Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

472 Aufrufe

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Als PDF, TXT **herunterladen** oder online auf Scribd lesen

- Reliability Evaluation of Engineering Systems by roy billinton
- IEEE Reliability Test System
- Maintenance Scheduling for Electrical Equipment
- IEEE Distribution Test Feeders
- Bus 6
- Transmission Company of Nigeria Investor Forum Presentation
- Energy Audit at Substation
- ABB Fast-Deployable 400 KV Transformer
- RUS - Long-Range Planning Guide
- Edsall~AFFIDAVIT
- Transmission & Distribution
- COMPACT TYPE TRANSFORMER SUBSTATIONS-MYD 2000-036.A.pdf
- Illustrated Glos
- 2009 Otis Trk Power Trip
- Characterization of the Capacitive Voltage Transformers
- A RELIABILITY BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMAL TRANSMISSION USAGE AND LOSS ALLOCATION
- The Use of Life Cycle Cost Analysis to Determine the Most Effective Cost of Installation 500 KV of Java-Sumatra Power Interconnection System
- doosan S470 OPERATOR manual
- davoudi2012
- Facts Manual

Sie sind auf Seite 1von 38

Power Systems

University of Saskatchewan

Canada

!"

!"#$% &'&()% *#$+,$$($% '-*% #..,$/)'/($% /01% '2'#.'3.(%

&,3.#$"(*% /($/% $4$/(5$% 61)% )(.#'3#.#/4% '-*% '*(7,'+4%

(2'.,'81-% 16% (.(+/)#+% &10()% $4$/(5$9% !"(4% ')(% /"(%

:;!<=>>?*(2(.1&(*%'/%/"(%@-#2()$#/4%16%<'$A'/+"(0'-%

'-*% /"(% BCCCD:!<=>E?*(2(.1&(*% 34% /"(% BCCCDFC<%

G&&.#+'81-% 16% F)13'3#.#/4% H(/"1*$% <,3+155#I((9%

!"(% &'&()% #..,$/)'/($% /"(% 3'$#+% $4$/(5% +1-JK,)'81-$%

'-*% $15(% 16% /"(% &,3.#$"(*% *'/'% ,$(*% /1% +1-*,+/%

)(.#'3#.#/4%'-*%'*(7,'+4%$/,*#($%1-%/"($(%$4$/(5$9%

Introduction

generator buses, 5 load buses, 9 transmission

lines and 11 generating units. The total

installed capacity is 240 MW and the system

peak load is 185 MW.

research purposes.

#"

<#-K.(%.#-(%*#'K)'5%16%/"(%:;!<

$"

Introduction

The IEEE-RTS is a 24 bus system with 10

generator buses, 17 load buses, 33

transmission lines, 5 transformers and 32

generating units. The total installed capacity is

3405 MW and the system peak load is 2850 MW.

The IEEE-RTS was developed by a Task Force

of the Application of Probability Methods

Subcommittee of the IEEE Power System

Engineering Committee. It was developed to

satisfy the need for a standard database to test

and compare results from different power

system reliability evaluation methodologies.%%

%"

<#-K.(%.#-(%*#'K)'5%16%/"(%BCCCD:!<

&"

B-/)1*,+81-%

common load model in which the load at each

hour of the year is expressed as a percentage

of the assigned system peak. The structure

permits the load to be represented by a

chronological hourly load model or by

aggregated annual or period load models.

'"

Introduction

Hierarchical levels

("

RBTS Data

• Generation Data

)"

RBTS Data

derated state models for the 40 MW thermal

generating units.

*"

RBTS-Generation Data

Reference 11 includes the relevant cost data on

each generating unit including fuel costs,

operating costs and capital costs. Two loading

orders are provided. The first loading order is

on a purely economic basis, in which the hydro

units are loaded before the thermal units, due

to their low operating costs. The second

loading order allocates some hydro units as

peaking capacity, which could reflect limited

energy considerations.

+!"

