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For examiner’s

use only

f g

1.

Diagram 1

-1 6

3

In Diagram 1, the function f maps set A to set B and the function g maps set B to set C.

Determine

(a) f (3 )

(b) g(-1)

(c) gf (3)

[ 3 marks

]

1

(b) ……………………...

(c).................................... 3

(a) f −1,

(b) the value of f −1g(3).

[ 3 marks

]

2

Answer : (a) ……………………..

3

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2

For examiner’s

use only

(b) ……………………...

−16

3 Given the function f (x) = 4x, x ≠ 0 and the composite function f g(x) = . Find

x

(a) g(x),

3

Answer : .........…………………

four significant figures.

[ 3 marks ]

4 Answer : .........…………………

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3 For examiner’s

use only

4−y

5 (a) Given x = , find the range of x if y > 10.

2

(b) Find the range of x if x2 − 2x ≤ 3. [4 marks]

Answer : .................................

___________________________________________________________________________

6 Diagram below shows the graph of a quadratic function y = f (x ) . The straight line

y = −9 is a tangent to the curve y = f (x ) .

y = f (x)

x

0 1 7

y = -9

Diagram 1

a) Write the equation of the axis of symmetry of the curve.

b) Express f ( x ) in form of ( x + p) 2 + q , where p and q are constants.

[ 3 marks ]

6

Answer : (a) ……........................

3

(b) ……........................

For examiner’s

use only

7 Solve the equation 324x = 48x + 6

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4

[3 marks]

3 Answer : ..................................

(i) log5 1.4,

(ii) log7 75.

[ 4 marks]

4 Answer : ...................................

marks]

Answer : ......................................

For examiner’s

use only

10. The first terms of the series are 2, x , 8. Find the value of x such that the series is a

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5

(b) a geometric progression. [2 marks ]

10

2

Answer : ....……………...………..

11. The sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic progression is given by S n = 3n 2 +13n.

Find

(b) the sum of the next 20 terms after the 9th terms.

[3 marks]

11

8

Answer: a)…...…………..…....... 4

3 b) ....................................

For

examiner’s

use only

1

12. Given that = 0.166666666.....

p

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6

]

12

Answer: a =...….… b =….......

4 p = ........................

___________________________________________________________________________

y

13. Diagram 2 shows a linear graph of against x2

x

y

x

●

(4,1)

x2

●

(1,-5) DIAGRAM 2

y

Given that = hx2 + k, where k and h are contants.

x

Calculate the value of h and k. [3 marks]

Answer : h = ………………..…….

13

k = ……………….....…...

3 For examiner’s

use only

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7

x y

14. The equation of a straight line PQ is + = 1. Find the equation of a straight

3 2

line that is parallel to PQ and passes through the point (−6 , 3). [3

marks]

14

Answer : .…………………

7 p −1

15 Given u =

9

dan v =

3

, find the possible values of p for each of the

following

case:

(b) u =v . [2

marks]

15

4

Answer : a)…………………..

b) ………………………

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16

8 4

For examiner’s

use only

16 P

R S

Q

r s

O

→ → → →

The diagram above shows OR = r, OS = s, OP and PQ are drawn in the square

grid.

Express in terms of r and s.

→

(i) OP

uuur

(ii) PQ .

[ 3 marks ]

16 uuur

Answer: a) OP = …….…………...

uuur

3 b) PQ =...………………..

___________________________________________________________________________

17

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9

Answer: …...…………..….......

For examiner’s

P use only

18.

θ

O Q

Diagram above shows a length of wire in the form of sector OPQ, centre O.

The length of the wire is 100 cm. Given the arc length PQ is 20 cm, find

(b) area of the sector OPQ. [2 marks]

18

Answer: a)……………………

b) ………………… 4

___________________________________________________________________________

5

19. Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y = at the point (3, 4).

( x − 5) 3

[2 marks]

19

Answer:………………………

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10

For examiner’s

use only

20. A roll of wire of length 60 cm is bent into the shape of a circle. When above the

wire is heated, its length increases at a rate of 0.1 cms−1. (Use π = 3.142)

(ii) Hence, calculate the radius of the circle after 4 seconds. [2 marks]

20

Answer: …...…………..….......

___________________________________________________________________________

4 3

21. Given ∫ 0

f ( x) dx = 5 and ∫ 1

g ( x) dx = 6.

Find the value

4 1

(a) ∫ 0

2 f ( x) dx + ∫ g ( x)dx ,

3

[1 marks]

3

(b) k if ∫ 1

[ g ( x) − k x] dx =14. [2 marks]

21 Answer: a) ……………………..

k =.……………..………

3

22. A chess club has 10 members of whom 6 are men and 4 are women. A team of 4

members is selected to play in a match. Find the number of different ways of

selecting the team if

(a) all the players are to be of the same gender,

22

(b) there must be an equal number of men and women.

3

[3 marks]

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11

. use only

23. (a) Given that the mean for four positive integer is 9. When a number y is added to the

four positive integer, the mean becomes 10. Find the value of y.

[2 marks]

(b) Find the standard deviation for the set of numbers 5, 6, 6, 4, 7. [3 marks]

23

Answer: …a)...…………..….......

5

b) ...............................

___________________________________________________________________________

24. Hanif , Zaki and Fauzi will be taking a driving test. The probabilities that Hanif ,

1 1 1

Zaki and Fauzi will pass the test are , and respectively. Calculate the

2 3 4

probability that

(a) only Hanif will pass the test

(b) at least one of them will pass the test.

[ 3 marks ]

24

Answer: ……………………………

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12

For examiner’s

use only

25. Diagram below shows a standard normal distribution graph.

-k k z

25

2

Given that the area of shaded region in the diagram is 0.7828 , calculate the value of k.

[ 2 marks ]

Answer: …...…………..….......

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13

JAWAPAN

3− x 5

(a) f −1 = (b) −

2 4 4 14 3y = − 2x − 3

−4

(a) g(x) = , x ≠0

x

3 15 10

(a) (b) −10, 12

3

1

(b) x = −

2

6 a) x = 4 1

(a) (b) 400

2

b) f ( x) = ( x − 4) − 9

2

18

8 ( i) 0.209 (ii) 2.219 20 ( i) 0.01591 cms−1 (ii) 9.612

9 x = 4 21 (a) 4 (b) k = −2

10 a) 5 b) 4 22 14 553

11 (a) 64 ( b) 2540 23 (a ) 14 (b) 1.020

12 a = 0.06 , b = 0.006 , p = 6 24 (a) 9/35 ( b) 5/6

25 k = 1.234

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SECTION A

[40 marks]

[40 markah]

[5 marks]

5 5

[ Answer x = 2, y = 3; x = ,y= ]

2 2

2 Given kx2 − x is the gradient function for a curve such that k is a constant. y − 5x + 7 = 0 is the

equation of tangent at the point (1, −2) to the curve.

Find,

(b) the equation of the curve. [3 marks]

[ Answer k = 6 ]

x2 7

[ y = 2x3 − − ]

2 2

Diagram 3

Diagram 3 shows a string of length 125π cm is cut and made into ten circle as shown above .

The diameter of each subsequent circles are difrent by 1 cm from its previous.

Calculate,

(i) the diameter of the smallest circle ,

(ii) the number or a circle if the length of a circle is 400

[6 marks]

Answer : (b)(i) 8 (ii) 21

4 Table 2 shows the frequency distribution of the marks of a group of form 4 students in a test.

Mark Number of students

20 – 29 2

30 – 39 10

40 – 49 36

50 – 59 55

60 – 69 k

70 - 79 5

(a) It is given that the first quartile score it 44.5. Find the value of k.

[ 3 marks ]

(b) [ Use the graph paper to answer this question]

Using the scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the vertical

axis, draw a histogram based on the given data. Hence, estimate the mode mark

[ 3marks ]

[2 marks ]

[ Answer k = 12, mode = 52.25 mean = 55.81

1

5 a) Prove that - sec θ = - sin θ tan θ

sec θ

[3 marks]

(b) Sketch y =1 −sin 2 x for 0 ≤ x ≤ π . Hence using the same axes , draw a suitable straight

line to find the number of solutions of the equation πsin 2 x −x =0 . State the number of

−x

solutions [ line y = +1] , 4 number of solution ]

π

[5 marks]

6 5x

A B

4y P

D C

x

→ → →

In the diagram above, AB = 5x, AD = 4y and DC = x.

(i) Express,

→

(a) AC

→

(b) BD in terms of x and y. [2 marks]

→ → → →

(ii) Given AP = h AC and BP = k BD .

→

State AP

(a) in terms of h, x and y,

(b) in terms of k, x and y.

Hence, or otherwise, prove that h = k. [5 marks]

5

Answer (i)(a) 4y + x, (b) −5x + 4y (ii)(a) h(4y + x) (b) ( (5 − 5k)x + 4ky; k =

6

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SECTION B

[ 40 Marks ]

Answer four equations from this section.

7 Table 7 shows the values of two variables x and y ,obtained from an experiment. Variable x and y are

related by the equations y = ab –x , where a and b are constants. One of the value of y is wrongly

recorded.

x 1 2 3 4 5

y 41. 38. 28. 27. 20.1

7 7 9 5

(b) By using your graph find,

(i) the value of y which is wrongly recorded and determine the correct value

(ii) the value of a and the value of b

(iii) the value of y when x = 2.5 .

8 y

y=a

Q y = x2 + 1

x

1 1

− 3 3

O

(a) Refer to the diagram above, answer the following question:

(i) Calculate the area of the shaded region.

(ii) Q is a solid obtained when the region bounded by the curve y = x2 + 1 and the line y = a is

1

revolved through 180° at the y - axis. If the volume of Q is π unit2 Find the value a.

2

[6 marks]

(b) Find the equation of tangent to the curve y = 2x2 + r at point x = k. If the tangent

passes through the point (2, 0), find r in terms of k.

[4 marks ]

56

[Answer 16. (a)(i) (ii) a = 2 (b) y − (2k2 + r) = 4k(x − k); r = 2k2 − 8k ]

81

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Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.

9.

y U(5, 6)

T(0, 4)

x

O V(p, q)

W

Diagram above shows the vertices of a rectangle TUVW in a Cartesian plane.

(a) Find the equation which relates p and q by using the gradient of UV.

[3maks]

5

(b) Shows that the area of the ∆ TUV can be expressed as p − q + 10. [2marks]

2

(c) Hence, calculate the coordinates of V given the area of the rectangle TUVW is 5 unit2.

[3marks]

(d) Find the equation of the straight line TW in the intercept form. [2marks]

10

Diagram above shows a sector MJKL of a circle centre M and two sectors, PJM and

QML, with centre P and Q respectively. Given the angle of the major sector JML is 3.6

radian.

Find,

(a) the radius of the sector MJKL, [2 marks]

(b) perimeter of the shaded region, [2 marks]

(c) the area of sector PJM, [2 marks]

(d) the area of the shaded region. [4 marks]

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25

[ Answer 11. (a) 4.795 (b) 27.24 (c) ]

2

11 (a) In a centre of chicken eggs incubation, 30% of the eggs hatched are male chickens.

