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DT-200(GT-305)

series
Electronic Theodolite

Instruction Manual

6
Foreword
Thanks for you purchasing the DT 200 series Electronic Theodolites. In order to use the
instrument well, please read the instruction manual carefully and keep it cautiously for consulting
in the further.

Product confirmation:
Please fill the model and the serial number of your instrument in corresponding blank. Feedback to
local distributor or our sales department.

Mode:
Serial number:
User:

1
Warning!
・Please read the instruction manual carefully before use it.
・Avoiding insolates the instrument, and don't collimate the sun directly for protecting eyes and
instrument.
・When using it please insure the connection between tripod and instrument is firm; if raining you
can hood it with rainproof cover.
・ Please loose the clamp system when the instrument in the case, and keep the case dry.
・When transporting, keep the instrument in the case and try your best to lighten librations.
・After working in wet or raining condition, please wipe water on surface and keep it in air, when it
is dry completely, you can put it in the case.
・ Don't clean the instrument surface with alcohol, aether or other irritant chemical things, and use
the equipped paper to clean the optical parts.
・If you do not use the instrument for a long time, you should take the battery pack down and take
out the batteries.
・If you do not use the instrument for a long time, take the instrument out of the case and keep it in
the dry condition.

2
1.Applications … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 1
2.Introduction… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 2
2.1 Instrument encasement… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 2
2.2 Nomenclature… … … .… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 3
2.3 Display… .… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 5
2.4 Operation keys… ..… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 6
3. Battery… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 7
3.1 Mounting the battery … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 7
3.2 Removing the battery… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 7
3.3 Battery indicator display… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 7
3.4 Recharge… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 8
3.5 Replace AA alkaline battery pack… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .... 9
4. Surveying preparation… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 10
4.1 Setting up the instrument… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 10
4.2 Leveling the instrument… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .… ... 10
4.3 Centering… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 12
4.3.1 Centering with the optical plummet… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 12
4.3.1.1 Three-jaw tribrach… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 12
4.3.1.2 Shift tribrach… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 13
4.3.2 Centering with laser plummet(Factory Optional accessory)… … … … … … 14
4.4 Focusing and sighting… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 15
5. Setting mode… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 16
3
5.1 Enter into the setting mode… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 16
5.2 Items of the selecting mode… .… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 16
5.3 How to set the selecting mode… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 18
6. Instrument operation… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ...… ... 20
6.1 Switch on… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..… … … … … … 20
6.2 Switch off… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 20
6.3 Switching horizontal angle right/left… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 21
6.4 Set the horizontal angle to 0… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 21
6.5 Switching vertical angle zenitch/grade… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 22
6.6 Holding the horizontal angle value and set to arbitrary value… … … … … … … … .. 23
6.7 Enter into the second function key mode… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 24
6.8 Illumination on/off… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 24
6.9 Select angle unit 360°/ 400gon… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 25
7. Angle measurement… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 26
7.1 Horizontal angle measurement… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 26
7.2 Vertical angle measurement… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 27
8. Distance measurement with stadia hairs… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 28
9. Check and adjustment… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .… 29
9.1 Plate level… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 29
9.2 Circular level… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .… 31
9.3 Optical sight… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 32
9.4 Optical plummet… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 33

4
9.5 Laser plummet (Factory Optional accessory)… … … … … ...… … … … … … … … … 34
9.6 Vertical hairs of telescope’s reticle… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … ... 36
9.7 Horizontal collimation error C… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … . 37
9.8 Check and adjusting of the vertical index error i… … … … .… … … … … … … … … 38
9.9 Checking and adjusting the vertical index compensator… … … … … … … … … … .. 40
10. Assembling and disassembling for three-jaw tribrach… … … … … … … … … ..… … … 44
11. Optional accessories… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … .. 45
12. Specifications… … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 46

5
1. Applications
DT 200 series Electronic Theodolite applied optical grating incremental system to
digital angle measurements. It can achieve measurement, calculating, display and
memory etc. by means of computer technology. It can display measuring results of
horizontal and vertical angle at the same time. Furthermore, vertical angle can refer
to zenith angle or grade and so on.
DT 200 series Electronic Theodolite can be used in third, fourth-order triangulation
control surveying, railway, highway, bridge, water conservancy and mine etc
engineering surveying as well as building, installing of large equipment. It is also
applied to cadastral surveying, topographic surveying and other engineering
surveying.
DT 200 series Electronic Theodolite applied wide LCD display and saving power
design, with 4 AA alkaline batteries, it can work 80 hours continuously. In absolute
encoder horizontal angle measurement mode, it can project data when power off,
that is to say, if the power off, when you turn on again and aim the same target, the
horizontal angle isn’t change.