RBTS-Generation Data

load growth is assumed to consist of 10 MW

gas turbines with the reliability and cost data

shown in [11]. A suggested seven step

approximation to a normal distribution with a

standard deviation of 4% is given to include

load forecast uncertainty. Maximum and

minimum generating unit MVAr capability data

are provided for load flow purposes in

subsequent composite system studies.

++"

RBTS-Transmission Data

lines in Fig. 1 in terms of the permanent and

transient failure rates and the permanent

outage repair times are given in [11]. The

outage duration of a transient outage is

considered to be less than one minute.

Outages of substation components which are

not switched as a part of a line are not included

in the line data.

+#"

RBTS-Transmission Data

The basic transmission outage data for the system in

Fig. 1 is augmented in [11] by providing the necessary

impedance, susceptance and current rating data to

conduct AC load flow studies. Load bus data is

provided in the form of peak load MW and MVAr values.

Reference 11 suggests that the load at each bus should

be classified in the two categories of firm load and

curtailable load and that in the case of a relevant

system problem, curtailable load should be curtailed

first followed by curtailment of firm load if necessary.

+$"

Single line diagram of the RBTS

+%"

Extended single line

diagram of the RBTS

+&"

RBTS-Distribution Data

RBTS-Distribution Data

Complete single line

diagram of the RBTS

+)"

IEEE-RTS Data

System Task Force that developed the IEEE-

RTS was “to establish a core system which

can be supplemented by individual authors

with additional or modified parameters needed

in a particular application”.

+*"

IEEE-RTS Data

IEEE-RTS has been used in a wide range of

studies, which in many cases involved

additional or modified parameters. The original

system provides a load model, a generation

system and a transmission network. It does not

include substation configurations, distribution

systems, interconnections with other systems,

protective relay configurations or future

expansion considerations.

#!"

IEEE-RTS Data

form of fossil-oil, fossil-coal and nuclear units,

combustion turbine units and hydro units. Operating

cost data is provided for each unit type, and data on

hydro unit capacity and energy limitations are

specified. The generating unit MVAr capabilities are

provided in [12] for each unit size. Voltage correction

devices with specified capability are provided at bus 14

(synchronous condenser) and bus 6 (reactor).

Individual bus peak load power data are provided and a

98% power factor is assumed.

#+"

IEEE-RTS Data

The Generating Unit Reliability Data for

the IEEE-RTS

##"

<#-K.(%.#-(%*#'K)'5%16%/"(%BCCCD:!<

#$"

IEEE-RTS Data

The Generating Unit Reliability Data for

the IEEE-RTS

#%"

IEEE-RTS Data

from bus 6 to 10 are 138 kV cables. Transmission line

forced outage data are provided for each line and cable

in terms of permanent outage rates and repair times

and transient outage rates. The permanent outage rate

includes a fixed component to account for faults on

terminal equipment switched with the line. Data is

presented on bus section and circuit breaker reliability

but the report, by intent, does not include any

substation configurations.

#&"

IEEE-RTS Data

on either a common right-of-way or a common tower

structure for all or part of their length, but does not

provide any reliability data. Impedance and rating data

is provided for each line, cable and transformer. The

point is made that the data in this paper is sufficient to

completely define a DC load flow for the test system

but is not completely defined to conduct an AC load

flow as generator bus voltages and transformer tap

information are required.

#'"

IEEE-RTS Data

published in 1986 and designated as RTS-86 [16].

This paper removes some of the limitations which

existed in the RTS-79 by including additional data

pertaining to the generating system. In addition,

RTS-86 contains a set of basic generation indices for

the base and extended RTS. The indices were

evaluated without any approximations in the

evaluation process and therefore provide a set of

exact indices against which the results of alternate

and approximate methods can be compared.

#("

IEEE-RTS Data

include generating unit derated states, load

forecast uncertainty, unit scheduled

maintenance conditions and the effect of

interconnections. The data used to incorporate

these conditions together with study results

that indicate their effects on the HL-I reliability

indices are presented in [16].

#)"

IEEE-RTS Data

Reliability Test System Task Force of the Application of

Probability Methods Subcommittee to produce RTS-96.