If 10 newly born chickens are chosen at random, find the probability (correct to four

decimal places) that

(i) 4 eggs hatched are male chicken,

(ii) at least 9 eggs hatched are female chickens. [4 marks]

(b) The mass of guava fruits produced in a farm shows a normal distribution with

mean 420 g and standard deviation 12 g. Guava fruits with mass between 406 g

and 441 g are sold in market, whereas those with mass 406 g or less are sent to the

factory to be processed as drinks.

Calculate,

(i) the probability (correct to four decimal places) that a guava fruit chosen

randomly from the farm will be sold in the market,

(ii) the number of guava fruits that has been sent to the factory and also not sold

in the market, if the farm produced 2 500 guava fruits. [6 marks]

Sections C

Answer two questions from this section.

12 .

A• •B

P 8m Q

In the diagram above, P and Q are two fixed points on a straight line such that

PQ = 8 m. At a certain instant, particle A passes the point P with a velocity

VA = 2t − 6, whereas particle B passes the point Q with a velocity VB = 5 − t where t

is time in second after the particle A and the particle B have passed the point P and the

point Q.

[Assume direction P to Q is the positive.]

(a) Find the distance between the particle A and particle B at the instant when particle

A stopped momentarily.

[3marks ]

(d) Find the time, t1, when the distance between the particle A and particle B is maximum before the

two particles meet.. [ 2 marks ]

(c) For how long the two particles A and B are moving in the same direction?

(d)(i) Find the time, t2, when the particles A and B meets.

(ii) Hence, find the distance from the point P when the two particles meet.. [3 marks ]

1 11

[Answer (a) 27 m (b) s (c) 2 s (d)(i) 8 s (ii) 16 m ]

2 3

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13 A small factory produces a certain goods of A model and B model. In a day, the factory produces x units of

A model and y units of B model where x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0. Time taken to produce one unit A model and one unit

B model is 5 minutes and minutes respectively. The production of these goods in a certain day is

restricted by the following conditions:

I. The number of units of A model is not more than 60,

II. The number of units of B model is more than two times the number of units of A model by

10 units or less.

III. The total time for the production of A model and B model is not more than 400 minutes.

Write an inequality for each of the above condition.. Hence draw the graphs for the three inequalities. Marks

and shades the region R which satisfy the above conditions.

(a) Find the range of the number of units of A model which can be produced if 40

units of B model are produced.

(b) Find the total maximum profits which can be obtained if the profit gained from

one unit of A model and one unit of B model is RM 6 and RM 3 respectively.

(c) If the factory intends to produce the same number of units of A model and

B model, find the maximum number of units which can be produced for each o A model and B

model.

Answer x ≤ 60, y − 2x ≤ 10, 5x + 4y ≤ 400 (a) 15 ≤ x ≤ 48 (b) RM435 (c) 44

D

9.8 cm 5.2 cm

C

A 40.5° 12.3 cm

9.5 cm

DIAGRAM 6

B

(a) Calculate,

(i) ∠ABC,

(ii) ∠ADC,

(iii) area, in cm2, of quadrilateral ABCD.

[8 marks]

(b) A triagle A’B’C’ has the same measurements as those given for triangle ABC,

that is, A’C’ = 12.3 cm, C’B’ = 9.5 cm and ∠B’A’C’ = 40.5°, but which is

different in shape to triangle ABC.

(i) Sketch the triangle A’B’C’.

(ii) State the size of ∠A’B’C’.

[2 marks]

Answer . (a)(i) 57.21° - 57.25° (ii) 106.07° - 106.08° (iii) 82.37° - 82.39°

(b)(i) C (ii) 122.75° - 122.79°

A B

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10. Table 2 shows the price indices and percentage usage of four items, P, Q, R, and S,

which are the main ingredients of a type biscuits.

Item Price index for the year 1995 Percentage of usage (%)

based on the year 1993

P 135 40

Q x 30

R 105 10

S 130 20

(a) Calculate,

(i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70

(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its

price index in the year 1993 based in the year 1991 is 120.

[5 marks]

(b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuits production for the year 1995

based on the year 1993 is 128.

Calculate,

(i) the value of x,

(ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year1993 if the corresponding price in the

year 1995 is RM 32.

[5 marks]

Section C Alternative

12. Diagram 6 shows ∆STQ such that ST = 12.1 cm and TQ = 9.5 cm.

S Diagram 6 Q

(a) Find

(i) ∠STQ [ ∠STQ =128.47° or 128°28' ]

(ii) the length, in cm, of SQ [19.49 cm]

(iii) the shortest distance, in cm, from T to SQ. [4.613] [ 5 marks]

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T

13 cm 5 cm

R Q

5 cm

P

Diagram 7

(b)

Diagram 7 shows a pyramid TPQR with a horizontal triangular base PQR. T is vertically above Q. Given

that PQ = QT = 5 cm, TR = 13 cm and ∠PRQ =15° .Calculate two possible values of ∠PQR

[∠PQR = 126.60o and 23.40o]

(c) Using the acute ∠PQR in (i), calculate

( i) the length of PR [7.673]

(ii) the value of ∠PTR [29.420]

(iii) the surface area of the plane TPR [22.58] [ 5marks]

13. shows the bar chart for the monthly sales of five essential items sold at a sundry shop. Table 3 shows their

price in the year 2000 and 2006, and the corresponding price index for the year 2006 taking 2000 as the

base year.

Cooking Oil

Rice

Salt

Sugar

Flour

units

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Diagram 2

Price in the Price in the

Items 2006 based on the year

year 2000 year 2006

2000

Cooking Oil x RM2.50 125

Rice RM1.60 RM2.00 125

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Salt RM0.40 RM0.55 y

Sugar RM0.80 RM1.20 150

Flour RM2.00 z 120

TABLE 4

(i) x,

(ii) y

(iii) z. [x=2.00,y=137.5,z=2.40] [3 marks]

(b) Find the composite price index for cooking oil, rice, salt, sugar and

flour in the year 2006 based on the year 2000. [131.17] [2 marks]

(c) Calculate the total monthly sales for those essential items in the year 2006,

given that the total monthly sales in the year 2000 was RM 150.[3 marks]

[120]

(d) the composite index for the year 2008 based on the year 2000 if the monthly sales of those

essential items increased by 20% from the year 2006 to the year 2008.

[157.40] [3 marks]

14. Use the graph paper provided to answer this question.

The Mathematics Society of a school is selling x souvenirs of type A and y

souvenirs of type B in a charity project based on the following constraints :

II : The number of souvenirs of type A sold must not exceed twice the number of souvenirs of type

B sold.

III : The profit gained from the selling of a souvenir of type A is RM9 while the

profit gained from the selling of a souvenir of type B is RM2. The total profit must not be less

than RM200.

(a) Write down three inequilities other than x ≥ 0 dan y ≥ 0 which satisfy the above constraints.

[ Answer x + y ≤ 75 , x ≤ 2y and 9x + 2y ≥ 200]

[3 marks]

(b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 souvenirs on both axes, construct and shade the region R

which satisfies all the above constraints. [ 3 marks]

(i) the range of number of souvenirs of type A sold if 30 souvenirs of type B are sold.

[ 16 ≤ number of A type souvenirs sold ≤ 45]

(ii) the maksimum which may be gained. [Answer RM 500]

[4 marks]

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15. An object, P, moves along a straight line which passes through a fixed point O.

Figure 8 shows the object passes the point O in its motion. t seconds after leaving the point O , the

velocity of P, v m s─1 is given by v = 3t2 – 18t + 24. The object P stops momentarily for the first time at

the point B.

P

O B

Figure 8

(Assume right-is-positive)

Find:

(a) the velocity of P when its acceleration is 12 ms – 2 , [9 ms – 1 ] [3 marks]

(b) the distance OB in meters, [20 m] [4 marks]

(c) the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds. [28 m] [ 3 marks]

12.

(a) (i) Use area formula

1

(12.1)(9.5) sin STQ = 45

2

(ii) Using cosine Rule

SQ 2 =12.12 +9.5 2 − 2(12.1)(9.5) cos STQ

SQ =19.49cm

∠TQS = 29.05°

h

(iii) sin 29.05 = or equivalent

9.5

= 4.613 cm

(b)

5 12

=

sin 15° sin p

12

sin p = ×sin 15° = 0.6212

5

∠QPR = 38°24' ,141°36' @ 38.40°, 141.60°

∠PQR = 180o – 15o – 141.60o

http://mathsmozac.blogspot.com Page 11

PR 5

(c) (i) =

sin 23.4° sin 15°

5

PR = × sin 23.4°

sin 15°

= 7.672 cm

PR = 7.673 cm

13 2 + ( 50 ) 2 − (7.672) 2

cos ∠PTR = = 0.8710

2(13)( 50 )

∠PTR = 29.420

1

(iii) Area ∆ PVR = (13)( 50 ) sin 29.42° = 22.58 cm2

2

13.

(ii) y = 137.5

(iii) z = 2.40

(b) Use composite index formula

− 125(80) + 125(100) + 137.5(50) + 150(60) + 120(30)

I=

80 + 100 + 50 + 60 + 30

= 131.17

P2006

×100 = 131.17

(c) 150

P2006 = RM 196.76

2008

I 2006 = 120

120 × 131.17

(d)

2008

I 2000 =

100

= 157.40

x + y ≤ 75 , x ≤ 2y and 9x + 2y ≥ 200

(b) refer by graph

(c) (i) 16 ≤ number of A type souvenirs sold ≤ 45

(ii)Maximum profit

= RM [ 9(50) + 2(25) ]

= RM500.

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For examiner’s

1 use only

1. Function f is defined by

2− x,x ≤ 3

f ( x) = 11 3

− x, x ≥ 3

2 2

Answer : …………………….. 3

x +2 mx + n

2. Given the function f: x → 2x + 5 , g : x → and fg: x → ,

5 5

where m and n are constants , find the value of m and of n,

[2 marks ]

2

Answer : m =…………………….

2

n =..............................

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For examiner’s 2

use only

12

by the function g : y → y − c , y ≠ c . Calculate the values of a, b, c and d.

12

4

6 3

1

d

Diagram 1

[ 4 marks]

Answer: a=………b=………c=………d=…………..

[3 marks ]

3

Answer : p =.........………

For examiner’s

use only

5. Given α and β are the roots of 2 x 2 − 4 x + 1 = 0 . Form the quadratic equation with

roots α 2 and β2 .

[ 4 marks ]

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3

4

Answer : .................................

___________________________________________________________________________

a) Express the quadratic function f(x) in the form k + m(x + n)2, where k, m and n are

constants.

[ 3 marks ]

3

Answer : (a) .……........................

(b) ……........................

For examiner’s

use only 7. Find the range of values of x if f ( x ) = 3 x 2 + 2 x − 5 always positive.

3.

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4

[3 marks]

3 Answer : ..................................

[2 marks]

8

Answer : ...................................

3

[3 marks]

use only

10. Given 2 + log 3 k = log 9 (m + 3) , express k in terms of m.

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5

[4 marks]

10

4

Answer : ....……………...………..

[3 marks]

8 11

Answer: …...…………..….......

3 3

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6

For

examiner’s

use only 12. Given that the n th term , Tn = 20 − 4n for an arithmetic progression. Find the sum of

the first 12 terms of the progression.

[3 marks]

12

4

Answer: …...….………..….......

___________________________________________________________________________

13. Given the sum of the first 3 terms of a geometric progression is 567 and the sum of

the next three terms of the progression is −168. Find the sum to infinity of the

progression.

