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1

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006

POWER SYSTEMS-II

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Find the ABCD parameters of a 3-phase, 80Km, 50Hz transmission line with series

impedance of (0.15 + j 0.28 ) ohms per Km and a shunt admittance of j 5x10−4

ohm per Km for the both Π and T networks. [16]

(b) Derive the expression for potential gradient at the surface of a conductor of

1-phase transmission line.

heights of 45m and 75m above sea level. The span length is 300m. Weight of the

conductor 0.85kg/m. Determine the clearance between the conductor and water at

a point midway between towers if the tension in the conductor is 2050 kg. [16]

(b) Determine the operating voltage of a single core cable of diameter 2 cm and

having three insulating material of permittivites 5, 4, 3. The overall diameter

of the cable is 5cm and the maximum working stress is 40kV/cm. Compare

the operating voltage with the voltage if the cable were not graded and the

material with same working stress was used. [12]

5. (a) Explain how a phase shifting transformer is used simultaneously both for

power factor and voltage control . Explain them with neat sketches . [8+8]

(b) How can an individual consumer of 1-φ f and 3-φtype would control the power

factor at the load side effectively? Explain your answer with respect to differ-

ent types of consumers .

6. What are the various methods of voltage control in a power system, explain with

neat sketches and vector diagrams. [16]

7. (a) What is the importance of base KVA in short circuit calculations? [6+10]

(b) A generating station has four bus bar sections .Each section is connected to

tie bar through 20% reactors rated at 200MVA.Generators of total capacity

100MVA and 20% reactance are connected to each bus bar section. Calculate

the MVA fed to a fault under short circuit condition on two of the bus bars.

8. (a) Draw the sequence diagram for single line to ground fault and derive the equa-

tion for fault current .Assume that the generator neutral is solidly grounded

and generator terminals are open circuited. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 1

(b) A 30MVA , 11KV , 3-φ synchronous generator has a direct sub transient

reactance of 0.25 per unit . The negative and zero sequence reactances are

0.35 and 0.1 per unit respectively .The neutral of the generator is solidly

grounded .Determine the sub transient current in the Generator and the line

to line voltages for sub transient conditions when a single line to ground fault

occurs at the generator terminals with the generator operating unloaded at

rated voltage .

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 2

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006

POWER SYSTEMS-II

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Input to a single-phase short line is 2000kW at 0.8 lagging power factor. The

line has a series impedance of (0.4 + j 0.4 ) ohms. If the load voltage is 3kV,

find the receiving end power factor and supply voltage. [8+8]

(b) Derive the equivalent ABCD parameters considering nominal T network.

each pin and earth is one tenth of the self capacitance of the unit. The voltage

between the line conductor and earth is 100kV. Find

(b) the string efficiency. [4]

weights 0.844 kgf/m, and an ultimate breaking strength of 7950 kgf. If the factor

of safety is to be 2 when the conductor has an ice load of 1kgf/m and a horizontal

wind pressure of 1:5 kgf/m, find approximately the vertical sag which corresponds

to this loading for a 300m span between level supports. [16]

(b) The test results for 1km of a 3-phase metal sheathed belted cable gave a

measured capacitance of 0.7µF between one conductor and the other two con-

ductors bunched together with the earth sheath and 1.2µF measured between

the three bunched conductor and the sheath. Find [6+6]

i. the capacitance between any pair of conductors, the sheath being isolated

and

ii. the charging current when the cable is connected to 11kV, 50Hz supply.

5. (a) Why is their a phase difference between voltage and current in an ac circuit?

Explain the concept of power factor? [5]

(b) Derive an expression for most economical power factor which may be attained

by a consumer? [7+5]

(c) Explain, why a consumer having low power factor is charged at higher rates?

6. (a) When do a transmission system needs a reactor bank for voltage control. What

are the different modes of connecting a reactor for voltage control. Explain

how would a reactor control the voltage with the help of neat sketches. [8+8]

1 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 2

(b) When do a transmission system needs a capacitor bank for voltage control.

What are the different modes of connecting capacitor banks for voltage control.

How would a capacitor bank control the voltage, explain with the aid of neat

sketches.

7. (a) Explain the harmful effects of short circuit faults on the power system. [6+10]

(b) Two generators are connected to a common bus bar, at which an out going

feeder is connected. The generator ratings are 15MVA, 30% and 20MVA, 50%

respectively. The percentage reactance of each alternator is based on its own

capacity. The bus bar voltage is 12KV. Find the short circuit current that will

flow into a complete 3-φ short circuit at the beginning of the outgoing feeder.

8. (a) Derive the expression for fault current and the terminal voltages of a 3-φ

alternator ,when there is a line to line fault occurs at the far end of the

alternator. Assume that the generator neutral is solidly earthed. [8+8]

(b) A 3-φ , 11KV , 25MVA generator with x0=0.05 p.u.,x1=0.2 p.u. is grounded

through a reactance of 0.3Ω . Calculate the fault current for a single line to

ground fault. Also calculate the terminal voltage of the faulted phase with

respect to ground.

