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SECTION A : Each question is followed by four possible answer A, B, C and D.

Choose the
answer for each question.

1. What is the first step in a scientific 5. Which of the following is not the correct
investigation? way to use a microscope?
A Making a hypothesis A Place a microscope in a bright area.
B Controlling variables B Adjust the mirror to allow enough light
C Identifying the problem to pass through
D Planning the experiment C Close one eye when looking through
the eyepiece
2. In an activity, a student used the instruments D Start viewing by using the low power
shown in Diagram 1 for measuring. objective lens.

6. The following information shows the


organisation of cell in the human body.

Cell  Tissue  P  System

Diagram 1 Which of the following are examples of P?


What is being measured by the student? A Lung, spinal cord, ovum
A The length of a curved line B Pancreas, sperm, brain
B The external diameter of a beaker C Ovary, stomach, liver
C The thickness of a piece of paper D Heart, skin, neuron
D The internal diameter of a test tube
7. What is the function of the human sensory
3. What is the SI unit for temperature? organs?
A Watt B Kelvin A To detect and receive external stimuli
C Celcius D Ampere B To interpret impulses from the brain
C To coordinate activities in the body
4. Diagram 2 shows two types of cell, X and D To detect and destroy bacteria that
Y. enter the body

8. Which of the following is not correctly


matched?
Sensory Stimulus detected
organ
A Skin Cold
Diagram 2 B Tongue Chemicals in the air
What are the similarities of cell X and Y? C Eye Light
I Both have a nucleus D Ear Vibrations in the air
II Both have a cell wall
III Both have a cell membrane 9. Which of the following enables us to
A I and II only detect and respond to stimuli?
B I and III only A Response
C II and III only B Nervous system
D I, II and III C Receptors
D Effectors

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14. Diagram 4 shows the areas of taste in a
10. What are the conditions to increase the human tongue.
skin’s sensitivity to touch?

Thickness of Amount of
epidermis receptors
A Very thick Many
B Very thick Little
C Very thin Little
D Very thin Many Diagram 4
Which of the following show the correct
11. A person who has cold is unable to type of food that can be detected by each
identify the smell of food very well area?
because Area of Food
A the smell from food dissolves in the tongue
mucous I P Mango
B the brain cannot interpret impulses II Q Salted egg
correctly during a cold III R Vinegar
C the smell receptors have stopped sending IV S Ice cream
impulses to the brain A I and II
D the excess mucous in the nose blocks the B I and IV
sense cell C II and III
D III and IV
12. Diagram 3 shows a section through part of
the human head containing a sensory 15. Which of the following information
organ. parts of the ear is not involved in the
mechanism of hearing?
A Eustachian tube
B Oval window
C Auditory canal
D ossicles

16. Table 1 shows the structure and function


of the human ear.
Structure Function
J Vibrates when receives
Diagram 3 sound waves
Which of the parts labelled A, B, C or D, K Converts sound waves to
is a sensory cell? nerve impulses
Table 1
13. The sweat glands in the skin have the What is represented by J and K?
function of J K
A acting as sensory cells A Ear pinna Auditory nerve
B providing a protective layer from B Ear drum Cochlea
external injuries C Semicircular canals Eustachian
C producing vitamin D in the skin Tube
D helping in the process of excretion D Auditory canal Ossicles

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17. Light enters the eye and passes through D Angle P > Angle S, Angle Q < Angle R
until it forms an image. Which of the
following pathways of light inside the is 20. Which of the following statements about
correct? sound is incorrect?
A Pupil  Cornea  Lens  Aqueous A Sound travels faster through gases than
humour  Vitreous humour  Retina through solids and liquids
B Cornea  Aqueous Humour  Pupil  B The trumpet produces sound when the
Lens  Vitreous Humour  Retina air column in it vibrates
C Aqueous humour  Pupil  Cornea  C The piano produces sound when its
stretched strings vibrates
Lens  Retina  Vitreous humour
D The vocal chords in our voice box
D Cornea  Vitreous humour  Pupil  vibrate to produce sound.
Lens  Aqueous humour  Retina
21.
18. Diagram 5 shows a cross-section of an eye
with a defective vision.

