACTHpiON wbcDK CA HAl CA FqMFg fliqx
NFM (|)FpONlON CA HAl KFCA FqHFg NCHqi NpCWq

1) Sic; read AqGpoyTCOTC.


15
114 niprKCDMioN FAqTAoyoq Nxe niMAKApioc. -

NBAcyoyp FpF AahFM B NXa)lT bHN NOyXCDTg


oyog FpF K f^^ynppeTHc codk kata oyAi nth
NiAAbFH oyo^ AqppKFAEy'iN pepoyiNi nhima-
KAptoc nFXAq MAq xf rFcopriF ic xf fkna-
(yoDT NniXnoAAcDN \f XnaCTi NNoy^pwni fiNoypo

FBOA glTOt Oyoe IC XF FKHO FO^CC IF COMC


^niHANPANOH FTAlGAMlOq NAK C^TK FboyN
^poq FepFqFp^OKlMA^lM hufkcodma xf N[eoK]
oyxcDpi MMATOi riFXF niArioc xf +HrT FnxC
HC. (j)H FTFgNAK AplTq NHl AqFpKPAFyiN FTHiq
FboyN ^niTpoxoc FepoyhcDK Fxcoq nxf gR
flgyriFpFTHC niHAKApiOC AF FTAqNAy Fni-
MANKAMCDN FTXOpX BfN 0MH+ NniTpOXOC AqPp-
CO-f FGBF oypOOHl ^(Oq FqFp(|)OplH NMOyCAp^ ]

maAicta fcxhn MnAi pM+ oyog nFXAq whpHi I

NbwTq 2£E FFCDpnOC j^ApA XNAa)N02EH HHAl I

con [aw] CATOTq Aqcfxwpcy WNFqxix fboA Aq-


TODBg HnAipH+ FqXO) MMOC XF +^0)0 FpOK nAOC
TOC n>CC Oyo^ +a)FngMOT ntotk xf akait
f^FMTta)A N+MFTO^CfHp NTF NFKFHKAg NNOyXAl
M4)pH+ NeoK nAOC FTAyXcyu 2l5CP^' oya)F oyog
AyXAT^ hFN eMH+ NCONl B IC gHnUF AyGAMlO
NHl NNOyTpOXOC FqOl NB FGBF HFRpAN EGOyAB
HANHB CODTFM XF 'tNOy 0) nACCDTHp FOFKBCUK
TFCJopnoc (b (j)H FTF NHF oyoN Fpcyopn Fpoq
FNE2 mATa)lBi- mxAOH NTF NlMApTypOC (j)H
^TAq^CoAK NT(|)F M4)pH+ NOyKAMApA AqcyiTC
bFN OyFMl FnXlNTFCOJOyb 1(0+ glXFN niCCONT

») Sic; read AyXAK. i


N^niCKO^OC ABBA eFQ^OTOC. IX^

129. THpq ())H FTAqeAHio N^iiTwrn ?0p.OYJ4)OYO

NipFqppMOBi eycon (})h pxAqeAMicx hmitcdoy


NFM N^KA^A^l(|?0 bcN
NEH OYMACyi
OY^l
NTSpCOq (j)H FTAqEpFmAlHA,N, NNUCHBHC TH- 5

pOY OyOg NnApANOMOC NAl FTAY^PATCCJDTEM


oyo^ Aq^iToy F<^pHi' FniTApxApoc nte amen+
CHXH HMAY fNOY t>FN niXpCWM NEM ^^l^MOY"
XAOC NTE AHENi" OYOg EY^P^PAA^IN MMCDOY
EBOA^ITEH aAH2^pAKa>N EY^^^OY Apini2viHAN' 10

nAHOY+ NNIACEBHC THpOY OYQg h\HOH ^Al


NAa)+ EboYN F^pEN HEKOYAeCAeNl ^U FTE
t>EN NlFgOOY l^t>AlE EAKOYON^K NAN FBoA
gl^CEN niKAgl 0\ Oa AK(ri CApz l^FN +eE02V0K0C
HApiA +nApeENOC bEN OYHyCTHpiON NNAT 15

bExhcuTq OYPe natehi ppoq nix())o nnaA^n-


eiNON^ ^M ETAqHocyi ^ixen nixoA etf hhe
NEq^AAAY^ ocdAfb hmodoy (J^h fte ^^oA^iten
E NODIK AqepF F Na)0 NpCDHl OYa)H AYCl (|)H
FTAqEppniAiMAn t^i(|)ioh neh nighoy OYOg 20 r/

AYX4 pCUOY [pNXAl] NIBFN CFCCDTEM NAK XF I

[^]AN0AMi6 NTAK THpOY NE HApEq\ NXEHEKNAl


EgpHl FSCON NEH A^'OK bA nEKBCDK TECDpnOC
2£E OYHl FpE niNAl XH NTOTK ^(OK HE HICDOY
NEM nEKlCOT NArAGOC NFM nmFfA EeOYAB a)A 25

ENFg AHHN FTAq+ 2iF MniAMHN AYC^^q FhOYN


FniXpoXOC ETAqgEl 2^E ^EN GMHf NNlOpPANON

1) Read EbpHl. 2) Read ApiEni2vlMAN.


3) Read nnaAhginon.
116 niFrKa)HioN EAqrAOYoq nxf niHAKApioc.

ETxopx AyccDK FxcDq NNoycon NNoyoDT oyog


AqBcoA FBoA hPN oyicDC nikac mem NiAqoyl
AyMoyNK Eycon nirypANoc 2^e Aqcjou) eboA
HnEMGO NNioypcDoy ETKa)+ Fpoq Eqxo) mmoc
XF HMON Noyf ebhA EniXnoAAcoN nem niEp-
MHC NEM ni^^EyC NEM niApAKAwC NEM 'f-AeEN-
HAC NEM i^KAMANApA NEM nOClTODN NAl ETOy-
COAceA NT(])E NAl ET'f-METOypO NNioypcDoy
Eyepo NNixcapi ama^i NniKAgi AqecDN ^Noy
4)+ NrEcapnoc ())n eta NipABXoyXoc Nioyi2^Ai ;

boGBEq EGBE Oy NHEqi NTEqNA^MEq EB0At>EN


NAxix oyog AqEpKEAEyiN E0poya)Ai Nnicycoicy
NTE NEqKAC NEM NEqAqOyi NEM niKAgl ETAqCO)
NnEqcNoq EGoyAB Aqgixoy ehecht eoyAakkoc
ETcyoycDoy NAXMCDoy Aycyopq nitem' cyApcoq J

fol. 130. NAqXO) MMOC nE XE MUnOTE NTE NlXpVICTHANOC


XlMl NNOyo^CDlO) NTOyipi NgANXOM NbwTq ME:
NENCfloc AqTcoNq NGoq NEM niKE ze NNoypo
oyog Ay^a)A EniApicTON NAypAcyi nE xe
Ay6^po EnoyxAsi nE oyo^ I^en 'foyNoy a
niAHp THpq EpXAKi oyog at^e gcoBc N^wni \

A gAN^ApABAl NEM gANCETEBpHX O^CDni A


niKAgl THpq CeEpTEp (pA NEqCENi" A niAp-
XHArrEAoc EGoyAB EpcAAm2;iN ^en fcAA-
nirroc Aql nxe noc ^ixen oy^ApMA Nxppoy- P

BiM NEM (3ANAN0BA NArPEAoc oyo^ Aqoyog


gixFN niAAKKoc nEXE noc mmixahA xe axoc
MnAlAAK[K]0C XE MOl NHl NNlCNOq NEM NIKAC
'

n Read NITEN.
NFniCKOnOC abba eF02^0T0C. 117

NFM NiAqoyi NFM Ni(i)a)ia) NTP TTiOMHi rFcopnoc


eeBF XF AqXOC XF -tNAC^NOgFM HnAl con AN
glMA NTFqFMl bPN nFqjJHT THpq XF ANOK HF
$'1- HABpAAH NFH $+ NICAAK NFM $-] fuAKCDB

oyog A hixahA xay NnFqneo fboA Aq^i hm- 5

KAC NXE noc bFN TFqxix Fqxo) NiHOc i^mAipiit


2kF rFoopnoc nAAAoy + xix FTACFpnAA^iN
MR. NNAAAH NGOC ON 'fNOy nF FTFpnAA2;iN
HMOK CD nAMFNpiT TFCDpnoc oyog AqMiqi
fJdoyn FgpAq Aq+ NAq NinrnFiA NCJONb oyog 10

AqTa)Nq fboA ^fn NHFeHcooyr nxf niXrioc


TFCDpnoc A noc FpAcnA^FCGF HHoq oyog
Aq^VNAq N+^HpHNH AqgcoA Fna)a)i ENi(|)noyi
FqcoHC NCODq fieoq af AqrcoNq Aq\ a)A moy-
pODOy NANOMOC NFM NlKFHATOl FTAyglXq 15

FniAAKKOc oyog npxAq NcDoy pycon xf coy-


(JDNT 0) NIANOMOC 2i'F ANOK UF rECOpriOC ())H

FTApFTFNboeBFq OyOg FApFTFN^lXq FniAAK-


KOC FTAq+NlATq HHoq NSE niACFBHC AAAl-
ANOC OyOg TTFXAq NNIHATOI XF TFqbHlBl HE 20

TF nFXF HAKMFNTIOC noypo N't^ApMFNlA X£


T^IHON TFqbwiBl AN TF aAAa FqONl HHOq
ANATOAlOC XF niCTpATVlAATHC NAqXO) MHOC
NCDOy HF XF TFTFNO^mi AN O) NlAeNOy+ FpF-
TFNXCan N't-MFGHHl aAAa aAhOCDC (|)Al HF TF- 25

(OpriOC niBCJDK NTF $-1^ FTONb FTA HAOC THC


jI. isi.nxc ncywpi h$+ ftonI^ FTAqroyNOcq fboA
bPN NH FGHCDOyT FGBF (j)Al*rAp 2^ ^^'Ag'^

1) Read FTACFpnAA^lN.
118 niFrKODHioN EcqTAOYoq msp niHAKApioc.

FnAuc mc nxc anok mph nahatoi THpoy


FTHOa^l HeHHl TOTF Aq^CONT NXP HIACHBHC
2^AAiAN0c AqFpKF^FY\N FepoyoAoY CABOA flf-
noAic oyo^ ncfaitoy ni HApXH oyog ncF-
6"6T^a)TOY NTCHqi (})AI np nipM-l- FTAyxoDK
FBOA NTOyMAprypiA NCOy Kr MHIABOT MFXlp
oyoij Ay6'i wnixAoM nmattako Fyipi hr nojo
MMATOl NFM noyCTpATHAATHC Al^AToAlOC HFM
e na)o fboA^fn nimho) etoj^i FpAToy ^an-
goDoyr NFM gAN^^ioMi oyo^ NApF niXrioc i

TFcoprioc ogi FpATq Fq+MOMi" NCDoy Twpoy


tyAToyxoDK fboA nkaAcdc FpE noycMoy FeoyAB
U^CDni NFMAN THpoy a)A FNFg AMHN MFNFNCA

NAl AqFpKFAFyiN FGpOyo^TO HniGHHl glXFN


oy^Aox NBFNini oyog NCFgoorq NnFqcoi Fboyn
Fni^Aoi: on haAin on Aqepoynog NNoyxAA-
R KION NTAgT NTOyCA^I" t>ApOq OjATOyFp
]^i(])pHi- NNOyHCDoy AqepoyXoycDN Npcuq Ani-

Xrioc NToyxo(^q F^pwi FTFqNF^n FqBFpBPp


NHF gAl MnETgCDOy OJCDni HMOq AqFpKFAFyiN 2
NXF niACFBHC NCFqCDXl NNUqT FBoA^FN HFq-
CCDMA NCFAcyq Fnu^CDl ^FN OyTAp NTF OyO^HN
NCA NFq4)AT OyO^ NCFMOyp NNOyCDNl NCA
nFqMoyr AqFp NFgooy nfm NFXcapg FqAcyi
i \

Fjjpwi a)ATF nFqcNoq cyoyo FBoAt>FN nFqa)Ai 2


H(|)pH't NNOyHCDOy FTA I AF NF^^OOy XflOK
FBoA AqepoyXAq frfcht nxf aaaianoc niry-
pANNOC oyog NApF oyKoyxi NNiqi coxn NbwTq
nF oyog AqepoyojToq j^ixfn niKA^i Aqepoy-
gioyl FXFN nFqccDMA hpN pa)C NTcwqi icxen s
NsniCKonoc abba gfoaotoc. 119

NPq(|)AT o)A TEqX^)? oyog AyAiq N(|)a)b (|)a)b

THpq iTA AqepoYCioyi p^^fn TtqA(J)e bpN


oykfApbin a)ATFC(|)a)b haAim on AqepoyKCDjy
Nnmyproc ntp xa)q nfh nichbi NTppAxq
bEN OYKeA[E]BiN oyog AqepoyiNi NNOYNia)+ 5

Niiqr' sqAoBO) NXpcoH AqepoYgiTq FboYN


ol. 132. FHFqMACyX NNOyBlNAM^ Ayi NXF NlgYTTPpFTHC
^ygiOYi Fxcaq cyATFql FBoAt>FN niKFCA oyog
AqepoYqAi HHoq Fqoi NpFqMCJooYT NCFoAq
Fni(yTFKO NAqXH XF HF ^FN nia)TFKO NXF 10

niGMHi NAqcyon nF Bfn OYNity}- wbici fgbf


NIBACANOC FjbFN UFqCCDMA FGOYAB bPN niF-
XCOpg OyN HHAg f F NApF (|)H F0OYAB BfN
NinAyrH a noc mc nxu i cyApoq bPN nicy-
TFKO NFM NFqArrFAoC FGOYAB OyOg Ania)TFKO 15

Mog NNOYcoiNi nF2s:E noc N Aq XF PFcopnoc gunnp


i-FpKFAFYlN NAK TCDNK Ogl FpATK glXFN MFK-
(TaAay^^ fkoyox OYoe bFN foYNoy AqrcDNq
FqOl NATTAKO AqFpACnA^FCGF MMOq NXF HOC
oyo^ Aqeioyi NTFqxis gixFN nFqccoMA rwpq 20

AqMAeq NNOM+ HFXAq NAq XF TCDOyNOY


ntfk^cdA a)A NAi ACFBHC NNoypcooy oyog
NTFK+Cymi NCDOy NFK NOyNOyt 2CFMN0Hi-
NnEpFpCcI- +CyOn NFMAK NCHOy NIBFN ^-XO)
FTB. MMOC NAK 0) nAHFNpiT PFCWpnOC XF OyON 25

oypAcyi a^on bFN t(|)f fxfn hfuamoni ntotk


oyog A niArrpAoc gfAhA fxfn nFK+ FGNANFq
ic gwnnF fNoy K^f Nponni ^lAojoDni FKo^on

\ •

1) Read NiqT. 2^ Read NOyiNAM


120 nierKcuMiON FAqTAoyoq fixp niMAKApioc.

beN NAl BACAMOC PBoAglTFN MlOypCJDOY NACE-


BHc oyo^ XNAHoy i^ r Ncon -^Nwoy anok
NMIN HMOl NFM NlArrpAoC FGOyAB NTA6"1
NTEKXl/yXH NTA+ FMTON MAK t>FN KPNCj NNA-
BpAAH NFM NICAAK NFM lAKflDB I^FN HinApA-
2iicoc NTE noyNoq hai af fta nUc xoToy
MAq oyog Aqi" NAq N+^wpHMH AqgoDA Fna^cDi
FNi(|)Hoyi bFN oyoDoy FqcoMC Nccuq n niXrioc
^F rpcopnoc AqFp niFScapg THpq Fqa^AwA ojatf
nioycDiMi a)Ai fta o^copn af cycom a niAMO- i

HOC NHOypODOy FpKFi\FyiN FFNq glXFN niBHHA


nFXF NAKHFNTioc noypo NAq XF 0) rFcopnoc
i-oya)a) FMAy FoyMniNi fboA ^itotk u)f nANwn
(sic) nipH'j- (sic) fnfm (sic) niiog^ mfm +Ap-
j

TFHIC GMAy NmNOy+ THpOy i-NANA2+ gO) H

FnFKHoyi" Thc nxc ^ XF tFMl


XB NnFKXF HFGMHl FNF^ aAAa MATAMOl 2CF

FKFpFTiN WNAy noypo XF nFXAq NAq XE gwnnF


fol. 133. IC O wepONOC FOAIHA OyBFT NIU)F NTF OlOyAl
nioyAi HMCDoy gANoyoN bFN oya)F MMACoy- 5

TAg NF gAMOyON FBoA^FN NIC^F NATOyTAg


NF Fa)a)n ^fn NFKFyXH fiToytoyo) fboA
NToy^enMoyNi ntf nioif MHACoyTAg oycoHg
FBoA bPM NlATOyTAg AMOK g^ fNANA^t
FnFKNOyi" THC CATOTq AqKCoAx NNFqKFAl 1

Aqi" NoyFyXH a nUc FTAq+ af NniAMHN A

') Read HANHB nipH NFM nuog-


2) This break does not occur in the Ms., but it is clea

that the sense requires it.


NFniCKOnoC abba 0FO2^OTOC. 121

OynRA FXEN NiepONOC AYl'OY<i> FBoA Ay^F-


\

nNoyNi NXF NiepoNoc oyo^ a NioyoN nha-


COyTAg <j)tpl HBOA NXCJDBl NEM OyTAg NlKF-
oyoN NNAToyTAg AyTAoyo xcDBi FBoA noypo
AF NFH NlKPO^pCDOy NNACFBHC ETAyNAy F(|)H 5

fboA ^itfn nieMHi Ayo^ini MMAcyo)


FTAqa)(ji)ni

AyCDO) FBoA FyXO) MMOC XF NeOK OYNlOji"


NNOY+ niAnoAAcDN xf Iofn nikfojf FTcyoycboy
AKOyCDNg NTFKXOM FBoA TOTF AqFpKFAFyiN
N^F niANOMOC FGpOyTgFMCO NniAnOC TFCOp- 10

rioc gixFN oy^'Aox n^omt oyog AqepoyiNi


HS. NB NiqT Fyoi NoyHAgi NcyiH AnioyAi nioyAi
HMCDoy oyog AyAoBojoy bFN nixpcan AyeoK-
l^oy bpN nFqx(f)oi b (yAToyi fboA cAbpwi
Nnid'Aox nAipwi- a niGMHi cycDni FqxoTC Fni- 15

G\oK oyog nAipH'f- AqepoyiNi NoyAMu^E wTpq-


(|)a)NK NeMH+ NTFqA(|)E bFN OyMA2Cl NBFNim

Aq0poy(j)a)N Fgpm Fpoc NNoyAAMXAnr FqBFp-


BFp O^ATFqMOg NTFqNFXl NTFql FBoAbFN TFq-
XEBCDAl NFM NFqMAOJX NFM CAbpHl MMOq 20

CATOTq A niXpCDM NFgCl I^FN TFqA<])F NFM


nFqccDMA THpq AqFp M(j)pH+ NoypFqMcooyT
Aqepoyqcoxi NNiirq FBoAbFN NFqx(])a)i- oyog
NToygixq Fboyw FoyF^FNgoMX oyo^ Aq-
0poyCAg+ N+FeF FpF niMAKApiOC wbHTC hv 25

NFgOOy bFN gANO^F NAAoAi NFM gANKAHApi-


coc oyog A noc NAy Fnbici nnieMHi oyog Aq\
a)Apoq gixFN oyd'wni Aqcbo^FM^inixpcDM bApoq
AqTAA6"0 NHFqCCDHA THpq AqepF +F2F NgOMT
(|)a)b bFN TFCMH+ oyog Aqi eboA NbwTc so

16
122 oyerKcoMtoN EAqTAoyoq Nxe niMAKApioc.

fol. 134. NXe niMAKAplOC rPCDpnOC M(j)pH+ NNOyAl


ETAqxoDKUH h^u oycKDOYNi oyo^ Aq\ FBOA
wbHTC oyog A noc FpAcnA^Fceu HHoq Aq-
MAgq NXOM Aq+ NAq Ni-gHpHNH AqojF FncycDi
FNi4)Hoy\ t>FN oyoDoy FqcoMc NcoDq niMAKA-
pioc -AF Aqogi FpATq HnFHGo fiNioypa)oy
MMON 2^1 NTAKO U^On MHOq FTA HIMHO) AE
NAy F^H FTAq(ya)ni AycDo^ fboA xf oyAi ne (fi"

NrEcopnoc ihc nxc ApiBoweiN FpoN NioypcDoy


AF AyepF NiMHO) Ka)i" FpcDoy Ay(bAi NToyA(|)F i

bPN pCOC NTCHqi nAipH-f- AyXODK FBoA NTOy-


MAprypiA Ay6^i NnixAoM ntf ncDwb I^fn
oyFgooy NoycjDT Ncoyi N(])AMF^4a)0 nxf f
N(^0 NlJ/yXH OyOg NApF (|)H FGOyAB tTA^SpO
N^HT NCDoy o^AToyxcoK FBoA finoyXrcDN bPN 1

OygWpHNH NTF $+ AMHN MFNFNCA NAl AyFp-


KFAFy'iN N2kF NioypcDoy FGpOyiNl NNOyMHipi
NKAU) NNAAoAi FGOIOBI NCFT^FMCO MniGMHl
gixFN oycoNi oyog Ayu)ona)Fn nnikao) bpN
gANMAXFpA FyxHp oyo^ AyTFprcDpoy h^n 5

nFqccDMA FGoyAB Ay())a)b NNFqXAox AyAoK-


nf. ^oy FboyN Fpoooy oyo^ AyiNi fboA nnufb
NTE NFqxix NFM NANFq^AAAAyx (sic) AyAozoy
NKAO) AyAoyz on nxf NigynppFTHC nkf b
Fyu^FncycDn Fnojcoi h^n neqcyAicyAToyFi* FncycDi ;j

t»FN TFqA(|)F OyOjJ AyCKFpKFp HMOq glSFN


niCONl FpF NIKAO) GO^^ ^FN DEqCflDMA OJATF
npqcNoq cFKbA^- ^ixfn niKAgi M^pn'l- NNoy-

1) Read UjATOyi.

1
NFmcKonoc abba GFOAOTOC. 123

P MODOy FqCCDK NApF niGMHl boCl MHAO^O) HB


bsN TAi BACANoc haAin ON AqepoyTOM
npqcoi FOYc|)oxi nojf oyo^ ntoytoh Kpoyi
FTFqNExi NToyrocoY NiiTq' AqepoyboKq hPN
0MH+ NT())OXl CNOyf- AyUU NNOyNia)i- NBA- 5

a)oyp NBENini oyog AyBAcq btN eH»'\ Nxcoq


cyANFq^AA?\AYX nAipH-f Aq+ HnirmA CATorq
oyog FTAyNAy xf Aqnoy AyoyAgCAgNiFepoy-
im NNoyNio^'f- nAfbhc n^o^it oyog Ay<3ioyi
NHCCOMA NniXnOC FmAFBHC NFM nFqCNOq NFM 10

NFqAqoy\ Twpoy fnfm nh FTAyccoAn FNiKAcy


NFM NH FTAYCCdAk FNFNNAXgl N+BAa)Oyp
ol. 135. Aqepoygioyi Fxcoq nnoyta^ta nfm oyAC-
(|)aAton nfh oYsyAgA c^atf niu^Ag d'lci CAn-
UJODl NniApBHC NgOYO iF HMAgl NApF niApBHC 15

rAp XH ^FN OY<i)lK FqgwA FUFCHT N a MMAgl


ayfpkfAfyin Fepoytyop itfm Fxcoq nfm nicyiK
CAntgcDi NniKA^i i^KF e mma^i AqepoyKCDT
^IXFN nicyiK NNOYMANXACOGNFq NTF NlOYptOOy
2£F glNA nFXCDOY 2JF NNF NlXpHCTlANOC XFM 20

gAl MMfAoC NTAq NTOYKCDT NNOYHApTWpiON


FXCDq FTAY<i)F NCDOyNXF NlgyTTPpPTHC ^HHRF
Aqojoani nxf oyniu)+ mmonmfn J3Fn niAwp
A nipH FpXAKl A NICIOY OY^Ng FBOA BfN
T^Acpi MniFgOOy FTFMMAY OyOC A noC I FHE- 25

CHT FB0At>FN T^^ NFM gANNANGBA (sic) NAP-


TfAoC nfm gANXOpOC NTF NH FGOyAB FpF mlB
NAnOCToAoC NFMCDOY N^H AAY^^^ noypO NFM

1) Read NiiqT.
124 OYEPKODMION EAqTAOyOq NXF niMAKApiOC.

NinpO(|)HTHC THpOy OyOg A niMA THpq MOg


NNoytwiNi MMA(ya> goDC^e ntp nh eeoYHoy
NH. THpoy ETbPN i-noAlC NEM NIKFACEBHC hoy-
pcDoy NAY pniOYcoiMi NTOygFi THpoy gixpN
noygO A TTOU I FXPN niMA FpE niAEBHC Nt>HTq
AqoyAgcAgNi NrABpiwA niApXHArreAoc Eeppq-
(|)a)h NniKA^i oyog NTEqiNi Ena^oDi NmAEBHc

AqMoyt NXE nuc ^ixen niKEpni nte nfnkac


NniGMHl ET^EN HiAeBHC EqXCO MMOC KB TECDp-
rioc TECDpnoc anok he $+ ())h ETAqroyNoc i

AA^ApOC EBoAi^EN NH ETMCDOyT +0yA2CA2Nl


NAK ON fNOy EepFKOgl FpATK ETEKl EBoA^EN
niAEBHC CATOTq AqTODNq Aqogi EpATq nxf
meMHi EqxHK eboA mmon gAi na^ni NhHxq
AN nE A noc PpACnA^ECGE HMOq AqMAgq
N\0M NEM NOM't" EqXO) MMOC XE TEODpnOC
nAMENpiT (fpa MMOK OyOg NTEKAMONl NTOTK ;

XE AlCEMNl NAK NNOyepONOC ^EN iAhM NT(j)E i

())Al ETE MMON gAl EqONl MMOq bEN NIMAN-

gEMCl NTE NlMApTypOC THpOy NAl ETAyo^CDni '

IC2CEN cyopn oyog nne oyoN cyconi EqoNi mmok


U^A ENEg hEN NlKEOyON EGNACyODni O) HAMENpiT
fol. 136. TEflOpnOC A niMHO) NTE Ninpo4)HTHC NEM
NiXnocToAoc + Nnoyoi AYEpAcnA;^EceE MMoq
nExcDoy NAq xe od oyNiATK aAhgcoc od recop-
riOC niMENplT NTE $+ NEM NEqArPEAoC NFH
NlXEpOyBlM NEM NlCEpA(|)lM OyO^ ANON ^(OM
TEN(yoya)oy mmon n^htk nem tfknio)')" Ngy-
noMONH maAicta ngok mmayatk ^-Noy EGoy-
CDNg EBoA N(|)pAN M^'^ Ben OynAppHClA t>EN
NFmcKonoc abba gfoaotoc •
125

+OlKOYHeNH THpC NFM HFCMO^ FGBP (j)Al


nFNCCOTHp NAOYOHgFK (sic) FBoA gODK bPN
T(|)F FKo^on hpN oycDoy natcaxi HMoq NnFHeo

NniCCDNT THpq NTF T(})F NFM nKAgl Oyoe


FTAyMAgq NpACyi A noC fNFMAq N+2Hp>lMH 5

(sic) Aqa^F FnojcDi fhi(|)hoy'i nfm NFqArrpAoc nfm

NH FGOyAB THpoy NTAq ^FN OyNlO)-]- NODOy


NFM oyTAio niMAKApioc 2^F Aqi FeMHf hm-
GFATpON NTE -tsAKl FpF nFqgO MFg NNOyCDlNl
AqcjDcy EBoA FqscDHMOC XF cDoy NioypcDoy lo

NFM OyON NIBFN FGHOa)! NFMCDOy NFM NIKF


MATOl FTOJOn ^FN TAl BAKl NFM OyON NIBFN
ETa)On N^HTC AMCOINI FBoA THpoy NTFTFNNAy
FpOl FlONb I^EN TXOM MnANOy+ ANOK HE TF-
(OpnoC niMEAlTCDN NTE NIPAAiAeOC ANOK HE 15

ETA NAl AGNOyt NNOypCOOy boGBFT OyOg


AyGOMCT bFN niKAgi A nANoy}- mc nxc
TOyNOCT FBOAbEN NH FGMCOOyT XF NGOq HE
^i" NTE T(|)E NEM niKA^l NIMHO) AE ETAy-
coycuNq xe NGoq nE AycDO) fboA Eyxo) mmoc 20

XE MMON NOyi" JDFN T(])E Oya^F glXEN niKAgl


fbhA eThc nxc $+ NrFCDpnoc himeAitcon oyog
OyCglMl FBoAbFN NlMH(y FTACNAy Fi"(y(|)Hpi

ETAC(ya)ni ACNA2+ nFcpAN HF cxoAactikh


E
ACoya)(yT NniMAprypoc ecxod mmoc NAq xf 25

nAoc TFcopnoc a nAcpHpi Moygn^ NTEq-


EgE XE NTEqCXAl ^EN TKOl ACgEl OyOg
ACMoy i^Noy XE d) nAoc ApiBOHGiN FpoN

1) For Noygn.
126 oypfKcoMioN FAqTAoyoq NXE niMAKApiOC.

fol. 157. 2CB ANON ^ANgHKl nSXP niGMHl NAC XF (Jl NB


MnAi Koyxi N(T^Apa)n etaiamomi MMoq i"NOY,
bsN TAxix oyog HAa)e ne etkoi TAAoq exen
't^EgE Ep[E]xa) HHOC XE HEXE HIBCDK NTE nOC

$+ rECDprioc XE tcjoni cd +e2E eboMden nh.


EeMcooyr -tcgiHi 2^e Acipi kata nipHf eta
niXrioc xoc nac oyo^ Aca)Nb nxe ^e^e ac-
'tcDoy H$+ Accycani ecmhn EniXrioc rpcopnoc
E NApE OyHHO) KCDi" EniXnOC nE Eq+CBO) NODOy
EnxmcoyEN nxc NAycoo) eboA xe oyAi nei
$+ NniAnOC TECOpnOC HIMATOI NXCDpi nte
noypo nxc nEXE Nioypa)oy nnihatoi xe oy
NE NAl 0)0^ EBoA ETOCy NnAipH-f" ETENCCJDTEM
EpoDoy nEXE niMAToi NCDoy XE rECDprioc he
ETAqTODNq EBoAbFN NH EGMCDOyT EpE NlMHOJi
0)0)EBoA EyNAjji- EnEqNoyt" xe AqroyNOCq
EBoAbEN NH EeMO)oyT Nioypo)oy 2^E ETAy-
JB. CO)TEM XE rE0)pri0C nE ETAqO)Nb NKECOn
AyNOBO^n^ E())A20y nE NAyEp^^oi" nE MMACyO)
nExo)oy NNoyEpvioy xe ApHoy Neoq an nE]
OyOg nEXE NlMATOl XE gWnnE TENNAENq
NO)TEN i"NOy ^INA NTETENEHl ^FN OyTAXpO
XE N0oq nE rFO)prioc nimatoi ae Ay'iNi Nini-

XnOC ^IXEN niBHHA NApE niMHO) HOcyl NCO)q


nE oyo^ NAyo)o) nE eboA Eyxo) hmoc xe anon 3

gANXpHCTHANOc NnAppHCiA NAya)0) EBoA np


Ey20)oyo) ENioypo)oy oyog NAyxoNT ENioy-
po)oy nE Nioypo)oy ae AyEpKEAEy'iN nnihatoi

1) Sic; for AyNoyojn.


NFniCKonoc abba eEo2^0TOC. ' 127

F0pOY(TOT^PT NCA NIMHO) AXn f NHl-


ICXt'N ^

FgOy (^A (j)NAY NNAXn Ti" HniFgOOy HMAgB


FybcDTFB NCCDoy nF AY<i)(«ni nxf thbi^ ntf
NH FTAY^l H^lX^O^l bFN niFgOOy FTFMMAy
CFipi NH Na)0 NFH $ Nv|/yXH AygOoA FNl(j)HOyi 6

bpN oycDoy FpF noycHoy peoyAB (ycDm nfman


THpOy a^A FNFg AHHN MFNFNCA NAl AyKOTOy
NXF NioypcjDoy FniXnoc rpcDprioc nF2£a)0Y
NAq XF TFODpnoc na)c aktcdnh fboMdfn nh
\l. 138. FeHOOOyT nFXF niMAKApiOC NCOOy XF nAoC 10

ihC nxc nF FTAqroyNocT fboA^fn nh fgho)-


oyx FGBF (j)Ai i-a)a)n nnai t>ici Twpoy gixFN
npqpAN FGoyAB Aqppoyu) nxf oyAi fboA
wbHToy FHFqpAN nF pAKAiAoc oyo<j npxAq
NniGMHl NHAl pH^" X£ O) TFCOpnOC aAAa aAhGWC 15

+01 i^cy(])Hpi MMOK XF nCDC AK\ FBOAt>FN HAl-


AfBHC FKOl N(j)AXl <|)AXl Oyog FKCA+ FOFCHT
FnKAgl +NOy XF FKOyCDO) NTAHAgt PHFUNOyi*
FGBF NlGpONOC ^F FTAy+OyCO FBoA Oyog
NTFNFHl XF nFKNOyi" HF FTAqFp HAl MHINI 20

a)AN MFNNOy+ NF aAAa IC OycAw NNCDNl


NHAl MA FpF gANpFqMCDOyT fibHTC NTF Nl-

ApXFOc oyog Fcya)n ntfrtcdb^ NnFRNoyf


oyog NTFqToyNocoy Fyonb oyog "tNANAgi"
Fpoq go) AqFpoyo) nxf niMAKApioc rFcopnoc 25

nFXAq XF i-FHl ANOK XF TFTFNMAet AN aAAa


niXpCOM FGNAOyFMGHNOy THpoy hAhN FGBF
^S. 4>Al MH(y FTOgl FpATOy ^-NAGpF HCDOy NnAoc

') Head rf. 2) Read THHi.


128 oyFrKcuHiON FAqxAoyoq nxf niHAKApioc

1/ iHC nxc 0Y^^'8 hboA todmk fieoK npm (J)h

FTFKoyAcyq aoy^jdn Ni"cAH ANioyiNi (sic) mm


FTF NbwTC AnAFMeo (sic) FBOA HnAl MH(y glMA
NTF ^pAN NnAOypO MMHl OyCJDNg FBOA H(|)00y
AqTCDNq NXF noypo pAKiAAoc nfh noypo ^a-
^lANoc NFNi AioNHcioc noypo nxhmi AyoycoN
N-f-cAw NODNl AyiNl FnOJCDl NMIKAC NTF MH
FTAynoy FTAyAoqAFq nFscuoy NAq xf od re-
(jDprioc AyppgoAi nxf nikac ^'^cfn nAcyAi

wnixpoMoc oyog AyFpo^oDicy nxf nikac nFxe


nieHHi sF ANioyi mhi NNoyKFcyoDio) nAipwi-
A mr NNoypo epF NigynFpFTwc a)qi hnikac
NFM NoyKFcycDio) FTAyxFMoy oyog AyFNoy
AyXAy NnFNGo (sic) fboA wniAnoc rFcopnoc
N0Oq 2^F niMAKApiOC AqKU)As NNFqKFAl Aq+
NNoyFyXH H^+ bFN toyNoy A oynio)'!-
MHONMFN 0)0)01 NFM gANXApABAl NFM gANCF-
TFBpHX A OynRA NTF HOC C90)m glXFN HKAgl I

fol. 139. NFM NIKAC NFM N10)0)10) oyog Ay\ FBOA NXF
F NpO)Ml FBOAbFN NlO)0)lO) NFM NCglMl NFM
oyKoyxi NAAoy a oyNio)+ Ngot o)0)ni NNioy-
pO)Oy NFM NlMHCy FeNFMO)Oy FOBF +0)())Hpl
FTAC0)0)ni NAycGFpTFp HF gicon HF AyMoyf
NXF NlOypO)Oy NNOyAl FTAqTO)Nq FBoA^FN
NHF0MO)oyT nFxo)oy NAq xf nim ne nFKpAN
HFSAq NO)Oy XF BO)HC nF nipAN FTTOl FpOl
oyo^ RFXAq NAq nxf noypo xf ic oynp (

NpoMm icxFN FTAKMoy AqFpoyo) XF ic yA i

NpoMni nFxo)oy NAq xf I^fn ofkchoy a nxC


KHN IFniKOCMOC HE HFXAq NlMOy XF M(|)H
NpnicKonoc abba opoaotoc. 129

nFXflaoy wAq fko^fmo)! nnim nnoyI" nexAq


NCDoy 2s:e NAicyuMcyi NNoyt XH niXnoAAcDN
ne nieoycDT NKoyp nbfaAf oyog NATv|/yXH
ACo^cDni AF FTAiHoy AycAT FoyiXpo i^xpooH
Fqoi EqcAOFCHT N())NoyN FqoycoM t>FN 5

OyMFTAGNAl Oyog AyglTT FUECHT FpOq IC . . . .

NpOMni tXH bFN NFqXoA FTboCl MApF


N(|)00y
niATioAAcDN nieoycDT xh nfmhi ^bnTq ttf
oyojj NAq't bici NHi Fnigoyo np Fqxo) hhoc
NHl XF COyCONT 0) niTAAFnCDpOC XF ANOK AN 10

OF $+ aAAa ANOK 0y\Aa)A0N NATl|/yXH FGBF


oy AKXA $+ nFKoypo nccdk oyo^ AKoya)a)T
finCAAANAC FeBF (])Al +Noy 6"l NAK HFMHl
Fycon NNoyKoAAcic nfnf^ AomoN mfnfnca
oycHoy Aqi fufcht [F]AMFN'f nxf Thc ncywpi 15

Mi^'i" FTOnh OyOg NApF OyCTAypOC NNOyCDlNl

ccDK ^Axcaq np ahfn+ Twpq FpoycDiNi AqFH


't'FXHAAajciA THpc Fno^cDi NFMAq oyog ni-
ca)sn AF NTF nikoAacic ApFcyAN niFgooy ntf
i-KHpiAKH a^cDni AnAcjDC a)ApF $1" xoya)T 20

gixFN nikoAacic oyo^ ajAq+HTON NCQoy nF


aAAa anon t>A NlCyAMa)F IacdAoN HnAy+FHTON
NAN nF FnxHpq I^fn gAi nnay nai af FXAy-
Ctt)TFM NXF NlOypCDOy NFM niMHO)
FpGDOy
AyXCDMT nFXF 2^AMAN0C noypO NAq XF (yF 25

)1. 140. niAnoAAcDN niNioj-j- NNoyf a tifk^ht xo) ^itfn


nAc^Ai NnixpoNoc ftock AHoy i-Noy nfh
NFKCNHOy FTAyrCDOyNOy FB®AbFN NHSeMO)-
oyr NTFTFNoycDa^TNniAnoAAoiN niNi(y+NNoy+
AqFpOyd) NXF KDBINOC DFXAq NAq 2SF ANA0FMA 30

17
130 0YFrKa)Hi0N FAqTAoyoq nxf niMAKApioc

FpoK ni^oyop ercoq nfh nianoAAcoN STCoq


o)

NEMAK OyOg AqglTq FbpWl bA NFN^A^AAYX


HniAnoc XF ++20 FpoK nAoc rFcopnoc niMAp-
TypOC NTE IhC nxC (|)AI FpE NlCTpATlA NTF
T^-y (sic) xoyojT FBoA bAxcuq Idfn oy(Tiu)a)a)oy
Fqoo) FGpFq'i a)Apa)oy bFN +baki ntf nxc
iAhH ++20 FpOK nAoC HOI NAN gCDN THpOy
gioycon NTc4)pAric ntf mc nfm nicDMC ntf
nxc oyog tcdb^ mhoc FgpHi fxcdn ^ina NTPq-
CyTFHFNTFN FniKKDlT FTANl FBoA flbHTq NKF
con niGMHi AF FTAqNAy FnoyNAg+ Aq+
NNOy(yFN(|)AT bFN niKAgi Acoya)Ng FBoA Nxe
I

oyMoyMi MMCDoy FCoyoBcy mmau^o) oyo^ Ay()i


MniCDMC THpOy NbHTC FBoA ^ITFN lAKOyBOC ,

I^H. niAnocToAoc ncoN nicoannhc bpN


FeoyAB i

())pAN M(|)ia)T NFM nc^Hpi NFM niTTNX FGOyAB

A niArioc TFCDpnoc epoygcoA FnFCWT f+cAh


NTOyFNKOT AyX(JDK FBoA bFN OygwpHNH Ay-
oAoy FboyN FnmApAAicoc ntf noyNoq giTFN
NFNTODBg HniXnOC TFCJDpnOC MFNFNCA NAl i

:\F nFXF NioypcDoy NNoyFpHoy xf oy nFj


ETFNNAAiq MnAl MAPOC Oyog AyFpKF-
())A1

ApyiN Fepoy'iNi HniXnoc ^i^^fn niBHMA hf-


XCDOy NAq XF glTFN TFKMFTpFqFp^lK AKTAMON!
gAN^FMCDN FpAToy gCDC pCOHl OyOg nAl pH+
Aqepoy^oAnq fboA Aqepoygioy'i Fpoq bFN*
2AN(yBa)T FyMFg Ncoypi a)ATF npqcNoq ctt)K
gixFN niKAgi nF oyog AqoyAgcA^Ni FKa)+ bFN
+noAic THpc a)AToy\iMi NNoyXHpA NguJ^'
0AI FTF MMON gAl NgHKl NnFCpH+ bFN +noAlO»
t^FniCKOnOC abba 0FO2^OTOC. 131

Tnpc AqepoYgioyi AnieMHi pboyN pnFCHi


NAqXO) HMOC OF XF -f NA'to^CDO) Nni(yi\oA fiTF
NIPAAiAfOC FTAl TOOyi AF (yconi AqXCJDNq NXF
3l. 141. niMAKApiOC TFCDpriOC AqXlHl NnFqCCDMA
Aqoy^fAi FBoAjoFN NiFpboT oyo^ A uxm THpq 5

FpOyCDlNl MlMATOl AF FGNFMAq bPN TlXHl FTAy-


NAy FnioycjDiNi ft^oci AygFi ffifcht XHpoy
gixFN noygo oyog A noc xo) MnFqgApMA
CAna)a)i NniMA Fpp niXrioc HMoq AqoyAg-
CA^m NniApXHArrFAoc cApAeiwA FepFqcycani 10

FqFpAiAKONiN FnieMHi oyog nAi pH-f A nuc


MAgq NXOM AqgCaA Fno^ODl FNl())HOyi t>FN
oyoDoy A niXrioc rFcopnoc amoni nnihatoi
AqroyNOcoy Aq+Noni- Ncoooy (sic) oyog nAi-
pw]- Aqoyopnoy nnh ftf Noyoy bpN oygi- is

pWNH N0Oq 2^fe AqOgl bPN niHl NTF i-XHpA


NgHKl [nPXAq NAC] XF MA OyCDlK NHl NTAOy-
OMq XF oyoN ic f NF^ooy NnioyFM gAi oyog
ACFpOyO) NXF f XHpA NgHKl XF XO) NHl FBoA
nAOC XF HMOH (OIK ^FN HAHl AN UFXF niAFlOC 20

rFcapnoc nac 2s:f FpNAgf fnim NMoyt acf-


poyo) NXF txHpA NcgiMi XF FiNAg+ FniXnoA-
ACDN nEXF niMAKApiOC NAC XF F0BF (pM XAweCDC
HMON cDiK hpN nFHi oyog FTAqNAy^ FnFqgo
NXF i"C2lMl FqoyOBU^ OyOg FqOl NNOyCDlNl 25

H4)pH'1- NNoyArrFAoc ntf noc nFXAC xf i"N Aa)F

NHl NTAKa)+ NCA OyCDlK NHAl XriOC NpCDMl NTF


$+ Apnoy FOBHTq 'f-NAXlMl NNOygMOT NA^pEN

1) Read FTACNAy. 2) Read FpFNAet


132 oyFrKCDMiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApiOC

NA^ICEY FTACgCaA FBOA NXe i-CglMl NApF


niOMHi gFMCi ne FpF npqgo FpoycDiNi t^iMAcyo)
oyog NApF npqcoi tom FoycTy^oc nF NtyF
^Ai NAqTAgHoyx FpATq nF FqxcDoyNoy h\
KFOyAl NO^F FTAqKCDO) bFN -foyAgCOl NTF
niHl NTF ^XHpA NgHKl bpN +0yN0y FTA HlCOl
NniGMHi TAg NTF oicyF Aqd'pnNoyNi
Aq(|)ipi FBoA oyog AqgcDA FncycDi bPN nixF-

NF(})a)p NTF +C21HI AqFpcAna)a)i NNlNlCyf


NKflDT FT^'OCl NTF i"noAlC NlF HMAgl A MIXAhA
mApXHA^^F^oc \ni NAq NoyTpAnF2;A AqoycDM
NSE niMAKApiOC AqXA OyCJDlK NTF T^F glXFN
i"TpAnF2;A NTF +XHpA ACHOg NNGDIK FTCOTH '

fol. 142. MMAO^O) AqCMOy FnFCHl AqMOg NAPAeON NIBFN

H^pHi" HniHi NNioypoDoy oyog ftau F^oyN i

NXF tcgiMi ACNAy Fn^o NHiAnoc rpcoprioc


FqFpoyoDiNi M(])pHf M(j)pH ACNAy Ei-TpAnF2;A
FCHFg NNCDIK NFM APAeON NIBFN NEH nia)E ,

FTAq(])ipi FBOA HFXAC bFN npCgHT 2£F A $+


NNirAAiAFOc i FboyN fhahi anok bA +taA8-
ncjDpoc AqFpBoweiN ftahft^hki oyog actaxh
ACglTC FbpHl bA NENd'AAAyX HniGMHl Acoy-
(jDo^T MMoq FC2s:a) MMOC sF NAi bApoi nAuC
AqFpoyd) NXF niXrioc nFXAq NAq (sic) xf todnh
FgpHi ANOK AN nF $+ nnipaAiAfoc aAAa anok I

OyBODK NTAq nFXF +XHpA NAq ICXF NeoKi


OyBCDK NTAq OyOg ICXEN NAIXIMI gMOT NnFK-l
MeO FBoA CD nAOC MOI NHl NnipHi" FGpiCAXll
NnFKHeo FBoA nFXE niXrioc nac caxi npiT'
XF oyoN NTHi NNoyXAoy FqXH bFN e nabot
NFniCKOnOC abba 0FO2^OTOC. 133

())Ai oybfAAf np fmoyp oyog n6'a/\f +a)ini


2iF

OB. FTAMoq FNAeFo^Fy oyoy a npqicDT Noy AqXAq


FlNBOKl HMOq FlXH bPN^ NNABOT OyOg ICXFN
FTAiMAcq MniXAq FepoyMAy Fpoq pojcDn
nAOC NTE nPKNAl TAgOl i-NAMA2+ gCU FOFK- 5

Hoyf HFXF niOMHi NAc 2s:f niNAi HTF nUc


NAO^COni NF M(|)00y TOTF AMlOyi NHl FMNAl
MnAi XAoy acUh NAq fmiXAoy fboA^fn +MAg
f NNOyA^Ml NTF nFCHl OyOg ACXAq bpN
KFNq HniAnoc rFoapnoc fieoq 2^f HAqcyAwA lo

FxoDq np oyog AqFpc())pAri2;iN MMoq nfm


NFqBAA oyog Aqniqi FboyN hm\ npqgo AygFi
FBOAbEN NFqBAA NXF g^NKHKC OyOg AqNAy
MBOA CATOXq HFXF TFqMAy NAq XE nAoc
I

MApOyCa)TFM NXF NFqMAO^X OyOg NTFqMOCyi 15

nsSF niGMHl MAC XF 0) fcglMl XB ^Al pCDO^l


Fpoq +Noy AFOC oyog Aia^ANMoyi" Fpoq
NTFqCODTFM FTACMH NTFqMOCyi NTFqXCDK FBoA
HnACA2^l OyOg MnFCcyXFMXOM NNOyCDgFM NAq
i
NNoycA2fi FCNAy FUBq^o M^pH-j- NNoyArrpAoc 20

NTF TOTF niu NNOypO NANOHOC FTAy\


(|)+

bl. 143. FyciHi bFN NinAATiA NTF fnoAic oyog FTAy-


NAy FniOJHN FTAqpCDT FBOA glTFN $+ NFM
! niArioc rFcapnoc FqcAntycDi N^noAic nif
MMAgl N^lCl AyTCDMT THpOy glOyCOn nFXF 25

^A^iANOc noypo xf oy np nAi xiNNAy FTAq-


a^ODni bpN noAic^ N())ooy fobf nAi Nia)+ nc^hn

BT^OCl FTAq(|)ipi FBoA MHAl MA nFXCDOy NAq

1) Read +noAlC.
'1

134 oyFrKcoHiON EAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApiOC.

XE FTA TAl 2C0M (^(i)Tfl FBOAglTPN rPCOpnOC


ntrAAiApoc oyoi^ AqoyAgcAgm FepoyMOYt
FntAnoc rpoDpnoc NAq Aqepoygioyi Fpoq
NXE H NKFCTODNAplOC bPN gAMMOyX MHACl
S Fya)lB+ NS a)ATF WFqCApZ gFl glXFN TTl-
KAgi fiKoyxi Koyxi oyog ntf nFqcNoq cyoyo
FBoA^FN OFqcyAi M4)pvi'i' NNoyHCDoy oyog
Aqepoy'iNi n^an^amhac NXpcDM NToygiroy
FboyN h^ NFqc(l)ipa)oy\ Aqepoy'iNi NHoy(|)oxi
NcpF Aqepoya)Toq fxcdc oyog NToyrcuTC n^an
girq (sic) Fneqca)MA F^oyN F't-(|)Oxi nc^f pyipi
oS. NO oyog Aqepoy(j)a)H Fxcoq fioyeHN nfh oyAAM-
XAHT Aqepoy(JFpo NNoyxpcoM FqMOg HMACyO)
nAi pHi- Aqt HniTTNA nxf ni0MHi oyog a
NFqKAC NFM NFqCAp? pODKg AyFpKFpHl FyCOH
AqepoycoAi NTFquFpMi gixFN oyrcDoy Fq6bci |

FyMoyi- Fpoq xf AcoypioN Aycopq' fboA- i

^ixFN niTCDoy NFM niewoy oyog AyrAcecDoy I

NKF NlgynFpFTHC FyNHOy FTBAKl CATOTOy j

hFN OyiODC IC gANXApABAl Ayo^COni NFH gAN- :

CFTEBpHX NFM OyNia^+ HMONHFN gCDC AF


NTF nKAgl KIM (^A MFqCFNi" gunTTF IC rTFNOC
iHc nxc Aq'i FXFN oyd'Hni NNoycDiNi nfm '

NFqArrFAoc FOoyAB NAye«>c ^Axcaq nF Aqoy-


AecA2^^l NXF noU HmS NGHoy ntf niKAgi 5

FepoyeoDoyf NAq FboyN Nnia)a)ia) ntf nccDMA •.