1
2. Introduction
2.1 Instrument encasement
Please refer to the following figure to encase.
See also packing list.
1. Instrument
2. Instruction manual
3. Charger
4. Battery pack
5. Adjusting tools
6. Rain cover
7. Silica gel
Warning! Please loose the clamp system when the
Fig. 1
instrument in the case

2
2.2 Nomenclature
Carrying handle

Optical sight
Battery clamp
Objective lens
Battery pack

Vertical motion clamp


Plate level Vertical tangent knob
Display Keyboard

C ircularlevel

Fig. 2
3
Handle fixing screw

Focusing ring
Telescope eyepiece
Horizontal
motion clamp
Horizontal Optical/laser plummet
tangent knob

Leveling screw
Tribrach

Fig. 3
4
2.3 Display

Fig.4

Display Description Display Description


FOIF FOIF mark Shift The second function key mode
No 888888 Series number Tilt Tilt sensor work mode
8888 Produce date Hold Horizontal angle is holding
% L
V Percent grade H Horizontal angle left
VZ Zenith angle HR Horizontal angle right
g Unit display GON ° ′″ Unit display DEG

5
2.4 Operation keys

Key  Function 
Power on or off 
SHIFT Select the second function of keys
HOLD Holding measured horizontal angle
0SET Set horizontal angle to 0°00′00″ ( The first function)
LCD and reticle lamp on or off (The second function)
V/% Select the zenith angle or grade angle (The first function)
REC Sent data to other equipment through RS-232C (The second function)
R/L Select the right or left horizontal angle (The fist function)
UNIT Select angle unit DEG or GON (The second function)
6
3. Battery
Lock lever
3.1 Mounting the battery
Insert the battery by aligning the battery guide
with the guide hole in the instrument, press the
top of the battery until you hear a click.
3.2 Removing the battery
Push the lock lever downward and pull out the
battery.
Fig. 5 3.3 Battery indicator display
A battery figure is displayed at right-down corner
of LCD panel. The black is more means the
battery power is full. If the black shows little or
approached the bottom, it is mean the battery
need replaced or recharged.
Please find the operation time on Specifications
(p46-49). Please use the alkaline battery with
famous brand, otherwise it will do harm to the
battery pack.
Fig. 6
7
3.4 Recharge
(1) Recharge
Plug the charger on 100~240VAC(50/60Hz)
alternating power supply, the red lamp
become flash.
Insert the fan-out of charger into the battery
jack, red lamp become lighting. It shows
recharging. The output voltage is DC6V and
the charger mode no. is FDJ14.
When recharge is complete, the red lamp
flashes again, it shows recharge complete.
Fig. 7 Normally, it will take about 3.5 hours.

Caution!
For indoors use only.

8
3.5 Replace the AA alkaline batteries
AA battery Open the cover of the AA battery pack, take
out the old batteries and put new 4 pcs AA
alkaline batteries as illustration shows in the
direction of + and -, and then close the cover.

Battery pack
Note:
1. Replace all 4 batteries to new ones at the
same time. Don’t mix the old batteries to the
new ones.
Fig. 8 2. If the instrument don’t use for a long time,
please taking the batteries out.

9
Screw A Screw B 4. Surveying preparation
4.1 Setting up the instrument
(1)Setting up the tripod
Fig. 9 Adjust the tripod legs so that a height
suitable for surveying is gained. Tighten the
lock screw.
Screw C (2)Setting up instrument on the tripod
Screw B Put the instrument on the head and attach it
Screw A
to the base plate by the center screw.
Fig. 10 4.2 Leveling the instrument
(1)Leveling with the bubble
By adjusting leveling screws A and B,
position the bubble in the center of
vial(Fig.9).
Screw B Adjust the leveling screw C, position the

10
Screw B bubble in the center of circle.
Screw A
(2)Leveling precisely by the Plate level.
Loosen horizontal clamp screw, Place the
Plate level plate level in parallel with a line joining
leveling screws A and B. Adjust the
Bubble leveling screws A and B, position the
Screw C
bubble in the center of the plate level. (Fig.
Fig. 11 11)
Loosen horizontal clamp screw, rotate the
Screw A Screw B
Plate level through 90 ° around the
vertical axis. Adjust leveling screw C,
position the bubble in the center of plate
level. (Fig. 12)
Repeat above steps until the bubble
remains in the center of plate level to any
Screw C
Fig. 12 position.

