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lpseDixit
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..\ tr,' .\..-| ,rt,r' r,. $' .r.i r. r rr,1 t!' r' " . r{ .
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! frdr:
Px rk S e r\i c c . l l c h rs 211 oonth ol d (l 2u{ l rtcf fl ' hx(l
nrllnoml jus'
nrurteil insklc his police crt. iic devcl('jFctl'l '
s h o u k l e r.H e rs c rp e c tc d to cti eIn 6-12 month'
ql r-' '
l l rr' ., \t I t rr" l . .
-
$arrlc.t. \'irh t\o sons lges 2'l xnLl li' \'cst! hzs n drsxsrr(Ns'r
an rr:
\\ rth c rn c e r$ l ri c h s ta r rcdon tht ri ght \i (l c ofl ri s f;cc rbour
oi hr'
i h c c a r. L Ic l 1 x (ln u me nrusoP cr,l t()nstl rcrc' ti r' r unrrl hrl f
.
forchctl hare bccn rcmo\ed. including his entirc nglit elc anil -
b re i n . l l c $ e s u n ,rw e rcof rn\ P o$i bl c cooncdrn bct\r' cn nrr ' '
rtrdi l
a n (1h i s Pe rs i s te ncr rn c.r. s(, hc i usr co' ti nu(l ro usc rht

''L.rwrcnce Suddurh dicd lnst monlh rt 11ec65' rftcr l lrr)'l
Hc { '
cancer,(trigxnll! I mcl.tnome in thc .rrcr oi thc tight c!'
Ir'
o fh c e r rn ()h n . H i s re cl aru rs ururtcd i n rhe l ehi cl e bchtrtl
lcavesa uifc and thrce aclult chilclren
' ' L )a v eSc a ra l i o n i ,S s, i s i S i . P crcLsbo' g.Ji l l ' rr(l ^'P ()l 1cc.
2 h i s fttrr o fb l s x l c c l l cerci nomi s on the frce rnd ncck l l ccru' -
l )cptt
h rP p c n e (li (, h i n r, th e C trj efr,tthc S t l ' crcrsi rrrgJ' (ni cc
continued use of triltlic rx(]2r'
''Robcrt Quarles;s 29 rcars old 'rnJ rtters ilom r rlrc iot::
n o mr o frh e e Ic . Il e i s aho ! mcmber ofthc S t P crcrsburgP ' rl r;'
I
mcnt shosc cxnccr Pre.ipitxt.d the disc(nrliu^rlcc r)f rrxfhc
tl r' -
b \ th c D e fa rtmc n t Qurrl es i s mi rri cd rnd bi s nochi l ' l ren

L)(' l i c'
" l c n rn c c T fi rc l c r i s a nember of thc ]hi nc S t' i rc
oriPnnted on thc
vcats old rnd hrs I m.rlignxnt nrclxroora th^t '
to rht left lLrrg' r of\\'lrich \\"r' crcl\!'i
ind merasrnsi,cd Porr()n
lurg sf,,r $,rs found rnd ;rlL Tnreler is ud'lcrg('ng sPcdi ''
rh e N a ti o n .l l n s ti ru tesol H e.hl i i ' B cthes' l x,\l ' trl ' rnd fl eus' '
h! Dtxtl Jl l

tg rr ar rraffic. radar b! holding it in his lcfr hand outside the drivels rvindos dircctly
sjgnal." line with his left tricep. He has two sons, agc 2 \'ears xnd 1 mondr. His
gnoss 6 verv Poor.
"Greg Kocchel is a 2iJ lear-old lndianaStxte Highs'av Parrolmen with
icularcanccr. As G tvpical of \,irtualh all oftbese policeoficers, he !v,rs
ir perfecrphrsicaiconditn,nsrrh no famil) cincer hisrorvvhar!)crcr. llc
dum. "Tern i.es radiationtherapyand x long te.m mcdicalfollow-upNith unccrtain
for rheL.S.\ prognosis.FIe has been adllsed rhat he end hjs vife mar not be abler<,
l'\€ childrenbecauseofthis illness.
"EdrvardBeneckeis a 32-yearoldpoliceofliccr for rhe crrl of Petxlu
oz. California,Rrlic€Department.He js mxrried,no childrcn.tle his non-
I.lodgkin\lymphona,oiginerjngin rhegroin,ifter I earsofrestingrheradar
lsr in his lapwhennotaimedattratllc.Hc andhiswife aredespondcntorcr
de realityof their not bejngabler(, h2vcchlldren,giren his const2drchc
o)therap!',radiation,anddirelife expcctancl,.
flc is an inrelligenr,nrticularc
s+,.mrn. andu.uld mJkein cv ell(.rrruudi vrne*.
",m
'inthony Hutson is a retired Petxlumx,California, police ofiicer,
mN age51.He useda hand h€ld radargun, and his lvmphomadcrcl<ped
E his leg.H€ hasundergoncao cdormousrmouor ofchcmothcrep| end
odiat;on treatment,with .t very p€ssimlstjcptognos's.LIis e,ife is a grc2t
!!et () the case,and would mxke x verl compcllingvirness.l hey h.rve