NniXnoc rFcopnoc oyog Aqnoyf- nxe noc


bpN TFqcMH NNoyt Fqxo) MHOC XF rFCDpnoc

1) Read Aycopc.
NenicKonoc abba eeoAOToc. 135

Ifii HAAAoY TCUNK nAMPNplT FBoAbPH niENKOT


(b

if i
Xe ANOK nPTOyAeCAgNl HAK t>FN foyNOY
m fol. 144. AqTCDNq NXF niMAKAplOC H(|)pHf NNoynAT-
ici
(^fAet eqNHoy FBoAbsN nFCjHAMojFAFT A noc
ni
FpAcnA^EceF MMoq Aq+ NAq nf gwpHNH (sic) 5

y
Aq^^^A FncycDi FNi(j)HOYi JDFN oyoDoy niMA-
KApioc AE rFtopnoc Aq^^oxi gi())Agoy nnimatoi
o|
I Eqxo) HHoc XF (TiAoyo) NHi o) NACHHoy Fepi[i]
fji
NFHa)TFH a)A NAl A0NOy+ NNOypCOOy NlMATOl
AF FTAyNAy Fpoq AyFpgof oyog AyFp(y(J)Hpi 10

ip
, FyXtt) HMOC bFN OyCMH NNOyODT XF NGOK Oy-
Nia)^ NNoyl- iHc nxc ttfmoc xf NipcaMi FTAyFp-

Bj I
KFpMi oyog Aya)Acyoy nfm niGHoy oyog
FGBF nFKpAN FGOyAB HOC AKTOyNOCOy FyON^
NKFCon AygiToy fofcht AyoycDcyr HniXnoc 15

rEoopnoc Fyxo) hhoc 2s:f rfnoc moi nan ^(on


Ni"C(|)pAriC NTF nxc niMAKApiOC AF TFCDpnOC
Aqxoc^ Accycani nxf oyMoyni HMcooy FCgoAx
HMAOJU) AqrODB^ AF NXF lODANNHC
ON Aqi
niFyArrFAicTHC oyog Aq+tt>HC nnimatoi Fy\pi 20

Ni (nk) oyog AqcMoy nxf niFyArrFAicTHc

FniArioc rFcopnoc nfm nikfmatoi oyog Aq-


o^. gonq FBoAgApcDoy nimatoi ae nfm niXrioc
TFCDpnoc Ay I Eycon o^a Nioypcooy- xf ^lojmi
NCDTFN O) NIANOHOC NAGNOyt OyOg IC rFa)p- 25

noc (|)H ETApFTENUjAO) TFqKFpMl NFM niGHOy

1) The scribe has left out some words heie.

2) We must add here some few words like oyog AycDcy


FyXO) MHOC.
136 OyETKCDHlON EAqTAOyoq NXF niMAKApiOC.

ic nxc ovog nsHNoyl- AqroyNOcq


iHC nsNiJc
FBoAbPN NH FeMODOyT FGBF (\)M TAp ANON
THpoy Fycon rFMNAgi" ppoq icxfn ^-Noy
ANON TAp ANON gANMATOl NTAq NlOypCDOy
^F ETAyNAy FniAnoc rFa)prioc Fqogi FpAxq
AyFpu^^Hpi MMAo^o) A^FpRFAsyiN FGpoyoAq
Fnio^TFKO a)AToyco6'Ni xf FyNAFpoy NAq
NlMATOl 2^F gANOyON FBoA NbwTOy FTF kAh-
KCON nF KFM niKFf NCON AACipi NFH ^lONHClOC ;

NFM ICDCHCf) AyTHlTOy NNlGHpiON AyXCDK FBOA


OYOg AycbAi NToyA())t bFNpcoc NTcwqi oyog
nAi pwi- AyxcDK FBoA Ay^i nhixAom natAcdm
NCoyB NniABOT nAa)0NC FpF noycMoy FGoyAB
O^CDni NFMAN THpoy O^A FNF^ AMHN MFNFNCA I

fol. U5.NAI AF AyFpKFAFyiN FGpoyiNi MniXnoc TFCOp- ij

noc Ncooy nxcdh xe nnf nihho) NAy Fpoq :

pqoNb NToyi-o^cDcy Na)oy FTAyFNq af nexcooy j

NAq XF rFcopnoc anfmi M(|)ooy xf ngok


OyCAt> MMArOC HMON OyON FqONl MMOK bpN
niKOCMOC THpq AoinON ^l NAK FBoA glXOTFN '.

NNoynyNMNApiON [NjwoyB oyog hac^f nak


FBoA bFN TAi noAic Nxcon xf nnf gAi fhi
FpOK glNA NTFKKHN gCDK FBoAt>FN NAI BACANOC
NFM NAI blCl FTFKa)a)n MMCUOy AqFpOyO) NSE '

niMAKApioc nFXAq NCjQoy xf od Nioy^jop ft-


^AbFH AlXO) NCCDl NNAXpHMA FTOO^ FTA NA10+ !

XAy NHl NAI FTipi N^OyO C NKyN^lNApiON


NNOyB NFM gOyO y NKHNAlNApiON NgAT HEM
NATFBNODOyl FTF Mni^mni MMa)Oy FNF^ NFM i

NAFBIAIK NgCOOyT NFM CglMl NFM NAFgGCOp -

\
NPniCKOnoC abba eE02^0T0C. 137

FTOO) NSM NAFXHOy NEM NAMANAAoAi FTOl


NNlOJ-f- NFM NAOgl NXCDIT HFM NAnAAAATlOM

OH. ftcfAccdA fboA kata nAi kocmoc nf(|)Ahoy


AIXA NAI THpOy NCCOl NFM TAKFMAy NFM
NAKFCNHOy FGBF (])pAN MnAOC IHC HXC AlCyFH 5

,
[NAl]blCl THpoy FBOAglTFN GHNOy F0BF TFqX-
TAnH XF NNAXAC NCCDl (^A FNFg +NOY XF gODTFN
TFTFN'^COd'Nl NHl XF ^INA NTA^l NT NKyN-
aiNApiON NNO"YB glTFN GHNOy [FlNA]2s:tt)A FBOA
M$i- NNlXpHCTHANOC NTA^CdA FHCyiK NAMFN^" 10

UJA FNFg NnPTFNpH'f O) NH FTC[2]oyOpT FHl-


XpCDM NFNF2 NFM nFTFNlOOT niAlABoAoC NFM
NFqAFMCON FTAyCflDTFM AF FHAl NXF MlANOMOC
Ay2s:a)HT mmao^cd AyFpuFAFyiN pepoyiNiNNoy-
gOM NFM OyCMlAAA AygCDKl Mni(^Ap NTF 15

TFqA(|)Foyog AyUii iqr nB FyAoBo^ N[x]pa)M


oyog AygiToy FboyN FNFqBAA oyog nAipHi"
AyqcDxi FBoA nxf TFqXAAoy Bi" Ayepoyxcaxi
FBoA NnFqAAc aytaAo NNFq6"AAAAyx FoycyF
AyKODO^ NMlCWqi NTFpATq bFN ^ANKFAfBIN 20
AyqAi MMoq AyXAq I^fn nia)TFKO FpF oyoN
oyKoyxi NNiqi coxn Nl^HTq AycyF Ncooy Fnoy-
\l 146. MA t>FN oyla)C Fycon Idfn T(|)A(^i NniFxcDpg

Aql FboyN Fniu)TFKO NXF noc NFM NFqArrpAoc


FGoyAB oyog Aqgioyi NTFqxix gixFN nFq- 25
ccoMA TMpq AqTAA6'oq AqrA^oq FpATq nFXAq
NAq XF XFMHOM't NAK 0) HAMENpiT nAAlNATOC
FeoyAB i-u)on nfmak nfm fpaIcdt NArAeoc
NFM ninNA FGOyAB Aqt»U)NT rAp FpOK NXF
^
niFgOOy NTFKNA^! N+^pwni NTF i-MFTOypO 30
18
138 oyerKCDHiON FAqTAoyoq Nxe niMAKApioc.

Nt)HTq NFM ni^ NX^OH NAtAcDH a)A FNFg


NTF NlFNFg ^^Al 2^F FTA noC 2C0T0Y ^'Aq
AqFpACHA^FCGF HMoq oyo^ AqMAgq THpq
NXOM AqgcoA Fna)a)i t>FN oycboY ^'EM oyrAio
FNl())HOyi_ FTAqTa)Nq NgANNATOOyi NXF
AF
noypO AAMANOC nFXAq NtUHATOl XF MAa)F
NflOTFN FnicyTFKo Ar<Ay XF oy HF FTAqcpcDni
NHAl AXa) NXpHCTHANOC FTAygCoA FniO^TFKO
AyxiMi nniMAKApioc Fqoi H(])pH+ icxFK Hnoy-
TT. FpBACANl^lM HMOq FHTHpq HF OyOg AyglTOy l'

FnFCHT AyOyODO^T HMOq Fy^fO) HMOC XF


TFN+^O FpOK nFNOC TFCDpnOC ApiTTEN gCDH
NBOJK NnFKNoy+ nirFNNFOc AqTCABODoy Fnxc
AyFpnFMna)A N+a^oipFA ntf nicoMC teoyAB
FBoA^iTOTq Ay\ NFMAq Fycon u^a Nio^pcooyi
FyXO) MMOC XF ANON gANXpHCTHANOC NBCOK
NTF TTXC THC OyOg nUC NlHHCy 2^F FTAyWAy
FniXnoc PFCJDpnoc Fqogi FpATq hmom gAi
NnFTgcDoy a)on HMoq FpF nFqgo FpoycDiNi
M4)pH'l- h^ipH Aya)(y FBoA Fyxo) hmoc xf 2;

aAhgcoc mhon Noyi" ^fn oy^F gi^fFN


t(1)f

nKA^i fbhA f$+ NrFcopnoc mc nxc ufnuc


oyoyo^ (sic) nFNNoy+ oyog amon TwpFN FNwn
Fpoq icxFN nAi NAy totf nianohoc Aya)ini
HHAojo) nF AyxcDNT bsN oyFNBON AyoyA^- -

CAgNl NmCTpATEyMA FGpoyoAoy NCABOA


N+noAic oyog ncfodAi NToyX^F ^fn pcDC
NTCHqi oyog nAipH^ AyxcoK fboA NXoyMAp- ^
TypiA Ay^i NnixAoM natAcdm cyA fnf^ ntf
MIFNF2 THpOy AHHN NCOy KF NiniABOT FPHH ^
NsnicKonoc abba GPO^OTOC. 139

)1. 147. EY'pi NB Nu)o NPM Y No^p h^n ToyHm nbh


niKPH MMATOi FTAY^i MnicDMC Fpp noycHOY
E0OYAB (ycom meman TwpoY Ji)A fnf^ amhn
aAhGCJOC d) NAHFNpA+ AlOJANglTOT FNtblCl
THpOy FTAqFp^YnOHFNlN FpCOOY N2CF nieHHl 5

niMATOi NxcDpi NTF Hxc niAPioc rFcopnoc


FepixoTOY niCHOY nahoynk Fpoi fmA+ojxo-
TOY THpOY 2s:f CFOty HHACyO) OYO^ OYptWMl
FTAqFp NpOMni NFgOOY t>FN OYMAN NOYCOT
2,

FY6PHCI NXF O NOYpO NEM NOYCTpATEYMA 10

EYcpoTq Fpoq HMAYAxq h^n nmocMoc THpq


MEM AYpHxq aAhgooc +TOMT OYOg i'eoBa^ EBOA
'j-Ol N(^(])Hpi NACNHOY Aia^AN(|)lpl
MMACyO) 0)

ENlXrCDN NajOYl-p«)4)Hpi MMCDOY NTE niNiiyf


NpEqEpOYtt)lNl 0Y0i3 MMENpiT NTE $+ ^^H 15

F0OYAB mXrioc rEODpnoc nixcDpi nte nxc


(|)Al MMAYATq l^EN ^-QIKOY"
FTAqOgl EpAXq
TTB. MENH THpC FTE MMON gAl a)0Y(iDN6 HHOq
FBoA AN NGoq Hxc A niXrioc TECDpriOC COgl
NNlOYpa)OY THpOY NTE niKOCHOC NEM NOY- 20

ApXflDN EqOYODNg FBoA HnoC NTE TENXOH XB


Neoq HE NTE OYON NIBEN AINAMOyI" FpOK
4)+
I

XE NIM 0) nAOC PECOpnOC t>EN NH E0OYAB

AlO^ANXOC EpOK 2CE npO^HTHC IF NOMO0ETHC


IE AN NTAXOC XE AnOCTOAoC IE MApTYpOC 25

IE ^IKFOC KEMAAAoN KEMno^A ^EN OYHF0MHI

0) niMFNpiT NTF nxC F0piMOY't FpOK t>EN NAl

pAN THpOY AIUJANXOC FpOK XF,npO(|)HTHC AK-


I
^ICl nApApCDOY OYOg NOMOOFTHC KOYOT FpCDOY

AYBICI NNHCAIAC ^EN OYBA(yOYp NO^E iaEN 30


140 oyprKcaHiON FAqTAoyoq nxs niMAuapioc.

oycon NNoycon NNoya>T eeBE i-HEGMHi AqPN-


KOT NNoycon riNoycar nem nh peoyAB THpoy
NGOK 2^F ^CJDK 0) nAoc rsoDprioc AyBACK bPN
NlBAa)Oyp WpO B MEM NlTpOXOC MEM NlCHqi
NpOB MEM NIKEAeBIN OyOg ON AKMOy EGBE
fol. 148. i"MEeHHl NCOn MCayCHC 2^E ON niNOHOeE-
THC AqNAy EoyKoyxi t>EN mcDoy nte nuc
NGOK etWK HAOC TEODpriOC A nuC MniODOy NEM
niTAlb CAXl NpO NEH pO NEMAK NlAnOCToAoC
MEN NAyglODlCy HE l^EN +0lK0yMENH THpC
Eyipi NlB NEM niKEO MMAGHTHC AyCOgl NNl-
a)AMa)E\Aa)AoN AyTACGCDoy Enxc nioyAi ni-

OyAl bEN TEqXCDpA NEM HECOypO NGOK ^(DK


O) mClOy FTEpOyCDlNl AKCO^I MMAyATK nni-

a)AMa)ElAa)AoN nem Nioypcaoy nem NoycTpA-|


TEyMA NEM niKOCMOC THpq AKCyAipi EpCDOyj
THpoy hvH nixpcDM nte t^e oyog AKGpE;
4^pAN MnxC EpOyCDlNl bEN HIKOCMOC THpq
NlKEMApTypOC ON Hl^COB OyCON^ EBOA XE AK-j
^ici Epcooy THpoy Eycon egbf xe anok ani
nETXO) NAK N(|)Al aAAa noypO NTE NioypcDoy
IHC nxC nENOC ETEpMEGpE hApOK 0) niMA-
KAplOC XF MMON OyON FqONl NIGDANNHC t>FN
NlMlCl NTE NlglOMl MMON OyON EqONl MMOK {

TTS. t>EN NlMApTypOC THpoy ETAyo^CDni OyOg NNF-j


oyoN (ycDni FqoNi mmok o^a fne^ niaikfoc^
AK(TiCl nApApCDOy ^ITFN TEKgynOMONH i>A
niEgKO NEM nUBl NEM NlCyTEKOOOy NEM Nl-
nAnrn ntf nibacanoc nai et^en nEKccDMA
MniF^OOy NFM niEXCDpg N^ NpoMni NFgooy
NFnicKonoc abba epo^oToc. 141

haAicta niToyBo ntf npKccoMA aAAa aAhoodc


d) niAnoc rpcopnoc ak^ici HHAa)a) (b nipii

NTS +MFeHHl FgOTP NinATpiApXHC NFM NlKpi-


THC THpoy nAwM 0) niMFNplT NTF HXC ++^0
FpoK NnFpgmgo XF Nnia)2s:FHxoM bFN nAMoyc 5
FTXOXEB FXO) NnPKTAlO FT^OCl +FH1 bPH Oy
MF0MHI XF Oy^iH AMOK l^A nipAAXlCTOC GFO-
^OCIOC Oy^F NH FeUHOy HFNFMCO)! TFNNACyXQ)
AN NniTAlO NHAl 2Ca)pi hlHATOl NTF HXC O)
NAMFNpA+ NCNHOy FGBF NlNlCy'f NblCl FTAq- 10
(yonoy NTAi z, Nponni ^itfn nAio NBHpioM
FT^tiDoy aAAa tfnmakotfn t>FN (|)oya)cy u^'i
bl. 149. NTFN+ NNOyXOOK fmiFNrCDHlOM OyOg NTF TFN-

TAMCDTFN PnikiJDK FBoA N+AGAyClC FGOyAB


NTF niNA[l]ATq ^FM OyMFGHHl niAFlOC TFCDp- 15
rioc Accycuni af mfnfnca nai FTAyNAy nxf
niO N NOypO 2£F IC 2, Nponni TOyFpBACA-
Ni^iN MHAi Anoc Nnoyu^(5po FnFqAoncHoc
FTTAxpHoyT oyog AyboeBFq hr Ncon AqTCDnq
FBoAbFN NH FGHCDOyT OyOg AyCO^Nl FTAgOq 20
bFN gANCAXl NKOAaKIA nAipH^ AqFpKFAFyiN
FGpOyiNl hiniMAKApiOC glXFN niBHHA HFXF
AAAIANOC noypO NAq HnAlpH+ 2CF FFcoprioc
a)F nANHB nipH nfm nuo^ nfh NiNoy+ THpoy

NFM TOyMAy ApTFHlC XF ^NACyCDn FpOl NFMAK 25


M4)pHi' NNOycywpi MHFNpiT NTHl OyOg gXDB
NIBFN FTFKNAFpFTlN HHCOOy a)A T(l)AU^l NTF
TAHFTOypO NTFTHlTOy^ NA4i TWpOy MONON

») Sic; read NTATHlTOy.

1^
142 oYFrKCDHiON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKApiOC

CCDTFM NCa)l gCJDC ICDT NTFKOY«)(i)T NniA-


^oAAa)^^ NHoycon NMoycDx wTFKFp MAgB h^n
TAHFToypo oyog AqFpoyo) nxf niGHwi oyog
nPXAq 2CF FpF nAl CAXl NGCDM HTOTK HF AO)
rrr. (|)Ooy hf ic ^ Nponni FKFpBACAni2;iN hhoi
HHHNl nF IC r NCOn AlXFMTini M(])MOy FBOA-
giTOTK A nAuc iHc nxc ToyNOCT oyo^ Al-
MOyNK FBoAglTFN NIBACANOC FTAKTHlTOy NHl
OyOg FBhA XF FpF nACCOTHp AHOHl NTA\|/yXH
hhnT nF [h]hom NAiNAMoy NNoycon NNoycDT i

AM aAAa oyeBA NCon np nAwN wniccDTEH fnf^


NgANCAxi HnAipH-f oyog KFHi AN 0) noypo
XF niojAoA THpq ntf nipaAiAfoc i3AN(j)yAo-
NIKOC NF OyOg CF-t" Ft>OyN FgpFN FNH F+
NFMa)oy AoinoN ic ewnnF a nfkcaxi -f-FpoycaT i

nm N(l)Ooy oyog nfkcaxi cfgcot wnAgHT


MMAa)a) noypo AF AA2^1AN0C FTAqCCDTFH FNAl
AqpAcyi HMAcyo) nF Aq+^i fxfn ta(J)f wni-
Xrioc TFCDpnoc niHAKApioc AF nF2CAq Hnoypo
XF gFNK EBoA^ApOl 0) HOypO NnFp+(])l FpOl 2
AN +Noy oyAF taa4)f (yA't"a)a)T NniXnoAAcoN
Na)opn MFNFNCoac Apioyi nc^h FepANA mmok
fol. 150. Fycon aAAa XpiKFAFyiN FepoyoAr Fnia)TFKO

a)A nFqpAct xf a niFgooy cini oyog Fcycan


NTF Tooyi (yooni oyO(3 HApF niKypiz cao^ fboA 2
NToyl Twpoy NCFNAy Fpoi FlCyCDT NNlNOyt
TOTF AqFpoyo) N2CF noypo nFXAq NAq xe
NNFCCyCam MHOl NKFCOn FepieiTK Fnia)TFKO
O) nAMFNpiT TFCDpnOC aAAa NlhlCl FTAITHI-

TOy NAK XAy NHl FBoA ^(X>C +FHI AN aAAa 3


NEmcKonoc abba eeo^oToc. 143

ojonT ppoK goDc itt)T oyo^ AHoy MFHHi pboyN


EnmA^AATlON niHA FpF +OYpa) A^FZAM2^PIA
XH MHoq h^n niKoiTcon ETCAboyN nAipH^]-
AqoAq FboyN nsf noypo Aq^^iTq Fboyn Fni-
KOiTODN NTF niMA FpF +oypa) XH MHoq oyo^ 5

Aq\ FBoA a)A Nioypcooy AqFpXpiCTON NFHCDoyj ,.

'

FTA poygi XF ^(uni A niXrioc rpcjapnoc ku)Ax


NHFqKeAl AqTCDBg FqXO) HMOC HnAipH+ nF
XF noc nAMoyt mmon (J)h ftoni mmok ^fn
NiNoy+ Tvipoy NeoK of noc $+ mmon hft- lo

NAOJIMI MMOK OyOg F0BF Oy A gAMFGMOC


AyCOCy FBoA ^AnAaOC AyFpMFAFTAN NgANFT-
nR. cyoyiT oyog AyecDoyf FyMA nsf Nioypcooy
THpOy NTF nKAgi NoyKFApxa)N Ayl FOyMA
AycAxi NCA noc nem F'foyBF npqxpc eycon is

ACFpoyo) NXF i-oypo) nFXAC xe nAoc reoap-


rioc NiM NF Nioypcooy FTAyea)oy+ nfm Noy-
ApXODN IF NIM nF niOC FTAy+OyBHq NFM
nFqxpc MiN nF matcaboi Fpoq o) nAoc tf-
(sic)

(Dprioc AqoycoN Npcaq nxf niMAKApioc AqBcoA 20

FpOC NNl^HTlMA FTC^HK NTF NirpA(|)H FNAnAC


NFM 'fBFpl OyOg AqTAMOC NnipH+ NCOyFN-
NEM ncywpi nem ninHA EeoyAB oyog
(|)ia)T

AqTAMOC Nnipvi+ FTA nUC GAMIO NT(|)F NFM


nKAgl NFM nipH NEM nilO^ NFM NlClOy NFM 25

niGAMlO THpq OyO^ AqTAMOC ON XF FTAq-


0AMi6 Mnipa)Mi EBoAbEN oyuAgi o) foypo)
MH FTAqccDNT MMoq AN FBcA NbnTq oyo^
FTAqXlMl NGCDN NNAl KAC NEM NAl MO^" NFM
nAl ajAp NEM NAl BAA NEM HAl AaC NEM TAl 30
144 oyFrKCDMioN FAqTAoyoq h^sp ntMAKapioc.

NEH TIM CCDTFM MPM RAl a)(DApM HFH


OlBCDBl

fol. 151. nAl XINGAMIO NTS NAl gBHOyi THpOy HH $+


HE FTAqeA[M]io NMAi THpoy oyoe nipcDMi
FBOj\t>FM nAlOMl NNOYCOT AqMAgq NKA+ HFM
CO(j)lA FBOAbFM niFHl MMHl NTF $+ AqXAq

t>FH nmApA^icoc HTF noyNoq oyog Aq^" ^^Aq


NTFqFHTOAH FnXlMTFqXpFg EHFqCAXl' ^(OC
OC NGOq 2CF nipCDMl AqFpATCCJDTFH NCA HEquC
AqecDT wn^HT NnFqxAxi Aqnoy MFHAq ^fn
(1)N0B1 Aq<^a)A FnFCHT FAMFN'f MFMAq a)A 1

FNF2 AH FTAq[MAy] 2^F NXF $+ FnFqeAMlO


J3FN MlCyNHOy NTE nFqXAXl MnFqCDOyflgHT
FGBF TFqMFTArAeoc aAAa Aqoycopn fmFq-
MFHpiT No^vipi FniKOCMOc Aqd'icApz h^H oy-
nFJA FeoyAB nfm 't-AecoAFB nnApeFNoc teFO-
2^0K0C MApiA OyOg ACHACq gCDC pCDHl (])f
nETXHK FBoA h^n oyMEGMHi oyog <))pa)Ml
np xoDpic HNOBi HE MMAyATq oyog FTAyTAAoq
FnicTAypoc ^EN nFqoycDO) mmim HHoq nfm
q. ni't'MA't- NTF ipmT neh ni[nNA] FeoyAB oyog s

AqMoy bApoM Ben TCApz (yATFqca)+ mmon


FBoAbEN NEMXIS: NTE NFHXAXl OyOg AqTAC-
eoq EnEqHi fiKFCon ftf nmApAAicoc nE nte
noynoq FTAqNAy on nxe nixAxi n2viaboAoc
FfMETpflDMl XE ACCOyEN niAyMlOypFOC MMHl
$i" AqgcDA FboyN NNioypoDoy nem ^^lApxa)N
NTE OKA^l OyOg AyeAMlO FgANlZ^caAoN bEN
(|)pAN N[N]iiAa)AoN NAEMODN oyog AyoycDajT

») Ms. A nsqcAxi.

J
NpnicKonoc abba eeoAOToc. 145

MMCDoy^ oyo^ AyXA noypFqeAMio Nccooy $i-


eT(Joci npxB i-oYpo) oyN NAq xe o\k oyn
nAoC rFcopnoc haoC menenca $+ nai iz^coAon
^anapmcdn nu nexF niHAKApioc mac xp a^a^
2AM2iEHa)M ETgCDoy NF oyo^ HEXE 'f-oypu) NAq ^

XE nAoU recDpnoc qccDoyNoy Ncj)-!- am nxe


noypo ebhA FniAnoAAcoN +Noy oyM matahoi
xe eta na)Hpi H$i- i eniKOCMOc mao) MpH+
oyog HEXE niMAKApioc rEcopnoc XE Ca)TEM
Epol CD aAezan^PA 'toypco ccwtem EAAyi^ lo

}1. 152. EqXO) HMOC XE (j)H ETgEMCl glXEM MlXEpoyBlH

OyON^K EBOA OyOg qAl MTEKMETXCOpi AMOy


a)ApoN e4)ma2HEN oyog hexe AAyiA om xe
EqEl EnECHT H(j)pHi- MNOyMOyMgCDOy ^IK^n
OyCOpT ETE 'fnApeENOC TE CCDTEM U) 'toypO) 15

[EJABBAKOyH nmpO(|)HTHC EqXO) HMOC XE HOC


AlCCDTEM EHEKbpCOOy AlEpiJoi" OyOg Al'f NIAIT^
NMEKE^BHOyi AlTa)HT KEPAp mnMA EGOyAB
ATXE^ MAI THpoy oyog nEXE +oypu) NAq on
XE nAOC ETA ninpO(|)HTHC CCOTEM EHCAXl MnoC 20

0y02 AqEpgoi" EGBE Oy \e ETAq'I'MlATq NMOy


t>EN NEqgBHOyi AqTCDMT T^EXE niMAKApiOC MAC
XE CCOTEH tGypa) ETA mnpO(])HTHC EMI
d)

XE nuc MHoy EBoAJDEN T(j)E AqEp^ot AqEMl


ON XE 4>^'Acya)ni nem MipcoMi oyog AqTCDMT 25

oyo^ ACEpoyo) nxe i-oyptt) xe aAhgcdc kaAcjdc


AKCAxi d) nipEqEpoycDiNi etxhk eboA ++20

1) Read MMOq. 2) Ms. A^AA.


3) Sic; read NIAT. 4) Sic; read AqXE.
19
146 merKcoHiON EAqTAoyoq nxe niMAKApioc.

qe. FpOK TCDBg HnoC FXCDl FepFC(|)a>T CABOA HMOl


HXE i-nAANH NTF NUACdAon FTCOq HFXF niA-
noc rscDpnoc mac xf MAg+ nf neo N^-epuc
FGOyAB NNOHOOyClOC OyOg HHOH gAl flAi^Ml
NTF NUACOAON NAO^txDNT FpO AM FHTHpq Oyog
nFXAC XF +HAg+ nAOC aAAa +Fp^of FGBF
nAi GHpiON FTgcDoy oyo^ NNoypo fmApA-
BATHC XF oywi o) nAOC oypFqoyFHCApz WpCDMl
HF bFM OyHF0MHl OyO^ OyANONOC HF FgOTF
oyoN NiBFN FTc^on gixFN nKA^^i pAhn O) nAoc 1

PFODpnOC ApF<3 FnAl HyCTHplOM (A)Aii FpATK


F+AyAw NTF nxc nuuo)'!" fiNoypo xat afoc ,

NTAFMTON HHOl NNOyUOyXl CD nAoU NICDT


FGoyAB oyog noc ccDoynoy xf Aii-gvioy FpoK
HHAo^o) oyo^ FTA Tooyi 2^F ojconi AqFp-
KFAFy'lM NXF niANOMOC NNOypO FTgCJUOy glNA
NCFINI HTTlMAKAplOC MAq FBoAt>FN TTinAAAA-
TioN FniFp(|)Hi NTF ^noAic oyog AqoycDpn NAq
fol. 153. NXF noypo XF icDC MMOK AMoy u^Apoi oyo^

NTFKOyCDUjT NNlNOy+ OyOg NTFK(Jl NNOyNlOJ't S

NTAio NTOToy NNioypcDoy THpoy oyo^NToyt


FXCDK NNOy(JpHni NMOypO OyOg NTF nFK^HT
oyNoq FpoK d) niMFNptT oyo^ ft<3oAx HMAcyo)
OyOg NTF OyON NIBFN NAy FpOK NnATFNgfluA
FniApicTON oyo<3 nPXF niHAKApiOC NAq XF -

gFMCl NAK NeOK NFH NlOypCDOy HnAlMA a)A-


^-oyoDcyT NNiNoyi" NTATAceoi FpoK oyog I

nAipwf- A niKFpiz (jocy fboA bFN oyNio)'}- nxom


XF d) niAaoc THpoy 0a)oy+ Twpoy M(|)ooy
FyCOn FJsOyN FniFp())Fl ^INA NTFTFNNAy F TF- •
NPmcKonOC abba eP02^0T0C. 147

(opnoc ntf nipaAiAfoc ^qNAoycDajx


niNicy'f
N^lA^o^AaJ^^ niMioji- nnoy+ oyo^ nAipH+ bpn
^-OYNOY AyecDoyt THpoy nxi' NA+noAic THpc
NlpCDHl NPH NlglOMl FyCOR NAyOl N(y(j)Hpi '

HE FMA(ya) eeBF niMAKApioc rpcopnoc niNia^i- 5

qA. NppqspoycDiNi oyo^ NAyxo) mhoc ne NHoye-


pH+* xF ncoc (|)Ai NAcycom MmeMwi fxHpA ap
NCglMl gCDC FTACCCDTEM FNAl FGBE niHAKA-
pioc TFCjaprioc h^n eHH-t NniMvio) rwpq ecxo)
MHOC XF 0) nAoc rFcapnoc niMATOi Nxoapi 10

NTH noypo nxc Thc nAuc o) (])h FTAqFp oyeBA


HMHINI NFH XOM I^FN TAl HoAlC oyOg AK-
ToyNOc NipFqHflDoyr oyog ak+ N<))oy(DiNi
nnibfAAfy Aueps ni^aAfy hou^i nifbo af on
AKepoycAsi oyog NiKoyp AKepoy ccotfm u\- 15

KAKCF^T AKTOyBCDOy NtXFHCDN AKglTOy FBOA


oyog ON AKu)a)ni NNoypsqFpoycoiNi ^fn ni-
KocHOc THpq 0) nAoc rFa)prioc nio^hm FTAyFp-
goAi AKepoYa)a)ni MMACoyTAe nkfcor od ^n
ETAqi FJDOyN FHAHl FlOl N^HKl AlO^COni FlOl 20

I NpAMAO HHAOJO) OyO^ FlCOpEM AqTACGOl gA


il. 154. $+ ninANTOKpATCOp HMHl HFNENCA NAl THpOy
FTAKAlTOy bFN (|)pAN HnXC AKNAOya)a)T Nini-
XnoAAcDN ET(J'AhFM oyoe NTFK+cymi MnAAOc
THpq NNlXpHCTlANOC niAPlOC AE rFCDpriOC 25

FTAqCCDTFM FpOC FC2i:a) NNAl CAXl NAl OyOg


AqpAcyi FXFN nxAxpo NTF nFCNA2+ oyoe
AqNFTq pcDq nccjdbi EeoyAB Et>oyN ^xmc Eqxo)

') Sic; read NNOyEpHOY-


148 niFrKa)MiON FAqTAoyoq nxf niMAKApioc.

MMOC NnAipH+ 2fF XO) fmF(yHpi Fgpwi FXFH


nKA^i oyoij ACXAq fufcht oyog AqFpoyo)
ON NXF niXrioc oyoj^ nFSAq MmXAoy xf nxc
nANOy+ HFTXCO MMOC NAK XF TODNK AHOy
CyApOl FBOA MHACAXl Oyoe i=>FN
NTFKXCDK l|

toyNoy AyccjDTFH nxf HFqHAcyx oyog Ay- j

TAxpo NXF ^^Fq(^AAAAyx oyog Aqi ^a niXrioc '

TECDpnoc nexF niXrioc rFCDpnoc MOFHeo


MniMHo^ THpq XF MAcyF NAK pboyN FniFp-
4)Fi NTF nunoAAoDN oyog ntfkxoc nnu-
noAAcDN nieoyoDT xf Fi^FpoK ngok niBFAAp
(\f. NKOyp OyO(^ NATKA+ OyOg NATFMl AMOy j

FBOA XF qHOy['l-] FpOK NXF niBCOK NTF ^^t ]

rFCDpnoc oyog Aqe^A FboyN FniFp(l)Ei nxf


niKoyxi NNAAoy oyog Aqxoc nnAipH'f niTTNA
XF FT^AAHoyT FnieoycDT Aqooo) eboA xf od
IHC niNA^COpFOC AKCFK OyON NIBFN FpOK HAl
KOyXl 2^F NNAAoy ON AKTOyNOCq F^pwi EXa)l
ON FBoA NGflDN i^Noy oyog cATOTq Aqqoxq
FBoA gtxFN oyog Aqi gA niGMHt
TFqBACic 5

TEODpTMOC nFXF niAPlOC HnieoyCDT XF ANOK


AN nF $+ NNlXpHCTlANOC OyOg OFXF niAFMOJN
NniXrioc XF (boyN^wT nfmhi NoyKoyxi d) i

nAoU tNATAMOK F^ODB NIBFN OyOg TIFXF Hl-


Xrioc NAq XF cAxi hfxf ninNA NAq xf Xnok sj

TAp nF 4>t NNIj^fAAhNOC Oyog ANOK Oy^FMCDN !

NXAKi Fni2^H d) nAoC Xnok oyArrFAoc ntf


4>+ 2(JD Ncyopn AomoN bFN nxiNepiEpATccoxFM
NCA oyog AqoyAgcASNi oyoi^ AycyeAM
(])+

fol. 155. nt4)F NAgpAN oyoi^ AygiTTFN EBoANbwTC oyog 3


MFniCKOnoC abba eE02vOTOC. 149

ANOiCOni NAIABOAOC MANXOg HF FMipOJHl FTAN-


NAY ^'P FNipODHl XF A HoC oAoy Fna)tt)l FT(|)F
ANON gCDN A(|glTTFN FOFCHT F(|)NOYN FHUAgl
OyO^ FGBF (])Al ANCyCDni NSAXl NNipCDHl OyOiJ
ANepoyXA 4)+ NCODoy NxoYoycocyT mhon 5

Ida nuacdAon xf ^ina ntf (ff e^Toy fofcht


Fcl)NOYN NFMAN npxF niXrioc rFCiopnoc NAq
XF ninoNHpoc oyog NXHpwx' FTgcDoy xac
d)

xe AKCcorn nak nniXAKi I^fn npnoycDU) fgbf


Oy ON FKOl NXAXl N+gyKCDN NTF $+ HFXF 10

ninRA XF NAq xe ojf nig nctfpfojma nt(|)f


NEM niKynAoc ntf nipn nfm niiog nfh ni-
A/\OK NTF (|)NOYN XF NF Ayt FZOyClA NHl
FboyN FpOK NAlNACOpHFK ^(HK HF F0BF XF
ANOK nFTgwA FncyCDl U^A NipODOy NTF T(|)F 15

OyOg f^'lCMH F+AnO(|)AClC FGNHOy FB0At>FN


poDq m4)+ oyog tiNi nnoymho) NeAyvJ/ic fxen
qn. il/yXH nibfn ntf NipcQHi ^-'ini oyN nnigiNiH
glXFN NtpODMl NFH NlglOMl j^FN fFKKAHClA XE
NNOyCCJDTFH FHICAXI NTF ^'{ OyOg NTOyNOgFM 20

FBoAbFN nikoAacic ofxf niXrioc rFcapnoc


NAq XF o) niTAAFncapoc ak^itotk Fpoi NNoy-
MHO) NCOn aAAa MnFKXFM ;^\\ NTAK NbwT
EHTHpq glTFN ^-XOM NTF nAOC THC HXC I-NOY
XF OjCOn FpOK FNl2i,lHa)piA FpF noC NAFNOy 25

FgpHl FXCDK a)A FNFg NTF NIFNF(3 CD (|)H FT-


^A^FM TTiAnoc XF TFcopnoc Aq+ NoycyEN-
4>AT bFN nKAgi AqoycDN (9A*4^HoyN- oyog

1) Read NXFpHX. 2) Read U)A (])NOyN.


150 nigrKCDMiON FAqrAoyoq nxf niHAKApioc.

npxAq HniTtNA af ngok hK nieoyoDT nfm


(|)H FT^aAhOYT FpOK MAO^F MAK FOFCHT
F(|)NOYN NTFK+AoroC l^A Nlv|/YXH THpOy FTAK-
copHoy cABoA 1^1$+ oyo2 I^pn -foynoy Aq^coA
EHFCHT F(l)HOyN^ MnFMGO NNOyON NIBFN OyOg
< A nKAgi ga)Bc FBoA gixcDq oyog Aq+oyo)
MneqbcjDK nxf niGMvii AqgcoA Fboyn FniFp(|)Fi
AqTHiq FcfjHoyt fmiApAKAwc npxAq i\At] xe
fol. 156. 0) ninRA WnONHpON FT(J'AAHOyT EnAl Fp(j)Fl

AMCOIHI FBoA Nt>HTq 2CF ANOK HF TFCOpnOC


All gApcDTFN JDEN oy>:(jDNT oyog JoFM toywoy
j

A Nl2iFMa)N THpOy FT6'AAH0yT FNU^OdAoN |

FpAToycDNs FBoA A niXnoc xcd wnFqbcoK


glXFN Nl0Oytt)T NFH NOyBAClC AygFl FnFCHT j

oyog AyFp M())pH't' f<HOy(ya)i(^ fieoq af Aq-j


^(jDHi ExoDoy NNFq^AAAAyx Fycon MioywB ae

FTAyMAy FniTAKO f<TF niFp(|)Fi oyog Ay())a)b


NNoygBCDC oyog AygcoA cyA Nioypcwoy Ay- [

TAHcaoy Fj3a)B niben ETAya)a)m Nea)Oy ^F j

AyHOg NXCDNT MMACyO) OyOg AyoyCOpH NgAN" I

gynFpETHC AyccDN^ NniXnoc rEcopnoc AyFwq


o^A NioypcDoy oyog NApE niMHO) oyEg Nccoq
THpoy nE oyog NA^y cocy eboA rnpoy nF xe
ANON gANXpHCTlANOC OyOg ENWn F^+ NPE-
(jDprioc nFXF noypo ^aaianoc HniAnoc rEoop-

riOC XF d) 4^H ETCOq EBOAoyTE NlXpHCTlANOC


I

THpoy HH WnEKCapK NHl Npoygl XE i"NAFp-


p. a)oya)(ooya)i NniXnoAAcDN t\exb nieMHi NAq

') Read E(l)NoyN.


NFnicKonoc abba GFO^OTOC 151

XF HAa)F NAK HOypO ANlOyi NHl MHIA-


O)

noAAcDN NTAOytW^T T^lHOq HntKHGO PBOA


+NOY nPXF niMAKApiOC NACj ON XF ^a)(DU
HniApAuAHC N0Oq HF F+HAOyCDCyT
HTFKIMI
HHOq HnFKMGO FBOA OFXF HOypO NACj XF 5

FINAXIMI NGCDN HniXnoAAcDN IF niXpAKAHC


KATA ^-J^FN^ FTA NlOyWB TAMOl AKKflDO) MHl-
XpAKAwc AKoycDpn MniXnoAAcoN fofcht
F(])MOyN- gApA AKNAOyCDpn HMOl gO) MMAy
Fionb 0) TFcaprioc hfxf niXnoc NAq xf o) lo

niAT^HT ICXFN MH FTF gGHK XH FpODOy Hnoy-


a)FpBOH0iN Fpcooy HMAyAToy If ncuc oy-
ONCyXOH MMODOy F^jAgHFK ^FN niNlcy^ NNF-
NTF nigAn hmhi oyog FpF nioyAi nioyAi
i^ooy
NA^l KATA NH FTAqAlTOy TOTF Aqcyini MHAO^O) 15

AqTCDNq AqgcoA FboyN FnmAAAATiON npxAq


N^-oypo) XF oyoi nhi od aAfzan^pa +oypu)
AlblCl HHAOJO) MFH TlAUi^ho?^ NTF NIPAAiAfOC
ft. 157. N^oyo 2i>F nAi Xxo) XF rFcopnoc HFXF foypo)

NAq XF binixoc nak NNoyMwo^ Ncon o) ni- 20

AOIHOC l^OyFMCApZ XF gFNK CABoA NHAl a)AoA


XF XpHCTHXHOC XF niOypO NTF T(j)F NGOq
nF NoyNOY+^ oyog NGoq np noU nt(])f nfh
nUAgl OyO^ NGOq nFTNAGFBlO NTFKMFT^ACl-
gHT FTgoDoy Fycon oyo2 nFXE niXnoMOC 25

i
NAC XF tMFyi 0) XAfz ANApA +Oyptt) XF AC(t)Og
FpO NXF 'j-MAnX NTF TFODpnOC (j)Al FTAqi

1) Read KATA f^F. 2) Read F(l)NOyN.


'^)
Read ^oy^^oy^.
152 niprKODHiON FAqTAoyoq nxf niMAKApioc.

FboyN a)Apoi oyos nexAc NAq HnAipH+ xe


ppF nAoU iHc nxc ga^mfn hen nieco^PM
EeoyAB >iTe rpcDpnoc niANOMoc 2^e NNoypo
FTAqCCDTFM F^^P^^ HRXC FBO^bPN pCUC Oyog
AqXCJDNT MMAOJO) AqAMONl MniqCDl NTF TFCA(1)F
oyo^ ACi' FBoA a)A Mioypcaoy oyog AqxAMOc
FgCDB NIBFN FFTboCl^ NBACANl^THpiOM AqFNC
FBoA (yA NioypcDoy oyo^ AqxAMcooy f^cdb
NIBFN FTACXOTOy NlOypODOy AyFpKFAFyiN
2^F

pA. EepoyboDKi mmoc fcbho) fboA ngoc as nacxo) \\

NpcDC np oyo^ NApF nfcbaA xoycyr Ena)a)i


ft4)f nF oyo^ nFXAc HniXnoc rFcopnoc xs
TCDBg Fgpm FXfloi d) nAuc rFcwpnoc xf tboci
MMACyO) nFXF niGMHl nac XF ApigynOMFNlH
NNoyKoyxi d) +OYpa> C^r^A ntf^i nhixAoh
natAcom NTorq NnAoO mc nFXF ^-oypco NAq
XE FlNAFpOy nAOC XF Mni^l MniCDHC NTF
NlXpHCTlANOC HFXF niMAKAplOC NAC XF XFM-
NOmI- TFpAd^l MniOJMC FBOAglTFN i-OjFNCHqi
hsu +MOYMI NTF nFCNoq oyog catotc Ayi"
NTFCAno(|)Acic AycbAi ntfca(])f FTAyoAc FBoA
FCoAl NTFCA(J)F FGOyAB ACCDCy FBoA FCXCD HHOC
XF ^HnnF Aixo) Nnipo ntf nAnAAATioN
FqoywN AoytoN nhi nAoc Thc nxc Mnpoi
MnmApAAicoc NTF noyp^ cyonT ppoK ^fn oyog
HHON Cymi NhwTq AN NAl AF FTACXOTOy i

Ayd)Al NTFCA(])F FGOyAB NCOylF MTTIABOT ^Ap-

1) Read Aqi FBoA. 2) Read FThoci.


3) Read NTF noyNOq?
^1
!
NpnicKonoc abba gfoaotoc. 153

j
Moyei oyog ac^i HmxAoM natAcjdh a)A fnf^
AMHN OyOg MeMFNCA NAl AY0tt)OY+ N^^F HlOy-
Inl. 158. pcDoy FniXnoc rFCJopnoc nFxojoy ^^Aq xf (b
TFCDpnoc ic i-oypa) aktakoc haAin AKcpcDTq
FpOH ^(DN nFXF noypO MAKMFNTIOC MODOy 5

XF MApFMi^AnO(|)AClC FpOq HMON qNATAKOM


I

TwpFN oyog AqcFHci NXF noypo 2^AAIAN0C


AqcbAl N'tAnO(|)AClC NTF niHAKApiOC TFCDp-
rioc Fqxo) MMoc wnAi pH+ xf rFcapnoc niMF-
AiTCJDN niNio)']- NTF nipaAiAfoc Aqxo) Nca)q lo

i
NNinpOCTArHA NTF NlO NMOypO NTF niKOCMOC
THpq NFM nio^FHo^i NTF NiNoyi" NpFq^po oyog
FGBF (|)Al TFNFpKPAFyiN FepOyODAl NTFqA(|)F
bFN pCDC NTCHqi AplFMl NCJDTFN O) NiAaOC 2£F
TFNToyBHoyT FBoAgA nFqCNoq oyog AycbAi is

bApATC N'i-Ano(|)ACic NXF m ze NNoypo niA-


rioc AF TFCDpnoc FTAq^i NTFqAno(])Acic hvu
MFqxix FGoyAB Aqi FBoA FqpAcyi oyo^ NAq-
GfAhA MMAtyO) HF FTAq'l FBoA FniMA FTFq-
NAXCDK FBOA NbHTq HFXAq NNIMATOI XF ODOy- 20

h^uT NFMm NNoyKoyxi 0) NACNHoy Fepit


NNoypyXH AnANoyt XpiFMi ncjdtfn od nac-
pB. NHOy XF IC ^ NpOnni N(])00Y T0yFpBACANl2;iN
MMOl NXF HAIO NNOypO NnApANOHOC NGCOOy
2^F AyXAq NloypCDOy 2^F AyCOB't" NNOyApiCTON 25

oyog NAypAcyi nF ^ixfn (|)Hoy NniMAKApioc


TOTF AqXOycyT FncyCOl FT(1)F NXF niMAKApiOC
oyog nFXAq xf nAoc ivic n^c ^n FTAqepF
niXpCDM I FnFCHT FBOA^FN T(|)F ^FN HlCAXl
NTF nFKBtOK hAiAC niTTpO(|)HTHC OyOg MN 30

20
154 oyFrKCDMiON FAqTAoyoq nxf niHAKApioc

AqoY«)M NnienpNTyKONTApxoc (sic)BNFM noy-


KEp HMATOl FKFOY«>pn ^^Hl 0) nAoC NniXpCDM
FTFMMAY glNA NTFqoyCDM NHAl O flNOypO
NnApANOMOC FTl FpF mCAXl XH bPN pCDq
Aq\ NXE mxpcoM FBoAbFN T(1)F oyo^ AqoycDM
MniO NNOypO OyOg NApF niA(|)OT bpN NFN-
XIX NniANOMOc HnATFqxFMTini HHoq oyog
AqOyCDM NKFF NU)0 MMATOl NNATMOY+ NAl
ero^FMcyi MHCDoy oyog nhf nimatoi ftmoo)!
NFM niAnoc rFU)prioc fnii FniHycTHpioN u^a- i'

TOyUHN Fyd)Al NTFqA(j)F FeoyAB FTAqFMl NXF


nieHHi XF A nixpcDM oycDH nniacebhc AqKcoAx
159. NNFqKFAl AqTCJDBg NnAipH+ FqXO) HHOC XF
nAoc oyo^, nANoy+ noyNoq htf TA\|/yXH
NFH nAnwA (|)ia)T NnAoc ihc nxc ccjdtfm Fpoi i

M4)ooy ANOK bA nFKBODK FFODprioc oyog


(yonx FpoK bpN oyNoy FCFpcyAy 'fNAy hanhb
FoyMHO) Fqoo) Fyogi FpAToy oyo2 NAyMEyi
Nca)pAnACCDMA FgpAy aio^anxcdk fboA tNoy
OyO^ NeOK FTFMl d) nAOC XF nACCDMA NApa)U)l
MniKOCMOC THpq AN AomON CCDTFM FpOl
nANHB bFN TAl OyNOy NTFK't- NNOy^MOT
MnApAN NTFqoJCOni NCODTHplA NFM OyBOHGlA
MniKOCMOC THpq FBoAgiTOTK XF FpF moDoy
FpnpFm NAK NFM nEKKJDT NMAKABOC (sic) IHC
nxc nFNOC NFM niHNA FGOyAB NpFqTANbo (yA
FNFg NTF NIFNF<3 THpoy AHHN FTAqXO) 2^F
MniAMHN A niCTFpFtt)MA THpq MO^ NNAFFfAoC
NTF n^ici oyo2 Aqi o^Apoq nxf nFNoC ihc
nxc oyo2 NAqecMCi jjixfn NiXFpoyBiM nem ;,
NsnicKonoc abba gfoaotoc. 155

NicepA(()iM oyoij NApF nixopoc nte Ninpo-


(sic)
4*MTHC NFM NlXnOCToAoC NPM NlMApTypOC
pS. NFH NH eeoyAB THpoy eypp^Y'^i'^oc i-poq
NFM NITAPMA THpoy NTH NI(|)HOy\ OyOg Ay-
glNlH THpoy NXF NlHATOl ETHOtyi NFM ni- 5

I MAKApiOC AyFpM(|)pH't NNippqMCDOyT UfSX^


noc HHiMAKApioc (sic) recDpnoc xf XFpF (|)h
FTF (|)a)l rFCOpnOC XFpF niHFNpiX NTHl NFH
NAArrpAoC XFpF niArCONl^THC ntf TMFToypo
NNl(|)HOy\ COOyNlATK N(])00y d) nAMFNpiT TFCDp- 10

noc XF AlCOBi" NAK N^ NXAOM NCOOy ^FN


NFNXIX NnAlCJDT FqNATHlTOy FXCDK BfN HAl
FgOOy COOyNlATK d) nAMFNpiT rFCOpnOC XF
AyCOB+ NAK NNOy^pHni NNOypO OyOg NAC-
CeAcCJdA FBOi\ bFN OyNOyB 21 MAprApiTHC 15

oyog AiNATHic FxcDK ^FN NAxix M(J)ooy (boy-


NIATK N(])00y d) nAHFNpiT TFCDpnOC XF AyCOBi"
NAK NNoyNio^i NepoNOc Fq^oxi oyog FqcFA-
ca)A FBoA nkaAodc bFN oyNoyB Fqcorn mhaojo)
NFH OyCONl HMHl FNAO^FNCOyFNq OyOg Fy- 20

NATgFMCOK glXODq M(|)00y ^FN NlEHODpANlON


)1 160. FTCAna)a)l FBoAglTFN ninFTA EGOyAB cboyNlATK
d) nAMFNpi+ TFCDpnOC XF AyOyODN NAK NNl-

nyAoDN HHAprAplTHC NTF NICKHNH NNOyOOlNl


OyOg NTFKgCaA FboyN NnFMeO N+TpiAC 25

FGOyAB MMON ^H FTFpKOAlN MMOK d)OyNlATK


d) nAHFNpiT TECDpriOC niXCOpi XF A HAlflDT
NAPAeOC cbAl NHFKpAN Fni^ApMA NTE +TplAC
FeoyAB XE glNA NH F0NAXOC XF 4>t NPFCOp-
riOC XpiBOHGlN EpON NTEKCflDTEM FpON OyOg 30
156 0YFrKa)H10N FAtjTAOYOq NXP niMAKApioc.