11
4.3 Centering
Cross mark 4.3.1 Centering with the optical plummet
Plummet
4.3.1.1 Three-jaw tribrach 
center
Rotate the focusing knob of the optical plummet and
adjust the focus to the ground mark point. Then loosen
the center screw of the tripod. Look through the
optical plummet, and move the base plate on the tripod
head until the center mark coincides with the ground
mark point. Tighten the center screw. Ascertain that
the bubble stays positioned in the center when rotating
Fig. 13 the Plate level in steps of 90°(100g). If the bubble is
not positioned in the center, adjust the level screws.
Repeat above steps. Ascertain that the center of reticle
plate coincides with the mark point when rotating
alidade of instrument.

12
4.3.1.2 Shift tribrach 
Cross mark Rotate the focusing knob of the optical plummet
and adjust the focus to the ground mark point.
Then loosen the shifting plate locking knob. Look
through the optical plummet eyepiece, and push
the alidade with the fingertips so that the center
mark coincides with the point.
Tighten the shifting plate locking knob. Ascertain
that the bubble stays positioned in the center
when rotating the Plate level in steps of 90°
(100g). If the bubble is not positioned in the
center, adjust the level screws.
Repeat above steps. Ascertain that the center of
Alidade reticle plate coincides with the mark point when
Shifting knob rotating alidade of instrument.

Fig. 14
13
Focusing knob
4.3.2 Centering with laser plummet(Factory
Switch knob Optional accessory)
(1) According to laser intensity symbol
Laser intensity mark
(towards “on” side) direction turn the switch
knob to turn on, the laser emits and adjust laser
energy, then turn the focusing knob until the
laser spot on the same horizontal plane with
mark point on the ground.
(2) Loosen the center screw of the tripod, and
move the base plate on the tripod head until the
NOTE: Do not stare into beam
laser spot coincides with the ground mark
point. Tighten the center screw.
(3) Repeat leveling and (2) steps until the
instrument keeps leveling and the laser spot
coincides with the mark point when rotating
Fig.15 alidade of instrument to any direction.
14
(4) After centering, please turn switch knob off(towards “off”side) to save power.
4.4 Focusing and Sighting 
Telescope (1) Reticle Cross Hairs
plate Point telescope to sky or a uniformly light surface,
turn eyepiece until cross hairs are sharp and black.
The dioptric scale now indicates the correct
setting for the observer’s eye.
(2)Target Image Focusing
Slacken horizontal and vertical clamps. Point
telescope to target by means or optical sight.
Fig. 16 Tighten clamps. Lock through telescope eyepiece
and turn focusing ring until target is seen. Set
cross hairs close to target by turning horizontal and vertical tangent screw. Complete
focusing by turning ring until target image is sharp and free from parallax, i.e. there
should be no apparent movement between cross hairs and target as observer moves
his eye slightly. If there is parallax remove, adjusting the focusing slightly. Arrows
on the ring indicate the direction to infinity.
15
5. Setting mode
Before starting first work with this instrument, you must set these parameters, but in
future use, if your demand isn’t change, it is unnecessary to set again.
5.1 Enter into the setting mode
Press the key to turn on the power and holding, press R/L key, the current
data will be shown, and the first digit is blinking.
5.2 Items of the selecting mode
Turn on and press
R/L key

1100000

0100000
① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥⑦
16
Digit Setting value
Description
No. 0 1
On/off of horizontal angle
1 Off On
absolute encoder mode
2 On/off of vertical compensator Off On
Set power auto-off when it is
3 without any operation for 10 Off On
minutes
Digit Setting value
Description
No. 00 01 10 11
1″ 5″ 10″ 20″
4-5 Choose minimum reading
0.5mgon 1mgon 2mgon
6-7 Choose baud rate 1200 2400 4800 9600

17
5.3 How to set the selecting mode
The all parameters could be set in the same interface due to the setting mode is used
code.
[Example] Power auto-off; minimum reading: 5″.
Operating procedure Operation Display
1.Turn the power ON and pressing Power on
0100000
[R/L] key. +
The current data is shown with the [R/L] Digit No.1 Digit No.7
first digit is blinking.