Changes occurring in the electric utility industry

motivated the Task Force to create a multi-area RTS

incorporating additional data [17]. In addition to the

basic RTS-79 configuration, the Task Force created a

Two Area RTS-96 and a Three Area RTS-96 by linking

various RTS-79 single systems.

#*"

IEEE-RTS Data

inclusion of production cost related data for

the generating units. Data on unit start-up heat

input, net plant incremental heat rates, unit

cycling restrictions and unit emission data

were added to facilitate system production cost

calculation and emission analysis.

$!"

IEEE-RTS Data

The RTS-79 transmission system was enhanced by

including a phase shifter, a two terminal DC

transmission line and five inter-area ties. The

transmission branch data for each area is described in

tabular form. A DC interconnection between Area A and

B is proposed based on a procedure and data

presented in [18].

Figure 8 shows a single line diagram of the One Area

RTS-96 including substations. The relevant circuit

breaker failure data are given in [17]. Figure 8 was

originally published in [19].

<#-K.(%.#-(%*#'K)'5%16%/"(%BCCCD:!<

$#"

Single line diagram of the IEEE One Area RTS-96

$$"

with substations

IEEE-RTS Data

on a classical generator model. Typical reactance and

intertia data based on generators of the same type and

size are provided.

The IEEE-RTS published in 1979 has been extended by

the addition of a wide range of enhancements. The

1996 Task Force noted that these enhancements

should be considered as optional additions and no

user should feel compelled to make use of them all.

$%"

IEEE-RTS Data

papers in which the IEEE-RTS is used as the

studied system. In many cases, the IEEE-RTS

was modified to meet the study requirements.

The IEEE-RTS is basically a generation weak

and transmission strong system. One of the

more common modifications is to increase the

generating capacity and the system load while

retaining the original transmission system.

$&"

IEEE-RTS Data

RTS-86 and RTS-96 does not include customer

interruption cost data. Reference [20] contains

customer interruption cost data on seven

customer sectors and the sector load

allocations at each load point in the IEEE-RTS.

These data are then used to create composite

customer damage functions and interrupted

energy assessment rates at each load point.

$'"

Conclusion

This paper presents a general overview of the RBTS

and the IEEE-RTS, and a brief summary of the

evolution of these test systems. The paper does not

attempt to provide a compilation of the test systems

data contained in the references. As noted in the

paper, the IEEE Reliability Test System Task Force was

motivated to expand and enhance the IEEE-RTS in

1996 by the changes that had occurred in the electric

utility industry. Considerable changes have occurred

since 1996, which suggests that both the RBTS and the

IEEE-RTS should be studied and enhanced to include

data that would allow these changes to be incorporated

and applied in basic electric power system reliability

assessment.

$("