^ nAlpH+ NTFKCa)TFH FpODOy CDOyNlATK 0) HA-


MENpiT rpcaprioc xe AKoycwNg nnApAN fboA
NFH nAKJDT NAPAeOC NFH nmRX FGOyAB
HnFHeo NNioyptwoY nte niKOCHoc xwpq oyog
ANOK gCDN +NA0Y0N2K FBOA bPN T^F FKOl
NNOyOOlNl MHACyO) +2^0) MMOC NAK 0) RAMFN-
piT XF HnipH+ FTF HHE gAl l^FN ^MFTpODMl
THpC (yXFMXOH NNOycaNg HHApAN FBoA N
f + Nponni NEgOOy FBhA FpOK MMAyATK FKOgl
FpATK HnEHGO MHAl O NNOypO bFN +01- i

iFf
pr.'
1
KOyHFNH THpC ItF FniKOCHOC oy2^E npFCBy-
TFpOC OyAF AlAKODNOC Oy2^F AaiKOC FBhA FpOK
MMAyATK hPN niKOCMOC THpq a)F TAXIX
NNOyiNAM O) nAMFNplT [2CF] ^MACFMNl NFMAK
NNoyAiAewKH 2£F Fojojn ntfktaAok FnFKgO 1

MnWATlKON bFN T(1)F OyOg NTFKl NBM TFK-


ecDoyrc Twpc Foycoajx N-trpiAC FeoyAB FpF
NH FGOyAB THpOy COyODNK FGBF niTAlO F+NA-
THiq NAK 0) nAMFNpiT oyo^ FyPM^' THpoy
3:b ntok nF rFcoprioc niMFNpiT ntf $+ -

FyFFpnpocKyNiN mmok THpoy KATA nioyAg-


CAgNl NTF nA\a)T NAPAGOC IC gHnUF ON fNOy
0) nAMFNpiT AITOM HFKpAN F(|)a)l NTFqO^CDni

NNOyAyMHN NNOyXAl t>FN niKOCMOC THpq


glNA pa)Ml NIBFN \f C^lMl NlBFN FGNApAOyO) -

F2ANg02s:2FX bFN NiMAN+CAn Itf t>FN


\tf
NlMANAyMOClON \tF bFN NlO^TFKCOOy ITB bpN

1) After this number the Coptic numbering of the page


ceases. 2) Sic; read FyFFMl.
NpnicKonoc abba epoAOTOc. 157

(|)iOM iTB h^n NUpcDoy Bph niAyhnh


(sic) itf
ITP bFN NIMOOIT HMOO)! ITt* NTO^ FTOTOy I

NClNCDOyi ITF NTOYpAY«> FgANGHpiON ItH


iGi. oyxpcuM Itf gA^i^ioYi itf ^anhoy fy^odoy
HMAcyo) Itf anapkh nibfn nfm oymho) wbici s

Fyoo) MMAcyo) XnAcoc gox^E^c nibfn ftoy-


NApAOYO) FpCOOY NXF NTF NlpCOMl
Nia)Hpi

0Y0(^ NTOY«)ty Fncyo)! gApoi I^fn nFupAN a)A


f NCOn 2£F (fi" NPFCDpriOC XpiBOWeiN FpOM
i-NACODTFH FpCOOY NXCoAfH OYO^, NTAXCOK lO

FBOA NgCDB NIBFN FTOYNAFpFTlN HMOq bFN


nOY6"T Oyoy P«>Hl NIBFN FGNAKCOT NNOY'
HApTYpiON hFN nFKpAN IF OY^CCDH NNOUCy
FBoA bFN NFublCl NFM NFKAPCDN NTFqTHiq
F+FKkAhCIA bFN HFKpAN 'tNAcbAl NHFqpAN K>

FnswCDH HncDNb OYOg NTAepFqojconi bFN oy-


MA NNOY«)T NFMAK bFN TAMFTOYpO a)A FNFg
(|)H FONAI" NOYnpOC4>OpA IF OYAnApXH pf FK-

kAhCIA bFN nFKpAN \f NTFqTFMHO NN0Y6"'<1


bFN nFKpAN IF OyXHpA bFN niFgOOY NTF 20

nFKFp(|)MFYl FTTAIHOYT tNAi" NAq NNOYBOH-


eiA bFN nAi KocMoc NTAepFqoY'Noq nfmak
bPN NlAPAeON NTF TAHFTOYpO (|)H FeNA2<A>BC
NNOYAl FqBHO) bsN HFKpAN ^-NAj^OBCq bFN
NlFNTHMA NTF Nl(|)HOYl (1>H FGNA^FpO NNOY" '^'^

bwBC bFN i-FKKAHClA bPN nUKpAN IF OYCGOl-


NOYqi ^NAepF NAArrFAoc FpoY(«iNi Fpoq
FqNHOY SApOl bFN OYpA(yi ^H FGNAi" NHEKpAN
FnEqa)Hpi bFN oyna2+ naocdt' nnoYCHT

1) Sic; read fNAGCDT.


158 oyFrKCDHiON FAqTAoyoq nxe niMAKApioc.

FgpHi Fxa)q (j)H eeNAoiCDn NoyojFHMo Fpoq


t>FN nFKpAN i^NAXa) NAq FBoA NNFqHOBi oyog
+NAcyonq Fpol bFN TAMFToypo a)A FNF^ ^-capK
HHOl HHIN NlMOl O) rFODpnCC nAMFNpiT XF
H(|)pH't FTAIKHN FXOC NAK 'fNOy ON ^XO)
HMOC MAK XE ^FN NIMICI NTF NlglOMl NIMON
(])H FTONl NICDAMNHC nipFq+COMC OyOg bFN
mXOpOC NTF NlMAprypOC MMON (|)H FTONl
MMOK J3EN NH FTAyojCOni THpOy Oy2^F NNF
oyoN (ycjDni FqoNi mmok iodc hmok od ha-
MFMpiT xa)K FBoA NTFKOIKONOMIA NTAoAk
FncyODl NFMHl glXFN ni^ApHA NXFpOyBlNlKON
OyO^ NTATHIK NACDpON NnAlCOT NArAGOC NFH
ninNA FeoyAB oyog ntf nat(|)f THpoy pAcyi
NFMAK XF OyHl CFXOyojT FBoA hASTCDK FeBF
fol. 162. nFKCCDHA 2^F ON ^NAepF gANMONHFN O^flDm

^NOy 2SF NNE g/\l t>FN NAl HHO^ 6"! NFHAq


FnTHpq cyAToyl nxf NFKAAa)oyi NToyoAq ic
TFKMAy NFH TFKCCJDNl «+ NFM TFKKFCyFAPT
FTAycon Nca)C nak aikhn FoAoy FTAMEToypo
hAXCDK XE glNA NNOyNAy FnEKHOy ^FN HAl
KOCHOC aAAa NTOyNAy FpOK NFM nFKlODT
NFM OFKnAniOC (sic) NFM niNlO)']- NNCDOy F-j-NA-
THiq NAK bFN T(|)F t»FN TAMFTOypO OyOg IC
NIACEBHC NNOypCDOy NTF niKOCMOC THpq
AlTAKODOy FeBHTK EO^COn NTF nFKCNOq (|)a)N
EBOA ^IXEN nKA^l +NOy niOJFMjyi NTF Nil-
2^(JdA0N NAKODpq OyOg CFNA+COOy NHApAN
bEN niKOCMOC THpq "tNAGpF nFKCyNrENHC
KcoT NAK NNoyTonoc bPN TEunoAic NTPqXO)
NEniCKOnOC abba eFOZ^OTOC. 159

NnPKCcoMA nbHTq Ben oyTAio mfnehca oy-


Koy^ci NCHoy ncAAAMAC NAToyNOc oyAimrMOC
glXEN NIEKkAhCIA OyOg CENA())a)N MnCNOCj
NNOyeBA MMAprypOC FBOA t>EN niKOCHOC
THpq NKA NpONini NEgOOy EBOA OH ;^n^l\ 5

NIXOH EfNAAlTOy EBoA^lTOTK BeM nEKTonOC


EeoyAB oyo£^ c|naco^ni nxe hiacebhc NNoypo
NTE niCHOy ETEMMAy ECyOpOiEp MnEKTOnOC
EeoyAB oyog qwAoycopn NoycxpATHAATHc
NEM NEqMATOl EEp nAl ^(JOB Oyog 'fNAGpEK- 10

cyAipi Epoq h£H oynoy Eq^CDoy MHAcya)


M4)pH't- ETAKCyAipi NNAl OypODOy NAl OyOg
AqKCDpq NXE niMcarMOC eboAj^itotk nAi pwf
ON 'j-NAoyopnK FepEK(^Aipi Epoq Neoq niA-
CEBHC ETEMMAy OyOg I'NATgEMCO NKEOyAl ir>

EHEqMA KATA niOyAgCA^Nl NTE nAlCOT NA-


TAeoc oyog ^^nakcdt nak NNoyTonoc Eq^oci
EqTAiHoyT nkaAoqc oyOj3 qNA+cDoy nnek-
kAhcia oyog cENAiyEMo)! MMOi h^H oynAp-
pHClA bEN niKOCMOC THpq a)A ENE^ OyOg 20

i"NA0poyKa)T NAK NgANMHCy NTOnOC hEN


niKOCMOC THpq +NAepE Nl(|)yAH THpOy NTE
niKocMoc THpq 'Vcboy nak oyog ^NAepE nEKpAN
MOg NniKOCMOC THpq OyOg ^NAGpE gANMHO)
EN TCDpON EOEKTOnOC ^NAepOy EpcyAl
(sic) 25

(. 163. NAK bEN niKOCMOC THpq maAicta niE^ooy


NTE nEKEp(j)MEy\ ETE niFgOOy NTE nEKXCDK
FBoA nE oyo^ ^en nAi Egooy AiTcan Ani-
COyONT EnKAgl N^HTq OyO^ Alf XAOM glXEN
NlKApnOC NTE OKA^l ^EN niFgOOy NTE nEK- 30
160 oyprKCDMiON FAqTAoyoq nxf niMAKApiOC.

2ciN^ixAoH N^HTq oyog ON bPN niFgooy fiTei

neK(TiAlK HETApXH NNlKApnOC NTF HKAgl FTEt


coy^ NNAecDp ne nFKpAN d'oci hsn t())f oyog;
qTAiHoyr on ^i^pn nKAgi o) nAMFNpiT rpcjop-
riOC nAMATOl NXCOpi (yA FNF<3 NTF NIFNF^
AHHN NAl AF FTA noC XOTOy NAq AqMAgq
NXOM NFH noyNoq N0Oq AF gODq niHAKApiOC
AqpAtt)! HMAojo) nF oyo^ NAqepAviA hf Fqxo)
HMOC XF to^Fn^MOT NTOTK nAOC IVJC XF
AKTAlOl HMAO^O) HApA HAFMnojA OyO^ AqFpC-
(|)pAri^iN MMoq Aqgonq FBoAgApoq oyog (])"

FGOyAB TOyNOC NlMATOl FqXCD MHOC NCOOy XF


AMCJDINI 0) NACNHOy XODK FBoA M(])H FTAyoy-
AgcA^Ni HMoq NODTFN oyo^ nAt pwl" AqCOyTODN
nFqMoyx fboA oyog AycoAi NTFqA(j)F eeoyAB
NXF NlMATOl oyog CATOXq Aql FBoA N^HTq
N2s:f oycNoq nfh oyppcDi" oyog a noc epF

mixahA ^i HnFqcNoq nfh UFqEpcDi- FTFq-


ctoAh NNoyoDiNi oyog A noc 6i NTFq\|/yXH
t)FN TFqXlX HMIN HHoq oyojj AqFpAcnA2;FC0E
MMoq oyog AqKoyAtt)Ac ^fn Ninop())ypA nf-
noDpANiON oyog AqgcoA Fn(Jici nfmac oyog
NApF mcTFpFa)MA Twpq MF2 nF NNArrpAoc
FGOyAB NFH HlXOpOC NTF NH FGOyAB Oyog
NAyFp^yHNOC ClTgH HHOq nF O^ATFqTHiq
N2^a)poN MnFqicoT NAFAGoc NFH nmHA FeoyAB
oyog Aq'f" Fxa)q NTFqcToAn NNoycDiNi nfm
oy^pwni NNoyB FTCOTn oyog nactotc Idfn
oycDNi HHHi oyo2 NApF ^ NxAoH gixcoc oyog
NAycyONT FBoA JOFN Nlgpwpi NTF nia)a)HN NTF^
NpnicKonoc abba gfoaotoc. 161

na)Nb oyo^ AqcbAi NnpqpAN nfm Nicyopn-


HMici a)A FNF2 oyog AqepF '^-A^F^H THpc
NTH T(J)F NFM MlTArHA HTF NH FGOyAB TgFM-
coq gixFN niepoNoc oyog NToyFpojAi NFMAq
t>FN TAhM NTF T(j)F MFNFNCA HAl A gANHONMFH 5

I ) . 164. (^(Oni HFM gANXApABAl MFH gAHCFTFBpWX


NFM ^ANMoyfigcDOY Fyoo) HMAcyco oyog
NlMHCy FTOgl FpATOy NFM NlKFMATOl AyCJXOT
FhoyW F+BAKl nACyNKpATCap AF niBODK NTF
mXrioc TFCDprioc NAqb^i FpATq caboA bAXFN lo

mccDMA NTF nFqoc oyog NAqpiMi Fpoq nF


oyog MHF gAi MHoyNgcDoy oyAF xocfm (ycwni
^FN niMA FpF nccDMA NinieMHi Nt>HTq aAAa
NApF niMA THpq 01 NMoycDiNi oyog A niKF B
HNAAoy NTF niArioc rFa)prioc ftxh I^fn 15

'fBAKi Ayl a)A niKFoyAi Na^(|)Hp NTcuoy Fq-


CABoA MnccDMA MnoyoG FqplMl FTAyNAy
FHoyoU XF Aya)Ai NTFqA(])F oyo^ nAi pH+
Ay(|)AbToy pbpHi FXCDq Ayoya)a)T HHoq Fy-
piMl OyOg AnACyNKpATCOp 2iF AqTAMCDOy 20

FgcoB NiBFN FTA nUc xoToy Mnoyoc oyog Ay-


pAO)! MMAO^O) OyOg AyT(JOMl NTFqA(|)F FGOyAB
FboyN FnFqcu)MA FTCMApa)OYT oyOc3 actcdhi
Fpoq goDC icxFK Anoyxoxc fboA FnTHpq
oy^F niMHiNi NTF i-ojFNCHqi HnFqt^cani NbnTq 25

goAcDC OyOg HFXE NFqFBlAlK NHOyFpHOy XF


TFNNA^+ bPM OyHFeMHl XF A (|)+ 0)(DU FpOq
NRFNOC OyO^ CAXl NIBFN FTAqXOTOy NAq
qNAxoKoy NAq fboA nkaA(ji)c AomoN aytaAo
Hnica)MA FGoyAB oyog NAqajFO) CGOiMoyqi 30

21
162 oyFrKCDMiON FAqxaoyoq nxf niNUKapioc.

FBoA oyog ayoAq Eniwi FNAyXH Nhwrq wniu)-


HMON gAi wloHTq ^^FMa)Oy
6bp N^ NpOMRl NF
nF oyog Ayxonq NMAy oyog HApF niXAKi
NFM niMOMHFN U)On nF OyOiJ A (])10H 6ici

Fno^flDi N+noAic oyog NAqoyoDO) fcdmc


cAncycDi
HMOC FnFCHT HF NiniCTOC AF FTAyCCOTFM
ETCMH Hnoc FqCA3il NFH niHAKApiOC TFCOp-
rioc oyog Aycaty fboA xf $+ NrFcopnoc
AplBOWeiN FpON t>FN TAl ANArKH OyOg CATOTq
Aq^Fpi NXF 4)10M Oy02 AyXCJDp FBOA NXF I'l

NixocFH oyo^ Aqo^Ai NXF (j)pH FHFqpAct


oyog NiXAcooyl 2iF ntf niXnoc rECDpnoc
oyog Ay(yiMi NCA NioypcDoy AyxFMoy a noc
foLl65. qoToy fboA a oynityi" NpAa)i tyconi t>FN
+0lK0yMFNH THpC OyOg AyoyCDN N^pO NNIFK- l|

kAhcia NKFCon bFM niKocMoc THpq oyog


A NiFyBiAiK (sic) NTF niAPioc rFcopnoc a)a)n
N2ANCOH2^0NlON FyTAlHOyT HMAO^O) MFM gAN-
ceoiNoyqi pycorn MMAcyo) oyo^ AyucDC
MnccoMA Mnoyuc nkaAcdc oyog AyoAq fboA
NXCDn hpN +noAic oyo^ AyxAAoq Foyxoi
oyog AybAq F'j-ocnoAic nfh niscwM nte
NFqbici Fycon oyog AyxiHi nnh FTFNoyq
THpoy FTAyFMTON HHCDoy bPN noc oyog
NF OyON OypCDHl 2^F XF ANApFAC nCON nP
NOMAy MniXnoc rFCDpnoc oyog Aqd)Ai
NnccDMA MniXnoc rFcopnoc Fboyn pnFqwi
FqpAcyi HMAojo) oyog A ^-noAic Twpc ea)oy+
oyog AyKtt)T NNoyronoc NAq t>FN npqwi hmin
MHoq oyog Ayoyoopn niAhm oyog Ayiwi
NPniCKOnoC abba 0UO2iOTOC. 163

HniXpXHFnicKonoc abba eeoAcocioc oyog


AqspAriA^iN MHoq Ncoy^ nniABOT XeoDp
oyog AycEMNi NneqAyHvl/ANON FOoyAB N^HTq
h^u nAi Fgooy po) on wNoycoT fte coy?
wniABOT Xecop nu oyog AyxcoK fboA FscDq 5
N+eyciA FGoyAB niccDMA FeoyAB nfh nicNoq
FTTAiHoyT NTE noc iHc nxc oyog AycyoDm
bFN niTOnOC FGOyAB NXF gANHHlNl NFM
2ANa)(|)Hpi Fyoo) oyog neoq ae niXnoc rEcop-
rioc Aqi FBoAbEM t(|)f kata nioyAgcA^Ni 10
NTE noc oyo2 Aqa^Aipi NEygioc nicrpATH-
Aathc oyog Aq(|)a)pK nnenbaA n+okkAhti-
ANoc fboA oyog AqepoygiTq EBoAbEH ni-
nAAAATlON OyO^ NCFTgEHCO NKCDCTANTINOC
NNOypO NTFqojEBlO) OyOg AqOyCDN NNIFK- 15
kAhCIA ExbEN niKOCMOC THpq AqOyCDN NNl-
pcDoy NTE Nia)TFKa)oy oyog AqoycDNg fboA
HnicTAypoc oyo^ AqTAxpo nniNAgi- NNop-
eoAozoc AqKCDT n+anactacic NTE noc bEN
TAhM NFM gANKEMHCy NNEKKAhCIA ^EN Hi- 20
KOCMOC THpq oyog N0oq on Aql F^oyN En-
Tonoc N+ANACTACic AqcyAwA Nk>HTc oyog
N0oq ON Aqi FhoyN FHTonoc T^iniXnoc rFCDp-
riOC NFH eAfnH TEqMAy NEM FyAOZlA TFq-
CGDNi oyog A niXrioc rECDpnoc oyoNgq Fpoq 25
)1. 166. OyOg AqTAHOq bEN niEXODpjJ NNH FTEq^^AAl-

Toy oyo2 Neoq he FTAqKCDT AnTonoc FeoyAB


NTF niXrioc rECDpnoc bEN +ocnoAic egbe
2fE NAqoi NKoyxi Ncyopn HE oyog AqAAiq
NeAyHACTON NinAl pH+ OyOjJ (j)Al +NOy FTOy- 30
164 oyFrKCDMiON FAqraoyoq has niMAKapioc.

(^On NXF MAI MHINI MEM NAl 2C0M


Nt>HTq
ETOcy NAl FTcbwOyT gl KFXCDH XCDpiC ^^Al
iBydiOY h4)+ mem nEqMAprypoc EeoyAB niX-
noc rEODpnoc ETAqxcDK eboA NnFqAra)M mxe
niXrioc rEcopnoc Mcoy Kr nniABOT (|)Ap-
Moyei NoyE^ooY MnApACKEyw mna^^o 0+
MniE^ooy oyog mh Twpoy ETAyEpMAprypoc
FBoAgiTEM niAnoc TEcopnoc oyog MCEipi
MKH MCyO MEM XT? MEM AAEZAM^pA +Oypa)
oyos Ay^i MnixAoM nattako eboA^iten >

nENoU Thc ttxc oyog MCFoyMoq MMwoy +Noy


MEM niAnOC TECDpnOC hEM TATTH 0BAKI MMH-
EeoyAB THpoy oyog ic mai mem AMXoToy
NAK (sic) a)A nAi ma EMTAMCD MMODTEN EeBE
MlblCl MEM MlXrCOM NC^OyTAlODOy MAI ETAqEp-
• gynoMEMiN nxe niXnoc rEcopnoc
Epa)oy
mcycDix MpEqd'po mte nEMoc ihU nxc MApENMAy
AE EMITAIO ET^OCl ETAq^lTOy ^EN Ml(|)HOy'l
glTEN nEMCCDTHp IHC IHC CCDTEM XE +MOy
O) MAMEMpAi" NNH ETAlMAy EpCDOy t>EM MABaAo
MEM MH ETAlCOGMOy MMAMAC^X AMOK HIEAA-
xiCTOc GEO^cDToc Accycom 2^E ^EN ncHoy
MniMAiMoyi- NNoypo eE02^ocioc (|)A mpEqEp-
4)MEyl ETTAiHoyr AqNAy Eoya)(l)vipi h^n
nicyopn ME^ooy ETAqEpoypo oyog AqMAys
ETTiAnoc rEODpnoc ETAql EBoAhEN t4)P t»EN
oyMicy't^ Mcooy oyo^ MApE niApXHArrEAoc

M0(yi MEMAq HE AqTgEMCO MniMAlMOyf


NNOypO 0EOAOCIOC glXEM n0pOMOC MMipCDMEOC
E0BE XE MApE OyMAgt EqTAXpHOyX MTACj
NemcKonoc abba euoAOToc. 165

HF Fl^OY^^ FniXrioc TFCDpnoc NnFqcHoy Twpq


nF [?VOl]nON MFMFNCA K NpOMni ICXFN FTA-
qFpoypo oyog AqKa)T NNoyNicyV nnfkkAhcia
'%ol. 167. t>FN (j)pAN MniXnoc TFODpnoc oyog AqecDoyj-

F^oyM NMiFnicKonoc THpoy FniAriACMOc ntf 5

niXnoc TFcopnoc oyog AqoycDpn nca tahst-


F^AXlCToc go) NFM NiFnicKonoc Twpoy oyo^
NF AlOgl FpAT gO) nF l^FN OyMFTATXOM NTF
'f-MFTbFAAo AomoN FTANFpAriA2;iN n+fkhAh-
ClA FeoyAB JDFN (|)pAM H(f+ NFM niXriOC 10

rEcopnoc oyog X Ni<])yAonoNoc Fpi|;AAiN


KATA HFTTOMl OyOg NApF HOypO NFHAN HF
NFM 'f^CyNKAH'^OC THpC NFM NA+noAlC THpOy
oyog mfnfnca epFNgFMCi NFM noypo nfm
niMHO) THpq oyog X noypo FpHpApyiN epoycocy is

(sic) FpoN Ni-MApTypiX NTF niXrioc rFcoprioc

F0BF 2v'F NF COyKP M(|)ApMOyei OF TTlFgOOy


FTFMMAy OyOg NAN(TlCMH HF bFN OyXApCOq
FTAq(l)02 2iF E[ni]MA FpF TlOC MFGpF NAq
FqXO) MMOC 2s:F MMON ())H FTONl MMOK i^FN 20

NiMApxypoc THpoy oyAF NNF oyoN ojconi


FqoNi MMOK a}A FNFg oyog Xnok e«i X m^mi
Fppa)o[ya)] nhi fiko) mmoc 2Cf oyMHO) NCxpA-
thAathc NFM NiFnA[p]xoc NFM oypo (sic)
NTF nAi KOCMOC Ayxtt) NCCDoy Ancooy Tvipq 25

MnAl KOCMOC NFM HOyAZlODMA NFM TO"yMET-


pAMAO O^Og AyMOy eiXFN (|)pAN MnFNOC
mu nxc NAgpAq nofXcfbhc NNoypo aiokAh-
TiANOc mXNOMOC oyog ^^F Aq61ci nnai Tnpoy
N2CF HAl MApTypOC FGOyAB (j)Al OyO^ FTANKHN 30
166 OYFrKcoHiON FAqxAoyoq NXF niHAKAplOC.

empi N+cyNAzic EeoyAB oyog eta poygi


(yconi Ampi NniAyXNiKON nem noypo anemkotiI
OyOg NE MnE gAl N^HTOy OyODM HE oyAEij
nKEoypo aMa NAqENKOT NEMAN Eycon bEN
+EKKAhCIA EeoyAB NgANApOygl nE N'l'KypiAKH
EeBE ETA friAriACHoc (ycom NNoyEgooy nca-
BATON ETA niEXCDp^ 2^E cyCDni ANlpl N+Cy-
NApC NTE niEXCOpg RATA ())H ETEpnpEm OyOg
AnI" NniAHHN ANgEHCl OyOg ANCAXl NNl-
HETNIO)'}- NTE $+ OyOg NAq[l] NEMAN NXE
noypo oyog a oyAi Joen nenio'}- NEmcKonoc
AyoAq JDEN oyonTACiA EncytDi et^e oyog
AqNAy E^ANMycTHpiON Ey^oci MMAcyo) oyog
Ca)E AN NTE gAl NpEMNKAgl CAXl EpCDOy
AlNAy EpOl ON HEXAq . . HEMGO NniGpONOC
.

NTE ())ia)T [Al]NAy EgANANCyONOJO NEM gANAN-


GBANGBA EygODC E+TplAC EGOyAB THpoy Ey-
fol. 168. NHoy KATA TA£ic oyog NAyoyCDO^T M^f
oyo^ NAy+cboy NAq oyog NAycMoy Epoq
0y02 NAyEpFTlN NNOyETHMA MFNENCCDC AyOgl
EpAToy NCTyxoc cTyxoc oyog mmon gAi
NpEMNKOCMOC NAC^XO) AN MmCOOy NEM niNlU)']-
NTAib EToyo^on NbwTq oyog AiNAy EoyAi
UqNHOy EBOA CAboyn NniKATAnETECMA Eqo-
Ni NNoyoypo oyog NAqEp())opiN NNoy^pwm
NNoyB nE EpE z, i^xAoM gixcoc oyog NAq-
TAAwoyT NNoygeo NNoycoBo) oyog NAqEp-
OyCOlNl EgOTE (|)pH NNOyMHO) NKCOB NCOn
EqCEBTCDT ^EN gANCHqi NEM ^ANgOnAON NEM
gANj^BHoy'i NNoypo AnAcDC mmon (yi ojon
NSniCKOnOC abba eF02^0T0C. 167

HniAzicuHA MBACiAiKON oyog bpN nxiMGppqi


FBoA A oyHHO) Fqocy oyAeq Nccuq cahnh
HHOq NFM CAHNAl r^lMOqOyog AlMAy FNH
peoyAB THpoy EyppopocKyNiN HMoq Ai[MAy]
^E AiTCDMT oyog NAi[oya)a) ff]mi Fpoq xf s

MINI HF Oy02 AlCOMC CAOyiNAM MMOl AlNAy

FOyMOyMAXOC FqOgl FpAXq FpF gANTENg


MHoq M(|)pH'i" fiNoyArrFAoc ntf $+ oyog
NAqFp(|)OpiN NNOyxAoH NMOypO HFM OygFBCtt)
MHON (3^1 ^F^^ MlHFTOypCDOy NTF niKOCMOC 10

ONI HHOC OyOg FpE Oyo^BCDT NNOyB bpN


TFqxis: NHoyiNAH oyog NApF nFqgo^ hf^
NpAcyi oyog FOF oyNioii- NNCDoy Ka)+ Fpoq
oyog Aif^o ppoq P12CU) hhoc xf nAicor
++^0 FpOK MATAHOl XF N0OK NIM FKOJon 15

^FN nAi nii^-l NTAio MnAipH+ oyo^ Neoq


2^F AqFpAMAAHX FpOl OyOj^ nF2CAq MHl XF ANOK

np nAyAF nipFUTAMMA kaAcdc ak\ cd niHA-


NFCODOy NTF UFNOypO HMHl nFNOC THC HXC
oyog bFN nxiNepFqxE nai nmi AipAcyi xf 20

AIXEM nAppHClA NAgpAq Oyog HESHl NAq 2£B


0) nAoC NICDT FGOyAB ++gO FpOK IC XF AKAIT

NEMna)A NnEKACnACHOC FGOyAB ++20 EpOK


glNA NTFKTAHOl XF NIH HE nAl NlO^i" NNOypO
!
ETAql i-NOY oyog, a nAi mho) THpq Fpnpoc- 25

KyNiN HMoq oyog fieoq af niMAKApioc Aq-


[N]ETq pcoq NCCOBl HnHATlKON nEXAq NHl XE
bl. 169. NnEKcoyEN (l)Ai cyA fNoy nEXHi NAq xf EiNAcy-

1) Ms. nEqgoM.
168 OYFrKCDMlON FAqTAOyoq NXF niMAKApiOC.

COyFN (|)Al NNAO) NpH+ CD HAICDT HniNAy


Fpoq FN82 fbhA F+Noy AqFpoyo) nexAq mhi
XF FTAyOyOpHFT (sic) O^ApOK FepieODT MOFK-
gHT FeBF NH FTAKFpMFAFTAN HMCDOy bpN
nFK^HT NCAq hFN i"FKKAHClA FGBF niXriOC
rFcopnoc niMF^piT ntf 4>t niccjorn MMAp-
TypOC 2£F Fq^OCl FNH FGOyAB THpOy KATA
L nCAXl WnFNCCOTHp FHIAH VJ/yXH ^nBFN FGNAl
FBoAhPN CCIDMA \tF NlOMHl Itf NipFqFpMOBl
o^ApF NoygBHOyl THpoy oya)Ng fboA t>FN i<|

oyniNAnc wnNATiKON oyog o^AccycDni AnFMeo


FBoA NNFqBAA NCHOy NIBFN FpF NFqnpAZlC
cbwOyT FpOC AomON FTACpANAq NnAUc Thc
nXC F^-FHTON NHl ANOK k>A nFqBClDK FGpFqXFM
nAojiNi Au fboABfn nAi kocmoc AqAir- ii

FNFMna)A hpN TFqMFTAPAGOc AqFNT Fhoyw


FTFqnoAic oyo^ AiFpGFoapiw n(|)Ai 'j-Noy tfk-
NAy Fpoq gCJDK FpF TAl (fpHHl NNOypO TOl FpOq
FpF 2, NXAOH FXODC AlNAy FpOC AlCOO) NMlchAl
FTcbwoyT Fpoc XF nAi ne rFcopnoc niHFAiTCDN
NpFH'l^ocnoAic ^H FTAqHoy Nr Ncon fxfn
(|)pAN wnpNoC Thc nxc oyog AiNAy fnh FGoyAB

THpoy FyFpnpocKyNiN HMoq oyo^ anok go)


AlCyFn OyMHO) N^ICI glJiFN (])pAN NnFNuU IHC
nxc oyog AiHoy fiS Ncon maixcd hhoc np
^FN NAHFyi nF[XF] IC gHUnF +a)HCy MFMAq t>FN
niTAib oyog aita^no NniFpnpocKyNiN HHoq
oyog nAi pH^}- t>FN oycoycoy Noya)T a ^»
FTCflooyNoy wngHT NNoyoN NiBFN oycDpn
(yApoi NniApXHArrFAoc mixahA oyo^ nFXAq
NFmcKonoc abba GSO^OTOC. 169

NHi XE mccDTn nAY^F Fess oy oy^ NnpK-


o^coni hvn niAcnACHOc Nnn atikon kata nioy-

AgCAgNl NTF ninANTOKpATCOp AIXO) FpOq h^U


ETt>EN nA^HT oyog AqoAx CATorq a)A (\>n
FGoyAB XnAMoyB ^l6Ho^o^lTHC fhiah Aqcyconi 5

bFN tHFTMAprypOC NFM i-HFTHOyNAXOC


Fycon AqTAHoq FmoyAgcAgNi ntf noc
)1. 170. nFXF (J)H FGOyAB OMOAOPITHC NHI XF HAICDT
FGOyAB HaAf (sic) MA(^F NAK XOOK FBOA M(|)Oy-
AgCAgNl MnoC OyOg WnFpXOC XF AlblCl HMACyO) 10

20) H(()pHi- NHlNltt)']- TFCOpriOC FniAH t>FM


nFKOyCOOl HMAyATK FGBF nUC niGHHl 2^F

FTFHMAy NGOq glTFN ^ANKfAeBIM NFM gAN-


HAXl NFM gANBACyOyp NFM gANiqX NFM
OyXpCDM NFM OyCHql NpOB NFM gANOypCDOy 15

NGHpiON FygCDOy 'ix(D rAp MMOC NAK 0) HA-


MFNpiT NANF OyCOn NNOyCDT AN NTF
XF
ni^ynFpFTHC I NTFqxoc nak xf noypo Moyi"
FpOK AMOy FBOA M(|)pH't" NO NpOMHl NTF
OyANAXCOpiTHC hFN TFq-
FqFpnoAlTEyPCGF 20

MONH FTAICODTFM AF FNAl Al+METANIA NHl-


XpXHArPFAoC NFM ^U FGOyAB FIXO) MMOC
XF XO) NHI FBOA OyOg nAl pH^ AypACyi NFMHl
oyog AigoA a)A niMAprypoc catot AiFp-
npOCKyNlN MniMApTypOC FGOyAB NTF nXC 25

AomoN d) niMANFCCDoy ntf nxc ftpn^ot


TAXpF nFK^HT XF MMON (])H FTONl MMOK
NGoq niAPioc rFCopnoc bFN NiMApTypoc
THpoy FTAyiTlXAoM gCOC AF FpF 4^H FGOyAB
CAXl NEMHl A niMATOl NTF $•!" niAPlOC TFCOp- 30
22
170 niFrKODMtON FAqTAoyoq NXF niMAKAplOC.

rioc I Fcyapoi (sic) FpF nFqgo ^iaktin NNoy-


CDINI FBOA AqFpACnA^FCGF MMOl OyOg AqMA^T
NpAoji NFM oyo^ nFXAq nm xf Fa)(ttn
oyi^oq
NTFKgODA NTFKnoAlC (sic) ANKypA KODT NNOyHl
nm Nt>HTc giNA ntaI NTAa)a)ni Batotk fgbf 5

XE KFp NFM F NNABOT O^ATFKl a)ApOl FTAl


noAic FOoyAB nai 2^f ETAqxoroy nhi AiTcooy-
Noy hFN i-oyNoy fboABen nigopAMA noypo
i^F NFM niKF TB NFmCKOnOC FTAyNAy Fngo

NniFmcKonoc Fqoi NNoycoiwi AyFMi xf AqNAy 10

Foy^a>pn fboA oyog Ay+eo ^poq FepFqscco


Fpcooy NNH FTAqNAy Fpcooy Neoq af FTAql |

Fpoq NXF nFqgHT Aqxco Fpcooy N+onxAciA


THpc FTAqNAy Fpoc oyog AyFpa)(J)Hpi HMAa)a)
oyos Ay+a)oy M^-f nfm niMAprypoc FeoyAB 15'

mXrioc rEa)prioc oyo^ a noypo Fpoyo) nFXAq


KF hFN [ni]Fgooy fta noc t^fmcoi ^ixfn ;

[n0p]oNOC NNipcDMFoc HApA nAFM[na)]A oyog i

AiNAy hFN nabaA NpFq[Fp]NOBi FmXrioc TFCOp- !

noc FTAqi FBoAbFN t4)f FqTAiHoyT FnFgeo 2ci

fol. 171. FpF OyON OyKONTApiON NNOyB ^FN TFqXlX

NNOyiNAH FpF niApXHArrFAoC MOCyi NFHAq


oyog AiNAy Foy^pHni NNoyB xoi fxfn TFqA(|)F ,

FpF 2, NXAOM TOl FXFN TFqA())F Oyog NAqFp-


oycoiNi FgoTF (|)pH NNoyGBA NKoon Ncon 2;,

OyOg Aqi (^ApOl FqHF^ WpAOJl AqAMONl MMOl


oyog AqrgFMCoi ^ixfn nepoNoc wi-METoypo
OyOg FpF OyMHCy bEN NH FTEMnc^A k>FN Hl-
crpATFyMA EpeFcbpiN MMoq Ngo oyF (sic^)
1) Read OyBF.
NenicKonoc abba geo^otoc. i7i

go oyog AiNAY Fpoq nkecoh bpN reqFK-


kAhcia eeoyAB AqxAHoi nnh FTppNoqpi nta-
iJ/yXH ANOK AE ETAICODTEM ENAl AlCMOy EnAoC
IHU NEM NH E0OYAB MHApTYpOC NTAq ME-
NENCA NAl A niEniCKOnOC ETFMMAY (i)E ETEq- 5

BAKl AqKCDT NNOYEKkAhCIA ECTAIHOYT t>EN


(|)pAN ^l4)'^ NEH mXrioc rEcopnoc OYOg AqEp-
AriA^lN MMOC NNEqXlX NHATEqi EBoA bEN
CCDMA NE OYAl ^(JDq HE EBOA jbEN niTlH NEOIC-
KOnOC ETAY©«>OY+ bEN NirEA (sic) OYOg AqFp- 10

OE NpOMni NEniCKOnoC OYOg AqENKOT bEN


noc EqXH pm N[poM]ni ic nai hen anxotoy
Na)[TEN] d) NAHENpA+ NCNHOY EBoAbEN Nl-

Nl(yi" NTAIO ETA 4^+ THITOY MniMATOl NXCJDpi

NTE nnagAythc mXrioc rEcop-


't2s:oM niNiuji- is

noc (|)Al ETOYEpUjAl NAq M(])OOY ^^^ niKOCMOC


THpq NEH bEN Nl(})HOYl niKECEHl NTE HEqCDOY
NEH nEqNia)^^ ntaio et^oci EAqXH bEN tAhh
NTE T(|)E TnoAlC NHOYpO nXC AoinON +NOY
XE d) NAHENpAl" ETCHApCWOYT bEN noC gCDCON 20

EANEHl bEN OYHEGHHl XB niAPlOC TECOpriOC


bENT EbOYN NTAl bE TWpC OYOg OYON-
<j)'l"

TEq nAppHClA HH AY EgCoA EboYN HHEHGO


N+TpiAC EGOYAB NCHOY NIBEN E^lgHOT EXEN
OYON NtBEN AomON HApENXAN gCON HnpOC- 25

TATHC EBoAgiTEN '^ArAnH EboYN EboYN (sic)


ENENCNHOY NgHKl NEH NIO^EHHCDOY HApEN-
HENpE NENEpHY HApENApEg EOITOYBO FCEOJCOni
NAN THpOY CD NAHEN[pAi- EG] pE niAnOC TE-
(OpnOC ^^IgHOT EgpWl EXCDN NAgpEN HENOC 30
172 niFrKCOMlON FAqTAOyOq NXF niMAKApioc.

iHc nxc gonoDc NTeqcyeNewT [eA]poN oyog


NTPqXO) NAN EBOA NNFNNOBl OyO^ NTPqCMOy
En[0]u)OY+ phoyN nth nPNAAoc NiKoy^ii nem
NlNlCyi" MlbEAAoi [nEh] NlAAcOOyi NlXWpA NEM
NinApeENOC oyog on NTEqcMoy n(|)h EXAq-
fol. 172. qi(])pa)oya) NnAixcoM AqeAHioq eboA ^en NEq-
blCl MHHl JDEN nxc IHC HENOC ^Al ETE EBoA
giToxq EpE nioDoy npEni NAq nem nEqioDT
NAArAGOC (sic) NEH ninRA EGOyAB NpEq-
TANbo OyOg NOHOOyClOC NEMAq i-NOy NEM
NCHOy NIBEN NEM O^A ENE^ NTE NlENEg THpoy
AHHN
fol. 172 obverse. I

it

-f bEN npAN NnEN^ ]

Uc IHC nxc Aqojcjoni n2s:e


j

nAi XrAeoN NcyENEp^MEy'i


NTE nAl Xa)M EBoA glTOOTOy
NNENMAlNOy+ NCNHOy MHAl
APAOE niAlAKON HETpOC ENE
ni+AKON KEAAoys:NEMNOYa)vi[pi NnNATiK](?)oN
Aya)0(|)q eboA ^en noybici hm[hi AyTniq](?)
EboyN E+AKIA NEKAhCIA ETE
MIXAhA NTE 'txE(j)pONE h
Eya)ENEp4)MEyl NODoy nem Noyioi"
ti-gO EBON NIBEN EeNACJDjy N^HTq Ie NH
EGNACCOTEM Epoq NTOyXOC XE NH ET On[2](?)
NTCDOy NTE nuC EpHEqNAl NNia)+ NEM[Ay]

1) This and the following 1 7 lines are written below the la

lines ot the text.


'

NFnicKonoc abba GFOAOTOC. 173

KF NH eT[AYClNl](?) FBoA NTODOy TF OOC '[m


TON NOYv|;iXH TFqpOGBOY t)FN KFNq
NFNlO-f FeoyAB AYpA[2AM NFH ICAAK]
NFM lA[Ka)B]

fol. 172 reverse. 5

bfpC noC (|)+ NTF NlXOM nw FT^FN KFNq NHFqiODT


NA[rA0OC]'
IH FpF NFqAgODp MFg NNAl NFM HFTOJFN^HT HH
FTX
;OMC NCHOY NIBFN NCA 0MF2^ANIA NNlpFqFpNOBl 10

[H FeBOYi^ (|)HOY AN NnipPqFpNOBl NnpH't" TFq

TACjeoq TFqa)Nt> XFNTCDBg NTFKMFTArAeOC


] niHAlp(JD[Ml] glTEN Nli-gO NTF niAriOC TFODpnOC
j(|)i-

i'FKFpniNAl NFM OyON NIBFN FpF t>lCl Fa)FNFp(|)MFY>


.... (OOY t>EN nAl KOY^il N2ftt)M hpN nAl FCDN 15

>FN KF FCON eGNHOY TTOC FKF^l NNOYvJ/Y^"


NlTOnOC NTF nFMTON XF NGOK FpF nFpOJlU^l NIn(?) Al
OTK nia)[oY] nfm nicMoy FpnpFni nak ^\(i)T
iiFM na)vipi NFM nmNA a)A nifnf^ THpoy amhn.

ppONON MApTYpO XUB. 20

>) These lines are written in the middle of the page.


FRAGMENTS OF A SAHIDIC VERSION
OF THE

MARTYEDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.


Fragment A.
[Codex Borgianus CLIL]

}igei2. 2^0ANACioc^ AF Aqxi NoyAnoT MMoyNcwpt^


NgNpAN N2^AIM0N10H FgpAl FXa)q
AqFnFlKA/\Fl •

AqTAAq MAq. Aytb WTppFqcooq HnpAAAy nnF-


eooy (yconp HMoq FnxHpq. AeAMACioc af
nFXAq Mnppo xf fti KEKoyi nF ntaaokiha^f 5

HHoq. Falcon F'pa^AN th npeooy ojconF MMoq •

FIF ANOK g^ODT ON ^-NAOyAgT NCA RFNTAy-


: CTAypOy MMOq. nAAlN on AqXl [NK]FAnOT
^i^^ij'MHoyNopo^ (sic) Ayo) AqxF^ gNKFnAgpF Fpoq
IAqFOFlKAAFl N^NKFNO^ NpAN NAAIHONION F\- 10

gooy Ngoyo Ncyopn FgpAi Fxoaq AqxAAq


NAq ON. Ayo) Aqxixq NTOorq HnHAroc* Aq-
C(])pAri^F MMOq NCyOMNT NCOn FnpAN hinFlCDT
HN TTC^HpF MN UFHRA FTOyAAB. AyO) NTFyNOy
Aqcooq MnFHTo fboA nnppo mn nMAPOc Ayd) is

MHF AAAy MnFeooy cyconF HHoq FnTwpq. AeA-


P'j®
j^' NACIOC AF Aqp(ynHHpF HMOq HFXAq NAq XF
0) rFCDpnoc nFTTAFiwy cb ngwBc nthf +a)pK

FpOK HnFCTAypOC MnFXC IC ITNOyTF NTAqEl


FnKOCMOC FNOygM NNFTCCOpM (sic) TWpoy NA^ 20

1) For the memphitic version of this fragment see page 8,

li|=) 15.

2) Memphitic version, p. 9.
23
178 Frajmient A.

nta\|;yxh* AY<i) ^ri" nai NTFC(|)pAric* et^m


nexc xpKAc eyeoyodm mai. NTPpeqNAY 2^e
N(J'i frgArioc recDpnoc ETFqnicTic* AqAAKTi^E
HnKA^* AqnCDg AqTAYO EgpAi NOYHOOY NGE
page 14
NOYElEpO Eq^AATE. AY^D AqBAHTl^E HMOq.
col. II.
EnpAN MnElCDT MN nojHpE HN nETTRA ETOYAAB.
ACCyOOnE NTFpEqOYOD EqBAnTl^E MHOq
AE
NTEYNOY A nnOOY ANAXCOpEl NAq EOEqMA
NKEcon. nppo AE NTEpEqNAY EnENTAqcyconp
AqKEAEYH ExpEYqi naganacioc eboA hboA
NTnoAic NCETAYoq EgpAi gN oYCuqE* Aqxa)K
EBoA NTEqHApTYplA NCOY2C0YTCAa)q MnEBOT
page 15
T[a)BE] AY^irq En[nApA]Aicoc ^h oyeooy-
col. I.
MNNCODC AqOYEgCAgNE N^l HppO ETpEY^^l
MngAnoc rEcopnoc EnEo^xEKO NKECon c^an-
TEqcKEnri MMoq* se oy nETEqNAAAq' <3TooyHi
AE NTEpEqa^COnE AqKEAEYE ETpEYCHlNE NOY"
Nod" NTpoxoc* HnECHOT noy6"Ai(7* HgAHCyE*
EqXlpA Ni3NCHqE ETHE ginFCHT AE gfldopTE'
NE" EY^^Hp EHgO CNAY EYOBT EgOY^ Epoq.
nppo AE AqOYF^CAgNE ETpFY»^T^ EBOA^M
nFa)TEKO- NCEXlTq EnMA ETEpE nMANTANON
page 15.
NjJMTq. nnETOYAAB AE TECDpnOC NTEpEqEl
col. II.
EHMA ETEpE TTMANrANON Ng^^TCj- AqNAY HTTE-

Tpoxoc ETE rrMAwrANON nE EqxipA Ncwqe


MEN glTne HMOq ^ITTECHT AE EqXKfopTE EH^O
CNAY" EYOBT EgOYN EpOq. AqXOOC NTFYHOY
^pAi Ni^HTq XF NAME* wi-NAOY^^Ai AN EBOA-
gM n[E]lMANrANOH. HNNCCOC AE AqKTOq gM
nEqMEEYf HEXAq ^m nEqgHT. xe rECDpnoc
Fragment
"b A. 179

pageie. eTBF Oy FKHOK[e] ei NAl. NOPl HnEKAwpOC


col, I. V V—
NTAqTAgOK XE UFXC gflDCDq NTAyAjyTq gN .V
TMHTe nAiCTHC NTEpFqXF NAl AF.
CNAy.
AqqPl NNFqBAA FepAi FTHF NHAgpM nxoFic
npFqpnETNANoyq NAq. npxAq xe nxoFic hftf- s

MFqcyiBF- ENFg nAPONoeFTHC Nppqxpo nojoy-


a)oy Ayo) htfAhA mn nFuAoH NNiMApxypoc-
nFTO^OOn^ XIN TFgOyFlTF- RFNTAqTAHlF XnF"
AyO) AqCMNCFNTF MnuAg* glXH nMooy nF- '

TOyAAB FTHTON HMOq ^h NFTOyAAB. HFTF 10


pageie.
^jy^P AAAy fipooHF NAy Fpoq fnf^. hfn-
TAqncap^ fboA nthf ngf NoygBo* sAqKO)
N^HTC NHMOO f HN NFICDTF MN NAwp FTNA-
Noyoy. npNTAqMFg nfkAooAf MMoy NgoDoy.
FTpFygCDOy FXN NAIKAIOC MN NpFq'pNOBE. 15

nxoFic IcnFNTAqo^i NNTOoy gN oya)i Ayo) nfk-


pcDoy gN oyHAa)F' nFNTAqoycag Ngwrc NxnAp-
GFNOC FTOyAAB MApiA NGF NTAqoyAC^C FBoA
XF HNCy^OH NAAAy FNEg. FgOTgFT NCA ITXflDK
NTFKMNTNOyTF. TFNOy ^F HAXOFIC AMOy 20

NTBOHeFi Fpol Ayo) NrKoaNAiFBoAANOK nipFq-


P^^j^ j^'pNOBF (sic)- NrfHTON NAl FBoA gN n[f]i glCF

(sic)- ETKCDTF FpOr XE HFKpAN gA FOOy OJA

FNFg NFNFg gAHHN. NTFpFqXCDK 2iF-FB0A HnFO)-


AhA Ayo) Ncji" MngAMHN AyNOxq FgoyN gA nF- 25

^AiA AycD NTFpoygcDK Fxa)q AycyAATq AyAAq


hmeAoc mfAoc. nppo 2^e a.i2^iAN0c AqxicF

1) Memphitic version j p. 10.