[4 marks]

13

Answer : …………………….

4

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7

For examiner’s

use only

14. Given that the sum of the first three terms of a geometric progression is 13 times the

third term of the progression. If the common ratio, r > 0, find the common ratio.

[ 2 marks ]

14

Answer : .………………… 2

15. Diagram 2 shows the graph of log2 y against log2 x. Values of x and values

x2n

of y are related by the equation y = , where n and k are constants.

k

Find the value of n and the value of k.

log2 y

* (5, 6)

0 log2 x

(2, 0)

Diagram 2

[4 marks]

Answer : n= ..……k=……….

For examiner’s

use only

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16

8 4

K •

N (x,y)

x

0 M

Diagram 3

x y

Given that the equation of the straight line KLM is + = 1 and point N( x , y )

4 3

lies on the circumference of a circle KLMN , find the equation of the locus of the

moving

point N.

[ 3 marks ]

16

Answer: ……..…….…………...

x-axis.

[3 marks]

17

4 Answer: ……..…….…………...

___________________________________________________________________________

For examiner’s

use only

18. Given that sin 20 0 = a and cos 30 0 = b , express sin 50 0 in terms of a and

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9

[3 marks]

18

Answer: ...………………………

3

___________________________________________________________________________

19. Diagram below shows two sectors , OAB and OCD with centre O.

E

D C

A B

Given that ∠ COD = 0.92 rad, BC = 5 cm and perimeter of sector OAB is 20.44 cm.

Using π = 3.142 , find the area of the shaded region of ABCED.

[ 3 marks ]

19

3

For examiner’s

use only Answer:………………………

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10

2 x −1 dy

20. Given that y= and = 2 g(x) where g(x) is a function in x .

x2 dx

1

Find ∫−1 g ( x )dx . [3 marks]

20

Answer: …...…………..….......

___________________________________________________________________________

k 7

21. The gradient of the curve y = hx + −1, is 2. Find the value of h

2 at the point

x 2

and the value of k. [3 marks]

21

Answer: ……………………..

3

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11

For examiner’s

use only

22. A coach wish to choose a player from two bowlers to represent the nation in a

tournament. The following data show the number of pins scored by the two players

in six sucessive bowls:

Player A: 8, 9, 8, 9, 8, 6

Player B: 7, 8, 8, 9, 7, 9

By using the values of mean and standard deviation, determine the player which

qualified to be choosen because the score is consistent.

[3 marks]

22

Answer: …...…………..…....... 3

___________________________________________________________________________

23. In a debate competition, the probability of team A, team B and team C will qualify for

1 1 1

the final are , , respectively. Find the probability that at least 2 teams will

3 4 5

qualify

for the final.

[3 marks]

23

Answer: ……………………………

3

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12

For examiner’s

use only

24. The letters of the word G R O U P S are arranged in a row. Find the probability that

an arrangement chosen at random

(a) begins with the letter P,

(b) begins with the letter P and ends with a vowels.

[3 marks]

24

Answer: ( a)…...…………..….......

3

( b )...................................

25. The life span of certain computer chip has a normal distribution with a mean of 1500 days

and a standard deviation of 40 days.

a) Calculate the probability that a computer chip chosen at random has a life span of

more than 1540 days

b) Given that 6% of the computer chips have a life span of more than n days, find the

value of n.

[4 marks]

25

Answer : (a)…...…………..……..…...

4

(b)..........................................

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13

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1

Paper 2

Time: Two hours and thirty minutes

Instruction : This question paper consists of three sections: Section A, Section B and

Section C. Answer all questions in Section A, four questions from Section B and two

questions from Section C. Give only one answer/ solution for each question. All the

working steps must be written clearly. Scientific calculator that are non-programmable

are allowed.

Section A

[40 marks]

x2 + py − 29 = 4 = px − xy where k and p are constants. Find the value of k and of p.

[5 marks]

Answer:

k = 4, p = 4; k = −2, p = −8

(a) Find,

(i) f 2(x),

(ii) (f 2)−1(x). [3 marks]

(f 2)−1(x) = (f −1)2(x). [3 marks]

(c) Sketch the graph of f 2(x) for the domain 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 and find it’s corresponding

range. [2 marks]

Answer

x +8

(a)(i) 9x − 8 (ii) (c) y

9

10 --------------------------

8 0 ≤ y ≤ 10

0 8/9 x

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2

DIAGRAM 3

The area of the semicircles form a geometric progression. Given that area of the

1

smallest semicircle is of the area of the largest semicircle. If the total area of the

16

semicircles is 30 cm 2 , find

(a) area of the smallest semicircle

(b) area of the largest semicircle

[5 marks]

Answer

(a) 10 (b) 160

3 1

4. Given that tan( x − y ) = −1 and tan y =

, show that tan x = − .

4 7

Sketch the graph of y = tan x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 360 .

0 0

Hence, using the same axes , draw a suitable straight line and find the number of

solutions for the equation

3 tan x + x = 6

[6 marks]

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3

O A

D B

C

DIAGRAM 5

→ →

Given that APD, OPC and DCB are straight lines. Given that OA = 6a, OC = 12c

and OP : PC = 3 : 1.

→

(i) Express AP in terms of a and/or c.

(ii) Given the area of the ∆ADB = 32 unit 2 and the perpendicular distance

from A to DB is 4 units, find a. [5

marks]

Answer:

( a ) − 6 a + 9c

% %

(b)2

6.

Cumulative x (25.5, 80)

frequency

(20.5, 74) x

x(15.5, 58)

(10.5, 26) x

x (5.5, 6)

Length of fish

in cm

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4

O 0.5

DIAGRAM 6

Diagram 5 shows an ogive for the distribution of 80 fishes in a tank when the

cumulative frequency is plotted against upper boundaries for a certain classes. O

is the origin.

(a) Construct a frequency table with a uniform class interval from the

information given in the ogive.

[2 marks]

(b) Draw a histogram and determine the mode.

[3 marks]

(c) From the frequency table, find

(i) the variance,

(ii) the median

for the length of fish in the tank. [4 marks]

An experiment which involves samples of red blood cell used to trace the percentage,

P, of the red blood cell which experience creanation when it is added by drops of

sodium chloride solution with different concentration, K mol dm3. Table below

shows the results of the above experiment.

concentration (K)

Percentage of red blood

cells which experience 0.4 5.0 14.5 27.6 46.2 68.9

creanation (P)

TABLE 7

4

Variables P and K are related by the equation P = µ2 (K + A)2 where µ and A are

constants.

(a) Draw the graph of P against K.

[5 marks]

(b) From your graph, find the value of µ and the value of A.

[4 marks]

(c) Find the value of P when K = 1.4?

[1 mark]

Answer:

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5

(c )37.21 − 38.44

8. y

y = x(x − 1)(x + 3)

O x

(a) Diagram above shows the curve y = x(x − 1)(x + 3). Calculate the area

bounded by the curve, x-axis, line x = −2 and line x = 1. [6 marks]

(b) Diagram below shows the shaded region bounded by the curve y = 2 x +1 , line

x = 1 and line x = k. When the region is revolved 360° at the x-axis, the volume

generated is 18π unit3. Find the value of k. [4 marks]

47

[ answer (a) (b) k = 4 ]

12

9.

y

Jawapan:

(a )α 2 + β 2 = 81

P(0, β)

2

(b)(ii ) ,5.85

3

(c)0.35

Wall • R(x, y)

O Q(α, 0) x

Floor

Diagram 9 shows the x-axis and the y-axis which represent the floor and the wall.

The end of a piece of wood PQ with length 9 m touches the wall and the floor at the

point P(0, β) and point Q(α, 0).

(b) Given R is a point on the piece of wood such that PR : RQ = 1 : 2.

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6

(i) Show that the locus of the point R when the ends of the wood is slipping along

the x-axis and the y-axis is 4x2 + y2 = 38.

(ii) Find the coordinates of R when α = 2.

(iii) Find the value of tan ∠ ORQ when α = 2. [9 marks]

10.

L

J K

Q

P R

α rad

DIAGRAM 10

Diagram 10 shows a circle PQRT, centre O and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the circle at

Q. The straight lines, JO and KO, intersect the circle at P and R respectively. OPQR is a

rhombus. JLK is an arc of a circle, centre O. Calculate

(a) the angle α , in terms of π [2

marks]

(b) the length, in cm, of the arc JKL [ 4 marks]

(c) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region. [4 marks]

Answer:

2

(a ) π

3

20

(b ) π

3

(c )61.50

11. (a) A study on post graduate students, revealed that 70% out of them obtained

jobs six months after graduating.

(i) If 15 post graduates were chosen at random, find the probability of not more

than 2 students not getting jobs after six months.

(ii) It is expected that 280 students will succeed in obtaining jobs after six

months. Find the total number of students involved in the study.

[5 marks]

(b) The mass of 5000 students in a college is normally distributed with a mean

of 58kg and variance of 25 kg2. Find

(i) the number of students with the mass of more than 90 kg.

(ii) the value of w if 10% of the students in the colleges are less than w kg.

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7

[5 marks]

Answer:

(b) (i) 82or 83 (ii) 38.77 or 38.79

12. Diagram 12 shows the position and direction of motion for two objects, P and Q,

which move along a straight line and passes through two fixed points, A and B

respectively.

At the instant when P passes through the fixed point A, Q passes through the fixed

point B. Distance AB is 28 m.

P Q

A C B

28 m

DIAGRAM 12

The velocity of P, vp ms−1, is given by vp = 6 + 4t − 2t 2, where t is the time in

seconds, after passing through A, whereas Q moves with a constant velocity of

−2 ms−1. Object P stops instantaneously at the point C.

(Assume towards the right is positive.)

Find,

(a) the maximum velocity, in ms−1, for P, [3 marks]

(b) the distance, in m, C from A, [4 marks]

(c) the distance, in m, between P and Q at the instant when P is at the point C.

[3 marks]

Answer:

(a) 8 m/s

(b) 18

(c) 4

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8

D

9.8 cm 5.2 cm

C

A 40.50 12.3 cm

9.5 cm

DIAGRAM 13

(a) Calculate,

(i) ∠ABC,

(ii) ∠ADC,

(iii) area, in cm2, of quadrilateral ABCD. [8 marks]

(b) A triangle A’B’C’ has the same measurements as those given for triangle ABC,

that is, A’C’ = 12.3 cm, C’B’ = 9.5 cm and ∠B’A’C’ = 40.5°, but which is

different in shape to triangle ABC.

(i) Sketch the triangle A’B’C’.

(ii) State the size of ∠A’B’C’. [2 marks]

Answer:

(ii) 106.07-106.08

(iii)82.37-82.39

(b) (ii) 122.75-122.79

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9

T-shirt 45 50

Slack 30 70

A tailor shop received payment only for sewing T-shirt and slack. Preparation time

and sewing time for each T-shirt and slack are shown in the table above.

The maximum preparation time used is10 hours and the sewing time must be at least

5 hours 50 minutes. The ratio of the number of T-shirt to slack is not more than 4 : 5.

In a certain time, the shop is able to complete x pieces of T-shirt and y pieces of

slack.