- Reliability Evaluation of Engineering Systems by roy billintonHochgeladen vonUshma V Patel
- IEEE Reliability Test SystemHochgeladen vongforti
- Maintenance Scheduling for Electrical EquipmentHochgeladen vonduonza
- IEEE Distribution Test FeedersHochgeladen vonAdriano Almeida
- Bus 6Hochgeladen vonkittleboy
- Transmission Company of Nigeria Investor Forum PresentationHochgeladen vonOgunranti Rasaq
- Energy Audit at SubstationHochgeladen vondineshroommate
- ABB Fast-Deployable 400 KV TransformerHochgeladen vonmersium
- RUS - Long-Range Planning GuideHochgeladen vonClaud Richmond
- Edsall~AFFIDAVITHochgeladen vonpandorasboxofrocks
- Transmission & DistributionHochgeladen vonRangpariya Amit
- COMPACT TYPE TRANSFORMER SUBSTATIONS-MYD 2000-036.A.pdfHochgeladen vonanon_431234623
- Illustrated GlosHochgeladen vonadau
- 2009 Otis Trk Power TripHochgeladen vonphilipwentzel
- Characterization of the Capacitive Voltage TransformersHochgeladen vonArun Rajkumar K P
- A RELIABILITY BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMAL TRANSMISSION USAGE AND LOSS ALLOCATIONHochgeladen vonAnonymous LSebPS
- The Use of Life Cycle Cost Analysis to Determine the Most Effective Cost of Installation 500 KV of Java-Sumatra Power Interconnection SystemHochgeladen vonaryo_el06
- doosan S470 OPERATOR manualHochgeladen vondeniden2013
- davoudi2012Hochgeladen vonVaishali More
- Facts ManualHochgeladen vonJuancho Mesa
- Presentation 1Hochgeladen vonNmg Kumar
- vulnerabilitat_xarxa_DEF_revisat.pdfHochgeladen vonprem
- IGS Training GuideHochgeladen vonDeryckAzeredo
- MAGNETIC FIELD INDUCTION FROM OVERHEAD TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION POWER LINES ON PARALLEL FENCESHochgeladen vonJCuchapin
- PGE 2012FinalPerUnitCostGuideHochgeladen vonbinode
- Analysis of Power Transfer Capability of a Long Transmission Line Using FACTS DevicesHochgeladen vonEditor IJTSRD
- Section II Design CriteriaHochgeladen vonabaz60
- Termination_Procedure1.xlsb.xlsxHochgeladen vonKaren Mae Sarol
- Human Error in Electric Utility OperationHochgeladen vonlcm3766l
- Gupfc Location(Pso Algorithm)Hochgeladen vonadithya

- Measurement of Hall Coefficient ofHochgeladen vonIJARTET
- Project About SsplHochgeladen vonAmrity kumari
- Parker SSD 890 Quick Start Frames G H J (1)Hochgeladen voneng_karamazab
- electrical solvedHochgeladen vonrajeshnaik_965429910
- divya1Hochgeladen vonspybird1988
- Pauwels_SLIM®_transformers_lead_the_way_to_wind-power_in_FranceHochgeladen vonLuminita Codreanu
- Emergency Lighting Catalog 2009Hochgeladen vonsanztorre2000
- Computation of Performance Characteristics of Two Way WPDCHochgeladen vonJarvis M
- Safety Operations on Medium Voltage Switch GearHochgeladen vonpecampbe
- Power Quality in Power Systems and Electrical Machines Second Edition by Ewald FuchsMohammad a. S. MasoumHochgeladen vonamitdesai1508
- ihfinalHochgeladen vonjeeva_ebook
- smpsHochgeladen vonAnonymous uspYoqE
- motor monitoring relay.pdfHochgeladen vonwasinchai
- Paper-5 A New High-Speed 64-Bit Binary ComparatorHochgeladen vonRachel Wheeler
- pioneer_vsx-1020-k_1025-k_sm.pdfHochgeladen vonluisclaudio31
- CMR XRAY Service Manual XRAY GENERATOR Control SimpleHochgeladen vonpablo
- maroof2017.pdfHochgeladen vonDr. Pullareddy Avula
- Onan_YB_GenManualHochgeladen vonBentley Westfield
- EventsHochgeladen vonrogerbwilson
- DR120XAHochgeladen vonJose Berrospi
- Catalog ธีระชัยไพศาลHochgeladen voncitysat
- Led Lighting for Model Ships AnodesHochgeladen vonEdwin Castañeda
- Protiv Pozarna Centrala Orion Gfe 8Hochgeladen vongamasistem
- adxl335Hochgeladen vonCorneliu Ax
- Door Locks Power and Keyless Entry SystemHochgeladen vonsonny1234
- L1915A Regulatory SupplementHochgeladen vonvidyamshinde
- Acquiring an Analog Signal Bandwidth, Nyquist Sampling Theorem, And Aliasing (National Instruments)Hochgeladen vonangkukuey
- termostatoHochgeladen vonMarlon Calix
- MV Network Design Answer Book en Schneider Electric Date 2112009Hochgeladen vonAnonymous kdFzbQ4jf
- Wireless Power Transmission Circuit and Its WorkingHochgeladen vonfiledownload643