2) Memphitic version, p. 11.
180 Fraarment
&' A
I
FgpAi HTEqCHH HMOC NNFppCDOy ^'P ANAY
eqXOD
xe MN KeNoyTF ngf MnAnoiNAcoN- mn ngpp-
MHC MN n^eyC. MN CKAHANTpOC HN ^AlCTOC
MN iJYPAKAyc NAl ETC NppO FXM noyNO^OMNT
l^f^^^'^NTHF- AyO) FBOA glTOOTOy FpF NppCDOy 01)

NppO. AyO) FpF AMAgTF MFIKAg


NXODODpF
FBOA glTOOTOy. FqTODN 6s ic UFNTAycTAypoy i

MMoq TTNoyTF NrFcopnoc* nAi NTAyMOoyrq


oy MHFqFl NFq-
N^i NqAia^BCDT Ntoyz^Ai*. FTBF
NAgMFq FBoAg^ NA(Jix. NAl AF NTFpFqXOOy (M

N^l nFApAKCJDN FTgM ITNOyN. AqoyFgCA^NF


FTpFyNOyXF NNFqKFFC. FgpAl Fycywi FMN
page 18.
j^jQ^Y NgHlxq FAqXOOC XF MWnOTF NTF OyX
Fl gN MFXplC+ANOC" NFqqi MRFqCODMA* NFqKCDT

Fpoq NoyMAprypioN' NFqFiNFMnpqcNoq FgpAi 15

FXN TAAnF. F NF A HNAy TAp MHApiCTON


(yCJDnF* AyO) nppO MN NKFppO FTNMMAq. AyBCDK

FnApiCTON. AC(ya)nF 2iF gN TFyNOy ETMMAy


A nAHp Hoyg nkAooAf Ayo) AyNO^" nkmto
CyCOnF gCDCTF NTF HKAg C^TOpTp AyO) NT[f] 20

NTOyFlH(sic) NOFIN- NTF OaAaCCA TCDOyN F^pAl


page 18.
^ ^ HHNTH (sic) MMAgF F NF A nxOFlC TAp Fl PHF-
'

MnwyF FqgMOO' FXM ITgApMANNF-


CHT* FBoA gN
XFpOyBlN AqAgFpATq 2ATN TTAnpO MlTOim •

AqKFAFyF MMIXAhA FTpFqFlNF NNMfAoC- NTF- 25

FgoyN FNFyFpwy. fhfiah^ Aqxooc xin


(joprioc

FqONg XE Ni-NAOyXAl AN FBoAgM nPlMANPA-


NON XFKAC FqEniCTtyF 2£F OyN[6'OM] MnNOyTF
nlei

') Mempliitic version, p. 12.


Fragment A. 181

tToyNPC neth[mooyt]' mnnca TpFyMoy. nxo-


Eic AS ic AqAHA^TU Nrpcopnoc gN TEq[(Tix]
nexAq NAq xb recopnoc t^ix NTAcn^Acce
)age
19.|^^2^^^l ^Qjopn NpcoHE- NTAlTAHlOq SBoA ^H

rrKAg NMMA NOJA. NTOC ON TPNOy* STNAirAACCP 5

MHOK. A nxoEic NiqF FgoyN FgpAq NOyriNOH


NCDN^. AyO) NTFpE nXOFlC ACnA^F HMOq
AqBODK Fi^pAl HnwyF MN NFqArrpAoC TFCDp-
riOC AS NTFpFqTflDOyN EBOA gN NETMOOyT.
[A]qHOOU)E Aq[T]a)MNT EN'p[pa)oy] gN TFn[A]- lo

ATiA Ey+^An [E]2Npa)MF FAyo^coA^ NoypnF.


page 19.
^^^ HnEqoyoi Aqp ^\ev\ HMOoy nESAq NAy
NppODOy ATFTNCOyCDNT MN nSTNCTpA-
AE d)

TFyHA 2^F ANP NIM' AqElOOpH AE EgOyN EgpAq


N(Ji nEApAKcoN ETgH nNoyN* nESAq xf npq- is

npoconoN he* j^NKOoyE af NEyxo) hmoc xf


HMON- aAAa EqFlNE MMOq nFTMHAy TAp
Aqoyd) FqMOy Aycb NA(y NgE qNAODNg. Aqoy-
(jocyB N^i HEnEToyAAB rEcopnoc nE2iAq XE
ANOK HE rECapnOC" nENTATETNa)AATq gN 20

|page20.^P^^j^^p. pQgp
QY TETNNOdNF(r MnpAN MnA-
NOyTE nENTAqTAHlO NTHE MN FTKAg MN NET-
NgHTOy THpOy AyO) Aqi- NHTN NTMNTEpO.
Fc^ACTAKO.AqNAy AF N(fi anatoAaioc" nEC-
TpATyAATHC XE A PFCDpnOC TCDOyN EBOA gN 25

NETMOOyT- AqniCTFyF NTOq MN TEqAAZlC

1) A later hand has written on the margin the Arabic equi-

valent of this word; Ijj'*-**/

2) Memphitic version, p. 13.


182 Fragment A.

THpc* \|;yxh NiM NTAYTTicTEYF pnxouic" Ans-


gOOy ETPHHAY PY'^'Ap HAAB \|/IC NCyP FnC-
TAioy iI/iTE M\1/YXH. AqKEApYF nppo aa-
^^<5l

page 20
2^lAN0C ETpPY^^lTOY^ riBoA flTnoAlC NCFgpA
col. II.
MMOOY'FgFN HANXAie-NCFAAYHMHTNTArHA" 5|

NCFgOTBOY 3^ TCHqP. AyO) NTPlgF ACXODK


EBoA h6l TEYHApTYpiA gN OYgOMoAoriA ENA-
NOYC" NCOY MENTH MnEBOT HCyip AY^^l NNEY" "

kAoM- AY^flTOY EnnApAMCOC gN OYEipHNW


AYO) CETCDB^. ^KOiU ANON NEl pEqpNOBE NNAgpN lOj

nENppO HEXC.
MnNCA NAi AqKEAEYF N^l 2^A2ilANOC ETB HE
2^pAKa)N ETgM HNOYN HE ETpEYF'NF NAq
page 21
HrrnETOYAAB rFcoprioc- EnBHMA* A\a) AqoYFg-
col. I.
CA^NE ETpEYFlNE NOY^Ao^ HnENlHE' NCE2£T0 isl

F2Sa)q Hn2^lKAlOC. MNNCCDC NCFEINE NOY^AAAi^T

NCENOY^fE EpOC NOYTAgT gApOC tyANTEC-


BpBp- NCFOY(«NNTEqTAnpOgN OYAXO) HHENinE'
NCFCyOYF TA^T EgpAl EpCUq. MNNCCDC ^E ON
AqKFAEYF FTpFYBoAq FBOA gH nnENinE NCE- 201

OqT NgNElBT E[T]EqAnE. AqOYAeCAgNE AE


page 21,
ON FTpEYFlNE NOYNO6' NCJDNE" NCFC^TOJOOTq
col. II.
NCEOYA^q EgpAl FXN TEqXnE NCFOpX HMOq*
gN OYTAgT' AY«> NCEKOpKp MnODNF. gN OYMA
FqCKpKCDp FnFCHT- gCDCTE NTF NEqMEAoC N0Y2 25|

EBOA NNEYFpHY- NTFpFqqi AB EgpAl ^A +KE (sic)


BACANOC. gN OYMNTXCJOCDpE* EpE nCDNE OqT
EXN TEqAnE- cyA HEqHOK^. AqKFAEYF ETpEY"

') This word has been written on the margin by a later hand.l
Fragment A. 183

Acyrq EgpaT Ncaxcoq •


ncf^cdk HMoq. nMKAioc
AF Neqconc Fqxo) mmoc xf haxofic ic hfxc
NAgMFT FBOAgN UACANOC MNNCA NAl
NFl
page22.2^P AqKFAFyF n6'l nF2VpAKa)N FTgH TTNOYN.

FTpFyTAMlb NOyFgF NgOHNT NCFOqT^ FgOyN 5

FpOC NgNFlBT Fya)Oi MN gFNOlMF FyOJOr


NCFNOyXF FgOyN FpOC MriAlKAlOC. Ayo)
AqKFAFyE FTpPyKOOTF NgHgOMNT MN gFN-
HANrANON. gCJOCTF NTF NFqMpAoC FT^l^OyN
0)0)0) FBOA NGF NOyXNOOy MnO)a)M. NTFpFqqFl 10

AF gA +KFBACANOC(sic) gN OyMNTXO)0)pF. AqKF-


page22.p^PYp FTpFyXlTC] FnFCyTFKO i^CF NOXq FBoA *

(yANTFqM0O)Tq 2s:F gNAO) NKoAaCIC- CjNA


ANgAAlCKF HnCA NTFqHNTBppF. A nxOFlC AF
OycbNg Fpoq ^N XFycyH FTHMAy HFXAq NAq 15

XF TO)K HHOK rFO)prioc AMOK TAp '^(yoon


NMMAK. FlC gHHTF AKMOy HlTCyOpn NCOn
AiToyNocK nMFgqTooy af [N]con 'i'NHy
[F]pOK glXN NF[k]AooAf. TA XI [N]TnApA-
page23.Q^j^^
[ntai] ^AAoDOy [ppOK FTF OFK] Ca)MA 20

[hn tfk] \|;yXH tf. TFKMAprypiA rAp na-


0)0)nF FC'fcOFlT gN HMNTFpO)Oy NCAO)qF
flpOMnF' ^M^OM TFNOy AyO) NrTMBO)A FBoA'
AyO) A nXOFlC ACnA^F MMOq. AqBO)K FgpAl'
HnwyE MN MFqArrpAoc. MTFpF^ grooyF af 25

0)a)nF-AqKFAFyE EXpFyFlNF MHOq EnBHMA.


nexAq NAq n^i nppo HArNENxioc xe rFO)prioc

') Memphitic version, p. 14.


-) Memphitic version, p. 15.
184 Fragment A.

+ AITI HMOK NOyAiTHMA [xf] NNEKpMAnX


[wJgHTq a)F na xoeic nppo [mn nE]a)Be [n]noy-
TP* MN TApTFMlC THAAy NT^'NOyTF THpOy ^-NA-
page 23.
^j^^P^P FnFKNOyTF. UFXACj XF AXl nFTFKOy-
nFXAq h^i MAmFNTioc xf fic <3hhtf
Acycj s

CFgA^THH N^^i HFNTAqTF fiepoNOc Ayo) noyX


noyX NNFepoNOC FqxH^ gfi gFnno^F no^f.
gOlMF HFN FBOA NgHTOy gNFfioAj^N gFN-
a)HN NpFq-f KApnOC. gNHOOyB AF ON NgHTOy
FyO NATKApnoC FCyCDOF FycyANBCDA FBOA N^l 10

ITMNTAqTF NepONOC* glTN NFKO^AhA NTFHnO^F


page 24.
p^^j^Q^- xiNOyMF FBoA Ayd) NCF+KApnoC

Fqnwg FBoA Aycb NATKApnoc NCF(Ja) Fyo


NATKApnoC- TNNAniCTFyF FRFKNOyTF. nnFT-
OyAAB 2^F NAMF FTTAlHy TFODpnOC" AqKCoAx 15

NNFqnAT" Aqc^AwA na oyNoy cfntf* gcocxF


NTF nAwp cyconF- gw oyno^ Ncyroprp. Ayo)
AyNO^ NKMTO (yCOnF KATA 0E NTAqOJtonF
HnNAy NTAqTCDoyN eboA^n NETMOoyr. Ayd)
page24. v^^^YNOy
A nHNTAqTF NSpONOC BCdA FBOA 20

^ITN T^OH HnNOyTF. A NnOO^F Na)F XlNOyNF


FBoA AyajcunE NpEq+KApnoc FqnHg. nf NmuAp-
noc gicDoy ^f Ay^co tyo NATKApnoc ntf-
pFqNAy 2^E N^i nppo npxAq xf ntk oy no^
gWpAKAviC XF 2N NKFOJF FTCyOyODOy AKOyENg 25
TFK^OM FBoA^ Nj^HToy. rFcoprio^, 20)0) ^-cooyN
XF ElN[A]TAK0q NAO) N2[f]- AqKFAFyF FTpF[y]-
TAMIO NOyN[o6'] NBAO)0yp NCF[o)AATq] gN

•) Mempliitic version, p. 16.


Fragment A. 185

TFqMHTP NCFAAq NC^ CNAY AY«> ^ TF


page 25.
Qp NTAq+ HnpqnPfA.
MNNCCDC Ae OH AqOyFiJCAgNP FTpFyElNP Noy-
NO^ nxaAxiodn (sic)' NCFNoy x£ FgpAi Fpoq
HMHFAoC HFIMKAIOC" MN OyTA^T NCFCA^TF 5

gApoq gA nFXAAxicoN (sic) mn oyAAMXATir


MN OyODT" MN OyAMpHgF UJANTFqBpBf) NFqNH2f
U)i\l(J FBOA NAMFHTH MMAAgF. NgynFpHTHC AF
NAi FTCAgTE gA ufxaAxion (sic) Ayna)T
P'*^e25. ^noyp- NTFpoyTMFa)6'M(TbM Fqi FgpAl gA- lo

NTfAtiAf- ETqCD^F FgpAi gM nFXAAxicDN (sic)

FTFqjyoon NgHTq [AyxAMF nppo xf a hitaAai-


nopOC pCDK^ MOTHpq AqOyAgCAgNF NCFTOMCq
HOKAij MN nFXAAxiCDN (sic)' FTFqojoon N^HTq]^
XFKAC NNF NFXpiCTlANOC gF FpOq NCFqi 15

FBOA gN NFqMFAoC NCFCMINF NOyMApxypiON


FpOq. FyBHK 2^F FTAMF PppO' AyNO(J AF
NCyTOprp 2^F CyCOnF. gODCTE NTF THF pKAKF
NCFTMpOyOElN n6i flClOy. NF A nxoFic TAp
Fl PnFCHT. MN NFqArrFAoC FXM UFXAAXICON 20
page 26.
^g-^^ FqXO) MMOC XF ANOK' HF ONOyTF NTAq-

ToyNFC AA2;Apoc. fboA ^n NETMOoyr. ntok


^(JDODK d) TFODpriOC '\X(D MMOC NAK XF AMOy
FBoA gM nFXAAXlCON (sic) NrAgFpATK FXN
NFKOyFpHTF FMnAaAY NTAKO a)06n NgHTK. 25

Ayo) NTFyNoy AqrcaoyN fboA gN NFTMOoyr

(
1) The page ends here. '^) The words enclosed by
brackets have been written on the margin by a later hand.
3) Memphitic version, p. 17, 1. 4.
24
186 Fraf>ment
t?'
A.

N(Ti uMApTYpoc EToyAAB TFCDprioc- -^(ac


nnp Aaay HnFeooy cycDne hhocj FnTwpq.
nFXb' nsouic HAq xis rpcDpnoc oyh oyNO^
fipAu)F (yoongH TnF' r^inFMTO fboA finAin^FAoc
pageiG.
^^j^j nFKAPOM. AMOK 2^F ON +NHY a)ApOK glXN ^

NFkAooAf TA+dOM NAK- NGF NABpA^^AM Hfl


ICAAK MN lAKODB NAUAHpONONOC d^Nl^OH AyCJD

NrxpO* ANOK TAp fcyOOn NHHAK. nxOFlC


AF ic AqBCDK FgpAi Mnwy^ MN NFqArrpAoc.
MNNCCDC AF ON NFTAgFpATOY FTCA^TF gA lO

ofxaAxion ^^TFpoY^'AY pnFNTAqoxwnF' AyncoT


AYTAMF nppo x£ rFCDpnoc nENTAunoxq frf-
XaAkION' FlC gHHTF TENOY Fqi CBO) ^N TFIoAlC.
AY«> AqKFAFYP FTpFYNTCJ NAq/
15

page .
ppoopnoc TAMOq FpOq Aq^lNF NHNOYB FYKH
Fj^pAi AqXlTOY FgOYN FnTOnOC npCDMF 2vF
NTAqCOpk NTFpF DAAlNlONlOrJ KAAq
NNOY^ii:

NOYKOYi AqoDO) EBoA 2£F HNOYTF Mn^Anoc


rECjDpnoc KO) mai fboA- AY<i> Aq^^OMoAorEi 20

HHFqNOBF HnEHTO EBoA NOYON NIH A nNOYTF


OJFNFgTHq gApOq AqNEX n2^A\H0N10N FBOA
NgHTq. NTEpF nOY^'Al 2^E a^CDHF NAq HFKAq
NTEqC^lMF XE AipNOBE EnNOYTF MTf^AriOC
rFcopnoc tenoy ^h todoyn ntfbcok FnFNwi 25

NTECINE NNNOYB HnT[ono]c. UAH^ . . . . •

page ?
*
col. 11.
KODN

') The page ends here. '^) The column ends here.
Fragment A. 187

NOBF
NAq h6i TeqcgiME kb xiNxfrcoNcaq ayp«>hf ,

KE rprnpnoc FiNF NAq HnEKZoyp" Ai+NAq


NNNOyB- OypCDME HE NOyOBO) NKApoyC.
AY<i>
ANOK 2^F AiMOocyp NMMAq (yAgoyN FnTonoc 5

Ayo) Ai'Ao FiNAy Fpoq. npcDMF ^f AqpiMF


XF h^Anoc TFCDpnoc np Aycb Aqa)TigHOT
NTH nNOyXF FSM nFgHOT NTAqTA^Oq MN eF
NTAqoyXAi FBOA gM riAAlMONlOM. Ayo) NFq-
a)oon ^M nronoc HngAnoc rFcopnoc FqMA- lo

KONFi NAq ajA nF2o[oy] AnFq [bioc] . , .

page ?
col. I.
. . . . [ci)n]HpF
wnF
MMOoy. AytyoonF gn nronoc MirgAnocrFCDp- is

riOC ^ODCTF NTF UFqCOFlT HCDg a)A NFXCOpA


THpOy FTBF nSOH FTOJOOn flgHTq. NFTCyCDNF
NqTAA^O HMOOy fl2^AlMOMlOM NqMOyXF MMOOy
FBoA. AyFi cyApoq hSi Nppcooy mn fma)MHC.
AynAgToy AyxicMoy gn npqronoc EToyAAB 20

AyElNE NAq NgNAOOpON. gOlNF AyTAMlO NgN-

cTli Si'^ONNNoyB AyxAgooy nEqxonoc


gN KOOyE 2^E AyTAMlO figflAlHHN flMOyB. MN
gEHKyMEAlON Mfl gNEY^^^P^lON EyprTMEEyE
NNEyq)HpF. AyO) MFpF TT^AnOC rECDpnOC 25

XlgMOT EgpAl EXCDOy NNAgpM nNOyTE. AyO)


A nEXC +N Aq MHEl KFNO6' N^HOT NGE NTAqCOpK
*

NAq EqXO) MMOC XE AlCDpk MHOi MMIN MMOl*


XE pCDME NIM FTOJOOn ^h OyANAPKH MN 171-
pACMOC NIM* Eqa)ANa)(^ EgpAi' FpOi' ^n HEqeWT 30
188 Fragment A.

page ? Twpq NEqxooc xf fTNoyTe MngArioc rFa)prioc


col. I. . ^ J_ ^ -\ -
BOHePl FpOl. TNANACHOy FBOA ^M nipACMOC
••

NIM* MN ANArKH NIM FlC NAl MEN ANXOOy


FTBHHTK O) rTMApTypOC MUFXC Hydi ITXOXJDpF
NAY^ATOC nPNTA nNOyTF +TAF10 NAq ^N 5

THF AY«> ^IXM riKAg* THCOnc MHOK AplOpFC-


BFyF F^pAV FXa)N flNA^p^^' nENTAHMFpiTC]
nFXC NFqa)FMFgT»iq ^ApON. NFqAyZANF NNFN-
^TV ^^^' ^^' MFNrFNHMA. NqCANO) Hp[(l)]MF
NFq+(TOH NNTBNOOyF AyO) NFqgCOTn NHMAN 10

HnpqNA* MN TFqArAnH gi oycon. Mqqi mm Ay


NNigicE* MN ninoAyMoc fboA ijixa)N. Ayd)
NFppa)Oy MN NFZQyClA MN NApXCDN MN NF-
KpiTHC FTApXei FXCDN. NCjAAy HgyMFpOC F^Oyw
FOFqnAACMA FTOyAAB- AyO) Nq+ NAN NgNoy- 15

OFIO) NFipHNlKON- XF TNCOOyN 2£F OyN(fOM


page .
^i^Qy^ FnpFCB[FyF Fe]pAi FXCDN [n]tN TFXAplC
MN TMNTMAipCDMF MnFNXOFlC TC HEXC HAl
FBOA glTOOTq FpF HEOOy MN nTAFlO' MN TF-
npocKyNFCic rrppHFi NAq mn npqFicDT napa- 20

eOC MN nFHNA FTOyAAB- NpFqTAN^O MnTHpq


AyO) NgOMOOyClON* TFNOy MEN Ayo) NOyOFlO)
NIM AyO) a)A NAICON THpoy NNAIODN gAMHN.

ACXCDK f[B0A h^y TMApxypiA [mN N(JbM] 25

MngAnoc [rFcopnoc] gN oyFipHNH [ntf]


nNOyTF gA^AMHN (sic) W MHA
col. II p?

FPO) fAaX CTF(|)AN0C KAl lODANNHC A2VFA(|)0y 30


Fragment A. 189

rpAiI/A XptnFMMpFYP' nexC pqECMoy


TToc Tc
Aycb NFqgApFg Ena)N2 hn uta^o ppaxq
Mnana ukcob nyy MnApXHnanA Awyc mn
KoyABAN XnoxcDpioN ojmin hanoc xp NToq
Aqqi rrpooyo) MneixaxDHP N^ynoMNHMA Mni- s

gAnoc reoopnoc gA noyxAi NTEqi)/yxH xf


KAC FpF n^AriOC TFtDpnOC NAXl^MOT Fxa)q
NNAj^pH nppo npxc NCjToyxoq gn nFiAicoN
MnoNHpoN Ayo) Nq+NAq NoyMFpoc mn oy
KAwpOC MN NETOyAAB THpoy gM nKFAlCDN 10

FTNHy [^AMHn].
Fragment B.

MF. MoyTe' Fpoq xe Acwp' AyNOxq fboA mmay


col. I.
j;,^j NgynHpFTHC AyKOToy FnFCHT. Ayoyp "^^

FBoA MRTOOy HOyCTA2^lON. AyO) HTFyHOy


Fic oyNo6' N^poyM np Aqa)a)nF- ^(dcte FxpFn-
TOOy THpCj HOFl. AyO) A nXOFlC Fl- glXN 5

hekAooAf- AqnoyTF FPFCDpnoc Fqxo) mmoc


NAq* XF o) nAccjDTn n^m^aA todoyn e^pAi
glXM frKAg. gN TFyNOy 2^F FTHMAy AqTcooyN
col. II. N^i nnFToyAAB rFcopnoc fboA^h NFTMOoy.
AqncDT giHAgoy MN^ynppFTHC Aqxio^KAK fboA lo

XE ^0) NHTN NOyKOyi'. NgynHpETHC 2^F HTFpOy-


CCDTM FTFqCMH AyKOTOy ^nAgOy AyOD NTF-
poyNAy FnneroyAAB rFa)prioc" FqnHT (^inA^oy
MHOOy FqXlOJKAK EBOA- Ay^E ^A NEq oyFpHTE
EyJCO) MMOC XE nFNMEpiT NFICDT ETTAElwy
d) 15

Ayo) ft^m^aA MnNoyTE gN oyMF* ma nan


gaXDN NTFC(j)pAriC FTgMnEXClC- Ayo) NTFy-
H?'- Noy AyMOOy Oy(JDN2 FBOA^I gW MriAlKAlOC
col. I. V V V V r '

qBAnTEl2;P HMOOy FnpAN MHEKOT MN na)HpF


MN HE nRA FTOyAAB. T^lMATOi AE NTAyXOOy- 20

') Mempliitic version, p. 24, 1. 24.

^) Mempbitic version, p, 25.


Fragment B. 191

coy U6i NEppoDoy- FNoy^^B fboA nnccDMa


MnnGToyAAB rFCDpnoc. nprAHrcDN- mn kAh-
TATIOC MN AANAClXpiOC MN MAHAplAHOC NTF-
poypFi^E nppo AyxlO^KAK FBoA FyXO)
(i)A

hlMOC XF ANON gHXplCTIANOC nAppHCIA. nppO 5

col. II. 2iF Aqa^a)nF ^h oyMO(r u^\i\- AqKFApyF af

kAhPODN FTpFyAOjTCJ NCA XCOq. MANAplANOC ^F


MN AANClApiOC FTpFyMOOyroy ^N TCHqF.
Ayo) kAhfaaioc FxpFYNoxq frkpnikion Npq-
MIO^FHN NFewpiON AyO) NTFIgF AyXODK FBoA 10

NTFyHAprypiA gN oygoHoAoriA FNANOyC


HTTNAy NXni|/lTF NCOyv|/lC HnFBOT nApH^OT
gN OyFipHNH NTF nNOyTF ^AMHN. FITA MN- '

^Z- NCA NAi A nppo MoyTF Fni^Arioc rFCDpnoc


col I
HFXAq NAq XF a)F nAxoFic npH mn fttai oy- is

\OyT \IilC NNOyTF- AyO) TApTHMlC THAy


NNNOyTF i^+CO FpOK N0F NOyO^HpF HMFpiT.
AMoy^ ^F TFNoyo) nAojHpF rFCDpnoc Nr ccoth
NCCDl Flf CBO) NAK' FUFTFO^CyE HF Nff" HnFKOyOI
NP taAe eyciA FgpAi HOAnoAAcDN nFTToyxo 20

col. II. NTOlKOyHFNH THpC. OFXF TinETOyAAB NAq XF

FpF NFl (yAXF TCQN (yA nOOy FIC CO NpOMUF


FKBACANlj^F HHOi FAKAAT HMfAoC HfAoC NC^O
HNT NCOn HnFlCODTH FnFI O^AXF FT^oA^^
NTOOTK FNFg NCA noOy. ApA ^F CD HppO N f COOyN 25

AN XE nrFNOC NNFXplCTlANOC MFyF O^MOOy-

') At the foot of this page, under the second column, is

written in smaller letters •:• TTHFgA NCOIT NCDO) •:•

2) Memphitic version, p. 26.


192 Fragment B.

TOY PNPS aAAa Fa^AY<5a) ey+oYBE nojaxp


nihooy ^^y- tpnoy 6e AunpoTppnEi
eT0Y2s:a)
HMOi gfi gENroAAPiX 1 nataAf eyciA FgpAi'
MR. pNOY HnNo6^ NNOYTF nAnoAAoDN. nppo 2ve

Aq+nei F2cn TFqXnF. nnpTOYAAB af rpcDpnoc s

AqNOxq NCABoA MMoq Fqxo) hhoc xf nfntf


NPAAiAaiOC CY^HGIA N+MINF FTIOFI F\*N
TFYAHF FlMHTFl NTATAAf eyClA FgpAl NOJOpn
NNFKNOYTF. OYFgCAiJNB ^F FTpFYAC(|)AAl^F
HMOI. Fna)F. FnFl 2^H A nF^OOY OYHl HF AyO) 10

A npH piKF FgCOTTT aAAa XFKAC Fia)AMTa)OYN


col. 11. F^TOOYF FpF TIMHO^F THpq CODOYC ANOK AF
i^u)a)T ntataAf eyciA F^pAi nnnoytf. nFXAq

AF NinMApTYpOC XF NNFCa)(JDni d) rBCDpnoc


FTpAKCoAA^F HMOK NKF COH aAAa NKFCFU^F 15

NTAITAAY HAK FYCBO) NOF NOYE»tt>T FqnAlZ^FyF


MnFqOJHpF. TFNOY ^P AMOy NT BCDK F20Y^^ ^

o^A nnAAAATioN a)A rppu) aAfzahtpia np


HTON HMOK a)A gTOOYP- NTFpoyXlTq 2^F FgOyN
(^A TppO) XAFZANTplA AqUJTAH HFipO FpOOy 20

He. 2i(^^l FBOA pOy^F 2^F NTFpFqujCDnF AqKCDAx


NNFqnAT AqcyAHA Fq5:a) hhfi vI/aAhoc xf nim
nF nNOY^" NNOyTF NGF HnFMNOyTF NTOK HF
nNOyTF FTFlpF NNFl(ynHpF MAYAAq* Ayoy OM
XE AgpOOY NgFGNOC AY^»CF NgHT' AnAaOC (sic) 25

MfAfTAN NgFNnETCyOYElT- AyAg FpATOY N^l


NFppODOY J^iriKA^. AY«> ANApXOON (sic) CCWOYC
FYMANOY«>T Ff OyBF n2C0ElC MFN nFqxpC' NTE-

1) Memphitic version, p. 27.


Fragment B. 193

col. 11. pe nneToyAAB Ae PBcapnoc oyo) Eqa)AHA Aq-j-

MngAMHN. nexAc NAq h^i rppo) aAfzan-


TpiA xe nAxoFic recDpnoc nim ne NFippcooy
NTAY^^lCe N^HT H NIM NF NFl ApXCDN NTAY"
MFAfTA NgFNnFTCyOyFlT AyO) ON TAMOl XF 5

NIM nF nFxpc Ayd) anok fNACcDTM Fpoq. X


nnFToyAAB af rFODpnoc oyooN NTFqxAnpo
nFXAq XF CODTM O) TppO) AAFJANTplA TA
a^A2CF NMME- MnFgOOy AF NTA TTOyTF TAMIO
N* NTHF MN TTKAg. NTFpFqOyO) AF FqTAMlO MFTTHpq 10

AqXl NOyKA^ FBOA^M TTKAg. AqfrAACCF Noy-


pCOMF AyO) T7KA2 AqO^ODnF NOyCAp^^ MN gFN-
a)AAp FpF gFNMoyr mn gPNNFypoN Moyp
MMoq AycTOMAXoc AF cyconF NgHTq MN ^pnbaA
MN gFNMoyr MN oyAAC MN oya)oya)BF' mn 15

gFN(5}x MN gFNoypHTF* Ayo) nkfmfAoc THpoy



^^^ ^C^ ^ TppO) AAF^ANTpiA A TFl OyClA
CO 1. 11. NOyCUT FTF FIKAS TTF (^(JdT\£ gN 't'TFXNH NOyCDT
NTE nxOFlC MH OyN^OM FFIMF XF NTAqTAMl
FnpCDMF NAO) NgF. TAl ON TF 0F MN ^OM 20

FFIMF FTFyNOy FTFpF TTNOyTF NA(yiNE NCA


npGDMF N^HTC FTpFqBODK OJApOq. FTBF npCDMF
TAp NTAynFpO) XnF FBOA. AyO) FTBHHTCJ NTA
npH poyoFiN FpB noog AyroyprFi FTBHwrq
NTAyncopcy FBoA AnAWp FpF NFCTOlXlON AgF- 25

^J^- pATOy gN NFyAA^^lC FTBHHTCJ. A gpCJDl AF Fl-


'
a)AXF O) XppO) AAy^ANApiA ^TBHHTq. TppO) AF
XAFJANAplA nFXAC MTTnFTOyAAB TFCDpnOC XF

1) Meraphitic version, p. 28.


25
194 Fragment B.

nAXOFlC 'tOY«)(y NTA nxOFlC El EBOA-


EPIMF 2CE

2N THE NA(y h^F. nEXAq AE NAC N(fl TmETOyAAB


rECDpnOC XE EHEl 2^VI AqMAy XE A TOlKOyHENH
THpC XUd gM g^'TEeyClA NN2^A1H0N10N NAl
ETEpE NpCOHF CyMO^ENAy gH TTTpFyKO) NCCDOy 5

col. II. MnNoyTF. T]FXF Tppo) MnnEToyAAB 2s:f oyK


OyN NMOyTE gNAAlHONlOH ME" HEXE finFTOy-
AAB rECOpriOC 2CE EgF. nFXAC MAq 2CE NTA
nEXC ppCDME NAO) NgE. HEXAq 2^E NAC h6l
nnpToyAAB rFCDpnoc xe ccdtm od rppo) aAe- lo

5^ANTpiA NGF NTAynpO(|)HTEyE ETBHHTq gM


nEHHA ETOyAAB h6l NFT7pO(])HTHC. AAyEl2i
MEN XIOIKAK EBOA EqXO) MMOC XE nET^HOOC
^^- EgpAl EXN NlXAipOyBlN OyCDN^K NAN EBOA
AyO) ON EqXO) HMOC XE MATOyNFC TEK^OH 15

Nr El ETOyXON. HaAiN on XE EqNHy EnECHT


N0E Noyga)oy exn oycopr ete xnApGENOC
MApiA TE. EqXO) 2lE MMOC ABBAKOyM
;^(Ji(D^ h6l
nEfTpo(|)HTHC* XE nxoEic AiccoTH EnEKgpooy
AipgOTE. AiCOyN NFKgBHyE Aipa)nHpE. nEXAC 20

AE NAq N(5'l TppO) XAyjANApiA* XE NTA HE-


col. 11. npo(j)HTHC CCDTM Epoq gN oy AqpgOTE H NTAq-
NAy ENEqgBHyE gN oy Aqpa)nHpF. nEXAq ae
NAC N6i nnEToyAAB rECJopnoc xe cootm d)

XppO) XE MHE npO(l)HTHC cyOBTA EqO^AXE. 25

AqccDTM TAp XE fixoEic NHy Aqp<30TE^ Aqcoy-


GDNCj AE ON XE qNAANACTpy(|)H MN NpCJDME

1) Memphitic version, p. 29.


Fragment B. 195

XOFtC KaAodC AKa)A2CE AY«)AMOK gO) OycOiy


'j

ECCOTH FpOK. OiAhA 6% EXCDl NTF TFTtAaNH


Rr. NNFiAcaAoN oyHN cABoA HMoi. nFXF nnFToy-
col. I.
^^g rEcapnoc xf nicTFyp FnFNTAYCTAYpoy 5

HMoq Ayo) NFqMApo^p xofic Fpo) AN N^i frpFq-


CCOpM N ^AIMONION nFXAC AF MAq XF ^^ni-
CTFYH aAAa i-pgOTE gHTq MnFippo NANOMOC
KF OyAoIHOC nF NOYAMCApl' FTBF HAl gApFg
FOHYCTHpiON gA gTHK OJAN ^MnojA NTE TTEnHA 10

MTTXOFIC Fl FgpAl FXCOl aAAa KAAT TA0B(^


col. II. NOYKOYl. nnFTOYAAB AF TFCDpnOC AqKAAC
HOFq a)AXF NMMAC* AqKOoAx 2^F NNFqHAT
Aqc^AHA Fqxo) mmoc xe nxoFic ccdtm FnAcyAwA*
MApF nACOnc gCJUN FgOyN FpOK. HApF HATAFIO 15

Fl FgOyN HnFKHTO FBOA. AY«> Aq^O) FqHHN

FBoA FqcyAviA (^antf noYOFiN fi fboA. gxooYF


2i.F NTFpFqcycanF AqKFAFYF n6"i nppo FTppqFi

FBOA NqBCDK MHHAq FUFpHF. HFXF FinFTOYAAB


TFCDpnoc Mnppo XF pa)AN OYppo noy«>t npo- 20

fAgh o^ApF OYNO^ MMHHo^ FCcooYS ppoq noco


^^- MAAAon NFippCDOY THpOY FY«)ANFl FBoA cpAYgP
FgNTBA NTBA FYCCDOYS Pp^OY AY«) FY0Y"6
NCODOY- aAAa ntcjdtn ^mooc nhtn gH nnAAAA-
TION ANOK 2iF HN NOYHHB TNMABCDK FUFpUF 25

o^A nAnoAAcjoN ntn taAe 0ycia NAq FgpAi'.


AYcb A nppo rpF TTKYpi? «)«^ hboA Fqxo)
MMOC XF CCDOYC TUpTN NTFTN Fl fiTFTNNAY
col. II. XF FlC nCAg NFM MYCTHplOM NNFAAiAaIOCMAFI
196 Fragment B.

FnFpnu NpqTaAe eyciX FgpAi HnAnoAAcDN.


NTPpECCCDTEM^ AF kSl TFCglMF NXHpA NTA
nFCcywpF NAY pboA ftfchh httkypi^ Fqcoo)
FBOA. ACFl NTFYNOy FTHNlAY PpF TTBO) NTFC-
Ane bhA fboA Fpp ntywpF a)HH ntootc. ac- &

2s:ia)KAK fboA fcxod hmoc. xb oyoi nai rFCDpnoc

nFNTAqrpF nfthooyt tcdoyn AqxpF nbAAf


^^- NAY PBoA AqxpE n^aAf hooc^f. nFNTAqrpF

Na)HN FTCyCDOY Fpc^HN NKFCOn. RFNTAqXpF


TOYF^ptt) MnAHl XINOYNF FBOA. HPNTAqFl FgOyN 10

FOAHl AqrpF nANOYC xi oyofin Fpoi AicoyN


TTNOYTF NTAqTAMlOi. UFNTAqMOYS NTAXpA-
nF2;A FBoAgN XrAGON nim. nFNXAq "tcDinp
col. II. Hn^lABoAoC MN NFq2^AlMa)N XF MNNCA NAl
THpOY NTAKAAY MN Nl^OH THpOy NTAYl^^WTTF 15

FBoAgi TOOTK FKNAt MnFKOYoi FnAnoAAciDN


Nr 0Y(Ji>a)T NAq Nra)a)nE nnoS'n^^ NNexpicry-
ANOC. nnFTOYAAB AF PFCDpnOC AqCCDBF nF2CAq
XF d) TFC^IMF KA nOCyvipF FgpAl FT^H HOY"
^AHHp NTOC AF ACKAAq FgpAi- AqMOYTF 20

Fpoq h6^i nnFTOYAAB PFCDpnoc x£ fixo) hmoc


^^' NAK TTO^HpF a)HH gM TTpAN MnXOFlC tC UFXC.
col. I. V . \ V ., V ..

nFNTAqpOYO fin FNFT gM HKAnF- TCOOYN F^pAi


NrAgFpAT Nrqod^ nfkoy FpwTF nhzviakoninfi
HTTOJAXF. NTFYNOY 2^F FTHHAY A HcyvipF OJHM 25

TTMApTYpoc
qo(Jq AqA-CPpATq. Aqno) AqFi a)A
AqOY«)a^T gANFqOYFpHTF. nnFTOYAAB AF TFCOp-
noc nFXAq NAq xf fixo) hmoc nak ncywpF

1) Memphitic version, p. 30, 1. 2. 2) Mempliitic version, p. 30, 1. 8.


Fragment B. 197

a)HH BCOK F^oyN EnFpnp NNgAAnN np xooc


col. II. MneToycoT nanoAAflDN
HoyTF EpoK' ntt)Hpe ae (ywM AqBooK EgoyN
EnppnF NNgpMHN nEXAq HnEToycDT^ na-
noAAcDN 2CE FIXO) EpOK NTOK T7K0(t)0C NbXAe 5

ETE MN AICGECIC NgHTCj* 6£UH AMOy EBOA XE


TT^HgAA M TTNOYTE HOyTE EpOK. REXAq N(Ji

nHA ETOJAXE gM nElAOoAON XE O) TC TTpHNA-


^Z- ^ApEe. AKCEK OyON NIM cyApOK* NTAKgE EOEl-
(ywpE UJHM TOON. AKTOyNOCt] EgpAl EXCON AqEl 10

2^E EBoA n^i nAnoAAa)N Eqoywg nca niyHpE


(^HM. NTEpEqEl fmETOyAAB rECDpnoc
2^E (^A
AqAgFpATC] MnFqMTO EBoA. HFXAq NAq u6i
TTAIKAIOC 2CE NGOK HE TTNOyTF NN^AAhN. Aqoy-
(bc^B Nd"! npnFA nnoNHpoN ftojaxe gn nEi- 15

2^a)AoH. nFXAq NAq xe ^od o) rEwpnoc taxo)

NAK NgCOB NIM. NTOq AE HEJCAq 2£E a)AXE.


col. 11. nEXAq NAq h6i ttaaimoniom xe ccdth cb te-
cbpriE. HnFoyoEiiy nta nNoyTE eiu^e nthf.

AyO) AqCMN CFNTE MTTKA^. AqTa)6'F NOyHApA- 20

2^1C0C gN EAFM KATA MMANUJA MnpH. A TTNOyTE


TAMIO NOypCJOME KATA nFqFlNE MN TEqglKOON.
ANON AF NTEpEN p^CACtgHT A nNOyTE ^CDNT
EpON. AqNOXN EBOA^H npNEOoyl Aq^BpBcapN
FnECHT EnNOyN. FCyCDn E^ETENOy NOJANEO) 25

^"- dM(fOM EOyX NTNpgAA MMOq O^ANOnCj NAN


NoyNod" Ngwy. Ayd) on (d^ntoAman ntnbcok

1) Memphitic version, p. 31.


2) Memphitic version, p. 32.
198 Fragment B.

FgOyN FTSKkAhCIA HTTNOYTe NTN XgPpATN gM


nHA FTMMAY NTN XnATAN NpODMF ^U OyHNTA-
nicToc* Ngoyo af Fpa)AN noyHHS ka oyAgiBoA
a)ANCnOY2^A^F NTNCOKC] NAN MnpOTpFHei MMOq
FNEINF FgOyN EUFq^HT NNFTFMFa)a)F FTpF-
qAAy. nFXAq af NAq n^i nMAprypoc FToyAAB
col. II. XF 0) TTTAAAincapOC FCXF gN TFKnpOgAipFClC
MHIM MMOK AKAAK NJ^MHO FnFKFOOy AgpOK
FKOyCDCy FXCDCbpF FBoA NNF\|/XH NNFXpiCTl-
ANOC. HFXAq NAq N^i npnNA nnoNHpON xf 10

-f-goMoAoreinak xf fnf oy ntai" F^^oyciA


HMAy FgOyN FpOK NFl NATAKO HF NTFKV|yyXH
MN nFKCODMA gl OyCOH nF2s:e TTMApTypOC NAq
ne XE oyK oyN XFNoy FKcpoqr Fpoi" -^(aiDT oy
^"1- ^-
HONON qi FpOK NFKNAy FTEKAyMOpiA' NTEKNOy 15

AE AqAAKTl^F HT7KA2 AqOyCDN NpCOq. TTEXE


TTHApTypOC HnAnoAAcDN XF AMOy K
NAK FnFCHT EHNOyN CyA nFgOOy HnNO(r NgAH
MME' nAl FTEKNA+ AorOC NgMTCJ gA NEl|/y-
XOOyE NTAKCOpMOy. NTOq AE TTMApTypOC 20

col. II. FToyAAB AqBcoA EBoA MnEqMoyc* AqncDT


FgOyN FnFpnE AqMOpq FngWT ITMgHpAKAHC
AqcoKCj FnFCHT Aqoyo^nq AqxpEqcycDnE nof
NNIFITN. nEXAq AE F^OyN gH TTKEU)OxfT NNFl-
ACOAON 2CE nCDT NHTN FBOA^H [n]EMA NNOyTF^ 25

NN^P^^MN XE AlFl FTAKETHyTN. NOyWHB AF


NTEpoyNAy EnTAKO NNEyNOyTE AyAHAgTF
HTmEToyAAB rECJDprioc AycoN^q ^inAgoy HHoq

'j Mempliitic version, p. 33.


Fragment B. 199

'\. AyENTC) FpAxq fiNpppflooY Ayxo) Epooy nnfn-


^^^'
TAYii)(»ne THpoy nnfynoytf Ngoyo ^e nfn-
TAYJ^cone nnAnoAAcoN. npxF nppo ^aaianoc
NAq s:f 0) TFCDpnoc nFunncyA Mn[M]oY.
MH MnFKCMN TCN 01 FTAAf GyClA FgpAl 5

NNNOYTF* NrBFOY FnHANpoYa)a)T MAY ^^ taAf


eyClA NAY FgpAi" AK 2^HA AKFipF
. . . NgFN-
. . . .

^BHY^ NTMFNF' NPCOOYN AN XB OFKCNOq


col. 11. NNA^ix. nFXAq 2iF NAq n61 PFcopnoc xf anok
TAp NNOYTFN TAl gF FgOOy AiOY«>(i)T NAY- ^^

FCyXB NP TTIOTEY FNAl AN nppO FIFBCDK tt) *

AmNF NAi FRFl MA HnAnoAAcDN TAT[aAf]


[0Y]cia NAq F^pAi FnFKMTO FBoA; nFXF nppo
XF AlOYti) EFIME FBOAgl TOOTOy NNoyHHB" XF
AKTpFqBCDK FnFCHT FHNOyN FlFEKOyCDO) FXOOy
TjjMcoT Fin .prn mmay ncon^" npxAq NAq n(Ti.
.
y^
TRANSLATION.

26
J!
IN THE NAME OF GOD.

The Martyrdom of Saint George^, the valiant martyr of ouriii


Lord Jesus Christ, ivho completed his strife on the 23rd of
the month Fharmuthi^, in the peace of God, Amen.

Now in times of old there arose a severe and terrible storm,


and a great and mighty storm and persecution came upon the
Church. In all places the governors had gone astray, and they
dragged the preachers of the truth to the altars of the idols,

and compelled them all to offer sacrifices to devilish idols. Thus


also did the governor Dadianus^, who had acquired dominion
and had obtained the rule over the four quarters of the earth.
When Dadianus had become chief, he sat upon the tribune, and
wrote edicts to be proclaimed throughout the whole world; and
these are the things that were written in them. "Inasmuch

1 See Acta Sanctorum, April 23; Butler, Lives of the Saints, April 23,
(Dublin edit. 1833, vol, i, p. 508) Smith, Diet. Christ. Bioff., ed. Wace, vol. ii,
;

p. 645, and Baring Gould, Curious Myths of the Middle Ages, p. 266.
I. e. ,April 18. For the proofs that all the churches accept April 23 as the
2

day on which Saint George consummated his martyrdom, see Assemani in Kal.,
Eccles.TJniv., t. vi, p. 284; and Malan, The Calendar of the Coptic Church, p. 28.

3 Arab.^b:>i,>, Syr. rClil.i.i, Ethiop. ^^i'5'fl : The Greek version

of Metaphrastes , the encomium of Andrew of Crete on S. George, and the


discourse of Gregory of Cyprus, state that George was tortured and martyred
by Diocletian. Peter Heylin makes Dadianus, or Dacianus, to be Galerius
I Maximinianus, or Galerius Caesar, who was by birth a Dacian, and who suc-
ceeded Diocletian in"all those parts that he commanded". See The Historic of

St. p. 173. Whoever Dadianus may have been, he, according


George of Cappadocia,
to the Coptic text,was not Diocletian, for this emperor commanded BYj^lOC
to go to Palestine and destroy the shrine of Saint George "whose head Dadianus
the Persian cut off several years ago". See p. 81. There was no king of
Persia at this time called Dadianus.

I
204 THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGF.

as a rumour has come to my ears that He to whom Mary gave


birth is the God who is alone to be worshipped, and that Apollo

and Poseidon and Hermes and Astarte and Zeus and Ezabel (sic) '

and Uranus and Scamandros and the other gods are not to be
[2] worshipped at all, 1|
but that Jesus Christ whom the Jews slew is

to be worshipped, — I, therefore, write to every place, and to the

governors of every land, and to all rulers under the authority


of my government to come to me speedily that they may know
the decision of my power." "'
Then seventy ^ governors from all

parts of the world were gathered together there with so great


and mighty a multitude, that the land could not contain them for
I their number.^. And Dadianus the governor sat upon the tribune
and made them bring forth all the instruments of the torture
chamber and lay them before him; and these were they. The
brazen bed, the bone smashing choppers, the iron rods (?), the
wheels with knives fixed to them, the wooden horses, the wooden

1 The Greek, Latin, Syiiac and Arabic texts do not help us in trans-
lating the name of this god, and it is not to be found among the seventy
gods and goddesses of Diocletian enumerated by Giorgi, De Miraculls Saudi
ColutJd, p. CO.
2 The Arabic version of this edict in the Oxford MS. is as follows:

JSo e5yJL\_5 ^\^'^)\ J^ (J,l CU.-JCi' \JJ>^ J.^. ^iJl _yb >yi^\ <^-^>^

cy LkL^ n s&.mX^
I

The inventor of the story of St. George was probably thinking of the first

edict of Diocletian against the Christians pubhshed Feb. 24 th A. D. 303. The


idea that George was the nameless young man who tore down the edict, and
who martyrdom on the 23 rd of April follo-ning is not supported by
suffered
the Coptic or Sja-iac texts. For the ai-guments on this point see Acta Sancto-
rum, April 23, p. 108.
3 The number of the governors is variously given as three, four, seven,
seventy and seventy-two.
» In the martyrdom of Saints Piroon and Athora we are told that
Diocletian ordered the epai'chs, dukes, counts and governors of every town to
assemble at Antioch. See Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de I'^gt/pte, p. 149*
THE MARTYEDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 205

gloves, the iron gloves, the tongue slitting knives, the tools for
drawing out the teeth, the iron bone borers, the sharp saws and
other implements of cruel torture, i
And Dadianus swore an oath,
saying, "If I find any people of doubtful mind and refusing to
worship the gods, I will reverse ^the commands of my fathers
and will torture them with bitter sufferings, I will break in the
towers of their hearts, I will smash their heads, I will cut out
their brains with sharp knives, I will saw off their shin bones,
I will tear open their bodies, and I will cut off their limbs from
their bodies." When the multitude heard these things they feared
the tortures greatly, and those who wished to become martyrs
[refrained] when they considered the numbers ||
of tortures which [3]

they ran the risk of suffering; and three whole years went by
without any one daring to say, "I am a Christian".
Now there was a young man whose name was George, the
sun of truth and the glorious star betwixt heaven and earth 2;

he was a tribune in the imperial army 3, and came from Cappa-


docia. And when he had served his time as tribune and acquired
much wealth, he came to the governor Dadianus and wished to
be made a count by him. When Saint George had come to the
cityand saw the frenzied idolatry of the governors and that they
had forsaken God, he straightway decided to give up his rank
of tribune, saying, become a soldier of my Lord Jesus
"I will
Christ the King of heaven." And when he had distributed all his_
wealth and given what he had to the poor, he rushed into the
presence of the governors and cried out, saying, "Cease your
frenzy, governors, and proclaim not to be gods the things
which are not gods; let the gods who have not made heaven
and earth perish! As for me, I will worship one God, the

1 The Arabic runs: — ^^'-oLsixi^ . ^LkjJl _.h*..^JJ ^\^\^ .


^LsnJ 2S_^1

2 Eead NT(j)S NEM nKA<3l.


206 THE MAETYRDOM OF SAINT GEOEG .

Father Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit." The


of our t"

dragon looked at him, and said, "Every person who has gone forth

from the benevolent guidance of the gods perishes, and as for us, we
worship things which are beneath [the heavens], for the godsFire and
Sun appear to us as mighty beings; 2 know now that thou hast not
only despised us, 3 but thou hast also despised the righteous gods.
L-^] Offer sacrifice then to the ||
gods and to Apollo 4 who is the saviour

of the whole world, and be convinced that the gods whom thou hum-
blestknow those who honour and obey them, and know how to punish
those who disobey them. And now, tell me from whence thou
comest? what is thy name? and for what purpose hast thou come
hither?" Saint George answered, and said, "The chief name
which I bear is 'Christian', I am by birth a Cappadocian, I was a
soldier in a famous company, and I performed my duties of tribune

satisfactorily in Palestine where it served. Who are the gods


whom thou wouldst force me to worship, king?" The governor
said to him, "I desire thee to worship Apollo who hung out the
heavens, and Poseidon ^ who made fast the earth." Saint George
answered and said, "Neither for thy sake, evil dragon, nor for
that of the governors thy companions will 1 speak about the

righteous ones and thy dead god, but for the sake of these
multitudes here present. Whom wouldst thou compel me to

worship, king? Peter the chosen one ofthe Apostles, or Apollo


who corrupts the whole world? To which of these wouldst thou

have me offer sacrifice? to Elijah the Tishbite who was an angel


[5] upon earth and who walked upon earth and was- taken up to ||

the gates of heaven, or to Scamandros the sorcerer who worked


enchantments by fire and who led many people astray, who com-

1 Arab, cr^"^^-
2 Arab, ^j^^^^^y*^.^-^ Cr^^^ ^i^^Ur^. -W^^ ^^L*^! ^ ^yL ^^ ^1
.^43;uJis. ^3 <HrJ"^\ ^ fU^-^ c^'^h ^'^b cy**-«-^* ur*^
0^^*-a-«*JI

According to the Arabic some word meaning 'to destroy' has dropped out of
the Coptic text after NTS NlNOy]". The Coptic text of this passage is

probably corrupt. 3 Read AKa)Oa)TeN AN?


a* .

