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CONFERENCE RULES

BEHAVIOR
At MeMUNC, all delegates are expected to maintain a diplomatic, respectful and mature attitude both in committee and during free time. All University
policies must be adhered to, or consequences will follow. The staff at MeMUNC is not responsible for disciplinary action, in the event that some needs to
be taken. Teachers and chaperones are expected to monitor students’ behavior and will be responsible for dealing with any issues that arise. The staff of
the 2008 MeMUNC is in no way responsible for enforcing or monitoring the adherence to these rules, or the rules of USM and respective high schools.

UNIVERSITY POLICIES
The possession, use, or distribution of illegal drugs as defined by federal, state, and local statutes is prohibited at any time on University property. Students
who possess, use, or distribute illegal drugs are liable for public law enforcement sanctions and University disciplinary action. Use of alcoholic beverages
on University property shall be in compliance with state laws and campus regulations and procedures. Violation of such laws, regulations and procedures
may result in disciplinary action and, where applicable, criminal proceedings.

MeMUNC AWARDS POLICY


Awards at MeMUNC fall into three categories: Honorable Mention, Distinguished Delegate and the Diplomacy Award. The award for Best Delegation is
given to the country team whose delegates best represent all of the criteria below in their respective committees. MeMUNC awards are presented to
delegates who best exhibit the skills and qualities detailed below:

1. POSITION PAPERS ~ Position papers show that the delegate has thoroughly researched their country’s position on the committee
issues and is coming to MeMUNC with their country’s goals in mind. Position papers will be judged on:
• Clear understanding of country’s position
• Proper format
• Punctuation and grammar
2. ABILITY TO STAY IN CHARACTER ~ It is vital that all delegates stay within the position of their country. Role playing is one of
the main challenges of being an effective delegate and will be judged on the following:
• Accuracy and knowledge of which countries to support and which ones to oppose
• Sponsorship of resolutions which reflect their country’s position
• Alignment of speeches with views of the country whey are representing
3. KNOWLEDGE OF PROCEDURES ~ Knowledge of procedures is key if delegates wish to effectively navigate their way through the
conference. One unfriendly motion may ruin a delegate’s hard work. To be successful in this game, a delegate must show:
• Understanding and efficient manipulation of motions
• Proper use of procedures
4. RESOLUTION COMPOSITION ~ It often takes many minds working together to produce a working resolution. Delegates must be
able to effectively contribute to this process and show:
• Proper resolution format
• Tangibility of resolutions
• Clarity of resolutions
5. CONFLICT RESOLUTION AND NEGOTIATION SKILLS ~ Effective diplomacy skills are at the very heart of the MeMUNC
experience. Working together is a must if a delegate wishes to have others join in their position. These skills are displayed through:
• Ability to compromise without going against national policy
• Ability to pull blocs together
• Ability to sway others to their side
6. PRESENTATION OF SPEECHES ~ Speeches are a delegate’s most effective and powerful tool for addressing the entire committee.
A clear, precise argument may convince others of their position and let people know where the delegate stands. A model speech should
include:
• Intensity
• Fluency
• A clear objective

RULES OF PROCEDURE
Beginning of a Committee Session
Each committee session begins using the same set of procedures, with the exception of the first session of the conference
when the members of the Dais will introduce themselves to the committee. The first thing the Chair will do is bring the session to
order, asking all delegates to take their seats and come to decorum. After this, the Director shall make any necessary
announcements. The Rapporteur will then take the roll, confirm quorum, and announce the number of votes needed for both a
simple majority and a two-thirds majority. At this time the Chair will direct delegates to open debate by asking, “Are there any
points or motions on the floor at this time?" Delegates will ask the Chair for permission to address the committee by raising their
placards and waiting to be verbally recognized. At the first committee session debate will begin when a recognized delegate moves
“to open the primary speaker’s list.” This first session ends when the committee votes to recess, which means that at the next
meeting debate will resume where it left off. Therefore, at all other sessions debate will begin when a recognized delegate moves “to
open the secondary speaker’s list.” The other aspects of debate will be the same for all sessions and are thoroughly explained
below in the rules of procedure.
Section I- General Rules
Rule 1- Scope
These rules shall apply to all regular sessions of the Maine Model United Nations Conference
(hereafter MeMUNC) for all committees. These rules are self-sufficient and no other rules shall apply, unless
otherwise stated in the supplemental rules for specialized agencies or crisis committees. In situations not
covered by the rules, the Secretary General shall constitute the final authority.

