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# Digital Signal Processing - CMP 471

Solutions 1

Problem 1

X
(a) x̃c (t) = xc (t) δ(t − nTs ).
n=−∞
(b) Taking the CTFT of the equation in part (a) we have

 
 X 
F {x̃c (t)} = F xc (t) δ(t − nTs )
 
n=−∞

## Using the multiplication property we get

 
1  X 
X̃c (jΩ) = F {xc (t)} ∗ F δ(t − nTs )
2π  
n=−∞

1 X
= Xc (jΩ) ∗ Ωs δ(Ω − kΩs )

k=−∞

Ωs X
= Xc (jΩ) ∗ δ(Ω − kΩs )

k=−∞

1 X
= Xc (j(Ω − kΩs ))
Ts
k=−∞

Problem 2
(a) Asincfunction 
with apeak value of 1 unit and zero crossings spaced at intervals of TS will have an equation
πt Ωs t
sinc = sinc
Ts 2
Therefore sinc interpolation of the samples from x̃c (t) will give
∞  
X Ωs (t − nTs )
xr (t) = xc (nTs )sinc
n=−∞
2
 

(b) Hc (jΩ) = rect
Ωs /2
(c) Using the convolution property
n o n o
Ts F −1 Hc (jΩ)X̃c (jΩ) = Ts F −1 {Hc (jΩ)} ∗ F −1 X̃c (jΩ)

 
  
Ωs Ωs t X
= Ts sinc ∗ xc (t) δ(t − nTs )
2π 2
n=−∞
    ∞
Ωs Ωs t X
= Ts sinc ∗ xc (nTs )δ(t − nTs )
2π 2
n=−∞
∞    
X Ωs t
= xc (nTs ) sinc ∗ δ(t − nTs )
2
n=−∞
∞  
X Ωs (t − nTs )
= xc (nTs )sinc
2
n=−∞
Ωs
(d) |Ωc | ≤ (Nyquist criterion)
2
Problem 3
(a) xd [n] = xc (nTs )
2

(b)

X
Xd (e jΩ
)= xd [n]e−jωn
n=−∞
X∞
= xc (nTs )e−jωn
n=−∞
X∞
F −1 {Xc (jΩ)} t=nTs e−jωn

=
n=−∞
∞ ∞
 Z 
 1
X
= Xc (jΩ)ejΩnTs dΩ  e−jωn

n=−∞ −∞
∞ ∞
Z  
1 X
= Xc (jΩ)  e−jn(ω−ΩTs )  dΩ

−∞ n=−∞

but

X ∞
X
F {1} = e−jωn = 2π δ(ω − 2kπ)
n=−∞ k=−∞

X ∞
X
∴ e−jn(ω−ΩTs ) = 2π δ(ω − ΩTs − 2kπ)
n=−∞ k=−∞

## Using this result we get

∞ ∞
Z  
1 X
Xd (ejΩ ) = Xc (jΩ) 2π δ(ω − ΩTs − 2kπ) dΩ

−∞ k=−∞
∞ ∞
Z  
X
= Xc (jΩ)  δ(ω − ΩTs − 2kπ) dΩ
−∞ k=−∞

Z ∞
X
= Xc (jΩ)δ(ω − ΩTs − 2kπ)dΩ
k=−∞ −∞

## Substituting u = −(ω − ΩTs − 2k) we get

Z ∞   
jΩ
X 1 u + ω − k2π
Xd (e )= Xc j δ(−u)du
Ts Ts
k=−∞ −∞
∞   
1 X ω − k2π
= Xc j
Ts Ts
k=−∞
Problem 4
(a) Hd (ejω ) = 1
(b)

 

= xd [n]