(a) Write three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0, which satisfy the above

conditions. [3 marks]

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to I unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 units on the y-axis,

draw the graphs for the three inequalities. Hence, shades the region R which

satisfies the above conditions. [3 marks]

(c) Based on your graph, find

(i) the minimum number of slacks which can be sewn in that time if 3 pieces of

of T-shirt has been sewn..

(ii) maximum total profit received in that time if the profit gained from each piece

of T-shirt and slack are RM16 and RM 10 respectively. [4 marks]

Answer:

(a )45 x + 3 y ≤ 600

50 x + 70 y ≥ 350

5x ≤ 4 y

(c )4

(6,11), RM 206

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10

15. (a)

Index number, Ii 105 94 120

Weightage, Wi 5−x x 4

The composite index number for the data in the table above is 108.

Find the value of x. [4 marks]

(b) (i) In the year 1995, price and price index for one kilogram of certain grade of

rice is RM2.40 and 160 respectively. Based on the year 1990, calculate the price

per kilogram of rice in the year 1990. [2 marks]

the year 1994 year 1994 to the year 1996

Timber 180 Increased 10 % 5

Cement 116 Decreased 5 % 4

Iron 140 No change 2

Steel 124 No change 1

(ii) Table above shows the price index in the year 1994 based on the year 1992,

the change in price index from the year 1994 to the year 1996 and the weightage

respectively. Calculate the composite price index in the year 1996.

. [4 marks]

Answer :

(a) x=3

(b) (i) 1.50

(ii) RM152.90

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-1-

FUNCTIONS

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−1 3

1. Given that f : x →4 x + m and f : x → nx + , find the values of m and n.

4

1

-2- Answer:- m = – 3 ; n =

4

2. Given that f : x →2 x −1 , g : x →4 x and fg : x →ax + b , find the values of a and b .

Answer:- a = 8 ; b = –1

3. Given that f : x →x + 3 , g : x →a + bx 2 and gf : x →6 x 2 + 36 x + 56 , find the

values of a and b .

Answer:- a = 2 ; b = 6

4

4. Given that g : x →m + 3 x and g −1 : x → 2kx − , find the values of m and k.

3

1

Answer:- k = ;m=4

6

−1 2x − 3

5. Given the inverse function f ( x) = , find

2

(a) the value of f(4),

(b) the value of k if f –1 (2k) = – k – 3 .

11 1

Answer:-(a) (b) −

2 2

x

6. Given the function f : x → 2 x − 1 and g : x → − 2 , find

3

(a) f –1 (x) ,

(b) f – 1 g(x) ,

(c) h(x) such that hg(x) = 6x – 3 .

x +1 1 1

Answer:-(a) (b) x− (c) 18x + 33

2 6 2

p + 3x

7. Diagram 1 shows the function g : x → , x ≠ 2 , where p is a constant.

x−2

g p + 3x

x

x −2

7

5

Diagram 1

Answer:- p = 4

8.

x y z

4 4 4

2 2 2

0 0 0

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Page 2

g (x) = 4 – 3 x

−2 −2 −2

fg (x) = 2 x + 5

Diagram 2

-3-

QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

1. One of the roots of the quadratic equation is twice the other root.

Find the possible values of p.

Answer ; p = 5, −7

2. If one of the roots of the quadratic equation is two times the other root,

find an expression that relates .

Answer : 2b 2 = 9ac

3. Find the possible value of m , if the quadratic equation has two equal

roots.

Answer ;

values of m.

1

Answer : − or 2

2

α β

5. Given and are roots of the equation k x(x − 1) = 2m − x.

2 2

If α+ β= 6 and α β= 3, find the value of k and of m.

1 3

Answer : k = − ,m=

2 16

6. Find the values of λ such that the equation (3 − λ)x2 − 2(λ + 1)x + λ + 1 = 0 has equal

roots. Hence, find the roots of the equation base on the values of λ obtained.

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-4-

QUADRATIC FUNCTIONS

Diagram 1 shows the graph of ythe function y = −2 ( x − p ) + 5 , where p is constant.

2

1.

x

0

( 0, –3 ) ( 4 , –3 )

Find,

(a) the value of p , Diagram 1

(b) the equation of the axis of symmetry,

(c) the coordinate of the maximum point.

2.

x

0

( 0, –2 )

Diagram 2

Diagram 2 shows the graph of the function f ( x ) = ( p − 1) x + 2 x + q .

2

(b) Find the range of values of p .

1

Answer:-(a) q = – 2 (b) p <

2

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-5-

3. y

( 0, 9) y = x 2 + bx + c

x

K

Diagram 3

y- axis at point ( 0, 9 ) and touches the x- axis at point K.

Find,

(a) the value of b and c ,

(b) the coordinates of point K.

4. y

( 0, 23)

( 2, 3)

0 x

Diagram 4

In Diagram 4 above point ( 2, 3 ) is the turning point on the graph which has equation

of the form y = p(x + h)2 + k.

Find the,

(a) values of p, h and k,

(b) equation of the curve formed when the graph as shown is reflected at the x–axis.

(c) equation of the curve formed when the graph as shown is reflected at the y–axis.

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-6-

2 2

5.

are constants.

(b) Hence or otherwise, find the values of k and r if the graph of the function is

symmetrical about x = r 2 − 13 .

Answer:-(b) k = 3 , –1 and r = –3 , 5

(b) Sketch the graph of f ( x ) = ( 6 + x ) ( 2 − x ) + h for the value of h that is determined

in (a) above.

(c) Write the equation of the axis of symmetry.

Answer:- ( a) h = --6 (c) x = –2

(a) Without using the method of differentiation, find the two possible values of k.

(b) With these values of k, sketch on the same axis, two graphs for

y = x2 + 2kx + 3k.

(c) State the coordinates of the minimum point for y = x2 + 2kx + 3k .

*****************************************************************************

*

SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS

Answer: x = -7/3 , y = 4 ; x = 1, y = -1

xy − 3 2x − 5 y

x+ y = and =

2 3 5

Answer: x = 41/10, y = 16/3 ; x = 1, y = -5

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-7-

correct to three decimal places.

Answer: x = 2.461, y = 0.922; x = -0.711, y = -5.422

1 2

1. Solve the equation 625 x +2 = x x −1 Answer:- x = −

5 .25 5

Answer:- x = 1

3. Show that 3 x +2

+3 x −1

( ) is divisible by 13.

−5 3 x

Answer : 13(3 x −1 )

.4. Solve the equation 64 2 x −3 + 2 = 34

23

Answer:-

12

5. Solve the equation 3 x 2 2 x +1 = 10

Answer: 0.6477

Answer:3.5

1

7. Solve the equation log( x + 2) − log(4 x −1) = log

x

Answer :x =1

8. Solve the equation log2x - 4 logx16 = 0

1

Answer: 16 ,

16

9. Solve the equation 2(7 x −1 ) = 5 x

Answer: x = 3.7232

10. Solve 3 log 2 x

= 81

Answer : x = 16

2x+1 x+0.5

11. Solve the equation 3 - 2 (3 )-3=0

Answer: 0.5

Answer:0.3010

13. Given that log 3 5 = m and log 9 2 = n , express log 3 50 in terms of m and n

Answer:- 2m + 2n

3.5 x in terms of k and h

Answer:- 2h + 2 − 2k

15. Given that 2 log 2 ( x + y ) = 3 + log 2 x + log 2 y , show that ( x 2 + y 2 = 6 xy )

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-8-

16. If log2a + log2b = 4, show that log4ab = 2 and that log8ab = 4/3. If log2a + log2b = 4, show

that log4ab = 2 and that log8ab = 4/3.

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

1. The following information refers to the equations of two straight lines, AB and CD which

are parallel to each other.

AB : 2y = p x + q

CD : 3y = (q + 1) x + 2

Where p and q are constants

2

( q +1)

3

2. The triangle with vertices A(4,3), B(-1,1) and C(t , -3) has an area 11 unit2.

Find the possible values of t.

Answer: t = 0 , -22

3. The points P(3, p), B(-1, 2) and C(9,7) lie on a straight line. If P divides BC

internally in the ratio m : n , find

(a) m : n ,

(b) the value of p. Answer:(a) 2 : 3 (b) p = 4

4. (a) A point P moves such that its distance from point A (1,– 4) is always 5 units.

Find the equation of the locus of P. Answer: x 2 + y 2 − 2 x + 8 y − 8 = 0

(b) The point A is (-1, 3) and the point B is (4, 6). The point Q moves such that

QA : QB = 2 : 3. Find the equation of the locus of Q.

Answer: 5 x 2 + 5 y 2 + 14 x + 102 y − 54 = 0

(c) A point R moves along the arc of a circle with centre A(2, 3). The arc passes

through Q(-2, 0). Find the equation of the locus of R.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 − 4 x − 6 y + 8 = 0

(d) A point S moves such that its distance from point A(–3,4) is always twice its

distance from point B(6,-2). Find the equation of the locus of S.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 − 18 x + 8 y + 45 = 0

(e) The point M is (2, –3) and N is (4, 5). The point T moves such that it is always

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-9-

equidistance from M and from N. Find the equation of locus of T.

Answer : e) x+4y = 7

(f) Given point A (1,2) and point B (4, –5). Find the locus of point W which

moves such that ∠ AWB is always 900.

Answer: x 2 + y 2 − 5 x + 3 y − 6 = 0

Solutions to question no 5, 6 and 7 by scale drawing will not be accepted.

equation of PS is 2y = x + 3.

y

R

Q( 0, 4 )

S

x

P(–3, 0 ) O

Diagram 1

(a) Find (i) the coordinates of R,

(ii) the equation of the straight line RS,

(iii) the area ∆PRS.

(b) A point T moves such that its locus is a circle which passes through the points P, R and

S. Find the equation of the locus of T.

6. Diagram 2 shows the straight line graphs PQS and QRT in a Cartesian plane.

Point P and point S lies on the x-axis and y-axis respectively. Q is the mid point of PS.

y

S y − 3x = 4

Q

R(0, 1)

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- 10 -

P

x

O

T

Diagram 2

(a) Find,

(i) coordinates of the point Q,

(ii) area of the quadrilateral OPQR.

(iii) The equation of the straight line which is parallel to QT and passes through S.

1

(c) A point moves in such a way that it’s distance from S is it’s distance from the point T.

2

(i) Find the equation of locus of the point T.

(ii) Hence, determine whether the locus cuts the x-axis or not.

.

2 5 3

Answer: (a)(i) (− , 2) (ii) (iii) y = − x + 4 (b) (2, −2) (c)(i) 3x2 + 3y2 + 4x − 36y +56 =

3 3 2

0 (ii) No

7. y

K

P•

J

•Q

R•

x

O

L

Diagram 3

1

In Diagram 3, P(2, 9), Q(5, 7) and R(4 , 3) are the mid point of the straight line JK, KL and

2

LJ such that JPQR form a parallelogram.

(a) Find,

(i) the equation of the straight line JK,

(ii) the equation of the perpendicular bisector of the straight line LJ.

(b) Straight line KJ is extended until it intersects the perpendicular bisector of the straight line

LJ at the point S. Find the coordinates of the point S.

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- 11 -

(c) Calculate the area of ∆PQR and consequently the area of ∆JKL.

1 1

Answer: (a)(i) y = 8x − 7 (ii) 4y = 6x − 15 (b) ,−3 (c) 6 ; 26

2 2

STATISTICS

Marks < 20 < 30 < 40 < 50 < 60 < 70 < 80 < 90

Number of pupils 3 8 20 41 65 85 96 100

Table 1

(a) Based on Table 1, complete the table below.