Rule 2- The Secretariat


The Secretariat shall consist of the Secretary-General and Under-Secretary Generals, as well as those persons the Secretary
General has appointed to the Secretariat staff. Any member of the Secretariat may address any committee at any time.
The ruling of the Secretary-General or his/her designee on any rule or regulation herein is final and overrides any other ruling.
Any rule may be altered, suspended or added by the Secretary-General at any time.

Rule 3- Decorum
Delegates are to follow the MeMUNC code of conduct, dress code, any instructions from the MeMUNC secretariat and their
faculty advisors. Delegates shall remain respectful of other delegates during formal and informal debate, and shall remain silent,
attentive and respectful on the floor of the committee while other delegates have been recognized by the chair.
If for any reason a committee Chair or member of the Secretariat deems a delegate out of order or in violation of the MeMUC
code of conduct, the Committee Chair or Secretariat member may direct that delegate to come to order. In the event that a delegate
consistently ignores the direction of the Chair or member of the Secretariat, the Committee Director or Secretariat member shall
notify the Secretary General or his/her designee in order to pursue disciplinary action in cooperation with the delegate’s faculty
advisor.

Section II- The Dais


Rule 4- Composition of the Dais
Each committee shall have a Dais, composed of several staff members, including a Chair, a Rapporteur and a Director as
designated by the Secretariat. Individually or collectively, the members of the Dais shall have the capacity to assume the office of the
Chair.

Rule 5- General Function of the Dais


Rule 5.1- The Chair
The Chairperson, subject to these rules, shall declare the opening and closing of each meeting; shall control committee
proceedings at all meetings; shall moderate discussion, announce decisions, rule on points or motions, and ensure and enforce the
observance of these rules. The Chair may transfer his or her duties to another member of the Dais at any time. All procedural
matters in committee are subject to the discretion of the Chair. The Chair may propose the adoption of any procedural motion at
any time, subject to a the provisions provided by these rules.
The Chair is also primarily responsible for the substantive content of the committee proceedings. The Chair, or designated
member of the Dais, must authorize each draft resolution and draft amendment for their introduction to the floor.
Rule 5.2- The Rapporteur
The Rapporteur shall be responsible for keeping the written records of the committee. The Rapporteur shall maintain the
Speaker’s List; record the Roll Call at the beginning of each committee session; calculate and maintain quorum and majorities
needed for procedural and substantive votes; record the results of all substantive votes of the committee; and maintain and
publish the official documents of the committee.
Rule 5.3- The Director
The Director shall be responsible for all internal and external communication for the committee. The Director shall report to
the secretariat; shall forward all committee documents to be printed and ensure their distribution; shall be responsible for all
written communication between the committee and the Dais, and shall direct committee Pages.
Rule 5.4- Committee Pages
Committee pages shall facilitate communication between committee delegates and the Dais, as well as between the various
committee delegations during formal debate. Pages serve under the supervision of the Director. Pages may be appointed and
dismissed by the director at their discretion. Pages can be committee members, faculty advisors or other volunteers.

Section III- Delegations


Rule 6- Rights
Each Member State of a committee shall be represented by one vote. In the instance that a Member State is represented by more
than one delegate, only one delegate may speak for the Member State at one given time when recognized by the Chair. Member States
may vote on all substantive and procedural matters.
Rule 6.1 Non-Member States/ Observer States
A member of a State that is not a member of the United Nations or of the body for which a committee has been convened,
or a representative of an organization holding an observer status, shall have the same rights as full members of the United
Nations or Organizational body in committee except that they may not vote on substantive matters.
Section IV- The Committee
Rule 7- Roll Call
At the beginning of each session, the Rapporteur shall initiate the roll call. The Rapporteur shall call each delegation in alphabetical
order and record their presence or absence. If a delegation is not present at the time of the roll call, it is expected to pass a note to the
Dais once it arrives.

