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GIS Application in Electricity

What is GIS?
It is a digital system for gathering, processing and
analyzing data of a spatial nature by using the modern
techniques

GIS Applications

One of most important GIS applications in electricity is the documentation


of the electrical net’s data and projecting it’s location geographically like
identifying the net components and feeders routes.
GIS Applications in the field of electricity
A Successful way of treatment with the net’s components and
identifying flow direction of the electric current.
GIS application in the electrical field
Find and identify breaking
down locations and
directing maintenance
teams to these locations.

GIS application in the electrical field

Easily Identifying users’


locations.
GIS Applications in the electrical field

Help the decision makers take the appropriate steps


GIS application in the electrical field

- Identify the net’s connected and disconnected


components
.
GIS application in the electrical field

Documentation of the coordinates of the power transmitting


towers to be used for field studies
GIS application in the electrical field

Starting electricity studies and importing (borrowing)


databases from other programs like AutoCAD
GIS application in the electrical field

A sub- stations and outgoing feeders


GIS assist electrical companies to:
Presenting data on a geographical Map
GIS application in the electrical field

The majority of ground cables connections and joints can not be found
without the assistance of the concerned persons. Now maps can be
used to identify and reach these (cables and joints) easily
Electrical Map- the center of Basra
GIS application in the electrical field

Identifying the shortest and fastest way


to a specific location


GIS application in the electrical field

Easy management of projects when GIS is used


Infrastructure in Basra
Electricity sector in Basra
There are three general directorates for power activities in
Basra:
- South region Power production.
- South region power distribution.
- Power transmission.
- In addition to the south control center in Khour Al zubair,
communication directorate in Al Najebia.
The obtainable power in Basra up to Dec. 31, 2007

A Table showing the power capacity in


Basra , Dec. 31, 2007.
Notes MW available Station
capacity

These numbers represent the ˼˹˹ Hartha Thermal power


actual situation: Station
This product includes all the ˺˾˹ Al Najiebia Thermal
generated units . It is supposed Power station
to make a programmed and
˺˼˾ Khur Al Zubair gaseous
emergency maintenance for
Power station
them.It represents the
maximum production of the ˻˹˹ Khur Al zubair the new
generating units. gaseous Power station
This is without deducing the ˼˹ Al shaiba gaseous Power
internal consumption of the station
generators and machines which
˻˾ Petrochemical gaseous
is about 50- 60- MW.
Power station

Total 840 MW


The required power capacity

Based on the current statistics, the power needed in


Basra is mentioned in the table below: 

This table shows the follow up of the expected


development of power needed in Basra˻˹˺˹˻˹˹́for 

Expected capacity year


MW
1520 2008
1750 2009
2010 2010
Shortage of power production

Calculation of production power shortage in Basra for a number of years 

Capacity MW year
Shortage Actual Required
˼˻˹ ́˽˹ ˺˺˾˹ ˻˹˹˿

˽˼˹ ̂́˹ ˺˼˻˹ ˻˹˹̀

˽˹˾ ˺˺˺˾ ˺˾˻˹ ˻˹˹́

˽˿˹ ˺˻̂˹ ˺̀˾˹ ˻˹˹̂

̀˻˹ ˺˻̂˹ ˻˹˺˹ ˻˹˺˹

According to the previous explanation, establishing and constructing new gaseous


and steam power stations is the solution to overcome power deficit
GIS applications in electricity field

GIS helps to choose the best location to establish a specific project


based on the restrictions and conditions set by the decision
makers
GIS applications in the electricity field
By using GIS, a data base of Regions development projects for (2008) has
been prepared as shown in the following example:
Obstacles

- This system needs a huge budget depending on the area and


required functions.
- High costs of the soft ware and these programs need high
quality computers.
- Difficulty of getting the information (data) because of maps
damage .They were kept in bad conditions.
- Bad coordination between directorates which are picking up the
Information and others who are using them.
– Difficulty of getting most of the data because of secrecy.
- Inability to establish GIS center in Basra.

Despite these obstacles we have to use this program for the


following reasons:

- Narrowing the scientific gap between our country and the


developing countries which have already adopted this program.
 - Rescuing the remaining data and maps from damage.
Questions ?