Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

23 Aufrufe

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- family letter 2
- Managerial Communication
- Q31.pdf
- Pre Algebra TextBook
- Gary.a.klein - Working.minds.a.practitioner's.guide.to.Cognitive.task.Analysis
- Performance Standards
- CHED Form E5 - Faculty Form for Private HEIs_AY0910
- description: tags: 7 tech
- elementary mathematics methods ug 1114 dup1 megan
- First Grade
- Analysis of IMT 2003
- Analysis of XAT 2005
- Math Academy App
- pbi field trip form
- Analysis XAT 2005
- acps technology standards
- Problems-encountered-in-solving-mathematical-equations-2.doc
- sorico math grade k q3 units of study 2013-2014
- Using Performance Activities as a Teaching Strategy
- DreamBox the Development of Mathematical Thinking

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

The extracts in this foray consist of the opening remarks in the “Public Math

Colloquium” (COL385MU054) from the MICASE Physical Sciences and Engineering

Division. In the USA a colloquium typically indicates an invited talk of some kind, with

the audience consisting mainly of students and faculty members—this one was attended

by about 100. And in this case, there are two introductions!

TASK 1. Listen to the first, following along in the transcript. Listen again and then

answer the questions that follow.

Click here to listen

S1: this lecture uh, we are very pleased that the Undergraduate Mathematics Society, has

uh sponsored uh this lecture uh to uh, uh explain about the solution of what is perhaps

the, oldest unsolved problem in mathematics, and uh i want to remind everyone that there

is a reception following the, lecture in the mathematics atrium which is uh in the south

atrium in uh, this building <SS LAUGH> that way and up one left, so i'd like to introduce

to you uh Polly McMahon the President of the Undergraduate Mathematics Society who

will introduce our colleague Tom Hales.

B. Name of the person who will introduce the lecturer: ________________________

C. Why is she given a prominent role? _____________________________________

D. The first speaker does not introduce himself. Who do you think he is? _________

E. Apart from introducing the undergraduate, the speaker does three other things.

The first two are listed. What is the third?

1. announce the sponsorship

2. indicate that the topic will be fascinating

3. _____________________________________

Finally, we need to pay attention to the language. Immediately, we can note that

speaker gets off to a “false start.” He says “this lecture, uh” but then starts again with

“we are very pleased….” This suggests that he hasn’t a prepared script but is

speaking impromptu or from notes.

On the other hand, the speaker is not totally informal; we can notice formal phrases

like “we are very pleased that the Undergraduate Mathematics Society…” as opposed

to “I’m sure glad the undergrad math society….”

TASK 2. The second speaker now begins her introduction by quoting <READING> the

titles of several articles referring to the mathematical proof he discovered and which will

be the main subject of his keynote lecture. Listen to this second introduction as you

follow along in the transcript. Listen again and then answer the questions.

Click here to listen

S2: a few articles published in the last few months, <READING>packing challenge

mastered at last. U-of-M professor solves four-hundred-year-old math riddle.

mathematics proves what the grocer always knew. Kepler's orange stacking problem

squashed. mathematician proves that shops know how to stack fruit. Hales solves the

oldest problem in discrete geometry.</READING> who would have thought that a

mathematical proof could receive so much media coverage? well the coverage may be

unusual but it's far from undeserved.

B. Maybe we can infer some information from these titles: is there any recurring

metaphor or class of words describing what the mathematical proof might be

about? ____________________________________________________________

Let’s find out something more about “Kepler’s conjecture” which is basically the

answer to the following question: “What arrangement of equal spheres takes up the

least space?” Visit the webpage below:

Kepler experimented with the problem and concluded that an arrangement known as the face centred cubic

packing, a pattern favoured by fruit sellers, could not be bettered. This statement has become known as

"Kepler's conjecture" or simply the sphere packing problem.

C. Can you now explain the general meaning of the following headlines? Can you

find a pun (a play on words) in the last one?

1. mathematics proves what the grocer always knew

2. mathematician proves that shops know how to stack fruit

3. Kepler's orange stacking problem squashed

D. In two of the articles the same piece of news is given a different treatment—more

accurate and objective. Since a mathematical proof does not usually “receive so

much media coverage”, which particular aspect of this mathematical finding has

attracted the media’s attention in this case?

Go to the following webpage and find information about a similar type of challenge: the

“Millennium Problems”, or the seven classical unresolved mathematical problems.

http://www.claymath.org/millennium/

Leicher & Swales (2003) have put forward a variety of reasons for speakers referring

to this type of media coverage or outside sources: “for analysis, to enliven the

discussion, to relate the academic world to the real world, to exert their authority or

undermine other’s, or to display their own knowledge.”