Rule 8- Quorum
Before formal debate or voting procedure may begin, the committee must meet quorum. In this case, quorum is defined as one-third
of the voting members of a committee as determined by the roll call list. Any delegate may, at any time, make a point of parliamentary
inquiry to verify a quorum. The Chair will direct the Rapporteur to immediately answer the point, and initiate a roll call if he/she deems
it necessary. Quorum is assumed to be met unless it is shown otherwise.

Rule 9- Majorities
The Roll Call list shall be the basis for majorities of all procedural and substantive votes. The Rapporteur will inform the committee
when the number of votes required for majorities have changed.
Rule 9.1- Simple Majority
A simple majority is defined as more votes in favor than opposed (e.g. half of the affirmative/negative votes plus one affirmative
vote). A motion fails on a tie vote. Any number of abstentions may not cause the motion to fail.
Rule 9.2- Two Thirds Majority
A two-thirds majority is defined as at least two thirds votes in favor for each vote opposed. Any number of abstentions may not
cause the motion to fail (e.g. a vote of 6 in favor, 3 opposed, would pass regardless of abstentions).
Rule 9.3- Unanimous Vote
A unanimous vote is defined as no votes against the motion. Any number of abstentions does not cause the motion to fail. The
absence of any delegation shall not affect a unanimous vote.

Rule 10- Procedural Votes


For all procedural matters, each delegation has the obligation to vote. Only votes of “yes” or “no” shall be in order. A motion for a
roll call vote on procedural matters is never in order.

Section V- Agenda
Rule 11- Agenda
The agenda is the order in which a committee shall discuss the topics provided in the provisional agenda. The first order of business
for the committee shall be consideration of the agenda.
The Chair shall entertain a motion to open a primary speaker’s list to consider the order of the agenda at the commencement of the
first committee meeting. After considerable debate by the committee, the Chair shall entertain a motion to set the order of the agenda. In
the event of such a motion, the Chair shall call for two speakers for and two speakers against the motion.
If the motion carries, the topics shall be named Topics One and Two, and a secondary speaker’s list shall be opened to discuss the
first agenda topic. If the motion fails, the committee shall continue debate utilizing the primary speaker’s list until a motion to set the
agenda is passed.
Once debate on the first topic has been concluded or tabled, the Chair shall entertain a motion to open a secondary speaker’s list to
discuss the second topic.
Rule 11.1 The Provisional Agenda
The Secretary –General shall communicate a provisional-agenda of two general topics to each committee and their delegations
before the commencement of the conference.
Only topics provided in the provisional-agenda shall be considered by a committee, except in committees designated by the
Secretariat as Crisis Committees.

Section VI- Conduct of Committee Business


Rule 12- Speaker’s List
The Rapporteur shall maintain a speaker’s list for each topic to determine the order in which delegates may make speeches about a
given topic. The speaker’s list is the primary mode of formal debate of the general agenda topics. Unless the committee moves to
suspend, table, or close debate, all discussion will follow the speaker’s list.
The Chair, at the opening of a speaker’s list or at their discretion, may open the floor to add delegates to the speakers list for a
limited time. A member may add his or her name to the speakers list at any other time by submitting a written request to the Dais. A
member may not be added to a speaker’s list if their name is already listed.
Debate is closed automatically upon exhaustion of the speaker’s list, and the committee will move into voting procedures.
Rule 12.1- Primary Speaker’s List
A primary speaker’s list shall be established first to consider the agenda. This speaker’s list shall be closed once a motion to set
the agenda is adopted, except in committees designated by the Secretariat as crisis committees. In such committees the primary
speaker’s list shall remain open throughout the conference, and shall be returned to upon closing or tabling of any individual topic.
Rule 12.2- Secondary Speaker’s List
Once a motion to set the agenda has been adopted a secondary speaker’s list shall be opened to address each of the specific
topics. Separate lists shall be established for specific procedural motions on an as-needed basis, and organized in order of
precedence as listed in Rule 30.