Marks 10 – 19

Frequency

2. The mean and standard deviation of a set of integers 2 , 4 , 8 , p and q are 5 and 2

respectively.

(b) State the mean and variance of the set integers 7, 11, 9 , 2p + 3 and 2q + 3

3. The histogram in Diagram 1 shows the marks obtained by 40 students in Mathematics test.

Number of students

10

2

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0 15.5 20.5 25.2 30.5 35.5 40.5 Marks

Diagram 1

- 12 -

(b) Calculate the standard deviation of the marks.

Answer:(a) 27.17 (b) 6.595

4. Table 2 shows the frequency distribution of the Chemistry marks of a group of students.

1 – 10 2

11 – 20 3

21 – 30 5

31 – 40 10

41 – 50 p

51 – 60 2

Table 2

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2 students

on the vertical axis, draw a histogram to represent the frequency distribution of

the marks. Find the modal mark.

(c) What is the modal mark if the mark of each student is increased by 8 ?

∑ x = 2496 and ∑ x 2 = 195488. The mean and the standard deviation of the scores, y ,

obtained by 40 students and Class 5 Beta in the test are 66 and 6 respectively.

(b) Calculate the mean and the standard deviation of the scores obtained by all the 72

students.

6. A set of data consists of 10 numbers. The sum of the numbers is 120 and the sum of the

squares of the numbers is 1650.

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(b) A number a is added to the set of data and the mean is increased by 2, find

(i) the value of a,

(ii) the standard deviation of the new set of data.

CIRCULAR MEASURES

1.

A T

B

O

Diagram 1

Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O and OA = 10 cm. Straight line AT is a tangent to the

circle at point A, and AOT is a triangle. Given that the area of triangle OAT = 60 cm2, find the

area of sector OAB.

Answer:- 43.80 cm 2

2.

A

Diagram 2

Given that the area of a sector OAB in Diagram 2 with centre O and radius 20 cm is 240 cm2.

Calculate

(a) the length of arc AB

(b) area of shaded region

Answer:- : (a) 24 cm (b) 53.60

3.

P

θ

O R Q

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Diagram 3

In the Diagram 3, POQ is a circular sector with centre O and a radius of 17 cm. Point R is on

the straight line ORQ such that RQ = 5 cm. Calculate

(a) the value of θ in radian

(b) the area of the shaded region, in cm2

4. Q

S1

P O S R

Diagram 4

Diagram 4 shows a semicircle with centre O and radius of 10 cm. Given that QS is the length

π

of arc with centre P and ∠QPS = rad . Find

6

(a) the length of OS.

(b) the area of S1 Answer:-(a) 7.32 cm (b) 35.23 cm 2

5.

2r

C C

Diagram 5

Two identical circles of radius 2r are drawn with their centres, C on the circumference of each

circle as shown in the Diagram 5. Show that the area of shaded region A cm 2 , is given by

2 2

3

(

r 4π − 3 3 .)

6.

Q

O 8cm P 3cm A

Diagram 6

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Diagram 6 shows two circles with centres O and A. The respective radii are 8 cm and 3 cm. A

π

tangent touches the circles at the points Q and R. Given that ∠QOP = radians, find

3

(a) the length of QR

(b) the perimeter of the shaded region

(c) the area of the shaded region

DIFFERENTIATION

dy

1.(a) (i) Given y = 3x2 + 5, find by using the first principle.

dx

4

(ii) Differentiate y = − 3 with the first principle.

x

d 1

(b) (i) Find .

dx 2 x + 1

(ii) Given f(x) = 4x(2x − 1)5, find f’(x).

(iii) Differentiate 3x2(2x − 5)4 with respect to x.

1 −2x3

(v) Given f(x) = , find f ‘(x).

x −1

1

(c) (i) Given h(x) = , find the value h’’(1).

(3 x − 5) 2

(x − 2)

2 5

, find f '(0).

1 − 3x

limit n 2 − 4

(d) (i) Find the limit of .

n → 2 n −2

4 +3r

(ii) Given f (r) = 5 −2r . Find the limit of f (r) when r → 1.

d2y dy

(e) Given y = x(3 − x), express y 2 + x + 12 in terms of x, in the simplest form.

dx dx

d2y dy

Hence, find the value of x which satisfy the equation y 2 + x + 12 = 0.

dx dx

Answer : 2 − 4 x 3 + 6 x 2 −1

(b)( i) − v)

(a) (i) 6x ( 2 x +1) 2

( x −1) 2 d) i) 2 e) 12 −

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(ii) (ii)[4(2x − 1)4)(12x − 27 ii) 3x;

c) (i)

4 1)] 8 7 x=4

−

x2 iii )6 x(6 x −5)( 2 x −5) 3 (ii) −96 3

iv) 40(2x − 3) 3

k

2. (a) Given the function of the graph f(x) = hx3 + , which has a gradient function of

x2

96

f ‘ (x) = 3x2 − , where h and k are constant. Find,

x3

(i) the value of h and the value of k,

(ii) the coordinate x of the turning point of the graph.

(b) The point P lies on the curve y = ( x −5) 2 . It is given that the gradient of the

1

normal at P is − . Find

4

(i) the coordinates of P.

(ii) the equation of the normal to the curve at point P.

2

(c) A curve with the gradient function 2 x − has a turning point at ( k , 8 ) .

x2

(i) Find the value of k .

(ii) Determine whether the turning point is a maximum or a minimum point .

Answer:

2(a) (i) h=1, k= 48 (b) (i) (7, 4) (c) i) k = 1,

(ii) 2 (ii)4y + x = 23 ii) Minimum

2

3. (a) Two variables, x and y, are related by the equation y = 3x + .

x

Given that y increases at a constant rate of 4 units per second, find the rate of

change of x when x = 2.

(b) On a certain day, the rate of increase of temperature, θ°, with respect to time, t s, is

dθ 1

given by = (12 − t).

dt 2

(i) Find the value of t at the instant when θ is maximum.

(ii) Given θ = 4 when t = 6, find the maximum value of θ.

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dy

(i) Find in terms of x.

dx

(ii) If x increases from 3 to 3.01, find the corresponding small increment in t.

dy

(b) Given y = 2x3 − 5x2 + 7, find the value of at the point (2, 3).

dx

Hence, find

(i) the small change in x which causes y to decrease from 3 to 2.98.

(ii) the rate of change of y when x = 2 if the rate of change of x is 0.6 unit per second.

16 dy

(c) Given y = 4 , find the value of when x = 2. Hence, find the approximate

x dx

16

value of .

(1.98) 4

2 −x

Answer: (a) (i) (ii) 0.0025 (b) (i) −0.005 (ii) 2.4 unit s−1 (c) 1.04

4

5. Diagram 1 shows a composite solid made up of a cone resting on a cylinder with radius x cm.

x cm

Diagram 1

16

The total surface area of the solid, A cm2, is given by the equation A = 3π x +

2

.

x

(a) Calculate the minimum value of the surface area of the solid.

(b) Given the surface area of the solid is changing at a rate of 42π cm2 s−1. Find the

rate of change of radius at the instant when the radius is 4 cm.

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(c) Given the radius of the cylinder increases from 4 cm to 4.003 cm. Find approximate

increment in the surface area of the solid

PROGRESSION

1. Show that log h, log hk, log hk 2 , log hk 3 ,…… is an arithmetic progression. Then find

the common difference of this progression.

2. An arithmetic progression has 10 terms. The sum of all these 10 terms is 220. The sum of

the odd terms is 100. Find the first term and the common difference.

Answer : a = 4, d = 4

3. The sum of the first six terms of an arithmetic progression is 120. The sum of the first six

terms is 90 more than the fourth term. Calculate the first term and the common

difference.

Answer : a = −30, d = 20

(a) the n term in terms of n

(b) the first term

(c) the common difference

Answer : (a) 4n +1 (b) 5( c) 4

5. An arithmetic progression has 12 terms. The sum of all these 12 terms is 222. The sum of

the odd terms is 102. Find

(a) the first term and the common difference

(b) the last term

Answer :(a) a = 2 , d = 3 (b) 35

6. The n term of an arithmetic progression is 5n − 8 . Find the sum of all the terms from the

5th term to the 8th term.

Answer : 98

1

7. Estimate the sum to infinity of the geometric progression 9 + 3 +1 + + .......

3

Answer :

1

13

2

7

9

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( 2 2 n +1 ) − 8

9. The sum of the first n terms of a geometric progression is S n = . Find the least

3

number of terms in the progression that its sum to exceed 60.

Answer : n = 4

10. Find the least number of terms of the geometric progression 4,12,36,……which must be

taken for its sum to exceed 1 800.

Answer : n = 7

3

11. The sum of the first two terms of a geometric progression is and the sum of the next

4

3

two terms is , where the common ratio is positive. Find the sum to infinity of the

16

progression. Answer : S ∞ = 1

12.

Diagram 1

Diagram 1 shows four circles. Each circle has a radius that is 2 units longer than that of

the previous circle. Given that the sum of the perimeters of these four circles is 120π cm,

(i) find the radius of the smallest circle.

(ii) the sum of the perimeters from the fifth term to the tenth term.

13. Encik Rahim plans to donate an amount of money to the ‘Rumah Penyayang’ each year

from 2008. The amount in 2008 will be RM50 000, and thereafter, the amount each year

will be 90% of the amount for the previous year. Calculate

(a) the year in which the donation falls below RM 20 000 for the first time .

14.

P Q

Diagram shows two balls in a tube of length 10 m, moving towards each other. P moves

from one end traveling 60 cm in the first second, 59 cm in the next second and 58 cm in

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the third second. Q moves from the other end traveling 40 cm in the first second, 39 cm

in the next second and 38 cm in the third second. The process continues in this manner

until the two balls meet.

(a) Find the shortest time for the two balls to meet.(give your answer to the nearest

second)

(b) Calculate the distance traveled by P.

(c) Calculate the difference in distance traveled by the two balls.

INTEGRATION

( 4 − x )( 4 + x ) 18

1. (a) Find, (i) ∫ x2

dx (ii) ∫ (3x − 5) 3 dx

3 3 f ( x) + 2

(b) Given ∫0

f(x) dx = 8, find the value of ∫

0 2

dx.

∫( 2x +7 )

3

(c) Find dx

(d) Given kx2 − x is the gradient function for a curve such that k is a constant.

y − 5x + 7 = 0 is the equation of tangent at the point (1, −2) to the curve. Find,

(i) the value of k,

(ii) the equation of the curve.

d2y 1 dy

(e) Given = 4x3 + 1. When x = −1, y = and = 3. Find y in terms of x.

dx 2

2 dx

Answer:( a) (i) −

16 3

− x + c (ii) − (3 x − 5) 2 + c (b) 7 ( c)

( 2x + 7) 4 + c

x 8

x2 7 x5 x 2 16

(d(i)) k = 6 (ii) y = 2x3 − − (e) y = + + 3x +

2 2 5 2 5

dy dy

is directly proportional to x − 1, and that y = 3 and = 9, when x = 2 ,

2

2. Given that

dx dx

find the value of y when x = 3 .

