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NAME: KASTURIE PILLAY

STUDENT NUMBER: 3232 771 4

THERMODYNAMICS II
ASSIGNMENT 1

QUESTION 1:

To determine: the mass and weight of the air contained in a room:

ROOM

6m x 6m x 8m

SOLUTION:

Assuming: The density of Air is constant throughout – ρ = 1.16Kg/m³

Calculating the Mass of Air in the room:

M = ρV
= 1.16Kg/m³ x (6m x 6m x 8m)
= 334.08 Kg

Therefore:

W = mg
= 334.08 kg x 9.81
= 3277 N 

QUESTION 2:

Answer: for a system to be in THERMODYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM the


temperature has to be the same throughout but the pressure does not.
However, there should be no unbalanced pressure forces present. The
increasing pressure with depth in a fluid, for example, should be
balanced by increasing weight.

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QUESTION 3:
To determine: The absolute pressure in water at a specified depth is
given. The atmospheric pressure and the absolute pressure at the
same depth in a different liquid:

Assuming: the liquid and water are incompressible:

SG liquid = 0.85

ρ = 1000Kg/m³

Calculating the density of the liquid:

ρ = SG x ρ water
= 0.85 x 1000Kg/m³
= 850Kg/m³

The absolute pressure is known. Calculating the atmospheric pressure:

Patm = Pb – ρgh water


= 145kPa - (1000Kg/m³)(9.81)
(5)
= 145kPa - 49.05kPa
= 96kPa 

The Absolute Pressure:

Patm = Pab – ρgh liquid


Pab = Patm + ρgh liquid
= 96kPa +(850)(9.81)(5)
= 96kPa - 41.7kPa
= 137.7kPa 

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QUESTION 4:
To determine: gage pressure of air in a pressurized water tank is
measured simultaneously by both a pressure gauge and manometer.
The differential height h, of the mercury:

Assuming: the air pressure in the tank is UNIFORM, and thus the
pressure at the air water interface is the same as the indicated gage.

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QUESTION 5:

To determine: the area ratio - the fluid levels in a multi-fluid U-tube


manometer change as a result of a pressure drop in the trapped air
space. For a given drop and brine change:

Solution:
Before:
After:

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QUESTION 6:

To determine: a multi-fluid container is connected to a U-tube. For a


given specific gravities and fluid column heights; the gage at A and the
height of the mercury column that would create the same pressure at
A.

Solution:
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QUESTION 7:

Answer: The total energy E, of a system is the sum of all forms of


Energy: Thermal, Mechanical, Electric, Kinetic, Potential, Magnetic,
Chemical and nuclear.
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QUESTION 8:

To determine: the power required for a 2000kg car to climb an inclined


hill 100m long.
Solution:

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QUESTION 9

To determine: the minimum power that must be supplied to a fan if it


is to accelerate quiescent air to a velocity of 10m/s at a rate of 4m³/s.

Solution:
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