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cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc Noun Phrases

A noun phrase is a group of words with a noun as its main part.

Information about the noun can be before the noun or after the noun.

Information that comes before the noun in a noun phrase is usually expressed through:

Àc îeterminers

à   

Àc Adjectives and adverbs

V
 VÃVÃ

Information that comes after a noun is usually expressed through:

Àc Yrepositional phrases:

V V V
 
VÃ 

Àc Yast participle clauses:

à   
 ÃV  Ã  V

Àc Yresent participle (-ing) clauses:


à     VÃà ÃÃ  à  V

Àc o-infinitive clauses:

V
 ÃV 

Noun + Prepositional Phrase


½e can add information after a noun by using a prepositional phrase. Common prepositions in
these phrases are     ÃÃ :

ÃÃ    

 V
 VÃVÃ V V V
 
VÃ 

 is the most common preposition used in prepositional noun phrases. It is used after nouns
of quantity or containers:

V V V
   (quantity)

 VV
à 
Ã(container)
½e also use  to show belonging or possession:

à   à Và (not à VÃ )

VÃ
VVV Ã  V

½e often use VÃ,  and  to talk about physical location:

à     VÃà ÃÃ  à  V 

   Ã
     V

Yrepositional phrases containing à often express the same information as a relative clause
with the main verb V:

VÃÃ     (= harbor sites which have submerged rubbish)

Noun + Past Participle Clause


A past participle clause gives the same information as a relative clause with a passive verb.

V Ã   


 ÃV  Ã  V   

 ÃV  Ã  V

Noun + Present Participle (-ing) Clause


A present participle clause can give the same information as a relative clause with an active
verb, often in the present or past continuous:

à à    à V  (= the other debris which is lying on the sea floor) 

Noun + to-infinitive Clause


-infinite clauses are used to show a purpose or inte ntion and usually follow nouns of time,
place manner and quantity:

à Ã

 Ã V
ÃÃ

 VV ÃVÃÃ

Nouns followed by the Ã-infinitive are related to verbs also followed by the Ã-infinitive (e.g.


 V V ):

V
 ÃV  (decide to)

 V Ã V  ÃV (plan to)

Examples:

he teacher was sitting next to the door.

wo girls arrived at the party.


èy grandmother is a kind lady.