* Arab. 03^^- ^ Arab. CJ^^^I:^^--


THE MAETTRDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 207

'
mitted adultery with Timetia (Demeter?), who begat Saar and
Sarphat the ojjfiani of the warrior of the city of Pontus, whose
deeds were evil and who were cast into the abyss of the sea?i
Tell me, king, to which of these wouldst thou give judgment ?
to Samuel who prayed to God, or to Poseidon the destroyer
of the ships of the sea? to Antaeus and Herakles^, or to those
of the Martyrs and Prophets who wear crowns ? Tell me, king,
to which of these wouldst thou give judgment? to Jezebel the
slayer of the prophets or to Mary the Virgin the mother of my
Lord Jesus Christ? Be ashamed, king, for the things which
thou worshippest are not gods, but deaf idols." /^
When Saint George had said these things, the governor was
greatly enraged and commanded them to hang him upon the
wooden horse 3, and to torture him until his bowels flowed out
«

upon the ground. After these things four quaternions of soldiers

1 I have not been able to trace what the myth is which is referred to
here. In the encomium by Theodotus of Ancyra CA,pA(blN takes the place
of Ca,Ap and CAp(|)AT and the 0(|)ANI are not mentioned. Perhaps
CApA(])lN is a corruption of Serapis. The Syriac has w»»^^ o^sj? 'Js,?©

aC^a^Z i.ja:^ 'And know that Apollo measured the heavens, that
}3> j-io-*

Herakles established the foundations of the earth, and that Serapis and Po-
seidon bridled the sea that it might not pass over its boundary.' The Arabic
version in A paraphases this obscure passage and does not help us. It reads
^l^,^JJ\ ^3.**:UJ\ \Sjt> SySX-wJb ^-^Jli* J,^ ^UJl -S^-co ^iJl ^ Ja^iJ

2 Arab. ^_y*Kjl^ ^^kil. Antaeus ('AvraTo?), the son of Poseidon and


Ge, was invincible as long as he touched the earth. Herakles discovered the
secret of his strength and lifted him up from the earth and crushed him in
the air.

3 Arab. JsyoAlLl. Syr. ^'-)2>ja.2o Im^nn IJZZ^J? "That he should be


hung upon the cross and scraped". In the pictures of this method of torturing
Saint George depicted in Brit. Mus. MS. Or. 713. fol. 23a, two Y shaped pieces
of wood are sunk into the ground and across these is laid a stout pole. Ropes
are tied round the neck and under the arms of the saint, and he is suspended
from the cross ^lole, and men are shown standing in front of him and scraping
him with iron scrapers.
208 THE MARTYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE.

laid liim out and beat him with leather whips until the flesh of
his body was torn in shreds; and they sprinkled salt upon him. And
they brought hair sacks with which to excoriate his body until
his blood ran like water; but hewas patient under these sufferings.
And again Dadianus commanded, and they brought for him
[6] iron boots with holes bored 1|
in them, and they drove nails into
the soles of his feet through the boots, and his blood flowed out
like water; but he endured patiently as if they were not torturing
him at all. After these things Dadianus made them build a
high platform ', and bring sixty very sharp stakes and lacerate the
flesh of the righteous man
Then he commanded and
with them.
they brought him down from the platform, and cast him into a
cauldron of water and boiled him. And the soldiers beat his
head with iron nails until they broke in the skull, and his brains

poured out through his mouth white as milk; and his whole body
was congealed with blood like lead. Then Dadianus commanded
and they brought part of a pillar, and eight men rolled it along
and laid it upon his belly, and he made them tie it to the saint

and leave him until he decided what to do to him.^


And it came to pass that during that night the Lord ap-
peared to Saint George, and said to him, "Be strong and of
good cheer, beloved George, for I will strengthen thee to bear
all these sufferings which they have brought upon thee. And
I swear by Myself, and by the holy angels, that among those
born of women no one has arisen greater than John the Baptist,
and that after thee there shall arise none like unto thee; for
behold, I have made thee lord over these seventy governors, and
whatsoever thou sayest shall happen unto them. Thou shalt die
three times 2, and I will raise thee up again, but after the fourth
[7] time, I Myself will come upon a cloud, and will take thee away to j]

V — JI
1 Arab. <*>-cr'^ O^^-
2 The account of Saint Macarius of Antioch bears a strong resemblance
to that of Saint George. He
endured many of the tortures which George
endured, he was confronted by a magician called Alexander, whom he over-
came, and he died three times. See Hyvenaat, Lcs Actes des Martyrs de
Vilgypte, jip. 41 and 59.
THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 209

the place of" safe keeping which I have prepared for thee for thy
holy dwelling; be strong and fear not, for I am with thee." And
when He had embraced him He went up to heaven with His
holy angels in great glory.
When it was morning the governor commanded, and they
brought him before the tribune. Now Saint George was singing
a Psalm, saying, "O God, hasten thou to my help, hasten thou
to my defence. 1" When he had come to the tribune 2, he cried
out, saying, "O tribune, I and my Lord Jesus Christ have come
to thee and thy stone x^pollo." And they laid hold of him and
tied him with four leather straps, and beat him with leather
whips upon his back and belly; and they cast him back again
mto prison. And Dadianus the governor wrote a letter in
which he thus said, "I write to the whole world, greeting. Let
any enchanter or magician who can put an end to the magic of
this Christian come hither to me, and I will give him much
wealth and any territory that he shall ask for, and he shall be
second in the kingdom." When this letter had been sent
throughout the whole world, behold a man appeared whose
name was Athanasius, and he came to the governor and said,
"0 king, live for ever! There is nothing which I am not able
to perform in thy presence." The governor rejoiced, and said,
"What sign wilt thou work before me that I may know that
thou art able to put an end to the magic of the Christians?" Atha-
nasius answered and said, "Let them bring me an ox." And
when they had brought him he spake some words in his ears, [8]

and he was rent in twain. Athanasius said to Dadianus, "Let


them bring me a pair of scales/' and they brought them to him;
and he threw the one half of the ox into one pan of the scales
and the other half into the other, and they were exactly equal,
and there was not the least difference between the weight of the
two halves. And the governor commanded and they brought
Saint George to the tribune, and he sMd to him, "O George, it
is for thy sake that I have summoned this man into my domi-

1 Psalm xxii. 19. 2 Ai'ab. r^-^\.


27
210 THE MARTTEDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

nions; thou must vauquisli his magic or he will vanquish thiue,


thou must slay him or he will slay thee." Saint George looked
at the magician and said, "Hasten, my brother, and do unto me
speedily whatsoever thou wishest to do, for I see grace drawing
nigh unto thee." And straightway Athanasius ' took a cup, 2 and
washed his face in it,-'and invoked the names of demons over
the cup, and gave it to him to drink; and when he had drunk no

evil happened to him at all. Athanasius answered and said to


George,^ "My lord, let me only give thee one other sign, and if

no evil befall thee then I Avill believe upon Him Whom they
crucified."Then he took another cup, and washed his face in
it,^ and invoked the names of demons more evil'' than the first

over it, and he gave him the cup to drink;" and when the saint
had drunk no evil happened to him.« When Athanasius saw
that no evil had happened to him, he said to him, "0 Saint
George, thou hast tJie Son of God, k
cross of Jesus Christ the
who came into the world to save sinners; have mercy upon my
[9] soul, and give me the seal of Christ." ^ When Dadianus saw
what had liappened he was greatly enraged, and commanded
them to take the magician outside the city and to slay him with
the sword; so he consummated his martyrdom, and was esteemed
worthy of everlasting life. •" And the governor commanded them
to throw Saint George into prison until he had decided what
he should do with him.
I
Athanasius intended to poison George by his mixtures, and wo may

seeby the martyrdom of Saint Macarius of Antioch what such philtres were
made of. See Hyvernat, Les Actes des Martyrs de VEgypte, p. 59.
2 D adds 'of cold water', 3 Arab. ^^ ^-^i^s^^ J-****^-
4 D
makes Athanasius address Dadianus.
5 D 'and he mixed poisons in it',

c D 'mightier names of devils.' '


D, 'And he made the sign of the
cross over it three times in the name of the Father and the Son' and the
Holy Spirit, and straightway drank it before the governor and the sorcerer.'
8 Fragment A of the Sahidic version (D) of the martyrdom begins here.

8 D adds that when Geoi'ge saw the faith of Athanasius he smote the
earth, and water came forth, and he baptised him in the name of the Fatherj
and the Son and the Holy Spirit. After that the water returned to its place.]
10 According to D he was martyred on the seventh day of Tobc.
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 211

When it was morning the governor commanded a huge wheel


to be made with sharp nails and stakes fastened in it; and the
wheel was made after the manner in which he commanded it to

be made: the upper part of it was like the edge of a knife, and
the lower part like a sharp two-edged sword. And tlie governor
commanded them to bring Saint George out of prison and to
throw him upon the instrument of torture. When Saint George
turned and saw the shape of the cutting part of the machine,
that the upper part of it was like the edge of a knife and the
lower part a two-edged sword, i, he said within himself,

"Verily, I shall never come forth alive from this instrument."

But again, afterwards, he said within himself, "Woe to thee,

George, why hast thou allowed this thought to enter thy


heart? Consider the lot which has come to thee, 2 and remember
that the Jews crucified thy Lord Himself." And after this he
lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "0 Lord, the unchangeable
God, the Ruler of eternity, to Whom belongeth victory. Thou
Who givest grace to the martyrs, Whose glory and crown Thou [10]

art; Thou Who, before Thou hadst created anything, yea, before
Thou hadst created the heavens and the earth, didst rest upon
the waters, and now Thou restest upon the whole race of man,
and knowest Thy place of rest; Who hast spread out the heavens
like a chamber, and at Whose command the clouds pour out

rain in their season; Who rainest upon the just and the unjust;
Who hast weighed the mountains in a balance and the hills in
a pair of scales; Who bringest the winds out of Thy store houses;
Who hast cast the rebellious angels into the abyss of hell, where
-^
they are punished by evil dragons, and fettered and chained with (

indissoluble bonds; Thou the least of Whose commands it is

impossible to alter; O Lord God Who, in the last days, didst

» The Arabic of this passage runs: — 5-j:^. O^ j^^ r}-^^^ O^ '"^^

. <*^i a-.L*A*^ ^iiX:L. tti ^^^^^Mi L^gXfl-4*>\a i_a.>ww.J\ i>ji- ^_3.-^ UfcMil ^.^& y>c\ L^^"

2 Arab. ^.\J^J\ ^^^ -G J.=w U ^M. But read kAhDOC instead of

KAMpOC.
212 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

send into the world Thy only begotten Son, Wlio took upon
Himself flesh hy the Virgin Mary, and became man, without any
one being able to understand how to find out the manhood of
Him, the Lord .lesus Christ, begotten of Thee in very truth; \

Who did walk upon the face of the sea as upon dry land;
Who did feed five thousand men with five loaves of bread, and
they were satisfied; Who did rebuke the waves of the sea and
their crests were bowed down; come now, O my Lord, come
Jesus, and help my infirmity, for I am a sinner; let these suf-

ferings be light upon me, for Thine is the glory, and Thy name
is full of glory for ever, Amen." t/'

[11] When he had finished [his prayer and had said] 'Amen',
they threw him on the wheel, and set it to work; and im-
mediately his body Avas broken into ten pieces. Then straight-

way Dadianus lifted "Be strong and know,


up his voice, saying,

O ye governors, that there is no god save Apollo and Hermes


and Zeus and Athene and Scamandros and Hephaistos and
Herakles and Poseidon, who work good on the three parts of
the sea, and from whose hands kings receive power. Where is

now the God of Saint George Whom they call 'Jesus',

Whom the Jews crucified and slew? why has He not come and
him out
delivered of my hands?" And the drag.Qnl_ofthe abyss
commanded them to throw his bones outside the city into a

dry pit, saying within himself, "Lest the Christians find a bone
of his, and build a martyrium over it, and bring up his blood

against us".
Now it was the hour for eating, and the governor, together
with the sixty-nine governors who were with him, went to eat.
And while they were eating there came a great earthquake,
and suddenly the sky became overcast with clouds, and there
was so great a trembling that mountains split asunder suddenly,
the earth shook, and the sea was lashed into billows, and the

1 Small bnne jilaques with a figuro in relief of St. George slaying- the
dragon were worn aspendants by Coptic Christians. Two of these are to be
seen in the British Museum, (Second Egyptian Room, No. 17639).
H THE MAKTTRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 213

B waves thereof rose to the height of fifteen cubits. And Michael


^pblew with his trumpet, and beliold the Lord Jesus came upon
His chariot of the Cherubim, and stood on the edge of the pit.

And He said to the archangel Michael, "Go down into the pit,
and gather together the bones of my son George, for this valiant [i2J

George thought in his heart, 'I shall not escape from this in-
strument (into which I had allowed him to fall) this time'; that

he may believe with all his heart, and know that I alone am
able to deliver him. And Michael went down into the pit, and
put together the holy body of Saint George: and the Lord took
hold "O George my beloved, behold, the
of his hand, saying,
hand which formed Adam the first man is now about to create
thee anew;" and the Lord breathed upon his face and filled him
again with life, and He embraced him, and went up to heaven
with His holy angels.
And Saint George arose in haste from the dead, and went
through the squares of the city looking for the governors, and he
found them afterwards sitting in judgment. Then he ran into
their presence, and said to them, "Do ye not know Avho I am?"
Dadianus the governor lifted his eyes guiltily, and said to the
Saint, "Who art thou then?" The martyr of Christ replied, "I am
George whom ye slew yesterday, because ye despised my God
who could destroy you in a moment." Dadianus continued
looking into the face of the saint, "Thou art and said to him,
not he, but his shade," and one said to him, "Perhaps it is some
one like him." And Anatolius the general knew him, and said, [13]
"Of a truth this is George who has risen from the dead;" and
he believed with all his company. Now the number of those
[of the army] who believed upon Christ was three thousand and

nine and one woman^ from the multitude. And Dadianus the
governor commanded them all to be cast forth outside the city
in a desert place, and to be divided into four^ divisions and to
be slain. Thus they consummated their martyrdom at the ninth

1 Accordino^ to Coptic tradition IMicliael stands at the right hand of God,


and Gabriel at the left. See Hyvernat, Lea Actea des Martyrs de VEgypte,
pp. 9, 144, 169. 2 D 3999. 3 D 'ten'.
214 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

liour of the Sabl)atli day on the fifteenth day of Phamen6th,i


and went to Paradise in glory, and received pardon for their sins.

Then the governor commanded them to bring Saint^ George


to the tribune; and he commanded them to bring an iron bod
to which they might bind the righteous man. Then he made
them melt lead until it was liquid, and bring a vessel in the

shape of an iron ladle and thrust it -^


[full of lead] into his moutli.

Then they drove sixty nails through his head into the bed. And
Dadianus made them bring a great stone chiselled ^ out to tit

his head, and they thrust his head in it, and made it fast with

lead,'' and they rolled him down with the stone [from a high
place] and severed his bones one from another; but he bore
these tortures''' with fortitude. Then Dadianus commanded them
to remove the stone from him, and to hang him up head down-
wards, and to tie a large stone to him, and to light a huge fire

under him.
After these things " the governor commanded to throw him
[14] into a bronze 'bull's and to drive-' sharp nails into it: then he
commanded them to bring a machine to revolve inside the 'bull'.'o

that the body of the saint might be broken to pieces ^ by the


nails and his limbs become like the particles of dry summer

dust; and Saint George bore all these things with fortitude. Then

Dadianus commanded them to cast him into prison and to fasten

him to the woodwork until he had decided what to do'2 with


him or how he should destroy '^ him; now he was very handsome '*

1 I. e., Marcla 11. D Mechir.

2 B begins with the letters TIOC of NiniXriOC > B NCP^ITC.


4 B FY^l^ONK KATA TEqA(|)F F^pni FpOq (sic).

5 B rightly NTAjjT. c B TAIBACANOC "


B NAl 2lF ON.
8 Saint Apater was boiled in a 'bull' of brass, NOYCtt)2^lON i^^OMT,
and the water from it falling upon the people round about they at once be-
came leprous. See Hyvernat, Les Acfcs des Martyrs de PEfft/pte, p. 104.

9 B FTCOC. '" Arab. <^^ ^^vX> ^\^ J-^?=^-»-U ^*-3^p.*.

" B NTOYboAt>F^. 12 B A(jNAFpOY-


13 B AqNATAKOq. " B OYCAIF TAp and omits HF.
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 215

111 appearance. • And in that night the Lord appeared to him,

sayiug,'-^ "Be patient, ^ O George My chosen one, be of good cheer


and be not dismayed, for I am with thee, and there shall be great
joy in heaven' for thy sake and for the sake of thy contest.
Behold, thou hast died once and I raised thee up; thou shalt yet
die"' twice and I will raise thee up again. But the fourth time
I Myself will come in the clouds, and I will bring thee to the
place of safety which I have prepared for thy body.'' It is I
who give strength to thy holy body, and I will make thee to lie
down with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob; be not sad of heart
for I' am with thee. Thy martyrdom^ shall be consummated be-
fore these seventy governors, and thou shalt testify of Me before^
them. And they will torture thee for seven years for My name's

sake, but be not sad of heart, but of good cheer." And the
Lord saluted him, and went up to heaven with His holy angels,
and the valiant martyr of Christ looked after Him, 't'
and continued
looking until the day rose;" and he rejoiced in the encourage- [is]

ment which the Lord had given him.


When it was morning, the governor commanded them to
bring Saint George to the tribune. When they had brought
him, one of the seventy governors, whose name was Magnentius,
said to him, "O George, I seek a sign at thy hands, and if thou
do it before me, by our lord'^ the Sun, and by the seventy
gods, '3 and by Artemis the saviour'^ of the whole world, I will
believe on thy God, and will worship Himi-^ nobly." Saint

1 B nFqxiNNAy. 2 b Eqxo) mmoc NAq.


3 B ANION I. I shall not notice such variants as this in future.

i B U^on NAK NgpHl bPN Nl(|)HOYl- ^ B ETFKNAMOy.


6 Arab. IaJ^I cf^X*^^^ (3 Ua-^^^l ,^1 <*oo_;>_^l^.

V B Xe ANOK. 8 B TeKMAprypiA.
9 B MnOYHGO FBOA. "' B COHC Nccoq NGOq.
11 B omits a)Al. 12 B TTANHB.
13 See Giorgi, De Miraculis Sancti ColutJii, p. CC; Hyvernat, Les Actes
'Its Martyrs de VEgypte, pp. 78, 102. i* B EeNAN0<3FM.
15 B rightly MHOq.
216 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

George said to him, "Say what tliou wilt ask of me." Maguen-
tiusi the governor said to him, "Behold there are seventy
thrones here, a throne for each of us, and the legS'^ of them
are made of various kinds of wood, some fruit-bearing and some
not. Now, if thou wilt make manifest that each wooden leg takes
root and blossoms through^ thy prayer; and that each one made
of thewood of a fruit-bearing tree' gives fruit: and that each
one made of the wood of a tree which does not bear fruit puts t
forth leaves'> |ouly|; by this will I believe^ on thy God." Then
^ Saint George threw himself upon his face and prayed to God a
^long time,- and sighed. And it came to pass that when he had
finished his prayer and said 'Amen', and was rising up, there

was a great« trembling and shaking,'* for the Spirit of God came
upon the thrones, and they budded and the legs put forth roots
and blossomed: those that were of fruit-bearing trees put forth
fruit, and those that were not put forth leaves''' only. Then
Magnentius the governor said to him, "A great god is Herakles
who thus manifests" his power in dry wood." Saint George

[16] answered and said, "Wilt thou compare'- this blind and dumb
idol Herakles with the God who made the heavens and the
earth, who made to exist that which did not exist and who
can destroy thee with him speedily?" Dadianus the governor
answered and said to Saint George, "0 excellent Galilean, >I

know how Then he commandedtliem to


I will destroy thee."i=*

bring a huge saw, and they sawed him in two, i^ and so he yielded
up his spirit. And he commanded a large cauldron to be brought

1
B MArHFNTlOC. ^ B AN(|)ATCl (sic).

3 B FBOA MbwTOY i^lTPN.


(])ipi

4 B NpFCj+OyTAi^ NOYOyTAc^ Fq(|)Opl PBOA.


5 B Hq(|)Opl. H TbNNANA^+. ' B MM Ay
8 B NXE oyNicyi". y B oycyeopTFp. »« b xcDoyi
II b AyoycjoNj^. i^ b AKetNecoNq.
13B +CU)0yN0y an XH tlMATAKOq NACyNpH'l".
n B AyAiq.

A
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 217

and to throw the two parts of the body of the holy man into it,

together with lead, and pitch, and animal fat,' and bitumen;^
and they heated them together until they melted, and the flames
went up to a great height, and that which was melted flowed
hither and thither by reason of the intensity of the flames which
rose to a height of fifteen cubits. And they brought pieces from
the cauldron to the king, saying, "This (wretched man)^ has
come to an end and is burnt up." And Dadianus commanded
them to bury the cauldron and the pieces of the saint which
were in it^ in the earth, lest the Christians should find his

remains and build a martyrium over them. When the attendants


had finished burying the righteous man and were going away,
there was a great trembling in the air and the earth shook to
its Lord Jesus Christ came down
foundations: and behold the
from heaven with His holy angels, and stood over the place
wherein the cauldron was buried. And He said to Zalathiel -^ [i7]

the angel, "Bring up hither the cauldron", and when he had


brought it up he laid it down upon the ground. And the Lord,
in Whom is might, answered [and said], "0 George, my chosen
one, For I am He that
arise!*' raised up Lazarus from the
dead, and I now command" thee to arise and come forth from
the cauldron and stand upon thy feet; I am the Lord thy God."
And straightway the nobly valiant man rose up in great power
as one who had suffered no pain^ at all; and every one who
saw him marvelled. The Lord said to him, "Be strong and of
good cheer, George, my beloved, for there shall be great joy to
thee in heaven and upon earth, and before My Good Father,
and before My angels on account of thy contest; be strong, for
I am with thee." And He went up to heaven with His holy
angels.

1 B omits MEM OyCDT. 2 B OYEPHpEgl.


3

^
B NTE niBEpa)0.
Leaf no. 39 is wanting
Arab.
in B.
^ ^SJ\ C^ji\
&
^.
1. e., bx'^nbx^,
6 B fol. 41a, begins with TGDNK.
7 B ANOK nE ETOYAgCAgNl. « B NEMKAg-
28
218 THE MAETTEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE.

And Saint George arose and walked, and sent to the gover-
nor, saying, "Behold, I am going about the city, teaching.'^

And the governor straightway commanded them to seize mm


and to bring him to him ' to the tribune; and as he was coming
be cried out, saying, "0 tribune, tribune, I and my Lord
Jesus Christ, the Sou of the living God come to thee- and thy
Apollo."
And behold, a woman whose name was Schollastike^ cried

out to4 Saint George the martyr of Christ, saying, "0 my lord

George, my son was yoking his ox in the field, and the ox fell

[18] down and died. my lord, help my poverty, for I know that

my lord is able to do so through God." The saint said to her,

"Take this stafi' from my hands, and go to the field and lay it

upon the dead ox, and say, 'Thus saith Saint George in the name
of Jesus Christ, Arise and stand up';" and the woman did as J i

he had told her, and the ox arose straightway. And the woman
glorified God, saying, "Blessed is the hour in which thou didst

come into-^ this city, verily thou art a prophet and God hath
visited His people."
And again Dadianus sent after the martyr. When he had| ;

come, Trakiali*' the governor spake to him, saying, "Concerning


the dry wood which budded, we know not of a certainty whe-;i
ther it was thy God who made it bud, or our god. Now behold
we have here^ a sepulchre cut in the rock on the road to the

cemetery, and no man knoweth where it is, nor where the


openings of it is: but if through thy prayers the bones of those

1
The fi'agment of the martyrdom given by D ends here. The other

parts of the text are fragments of the mii'acles of Saint George.


2 B AU gApOK ON.
3 B CXoAAACTIKH. Arabic 1^.;JL«J^. The Greek has ^v oi^ kci

Ti; dvrip, rXuK^pioq Touvo|Lia. Acta Sanctorum, Appendix to April 23. p. xi.

4 B oyBF niXrioc MMApTypoc ntb nxc ecxoo hhoc.


5 B sboyN ETAl.
6 The form given by Tlieodotus is pAKAlAoC Arabic J, L^^jl^^

Syr. j.i*:^£j.4. ' ^ bATOTFN i^odc pboyN. ^ B noypo.


THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 219

who are buried therein arise, I swear by my lord the Sun, and
by the Moon and by Artemis the mother of the gods, that I will
believe' upon thy God and become a Christian." The blessed
George answered and said. "There come to me the words which
I have heard in the Gospel, saying. If ye2 have faith like a grain
of mustard seed ye shall say to this mountain. Depart hence,
[and it shall depart], and there shall be nothing impossible 3 to
you.' But now arise, thou and Dadianus and the governors'' of [h»]
Egypt, and open the door of the tomb and bring'' hither to me
the rotten bones of those who are dead, together with their dust."
Then the three governors went straightway to the place of the
sepulchre and opened the door, but they found no bones at all

of the dead; and they took up the bone dust which they found,
and brought it to Saint George: and Saint George threw him-
down upon his knees, and prayed
self for the space of an hour.'^
When he had finished his prayer and said 'Amen', there was a
mighty'^ trembling, and flashes of lightning shone upon
those bones. And there came forth immediately from them five

men and nine women and three ^ little children; and when the
governors saw what had taken place, they marvelled. Then the
who had risen from the dead,
governors cried out to one of those
and said to him, "What is thy name?" And he that had risen
from the dead answered and said, "My name is Boes."'^ Dadia-
nus said to him, "How many years is it since thou didst die?"
and he replied, "More than two hundred years."" Dadianus said
to him "Had Christ come into the world at that time, or not?"i2
and he that had risen from the dead said, "I do not know, nor

1 B ei't-NA2+. 2 B Fa)a)n oyN. 3 b NFpATxoM.


4 S. Matt. xvii. 20. s B NlKeOYp«>OYl- ''
B Aqi.
7 B a)A (|)OY«>a)- s Read OyNlCyi". B T 'ten'.

10 Arab. o_^^^, Syr. U^a-, B BlOYBVUJ. Tlieodotus gives the name


as BoHC. 11 B npxAq NAq xe ic gOYO f NpoMni.
'2 Pisentios asked this same question of a mummy who complained to
him of the tortures he suffered. See AmeHneau , Etude sur la ChrisHanisme
en Egypte, p. 147.
220 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

did I ever hear that He had come." Dadianus said to him^


"On what god dost thou believe'?'"' and he that liad risen from
[20] the dead said to him, "Do not force me,2 O governor, for I am
ashamed to say what god I beheved on. I believed on a god
whom they called Apollo, a stupid, dumb, deaf ^ and blind [idol].

When I left the evil living ' of this life, I went to live in a place
in the river of fire, until I should go where the worm dieth not.'
Hast thou never heard of the Scriptures of the Christians which
say, 'Remember me in the day of terror in the place where
there is no help,*^ but disquiet and fear.' There is no mercy
there, neither can the Judge be persuaded;' but the work which
every man hath done shall be laid before His eyes. Then"^ the
Judge'* will answer and say, 'Show me each one his work that
I may give him "^'
his wages, according to that Avhich he hath
done;' hear then, king, and I will tell thee. Every man who
lives on earth, and confesses Him whom they crucified, if he
bears many sins in his body when he departs '
' from this wicked
world, will live in fetters on account of his sins, but on the
Lord's day he will have rest because the Lord Jesus looks upon
those who are punished on the Lord's day; '- but as for me, there is

no rest at all given to me on the Lord's day because I did not con-
fess Christ's godhead when I lived upon earth. Why thenshould
we confesses and worship idols and images which cannot move'*?
Dadianus the governor answered" and said to him, "Thy sense is
destroyed through the length of the time of the two hundred years.'" '^^

[21] Then he that had risen from the dead looked upon Saint George

' B XEIC AMOK NAg't. b ANAPKH. 2

3 B MFBO. B HniXlNCONK "

5 B Ft>pHl Fpoq AqSHMAY NXF niqFNT.


6 B MMON ^Al HBOHGIA. ^ B HnAytyFT NgWT.
8 B ITA. '' KpiTHC bore.
Aral). ^_j-^liJl We should probably read

1" B HnioyAi nioyAi ncdtfh fiTA+ HnioyAt nioyAi


MnFqBFXF. " B NTFqoyCDTFB. '^ B NTF i"KypiAKH.

B ANNAoyoN^q.
'i " B AqFpoyd) 2^f. '5 b hak.
THE lAlAliTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 221

I the martyr of Christ, and said to him, "0 my k)rd the holy'
martyr of Christ, we beseech thee to give us the holy baptism
of Christ, that we may not fall back again into the punishment
in which we were." 2 When Saint George saw their faith, he

I
smote the earth with his foot, and water welled up, and he
baptized them in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the
Holy Spirit. And he said to them, "Depart in peace to Paradise,"
and they straightway disappeared and were not seen.
And Dadianus the governor was stupefied for a time.^ Then
the governors who were with him said, "This man is a magician'',
I
and by his magic has made demons^ rise up before us, saying,
^ 'I have raised the dead'." Dadianus said, "I will now disgrace
;_JJ;he whole race^^ of^C^hri&tianSr" And he commanded, saying,
/ "Choose me a poor widow woman whose like for poverty there
is not in the whole world." And they went round about through
the city and found a poor widow, and they put the righteous
man with her, wishing to disgrace'^ the Christians. When they
had brought'' the righteous man into the widow's house, he said
to her, "Give me some bread, for I am hungry." The poor widow
woman answered and said to him, "^^'
"Master, I have no bread in

my house." Saint George said to her, "What god dost thou


believe on, that thou hast no bread in thy house?" The woman [22]

said to him, "I believe in Apollo and Heraklesi' the mighty im-
perial gods." Saint George said to her, "Verily it is a just
judgment of God that thou hast no bread in thy house." '2 And
the woman looked upon his face, and saw that it was like that

of an angel of God, and she said within herself, "I will go and
beg bread from my neighbours and acquaintances, that I may
set it before the man of God, and peradventure by reason of

B adds eeOyAB. 2 B ETENJ3HT0Y-


B MnegAi NAy. • 4 b mayoywoy. & b OYppqc'^^-
Read NgANAeMCDN. ^ B NinAtrPNOC.
B F^-NACyCOCy. 9 B FTAYINI. 10 B omits NAq.
1
B niXpAKAwc. 1^ B nAHl.
222 THE MAHTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

his my house I shall find favour in the sight of my


coming into
neighbours." And it came to pass that when the poor widow
woman had gone out the righteous man sat down^ by the foot
of the wooden pillar in her house; and it straightway took root^,
and put forth leaves, and became a large tree, and towered up
fifteen cubits above the house. And behold Michael the arch-
angel came 3 with a table' filled with all good things, and the
saint"' ate and was comforted; and the table was filled with
bread and every good thing. When the poor widow woman
came into her house, and saw the great marvels, that is to say,
the table set out within and filled with all good things, and the
pillar'' of dry wood which had taken root,' she said in her heart,
"The God of the Christians hath remembered the poverty of the
widow, and hath brought His martyr into my house to help me
the wretched in spirit ;"§ and she straightway ^ threw herself down |
at the feet of the saint and worshipped ^'J him. Saint George
[23] answered and said to her, '^ "Rise up and standi- upon thy feet,

for 113 am not the God of the Christians, but only His servant, i^

and I endure sufferings for His holy name's sake.'' And again
the woman said to him, "Master, if I have found favour before
thee, let me venture to speak one word before thee." The holy i^
man said, "Speak." The woman said to him, "Master, I have
here a little boy nine years old w!io is blind, deaf, dumb, and
lame, and I am ashamed to show him to my neighbours: if now
thou wilt make him see and hear and speak, I will believe i" upon
thy God." The righteous man answered and said, "Bring hither
the child to me;" and she brought him from the third storey of

1 B NAq^FHCl nF. 2 B Aq^FUNOYNl- ^ B AqiNl.


' B NOY^^pAnF^A. 5 B adds rFcopnoc
^ B NFM niKFcryAAoc. - b FTAq^PHNoyNi nf oycyF.
9 B +TAAFna)pOC NXWpA. J B CATOTq.
iJ B ACOyOY«)Cl)T. I
B adds NAC '^ B 6^1 FpAT.
13 B omits the second ANOK. " B OyBOOK HTAq AlblCl-
1^ B niArioc rFcopnoc '« b '|^^ANA^^.
THE MAETTEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE. 223

lier house, and laid him in the bosom of the righteous man. And
Saint George prayed over him with his head bowed down^ over
the chikl lying in his bosom^ and he breathed upon liim, and the
scales fell from his eyes, and he saw straightway with his eyes."-
The woman said to the saint, "Master, I beseech thee to make
him to speak, and to hear with his ears, and to stand up and
walk upon his feet."^ Saint George said to her, "O woman, this
is sufficient now, but when I need him to serve me in a matter, *

I will call him and he shall hear me, and shall go and serve -^

me." And the woman was not able to answer'' him a word, for
she saw that his face was like the face of an angel of God.
And the lawless and impious governor, Dadianus, aud the [24]

sixty-nine governors who were with him, came out from their
meal, and were walking about and enjoying themselves in the
open spaces of the city. When the dragon of the abyss, that
is to say, Dadianus the governor, saw the tree which had sprung
up by means of the righteous man,' he asked one of his rulers,^
"[Whence] is this new sight, this fig tree?" And he told him,
saying, "This is the place into which George the mighty saint
of the Galileans was cast."
Then the governor commanded to bring him and to set him
before the public assembly, » and he made them flog him without
mercy ^o until his flesh was cut to pieces, [and set lire under him]
until his body was consumed through the intensity i' of the flame;
and he made them put vessels of fire upon his head. After
these things he made them hang him up 12 to torture him, and
they filled iron pots full^^' of fire and placed them under him.

1 B omits eqTCOBg FgpHl FXa)^ NApE XGDq XOBC FnPCHT.


2 B adds t»EN NSqBAA.
3 The next eight leaves in A have been paged aud bound up in wrong order.
i B lEpENXplA. 5 B NTUqCCDTEM. B EpOyO)-
^ Read HniGMHl. NNlENApXOC B
8 B » 2^lHa)ClA.
" B bEN OyHETANOlA (sic) bEN OyMETAeNAl.
1 B nAlO^Al. '2 B AqfcpoyBAO) ON. 13 B ON CEME^.
224 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

until he yielded up bis spirit. Then the governor commanded


them to take his body and cast it' away upon a high mountain,
and the dragon said in his heart, "The birds of heaven will
come and devour his flesh." When they had taken away the
body of the blessed2 man to a mountain-* called' Siris,"' the
attendants cast away tliei'e, and returned. Now when these
it

devilish attendants had come away*^ from the mountain a


short distance, about thirty" stadia, there came mighty thunders
[25] and lightnings so that the wliole mountain shook. And behold'
the Lord came upon a cloud, and said to Saint George, "0 ex-

cellent and chosen one, rise up from Avhere thou best;" and
straightway the martyr of Christ arose. And he ran after the
attendants,^ crying out after them, and saying, "Wait a little for

me until I come up with you." AVhen the attendants looked


back, and saw the righteous man running after them, they glorified
God, and threw themselves down at the feet of the saint, and
besought him, saying, "Give us the seal of Christ," and the
blessed and righteous man Saint George baptised them in the
name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost. Then
they came and stood before the lawless governor, and they all

cried out, 9 "We are Christians, openly;" and the kings were
speechless with fear by reason of this thing. Then Dadianus
commanded to bring the attendants and to set
i^'
them before him,"
and he made them crucify one of them who was called Klaudanei'-^

and torture him; ''*


two others called Lasiri and Lasiriane^^

I
B NCEBEpBa)pq. 2 B niHAKApiOC. B niTcuoy-
4 E begius here with the letters MOyl"-
5 Arab. o>t\j1^, E ACWp, Theodotus ACOypiON.
G B EBOA. E a stadmm.
"

« B cA(j)A^0Y i^Nigynpp^T'Mc.
9 B Eycoa). 10 B eepoY'iNi
II B omits FpATOy NA^pAq.
12 Arab. LibyslH. is B NCF't" NTUqTVlHCOpiA.
iJ
Arab, lib^r:^**^^)^ i^j-t^"^-
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 225

they put to the sword, and Klekon' they threw to the wild
beasts. 2
After these things the governors commanded them to bring

Saint George. And Dadianus the governor answered and said


to him, "0 George, I swear to thee by my Lord the Sun, and
by the Moon, and by the gods, and by their mother Artemis,
that I will treat thee kindly like my beloved son, and that I will
gladly give thee every thing that thou askest; only hearken to [26]

me as a father, and agree with me only so far as to worship the

gods." Saint George answered and said to him, "I marvel at


the words which thou^ hast just now spoken. I have been inthy
poAver^ until this day, why hast thou not spoken them before?''
Behold, thou hast put me to the torture for the past seven'' years,

thou hast slain me thrice, I died three times, and three times
did my Lord Jesus Christ raise me up ; but I never heard these
words before from thee until this present.^ Knowest thou not,

governor, that this race of Christians is one that loves victory,


and that it fights § against those who fight against itjj But now
1 rejoice'-' that I can make thy mightiness glad, and I will offer
sacrifice to thy great god Apollo whomi" thou lovest." When
Dadianus the governor heard these things, he rejoiced greatly and
took hold of the head'i of Saint George and kissed it. And the
righteous man resisted him, saying, "Nay, nay, governor, for it

is not the custom of the Galileans to be thus treated unless they


have first worshipped the gods; command 12 that they put me^^ in

1 Arab. ^^_^^-0$'\. E calls these martyrs Glegon, Klegatios, Lauasiarios


aud Maudriauos, and Tlaeodotus Klekon, Lasiri, Dionysius and Joseph.
2 According to E they suffered martyrdom on the ninth day of Pharmuthi.

3 Read ETEK2i(JD MMOC?


1 B NA^XH NecOTFN. Read NTOTK?
5 B NAl NHl ICXEN a)Opn. e E six years.

? B "yNOY- With reference tothe paging of the leaves in A read

FJB. B., iTr. A. instead of N^. B., NH. A- « B FCE't.


9 B e+epoYOT NHi NXF. 1' B ())Ai. 11 B ntaa4)P.
12 B OyAgCAgNl. 13 B HMOq.

39
22G THE MARTYKDOM OT SAINT GEORGE.

prison until to-morrow." The governor answered and said to


him, "Far be it from me to punish thee henceforth; forgive me
for all the sufferings that I have inflicted ' upon thee, for I

^vrought them on thee in ignorance. Accept me now as •^


a father,
[27] and come, I will take thee into the interior ^ of the palace where
Queen Alexandra is resting in her chamber." AVhen the gover-
nor had brought him chamber with Queen
in, he put him in the

Alexandra, and he shut the door upon them both and went out,
for it was evening. Then Saint George bowed his knees J, and
began to pray to God, saying, "O God, my God, there is none
like'^ unto Thee among the gods;" Thou art the God who
doest marvellous things.'^ Why do the heathen cry out and the
people imagine vain things? All the governors and rulers of the
earth are gathered together, and they speak against God and
against His Christ." s Alexandra the Queen answered, and said
to the saint, "O George, my master, I am listening unto thee
attentively, and I "Who are these who 'cry out'?
like thy words.

who are these who 'imagine [vain things]' and who is 'Christ'?
'-^

teach me, I pray thee, that I may know him." Saint George
answered, saying, "If thou desirest lo to know Christ and His words,
Queen Alexandra, listen. AVhen God had created the heavens
and the earth, He took a clod of earth and made a man like

unto Him in His own form and likeness; thus He made Hesh
out of earth. Then again He created sinews in it, and He
made the skin and the various other parts of the man, and the
eyes, both seeing and unseeing i'
(?), the tongue, ^2 the throat, the
[28] bands and every thing which is contained in man. Is not that
which is within [us] of earth? And
Lord Christ took upon
the
Himself flesh from the holy Virgin Mary, and became man: He

1 B FAITOY- - B aAAa H())pH'i-.

3 B CA t>OYN HniMCOlT. B HnEqKPAl. ^

e B TTPPTONl. Psalm Lxxii. 18. i


5 Ps. Ixxxvi. 8.

s Psahu 1.
ii. 9 B NIM NH. lo B ApPFpFTlN.

11 The text is probably corrupt here. '2 AqeAHlO NOyAAC


THE MAETYEDOM OF SAINT GEOEGE, 227

is the God who has raised me up from the dead, and it is for

the sake of His Holy name and of His Good Father, and the
Holy Spirit that I have For Adam's sake,
endured sufferings.

Queen Alexandra, God made the heavens, and created the ,

sun and the shining moon and the stars and the rest of creation»!Ll v
The Queen answered and said to him, "Explain this matter to
me." Saint George said to her, "The idolaters who are in the

world to-day worship '


abominable things and not God, for they

serve soulless 2 idols fashioned by the hands of man, and despise


God the Creator of the universe." The Queen said to him,
"Then are these gods, demons?" Saint George said to her, "Yes,
they are demons." The Queen said to him, "How did the Son of
God come into the world?" ^ Saint George answered and said^
to her, "Hearken unto me, Queen Alexandra. The Prophet
David saith, 'Thou that sittest upon the cherubim, appear, show
Thy strength, and come to help us.' ' And again he saith, 'He
shall come down like rain upon the mown grass'*', that is, the
blessed Virgin Mary. And again the prophet Habakkuk cried
out, saying, '0 God, I heard the noise of Thee, and '
I was afraid
1 consideredThy works and I was speechless.' ^ When the
prophet Habakkuk spake these things, he spake truly, for he
knew that Jesus Christ would come down into this world,'-' and [29]

he feared. And he considered that it was God who would be-


come man, that salvation might be ours, and that He might de-
liver us from the hand of the devil, the enemy of all truth, "^ who

leadeth astray these seventy wicked governors." The Queen


answered and said, "Verily thou speakest^' well, and hast per-
suaded me that Christ is the God of the universe; 12 and now I

1 B EYOY<^ii)- ^ B NAN M(|)YXON.


3 The text of A is corrupt in this place, but that this is the question
that Alexandra asked is certain from Theodotus (p. 145, 1. 8) and E, p. 194. 1. 8.

4 Read nPXAq NAC ^ Psalm Ixi^. 1, 2. e Psalm Ixxii. 6.

7
B omits OyOg. 6 Habakkuk iii. 2. Saint George is quoting the

Coptic version of Habakkuk. B HTTIKOCMOC


9

10 B ME0MHI. 11 B KCAXl. 12 B HniFnTHpq.


228 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

beseech thee to pray for me, that all crafts and wiles of demons
and idols may straightway flee away from me." Saint George
answered and said to her, "If thou believest on Jesus Christ
who was crucified, no blemish' of demons shall draw^ nigh thee
at all." She said to him, "0 George, my master, I believe, but
I am afraid of the exceeding wicked governor, Dadianus, who
devours flesh- like a wild beast. Keep the matter secret, and
tell no one until I wear the crown of martyrdom in the kingdom
of Christ; and now let me 3 rest until the morning.

When the morning had come the governor commanded the


herald to cry out through the whole city, saying, "Gather to-

gether, [0 ye people,] to see this mighty Galilean worship Apollo."


And the governor commanded them to bring Saint George into the
courtyard of the temple where he was to offer sacrifice to Apollo;
but Saint George said to the attendants who had come after

him, "Go ye to the governor, and I, and^ the priests, and the
ministers^ of the temple will go to Apollo, and worship him." .

[30J And the herald continued to gather together with diligence the
whole city, both small and great, to see the sight.

When the poor widow woman whose son Saint George had healed,
saw this, she straightway** uncovered her head and rent her clothes,
and set out for the place where the saint was. And she said to
him, "0 thou who who didst make those
didst raise the dead;
blind from their birth to see;'^ who didst make to appear those
who were dried up and gone to dust;S who didst make pieces
of wood of Iruit-bearing trees to blossom beautifully; who didst
'J

make the pillar of my house to take root'" and become a mighty


tree, and didst cause a table ii to be filled with bread and all good
things; who didst manifest forth multitudes of miracles and didst
put the devil to shame ; wilt thou now '2 go to Apollo and worship

1 B NATA(5"Nl. ^ B OyPHCApZ. 3 b XAT XF fNOy-


4 B ANOK AE NSM. s B NlCATMrOC 6 B CATOTq.
7 B FTHpON (sic) ^^NlBF^^EY. 8 B Nia^FFTa)OYa)OY.
9 B Na)a)HN. 10 B cyEnNOyNl. 1' B NTA^pAnF^A.
12 B 'f NOy XE.
THE MARTYEDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 229

him, and put to shame the whole race of Christians?" When


Saint Greorge heard these things he smiled upon her, i
and said,

"Put down thy child out of thy arms," and she put 2 him down.
Saint George said to the little child, "In the name of my
Lord Jesus Christ I wish thee to come and be my servant in

this matter," and straightway the little boy heard with his ears,
and came leaping towards Saint George. Saint George said to
him, "Come, go into the temple of Apollo and say to his idol,

'George the servant of Christ calleth thee'." 3 And the child

went quickly into the temple and said^, "I tell tliee,'^ blind, [r.i]

dumb and senseless idol, to come forth quickly, for George the
servant of Christ calleth thee." And the evil spirit which
sojourned*' in the idol cried out within him, saying," "0 Na-
zarene, thou drawest every one to thee, and thou hast senfs
this 9 little boy to me to disgrace me;" and straightway the
idol of Apollo leaped down from his pedestal and came to Saint
George. And Saint George answered and said to him, "Art
thou the god of the heathen?" The demon who sojourned*^ in

the idol said, "Bear with me a little, and I will tell thee if every
thing before thou askest (?)'' me;" and Saint George said to

him, "Speak." And he began to speak and to declare every-


thing, saying, "0 master, and saint of God, thou art'2«Qot ignorant
that of old time God made a Paradise in Eden,i3 towards the
east, and that God put in it the man He had made in His own

likeness. And God said, "Let the angels come and worship him;"

and straightway Michael and all his army of angels came and
worshipped him. But I would not worship the man whom God

I
B AqNETq pcoq. 2 b akxo).
3 Read HOyl" FpOK. 4 B omits NAq.
5 B AKTfc'pOK. 6 B FT^aAhOYT.
^ B omits EqXO) HMOC- « B ne'FTAKOYODpn.
B nAiKoy^ii- 1^^ B neeMATAHOK.
11 We might read HTTATFKTAKOl 'before thou destroyest me'.

12 B KOI. 13 B FAFH.
230 THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE.

had created, '


and 1 disputed^ the command of God, saying, 'O
righteous judge, whom the Cherubim ^ full of eyes overshadow,
how can I who am more excellent than this man, worship that
which is inferior to me?' Then God was very wroth with me,
[.•32] and He cast me forth from the glory with which I was sur-
rounded, and He cast me forth from heaven like an eagle on a
rock, and I was in fetters ; and now I live in this idol, ' and I
lead astray the children of men. And I fiy and mount up to

the firmament of heaven, and I hear the angels praising God,


and when I hear the sentence ">
pronounced that a man shall die

and go forth from this world, I go to him and inflict sufi'erings

upon him until he blasphemes God." Saint George answered


and said to him, "Thou hast not spoken the truth, creator'' of

1 Compare the following extract from the 'Cave of Treasures'. (Brit. Mus.
MS. 25,875 fol. 5, b. 1, and Bezold, Die Schatzhbhle text p. n, translation p, 4.

jik.1^^ sd^talp ^il o^'o .^mOso }boi «^«2? ^ sd^QAa jaz'i 007 .^;S^ ^zsi.

o;xAi ^^3 0070 .iiSM>>sio }oai X^o }^6^ ^?^i^ t^*'? ?4<> ^i*»»**? ^ ^^}^^i?
.^Nsio .^'X3 ^ols ^^^.^ c;^o 007 AiiP -^^'^i!^ 'j''^^ ^ °73^ <xa^ o7f^ob^o

opox ,*^is2o :\oo7KMO=a:N '.kicp^


x"^^^ o^N^-io
.}liox ^ oi's^ai^ 6soaj ^Sx

"And when the chief of this lower company saw what majesty had been
given to Adam, he was jealous of him from that day, and did not wish to
worship him. And he said to his hosts, 'Do not worship him, and do not
j)raise (him) with the (other) angels. For it is meet that he should worship me
who am Sp)irit and fire, and not that I should worship dust formed from dust.'
And when the rebel had meditated these things he became disobedient, and
of his own free will and choice he separated himself from God, and he and
all his company were driven away, and fell (from heaven) on the sixth day.
Now his from heaven took place at the second houi" of the day. And
fall

their glorious garments were stripped oti' them and he was called Satana ,

because he had turned aside and Shida because he was cast out, and Daiwa
because the garment of his glory perished."

2 B epANTlApriN. 3 B NITFN(3 NTB NlXFpOyBlM.


4 B nAlACuAON FlCOpFM. s B FTAnO(})AClC.
c B (|)HFTCMOT NNOyB.
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 231

lies. Tiiou wast cast forth from heaven on account of thy pride
in having prepared a throne for thyself to sit upon, and for having
made thyself equal ' with Him that is more exalted than thou: and
He drove thee suddenly forth from heaven, with all thy hosts, into
the depths of the sea." When the spirit heard these things
from him, he was speechless, and found not a word to say. And
straightway Saint George smote the earth with his foot, and it

opened its mouth, and he said to the idol, ''Go down now into

the abyss, unclean spirit, and give speech to all the souls
that thou hast destroyed;" and the unclean spirit went down
straightway 2 into the abyss together Avith the idol^ in which he
dwelt. And Saint George smote the earth with his foot, and it

closed up as it was before. ' After these things Saint George


unloosed his shoe-latchets, and went to the idol of Heraldes, and
pulled him down upon the ground, and broke him in pieces. And
he said to the other idols, "Go down into the abyss, gods of [33]
the heathen, for I have come against you in anger and wrath."
When the priests and the ministers and the attendants who waited
upon the idols saw the destruction of their gods, they laid hold
of Saint George, and tied his hands behind him, and took him
to the governor, and showed him everything that had happened
to the gods and to Apollo,' saying, "He has been thrown down
into the abyss." And it came to pass that when Dadianus the
governor heard these things, he was filled with fury, and said to
Saint George, "0 thou who art worthy of destruction, didst thou
not say to me, 'I will worship the glorious gods where thou dost
worship them'? and thou saidst that thou wouldst throw '^
incense
to them, and yet thou dost use works of magic in this manner;
knowest thou not that thy life is in my hands?" Saint George

1 B 2YC0C. B CATOTq oyN-


2

3 B niKpeoycDT nts ninwA NAKAQApTON etxaAhoyt.


^ A martyr called Sarapamoii also caused Apollo to siuk into the earth.
See Hyveriiat, Les Actes des Martyrs de VEgypte, p. 307.