Rule 13- Speeches


No member may address the committee without having been recognized by the Chair. The Chair may call a speaker to order if
he or she deems a delegate’s remarks are not relevant to the subject matter under discussion, are dilatory or inflammatory. A speech
may not be interrupted by another delegate, unless that delegate is rising on a Point of Personal Privilege or Point of Order. All
speeches must be directed to the Committee as a whole, and may not be directed at any specific delegate or delegation or group of
delegations.
Rule 13.1- Right of Reply
The Chair may recognize a right of reply in the event that a delegate personally insults another delegate or their country
during his or her speech. A petition for a right of reply must be made in writing and submitted to the Dais with the proposed text
of the reply. If granted, the Chair shall suspend formal debate and allow the petitioning delegate read their statement. A right of
reply in response to a right of reply is never in order. The right of reply is granted at the Chair’s discretion, and all decisions are
not subject to appeal.

Rule 14- Limitation of Speaking Time


The Chair may limit the time allotted to each speaker. However, a member of the committee may move to set a new time limit on
speeches at any time. Such a motion requires a simple majority to pass. The chair may rule such a motion dilatory at their discretion.

Rule 15- Yielding Time


A delegate, who has been recognized by the Chair to address the committee on a substantive issue, must yield any remaining time
after his or her speech. A delegate must yield in one of three ways:
Rule 15.1-Yield to another Delegate
The delegate gives his or her remaining time to another delegate in order to speak. That delegate must use all the remaining
time without yielding to any other delegate.
Rule 15.2- Yield to the Chair
A delegate forfeits their remaining speaking time, and the Chair moves to the next speaker. If a delegate fails to yield their
time either way, it will be assumed that the delegate has yielded their time to the chair.
Rule 15.3- Yield to Questions
A delegate may yield his or her remaining time to answer questions from the committee. The Chair shall recognize a
delegate to ask a question at their discretion, and may rule the question out of order if he or she deems it to be dilatory, irrelevant,
inflammatory or declaratory. The delegate may use their remaining time to answer as many questions as their time may permit.

Rule 16- Suspension of Debate


During the course of debate, a delegate may move to suspend debate in order to caucus. When making such a motion, the
delegate must specify one of two types of caucuses and a purpose that is within the scope of the general topic. These two types of
caucuses are listed as follows:
Rule 16.1- Motion for an Un-moderated Caucus
A delegate may request an unmoderated caucus by making a motion with a specific purpose and time limit. This motion
requires a simple majority to pass. Once the motion is adopted, the rules of formal debate are suspended for the specified time
period, and delegates are free to move and discuss the topic and to write any working papers or draft resolutions. No points or
motions shall be in order during an unmoderated caucus. Upon exhaustion of the allotted time period, the chair shall return to
formal debate.
Rule 16.2- Motion for a Moderated Caucus
A delegate may request a moderated caucus by making a motion with a specific topic, time limit and speaking time. This
motion requires a simple majority to pass. Once the motion is adopted, the rules of formal debate are modified, and the Chair will
choose to recognize delegates to speak on the specific topic at his or her discretion. Only Points of Personal Privilege and Points of
Order are in order during a moderated caucus. Upon exhaustion of the allotted time period, the chair shall return to formal
debate.

Rule 17- Motion to Table Debate


A motion to table debate may be used to end debate on a given substantive issue without having voted on a substantive resolution
of the topic. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their discretion. If the Chair rules the motion in order, he or she will
recognize two (2) speakers for and two (2) speakers against the motion, after which the motion will be put to a vote. This motion
requires a simple majority to pass.
If a motion passes to table a general agenda topic, the speakers list shall be suspended and the topic put aside without further
action, votes or debate. The Chair shall then open or return to a speaker’s list on the other designated agenda topic. If the first topic
has been tabled or resolved, a motion to table the second topic is not in order.
If the committee is designated by the Secretariat as a crisis committee, the Chair shall return to the primary speaker’s list to
discuss the selection of a new topic of debate.
Rule 17.1- Motion to Resume Debate on a Tabled Topic
The Chair may entertain a motion to resume debate on a tabled topic. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their
discretion. If the Chair rules the motion in order, he or she will recognize one (1) speaker for and one (1) speaker against the
motion, after which the motion will be put to a vote. This motion requires a two-thirds majority to pass. If the motion passes,
debate on the tabled topic will resume. If the motion resumed debate on a general topic, the secondary speaker’s list for that topic
will automatically reopen.