E. What is, in your opinion, the reason for this second speaker to introduce all these

references? ________________________________________________________

TASK 3. Since this is a formal presentation, the second speaker provides an accurate

report of Prof. Hales’ career so far. Can you complete the blank spaces below with the

information given? What would be the equivalent degree and academic rank in your

country?

Click here to listen

S2: an expert in representation theory, analysis, algebra and physics, Dr Hales received

his _________ and __________ degrees at _____________ in nineteen __________. his

_______ at ___________ in ___________ under the Harold W Dodds Honorific

Fellowship, he then went on to the _______________________________________ to do

_____________________ research. and then to ______________, where he was an

___________________ for two years under the National Science Foundation Fellowship.

he completed the ______________________________ at the ______________________

in the following year. he was an ___________________ at the _____________________

from ___________________ to __________________. in ____________________ he

came to the ___________________________ as an _________________. here he's a

member of the ________________________, and chair of the

___________________________. he has won the College of Literature Science and the

Arts _____________________ Award and the ___________________ Award for

_________________________.

Undergraduate, BS, or

bachelor’s degree; graduate,

1982 ____________ MS, or master’s degree

_____ Princeton

Math Sciences

Research Inst.

1989 ____________

Advanced Study

_____ Michigan

_____ ____________

Member of…

Chair of….

Winner of…(1)

(2)

TASK 4. Strictly speaking, Prof. Hales has just found the proof of a problem that

“grocers always knew” and “that seems simple at first glance.” Therefore, the speaker

feels it necessary to transmit to the audience the enormous difficulty inherent in his

finding. First, listen to how she goes about it. Then listen again as you read along, and try

to answer the question.

Click here to listen

S2: he's (Prof. Hales) here today with the proof of a problem that has stumped

mathematics for four hundred years. a problem that seems simple at first glance.

examined more closely, one can see that a proof of such a problem, actually involves

over five hundred possible spher- over five thousand possible spherical configurations.

thousands of crucial details. two hundred and fifty pages of formal proof. one hundred

and fifty variables, combined into one equation. ten years of work. <SS LAUGH> a five-

step strategy. three gigabytes of computer memory. a talented, graduate student assistant.

and one brilliant associate professor. ladies and gentlemen, Mr Tom Hales

there are two types of numerical justifications of his feat. Can you describe them?

1. ____________________________________________________________

2. ____________________________________________________________

TASK 5. Throughout the different parts of this twofold introduction, the main speaker is

referred to in a variety of ways. In fact, he is not referred to in the same way twice! Why

do you suppose this is? (Italics indicate written references.) _______________________

________________________________________________________________________

theory, analysis, algebra and

physics, Dr Hales…” Hales

“Our solves …

colleague

Tom Hales”

Mathematician

proves that…

U of M

Professor

solves … “Ladies and gentlemen, Mr

Mathematics Tom Hales.”

proves…

1. What is your overall impression of these two introductions? Are they more or less

formal than you would expect?

2. Do you have similar events at your institution? Compare and contrast.

3. Now that you have heard these two introductions from a colloquium at an

American university, read or listen to a couple more and compare. Which do you

prefer and why? Here is a list from which to choose:

Listen View transcript

! Women’s Studies Guest Lecture: COL605MX039 (200 in audience)

1. Introduction of the benefactor of the lecture series

Listen View transcript

2. Introduction of the main speaker

Listen View transcript

! Problem Solving Colloquium: COL999MX059 (15 in audience)

Listen View transcript

TEACHER NOTES

TASK 1.

A. Name of the person who will deliver the lecture: Tom Hales

B. Name of the person who will introduce the lecturer: Polly McMahon

C. Why is she given a prominent role? She is the President of the Undergraduate

Mathematics Society… the organization which sponsors this lecture.

D. First speaker is chair of the math department, a faculty member

E. Invite the audience to the reception.

F. Other evidence of informality: filler pauses (uh), informal way of giving

directions to the atrium ( “that way and up one left”), and conversational

features such as “so….”

G. Formal register “perhaps,” “I’d like to introduce you to…”; not many

contractions (only 1); fully pronounced word endings (no elisions).

TASK 2.

A. Informal (media, headlines). Less formal print media, intended for lay

audience: newspapers, magazines, internet? (not professional journals)

B. packing, grocer, orange, stacking, squashed, shops, fruit.

By visiting the webpage, students become aware of the existence of different degrees

of formality either in the headlines or in the scientific literature :

Stacking Arrangement

Mathematics Discrete geometry

knowledge over theoretical and abstract approaches. Pun: orange (problem)

squashed / problem (about stacking oranges) solved.

the number of years the problem has remained unsolved.

Webpage synopsis:

The Clay Mathematics Institute of Cambridge, Massachusetts (CMI) has named seven Prize

Problems. The Scientific Advisory Board of CMI selected these problems, focusing on

important classic questions that have resisted solution over the years. The Board of

Directors of CMI designated a $7 million prize fund for the solution to these problems,

with $1 million allocated to each.