5 B maAicta nmio)'}- NNoy}' niAnoAAoN.


6 B ntpktaAo.
232 THE MARTYEDOM OF SAIKT GEOEGE.

answered and said to him, "Go and bring' Apollo hither 2 to

me, and I will worship him before thee." Dadianus said to him,

"It lias just ' been told me by the priests that he has gone down *

into the abyss, and now thou wishest to send me thither alive."
Saint George answered and said to him,-^ "If Apollo was the
mighty god in whom thou didst trust "^
to deliver thee in the
evil day, how was it that he was unable to help liimself,' and
was the first of all thy seventy gods to go to destruction? When
my Lord God cometh to change the heavens and the earth, what
wilt thou and what will he in whom thou puttest thy trust, do?"
Then the governor in great grief'' for the destruction of his god

I
<- Queen Alexandra, and said, "I suffer
Apollo, went into the palace to
by reason of this race of Christians, and especially through this
Galilean 9 George." Queen Alexandra answered and said to the
governor, "Have I not told thee many times to let alone this
race of Christians? for their God i^' is the true God, and He will

humble thee in thy pride." The governor ^ answered and said


to the Queen, 12 "Woe is me, Alexandra, for I fear^^ that the
magic of the Christians has entered into thee;" and he laid hold

of the hairi^ of her head, and dragged her along until he brought
her to the sixty-nine governors who were with him, and he began
[34] to them everything that had happened. Then the governors
tell

commanded to bring her and to hang her upon the wooden horse
to torture her, and she said never a word, but was looking up
to heaven. And she looked in the face of Saint George, and
said to him, "Pray for me while I suffer these tortures." Saint

1 Read ANlOyi. 2 B HNAl and omits NHI.

3 Read HnipH+ with B. ^ B AKepoyC^'^-


5 E comes to an end here with the word \\^\. « B FTFpi^FAniC.
7 B wepBowew Fpoq. b nsmkas ntp npqj^HX. «

) B maAicta nAirAAiAeoc
10 B xF oyHi noYNoyf ngok " b noypo. (sic).

12 Read N+OYpa). i^ Read iFp^ot.


11 Boyog AqAMONi T^iniqcoi.
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 233

George answered and said to her, "Bear them patiently for a


little, Queen, that thou mayest receive a crown from the hands
of my Lord Jesus Christ." And she said to him, "0 George,
my master, what shall I do, for I have not received holy baptism?"
Saint George said to her, "Go, and thou shalt receive baptism
by the pouring out of holy blood." And while they were taking
her away I
to destroy her, she cried out, saying, "0 my Lord
Jesus Christ, behold I have kept the door of my palace open
[to Thee], and have not closed it, do thou, O Lord, not close the p.")]

door of the paradise of joy against me." When Alexandrn the


Queen had said these things she nobly consummated her martyr-
dom on the fifteenth day of Pharmuthi^ at the third hour, and
she received her incorruptible crown.
After these things the governors called Saint George and
said to him, "Behold thou hast destroyed the Queen, and now
we will gain the mastery over thee."-^ And Magnentius' one of
the governors said, "Let us pass sentence of death upon him,"
and the thing pleased •"'
them all. Then Dadianus the governor
sat down and wrote his sentence of death, saying, "I give George,
the chief of the Galileans, who hath put the decrees of the gover-
nors behind his back, over to the sword; and know, O ye peoples,
that we are innocent'' of his blood this day;" and the sixty-nine
governors who were with him" signed^ the writing. Then Saint
George went to the place where he should receive his crown.

I
B FY«)Ai oyn hhoc bboA.
2 I. e., April 10. Queen Alexandra mentioned in the Coptic
This is the
Church Calendar whose identification, the Rev. S. C. Malan has found difficult.
See his Calendar of the Coptic Church, p. 77. nf)te 23.

3 Bead EpOK with B.


"I
Some few Text of the last part of this martyrdom
lines of the Sahidic
ha.ve by Bouriant from two or three badly preserved leaves in
lieen printed
the Museum of Bulak. See Reciieil de Travaux, iv, p. 15.5.
*
5 ReadX TTlgCDB pANA with P..

G B TPTPNTPHTOYBHOYT ANON HBoA^A-


'
Read EGNEMAC] with B.

8 B AycbAi bApATq NTeq enicToAw exfn.


30
234 THE MARTYRDOM OP SAINT GEORGE,

rejoicing. When he had come to that spot he said to the


soldiers who were holding him, "Brethren, bear' with me '
a
little, that I may pray who have tor-
for the seventy governors
tured- me during the last seven years." Then Saint George
looked up to heaven, and said, "0 my Lord Jesus Christ who
didst send fire from heaven by Saint Elijah to devour the two
captains of fifty and their hundred soldiers, let now I pray Thee
that same fire come down from Thee and devour 3 these seventy
[;ffij governors and those round about them, that not one of them may
be left; for Thine is the glory for ever and ever. Amen." And
while ^ he was praying, there straightway came forth fire from
heaven, and it devoured the seventy governors and their hosts,
in number about five thousand. And again the saint asked the
soldiers to wait a little longer, and he prayed, saying, "0 my
Lord Jesus Christ, I see a multitude here wishing '~>

to carry
away my "^
body, but my body will not suffice for the whole
world. I beseech Thee to grant a favour" to me, grant that
my name may heal '^
all those afflicted by unclean spirits, who
shall remember Thy servant George. Lord my God, let
every one who is greatly afraid in the place of judgement come
forth in peace if he remembers my name; and do Thou write
in the Book of Life the name of every one who shall write
'J

down my martyrdom and the sufferings'" which I have endured.


If the heavens withhold their '
' rain from the earth, and men
make mention of name of the God of George, I beseech Thee
the
grant that Thy help may support them speedily. God of
truth, for the sake of whose holy name I have suffered '2 these

pains, remember all those who shall show kindness to the poor
in my name, and forgive them the sins>^ which they have com-.

1 Read MPMHl. 2 B AyCl CUFpBACAMl^lN.


3 B NTFCJpOK^Oy- ' 1' PTl AE FqTmB^-
5 B FC|OYa)(^- B nACCDMA. '^
" B MFHa)OY gMOT.
8 B FoynFONANFq. B AnxcoM. ' >" b Nibici.
" B HNFCMOYH^fDOy. 1^ B (|)HF+a)On. '^ B IMOYHFyl
THE MARTYRDOM OF SAINT GEORGE. 235

mitted." And when the saint had said these things in the fer-
vour of his hfeart, behohl the Lord Jesus Christ appeared to him, [37]

saying, "Come up now into heaven, and rest thyself in the


dweUing which I have prepared for thee in the kingdom of My
Father which is in heaven. O excellent George, I will fulfil

every thing which thou hast asked for, and many other things
greater than these." Then Saint George said to the executioners,'
"Come now, and perform that which has been commanded you;"
and he stretched 2 out his neck, and they took off his holy head,
and there came forth water and milk. And Jesus Christ took
his blessed soul and embraced it ^ and took it up to heaven with
Him, and gave it as a gift to His Good Father and the Holy
Spirit. Then straightway the earth shook to its foundations, and
there were suddenly thunders and lightnings so that no man
passed that place for mighty dread. Now all those who became
martyrs through Saint George were eight thousand, six hundred
and ninety-nine together with Alexandra the Queen. And Saint
George consummated his martyrdorn on the twenty-third day of
the month Pharmuthi, on the Lord's day, at the ninth hour of
the day. I Pasikrates^ the servant of Saint George was with
my master until the end of his contest '"
by the sentence of death
of the impious governors. 1 have written down his holy martyr-

dom, and have added nothing thereto nor taken any thing there-
from ; and my Lord Jesus Christ helped me, to Whom together
with His Good Father and the Holy Spirit be glory for ever and
ever, Amen.

1 B NNtKETCDNNAplON (sic).

2 B AqCODOyTSN HnFqMOJlT (sic). 3 B HMOq-


4 Arab. ^>\^X*o, Syr. ^a.^f.Q.Xaas

5 B nEqaeAycic
236 THE ENCOMIUM BY SAIKT THEODOSIUS. .

[38] These are the mighty deeds and miracles which God wrought
hy the hand of Saint George after his martyrdom and after
the cowing of his body into Diosjjolis his native city, and after

thehuilding of his shrine, which was comjjleted and consecrated


on the seventh clay of the month Athor, and after the laying of
his body within it. Saint Theodosius,^ Bisliop of Jerusalem,
recited the mighty deeds and miracles lohich God tvrought hy
Saint George, and the gracious acts which took place in his
holy martyrium^ when he pronounced the following encomium
on the day of Ids holy conimcmoration, tuhich is the seventh

day of Athor, when there ivas gathered together a great multi-


tude of the orthodox' to celebrate the festival of Saint George
in his shrine and to praise our Lord Jesus Christ.

"I will open my mouth in parables, 1 will declare the things

which have been hidden from the beginning, which we have heard'
and known, and which our fathers have declared unto us."^ As

• As this Tlieodosius, Bishop of Jerusalem, is referred to by Theodotus


ofAncyra in his encomium upon St. George (Coptic text, p. 163) he must either
have been a contemporary of his, or have hved before his time, for there is no
reason to suppose that the mention of him in the encomium of Theodotus is
an interpolation, or that it refers to Theodosius the Bishop of Jerusalem who
flourished about A. D. 869. See Cave, Script. Eccles. Historia Literaria, p. 557.
and Le Quien, Oriens CJiristianus, iii, p. 370. The Theodosius here refei'red
to is probably the Palestinian monk who caused such trouble at the Council
of Chalcedon, and who afterwards came to Jerusalem and usurped the episcopal
throne of Juvenal. Many crimes and murders were committed thi-ough his
agency in Jerusalem, but he was eventually expelled from that city about the
year 453. He fled away and took refuge in the mountains of Siniii and
liis end is unknown. For his history and a discussion as to whether he ap-
pointed himself Bishop or not, see Le Q,uien, Oriens Christianus, iii, col. 164
Tiilemont, Memoires pour servir a VHistoire Ecdesiastiqne, xv, pp. 197, 380,
672, 731—737, 754—756, and Notes Ivii and Iviii on pp. 925, 926.

2 B niHApTYpoc ' B adds FqeoyHT NXE OYNI<i)+


NMHcy NTF NiopeoAozoc syppJ^Ai.
1 B NNHETANCOeMOy. •
i'salm Ixxviii, 2, 3.
THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT TIIEODOSIDS. 237

the Holy Spirit spake by the mouth of David the righteous king,
so also will I show forth to you the gifts and the miracles which
came to pass through Saint George the mighty martyr of Christ,
and what happened to him in the city of Tyre where he con-
summated [his martyrdom] under Dadianus, the lawless [gover-
nor] of the Persians. Now Tyre was the city of kingi Nebuchad- [39]

nezzar who was king of 2 all the Chaldeans, and he forsook his
city Tyre, and went to Babylon,-^ and built it in a beautiful
manner^ and fortified it, and made it his royal city. And it

came to pass that when they had taken off the head of Saint
George it was separated from the body from the ninth hour of
the day ^ until sunset and Pasikrates the servant of Saint George
;

stood 5 by it weeping over it and watching it. And behold God


put it into the heart of two comeof his fellow-servants to

to the city to visit their master, and to learn what had become

of him;*^ and [the people] told them, saying, "They have slain him
to-day." And they wept and rent their garments, and came" to
the body, and they found Pasikrates sitting and weeping; and
they sat down and wept with him. After these things they rose
up together and joined the head^ of the saint to his body, and
it united with it as if it had never been severed at all. And
they took the napkin which one of them had on him and
'J

wrapped his holy body smeared with blood in it and they found :

a new sepulchre near to them outside the city, and they laid the
body of the holy man in it until it was morning, and they sat
outside the door. And it came to pass on the morrow that they
rose up, and went into the city and bought incense and linen;
and they brought them and put them around the body i" of Saint
George; and they found that the head had joined on to the body

1 B NAB0X02^0N0C0p noypO. Thedosius appears to refer to the


capture of Tyre by Nebuchadnezzar after a siege of thirteen years.

2 B FXEN. 3 B ETBAByAcDN. * J B NTE niFjJOOy-


5 B MAq^EHci. NToypHi K£ oy np ETAqcycDni.
6 B
7 B NNoygBCDc AyKa)+ oyo<3 AycyiNi nca.
8 B ETEqA(|)e. J B NAl CyNAODNlON. i'^ ^ HncCDMA-
238 THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS.
i
as if he were alive and there was no mark of" the sword stroke ^

upon it at all. And the servants marvelled greatly 2, and believed!


[40] with all their heart that God had received him to Himself, and
that everything which He had promised 3 him while he was alive I

should in truth be done for him. Then they spread incense over
him, and carefully prepared him for burial according to the custom
of the country, and they buried '
him in a sepulchre ^ and sealed
it with seals, and they set Pasikrates outside to watch it. And
the two other servants went into the city to labour for their:
living, and to obtain money wherewith to carry the body' of the
saint with them to theircame to pass that
country. And it
|
after they had worked for two months the Lord sent to them
there a merchant ship from Joppa^ laden with merchandise: and
when they had sold the cargo the servants of Saint George spake
with the sailors, and they agreed'* with them for a price to take
them and the body of Saint George on board; and by the help
of God they came to Joppa. When the sailors and the mer-
chant i^» heard i' that it was the body of Saint George of Melitene
of Diospolis who had gone into the country of the Persians, they
marvelled greatly at the'2 manner of his martyrdom; and they all
arose and worshipped him, and gloritied God that they were
esteemed worthy of carrying'^ Saint George in their ship. And one
of the sailors, Leontius " of Joppa, an acquaintance of Saint George,

brought horses and laid the body upon them, and carried it'-^ into
Saint George's own house [at Diospolis] and when he arrived there ;

he found Saint George's mother and sisters had gone to their rest.

1 B 'tcyENCWqi. 2 B HMACyO). 3 Li XOTOy-


())+

^ B AYKODC. B Mnii^i^Ay. B AyTonq.


7 B T^inoYCCDHA. s B lonoH Ayi- ^ 1^ Aq+Noy^*-
tn B nmpAKHATFYTHC i» B ETAqCCDTEM.
B NAYep(y(J^Hpl HMACyO) HF X^ NAO)
12 NpH+ AqPp-
MApTYpOC ' B HTAAoq.

Read HE AfONTIOC, B has AfONTINOC


14

15 B MneqccDMA.
THE ENCOMIUM BY S.VINT THEODOSIUS. 239

Then the report spread abroad that they had brought the body [4i]

of Saint George who had been martyred, and whom they had
not seen for the past seven years, into the house, ' and because
they were Christians they threw themselves down and worshipped
him,2 weeping and marvelling at the things which had taken .

place;' and again they rejoiced and glorified God that they were
worthy of Then Pasikrates and the two other
such a gift.

servants ^ whose names were Lukios and Kirinneos told the


^

people of the city everything that had happened to their master,


and they all marvelled. And they laid the body of Saint George
in his house for a week, and they all came and worshipped it^

When the great day of the festival came they all assembled in •''

the church, and the martyrdom of Saint George was read to all
the believers, and they marvelled at him and especially at all
that had happened " to him, and they glorified God and His
holy martyr. And behold when a certain wealthy nobleman of
the city Andrew, who was of the family^ of Saint George's
' called
mother, heard his martyrdom read, God opened his heart and
he listened attentively to the passage [in the martyrdom]-' which
says, "And Lord appeared unto him,i" saying, I swear to
tlie

thee by Myself that no harm shall befall any man who shall con-
fess thy sufferings, for I know that he is flesh and blood. No
evil shall happen to any man who is in any necessity whatsoever

whether '
' he be in peril by fearful judgments, or by many waters,
or on the mountains, or in any affliction, if he remembers
My name and the name of My Father which is in heaven, and [42]

the Holy Spirit, and My servant George, and I will deliver him
out of every trouble. I will write in the Book of Life the name

1 B enHl and omits AqXOKOy HBO A. 2 B FOY«>tyT.


3 B niKFBCDK. 4 B oyAl AB XF
5 B NTAl (sic) a)U)ni. Read rm^TAY<i)^TTl with B. r,

'
B NpAMAo NTE +noAic FneqpAN ne AN^^peAc uyog-
s B MnrPNOC 9 See page 8().

B Epoq AqcAxi HEMAq eqxco hhoc ^ b ita.


240 THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS.

of any one who sliall write clown thy martyrdom and thy mighty
deeds, and shall manifest forth thy day and the sufferings which
thou hast endured in My name. I will never allow to want' any
good thing in this world during his whole life, the man who shall
make an offering or a charity in thy name, or who shall make
a book on thy sufferings 2 and place it in faith in thy shrine; he
shall be numbered with My saints. I am theLord God, and
that which I have said*^ will I do. I will take into My kingdom
whosoever shall build' a shrine in thy name, and I will never
forsake him. I will cause mighty miracles to take place where-''
soever thy body shall be laid ; I will make the nations of the
earth '"'

come to thy shrine and bring thee gifts ; and I will gather
together to thy shrine all the heathen of the earth, Jews, Sama-
ritans, Persians, the children of Esau -
and even the barbarians,
and they shall bring thee gifts."

When the believing and truly God-loving man Andrew heard


of all these cures with which God would benefit the people through
him, he received great joy like Jacob when he saw the face of his
son Joseph the ruler in Egypt, and he rose up quickly and wrote
[43] down martyrdom and put it in his house, saying, "I will set the
his

memorials of my brother in my house, that his blessing and favour


may abide with me for ever." And he cried out among the whole
multitude, saying, "My brethren, we have suffered great
as tri-

bulation^ for the sake of our brother who was slain with the
sword, let us now rejoice exceedingly that he has received great
honour in heaven, and verily, because he has thus received free-
dom of speech before God, he is able to entreat God on our
behalf that He may show mercy and help to us in this world
and in that which is to come, "^ And now, my brethren, hearken
unto me, and let us build a bttle shrine to his name, and let

' B NO^COT. 2 B NPqblCl. ^ B PTAixoq.


1 p. c|)HFeNAKa)T. •
B omit^ FTFMMAy t>eN niHA-
« B nKAgl. -
B NHCAY- ^ ^ NineKFp(])MFYl.
9 B MeHKA(3- '^' B (|)>ieHHOY-
THE ENCOMIUM BY SAINT THEODOSIUS. 241

US lay bis body in it, tbat bis blessing '


and favour may abide
witb us for ever." Then all tbe people answered with one voice,
"Let be done what thou hast said. If thou wilt undertake tbe
matter, we will undertake with thee, that the blessing of the saint
may be with us and with our children, and that his blessing may
abide in our city for ever." And it came to pass tbat when he
lieard these things he rejoiced. 2 And he rose up early in the
morning, and brought his servants and labourers and the servants
of Saint George, and he pulled down the walls3 and the dwelling
of Saint George, and said, "I will not lay my brother's body in
strange ground," and the rest of the people of the city helped
him and laboured at the holy place. And he deposited the body
of Saint George in the church, until they had cleared the ground^ [44]

and could bring it back again. And it came to pass that when
they bad cleared the place they laid the foundations, and he
marked out with straw where the walls should be-^ according to
the size'^ of the little shrine, and he built it as well as he could^
(i. e., according to his means).

The first miracle of Saint George.

Now the first miracle which Saint George wrought was in


respect of the building of the shrine in which they were to lay

his body, in the peace of God, Amen.s And it came to pass

1 B npqcMoy.
2 B FTAqcoDTFM FNAi AqpAO)! oyog Aqc^cDpnq.
NCA NlXOl.
3 B 4 B a)AT OyppKAeApi^lN HniMA
eepoyXA Q,^n\ Fbpwi Aqepoycoprog.
5 Arab. c^U;^ js.:i-
^ CX^ fW.
B TMAtH. C>^ j^^'
"^

B adds ACXCOK FBoA NTFqMApTyplA FTAqKCOT F^-


7

fkkAhcia ftp coy^ MniABooT Xeoip nUc nai NinipFqFp-


HOBl FTAqcbAl AMFM. "His martyrium (?) was finished and dedi-
cated as a ehurcli rvn the seventli day of Athor. God, have mercy upon the
sinner who wrote [this book], Amen."
8 B omits from 'f"a)(|)Hpi to AMHN.
31
242 THE FIRST MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

that Andrew, who had set himself to buikl '


the martyrium of
Saint George, was lying on his bed one night and thinking within
himself,- saying, "I have erred in beginning this building, especially
as up to this present I see no man who will help me; and I
know 3 not whether I can finish it or not. If I do not finish it,
men will laugh at me, saying, 'This man began to build, and was
not able to finish", even as our Saviour said." And while he
was meditating these things in his heart upon his bed, slumber
overtook him and he slept. And behold Saint George appeared
to him' in a dream, saying, "Andrew, Andrew, knowest thou
me?" and he said, "What is it, master?" Saint George said to
him, "Knowest thou not who I am?'" and Andrew said, "No."
When Andrew knew him in his dream, he was astonished, and
rose up and cast himself down at his feet and worshipped him, say-
ing, '^
"Art thou alive, George, my master?" Saint George said
[45] to him, "Thanks be to God, my body is with you, but I live in
God by the Holy Spirit. And now I see that thou art down-
hearted about the shrine which thou hast undertaken to build
in my name, in which to lay my body, and I have come to thee
to show thee a little wealth belonging to my ancestors out of which
thou mayest pay for the shrine. Be of good cheer, and be not faint

of heart, for I will put it^ into the hearts of the people of this
city to help thee. Arise and follow me and I will show thee a
place in the room of my house, which thou hast pulled down,
wherein thou didst lay my body before thou didst take it into

the church." Then Andrew, in his dream, rose up, and followed
him. And Saint George took him into the room of his house,

and showed him the place and set a mark on it with his finger,

1
Add FK(DT with B.

2 B wbviTq Fpe neqAoncMOC (\>on-^ Nbpwi NbwTq.


^ B Mne^FHi.
4 B EqXO) HMOC NAq Xe AN2^pFAC ANApPAC COy^WNT-
5 B EqXtt) MMOC. « B FTAK^ITOTK epOC
' B 'fMATHIC Fn^HT.
THE riEST MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 243

and s^id to him,' "Rise up early in the morning and come here,
and dig down into this place one cubit, and thou shalt find the
blessing which God hath set apart for thee." And when Andrew
woke^' up from his vision he roused his wife, and told her every-
thing' which he had seen in his vision, and they marvelled greatly.
His wife said to him, "Rise up now this very night, and let us
light a lamp, and go to the place of which he told thee, and
thou wilt see if we find the mark or not. If we find the mark
,
as thou hast seen in thy vision, then of a certainty it is Saint ^

George who has appeared to thee,'' and we may in truth believe


that we shall find the moneys even as he hath showns thee." So
they two arose, and lit^ a lamp which the woman carried, and [46]

Andrew took a spade in his hand and went to that place at


midnight, and when he looked upon the ground he found the
mark which the saint had made with his finger lo in the vision;
and Andrew and his wife marvelled greatly, and believed with
all their hearts that it was Saint George who had made it. ^
Then the valiant Andrew bound a napkin round his loins, and
took the spade in his hand and dug into the earth, and when he
had gone down a little way he found a jar having its mouth
sealed up with clay (?), and he dug it up and found it untouched.
And Andrew and his wife threw themselves upon their faces, and
worshipped God and Saint George; then they arose and lifted

it up, and carried it into their house, glorifying God. And they
made the light 12 to burn brightly, and went into^^ their storehouse
that no one in the house might know of their matter, and the
woman lighted him with the lamp while he uncovered the jar^^^

I
Read MAq XB. 2 Read EnAl MA O^COKl-
3 B ETAqHpNH^lN. * B omits EpCDOy.
5 B \e aAhgooc MniAPioc 6 B epoq.
V B NTAXXplA. 8 B ETAyTAMOK.
B Aq^epo NoyKApAnxHC a tc^iMi todoynoy HMoq.
B neqxHn. n b nEEXAqeAHioq.
2 B HnibHBc. >3 B EgpHi. » B n+koyAAagi.
244 THE FIRST MIEACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE.

which he found to be filled to the top with gold ; and they^ arose

and threw themselves upon their faces, and worshipped God and
Saint George for the great favour that he had wrought for
them. And the man brought out a measure of two bins of '

gold wherewith he might complete the building of the shrine,

and he buried the remainder again, and kept it hid in his house.
!Now when the morning had come he wished to give a feast to
all the city 2 in the name of Saint George, saying within himself,

"It is right to give the first-fruits to the Lord;" and he made


[47J a great feast for all the poor and infirm and widows and orphans
in the city, and he stood up and ministered unto them and
rejoiced with them all. And on the morrow he invited all the
nobles of the city, and made another great feast for them in the

name of Saint George, meat with them, and rejoiced


and he sat at

with them because of the blessing which the Lord had vouchsafed
to him. While they were eating he arose 3, and spake with them
saying, " Since ^ God hath put it into your hearts to help me, let

each one of you give a little, according to his means, that we


in our generation may do this great blessing which God hath
considered our city worthy'' of, and build the martyrium of Saint
George in our city." And they all answered him with one voice,

saying,^ "We tell thee that we will act according to our power,
and, by the will of God we will come to thee, and that which
each one of us shall find, according to his power, he shall bring
to thee." And they all, from the least to the greatest did so

each one according to his power, and they counted what came
in in the name of Saint George and they found two thousand
pounds^ in gold and one thousand silver satlieri.^ After these

1 B NglH. 2 B N+noAlC. 3 B adds AqTCDNq. 1

4 B gApA S:E. 5 B (])H STA (^'\ 0pENHpnEMna)A.


6 B ENXO) MMOC.
7 Arab. )^>. The Coptic word AoyUOXl or AoyKOTTlN, Urock
A.OKOTr)vnv, oAoKOTiviv, 6A.0K0TIV0Q word of uncertain origin. See Du Gauge,
is a
Glos. Med. etinjim. Graecitas, i.*1038. The Sahidic form is ^oAoKCDT-
TlNOC- See Zoega, Catalogus, p. 538.
8 Arab. ^)^. See Zoega, Catalogus, p. 625, note 9, and p. 513, note 7.
THE SECOND MIEACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 245

things he came to the place where the shrine was to be built

to the name of Saint George, and they laid the foundations in


the name of God and of Saint George, and^ they built it well
in three years; and they brought the holy martyr into the mar-
tyrium ; and they brought the holy Bishop of Jerusalem and he
consecrated 2 the shrine. And what a number of miracles took
place then! What a number of people were cured •' of their

diseases! and what a multitude of unclean spirits came forth in


the name of Saint George the holy martyr of our Lord Jesus
Christ! i

Tim second miracle'^ of the holy martyr Saint George, [-is]

And it came
when the holy Bishop had consecrated
to pass

the shrine of Saint George and was bringing up the holy offer-
ing,5 a man came in who had an unclean spirit from his youth,

and it used to bring him down to the ground, and inflict suffer-
ings upon him and make liim writhe and foam at the mouth;
now this man came and stood among the congregation wishing
to be blessed with the multitude. And it came to pass that
when the Bishop pronounced the xpiadYiov*^ the spirit brought

1 B NUH niArioc rEcopnoc ayKOTq.


2 B AqUpXriX^lN HHOq. ^ b Oy^^OaC. * Read
+(y(|)Hpi. After rPCOpnOC B adds iTlMApTypOC SeoyAB.
-'•
I. e. tlie elements. See Hamnaoud, Antient Liturgies, p. 173, Note 1.

6 I. e. "Ayio? 6 ee6?, a-^xoc, iaxupog ar^xoc, dGdvaxo^, e\e»iaov niaa<;. This


hymn was sung in connexion with the 'Little Entrance', and was introduced
into the semce by Proclus, Patriarch of Constantinople (A. D. 446). It

comes in the Greek liturgy of St. Mark just after the Little Entrance, and it

is actually found in some of the printed Coptic hturgies. See Malan, The
Divine Liturgy of Saint Mark, p. 43; Renaudot, Liturgiarum Orientalium,
i,
ijp. Ixxx —
cxii Densinger, Ritus Orientaliuni', ii, p. 367 Marquess of Bute,
; ;

The Coptic Morning Service for the Lord's Dag, p. 56; Rodwell, The
Liturgies of S. Basil, S. Gregory and S. Cyril, p. 30; Evetts, Rites of the
Coptic Church, pp. 34 — 35. The statement made by Hammond {Antient
Liturgies, p. 381) on this point is incorrect.
246 THE SECOND MIEACLE OF SAIKT GEORGE.

the man upon the ground' and made him writhe and foam
do^\ll

at the mouth; then he rose up and stood before the multitude,


and cried 2 out, saying, "What hast thou to do witli me, O saint
of God? 1 know who thou art, and that thou art not able to
cast me forth irom this man, for I am a lunatic, and thou hast•'

no dominion over me, George." And he began to blaspheme


God and Saint George. And Saint George inflicted sufferings
[49] upon him and brought him to a pillar. Then Saint George tied his
hands behind him, and dragged him up the pillar with his hands
tied behind his back, until his head was on a level with the top
of the pillar. And all who saw him marvelled^ and said, "We
never saw any one like this, for behold, his back, with his hands
tied behind it^ clung to the pillar without fastenings of rope,^
and his feet did not touch the ground, and he was dragged up
the side of the pillar twice without any one touching him, and
we have never seen such a miracle as this wrought by any of
the martyrs." Now it was Saint George who held the body of
the man** to torture him, and every one who saw him marvelled
at him, and glorified God and Saint George the valiant martyr
of our Lord Jesus Christ. After these things Saint George set
him free, and he fell down" senseless to the ground from the
top of the pillar, so that everyone said, 'He is dead'. And when
the salutation of peace ^ had been given they pressed round about
him, and marvelled at him, for he was^ as one dead. And a
certain man who had never walked, but was lame from his mo-
ther's womb, and who sat hogging at the door of the shrine,
came in at that moment with the multitude, crawling upon his
hands and knees and dragging his feet i" after him. And he
crawled in among the feet of the people 'i until he came to the

1 B AyiNl HMOq EnKAgl. 2 B AqCDO).


i B oynepEMOY XNAtyxpMxoM. ^ b ey^pii^^^Mpi
5 B A^NE NNOg. G B MnipCJDMl. - B Mnc^CDl.
s I. e., 'the kiss of peace', referring to the words daiTaauj|ue6a d\X)i\obc ^v
q)i\ri)uaTi afiixi Romans xvi, 16. n B EY^l'
10 B NEq(|)AT. 11 B NEN^aAay^: NENC^aAe NNipCOMl.
THE SECOND MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 247

man who was possessed of a devil. And the man who was
possessed of a devil put out his hand and took hold of the neck
of the lame man and drew it to him, wishing to take it in his

hand,' and his legs gave a loud crack and became straight im-
mediately. Then the people 2 took away his neck out of the
hands of him that was possessed of a devil, ^ wishing to set him
free, and said, "Go forth and depart," and he arose and stood [r.o]

up trembling,^ and his legs gained strength, and he went forth


and departed."' Andwho knew him ran out after him, but
those
no one could catch him until he came outside the courtyard of
the shrine. Then the Bishop commanded them to bring him, and
the man who was possessed of a devil said, "Forgive me, holy
father, and I will tell thee what I have seen. From my youth
up I have been possessed of a devil until to-day, but I never
saw him with my eyes except to-day, when, as he was coming
to me," I saw fire before me, and I was frightened^ and fell

down on the ground, and knew nothing until the devil had
I
gone out from me. When the people came to lift me up, it came
to pass that [the devil] came to me when I was senseless, and I

saw Saint George come in by the altar, and he took hold of my


hands and comforted me, and I then saw with my eyes that devil
before me in the form of a man, and Saint George inflicted great
sufferings upon him. And he took him and dragged him up to
the top of the pillar, and he inflicted sufferings upon him, and
at last the devil cried out with a loud noise, and swore an oath
saying, "I will go out of this man and never return to him
again." Then I^ saw Saint George take hold of him, and lift

him up to the top of the pillar, and throw him down upon the

1 B AyccoK FpcDoy eyoY^^y FoAq. 2 b a gANKppcDMi.


3 B NTOTq HnipODHl FTOl N2^FMa)N.
' B bFN oytyeoprFp Aqogi FpAxq. b ppAxq. ^

c B IC2CFN TAHFTKOyXl OyAFMCOM FXO)!.


7 B bpN nabaA FNFg fbhA F(|)ooy Aqo^AHMoyi fi fxoom.
^ B NcyAicyeoprep. b anok 7s,e. 9
248 THE SECOND MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOKGE.

[^1] pavement, and the devil uttered a loud cry through his nostrils,

and came out, and departed. And I knew that I was relieved
in my body, and I fell asleep and slumbered, and sa,w nothing
until this lame man looked upon me. When I opened my eyes
I saw Saint George holding ^ my hands, and embracing the neck2
of the lame man, and he beckoned to me. saying, 'Hold him
tightly.' And I held his neck and pulled, and Saint George
held his legs and pulled, and his legs"^ gave forth a loud noise;
and Saint George let go^ his legs and beckoned to mc'^ to let

go his neck, and the man rose up and went away running; and
Saint George went up to heaven, and I looked after him." When
the Bishop and the multitude "^
who were standing round about
him heard these things, they marvelled with a great astonishment,

and glorified God and Saint George, saying, "Great are the
mighty deeds and favours which " God works through him." And
the men who were healed became ^ servants of the shrine of

Saint George, and served him there day and night until the day
of their death. And multitudes of men and women and children

who were sick with divers diseases, and fevers, and burnings, and
unclean spirits, were healed that day in the shrine of Saint

George in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. .

[52] The third miracle of Saint George the holy marti/r of

Jesus Christ.^

And it came to pass that when the holy Bishop went into

Jerusalem with all those 'o that were with him. they spake of the

signs and miracles which had happened through Saint George


in the midst of the people. And behold a certain Jew, who

1
B eqAMOMl. 2 B F(])MOY. ^ B A NFq^AT +.
4 B ACjXAY- B NOyBHl.
^ « B niHHO) TAp.

7 B Fpe. 8 B Fyoi HBCDK hvn nronoc.


9 B FOOyAB instead of NTE
has IHC nxC
10 B Fe NFHAq THpoy.
THE THIRD MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 249

was a sorcerer and a thief, and who made men fall asleep by
his enchantments ' while he stole their goods, heard of the mighty-
deeds and miracles which Saint George wrought, but believed
them not. And he said to the multitudes, "The Christians err
in praying to this earthly being like ourselves, saying, 'Help us,
and heal our sicknesses';" and many Christians strove with this

man often, but he continued his great blasphemies after this


manner. Now a certain feeble-hearted Christian heard^ him,
and he was very angry and rose up to contend with him, saying,

"God will not allow thee to despise His holy martyr thus, and
the saint will revenge himself upon thee and blot thee out;" and
they cursed^ each other with many curses. After these things
the Jew answered and said, "Come now and lay a wager 4 with
me, I will go into the shrine, and will plunder it and bring out^
its possessions here without any one knowing it, and I will see

what George will do to me." The Christian answered and said, [53]

"Lay a wager with me for three pounds in gold. If thou carriest


off anything from the shrine of Saint George and bringest it

here, we will go into the shrine and make enquiries that we


may know of a truth if thou hast carried off anything from the
shrine. Then if thou work a month without any evil befalling
thee,^ I will believe thee and will give thee three pounds in gold;

but if thou art not able to steal anything from the shrine, and
some evil befall thee, thou shalt give me three pounds in gold, and
shalt become a Christian." So the matter was thus arranged
between them, and they procured witnesses." Then the man who
was a sorcerer arose and went into the shrine, and some
stole

things, and he came out while all were sleeping, and no one knew
of the theft; and when he had come outside of the outer door
of the shrine,^ he spake within himself, saying, "Be ashamed

1 B NpeqppgiKH. 2 B Mnaipwf AqccoTEM.


3 B AY+ H2AHMia)+ NO^COO). * B XA AOyO)-
5 B EnAiMA. 6 B neTgojoy a)(oni mmok.
-
B NNlHSTpF. 8 B ETCABOA NTE niTOnOC.
32
250 THE THIRD MIEACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

now, Saint George, together with the man who laid a wager
with me." And he took counsel with himself as he went along,
saying, "I will sell these things for much money, and I will
demand the three pounds in gold from the Christian, and I will
make him forsake his faith and deny his baptism, and I shall
see what this dead man George will do unto me." Now as he
was pondering these things going along, behold the valiant martyr
Saint George came to him in the guise of a soldier, holding a
large ox-hide leather whip in his hand, and he said to the man,
[54] "My brother, what art thou carrying? ^ show^ me." And the
Jew was astonished and said, "Friend, I will hide nothing from
thee. I have stolen a few things, and since God has led thee across
my path, 3 come, take thy portion with me that thou mayest tell
no man." Saint George said to him, "Since it is thus, come,
let us go into the shrine and divide the thing between us as
thou sayest." When he had come to the door of the shrine, Saint
George gave him a blow on the head with the whip, saying,
"Dost thou know who I am?" And the thief said to him, "Nay
master, I am dead, I am
know not Avho thou art." Saint
dead, I
George said to him, "I am George;" and when the thief heard
this he trembled J and fell down upon the ground. Then Saint
George took hold of him and dragged him along saying, "Why
sayest 5 thou, 'I am dead, 1 am dead,' when thou art not dead?
and now come hither and I will make thee to know who I am."
Then Saint George bound him in the shrine, and tied the things
"^

which he had stolen to him,' and suspended him from a beam


at the height of three cubits from the ground, and he gave him
severe lashes with the wliipS which he held in hand. what a
number of miracles took place at that time ! and what a number
of cries did the thief utter! And all those who were asleep woke

1 B FTTAlHOyT. 2 Read NTAypFA XH.


3 B FhoyN ebpHi. 4 B Aqcyeoprep Aqgei Ft»pHi
glXEN. 5 B KXO) MMOC 6 Read AqCON^C] ^^ith B.

V B nIoHTC Aqia)l. 8 B niHAKAABl.


THE THIRD MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 251

up, ' and arose, and came to him wondering what had taken
place. And they asked one another, saying, "Who has suspended
this man?" and they said, "Who could have reached up as far [55]

as this from the ground?" and the thief confessed what he had
done, and told every one what had happened to him. And they
marvelled and said, "Let us fetch a ladder and let him down," but
the steward answered, "As God liveth, no one shall let him down
until he that suspended him let him down;" so they lelt him
tied up thus until it was morning, that everyone might see him.
And the thief confessed that he had laid a wager- with a Christian
in Jerusalem, and he cried out, "0 George my master, have
mercy upon me and I will never put forth my hand to steal
again from any man from this hour, but I will henceforth become
a Christian, and I will never return 3 to the working of magic
as of old;"and he wept 4 the whole of that day, being suspended
from the beam, until the morning came and everyone saw him.
When Saint George saw the fixedness of his intention, he had
compassion upon him, and came in the night and let him down;
and the thief gave the things that he had stolen'^ to the steward.
And it came to pass that on the morrow he wrote a letter and
sent it by the hands of a servant of the shrine to his wife and
relatives in Jerusalem, and told them what had happened *'
to
him. He wished moreover to become a Christian, but shame
would not allow him to enter Jerusalem. When his relatives
had received and read the letter, they marvelled at the mighty
things which had happened through Saint George. And when the
Christian who had laid a wager with him heard it, he rejoiced [56]

greatly, and went ^ and announced in all Jerusalem what had


happened to the Jew in the shrine of Saint George; and all who
heard glorified s God. And his wife and children and all his

1 Read pCOlC with B. 2 B MnAipHi- FTAqXAOyO).


3 B i-NAKOT. 4 B NAqpiMl. s B omits FTOXq.
6 B ETAqcyODni. 7 B omits EMACyO) AqMCDO^l.
8 B AY'i'cboY-
252 THE FOURTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

neighbours and a multitude of Jews i


arose and came to him, and
he told them everything that had happened to him, and they all

feared greatly, and were baptized on that day in the shrine of


Saint George in the name of the Father and the Son and the
Holy Ghost; and they glorified God for ever.'

The fourth miracle of Saint George the holy martyr

Now the name of Saint George and the report that he


v/rought mighty deeds and signs, and miracles, and cures, and
that he cast out devils spread abroad everywhere. And there
was a certain man in the land of the Persians, called Nicanor,
who was ruler over the third part of the Persians, and he had
a son called Anatolius, whose body and face ^ were covered with
leprosy. And when he heard of the mighty deeds and miracles
which God wrought by the hand of Saint George, he cried out
with a cry, saying, "If God and Saint George heal the leprosy
[57] on the face of my son, I will dedicate a hundred pounds of gold
to the shrine of Saint George and I and all my house will become
Christians." And it came to pass that when he had thus vowed
he rose up on the morning of the morrow'' and the face of his son
was healed, and there was no trace of leprosy in it. When
Nicanor the ruler of the Persians saw this great miracle which had
taken place in his son, he rose up and took the gifts which he
had vowed, and much money, and Anatolius his son and his
brethren and the multitudes of Persians who came with him, and
they rose up and embarked in ships and came to the shrine ^ of
Saint George, and tliey washed his son in the bath and anointed

1 B NTE MllOyAAl. 2 B adds niHApTypOC PGOyAB.


3 B gAMKPoyoM hPN npqgo.
" Arab. t_^> ^UUs. For an account of the word KOyMMNApiON
or KOyH'i INApiON, Gr. KevTrjvdpiov, Centenarium, see Du Cange, Glossa-

riiim Med. ct Infni. Ch-aecitas, T, p. 634.

5 B MnFcjpAc+. 6 B Hnronoc.
THE FIFTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 253

him with the oil in the lamp, and his whole body was healed
straightway. And he made his gift, and was baptized with those
who were with him in the name of the Father and the Son and
^

the Holy Spirit, and they glorified God and Saint George for
the favour which had happened to them. And it came to pass
that when they came to their own land they built a large church,

and called it by the name of Saint George; and they sent to

Antioch and brought the God-loving Bishop, and he consecrated


the church in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the
Holy Ghost and Saint George. And a multitude of Persians
received holy baptism on that day, men, women, and children.
When many of them that were sick saw the young man that had
been healed of his leprosy in the shrine of Saint George^ they
believed, and went into the shrine, and were healed straightway; [58]

and they glorified God and Saint George for ever.

The fifth miracle of Saint George^ the holy martyr.

Now there were two Samaritans who were partners in business,

and they wanted to buy^ one hundred pounds worth of merchan-


dise. And they rose up and saddled their asses, and took their
money with them, and they mounted them wishing to go into
Damascus to buy their merchandise. And while they were travelling
along the road and were talking with each other about the
mighty deeds and miracles which ^ Saint George wrought, the
night fell upon them. And it came to pass that while they were
talking and were yet two or three miles from the town-^ behold
there came forth against them out of the wood,'J two hungry,
roaring and ravening lions, as it is written, "He maketli darkness'^,
and it is night in which all the beasts of the earth go about.

1 B bpN (])pAN. 2 B adds niMApTypOC FeoyAB.


3 B EY^^t- ' B FpF. 5 B eoy+lMl (yATFNMyAAlON.
6 B nilAg ^ B AKXO) NOyXAKl.
254 THE FIFTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE.

The young lions roar* and raven and seek after their food."
When the asses saw the wild beasts which were coming out against
them, they ran away terror-stricken, and the men fell down off

them half dead with fright.^ And the wild beasts stood still near
the men wishing to devour them, but they did not pursue the
animals, neither did they come up to the men; and they stood
still near them and glared (?) upon them. Then the men spake
with one another, saying, "If God and Saint George deliver us
from the mouths of these wild beasts we will give this hundred''

pounds in gold to Saint George's shrine, and become Christians."


[59] And it came when they had thus vowed their vow to
to pass that

God, that the Good God, who desires the salvation of all men, and
who made the lions to be at peace with Daniel the prophet, in-
clined the hearts of these two lions, and they bowed down their
heads, and turned into the woods and departed. And the men
''

whose minds had thus been quieted knew that it was Saint George"
who had vouchsafed to them this gift, and they glorified God and
His holyS martyr. When they had gone along the road a little
they found their asses grazing and unharmed, and they got upon
them and came into the town; and they spake with each other
and with the people of everything which had happened to them.
And every one who heard marvelled at the mighty deeds and
miracles of Saint George and the men of the city spake to them,
;

saying, "These wild beasts have destroyed several^ men, and


multitudes of animals 10 of this district, but glory be to Saint
George who hath delivered ^1 you from this wrath." After these
things the two merchants took counsel with each other, saying,
"What we have vowed to the shrine 12 of Saint George let us

B gANMAC MMOyi Fy^OKSp.


1 Psalm civ. 20. 2

3 B AYFp(l)Aa)HOY oyog a niewpioN bgi FpAToy


CAno^ODl MMODOy FMAyOyCDO) FOyCDH NNipODHl.
4 B FycAxi. B MOAi p. 5 B pboyN h^n nuAg. 6

B rFcopnoc tf.
7 b niMAprypoc. » 9 b ^anhho).

10 B NTEBNH. h B nFTAqNA^FM. 12 b HnTOnOC.


THE FIETH MIEACLE OP SAINT GEOEGE. 255

perform as a thanksgiving to the glory of God, and let us be-


come Christians! in very truth and not turn back.2 ^j^i as we
have come so far let us go into Damascus, and buy our merchan-
dise, that we may make a little profit wherewith to make a requital."

When they had come to Damascus they saw some precious


stones called diamonds which they bought^ for one hundred
pounds in gold; and when they came into Jerusalem they sold [60]

them for two hundred pounds in gold before they reached their
native city in Samaria. ^ Then the men spake with each other
saying, "Thanks be to God that Saint George hath considered
us worthy of this great favour." And it came to pass that when
they had come into their city^ they told their kinsfolk and all

the people of the mighty deeds and miracles which God had done
to them. And they arose and took the hundred pounds in gold
which they had vowed to give to the shrine of Saint George, *"

and they proclaimed throughout the whole city, saying, "Let him
God come into the shrine of Saint George with
that loveth us;"
and numbers of men and women in Samaria came forth with
them. When they had come into the holy shrine they gave in
their gift and saw the mighty miracles, and the many cures of the
sick, and the many devils" which were cast out, and they all rose^
up and received baptism in the name^ of the Father and the
Son and the Holy Spirit. And one hundred and fifty-three souls
became Christians lo that day in the shrine of Saint George in
the peace of God, Amen.

1 B NOyXpHCTlANOC.
2 B HnENepPNTAceo F(|)A20 gocoN. 3 B AY^^on.

4 B UTOyBAl (sic) NTCAHApiA. ^ b E+BAKl.

6 B recDpnoc ^^eHAN oyo^ Aje^^ii^i^-

7 B NAEHCDN NAqgioyi HMa)OY-


I

8 B AYTODOyNOy 2^E. 9 B H^JpAN.

10 B NXpHCTlAMOC XF.
256 THE SIXTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

The sixth miracle of Saint George the holy martyr'^ of


Jesus CJirist.

Now there was a certain Christian 2 in Jerusalem whose name


[61] was Zogrator,^ and he had a son who was a lunatic, and he
himself was gouty ;^ and the man was very rich,'' and had much
wealth in gold*' and silver and many herds of cattle. And it

came to pass that when he heard^ of the mighty deeds and


miracles of Saint George, he vowed« a vow, saying, "If God and
Saint George heal my feet and legs of this disease, I will give
in return to his shrine, three meals and three pints of wine,
every month. And if I can walk freely with my feet and can
go along upon them by the twenty-third day of PharmCithi, which
is his great day, I will walk upon my legs to his shrine and will

give one hundred pounds of gold to it." And when he had thus
vowed, his legs^ became smaller (?) little by little, 10 and his body
became easier, and at the end of the appointed days he walked,
and went into his house and into the church, and he prayed to

God, saying, "I thank thee, O God of Saint George," and after
two days his whole body was healed. When the day of the holy
martyr, which is the twenty-third of PharmCithi, drew near, he
made ready everything which he would take with him, and his
servants came to him, saying, " What animal shall we make ready
for thee to ride?"ii Zogrator answered and said, "As God liveth,

I will walk on my legs from Jerusalem 12 to the shrine of Saint


[62] George the holy martyr." Then they arose and went to the shrine of

Saint George, and they found so great multitudes gathered together


there marvelling at the mighty deeds and graces of healing which

1 B adds eeoyAB. 2 B OyptWHl AP NXpHXTlANOC


3 B ^(DrpATHp. 4 B NAnOTAKpHC.
5 B FMAcyo) ne. B OYNoyB. ^ b eqccDTFH.
8 B MHOq gCDq. 9 B NFq())Ai".
10 B NoyKOY^ii NoyKOY^^i- •' B ntfkaAhi Fpoq.
12 B read TAm.
THE SIXTH 3IIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 257

had taken place through Saint George, that Zogrator marvelled i

when he saw the mighty miracles and the healings which took
place through Saint George, and he gave his gift to the shrine
readily. And it came when the steward saw the
to pass that
marvellously great gifts which Zogrator gave, he took him into
his house for two months, and he ate and drank with him joy-

fully. On the third day2, by the good favour of God, the son
of Zogrator arose and came to learn what had happened to his
father, for he and those who had gone with him to the festival

had not returned. Now Zogrator was within,^ talking to the


steward of his son, saying, •'! have a son possessed of an exceeding
wicked devil who inflicts ^ such great sufferings upon him^ that
it has been said many times, 'It would be better for him to be
dead^ rather than liveS and suffer such tortures as these.' If
God and Saint George heal him by this time next year, I will
bring him 9 to thee, an A I will come hither to thee and will give
greater gifts than these to his shrine." The steward said to him,
"Dost thou believe that God is able to do everything?" [and
Zogrator answered,] "I believe that the saints receive lo every-
thing which 11 they ask for, and that nothing is too hard for them 12
[to do] in God's name, i^ Moreover, it is written in the Gospel
of John, 'Whosoever believeth on me shall himself do greater
works than these that I do'."i^ And it came to pass that while
they were talking to one another, behold the son of Zogrator [63]

and a number of servants came up riding upon horses, and stood


by the door of the shrine, and he enquired for his father and

3 B ETEHnEqgcuA NGoq NFH NHFTAygODA FnicyAi-


4 B CABOA. B Ay1"«
5 6 Read NAq TCDN A? with B.

7 B FeppqMOY- 8 B FqoNh.

9 B 'f-NAFNC NAK NTAl U^ApOK HAlMA NTA-t NgANNia)^^.


10 B TFTFNNAd^lTOy- »i B FTE FpF.

12 B t^TFN0HNOY. i3 B HApAN.

14 B F+ipi. John xiv. 12.


33
258 THE SIXTH MTEACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE.

found that he was with the steward; and he came to his father,

and they spake with one another. And while they were talking
with one another, behold the devil came into the boy suddenly,
and tare him for a long time, and he foamed at the mouth, and
the devil rose up and cried out with a loud voice, i
saying, "What
hast thou to do with me, George? and why dost thou trouble
me so much?2 By Hercules, 3 I am a lunatic, and no one shall
cast me out." And he uttered great blasphemies, saying, "By
Hercules, thou shalt not cast me out, O George." Then Saint
George smote him with severe smitings,^ and again the devil

cried out loud cries, saying, "0 George, thou makest me suffer,"

and he sware mighty oaths, saying, "If thou wilt allow me to

come forth I will never return'' to him again." And when the

deviP had cast him down in the midst he came out from him,
and never returned to him again thus he was healed immediately.
;

When Zogrator saw that the devil had come out of his son, he
gave many gifts to the shrine of Saint George, and returned thanks
to God.' And he came to the shrine every year on Saint George's
day 8, and made 9 a great feast to the poor and the widows and
the orphans, and his son stood by them with joy; and they
glorified 10 God and Saint George i^ until the day of his death. 1

Tlie seventh miracle of Saint George^- the holy martyr.

