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You can't mix inks using red, green and blue.

Well, youi CAN, but there are many colors you can't get mixing these, such as yellow.

It's different mixing light to create pixels on a monitor. In the electronic RGB gamut, red and green makes yellow. In ink or paint, red and green makes a
yucky brownish mess.

RGB VS CMYK
Reproducing colors in screens or in paper is quite complicated, especially when
you consider the number of possible colors. Screens use tiny LEDs that light up
while printing uses various colors of inks. But it is quite impractical to have an
individual LED or ink for each color. To reproduce the wide range of colors, most
technologies uses three primary colors that are positioned very close to each
other so that the eye mixes the colors together into one. But different media
have different requirements, that’s why the RGB and CMYK color models were
developed.

Both RGB and CMYK represent abbreviations of two types of color systems. The
main differences between RGB and CMYK are :

RGB CMYK
1 3 Channels : Red, Green, Blue 4 Channels : Cyan, Magenta, Yellow,
Key or blacK
2 RGB is used mainly in displays, for CMYK is used in printing
computer monitors, video systems,
TV, mobile phones, etc. RGB colour
system is only suitable for screen
reproduction such as LCD and CRT
computer monitors and TV screens.
3 RGB images are 25% smaller Large size
4 RGB images are faster to work with CMYK images are slower to work
and easier to store. with
5 RGB is an additive color model. It is CMYK is subtractive color model
called additive because the because the paper where its printed
background of screen is black. The on is white and the ink subtracts
individual LEDs then light up in from the brightness of the white
varying intensity adding light to paper. CMYK also uses secondary
black. The variations in intensity of colors that are much lighter than
each color determines what color those used in RGB because to
the user sees. reproduce the darker colors, you
would only need to add more ink.
The RGB color model is an additive
color model. Additive color models One thing to note is that CMYK
use transmitted light to display colours may not look identical to
color. Monitors use the RGB color physical colours due to the
model. When you add red light, restriction to the number of colours
blue light, and green light together, CMYK can reproduce and that Inks
so that the value of each perform differently. For example,
component is 255, the color white orange is very hard to reproduce,
displays. When the value of each and can look very muddy in when
component is 0, the result is pure printed digitally. We take care to
black.With none of the colors, you register all images with our four
have black. With all of the colors at color bars applied to all printing we
full brightness you have white. Your do. In this manner, the production

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monitor is made of tiny red, blue crew can quickly and visually check
and green lights that work together the print at different stages. If a final
to show you an color image. color is not accurately made, there
Projectors do the same thing. When is little we can do. It is a technology
you look at the white space in a thing.
blank word document, you’re
actually looking at all the lights The CMYK colour model defines
while they are on. On a side note: colour using the following
Screensavers are usually black components:
because they SAVE your screen by C Cyan Ink (this is a blue ink colour)
showing minimal light. Think of it M Magenta Ink (this is a pink ink
like turning the lights off when colour)
you’re not using them. It’s an Y Yellow (yellow ink)
energy saver too! K Black (Black ink, the character ‘k’
is used so as not to get confused
with the ‘b’ in RGB. RGB was
invented first we believe.)

The cyan, magenta, yellow, and


black components are the amounts
of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black
ink that a CMYK colour contains and
are measured in percent from 0 to
100.

The CMYK colour model is a


subtractive colour model.
Subtractive colour models use
reflected light to display colour.
Printed materials are produced
using the CMYK colour model. When
you combine cyan, magenta, yellow,
and black, so that the value of each
component is 100, the result is
black. When the value of each
component is 0, the result is pure
white.
6 There is no black or white ‘color’. It uses Black color. Although using
Neither is there yellow or purple. only cyan, yellow, and magenta
They are all combinations of red, might be sufficient, there are some
green and blue. White is the sum of advantages to adding black. In order
all three colors while black is the to reproduce black, you would need
absence of all three colors.There is to add all three colors. But because
no room for black. they are light colors, you would
need to apply the colors again and
again. This wastes a lot of ink and
soaks up the paper too much while
the reproduced color is usually not
black enough. Repeated applications
can also lead to minor changes in
the position with each layer applied
which can make the image look
blurry. Adding black as an additional
color was the cheaper and easier

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solution.

CMYK uses an additional color which


is black rather than reproducing
black by combining the three colors
7 If anyone starts a design in color If your work is for printing purposes,
and intends to keep it in the digital the best way is to convert it to CMYK
world, it’s ok to use the RGB mode, mode first, to take a look at the way
no matter what program you use, it will show on paper.
Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, Corel
Draw or Quark Express.
8 We can convert from one color Once a file is converted to CMYK you
mode to another without loss of cannot recover lost colors.
colors.
9 The red, green, and blue
components are the amounts of
red, green, and blue light that an
RGB color contains and are
measured in values ranging from 0
to 255

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NO Red, Green, and Blue are the "additive colours" - combine red, green and
TE blue light, and you get white light. Cyan, Magenta and Yellow are
"subtractive colours" - if you print cyan, magenta and yellow inks on
paper, they ought to absorb all the light shown on them. Your eye receives
no reflected light from the paper, and perceives black... in theory. An
image that is in RGB mode is optimized for display on a computer monitor.
In order to reproduce that very same image using ink on paper, it must be
converted to the "CMYK" colour mode. In practice, printing inks contain
impurities that prevent them from absorbing light perfectly. They do a
pretty good job with light colours, but when you add them all together,
they produce a murky brown rather than black. In order to get decent dark
colours, black ink is added in increasing proportions, as the colour gets
darker and darker.

Anyway, it’s impossible to obtain a perfect match between an image that you
see on a computer monitor (for instance) and the same image on print. In this
case, there are some points to take into consideration, that can affect the colors
of the image on the paper: the way the monitor settings are made, the paper’s
quality, it’s white degree, if it’s shiny or flat. Even if it’s impossible, you can
obtain the closest match to the screen as possible by changing/converting the
file mode to CMYK.

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If the file already exists select the following menu options: Image > Mode

> CMYK

When starting a new file select CMYK for the mode before clicking OK.

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