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Ciba Specialty Chemicals

Ciba ®
POLAR ®

Ciba ®
ERIONYL A ®

Ciba ®
NEOLAN A ®

Ciba ®
TECTILON ®

Metallfreie Säure-Farbstoffe für Wolle und Polyamid


metal-free acid dyes for wool and polyamide

Colors for textiles


ERIONYL A

Löslichkeit, 90°C
Solubility, 90°C
%

WO PA g/l

WO PA

Gelb A-3G 1.4 1.5 50


Yellow A-3G

Gelb A-R 1.0 1.0 100


Yellow A-R

Rot A-3G 0.9 1.0 100


Red A-3G

Rot A-2BF 1.3 1.4 100


Red A-2BF

Rot A-3B 0.85 0.9 70


Red A-3B

Bordeaux A-5B 0.6 0.6 80


Bordeaux A-5B

Violett A-B 1.5 1.5 70


Violet A-B

Blau A-R 1.9 1.9 80


Blue A-R
PA

Washing, CO6 B2
Wäsche, CO6 B2

Perspiration, alk.
Washing, 50°C
Wäsche, 50°C

Schweiss, alk.
Xenon lamp
Xenonlicht

Wasser
Water
1/3 N N N N
1/1 PA PA PA PA
WO WO – –
CO CV CV

6 5 5 5 5
6–7 5 5 4–5 4–5
5 5 – –
5 5 4–5

5–6 4–5 5 4–5 4–5


6–7 4–5 3–4 4–5 4
5 5 – –
5 5 5

3 5 5 5 5
3–4 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5
5 5 – –
4–5 5 4–5

5 4–5 4–5 5 5
5–6 3 3 3–4 3–4
4 4 – –
4–5 5 4

3 4–5 5 4–5 4–5


3–4 5 5 3–4 4
5 5 – –
4 4–5 4

4–5 4–5 5 4–5 4–5


5 4 3 4–5 4–5
5 5 – –
3–4 5 5

5 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5


5–6 5 5 4–5 4–5
5 5 – –
5 5 4–5

6 4–5 4–5 5 4–5


6–7 4 2–3 4 3–4
4–5 4 – –
5 5 4
WO

Decatizing, severe
Washing, C06 B2
Wäsche, C06 B2

Dekatur, schwer
Milling, alk., mild
Walke, alk., mild
Perspiration, alk.
Washing, 50°C
Wäsche, 50°C

Schweiss, alk.
Xenon lamp
Xenonlicht

Wasser
Water
1/3 N N N N N N
1/1 WO WO WO WO WO
CO CO CO CO CO
PA

5–6 5 4–5 5 5 5 4–5


5–6 5 5 5 4–5 5
5 5 5 5 5
5

5 4 4–5 5 5 4–5 5
5–6 4–5 4–5 5 4 4–5
5 5 5 4 4–5
3–4

2 3B 3B 4–5 4–5 5 5
3 5 5 5 3–4 5
4–5 3–4 5 3–4 5
3–4

4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 3–4 4–5


5 4–5 4 4–5 4 1–2
4–5 4–5 4–5 4 4–5
2–3

4 4–5 4–5 5 4–5 4–5 5


4–5 5 5 5 5 4
5 3–4 5 5 5
5

3 3H 3–4H 5 5 5 2G
3–4 4–5 4 5 3 4–5
3 2–3 4–5 2 2–3
1–2

4–5 4–5 4–5 5 4–5 4–5 5


5 5 5 5 4–5 4–5
5 5 5 4–5 5
5

4–5 4 4–5 5 5 5 4–5


5 4 3–4 4–5 3 4
4–5 4–5 4–5 3 5
2–3
WO
Decatizing, severe

Washing, C06 B2
Wäsche, C06 B2
Dekatur, schwer

Milling, alk., mild


Walke, alk., mild

Perspiration, alk.

Washing, 50°C
Wäsche, 50°C
Schweiss, alk.