[64] And it came to pass that when the servants of the shrine of Saint
George 13 had increased, the steward made them go out to collect and

1 B adds eCXO) MMOC. 2 B NHl FNAO).


For other instances of the use of this
3 interjection see Hyvemat, Les
Actes des Martyrs de VJEgypte, pp. 35, 106.
4 B NCyAO^l. 5 B tNAKOT. e B ni^PMCDN 2^F.

7 B NTOTq 4)+. 8 B nFgooy. 9 B a)ATFqipi.


10 B Eyi'cooY. 11 B rFcopnoc FnFgooy ntf nFqMoy.
12 B adds niHApxypOC FGOyAB.
13 B omits HniXnoc rFcopnoc.
THE SEVENTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 259

gather in the first-fruits and gifts which were given to the holy
shrine ^ of Saint George. Moreover, many people in the country
vowed2 and dedicated their sons and daughters 3 and cattle to 4

the shrine of Saint George, because of the mighty deeds and


miracles which he wrought, and many barren women bore children
after they had vowed cattle to the shrine. Whenever, too, a
storm broke upon many ships at sea, so that they were suddenly
in great danger, ^ and the sailors cried out to God and Saint
George, saying, "Help us," straightway® the help of God strengthen-
ed them speedily and saved" their ship until they arrived in
haven. And much cattle which had been vowed, but had not
been given by their masters to Saint George's shrine, went of
their own accords until they came and entered into the shrine.
But why should I mention the beasts which went of their own
accord into the shrine, and omit the mighty miracles of soulless
pieces of wood, and stones, and books, and pieces of gold which
travelled through the air like birds until they came into the
shrine of Saint George by the help^ of the living God? If a
shipi"^* were in danger and pieces of wood, or writings, or pieces
of gold, and other things were cast out of it into the sea in faith [65]
in the name of Saint George, they would travel of their own
accord through the air, until they came into the shrine. Now
many people believed in the mighty deeds and the many miracles
but a few did not.^i And one of the servants 12 of the shrine rose
up and stole some of the property of the shrine, and took it into
his house, "and the holy martyr bore with him until the end of
five years, saying, "Peradventure he will repent i3 of his sins, and

1 B FniTOnoC.B OyMHO) ODO^. 2 3 B 22^Na)Hpi.

4 B Eboyn Fnronoc. 5 b ntoyppkyn^inpy^^-

6 B buN +OYNOY PTOYNAODO) EBoA 2CE ())+ NEM niXnoc

TFCJOpnOC ApiBOHGlN FpON bFN ^-OYNOY-


B nOY^Ol CFHNt.
^ 8 B omits a)?VpF NlTEBNCDOYl MO(yi.

9 B blTFN +BOHeiA. 10 B ApF(^AN


0Y2C01.
11 B NATNAg't. 12 B niBCDK.

13 B qNAFpMFTANOlN FgpHl.
260 THE SEVENTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

I will forgive him;" but he did not cease to steal, and he acted
in this wise: everything that was given to him to take to the
shrine, he took home to his wife like Judas, who when he stole
from the Saviour out of the bag, took home to his wicked wife
everything which had been given to the Saviour, Who put it into

the bag2 in the hands of Judas ;=* even so did the servant steal
and give to his wicked wife.^ It was on account of his wife that

great temptation came upon^ Judas, and made him hang himself,

for when God had set them apart for apostleship, all the Apostles,

except Judas, forsook their houses, and wives, and children, and
followed after the Son of the living God. Judas alone did not
follow after his God, but lived with his wife, and was impure with
[66] her, and for this reason the devil found a resting place "^
within

him until he made him an alien from God." And thus shall it
happen to all who hearken unto their wicked wdves until they
make them aliens from God" who created them. Now this man
who was a servant of the shrine ^ of Saint George and to whom
things were given as to all his other fellow 9 servants, used to
take them into his house, and did not cease to steal the property
of the shrine. After these things the holy martyr put a very
wicked devil in him, and inflicted great sufierings upon him day
and night. And the devil brought him into the church if and
spake from within him, saying, "I have taken much property ^i

1 B omits Eqipi. 2 B nirAoCOKOHOON. i


3 According to tradition Judas niamed his mother, who had cast him
away when a baby to perish, without knowing it. See IMigne, Diet, des I^gendes,
col. 719. The Apostle Paul saw Judas in hell and held a conversation with
him, and Judas made a confession to him. See the translation of the Coptic
text published by Dulaurier in his Fragment des revelations apon-yphes de
Saint Paul, Paris, 1835.
4 B NTeqCglHl. TAgOq. 5 Read
6 B niMABoAoc XFMXOM oyo^ NbwTq.
7 B M^'\. B Hnronoc.
3 b NNFqa)4)Fp- ^

10 B FniTonoc.
11 B NoyHHo) NFM enxai ntf nAiTonoc
THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 261

of the shrine iuto my house, go ye into it, and ye will find it

there;" and they went and found it there. And after he had
months Saint George had compassion upon
suffered 1 thus for two
him, and healed him, and the steward cast him forth from the
shrine; and all who heard of it glorified God and Saint George.

The eighth miracle of Saint George^ the holy martyr.

There was a certain rich man in Antioch whose name was


Eulogies; 3 and he had a ship which went to sea,^ and he was
occupied in great business. And he was a kind man, and gave
great charities to the poor and the infirm, and he gave gifts and [67]

first-fruits to every church!* in his city Antioch,^ and he made


a great feast to all the clergy of his city twice a year, and he ate
and drank frequently with the Archbishop, and prayed to God
always ; moreover, he visited the prisons, and was very rich. And
he frequented the shrine^ of Saint George, and went there on
the greats day of his festival, which is the twenty-third of Phar-
miithi, and he prayed there, 9 and gave money 'o to the shrine, and
he ate and drank with the steward, and returned to his house
in peace. And it came
when he had done thus for
to pass that

twelve years, the devil, who is the enemy ii of every one that be-
lieves on Christ, was envious of him because of the kind deeds
which he wrought, and raised up a great black darkness 12 on the
sea, and a storm. Now the ship of Eulogios was keeping close

1 B ABOT ^E B. 2 B adds niMApTypOC EeoyAB.

3 B EyAoncMOc. < b EqEpgoDTn.

5 B NEM EKkAhCiX. e Read ANTtOXlA.

7 B EqxA^E nronoc EqgwA on. » b EnAiNia)'f-.

9 B NAqo^AwA nE t>EN nixonoc ^yog wTEq'i- NoyeEp-


MHCl. 10 Also spelt GEpNHCl. See Zoega, Catalogue, 625, note 9.

11 B NXAXl NOyON.
12 B NOyrNO(J)OC NXAKI NOyXlMCON hEN 4)ioM.
262 THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SADsT GEOEGE.

to the shore, for the sailors feared to put out to sea lest it should
be destroyed under them, and they rose up and brought the
merchandise and all their necessary i clothing to land; and they
passed the whole night sorrowfully while the wind carried away
the ship, and they knew not where it had gone. When the morn-
ing had come, they tired themselves out in seeking for the ship
of Eulogies, but they found it not, and they came and told him
everything that had happened; and he and his wife wept and
were sorrowful. After these things they thanked God, saying,
[68] "God's will be done, blessed be His name2 for ever. If He
wishes to be merciful 3 to us we will build another ship like unto
this;" and saying these things to each other they comforted them-
selves in God, and were strong^ in the property which they still

had. But behold the devil raised up for them a greater trial
than this. Now there was a certain Egyptian who was a very
skilful thief, and when he was sought after^ to be put to death
he rose up and fled, and came down to the sea, and by Satan's
luck he found a ship about to sail to Antioch, and he went on
board, and came thither/ and lived in the house of Eulogies.
After he had been there a few" days he became a labourer for
two years, and knews everything that was in the house of/Eulo-
gios,9 who knew not that he was a thief, lo but trusted him. And
the thief found two other transgressors like^i unto himself and
made companions of them, as the Scripture saith, "Every man
cleaveth to him that is like unto him," and they took counsel
together to rob the house of Eulogios. And it came to pass

that when the day 12 of the martyr drew near, that is to say, the

twenty-third of Pharmuthi, Eulogios and many other people with

1 B NANANKE ON OyOS Ayi EHlXpO.


2 Head HApe (|)pAN mth B. B OyCDCy NAEpniNAl. 3

4 B NAYTAXpHOyT. B omits AE. 5

6 B FMAY Aqo^cam ap. b gANKoyxi af.


7

8 b Aq'iNi (sic). 9 B ^lEy^o^loc. 10 b oyco^Ni.

H b HnAipwi-. 12 B niFgooy.
THE EIGHTH MIEACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 263

him made ready to go to the shrine. And it came to pass that


while they were there, the mother-in-law of Eulogios fell sick,^

and, according to the will of God, died; and his wife and her
kinsfolk went to weep ^or, her leaving the Egyptian alone in the
house. Then he rose up and went quickly with his companions [69]

to the house, and took them in with him, and they ate and drank,
and spent the whole day- in robbing the house of Eulogios. And
they carried off the gold and silver and all the other valuable
things,and finding an Alexandrian ships they embarked, and
came to Alexandria and they set out all the property of Eulogios
;

in the market, and sold it for much money, and the share of
each one amounted^ to three thousand pounds in gold. And it

came to pass that when Eulogios came back from the shrine of
Saint George, he found his wife and kinsfolk sorrowing; and they
told him what had happened, and he grieved for many days.
After these things he took consolation in God and glorified Him,
saying, "God's wills be done." Meanwhile those ^ who had stolen
his property went into Egypt to Peremoun,' and lived there; and
one of them fell sick (?),8 and became possessed of a devil, and
went away, and no one knew whither he had gone. After a few
days there was anger between the remaining two, and they quar-
relled with each other, and at midnight the Egyptian rose up,
and took a sword, and slew^ his insensible companion, and took
all the gold and went to the country of Palestine where he toiled

in business, and ate and drank with the money of Eulogios a long

1 Read 0)0)1^1. 2 b AyTTieXCOpg.


3 B on MnAipH+.
omits * B gO) TE EepoyEp-
5 B ^N ETFgNAq. B NAl- e

T or Pelusium, See ChampoUion, L^Egypte sous les Pharaons, ii, 83,

135, 361; Quatremere, Memoires sur VEgypte, i, 259. The Arabic name is

d-^j^ and the place is marked on Jacotin's great war map of Egypt. It is

not mentioned in Mahmud Bey's map, but it must be near the ruins of the
castle of Tina .iioUkll a^^' ^iSl.

8 I do not know what CyCDpT means here.

9 B aqbcoTEB MnEqa)4>wp-
264 THE EIGHTH MIBACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

time. And Eulogios, the true Christian and his wife Euphemia,
[70] true to God, did not relax their offerings, and first-fruits, and
charities on festival days^ which they had been wont to give to
the poor and the sick; and they did not cease their offerings, but
continued them a,s formerly. And he gave away that which he
had laid by, and when that had come to an end, he spent every-
thing that he had. When the day 2 of the martyr drew nigh,
Eulogios spake with his wife, saying, "Behold all the people of
the city^^ are going to the shrine of Saint George, but we have
no income^ this year to give; behold, God, may Saint George
look^ upon our affliction." His God-loving wife answered and
said meekly to him, "I know, brother, that we have nothing,
and that there is none' to lend us anything,'' for we are poor,
but behold,' I have two garments, § take this good one and sell

it for money, that our offering to the shrine may not cease."

When Eulogios heard these things his eye filled with tears and
they both wept. And again Eulogios spake with his wife con-
cerning the cost and the carrying out of the journey. The blessed
Euphemia answered and said, "0 good brother, rise up and go
to thy neighbours, perchance God will cause them to have com-
passion upon thee and to lend thee the moneys wherewith thou
shalt be able to supply thy wants and to go to the shrine in
peace. If they will not lend thee money, then give this garment
to the people who are going to the shrine, and God's will be
done." And Eulogios hearkened to her, and rose up and went
[71] to a neighbour of his, and said to him, "I want to speak with
thee on a certain matter;" and he replied, "Speak, beloved
brother." Eulogios said to him, "Behold the day of Saint George

1 B NEM NOyAnapXH NEM NOyPgOOY-


2 B NlE^OOy- 3 B nipGDMl THpOy NTE TAIBAKI.

4 B NAy. 5 B OyOg ON MMON.

6 B NATENgOyr NAN 2£E. Read gHTmE. -

8 B NTHl NHl ETTOl gKDT.


9 B NAK (pA niGEpMHCl NTE TAIOJGHN.
THE EIGHTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 265

draweth nigh, and I do not wish to cease this year from giving
the little gift which I am accustomed to give to his shrine; but
behold I have i nothing at all this year to give, for thou knowest
all that has happened to me. And now, neighbour, perhaps I
may borrow^ some money from thee until God show me a way
in which I can work and make it up." And while Eulogios was
speaking, 3 his neighbour's eyes filled with tears, and he said to
him, "0 good brother, why sayest thou such things as these ^ to
me who have been thy servant until this day? and why speakest
thou such things as these to me about money? As God liveth,^
hadst thou asked me for ten pounds in gold I would have given,
them to thee that I might obtain the blessing*^ of the martyr.
But behold^ now, I have here three pounds in gold, take them,
and if thou needest^ more I will give it to thee." And Eulogios
took them and brought them to his wife, saying, "I believe on
God and Saint George, and if we cast all our care upon God,
he will have mercy upon us again." His wife said to him, "God
hath set apart the money for thee." And he said, "Thanks be
to God and His holy martyr for when I went to such and such
9,

a man and told him^o everything, he said to me, 'If thou art in
need 11 of more, come hither to me, and I will give thee what
thou needest;"i2 and she rejoiced greatly, and thanked God.
Then Eulogios rose up and embarked with those who were
with 13 him, to go to the shrine of Saint George. And behold, [72]

the man who had stolen the property of Eulogios meditated


within himself, saying, "I know that I have sinned from my youth
up, without counting the great sin which I committed when I

1 Read NTOTHN AN. 2 B MnOyojAn.


3 B gOCON NAqCA2il. 4 B NNAl HH gANKEOyON.

5 B qoN^ 2vP. 6 B 2iN2^ NTS ncMoy-

^ B IC gwnnF. 8 B AKOjANEpflxpiA.

9 B nnqMApTypoc. " bAqxAMoq.


11 B NTEKSpNXpiA. 12 B MnSTEKFpXpiA.
13 B omits SeNEMAq.
S4
266 THE EIGHTH MIEACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

rose up against my neighbour and slew him craftily, and I shall

suffer everlasting punishment for the sake of the things belonging


to other people. Behold now^ the day of the martyr draweth
nigh, I will arise and go to his slirine, and will pray there and
make a small offering that peradventure he may receive me
favourably before God, and show mercy to my miserable soul."
And came to pass that when Eulogios came to the shrine
it

of Saint^ George he with those who were with him, prayed;


and they came to the steward and handed in their gifts to him.
And the steward knew Eulogios from his being accustomed to
come to the shrine year by year, and he ate and 3 drank with
him. When it was morning they came into the shrine and prayed,
and they stood up until the service (ouvoc^t?) was ended, and
Eulogios and his fellow came out and walked to the
citizens

market place. And behold the Egyptian who had robbed the
house of Eulogios came in through the door of the shrine dressed^
in the dress of Eulogios with the money tied up in it; and they
'^

knew him immediately and ran upon him and laid hold of him,
for he wished to flee away. Then they bound him and carried
[73] him to the steward, who said to him, "What hast thou done
with the things thou hast stolen?" and he said, "I have stolen
nothing. my master Eulogios, thou knowest^ that I served
thee for two years, and that I never stole anything from thy^
house; and this dress (?) is one which I bought in^ the market."
The steward said to him, "If thou wilt come in with me to

the altar of Saint George, and wilt swear to me in the name of

God and Saint George, saying, 'I have not stolen', 9 thou shalt
depart." And the thief was glad that he was going to escape,
and he cried out, saying, "I will swear wherever thou pleasest,

1 B "tNOY XH- 2 B Mniarioc


3 B omits OyOg. 4 B TOl Fxa)q.
5 B KACOyAA' I do not know the exact meaning of this word.

6 B ccDoyN. V B neqHi. § b eBoAgi.


9 B AN ne ETAiKoAnoy.

.iib'
THE EIGHTH MIEACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE. 267

and in whatever manner thou pleasest;" and the steward took him
[in] that he might take the oath. And the steward said, ". . . .

this man chooseth death rather than life. For


I say unto you that when a man takes an oath^ it is received
in the presence of God before he can smite^ the earth thrice with
his foot. As for me, Saint^ George has already told me in a
dream during the past night, saying, ^ 'They will bring to thee
to-morrow a man who has stolen what belongs to me, do not let
him go, but punish him until he gives up to thee everything that
he has stolen'; but I did not understand the vision ^ until this
moment." And he commanded two new whips to be brought''
to him,and when they were brought they beat the Egyptian with
many stripes; but the thief kept his mouth shut and did not^
speak at all. Then the steward took an oath, saying, "Thou
shalt either be beaten with these whips ^ until thou shalt die, or
thou shalt restore the things thou hast stolen." And he com-
manded them to strip his clothes off him, and to beat him with [74]
many stripes and when they had taken off his clothes they found
;

moneys inside. They said unto him, "What are these?" and he
cried out, saying, "Master, I have sinned," and he admitted [his
theft] before the multitude ^o in the shrine ^i of Saint George, and
confessed everything that had happened to him; and when they
had beaten him with many stripes they cast him into a dungeon,
and they left him without food 12 and water to die. When Eulo-
gios had received the money he gave^^^ sixty pounds in gold to
the shrine, and made a great feast to the poor and the sick, and
he rejoiced, and thanked God and Saint George who worked
mighty deeds and miracles. Now the money which they had

1 B AqNAcopK. 2 B nipcDMi 't f 3 B MniXnoc. .

i B NNHETAqKOAnoy THpoy- ^ B MnigopoMA.

6 B AqEpKeAEyiN ByiNi NAq n^ViakAabi.


^ B NAqCAXl AN. « B nEKCCDMA NAC HnAlMAKAABl.

9 B MniNOyB- 10 B HniHHO). 11 B MniTOnOC NFM.


12 B NAeOYOJM. 13 B Ayl"-
268 THE EIGHTH MIKACLE OF SAINT GEOKGE.

found with the thief amounted to more than five thousand pounds
'^ in gold J After these things Eulogios besought the steward and
the man was set free, ^ and Eulogios gave him three pounds in

gold and the dress which he had worn, and him away in sent
peace. When the man saw the compassion of Eulogios and the
mighty deeds and miracles of Saint George, how that he had told
the steward [about him] in a dream, he gave the three pounds
in gold to the shrine of Saint2 George, and ministered unto the
sick until the day of his death; and Saint George received him
favourably and forgave him his sins.

After these things Saint George appeared to Eulogios by


night, and said to him, "God hath heard thy prayer and hath
accepted thy alms, saying, *I know of thy charity to the poor
[75] and the sick, and I will show mercy unto thee in this world and
in that which is to come'.^ When thou shalt wish to return to
thy house thou shalt find another ship, greater than thine which
was lost, laden with stores^ and wood; take it to thy city that

thou may est build ^ a shrine in my name, and I will bless thee,
and thou shalt lack no good thing during thy life." And it

came to pass when it was light Eulogios told the people


that
everything that Saint George had told him during the night, and
they marvelled greatly; and they embarked in their ship and
sailed to Antioch. And behold Saint George brought the ship
of Eulogios to meet them laden with cypress wood and many
good things. And Eulogios and those that were with him knew
it,and they rose up and went up into it rejoicing, and they
brought the ship to Antioch, and told the whole city; and when
the people heard it they glorified God and'Saint George. Then
Eulogios gave great charities to the poor and the sick and the
orphans on the day of Saint George, and his prayers and offer-

ings and first-fruits continued in the church always. And he


built a glorious shrine in the name of Saint George the holy
martyr, and he and his wife and children ministered therein

1 B AqXo). 2 B MniXnoc. 3 b 4)hh0nhoy-


B NEM GHKH. s a break occurs in B here.
THE NINTH MIRACLE OE SAINT GEOEGE. 269

until the day of his death. And Saint George received him
favoiiarbly beforeGod, who made him a partaker in the heavenly
Jerusalem, the place which he desired greatly, and he kept the
festival with all the saints.

The ninth miracle of Saint George. [76]

And came to pass during the reign of Diocletian the


it

lawless idolater who destroyed the whole earth, that there was
a certain general under his authority whose name was Euchios;
and he was savage in appearance and of an exceeding wicked
disposition. And the emperor Diocletian appointed him three
thousand soldiers, and sent them into Egypt to overthrow the
churches and to build temples to polluted idols in every place.
When this man had come into the country of Egypt he appointed
governors in every citj and counts and dukes, and commanded
them to bind all the Christians throughout their dominions; and
he inflicted great punishments and fearful tortures upon them,
and finally cut off their heads with the sword; and they became
martyrs and died for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. And
he sent an edict throughout the whole land^ of Egypt, and all

the churches were overthrown, and temples of idols were built,

and devils worshipped in them.


After all these things it came to pass that the Good God
remembered all the evil which the impious emperor Diocletian
had wrought, and the innocent blood of the saints, the holy mar-
tyrs which he had poured out. And when his end drew nigh,
he called to Euchios the general, and said to him, "I know that [77]

thou art a prudent man, and that thou dost perform the decrees
and commands of the emperors. Rise up now and take soldiers
and the edict of the emperor to help thee, and depart quickly
into Syria of Palestine, and go first to the shrine of him that is
called George, and overthrow it to its very foundations. For I
cannot bear to hear tell of the mighty deeds of magic which are

Read KAg.

1
270 THE NINTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEOEGE.

wrought 1 in the name of him whose head Dadianus the Persian


cut off several years ago. And the Christians have built a shrine
to hisname, and they perform mighty deeds and signs by works
of magic so that his name may be magnified in all the land, and
many people have forsaken the glorious gods and follow after

the mighty and become Christians." So


deeds of that man,
Euchios the general made obeisance to the emperor and took
the edict, and the emperor appointed him three thousand soldiers
and sent them to Syria, 2 and commanded him, saying, "Thou
shalt first destroy the shrine of Saints George. Then thou shalt

pull down all the churches and^ bind all the Christians and cast'^

them into prison. And thou shalt punish them and inflict fearful^

sufferings upon them, and thou shalt cut off with the sword the
heads 7 of those who will not worship our gods,s and shalt spare
them not." 9 Then the general took the soldiers with him, and
[78] he embarked them in ships and sailed to Syria. When they
came to the port of Saint George, they all went quickly 10 into
the city with swords, and weapons, ^ and bows and arrows 12 in

their hands, and the whole was disturbed by the multitude


city

of the soldiers. And Euchios, like Holofernesis of old who was


the chief general of Nebuchadnezzar, . went into the shrine of
Saint George in great pride holding a staff in his hand, with a

1 Read ETAYOAHICDOY-
2 B begins again here with the letters piA-
B Mnianoc No^opn nAipHt on FKFa)opa)Ep ^fn
3

niMA ETFHMAy. ^ B omits OyOg.

5 B FKFglTOY Fnia)TFKO OyOg NTEK+ WCDOy.

6 B omits Fyt^OCl OyOg. B FKCoAl. B NNFlNOYt- ^


s

B HnFp+ACO FpCOOY- TOTF niCTpATYAATHC NFH


9

NHFeMFHAC] AqTAAwoy FNIFXHOY-


10 B omitsNXCdAfM and has NGCDOY ^F-
11 B omits NFH gANgApMA-

12 B omits from NFH gANCOGNFq to OyF^ NCCOq.


13 Judith ii, 4.
THE NINTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE. 271

multitude of soldiers following after him.i When he had come


into the shrine 2 and saw the lamp burning to Saint George, one
said [to him], "Look at this senseless thing," and he said, "I see

the folly of the Christians, and if the god of this people were
not blind the sun would give him light and he would have [no]
need of a thousand lamps to give him light." And he took
the stick in his hands and smote the lamp, saying, "What is

this?"and the lamp broke and fell in fragments upon him and
some of the soldiers; and a little piece of glass stuck in his
head without his knowing it, and every part of his body which
the oil from the lamp touched became leprous. And he thought
that that was all that would happen to him, and said to the
soldiers, "Until to-day we have heard only with our ears that
there is a magician in this place, but to-day we have seen [that
there is] with our eyes, for look and see 3 what has happened to
my hands and feet;" and the multitude of the soldiers round
about him marvelled at the power of the holy martyr who had [79]

made him leprous. And his head pained4 him exceedingly and
he said to the soldiers, "Let us rest here until the morning;"
and he was greatly ashamed because of the multitude of the
soldiers round about him. And since all the people of the city
were Christians, none of them would take him into their house,
for they were angry with him on account of the lamp of the
shrine which he had broken; and they went out and left him
there. Then he rose up and went forth ashamed, and when he
reached the door of the shrine and was coming out, his head
became dizzy and he fell headlong on the ground, and his whole
body trembled and he was unable to stand. Then the soldiers

1 B omits from FTTe


OyOg. to

B
ends with the words FTAXO^H eI^OYN FTTITOTTOC MTTIA-
2

noc nEKAq xe anay enAiATgHT xe recopnoc oyo^


NAqXO) MMOC XE AINAY EeMETATgHT NNlXpHCTlANOC MH
EpE nainoyI" ntcooy*
3 Read NTETEl^NAY* ^ Read TKAC.
272 THE NINTH MIRACLE OF SAINT GEORGE.

came round him and carried him into their house, and they ate
and drank, but he could taste nothing for his head was suffering
great pain. When the evening had come the soldiers went to
bed and slept, but Euchios saw a vision in this wise. He saw
a soldier whose name was George shoot an arrow into the air,
and the arrow stuck in his head, and he cried out with a loud
voice saying, "George, George," and straightway awoke from his
slumber. When those who were in the room with him heard the
cries they said, "Master, to whom dost thou speak?" and he
was ashamed to tell them his dream, and he kept his mouth shut,
not wishing to utter the name of Saint George from his lips at
all. When the morning had come he was suffering greatly from
r80]the piece of glass in his head, and he cried out with loud cries
frightening the soldiers and saying, "Take me up, and let us go
into our own country that I may not die in this foreign land."

And all embarked in ships, and


the soldiers rose up joyfully, and
sailed to Antioch greatly ashamed; and the head of the general
suppurated and became very putrid, i and on the third day God
smote him and he died. And after five days his whole body
became a mass of worms and very putrid, and the soldiers took
him and buried him in the sea. When the soldiers had come
into Antioch they showed the emperor everything that had taken
place, and they told him of the mighty deeds and miracles which
they had seen in the shrine of Saint George. But Diocletian
the lawless and hateworthy apostate did not believe these things,
for God wished him by an evil death on account of
to destroy
all the evil deeds he had wrought upon the saints. And he

1 It is very probable that the writer of these miracles had in his mind
the malady and death of Galerius of Dacia thus described by Lactantius, (De
Mortibus Persecutorum, p. 64, Paris edit. 1710): Nascitur ei ulcus malum in
inferiori parte genitalium, serpitque latius Repercussis medullis, malum
recidit introrsus, et interna comprehendit, vermes intus creantur. Odor teter

non modo per palatium, sed totam civitatem pervadit. Nee mirum, cum jam
confusi essent exitus stercoris et urinae. Comestus a vermibus, et in jsutre-

dinem corpus cum intolerandis doloribus solvitur. Clamores simul horrendos


ad sidera toUit, quales mugitus fingit saucius taurus.
THE NINTH MIRACLE OP SAINT GEORGE. 273

hardened his heart like Pharaoh of old, and said to the soldiers,
"Ye have slain this great general of the empire,
and ye utter these
foul lies, saying that George the Galilean worketh mighty deeds
and miracles. Now by our glorious gods, I will go myself to the
shrine, and if I find that ye have foully lied I will cut off all

your heads with the sword. And I will take an army there with
me and will put the whole city to the sword, I will uproot the
shrine to its very foundations, and I will make the Christians [81]

worship idols in it."

After these things Diocletian arose and gathered together


all his army, and prepared ships for them to embark in and sail
to Syria: and he made a herald proclaim throughout the whole
city, saying, "Prepare yourselves, soldiers, for we are going
to Syria to overthrow the shrine of the arch-sorcerer of the
Galileans." Now while the words were in the emperors mouth,
behold the holy archangel Michael and Saint George came down
from heaven and overturned under him the throne upon which he
sat, and the golden pomegranates which were on the top of it
struck his eyes and crushed in his eye-balls, And he cried out i

with a loud voice and wept, saying, "Woe is me, O my Lord,


woe is me; Lord God the Good, I have sinned, forgive me,
for I have wrought great evil to Thy servants upon earth;
God, forgive me, for I am a sinner." Then the voice of the holy
archangel Michael came to him straightway, saying, "There shall
be forgiveness to thee neither in this world nor in the world to
come: and now thy dominion has passed away and is given to
Constantine who is more excellent than thee thousands of times."
And all the multitude of the soldiers and all the senators who
were assembled 2 in the royal presence heard the voice of the
archangel Michael speaking, and they marvelled at what had

1 It is said that Diocletian could neither e»t nor sleep, that he wept and
sighed continually and that he died of a lingering disease assisted by melan-
choly and despair. Some accounts say that he perished by his own hand. See
Eusebius, Hist Eccles., viii. 17, and Tillemont, Histoire des Empereurs, iv, p. 54.

2 Read FTeoyHT.
35
274 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

[82] suddenly happened from heaven. And they straightway arose


and cast him forth from the royal office, and they brought in

Constantino in his stead and robed him in royal apparel. And


he was a lover of God, a lover of charity, a lover of man, a lover
•of goodness and of every person. He went to Church morning
and evening every day; he made large assemblies at the Holy
Communion, he prayed to God with great earnestness; he gave
away large charities and gifts: and he, and his house, and his

mother, the God-loving Queen Helena, Lord always, i feared the


and they praised and blessed and thanked our Lord and God
and Saviour, Jesus Christ, through Whom be all glory and
adoration and honour meet for the Father and the Son and Holy
vivifying and consubstantial Spirit with Him, now and always

and for ever and ever, Amen.

[S3] Tlie Encomium ichicli the Messed Ahha Theodotusj^ Bishop


of Ancyrd^ of Galatia, pronounced on the day of the glorious
commemoration — tchich is the tiventy-third of the month
Pharyymthi^ — of Saint George, the martyr of Diospolis^ of

1 The True Cross was discovered by Helena in the year 326.


' Theodotus the twelvth Bishop of Ancyra in Galatia lived in the early
part of the Vth century. According to our Coptic text he filled the office of Bishop
seventy-five years and died at the age of one hundred and eighteen years (see
pao-e 171). He was present at the council of Ephesus (not Xicaea, as the
Coptic text leads us to believe) in A. D. 431 and supported Cyril in his attacks
,

upon Nestorius. Theodotus episcopus Ancyrae consentiens sanctae synodo,


subscripsi. See Labbe, Sacronim Conciliorum CoUectio, t. iv, col. 1BG3; Le
Quien, Oriens Christianus, i, col. 463, 464. For a list of the works extant of
Theodotus see Cave, Sciipt. Eccles. Historia Literaria, i, p. 325, ed. London
1688; Migne, Diet, de Patrologie, iv, col. 1606; Assemani, Bibl. Orient, ii,
pp. 295, 303 and for the extant Syriac versions of his works see Wright, Cat
;

Syr. MSS. in the British Museum, pp. 717, 776, 790.


3 Ancyra or Angorah, "AyKupa, was called Sebaste after Galatia became
a Roman province about the year B. C. 25.
4 I. e. April 18.
5 Diospolis, 'the city of Jove', was the classical name given to the city
Hb Loci, Lydda, which was built by Shemed the descendant of Benjamin, 1 Chron-
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 275

Palestine, the sun of the truth, the star of the morning, the
mighty man of the Galileans from MeUtene and the valiant

soldier of Christ: and he showed forth his family relation-


ships and the mighty conflicts ivhich he endured, and the honours
tvhich he received in heaven; in the i^eace of God, Amen.

It is meet and right and fitting for our souls, O holy beloved,
that we should commemorate the sufferings and honourable contests
of the saints, and more especially of Saint George the mighty, the
most excellent and honourable athlete and warrior — whose festival
we celebrate to-day in this glorious commemoration — who has shown
himself to us approved by God and loveworthy before men^ by
reason of the righteous deeds which he displayed, through which
he was worthy of being called into the healthful sufferings of
Christ and of bearing wounds in his body for Christ's sake. He
was perfect in great i
endurance, and mighty valour, and a pure [84]

heart, and in giving up his entire will to God through the great
zeal which he had in his heart towards God, and in the fear
ofHim which he had within him, which bore fruit plentifully to

Him a hundredfold, sixtyfold, and thirtyfold. Moreover, he for-

sook his own will, and the multiplying of his great wealth, and his

servants, and all his riches, and hearkened unto the voice of God,
and took up his cross, and walked after our Lord Jesus, following
after Him with an upright heart. On this account he received
so great honour from Christ that He spake to him with an
oath, saying, "Among all the martyrs who have existed there shall
not be one like unto thee in heaven, neither shall there be any
like unto thee for ever." 2 He burned with the Holy Spirit and

viii. 12. was inhabited by the Benjamites after the captivity (Neh. xi. 35;
It
2 Esdr. xi. and was destroyed by Cestius Gallus about A. D. 65. It is
31, 34),
situated about 12 miles from Joppa and about 23 from Jerusalem. Its Arabic

name to day See The Survey of Western Palestine, name


is >>J. list to sheet
13; and Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, iii, col. 581.

1 Read NlNlO^i", and in line 4 read TTINIO)-}-.


2 Read (^A ENFg.
276 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

performed his daily life with zeal that he might be among those
that are chosen and that benefit our souls. In short, he performed
the whole will of God and put himself beyond the reach of every
thought which could offend the soul. He lived in the service of

God, and was remote from the vain sights of this life which are
like dreams and which pass away quickly like shadows. For this
reason he longed for heaven, remembering what the blessed Paul
said,i "If ye be risen with Christ, seek after the things which are

[85] above, where Christ hand of God," and "Re-


sits at the right
member the things which are above and not those which are
upon earth." Neither his father's rank of Count, nor the high
birth of his mother, nor the glory of his soldierhood could over-
come the decision of the truly noble and holy Saint George,
neither could any one of these lead him astray or seduce him
to forsake his piety and firm decision and perfect faith. The
grace of God protected him in every thing concerning which he
was anxious, and he feared God who watched over him, and God
strengthened him on every side, like a precious stone of adamant,
that he might never be moved. On this account when the time
of persecution came, the heart of the holy Saint George was
ready, and when God called him into the holy contest he was

prompt to obey. Moreover, he went to the holy contest and


marched through it by himself: and when they tortured him he
became valiant, and was firm and resisted his enemies. He fought
with impious governors and received the crown incorruptible for
ever, and an imperial sceptre and royal throne from the true

[86] and holy Bridegroom our Lord Jesus Christ. And not only him-
self,but multitudes of souls received crowns through him during
the seven years in which they tortured him. If God in His true
knowledge permit us, we hope to make manifest to you in this
encomium the exalted honours of Saint George, the valiant athlete

and soldier of Christ, the holy and noble man of Melitene. For
the subject under discussion weighs upon us and compels us to

show you everything truly. My heart rejoices greatly within me

1 Colossians iii, 1, 2.
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 277

this day and urges me to speak more especially in honour of


Saint George the great luminary, whose festival is celebrated to-
day throughout the whole world. To him the Lord testified by
oath, saying, "I swear by Myself and by My Holy Father, and
the Holy Spirit, that among all those born of women there is

not one like unto John the Baptist, ^ and that in the whole
Army of Martyrs there is not one like unto thee, neither shall
there be one like unto thee for ever. For thou shalt be more
exalted than they all in the kingdom of heaven, and they all

shall call thee 'George the beloved of God the Highest'." I am


afraid, my beloved, to begin to speak in honour of this great
illuminator and warrior, for I know the poverty of my intellect

and the feebleness of my halting speech and that I shall not [87]

attain to the measure of his exalted and excellent contest.

But I hope and trust that the Lord will send me the rays of
the light of that vali^^nt man to illuminate my heart and to
quicken my halting tongue, that I may speak a few words in his
honour to a Christ-loving congregation. And since the descrip-
tion of the honour of this valiant man, beloved, is above the
conception of every man upon earth, more especially of my
humble tongue, I, who desire to speak in honour of holy Saint
George, the valiant martyr, need wisdom from the Lord and a
celestial tongue that I may not omit anything of the mighty and
exalted contests of that noble and valiant man, which he fought
before all people through his great2 endurance and bravery. And
also, he is honourworthy for each deed of valour which he wrought
with great sufferings and a great number of contests: and if the
Lord permit^ we will set before you a few of them. But mean-
while we will set before you the qualities of which we have spoken
of this brave soldier of Christ, Saint George. And what are these
qualities? His upright and unwavering faith in God; his certain
hope; his sincere love; his compassion for every one and the
whole human race; his gentleness to all creatures, both great [88]

1 S. Matt. xi. 11. 2 Read TeqNia)+.


3 Read HOC i~ MnAipH'f.
278 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

and small; his benignity; his goodness; his zeal; his patient
endurance of the cares of this life; his good disposition and the joy
of his soul; the blamelessness of his heart; his taking his stand at
the tribunal boldly; his freedom of speech before the governors,
entirely without shame or fear of man, as David the Psalmist
said, "I will speak thy testimonies before kings, and will not be
ashamed;" 1 his patient endurance of tortures with great2 joy of

heart; and the other sufferings which he bore for the sake of

j i
our Lord Jesus Christ. |
Of these contests we will set forth a
few before you, as we promised to do in the beginning of the
preface: the contests about which he heard that blessed voice of
the Lord, saying, "As My Father has appointed Me a kingdom,
so also will I appoint you who stand with Me in My tempta-
tion an unending and indestructible kingdom for ever.''^ And
again, "Ye shall eat and drink with Me in my kingdom."'^ By
reason of the words full of joy and every happiness Saint George
[89] was especially ready for the strife : and the remembrance of those
good things made suffering light to him. He bore every thing
with a ready will, for he was gladly prompt in every thing.
Nothing stood in the way of his rigid resolution to suffer, for

the sufferings of this world prepared him for the good things of
the world to come, and patient endurance prepared for him the
crown incorruptible for ever in heaven. We have extended our
preface until now, beloved, and have not as yei set forth be-
fore you the glorious and marvelworthy sufferings of Saint George
the athletic martyr of Christ who warred and fought against im-
piety. But now we will proclaim to you the things which we
have set down, together with those which we shall say after them.
Now it came to pass in times of old that when Dadianus,
the great king of the Persians, had obtained sovereignty he ruled
over the whole world. Now it is said of this tyrannical governor
that he was lord of the whole world, but the true Lord of the
world, Who is over all things and Who gave us this dominion
was not known. And everyone carried his life in his hand for he

1 Psalm cxxix. 46. 2 Read OYNl(i)+


3 S. Luke xxii, 28, 29. » S. Luke xxii, 30.
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 279

knew that the devil, the father of ail wickedness, was envious of
our race at all times. Now when the devil saw the faith of
Christ increasing day hy day throughout the whole world, he
was filled with great envy, and entered into the heart of that [90]

impious governor Dadianus, who was more wicked than any one
else on the whole earth, and who hardened his heart like Pharaoh
of old and raised up a great persecution against all Christians,
x^nd he sat down and issued an edict to all the world in

which was written as follows. "Inasmuch as a rumour has


reached my ears that He whom Mary bore, and whom the raven-
ing wolves of Jews slew, is to be worshipped and served by all

people, and that Apollo and Poseidon and Hermes and Zeus and
Artemis and the rest of the gods' are not to be worshipped, I
write to you, all ye governors of the whole world upon whose
heads rests the authority of the empire, that ye may all come
to me with your follo^^ers, counts, generals, soldiers, tribunes and
rustics, that ye may know what I wish to ask of you." And he
sent copies of the edict throughout the whole world. And sixty-
nine governors, each with his retinue, were gathered together
from all parts of the world,_ and came to him at the end of five

years: and when they came to him, the whole country was in an •

uproar by reason of the greatness of the vast and innumerable


multitude of those who were with them.
When that wicked tyrant saw that they threw themselves [91]

down at his feet and worshipped him and gave him gifts, his

heart was puffed up exceedingly, and he roared like a lion: and


he feasted with them for seventy days, and did not sit in judg-

ment at all, for he feasted every day. After seventy days Da-
dianus, the impious, godless, and senseless governor, (and sixty-
nine other governors, making seventy godless governors in all),

sat upon the tribune and caused them to bring before him all the
instruments of the torture-chamber; the instruments for trial, the
iron bars (?), the axes, the two-edged swords, the saws, the wheels,
the iron hooks, the scrapers (?) of brass, the brazen cauldrons,
the knives for splitting the tongue, the iron hands for splitting
the bones, the large knives with saw- like edges, the workmen's
280 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

chisels into which were fitted sharp pieces of iron, and other
instruments of torture which we cannot describe. Now all these
had been prepared by the governor for those days. And the
tyrannical governor swore an oath before the sixty-nine governors
and the whole army, saying, "If my hands find any persons
throughout the whole world who are doubtful about serving
the gods concerning whom we have given commands, I swear by
the might of my kingdom that I will torture them with all these
[92] instruments which lie before me, I will smash in their skulls, I
will saw off their legs, and I will take out their brains through
their nostrils. And as for you, governors, and everyone who
hears me to-day, go ye all and worship the glorious gods that ye
may receive the more honours "from my majesty. But as for those
who will not obey me and who believe on Jesus Whom the Jews
crucified, I swear by the might of my kingdom and the crown
upon my head, that I will lave all these instruments in the blood
of their own bodies and in the blood of their sons and tender
daughters, that I will confiscate all their property, and that I
will burn them alive;" and the governors and all the multitude

cast themselves down and worshipped the polluted gods. When


all those who believed in God heard of this oath they were dis-

mayed and terrorstricken by reason of the storm which had risen

up against the church of Christ.


Thus three years passed over the world without any one
daring to utter from his lips the words, "I am a Christian;" and

there was much tribulation of heart throughout the whole world,

and no one uttered the name of the Lord from his mouth. But
listen, beloved, and I will declare to you what happened after
these things, for it is time to lead you to this honourable man
and champion of Jesus Christ; this valiant conqueror; this veri-
table pearl of God; this new David who destroyed Goliath, which
is the devil and his wicked dragon; this sun
of truth in the

[93] heavens; this [luminary] whose radiance and light illumined the
whole world; this man whose festival is celebrated to-day through-

out the whole world.


Saint George, the beloved of God and His angels, came
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 281

from the country of Cappadocia, and was the son of the gover-
nor of Diospolis. His father, an exceedingly orthodox man, died
and left the righteous man, then ten years old, and his two sisters,

one of whom was called Kasia and the other Mathrona. Now
they were exceeding rich in gold and silver; and they had men-
servants and maidservants in exceeding great numbers, and im-
mense herds of cattle, and fine horses, and countless flocks of

sheep. In short, there was none like unto them in all Palestine
and its borders, and all the city loved them because of the good
deeds which they wrought for everyone.
Shortly after the death of Saint George's father, a new go-
vernor was appointed over the country of Palestine in his stead-
and he was a great lover of God. And he knew of the rank of
the righteous man and of the good birth of his parents, and he
had no child except a daughter two years old. When he came
I into the city with a m^'ghty following, such as befitted his dignity
and honour and greatness, he sent and fetched the holy youth,
Saint George, and kissed him many times, and wept for the [94]

removal of his father by death._! And afterwards he entreated


his mother him Saint George that he might be to him
to give

as a son, and that he might appoint him general over all the
multitude that was with him and she gave him. And he sent
;

him to the king with one hundred soldiers, and he wrote to the
king concerning him and showed him his rank and the good
birth of his parents. When the king had read the letter he
rejoiced in Saint George greatly, and immediately appointed him
general over five thousand men, and wrote down that he should
receive three thousand pieces of money every month besides his
taxes for the public treasury which were remitted to him; and
the king sent him back to the eparch with much royal pomp.
When came back to his house, the whole city
Saint George
and the eparch came out to meet him, and they carried him into
his house with great joy. On the morrow his mother spread out
a feast for the whole city, for rich and poor alike, male and
female, small and great; and she distributed much money among
the widows and orphans. Then she invited the eparch and all
36
282 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

hiscompany and made a great feast for them three whole days.
And the eparch wrote down Saint George as his son and the
heir of everything that he possessed, and he betrothed his daughter
to him, and made liim lord over all his house: and he was asso-
ciated with him in the affairs of the government, and lived with
him until ten years were ended. When Saint George had com-
[95] pleted his twentieth year he was so exceeding strong and valiant
that he was the leader in the fight, and there was no one among
all company of soldiers who could be compared with him for
the
strength and beauty. And the grace of God was with him, and
He gave him such beauty and strength that all those who saw
him marvelled at his power and youth. When he went into battle
he was a terror to those who saw him and to those who stood
up against him, and when he rushed upon the battle array of
the enemy [seated upon] his horse, he carried his drawn sword
in his hand, and cried out to them, "I am George of Melitene,

and I come against you in anger;" and straightway the weapons


of battle fell from their hands, and he destroyed them all, and
carried away their spoil. In short, God was with him in all
his ways.

When Saint George had completed his twentieth year, the eparch
was anxious that he should celebrate his marriage with his daughter
but he did not know that Christ was keeping him a pure virgin
bridegroom for Himself. While the eparch was meditating these
things in his heart, he went to his rest in God, and left every

[96] thing that he had to Saint George. And the good God wished
to lead this very valiant man to Himself that His holy name
might be glorified in him, and He made this suitable counsel
come into his heart, saying, "Behold, I hear that Dadianus the
governor has gathered together a number of governors to him in
the city of Tyre in respect of the boundaries of the empire. I
will arise and take gifts and money, and will go and give them
to them, and will ask them to make me eparch in the place of
my who have passed away." So he arose straightway,
fathers
and took much money and many gifts, and put them in a ship
with himself and his servants, and went to the governors.
THE ENCOMIUM OE BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 283

When the saint had come to them he left his servants in


the ship with all the baggage, and came up to the governors at
once. And he met the lawless Dadianus, and saw the idols be-
fore him and people offering up sacrifices to them with great
zeal. And he was stupefied entirely for a long time and said
within himself, "Why did I leave my own house and the beauty
of a Christ-loving city in which they worship the Lord of heaven
and earth by day and night, and come to these profane and lawless
ones who have forsaken God and worship Satan? Why did I
seek the rank of count from the hands of these godless and
lawless ones? Cursed be these polluted lawless governors and [97]

their dominion, which shall pass away in a moment, with them!


