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MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2003

ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

Kertas 2

Two hours and thirty minutes

©2003 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pelajaran Menengah, MARA

1. This question booklet consistes of three parts, Section A, Section B and Section C

2. Answer all questions in Section A, four questions from Section B and two
questions from Section C

3. The figures/diagrams given in a problem in this question booklet would provide


useful information to solve the problem. However, it might not be drawn to scale.

4. Write the answer in the answer sheets provided.

5. All solution methods must be clearly shown. You may loose marks if important
working steps are not properly shown

6. The marks for each question or part-question are shown in brackets

7. Use of unprogrammable scientific calculator is allowed

8. Four- figure logarithm book is provided


CONFIDENTIAL 2

Section A

[ 40 Marks ]

Answer all questions in this section

1. Solve the simultaneous equations 2x + 3y + 8 = 0 and xy + 2x2 + 1 = 0.


[ 5 marks ]

2. The equation x2 + x – 6 = 0 has roots m and n. The equation 2x2+ px – 3 = 0, where


p is a constant, has roots m and r . It is given that m > n.

Find
(a) the value of p,
[ 3 marks ]
(b) the quadratic equation with roots n and r in the general form.

[ 4 marks ]

3. The diameters of steel ball bearings produced by a machine is normally distributed


with mean 4.9 cm and standard deviation k cm. The probability of a ball bearing
randomly chosen having a diameter more than 5.04 cm is 0.242.

(a) Calculate the value of k.


[ 2 marks ]
(b) Ball bearings with diameters within the range of 4.8 cm to 5.0 cm are
accepted. Among those that are accepted, ball bearings with diameters
outside the range of 4.85 cm to 4.95 cm, are categorised as low grade.
Calculate the number of low grade ball bearings produced if the machine
churns out 10,000 ball bearings.

[ 4 marks ]

2 tan A
4. (a) Show that sin 2A = . [ 3 marks ]
1 + tan 2 A

1
(b) It is given that cos 2x = , where k is a positive constant.
k
(i) If x = 30° , state the value of k,

(ii) If x is an obtuse angle, express cos x in term of k.


[ 4 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL 3

Q(0,9) -
P(-1,8)

y = 9 - x2

O x

FIGURE 1

5. With reference to Figure 1, answer the following questions.

(a) Calculate the area of the shaded region. [ 3 marks ]

(b) Calculate the volume generated when the shaded region is rotated 360° about
the y – axis.
[ 4 marks ]

Q T
S

O P

FIGURE 2

r 2 r r r r r r r
6. In Figure 2, PS = PQ, 2 PT = TR and OR = 4OQ . It is given that OP = a and OQ = b.
3
r
(a) Express ST in terms of a and b. [ 4 marks ]
r
(b) Find OT and hence, show that O, S and T are collinear.

[ 4 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 4

Section B

[ 40 Marks ]

Answer four questions from this section

7. Solution by using accurate drawing is not accepted.

C
B 1 5
y= x+
2 2

A D

O x

FIGURE 3

1 5
In Figure 3, the line BC is parallel to the line y = x + . The line OAB is
2 2
perpendicular to both lines. It is given that OD = DC and AB = t units.

(a) Find the coordinates of B and hence calculate the value of t. [ 6 marks ]

(b) The line BC is extended to E such that BE = 2BC. If point P moves such that
its distance from E is always 5 units, find the equation of locus P.
[ 4 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL 5

Number
of grand 1–5 6 – 10 11 – 15 16 – 20
children
Number
8 x y 6
of families

TABLE 1

8. Table 1 shows the distribution of the number of grand children for a total of N families in a
certain village. The min and varians of the distribution is 9.5 and 40.25 respectively.

(a) Calculate the value of N.


[ 7 marks ]

(b) Without drawing any graph, calculate the median.


[ 3 marks ]

π
rad
O 6
P Q

FIGURE 4

9. In Figure 4, OQR and PQS are sectors of circles with centres O and P respectively. PS is
perpendicular to OR and the length of the circular arc QR is 8π.

