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AP Chemistry

Summer Assignment.
2010-2011
Congratulations on your decision to take Advanced Placement Chemistry! This class has the potential to be one of the most
fun & rewarding classes that you will take in high school. However, please be advised that many people have found AP
Chemistry to be a particularly challenging course with a particularly challenging exam, even when compared with other AP
courses and AP exams.
For all students choosing to enroll in the Advanced Placement Chemistry course, a solid Chemistry I
background is assumed. (The Howard County Program of Studies states a B or better in Chemistry I) Advanced
Placement Chemistry IS a college level chemistry course, covering most topics which would be covered in TWO
semesters of college level chemistry. To accomplish such a formidable task, we need to HIT THE GROUND
RUNNING!! Thus, each AP Chemistry student is asked to complete the following assignments in preparation for
DAY 1 of the 2010-2011 school year

Visit the Student and Parent's College Board AP Chemistry Web Site including the AP Chemistry Course
Description Book and College Board Course Outline
http://www.collegeboard.com/student/testing/ap/sub_chem.html?chem

Download this assignment so that you may click on the hyperlinks provided. Follow the website links
and instructions below. You will get immediate feedback on some of your answers as you progress.
Setups, labels, sig figs, canceling all count! I have included many different websites as
alternative references or email me!.

Please send me a confirmation email ASAP to bjj21075@yahoo.com or bjewett@hcpss.org


indicating that (1) you have received this assignment, and (2) you can access these websites. If you
have any questions, please email me before August 12.

Enjoy your summer! I look forward to seeing you all this fall!

Ms. Jewett
River Hill High School

Name_______________________________________

1. Indicate the number of protons, neutrons, and electrons for each symbol.

40 127 12 36
1)
20 Ca 2)
53 I 3)
6 C 4)
17 Cl
5) Carbon-14 6) Uranium-235 7) Uranium-238
8) Xenon-131

To test your understanding, go to http://www.sciencegeek.net/Chemistry/taters/Unit1Numbers2.htm

2. Memorize these polyatomic ions. FLASHCARDS are included in this PACKET! Have
your parents Quiz you!
THIS IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT SUMMER ASSIGNMENT!
Go to http://www.sciencegeek.net/Concentration/Cations/cations.html and
http://www.sciencegeek.net/Concentration/Anions/anions.html and practice.

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Ammonium Carbonate Chlorate Phosphate PO4
NH4+ CO3 2- ClO3 - 3-

Acetate Peroxide Perchlorate Arsenate AsO4


C2H3O2- O2 2- ClO4 - 3-

Nitrate Sulfate Permanganate Borate


NO3- SO4 2- MnO4- BO3 3-
Nitrite Sulfite Bicarbonate iron Fe2+
NO2- SO3 2- HCO3 - Fe3+
Hydroxide OH Thiosulfate Cyanate copper Cu+
-
S2O3 2- CN- Cu2+
Hypochlorite ClO Chromate Thiocyanate tin Sn2+
-
CrO4 2- SCN - Sn4+
Chlorite Dichromate Cobalt Co2+ lead Pb2+
ClO2- Cr2O7 2- Co 3+
Pb4+

3. Inorganic Nomenclature Review (Ionic and Covalent compounds)


Write the formulas/names for the following ionic compounds.

Barium hydroxide _____________ NH4OH __________________________

Calcium sulfide _____________ NaOH


__________________________

Silver chloride _____________ AgNO3 __________________________

Iron (II) nitrate _____________ FeS


__________________________

Lead (II) sulfate _____________ LiClO3


__________________________

Aluminum hydroxide _____________ FeCl3 __________________________

Ammonium phosphate _____________ Na2S


__________________________

Sodium perchlorate _____________ Na2SO4 __________________________

Calcium carbonate _____________ Pb(NO3)2 __________________________

Sodium carbonate _____________ LiOH __________________________

Go to http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/4974/5093961/emedia/ch03/AAEDKKE0.html and
write the name and formulas for 10 items.

1.__________________________________________ 6.
.__________________________________________

2. .__________________________________________ 7.
.__________________________________________

3. .__________________________________________ 8.
.__________________________________________

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4. _________________________________________
9..__________________________________________

5.__________________________________________ 10.
_________________________________________

4. Mole/Mass/Particles Conversions Show your factor-labeling work formally for the following.
Round all molar masses from the periodic table to the hundredths place. Be sure to watch your
units and sig figs!

2.4 mol H2O = ____ particles of H2O 5.9 x 1020 atoms of O2 = ____ mol

9.98 x 10-3 mol carbon monoxide = ____ grams 0.25 mol silver acetate = _______
particles

2.35 mol disulfur trinitride = ______ grams 3.80 Kg of copper (II) phosphate
=______ particles

1.378 x 10-3 grams Ar gas = ______ Liters 5.989 x 1030 molecules sulfuric acid
= ________ grams

2.1 x 103 liters oxygen = ____ particles 50.0 g sodium hydrogen carbonate
= ____ mol

Go to http://www.sciencegeek.net/Chemistry/taters/Unit4GramMoleVolume.htm and test your


understanding.

5. Percent Composition Show your work formally for the formulas below. Go to
http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/4974/5093961/emedia/ch03/MWweightPercent/j2bl/MWw
eightPercent.html to review and to check your answers. Other sites for more review include
http://www.shodor.org/UNChem/basic/stoic/ .