Rule 18- Motion to Close Debate


A member may move for closure of debate of a general agenda topic. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their
discretion. If the Chair rules the motion in order, he or she will recognize two (2) speakers against the motion, but no speakers in favor,
after which the motion will be put to a vote. This motion requires a two-thirds majority to pass. If the motion passes, the committee
will move to voting procedures and all draft resolutions and amendments will be brought to an immediate vote.

Rule 19- Motion to Recess


A motion to recess is in order only within 5 minutes of the scheduled end of a committee session. The Chair may rule such a
motion in order at their discretion. The motion requires no debate and is immediately put to a vote. The motion requires a simple
majority to pass. The effect of this motion is to suspend the meeting of the committee until the next scheduled committee session.

Rule 20- Motion to Adjourn


A motion to adjourn the committee is only in order if there is less than 15 minutes remaining in the final scheduled committee
session of the conference. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their discretion. The motion requires a simple majority to
pass.

Section VII- Parliamentary Points


Rule 21- Point of Personal Privilege
A delegate may rise to a Point of Personal Privilege during the discussion of any matter when his or her ability to participate in
the proceedings is in any way impaired. The Chair shall attempt to remove the cause of the impairment. This point may interrupt a
speaker.

Rule 22- Point of Order


A delegate may rise to a point of order to complain of improper parliamentary procedure. The Chair will immediately rule on the
Point of Order. The Chair shall rule any points he or she deems dilatory or improper out of order. A Point of Order may interrupt a
speaker. The member rising to a Point of Order may not speak on the topic of discussion.

Rule 23- Point of Parliamentary Inquiry


A delegate may rise to a Point of Parliamentary Inquiry in the case that he or she has a question for the Dais regarding the rules of
procedure. Points of Parliamentary Inquiry can neither interrupt a speaker nor be in regards to substantive matters.

Section VIII- Substantive Matters


Rule 24- Working Papers
Working papers are informal documents used to communicate ideas with the entire committee. They need not be in draft
resolution format and need signatories totaling 10% of the whole committee. To be photocopied, distributed or projected they must be
submitted to and approved by the Dais. Once approved, working papers will be numbered according to the topic and order in which it
was received. Working papers need not be introduced and are not voted upon.

Rule 25- Resolutions


A Resolution is a permanent and binding document which describes the agreed means of a resolution to an issue facing an
international body. The term Resolution shall only be used in reference to UN or other committee documents already in existence
prior to commencement of MeMUNC. All MeMUNC committees have the authority to pass a Resolution on any topic within their
jurisdiction by creating Draft Resolutions to address an issue. Draft Resolutions may become a Resolution only after receiving a
majority vote of a committee subject to the procedures set forth in Section IX, Rule 29. Draft Resolutions must meet certain
requirements as described in the subsections of this Rule listed below.
Rule 25.1- Draft Resolutions
A Draft Resolution is a written, substantive document produced by a committee which reflects the ideas of a delegation or
group of delegations of how to resolve an issue at debate within a committee. A Draft Resolution is non-binding and may be
amended or withdrawn subject to Rules 26 and 28 respectively. No document shall be referred to as a Draft Resolution without
having been introduced to the committee, subject to the procedures set forth in Rule 27.
Rule 25.2- Format
Draft Resolutions must be written in the proper UN Resolution format, as described in the MeMUNC delegate handbook.
Copying, distributing, projecting and introduction of Draft Resolutions will occur only upon approval of the Chair.
Rule 25.3- Sponsors
A Draft Resolution must have at least one designated sponsor to speak for its content in order to be approved by the Chair.
Delegates sponsoring a Draft Resolution are obligated to vote in favor of the document during the voting procedures set forth in
Rule 17.1- Motion to Resume Debate on a Tabled Topic
The Chair may entertain a motion to resume debate on a tabled topic. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their
discretion. If the Chair rules the motion in order, he or she will recognize one (1) speaker for and one (1) speaker against the
motion, after which the motion will be put to a vote. This motion requires a two-thirds majority to pass. If the motion passes,
debate on the tabled topic will resume. If the motion resumed debate on a general topic, the secondary speaker’s list for that topic
will automatically reopen.