I know Lord will receive me to Himself, and I will not
that the
seek a destructible kingdom of this world, but I will 'seek the
kingdom of my Lord Jesus Christ which endureth for ever; and
I will not return to my native city to my mother. And now
enough of my life in this world, for I will rely upon my Lord
Jesus Christ, who endureth for ever, in His goodness to give me
strength to die for His holy name, and to take my bones again
to my place of sojourning upon earth, and to them in the
lay
sepulchre of my dead ancestors.'' When Saint George had medi-
tated these things in his heart he returned to the ship to his
servants, and told them everything that was in his heart. And
they entreated him, saying, "Master, if it is to be so let us return
to our city with the ship, and let no one know for what purpose
we came hither." Saint George said to them, "Far be it from
me to return to my house to look upon the face of my mother
again, but I will die in this place for the holy name of my Lord
Jesus Christ, the king of heaven and earth and that which is

beneath the earth, the Lord of And now receive ye


all things.

your freedom and your wages, and swear to me by God the true
Almighty that ye will not return to my house again while I am [98]

alive, lest my mother and my sisters know of my condition, and

bring only death upon themselves. But now receive ye your


wages and take each one of you three pounds of gold and ten
changes of raiment, and go wheresoever ye please in the whole
284 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

world, my city alone excepted. And if ye are alive and hear


that I am dead, do me the kindness for Christ's sake to take
my body to my native city and bury it." When the servants of
the blessed man George had heard these things they wept a long
time, but afterwards they saluted him [and went their way]. Now
one of them did not return to Diospolis until the holy man con-
summated his martyrdom, and three of them dwelt with the holy
man in the city of Tyre to witness his strife. And the blessed
man distributed the great wealth which he had brought among
the poor and the infirm, and the gifts which he had brought for
the governors he gave away entirely to the destitute; and he gave
away his very clothes to the naked.
Then Saint George leaped among the impious governors and
cried otlt, saying, "I am a Christian openly, and I fear not your
madness, O governors of violence, for your gods are devils; may
the gods who have not made heaven and earth perish from under
the whole heaven and let every one who worships them hold his
peace!" When the dragon of death, the lawless Dadianus,
[99] looked upon him and saw that he was refined in body and fair

in face as the light of the moon when she shines, and that he
was altogether handsome in his form like precious, pure, white
alabaster, he knew straightway that he was well born and that
he was the son of an eminent eparch ; and he rose up speechless,
marvelling at his youth and his gentle answers. And he answered
and said to him, "All we upon earth are filled with all the good
things of the gods, and we are very dear to them, and thou thy-
/ self art numbered with us in honour and majesty, and by thy
noble bearing thou showest that thou art of exceeding high rank.
And now be it known to thee, beloved one, the beauty of

whose countenance I love, that during the three years which I


and the sixty-nine governors whom I have gathered together
from all parts of the world, have been sitting here, during these
three years I say,we have not heard such a word as 'Christian'
uttered throughout the whole world until this moment. I know
in my heart that thou art most noble, and that thou art mighty

in thy strength and in the multitude of thy riches; but neither


THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 285

the other governors, nor the multitudes which surround them will
regard thee with the same respect. But now, let the matter be
manifest to thee, O noble one, it is not only we and the gover- [lOO]

nors that thou hast despised, but thou hast also despised the
righteous gods themselves ; it is meet therefore for thee to repent,

and to be changed in heart, and to worship the gods that they


may forgive thee thy first ignorance. As for us and the governors,
we will take thee to ourselves as one of our beloved sons, and
thou shalt receive from the gods and from us all the greatest
honours and imperial rank; and thou shalt be ruler over ten fine

cities with their suburbs from whatever part of the world thou
shalt choose them." Saint George the truly blessed man answered
and said to him, "Cursed art thou, and the lawless governors
who are with thee, and the foul idols to which thou givest the
name of gods! they are not gods but devils, perish thou and
they together!" And the governor was enraged, and said to him,

"I spoke to thee as a father speaking to his son, and I advised


thee for thine own honour and welfare; and thou hast despised
us like a stupid and silly man. But tell me, Whence comest
thou? What is thy name? What is the name of thy god? What
are the names of thy parents who brought thee into the world?
Why hast thou come hither?" Now the blessed man did not
wish to reveal his name nor the lofty rank of his parents. And
the governor and all the other governors said to Saint George,
"0 we adjure thee by Jesus Christ, whom thou [loi]
beautiful youth,
callest God, to tell us what is thy name, and the name of thy

parents, and the name of thy city, if those who begat thee are
alive, if thou hast brother or sister, what thou seekest and for

what purpose thou hast come to this city?" Now because they
had adjured Saint George by the name of Christ, he declared,
saying, "Inasmuch as ye have adjured me by the name of my
God I am unable to hide anything from you. I am a Christian,
and the son of a Christian, and no one of my family was ever an
idolator. My father was Anastasius the governor of Melitene,
and was the son of John the chief governor of Cappadocia. When
the emperor saw the valour of my father Anastasius, he demanded
286 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

him from his father John, the governor of Cappadocia, and ap-
pointed him governor over Melitene and the whole country of
Palestine. My father Anastasius was twenty-five years of age
when he received the office of governor, and the emperor gave
him a company of three thousand armed soldiers for the main-
tenance of his authority over the whole country of Palestine. And
Anastasius sought out a noble lady, after the superior rank of the
people of Melitene, among the great ones of the town, whom he
might take to wife in holy wedlock. And they advised him,
[102] saying, 'In all this city there is no one meet for thy rank and
dignity and greatness except Kira Theognosta, the daughter of
Dionysius, the count of Diospolis, who is associated with the
rule of your majesty, for she is a virgin aged eighteen years,
and there is no one [of like rank] in the whole country of Melitene
except her father and his house.' And Anastasius commanded,
and they straightway brought her father Dionysius, and he gave
him her dowry — twice her weight in gold — and many presents,
and male and female servants. To her he gave raiment and
gardens and fields and vineyards which could not be confiscated,
and he took her to wife, and he loved her exceedingly so that
he forgot Cappadocia and his parents; and he lived in Palestine
until God visited him there. When my mother, Kira Theognosta,
the noble lady, bore me to him, he called my name George after
his father's father. And again my mother bore him my two
sisters, the name of the one was Kasia and that of the other
Mathrona. My blessed father, Anastasius the governor, went to
his rest and left me when I was ten years old ; one of my sisters

was and the other two. After this another gover-


six years old
nor whose name was Justus, was appointed in the room of my
father, and he took the place of my blessed father to me; he

moreover appointed me general over five thousand soldiers, and


wrote my name to the king to receive three thousand pieces of
[103] money every month, and he knew nothing of what was in his

house, except what he ate and drank, for it was I who ruled his

possession and his house; and he betrothed me to his daughter


that I might take her to wife in happy wedlock. And while he
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 287

was purposing to carry out our marriage the time of all men
came upon him, and he departed from the sojourning of this
vain life, and I buried him in the sepulchre of my blessed fathers;
may God grant them everlasting rest, Amen! As for myself, I
carried out my military duties satisfactorily, and by the skilful
working of my lands and the generosity of my mother, i
I acquired
wealth, and with wealth came honours, and then in a ship of
my own I came with my servants to this city to present gifts
and offerings to you and the other governors that ye might make
me governor in the room of my fathers who have passed away.
But when I saw that ye had forsaken the God of heaven and
earth who had granted royalty unto you and that ye served
Satan, I said in my heart, 'Let every kingdom which proceedeth
from Satan and his children — which ye are — perish'! And I
gave all my gifts and possessions to the lesser brethren of my
Lord Jesus Christ, who were more worthy of them than you, and
I came to you to chide your folly, for the things which ye wor-
ship are not gods, but foul devils. Now, behold, I will inform
you of the whole matter, I am a Christian boldly, and I believe [104]

on my Lord Jesus Christ; whatsoever ye desire to do unto me,


that do."
When the governors heard from him that he came from
Melitene of Cappadocia, and that he was the son of the chief
governor, they were afraid. And they spake to him with flattering
words, saying, "0 youth, we know thy rank and the good birth
of thy ancestors, come now, listen to us, and let our advice be
acceptable unto thee. Offer sacrifice unto the gods, that thou
mayest receive from them not only the office of governor held
by thy ancestors, but also the rulership over the whole world which
we will give thee. Furthermore, next in order to these governors
present, thou shalt appoint whomsoever thou pleasest to be counts
in every province of the whole world, and they shall be generals
and commanders and leaders under thy 'authority in every place.^j ^Z

The just man answered, and said, "This counsel of yours is ex-

Eead niMA+.
288 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

ceedingly wicked, for it would lead me to destruction with you.


And now, lawless ones, tell me to what god ye desire me to
offer sacrifice?" Dadianus replied, "George, we wish thee to
offer sacrifice to Apollo who spread out the heavens." The blessed
man answered, "If Apollo had in truth spread out the heavens,
thou couldst rightly have called him 'God'; and if Poseidon had
in truth made fast the earth thou couldst rightly have called him
'God' likewise. Art thou not ashamed, godless, wicked one
and dragon of hell, to call this impure and diabolical idol by
the name of 'God'? I will now make mention of some of the
[105] saints, not for thy sake nor for the sake of the godless governors
who are sitting with thee, but for the sake of these multitudes
who are here present. To whom, governor, wouldst thou com-
pare Apollo? Wouldst thou compare him to the great Peter,
the Arch-apostle to whom were given the keys of the kingdom
of heaven? Or wouldst thou compare bim to the mighty Elijah
the Tishbite who was an angel upon earth, and who w'as taken
up to heaven in chariots of fire? Is he not more excellent than
the wicked sorcerer Poseidon? or Smaraktos (Scamandros?) the
profane who worked enchantment by fire? and who lived with

the defiled one, whom they call Timetia (Demeter?) who gave
birth to the Saraphin the sea warriors, who on account of their
deeds were cast in to the abyss of the sea ? In whom wouldst thou
believe, O who slew the prophets, or in the most
king, in Jezebel
exalted Virgin Mary who bore us our Lord Jesus Christ? Be
ashamed then, foolish one, for thy wicked and impure gods

are devils.''

When Dadianus the governor heard these things he was


greatly enraged, and he commanded them to strip off the clothes
which he had on and to tie a girdle round his loins and to hang
him upon the w^ooden horse and to torture him until his bones
protruded through his skin. Now he was twenty-one years and
[106] three months old, and it was on the first day of the new moon
of Pharmuthi that they began to torture the righteous man. And
his holybody was disfigured with blood; but the blessed man
bore such fearful sufferings as these with patience and fortitude.
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 289

And they forced iron boots upon his feet and drove iron nails
into them; and his blood flowed forth like water. And again
they threw him upon his back, and laid a stone weighing six

hundred pounds (?) upon his belly until it burst asunder and
his bowels poured forth upon the ground. And they beat upon
his head with iron-headed bars until his brains poured out through
his nostrils white like milk. But he was of good cheer in all

these sufferings, for Christ strengthened his soul within him. And
again they brought iron knives the edges of which were like saws,
and they sawed his flesh into shreds with them; and Dadianus
commanded them to bring salt and strong vinegar, and to pour
them upon his wounds. Then he made them lacerate his body
with hair bands until his bones protruded, and his flesh fell in

pieces, on the ground; but the blessed man did not die, for
God strengthened his spirit within him. And they threw him
upon a wooden bed, and they drove twenty nails through his
body into the wooden bed; and they lifted him up senseless, and
carried him into the prison. And multitudes of those who were [107]

standing by in those days wept for his beauty and his stature
and his youth, saying to each other, "Alas for the beauty of this

youth from Melitene, and the comeliness of his noble body which
these lawless ones are destroying with fearful tortures, such as
they have brought upon him this night." And when they had
gone to their homes they spake to their wives and children, say-
ing, "Verily we have to-day seen with our eyes in what manner
and in what form "; and the whole city was talking
about him that night.
And it came to pass that an angel of light appeared to him in
prison in the middle of the night, and there was a great earth-
quake and the city was moved to its very foundations. And
behold God came into the prison with thousands of his holy
angels, and the whole place was filled with exceeding precious
incense. And God called to Saint George, saying, "George, my
beloved, rise up healed and without corruption, from the couch
on which thou sleepest;" and he straightway leaped up without
any pain in his body, and he was like one who had risen up
37
290 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA. THEODOTUS.

from a royal feast. Then hedown and worshipped


cast himself
[108] the Lord, but He took him by the hand and raised him up, and

saluted him lovingly, and laid His hand upon all his body, and
filled him with strength, and said to him, "O beloved one, be

strong and of good cheer, for I will be with thee until thou hast
put to shame these lawless kings. I swear by Myself, O George
My beloved, that as there has never arisen among those born of I
women one greater than John the Baptist, so there shall never
be any one among the martyrs that can be compared with thee,
or be like unto thee. And behold these seventy lawless kings
shall torture thee for seven years, and thou shalt do many mighty
deeds, and shalt die three times, and I will raise thee up again
but on the fourth time I will come to thee on a cloud of light |
with the celestial hosts and the Prophets and the Apostles and the
holy Martyrs, and I will bring thee to the place of safe keeping
which I have prepared for thee." "When the Saviour had said
these words to him. He gave him the salutation of peace and
filled him full of joy; and He went up to heaven with His angels.
And the blessed man was looking after Him and rejoicing greatly
and blessing God until day-break by reason of the words which
God had spoken to him. When it was morning, the lawless
governor and those who were with him commanded that they
should go into the prison and see if the righteous man was alive

[109] or not. When they opened the door of the prison they saw the
saint standing up praying, and his face shone like the sun, and
they marvelled greatly and ran and told the governor everything;
and they commanded them to bring him up on the tribune.
While they were bringing him the saint said, "My God, my God, A
hasten to me, O my God, why hast thou forsaken me, my God,
haste thee to deliver me.'' When he had come to the tribune,
he said, "0 tribune, tribune, I and my Lord Jesus Christ
have come to thee and thy Apollo." And when the lawless ones
saw him they marvelled, and said to him, ''How is it that no
harm has come to thee? and who has healed thee?" The righteous
man said to them, "0 lawless ones. Ye are not worthy, to hear
with your profane ears the name of Him that has healed me."
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 291

Then Dadianus was and commanded them to


furious with rage,
tie the saint to four high stakes and to give him four hundred

lashes on his back, and after that to turn him round, and to.
give him four hundred lashes on his belly; and his lacerated
flesh fell to the ground piece by piece and his blood ran like-

water. And Dadianus made them bring hot ashes and lay them
on his body, and pour vinegar and naphtha over his flesh; and
he caused eight soldiers and five military tribunes to watch over
him in prison until the next day. Now the fire was kindling in [iio]
the whole body of the blessed man, and he was in great suffering.
And Lord Jesus Christ saw his sufferings and that he was
the
unable to speak at all, and came down from the summit of heaven
and spake with him, saying, "I am strengthening thee, O My beloved
George, stand forth from all thy sufferings and be of good cheer,
for I am with thee." And the righteous man arose, and God laid
His hand upon all hib body and healed him, and He gave him
the salutation of peace, and went up to heaven in glory and
honour; and the blessed man sang psalms in prison until the
morning. When the soldiers and the tribunes who were guarding
him saw what had happened to the saint and that he was strong
they marvelled and told the governors. Dadianus the governor
said, "George is an arch-magician, but I will hear no more of
him until I can bring an arch-magician more powerful than he."
And he straightway sat down and wrote a rescript, saying, "Da-
dianus the governor writes to the whole world, greeting. Let
any magician who has power to put an end to the magic of the
Christians come hither to me, and I
him one hundred
will give

pounds of gold, and two hundred pieces of silver, and every sort
of possession, and he shall be second in my kingdom;" and this [in]
rescript was read in every place. And behold there appeared
before the governor a magician, whose name was Athanasius,
saying, "0 king, live for ever! Command this man called George
to perform something before thee, and I will destroy his magic."
Dadianus rejoiced greatly and said to the magician, "What thing
wilt thou do in my presence that I may know that thou canst
overcome the magic of this Christian?" Athanasius said to the
292 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

governor, "Command them to bring me an ox;" and he com-


manded them to bring an ox. And Athanasius spoke some words
.into the ears of the ox, and he split asunder into two pieces.
The governor laughed and said, "Verily thou art able to van-
quish the magic of the Christians." Athanasius said to the go-
vernor, "Let them bring me a pair of scales." And when they
had brought them they threw the parts of the ox into the two
pans of the scales, and they came out equal to one another.
Then Dadianus the governor caused them to bring Saint George
to him, and he said to him, "It is for thy sake that I have
summoned this arch-magician into my kingdom ; thou must either
overcome his magic or he will overcome thine." Saint George
said to the governor, "The Christian who has taken refuge in

Christ never works magic, impious one." And the saint said
to the magician, "Hasten, my son, and what thou desirest to do
unto me, do speedily; for I see that the grace of God has drawn
[112] nigh unto thee." Then Athanasius took a cup and filled it by
his magic, and invoked the powerful names of demons over it,
and gave it to Saint George to drink; and when he had drunk
it no evil happened to him at all. Athanasius said, "0 George,
I will give thee another cup, and if no evil happens to thee I
myself will believe on thy God." And Athanasius the magician
took the cup and pronounced the names of demons more evil than
the first over it, and gave it to the righteous man; and he drank
it, and no evil happened to him at all. Then Athanasius threw
himself down at the feet of the saint, and said to him, "I conjure |
thee by Jesus Christ to give me the sign of the cross of Jesus
Whom thou servest that He may open to me the kingdom of
heaven." When the holy martyr saw his faith, he struck the
earth with his foot, and there welled up a stream of water filled

with an exceeding precious odour. And the blessed man prayed


quietly,and Thomas the Apostle came and baptized Athanasius
the magician in the name of the Father and the Son and the
Holy Ghost, and he obtained the remission of his sins. And
the Apostle gave them the salutation of peace secretly and hid
himself from them; and straightway the fountain of water returned
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 293

to its place. When the governor and those who were with him [ii3]

saw what had happened they were silent and marvelled^! And ^/
Athanasius cried out before the governor, and said, "I am a
Christian, and I thank God and His servant George, that He
hath numbered me — the workman of the eleventh hour — among
His servants, and I hope that His mercy me through
will receive

the prayer of George the holy and mighty martyr." And the
lawless governors were enraged, and they commanded that Atha-
nasius should be taken outside the city and have his head cut off
with the sword: so he consummated his martyrdom on the 23rd
of the month T6bi,i on the Sabbath day; may his holy blessing be
with us all for ever and ever, Amen.
And the righteous man turned to the governor, and said to
him, "Do unto me whatsoever thou pleasest." The governor
answered, "By the gods, O
make an end of thee."
George, I will

And he made them gather together workmen and materials (?)


to make an exceeding high wheel, and he made them fix in it

one hundred sword blades, each a cubit long, and they filled it

entirely with very sharp iron knives, and drove deadly iron spikes
and hooks into the flat part of the rim of the wheel. And he
caused two flat tables to be made [beneath] the wheel having
parts filled with spear heads and nails, and parts filled with
cooking knives having edges like saws; and there were two poles [ii4]

of olive wood which fitted into cavities, and twenty men worked
each pole [to turn the wheel].'- Then Dadianus commanded them
to bring the blessed man to him, and when they had brought
him, he said, "Behold, George^ if thou wilt worship Apollo thou
shalt receive a sceptre of royalty from me; but if thou wilt still

belong to Christ then look upon this machine which I have made,
and into which I will cast thee in order to put thy body to the
test, O thou valiant soldier!" The saint said, "I belong to Christ;

1 I. e., January 18. -^


2 I am not certain that my translation of the description of the wheel
is accurate, for there are some words
in the Coptic text which are not to be found
in the dictionaries and the meanings of which I know not. For the description
of the wheel according to Metaphrastes see Acta Sanctorum, April 23, Appendix
p. xiii col. 2.
294 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.
I
do unto me whatsoever thou wishest." Then Dadianus com-
manded them to put him on the wheel and that forty men should
make it revolve. When the blessed man saw the instrument of
torture which was fixed in the wheel, he feared for himself be-
cause he carried flesh which was exceedingly tender; and he
said within himself, "I shall not escape with my life this time."

Then he straightway spread out his hands and prayed, saying,


"I praise Thee, my Lord Jesus Christ, and I give thanks unto
Thee that Thou hast esteemed me worthy of the wonderfulness

of healthful sufferings, even as they crucified Thee, my Lord,


upon the cross and set Thee between two thieves. And behold
they have made a double tearing wheel of torture for me for j

Thy holy name's sake, my Lord; Hearken now, O Saviour, j

to Thy servant George. thou Being unsurpassed from all


time, Thou unchanging crown of the martyrs, Who hast spread
out the heavens like Who
wisdom pourest out
a chamber, in

[115] dew upon all creation when it is parched and dried up; Who

hast made the clouds drop down rain upon the earth, on the
just and unjust alike; Who hast weighed the mountains and hills
in a measure and scales; Who hast rebuked the disobedient,

wicked, and lawless ones and hast cast them into the lowest and
darkest part of Amenti, where they now are in the bonds and
fire of Amenti and are tortured by wicked dragons, rebuke,
my God, all these impious ones, and let nothing stand against
Thy command! Thou Who in the last days didst appear to
us upon earth und didst take flesh through the God-bearer, Mary
the Virgin, by an unfathomable and unknowable mystery; the
true offspring [of God]; Who didst walk upon the waves of the
sea and Whose feet were not wetted by them; Who with five
loaves of bread didst feed five thousand men, and they were satis-
fied; Who didst rebuke the sea and the waves and they subsided
everywhere, and were obedient unto Thee, for all creation is
Thina; let now Thy mercy come upon us and upon me, thy ser-
vant George, for with Thee there is mercy, and to Thee and to
Thy Good Father and to the Holy Spirit belongeth the glory for

ever, Amen."
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 295

When he had said, 'Amen', they threw him on the wheel and
he fell down upon the cutting machine, and they dragged him [ii6]

over it once, and he was speedily put an end to; and his bones
and his flesh were destroyed. Then the tyrant cried out before
the governors who were round about him, and said, "There is no
god save Apollo and Hermes and Zeus and Herakles and Athene
and Scamandros and Poseidon: these are they who have esta-
blished the heavens, who give dominion to kings and who make
the mighty to have power upon earth. Where is now Saint
George's God, whom the magistrates of the Jews slew? why has
He not come to deliver him out of my hands?" And Dadianus
commanded them to take the fragments of his bones and flesh,
and the earth which had drunk his holy blood, and to throw them
into a dry, waterless pit; and they piled up dirt over it, saying,

"Lest the Christians find a fragment of his body, and work miracles
therewith." And Dadianus and the sixty-nine governors arose,
and went in to eat, rejoicing that they had overcome their enemy.

Then straightway the whole air became black and the sky
was covered with clouds, and there were thunders and lightnings,

and the whole earth shook to its foundations. And the holy
(archangel Michael blew with his trumpet, and the Lord came
upon a chariot of the Cherubim with thousands of angels, and
stood by the pit. And the Lord said to Michael, "Speak unto
this pit, saying, 'Give me the blood and the bones and the flesh [ii7]

and the pieces of the righteous man George', for he said, 'I shall

not escape with my life this time', that hemay understand with
all his heart that I am the God of Abraham, and the God of
Isaac, and the God of Jacob;" and Michael laid them before
Him. And Lord took the bones in His hand, saying, "0 my
the
son George, the hand which fashioned Adam is now about to
fashion thee, my beloved." And He breathed into him and gave
him the breath of life; and Saint George arose from the dead;
and the Lord embraced him and gave him the salutation oi peace,
and went up to heaven and Saint George was looking after Him.
;

And he arose and came to the lawless governors and the


soldiers who had thrown him into the pit, and said to them,
296 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

"Know, O lawless ones, that I am George whom ye slew and


cast into the pit." When the impious Dadianus had considered
him, he said to the soldiers, "It is his shade." Magnentius the
governor of Armenia said, "It is not his shade, but it is like

him." Anatolius the general said to them, "Are ye not ashamed,


godless ones, to hide the truth? Verily this is George, the
servant of the living God, whom my Lord Jesus Christ, the
[118] Son of the living God, has raised up from the dead; and there-
fore I; and all the soldiers who march with me, believe on my
Lord Jesus Christ." Then the impious Dadianus was enraged
and commanded them them outside the city, and to
to take
divide them into ten parts, and to slay them with the sword. In
this manner they consummated their martyrdom on the twenty-

third day of the month Mechir, and received their incorruptible


crowns. Now there were martyred three thousand soldiers and
Anatolius the general and nine thousand people of the multitude
who were standing by, male and female, and Saint George stood
by comforting them all until they had nobly consummated their
martyrdom: may their holy blessing be with us all for ever.

Amen.
After these things Dadianus commanded them to throw him
on to an iron bed and to fasten him to it by stakes driven
through his back. Then he made them fill a brazen vessel with
lead and heat it until the lead was as liquid as water, and he
made them open mouth of the Saint and pour it boiling hot
the
into his belly; but no harm happened to him. Then the impious
one commanded them to pull the stakes out of his body and to
hang him up, head downwards, from the branch of a tree, and
to tie a stone to his neck: and he passed ten days and ten nights
hanging down until his blood ran out of his nose like water.
When ten days had gone by Dadianus the tyrant took him down,
and there was a little breath left in him. And he made them
[119] lay him upon the ground and hack his body with a sword from
the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; and they hacked
him to pieces. Then he made them beat his head with hatchets
until it split asunder, and they cut off the top of his head and
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS- 297

his legs with axes. And he made them bring a large red-hot
iron rod and thrust it through his right ear, and some servants
came and drove it through his came out on the
head until it

other side: and they lifted him up like one dead to carry him to
the prison. Now the righteous man was in prison, and was
suffering great pain by reason of the tortures of his holy body^
and at the third hour when the holy man was in
of the night
agony the Lord Jesus Christ came to him in prison with His
holy angels, and the whole prison was full of light. And the
Lord said to him, "George, behold I command thee to arise and
stand upon thy feet healed;" and he straightway arose, and he
was whole. And the Lord embraced him, and laid His hand
upon his whole body, and filled him with comfort, and said to
him, "Arise and go to these impious governors and put them and
their gods to shame; be of good cheer and fear not, for I am
with thee always. And I say unto thee, beloved George, that
there shall be joy in heaven over thy endurance, and the angels
shall rejoice over thy good fight. Behold now thou shalt endure
the tortures of these impious governors for six years, and shalt [120]

die [thrice] ; but the third time I Myself come with My holy
will

angels and will receive thy soul, and will make thee to lie down
in the bosom of Abraham and Isaac and Jacob in the Paradise
of their joy;" and when the Lord had spoken these things to him,

He gave him the salutation of peace and w^ent up to heaven in


glory, and Saint George was looking after Him. And he passed
the whole night in prayer until the day broke.
When the morning came, the lawless governors commanded
them to bring Saint George to the tribune. Magnentius the
governor said to him, "0 George, I want to see a sign at thy
hands, and [if thou do it] verily, by my lord the Sun and by the
Moon and by Artemis the mother of all the gods, I will believe
upon thy God, Jesus Christ." [Saint George said to him,] "I
know that thou dost never speak the truth, but tell me what
thou wouldst ask now." The governor said to him, "Behold
there are seventy thrones here [made] of different sorts of wood,
of which some bear fruit, and some do not. If these, through
38
298 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

thy prayer, bud and put forth roots, and the trees which bear
fruit are distinguished from these which do not, I will believe on
thy God Jesus." And straightway Saint George bowed his knees
[121] and prayed to God. When he had said 'Amen', the Spirit came
upon the thrones and they budded and put forth roots. Those
which bore forth leaves and fruit, and those which did not bear
fruit sprouted with leaves [only]. When Dadianus and the other
impious governors had seen what had happened through the
righteous man, they were greatly ashamed, and they cried out
saying, "A great god art thou, Apollo, for thou manifestest
thy power in dry wood."
And the lawless commanded them to put Saint
governor
George upon a brass bed and he made them bring two iron nails,
each a cubit long, and make them red hot and drive them through
his two shoulders into the bed so the righteous man was pinned
;

to the bed. Then he made them bring an artificer to split his


head open with an iron axe, and he made them pour boiling
pitch through the opening until it filled his belly and ran out
through his mouth (?) and ears and from under him. And im-
mediately the fire kindled in his head and in all his body he
became as a dead man. And they drew the nails out of his
shoulders* and cast him into a brass 'ox', and they heated the
'ox' which the blessed man was in for three days with vine and
cypress wood. And
Lord looked upon the sufferings of the
the
righteous man and came to him upon a cloud, and extinguished
the fire under him, and healed all his body; and the brazen 'ox'
[122] split asunder. And the blessed George came forth like one who
had been bathing in a bath, and the Lord embraced him, and
filled him with strength, and gave him the salutation of peace,

and went up to heaven in glory; and Saint George was looking


after him. Then man stood up
the blessed before the governors
without any blemish upon him. And when the multitude saw
what had happened they cried out, "One is the God of George,
Jesus Christ, help us." Then the governors caused the multi-

Read NFqi:(|)a)l?
THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 299

tilde which stood round about them to be beheaded with the


sword: thus five thousand souls consummated their martyrdom
and received the crown of Hfe on the tenth day of Phamenoth. i

And the holy man was encouraging them until they consummated
their martyrdom in the peace of God, Amen.
After these things the governors commanded them to bring

bundles of thick vine stakes which they sharpened with knives, and
when they had set the righteous man upon a stone, they stuck them
into his holy body, and they gashed his thighs and stuck them
in them. Then they pulled out the nails of his hands and feet,

and pricked the places with the sticks, moreover the attendants
thrust two sharp sticks up his nostrils into his head. Then they
rolled him on the stone and the sticks went into his holy body
until his blood ran down upon the ground like a stream of water; ^
[123] _/

and the righteous man sufi'ered greatly during this torture. And
then he made them fasten him by his back to a plank of wood
and put another plank on his belly, and they nailed the two
planks together and so held the saint fast between them; and
they brought a huge iron saw and sawed him in two from his
head to his feet; so he gave up the ghost. And immediately
the governors saw he was dead they commanded a large brass
cauldron to be brought, and the body of the saint with his blood
and all his flesh and anything of it that had adhered to the
sticks and the teeth of the saw to be thrown into it. Then they
threw lead and asphalt and 'pitcli (?) into it until the flames
mounted up more than fifteen cubits. Now^ the
to a height of

cauldron was placed in a pit dug in the earth to the depth of


thirty cubits. And the governors commanded them to pile up
earth over the cauldron and the pit to the height of nine cubits,
and they built a fortress for the governors over the pit, saying,

I
"That the Christians may not find the least particle of one of
his limbs, or they will build a martyrium over it." And when
the attendants were going away, behold there was a great trembling
in the air, the sun became dark and the stars appeared at mid-

1 I. e., March 6.
300 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

day; and the Lord came down from heaven with thousands of
angels,and the choirs of the saints, and the twelve Apostles were
[124] with them and David the king and all the Prophets. Now the
whole place was filled with so great a light that all those coming
into the city, and even the impious governors, saw the light which
fell full upon their faces. And the Lord came to the place where
the cauldron was and commanded the archangel Gabriel to cleave
the earth and to bring up the cauldron. Then the Lord cried
out over the ashes of the bones of the righteous man that were
in the cauldron, saying, "George, George, I am the God who
raised Lazarus from the dead, and I now command thee to stand

up and come forth from the cauldron;" and the righteous man
arose straightway and stood up perfect without any defect in him
at all. And the Lord embraced him and him with power
filled

and consolation, saying, "0 George, My beloved, be strong and


endure; for I have established a throne for thee in the heavenly
Jerusalem, the like of which there is not among the thrones of
all the martyrs which have been from the beginning; and there
shall never be any like unto thee among those who are yet to
come, George, My beloved." And all the multitude of the
Prophets and of the Apostles came forward and saluted him, and
said to him, "Verily thou art blessed, George, the beloved of
God and His angel and of the Cherubim and the Seraphim, and
we glorify ourselves in thee and in thy great endurance, and
especially because thyself alone hast confessed the name of God ^
[125] in boldness throughout the whole world and the fulness thereof: |
for this reason our Saviour will confess thee in heaven, and thou
shalt dwell in unspeakable glory before the face of the whole
creation of heaven and earth." And he was filled with joy, and
the Lord gave him the salutation of peace, and He went up to

heaven with His angels and all His saints in great honour and
glory.

And the blessed man came into the theatre of the city with

his face full of light, and he cried out, saying, "O all ye gover-
nors, and ye that are with them, all ye soldiers and every
person in this city, come forth all of you and look upon me, for,
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 301

by the might of God, I am alive. I am the Galilean George


from Melitene; I am he whom the godless governors slew and
buried in the earth; but my Lord Jesus Christ raised me up
from the dead, for He is the God of heaven and earth." When
the multitude knew that it was George they cried out, saying,
"There is no God in heaven or earth except Jesus Christ the
God of George of Melitene."
And a certain woman among the multitude whose name was
Scholastike, who saw the miracle which had taken place, be-
lieved and cried out to the martyr, saying, "0 my Lord George,
my son was yoking his ox to plough in the fields when it fell [126]

down and died; and now, O my lord, help us, for we are poor."
The righteous man said to her, "Take this little stick which I
now hold in my hand, and go to the field and lay it upon the
ox, saying, 'George, the servant of the Lord God says, Rise up,

ox, from the dead';" and she did as Saint George had told
her, and the ox lived. And she glorified God, and continued with
Saint George.
Now there was a multitude of people standing round Saint
George who was teaching them the knowledge of Christ; and they
cried out, "One is the God of Saint George the valiant soldier
of Christ the The governors said to the soldiers, "What
King."
are these loud cries which we hear ?" and a soldier said to them,
"It is for Saint George who has risen from the dead, and the
multitude cried out, believing that his God has raised him from
the dead." When the governors heard that George was alive

again they were wholly stupefied ^ and feared greatly; and they
said to each other, "Perhaps it is not he." The soldiers said,

"Behold we will bring him to you that ye may know of a cer-


tainty that he is George the soldier." And they brought the
saint to the throne with the whole multitude following after him
and crying out, "We are Christians boldly;" and they cursed
the governors, and were enraged at them. And the governors [127]

commanded the soldiers to attack the multitude, and they slew

1 Read AyNOCyn in note 1.


302 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

them from the third hour of that day until the tenth hour of the
next day; and the number of those who received the crown on
that day was eight thousand five hundred souls, and they entered
heaven with glory; may their holy blessing be with us all for
ever, Amen!
After these things the governors turned to Saint George and
said to him, "How didst thou rise from the dead?" The blessed
man said to them, "My Lord Jesus Christ, for whose sake I
have suffered all these tortures upon earth, raised me up from
the dead." And one of the governors whose name was Raklilos
(sic) answered and said to the righteous man, "Verily I marvel
at thee how thou hast come forth from this cauldron when thou
wast fragments, and hadst been buried in the earth. And now
thou wouldst desire that 1 should believe on thy God in respect
of the thrones which budded, but we do not know if it was thy
God who wrought this miracle or our gods. And behold there
is here, a rock sepulchre in which some of the ancients have been
buried; now if thou prayest to thy God and He them up
raises
alive I myself will believe upon Him." The blessed George said,
"I kuow that thou wilt not believe except by the fire which shall
128] consume you all, nevertheless, for the sake of the multitude
standing here I will make manifest the glory of my Lord Jesus
1/ Christ.^ Arise then, thou and those whom thou wishest, open the
tomb and bring hither before this multitude what is therein, that

the name of my true king may be made manifest to-day." Then M


Eakillos (sic) the governor, and Dadianus the governor, and Dio-
nysius the governor of Egypt arose and opened the stone tomb,
and brought out the rotten bones of those who were dead. And
the governors said to him, "0 George, the bones are rotten and
have fallen to dust by reason of the length of time* [they have
been buried]. The righteous man said to them, "Bring hither
the dust"; so the three governors made the attendants carry the
bones and the dust which they found and bring them and lay
them before Saint George. Then the blessed man bowed his

1 Read MniXpONOC
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 303

knees and prajed to God, and straightway there was a mighty-


earthquake and lightning and thunders, and the Spirit of God
came over the earth and the bones and the dust. And there
came forth from the dust five men and nine women and a little
child: and great fear came upon the governors and the multitudes
who were with them by reason of the miracle which took place,
and they were all alike frightened. And the governors cried out
to one of those who had risen from the dead, and said to him,
"What is thy name?"' He replied, "My name was Boes (szc)."

The governor said to him, "How many years is it since thou


didst die?" and he that had been dead replied, "Four hundred
years." They said to him, "Had Christ come into the world
when thou wast alive?" and he said to him, "Not yet." And [129]
the governors said to him, "What god didst thou worship?" and
he said, "I worshipped the god Apollo, a deaf and blind and
soulless idol. And it came to pass that when I died they threw
me into a river of fire [which flowed along] in the depths of hell
and which consumed me mercilessly, and they kept me in its

torturing waves for years. And the idol Apollo


was in it with me and inflicted great sufferings upon me, saying,
"Know, wretched creature, that I am not God, but a soulless
idol. Why didst thou forsake thy God and w^orship Satan?
for this reason thou shalt now receive everlasting punishment with
me." And after a time Jesus the Son of the living God came
down into Amenti, and a cross of light went before Him, and
all Amenti shone with splendour. And He carried away all the
captivity of those imprisoned with Him, and when it was the
Lord's day, God looked upon the remainder of those who were
being punished and gave them rest; but to us who served idols
there was never any rest given at any time." When the gover-
nors and the multitudes had heard these things they were stupefied.
And Dadianus the governor said to him^ "By Apollo the mighty
god, thy understanding has perished by reason of the strength of
him which has passed over thee: come now, thou and thy brethren
who have risen from the dead, and worship the great god Apollo."
Jovinus answered and said to him, "Curses on thee, O profane
304 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.
I
[130] dog, and upon thy polluted Apollo with thee." Then he that
had risen from the dead threw himself at the feet of the saint,
saying, "I beseech thee, my lord George, the martyr of Jesus
Christ,' upon whom the armies of God have looked with desire
to bring him to themselves in Jerusalem, the city of Christ, to
give us all together the seal of Christ and the baptism of Christ;
and I beseech thee, my lord George, to pray for us that we
may not return again to that place from which we have come."'
When the righteous man saw their faith, he stamped on the
ground with his foot, and a fountain of exceeding clear water
appeared, and they all received baptism in it by the hands of
James the holy Apostle, the brother of John, in the name of the
Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. And Saint George
made them go down into the sepulchre and they returned there;
and they were perfect in peace and entered into the Paradise
of their joy through the prayer of Saint George.
And after these things the governors said to each other,
"What shall we do with this magician?" and they commanded
to bring the Saint to the tribune. When they had brought him
they said to him, "By thy sorcery thou hast shown us devils in
the shape of men;'' so they laid him down and beat him with
spiked clubs until his blood ran down upon the ground.
Then Dadianus commanded search to be made throughout
all the city until they found a poor widow woman whose like for

poverty there was not in the whole city and he made them put ;

;i3i] the righteous man in her house, saying, "I will disgrace the

Galilean race."
Now when was morning the blessed George rose up, and
it

found his body healed of its wounds, and the whole house was
filled with light. When the soldiers who were with him in the
house saw the great light they all fell upon their faces. And
the Lord stayed His chariot over the place where the saint was
and commanded the archangel Salathiel to minister to the righteous
man and the Lord tilled him with strength and went up to heaven
;

in glory. And Saint George took hold of the soldiers and raised
them up and comforted them and he sent them on their way in
;
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 305

peace. Then be stood up in the house of the poor widow woman,


and said to her, "Give me some bread to eat, for I have eaten
nothing for six days." The poor widow answered, "Forgive me,
master, but I have no bread in my house." Saint George said
to her, "What god dost thou believe on?" The widow woman
answered, "I believed on Apollo." The blessed man said to her,
"Verily it is for this reason that thou hast no bread in thy
house;" and the woman saw that his face was bright and shining
like that of an angel of God. Then she said, "I will go and
seek after bread for this holy man God, peradventure I may [132]
of
find favour with my neighbours." When the widow had gone out
the righteous man
down and his face shone brightly, and his
sat

back leaned upon a wooden pillar close by him which supported


one of the wooden beams that went into the roof of the house
of the poor widow. And immediately the back of the righteous
man touched the wood it took root, and budded, and forced its

way up through the widow's roof, and towered up more than fifteen

cubits above the greatest and highest buildings of the city, and
the archangel Michael him and brought him a table of
came to

food, and the blessed man ate and placed the heavenly bread
upon the widow's table, and it was filled with exceeding choice
bread; and Michael blessed her house and filled it full of all

good things like the palaces of governors. When the woman


came in and saw the face of Saint George shining like the sun,
and the table filled with bread and all good things, and the
pillar of wood that had budded, she said in her heart, "The God

of the Galileans has come into my house to the wretched in


spirit, and has helped my poverty." And she hastened and threw
herself down at the feet of the righteous man and worshipped
him, saying, "Master, have mercy upon me." Saint George
answered and said to her, "Rise up, for I am not the God of
the Galileans, but only His servant." ^he woman said to him,
"If thou art His servant, and I have found favour in thy sight,
O Master, let me speak before thee." The saint said to her,
„Speak." The woman said, "I have a child nine months old, [133]
:and he is blind, deaf, and lame, and I am ashamed to show him
39
I

306 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. ^


to my neighbours. His father died and left him when he had
been conceived in me four months, and since I gave birth to
him I have never allowed my neighbours to see him; if now,
master, thy mercy will help me I will believe upon thy God."
The righteous man said to her, "The grace of God shall appear
to-day; bring* hither the child to me." And she brought the child
from the third story of her house and laid him in Saint George's
bosom. And he prayed over him and made the sign of the cross
over him and over his eyes, and breathed into his face; and the
scales fell from his eyes and he saw immediately. His mother
said to the saint, "Master, let him hear with his ears and let

him walk." The righteous man said to her, "0 woman, this is
sufficient now; when I call him, he shall hear my voice, and shall
walk and perform my words;" and she was unable to answer
him a word, for she saw that his face was like that of an angel
of God.
Then the seventy lawless governors came out and walked
about through the open spaces of the city: and when they saw
the tree which, through God and Saint George, towered up fifteen
cubits high above the city, they were all astonished together.
Dadianus said, "What is this sight which has come to the city

[134] to-day? and why has this great and lofty tree put forth its leaves

here?" They said to him, "This miracle has happened through


George the Galilean;" and the governor commanded to call Saint

George to him. Then he made eight executioners flog him with.

four fourfold leather whips until his flesh fell piece by piece upon

the ground, and his blood ran through his nostrils like water to
the ground; and he made them bring blazing torches and put
imder his body. And he made them bring a plank of wood and
lay him upon it, and they nailed his body to it with seventy
nails, and poured sulphur and pitch over it, and then set fire to

it and made it blaze; so the righteous man yielded up his spirit;

and his bones and his flesh were burned to ashes. Then Da-
dianus made them take his ashes up to a high mountain called

Read TOTP nSXAq MAC ANIOYI-


THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 307

Asurion, and they scattered them on the mountain to the winds.


And when had turned back and were coming to
the attendants
the city, suddenly there were thunders and lightnings and a
mighty earthquake so that the earth shook to its foundations.
And behold, our Lord Jesus Christ came upon a cloud of light
with all His holy angels praising Him; and He commanded the
four winds of the earth to gather together the dust of the body
of Saint George. And He cried out with a divine voice, saying,
"George^ My servant and My beloved, rise up from the place where [i35]
thou liest, for it is I who command thee;" and straightway the
blessed man arose like a bridegroom coming forth from his
chamber. And the Lord embraced him, and gave him the salu-
tation of peace and went up to heaven in glory.
Then the blessed George ran after the soldiers, saying, "Wait
a little for me, my brethren, that I may come with you to
these godless governois." "When the soldiers saw him, they feared
and marvelled and said with one voice, "0 our Lord Jesus Christ,
Thou art a mighty God; forThy holy name's sake, Lord,
Thou hast raised up alive again the man^ who was burnt to ashes

which were driven hither and thither by the winds." And they
cast themselves down and worshipped Saint George, saying,
"Master, give us the seal of Christ." When the blessed George
[saw their faith] he commanded and there welled up a fountain
of exceeding sweet water, and he prayed, and John the Evangelist
came and baptised the ten (or twenty) soldiers; and the Evan-
gelist blessed Saint George and the soldiers and disappeared

from them.
Then Saint George and the soldiers came together to the

governors, and they cried out, saying, "Be ashamed, godless


governors, for behold Jesus Christ our Lord and God has raised [136]
up from the dead George whom ye scattered to the winds, and
for this reason we all now believe on Him and are His soldiers."
When the governors saw Saint George standing there they mar-
velled greatly and commanded to take him to prison until they

1 Read nipCOMl.
308 THE ENCOXHUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

had decided what to do with him. As for the soldiers, they gave

Klekon and his three brothers, Lasiri and Dionysius and Joseph,
to the wild beasts and they consummated their martyrdom; and
they took off the heads [of the others] with the sword, and thus
they consummated their martyrdom and received the imperishable
crow^n on the second day of Pashons;i may their holy blessing i

be with us all for evermore, Amen.


After these things the governors commanded them to bring
Saint George to them secretly that the multitude might not see
that he was alive and despise them. When they had brought
him they said to him, "George, we know now that thou art a
mighty magician, and that there is no one like unto thee in all

the world. But now, accept one hundred pounds of gold and go
forth from this city secretly and let no one know it, that thou
mayest escape these tortures and sufferings which thou hast
suffered." The blessed man answered and said to them, "O filthy
dogs, I forsook the great wealth that my parents left me, and
:<n which amounted to more than twenty thousand pounds of gold
ifoti and foj^t)^ thoTjsand pounds of silver, my numberless cattle, my
[137] male and female servants, my many horses, my ships, my large
vineyards, my olive groves, and my houses beautiful according to
the opinion of this vain world; I left all these and my mother
and sisters for the name of my Lord Jesus Christ, and I endured
^
all these sufferings at your hands for love of Him Whom I will

/ never forsake. And now ye would advise me to take a thousand


pounds of gold from you and to deny the God of the Christians
that I might go into the' pit of Amenti, like you who are doomed
to everlasting fire, and the devil and all his angels, for ever."
When the lawless governors heard these things they were
greatly enraged and commanded them to bring a shoemaker and
his knife, and they cut the skin of his head in pieces ; they
brought two red-hot nails and drove them into his eyes and they
thus dug out his two eyeballs ; they tore out his tongue ; and
they put his feet in wooden fetters and broke his ankle bones

1 I. e., April 27th.


^ I
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 309

with axes. Then they took him up and laid him in prison while

there was still a little life in him, and with one accord they went
their way together.
And at midnight the Lord came into the prison with His
holy angels and laid His hand upon his whole body, and healed
him and established him. And He said to him, "Be of good
cheer, My beloved and holy valorous one, for I, and My Good
Father, and the Holy Spirit are with thee, and the day is drawing [138]

nigh in which thou shalt receive the sceptre of the kingdom and
the seven crowns incorruptible for ever and ever". "When the
Lord had said these things to him He embraced him and filled
him with might, and He went up to heaven in glory and honour.
When Dadianus the governor rose up on the morrow, he
said to the soldiers, "Go ye to the prison, and see what has
become of this Christian sorcerer;" and when they had gone into
the prison they found the blessed man as if they had not tor-
tured him at all. And they cast themselves down and worshipped
him, saying, "We beseech thee, George, our master, to make
us servants of thy mighty God." And he taught them concern-
ing Christ, and through him they were worthy of the gift of
holy baptism. Then they all came with Saint George to the
governors, saying, "We are and servants of Christ
Christians
Jesus and God". When the multitudes saw Saint George stand-
ing there without any harm having happened to him, and his
face shining like the sun, they cried out, saying, "Verily there is

no God heaven or earth except the God of George, Jesus


in

Christ our Lord and God, and from henceforth we are His".
Then the lawless governors were greatly ashamed and en-
raged, and they commanded the soldiers to take them outside
the city and to behead them with the sword thus they con- :

summated their martyrdom and received the crown incorruptible


for ever and ever on the twenty-fifth day of the month Epiphi.i [139]
Now they were two thousand four hundred and eight in number,

1 I. e., July 19.


310 THE ENCOMIUM OP BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

besides the eight soldiers who received baptism may : their holy
blessing be with us all for ever, Amen.
Verily, my beloved, if I were to try to describe to you all
the sufferings which Saint George the righteous and valiant soldier
of Christ endured, time would fail me before I had recounted
them all, for they are so many. Moreover a man who passed
seven years in one place while seventy governors and their armies
sat round him and tortured him is quite without parallel in all
the world and the borders thereof. Verily I am astonished and
I cross myself and I marvel greatly, O brethren, that I can
narrate the marvelworthy contests of holy Saint George the
great luminary, the beloved of God, the valiant man of Christ,

who stood alone in the whole world, and whom none confessed
save Christ. Saint George chid all the governors and rulers
of the world and manifested that the Lord our strength is the
God of every one. George, my master, by what holy name
shall I call thee? Shall I call thee 'Prophet' or 'Lawgiver' or
shall I say 'Apostle' or 'Martyr' or 'Righteous man' ? In very truth
thou art worthy, beloved of Christ, to be called by all thesenames,
but if I call thee 'Prophet' thou excellest the Prophets, and if I call
thee 'Lawgiver' thou art also more excellent than the Lawgivers.
[140] They sawed Isaiah i
in twain with a wood saw once for the sake

of the truth, and he died at once, so likewise with all the saints
but they sawed thee, George, my master, with a two-edged
sword [and they tortured thee] with the wheels, .and the two-
edged swords, and the axes, and for the truth's sake thou didst

die [three] times. Moses the lawgiver saw but a little of the

glory of God ; but to thee, George, my master, did God speak


mouth mouth in glory and honour. The Apostles who were
to

twelve and seventy preached in all the world, each in his own
country, and rebuked those who served idols and turned them
to Christ: but thou, O brilliant star, hast by thyself rebuked the
idolaters, and governors with their armies and the whole world,
and hast overthrown them with the fire of heaven, and hast made

See Epiphanius, De Prophetarum YiUs, ed. Migne.


THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 311

thename of Christ to shine throughout the whole world. Thou art


more exalted than all the martyrs together who have manifested
forth works, and it is not I who say this but our Lord Jesus
Christ the King of Kings Who testified concerning thee, saying,
"0 blessed one, as among those born of women there is none
like unto John [the Baptist], so among all the martyrs who have
been and shall be, there shall never be any like unto thee forever."
Thou more exalted than the righteous by reason of thy
art
patient endurance of hungerings and thirstings and imprisonments,
and of the tortures which have been inflicted on thy body day and [i4i]

night for seven years and especially by reason of the purity of thy
body. And, Saint George, sun of the truth, verily thou art
more exalted than all the patriarchs and judges, and, O beloved
of Christ, I beseech thee not to despise the attempt of my feeble
intelligence to declare thy exalted honour. Of a truth, I know,
O beloved brethren, that neither I, nor the feeble Theodosius,
nor those who will come after me, will be able to describe this

valiant soldier of Christ by reason of the great torture which


he received for seven years at the hands of seventy wild beasts
but, by the we will go back and complete our
will of God,
encomium that we may show you the end of the holy combat of
the truly blessed man Saint George.
And it came to pass after these things when the seventy
governors saw that they had tortured the saint for seven years
without having vanquished his firm resolve ; and that they had
slain him three times and that he had risen from the dead, they
took counsel to take him by flattery : and so they commanded to
bring the blessed man up to the tribune. And Dadianus the
governor said to him, "George, I swear by my lord the Sun, and
the moon, and by all the gods, and by their mother Artemis,
that I will receive thee to myself like a beloved son and that I
will give thee everything that thou shalt ask, even to the half of
my kingdom will I give thee, if only thou wilt listen to me [142]

as to a father, and wilt worship Apollo once thou shalt become


second in the kingdom." The righteous man answered and said,
"Where have these words of thine been until to-day? Behold
312 THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS.

tliou hast tortured me daily, for seven years, and I have three
times tasted death at thy hands, but my Lord Jesus Christ raised
me up, and I escaped from the tortures which thou didst inflict

upon me. If my Saviour but preserve my soul within me I will


not only die once but thousands of times, and I will never
hearken to such words as these. Dost thou not know, O king,
that the whole race of the Galileans loves victory? and that they
will fight against those who fight against them? And behold
thy words gladden me this day and thy speech greatly per-
suades me." When Dadianus heard these things he rejoiced
greatly, and kissed Saint George upon his head. The blessed
man said to the governor, "Stand away from me, and kiss neither
me nor my head until I have first worshipped Apollo, and after
that do unto me what thou pleasest. And now command them
to take me to the prison until to-morrow, and when to-day has i

gone and the morning has come, let the herald bid every one i

come to see me worship the gods." Then the governor answered


and said to him, "Nay, far be it from me to throw thee into
prison, beloved George, and forgive me for all ,the sufferings

143] which I have inflicted upon thee, for I was ignorant, and receive
me as a father, and come with me into the palace where Queen
Alexandra is in So the governor took him
her inner chamber."
in and put him in the room where the Queen was, and came out
jt, to the governors and sat at meat with them. iil

And when the evening had come Saint George bowed his
knees and prayed, saying, "O Lord God, there is none like unto
thee among all the gods, thou art the Lord God and there is

none that can be compared with thee. Why do the heathen cry
out and the peoples imagine vain things? The governors and
the rulers of the earth have gathered together and they speak
against God and against His Christ." The Queen answered andi

said to him, "0 George, my master, who are these governors and
rulers who are gathered together? and who is the God Whom
they resist? and Who is His Christ? teach me, George, my

1 Psalm ii, 1.
THE ENCOMIUM OF BISHOP ABBA THEODOTUS. 313

master." And the blessed man opened his mouth and explained
to her the deep questions of the Old and New Scriptures, and
thus taught her to know Son and the Holy
the Father and the
Spirit. He showed her that it was God who had made the
heavens, and the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the
stars, and all creation, and he showed her that the Lord had made

man out of the dust of the earth, saying, "Did not God create
him out of the earth ? If He did not, whence did he find bones,
and sinews, and skin, and eyes, and tongue, and throat, and the [144]

senses of hearing, and smelling, and the creation of all these


works? Did not God make all these things and man out of a
clod of earth? And He filled him with understanding and wis-
dom of the true knowledge of God, and placed him in a paradise
of joy, and gave him His commandments and His words to keep
like But the man was disobedient to his God, and his
a god.
enemy persuaded him, and he died with him jin sin and went
down to Amenti with him, but not for ever. When God saw that
which He had made in the snares of His adversary, for His
goodness' sake He could not bear it, He sent His beloved
and
Son into the world and by the Holy Spirit He took upon Him-
self flesh of the spotless Virgin and God-bearer^ Mary : and she
bore as man, God, perfect, in truth, and He was the only man
without sin. And they crucified Him upon the cross by His own
desire and by the good will of the Father and the Holy Spirit,
and He died for us in the flesh that He might redeem us out
of the hands of our enemy and He returned again
; to His home
which is the Paradise of joy. When the adversary, the devil,
saw that mankind knew the true Creator, God, he entered into
the governors and rulers of the earth and they made idols and
called them by the names of images of devils, and they wor-
shipped them and forsook God the most High their Creator." [145],

The Queen said to him, "Are not these idols demons, George,
my master, after God?" The blessed man said to her, "Yes, they
are foul demons". The Queen said to h