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Vacuum

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Dispensing Technologies

VACUUM

Metering Pump Technology Fixed- & Variable-Ratio Designs Mixer Technology Dispense Valve Technology Material Feed Systems How It Works

Calculators & Conversion Tables

Throughput Calculator P-200 Throughput Calculator C-500 Throughput Calculator Viscosity Fillers Vacuum Application Data & Calculations

Industry Glossaries

Abbreviations & Symbols Applications Glossaries

Vacuum Pump Sizing

To determine the vacuum pump size which is designated in cubic feet per minute (CFM), the following information is needed:

 V = The volume of the tank(s) or vacuum chamber in cubic feet T = The time required to achieve a specific vacuum level in minutes F = A pump down factor for the specific vacuum pump which relates to the vacuum level required for

the process

The formula for determining the vacuum pump size(S) is as follows:

S =

V x F

T

To determine the volume of standard tanks provided by Liquid Control, refer to the following chart:

Tank Size

Volume

 3 Liter 0.11 cubic feet 5 Liter 0.18 cubic feet 2 Gallon 0.27 cubic feet 5 Gallon 0.67 cubic feet 10 Gallon 1.34 cubic feet 15 Gallon 2.00 cubic feet 30 Gallon 4.00 cubic feet 60 Gallon 8.00 cubic feet

To determine the pump down factor, locate the desired vacuum level on the vertical axis. Then find where this intersects on the curve(s) and go straight down to the horizontal axis to find the pump down factor (F).

Note: This graph is for a specific manufacturer of vacuum pumps and can vary for other types of vacuum pumps For reference only

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Vacuum Conversion Examples

1. What size vacuum pump is required for degassing a 30 gallon tank of material at a vacuum level of 10 Torr with the time required to achieve that vacuum level in the tank being 2

minutes?

S

S

=

=

V x F

T

4.0 x 5

S

=

10 CFM (minimum vacuum pump size)

Note: The time required to thoroughly degas the material is dependent on the amount of air

in the material, the viscosity of the material, the design of the agitation and/or recirculation

system, and many other variables. The pump sizing above only considers the time required

to achieve a certain vacuum level.

2. How long will it take for a 6 CFM vacuum pump to achieve a I Torr vacuum level in a 5 gallon tank?

S =

T

S

=

=

V x F T

or

0.67 x 7

6

0.78 minutes

T =

V x F S

Note: This assumes no vacuum leaks in the tank.

3. What size vacuum pump is required for achieving a I Torr vacuum level within I minute in a 2'x 2'x 2' vacuum chamber?

S

S

S

=

=

=

V x F

T

8 x 7

1

56 CFM (minimum vacuum pump size)

Vacuum Pump Sizing

Torr
Inches
Inches
%
or MM
Micron
PSI
Mercury
Mercury
Vacuum
Mercury
Absolute
Gauge
760.0
760,000
14.7
29.92
0.00
0.00
750.0
750,000
15.5
29.5
0.42
1.3
735.6
735,600
14.2
28.9
1.02
1.9
700.0
700,000
13.5
27.6
2.32
7.9
600.0
600,000
11.6
23.6
6.32
21.0
500.0
500,000
9.7
19.7
10.22
34.0
400.0
400,000
7.7
15.7
14.22
47.0
380.0
380,000
7.3
15.0
14.92
50.0
300.0
300,000
5.8
11.8
18.12
61.0
200.0
200,000
3.9
7.85
22.07
74.0
100.0
100,000
1.93
3.94
25.98
87.0
90.0
90,000
1.74
3.54
26.38
88.0

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80.0
80,000
1.55
3.15
26.77
89.5
70.0
70,000
1.35
2.76
27.16
90.8
60.0
60,000
1.16
2.36
27.56
92.1
51.7
51,700
1.00
2.03
27.89
93.0
50.0
50,000
0.97
1.97
27.95
93.5
40.0
40,000
0.77
1.57
28.35
94.8
30.0
30,000
0.58
1.18
28.74
96.1
25.4
25,400
0.14912
1.00
28.92
96.6
20.0
20,000
0.39
0.785
29.14
97.4
10.0
10,000
0.193
0.394
29.53
98.7
7.6
7,600
0.147
0.299
29.62
99.0
1.0
1,000
0.01934
0.03937
29.88
99.9
0.75
750
0.0145
0.0295
29.89
99.9
0.10
100
0.00193
0.00394
29.916
99.99
0.01
10
0.000193
0.000394
29.9196
99.999
0.00
0
0
0
29.92
100
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