Xenon lamp
Xenonlicht
Wasser
Water
N N N N N N 1/3
WO WO WO WO WO 1/1
CO CO CO CO CO
PA

4–5 3–4 4 4–5 4–5 4 5


2–3 3–4 4–5 4 4–5 5-6
4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5
3–4

4–5 2–3 2–3 4–5 4–5 2–3 5


4–5 4 4–5 4–5 5 6
1–2 2 4–5 4 4
4–5

4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 5


4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 5–6
5 4–5 5 5 4–5
4

1–2R 4–5 4 4–5 4–5 4–5 –


5 4 4–5 5 5 4–5
4 4–5 5 4 3
3
PA

Washing, CO6 B2
Wäsche, CO6 B2
Perspiration, alk.

Washing, 50°C
Wäsche, 50°C
Schweiss, alk.

Xenon lamp
Xenonlicht
Wasser
Water
N N N N 1/3
PA PA PA PA 1/1
– – WO WO
CV CV CO

4–5 5 5 4–5 6
2–3 3–4 3–4 5 6
– – 4 4–5
3–4 5 5

5 5 4–5 5 2G
4–5 4–5 5 5 3G
– – 5 5
4–5 5 4

4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 5–6


4–5 4–5 4–5 5 5–6
– – 5 5
4–5 5 5

4–5 4–5 4–5 4–5 N/L 4–5


4 4 3–4 4 N/Dk 5–6
– – 5 5
4 5 4
ERIONYL A
Löslichkeit, 90°C
Solubility, 90°C

g/l PA WO

PA WO

80 2.0 1.9 Blau A-4G


Blue A-4G

30 0.75 1.2 Türkis A-G


Turquoise A-G

55 1.8 1.8 Grün A-BG


Green A-BG

100 N/L N/L Marine A-R


1.0 1.0 Navy A-R
Polyamide

POLAR and ERIONYL A dyes

Procedure
˚C ˚F
140 284
120 248
100 212
80 176
60 140
40 104
20 68
15 10 1–2˚C/min 30–45 min

A B

Recipe
A 0.5 g/l ALBEGAL FFA or CIBAFLOW CIR
1 – 3 % UNIVADINE PA new
1 – 2 g/l ammonium acetate
x % acetic acid 80%
or
2 – 3 % ammonium sulfate
pH 5.5–6

B x % dye

TECTILON and NEOLAN E dyes

Procedure
˚C ˚F
140 284
120 248
100 212
80 176
60 140
40 104
20 68
15 10 1–2˚C/min 30–45 min

A B

Recipe
A 0.5 g/l ALBEGAL FFA or CIBAFLOW CIR
1 – 3 % UNIVADINE PA new
1 – 2 g/l ammonium acetate
x % acetic acid 80%
pH 5–5.5

B x % dye
Polyamide

Shade weakening

Dyeings that have turned out too deep can be weakened by treating in
a boiling alkaline bath containing Ciba® TINEGAL® W.

2 – 4 % TINEGAL W
pH 8–10 with soda ash
30 min at the boil

Where necessary, the treatment is repeated.

Dyeing temperature

With polyamide materials, the maximum dyeing temperature depends


on type of fiber, form of goods and dyeing equipment:

PA 6 textured up to 96°C / 205°F


PA 66 textured up to 108°C / 226°F
PA 6 untextured up to 120°C / 248°F
PA 66 untextured up to 120°C / 248°F
Wool

POLAR and ERIONYL A dyes

Procedure
˚C ˚F
110 230
100 212
90 194
80 176
70 158
60 140
50 122
40 104
15 10 1˚C/min 30 30 min

A B C
Recipe
A 0.5 g/l ALBEGAL FFA or CIBAFLOW CIR
0.5 – 1 % ALBEGAL A
5 – 10 % Glauber’s salt anhyd.
x % acetic acid 80%
pH 5–6.5
B x % dye
C With dark shades the dyebath can, if necessary, be exhausted by using
0.5 – 1 % acetic acid 80% or formic acid 85%.