Retrieved August 2004 from: http://www.claymath.org/millennium/

There are further references in this colloquium to Prof. Andrew Wiles and his making headlines by solving

“the most famous problem in the history of Mathematics”: Fermat’s Last Theorem. Kepler’s sphere

packing problem is described by Prof. Hales as “a worthy succesor” for this notorious challenge, thereby

underlining its significance.

E. Basically the speaker tries to “relate the real world to the academic world”

and underline the “unusual” presence of this type of event in the media. In

this way she can both emphasize the importance of Prof. Hales’ discovery

and provide a general introduction to the subject before proceeding to a

more specific position.

Undoubtedly, these references also enliven the discussion—they’re colorful

and stimulating and everyone can talk about commonsensical things.

TASK 3.

Full transcript:

S2: an expert in representation theory, analysis, algebra and physics, Dr Hales received

his M-S and B-S degrees at Stanford in nineteen eighty-two. his PhD at Princeton in

eighty-six under the Harold W Dodds Honorific Fellowship, he then went on to the

Mathematical Sciences Research Institute to do post-doctoral research. and then to

Harvard, where he was an assistant professor for two years under the National Science

Foundation Fellowship. he completed the post-doctoral research fellowship at the

Institute for Advanced Study in the following year. he was an assistant professor at the

University of Chicago from nineteen ninety to nineteen ninety-three. in ninety-three he

came to the University of Michigan as an associate professor. here he's a member of the

math department Executive Committee, and chair of the Undergraduate Scholarship

Committee. he has won the College of Literature Science and the Arts Excellence In

Education Award and the Henry Russell Award for nineteen ninety-nine.

bachelor’s degree, undergraduate

1986 Princeton PhD

Math Sci Res Inst Post-doctoral research

1987-8 Harvard Assistant Professor

1989 Inst. Adv. Study Post-doctoral research fellowship

1990-93 Chicago Assistant Professor

1993 Michigan Associate Professor

1999 Michigan Member Math Dept Exec Cmte/Chair of the

Undergraduate Scholarship Committee/Winner of Excellence in Education Award

and the Henry Russell Award.

TASK 4.

2) involves… over five thousand, thousands of… two hundred and fifty…ten

years… ( huge amounts of time, resources, equipment, manpower devoted to

finding the proof)

TASK 5.

Students might suggest it relates to level of formality or level of generality, but we

think it’s really just for variety’s sake. A similar abundance of terms to refer to the

word “problem” (e.g. challenge, riddle, mathematical proof, conjecture) seems to

confirm this idea.

N.B. A search in the University of Michigan Online Directory showed that the “official”

name of this professor of the LS&A Mathematics Department is Thomas C. Hales.

TASK 6.

Don’t limit the discussion to level of formality alone. You could discuss deference,

respect, length, detail, audience, and any number of other factors.

! Provost Public Lecture: COL999MX036 (70 in audience).

This introduction is quite lengthy and formal. The provost talks about the

challenges that face faculty, students, and staff at the University of Michigan, and

some of the issues that she faces as provost.

! Women’s Studies Guest Lecture: COL605MX039 (200 in audience).

There are four introductions in this event, but we present only two:

1. The daughter of the benefactor of the lecture series introduces the

benefactor, her mother.

2. The speaker introduces herself (very briefly) before introducing the main

speaker.

In the first introduction (not included here), the speaker introduces the event,

herself, and the benefactor’s daughter. The second introduction is number 1

above. In the third introduction (not included), the benefactor introduces her sister

and niece (in the audience) and the topic of the lecture. The fourth introduction is

number 2 above. And then…the main speaker introduces her speech!

! Problem Solving Colloquium: COL999MX059 (15 in audience). There is a short

introduction of the main speaker. The introducer and main speaker are obviously

friends.

Academic Spoken English. Ann Arbor, MI: The Regents of the University of Michigan