Rule 18- Motion to Close Debate


A member may move for closure of debate of a general agenda topic. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their
discretion. If the Chair rules the motion in order, he or she will recognize two (2) speakers against the motion, but no speakers in favor,
after which the motion will be put to a vote. This motion requires a two-thirds majority to pass. If the motion passes, the committee
will move to voting procedures and all draft resolutions and amendments will be brought to an immediate vote.

Rule 19- Motion to Recess


A motion to recess is in order only within 5 minutes of the scheduled end of a committee session. The Chair may rule such a
motion in order at their discretion. The motion requires no debate and is immediately put to a vote. The motion requires a simple
majority to pass. The effect of this motion is to suspend the meeting of the committee until the next scheduled committee session.

Rule 20- Motion to Adjourn


A motion to adjourn the committee is only in order if there is less than 15 minutes remaining in the final scheduled committee
session of the conference. The Chair may rule such a motion in order at their discretion. The motion requires a simple majority to
pass.

Section VII- Parliamentary Points


Rule 21- Point of Personal Privilege
A delegate may rise to a Point of Personal Privilege during the discussion of any matter when his or her ability to participate in
the proceedings is in any way impaired. The Chair shall attempt to remove the cause of the impairment. This point may interrupt a
speaker.

Rule 22- Point of Order


A delegate may rise to a point of order to complain of improper parliamentary procedure. The Chair will immediately rule on the
Point of Order. The Chair shall rule any points he or she deems dilatory or improper out of order. A Point of Order may interrupt a
speaker. The member rising to a Point of Order may not speak on the topic of discussion.

Rule 23- Point of Parliamentary Inquiry


A delegate may rise to a Point of Parliamentary Inquiry in the case that he or she has a question for the Dais regarding the rules of
procedure. Points of Parliamentary Inquiry can neither interrupt a speaker nor be in regards to substantive matters.

Section VIII- Substantive Matters


Rule 24- Working Papers
Working papers are informal documents used to communicate ideas with the entire committee. They need not be in draft
resolution format and need signatories totaling 10% of the whole committee. To be photocopied, distributed or projected they must be
submitted to and approved by the Dais. Once approved, working papers will be numbered according to the topic and order in which it
was received. Working papers need not be introduced and are not voted upon.