2. Press [▲] key and make the digit [▲] 0100000


No. 3 blinking
Blinking

3. Press [ ] key to select “1” [ ]


0110000

18
Operating procedure Operation Display
4. Press [▲] key and make the digit [▲]
0110000
No. 5 blinking
Blinking
5. Press [ ] key to set “1” [ ]
0110100

Vz SET 0
6. Press [ ], the instrument enter into [ ] HR 000°00′00″
angle measurement mode
NOTE:
1. Pressing [▲] key, blinking digit moves towards the right direction
2. Pressing [ ] key, the blinking digit shows “0”or “1”

After these operations, the minimum reading of current setting is 5″, and power
auto-off setting is on.

19
6. Instrument operation
6.1 switch on( )
Press the key, all the segments on LCD will display, release the key,
the instrument enter into initialization mode. Rotate the telescope up and down to
initialize the vertical angle, if the horizontal angle in absolute encoder mode, then
turn the instrument one circle on horizontal direction to initialize it, and enter into
angle measurement mode, it will display horizontal angle, vertical angle, battery
indicator, series number and so on.
NOTE: if the horizontal angle measurement is not absolute encoder mode, the
initialization to turn instrument is not necessary.

6.2 switch off( )


Hold to press the key until the instrument display “OFF”,release the key the
instrument will turn off.

20
Vz: 075°52′37″ 6.3 Switching horizontal angle right/left( R/L)
HR: 175°12′03″ After instrument switch on and initialization, the
horizontal angle display is “HR xxx°xx′xx″”, it
Press R/L key shows horizontal angle will increase by turning the
instrument clockwise. (“HR”mode)
Press the R/L key and release it, horizontal angle
Vz: 075°52′37″
display change to “HL xxx°xx′xx″”, it shows
HL: 184°47' 57? horizontal angle will increase by turning the
Flow chart for horizontal R/L instrument counterclockwise. (“HL”mode)
angle shift

Vz: 075°52′37″ 6.4 Set the horizontal angle to 0( 0SET)


HR: 175°12′03″ Press the 0SET key, then release it, horizontal angle
Vz: 075°52′37″ value is change to “000°00′00″”
HR: 000°00' 00?
Flow chart for horizontal
angle 0 set

21
Vz: 058°52′20″ 6.5 Switching vertical angle zenitch/grade( V/%)
HR: 175°12′00″ 
(1)Zenith mode(Vz)
V%: 0.6039 After instrument switch on and initialization,vertical
HR: 175°12′00″
angle measurement mode enter the Zenith mode
Flow chart for automatically. The angle value range is 0°---360°.
Vertical angle mode
(2)Grade mode(V%)

Press the V/% key and release it under the Zenith mode
(Vz), vertical angle measurement enter grade mode (V% ).
270° 90° The range of grade is -100%~+100%,corresponding
angle range is -45°~+45°, horizontal direction is
180° 0.0000. If it is over the range, LCD displays “V%--.-----”.
Zenith mode
100% 100%

0% 0%

-100% -100%
22
Grade mode
Vz: 075°52′37″ 6.6 Holding the horizontal angle value and set to
HR: 175°12′03″ arbitrary value( HOLD ) 
⑴Holding the horizontal angle value 
Press the HOLD key and release it,the buzzer will ring,
Press R/L key the LCD displays “Hold”at the last line, at this status the
horizontal angle reading retains unchanged when you
Vz: 075°52′37″
rotate the alidade. Press HOLD key again, instrument
HR: 175°12′03″ returns to original status. The horizontal angle will
Hold change when instrument is turned.
⑵Set horizontal angle to arbitrary value
Press R/L key Turning the horizontal tangent screw until display a
value that you need,press the HOLD key and release it,
Vz: 075°52′37″ the angle value is hold and hold message is display.
HR: 175°12′03″ Turning the instrument and sighting the target, press the
HOLD key and release it again, the hold function release,
you can go on the next measurement.
Flow chart for hold angle

23
Vz: 075°52′37″ 6.7 Enter into the second function key mode
Some keys on the board have two functions, the
HR: 175°12′03″
first function is marked on the key, and the second
function is marked above the key. At normal mode,
the first function is active, and at shift mode, the
Press Shift key second function is active.
Press the SHIFT key and release it, the buzzer
Vz: 075°52′37″ will ring, and the LCD display “Shift”at the last
HR: 175°12′03″ line, the instrument enter into second function key
mode. Press the SHIFT key again, the instrument
Shift
enter into the normal mode (first function key
Flow chart for shift mode).
key function mode 6.8 Illumination on/off
Enter the second function key mode, and the LCD
display “Shift”. Press 0SET key, the buzzer will
ring and the illumination of LCD display and
telescope' s reticle will be on. Press SHIFT key,
the instrument come into normal mode, and the
illumination is also on.
Follow the same way to turn off illumination.
24
Vz: 075°52′37″ 6.9 Select angle unit 360°/ 400gon(UNIT)
HR: 175°12′03″ The default setting of angle measurement is in
360°system , the procedure of changing it
to 400gon system is as follows:
Press Shift key Press SHIFT key to enter the second function
key mode, and the LCD display “Shift”. Press
Vz: 075°52′37″ R/L key, the buzzer will ring and angle unit
HR: 175°12′03″ change to 400gon system. Press SHIFT key,
the instrument come back normal mode, and
Shift
the angle measurement is also in 400gon
system.
Press R/L key
In At the same way, enter the second function key
Vz: 083.9152 g mode press R/L key to enter 360°angle
HR: 194.5781 g measurement system.
Shift
Flow chart for
selecting angle unit

