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STIMULUS VARIATION SKILLS

Main Purpose:
It is the teacher's skills to stimulate the students, increase their
active participation, enthusiasm and spirit of study, to avoid
boredom and apatism

A. Teacher Movement/Gerak Guru


The teacher's overall physical movement with the purpose of covering
t h e whole class and creating better and more intimate atmosphere in
the teacher-student interrelationship

How?

1. Move freely and relaxedly to avoid fear and to control the


students'
behaviour;
2. Never write on the board while talking;
3. No explanation while walking around all the time;
4. No looking downstairs or upstairs while teaching; look around the
class
to see the situation; look into the students' eyes;
5. Move away from the student asking a question so as to involve the
other
students;
6. To observe the whole class, move slowly from the back to the front.

B. Teacher Gesture/lsyarat-Sasmita Guru


The teacher's gestures - the teacher's body movements - which
communicate certain meaningful ideas to the students.
How?

1. Move hands and fingers to describe things, measurements, etc;


2. While talking with the students, show agreements by nodding
heads so
as to encourage the students to go on explaining;
3. Show adoration or wonder by raising eyebrows high so as to
show
interest in what the students are talking about;
4. Use mimics to show agreements, disagreements, wonder and
disbelief,
anger, or uncomprehension, etc;
5. Clasp hands to attract the students' attention or to show
happiness,
wonder etc.

C. Teacher Voice/Suara Guru


How?

1. Speak using different speech patterns to avoid boredom;


2. Do not be monotonous;
3. Speak attractively and energetically;
4. Speak loudly enough for the students at the back to hear
what the
teacher is saying, but not too loud so that the students at
the front
get shocked;

D. Teacher Silence/Diam Sejenak


How?

1. Make use of short pauses properly to attract the students'


attention and
to increase the students' desire to listen further to what the
teacher is
talking about; do not talk in a hurry so as to lose breath;
2. When asked, do not directly answer the question; let the student
finish
his question first so as to give time to you to prepare for a
suitable and
right answer; do not cut off the student's question or
explanation;
E. Interaction Style/lnteraksi Guru
There are three interaction styles worth noticing, use them
invariably at the right time and situations; do not stick to one
style only all the time;

1) Teacher-Students Interaction Style

The teacher has a dialogue with the whole class,


communicates to the students as a whole, not to individual
students;
2) Teacher-Student Interaction Style

The teacher has a dialogue with a certain student, communicates the


students as individuals;

3) Students-Students Interaction Style

The teacher is not involved in the students' activities; Functioning as


an observer, he lets the students discuss in groups;

F. Eye Contact & Movement/Kontak Pandanq &


Gerak

As part of teacher gestures, eye contact and movement is stressed


on the controlling interaction between the teacher and the students
through emotional expressions

How ?

1. Look at the student's eyes while explaining something so as to


show
that the teacher does not want to be interrupted, etc;
2. Look at the student's eyes sharply and investigatingly w h i l e the
student
is explaining something so as to show disbelief, enthusiasm, etc.

G. Focussing/Penajaman Topik

1) Verbal Focusing/Penajaman Verbal


Examples: 1. Look!
2. Listen to the story, please!
3. Open your eyes and look at this picture!

2) Gestural Focussing/Penajaman Gerak


Examples: 1. Use a finger to point at something the teacher is
explaining;

2. Put a hand on the back of the ear to show the inability


to hear what the student is saying;

3) Switching Sensory Channel/Alih Guna Indra


Examples: 1. Listen - Look - Listen
2. Listen - Practise
3. Look - Touch - Smell - Rub, etc;