(a) Calculate the length of PS,


[ 3 marks ]
(b) Calculate, correct to 4 significant figures:
i) the perimeter of the shaded region,

ii) the area of the shaded region.

[ 7 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 6

10. Use the graph paper provided to answer this question

Mass of object M
8 10 12 14 16
(gm)
Period T
1.22 1.27 1.30 1.34 1.38
(s)

TABLE 2

Table 2 shows the period of oscillation T, for a spring which was hung vertically with
various object of mass, M gm, attached to its end. It is known that T and M is related by
M+ p
the equation T 2 = , with p and q as contants.
2q

(a) Draw the graph of T2 against M.


[ 4 marks ]
(b) From your graph, find the value of

(i) p and q,
(ii) M when T = 1.24 s.
[ 6 marks ]

1
11. The positive variables L, x and y are such that L = 2 x2y and 2x + xy = 30.
a. Show that L = 15x − x2 . [ 2 marks ]

b. Hence,
(i) calculate the maximum value of L,

(ii) by using differentiation, find the approximate value of L at the instant when
x has increased by 1.5% from 10 units. [ 8 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL 7

Section C

[ 20 Marks ]

Answer two questions from this section

O A B

FIGURE 5

12. Figure 5 shows three fixed points O, A and B on a horizontal line. A particle moves
along this line with a uniform acceleration of –4ms-2 . Its velocity, v ms-1, t seconds
after living point O is given by v = p – qt, where p and q are constants. The particle
passes through point A after 2 seconds and it stops momentarily at point B, 1 second
after that.

Calculate

(a) the value of p and q, [ 3 marks ]

(b) the distance AB, [ 3 marks ]

(c) the time taken for the particle to travel a total distance of 26 m.
[ 4 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 8

Ratio of
Price Index Price Index
Items Expenditure
(2001) (2002)
(wi)
Meat 120 132 5
Rice 110 115 4
Vegetable 130 120 x
Fish 125 140 y
TABLE 3 Σ wi = 20

13. Table 3 shows the price indices and ratio of expenditure of four types of food for the
year 2001 and 2002 based on the year 2000. The composite index of the food items for
the year 2002 based on the year 2000 is 130.

Calculate

(a) the value of x and the value of y, [ 4 marks ]

(b) the price index of meat for the year 2000 and 2002 based on the year 2001.
[ 4 marks ]

(c) the price of fish per kg in the year 2001, if its price in the year 2002 is
RM21.00 / kg.
[ 2 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL 9

14. A factory produces two types of crowns which are decorated with two types of
precious stones, emeralds and sapphires. Each Peacock Crown requires 12 pieces of
emeralds and 30 pieces of sapphires while each Dragon Crown requires 24 pieces of
emeralds and 20 pieces of sapphires. The factory can only be supplied up to 840
pieces of emeralds and 900 pieces of sapphires. The number of Peacock Crowns
produced cannot be more than twice the number of Dragon Crowns. The factory
produces x units of Peacock Crowns and y units of Dragon Crowns.

(a) Write three inequalities, other than x ≥ 0 and y ≥ 0, that satisfies the
conditions above.
[ 3 marks]

(b) Using a scale of 2 cm is to 5 units for the x – axis and the y – axis, draw the
graph for all the three inequalities. Label and shade the region R that satisfies
all the conditions above.
[ 3 marks]
(c) Use your graph to answer the following questions.

(i) Find the maximum total number of crowns that can be produced,

(ii) If the cost of each emerald and sapphire is RM80.00 and RM60.00
respectively, find the total cost for each type of precious stones used
to produce the maximum number of crowns.
[ 4 marks ]

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CONFIDENTIAL
CONFIDENTIAL 10

8cm
5cm

A D
6cm

FIGURE 6

15. In figure 6, ABCD is a quadrilateral with ∠DAB = ∠ABC = 60°.

(a) Calculate the size of ∠ABD and ∠BCD in degrees correct to 2 places of
decimals.
[ 7 marks ]

(b) If BC and AD are extended to meet at point T, calculate the area of △DTC.
[ 3 marks ]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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