25
7. Angle measurement
7.1 Horizontal angle measurement
(1)Switch on, rotating the telescope and alidade to initialize the instrument.( )
(2)Check battery indicator.
(3)Check LCD illumination is ON or OFF.
(4)Select direction of angle measurement (HR or HL).
(5)Select unit of angle (360°or 400gon).
(6)Set horizontal angle to 0°or set to arbitrary value.(0SETor HOLD )
(7)Aim target.
(8)Read the displayed value.
(9)Go on next measurement item.
(10)Complete measurement and turn off.( )

26
7.2 Vertical angle measurement
(1)Switch on, rotating the telescope in order to initialization. ( )
(2)Check battery indicator.
(3)Check LCD illumination is ON or OFF.
(4)Select unit of angle (360°or 400gon).
(5)Select vertical angle measurement mode (zenith Vz, grade V%).
(6)Aim target.
(7)Read the displayed value.
(8)Go on next measurement item.
(9)Complete measurement and turn off. ( )
Note: Both of horizontal and vertical angle can be measurement at the same time.

27
Stadia hairs 8.Distance measurement with the stadia
hairs
Distance measurement could be done as follow:
(1)Set the instrument and leveling it at the
l 
measurement station.
(2)Set the staff in the Station point.
(3)Readout the distance (l).
Staff (4)Calculation the distance from target to
instrument L=100×l.
Note:
l  l: Distance between top line and bottom line in
the cross hairs.
L: The distance from target to instrument.
100: Multiplication factor of telescope.
L=100 x l 

Fig. 17
28
Screw A Screw B
9.Check and adjustment
9.1 Check/adjustment the plate level
Plate level
Check
Bubble (1)Set-up the instrument on stable equipment
(such as tripod or adjustment platform) and fix it.
Mark Screw C (2)Leveling the instrument, place the plate level
Bubble parallel to a line of two leveling screws. Adjust
Adj-screw
the leveling screws, position the bubble in the
center of the plate level.
(3)Rotate the instrument through 180°(200g),
confirm if the bubble is in the center. No
Turn the instrument 180°
adjustment is necessary if the bubble of the plate
level is in the center. If the bubble moves, then
proceed with the following adjustment.
Fig. 18

29
Adjustment
(1)Set-up the instrument on stable equipment and fix it.
(2)Leveling the instrument.
(3)Rotate instrument, place the plate level parallel to a line of two leveling screws.
Adjust the leveling screws, position the bubble in the center of the plate level.
(4)Rotate the instrument 180°(200g),bring the bubble half way back to the center
by adjusting the bubble adjustment screw with the adjusting pin.
(5)Repeat the procedures of (3) and (4) until the bubble always in the center by
rotating the instrument.

30
9.2 Check/adjustment the circular level
(1)Set-up the instrument on stable equipment and
fix it.
(2)Leveling the instrument accurately by plate
level; Confirm if the bubble of circular level is in
the center. No adjustment is necessary if the
bubble of the plate level is in the center. If the
bubble moves, proceed with the following
adjustment.
Adjustment
(1)Set-up the instrument on stable equipment and
Circle bubble fix it.
(2)Leveling the instrument accurately by the plate
level.
(3)Shift the bubble to the center by adjusting the
bubble adjusting 2 screws with the adjusting pin.
Adjusting screw NOTE:When adjusting two adjustment screws
with the adjusting pin, don’t press too strong.
Fig. 19