Diagram 7
Diagram 7 shows an apparatus used to
Diagram 5 investigate a characteristic of sound.
Which of the following causes the defective When the electric bell and the vacuum
vision? pump are switched on,
A The eye ball is too short I The bell hammer stops vibrating
B The eye lens is too thick II No sound is heard
C The size of the pupil is too small III Sound cannot travel through vacuum
D The surface of the cornea is irregular A I and II only
B I and III only
19. Diagram 6 shows a light ray travelling C II and III only
through a glass block. D I, II and III

22. Diagram 8 shows a type of response by


plant to stimuli.

Diagram 6
Which of
the following is true about angles P, Q, R
and S? Diagram 8
A Angle P = Angle Q, Angle R = Angle S This type of response is called the
B Angle P < Angle Q, Angle R > Angle S A Geotropism
C Angle P > Angle Q, Angle R < Angle S B Phototropism

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C Hydrotropism
D Thigmotropism
23. The following information shows the
functions of tropisms in plants.

• To obtain mineral salts


from soil
• To gain support from
soil

Which of the following tropisms are related


to the above functions?
I Geotropism
II Hydrotropism
III Phototropism
IV Thigmotropism
A I and II only
B I and IV only
C II and III only
D III and IV only

24. Which of the following pairs of food classes


and examples is not correct?

Food class Example


A Protein Chicken meat
B Carbohydrate Noodles
C Roughage Papaya
D Fat Potato

25. The classes of food that supply energy to


the body are
I fats
II carbohydrates
III proteins
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

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SECTION B : Answer all questions.

1. Figure 1 shows the structure of the human ear with the parts labelled as P, Q and R.

Figure 1

(a) On Figure 1, label the parts P, Q and R using the following words.

Semicircular canals Auditory Nerve Eardrum

(3 marks)

(b) The following shows the pathway of sound in the hearing mechanism. Complete the pathway by
writing in the boxes.

Ear Ossicles
Pinna

Brain Cochlea

(2 marks)

2. (a) Figure 2 shows how the eyes are placed on the heads of two animals.

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Figure 2

(i) On the following figures, draw lines to show the visual fields of the two animals.

X Y
(2 marks)
Which of the two animals, X and Y,
(ii) has overlapping visual fields?
___________________________________________________________________________
_
(1 mark)
(iii) has a wider field of view?
___________________________________________________________________________
_

(1 mark)
(iv) State the advantage the animal named in (a)(ii) has.
___________________________________________________________________________

(1 mark)
(v) State the advantage the animal named in (a)(iii) has

____________________________________________________________________________
(1 mark)
(b) The telescope and the X-ray machine are devices to overcome the limitations of sight.
(i) How does the telescope help in overcoming the limitation of sight?
___________________________________________________________________________

(1 mark)
(ii) Explain the usage of X-ray machine.
___________________________________________________________________________

(1 mark)

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3. Figure 3 shows the apparatus set-up to investigate tropism in plants. The apparatus are left for
five days.

Figure 3
(a) State the variables in the experiment.
(i) Manipulated variable : _____________________________________________________
(ii) Responding variable : _____________________________________________________
(iii) Constant variable : _____________________________________________________
(3 marks)
(b) Write down the observations in Table 1.

Containe Observation
r
P
Q
(2 marks)
(c) State the function of anhydrous calcium chloride.
______________________________________________________________________________

(1 mark)
(d) (i) What type of tropism is shown by the shoots?
___________________________________________________________________________
(ii) State the importance of this tropism.
___________________________________________________________________________
(2
marks)
(e) (i) Name the tropism shown by the roots.
___________________________________________________________________________
(ii) State one importance of this tropism.
___________________________________________________________________________
(2
marks)
(f) What is the conclusion of the experiment?

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______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
(2
marks)

……………………………………… END OF QUESTION………………………………………….