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International Conference Roles of Islamic Studies in Post Globalized Societies 21 s t -23 r

International Conference

Roles of Islamic Studies in Post Globalized Societies

21 st -23 rd December 2010 www.cis.psu.ac.th/rispgso

TEACHING ARABIC IN GLOBALIZED

SOCIETY: The role of ICT in Modernizing Arabic Language Instruction

By Drs. Promadi, MA. PH.D.

Vice Rector for Cooperation and Resource Development, State Islamic University of Sultan Sharif Kasim, Riau, Indonesia

College of Islamic Studies Prince of Songkla University

www.cis.psu.ac.th

of Sultan Sharif Kasim, Riau, Indonesia College of Islamic Studies Prince of Songkla University www.cis.psu.ac.th

TEACHING ARABIC IN GLOBALIZED SOCIETY:

The role of ICT in Modernizing Arabic Language Instruction

Teaching Arabic in majority of Southeast Asian Higher Educational Institutions has been run for decades due to its significant role in promoting Islamic Studies to students of Non-Arabic Speaking Countries. Faculties in several universities have changed their approaches, methods, as well as technique of teaching from traditional Grammar- Translation Method to more updates approaches such Communicative Approach. However, some faculties keep their traditional approach due to their commitment and satisfaction of their teaching philosophy. Updating approach, method, and technique of Teaching Arabic as

a Foreign language in Islamic Higher Educational Institution is Muslim responsible to respond to modernization in globalized society. Nowadays, the life of Muslims in modern society identified by more use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for different purposes, including teaching foreign language. Virtual Communicative Language Teaching (VCLT) promotes communicative activities for an online teaching to help student develop their communicative competence, particularly with native speakers, using Information and Communication Technology (ICT).

The aims of this study are to know the effectiveness of the VCLT in helping students develop their communicative competence, particularly communicating with native speaker in online learning. Forty new students of the Department of Arabic at the Faculty of Education and Teachers Training at the State Islamic University of Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau Pekanbaru Indonesia were involved in the study as the subject. The Pre-Test and Post-Test questions were used to collect data for this study, as well as Diary and Questionnaire. The data were analyzed using T-Test statistical method to see the significance of the difference between Pre-Test and Pos-Test scores.

The study discovered that VCLT is significantly effective in helping students develop their communicative competence with native speaker in an online learning. This study also discovered that, according to students’ view, the strengths of the program in assisting them develop communicative competence are the presence of communicative interactive activities during the lesson, especially interaction with native speakers through chatting and e-mail.

A practical implication of this finding to the development of Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language in Muslim countries in the era of ICT, is that students can communicate with native speaker and or with other students in many countries using communicative activities online through the Internet in a Virtual classroom. Teachers of Arabic should

modernize their teaching approach, method, and technique of teaching by using ICT because

it plays a key role in modernizing Islamic Studies especially Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language.