31
Telescope 9.3 Optical sight
Optical sight Check
(1)Set-up the instrument on tripod and fix it.
Fixing screw (2)Place a cross-hairs target from instrument 50m.
Horizontal (3)Aim at the cross hair on the target through
axis telescope.
(4)Confirm if optical sight aim at the cross hair. No
Optical sight
adjustment is necessary if the optical sight aim at the
reticle
cross hair. If the cross hair moves, proceed with the
following adjustment.
Adjustment
(1)Set-up the instrument on tripod and fix it.
(2)Place a cross-hairs target from instrument 50m.
(3)Aim at the cross hair on the target through
telescope.
(4)Loosen four fixing screws of the optical sight,
adjusting the optical sight to correct position, then
tighten these four fixing screws.
Fig. 20
32
Cross mark 9.4 Optical Plummet
Plummet Check
(1)Set-up the instrument on tripod and fix it.
center
(2)Place a cross-mark under the instrument directly.
(3)Rotate the leveling screws, make the intersection of
cross hair superpose to the Point.
(4)Rotate the instrument 180°(200g), Confirm if
intersection of cross hair superpose to the Point. No
adjustment is necessary if the intersection of cross hair
superpose to the Point. If not, proceed with the
following adjustment.
Fig. 21
Adjustment
(1)Set-up the instrument on tripod and fix it.
(2)Place a cross-mark under the instrument directly.
(3)Rotate leveling screws, make the intersection of cross hair superpose to the Point.
(4)Rotate the instrument 180°(200g), remove the eyepiece shield, bring the Point
half way back to the intersection of cross hair by adjusting the adjusting pin.
(5)Repeat procedure (3) (4) until the intersection of cross hair superpose to the Point
by rotating the instrument.
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9.5 Laser plummet (Factory optional accessory)
Check
Adjusting screw (1)Set the instrument on stable device and
fix it.
(2)Set a cross mark on the ground under the
instrument.
(3)Turn the laser switch on and focus it
accurately.
Protecting cover
(4)Turn the three leveling screws until the
Fig. 22 instrument keeps leveling and the laser spot
coincides with the and cross mark on the
ground.
(5)Rotate the instrument 180 ° (200g)
around and check the laser spot and cross
mark,if they are coincide, adjustment is not

34
required. Otherwise, adjust it.
Adjustment
(1)Set the instrument on stable device and fix it.
(2)Set a cross mark on the ground under the instrument;
(3)Turn the laser switch on and focus it accurately.
(4)Turn the three leveling screws until the instrument keeps leveling and the laser
spot coincides with the and cross mark on the ground;
(5) Rotate the instrument 180°(200g) around and take off the protecting cover of
the laser plummet, adjust the four adjusting screws with the screwdriver to move the
laser spot to the cross mark, correct only one-half of the displacement in this
manner.
(6) Repeat the operation in (3) and (4) until the instrument keeps leveling and the
laser spot coincides with the cross mark when rotating alidade of instrument to any
direction.

35
9.6 Vertical Hairs of telescope’s reticle
A Check
A′ (1)Set-up the instrument on tripod and level it accurately.
(2)Place a point mark A from instrument 50m.
(3)Aim at the point mark A, turn the vertical tangent screw.
If point A moves along the vertical hairs, no adjustment
A will be necessary. If point A moves deviation from the
A′ vertical hairs, proceed with the following adjustment.
Adjustment
(1)Set-up the instrument and place a point mark A from
Focusing ring
instrument 50m.
Adjustment (2)Remove the eyepiece shield of telescope, turn the
screw vertical tangent screw, loosen four adjusting screws slightly.
Then turn the eyepiece assembly until the point A coincides
with the vertical hairs. Tighten the four adjusting screws.
Eyepiece
(3)Repeat check procedure (3), adjustment procedure (2)
until the deviation is not existence.
Fig. 23

36
For example: 9.7 Horizontal collimation error C
Check
Face left angle
(1)Set-up the instrument and level it accurately.
H(l)=000°00′00″ (2)Aim at the cross-hairs of collimator or the
Face right angle obvious target at a distance. Get the face left angle
H(r)=180°00′30″ reading H(l) and the face right angle reading H(r).
(3)Calculating the horizontal collimation error C
Horizontal collimation error C is: according to C = ( H(l) –H(r)±180°) / 2
C=(H(l) –H(r)±180°)/2 = -15″ If C<10″, no adjustment will be necessary.
If C is out of tolerance, need to adjust If C>10″, proceed with the following adjustment.
Adjustment
Focusing ring (1)Rotate the instrument in face right position,
Adjustment turning horizontal tangent screw until
H(r′)=H(r)+C.
screw
(2)Loosen the shield of telescope’s reticle, adjusting
two screws at left and at right until the vertical hairs
Eyepiece of telescope’s reticle coincides with the cross-hairs
of collimate or target.
(3) Repeat the check and adjustment procedure until
Fig. 24 it is up to standard value.