Answer: 19

3. The rate of change of the area, A cm , of a circle is 6t − 2t + 1 . Find

2 2

in terms of if the

area of the circle is 11 cm2 when t = 2 .

Answer:

2

4. (a) Diagram 1 shows part of the curve of y = . The straight line x = k divides the

x2

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shaded region enclosed by the curve , the straight lines x = 1 and x = 5 and

A B

0 1 k 5 x

Diagram 1

Given that the area of region is five times the area of region , find the value of

y

y = x ( x − 2)

0 x

Diagram 2

Find the value of the solid generated when the shaded region is revolved through 360 about

the x-axis . y

Answer: (a) k = 3 (b) 1

P

x

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Diagram 3

- 22 -

y = x 2 − 3x

x

Find

(i) the coordinate of the point P,

125

Answer: ( i ) ( 5,10 ) ( ii )

6

4

6. Diagram 4 shows part of the curve y = which passes through

( 2 x − 1)

2

(b) A region is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the straight lines and

0 is revolved through 360 about the x-axis.xFind the volume generated, in

(ii) The region

Diagram 4

terms of

784

Answer:(a) y = −6 x + 20 (b) i) ,ii ) π

10125

0

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Diagram 5

(b) Diagram 5 shows the curve y = x(4 − x) , together with a straight line. This line cuts the

curve at the origin O and at the point P with x-coordinate k, where 0 < k < 4 .

1 3

(i) Show that the area of the shaded region, bounded by the line and the curve, is k

6

(ii) Find, correct to 3 decimal places, the value of k for which the area of the

shaded region is half of the total area under the curve between x = 0 and x = 4 .

Answer : k = 3.175

1 2

8. Diagram 6 shows, the straight line PQ is normal to the curve y = x + 1 at A(2,3).

2

The straight line AR is parallel to the y – axis.

A(2,3)

Find Diagram 6

(a) the value of k,

(b) the area of the shaded region,

0 R Q(k ,0)

(c) the volume generated, in terms of π, when the region bounded by the curve, the y – axis

and the straight line y = 3 is revolved through 360o about the y-axis.

1

Answer : (a) k = 8 (b) area = 12 (c) Volume = 4 π

3

9. Diagram 7 below shows the straight line y = x + 4 intersecting the curve y = (x – 2 )2 at the

points A and B. B

y = x+4

y

A

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P Page 23

Q

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y = (x – 2 )2

Diagram 7

Find,

(a) the value of k,

(b) the are of the shaded region P

(c) the volume generated, in terms of π, when the shaded region Q is revolved 360o about

the x – axis.

32

Answer : (a) k = 5 (b) area = 20.83 (c) volume = π

5

*****************************************************************************

*

LINEAR LAW

1. The data for x and y given in the table below are related by a law of the form

x 1 2 3 4 5

y 41.5 38.0 31.5 22.0 9.5

(a) Plot y − x againts x 2 , using a scale of 2 cm to 4 unit on both axes. Hence , draw

(i) p

(ii) q Answer:

gave pairs of values of x and y as shown in the table. One of the values of y is subject to an

abnormally large area.

x 1 2 3 4 5 6

y 56.20 29.90 25.10 8.91 6.31 3.35

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(a) Plot log y against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit for x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit for

(b) Identify the abnormal reading and estimate its correct value.

(i) C

(ii) a

3. The table shows experimental values of x and y which are known to be related by equation

a

y= +b x .

x

x 1 2 3 4 5 6

y 2.20 1.74 1.71 1.77 1.86 1.96

(a) Explain how a straight line graph may be drawn to represent the given equation.

(b) Plot xy againts x x , using a scale of 2 cm to 2 unit on both axes . Hence , draw the

(i) a

(ii) b

4. Table 1 shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained from an experiment.

Variables x and y are related by the equation y = p k x, where p and k are constants.

x 2 4 6 8 10 12

y 3.16 5.50 9.12 16.22 28.84 46.77

(a) Plot log y against x by using a scale of 2 cm to 2 units on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2

unit on the log10 y-axis.

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Hence, draw the line of best fit.

(b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of

(i) p

(ii) k.

Answer : p=1.820 ; k=1.309

h

5. The variable x and y are related by the equation y = . Diagram 1 shows the graph of

2x + k

1

againts x .Calculate the values1

of h and k. The point P lies on the line. Find the value of r.

y

y

(

x

Diagram 1

Answer:

a b

6. Variables x and y are related by the equation + = 2 , where a and b are constants. When

x y

1 1

the graph of againts is drawn, a straight line is obtained. Given that the intercept on

y x

1

the − axis is − 0.5 and that the gradient of the line is 0.75, calculate the value of a and b.

y

Answer: a = 3, b = – 4

7. Variables x and y are related by the equation 4y = 2(x – 1)2 + 3k where k is a constant.

(a) When y is plotted against (x – 1)2, a straight line is obtained, which intersects the

y-axis at (0, -6). Find the value of k.

(b) Hence, find the gradient and the y intercept for the straight line obtained by

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plotting the graph of (y + x) against x2.

3k 11 11

Answer: (a) y = ½ (x – 1)2 + , k = –8 (b) y + x = ½ x2 – , m= ½ , y-intercept = − .

4 2 2

y p

8. (a) Explain how a straight line graph can be drawn from the equation = + qx ,

x x

where p and q are constants.

log2 y

(b)

(5, 6)

log2 x

O (2, 0)

Diagram 2

Diagram 2 shows the graph of log2 y against log2 x. Values of x and values of y are related by

x2n

the equation y = , where n and k are constants. Find the value of n and the value of k.

k

Answer : n = 1, k = 16

9. y

•(4, 44)

• (2, 14)

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0

Diagram 3

- 28 -

Diagram 3 shows part of the curve y against x. It is known that x and y are related by the

y

linear equation = kx + h, where h and k are constants.

x

(a) Sketch the straight line graph for the above equation.

(b) Calculate the values of h and k.

Answer : : (a) h = 3, k = 2

10. log10 y

Q(8, 7)

log10 x

0

Diagram 4

Diagram 4 shows graph of log10 y against log10 x. Given that PQ = 10 units and the point P

lies on the log10 y-axis.

(a) Find the coordinates of P.

(b) Express y in terms of x.

(c) Find the value of y when x = 16.

3

Answer: (a) P(0, 1) (b) y = 10 x 4 (c) y = 80

*****************************************************************************

*

VECTORS

y

R P

x

O

Diagram 1

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→ → →

Given that OP = 6 ~i + 4 ~j and PQ = −4 ~i + 5 ~j . Find PR .

Answer: −10i + j

2. Given O(0, 0), A(−3, 4) and B(2, 16), find in terms of unit vector ~i and ~j ,

uuur

(a) AB ,

uuur

(b) unit vector in the direction of AB .

1

Answer: ( a ) 5i + 12 j (b)

13

(5i + 12 j )

3. Given A(−2, 6), B(4, 2) and C(m, p), find the value of m and the value of p such that

uuur uuur

AB + 2 BC = 10 %i − 12 j .

%

Answer: m = 6, p = −4

(a) Express vector AB in terms of i and j ,

(b) Find the value of k if vector OC is parallel to vector AB .

1

Answer: ( a ) 4i + 8 j (b) h =

,k = 2

4

→ →

5. Given that OABC is a rectangle where OA = 6 cm and OC = 5cm. If OA = a~ and OB = b~ ,find

(b) a+b

Answer:(a) −a + b (b) 61

~

, vector t~ and vector unit a

~

and b

~

.

s

~

t

~

b

%

a Diagram 2

~

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~

and b

~

. Answer:

14a + 13b

→ →

→

7. Given AB = (k + 1) a~ and BC = 2 b~ . If A, B and C are collinear, AB = BC and b~ = 3 a~ .

→

Answer:k= 5

% % % % % % % % %

(a) c

%

(b) unit vector in the direction of c .

%

1

C

Answer: ( a ) 10 ( b)

5

(−3i + 4 j )

9.

G H

A B

Diagram 3

uuur →

Diagram 3 shows GH : AB = 3 : 10 and GH is parallel to AB . If AB = 10 a~ , find GH in

→

terms of a~ . Answer: 3a

10.

P Q

U R

T S

→ → →

Diagram 4 shows PQRSTU is a regular hexagon.

Diagram 4 Express PQ + PT - RS as a single

vector. uuur

Answer: PR

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→

In ∆ OPQ, OP = p~ and OQ = q~ . T is a point on PQ where PT : TQ=2 : 1. Given that M

→

11.

→

5 1

Answer: − p+ q

6 3

12. Diagram 5 shows triangles OAB. The straight line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R.

1 1 → →

It is given that OP = OB , AQ = AB, OP = 6 x and OA = 2 y

3 4 ~ ~

A

Q

R Diagram 5

O B

P

→

(a) Express in terms of x~ and/or y~ :

→

(i) AP , (ii) OQ

→

(b) (i) Given that → →

AR = h AP

→

(ii) Given that → →

, state RQ in terms of k, x~ and y~ .

RQ = k OQ

→ →

(c) Using AR and RQ from (b), find the value of h and of k

9 3 9 3 1 1

Answer:(a)(i) −2 y + 6 x (ii)

2 2

( )

x + y (b)(i) h −2 y + 6 x (ii)k x +

2 2

y (c) k = , h =

3 2

13. Diagram 6, ABCD is a quadrilateral. AED and EFC are straight lines.

D

F

E • C

A B

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→ → 1

= 25 x − 24 y , AE = AD and EF = 3 EC

→

It is given that AB = 20 x , AE = 8 y , DC

~ ~ ~ 4 5

~

→ →

(i) BD , (ii) EC

→

(c) If x~ = 2 and y = 3 , find BD

~

TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

sin 2 x

3. Prove that = cot x .

1 − cos 2 x

(b) tan 2α tan α = 1

° ° ° ° ° °

(a) 3sin 2A = 4sin A

(b) 5sin2A = 5 – cos 2A

° ° ° ° ° ° ° ° °

8 12

7. Given that sin α = , 90o < α < 270o and sin β = − , 90o < β < 270o.

17 13

Calculate the value of

(a) sin (α + β ) (b) cos ( β – α )

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140 21

Answer ( a ) ( b) − :

221 221

3

8. Given that cos x = and 0o ≤ x ≤ 180o , find sec x + cosec x .

5

35

Answer :

12

9. Given that sin Ө = k and Ө is acute angle, express in term of k:

(a) tan Ө

(b) cosec Ө

k 1

Answer ( a ) ( b) :

1− k2 k

Answer 35.27° ,144.73° , 215.27° ,324.73° :

1

11. Solve the equation 2

+ sek 2 x = 3 for 0° ≤ x ≤ 360°.

cot x

Answer 45° ,135° , 225° ,315° :

sin 2 x

12. (a) Prove that = cot x .

1 − cos 2 x

θ 1

(b) Given cos 2 = ,

1 + p2

2p

i. prove that tan θ = .

1 − p2

ii. hence, find sin 2θ , when p = 2 .

24

Answer ( b ) ( i ) − :

25

3

(b)(i) Sketch the graph y = 2 cos x for 0o ≤ x ≤ 2π .

2

(ii) Find the equation of a suitable straight line for solving the equation

3 3

cos x = x −1 . Hence , using the same axes , sketch the straight line and

2 4π

3 3

state the number of solutions to the equation cos x = x −1 for

2 4π

0o ≤ x ≤ 2π.

