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Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Centro de Ciências Exatas


Departamento de Matemática

Gabarito 1a Lista - MAT 135 - Geometria Analı́tica e Álgebra Linear


2015/II

1. (a) Não, (b) Não, (c) Sim, ordem 4x5, (d) Não.

2. (a) A4×5 , (b) a21 = −4, a34 = 1 e a44 = 0.

3. c23 = 5, d41 = 5.
 
−2 1 0 −1
 
 1 −2 3 2 
4. A =  .
 0 3 0 5 

−1 2 5 4

5. (a) A 2 = I, (b) A 3 = A, (c) A 31 = A, (d) A 42 = I.

6. x = −1, y = 1.
x = 2, y = −7, z = −2
7. (a) x = −1, (b) x = −4, y = −4, z = −2, (c)
x = −2, y = −3, z = 10
 
22 −6 8
8. (a)  −2 4 6 ,
 

10 0 4
" #
7 2 4
(b) ,
3 5 7
 
9 −13 0
(c)  1 2 1 ,
 

−1 −4 −6
 
10 −6
(d)  −14 2 .
 

−6 −8
" #
a b
9. .
0 a−b
" # "#
1 1 −1 −1
10. (a) , .
1 1 −1 −1
" √ # " √ # " √ # " √ #
5 0 − 5 0 5 0 − 5 0
(b) 4 matrizes: , , , .
0 3 0 3 0 −3 0 −3
" #
−1 0
(c) Não, A = .
0 −1
11. (b) A matriz identidade.
12. A 3 = 0.
13.
14.
15.
" # " #
0 1 0 −1
16. (a) ±1, (b) e .
−1 0 1 0
17. Ortogonais: A, C e D.
Não ortogonais: B.
" #
0 −1
18. (a) (c) T −α = (T α ) T .
1 0
19.
20.
21.
22.
23. Sim
24.
25. (a) 45 , (b) P é invertı́vel, (c) −9, (d) Q é invertı́vel.
26. -5
27. (a) 576,
 17 531 
1 −
 8 212 
 
 
 0 1 3 5 

− 

 2 8 12 

(b) A −1 =

,

 0 0 1 1 



 4 6 

 
1
 
0 0 0
3
 1 
− 0 0 0
 3 
 
 

 − 1 1 
− 0 0 

 4 4 

(c) B −1 = 

,

 − 7 − 1 −1
 
0 

 6 2 

 
25 3 1 1
 
− − − −
24 8 2 2
 215 37 67 25 
− − − −
 288 288 144 72 
 
 

 − 23 5 3 1 
− − − 

 32 32 16 8 

−1
(d) (AB) =   ,


 − 5 1 1 1 
− − − 

 6 6 3 6 

 
31 5 1 1
 
− −
24 24 12 6
1
(e) det C = 0 ou det C = .
16
28. det Q = (−2)n .
 25 32 13 10 
− −
 29 29 29 29 
 
 
 7 2 1 3 
 − − 

 29 29 29 29 

29. (a) 58, (b) 58, (c) 3364, (d) A −1 =

,

 157 165 77 14 
 − − 

 58 58 58 29 

 
73 83 31 3
 
− −
  58 58 58 58
36 23 35 32
 
 23 25 −2 17 
(e) 58, (f) 3. 
 .
 35 −2 95 47 

32 17 47 50
1
30. p(x) = x3 − 2x2 − x + 1 e A −1 = − (A2 − 2A − I).
3
31. (a) -123, (b) 1 + a + b + c, (c) −c4 + c3 − 16c2 + 8c − 2, (d) -5 (e) -120, (f) -120.
3 1√
32. (a) x = 0, −1, 1/2, (b) x = 40/11, (c) x = ± 33.
4 4
33. det(A) = a41 a32 a23 a14 .
34.
29 11 1
 
− 

 152 152 8 
 
21 13 1 
 
35. (a) A −1 =  − ,

 152 152 8 
 
 
 27 5 1 
152 132 8
 
cos θ − sin θ 0
 
 
−1
 
(b) A =   sin θ cos θ 0 ,
 
 
0 0 1
 
−1 1 0 0
 
 
 1 1 1
 
 −

0 
 2 2 2 
(c) A −1 =  ,
 
 5 5 1 
− 1 −
 
 2 2 2
 

 
 
−1 2 −1 0
 1 
0 0 0
 4 
 
 

 0 −1 1 
0 

 2 

(d) A −1 = 

,

 1 5 13 

 6 − 0 
 6 24 

 
2 16 53 1
 

9 9 36 3
36.
1 3 1
 

 8 −
 8 8 

 
 1 1
 
37. (a) A −1 =  − 0 ,

 4 4 
 
 
 1 1 
− 0
2 4
2 1
 
 7 14 
(b) A −1 =  ,
 
 1 3 

 7 14 
1 0 0 0
 
 −2 1 0 0 
(c) A −1 = 
 1 −2
,
 1 0 

0 1 −2 1
 
−5 −28 −6
1
(d) A −1 =  −2 16 1 .
 
51
−2 −1 1

38. (a) X = A −1 B −1 , (b) X = A −1 B T , (c) X = A −1 ,


(d) X = B T − A, (e) X = A −1 BAB −1 , (f) X = (B T ) −1 A.

39. Correção: A matriz A a ser considerada neste exercı́cio é

 
1 1 1
A =  2 1 4 .
 

2 3 5

Assim, teremos:
       
0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
E1 =  1 0 0  , E2 =  0 1 0  , E3 =  −3 1 0  , E4 =  0 1 0  .
       

0 0 1 −2 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 1
40. Por exemplo, consideramos as matrizes
       
1 0 0 1 0 0 1 2 0 1 0 0
E1 =  2 1 0  , E2 =  0 −3 0  , E3 =  0 1 0  , E4 =  0 1 0  ,
       

0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1
     
1 0 0 1 0 31 1 0 0
E5 =  0 1 0  , E6 =  0 1 0  , E7 =  0 1 43  .
     

0 0 32 0 0 1 0 0 1
 
h i 50 15 6 70 25
41. (a) A = 20 15 30 .  500 1 5 20 30  .
 

200 8 7 50 40
(b) Os elementos de AB representam o valor total de compra e o preço total de transporte
de todos os materiais utilizados na construção de todos os estabelecimentos.
 
25 15 70
 
h i  30 25 40  h i
42. Faça os produtos AB e AC, onde A = 6 7 5 8 ,B =  e C = 7, 5 5 4, 5 6, 5 .

 60 10 55 

15 30 60

43. (a) F, (b) V, (c) V, (d) V, (e) F, (f) V, (g) V, (h) F, (i) V, (j) F, (k) F, (l) V ,
(m) F, (n) F , (o) F, (p) V, (q) V, (r) V, (s) F, (t) V, (u) F, (v) F , (w) V,
(x) F, (y) V, (z) F.