"Dwain Pover djed approrimere\'four weeksxgo olnon Hodgkin's
hmphoma.He vas 35 )cars old, and dicd onlr n;ne monrhsxfrer hc firsr
Dt'ced a lump in the hmph glandson the left sideofhis neck.He hrd x
Depanrrr:r ripresslnglypainfulcourseoftreatment,deterioratron rnd, ultimatelr,cleath.
He is survlvedby his wife and rheir tvo sons.He had no lamilr hisrcrl of
orcer, end \!as a \rry vigorousathletervho neirhefsmokcdno. drank.
.g Police 'JamesZum is 2 64 vearolcl retired policeman,and r majff leigue
rseb, l scout.He estjmates ovcr 4,{)00hoursofradar-gunus2gcin thc lasi
*n years.Zum wlrsdiagnosedvith non-Hodgkjn'slymphomrandlermed
rkrut the possibleconnecrionto his radarusagethtough eriiclesin the Sr
ftretsburg Times. Hc hasbeenmarriedto his vif€ tbr 45 ,vears, end has
$rcc children.His prognosisis verv poor.
"Edward Certain is a 35 year old former Nhlnut Crceh.Cxliforn'.,
ooliceofEcerwith Hodgkin'.sdiseasc,prcscndvin remission.Hc has bad
rdramatic struggles'ith the cliseese for morc than sir vcars,but hasbeen
r1: D H rn R

s\oPlom ticc t'oi norc rhan a \'car. I lowctcr, thc discascis charactcrizi
b\ remissionsrnd exacerbarlons,rnd rhe prosnosrs is xl$.rvs poor. Hls :
{ l xr untr N i s mounrc(l1n the,nreri ()rrei r pxssengersi dew i ndow, r n( l :
d r .t rum(tr $.s i . rhe neck,,. the ri ght si de.
' ' (.hri sri )thcr I-i ndo\r j s r pol i cc ofl i cer (i rh i l ,c ()xftrd, ( ) hio, P
1]ccDcperarcnt, age 31. Hc has tcsticular cancci. Fl)llotring surgcrr,.
redirtton thcrepi, hc hrs hed no lirrthcr slmptoms. Lindos. is cngagcd-
b r nr1ffi e(j ,,r.(lhi s pr(,grosi si s rel rri rel l gi ncl .
''lldwxrd Coftonr is .16 \errs ol(t. Nnd x Concor.t, Calitbrnia, pol:
(,idcer. fle ,]n(l his $ife hx\ e three chil(lren. Coftom was nfflicted \\
icsnculxr crncer vhrch .ltparentl\ has not metastasized.The ,rf{licte<lr.
iiclc \r!s rcmokd efter which hc hrd radiatn,n rhcrapr'.llc is onlv onc r,.
post surgcrr. encl so is stlll signlhcantii rt rish. He uscd r liand hcld ra:.
gun rad resftd it in his l2F constinrh.
" l .1nn.l dr" ,. F 1 sergei .t \!1rh the C orcor(l P ol i ceD ep,r f t m ent, :
rvrs diagn,,sctl vuh ccrrical cancc al,our ihrcc r,catsago, after fire |e:
oftntlic rader usegc;slic restcd rhc gun in hct lap s.hcn nor in usc. At r:
pr)int. thrrc ls no NpFxrcnroctesrasls. Shc is norv 34 Icars old."
I agrccctto bcc<nc rnvolrcd in rhc husuits, so thc laslcrs rcricrL.
rlre medicil rccoftls of.tll lrtrcen policemcn to sclect tlic most \rjnn;:
c.s.. 'l he prospect;ve pli;ntifi needed to be tough minded. He Nouli
crrniincd ll nrcdical crpcrts. suL>jcctcd
ti, hostilc dcposurrns and phr'. -
exan,hrtti,ns bi brncrics of dciendants' phi.sicians.rnd sould undc:.
brutrl cross craminerion in c()uft. ln r.lditxm k) 2ll rhat, thc c{cr prc.,
nrcclir wrrld dremrtizc thc casc.includlng lntnnarc dcrails of his mc<i .
c(,xliti(n. fhe l,r\i \ers elimlnrted the policenrenrvho had dled becausc
Nclsc srkl rhxt l suj( by rh. sur!^ds of (lead policema. Noukl be u.-
^
n, ihc dcltndanrs bcc2usc ihcrc \r(,uld bc nl, plalnriff to bc cramincc
rhc dcicDdxnri r\pcrrs i,r cn,s\ cxamincd l)! rl,cir la\r!c*. The laq .
Nlv, d(,pped tlom considcratn,nall thc policcmcn u'ho hrd bccn smol.-
bccrusc thc dcfcndants' larvlcrs rvcrc certain to blamc thc canccr or:,
c .,< ,,(. T\< , ' 1,< ,\ < , ,.,1.).,' (,1 | r.,1,.,,.(r.mi n..i ,n...
rc n ai ni ng cl i cnrst() asscs.hoq ucl i ri rcvvrrul tl hol d up. l n th e end .
selccted Fldvrrd tlcnccl,c as thcrr rcprcscntatirc clicnt.
Thc pollccmen had uscd radar guns medc br dlfitrent manulactu:-
but Ileneckc hactuscctonh the Zapper raclergun, so rhc cxscvas lx\:--:
i g , r' nsrrnxr co,nP xn\.
113