NH3 CH4 Pb(NO3)2

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6. Empirical & Molecular Formulas For review go to
http://wps.prenhall.com/wps/media/objects/4974/5093961/emedia/ch03/EmpFormulaDetermin.html .
Also check out the hint cards. Then show your work to calculate the formulas.

A. A 100. gram sample of compound of sodium contains 36.5 grams of sodium, 25.4 grams of
sulfur, and 38.1 grams of oxygen. What is the empirical formula for the compound?

B. Fat makes up a major portion of all soaps. A fat used in many soaps is 76.5% carbon,
12.2% hydrogen, and 11.3% oxygen. What is its empirical formula?

What is the molecular formula of a fat with a molecular mass of 705 g/mol?

C. A sample of a substance is determined to be composed of 0.89 g of potassium, 1.18 g of


chromium, and 1.27 g of oxygen. Calculate the empirical formula.

D. Strychnine, a deadly poison, has a molecular mass of 334 g/mol and a percentage
composition of 75.42% carbon, 6.63% hydrogen, 8.38% nitrogen, and the balance oxygen.
What is the molecular formula of strychnine? (Hint: DO NOT round up the number found for
carbon in the empirical formula.)

E. A 10. gram sample of a compound contains 7.22 grams of magnesium and 2.78 grams of
nitrogen. What is its empirical formula?

F. An organic compound with a molecular mass of 140 g/mol is 68.54% carbon, 8.63%
hydrogen, and 22.83% oxygen. What is the molecular formula of the compound?

G. To find the experimental empirical formula of a compound, a student heats a coil of


magnesium ribbon (0.25 g) in a crucible. Oxygen combines with the magnesium when heated to
form magnesium oxide. Data recorded:

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• Mass of empty crucible and cover - 20.74g
• Mass of magnesium ribbon - 0.25g
• Mass of crucible, cover, and final product - 21.17g
What is the empirical formula for magnesium oxide that was the final product? Show
EVERY mathematical step fully.

H. What is a hydrate?______________________________________________
Name the following hydrates:

CuSO4 * 5H2O ________________ MgSO4 * 7H2O________________


Na2CO3*10H2O_______________

I. Cerium iodide (CeI3) occurs as a hydrate with the composition 76.3% CeI3 and 23.7% H2O.
Calculate the formula of this hydrate.

II. Cobalt (II) nitrate, Co(NO3)2, is used in ceramic glazes. The compound exists as a hydrate
that is 37.1% water and 62.9% cobalt (II) nitrate. What is the formula for this hydrate?

9. Writing Equations and Predicitng Products. For review of the five basic types of
equations, test your ability to predict the products at
http://www.sciencegeek.net/Chemistry/taters/EquationProducts.htm.

10. Stoichiometry: Show your work on your own paper for each problem below. Circle
your final answer. Then write your final answer on the line provided on this sheet with
sig figs and units. Staple your work to the back of this packet.

1. Stoichiometry refers to _____________________________________.

_____________2. Given the following reaction: GeH4 + 3GeF4 4 GeF3H In order to product
8.00 mol of GeF3H with this reaction, how many moles of GeF4 are needed?

_____________3. Given the following reaction: AgNO3 + AlCl3Al(NO3)3 + AgCl How many
moles of silver chloride can be produced by 2.75 mol aluminum chloride?

4. Write the balanced reaction for the complete combustion of propane (C3H8)
_____________________________________
______________The reaction of 2.5 mol of O2 will produce how many mol of H2 0?

5. Under appropriate conditions, nitrogen and hydrogen combine to yield ammonia. ___Mg +
___N2 ___Mg3N2

_____________a. A 7.1 g sample of N2 requires ____ g of Mg for a complete reaction?


_____________b. 100.0 g of N2 gas will theoretically yield how many grams of Mg3N2?

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_____________c. If the actual yield from an experiment is only 300.0 g, what is the percent
yield of this reaction?
_____________d. If 25.0 g of Mg are react with 14.0 g N2, which is the limiting reactant and
how many grams of Mg3N2 will form?

6. Balance first: __LiOH + __KCl __ LiCl + __KOH

_____________a. If you begin this with 20.00 grams of lithium hydroxide, what is your
theoretical yield of LiCl?
_____________b. If you actually produced 6.00 grams of lithium chloride, what is your percent
yield?

7. Balance first: __C3H8 + __O2 __CO2 + __ H2O

_____________a. If 5 grams of C3H8 is used what is the theoretical yield of water?

_____________b. If you produced a percent yield of 75%, how many grams of water did you make?

8. Aluminum reacts with chlorine as described: ___Al s + ___Cl2 g___AlCl3 s

_____________a. If you begin with 4.599 x 10- g Al and 2.332 x 10-2 g of chlorine gas, which is
3

the limiting reactant?


_____________b. How many grams of aluminum chloride can be produced from this reaction?
_____________c. Calculate the mass of excess reactant that remains after the reaction is
complete.
_____________d. If you needed to make 100.0 g of AlCl3, how many liters of Cl2 do you need?
Go to http://www.sciencegeek.net/Chemistry/taters/Unit4Stoichiometry.htm to test your
understanding.

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