- family letter 2Hochgeladen vonapi-258403337
- Managerial CommunicationHochgeladen vonRatish Kakkad
- Q31.pdfHochgeladen vonAntonio Marashi
- Pre Algebra TextBookHochgeladen vonjohnsonkk125
- Gary.a.klein - Working.minds.a.practitioner's.guide.to.Cognitive.task.AnalysisHochgeladen vonFill Niu
- Performance StandardsHochgeladen vonVasilios Sotiropoulos
- CHED Form E5 - Faculty Form for Private HEIs_AY0910Hochgeladen vonramilsanchez@yahoo.com
- description: tags: 7 techHochgeladen vonanon-307150
- elementary mathematics methods ug 1114 dup1 meganHochgeladen vonapi-279276416
- First GradeHochgeladen vonalv6378
- Analysis of IMT 2003Hochgeladen vonapi-3835727
- Analysis of XAT 2005Hochgeladen vonapi-3835727
- Math Academy AppHochgeladen vonkisame1357
- pbi field trip formHochgeladen vonapi-203599078
- Analysis XAT 2005Hochgeladen vonapi-26456455
- acps technology standardsHochgeladen vonapi-111031799
- sorico math grade k q3 units of study 2013-2014Hochgeladen vonapi-233707670
- Problems-encountered-in-solving-mathematical-equations-2.docHochgeladen vonJorrel Segui
- Using Performance Activities as a Teaching StrategyHochgeladen vonkeyza_tyas
- DreamBox the Development of Mathematical ThinkingHochgeladen vonEegen Babygen
- MATHEMATICAL COMMUNICATION PROCESS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS BASED ON KEIRSEY PERSONALITY TYPE IN SOLVING OPEN GEOMETRY PROBLEMSHochgeladen vonIJAR Journal
- Pupils’ Visual Representations_4Hochgeladen vonAnGgar Titis Prayitno
- Right Side BrainHochgeladen vonmontsecubillos
- Information FormHochgeladen vonAnonymous SWX6G6X
- Lecture 10 - Direct Proof and Counterexample I 1Hochgeladen vonRed Wyne
- ALGEBRA RESEARCHHochgeladen vonRommel
- tugas lowongan kerja english III.docxHochgeladen vonAmiza Zulfi
- netcutoffdec2015.pdfHochgeladen vonRUPAM
- Cpe 3 Vocabulary Education Language Learning1Hochgeladen vonSerwan Serwan
- 2_MNLESE_C06L05.pdfHochgeladen vonJayson Ace

- Mta and External ResorptionHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- Bone MorphogeneticHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- Clearing ReveiwHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- 541Hochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- 242 PaperHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- Perio and Endo RegenerationHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- PES PLANUSHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- DENTINE OCCLUSION FINALHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- Photography in DentistryHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- Finishing of Posterior CompositeHochgeladen vonssaikalyan
- Mineral Trioxide AggregateHochgeladen vonssaikalyan

- Science and Its TimesHochgeladen vonluis peixoto
- Management NotesHochgeladen vonKhalid Aziz
- ERDT 2014-2015 Annual Report_16 December 2016.pdfHochgeladen vonMina Princes Conag Alfornon
- RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSHochgeladen vonAnonymous sewU7e6
- Mignolo Geopolitics of Knowledge and Colonial DifferenceHochgeladen vonLuisina Antena
- (Thought in the Act) Didier Debaise-Nature as Event_ the Lure of the Possible-Duke University Press (2017)Hochgeladen vonAnonymous grhFMpK1N
- locationspaceeco00isarHochgeladen vonTim Van den Broeck
- Hong Kong University General EducationHochgeladen vonMatthew Chiu
- Feedback Simulation for Acupressure Training and Skill AssessmentHochgeladen vonEhab Albizri
- StellaHochgeladen vonfizz
- Style ManualsHochgeladen vonAmy Adams
- DAMISCH H. the Part and the WholeHochgeladen vonfraguiar
- 446-2229-1-PBHochgeladen vonKaaya Godfrey
- Research and StatisticsHochgeladen vonmiguelxerxes
- TerriLynnJonesWood PS505-02Hochgeladen vonAngela McByrd
- Impact of Ripe-mathHochgeladen vonSeven De Los Reyes
- Nanocosm W IHochgeladen vonSanjeev Kumar
- 274389427-Jurisprudence-Class-Notes-Full.pdfHochgeladen vonConcentrated Hcl
- Annonated BibliographyHochgeladen vonYassah Reed
- Qualitative Research AssignmentHochgeladen vonMaria Portelli
- After Revaluation Result - Grade I Sem (2012-13)Hochgeladen vonKenneth Richards
- Fundamentals of Pharmacognosy & PhytotherapyHochgeladen vonsafa_saba
- Bsche ProspectusHochgeladen vonClark Ivan Torres
- SJ-20101208143956-002-ZXWN MSCS (V4.10.13) MSC Server Product DescriptionHochgeladen vonJhon Grández
- Writing Task 2 - QuestionsHochgeladen vonLevina Audrey
- Aristotle’s Concept of Law - Beyond Positivism and Natural Law.pdfHochgeladen vonstephone84
- Test Bank for Essentials of Marketing Research 3rd Edition HairHochgeladen vona652871889
- Yearly Plan Science Year 2Hochgeladen vonmohamad nizam bin mahbob
- Timetable 2011Hochgeladen vonGhulam Yaseen
- khanz.docxHochgeladen vonNiel Bert Balios Moniva

## Viel mehr als nur Dokumente.

Entdecken, was Scribd alles zu bieten hat, inklusive Bücher und Hörbücher von großen Verlagen.

Jederzeit kündbar.