drsease is characteo.d lnitial\'the plaintiff'.slavvetsrverehappvwnhthe judgebccause hewas
js
rs alwayspoor. HL.* wn asan activist,andbe had I b()rherwho was Policca of6cer' '\s rhe
€r sjde \vindow' arxj i. e ha,Jprogressed, horvever,his prcrria)rulings didn't consistent\'favrt
j sjde{}r the other, so both sidesbecamemore uncenainofthich rvay
the Oxford, Ohio. b- te leaned.One ofhis last rulings bcforerhe trial dealtwith ZapPer'smo-
Following surgen id ion to dismissthc casefor the rcasonrhat the scientillctestimon!$ould
s. Lindowis engaSdr :e too complexfor :r 1a,v iurv, and thcreforerhat anv verdict in which the
judgere
companlvere held lirble would be arbitrarvand caPriciousThe
cord, Califohia, polai pt,e.t,"Thafs nor the wav our legxlsvstem$lirks The iur) vill dccideall
xom was afficted s* :rctualissues, regardless of th e ievelof educatjonof eacbiurcr' The peopLc
rzed. The affl icted E- aust bc heardon this issue."
2pf. FIeis onlyonerE ln a pre trial memorandumZaPPerclaimedthe freedomto do any
thc
useda hand hetdr|i dring that s,asnt illegal,Nhich manufacturingradatguns vasnt. On
contnrv, Zappcr sxid,"most radarguns ar€m'nuf2cturedundercontracl
Pol'ceDepartmenr:d :n strte ot fedcml governmenrslf thereverc somethinghirmful about
rrs ago, after five it ndar, the golcrnment hxd a responsibilitrto sayso and to promulgate
rnen notrn use_Ar !b L\Lsanclrulcs accordinglv. The governmenthasnot done so' ftom \rhich
r loliowsrhat radatguns are safc"
o rhe lawy€rs re(iedi After Beneckchad t,cenchosenas the Plaintifl I had oo ditlicultl in
gun'
€ct the mosr vinrEb rnking his cancctto exPosurcto microwavcENfFs ftom I ZaPper
-minded.He wouh b .n,l I agtcedto describeto the iury mv method of analvsisand the dara
cpos'tjons and phisl ,x which I had reliedin reachingrhat conclusiontrh Plans as b explern
rs, and vould und.?D, 1at animalstu.liesshowedthat ENffs couldbe carcinogensBeneckchad
1rhar,the everprE t :ot bcenexposedro othet known carcinogeos, and thc le\el ofENtFs that
: derailsofhis med-d Le haclexperienccdfrom the ZaPPergun u?s far greaterrhan the LN'lf
lo haddiedbecai.L€& br-clsexperienced bv pcoplewho didnt derrelopcancer'For thescrea$ns
=oan would be u'tu r $as probablvrrue rhat he got cancerfrom the tadar' I vrot€ out ques-
rit'i ro be examinqi t rns firr Benccket hvlers thrt would 'licit the responsesIhich woultl
: lzs lers. The laE-tE !m to this rarionale
fto had been smor{, tmmediar€hafret I took the witnessstandbut beforeI s2ida v()rcit')
une the ca.cer or ri :re jury,a larvverforZapperaskedfor andreccivedpermissiontoapproach
naminations of dE ie bar.A discussionensuedbetveen the iudgeand the lav'versfor both
te-
ld up. ln the end.tu ::des,and when thel teturnedto their seatsthe iudgeorderedrhe iurv
from rhe courtroom Zappert lawrerthen readfrom a summarvof
ierent manufactur+ testimonv,vh ich the rutesof cvklencehadtequired that I providc Thc
-o!ed
-! electro
'
the casewasbroqh :3rt he rerd\!xs, "On thc basisofanimal studiesI $'ill testifl thai
heldsate P()bxblvcapablcofcausingcancer in peoPlc"
-trgnetic

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