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WGE2 Global Studies, Münsch date:

Arbeitsauftrag: Bitte gleicht eure Lösung mit der Musterlösung ab und prüft, ob ihr
alle Punkte nachvollziehen könnt. Klickt auch auf die Links und ergänzt die Infos
aus dem Internet.

Bei Frage bitte in das Forum auf Moodle schreiben.

Lösung: Population distribution and growth

Task 1:

a. Western Europe, North East USA, East coast of China, India,

Japan, Java, Cuba, UK, Sri Lanka, Philippines,
Nile valley, Ganges valley, Niger valley

b. see:

c. River valleys; coastal areas; flat areas

Temperate (gemäßigt) climate zone

d. People move to cities (2050: 70% of humans will live in cities)  mega cities

e. Factors encouraging settlement:

- low altitude: about 80% live below 500m

- plains: arable (anbaufähig) land
- temperate, humid climates: about 85% live between 20°N and 68°N
- fertile, alluvial soils (Schwemmböden)
- natural resources (oil, coal, fresh water, …)
- employment opportunities
- rivers/river deltas: fishing, transport, hydro energy, irrigation (Bewässerung)
- lakes, sea: fishing, trade, temperate; about 70% live within 800km of the sea

Vergleiche auch mit hochgeladenem Zusatzmaterial in PowerPoint-Datei!!

Task 2:
a. largest growth: Africa, lowest growth: Europe (shrinking)

food: growing demand in Africa, more intensive farming, genetically modified crops,
etc. (see worksheet “Ernährung der Zukunft”)

other goods: Europe will become a smaller consumer market, “old” western markets
are partly saturated (gesättigt), higher demand and sales opportunities in developing

b. Birth rates in developing countries are much higher than in developed countries. Also,
the life expectancy differs considerably (see table Tanzania vs. Spain). In conclusion,
the more younger people and fewer old people there are, the lower the average age
of the population.
WGE2 Global Studies, Münsch date:

Oldest population: Japan, European countries

Youngest population: African countries

c. Socio-economic reasons for changing birth and death rates:

decreasing birth rates decreasing death rate

public health insurance and pension more food, better diet

schemes  no famines (Hungersnöte)
 fewer children needed to look after
the old medical care, vaccinations
 fewer diseases and epidemics
better medical care and hygiene
 lower infant mortality clean water, sewage (Abwasser) treatment

better education, esp. of women

 marry later
 career

emancipation and rights for women

children are costly

family planning, contraceptives


government policy

traditions and religion

WGE2 Global Studies, Münsch date:



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