Rule 25- Resolutions


A Resolution is a permanent and binding document which describes the agreed means of a resolution to an issue facing an
international body. The term Resolution shall only be used in reference to UN or other committee documents already in existence
prior to commencement of MeMUNC. All MeMUNC committees have the authority to pass a Resolution on any topic within their
jurisdiction by creating Draft Resolutions to address an issue. Draft Resolutions may become a Resolution only after receiving a
majority vote of a committee subject to the procedures set forth in Section IX, Rule 29. Draft Resolutions must meet certain
requirements as described in the subsections of this Rule listed below.
Rule 25.1- Draft Resolutions
A Draft Resolution is a written, substantive document produced by a committee which reflects the ideas of a delegation or
group of delegations of how to resolve an issue at debate within a committee. A Draft Resolution is non-binding and may be
amended or withdrawn subject to Rules 26 and 28 respectively. No document shall be referred to as a Draft Resolution without
having been introduced to the committee, subject to the procedures set forth in Rule 27.
Rule 25.2- Format
Draft Resolutions must be written in the proper UN Resolution format, as described in the MeMUNC delegate handbook.
Copying, distributing, projecting and introduction of Draft Resolutions will occur only upon approval of the Chair.
Rule 25.3- Sponsors
A Draft Resolution must have at least one designated sponsor to speak for its content in order to be approved by the Chair.
Delegates sponsoring a Draft Resolution are obligated to vote in favor of the document during the voting procedures set forth in
the committee room except in case of an emergency. Delegates having left the room for any reason during voting procedure will
not be re-admitted until voting procedures have concluded and will forfeit their vote.
At the beginning of voting procedures, the Rapporteur will initiate a roll call to determine if there is a quorum, and the number of
voting members present. The Rapporteur shall communicate to the committee the numbers of voting members present needed for a
simple and two-thirds majority. A delegate must be present in order to vote.
During voting procedures, once any points or motion have been satisfied, the Chair will put all Unfriendly Amendments, Draft
Resolutions, or parts thereof, to a vote. There shall be no further debate except as specified by these rules. Once voting on Draft
Resolutions has finished, the chair shall declare the end of voting procedures and the committee room shall be re-opened, at which
time the committee shall move to the next order of business. If both topics have been resolved, the Chair may then entertain a motion
to adjourn subject to the provisions of Rule 20.
Rule 29.1- Method of Voting
Each delegation shall have one vote. Delegations can vote “in favor”, “opposed”, or may “abstain”. Abstentions will not
count towards accepting or defeating an amendment or draft resolution. No member may cast a vote for another member.
Rule 29.2- Roll Call Vote
A delegate may move to initiate a roll call vote only during voting procedures. This motion is subject to the approval of the
Chair and does not require debate or a vote to be accepted. The roll call shall be done alphabetically and the votes recorded by
the Rapporteur next to the name of each member in the committee record. Record of the vote will be accessible by written
request to the Director.
During a roll call vote a member may pass, in which case he or she is placed at the end of the voting roll. Members who pass
during the first sequence cannot pass a second time and must cast a vote in the affirmative or negative, and may not abstain from
voting.
Rule 29.3- Voting on Amendments
All amendments will be considered first during voting procedures in the order of the draft resolutions they propose to amend.
If two amendments have been proposed to one draft resolution, they will be voted on in the order in which they were introduced.
A simple majority is required to adopt an amendment; a tie will result in the failure of the amendment. Following the adoption or
rejection of all amendments, the draft resolutions in their resulting from shall be put to a vote.
Rule 29.4 Voting on Draft Resolutions
Voting on Draft Resolutions, except where otherwise provided, shall occur by placard vote. Draft Resolutions, except where
otherwise provided, shall require a simple majority vote to pass and shall be voted upon as a whole unless divided subject to Rule
29.5.
Rule 29.5- Division of the Question
A member may move to divide the question in order to vote on the operative clauses of a Draft Resolution individually or in
groups. This motion shall be considered after all Amendments have been brought to a vote and immediately precedes a vote on a
Draft Resolution. Motions to divide perambulatory clauses are never in order. A delegate moving to divide the question must
specify a method for dividing a Draft Resolution. If there is more than one motion for the division of the question, the motions
will be voted on in order of most destructive to least destructive of the spirit of the document, as determined by the Chair. The
motion is debatable to the extent of two (2) speakers in favor and two speakers opposed (2) to the motion. A simple majority is
needed to carry the motion.
If the motion passes, all other motions to divide the question will be ruled out of order, and the divisions will be put to an
immediate vote. Each division containing a clause or group of clauses shall be voted upon in order. Only those divisions which
receive a majority vote of the committee will be incorporated into a final Resolution. If a division fails to receive a majority vote,
that division will be left out of a final Resolution. If no division receives a majority vote, then the entire Draft Resolution will be
considered to have failed.
Rule 29.6- Voting
More than one Resolution may be passed on any given topic. A simple majority, except where otherwise provided, is required
for a Draft Resolution to become a Resolution. A tie shall result in the failure of a Draft Resolution.