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9.8 Check and adjustment of the vertical index
Switch on error i
Check
(1)Set-up the instrument on tripod or platform and
Vz: SET 0
level it accurately.
HR: SET 0 (2)Aim at the cross-hairs of collimator or the target
which is not apart away from horizontal line ±10°.
Press and holding down Then read the face left angle reading Vl and the face
SHIFT key, about 2 seconds right angle reading Vr.
laser, release it (3)Calculating the vertical index error i according to i
= ( Vl + Vr - 360°) / 2
(4)If i<15″, no adjustment will be necessary.
Vz: SET 0 If i>15″, proceed with the following adjustment.
HR: 1 Adjustment
(1)Set-up the instrument on tripod or adjustment
Initialize vertical angle and platform and level it accurately.
aim target, press and hold (2)Press the key and release, the instrument
down ① key, about 2 enter into initialization mode, and then press and
seconds later, release it holding down SHIFT key, the buzzer sound once,
about 2 seconds later, release the key, it will enter into

38
Vz: 091°51′37″ vertical index error adjustment mode. The instrument
HR: 2 displays vertical angle on the second line and “1” on
the third line.
Turn 180°and aim the same (3)Rotate the telescope up and down to initialize the
target. press and hold down vertical angle, aim the cross-hairs of collimator or the
① key, about 2 seconds target which is not apart away from horizontal line ±
laser, release it, the 10°, then press and holding down key, the
instrument come into angle buzzer sound once, and about 2 seconds later, release
measurement mode the key, the LCD will display “2”on the third line.
Vertical index I adjustment
(4) Turn the instrument around 180°, and aim the
same target, press and holding down the
key, the buzzer sound once, and about 2 seconds later, release the key, the
adjustment finish and enter into measurement mode automatically.
NOTE:
1. After the adjustment of vertical index I, please check it again.
2. If the horizontal angle in absolute encoder mode, then it needs initialization to
enter measurement mode.

39
9.9 Checking and adjusting the vertical index
Switch on and initialize the
compensator [Only used for DT202C(L)/DT205C(L)]
instrument, aim the target
Check:
(1)Leveling up the instrument with plate level
Vz: 090°00′21″
accurately, let the LCD panel is roughly parallel to the
HR: 000°00′00″
line joining any two leveling screws. Switch on, and
Rotate the vertical tangent
initialize the instrument.
knob to change the angle 3′
(2)Aim the cross-hairs of collimator or the target
which is not apart away from horizontal line ±10°,
Vz: 090°03′21″ read the vertical angle V1.
HR: 000°00′00″ (3)Rotate the vertical tangent knob to increase or
decrease the vertical angle 3′.
Adjust the levelling screw to (4)Adjustment the third leveling screw until the
aim the target again telescope aims the target again, reading the vertical
angle V2.
Vz: 090°00′16″ (5)Calculate:
HR: 000°00′00″
Compensator index checking
40
The difference between V1 and V2
Press and holding down
dV=V2-V1
SHIFT and ① keys, 2
(6)If the dV is not over 3″, no adjustment will be
seconds laser, release them
necessary. Otherwise, you need an adjustment.
Note: there is no compensator on DT205D, please
SET 0
don’t operate the steps of checking and adjusting
compensator.
Adjustment:
Rotate telescope to initialize
(1)Leveling up the instrument with plate level
accurately, let the LCD panel is roughly parallel to the
0925118
line joining any two leveling screws. Press and
012
holding down SHIFT key, then press key,
Adjust levelling screw until about two seconds laser, release the key, the
the tilt value is 000 LCD will display “SET 0”, release the SHIFT key and
instrument enter into tilt adjustment mode.
0925118 (2)Rotate the telescope to initialize, the first line
000 display vertical angle, and the second line display tilt

41
value.
Aim the target (3)Adjust the third levelling screw until the tilt value
is 000.
0900000 (4)Aim the cross-hairs of collimator or the target
000 which is not apart away from horizontal line ±10°,
read the vertical angle V.
Rotate the vertical tangent (5) Rotate the vertical tangent knob to increase or
knob to change the angle 3 decrease the vertical angle 3′.
(6) Adjust the third leveling screw until the telescope
0900300 aims the target again, after the value stable, press the
012 key and the instrument enter into measurement
mode automatically.
Adjust the levelling screw to NOTE:
aim the target again 1. After the adjustment of compensator, please check
vertical index error i again.
0900300 2. If the horizontal angle in absolute encoder mode,
-190 then it needs initialization to enter measurement mode.