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 3

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006

POWER SYSTEMS-II

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Find the ABCD parameters of a 3-phase, 80Km, 50Hz transmission line with series

impedance of (0.15 + j 0.28 ) ohms per Km and a shunt admittance of j 5x10−4

ohm per Km for the both Π and T networks. [16]

(b) In a string of three insulator units the capacitance of each unit is C, from each

conductor to ground is C/3, and from each connector to the line conductor

is C/5. Calculate the voltage across each unit as a percentage of the voltage.

To what value the capacitance between the connector of the unit and the line

has to be increased by a guard ring to make the voltage across it equal to that

across the next higher unit? [12]

3. An overhead line has the following data: span length 185m, difference in levels of

supports 6.5m, conductor dia 1.82cm, weight per unit length of conductor 2.5kg/m,

wind pressure 49kg/m2 of projected area. Maximum tensile stress of the conductor

4250kg/cm2 . Factor of safety 5. Calculate the allowable sag in meters at the lower

support. [16]

4. (a) A single core cable has an inner diameter of 5cms and a core diameter of

1.5cm. Its paper dielectric has a working maximum dielectric stress of 60

kV/cm. Calculate the maximum permissible line voltage when such cables

are used on a 3-phase power system. [6]

(b) A 66kV concentric cable with two inter sheaths has a core diameter 1.8 cm.

Dielectric material 3.5 mm thick constitutes the three zones of insulation.

Determine the maximum stress in each of the three layers if 20kV is maintained

across each of the inner two layers. [10]

5. (a) Why is their a phase difference between voltage and current in an ac circuit?

Explain the concept of power factor? [5]

(b) Derive an expression for most economical power factor which may be attained

by a consumer? [7+5]

(c) Explain, why a consumer having low power factor is charged at higher rates?

power system network. Explain it with neat sketch and vector diagrams, and also

specify its limitations. [16]

7. (a) What is the importance of base KVA in short circuit calculations? [6+10]

1 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 3

(b) A generating station has four bus bar sections .Each section is connected to

tie bar through 20% reactors rated at 200MVA.Generators of total capacity

100MVA and 20% reactance are connected to each bus bar section. Calculate

the MVA fed to a fault under short circuit condition on two of the bus bars.

8. (a) What are the different unsymmetrical faults and compare their characteristics

(b) A 3-φ , 11KV , 25MVA generator with x0=0.05 p.u.,x1=0.2 p.u. is grounded

through a reactance of 0.3Ω .Determine the ratio of fault currents of double

line to ground fault to the single line to ground fault considering one fault at

a time .

(c) Derive the formulas used in the above problem [6+4+8]

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 4

III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006

POWER SYSTEMS-II

(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Input to a single-phase short line is 2000kW at 0.8 lagging power factor. The

line has a series impedance of (0.4 + j 0.4 ) ohms. If the load voltage is 3kV,

find the receiving end power factor and supply voltage. [8+8]

(b) Derive the equivalent ABCD parameters considering nominal T network.

(b) Derive the expression for potential gradient at the surface of a conductor of

1-phase transmission line.

weights 0.844 kgf/m, and an ultimate breaking strength of 7950 kgf. If the factor

of safety is to be 2 when the conductor has an ice load of 1kgf/m and a horizontal

wind pressure of 1:5 kgf/m, find approximately the vertical sag which corresponds

to this loading for a 300m span between level supports. [16]

4. (a) What do you mean by grading of Cables? Explain briefly different types of

grading of cables. [6]

(b) A conductor of 1 cm diameter passes centrally through a porcelain cylinder

of internal diameter 2cms and external diaeter 7cms. The cylinder is sur-

rounded by a tightly fitting metal sheath. The permittivity of porcelain is 5

and the peak voltage gradient in air must not exceed 34kV/cm. Determine

the maximum safe working voltage. [10]

5. (a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of static capacitors used for power

factor improvement. [8+8]

(b) Explain the effect of power factor on transmission line conductor size and KVA

rating of the equipment.

6. What are the various methods of voltage control in a power system, explain with

neat sketches and vector diagrams. [16]

7. (a) What are the different symmetrical faults and compare their properties. [6]

(b) The section bus bar A and B are linked by a bus-bar reactor rated at 5000KVA

with 10% reactance. On bus-bar A there are two generators each of 10000KVA

with 10% reactance and on B two generators each of 8000KVA with 12%

reactance .Find the steady MVA fed into a dead short circuit between all

phases on A and on B with bus-bar reactor in the circuit. [10]

1 of 2

Code No: RR310203 Set No. 4

8. (a) Draw the positive , negative and zero sequence networks for the system de-

scribed as follows. The system consists of a 3-φ star connected alternator

is supplying power to the 3-φ star connected synchronous motor through a

delta-star step up transformer , a transmission line and a star- delta step

down transformer .The neutral points of the machine windings are solidly

grounded and the transformer winding neutrals are un grounded . [10+6]

(b) Explain the concept of sequence impedances of a 3-φ star connected rotating

load whose neutral is grounded through some impedance and draw its sequence

impedance networks.

⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

2 of 2

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