Section XI- Precedence


Rule 30- Precedence
Where multiple points or motions have been proposed, the Dais shall consider them in order of precedence until one motion
carries or all motions fail. Please see the quick procedures reference chart on the back cover of this packet for the list of all points and
motions in order of precedence.
RESOLUTION FORMAT
HEADING
The heading for all resolutions should read as follows:
Committee: organ where introduced
Sponsors: list of the sponsoring countries
Signatories: list of the signatory countries, numbering at least 15% of committee members when including sponsors
Subject: the topic of resolution

PREAMBULATORY CLAUSES
The purposes of the preamble are to outline the history of the problem, to show that the topic is a proper one for the
committee to address, and to show the need for a solution. The length and detail of the preamble depends on the question under
consideration. At any length, the preamble is always a critical part of a resolution because it provides the frame through which
the issue is viewed. Preambulatory clauses may point to particular sections of appropriate Treaties or Agreements and may cite
previous resolutions and precedents. The preamble may also refer to specific, relevant facts or situations related to the subject.
Finally, the preamble may include appeals to the common values and sense of committee members by referencing basic
documents of international law such as the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, etc.

Preambulatory Phrases Deeply conscious Further recalling Noting with deep concern
Deeply convinced Guided by Noting with regret
Affirming Deeply disturbed Having adopted Noting with satisfaction
Alarmed by Deeply regretting Having considered Observing
Aware of Desiring Having considered further Realizing
Bearing in mind Emphasizing Having devoted attention Recalling
Believing Expecting Having examined
Confident Recognizing
Fulfilling Having heard Referring
Contemplating Fully alarmed Having received
Convinced Seeking
Fully aware Having studied Taking into consideration
Declaring Fully believing Keeping in mind
Deeply concerned Taking note
Further deploring Noting further Welcoming

OPERATIVE CLAUSES
Operative clauses present the actions, solutions, or recommendations being made in the resolution. Each operative
clause identifies a single action. The action may be as vague as regret for a situation or a call for negotiations; it may also be as
specific as a monetary commitment for a particular project or an amendment to an existing treaty. Operative clauses are
numbered and should be in a logical order. These clauses begin with an active, present tense verb and are followed by a semi-
colon, with a period placed at the very end.

Operative Phrases Declares accordingly Further proclaims Regrets


Deplores Further recommends Reminds
Accepts Designates Further reminds Requests
Affirms Draws attention Further requests Resolves
Authorizes Emphasizes Further resolves Solemnly affirms
Calls Encourages Has resolved Strongly condemns
Calls upon Endorses Notes Supports
Condemns Expresses its hope Proclaims Takes note of
Confirms Expresses its appreciation Reaffirms Transmits
Considers Further invites Recommends Urges
The wording of a resolution should be carefully examined as you decide to support or oppose it. The references in the preamble
should be checked. If your country or bloc supports the general goal of a resolution, but you have reservations about the
wording of certain sections, you should work to change the language to make it a more acceptable resolution. This is especially
true when a delegate from your bloc is a sponsor. A resolution sponsored by an ally is not automatically something your country
would supports, so remember to use your policy as a guide.
(Adapted from Central European University's European Parliament Simulation http://members.tripod.com/epsim/guide.html).

SAMPLE RESOLUTION
Committee: GA 6th Committee
Subject: Strengthening U.N. Coordination of Humanitarian Assistance
Sponsors: United States, Austria, Italy, Greece
Signatories:New Zealand, France, Germany, Botswana, Canada, etc…..(at least 15% of the committee members)

The General Assembly,


Reminding all nations of the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which recognizes the inherent
dignity, equality, and inalienable rights of all global citizens,
Reaffirming resolution 33/1996 of 25 July 1996, which encourages governments to work with established U.N. bodies aimed at improving the
coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian assistance,
Noting with satisfaction the past efforts of various relevant U.N. bodies and Non-Governmental Organizations,
1. Encourages all relevant agencies of the United Nations to collaborate more closely with countries at the grassroots level to enhance
the carryout of relief efforts;
2. Urges member states to comply with the goals of the U.N. Department of Humanitarian Affairs to streamline efforts of humanitarian
aid;
3. Requests that all nations develop rapid deployment forces to better enhance the coordination of relief efforts of humanitarian
assistance in complex emergencies;
4. Calls for the development of a United Nations Trust Fund that encourages voluntary donation from the private transnational sector
to aid in the funding of rapid deployment forces.