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Answer:(b)

(ii)3

(b) Hence , by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes , find the number of

x

solutions satisfying the equation 2 sin2 x = 2 – for 0o ≤ x ≤ 180o.

180

Answer:(b)2

(b)(i) Sketch the graph of y = cos 2x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .

(ii) Hence , using the same axes , draw a suitable straight line to find the number

x

of solutions to the equation 3(cosec2 x – 2 sin2 x – cot2 x ) = – 1 for

π

0 ≤ x ≤ 2π . State the number of solutions .

Answer:(b)(ii)4

(b)Hence , using the same axis , sketch a suitable graph to find the number of

π

solutions to the equation + 2 cos x = 0 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .

x

Answer:2

3

17. (a) Given tan A = ,and A is an acute angle. Find the value of cos 2A.

4

(b)(i) Sketch the curve y = sin 2x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2 π .

(ii) Hence, by drawing a suitable straight line on the same axes, find the number of

x 1

solutions satisfying the equation sin x kos x = 4 π − 2 for 0 ≤ x ≤2

π.

7

Answer: ( a ) ( b) ( i ) 4

25

****************************************************************************

PERMUTATION AND COMBINATION

1. Four girls and three boys are to be seated in a row. Calculate the number of possible

arrangements

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(a) if all the three boys have to be seated together

(b) a boy has to be seated at the centre

Answer:(a)720 (b)2880

2. Find the number of the arrangement of all nine letters of word SELECTION in which

the two letters E are not next to each other

Answer:282240

3. Calculate the number of four digit even number can be formed from the digits 3, 4, 5,

6 and 9 without repetitions. Answer:48

4. Three alphabets are chosen from the word WALID. Find the number of possible

choice if (a) the alphabet A is chosen

(b) the alphabet A and D are chosen

Answer:(a) 6 (b) 3

5. A bowling team consists of 8 person. The team will be chosen from a group of 7 boys

and 6 girls. Find the number of team that can be formed such that each team consists of

(a) 3 boys

(b) not more than 1 girl

Answer:(a) 210 (b) 6

6.

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Refri

gerat

ors

Refri

gerat

ors

TV

TV

TV

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7.. Diagram 1 shows 5 letter and 3 digits.

A B C D E 6 7 8 Diagram 1

A code is to be formed using those letters and digits. The code must consist of 3

letters followed by 2 digits. How many codes can be formed if no letter or digit is

repeated in each code ?

Answer:144

8. A debating team consists of 5 students. These 5 students are chosen from 4 monitors,

2 assistant monitors and 6 prefects. Calculate the number of different ways the team

can be formed if (a) there is no restriction

(b) the team contains only one monitor and exactly 3 prefects

Answer:(a)792

(b)160

PROBABILITY

1. At the place where Lam stays, rain falls in any two days of a week. Out of 75% of the

raining days, Lam goes to school in his father’s car. If there is no rain, Lam cycles to

to school. For every 5 days Lam goes to school in his father’s car, for 3 days Lam is

able to keep his pocket money. In a certain day, find the probability that

(a) Lam does not goes to school in his father’s car,

(b) Lam keeps his pocket money because he goes to school in his father’s car.

11 9

Answer:- (a) (b)

14 70

2. Rashid and Rudi compete in a badminton game. The game will end when any of the

3

players has won two sets. The probability that Rashid will win any one set is .

5

Calculate the probability that

(a) the game will end in only two set,

(b) Rashid will win the competition after playing 3 sets.

13 36

Answer:- (a) (b)

25 125

(a) If a bean is drawn at random from the container, calculate the probability that

the bean is not a cocoa bean.

(b) Two beans are drawn at random from the container, one after the other, without

replacement. Find the probability that only one bean out of the two beans is a

cocoa bean.

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.Answer:- (a) 7/9 , (b) 7/18

numbered 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9.

Bag Q contains three cards

numbered 5, 7 and 9. A

card is drawn at random

from bag P and at the same

time,

another card Box

is drawn from Number

bag Q. Find the of

probability that marbles

the two numbers

drawn

have the same Green

value or their Red

product is an Yellow

even number.

3 P

Answer: 6

5

7

2

Q

3

5

Table 1

8

5. Table 1 shows

the number of

marbles of

different colours

in boxes P and Q. A marble

is picked at random from each box. Find the probability that

(a) both are of the same colour,

(b) both are of different colours,

(b) a yellow marble is picked from box Q.

Answer: (a) 23/80 (b) 57/80 (c) ½

6. Diagram 1 shows a board with a grid of 20 squares, of which a few squares are

shaded. A dart is thrown at the board.

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Diagram 1

(a) Find the probability that it will hit a shaded square.

(b) Find how many additional squares need to be shaded if the probability is increased

3

to . Answer: (a) 7/20 , (b) 5

5

7. A box contains 4 blue balls, x white balls and y red balls. A ball is drawn at

1

random from the box. If the probability of getting a white ball is and the

6

1

probability of getting a red ball is , find the values of x and y .

2

Answer: x = 2, y = 6

8. The letters of the word G R O U P S are arranged in a row. Find the probability that

an arrangement chosen at random

(a) begins with the letter P,

(b) begins with the letter P and ends with a vowels.

Answer: (a) 1/6 , (b) 1/ 15

9. A bag contains 6 red balls and 5 green balls. A ball is chosen from the bag and

returned. Another ball is chosen and returned again. Find the probability that

(b) both balls have same color,

(c) both balls have different color.

Answer: (a) 36/121 , (b) 61/121 , (c) 60/121

10. There are 7 ribbons in a bag. 1 yellow, 3 black and 3 blue ribbons.

(a) If a ribbon is taken out and not returned back, find the probability for the ribbon

to be black.

(b) If two ribbons are taken, find the probability first one to be blue followed by a

black if none of the ribbons are returned.

(c) If three ribbons are taken, find the probability for first one to be blue, followed

by yellow and a black ribbon if none of the ribbons are returned.

PROBABILITY OF DISTRIBUTION

1. (a) A study in a district shows that one out of three teenagers in the district join the

`Rakan Muda’ program.

(i) If 5 teenagers are chosen randomly from the district, find the probability that

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2 or more of them join the `Rakan Muda’ program.

(ii) If they are 2 490 teenagers in the district, calculate the mean and the standard

deviation of the number of teenagers who join the `Rakan Muda’ program.

(b) From a study, it is found that the mass of a deer from a certain jungle shows a

normal distribution with mean 55 kg and variance 25 kg2.

(i) If a deer is caught randomly from the jungle, find the probability that the deer

has a mass more than 60 kg.

(ii) Find the percentage number of dears with mass between 45 kg and 60 kg.

131

Answer: (a)(i) or 0.5391 (ii) 830, 23.52 (b)(i) 0.1587 (ii) 81.85%

243

2. (a) Usually, when fishing, Wan will get fish as many as 60% from the total number of

his throws..

Calculate,

(i) the probability Wan will get at least 4 fishes in 5 throws,

(ii) the minimum number throws made by Wan so that the probability of getting at

least a fish is greater than 0.87.

(b) The mass of students in a school has a normal distribution with a mean of µ kg

and a standard deviation σ kg. It is known that 10.56% of the above students

have mass more than 50 kg and 15.87% of them have mass less than 32 kg.

Find the value of µ and the value σ.

1053

Answer: (a)(i) 0.3370 or (ii) 3 (b) σ = 8, µ = 40

3125

3. (a) In a game of guessing, the probability of guessing correctly is p.

(i) Find the number of trials required and the value of p, such that the mean and

3

the standard deviation of success are 15 and 5 respectively.

2

(ii) If 10 trials are done, find the probability of guessing exactly 3 correct.

(b) The volume of 600 bottles of mineral water produced by a factory follow a normal

distribution with a mean of 490 ml per bottle and standard deviation of 20 ml.

(i) Find the probability that a bottle of mineral water chosen in random has a

volume of less than 515 ml.

(ii) If 480 bottles out of 600 bottles of the mineral water have volume greater than

k ml, find the value of k.

1

Answer: (a)(i) p = , n = 60 (ii) 0.2503 (b)(i) 0.8944 (ii) 473.16

4

4. (a) It is known that for every 10 lemon in the box, two are rotten. If a sample of 7 are

chosen randomly, calculate the probability that

(i) exactly 3 lemons are rotten,

(ii).at least 6 lemons are not rotten.

(b) The masses of the members of the English Society of School M are normally

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distributed with a mean of 48 kg and a variance of 25 kg2. 56 of the members

have masses between 45 kg and 52 kg. Find the total number of members in the

English Society.

f(z)

0.3485

0 k z

Diagram 1

(a) Find the value of k.

(b) X is a continuous random variable which is normally distributed with a mean of 79

and a standard deviation of 3. Find the value of X when the z-scores is k.

that is normally distributed with a standard deviation of 8. The graph is symmetrical

about the vertical line PQ.

Q

P

x

m 45 55

Diagram 4

−3

(a) If the standard score found by using the value of x = m is , find the value of m.

4

(b) Hence, find the area of the shaded region in Diagram 4.

calculate the number of students whose marks are less than 33.

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Answer: (a) m = 39 , (b) 0.0668, (b) 12

7. (a) A football team organizes a practice session for trainees on scoring goals from

penalty kicks. Each trainee has ten goals to score. The probability that a trainee

scores a goal is k. After the practice, it is found that the mean number of goals

scored for a trainee is 6.

(ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find the probability that he scores at least

two goals.

(b) The masses of students of a school are normally distributed with a mean of

56 kg and a standard deviation of 10 kg.

(i) If a student is chosen at random, calculate the probability that his mass is

less than 50 kg.

(ii) Given that 1.5% of the students have masses of more than p kg, find

the value of p.

(iii) If 75% of the students have masses of more than h kg, find

the value of h.

***********************************************************************

*

SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES

1. P

8 cm

6.5 cm

Diagram 1

50°

Q R

(b) Sketch and label another triangle different from ∆PQR in the diagram above,

so that the lengths of PQ and PR and the angle PQR remain unchanged.

(c) If the length of PR is reduced whereas the length of PQ and angle PQR remain

unchanged, calculate the length of PR so that only one ∆PQR can be formed

2.(a) Diagram 2 shows a pyramid VABCD with a square base ABCD. VA is

vertical and the base ABCD is horizontal. Calculate,

(i) ∠VTU,

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(ii) the area of the plane VTU.

V

8 cm

A B

Diagram 2

6 cm U

2 cm

D Answer:

T 4 cm84° 58’Cor 84.97° (ii) 22.72 cm2

(a)(i)

(b) .

Q R

4 cm

K

L Diagram 3

P S

6 cm

J 8 cm M

(ii) the area of ∆JQL.

3.

.O A

A

5 cm

D 50°

B

4 cm

8 cm

C

Diagram 4

Diagram 4, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral of a circle centered O. Calculate

(a) the length of AC, correct to two decimal places,

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(b) ∠ ACD,

(c) the area of quadrilateral ABCD.

4. Diagram 5 shows two triangles PQT and TRS. Given that PQ = 24 cm, TS = 12 cm,

∠TPQ = 320 , PT = TQ and PTS and TRQ are straight lines.

P

32o 24 cm

Diagram 5

R Q

T

12 cm

(b) If the area of triangle PQT is three times the area of triangle TRS, find the length of TR.