TECTILON and NEOLAN E dyes

Procedure
˚C ˚F
110 230
100 212
90 194
80 176
70 158
60 140
50 122
40 104
15 10 1–2˚C/min 45–60 min

A B
Recipe
A 0.5 g/l ALBEGAL FFA or CIBAFLOW CIR
5 % Glauber’s salt anhyd.
4 % sulfuric acid 96%
pH 2.5–3.5
B x % dye
Wool

NEOLAN A dyes

Procedure
˚C ˚F
110 230
100 212
90 194
80 176
70 158
60 140
50 122
40 104
15 10 1–2˚C/min 45–60 min

A B
Recipe
A 0.5 g/l ALBEGAL FFA or CIBAFLOW CIR
5 % Glauber’s salt anhyd.
1 % ALBEGAL NA
1 g/l sodium acetate
x % acetic acid 80%
pH 5.5–6
B x % dye

Wool care

The addition of 1–2 g/l Ciba ® MIRALAN ® Q improves wool quality at all
stages of processing in respect of setting, felting and crease prevention.

Moth and beetle proofing in the dyebath

Ciba® MITIN® FF h.c. and Ciba® MITIN® FF liq. give wool durable protection
against attack by clothes moth, fur and carpet beetle larvae. The effects are
fast to washing and light. Both products can be applied in the dyebath
together with the dyes, provided not more than the indicated amount of
Ciba® ALBEGAL® A is used.

Amount required

1 – 1.5 % MITIN FF h.c.


or
2.5 – 3 % MITIN FF liq.
depending on specification (IWS)
Finishing/souring off

On completion of dyeing, the goods should be soured off. This is best


done by adding 1–2% formic acid 85% to the final rinse bath and has
the effect of
• improving the handle of the wool
• preventing the growth of microorganisms in goods left in the wet state
for prolonged periods.

Correcting faulty dyeings

Shade weakening
Dyeings that have turned out too deep or unlevel can be weakened
and leveled in a fresh bath.

2 – 4 % TINEGAL W
10 % Glauber’s salt anhyd.
pH 6–7 with acetic acid 80%
30–60 min at 95–98°C/203–208°F, rinse

To remove TINEGAL W residues and improve rubbing fastness before


redyeing, the goods should be treated with

2 % IRGASOL DAM
10 min at 30–40°C/86–104°F, rinse

Redye in a fresh bath.

Stripping
A reduction treatment with a hydrosulfite preparation in a bath set with
formic acid can be carried out, but the result is dependent on the individual
dyes. Preliminary trials are recommended.

Notes

Leveling
On material with physical differences of affinity, good fiber and surface
levelness can be obtained by using leveling agent Ciba® ALBEGAL® A, which
has affinity for the dye. Excessive amounts can markedly retard dye uptake.
For good reproducibility, the amount added should always be the same.

De-aerating/wetting out
Tightly packed goods in particular are rapidly de-aerated and wetted out if
0.5 g/l Ciba® ALBEGAL® FFA or CIBAFLOW® CIR is added to the dyebath first.
Explanatory notes on the pattern section

Patterns

Wool
The patterns shown are wool serge dyed by the recommended method
at a 20:1 liquor ratio.

Polyamide
The patterns shown are polyamide 66 textured tricot fabric dyed at a
20:1 liquor ratio.

Fastness properties

The fastness properties were tested in accordance with ISO 105 and inter-
national standards.
The light fastness ratings were determined at the standard depths indicated.
All other fastness properties were assessed on wool and polyamide (without
aftertreatment) at 1/1 standard depth of light navy (N/L).

The letters over the colums in the fastness tables denote the following:
N = change in shade
WO = staining of wool
PA = staining of polyamide 6.6
CV = staining of viscose
CO = staining of cotton
Edition 2001
Copyright © 2001 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Inc. All rights reserved.
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Copyright © 2001 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Inc. All rights reserved.


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3X2002 Printed in Switzerland May 2001

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