42
After the value stable, press
the ① key, the
instrument come into angle
measurement mode

Vz: 090°00′27″
HR: SET 0

Flow chart of compensator


index adjustment

43
10. Assembling and disassembling for
Instrument
three-jaw tribrach
Disassembling
Tribrach (1) Tighten the fixed screw.
Clamp button (2)Rotate the clamp knob 180°(200g)
Fixed screw anticlockwise.
(3)One hand hold up the tribrach, another hand
hold the carry handle of the instrument and lift
out the instrument from the tribrach.
Relax Assembling
(1)Confirm the tribrach clamp knob is
Clamp knob loosened.
(2)Put the instrument into the tribrach lightly,
let the communication port against in the
indentation of the tribrach.
Lock screw (3)Rotate the clamp knob of tribrach through
Fig. 25 180°(200g) clockwise. 
(4)Tighten the fixed screw. (Note: don’t
remove the fixed screw from the tribrach.)
(5)Confirm the instrument and the tribrach
connected stably.
44
11. Optional Accessories
Diagonal eyepiece
The telescope diagonal eyepiece can be applied
FJ13A-1
to the instrument in order to observe the larger
elevation and zenith.
Eyepiece cover Assembling
(1)Loosen the eyepiece clamp cover
Clamp cover
anticlockwise, then take out the eyepiece.
Eyepiece
(2)Put the diagonal eyepiece into correspond
eyepiece site, tighten the eyepiece clamp cover
clockwise.

Fig. 26

45
12. Specifications
DT202C DT202 DT205C DT205
Model
DT202CL DT202L DT205CL DT205L
Objective lens 42mm
Magnification 30x
Image Erect
Field of view 1°20′
Minimum focus 2m/1m*(selectable)
Accuracy 2″ 5″
Minimum reading 1″(0.2mgon)/5″(1mgon)/10″(2mgong)/20″
Power supply Ni-MH recharge battery/Alkaline battery
Operation time About 40 hours/80 hours
Angle unit DEG or GON
Illumination Yes
Operation temperature -20℃~+50℃
Display panel Double sides
Serial interface RS232C
Instrument’ s weight 4.8kg 4.7kg
*: No stadia hairs C: Compensator L: Laser plummet
46
DT202C DT202 DT205C DT205
Model
DT202CL DT202L DT205CL DT205L
Compensator
Tilt sensor Yes No Yes No
Compensating range ±3′ / ±3′ /
Level sensitivity
Plate level 30″/2mm
Circular level 8′/2mm
Optical plummet
Accuracy ±0.75mm/1.5m
Image Erect image
Magnification 3×
Field of view 5°
Focusing range 0.5m~∞
Laser plummet(Factory Optional)
Accuracy ±0.75mm/1.5m
Laser class 2 (IEC 60825-1:2001)
Laser wave 635nm~670nm,
Laser spot size/intensity Adjustable

47
DT205D DT205DM DT205S DT205SM
Model
DT205DL DT205DML DT205SL DT205SML
Objective lens 42mm
Magnification 30x
Image Erect
Field of view 1°20′
Minimum focus 2m/1m*(selectable)
Accuracy 5″
Minimum reading 1″(0.2mgon)/5″(1mgon)/10″(2mgong)/20″
Power supply Ni-MH recharge battery/ Alkaline battery
Operation time About 40 hours/80 hours
Angle unit DEG or GON
Illumination Yes
Operation temperature -20℃~+50℃
Display panel Double sides Single side
Serial interface No
Instrument’ s weight 4.7kg 4.5kg
M:Shift tribrach D:Double display panels S:Single display panel
48
DT205D DT205DM DT205S DT205SM
Model
DT205DL DT205DML DT205SL DT105SML
Compensator
Tilt sensor No
Compensating range /
Level sensitivity
Plate level 30″/2mm
Circular level 8′/2mm
Optical plummet
Accuracy ±0.75mm/1.5m
Image Erect image
Magnification 3×
Field of view 5°
Focusing range 0.5m~∞
Laser plummet(Factory Optional)
Accuracy ±0.75mm/1.5m
Laser class 2 (IEC 60825-1:2001)
Laser wave 635nm~670nm,
Laser spot size/intensity Adjustable
49
NOTE:

These designs, figures and specifications are subject to change without


notice.
We shall not be held liable for damages resulting from errors in this
instruction manual.

50