(c) Find the length of RS.

(d) (i) Calculate the angle TSR.

(ii) Calculate the area of triangle QRS.

Answer: (a) 14.15 cm, (b) 5.563 cm, (c) 10.79 cm, (d)(i) 27.60o (ii) 46.31 cm2

R

P

10 cm

7 cm Diagram 6

75o

Q

(a) Calculate the length of PR.

(b) A quadrilateral PQRS is now formed so that PR is the diagonal, ∠PRS = 40o and PS = 8

cm. Calculate the two possible values of ∠PSR .

(c) Using the obtuse ∠PSR in (b), calculate

(i) the length of RS,

(ii) the area of the quadrilateral PQRS.

Answer: (a) 10.62 cm (b) 58.57o ; 121.43o (c) (i) 3.964 cm ; (ii) 47.34 cm2

6. Diagram 7 shows a camp of the shape of pyramid VABC. The camp is built on

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a horizontal triangular base ABC. V is the vertex and the angle between the inclined

plane VBC with the base is 60°.

V

C Diagram 7

A

(a) ∠BAC if the area of ∆ABC is 400 cm2,

(b) the length of BC,

(c) the lengths of VT and AT, where T is the midpoint of BC,

(d) the length of VA,

(e) the area of ∆VAB

Answer: (a) 51.38o (b) 27.74o (c) 20.80 cm; 28.84 cm (d) 25.78 cm (e) 315.33 cm2

*****************************************************************************

*

INDEX NUMBER

1. Table 1 shows the price indices and percentage usage of four items, P, Q, R, and S, which are

Item Price index for the year 1995 based on Percentage of usage (%)

the year 1993

P 135 40

Q x 30

R 105 10

S 130 20

Table 1

Calculate,

(a) (i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its price in the year 1995 is RM37.70

(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995 based on the year 1991 if its price index in the

year 1993 based in the year 1991 is 120.

(b) The composite index number of the cost of biscuits production for the year 1995

based on the year 1993 is 128. Calculate,

(i) the value of x,

(ii) the price of a box of biscuit in the year1993 if the corresponding price in the

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year 1995 is RM 32.

2.

Daily Usage ( RM)

47

34

22

12

3

V W X Y Z Component

Diagram 1

chart showing the daily usage of the components used to produce the technology product.

The following table shows the prices and the price indices of the components.

Price in the year 2001 Price in the year 2003 Price index in 2003

Component

(RM) (RM) based on 2001

V 13.00 16.25 y

W 12.50 17.25 138

X 2.50 x 106

Y 14.90 22.35 150

Z z 24.50 140

(a)

Find the values of x, y and z.

(b) Calculate the composite index representing the cost of the technology product in

the year 2003 using the year 2001 as the base year.

(c) If the total monthly cost of the components in the year 2001 is RM1.5 million, find

the total monthly cost of the components in the year 2003.

(d) If the cost of each component rises by 23% from the year 2003 to 2004, find the composite

index representing the cost of the technology product in the year 2004 based on the year

2001.

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Answer:

(a) In the year 1995, price and price index for one kilogram of certain grade of rice is

3.

RM2.40 and 160 respectively. Based on the year 1990, calculate the price per

kilogram of rice in the year 1990.

the year 1994 year 1994 to the year 1996

Timber 180 Increased 10 % 5

Cement 116 Decreased 5 % 4

Iron 140 No change 2

Steel 124 No change 1

Table 2

(b) Table 2 shows the price index in the year 1994 based on the year 1992,

the change in price index from the year 1994 to the year 1996 and the weightage

respectively. Calculate the composite price index in the year 1996.

.

Answer : (a) 1.50 (b) ITimber = 198, ICement = 110.2; 152.9

4. Table 3 shows the price indices and the weightages of Azizan’s monthly expenses in the

year 2005 based in the year 2004.

Rental 108 3

Food 120 4

Miscellaneous 112 1

Table 3

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(a) If the expenses for miscellaneous in the year 2005 was RM 1 456 , find the

(b) If the rental increases by 10% from the year 2005 to the year 2006,find the price index for

the rental in the year 2006 based on the year 2004.

(c) Calculate the composite index for the expenses in the year 2005 based on the year 2004.

(d) The price index for food in the year 2006 based on the year 2205 is 105. If the expenses

on food in the year 2006 were RM3150, find the expenses on food in the year 2004.

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

1. An institution offers two computer courses, P and Q. The number of participants for course

P is x and for course Q is y. The enrolment of the participants is based on the following

constraints:

I: The total number of participants is not more than 100.

II : The number of participants for course Q is not more than 4 times the number of

participants for course P.

III : The number of participants for course Q must exceed the number of

participants for course P by at least 5.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0, which satisfy the above

constraints.

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on both axes, construct and shade the

region R that satisfies all the above constraints.

(i) the range of the number participants for course Q if the number participants for

course P is 30.

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(ii) the maximum total fees per month that can be collected if the fees per month

for course P and Q are RM50 and RM60 respectively.

Answer:-(a) x + y ≤ 100, y ≤ 4x, y – x ≥ 5 (c) (i) 35 ≤ y ≤ 70 (ii) Point (20, 80), RM5 800

2. A food analysts is supplied with two containers of food, Whiskers and Friskies. The

comparison of one scoop of food from each of the two containers is shown in the

following table.

1 scoop Whiskers 24 gm 8 gm 48 gm 10 gm

1 scoop Friskies 8 gm 16 gm 32 gm 10 gm

Table 1

The analysts knows that an animal requires at least 96 gm of protein, 80 gm of fat, 288 gm of

carbohydrate and not more than 100 gm of fibre each day.

(a) If the analysts mixed x scoops of Whiskers with y scoops of Friskies, write down the

system of inequalities satisfied by x and y. Hence, by using 2 cm to 2 unit on both axes

construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the above constraints.

(b) If 1 scoop of Whiskers costs RM2 and 1 scoop of Friskies costs RM3, find the mixture

that provides

(i) the cheapest food.

(ii) the most expensive food.

(c) Could the animal be fed on a satisfactory diet using

(i) food from Whiskers only,

(ii) food from Friskies only.

Give your reason.

3. An air craft company is going to purchase planes of type Wing and X – far . They will

purchase x units of X – far and y units of Wing planes. The company has set the

condition below:-

I: X – far plane consume 100 liters of fuel for a single month. Wing planes consume

70 liters of fuel. Total fuel consumption for one month is at most 3500 liters.

II : X – far planes can take in 200 passengers while Wing planes can take in 100

passengers. Total passengers the planes must take at any time must be at least

3000.

III: Total number of planes purchased must at least 20 units.

(a) State the inequality that defines the condition above other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0 .

(b) Construct the graphs and mark the region R that represents the conditions above. Use a

scale of 2 cm for 5 Wing planes and 2 cm for 5 X – far planes.

(c) The company makes a profit of RM220 for X – far and RM165 for Wing planes from its

sales. Identify the minimum amount of profit that the company will obtain.

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Answer:-(a) 10 x + 7y ≤ 35, 2x + y ≥ 30, x + y ≥ 20 (c) RM3870

4. A furniture workshop produces tables and chairs. The production of tables and chairs

involve two processes , making and shellacking. Table 3 shows the time taken to make

and to shellack a table and a chair.

Making Shellacking

Table 60 20

Chair 40 10

Table 3

The workshop produces x tables and y chairs per day. The production of tables and chairs

per day is subject to the following constraints.

I: The minimum total time for making tables and chairs is 600 minutes.

II: The total time for shellacking tables and chairs is at most 240 minutes.

III: The ratio of the number of tables to the number of chairs is at least 1 : 2.

(a) Write three inequalities that satisfy all of the above constraints other than

x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0 .

(b) By using a scale of 2 cm for 2 units of furniture on both axes , construct and shade the

region R which satisfies all of the above constraints.

(c) By using your graph from (b), find,

(i) the maximum number of chairs made if 8 tables are made.

(ii) the maximum total profit per day if the profit from one table is RM30 and from

one chair is RM20.

****************************************************************************

MOTION ALONG THE STRAIGHT LINE

1. A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a fixed point O. Its velocity,

v ms −1 , is given by v = t 2 − 6t + 5 , where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O .

[Assume motion to the right is positive.]

(a) Find

(i) the initial velocity of the particle,

(ii) the time interval during which the particle moves towards the left,

(iii) the time interval during which the acceleration of the particle is positive.

(b) Sketch the velocity-time graph of the motion of the particle for 0 ≤ t ≤ 5 .

(c) Calculate the total distance traveled during the first 5 seconds after leaving O.

Answer: (a) (i) v= 5 (ii) 1 < t < 5 (iii) t > 3 (c) 13 m

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2. Diagram 1 shows the object, P, moving along a straight line and passes through a fixed

point O. The velocity of P, v m s─1 , t seconds after leaving the point O is given by

v = 3t2 – 18t + 24 . The object P stops momentarily for the first time at the point B.

P

O B

Diagram 1

(Assume right-is-positive)

Find:

(a) the velocity of P when its acceleration is 12 ms – 2 ,

(b) the distance OB in meters,

(c) the total distance travelled during the first 5 seconds.

Answer: (a) 9 ms – 1 (b) OB = 20 m (c) 28 m

3. The velocity of an object which moves along a straight line, v ms−1, t s after passing

through a fixed point O is v = pt − qt2, where p and q are constants. It is known that

1

the object moves through a distance of 7 m in the 2nd second of it’s motion and

3

experiences a retardation of 4 ms−2 when t = 3.

(b) It is also known that the object moved with a velocity of 6 ms−1 initially at the

point A and again at the point B. Find the time taken for the object to move

from A to B.

(c) Hence if the object stops momentarily at the point C, find the distance between

the point B and the point C.

1

Answer: (a) p = 8, q = 2 (b) 2 s (c) 3 m

3

4. Diagram 2 shows the object P and Q moving in the direction as shown by the

arrows when the objects P and Q pass through the points A and B respectively.

P Q

60m

A B

Diagram 2

displacement of the object Q from B is represented by sQ. Given sP = t2 + 4t

and sQ = t2 - 8t, where t is the time, in seconds , after P and Q pass through point

A and B respectively and simultaneously . Given AB = 60 m.

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(a) Find the time and position where the objects meet.

(b) Find the time and position of object Q when it reverses its direction of motion.

(c) Find the velocity of object P when object Q reverses its direction of motion.

(d) Sketch the graph of displacement - time for object Q for 0 ≤ t ≤ 10.

(e) Find the time interval when the object Q moves to the left.

1 a) 4 Girls 3 Boys

Answer : 5! , 3! = 720

b) 6 • 5 • 4 • 3 • 3• 2 • 1 = 2160

Centre

2 9 ! - ( 8! x 2! ) = 282240

3 4 x 3 x 2 x 2 = 48

Centre

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4 W A L I D

a) 1 x 4 C 2 = 6

b) 1 x 1 x 3 C 1 = 3

5 7 boys, 6 Girls

a) 7 C 3 x 6 C5 = 210

b) 6 C 1 x 7 C7 = 6

1 1 1 1

6 a) ( + )× =

5 5 4 10

5 4

b) P3 x P 2 = 720

5 3

7 P3 x P 2 = 360

12

8 a) C 5 = 792

6

c) C 1 x 7 C7 X 2 C 1 = 160

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